U.S. AFRICA COMMAND


May 2011

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL



CONTENTS

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of target web sites or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at those locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

If a file does not open by clicking on the link, right click and select "copy the shortcut" then paste it into the browser's address bar.

All sites listed were last accessed April 1, 2011.


Web Sites


Africa Command.  EbscoHost Search.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&db=f5h&db=mth&bquery=africa+command&type=0&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
This search of the phrase Africa Command in the database EbscoHost is continuously updated.

U.S. Department of Defense. 
Available online at: http://www.defense.gov/
For latest information type "Africa Command" in search box.

United States Africa Command Web Page. 
Available online at: http://www.africom.mil/



Internet Documents (Student Research)

Albritton, Patrick M.  AFRICOM Engineers: Using Water in the Fight for Regional Security.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, January 2008.  43 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA490817
"Through a focused effort on water related problems, AFRICOM's joint engineering staff should take a lead role in stabilizing Africa.  The engineers should pursue external resources through AFRICOM's unique structure by collaborating with various outside agencies." - Summary.

Baker, Anthony.  Proper Role of Special Operations Forces in the Pan Sahel Region of Africa.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2006.  19 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA463309
Provides background information about some of the reasons the U. S. formed AFRICOM.

Donaghy, Michael R.  Application of a Non-Linear Program to the Establishment of a Hub and Spoke System in Africa.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, June 2010.  94 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA526595
"The Failed and Failing states index provides a realistic baseline for where AFRICOM may be involved in future operations.  The models' capabilities and limitations are explored, and recommendations are made to assist AFRICOM in the use of the program to aid AFRICOM planners." - Abstract.

Finman, Brian J.  Maritime Security on the Horn of Africa: Threading the Needle at a Seam of Responsibility.   Newport, RI, Naval War College, November 2007.  36 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476520
"Discusses operational factors that affect maritime security efforts to date.  It will then examine command and control implications brought about by the creation of USAFRICOM and the combatant commandersí shifting seams of responsibility.  Finally, it will make recommendations on how to work." - Abstract.

Graf, Kirsten S.  The U.S. Army Chemical Corps and a Future Within AFRICOM.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2009.  93 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA496744
"One of AFRICOM's primary goals is to build partner capacity so that African governments can provide security and respond in times of need.  The Chemical Corps can assist with the realization of these goals." - Abstract.

Griffin, John F.  Walk Softly and Carry a Big Stick: An Analysis of the Impact of Colonialism/Imperialism on the Operational Art for Campaign Planners Assigned to AFRICOM Using the Darfur Crisis as a Case Study.   Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, April 2009.  37 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA513691
This "thesis provides nine planning considerations for AFRICOM planners to help them avoid the appearance of colonialism/imperialism, using the Darfur Conflict as a case study." - Abstract.

Hammerschmidt, David A.  Air Mobility Command Global Reach to Africa: Sustained Rapid Global Mobility to United States Africa Command.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2009.  109  p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA502176
An En Route System (ERS) will be needed before the "maturation of USAFRICOM will place increased reliance on the ERS to move resources to Africa...A review of the current ERS reveals the need for an additional en route location to effectively and efficiently deliver resources to Africa if large, sustained movement is required." - Abstract.

Ieva, Christopher Scott.  Effective Defense Support for Public Diplomacy (DSPD) with a Sub-Saharan Africa Target Audience: A Case Study of the African Crisis Response Force Proposal.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2008.  79 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA493950
Provides background information about some of the reasons the U.S. formed AFRICOM.

Johnson, T. V.  The Challenge to USAFRICOM from Africa's Colonial Past.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2010.  29 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA518084
"The intent of this paper is to show that long-term colonialism in Africa has created a legacy of distrust that will hamper U.S. efforts to engage effectively on the continent." - Abstract.

Juergens, Richard A., Jr.  AFRICOM: Combatant Command for the 21st Century.  Norfolk, VA, Joint Forces Staff College, June 2008.  74 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA487229

Kindl, Martin F.  AFRICOM's Role in Interagency Counterterrorism Efforts: An Assessment in 3D.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2010.  29 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA535418
"AFRICOM's whole-of-government commitment is most evident in counterterrorism (CT) initiatives conducted by the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) in the continent's east and the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) in the northwest.  This paper evaluates the implementation of these two programs." - Abstract.

Lambert, Terry.  Strengthening U.S. Interests in Africa: The African Partnership Initiative.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  33 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA481371

Lane, Derek E.  AFRICOM: Reconstruction and Stability Through the Provisional Reconstruction Team-Enhanced, Enabled by Unity of Command.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2009.  129 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA502736

Macheng, Sentsekae T.  Is the United States Africa Command on Track?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2010.  31 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA520014
"AFRICOM must demonstrate a commitment to programs mutually beneficial to both African and American national interests.  In his speeches, General Ward has repeatedly asserted that AFRICOM intends to be a learning organization.  The question is, has the command and its staff used the opportunity following its formation to date, to prove its ability to assist the continent to meet its security challenges?" - Abstract.

Martinez, Miguel R.  Lessons from Significant Foreign Disaster Relief Operations Applied to AFRICOM.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, April 2008.  26 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484403

Melendez, Jaysen.  Scratching the Surface: Expectations of USAFRICOM.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, April 2008.  32 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA491226
"Is USAFRICOM fully prepared to meet the challenges of Africa and live up to expectations?" - Abstract.

Putman, Diana B.  Combating African Questions about the Legitimacy of AFRICOM.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  37 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479332

Smith, David A.  A Stable and Secure Africa: Leveraging the State Partnership Program (SPP).  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2010.  29 p.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA520131
"Examines how the capabilities of the SPP can be leveraged to enhance security and stability in Africa." - Abstract.


Internet Articles


Africa Command Gives Top Priority to Aggressive Maritime Security.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News October 24, 2007. 
Available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1371679281&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Maritime security, which has long been overshadowed by other coalition missions in African nations, will be a top priority for the newly created U.S. Africa Command, a senior Defense Department policymaker said today." - Article.

Africa Command Helps Countries Face Common Challenges.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database August 13, 2009. 
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32W2945006570&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"The command's main mission is to build the security capacity of partner nations throughout the continent." - Article.

