HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION AND ASSISTANCE


January 2011
Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

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Annotations are taken from abstracts provided by the author.

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Internet Resources


Abbott, Chris.  Rights and Responsibilities:  The Dilemma of Humanitarian Intervention.  Global Dialogue 7:1-15 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650711&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
This article examines the attempts to define use of military intervention for humanitarian issues (without the consent of the targeted state) and discusses how to proceed in light of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars and the U.S. “War on Terror”. It includes discussion of the principles and theory of “Just War”, the Westphalian Concept of State Sovereignty, and how these clash with current international law, the United Nations Charter, and new geopolitical shifts.

Abebe, Allehone Mulugeta.  Displacement of Civilians During Armed Conflict in the Light of the Case Law of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission.  Leiden Journal of International Law 22:823-851 December 2009.
Available online at:  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1662807 (Click on "One-Click Download")
"...The aim of this essay is to analyse the case law of the [Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims] Commission in the light of international law applicable to situations of displacement of civilians triggered by international armed conflicts, and evaluate the relevance of the Commission's jurisprudence for the development of the law in the field." - Article.

Abiew, Francis Kofi.  Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect:  Redefining a Role for "Kind-Hearted Gunmen."  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:93-109 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22041294

Akande, Dapo.  Clearing the Fog of War?  The ICRC's Interpretive Guidance on Direct Participation in Hostilities.  International and Comparative Law Quarterly 59:180-192 January 2010.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1948686581&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD or
http://www.ejiltalk.org/clearing-the-fog-of-war-the-icrcs-interpretive-guidance-on-direct-participation-in-hostilities/#more-1094
"In the summer of 2009, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) published a document setting out its 'Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities under International Humanitarian Law.'  The purpose of the document is to help clarify and to assist in the interpretation of a principle that is undoubtedly accepted in international humanitarian law (IHL) but which is subject to much ambiguity." - Article.

Akkerman, Tjitske.  New Wars, New Morality?  Acta Politica 44:74-86 April 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1652568501&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Has war fundamentally changed?  If so, it may be time for reconsidering accepted moral standards for waging wars and for conduct in war.  The new war thesis holds that wars have fundamentally altered since the end of the Cold War.  Proponents such as Kaldor and Weiss hold that wars today are intrastate rather than interstate and are primarily being fought in the context of fragmented states.  This thesis has acquired broad support, but it has also raised various criticisms.  Taking account of empirical evidence, this review starts with an assessment of the various aspects of the thesis.  The new war thesis has important normative implications.  It challenges the traditional presumption that the sovereign state is the only authority capable of legitimate political violence.  It also questions traditional justifications for humanitarian military intervention and for restrictions of human rights in the war against terrorism.  These challenges are taken up by just war theorists.  The review concludes that while the new wars thesis tends to overestimate the novelty of empirical trends, the just war theorists risk to overemphasize the need for ethical renewal." - Article.

Akonor, Kwame.  Assessing the African Union's Right of Humanitarian Intervention.  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:157-173 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22041298

Al Samaraie, Nasir Ahmed.  Humanitarian Implications of the Wars in Iraq.  International Review of the Red Cross 89:929-942 December 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-868_samaraie.pdf

Alvarado, Jaime and Mendis, Patrick.  New Multilateralism in Action for Peace:  A Case Study of the US-led Operation Unified Assistance in the Asian Tsunami Disaster.  Global Economic Review 36:183-192 June 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12003692

Amundson, Dennis and others.  Practicing Internal Medicine Onboard the USNS Comfort in the Aftermath of the Haitian Earthquake.  Annals of Internal Medicine 152:733-737  June 1, 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=21543090

Andreopoulos, George J.  Challenges and Opportunities in Advancing Human Protection:  Rethinking the Global-Local Nexus.  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:142-156 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22041297

Andreopoulos, George J. and Lantsman, Leonid.  The Evolving Discourse on Human Protection.  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:73-92 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=52930126

Asad, Talal.  Thinking about Terrorism and Just War.  Cambridge Review of International Affairs 23:3-24 March 2010.
Available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a917959642~fulltext=713240930~frm=content
"Since 2001 a new urge to moralize the use of violence as an instrument of state policy has appeared in liberal democracies.  The American idea of a War against Terror, and the European notion of confronting a global terrorist threat, have together merged with a discourse on humanitarian military action:  the political/moral 'responsibility to protect' is no longer to be confined to one's own citizens." - Article.

Autesserre, Séverine.  Local Violence, National Peace?  Postwar "Settlement" in the Eastern D. R. Congo (2003-2006).  African Studies Review 49:1-29 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1254602131&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Bajoria, Jayshree.  The Dilemma of Humanitarian Intervention.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, 2008.  4 p. (Backgrounder).
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/16524/dilemma_of_humanitarian_intervention.html

Baker, Deane-Peter and Pattison, James.  The Principled Case for Employing Private Military and Security Companies in Humanitarian Interventions and Peacekeeping.  2010.  32 p. (Human rights and human welfare working paper, no. 56).
Available online at:  http://www.du.edu/korbel/hrhw/workingpapers/2010/56-baker-pattison-2010.pdf
"The possibility of using private military and security companies to bolster the capacity to undertake humanitarian intervention has been increasingly debated.  The focus of such discussions has, however, largely been on practical issues and the contingent problems posed by private force.  By contrast, this paper considers the principled case for privatising humanitarian intervention.  It focuses on two central issues.  First, is there a case for preferring these firms to other, state-based agents of humanitarian intervention?  In particular, given a state's duties to their own military personnel, should the use of private military and security contractors be preferred to regular soldiers for humanitarian intervention?  Second, on the other hand, does outsourcing humanitarian intervention to private military and security companies pose some fundamental, deeper problems in this context, such as an abdication of a state's duties?" - Article.

Barber, Rebecca.  Facilitating Humanitarian Assistance in International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law.  International Review of the Red Cross 91:371-397 June 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1906580891&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"In 2008, 260 humanitarian aid workers were killed or injured in violent attacks.  Such attacks and other restrictions substantially limit the ability of humanitarian aid agencies to provide assistance to those in need, meaning that millions of people around the world are denied the basic food, water, shelter and sanitation necessary for survival.  Using the humanitarian crises in Darfur and Somalia as examples, this paper considers the legal obligation of state and non-state actors to consent to and facilitate humanitarian assistance." - Article.

Beets, Josie.  The International Charter on Space and Major Disasters and International Disaster Law:  The Need for Collaboration and Coordination.  Air and Space Lawyer  22, no. 4:12-16  2010.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1955909161&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"...While human rights law is expressed as a series of rights, international humanitarian law consists of a series of duties that create more substantial obligations upon states than human rights law when paired with humanitarian law's deep history and broad acceptance." - Article.

Binder, Martin.  Humanitarian Crises and the International Politics of Selectivity.  Human Rights Review 10:327-348 September 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=43103419
"How has the international community responded to humanitarian crises after the end of the Cold War?  While optimistic ideational perspectives on global governance stress the importance of humanitarian norms and argue that humanitarian crises have been increasingly addressed, more skeptical realist accounts point to material interests and maintain that these responses have remained highly selective.  In empirical terms, however, we know very little about the actual extent of selectivity since, so far, the international community's reaction to humanitarian crises has not been systematically examined.  This article addresses this gap by empirically examining the extent and the nature of the selectivity of humanitarian crises." - Article.

Binder, Martin.  The Limits of "Humanitarian" Norms:  Exploring the Selectivity of Humanitarian Intervention after the Cold War.  2008.  41 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on link provided; click on title)
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, Calif., March 26-29, 2008.

Blue, Sarah A.  Cuban Medical Internationalism:  Domestic and International Impacts.  Journal of Latin American Geography 9, no. 1:31-49 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20982286 (embargoed; available after March 2011)
"Since 2003, Cuba has dramatically expanded its decades-long program of international humanitarian missions.  This article explores the political, economic, gender and racial equality dimensions of Cuba's international missions at various scales of analysis." - Article.

Brock, Gillian.  Humanitarian Intervention:  Closing the Gap Between Theory and Practice.  Journal of Applied Philosophy 23:277-291 August 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=9541074

"Apparently, there are some important tensions that must be confronted in grappling with the issue of the permissibility of humanitarian intervention.  Notably, there is the tension between respecting sovereignty and responding to the plight of the needy, that is, there is tension between respecting governments' authority and desire for non-interference, and respecting the individuals who suffer under their leadership." - Article.

Brugger, Patrick.  ICRC Operational Security:  Staff Safety in Armed Conflict and Internal Violence.  International Review of the Red Cross 91:431-445 June 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1906580881&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Humanitarian work, especially in conflict areas, has become more dangerous and every humanitarian organization is affected by serious security problems, constituting a threat to their staff and hampering much-needed activities on behalf of the victims of armed conflicts and other situations of collective armed violence.  The article outlines the general approach of the ICRC to security issues and describes the pillars of the security policy it has adopted in the field to protect its operational staff." - Article.

Burke, Ciaran J.  Equity to the Rescue:  A New Approach to Legal Humanitarian Intervention.  Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 15:40-50 September 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36001530

Cannizzaro, Enzo.  Contextualizing Proportionality:  Jus Ad Bellum and Jus in Bello in the Lebanese War.  International Review of the Red Cross 88:779-792 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_864_cannizzaro.pdf
"This article analyses the role and content of proportionality under contemporary international law governing the use of force, with a view to clarifying the legal framework governing the conduct of the parties to an armed conflict." - Article.

Coady, C.A.J. (Tony).  Intervention and the Dangers of Moralism.  Global Dialogue 7:68-75 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1923650771&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"The author discusses mainly interventions premised on the rescue motivation, what is often called 'humanitarian intervention', but his skepticism is not restricted to that.  One of the main problems with humanitarian intervention is that its advocates and practitioners are prone to the vice of moralism." - Abstract.

Cook, Martin L.  Accountability for International Intervention/Protection Activities.  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:129-141 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22041296

Cornish, Stephen.  No Room for Humanitarian in 3D Policies:  Have Forcible Humanitarian Interventions and Integrated Approaches Lost Their Way?  Journal of Military and Strategic Studies 10:1-48 Fall 2007.
Available online at:  http://jmss.synergiesprairies.ca/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/view/37/35

Cottey, Andrew.  Beyond Humanitarian Intervention:  The New Politics of Peacekeeping and Intervention.  Contemporary Politics 14:429-446 December 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17551305
"This article reviews patterns of peacekeeping and military intervention in the post-9/11 world.  It argues that while Western states have become increasingly reluctant to engage in the types of humanitarian interventions they undertook in the 1990s, a new model of peace operations is emerging that lies in the middle ground between traditional United Nations peacekeeping and classical humanitarian intervention and combines elements of both." - Article.

Crovelli, Mark R.  Humanitarian Intervention and the State.  2007.  31 p. (Mises Institute working paper).
Available online at:  http://mises.org/journals/scholar/crovelli2.pdf

Côté, Luc.  International Criminal Justice:  Tightening up the Rules of the Game.  International Review of the Red Cross 88:133-144 March 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_861_cote.pdf

Dantiki, Sumon.  Organizing for Peace:  Collective Action Problems and Humanitarian Intervention.  Journal of Military and Strategic Studies 7:1-21 Spring 2005.
Available online at:  http://jmss.synergiesprairies.ca/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/view/144/163
"This paper looks at the problem of humanitarian intervention in a novel manner, treating it as a collective action problem, rather than simply a normative debate.  As a result, it draws up a rich collective action literature and makes the argument that modern humanitarian interventions--from Bosnia to East Timor--ought to be placed within this framework of problems." - Abstract.

Davidovic, Jovana.  Are Humanitarian Military Interventions Obligatory?  Journal of Applied Philosophy 25:134-144 May 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14052801
"I argue here that certain species of war, namely humanitarian military interventions (HMIs), can be obligatory within particular contexts.  Specifically, I look at the notion of HMIs through the lens of just war theory and argue that when a minimal account of jus ad bellum implies that an intervention is permissible, it also implies that it is obligatory." - Article.

De Coning, Cedric.  Civil-Military Coordination Practices and Approaches Within United Nations Peace Operations.  Journal of Military and Strategic Studies 10:1-35 Fall 2007.
Available online at:  http://jmss.synergiesprairies.ca/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/view/36/34
"The paper argues that the bi-polar civil-military coordination concept is no longer adequate to describe the system-wide coordination needs of contemporary UN peace operations, at the strategic level, in the context of the UN Integrated Mission concept.  However, the civil-military coordination concept is still appropriate and meaningful at the operational and tactical levels, both from a humanitarian and military perspective." - Abstract.

De Lame, Danielle.  On Behalf of Ordinary People:  Bridging the Gap Between High Politics and Simple Tragedies.  African Studies Review 48:133-141 December 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=996339221&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"If we want to understand the events that continue to unfold in the region, and if we want to improve the aid humanitarian agencies provide, we need to consider Umutesi's story--a story in which distant international organizations, with their own views and objectives, took actions that had deleterious consequences for ordinary people." - Abstract.

De Torrente, Nicholas and Weissman, Fabrice.  A War Without Limits:  Somalia's Humanitarian Catastrophe.  Harvard International Review 30:14-19 Winter 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1846064631&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dobos, Ned.  On Altruistic War and National Responsibility:  Justifying Humanitarian Intervention to Soldiers and Taxpayers.  Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13:19-31  February 2010.
Available online at:  http://www.springerlink.com/content/j334648q3q23kj1l/fulltext.pdf
"The principle of absolute sovereignty may have been consigned to history, but a strong presumption against foreign intervention seems to have been left in its stead.  On the dominant view, only massacre and ethnic cleansing justify armed intervention, these harms must be already occurring or imminent, and the prudential constraints on war must be satisfied.  Each of these conditions has recently come under pressure." - Article.

Dolan, Chris and Hovil, Lucy.  Humanitarian Protection in Uganda:  A Trojan Horse?  London, Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute, 2006.  22 p.
Available online at:  http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/refworld/rwmain?page=search&docid=4a5b32bf0&skip=0&query=humanitarian intervention

Doswald-Beck, Louise.  The Right to Life in Armed Conflict:  Does International Humanitarian Law Provide All the Answers?  International Review of the Red Cross 88:881-904 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_864_doswald-beck.pdf
"This article describes the relevant interpretation of the right to life by human rights treaty bodies and analyses how this might influence the law relating to the use of force in armed conflicts and occupations where international humanitarian law is unclear." - Article.

Edgerton, Anne.  The Race for Hearts and Minds:  Humanitarian Action in an Era of Intervention.  2008.  11 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on link provided; click on title)
Paper presented at the 2008 annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, Calif., March 26-29, 2008.
"This paper examines the implications of and intersections between military actors engaged in operations other than war and humanitarian actors engaged in the provision of emergency relief and assistance in conflict across two conflict transition settings:  the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Afghanistan." - Article.

Ewumbue-Monono, Churchill.  Respect for International Humanitarian Law by Armed Non-state Actors in Africa.  International Review of the Red Cross 88:905-924 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_864_ewumbue-monono.pdf
"This report presents the instruments and strategies used by non-state actors to respect international humanitarian law during intra-state conflicts in Africa and highlights the recognition by these non-state actors of the role of humanitarian organizations." - Article.

Falk, Richard.  Humanitarian Intervention:  Elite and Critical Perspectives.  Global Dialogue 7:37-49 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1923650741&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Also available online at:  http://www.worlddialogue.org/content.php?id=329

"Many developments account for the intensity of the recent debate concerning humanitarian intervention.  This series of developments has stimulated two sets of responses pertaining to the legal, ethical, and political status of humanitarian intervention:  a statist response highlighted by reports of commissions composed of eminent persons; and a civil society response highlighted by case-by-case advocacy and criticism of action and inaction by the international community, and by various expressions of suspicion directed at self-serving accounts of motives on the part of intervening actors, particularly the US.  The inhibitions on inter-governmental initiatives or on bodies constituted by 'eminent persons', that is, persons prominently associated with governmental and intergovernmental careers, are such that they can address these issues only indirectly if at all.  This leaves the delicate task of disentangling geopolitics from humanitarianism to independent critical voices of opinion in global civil society." - Article.

