Latin America

March 2002
Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


Latin America--Military Policy 
Latin America-- Narcotics and Drug Trade 

Latin America -- Politics and Government

Latin America--Military Policy


Mares, David R. Violent Peace: Militarized Interstate Bargaining in Latin America. New York, Columbia University Press, 2001. 302 p.
Looks at why military force is used when states disagree in terms of the "costs" of using force.

Latin America--Narcotics and Drug Trade


Manwaring, Max B. U.S. Security Policy in the Western Hemisphere: Why Colombia, Why Now, and What is to Be Done?. Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2001. 40 p.
Author recommends a political-military strategy as opposed to a continued tactical and operational response.
Book call no.: 327.730861 M295u

Marcella, Gabriel and others. Plan Colombia: Some Differing Perspectives. Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2001. 45p. (Implementing Plan Colombia Special Series)
Plan Colombia as viewed from different perspectives: Washington, Bogotá, Panama, and mid-America (Peoria, Illinois).
Book call no.: 327.730861 P699

Marcella, Gabriel. Plan Colombia: The Strategic and Operational Imperatives. Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2001. 29 p. (Implementing Plan Colombia Special Series)
Book call no.: 327.730861 M314p

United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Government Reform. Black -Tar Heroin, Meth and Cocaine Continue to Flood the United States From Mexico. Hearing. 106th Congress, 2nd session, June 30, 2000. Washington, 2001. 106 p.
Book call no.: 363.45 U581b


Hobaugh, Michael Eric. Colombia's War on Drugs: Can Peru Provide the Recipe for Success?. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2000. 134 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 H681c

Koucheravy, Richard J. The United States Military and Plan Colombia: A Direct Combat Role?. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College. 63 p.
Study recommends U.S. create a joint task force to support Plan Colombia.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 K88u


Chalk, Peter. The 'War on Drugs': Is the USA's Colombia Policy Working? Jane's Intelligence Review 12:40-42 December 2000.

Bender, Bryan. Doubts Over Operational Benefits of Colombia Aid. Jane's Defence Weekly 34:3 September 6, 2000.

Bibes, Patricia. Colombia: The Military and the Narco-Conflict. Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 9:32-48 Spring 2000.
Role of military in war on drugs. Includes statistical tables.

Colombia's Borders Become Tripwires. Latin American Weekly Report, pp 512-513, October 31, 2000.

Crandall, Russell. Explicit Narcotization: U.S. Policy Toward Colombia During the Samper Administration. Latin American Politics and Society 43:95-120 Fall 2001.
U.S. relations with Colombia under Samper, who was perceived to be "an enemy in the drug war."

The Conflict Has Crossed the Border: Officials Admit that 'Balloon Effect' is Taking Place.
Latin American Weekly Report, p 104, February 27, 2001.
Colombian drug war spills over in Ecuador.

Deas, Malcolm. Dialogue with Conflict. The World Today 57:24-25 March 2001.
Problems in combating FARC and the war on drugs.

Dendy, John. Drug Sweep: Airmen Help Federal Agents on Drug Zone Stakeouts. Airman 45:2-7 February 2001.

Dendy, John. Hello, Old Friend: Airmen Are Serving in Curacao for the First Time Since World War II. Airman 45:8-15 February 2001.

Faintich, Alice S. Forward Operating Locations: Combating Narco-Trafficking. Dialogo 11:4 January-March 2001.
U.S. Southern Command article on FOLs.

For Now, War Continues to Overshadow Peace.
Latin American Weekly Report, p 248, May 29, 2001.
US trained units join offensive.

Franco, George H. Their Darkest Hour: Colombia's Government and the Narco-Insurgency. Parameters 30:83-93 Summer 2000.

Gato, Gerard. Insurgencies, Terrorist Groups and Indigenous Movements: An Annotated Bibliography. Military Review 79:72-82 July-August 1999.

Griffith, Ivelaw. Organized Crime in the Western Hemisphere: Content, Context, Consequences, and Countermeasures. Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 8:1-33 Spring 1999.