Africa Command Poised to Help Continent's Security, Stability.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News September 21, 2007. 
Available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1341037691&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
In remarks before the American Enterprise Institute, Theresa Whelan, deputy assistant secretary of defense for African affairs, said: "Instead of saying warfighting is the primary mission of the command, we are flipping the equation around, and we are saying that the primary mission of this command is to focus on building security capacities in Africa so that Africans can manage their own security challenges." - Article.

Bachmann, Jan.  "Kick Down the Door, Clean up the Mess, and Rebuild the House" - the Africa Command and Transformation of the US Military.  Geopolitics 15:564-585 July 2010. 
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22088277&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
Full text available July 2011.
"The recent establishment of the US Africa Command (AFRICOM) embodies the resurgence of counterinsurgency arguments within the transformation of the US military." - Abstract.

Garamone, Jim.  Lessons from Horn of Africa to Apply in Africa Command.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News August 15, 2007. 
Available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1320558751&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
General Peter "Pace told the servicemembers that what they are doing in the Horn of Africa will be a model as the U.S. military sets up Africa Command." - Abstract.

Martin, Frederick H.  Adapting Logistics to Africa.  Navy Supply Corps Newsletter 73:9-10 May-June 2010. 
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=52792036&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Africa Command aims to maximize the limited resources and address the logistical challenges in the African continent." - Abstract.

Molina, Luis.  Africa Partnership Station - Then and Now.  Navy Supply Corps Newsletter 73:10-12 May-June 2010. 
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=52792037&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Discusses the significant role of the Africa Partnership Station (APS), which is a signature event for U.S. Africa Command and Commander U.S. Naval Forces, for African continent...highlights the services offered by APS staff supply officers, such as law enforcement, medical readiness, and environmental stewardship." - Abstract.


Books


AFRICOM: Security, Development, and Humanitarian Functions, edited by Russell L. Barkely.  New York, Nova Science Publishers, 2009.  151 p.
Brings together documents that show reasons for the formation of AFRICOM and how it can benefit the U.S. and Africa.
Book call no.: 355.0326 A258

Berschinski, Robert G.  AFRICOMís Dilemma: The "Global War on Terrorism," "Capacity Building," Humanitarianism, and the Future of U.S. Security Policy in Africa.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, November 2007.  71 p.
"Using case studies from North and East Africa, the author argues that by amalgamating threats, overemphasizing 'hard' counterterrorism initiatives, and intertwining military operations with humanitarianism, AFRICOMís predecessors have harmed U.S. strategic interests.  In line with this conclusion, he offers policy recommendations to maximize AFRICOMís potential for future success." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB827.pdf
Book call no.: 355.0326 B258a

Chau, Donovan C.  U.S. Counterterrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa: Understanding Costs, Cultures, and Conflicts.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, September 2008.  82 p.
"Suggests a grand strategic approach to attain 'three standards' that comprise seizing and holding the moral high ground, winning the struggle for perceived legitimacy, and pursuing restrained counterterrorism responses." - Foreward. 
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485702
Book call no.: 303.6250967 C496u

Rabasa, Angel.  Radical Islam in East Africa.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, January 2009.  112 p. (RAND Corporation Monograph)
"Meant to inform ongoing efforts to restructure the U.S. military command arrangements in Africa and to posture air and space capabilities, as well as other U.S. government assets, to more effectively protect and advance American national interests on the continent." - Preface. 
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494379
Book call no.: 320.55709676 R112r

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Africa Command.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, November 14, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2009.  67 p.
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS115835
Book call no.: 355.0326 U581a

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs.  AFRICOM: Rationales, Roles and Progress on the Eve of Operations.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, July 15, 2008.  Washington, GPO, 2009.  83 p.
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/FDLP1595
Book call no.: 355.0326 U581aa pt.1

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs.  AFRICOM: Rationales, Roles and Progress on the Eve of Operations.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 2nd session, July 23, 2008.  Washington, GPO, 2009.  60 p.
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/FDLP1595
Book call no.: 355.0326 U581aa pt.2

US Strategy in Africa: AFRICOM, Terrorism and Security Challenges, edited by David J. Francis.  New York, Routledge, 2010.  203 p. (Routledge Global Security Studies)
"Outlines the construction, interpretations and understanding of US strategy towards Africa in the current era." - Abstract.
Book call no.: 355.0310973096 U58

Ward, William E.  United States Africa Command Posture Statement 2009.  Stuttgart, Germany, U. S. Africa Command, 2009.  39 p.
Link to 2010 Posture Statement. 
Also available online at: http://www.africom.mil/pdfFiles/USAFRICOM2010PostureStatement.pdf
Book call no.: 355.0326 U582s


Documents


Bates, Ted R.  The Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa: The Other Front on the Global War on Terror.   Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  26 p. (USAWC Senior Service College Fellowship Project)
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494376
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-607 B329c

Burgess, Stephen F.  Air Force Symposium 2009: U. S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), 31 March - 2 April 2009, Final Report.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 2009.  43 p.
Also available online at: http://www.au.af.mil/au/aunews/archive/2009/0415/Articles/AFRICOMReport0415.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 42764-443 2009

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Africa Command: U. S. Strategic Interests in the Role of the U. S. Military in Africa, by Lauren Ploch.  Washington, July 2009.  1 vol.
Link provides access to the latest version of this document.
Also available online at: http://opencrs.com/document/RL34003
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no.RL34003

National Security: Interagency Collaboration Practices and Challenges at DoD's Southern and Africa Commands.  Testimony before the Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives.  Washington, GAO, 2010.  22 p.
Statement of John H. Pendleton. 
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-10-962T
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-173 no.10-962T

Documents (Student Research)

Aho, John A.  Stabilization of Africa Through Military Power.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2005.  20 p.
"The drawdown of U.S. forces from Europe offers a timely opportunity to maintain a military presence in the region while also fostering African stability.  Clearly, the forward-basing of a portion of these forces within the African continent offers many strategic advantages-including an immediate and viable means of contributing to the stabilization of Africa." - Abstract. 
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432384
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 A2862s