Fast, Larissa.  Symbols, Strategies, and Bunkers:  Unintended Consequences, Security, and Humanitarian Action.  2008.  11 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on link provided; click on title)
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, Calif., March 26, 2008.
"One of the greatest challenges for humanitarian action is how to protect those who are providing assistance.  Safety and security for aid workers has been an issue from the inception of humanitarian action.  In the years since the UN Baghdad bombing, however, security issues have appeared at the foreground of media coverage and have dramatically increased in importance in humanitarian operations." - Article.

Fernando, Udan and Hilhorst, Dorothea.  Everyday Practices of Humanitarian Aid:  Tsunami Response in Sri Lanka.  Development in Practice 16:292-302 June 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11375669
"This article underlines the importance of grounding the analysis of humanitarian aid in an understanding of everyday practice.  It presents ethnographic vignettes illustrating three aspects of aid response in Sri Lanka following the tsunami disaster in 2004." - Article.

Fidler, David P.  Governing Catastrophes:  Security, Health and Humanitarian Assistance.  International Review of the Red Cross 89:247-270 June 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_866_fidler.pdf
"Recent catastrophes, and predictions of an increasing potential for more, have stimulated thinking about the best policy responses to these threats.  This article explores how security concepts influence catastrophe governance." - Article.

Fisher, David.  Domestic Regulation of International Humanitarian Relief in Disasters and Armed Conflict:  A Comparative Analysis.  International Review of the Red Cross  89:345-372 June 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_866_fisher.pdf
"In both disasters and armed conflicts, domestic regulatory control over the entry and operation of international humanitarian relief operations can significantly affect their ability to address the critical needs of affected persons.  The types of regulatory problems that arise, such as customs barriers, visa issues and taxation of aid, are often similar, but both the underlying dynamics and the applicable international law can be quite different.  This article analyses these similarities and differences and suggests distinct steps that might be taken to move forward in the two contexts." - Article.

Focarelli, Carlo.  The Responsibility to Protect Doctrine and Humanitarian Intervention:  Too Many Ambiguities for a Working Doctrine.  Journal of Conflict and Security Law  13:191-213 June 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17526122
"The question about possible remedies, including military intervention, to avoid or to put an end to massive violations of human rights committed by a state towards its own citizens or in situations where state authorities critically lack effectiveness has been extensively debated since the issuance in 2001 of the report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) on the responsibility to protect.  After a succinct and critical review of the ICISS' report and the subsequent international instruments dealing with the responsibility to protect, this contribution focuses on the positions adopted by states, especially over the last three years at the General Assembly and at the Security Council of the United Nations on humanitarian intervention as a 'corollary' of the responsibility to protect doctrine." - Article.

Ford, Nathan.  Treating AIDS in Complex Emergencies:  The Need for Clear Policy Consensus.  Progress in Development Studies 9:55-61 January 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17853336
"Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is directly responsible for increased mortality in many humanitarian crises and can exacerbate vulnerability linked to food insecurity, loss of livelihood and disrupted coping mechanisms." - Article.

Forsythe, David P.  The ICRC:  A Unique Humanitarian Protagonist.  International Review of the Red Cross 89:63-96 March 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-865-forsythe.pdf

Geiβ, Robin.  Armed Violence in Fragile States:  Low-Intensity Conflicts, Spillover Conflicts, and Sporadic Law Enforcement Operations by Third Parties.  International Review of the Red Cross 91:127-142 March 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1866258801&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"The gradual process of state failure is commonly accompanied by armed violence. Apart from occasional outbreaks, armed violence in fragile states tends to smoulder with relatively low intensity, often over an extended period of time.  The actual level of violence may oscillate around the level of violence that is commonly accepted as triggering the application of international humanitarian law (IHL)." - Article.

Gierycz, Dorota.  From Humanitarian Intervention (HI) to Responsibility to Protect (R2P).  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:110-128 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22041295

Grimm, Sonja and Merkel, Wolfgang.  War and Democratization:  Legality, Legitimacy and Effectiveness.  Democratization 15:457-471 June 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14294097
"...Four modes of promotion of democracy by external actors can be distinguished:  first, enforcing democratization by enduring post-war occupation (mode 1); second, restoring an elected government by military intervention (mode 2); third, intervening in on-going massacres and civil war with military forces ('humanitarian intervention') and thereby curbing the national sovereignty of those countries (mode 3); and fourth, forcing democracy on rogue states by 'democratic intervention', in other words, democracy through war (mode 4)." - Article.

Gutierrez Posse, Hortensia D. T.  The Relationship Between International Humanitarian Law and the International Criminal Tribunals.  International Review of the Red Cross  88:65-86 March 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_861_gutierrez.pdf
"International humanitarian law is the branch of customary and treaty-based international positive law whose purposes are to limit the methods and means of warfare and to protect the victims of armed conflicts.  Grave breaches of its rules constitute war crimes for which individuals may be held directly accountable and which it is up to sovereign states to prosecute.  However, should a state not wish to, or not be in a position to, prosecute, the crimes can be tried by international criminal tribunals instituted by treaty or by binding decision of the United Nations Security Council.  This brief description of the current legal and political situation reflects the state of the law at the dawn of the twenty-first century." - Article.

Haeri, Medina and Puechguirbal, Nadine.  From Helplessness to Agency:  Examining the Plurality of Women's Experiences in Armed Conflict.  International Review of the Red Cross 92:103-122 March 2010.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-877-haeri-puechguirbal.pdf

Hehir, Aidan.  Institutionalising Impermanence:  Kosovo and the Limits of Intervention.  Global Dialogue 7:115-124 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1923650821&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Five years have passed since NATO's ostensibly humanitarian intervention, yet Kosovo remains a divided and violent society.  The moralistic rhetoric that accompanied 'Operation Allied Force' proclaimed that NATO was forging a new era in which systematic violations of human rights would not be tolerated.  The issue of post-intervention Kosovo had been off the international political agenda for nearly five years before the illusion of peace was finally shattered." - Article.

Hehir, Aidan.  NATO's "Humanitarian Intervention" in Kosovo:  Legal Precedent or Aberration?  Journal of Human Rights 8:245-264 July 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=19366021
"NATO's intervention in Kosovo in 1999 (Operation Allied Force) is one of the seminal events in contemporary international relations.  While the humanitarian aspect of this intervention was widely endorsed the dominant view is that NATO acted illegally.  Many who acknowledged this illegality, however, argued that because Operation Allied Force had so emphatically illustrated deficiencies with the existing legal regime that legal reform would subsequently follow.  This article examines whether 10 years on Operation Allied Force can be considered a legal precedent." - Article.

Heinze, Eric A.  Humanitarians for Hire:  Private Military Companies as Agents of Humanitarian Intervention.  2008.  17 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on link provided; click on title)
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, Calif., March 26-29, 2008.
"The practice of humanitarian military intervention depends almost exclusively on states and regional organizations (such as NATO) to use their individual and combined military resources to halt or avert humanitarian catastrophes.  However, one of the foremost difficulties in the theory and practice of humanitarian intervention has been mustering the political will and military resources needed to undertake this demanding task when and where it is needed." - Article.

Hernandez, Omar.  United Nations and Humanitarian Intervention:  Lessons from the Past.  2009.  6 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on link provided; click on title)
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, New York City, N.Y., February 2009. 
"After the adoption of the UN World Summit 2005's Final Outcome and the 'new' concept of the responsibility to protect, the debate on the legality and legitimacy of humanitarian intervention has without doubt growth and enhanced.  This concept, already explained in the Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, faces a very strong opposition in some countries that argue the dilemma between such humanitarian intervention and the principle of non intervention and respect of State's sovereignty." - Article.

Hettne, Björn and Söderbaum, Fredrik.  Intervening in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies:  The Role of Regional Cooperation.  European Journal of Development Research 17:449-461 September 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=7694770
"...The point of departure in this article is that conflicts and 'complex humanitarian emergencies' are not sudden events but should rather be seen as historical structures that are transformed over time." - Article.

Hilpold, Peter.  The Kosovo Case and International Law:  Looking for Applicable Theories.  Chinese Journal of International Law 8:47-61 March 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18087924
"The Kosovo problem represents a formidable occasion to re-examine some basic tenets of international law, such as the so-called right to humanitarian intervention, the right to self-determination and the right of recognition.  It will be shown here, however, that many proposals suggesting the need of a radical departure from traditional positions are ill-conceived." - Article.

Hoppe, Carsten.  Passing the Buck:  State Responsibility for Private Military Companies.  Florence, Italy, European University Institute, 2009.  21 p. (EUI working papers, AEL 2009/3).
Available online at:  http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/11404/AEL_2009_03.pdf?sequence=1
"...Relying on the International Law Commissions Articles on State Responsibility, the article compares the responsibility of states for such conduct of their soldiers with that which states incur with respect to the conduct of contractors they hire.  It reveals a regulatory gap which states seeking to reduce their exposure to international responsibility can exploit." - Article.

Jang, Dong-Jin and others.  Human Rights Problems in North Korea:  Humanitarian Intervention or Humanitarian Assistance?  2007.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on "Political Research Online" link; click on title)
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, Ill., August 30, 2007.
"Since the 1990s, there have been diverse debates on North Korean human rights problems in international society.  As of now, it is clear that North Korea is not immune from the charges on its human rights violations in vast areas.  But the diverse discourses surrounding the North Korean human rights issue reflects the politics of competing claims differed in the conceptions of human rights, the proper scope of specific contents of human rights, how to implement internationally, etc." - Article.

Jentleson, Bruce W.  Humanitarian Intervention and Sovereignty Delegation:  Why?  When?  Who Decides?  How Much?  2006.  12 p.
Available online at:  http://www.law.duke.edu/publiclaw/pdf/workshop06sp/jentleson.pdf
Draft paper for Conference on Delegating Sovereignty:  Constitutional and Political Perspectives, Duke University, March 2-4, 2006.

Kissi, Edward.  Beneath International Famine Relief in Ethiopia:  The United States, Ethiopia, and the Debate over Relief Aid, Development Assistance, and Human Rights  African Studies Review 48:111-132 September 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=970724851&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"This article analyzes the conflicting interpretations of famine, relief aid, development assistance, and human rights by the Ethiopian and American governments, and the complexity of each government's policy and motives." - Article.

Kleinfeld, Margo.  Misreading the Post-tsunami Political Landscape in Sri Lanka:  The Myth of Humanitarian Space.  Space and Polity 11:169-184 August 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=13235936
"The 2004 tsunami is one of several recent high profile natural disasters that raise important questions about 'disaster geopolitics' or the relationship between humanitarian assistance for victims of natural disasters and the stabilisation of political spaces.  In Sri Lanka, it was thought that a 'silver lining' would result from the collaborative effort on behalf of victims of the tsunami by the government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, belligerents in a decades-old war.  Ultimately, however, the contest over tsunami aid deepened the rift between the two sides." - Article.

Knudsen, Tonny Brems.  The History of Humanitarian Intervention:  The Rule or the Exception?  2009.  39 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on link provided; click on title)
Paper presented at the annual meeting of International Studies Association, New York City, NY, February 2009.
States that "...this paper argues that as a right and a practice in international society, humanitarian intervention is not an exception; it is rather the rule.  In this perspective, it is the Cold-War period that stands out as remarkably hostile to the idea of humanitarian intervention, whereas the practice of collective humanitarian intervention in the 1990s appears to be a return to normal." - Article.

Kovacs, Gyöngyi and Spens, Karen.  Identifying Challenges in Humanitarian Logistics.  International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 39, no. 6:506-528 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1880550741&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"The purpose of this paper is to identify the challenges of humanitarian logisticians with respect to different types of disasters, phases of disaster relief and the type of humanitarian organization." - Article.

Kovacs, Gyöngyi and Spens, Karen M.  Humanitarian Logistics in Disaster Relief Operations.  International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 37, no. 2:99-114 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1230569531&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"This paper aims to further the understanding of planning and carrying out logistics operations in disaster relief." - Article.

Kuperman, Alan J.  Darfur:  Strategic Victimhood Strikes Again?  2009.  43 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on "Political Research Online" link; click on title)
Paper presented at ISA-ABRI Joint International Meeting, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, July 22-24, 2009.
Although most humanitarians advocate more international intervention in Darfur, some analysts urge the opposite on grounds that intervention has backfired due to the problem of moral hazard.  These contrarians argue that the expectation of benefiting from intervention is what emboldens Darfur's rebels to fight, which provokes state-sponsored retaliation against their perceived civilian supporters, thereby exacerbating and prolonging the humanitarian emergency.

Kurth, James.  The Iraq War and Humanitarian Intervention.  Global Dialogue 7:97-107 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650801&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"The 1990s were a decade of humanitarian intervention...The current decade, however, has not been one of humanitarian intervention by the US, or indeed by anyone else.  Rather, the US has engaged in two wars, one in Afghanistan and one in Iraq." - Article.

Lang, Hazel and Knudsen, Anita.  'Your Subject of Protection Is a Dangerous One':  Protracted Internal Conflict and the Challenges for Humanitarian Agencies.  Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift/Norwegian Journal of Geography 63:35-45 March 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=37184650
"Internal displacement in Sri Lanka exists in the context of a protracted condition of insecurity produced by intractable war and polarization of society along ethno-political lines.   People remain exposed to risks and threats to their security over prolonged periods of time and the mobilization of inter- and intra-ethnic tensions exacerbates the breakdown of trust and protection at community level." - Article.

Levitt, Jeremy.  The Law on Intervention:  Africa's Pathbreaking Model.  Global Dialogue 7:50-58 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650751&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"...For the purposes of this article, humanitarian intervention can be taken to mean an intervention taken initially outside the UN Charter schemata and involving the use or threat of force against a state...This article seeks to examine the sum and substance of the evolving intervention regime in Africa." - Article.

Mackintosh, Kate.  Beyond the Red Cross:  The Protection of Independent Humanitarian Organizations and Their Staff in International Humanitarian Law.  International Review of the Red Cross 89:113-130 March 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-865-mackintosh.pdf
"Members of independent humanitarian organizations have less protection, legally speaking, than most of them probably think.  Two key features of their work -- their neutrality and independence -- as well as practical steps they take to implement these principles, actually place them outside much of the protection afforded to either civilians or authorized medical staff.  This article examines the international legal protection currently available to independent humanitarian organizations, and considers whether there is scope for improvement of both the content of this framework and respect for the same." - Article.

MacRae, Graeme.  Could the System Work Better?  Scale and Local Knowledge in Humanitarian Relief.  Development in Practice 18:190-200 April 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=13917810
"This article analyses the international humanitarian response to the earthquake in Jogjakarta, Indonesia in May 2006.  It also compares it with a small but very successful local initiative.  It identifies inherent weaknesses in the international system, and argues for the possibility of scaling up lessons learned from the local example." - Article.

Massingham, Eve.  Military Intervention for Humanitarian Purposes:  Does the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine Advance the Legality of the Use of Force for Humanitarian Ends?  International Review of the Red Cross 91:803-831 December 2009.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-876-massingham.pdf
"The Responsibility to Protect is being touted as a new approach to protecting populations from mass atrocities.  Certainly it would be encouraging to believe that an end to genocides, large scale ethnic cleansing and large scale loss of life were within humanity's reach.  However, whilst the holistic approach of the doctrine is to be commended, the legality of the proposal requires further analysis.  This paper specifically addresses the evolution of the legality of humanitarian intervention and looks at whether the Responsibility to Protect doctrine advances the legality of the use of force for humanitarian ends." - Article.

May, Larry.  Aggression, Humanitarian Intervention, and Terrorism.  Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 41, no. 2-3:321-340 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=43638145
"The article discusses ideas about the meaning of aggression. It explains that the first strike element aimed at separating people who start violence in one particular place and those who get revenge.  It cites the case in Nicaragua in 1986 which indicated problems with humanitarian intervention." - Abstract.

