OTS Topic

Does the Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC) approach promote a truly unified fighting force in combat operations?

May 2011

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


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All sites listed were last accessed on March 9, 2012.

Internet Resources   

Fawcett, John M., Jr.  The JFACC Team.  Air & Space Power Chronicles.
Available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/fawcett.html
Provides definitions and information about relevant official publications, organization and training to create the JFACC team.


Kometer, Michael W.  Command in the Air War: Centralized Versus Decentralized Control of Combat Airpower.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2007.  335 p.
Develops "a more complete picture of the various ways airpower is controlled in combat, and their subsequent consequences, by presenting airpower as a system, placing the above theories in their proper context within that system, and accounting for the interaction among them." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473231
Book call no.: 355.33041 K81c 2007

United States.  Dept. of the Air Force.  Air Force Basic Doctrine.  Washington, November 2003.  106 p.
Air Force Doctrine Document 1.
See Tenets of Air and Space Power, pp 27-30.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/service_pubs/afdd1.pdf
Book call no.: 358.400973 U582aa


Freitas, Marc E. and Parker, Thomas A.  Joint Force Air Component Commander - A Common Sense Approach.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 1994.  31 p.
"Examines issues of joint air operations and in particular those associated or related to the role and functions of the Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC)." - Introduction.
Also available online:
Doc call no.: M-U 30352-16 no.7884

United States.  Joint Chiefs of Staff.  Joint Operations.  Washington, September 2006.  1 vol.
Joint Publication 3-0 incorporating Change 2 March 22, 2010.
See page III-8: Command and Control of Joint Air Operations.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_0.pdf
Doc call no.: M-U 40592 no.3-0

Documents  (Student Research)

Ankerstar, Stephen E.  Beyond Centralized Control and Decentralized Execution.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2005.  59 p.
"It is time for the Air Force to move beyond centralized control and decentralized execution to a deeper understanding of the contextual factors leading senior leaders to actively involve themselves into tactical operations." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA477080
Doc call no.: M-U 43998-1 A611b

Baltrusaitis, Daniel F.  Centralized Control with Decentralized Execution: Never Divide the Fleet?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, February 2003.  77 p.
"US involvement in wars with limited aims, combined with the technology which allows senior commanders to see the common operational picture and view from the cockpit is driving a trend towards the centralization of air power execution." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424923
Doc call no.: M-U 43117 B197c

Blomme, Mark E.  Decentralizing Centralized Control: Reorienting the Fundamental Tenet for Resilient Air Operations.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2008.  99 p.
"The Air Force must recognize the need to embrace the degree of decentralized control and resource aircrews with the ability to directly gather information needed to make decisions." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485469
Doc call no.: M-U 42022-2 B653d

Chambers, J. Ian.  Command and Control of Airpower in Irregular Warfare.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2010.  44 p.
"Examines the Air Force’s ability to apply the centralized control approach to irregular warfare.  The growing focus and literature on the differences between traditional warfare and irregular warfare challenge the US Air Force’s adherence to centralized control." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA522723
Doc call no.: M-U 42022-2 C444c

Combs, Jason R.  The Air Force Installation Operations Center: How Will the Installation Operations Center Assist the Deployed Commander to Integrate the Unit Level Mission into the Joint Fight?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2006.  72 p.
"Focuses on what the installation operations center provides to the deployed commander.  Using doctrine and history as a baseline and 14 criteria for measurement, the installation operations center greatly enhances the deployed commander's ability to integrate the unit mission into the joint fight." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451806
Doc call no.: M-U 42022 C731a

Guttman, Nick O.  The Supported Commander in High Intensity Anti-Access Maritime Conflict.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2009.  21 p.
"Recommends future courses of action for both the Navy and the Air Force to make the operational situation more tenable, and concludes with recommendations to joint force commanders to manage shifts in command relationships." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA502988
Doc call no.: M-U 41662 G985s

Hertz, Martin R.  The Virtual Council of War: Relationships, Trust and Influence Between the Joint Forces Commander and His Air Component.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2002.  33 p.
"Addresses the problem of geographically separated commanders, the impact of separation and the affect of electronic meeting systems on their relationship." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420690
Doc call no.: M-U 43122 H576v

Lasica, Daniel T.  The Ultimate Quarterback: How the Joint Force Commander Can Utilize the Air Component, Supported by the Ground and Special Forces Components, to Most Effectively and Efficiently Achieve Operational Objectives.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, April 2008.  27 p.
Advocates for the "Joint Force Commander (JFC) to designate airpower as the main effort, using the Joint Force Land Component Commander (JFLCC) and Joint Force Special Operations Component Commander (JFSOCC) as supporting commanders, when the situation warrants." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484511
Doc call no.: M-U 41662 L344u