Bailey, Shawn T.  Climate Change, Instability and a Full Spectrum Approach to Conflict Prevention in Africa.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2009.  26 p.
"If climate change is the catalyst of crises to come, Africa Command (AFRICOM) must employ innovative and proactive cooperative theater security plans and full spectrum stability operations to meet the challenges." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA513745
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 B156c

Bowman, Joseph A.  Wall-Papering Fog: How the United States' Africa Command (AFRICOM) Can Counter the Threat of Radical Islamic Fundamentalism in North Africa.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2008.  63 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485468
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 B787w

Brown, Charles M.  U.S. National Security Interests in Africa and the Future Global War on Terrorism: A Proposal to Create an African Regional Combatant Command and a Regional African Special Operations Command.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2005.  80 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA458892
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 B8773u

Brown, Richard K., Jr.  A 3D Method for Prioritizing Security Assistance in AFRICOM.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2010.  28 p.
"One useful idea AFRICOM can leverage is 3D security, the alignment of defense, diplomatic, and development efforts.  Using the Millennium Challenge Corporationís proven framework, this paper proposes a 3D prioritization method to help the command balance the operational factors and more effectively focus its limited resources towards achieving its theater strategic objectives." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA525247
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 B8792t

Carlson, Robert K.  A Strategy to Protect and Strengthen Development in Southern Africa.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2009.  25 p.
"Offers an overarching strategy for the United States (U.S.) and USAFRICOM in protecting and strengthening social economic development in central and southern Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at: https://www.afresearch.org
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 C2843s

Curtis, Regina M.  Countering Destabilization in Africa: A Threat to U.S. National Security.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  18 p.
"Addresses the impact of African instability on US national security.  The analysis points to globalization as a critical catalyst to ever-increasing instability, examines potential causes of and solutions for instability, and underscores that Africa needs help from countries of the developed world before its own nations can begin to work bilaterally with the developed world to ensure security, achieve prosperity, and establish democracy in the region Ė the US national security strategy for Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423386
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 C981c

Cuttell, Matthew J.  AFRICOM and Australian Military Engagement in Africa.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, April 2008.  55 p.
"Australia and the United States, as coalition partners, could work together in Africa to achieve mutual interests as well as to serve as a means of fostering greater civil and military cooperation between the two nations and the African nations." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485470
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 C991a

Edwards, Steven G.  Why SOF Is the Military Force of Choice for AFRICOM.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2008.  32 p.
Demonstrates why special operations forces (SOF) "possesses the experience to accomplish the wide array of missions required in Africa; experience in working with joint, coalition and interagency partners; culture and language expertise, which allows them to better interact with host nation (HN) personnel; and the ability to keep their footprint small and unobtrusive on the continent." - Abstract. 
Also available online at: https://www.afresearch.org
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 E265w

Ehrlich, John E.  Utilizing the Elements of National Power to Predict Ungoverned Space.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2007.  106 p.
Provides background information about some of the reasons the U. S. formed AFRICOM.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470656
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 E481u

Gibbs, Richard W.  Africom: A Unique Opportunity to Reshape Civil/Military Relationships.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2007.  26 p.
Suggests that the director of AFRICOM be a senior State Department civilian and the deputy director a 4-star general.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470779
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 G443a

Gonzalez, Francisco R., Jr.  Engaging African Sub-Regional Organizations to Improve Continental Stability and Security.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2009.  20 p.
"This paper will argue that sub-regional organizations, such as ECOWAS, are effective organizations for AFRICOM to engage in order to see rapid change on the African continent.  Finally, this paper will offer an argument that emulating the NATO Strategic Airlift Capability program is a visible, viable means in which to improve these organizationsí ability to support themselves and their own stability and interests in the long term." - Introduction.
Also available online at: https://www.afresearch.org
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 G6432e

Hill, Timothy E.  Reducing an Insurgency's Foothold: Using Army Sustainability Concepts as a Tool of Security Cooperation for AFRICOM.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  40 p.
"This paper will examine the sustainability concepts that support the Armyís triple bottom line of Mission, Environment, and Community for application within AFRICOM as the model for working with less developed countries to reduce the opportunity for insurgency development." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA493738
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-607 H648r

Hoffman, Chris.  The Counter-Piracy JIATF: Getting AFRICOM into the Piracy Fight.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2009.  24 p.
"The nature of the HOA piracy problem suggests that AFRICOM establish a dedicated joint interagency task force (JIATF) as the most effective way to operationalize national level strategy." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA503001
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 H6991c

Hopkins, Frank E., III.  Engagement Techniques in Sub-Saharan Africa.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, December 2009.  58 p.
Looks "at the availability of engineers that can be utilized and the available methods that military engineers could utilize to get into the sub-Saharan countries under the guidance of the Geographic Combatant Command (GCC) and Service Component Command (ASCC)." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA512485
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 H793e

Hosey, Larry L.  AFRICOM's Role in Promoting U.S. Energy Security.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2009.  49 p.
"Africaís geopolitical importance to the United States is, like the Middle East, in good measure due to its abundant store of natural resources.  Enhancing U.S. energy security should, therefore, include engagement of resource producing African nations through as many sensible means as feasible.  To this end, is the newly formed U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) a reasonable alternative to policymakers for use in pursuing long-term energy security objectives?" - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA511300
Doc. call no.: M-U 41886-71 H825a

Jefferson, Charlene D.  The Bush African Policy: Fighting the Global War on Terrorism.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  18 p.
Provides background information for the reason that the U. S. Africa Command was established.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449355
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 J451b

Kane, Gregory C.  The Strategic Competition for the Continent of Africa.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 2006.  22 p.
"The competition for Africa has strategic implications for whichever country fails to establish or sustain access to that market." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449648
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 K16s

Klingman, Steven W.  AFRICOM: The Militarization of Peace.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2008.  38 p.
"Presents a detailed case study of a broad spectrum of open-source documents to ascertain the general suspicious response to the United Statesí political and strategic move regarding Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at: https://www.afresearch.org
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 K651a