Merkel, Reinhard.  Basic Principles of Law as Normative Foundations of, and Limits to, Military Enforcement of Human Rights across State Boundaries.  Democratization   15:472-486 June 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14294098
"NATO's military campaign against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the summer of 1999, and more so the military responses of the United States in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, have considerably intensified discussion of the legal, that is to say enforceable, limits of internal state power.  Humanitarian intervention violating state sovereignty for the sake of individuals under threat increasingly seems to be justifiable, even without a UN Security Council mandate.  However, humanitarian intervention as a war of assistance in an emergency is only justifiable under two conditions..." - Article.

Merle, Jean-Christophe.  The Problem with Military Humanitarian Intervention and Its Solution.  Philosophical Forum 36:59-76 Spring 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=6795291

Milanovic, Marko.  A Norm Conflict Perspective on the Relationship Between International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law.  Journal of Conflict and Security Law  14:459-483 December 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20793689
"One of the most powerful methods of inducing changes in outcomes governed by international humanitarian law is to add human rights rules and arguments into the equation.  This, indeed, is precisely the point of the whole project of linking these two branches of international law.  This article explores the relationship between the two bodies of law, and makes several broad propositions." - Article.

The Military in Disaster Relief:  Using Armed Forces to Save Lives.  Strategic Comments 14:1-2 August 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14767544
"The Burmese cyclone and the Chinese earthquake in May this year focused attention on the hugely important role that armed forces may play in responding to major humanitarian emergencies.  Political sensitivities and pre-existing conflicts in affected regions may complicate, or even prevent, military deployments for humanitarian and disaster relief (HADR) operations.  However, this type of role will inevitably grow in importance as armed forces develop their deployment capabilities and natural disasters occur with greater frequency." - Abstract.

Mindzie, Mireille Affa'a.  Intervention and Protection in African Crisis Situations: Evolution and Ethical Challenges.  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:174-193 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22041288

Miskel, James F.  The Complexity of Military Intervention in Humanitarian Crises.  Global Dialogue 7:125-133 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650831&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"...The phenomenon of delayed intervention or non-intervention is too widespread to have been caused by the attitudes of individual statesmen or swings in volatile public opinion.  Very broadly speaking, the structure consists of three tiers or levels: diplomatic pressure, economic pressure/inducements, and military intervention." - Abstract.

Munslow, Barry and O'Dempsey, Tim.  Loosing Soft Power in Hard Places:  Humanitarianism after the US Invasion of Iraq.  Progress in Development Studies 9:3-13 January  2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17853333
"The US choice of a misdirected target of priority concern, a 'War on Terror', combined with the use of hard power to the absolute detriment of soft power has undermined the enlightenment values that had begun to flourish in the form of humanitarian policies, values and laws which could have informed international cooperation and development in the twenty-first century." - Article.

Murphy, Sean D.  Criminalizing Humanitarian Intervention.  Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 41, no. 2-3:341-377 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=43638146
"The States Parties of the International Criminal Court (ICC) will likely vote in 2010 on whether to amend the Rome Statute to allow the ICC to prosecute the crime of aggression.  If a robust amendment is widely ratified by states, and if the mechanism for triggering ICC jurisdiction in a particular situation is the ICC itself then the ICC may emerge as an important voice in the debate over the legality of humanitarian intervention taken without Security Council authorization.  Prosecutions, or at least indictments, of leaders of those interventions would considerably strengthen the hand of those who regard such intervention as illegal.  Yet an unwillingness on the part of the ICC to indict and prosecute those leaders--an outcome that seems likely for incidents of true humanitarian intervention--may lend considerable credence to the view that such intervention is lawful, as well as define the conditions that characterize such intervention." - Article.

Nzelibe, Jide.  Courting Genocide:  The Unintended Effects of Humanitarian Intervention.  California Law Review 97:1171-1218 August 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44496569
This article argues "that humanitarian interventions are often likely to create unintended, and sometimes perverse, incentives among both the victims and perpetrators of atrocities.   The problem is that when the international community intervenes in the civil wars or insurrections where most humanitarian atrocities take place, its decision is partially endogenous or interdependent with that of the combatants; humanitarian interventions both influence and are influenced by the decisions of the victims and perpetrators of atrocities.

O'Donnell, Daniel.  International Treaties Against Terrorism and the Use of Terrorism During Armed Conflict and by Armed Forces.  International Review of the Red Cross  88:853-880 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_864_odonnell.pdf
"During the second half of the twentieth century the international community, facing the terrorist phenomenon, reacted with the adoption of a series of treaties concerning specific types of terrorist acts, and the obligations of states with regard to them.  Alternatively terrorism-oriented legislation, which initially covered only acts affecting civilians, has gradually expanded to cover some acts of terrorism against military personnel and installations.  This contribution attempts to assess the repercussions of this evolution on the status and the protection of armed forces engaged in the so-called "war on terrorism" by examining the existing dynamic between these regulations and international humanitarian law." - Article.

Oloruntoba, Richard and Gray, Richard.  Customer Service in Emergency Relief Chains.  International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 39, no.  6:486-505 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1880550731&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"The purpose of this paper is to explore, analyse and discuss the published concepts of 'the customer' and 'customer service' in the context of managing international emergency relief chains." - Article.

Olson, Lara.  Fighting for Humanitarian Space:  NGOs in Afghanistan.  Journal of Military and Strategic Studies 9:1-28 Fall 2006.
Available online at:  http://jmss.synergiesprairies.ca/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/view/121/133
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/jmss/jmss_2006/v9n1/jmss_v9n1d.pdf

"Large numbers of NGOs implement aid projects in Afghanistan, but the two international military coalitions present, the U.S.-led Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), have also made relief and reconstruction a central part of their mission.  Many NGOs argue that these militaries’ role in aid and reconstruction has eroded the neutral ‘humanitarian space’ necessary to effectively meet civilian needs and suffering in this situation, endangering NGOs and perhaps ultimately delaying or undermining Afghan recovery." - Abstract.

Orosco, José-Antonio.  Defending the Great Community:  Royce's Concept of Humanitarian Intervention.  Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46:266-281 Spring 2010.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2138540341&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"In this essay, I argue against the skepticism, which has grown after the U.S. invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, which says humanitarian intervention is unjustified." - Article.

Palmieri, Daniel.  Crossing the Desert--The ICRC in Iraq:  Analysis of a Humanitarian Operation.  International Review of the Red Cross 90:137-152 March 2008. 
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-869_palmieri.pdf
"For almost 60 years, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been doing its best to provide humanitarian assistance to those groups in Iraq that need it most.  This article describes the humanitarian operations of the ICRC in Iraq from 1950 to the present day, in particular the support it has given to different minorities in the country and its humanitarian responses to the various armed conflicts." - Article.

Pattison, James.  Humanitarian Intervention and a Cosmopolitan UN Force.  Journal of International Political Theory 4:126-145 April 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.jamespattison.co.uk/papers/J%20Pattison%20(2008)%20Humanitarian%20Intervention%20and%20a%20Cosmopolitan%20UN%20force.pdf
"...As the crisis in Darfur has highlighted, the international community lacks both the willingness to undertake humanitarian intervention and the ability to do so legitimately.  This article considers a cosmopolitan solution to these problems:  the creation of a standing army for the United Nations." - Article.

Pattison, James.  Humanitarian Intervention, the Responsibility to Protect and jus in bello.  Global Responsibility to Protect 1:364-391 June 2009.
Available online at:  http://www.jamespattison.co.uk/papers/J%20Pattison%20(2009)%20Humanitarian%20Intervention,%20the%20Responsibility%20to%20Protect,%20and%20jus%20in%20bello.pdf
"This article assesses the moral importance of a humanitarian intervener's fidelity to the principles of international humanitarian law or jus in bello (principles of just conduct in war)." - Article.

Pattison, James.  Legitimacy and Humanitarian Intervention:  Who Should Intervene?  International Journal of Human Rights 12:395-413 June 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14508682
"In this article, I examine who should undertake humanitarian intervention.  Should we prefer intervention by the UN, NATO, a regional or sub-regional organisation, a state, a group of states, or someone else?" - Article.

Pattison, James.  Outsourcing the Responsibility to Protect:  Humanitarian Intervention and Private Military and Security Companies.  2010.  25 p.
Available online at:  http://www.jamespattison.co.uk/papers/J%20Pattison%20(200X)%20Outsourcing%20the%20Responsibilty%20to%20Protect.doc
"States have recently agreed that there is a responsibility to protect populations threatened by genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity.  The international community, however, often lacks the resources and willingness to carry out a key part of this responsibility, that is, to undertake humanitarian intervention effectively when required.   One potential solution to this problem is to outsource intervention to private military and security companies." - Article.

Pattison, James.  Representativeness and Humanitarian Intervention.  Journal of Social Philosophy 38:569-587 Winter 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamespattison.co.uk/papers/J%20Pattison%20(2007)%20Representativeness%20and%20Humanitarian%20Intervention%20--%20published%20version.pdf
"In this article, I make the case for the moral importance of two factors that have, to a certain extent, been neglected in the literature on humanitarian intervention.  That is, I argue that an intervener’s legitimacy depends on whether it is representative of the opinions on intervention, firstly, of its domestic population -- what I call its ‘internal representativeness’ -- and, secondly, of those subject to its intervention -- what I call its ‘external representativeness’." - Article.

Paulus, Andreas and Vashakmadze, Mindia.  Asymmetrical War and the Notion of Armed Conflict--A Tentative Conceptualization.  International Review of the Red Cross  91:95-125 March 2009.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-873-paulus-vashakmadze.pdf
"States across the globe are increasingly involved in violent conflicts with non-state groups both within and across borders.  This new situation challenges the classic distinction in international humanitarian law between international and non-international armed conflicts.  However, the changing face of warfare does not diminish the importance of IHL.  The essence of this body of law -- to protect civilians and persons hors de combat and to lessen unnecessary harm during armed conflict -- remains the same." - Article.

Pena, Charles V.  American Dominion:  How Global Interventionism Jeopardises US Security.  Global Dialogue 7:86-96 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650791&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"...Rather than pursue interventionism, US policymakers -- guided by America's relatively secure position in the world -- should shift the focus of US security strategy and concentrate on those individuals and groups which present the gravest threat to the US." - Abstract.

Pettit, Stephen and Beresford, Anthony.  Critical Success Factors in the Context of Humanitarian Aid Supply Chains.  International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 39, no. 6:450-468 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1880550711&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Critical success factors (CSFs) have been widely used in the context of commercial supply chains.  However, in the context of humanitarian aid (HA) this is a poorly addressed area and this paper therefore aims to set out the key areas for research." - Article.

Pfanner, Toni.  Various Mechanisms and Approaches for Implementing International Humanitarian Law and Protecting and Assisting War Victims.  International Review of the Red Cross 91:279-328 June 2009.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-874-pfanner.pdf
"This article presents an overview of the various mechanisms to improve the situation of people affected by armed conflict.  Some are anchored in international humanitarian law, but numerous actors are increasingly contributing to its implementation outside the original framework established for that purpose." - Article.

Piiparinen, Touko.  Pushing the Boundaries of the Possible at the Margins of Peacekeeping:  The Promises of ESDP-Russia Co-operation for Humanitarian Intervention.  Global Society 22:277-295 April 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31314243
"While relatively little attention has been paid to the significance of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) as a newly emerged mechanism in the domain of international peacekeeping, even less research has been undertaken on the potential benefits of its external relations and co-operation with third countries.  This article sheds light on such a potential by investigating the relations of the ESDP with the Russian Federation." - Article.

Putman, Katharine M. and others.  Exposure to Violence, Support Needs, Adjustment, and Motivators among Guatemalan Humanitarian Aid Workers.  American Journal of Community Psychology 44:109-115 September 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1802700941&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Indigenous aid workers carry out the majority of humanitarian aid work, yet there is little empirical information available on their support needs in different contexts." - Article.

Quéguiner, Jean-François.  Precautions under the Law Governing the Conduct of Hostilities.  International Review of the Red Cross 88:793-821 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_864_queguiner.pdf
"This article presents a descriptive analysis of the precautions that are required of all belligerents in order to ensure the protection of civilian populations and objects against the effects of hostilities." - Article.

Radu, Michael.  Putting National Interest Last:  The Utopianism of Intervention.  Global Dialogue 7:76-85 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650781&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Since the end of the Cold War in 1991, the issue of humanitarian intervention has become an important one in international affairs -- and the timing is no coincidence...Since the fall of the Soviet Union, however, two major developments have changed both the circumstances that lead to crises giving rise to calls for humanitarian intervention, and the willingness of states to engage in such intervention." - Article.

Rahrig, Allison.  Love Thy Neighbor:  The Tampere Convention as Global Legislation.  Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 17:273-288 Summer 2010.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2132303001&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Discusses the 1998 Tampere Convention on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations is the first global attempt to concretely define relief efforts by other nations, without demanding compliance or a singular rigid course of action.

Renaut, Céline.  The Impact of Military Disciplinary Sanctions on Compliance with International Humanitarian Law.  International Review of the Red Cross 90:319-326 June 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-870_renaut.pdf
"The impact of disciplinary military sanctions on respect for international humanitarian law depends on the extent to which the principles governing that law have been integrated into the disciplinary rules of the armed forces and the range of responsibility of the commanding officer giving an order which breaches international humanitarian law or which does not ensure respect for it." - Article.

Reydams, Luc.  A La Guerre Comme a la Guerre:  Patterns of Armed Conflict, Humanitarian Law Responses and New Challenges.  International Review of the Red Cross  88:729-756 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_864_reydams.pdf
"Continuous transformation of armed conflict since the adoption in 1864 of the first international humanitarian law treaty compels international humanitarian law to adapt accordingly.   These adaptations, through either customary law or new multilateral treaties, always have been towards greater protection, greater reach." - Article.

Rfyman, Philippe.  Non-Governmental Organizations:  An Indispensable Player of Humanitarian Aid.  International Review of the Red Cross 89:21-45 March 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-865-ryfman.pdf
"Although the humanitarian landscape is constantly evolving, one factor which stands out among the players of aid, and particularly non-governmental organizations (NGOs), is the significance of the private, not-for-profit dimension." - Article.

Ritchie, Liesel Ashley and MacDonald, Wayne.  Evaluation of Disaster and Emergency Management:  Do No Harm, But Do Better.  New Directions for Evaluation No. 126:107-111 Summer 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=21682256
"The authors identify key issues for the improvement of evaluations of disaster and emergency management." - Article.

Robinson, Paul.  War in Our Time?  The Redefinition of Peace, and the Relegitimisation of War.  Global Dialogue 7:59-67 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650761&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Peace is being redefined, and war is back in favor.  Today's discussion about humanitarian intervention is really a discussion about war...The drive to make war a legitimate tool of foreign policy is a new and surprising one.  For centuries, most people have rather sought to eliminate war as a political tool...Now, however, there is a strong body of opinion which believes that war can play a positive role in shaping the world for the better." - Article.

Salmón G., Elizabeth.  Reflections on International Humanitarian Law and Transitional Justice:  Lessons to Be Learnt from the Latin American Experience.  International Review of the Red Cross 88:327-353 June 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_862_salmon.pdf
"Compliance with or violations of international humanitarian law during an armed conflict undoubtedly influence the conduct of the judiciary, the situations of the victims and the correlation of forces in the post-conflict society.  This article seeks to determine the influence of international humanitarian law on the transitional justice process." - Article.

Sarkin, Jeremy.  Dealing with Africa's Human Rights Problems:  The Role of the United Nations, the African Union and Africa's Sub-Regional Organizations in Dealing with Africa's Human Rights Problems: Connecting Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect.  Long Island, NY, School of Law, Hofstra University, 2009.  25 p. (Legal studies research paper series, no. 09-01).
Available online at:  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID1329012_code16031.pdf?abstractid=1323332&mirid=2
"This article examines the basis for humanitarian intervention (HI) in the United Nations Charter, the African Union (AU) Charter and in a number of African sub-regional institutions." - Article.