Hakim, Peter. Uneasy Americas. Foreign Affairs 80:46-61 March/April 2001.
Noted problems in hemispheric relations that offer opportunities for U.S. leadership.

Kawell, JoAnn. Terror's Latin American Profile. NACLA Report on the Americas 35:50-53 November/December 2001.

Kitfield, James. The Anti-Smugglers' Blues. National Journal 33:2604-2609 August 18, 2001.
US military involvement in the drug war.

Klepak, Hal. Colombia: Why Doesn't the War End? Jane's Intelligence Review 12:41-48 June 2000.

Lamberson, Eric L. Air Transportation and the Cocaine Industry. Military Intelligence 25:26-31 July-September 1999.

Latin American Special [Supplement Title]. Naval Forces 21, no. 6:1-54 2000.
Special supplement to Naval Forces.

Machado, Lia Osorio. Money Laundering & Drug Trafficking in the Amazon Basin. Dialogo 10:19-22 July-September 2000.

'New' US Policy Adds to Plan Colombia Funds. Latin American Weekly Review, p 233, May 22, 2001.
Proposed funding adds funds for social and economic programs in seven countries.

On the Drug War's Front Lines.
World Press Review, 48,6-13 April 2001.
Selected articles with primary focus Colombia.

Philbin, Pat. Counternarcotics Operations: Top-Level Strategy Sessions Set Drug Interdictions Framework for Latin America. Armed Forces Journal International 136:52 July 1999.

Plan Colombia Spreads. Central America Report 28:2-3 March 30, 2001.
Installation of a intelligence network from Central to South America.

Romero, Peter F. Current Issues in the Western Hemisphere Region. DISAM Journal 22:54-62 Fall 1999.
Reprint of a statement by the acting Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemispheric Affairs.

Sharpe, Kenneth E. and Spencer, William. Refueling a Doomed War on Drugs: Flawed Policy Feeds Growing Conflict. NACLA Report on the Americas 35:21-26 November/December 2001.

Salisbury, Steve. US Navy SEALs and DEA Break New Ground in Colombia. Dialogo 10:16-17 July-September 2000.
Training of a Colombian special anti-narcotics unit

Tate, Winifred. Into the Andean Quagmire: Bush II Keeps Up March to Militarization. NACLA Report on the Americas 35:45-49 November/December 2001.

Traffickers to be Chased Over Boundaries: 24 Countries Agree to Joint Patrolling of Their Seas. Latin American Weekly Report, p 545, November 20, 2001.

Uruguay's Jorge Batlle Becomes First President to Call for Drug Legalization.
Latin American Weekly Report, p 565, December 5, 2000.
Batlle argues that guerrillas funded by drug sales will never be eliminated unless drugs are legalized.

U.S. Aid to Colombia: Partnership for Democracy or a "New Vietnam." Congressional Digest 80:33-43 February 2001.
Five articles examining U.S. interests, the drug threat, Plan Colombia and legislative background.

US Aid: Cutting a Deal? Central America Report 28:7 May 25, 2001.
Panama fears offers of aid are intended to open door to participation in war on drugs.

US Military Presence Grows Through Anti-Drug Treaties. Central America Report 27:4-6 July 21, 2000.
Useful chart titled: "US Antinarcotics Treaties and Assistance with Central America."

Warner, Mary Beth. Ecuador: The Newest Front-Line State. National Journal 33:2112-2113 June 30, 2001.
Colombian drug war threatens Ecuador.

Wiarda, Howard J. Beyond the Pale: The Bureaucratic Politics of United States Policy in Mexico. World Affairs 162:174-192 Spring 2000.
Examines the "interdependence" of the US and Mexico with regard to US policies on drugs and military cooperation.

Widening Destruction: Drug War in the Americas.
NACLA 35:12-51 Eleven articles on the drug war throughout the Americas.