Kubica, Scott P.  Army Aviation's Role in USAFRICOM and United States Army Africa.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 2010.  30 p.
"This paper will illustrate what specific aircraft type(s) can accomplish the wide array of missions required on the vast African continent and emphasize the necessity of the US Army Aviation Center of Excellence (USAACE) to work with the Department of the Army (DA) on developing an aviation force structure that can meet the needs of USAFRICOM and USARAF." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA518149
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 K953a

Letcher, Kenneth W.  HIV/AIDS: A Nontraditional Security Threat for AFRICOM.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2008.  68 p.
"The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the militaries of southern Africa given the nature of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the complexities through which U.S. Africa Command must navigate." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485701
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 L645h

Marson, Harry C., V.  Wooing the Dark Continent: U.S. and China Engagement Strategy in Africa, Is It Complimentary or Competition.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2008.  62 p.
"With the emergence of Africa Command (AFRICOM), this paper lays out recommendations to ensure a more complete understanding of Chinese intentions in Africa and provides AFRICOM planners with methods and means to compete and compliment Chinese efforts across the continent." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485559
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 M373w

Mboup, Moussa Diop.  Africans' Perception of the United States' Post-9/11 Africa Policy and Africom.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2008.  169 p.
"The 2006 National Security Strategy has stated the United Statesí commitment to promote security, stability, democracy, and economic prosperity in the continent.  Yet, beyond these idealist declarations of good intentions, some foreign policy experts consider that the turnaround in the United Statesí Africa policy stems from the rising value of the continent for tangible American economic and security interests." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA483054
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 M4781a

Murphy, Brian T.  Securing Sub-Saharan Africa's Maritime Environment: Lessons Learned from the Caribbean and Southeast Asia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2009.  75 p.
"One of AFRICOMís areas of focus is the relatively unsecured and lawless maritime environment of coastal Sub-Saharan Africa, which suffers from a myriad of security threats, including piracy and trafficking in drugs, persons, and weapons." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501483
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 M9782s

Oberg, Les.  AFRICOM: Can America's Newest Combatant Command Stabilize Africa Using a Strategy of 'Sunshine and Love'?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2009.  36 p.
To achieve its goals AFRICOM "plans to utilize security cooperation, crisis response, humanitarian assistance and civil-military affairs projects as its weapons of choice.  In essence this 'sunshine and love' policy is an extension of the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) model, but is it an effective strategy for AFRICOM to us throughout the continent?" - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA510777
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 O122a

Parenti, Jennifer L.  China - Africa Relations in the 21st Century: How USAFRICOM Should Respond to Chinaís Growing Presence in Africa.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2008.  39 p.
"The intent of this research is to determine if the Peopleís Republic of China (PRC) has the potential to affect the mission of USAFRICOM and, if so, how USAFRICOM should respond." - Abstract.
Also available online at: https://www.afresearch.org
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 P228c

Penn, Dennis R.  Africa Command and the Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  28 p.
"The Presidentís African policy establishes a goal of ensuring an African continent that knows liberty, peace, stability, and increasing prosperity.  In pursuit of this goal, the U.S. finds itself in the unique position to leverage a momentous shift in military focus which aims to mitigate conditions that lead to conflict by working with allies and partners to shape the international environment by promoting stability and security." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482283
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 P412a

Reed, Clifton D.  The Battle Within: DoD and Interagency Coordination for Regional Conflicts: AFRICOM and the Interagency Management System as Models.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2008.  37 p.
"This research paper will attempt to answer the question: 'What can the Department of Defense and other US agencies do to achieve synergy for future conflicts?'  This paper analyzes the newly created U.S. Africa Command and its goals of creating a new organization where the DOD and other interagency organizations are melded into the same organization and will work together to exploit all of the capabilities each organization possesses." - Abstract.
Also available online at: https://www.afresearch.org
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 R3232d

Rivers, John.  Coast Guard Foreign Engagement and AFRICOM: Improving the Operational Planning Process.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2009.  22 p.
"Recommends specific improvements to the Coast Guardís foreign engagement planning processes that will allow the AFRICOM Commander to more effectively and efficiently employ limited Coast Guard resources within the AOR." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA503057
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 R622c

Rogers, William S.  A Good Investment: United States and Nigeria Security Cooperation.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2009.  23 p.
"Making Nigeria an 'anchor state' for West Africa and improving security cooperation for air domain awareness, 'brown water' navy operations, and fisheries management and enforcement will enable AFRICOM to have an immediate impact on not only Nigeriaís security, but the security of U.S. interests as well." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA503096
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 R731g

Sagen, James R.  United States-South African Relations: The Challenge for AFRICOM.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  28 p.
"Examines the barriers to United States-South African strategic cooperation in the context of both nationís interests and the existing/emerging threats and challenges." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482248
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 S1292u

Turner, Kathleen T.  Strategic Communication Design: An Approach for AFRICOM.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2008.  58 p.
"This study used strategic communication design to examine the ongoing effect to establish AFRICOM as a geographic combatant command to assess the feasibility and usefulness of the approach.  The purpose is to outline a new approach to the strategic communication process using AFRICOM as a case study, and to provide recommendations to the AFRICOM staff for communicating its purpose and mission to audiences both internal and external to Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485653
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 T948s

Ulmer, Tom R.  Using an Adaptive Logistics Network in Africa: How Much and How Far.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, May 2009.  73 p.
"AFRICOMís mission is to aid African development and promote regional security.  As part of its mission, AFRICOM will need to move cargo throughout Africa, which has the least developed transportation infrastructure in the world...AFRICOM logistics plannersí solution to this problem is the creation of an Adaptive Logistics Network (ALN) that can expand or contract as necessary using in place transportation assets owned by African businesses." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA505080
Doc. call no.: M-U 39567-5 U43u

Willis, JohnDavid W.  Hybrid Orgs for Hybrid Wars: The Story of AFRICOM's New Hybrid and Why Other CCDRs Should Want One, Too.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2009.  24 p.
Concludes that "the USAFRICOM model, adjusted to include a reciprocal investment of liaison officers in select Washington-area government agencies, and creation of a Joint Task Force Deputy Commander position for Stability, Security, Transition and Reconstruction, provides the best course of action in terms of near-term fiscal and political constraints." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA513961
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 W734h

Wilson, Harold L.  Managing Perceptions of United States Africa Command.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, February 2009.  32 p.
"How can the United States (US) manage the African statesí perception of Africa Command (AFRICOM) as well as those of other powers involved in Africa so that Americaís interests can be best pursued?" - Abstract.
Also available online at: https://www.afresearch.org
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 W748m


Periodicals


Africa Command: Purely Military - or Military Politics?  United States Congressional Hearing.  African Armed Forces Journal, pp 13-14, September 2007. 
Hearing held on August 2, 2007 and includes a statement by Rep. Donald M. Payne (D-NJ).