Schmitt, Michael N.  Precision Attack and International Humanitarian Law.  International Review of the Red Cross 87:445-466 September 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_859_schmitt.pdf
"This article explores the relationship between precision attack and international humanitarian law.  It begins by addressing the nature of precision attack, including precision technologies, the combat environment in which it occurs, attacker tactics, and the targeting process.  Modern precision attack's greatest impact on international humanitarian law lies in four areas: indiscriminate attack; proportionality; precautions in attack; perfidy and protected status." - Article.

Shannon, Róisín.  Playing with Principles in an Era of Securitized Aid:  Negotiating Humanitarian Space in Post-9/11 Afghanistan.  Progress in Development Studies 9:15-36  January 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17853334
"The international community's response to reconstructing Afghanistan, following the US-led regime change invasion post-11 September 2001 (9/11), brought actors such as the military and private corporations more fully into the humanitarian sphere.  As a result, the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), traditionally charged with taking humanitarian action, face a number of challenges and dilemmas." - Article.

Shaw, Ibrahim Seaga.  Historical Frames and the Politics of Humanitarian Intervention:  From Ethiopia, Somalia to Rwanda.  Globalisation, Societies and Education 5:351-371 November 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12809859
"This article argues that historical frames we often find in news media discourse can skew the way we perceive distant wars, and that this can have a knock-on effect on international humanitarian response within a cosmopolitan framework of global justice." - Article.

Simons, Penelope.  From Intervention to Prevention:  The Emerging Duty to Protect.  Global Dialogue 7:27-36 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1923650731&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Until recently, the idea of prevention has not played a role in the long-standing international legal polemic surrounding the doctrine of humanitarian intervention...Recent developments appear to suggest that the focus of global attention on the issue of the protection of vulnerable populations may be shifting." - Article.

Smith, Thomas W.  Can Human Rights Build a Better War? 2008. 45 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com (Scroll down to "Get this Document"; click on link provided; click on title)
Paper presented at the 49th annual convention of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, Calif., March 26-29, 2008.
"Humanity's law"--the merger of human rights law and the laws of war--is more ambivalent than first appears.  The two regimes speak in one voice with respect to genocide and crimes against humanity, due process and detainee rights, and the prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment.  But on the military terrain of "strategy," and in the conduct of battlefield operations, human rights struggle for recognition.

Sommers-Flanagan, Rita.  Ethical Considerations in Crisis and Humanitarian Interventions.  Ethics & Behavior 17:187-202 June 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12228192
"The need for professionals to volunteer their time in crisis situations and to reach across time and culture in the service of humanitarian interventions will likely not abate in the near future.  This article provides readers with multiple venues for considering the ethical dimensions present in crisis and humanitarian interventions." - Article.

Stephenson, Max, Jr.  Toward a Descriptive Model of Humanitarian Assistance Coordination.  Voluntas:  International Journal of Voluntary & Nonprofit Organizations  17:41-57 March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21326579
"This paper argues that the operating environment of humanitarian assistance is best conceived as an interorganizational social network or regime and that the problem of power and authority in such situations must be re-founded or reconceived accordingly." - Article.

Stoddard, Abby and Harmer, Adele.  Little Room to Maneuver:  The Challenges to Humanitarian Action in the New Global Security Environment.  Journal of Human Development 7:23-41 March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19778135
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11721820

"The current global politico-security environment poses challenges to principled humanitarian action on three levels.  Humanitarian actors are at pains to preserve a neutral stance in contested political environments, specifically those of occupation and counter-insurgency operations within the US-led Global War on Terror -- a particularly difficult proposition when the major donor for humanitarian activities is also the occupying power.  Their second challenge is to maintain operational independence in environments of post-conflict transition and other contexts where the life-saving work is over and political pressure increases for all international actors to operate under a unified, politically coherent peace-building strategy.  Finally, humanitarians perceive a greater threat than ever before to the physical security of their own workers, as incidents of violence against aid workers appear to be on the rise." - Article.

Tachou-Sipowo, Alain-Guy.  The Security Council on Women in War:  Between Peacebuilding and Humanitarian Protection.  International Review of the Red Cross 92:197-219 March 2010.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc-877-tachou-sipowo.pdf
"Having established that massive human rights violations in armed conflict constitute a threat to peace and that women are the most severely affected by the scourge of war, the Security Council has since 1999 adopted a number of resolutions intended specifically for this group.  These instruments contribute to the development of humanitarian law applicable to women and acknowledge the value of active participation by women in peace efforts." - Article.

Thakur, Ramesh.  Iraq and the Responsibility to Protect.  Global Dialogue 7:16-26 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650721&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"...Where 'humanitarian intervention' raises fears of domination based on the international power hierarchy, the responsibility to protect encapsulates the element of international solidarity. Intervention for human protection purposes occurs so that those condemned to die in fear may live in hope instead.  For any international enforcement action to be efficient, it must be legitimate; for it to be legitimate, it must be in conformity with international law; for it to conform to international law, it must not be inconsistent with the Charter of the United Nations." - Abstract.

Versluys, Helen.  Explaining Patterns of Delegation in EU Humanitarian Aid Policy.  Perspectives:  Central European Review of International Affairs 28:63-84 Summer  2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27623800
"This article analyses delegation patterns in the European Unions humanitarian aid policy." - Article.

Vité, Sylvain.  Typology of Armed Conflicts in International Humanitarian Law:  Legal Concepts and Actual Situations.  International Review of the Red Cross 91:69-94 March 2009.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1856715651&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Although international humanitarian law has as its aim the limitation of the effects of armed conflict, it does not include a full definition of those situations which fall within its material field of application." - Article.

Weil, Carola.  From Democratic Republic of Congo to Darfur:  A Decade of Unintended Consequences of International Humanitarian Protection.  2008.  7 p.
Available online at:  http://www.allacademic.com/one/www/research/index.php?cmd=Download+Document&key=unpublished_manuscript&file_index=1&pop_up=true&no_click_key=true&attachment_style=attachment&PHPSESSID=540ad1047fda887571cf213f18903c96
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, Calif., March 28, 2008.
"More than a decade ago, a cascade of complex humanitarian crises and intractable civil conflicts forced the international community to address more directly than ever before its role in such conflicts.  Out of these discussions arose one school of thought that argued in favor of an 'emerging' norm of humanitarian intervention.  The set of principles underlying humanitarian intervention have indeed evolved into what now is referred to as 'the responsibility to protect.' " - Article.

Weissman, Fabrice.  "Not in Our Name":  Why Medecins Sans Frontieres Does Not Support the "Responsibility to Protect"  Criminal Justice Ethics 29:194-207 August 2010.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22041290

Welling, J. J.  Non-governmental Organizations, Prevention, and Intervention in Internal Conflict:  Though the Lens of Darfur.  Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 14:147-179 Spring 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12510560
"This Note argues that cases like the humanitarian crisis and the conflict in Darfur, Sudan, present an intrastate collective action problem that has not been satisfactorily addressed by a traditional multilateral approach." - Article.

Western, Jon.  The Bush Doctrine and the Transformation of Humanitarian Intervention.  Global Dialogue 7:108-114 Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1923650811&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Williams, Paul R. and Stewart, Meghan E.  Humanitarian Intervention:  The New Missing Link in the Fight to Prevent Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide?  Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 40, no. 1-2:97-110 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=34239670
"Unfortunately, despite the importance of humanitarian intervention, the international community is less likely to undertake meaningful and effective humanitarian interventions in the coming years.  Future use of humanitarian intervention is limited by both the failure to develop an adequate legal basis for the doctrine of humanitarian intervention, and by a number of geo-political factors that mitigate against any significant humanitarian interventions in the near future.  As such, the international community has lost one of its key tools to prevent crimes against humanity and genocide, thereby weakening its overall ability to address such atrocities." - Article.

Williamson, Jamie A.  An Overview of the International Criminal Jurisdictions Operating in Africa.  International Review of the Red Cross 88:111-131 March 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_861_williamson.pdf
"Whilst the African continent has been beset with many of the modern- day conflicts, and with them violations of international humanitarian law, through the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the International Criminal Court, African states have demonstrated their intent to hold accountable the perpetrators of the gravest international crimes." - Article.


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Armstrong, Kimberly K.  Army Medical Department Support to Stability Operations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2007.  28 p. (USAWC strategy research project).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada469380

Wishart, John P.  Fostering Partnership in Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2008.  59 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada483578
Thesis (M.S. in Defense Analysis)--Naval Postgraduate School, June 2008.
 


Books


ABC of Conflict and Disaster, edited by Anthony D. Redmond.  Malden, MA, BMJ Books, 2006.  42 p.
Humanitarian Assistance:  Standards, Skills, Training and Experience, by Marion Birch and Simon Miller, pp 1-3.
Needs Assessment of Humanitarian Crises, by Anthony D. Redmond, pp 7-9.
Military Approach to Medical Planning in Humanitarian Operations, by Martin C.M. Bricknell and Tracey MacCormack, pp 13-15.
Displaced Populations and Long Term Humanitarian Assistance, by Maria Kett, pp 22-24.
Psychological Aspects of Providing Medical Humanitarian Aid, by Ian Palmer, pp 25-27.
Book call no.:  363.348 A134

After the Conflict:  Reconstruction and Development in the Aftermath of War, edited by Sultan Barakat.  London, I.B. Tauris; Distributed in the United States by Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  313 p. (International library of war studies, v.1).
Humanitarianism and the Principles of Humanitarian Action in a Post-Cold War Context, by Alpaslan Özerdem and Gianni Rufini, pp 51-66.
Can Proactive Humanitarianism Create Sustainable Solutions?  Challenges to Third Party Intervention in Aceh, by Sultan Barakat, David Connolly, and Judith Large, pp 67-86.
Book call no.:  355.028 A2581

Andreas, Peter.  Blue Helmets and Black Markets:  The Business of Survival in the Siege of Sarajevo.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2008.  208 p.
Book call no.:  949.703 A557b

Barrett, Richard.  Contesting the Neutral Space:  A Thematic Analysis of Military Humanitarianism.  Duntroon, A.C.T., Australia, Land Warfare Studies Centre, 2010.  38 p.  (Land Warfare Studies Centre working paper series, 137).
Book call no.:  361.26 B274c

Barsalou, Judith Marie.  Trauma and Transitional Justice in Divided Societies.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2005.  11 p. (Special report (United States Institute of Peace), 135).
Also available online at:  http://www.usip.org/files/resources/sr135.pdf (click on the refresh button if you get the 'Invalid ColorSpace' error or you won't get the first page of the document).
Book call no.:  303.69 B282t

Bass, Gary Jonathan.  Freedom's Battle:  The Origins of Humanitarian Intervention.  New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.  509 p.
Humanitarianism or Imperialism?, pp 11-24.
The Diplomacy of Humanitarian Intervention, pp 39-43.
The International Politics of Humanitarian Intervention, pp 352-366.
The Domestic Politics of Humanitarian Intervention, pp 367-375.
Book call no.:  341.584 B317f

Bellamy, Alex J.  Responsibility to Protect:  The Global Effort to End Mass Atrocities.  Cambridge, UK, Polity, 2009.  249 p.
The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, pp 35-65.
Book call no.:  341.584 B4351r

Beyond Preemption:  Force and Legitimacy in a Changing World, edited by Ivo H. Daalder.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2007.  190 p.
The Evolution of Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect, by Susan E. Rice and Andrew J. Loomis, pp 59-95.
Book call no.:  327.117 B573

Burnett, John S.  Where Soldiers Fear to Tread:  A Relief Worker's Tale of Survival.  New York, Bantam Books, 2005.  350 p.
Book call no.:  967.73053 B964w

Burnett, John S.  Where Soldiers Fear to Tread:  At Work in the Fields of Anarchy.  London, William Heinemann, 2005.  350 p.
Book call no.:  967.73053 B964wa

Canada.  Canada's International Policy Statement:  A Role of Pride and Influence in the World--Development.  Ottawa, Govt. of Canada, 2005.  31 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/ips-development
Book call no.:  338.9171 C2122c

Chacho, Tania M.  Lending a Helping Hand:  The People's Liberation Army and Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief.  USAF Academy, CO, USAF Institute for National Security Studies, 2009. 16 p. (INSS research paper).
Also available online at:  http://www.usafa.edu/df/inss/Research%20Papers/2009/LENDING%20A%20HELPING%20HAND%20THE%20PEOPLES%20LIBERATION%20ARMY%20AND%20HUMANITARIAN%20ASSISTANCE%20DISASTER%20RELIEF.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033051 C431L

Challenges of Effective Cooperation and Coordination in Peace Operations, edited by Ann Livingstone and Kristine St.-Pierre.  Clementsport, NS, Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 2008.  96 p. (Pearson papers, vol. 11, issue 1, Spring 2008).
Book call no.:  355.357 C437

Chandler, David.  From Kosovo to Kabul and Beyond:  Human Rights and International Intervention.  London, Pluto Press, 2006.  290 p.
Human Rights-Based 'Humanitarianism', pp 21-52.
War:  The Lesser of Two Evils?, pp 157-191.
Book call no.:  341.481 C455f 2006

Cheadle, Don and Prendergast, John.  Not on Our Watch:  The Mission to End Genocide in Darfur and Beyond.  New York, Hyperion, 2007.  252 p.
Book call no.:  962.704 C514n

Civil War, Civil Peace, edited by Helen Yanacopulos and Joseph Hanlon.  Milton Keynes, UK, Open University, 2006.  332 p. (Research in international studies.  Global and comparative studies series, no. 5).
200 Wars and the Humanitarian Response, by Joseph Hanlon, pp 18-48.
Intervention, by Joseph Hanlon, pp 49-71.
Preparing to Intervene, by Jonathan Goodhand, pp 259-279.
Book call no.:  327.172 C582

Contemporary States of Emergency:  The Politics of Military and Humanitarian Interventions, edited by Didier Fassin and Mariella Pandolfi.  New York, Zone Books, 2010.  403 p.
Book call no.:  327.117 C761

Crane, Keith and others.  Guidebook for Supporting Economic Development in Stability Operations.  Santa Monica, CA, Arroyo Center, RAND Corp., 2009.  142 p.  (Technical report, TR633).
Humanitarian Assistance, pp 37-50.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR633/
Book call no.:  363.349856 G946

Crimes of War:  What the Public Should Know, edited by Roy Gutman and others.  2nd ed., rev. and updated.  New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 2007.  447 p.
Humanitarian Aid, Blocking of, by David Rieff, pp 225-226. 
This portion available online at:  http://www.crimesofwar.org/thebook/humanitarian-aid-block.html
Humanitarian Intervention, by David Rieff and Anthony Dworkin, pp 227-230. 
This portion available online at:  http://www.crimesofwar.org/thebook/humanitarian-intervention.html
Also available online at:  http://www.crimesofwar.org/thebook/book.html
Book call no.:  341.69 C929 2007

Docalavich, Heather.  UN Action Against Terrorism:  Fighting Fearr.  Philadelphia, Mason Crest Publishers, 2007.  88 p. (The United Nations--global leadership).
Book call no.:  363.32 D636u

Elleman, Bruce A.  Waves of Hope:  The U.S. Navy's Response to the Tsunami in Northern Indonesia.  Newport, RI, Naval War College Press, 2007.  138 p. (Newport papers, no. 28).
Also available online at:  http://www.usnwc.edu/Publications/Naval-War-College-Press/Newport-Papers/Documents/28-pdf.aspx
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada463367
Book call no.:  363.3494 E45w

Ellsworth, James B.  Sysadmin:  Toward Barnett's Stabilization and Reconstruction Force.  Arlington, VA, Institute of Land Warfare, Association of the United States Army, 2006.  14 p. (Land warfare papers, no. 57).
Also available online at:  http://www.ausa.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/ILW%20Web-ExclusivePubs/Land%20Warfare%20Papers/LWP_57.pdf
Book call no.:  355.30973 E47s