Latin America--Politics and Government


The Soldier and the State in South America: Essays in Civil-Military Relations, Edited by Patricio Silva. New York, Palgrave, 2001. 212 p.
Book call no.: 322.5098 S684

The United States and the Americas: A Twenty-First Century View
, edited by Albert Fishlow and James Jones. New York, W.W. Norton, 1999. 253 p.
Prepared as background reading for an international conference on the Future of the Western Hemisphere and U.S. National Interests.
Book call no.: 303.4827308 U581

Urban Elections in Democratic Latin America, edited by Henry A. Dietz and Gil Shidlo. Wilmington, DE, Scholarly Resources, 1998. 298 p. (Latin American silhouettes)
Book call no.: 324.98 U72

Ward, John. Latin America: Development and Conflict Since 1945. New York, Routledge, 1997. 127 p.
An economic history embracing social and political themes.
Book call no.: 3330.980033 W259L

What Kind of Democracy? What Kind of Market? Latin America in the Age of Neoliberalism
, edited by Philip D. Oxhorn and Graciela Ducatenzeiler. University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998. 270 p.
Book call no.: 338.98 W555


Addicott, Jeffrey and Roberts, Guy. Building Democracies with Southern Command's Legal Engagement Strategy. Parameters 31:72-84 Spring 2001

Albright, Madeleine. Ensuring Democracy and Prosperity in the Americas. U.S. Department of State Dispatch, pp 1-4, May 1999.
Remarks to the Council of the Americas, Washington, DC, May 4, 1999.

Adelante!: The New Rural Activism in the Americas. NACLA Report on the Americas 33:13-49 March/April 2000.
Issue title with seven related articles.

Balbi, Carmen Rosa and Palmer, David Scott. "Reinventing" Democracy in Peru. Current History 100:65-72 February 2001.
Details discoveries of the Fujimori presidency.

Barczak, Monica. Representation by Consultation? The Rise of Direct Democracy in Latin America. Latin American Politics and Society 43:37-59 Fall 2001.

Becker, David G. Latin America: Beyond "Democratic Consolidation". Journal of Democracy 10:138-151 April 1999.

Beyond Free and Fair Elections, a Civic Deficit. Latin American Weekly Report, pp 332-333, July 18, 2000.
Excerpts from a lecture by political scientist Guillermo O'Donnell arguing that the measure of democracy is more than free elections.

Brysk, Alison. Democratizing Civil Society in Latin America. Journal of Democracy 11, no 3:151-165 July 2000.
Explores the relationship between civil society and democratic society.

Crawley, Andrew. Equality, Poverty, Democracy. The World Today 56:20-22 July 2000.
Generalized assessment of issues facing Latin America in the 21st century.

Ellner, Steve. Latin American Democracy in "Post-Consolidation" Literature: Optimism and Pessimism Latin American Politics and Society 43:127-142 Spring 2001.
Compares five books written on Latin American democracy since 1998 on "the prospects for democracy in Latin America over the past two decades..."

Fuentes, Carlos and Saramago, Jose. Looking at Latin America's Future. New Perspectives Quarterly 16:26-28 Spring 1999.

Good Governance and Globalization: To What Extent are They Compatible? Central America Report 28:1-3 August 24, 2001.

Griffith, Ivelaw. Organized Crime in the Western Hemisphere: Content, Context, Consequences, and Countermeasures. Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 8:1-33 Spring 1999.

Hakim, Peter. Is Latin America Doomed to Failure? Foreign Policy pp 104-119 Winter 1999-2000.
Overview of prospects for progress following the trends toward democratic government and economic reform of the late 1980's and 1990's.

Hakim, Peter. Uneasy Americas. Foreign Affairs 80:46-61 March/April 2001.
Noted problems in hemispheric relations that offer opportunities for U.S. leadership.

How Much Corruption Hinders Growth. Latin American Weekly Report, p 473, October 10, 2000.
Rates countries on a corruption scale.

Kitfield, James. Trouble in the Near Abroad. National Journal 32:162-171 January 15, 2000.
Instability in Latin America - issues facing a new US president.

Latin America's Imperiled Progress. Journal of Democracy 10:33 July 1999.
An introduction to six articles that consider some of the economic and political trends in Latin America and assess recent developments.

Lowenthal, Abraham F. Latin America at the Century's Turn. Journal of Democracy 11, no 2:41-55 April 2000.
"Recent disappointments" about "Latin America's economic and democratic prospects" require "recognition of the region's diversity and a sense of perspective" to improve the region's prospects for future success.