Africa Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA).  DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 30:5-6 December 2008. 
"Discusses the Africa Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) program, which is managed and funded by the U.S. Department of State.  According to the article, ACOTA is a program designed to improve Africa's crisis response ability by providing military training and equipment to execute humanitarian or peacekeeping operations." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36357631&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

AFRICOM Airlifts to Darfur.  Army 59:10 February 1, 2009. 
"Reports that former President George W. Bush has authorized U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) to airlift heavy equipment to Sudan." - Abstract from Ebscohost.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1639779461&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Anyaso, Claudia E.  An Overview of AFRICOM: A Unified Combatant Command.  DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 30:59-61 September 2008. 
Provides excerpts from the address of Claudia E. Anyaso, Director of the Office of Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs for African Affairs, presented at the Women in International Security - U.S. Army War College Africa Command Conference in Washington, DC on April 22, 2008. 
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35545487&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Axe, David.  Old Ship, New Mission: In Her Final Months, the Nashville Refines Smart Power Strategy for Africa.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 135:34-35 June 2009. 
"Presents information related to deployment of the U.S. Navy ship USS Nashville (LPD-13) at the port in Libreville, the capital of Gabon, West Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=42646946&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bagayoko, Niagale.  French Reactions to AFRICOM: An Historic Perspective.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:28-31 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text.
"With the launching of AFRICOM, the French officials are faced with a new challenge: keeping the American hard power as far as possible from what it still considers as France's exclusive sphere of influence.  For this reason, AFRICOM may experience some difficulties in developing strong and constructive relationships with francophone African countries, still closely tied to France." - Conclusion.

Bennett, John T.  U.S. AfriCom Boss: HQ Won't Shift to Continent.  Defense News 24:48 October 5, 2009. 
"Reports on the pronouncement of U.S. Africa Command Chief William Ward that the U.S. government has no plans to move the command's headquarters from Stuttgart, Germany to Africa." - Abstract.

Berman, Eric G.  Deja-vu All Over Again: U.S. Missteps in Promoting Peace in Africa.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:32-34 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text.
"In short, there is no dearth of challenges facing Africans and policymakers on the continent and abroad charged with promoting peace and resolving armed conflict.  AFRICOM should be part of the solution." - Conclusion.

Boland, Rita.  Exercise in Africa Breaks Many Molds: A New Host, New Participants, and Requests for Industry Involvement Are Few Changes for Annual Event.  Signal 64:43-47 January 2010. 
"An overarching goal of Africa Endeavor is to support the AU and the standby brigade in the command, control, communications and computers (C4) realm so forces can communicate during relief efforts." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1949813031&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Burgess, Stephen F.  In the National Interest?  Authoritarian Decision-Making and the Problematic Creation of US Africa Command.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:79-99 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text. 
Discusses problems faced by AFRICOM because African nations were not queried before decisions were made.

Da Cruz, Jose and Stevens, Laura K.  The U.S. Africa Command: Building Partnership or Neo-Colonialism of US-Africa Relations?  Journal of Third World Studies 27:193-213 Fall 2010. 
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=2280401711&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Davis, Carmel.  AFRICOM's Relation to Oil, Terrorism and China.  Orbis 53:122-136 January 2009. 
Argues "that AFRICOM was formed to implement the U.S. national security strategy that seeks to strengthen states and eliminate ungoverned space, as well as establish relationships with African states that offer a means to greater state stability and foster economic development." - Abstract.

Dunn, David H.  Commanding Neither Respect Nor Support: George W. Bush and the Creation of US Africa Command.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:35-38 April 2009.
Limited access to full text.
AFRICOM "is unlikely to command much respect or support in Africa in its present form." - Conclusion.

Esterhuyse, Abel.  The Iraqization of Africa?  Looking at AFRICOM from a South African Perspective.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 2:111-130 Spring 2008. 
"The US military has to overcome a number of obstacles in the creation of AFRICOM, both in Africa and the United States." - Article.
Also available online at: http://www.au.af.mil/au/ssq/2008/Spring/esterhuyse.pdf

Forest, James J. F. and Crispin, Rebecca.  AFRICOM: Troubled Infancy, Promising Future.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:5-27 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text.
"Confusion still remains over exactly what AFRICOM is and what it wants to do. Sorting this out will require consulting, listening, and learning." - Abstract.

Fulford, Carlton W., Jr.  Thinking Through U.S. Strategic Options for Africa.  Naval War College Review 62:31-43 Winter 2009. 
"Discusses the strategic manner in which the U.S. will address its foreign policy interests in Africa." - Abstract from Ebscohost.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1667052021&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Garrett, William B., III.  U.S. Army Africa: A Team Like No Other.  Army 59:41-42+ September 2009. 
Plans have South Africa's special forces "interact with U.S. Army Africa noncommissioned officers (NCOs) and U.S. Army Rangers to build South African military capacity, it was U.S. soldiers who had a taste of hardcore SASF training." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1860429331&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Garrett, William B., III and others.  Forward in Africa: USAFRICOM and the U.S. Army in Africa.  Military Review 90:16-25 January-February 2010. 
"Explores the intervention of the U.S. in African and foreign policy devoted to security management and economic assistance." - Article.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=48966771&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gelfand, Lauren.  AFRICOM Takes Control of African Military Airspace.  Jane's Defence Weekly 47:21 February 3, 2010. 
"Reports that Air Force Africa, the air component of the U.S. Africa Command has taken full command and control of air operations in Africa as granted by the U.S. Central Command." - Abstract.