Ethics, Authority, and War:  Non-State Actors and the Just War Tradition, edited by Eric Heinze and Brent J. Steele.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.  287 p.
Private Military Companies, Just War, and Humanitarian Intervention, by Eric A. Heinze, pp 123-150.
Book call no.:  172.42 E8415

Foley, Conor.  The Thin Blue Line:  How Humanitarianism Went to War.  London, Verso, 2008.  266 p.
Human Rights and Humanitarians, pp 21-43.
Humanitarian Interventions, pp 44-67.
Humanitarian Accountability, pp 196-218.
Book call no.:  341.584 F663t

Fox, Gregory H.  Humanitarian Occupation.  Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 2008. 320 p. (Cambridge studies in international and comparative law).
The Historical Origins of Humanitarian Occupation I:  Governance in Service of Outsiders, pp 17-40.
The Historical Origins of Humanitarian Occupation II:  Internationalized Territory in Service of Insiders, pp 41-71.
Why Humanitarian Occupation?, pp 115-173.
Conventional Legal Justifications, pp 177-217.
The International Law of Occupation, pp 218-272.
Book call no.:  341.584 F791h

Funk, Kevin and Fake, Steven.  Scramble for Africa:  Darfur-Intervention and the USA.  Montreal, Black Rose Books, 2009.  301 p.
The Doctrine of Humanitarian Intervention, pp 61-85.
Book call no.:  962.4043 F982s

Gambling on Humanitarian Intervention:  Moral Hazard, Rebellion and Civil War, edited by Timothy W. Crawford and Alan J. Kuperman.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  100 p.
Suicidal Rebellions and the Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention, by Alan J. Kuperman, pp 1-25.
Moral Hazard, Intervention and Internal War:  A Conceptual Analysis, by Timothy W. Crawford, pp 26-44.
Third-Party Intervention and Escalation in Kosovo:  Does Moral Hazard Explain It?, by Arman Grigorian, pp 45-63.
Book call no.:  341.584 G191

Gibbs, David N.  First Do No Harm:  Humanitarian Intervention and the Destruction of Yugoslavia.  Nashville, Vanderbilt University Press, 2009.  346 p.
The Rise of Humanitarian Intervention, pp 1-15.
US Predominance and the Logic of Interventionism, pp 16-44.
Conclusion, pp 205-222.
Book call no.:  949.703 G442f

Gompert, David C. and others.  Learning from Darfur:  Building a Net-Capable African Force to Stop Mass Killing.  Washington, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2005.  52 p. (Defense & technology paper, 15).
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/CTNSP/docUploaded/DTP%2015%20Darfur.pdf
Book call no.:  341.584096 L438

Haggard, Stephan and Noland, Marcus.  Famine in North Korea:  Markets, Aid, and Reform.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2007.  309 p.
The Dilemmas of Humanitarian Assistance, pp 79-161.
Book call no.:  363.8095193 H145f

Heinze, Eric.  Waging Humanitarian War:  The Ethics, Law, and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention.  Albany, NY, SUNY Press, 2009.  207 p.
Introduction:  The Concept of Humanitarian Intervention, pp 1-14.
The Consequentialist Ethics of Humanitarian Intervention, pp 33-56.
Humanitarian Intervention in International Law, pp 57-83.
Book call no.:  327.117 H472w

Helping Hands & Loaded Arms:  Navigating the Military and Humanitarian Space, edited by Sarah Jane Meharg.  Clementsport, N.S., Canada, Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 2007.  231 p.
International Humanitarian Law and Three Block Wars, by Christopher P.M. Waters, pp 19-32.
Humanitarian Space in Unconventional Warfare, by Rupen Das, pp 33-58.
Humanitarians' Own Responsibility to Protect, by Mark Fried, pp 59-72.
Humanitarianism as a Profession, by Alan Okros and Willemijn Keizer, pp 75-113.
Irreconcilable Differences?  Emerging US Military Doctrine and Humanitarian Space, by Christina M. Schweiss and James Rowe, pp 191-209.
Book call no.:  361.26 H483

Hicks, Kathleen and Ridge, Eric.  Planning for Stability Operations:  The Use of Capabilities-Based Approaches.  A Report of the International Security Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2007.  53 p.
Book call no.:  355.4 H631p

Human Rights and Conflict:  Exploring the Links Between Rights, Law, and Peacebuilding, edited by Julie Mertus and Jeffrey W. Helsing.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2006.  549 p.
Claiming a Humanitarian Imperative:  NGOs and the Cultivation of Humanitarian Duty, by Hugo Slim; Commentator, Jonathan Moore, pp 159-183.
Humanitarian Intervention after Kosovo, by Richard Falk; Commentator, Thomas G. Weiss, pp 185-215.
Book call no.:  323 H9185

Humanitarian Diplomacy:  Practitioners and Their Craft, edited by Larry Minear and Hazel Smith.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2007.  407 p.
The Craft of Humanitarian Diplomacy, by Larry Minear, pp 7-35.
Humanitarian Diplomacy: Theory and Practice, by Hazel Smith, pp 36-62.
Negotiating the Legitimacy of Humanitarian Action in Iraq, by Claudia Rodriguez, pp 108-130.
Principled Humanitarian Action in the East Timor Crisis, by Toni Pfanner, pp 174-193.
Nurturing Humanitarian Space in Sudan, by Masood Hyder, pp 239-257.
"Military Humanitarianism" in Liberia, by 'Funmi Olonisakin, pp 258-275.
The Balkans:  The Limits of Humanitarian Action, by Nicholas Morris, pp 347-371.
Book call no.:  363.34988 H9181

Humanitarian Intervention, edited by Terry Nardin and Melissa S. Williams.  New York, New York University Press, 2006.  308 p. (Nomos, 47).
Traditional Just War Theory and Humanitarian Intervention, by Joseph Boyle, pp 31-57.
Humanitarian Intervention:  A Conflict of Traditions by Anthony Coates, pp 58-83.
Humanitarian Intervention as a Perfect Duty:  A Kantian Argument, by Carla Bagnoli, pp 117-140.
Legality and Legitimacy in Humanitarian Intervention, by Thomas Franck, pp 143-157.
Moralizing Humanitarian Intervention:  Why Jurying Fails and How Law Can Work, by Thomas Pogge, pp 158-187.
Whose Principles?  Whose Institutions?  Legitimacy Challenges for "Humanitarian Intervention," by Catherine Lu, pp 188-216.
Jurying Humanitarian Intervention and the Ethical Principle of Open-Minded Consultation, by Brian D. Lepard, pp 217-243.
Book call no.:  341.584 H9184

International Crisis Group.  The EU/AU Partnership in Darfur:  Not Yet a Winning Combination.  Brussels, Belgium, International Crisis Group, 2005.  22 p. (Africa report, no. 99).
Also available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/africa/horn-of-africa/sudan/099-the-eu-au-partnership-in-darfur-not-yet-a-winning-combination.aspx
Book call no.:  327.17096 E86

Kabia, John M.  Humanitarian Intervention and Conflict Resolution in West Africa:  From Ecomog to Ecomil.  Farnham, England, Ashgate Pub. Company, 2009.  219 p.
Humanitarian Intervention in Complex Political Emergencies:  A Conceptual Framework for Analysis, pp 9-31.
Duality of ECOMOG Intervention in Liberia:  Alternating Between Forcible and Non-forcible Strategies, pp 71-101.
ECOMOG in Sierra Leone:  Restoration of Democracy and Humanitarian Intervention, pp 103-135.
Peacekeeping Without Nigeria:  ECOWAS Intervention in Guinea Bissau and Cote d'Ivoire, pp 137-149.
Institutionalising Conflict Resolution and Humanitarian Intervention in West Africa, pp 179-186.
Book call no.:  303.69096 K11h

Kent, R. C. and Ratcliffe, John.  Responding to Catastrophes:  U.S. Innovation in a Vulnerable World.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2008.  69 p. Book call no.:  363.3480973 K37r

Landau, Loren B.  The Humanitarian Hangover:  Displacement, Aid, and Transformation in Western Tanzania.  Johannesburg, South Africa, Wits University Press, 2008.  182 p.
The Humanitarian Influx, pp 65-73.
Transformation and the Humanitarian Hangover, pp 149-158.
Book call no.:  362.8709678 L253h

Lischer, Sarah Kenyon.  Dangerous Sanctuaries:  Refugee Camps, Civil War, and the Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2005.  204 p.  (Cornell studies in security affairs).
Collateral Damage:  The Risks of Humanitarian Responses to Militarized Refugee Crises, pp 141-166.
Book call no.:  362.878 L769d

Lu, Catherine.  Just and Unjust Interventions in World Politics:  Public and Private.  Basingstoke, England, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  213 p. (Global issues series).
Cosmopolitanism, Liberalism and Intervention, pp 110-134.
Cosmopolitan Humanitarianism and the Use of Force, pp 135-156.
Book call no.:  341.584 L926j

Maloney, Sean M.  Confronting the Chaos:  A Rogue Military Historian Returns to Afghanistan.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2009.  256 p.
Book call no.:  958.1047 M257c

Manokha, Ivan.  The Political Economy of Human Rights Enforcement.  Basingstoke, England, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.  280 p. (Global ethics series).
The Existing Analyses of Human Rights Enforcement:  A Critical Review, pp 25-71.
Ideology and the History of Human Rights Enforcement, pp 72-120.
Human Rights Enforcement and the Moral and Intellectual Leadership of Hegemony, pp 173-235.
Book call no.:  341.584 M285p

Marchak, Patricia.  No Easy Fix:  Global Responses to Internal Wars and Crimes Against Humanity.  Montreal, Ont., McGill-Queen's University Press, 2008.  375 p.
Breaching Borders, pp 273-293.
Book call no.:  341.584 M315n

Marsden, Peter.  Afghanistan:  Aid, Armies and Empires.  London, I.B. Tauris, 2009.  234 p.
The Soviet Military Intervention, pp 43-63.
The US-led Military Intervention, pp 95-115.
The Specific Impact of Development and Humanitarian Assistance, pp 137-167.
Book call no.:  958.1047 M364a

McQueen, Carol.  Humanitarian Intervention and Safety Zones:  Iraq, Bosnia and Rwanda.  Basingstoke, England, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  230 p. (Rethinking peace and conflict studies).
A Decision Not to Act:  Proposed UN Secure Humanitarian Areas in Rwanda, pp 96-122.
Too Little, Too Late:  France's Zone Humanitaire Sűre in Rwanda, pp 123-148.
Book call no.:  341.584 M173h

Meharg, Sarah Jane.  Measuring What Matters in Peace Operations and Crisis Management.  Kingston, Ont., McGill-Queen's University Press, 2009.  303 p.
Trends and Challenges in Measuring Effectiveness in the Humanitarian System, by John Borton, pp 159-168.
Book call no.:  355.357 M498m

Mortenson, Greg.  Stones into Schools:  Promoting Peace with Books, Not Bombs, in Afghanistan and Pakistan.  New York, Viking, 2009.  420 p.
Book call no.:  371.8234209581 M877sa

Mortenson, Greg and Relin, David Oliver.  Three Cups of Tea:  One Man's Mission to Promote Peace--One School at a Time.  New York, Viking, 2006.  349 p.
Book call no.:  371.82209549 M887t

Naval Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Operations:  Stability from the Sea, edited by James J. Wirtz and Jeffrey Arthur Larsen.  London, Routledge, 2009.  190 p. (Cass series:  naval policy and history, 43).
International Law and Stability Operations, by Theo Farrell, pp 42-57.
A Small Intervention:  Lessons from Liberia 2003, by Alan J. Kuperman, pp 153-169.
Book call no.:  359.4 N3182

Newman, Michael.  Humanitarian Intervention:  Confronting the Contradictions.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2009.  246 p.
The Cold War Era--Non-intervention or a Humanitarian Exception, pp 7-37.
The Post-cold War Transformation, pp 38-79.
Human Rights, Humanitarianism and Intervention, pp 80-110.
After Intervention, pp 138-180.
The Responsibility to Protect, pp 181-212.
Book call no.:  341.584 N554h

Riddell, Roger C.  Does Foreign Aid Really Work?  Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press, 2007.  505 p.
The Growth of Emergencies and the Humanitarian Response, pp 311-324.
The Impact of Emergency and Humanitarian Aid, pp 325-353.
Book call no.:  338.91 R543d

Rieff, David.  At the Point of a Gun:  Democratic Dreams and Armed Intervention.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 2005.  270 p.
A New Age of Liberal Imperialism?, pp 33-57.
The Specter of Imperialism:  The Marriage of the Human Rights Left and the New Imperialist Right, pp 157-172.
Book call no.:  327.1170973 R553a

Robinson, Geoffrey.  "If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die":  How Genocide Was Stopped in East Timor.  Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2010.  319 p. (Human rights and crimes against humanity).
Book call no.:  959.87032 R661i

Rutherford, Ken.  Humanitarianism under Fire:  The US and UN Intervention in Somalia.  Sterling, VA, Kumarian Press, 2008.  217 p.
Book call no.:  967.73053 R975h

Schümer, Tanja.  New Humanitarianism:  Britain and Sierra Leone, 1997-2003.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.  204 p. (Palgrave studies in development).
The Politics of New Humanitarianism, pp 1-25.
DFID and New Humanitarianism, pp 26-53.
Pax Britannica:  New Humanitarianism in Sierra Leone, pp 76-108.
Implementing New Humanitarianism in Sierra Leone, pp 109-148.
Shifting Sands:  British New Humanitarianism, pp 149-170.
Book call no.:  966.404 S392n

Smith, Hazel.  Hungry for Peace:  International Security, Humanitarian Assistance, and Social Change in North Korea.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2005.  339 p.
Humanitarian Assistance and Human Security, pp 101-134.
A New Diplomacy:  The Humanitarian Transmission Belt, pp 159-188.
International Security and Humanitarian Assistance, pp 189-221.
Book call no.:  327.5193 S649h

Soderlund, Walter C. and others.  Humanitarian Crises and Intervention:  Reassessing the Impact of Mass Media.  Sterling, VA, Kumarian Press, 2008.  335 p.
Liberia, 1990:  ECOMOG I, "Operation Liberty," UMOMIL, by Walter C. Soderlund, pp 20-42.
Somalia, 1992:  UNOSOM I, UNITAF, "Operation Restore Hope," UNOSOM II, by E. Donald Briggs and Walter C. Soderlund, pp 43-72.
Sudan, 1992:  Humanitarian Relief Efforts Confront an Intractable Civil War, by Abdel Salam Sidahmed and Walter C. Soderlund, pp 73-94.
Rwanda, 1994:  UNAMIR I, UNAMIR II, and "Operation Turquoise," by Walter C. Soderlund and E. Donald Briggs, pp 95-121.
Haiti, 1994:  "Operation Restore (Uphold) Democracy," UNMIH, by Walter C. Soderlund and E. Donald Briggs, pp 122-153.
Burundi, 1996:  United Nations and African Intervention Initiatives Falter, by Walter C. Soderlund, pp 155-170.
Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 1996:  "Operation Assurance," the Intervention That Never Was, by Walter C. Soderlund and E. Donald Briggs, pp 171-192.
Sierra Leone, 1997:  ECOMOG II, UNOMSIL, UNAMSIL, by Walter C. Soderlund, pp 193-210.
Angola, 1999:  1,000 UN Observers Removed, 30 UN Civilian Observers Returned, by E. Donald Briggs and Walter C. Soderlund, pp 211-229.
East Timor (Timor-Leste), 1999:  INTERFET, "Operation Warden," by Walter C. Soderlund and E. Donald Briggs, pp 230-257.
Book call no.:  363.3498560973 H918

Soussan, Michael.  Backstabbing for Beginners:  My Crash Course in International Diplomacy.  New York, Nation Books, 2008.  332 p.
Book call no.:  363.88309567 S725b

Stephenson, James.  Losing the Golden Hour:  An Insider's View of Iraq's Reconstruction.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2007.  175 p. (ADST-DACOR diplomats and diplomacy series).
Book call no.:  956.704431 S833L