Marzolf, Gregory S.  Command and Control of Airpower: A New Paradigm for the Future.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, February 2009.  52 p.
"Suggests that the Air Force’s current 'centralized control, decentralized execution' paradigm does not adequately represent airpower employment, and because of this, it redefines and offers a new C2 paradigm," which is called centralized command, adaptive control, decentralized execution. - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA540088
Doc call no.: M-U 43117 M393c

Missler, Timothy B.  The Theater JFACC Construct: Creating Disunity of Command in the CENTCOM AOR.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2009.  35 p.
"Explores the proper level of airpower command and control in irregular warfare.  By evaluating the current state of airpower effectiveness under the United States Air Force’s Command and Control Enabling Concept employed in the CENTCOM area of operations today." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA539663
Doc call no.: M-U 43122 M6781t

Santicola, Henry J.  Centralized Control/Decentralized Execution: A Valid Tenet of Airpower.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2005.  26 p.
"Even in the face of emerging joint operations concepts, centralized control and decentralized execution remains a valid tenet for the organization and employment of airpower." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434411
Doc call no.: M-U 39080-537 S235c

Schaefer John J., III.  Time for a New Master Tenet?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2006.  61 p.
"Concludes that the location of sufficient understanding of the commander’s intent along the chain of command from the JFACC to the airborne asset determines the appropriate level of centralized execution." - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450629
Doc call no.: M-U 42022-2 S294t

Scheel, Lynn I.  Long-Range Strike: Concepts and Doctrinal Implications of Future Airpower Capabilities.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2003.  74 p.
"The final conclusion is there needs to be a very slight shift in how the Air Force views the airpower tenet of centralized control and decentralized execution. " - Abstract.
Also available online at: http://dtlweb.au.af.mil/webclient/DeliveryManager?pid=25532
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 S315L


Clark, Clinton R. and Cook, Timothy J.  A Practical Approach to Effects-Based Operational Assessment.  Air & Space Power Journal  22:82-99  Summer 2008.
Discusses an effects-based operational assessment (OA) "framework that emerged from a survey of existing OA techniques, an in-depth review of joint and Air Force doctrine, and consultation and collaboration with numerous strategists and war fighters." - Article.
Also available online at:

Fought, Stephen O.  The Tale of the C/JFACC: A Long and Winding Road.  Air & Space Power Journal  18:18-26  Winter 2004.
Discusses the history that lead to the establishment of JFACC and the relationship between the air forces in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=15259464&site=ehost-live

Krause, Merrick E.  Integrated Coercive Strategies and the Role of the Air Component.  Joint Force Quarterly  No. 41:68-75  April 2006.
"Provides a simple conceptual lens through which to plan or analyze coercive operations.  Keeping the objective of control in mind, it asserts that the military instrument, and particularly joint aerospace power, is a vital tool for coercing enemy decisionmakers.  Then it proposes a simple model that leaders and strategists might consider when planning coercive campaigns." - Article.
Also available online at: http://search.proquest.com/docview/203638303?accountid=4332

Lewis, Richard B.H.  JFACC: Problems Associated with Battlefield Preparation in Desert StormAirpower Journal  8:4-21  Spring 1994.
"Examines several problems the joint force air component commander (JFACC) experienced during Operation Desert Storm." - Abstract.
Also available online: http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj94/spr94/lewis.html

Messer, Kristen R.  Timing Is Everything: Operational Assessment in a Fast-Paced Fight.  Air & Space Power Journal  22:51-60  Summer 2008.
"The operational assessment team (OAT) conducts assessment at the operational level of war and evaluates the effectiveness of air and space operations in creating desired effects and achieving the joint force air component commander’s (JFACC) objectives." - Article.

Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34409647&site=ehost-live

Whitlow, J. L.  JFACC: Who's in Charge Joint Force Quarterly  No. 5:64-70  Summer 1994.
"It is time to stop arguing and to start looking at the specific areas where progress can be achieved, namely, apportionment, targeting, a concept for a purple JFACC, and a vision of the future." - Article.
Also available online: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/jfq1105.pdf

Winnefeld, James A. and Johnson, Dana J.  Unity of Control: Joint Air Operations in the Gulf.  Joint Force Quarterly  No. 1:88-99  Summer 1993.
Excerpted from Joint Air Operations: Pursuit of Unity in Command and Control, 1942–1991 by James A. Winnefeld and Dana J. Johnson.
Also available online at: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1993/jfq1201.pdf

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