Gelfand, Lauren.  DRC Activates Rapid Response Commando Team.  Jane's Defence Weekly 47:14 September 29, 2010. 
"Reports on the activation of roughly 780 commandos trained by the U.S. Africa Command in the Democratic Republic of Congo as a part of a unit that will serve as a rapid response light infantry battalion under the country's massive security sector reform project." - Abstract.

Gelfand, Lauren.  Reaper Begins Counter-Piracy Patrols from Seychelles.  Jane's Defence Weekly 46:28 November 4, 2009. 
"U.S. Africa Command is using the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle for reconnaissance in the fight against piracy." - Abstract.

Gelfand, Lauren.  US, East African Countries Begin Major Exercise.  Jane's Defence Weekly 46:16 October 28, 2009. 
"Reports that about 1200 soldiers from the U.S. and five countries in the East African Community including Burundi, Tanzania and Uganda has started a weeklong training exercise called Natural Fire in northern Uganda on October 16, 2009." - Abstract.

Gelfand, Lauren.  US Makes New Somalia Mission Support Pledge.  Jane's Defence Weekly 47:17 July 28, 2010.
"Focuses on the commitment made by the U.S. to enhance the logistical and operational support it provides the African Union force in Somalia." - Abstract.

Gelfand, Lauren.  US to Train Algeria in Battle Against Insurgents.  Jane's Defence Weekly 47:16 December 22, 2010. 
"Reports on the training programmes being prepared by the US Africa Command to enhance the ability of the Algerian armed forces to continue their desert combat against insurgents affiliated with Al-Qaeda In the Islamic Maghreb." - Abstract.

Greenhill, Jim.  Guard Boosts AFRICOM's Partnership Capacity.  National Guard 64:20 September 2010. 
Discusses the Africa Command's State Partnership Program Conference held in Stuttgart, Germany in August.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=2146524061&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Greenhill, Jim.  Guard Partnerships Spread in Africa.  Soldiers 65:7 February 2010. 
The Vermont National Guard is involved in a state partnership with Senegal which fosters "military-to-military, military-to-civilian and civilian-to-civilian cooperation." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1972232941&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Henk, Dan.  AFRICOM's Role in African Future: Bridge or Dam?  Contemporary Security Policy 30:39-44 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text.
"It remains to be seen what the new command really means for Americans and Africans, and whether it can effectively address the security equities of either or both." - Article.

Hoffman, Michael.  Africa Command Trains Local Airmen.  Air Force Times 70:24 October 5, 2009. 
"Reports on the training provided by the US Air Forces Africa Command to Ugandan airmen." - Abstract from Ebscohost.

Hoffman, Michael.  AfriCom Delivers Aid to Darfur in First Major Operation.  Air Force Times 69:9 January 26, 2009.
"The 'Spirit of the Golden Gate' - a C-17 Globemaster flown by airmen from the 60th Airlift Wing - kicked off U.S. Africa Command's first major humanitarian airlift Jan. 14, delivering vehicles, water purification systems and other heavy equipment to Darfur." - Article.

Hoffman, Michael.  Air Forces Africa Seeking Airmen to Expand Mission.  Air Force Times 70:27 May 31, 2010. 
"U.S. Air Forces Africa, Africa Command's aviation arm, is looking for airmen with African language skills or cultural knowledge who can help out with its exercises and missions." - Article.

Hoffman, Michael.  A New Command's Air Boss Speaks of Africa.  Air Force Times 70:32-33 July 20, 2009. 
"An interview with U.S. Air Force Major General Ronald Ladnier about Seventeenth Air Force, the air division of Africa Command, is presented." - Abstract from Ebscohost.

Hoffman, Michael.  Starting from Scratch.  Air Force Times 70:22-24 July 5, 2010.
Interviews Maj. Gen. Ronald Ladnier, the first commander of U.S. Air Forces Africa.

Holmes, Erik.  Air Force Official: AfriCom Will Rely on Air Power.  Air Force Times 68:16 December 17, 2007. 
"The newly formed Africa Command will be an air-centric theater and will require some permanently assigned Air Force aircraft, a senior Air Force official said Dec. 3." - Article.

Jackson, Paul B.  Introduction: Mars, Venus or Mercury?  AFRICOM and America's Ambiguous Intentions.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:1-4 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text. 
Gives an overview of this special issue on AFRICOM.

Jackson, Paul B.  Missions and Pragmatism in American Security Policy in Africa.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:45-49 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text.
"If AFRICOM is really going to develop an approach to conflict stability on the continent then it needs to reassess how it is going to link its strategic goals with longer-term strategic interests of developing a peaceful, democratic, and stable Africa." - Article.

Jeffrey, Junel R.  Medflag 10: Synchronizing Public Affairs Activities from a Remote Location.  Army 60:47-50 December 2010. 
"Developing partnerships, enhancing capabilities and increasing readiness were the goals that propelled the efforts of U.S. Army Africa (USARAF) and the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) during MEDFLAG 10, a joint humanitarian assistance exercise that took place in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), in September." - Article.
Also available online at: http://search.proquest.com/docview/816820146?accountid=4332

Kfir, Isaac.  The Challenge That Is USAFRICOM.  Joint Force Quarterly No.49:110-113 April 2008. 
"Explores the reasons behind the creation of the new command, points out some of USAFRICOMís main challenges in purpose and structure, and concludes with some critical observations and recommendations that could help to ensure its success." - Article.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1482340661&sid=2&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Lamb, Guy.  Parading US Security Interests as African Security Policy.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:50-52 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text.
"As long as the American military establishment publicly parades AFRICOM as a vehicle that enhances African security, rather than acknowledging that its actual role is to pursue American foreign national interests abroad, AFRICOM is unlikely to receive a warm reception in Africa." - Conclusion.

Lawlor, Maryann.  Africa Command Revamps Multinational, Interagency Cooperation Strategies.  Signal 64:37-41 January 2010. 
"The U.S. Africa Command has been designed to help the nations in its area of responsibility to help themselves.  Since its inception two years later, it has been fulfilling that vision with assistance from other U.S. government agencies in an area that comprises 53 countries that include more than 800 ethnic groups who speak more than 1,000 languages." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1949813161&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

LeVan, A. Carl.  The Political Economy of African Responses to the US Africa Command.  Africa Today 57:2-23 Fall 2010. 
"The most aid-dependent countries that received U.S. foreign assistance were likelier to support AFRICOM, and countries enjoying high levels of growth with low levels of foreign aid tended to criticize it." - Article.