Tierney, Dominic.  FDR and the Spanish Civil War:  Neutrality and Commitment in the Struggle That Divided America.  Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 2007.  223 p. (American encounters/global interactions).
Mediation, Humanitarian Relief, and Repealing the Arms Embargo, pp 115-133.
Book call no.:  973.917 T564f

Twisting Arms and Flexing Muscles:  Humanitarian Intervention and Peacebuilding in Perspective, edited by Natalie Mychajlyszyn and Timothy M. Shaw.  Aldershot, Hants, England, Ashgate, 2005.  151 p. (The international political economy of new regionalisms series).
Strange Bedfellows in Humanitarian Crises:  NGOs and the Military, by Donna Winslow, pp 113-129.
Book call no.:  341.584 T974

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Government Reform.  Looking a Gift Horse in the Mouth:  A Post-Katrina Review of International Disaster Assistance.  Hearing, 109th Cong, 2nd Sess, April 6, 2006.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006.  154 p. (Serial no. 109-151).
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS74878
Book call no.:  363.34928 U58L

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs.  Hearing and Briefing on U.S. Contributions to the Response to Pakistan's Humanitarian Crisis:  The Situation and the Stakes.  Hearing and Briefing, 111th Cong, 1st Sess, June 16, 2009.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2009.  73 p. (Serial no. 111-39).
Also available online at:  http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CHRG-111hhrg54878/pdf/CHRG-111hhrg54878.pdf
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS123423
Book call no.:  362.87095491 U581h

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on International Relations.  Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 2006.  Report (to Accompany H.R. 3127).  109th Cong, 2nd Sess, March 2006.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006.  2 vol. (Report no. 109-392).
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS68208 (Part 1)
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS68885 (Part 2)
Book call no.:  341.58409627 U58d

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Appropriations.  Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs.  Assistance for Civilian Casualties of War.  Hearing, 111th Cong, 1st Sess, Special Hearing, April 1, 2009.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2009.  48 p.
Senate Hearing no. 111-70.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/FDLP160
Book call no.:  172.42 U58a

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  The Continuing Crisis in Darfur.  Hearing, 110th Cong, 2nd Sess, April 23, 2008.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2009.  85 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 110-748.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS110587
Book call no.:  962.4043 U58ca

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  The Current Situation in Sudan and the Prospects for Peace.  Hearing, 108th Cong, 2nd Sess, September 9, 2004.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2005.  70 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 108-866.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS65437
Book call no.:  962.4043 U58c

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Darfur Revisited:  The International Response.  Hearing, 109th Cong, 1st Sess, September 28, 2005.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2007.  89 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 109-868.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS81787
Book call no.:  327.1709627 U58d

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  The Petroleum and Poverty Paradox:  Assessing U.S. and International Community Efforts to Fight the Resource Curse.  Report to the Members of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 110th Cong, 2nd Sess, October 16, 2008.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2008.  119 p. 
Senate Print no. 110-49.
Also available online at:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_cong_senate_committee_prints&docid=f:44727.pdf
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS106080
Book call no.:  333.79091724 P497

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Tsunami Response:  Lessons Learned.  Hearing, 109th Cong, 1st Sess, February 10, 2005.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2005.  136 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 109-153.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS65196
Book call no.:  363.3494 U58t

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on African Affairs.  Chad and the Central African Republic:  The Regional Impact of the Darfur Crisis.  Hearing, 110th Cong, 1st Sess, March 20, 2007.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2008.  42 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 110-236.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS90382
Book call no.:  967.4304 U58c

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on African Affairs.  Exploring the U.S. Role in Consolidating Peace and Democracy in the Great Lakes Region.  Hearing, 110th Cong, 1st Sess, October 24, 2007.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2008.  61 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 110-247.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS90629
Book call no.:  327.73067 U581e

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International Environmental Protection.  International Disaster Assistance:  Policy Options.  Hearing, 110th Cong, 2nd Sess, June 17, 2008.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2008.  57 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 110-650.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS107612
Book call no.:  363.3480973 U58i

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs.  The Return and Resettlement of Displaced Iraqis.  Hearing, 111th Cong, 1st Sess, March 31, 2009.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2009.  51 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 111-83.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/FDLP363
Book call no.:  362.8709567 U58r

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs.  Responding to Pakistan's IDP Crisis.  Hearing, 111th Cong, 1st Sess, July 29, 2009.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2009.  50 p. 
Senate Hearing no. 111-150.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS117200
Book call no.:  362.87095491 U58r

United States.  Department of State.  Bureau of Political Military Affairs.  Office of Weapons and Removal Abatement.  To Walk the Earth in Safety:  The United States Commitment to Humanitarian Mine Action and Conventional Weapons Destruction.  7th ed. Washington, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Dept. of State, 2008.  58 p. 
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/105525.pdf
Book call no.:  623.26 T6271

Waxman, Matthew C.  Intervention to Stop Genocide and Mass Atrocities:  International Norms and U.S. Policy.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, 2009.  43 p.  (Council Special Report no. 49).
International Norms of Intervention and Calls for Reform, pp 8-14.
Also available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Mass_Atrocities_CSR49.pdf
Book call no.:  341.584 W356i

Weiss, Thomas George.  Humanitarian Intervention:  Ideas in Action.  Cambridge, UK, Polity Press, 2007.  196 p. (War and conflict in the modern world).
"Humanitarian" Interventions:  Thumbnail Sketches, pp 31-58.
New Wars and New Humanitarianisms, pp 59-87.
New Thinking:  The Responsibility to Protect, pp 88-118.
Book call no.:  341.584 W432h

Weiss, Thomas George.  Military-Civilian Interactions:  Humanitarian Crises and the Responsibility to Protect.  2nd ed. Lanham, Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.  275 p. (New millennium books in international studies).
Armed Forces and Humanitarian Action:  Past and Present, pp 1-25.
Northern Iraq, 1991-1996:  A Difficult Act to Follow, pp 39-53.
Somalia, 1992-1995:  The Death of Pollyannaish Humanitarianism?, pp 55-70.
Bosnia, 1992-1995:  Convoluted Charity?, pp 71-93.
Rwanda, 1994-1995:  Better Late than Never?, pp 95-111.
Haiti, 1991-1996:  Why Wait So Long?, pp 113-128.
East Timor and Kosovo, 1999-2129:  A Vintage Year for Humanitarian Intervention?, pp 129-154.
September 11, Afghanistan, and Iraq:  What Are the Implications for Humanitarian Intervention?, pp 155-189.
The Responsibility to Protect:  Costs, Benefits, Quandaries, pp 191-213.
Book call no.:  341.584 W432m 2005

The World and Darfur:  International Response to Crimes Against Humanity in Western Sudan, edited by Amanda F. Grzyb.  Montreal, Ont., McGill-Queen's University Press, 2009.  349 p. 
Lessons Learned or Not Learned from the Rwandan Genocide, by Brent Beardsley, pp 41-60.
Media Coverage, Activism, and Creating Public Will for Intervention in Rwanda and Darfur, by Amanda F. Grzyb, pp 61-91.
Book call no.:  962.4043 W927


Documents


Belasco, Amy and others.  FY2010 Supplemental for Wars, Disaster Assistance, Haiti Relief, and Court Cases.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2010.  71 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. R41232).
This report is updated frequently.
Also available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/R41232
Also available online at:  http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/R41232_20100806.pdf (Latest at time of publication).
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. R41232

Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.  Iraq:  United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2006.  8 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. RL31766).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada459133
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. 06-RL31766

Gootnick, David.  Darfur Crisis:  Progress in Aid and Peace Monitoring Threatened by Ongoing Violence and Operational Challenges.  Washington, U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2006.  97 p. (GAO-07-9).
Report to Congressional Requesters.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS77449
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no. 07-9

Hanrahan, Charles E.  Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami:  Food Aid Needs and the U.S. Response.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2005.  6 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. RS22027).
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/47097.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. 05-RS22027

Kronenfeld, Daniel and Margesson, Rhoda.  The Earthquake in South Asia:  Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2006.  35 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. RL33196).
Also available online at:  http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8997/m1/1/high_res_d/
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. 06-RL33196

Margesson, Rhoda.  Afghan Refugees:  Current Status and Future Prospects.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2007.  18 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. RL33851).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada464830
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. 07-RL33851

Margesson, Rhoda.  Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami:  Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2005.  53 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. RL32715).
Also available online at:  http://ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/05mar/RL32715.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. 05-RL32715

Margesson, Rhoda.  International Crises and Disasters:  U.S. Humanitarian Assistance, Budget Trends, and Issues for Congress.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2006.  17 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. RL33769).
Also available online at:  http://ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/07Jun/RL33769.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. 06-RL33769

Margesson, Rhoda and others.  Iraqi Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons:  A Deepening Humanitarian Crisis?  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2007.  18 p. (CRS Report for Congress no. RL33936).
Also available online at:  http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/RL33936_20090213.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. 07-RL33936

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Military Operations:  Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Interagency Coordination for the Commander's Emergency Response Program in Afghanistan.  Washington, U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2009.  25 p. (GAO-09-615).
Report to Congressional Committees.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09615.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no. 09-615

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Rebuilding Iraq:  Status of DoD's Reconstruction Program.  Washington, U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2006.  12 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0730r.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no. 07-30R

United States.  Joint Chiefs of Staff.  Foreign Humanitarian Assistance.  Washington, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 2009.  1 vol. (Joint Publication 3-29).
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_29.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 40592 no. 3-29



Documents (Student Research)

Bang, Sungwan.  Coalition Modeling in Humanitarian Assistance Operations.  Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, Graduate School of Engineering and Management, Air Force Institute of Technology, 2006.  167 p. Thesis (M.S. in Operations Research)--Air Force Institute of Technology, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada446471
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39567-5 B2161c

Bartlett, Brendan C.  Norm Emergence and Humanitarian Intervention.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2008.  143 p.
Thesis (M.A. in Security Studies (Defense Decision-Making))--Naval Postgraduate School, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada494107
Also available online at:  http://edocs.nps.edu/npspubs/scholarly/theses/2008/Dec/08Dec%5FBartlett.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B2891n

Block, Gregory O.  Alleged Genocide in Sudan:  Where Does the US National Security Strategy Take Us in Light of the UN Genocide Convention and Lingering Memories of Failure to Intervene in Rwanda?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  36 p. (USAWC Strategy Research Project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada432372
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B651a

Boyer, Timothy E.  Ivory Coast:  A Case Study in Intervention and Prevention of Genocide.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2006.  33 p.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=ff0c15f9-38f1-4f5a-bf1d-18000fed4864
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 B7911i

Carras, Helene A.  Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo:  The Importance of Legal and Moral Issues:  A Monograph.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2007.  56 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada470465
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 C313h

Chang, Jacqueline Danielle.  Politics of North Korean Refugees and Regional Security Implications.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2009.  71 p.
Thesis (M.A. in Security Studies (Far East, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific))--Naval Postgraduate School, 2009.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501133
Also available online at:  http://edocs.nps.edu/npspubs/scholarly/theses/2009/Jun/09Jun%5FChang.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C4564p

Diwadkar, Prasad B.  Navy Medicine in Humanitarian Operations Force Projection or Diplomatic Debacle Waiting to Happen?  Quantico, VA, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2008.  14 p. (Contemporary Issues Paper)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada508948
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41886-131 D622n

Duhamel, Michel.  Haiti:  The Need for a Stronger Approach.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  28 p. (USAWC Strategy Research Project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada500527
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D869h

Hale, Joseph V.  Medical Diplomacy:  A Critique of the U.S. Air Force Model.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2008.  44 p. 
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=f63c2fe1-e9e1-4a5c-b3fa-105b931e3f26&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H162m

Hamilton, James D. and Murphy, Paul R.  An Operational Level Analysis of DoD's Strategic Mobility and Logistics Support to the Homeland Security Architecture.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, Air University, 2006.  57 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 H218o

LaChance, William P.  Humanitarian Assistance:  An Opportunity Is Lost.  Newport, RI, Dept. of Joint Military Operations, Naval War College, 2009.  23 p .
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada513951
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 L132h

Lancaster, David D.  Developing a Fly-Away-Kit (FLAK) to Support Hastily Formed Networks (HFN) for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR).  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  71 p.
Thesis (M.S. in Systems Technology)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada435513
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 L244d

Lauria, Wilson Mendes.  UNAMID:  A Case Study.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  28 p. (USAWC Strategy Research Project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada501098
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 L384u

Like, Anthony W.  Do the Metrics Make the Mission?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2008.  81 p.
Thesis (M.A. in Security Studies (Stabilization and Reconstruction))--Naval Postgraduate School, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada488870
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 L727d

Lockey, Jon.  Preventing Shocking Awe:  The Challenge after Victory.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  21 p. (USAWC Strategy Research Project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada448594
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 L815p

Lux, Barton S.  Denton Cargo:  An Analysis of Interagency Interaction.  Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, Graduate School of Engineering and Management, Air Force Institute of Technology, 2009.  40 p. (Thesis (M.S. in Logistics Management)--Air Force Institute of Technology, 2009)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada505047
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39567-5 L977d

MacDonald, Mark J.  Effects Based Operations and Humanitarian Airlift:  Advancing the Discourse on Effects-Based Mobility.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, 2006.  80 p. (Thesis--School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, Air University, 2006).
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2006/saas/macdonald.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 M1351e

Macias, Jaime.  Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA):  The Case for Interagency Tactical Communication Support Structure.  Quantico, VA, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2008.  28 p.
Thesis (M. of Military Studies)--Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada491614
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41886-71 M152o

Mewborne, Clifford S.  Can't We All Just Get Along?  A Moral Imperative Requiring the U.S. Military and Non-Governmental Humanitarian Relief Organizations to Coordinate Before, During and After Conflicts.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2008.  30 p.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=a4442f0d-d2ad-469c-b34f-2bcb509b7260&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M611c

Parsons, Michael D.  Beyond Triage:  The Escalation of Empowerment by U.S. Military Forces in Support of International Disaster Response.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2008.  126 p.
Thesis (M. of Military Art and Science)--U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada483058
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 P269b

Quarto, Floresita C.  U.S. Military/NGO Interface:  A Vital Link to Successful Humanitarian Intervention.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.  (USAWC Strategy Research Project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada433681
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 Q13u

Radina, Stephen Otieno.  A Multilateral Strategy for Rural Somalia:  Providing a Foundation for the Social and Economic Reconstruction of Somalia Using a Bottom Up Approach.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2009.  85 p.
Thesis (M. of Military Art and Science)--U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2009.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada502033
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 R129m

Reeves, Keith W.  Defeating a Genocide:  An Operational Concept.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2006.  35 p.
Submitted for the Genocide, Intervention and Airpower Research Seminar.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=0d745d31-7648-49e4-95b6-e96921d83984
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 R3321d

Roxburgh, Scott J.  Genocide in Darfur:  Can the United States Do More than Twiddle Its Thumbs?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  34 p. 
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=fec4558e-fcaf-44fc-9404-e58da849afb6
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 R887g

Runaas, Kris E. and Gawaran, Edmond J.  Financial Analysis of Hastily Formed Networks.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  87 p.
Thesis (M.S. in Information Technology Management)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada457019
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 R939f

Salenga, Edilberto M.  Developing Soft Power Using Afloat Medical Capability.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  26 p. (USAWC Strategy Research Project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada500907
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S1631d

Sovada, Jennifer P.  Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Support to Humanitarian Relief Operations within the United States:  Where Everyone Is in Charge.  Newport, RI, Dept. of Joint Military Operations, Naval War College, 2008.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada484486
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 S729i

Stanley, George A.  Genocide, Airpower, and Intervention:  A Rwandan Case Study.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2006. 31 p. 
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=f031176f-399a-46d0-a2b2-de0524ff58ca
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 S7871g

Ybarra, Robert B.  Darfur in Crisis:  Finding a Lasting Solution.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2006.  30 p. 
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=785c0797-63d3-4a14-8b39-bf421e41bb6f
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 Y36d
 