Mainwaring, Scott. The Surprising Resilience of Elected Governments. Journal of Democracy 10:101-114 July 1999.

Martz, John D. Political Parties and Candidate Selection in Venezuela and Colombia. Political Science Quarterly 114:639-659 1999-2000.
"This article is oriented around the role and influence of party leadership in the selection of presidential candidates."

McConnell, Shelley A. Ecuador's Centrifugal Politics. Current History 2001:73-79 February 2001.
Describes achievements of President Gustavo Noboa, ending with a note of caution.

McCoy, Jennifer and Neuman, Laura. Defining the "Bolivarian Revolution": Hugo Chavez's Venezuela. Current History 100:80-85 February 2001.
Explores question - where is Chavez taking Venezuela?

O'Donnell, Guillermo. Reflections on Contemporary South American Democracies. Journal of Latin American Studies 33:599-609 August 2001.
Defines characteristics of democracy and describes how countries measure against his criteria.

Oliver Costilla, Lucio Fernando. The Reconstitution of Power and Democracy in the Age of Capital Globalization. Latin America Perspectives 27:82-104 January 2000.
The theme of this issue is "The Working Class, Democracy, and Justice".

Oxhorn, Philip. From Human Rights to Citizenship Rights?: Recent Trends in the Study of Latin American Social Movements. Latin American Research Review 36, no. 3:163-182 2001.
Review essay.

Pastor, Manuel, Jr. and Wise, Carol. The Politics of Second Generation Reform. Journal of Democracy 10:34-48 July 1999.

Pereida, Anthony and Davis, Diane E. New Patterns of Militarized Violence and Coercion in the Americas. Latin American Perspectives 27:3-17 March 2000.
Introduction to four articles on extra-legal military activities in response to civil disorder.

Paradoxes of the Neo-Liberal Experiment. Latin American Weekly Report, pp 296-297, June 27, 2000.
Theory on the weakness of democracy in much of Latin America.

Politics and Economics of Latin America
, edited by Frank Columbus. Huntington, NY, Nova Science, 2001. 282 p.
Selected readings on current issues.

The Policies of the Mangabeira Group. Latin American Weekly Report, pp 318-319, July 11, 2000.

Ramsey, Russell W. The Democratic Sustainment Course at the U.S. Army School of the Americas. DISAM Journal 22:84-88 Fall 1999.

Roddick, Jacqueline. El Nino, El Viejo and the Global Reshaping of Latin America: Surviving the UNCED Coups. Third World Quarterly 20:771-800 1999.

Romero, Peter F. Current Issues in the Western Hemisphere Region. DISAM Journal 22:54-62 Fall 1999.
Reprint of a statement by the acting Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemispheric Affairs.

Romero, Celina. Pacific Revolution. The World Today, 55,24-25 October 1999.
The election of Hugo Chavez and selected events that followed.

Selbin, Eric. Resistance, Rebellion, and Revolution in Latin America and the Caribbean at the Millennium. Latin American Research Review 36:171-192 Review essay examining questions of democracy and civil society as addressed in six books published between 1997 and 1998.

Schulz, Donald E. The Growing Threat to Democracy in Latin America. Parameters 31:59-71 Spring 2001.

Smulovitz, Catalina and Peruzzotti, Enrique. Societal Accountability in Latin America. Journal of Democracy 11:147-158 October 2000.
Social action as the impetus for government action .

Stewart-Gambino, Hannah W. "Religious Consumers" in a Changing "Religious Marketplace." Latin American Research Review 36:193-206 2001.
Review essay on the "vibrant" field of religion and politics in Latin America.

Vanden, Harry E. and Prevost, Gary. Politics of Latin America: The Power Game. New York, Oxford University Press, 2002. 542 p.

Watson, Cynthia A. Civil-Military Relations in Colombia: A Workable Relationship or a Case for Fundamental Reform? Third World Quarterly 21:529-548 2000.
Author describes consequences of "lack of government legitimacy" with regard to civil-military relations.

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