Lyakhovich, Dina.  The United States Africa Command Initiative Is Not Welcome in Africa.  DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 30:67-68 March 2008. 
"The new command has extensive, even if a bit vague, tasks, such as promoting stability and civic development, improving living standards and preventing the spread of terrorism, training African servicemen and supplying weapons, and bringing medical aid to Africa." - Article.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32001820&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Marks, Edward.  Why USAFRICOM?  Joint Force Quarterly No.52:148-151 January 2009. 
"States that USAFRICOM was created to provide a solution to the security problem in Africa.  It also aims to improve U.S. Government efforts in Africa by coordinating military activities with the Department of State and other agencies." - Abstract from Ebscohost.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1634389791&sid=3&Fmt=1&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Mboup, Moussa D.  Misguided Intentions: Resisting AFRICOM.  Military Review 89:87-92 July-August 2009. 
"The author states that African countries view AFRICOM with suspicion and skepticism.  Topics include the media reaction in South Africa and Algiers to the establishment of the combatant command, distrust of U.S. strategic geopolitical military policies, and U.S. exploitation of the continent of Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=43251487&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McFate, Sean.  U.S. African Command: A New Strategic Paradigm?  Military Review 88:10-21 January-February 2008. 
"According to Defense Secretary Robert Gates, AFRICOM remedies an outdated arrangement left over from the Cold War." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28338932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McLeary, Paul.  U.S. Africa Command Is Focusing on Its Mission.  Defense Technology International 4:35-36 March 2010. 
Describes AFRICOM's structure and mission in Africa.

McMichael, William H.  AfriCom Anniversary: Officials Work to Define Roles Inside, Outside Command.  Air Force Times 70:10 October 19, 2009. 
Quotes Rear Admiral Robert Moeller: "We're still working our way through with our interagency partners on the range of activities that they're involved in, and looking at all of those very, very carefully - because in every case, there may not be a suitable role for defense to play." - Article.

Menkhaus, Ken.  False Start in AFRICOM.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:53-57 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text. 
A close examination of the problems associated with the newly established AFRICOM.

Miles, Donna.  Africa Command Focuses on Extremists, Drug Traffickers.  DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 31:150-151 November 2009. 
Discusses the work that U.S. Africa Command is doing in Somalia and Liberia.

Military Money.  Africa Confidential 51:8 March 19, 2010. 
"The US government has cut its Africom budget to US $278 million this year, compared to $310 mn. in 2009." - Article.

Miller, Pete.  Stealth Partners.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 135:48-51 June 2009. 
"Presents information on the maritime partnership of the U.S. Navy with Africa.  Africa Partnership Station (APS), recently conducted a series of training activities in West and Central Africa successfully." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=42646949&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Miller, Sean J.  The Pentagon's New Africa Push.  National Journal 41:57-58 October 24, 2009. 
U.S. Africa Command "focuses on professionalizing African militaries so they can better confront local security challenges on their own." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44860900&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Munson, Robert.  Do We Want to "Kill People and Break Things" in Africa?  A Historian's Thoughts on Africa Command.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 2:97-110 Spring 2008. 
Argues that AFRICOM "to support these multilateral operations, the command must truly be an interagency construct rather than a military organization with a few actors from other agencies included for effect." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA509538

Nathan, Laurie.  AFRICOM: A Threat to Africa's Security.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:58-61 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text.
"Africans will remain alarmed about the vast power of the US and its willingness to use that power as it sees fit.  The unease will not be mitigated by strategic communications and assurances of good intentions regarding AFRICOM.  It will only be alleviated if the US adopts a benign foreign policy that respects the values and interests of other states." - Conclusion.

Newman, Edward.  Securitizing vs. Desecuriziting African Problems.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:67-71 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text. 
"The negative responses to AFRICOM - even if they are largely unfounded - are indicative of the broader suspicions which exist about securitizing Africa's problems, and this broader debate deserves greater attention." - Conclusion.

Omojola, Biodun.  Overture Is to South Africa.  Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 15:24 June 2009. 
"The Americans are eager to have President Zuma's support for their proposed African Command." - Headline.

Otieno, Orwa M.  The U.S.-Africa Command and Pan-African Resistance.  Peace Review 22:136-143 April-June 2010. 
"Urges U.S. President Barack Obama to clarify its intentions in relation to Africom." - Abstract.

Palmer, David J.  Friendship Through C-17s.  National Guard 64:128 August 2010. 
"The training, logistics, and sustainment infrastructure to nurture the employment of this aircraft in Africa could be facilitated through the National Guard's State Partnership Program." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=2112053601&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Peltier, Jean-Philippe N.  Rethinking Africa's Military.  American Foreign Policy Interests 32:219-228 July-August 2010. 
Limited access to full text. 
AFRICOM has the opportunity "to take a fresh look at the continent based on reality and partnering with African states to build the security forces that they truly need." - Abstract.

Peltier, Jean-Philippe N. and Meer, Thomas.  Air Domain Development in Africa: A Reasonable Proposition.  Air & Space Power Journal 23:111-113 Summer 2009. 
"Focuses on the need of air domain development (ADD) in Africa.  ADD highlights the building of a national air domain by increasing the air safety and expanding trade through development of civil-military partnerships while working towards control of the sovereign airspace." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=43979550&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Penn, Dennis R. J.  USAFRICOM: The Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy?  Joint Force Quarterly No.51:74-78 October 2008. 
"The 3D concept supports three equal pillars of engagementódiplomacy, development, and defense." - Article.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1559946171&sid=4&Fmt=1&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Pham, J. Peter.  Been There, Already Doing That: America's Ongoing Security Engagement in Africa.  Contemporary Security Policy 30:72-78 April 2009. 
Limited access to full text. 
"Given the long history of the American security engagements on the continent and the continuing receptivity of many African states to those initiatives, there is reason to be cautiously optimistic that AFRICOM will eventually find the welcome and acceptance that has thus far eluded it." - Conclusion.