Periodicals


Ali, Nosheen.  Books vs Bombs?  Humanitarian Development and the Narrative of Terror in Northern Pakistan.  Third World Quarterly 31, no. 4:541-559 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=21702562

Altman, Andrew and Wellman, Christopher Heath.  From Humanitarian Intervention to Assassination:  Human Rights and Political Violence.  Ethics 118:228-257 January 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17834449

Appiah-Mensah, Seth.  The African Mission in Sudan:  Darfur Dilemmas.  African Security Review 15, no. 1:1-19 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22051438

Barakat, Sultan and others.  'A Tradition of Forgetting':  Stabilisation and Humanitarian Action in Historical Perspective.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S297-S319 October 2010.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01207.x/pdf

Baumann, Andrea Barbara.  Clash of Organisational Cultures?  The Challenge of Integrating Civilian and Military Efforts in Stabilisation Operations.  RUSI Journal 153:70-73  December 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=45180673

Beiser, Vince.  Organizing Armageddon:  What the Haiti Earthquake Teaches Us about the Science of Coming to the Rescue.  Wired 18:110-120+ May 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2035885631&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Bellamy, Alex J.  The Responsibility to Protect and the Problem of Military Intervention.  International Affairs  84:615-639 July 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14629322

Bellamy, Alex J.  Responsibility to Protect or Trojan Horse?  The Crisis in Darfur and Humanitarian Intervention after Iraq.  Ethics & International Affairs 19:31-54 September 2005.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-7093.2005.tb00499.x/pdf

Bellamy, Alex J.  Whither the Responsibility to Protect?  Humanitarian Intervention and the 2005 World Summit.  Ethics & International Affairs 20:143-169 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-7093.2006.00012.x/pdf

Bellamy, Alex J. and Williams, Paul D.  The UN Security Council and the Question of Humanitarian Intervention in Darfur.  Journal of Military Ethics 5, no. 2:144-160 2006.
"This article explores the different moral and legal arguments used by protagonists in the debate about whether or not to conduct a humanitarian intervention in Darfur." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11723001

Benini, Aldo.  Rapid Humanitarian Assessments and Rationality:  A Value-of-Information Study from Iraq, 2003-04.  Disasters 31:29-48 March 2007.
Rapid assessments are one of the standard informational tools in humanitarian response and are supposed to contribute to rational decision-making.  The extent to which the assessment organisation itself behaves rationally, however, is an open question.  Using data from Iraq in 2003 and 2004, the author's analysis demonstrates variably rational behaviour under conditions of insecurity.  The author provides implications for future assessments in the areas of tools for urban surveys, greater adaptability, and sensibility to value-of-information concepts.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2007.00338.x/pdf

Betts, Richard K.  The Future of Force and U.S. National Security Strategy.  Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 17:7-26 Winter 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18855677

Birch, Marion.  Delivering Health Care in Insecure Environments:  UK Foreign Policy, Military Actors and the Erosion of Humanitarian Space.  Medicine, Conflict and Survival  26:80-85 January-March 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20848027

Bishop, Carly and Hilhorst, Dorothea.  From Food Aid to Food Security:  The Case of the Safety Net Policy in Ethiopia.  Journal of Modern African Studies 48:181-202 June 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2036924871&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD (embargoed; available after March 2011)

Bjork, Kjell and Jones, Richard.  Overcoming Dilemmas Created by the 21st Century Mercenaries:  Conceptualising the Use of Private Security Companies in Iraq.  Third World Quarterly 26, no. 4-5:777-796 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11276713

Blouin, Max and Pallage, Stéphane.  Humanitarian Relief and Civil Conflict.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 52:548-565 August 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14675448

Bollettino, Vincenzo.  Understanding the Security Management Practices of Humanitarian Organisations.  Disasters 32:263-279 June 2008.
"This article reviews the literature on the security of humanitarian organisations, highlighting common misconceptions about the field security environment, and examines the main structural and procedural issues impeding more effective security management." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14000110

Bosch, Shannon.  Private Security Contractors and International Humanitarian Law:  A Skirmish for Recognition in International Armed Conflicts.  African Security Review  16:34-52 December 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=22051511

Brooks, Sean.  When Killers Become Victims:  Darfur in Context.  SAIS Review 29:133-145 Summer-Fall 2009.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1953741081&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Burkle, Frederick M., Jr.  Anatomy of an Ambush:  Security Risks Facing International Humanitarian Assistance.  Disasters 29:26-37 March 2005.
"The 2003 war with Iraq has generated security concerns that present unique challenges to the practice of providing international humanitarian assistance during war and conflict." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=6827781

Burkle, Frederick M., Jr. and others.  Lessons and Controversies:  Planning and Executing Immediate Relief in the Aftermath of the War in Iraq.  Third World Quarterly 26, no. 4-5:797-814 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11276716

Carbonnier, Gilles.  Privatisation and Outsourcing in Wartime:  The Humanitarian Challenges.  Disasters 30:402-416 December 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=10479688

Collinson, Sarah and others.  States of Fragility:  Stabilisation and Its Implications for Humanitarian Action.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S275-S296 October 2010.
"This paper explores the evolution of international stabilisation agendas and their significance for humanitarian action.  Stabilisation includes a combination of military, humanitarian, political and economic activities to control, contain and manage areas affected by armed conflict and complex emergencies." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01206.x/pdf

Daddow, Oliver.  'Tony's War?'  Blair, Kosovo and the Interventionist Impulse in British Foreign Policy.  International Affairs 85:547-560 May 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18618477

Davis, Ian.  Humanitarian Intervention after the Iraq Crisis.  Medicine, Conflict and Survival 21:35-43 January-March 2005.
"Defining the criteria for intervening in the affairs of sovereign states has become a pressing issue for the international community.  Pre-emptive actions, based on a unilateral view of evil or risk, have caused divisions and questions of legitimacy, whilst the failures to take collective actions against extreme suffering reflect a lack of coherence in international decision making." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=6684674

De Nevers, Renée.  Private Security Companies and the Laws of War.  Security Dialogue 40:169-190 April 2009.
"The use of contractors employed by private security companies (PSCs) has exploded in recent years, outpacing efforts to assess the consequences of increased reliance on PSCs for international humanitarian law (IHL)." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18224221

De Silva, M. W. Amarasiri.  Ethnicity, Politics and Inequality:  Post-tsunami Humanitarian Aid Delivery in Ampara District, Sri Lanka.  Disasters 33:253-273 April 2009.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2008.01073.x/pdf

De Waal, Alex.  The Humanitarians' Tragedy:  Escapable and Inescapable Cruelties.  Disasters 34, suppl.2:S130-S137 April 2010.
This paper focuses on some of the elements of cruelty which are intrinsic to the humanitarian enterprise.  Escapable cruelties arise from technical failings, but the gradual professionalisation of the field and improvements in relief technologies mean that they have been significantly reduced in comparison to earlier eras.  Other cruelties arise from clashes among rights, and the tensions inherent in trying to promote humanity amid the horrors of war.  These are inescapable and constitute the 'humanitarians' tragedy.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01149.x/pdf

Donahue, Michael C.  Title 10 Domestic Humanitarian Assistance:  New Orleans.  Military Review 88:49-57 May-June 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=34409603

Drury, A. Cooper and others.  The Politics of Humanitarian Aid:  U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, 1964-1995.  Journal of Politics 67:454-473 May 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=7003105

Egnell, Robert.  Between Reluctance and Necessity:  The Utility of Military Force in Humanitarian and Development Operations.  Small Wars & Insurgencies 19:397-422  September 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14751328

Farer, Tom J. and others.  Roundtable:  Humanitarian Intervention after 9/11.  International Relations 19:211-250 June 2005.

Fariss, Christopher J.  The Strategic Substitution of United States Foreign Aid.  Foreign Policy Analysis 6:107-131 April 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=21031200

Feldman, Ilana.  Gaza's Humanitarianism Problem.  Journal of Palestine Studies 38:22-37 Spring 2009.
"This essay explores the possible negative consequences of identifying the current situation in Gaza primarily as a humanitarian problem." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1953715801&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Germond, Basil.  Multinational Military Cooperation and Its Challenges:  The Case of European Naval Operations in the Wider Mediterranean Area.  International Relations  22:173-191 June 2008.

Giacomello, Giampiero and Coticchia, Fabrizio.  In Harm's Way:  Why and When a Modern Democracy Risks the Lives of Its Uniformed Citizens.  European Security 16:163-182 June 2007.
"Despite the risk of disastrous outcomes, time and again, advanced democracies have sent their soldiers abroad to dangerous places.  They do so not out of necessity (i.e. self-defence), but choice (e.g. humanitarian intervention).  What motivates political leaders to accept the risks of such actions?  This heuristic study examines three diverse cases in which a medium-sized, advanced democracy, Italy, decided to deploy its troops abroad." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12362347

Gizelis, Theodora-Ismene and Kosek, Kristin E.  Why Humanitarian Interventions Succeed or Fail:  The Role of Local Participation.  Cooperation and Conflict 40:363-383  December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=8000842

Glanville, Luke.  Norms, Interests and Humanitarian Intervention.  Global Change, Peace & Security 18:153-171 October 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11340423

Goodhand, Jonathan.  Stabilising a Victor's Peace?  Humanitarian Action and Reconstruction in Eastern Sri Lanka.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S342-S367 October 2010.
"This paper focuses on the ‘Sri Lankan model’ of counter-insurgency and stabilisation and its implications for humanitarian and development actors." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01212.x/pdf

Goodman, Ryan.  Humanitarian Intervention and Pretexts for War.  American Journal of International Law 100:107-141 January 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1064409231&&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Also available online at:  http://www.law.harvard.edu/faculty/rgoodman/pdfs/RGoodmanHumanitarianInterventionPretextsforWar.pdf

Gordon, Stuart.  The United Kingdom's Stabilisation Model and Afghanistan:  The Impact on Humanitarian Actors.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S368-S387 October 2010.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01208.x/pdf

Gourevitch, Philip.  Alms Dealers:  Can You Provide Humanitarian Aid Without Facilitating Conflicts?  New Yorker 86:102+ October 11, 2010.
Also available online at:  http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/atlarge/2010/10/11/101011crat_atlarge_gourevitch?currentPage=all
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2159784091&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Grynkewich, Alexus G.  Welfare as Warfare:  How Violent Non-State Groups Use Social Services to Attack the State.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31:350-370 April 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=13962841

Haaland, Torunn Laugen.  Participation in Peace Support Operations for Small Countries:  The Case of Norway.  International Peacekeeping 14:493-509 August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12520571

Haines, Steven.  The Influence of Operation Allied Force on the Development of the Jus Ad Bellum.  International Affairs 85:477-490 May 2009.
"Some have argued that NATO's air campaign against Serbia in 1999 was manifestly unlawful, others that it was an entirely legitimate humanitarian intervention.  A third position suggests that the intervention while unlawful, in the strictest sense, was nonetheless legitimate." - Abstract.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18618472

Hall, Rosalie Arcala.  Civil-Military Cooperation in International Disaster Response:  The Japanese Self-Defense Forces' Deployment in Aceh, Indonesia.  Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 20:383-400 December 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18855785

Harmer, Adele.  Integrated Missions:  A Threat to Humanitarian Security?  International Peacekeeping 15:528-539 August 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33245100

Hazen, Jennifer M.  Can Peacekeepers Be Peacebuilders?  International Peacekeeping 14:323-338 June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12321635

Hehir, Aidan.  The Responsibility to Protect:  'Sound and Fury Signifying Nothing'?  International Relations 24:218-239 June 2010.
Also available online at:  http://ire.sagepub.com/content/24/2/218.full.pdf+html

Hilhorst, Dorothea.  Dead Letter or Living Document?  Ten Years of the Code of Conduct for Disaster Relief.  Disasters 29:351-369 December 2005.
"This paper examines the present value of the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief, in view of discussions on neutrality and the Western bias of the humanitarian aid system, and assesses how it can retain its relevance in future." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0361-3666.2005.00297.x/pdf

Hilhorst, Dorothea and Serrano, Maliana.  The Humanitarian Arena in Angola, 1975-2008.  Disasters 34, suppl.2:S183-S201 April 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20871340

Hofmann, Claudia.  Engaging Non-State Armed Groups in Humanitarian Action.  International Peacekeeping 13:396-409 September 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=10211225

Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Response.  All Hands No. 1099:32-37 October 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=34792928

Janssen, Dieter.  Humanitarian Intervention and the Prevention of Genocide.  Journal of Genocide Research 10:289-306 June 2008.
"This article discusses the recent developments in the debate about military humanitarian intervention.  The author argues that the adoption of the 'responsibility to protect' by the UN General Assembly in 2005 is not sufficient to guarantee that the international community will ensure human security in internal conflicts." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34478342
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14510313

Johnson, James Turner.  Humanitarian Intervention after Iraq:  Just War and International Law Perspectives.  Journal of Military Ethics 5, no. 2:114-127 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11722999

Kernot, Sarah.  Humanitarian Intervention:  Human Rights Versus Humanitarian Assistance.  Global Change, Peace & Security 18:41-55 February 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=8260711

Knecht, Thomas.  A Pragmatic Response to an Unexpected Constraint:  Problem Representation in a Complex Humanitarian Emergency.  Foreign Policy Analysis 5:135-168  April 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18353328

Kuperman, Alan J.  Mitigating the Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention:  Lessons from Economics.  Global Governance 14:219-240 April-June 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14179131

Kuperman, Alan J.  The Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention:  Lessons from the Balkans.  International Studies Quarterly 52:49-80 March 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31641696

Kurlantzick, Joshua.  Timorous Invasion.  Washington Monthly 42:55-59 July-August 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2095695811&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kurth, James.  Humanitarian Intervention after Iraq:  Legal Ideals vs. Military Realities.  Orbis 50:87-101 Winter 2006.
Also available online at:  http://www.fpri.org/orbis/5001/kurth.humanitarianinterventionafteriraq.pdf

Lautze, Sue and Raven-Roberts, Angela.  Violence and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies:  Implications for Livelihoods Models.  Disasters 30:383-401 December 2006.
"This paper explores the nature of the violence that characterises complex humanitarian emergencies and the related implications for modelling livelihoods systems." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0361-3666.2006.00328.x/pdf

Lee, Jae-Seung.  The Two Faces of EU-North Korea Relations.  Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 17:33-52 Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18855659

Likoti, Fako Johnson.  The 1998 Military Intervention in Lesotho:  SADC Peace Mission or Resource War?  International Peacekeeping 14:251-263 April 2007.
"The 1998 military intervention in Lesotho by South Africa and Botswana was shrouded in controversy.  While South African officials claimed that the intervention was a Southern African Development Community (SADC) humanitarian peacekeeping mission to rescue Lesotho from a coup, the intervention appears to have been inconsistent with the UN Charter and with the SADC Treaty." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11195848

Linter, J. E.  Humanitarian Intervention:  Legitimising the Illegal?  Defence Studies 5:271-294 June 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=8113756

Lischer, Sarah Kenyon.  Military Intervention and the Humanitarian "Force Multiplier."  Global Governance 13:99-118 January-March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24111997
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11442902

Lothe, Elisabeth and Peake, Gordon.  Addressing Symptoms but not Causes:  Stabilisation and Humanitarian Action in Timor-Leste.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S427-S443 October 2010.
"Asia's newest nation—Timor-Leste—has an unenviable track record of two Australian-led military stabilisation missions, five United Nations (UN) missions, and a vast humanitarian and international response over the course of the past decade." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01210.x/pdf

Lucchi, Elena.  Between War and Peace:  Humanitarian Assistance in Violent Urban Settings.  Disasters 34:973-995 October 2010.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01178.x/pdf

Lyon, Alynna J. and Dolan, Chris J.  American Humanitarian Intervention:  Toward a Theory of Coevolution.  Foreign Policy Analysis 3:46-78 January 2007.
"The goal of this study is twofold.  First, it seeks to move beyond the exploration of motivations for understanding why the United States launches some humanitarian interventions and avoids others.  Second, it initiates a theory building process to map the complex international and domestic environment that frames American humanitarianism." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=10619492