Powell, Stewart M.  Engagement in Africa: A Modest Airlift into Sudan Marks the Start of What May Prove to Be a New Regional Preoccupation.  Air Force Magazine 92:60-63 July 2009. 
Also available online at: http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2009/July%202009/0709africa.aspx

Reapers Go after Pirates.  Air Force Magazine 92:18-19 November 2009. 
At the request of Africa Command the U.S. Navy will operate unarmed MQ-9 Reaper UAVs to monitor pirate activities off the coast of Africa.
Also available online at: http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2009/November%202009/1109world.aspx

Sanborn, James K.  U.S. Marines May Create Africa Task Force.  Defense News 25:13 January 4, 2010. 
"Reports on the plan of the U.S. Marine Corps to establish a Marine Corps air-ground task force in the U.S. Africa Command." - Abstract from Ebscohost.

Scavetta, Rick.  USARAF: Serving in Africa.  Soldiers 65:4-6 February 2010. 
"When U.S. Army Africa wrapped up Natural Fire 10 in Uganda in October, it marked a change in the way Soldiers conduct missions on the continent." - Article.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1972232931&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Schanz, Marc V.  Around, and over, the Horn: Air Forces Africa Has Picked up the Pace of Air Operations in the Continent's Most Restive Region.  Air Force Magazine 93:36-39 July 2010. 
Also available online at: http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2010/July%202010/0710horn.aspx

Schultz, Corey.  Ugandans Get Medical Care During Exercise National Fire 10.  Armed Forces Comptroller 55:23-25 Fall 2010. 
Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda participated in Exercise National Fire 10 with the U.S. Army Reserve to provide humanitarian assistance and medical care and disaster management.

Singh, Gurjit.  An Indian Perspective on United States Africa Command.  Strategic Analysis 34:371-380 May 2010. 
"Points to the perception that the US manner of engagement is more political than economic, and it differs from the functional engagements that India, China or even the EU have with Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://www.idsa.in/strategicanalysis/34_3/AnIndianPerspectiveonUnitedStatesAfricaCommandAFRICOM_gsingh

Stevenson, Jonathan.  African American.  Survival 51:249-256 February-March 2009. 
"Discusses U.S. foreign policy towards Africa and African countries from 1992-2009." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=36449351&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Tallent, Hamlin and Matthews, Cameron.  Defining AFRICOMís Mission: Command to Enhance African Sovereignty Through Information Sharing.  Signal 63:65-68 December 2008. 
"These nations need assistance in establishing their ability to openly share information with each another and international allies.  In doing so, U.S. combatant commands can prove invaluable in helping nations grow and prosper to become better service providers to their people and achieve greater positive outcomes as a result." - Article.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1617331421&sid=6&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

U.S. African Command Begins to Take Shape with Introduction of Systems.  African Armed Forces Journal, p 17, July 2009. 
"Cubic Applications, Inc., has received a new contract valued at approximately $30 million for joint training and exercise support to the United States Africa Command." - Article.

Unique National Guard Program Boosts New Africa Command.  National Guard 64:22+ April 2010. 
"The National Guard's State Partnership Program is a superb tool for U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), the command's top military officer told a congressional committee March 9." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=2018173741&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

United States/Africa: More Money for the Military.  Africa Confidential 51:8 February 5, 2010. 
"The Pentagon is expanding the reach and role of its Africa command after a shaky start." - Article.

Valpolini, Paolo.  Interview: Major General William B. Garrett, Commander, Southern European Task Force and U.S. Army Africa.  Jane's Defence Weekly 46:34 July 1, 2009. 
"In December 2008, the US Army Southern European Task Force (SETAF) assumed a new mission as the army component which was in support of US Africa Command." - Article.

Vogl, Martin.  Train to Gain?  Jane's Defence Weekly 47:26-31 August 4, 2010. 
Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Senegal participated in the joint training Exercise Flintlock with the U.S. Africa Command.

Ward, William E.  Engaging AFRICOM.  Military Technology 33:298-300 World Defense Almanac 2009. 
"States that the AFRICOM's vision is to see a stable continent of Africa, governments operating legitimately and has formed security structures." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44702786&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ward, William E.  Operationalizing FM 3-07 Stability Operations in U.S. Africa Command.  Army 59:28-30+ February 2009. 
Although FM 3-07 was written with Iraq and Afghanistan in mind, it can also be applicable to operations in Africa. 
Also available online at: http://search.proquest.com/docview/237078673?accountid=4332

Ward, William E. and Galvan, Thomas P.  "Africa's Future Is up to the Africans:" Putting the President's Words into Action.  Joint Force Quarterly No.58:6-12 July 2010. 
"Those who have worked with the command know that it acts in support of U.S. foreign policy objectives and that its activities only occur with the input and approval of U.S. Chiefs of Mission." - Article.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=2068934701&sid=1&Fmt=1&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Wenger, Fred, III.  Economic Development in AfriCom.  Military Engineer 101:53-54 January-February 2009. 
Title varies in electronic version. 
"AFRICOM is positioned to leverage civil-military collaboration and successfully achieve its mission to promote a stable and secure Africa in support of U.S. foreign policy." - Article.
Also available online at: http://themilitaryengineer.com/issues/TME_JanFeb2009/

Westphal, Michael and McKinney, Jennifer R.  Winning Africa's Info War.  C4ISR Journal 8:44-45 September 2009. 
"Focuses on the information operations of the U.S. in Africa." - Abstract from Ebscohost.

Whitaker, Beth E.  Soft Balancing among Weak States? Evidence from Africa.  International Affairs 86:1109-1127 September 2010. 
Examines historically friendly African countries that have resisted unilateral United States policies "in areas such as the war on terror, the International Criminal Court and the US Africa command." - Abstract.

Yates, Mary C.  U.S. Africa Command Value Added.  Joint Force Quarterly No.52:152-155 January 2009. 
The author "believes that the creation of this new geographic combatant command is to address the shortfalls in the abilities of the Department of Defense to support African efforts to build partner security capacity." - Abstract from Ebscohost.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1634389801&sid=3&Fmt=1&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


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