Macklem, Patrick.  Humanitarian Intervention and the Distribution of Sovereignty in International Law.  Ethics & International Affairs 22:369-393 Winter 2008.
"Legal debates about humanitarian intervention--military intervention by one or more states to curb gross human rights violations occurring in another state--tend to assume that its legitimacy is irrelevant to its legality...This paper defends an alternative account, one that sees the legality and legitimacy of humanitarian intervention as intertwined." - Abstract.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35883792
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17651369

Manning, Carrie and Malbrough, Monica.  Bilateral Donors and Aid Conditionality in Post-conflict Peacebuilding:  The Case of Mozambique.  Journal of Modern African Studies 48:143-169 March 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1953869831&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD (embargoed; available after March 2011)

Menkhaus, Ken.  The Crisis in Somalia:  Tragedy in Five Acts.  African Affairs 106:357-390 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://users.polisci.wisc.edu/schatzberg/ps362/Menkhaus2007.pdf

Menkhaus, Ken.  Stabilisation and Humanitarian Access in a Collapsed State:  The Somali Case.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S320-S341 October 2010.
"...This paper argues that tensions between stabilisation and humanitarian goals in contemporary Somalia reflect a long history of politicisation of humanitarian operations in the country." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01204.x/pdf

Mubareka, Sarah and others.  Standardising and Mapping Open-Source Information for Crisis Regions:  The Case of Post-Conflict Iraq.  Disasters 29:237-254 September 2005.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0361-3666.2005.00289.x/pdf

Muggah, Robert.  The Effects of Stabilisation on Humanitarian Action in Haiti.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S444-S463 October 2010.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01205.x/pdf

Muldoon, James.  Francisco de Vitoria and Humanitarian Intervention.  Journal of Military Ethics 5, no. 2:128-143 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11723000

Myatt, Marissa.  USNS Mercy Conducts Pacific Partnership 2010.  All Hands No. 1119:36-37 June 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2127732841&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Myers, Martha.  Negative Impact of Policy on Humanitarian Assistance in Gaza.  Middle East Policy 16:116-121 Summer 2009.
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Nardin, Terry.  Response to "Ending Tyranny in Iraq":  Humanitarian Imperialism.  Ethics & International Affairs 19:21-26 September 2005.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-7093.2005.tb00497.x/pdf

Ouyang, Helen.  Revisiting Humanitarian Intervention in the New Administration:  A Potential Tool for American Diplomacy.  Military Medicine 175:75-76 February 2010.
"The author focuses on humanitarian intervention and assistance in the administration of U.S. President Barack Obama, which is said to be a potential platform for American diplomacy." - Abstract.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=48023541

Pantuliano, Sara.  A 'Principled' Approach to Complex Emergencies:  Testing a New Aid Delivery Model in the Nuba Mountains.  Disasters 29, suppl.1:S52-S66 June 2005.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0361-3666.2005.00284.x/pdf

Pattison, James.  Whose Responsibility to Protect?  The Duties of Humanitarian Intervention.  Journal of Military Ethics 7, no. 4:262-283 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17528923

Peltonen, Hannes.  Modelling International Collective Responsibility:  The Case of Grave Humanitarian Crises.  Review of International Studies 36:239-255 April 2010.
"Since its popular appearance in 2001, the responsibility to protect has gained wide attention.  Yet, the meaning of responsibility in the R2P report has remained unexamined.  The first task of this article is to conceptualise responsibility as it seems to arise from the R2P report." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2016980481&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD (embargoed; available after April 2011)

Pennings, Joost M. E. and Grossman, Daniel B.  Responding to Crises and Disasters:  The Role of Risk Attitudes and Risk Perceptions.  Disasters 32:434-448 September 2008.
The authors examine the role that risk attitudes and risk perceptions play in decision making behaviour of individuals in times of crises and disasters and how knowledge about individual behaviour and its drivers may be helpful when developing policy.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2008.01048.x/pdf

Pickering, Jeffrey and Kisangani, Emizet F.  The International Military Intervention Dataset:  An Updated Resource for Conflict Scholars.  Journal of Peace Research 46:589-599 July 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=19063121

Piiparinen, Touko.  The Lessons of Darfur for the Future of Humanitarian Intervention.  Global Governance 13:365-390 July-September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12429243

Piiparinen, Touko.  Rescuing Thousands, Abandoning a Million:  What Might an Emancipatory Intervention Have Looked Like in Rwanda?  International Relations 21:47-66  March 2007.

Rappert, Brian and Moyes, Richard.  Enhancing the Protection of Civilians from Armed Conflict:  Precautionary Lessons.  Medicine, Conflict and Survival 26:24-47 January-March 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20848033

Reeves, Eric.  Darfur and International Justice.  Dissent 56:13-18 Summer 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=19096559

Reyes, Julio J.  Forward Support Company Operations in Haiti.  Army Sustainment 42:6-9 July-August 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2125038721&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Rice, Daniel and Dehn, John.  Armed Humanitarian Intervention and International Law:  A Primer for Military Professionals.  Military Review 87:38-46 November-December  2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=28339298

Richards, Paul.  Ritual Dynamics in Humanitarian Assistance.  Disasters 34, suppl.2:S138-S146 April 2010.
"Those who intervene in crises must take care to ensure that assistance does not undermine the processes through which social cohesion is generated or restored...Humanitarian agencies provide practical assistance to livelihoods, but they need also to create space for the ritual agency on which social cohesion depends." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01150.x/pdf

Rietjens, Sebastiaan J. H. and others.  Inter-organisational Communication in Civil-Military Cooperation during Complex Emergencies:  A Case Study in Afghanistan.  Disasters 33:412-435 July 2009.
"This paper seeks to contribute to an improved information management and exchange between humanitarian organisations and military agents in complex emergencies." - Article.
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Roberts, Nancy C.  Spanning "Bleeding" Boundaries:  Humanitarianism, NGOs, and the Civilian-Military Nexus in the Post-Cold War Era.  Public Administration Review  70:212-222 March-April 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20684600

Roff, H. M.  Response to Pattison:  Whose Responsibility to Protect?  Journal of Military Ethics 8, no. 1:79-85 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=18275086

Roth, Kenneth.  Was the Iraq War a Humanitarian Intervention?  Journal of Military Ethics 5, no. 2:84-92 2006.
This article assesses whether the 2003 invasion of Iraq can be justified as a humanitarian intervention.  Because of the potential loss of life inherent in any military action, the author contends that a threshold test of a humanitarian intervention is whether it is necessary to stop ongoing or imminent mass slaughter.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11722997

Roughton, Randy.  An Eye on Haiti:  Global Hawk Images Help Direct Relief Efforts.  Airman 54:14-15 May-June 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2089496351&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Roughton, Randy.  Salvation from the Sky:  60 Years Ago the First Airlift Saved Millions.  Airman 54:46-47 May-June 2010.
The Berlin Airlift had not only humanitarian, but also geopolitical implications.  Besides the humanitarian mission, it also showed the superiority of democracy over communism.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2089496471&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Schaefer, Stephanie M.  Did You Just Ask if I Would Lead a Humanitarian Mission?  Military Medicine 173:954-959 October 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34882324

Schmitt, Michael N.  Asymmetrical Warfare and International Humanitarian Law.  Air Force Law Review 62:1-42 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=35004257
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Schwarz, Rolf.  Post-Conflict Peacebuilding:  The Challenges of Security, Welfare and Representation.  Security Dialogue 36:429-446 December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://sdi.sagepub.com/content/36/4/429.full.pdf+html

Scutro, Andrew.  A Blue-Green Team--Exercise Pairs Sailors, Marines to Prepare for Pirates, Humanitarian Missions and More.  Navy Times 57:14-16 December 31, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Seybolt, Taylor B.  Harmonizing the Humanitarian Aid Network:  Adaptive Change in a Complex System.  International Studies Quarterly 53:1027-1050 December 2009.
"Humanitarian aid operations save many lives, but they also fail to help many people and can have unintended political consequences.  A major reason for the deficit is poor coordination among organizations." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=45694289
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20247563

Shearer, David and Pickup, Francine.  Still Falling Short:  Protection and Partnerships in the Lebanon Emergency Response.  Disasters 31:336-352 December 2007.
"...This paper focuses on two key questions that emerged from the humanitarian response to the Israeli-Hezbollah conflict in the summer of 2006.  First, how can humanitarian agencies, and particularly the UN, improve the protection of civilians, and was what they did in Lebanon enough.  Second, how can humanitarian agencies create partnerships with local actors and still remain true to core humanitarian principles when local actors are fiercely divided along confessional lines and influenced by external actors, and when some, such as Hezbollah, are parties to the conflict.  This paper argues that despite the importance of protection and partnerships to the humanitarian response, their role in the UN emergency response still falls short." - Article.
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Singer, Peter W.  Humanitarian Principles, Private Military Agents:  Implications of the Privatized Military Industry for the Humanitarian Community.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 13:105-121 Fall-Winter 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24443149

Smith, Michael G.  Military Intervention and Humanitarian Assistance.  Global Change, Peace & Security 20:243-254 October 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17535603

Smith, Thomas W.  Protecting Civilians...or Soldiers?  Humanitarian Law and the Economy of Risk in Iraq.  International Studies Perspectives 9:144-164 May 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14160963

Smith, William.  Anticipating a Cosmopolitan Future:  The Case of Humanitarian Military Intervention.  International Politics 44:72-89 January 2007.
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Spearin, Christopher.  Private, Armed and Humanitarian?  States, NGOs, International Private Security Companies and Shifting Humanitarianism.  Security Dialogue 39:363-382 August 2008.
"The article contends that, in the light of contemporary challenges, states are not only changing the meaning of the word `humanitarian', but are also creating an expanding marketplace that includes international private security companies (PSCs) in the delivery of humanitarian assistance." - Article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14649611

Stephenson, Max, Jr.  Making Humanitarian Relief Networks More Effective:  Operational Coordination, Trust and Sense Making.  Disasters 29:337-350 December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=7977767

Stocking, Barbara.  Safeguarding Civilians.  World Today 65:9-11 August-September 2009.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1808509611&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Strömberg, David.  Natural Disasters, Economic Development, and Humanitarian Aid.  Journal of Economic Perspectives 21:199-222 Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=13394335

Teichert, E. John.  The Medecins Sans Frontieres Model of Building Partner Capacity.  DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 32:121-128 July 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2108253601&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Telford, John and Cosgrave, John.  The International Humanitarian System and the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunamis.  Disasters 31:1-28 March 2007.
Exceptional international donations meant that for once, an international emergency response was largely free of financial constraints.  Why then was the response less than exceptional?  The author suggests two reasons:  "The international humanitarian community was trying to do the wrong thing:  implement its own set of agendas rather than put the affected community in the driving seat...The international humanitarian community has a very limited surge capacity."
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2007.00337.x/pdf

Tesón, Fernando R.  Eight Principles for Humanitarian Intervention.  Journal of Military Ethics 5, no. 2:93-113 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11722998

Tesón, Fernando R.  Ending Tyranny in Iraq.  Ethics & International Affairs 19:1-20 September 2005.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-7093.2005.tb00496.x/pdf

Thompson, Wiley C.  Success in Kashmir:  A Positive Trend in Civil-Military Integration During Humanitarian Assistance Operations.  Disasters 34:1-15 January 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=20206612

U.S. Army Aids Earthquake-Ravaged Haiti.  Army 60:54-56+ March 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1986262161&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Udombana, Nsongurua J.  Still Playing Dice with Lives:  Darfur and Security Council Resolution 1706.  Third World Quarterly 28, no. 1:97-116 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11090564

Udombana, Nsongurua J.  When Neutrality Is a Sin:  The Darfur Crisis and the Crisis of Humanitarian Intervention in Sudan.  Human Rights Quarterly 27:1149-1199 November 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=13677171

Vaughn, Jocelyn.  The Unlikely Securitizer:  Humanitarian Organizations and the Securitization of Indistinctiveness.  Security Dialogue 40:263-285 June 2009.
Also available online at:  http://sdi.sagepub.com/content/40/3/263.full.pdf+html

Veit, Alex.  Figuration of Uncertainty:  Armed Groups and 'Humanitarian' Military Intervention in Ituri (DR Congo).  Journal Of Intervention and Statebuilding 2:291-307  November 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17396204

Vilmer, Jean-Baptiste Jeangčne.  Humanitarian Intervention and Disinterestedness.  Peace Review 19:207-216 April-June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12068839

Vlahos, Elizabeth.  Haiti:  From First Responders to Sustained Support.  All Hands No. 1116:26-30 March 2010.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1988186911&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Von Lubitz, Dag K.J.E. and others.  'All Hazards Approach' to Disaster Management:  The Role of Information and Knowledge Management, Boyd's OODA Loop, and Network-Centricity.  Disasters 32:561-585 December 2008.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2008.01055.x/pdf

Walker, Hugh.  The Case of Kosovo.  Civil Wars 7:24-60 Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=7287137

Walker, Peter.  Cracking the Code:  The Genesis, Use and Future of the Code of Conduct.  Disasters 29:323-336 December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0361-3666.2005.00295.x/pdf

Webb, Natalie J. and Richter, Anke.  Strategy at the Crossroads:  Medical Humanitarian Assistance Missions for Navy Hospital Ships.  Defense & Security Analysis 26:161-179 June 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=52444573

Wesley, Michael.  Toward a Realist Ethics of Intervention.  Ethics & International Affairs 19:55-72 September 2005.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-7093.2005.tb00500.x/pdf

Whitman, Jim.  Humanitarian Intervention in an Era of Pre-emptive Self-Defence.  Security Dialogue 36:259-274 September 2005.
"The dichotomy between prohibitive law and moral responsibility is at the centre of debates about the legitimacy of humanitarian intervention.  However, political interests remain an important factor not only in determining and tempering the humanitarian impulses of states, but also for gauging their more general adherence to the rule of law." - Article.
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Wilder, Andrew.  Aid and Stability in Pakistan:  Lessons from the 2005 Earthquake Response.  Disasters 34, suppl.3:S406-S426 October 2010.
Also available online at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01209.x/pdf

Williams, Paul D. and Bellamy, Alex J.  The Responsibility to Protect and the Crisis in Darfur.  Security Dialogue 36:27-47 March 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=6835745

Wills, Siobhan.  The 'Responsibility to Protect' by Peace Support Forces under International Human Rights Law.  International Peacekeeping 13:477-488 December 2006.
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Wilton, Robert.  The Beginning and the End of Humanitarian Intervention:  Kosovo 1999.  Defense & Security Analysis 24:363-380 December 2008.
Working as an independent security advisor to the Kosovo Prime Minister from 2006-2008, the author provides a "well-informed and balanced assessment of the practical results of an ethical foreign policy endeavour..."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35537757
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17512262

Zachary, G. Pascal.  Humanitarian Dilemmas.  Wilson Quarterly 32:44-51 Summer 2008.
"The article discusses the history and evolution of humanitarian aid efforts, focusing particularly on Sub-Saharan Africa." - Abstract.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1518501691&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=33282894

Zajadlo, Jerzy.  Legality and Legitimization of Humanitarian Intervention:  New Challenges in the Age of the War on Terrorism.  American Behavioral Scientist 48:653-670  February 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=6695300


Multimedia


Mortenson, Greg.  Stones into Schools:  Promoting Peace with Books, Not Bombs, in Afghanistan and Pakistan.  New York, Penguin Audio, 2009.  10 sound discs (12 hr.). CD audio call no.:  371.8234209581 M887s

Mortenson, Greg and Relin, David Oliver.  Three Cups of Tea:  One Man's Mission to Fight Terrorism and Build Nations One School at a Time.  Old Saybrook, CT, Tantor Media, 2006.  11 sound discs (13 hr., 30 min.).
CD audio call no.:  371.82209549 M887ta


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