LEADERSHIP ACCOUNTABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY


June 2006

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

For additional information, see these bibliographies:  "Ethics and the Military" (2004), "Core Values for Military Leadership" (2005), and "Leadership and the Military" (2005).

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability. AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on June 22, 2006.


Internet Resources


FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database.  Air Force Sexual Assault Fallout Will Change All Military Services.  December 07, 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&an=32W3549559403
Reviews the fallout of the sexual assault problems at the U.S. Air Force Academy.  DoD is committed to improving prevention efforts, enhancing support to victims and increasing offender accountability.

Kraines, Gerald.  Accountability Leadership:  How to Strengthen Productivity Through Sound Managerial Leadership.  Franklin Lakes, NJ, Career Press, 2001.  221 p. 
Available online at:   http://www.netlibrary.com/
Access is restricted to AU students through individually created accounts.

Jarecke, George W. and Plant, Nancy K.  Confounded Expectations: The Law's Struggle with Personal Responsibility.  Carbondale, IL, Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.  151 p. 
Available online at:   http://www.netlibrary.com/
Access is restricted to AU students through individually created accounts.

Rehberg, Carl D.  Implications of "Dereliction of Duty".  International Military Ethics Symposium.
Available online at:  http://www.usafa.af.mil/jscope/JSCOPE00/Rehberg00.html

Essay that comments on issues raised in H. R. McMaster's book about leadership, responsibility, and accountability during the Vietnam War.  Essay discusses issues of loyalty, dissent, moral courage, etc.

Tower, Patrick.  An Affair to Remember? International Military Ethics Symposium.
Available online at:  http://www.usafa.af.mil/jscope/Cases/Affair.html

Case study of accountability and responsibility during the Vietnam War involving various officers including Major General John Lavelle.

Wynne:  Integrity First.  Air Force Policy Letter Digest, November 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.af.mil/library/policy/letters/pl2005_11.html
"Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne has set a strong emphasis on both individual and organizational responsibility and accountability as one of his goals for his tenure".


Books


Branden, Nathaniel.  Taking Responsibility:  Self-Reliance and the Accountable Life.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 1996.  255 p.
Book call no.:  158.1 B817t

Cohen, Eliot A.  Obligations of Leadership:  The Khobar Towers Bombing and Its Aftermath.  Washington, DC, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, 1997.  2 vols.
Discusses the investigation of the Dhahran Military Housing Facility bombing in Saudi Arabia in 1996 in terms of command leadership responsibilities and accountability for deficiencies mentioned in the resulting reports.
Book call no.:  303.62509538 C12o pt 1 and pt 2

Concepts for Air Force Leadership, AU-24, edited by Richard I. Lester.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Ira C. Eaker college for Professional Development, 2001.  528 p.
Section Two:  Responsibility, Ethics, Values, and the Code of Conduct.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/au-24/contents.htm
Book call no.:  358.4133041 C744 2001

Bovens, Mark.  The Quest for Responsibility:  Accountability and Citizenship in Complex Organisations.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 1998.  252 p.
Book call no.:  302.35 B783v

Gabriel, Richard A.  To Serve with Honor:  A Treatise on Military Ethics and the Way of the Soldier.  New York, Praeger, 1987.  243 p.
Reprint of a well-known classic that offers chapters on "The Character of the Soldier" and "Loyalty, Obedience, and Dissent".
Book call no.:  174.9355 G118t 1987

Koestenbaum, Peter and Block, Peter.  Freedom and Accountability at Work:  Applying Philosophic Insight to the Real World.  San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer, 2001.  439 p.
Book call no.:  128 K78f

The Leader's Imperative:  Ethics, Integrity, and Responsibility, edited by J. Carl Ficarrotta.  West Lafayette, IN, Purdue University Press, 2001.  313 p.
Book call no.:  355.33041 L4345

McMaster, H. R.  Dereliction of Duty:  Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies That Led to Vietnam.  New York, HarperCollins, 1997.  446 p.
Book call no.:  959.7043373 M167d

Miller, John G.  Qbq!:   The Question Behind the Question:  Practicing Personal Accountability at Work and in Life.  New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2004.  115 p.
Book call no.:  153.83 M648q

Mulgan, R. G.  Holding Power to Account:  Accountability in Modern Democracies. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.  253 p.
Book call no.:  321.8 M956h

Schedler, Andreas and others.  The Self-Restraining State:  Power and Accountability in New Democracies.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999.  395 p.
Book call no.:  352.35 S465

United States.  House of Representatives.  Committee on National Security.  Terrorist Attack Against the United States Military Forces in Dhahran, Saudia Arabia.  Hearing.  104th Congress, 2nd session, September 18, 1996.  Washington, DC, GPO, 1997.  106 p.
Includes the Department of Defense findings and recommendations from the investigation of the incident.  Testimony is given by General John Shalikashvili and General Wayne Downing, head of the Downing Assessment Task Force.  Also includes the House staff report findings on the incident.
Book call no.:  303.62509538 U581t

United States.  Senate.  Committee on Armed Services.  The Bombing of U.S. Military Facilities in Saudi Arabia on June 25, 1996.  Hearing.  104th Congress, 2nd session, July 9th and September 18, 1996.  Washington, DC, GPO, 1997.  154 p.
Testimony is given by William J. Perry, General John Shalikashvili and General Wayne Downing, head of the Downing Assessment Task Force.
Book call no.:  303.62509538 U58b


Documents


Creamer, Robert L. and Seat, James C.  Khobar Towers:  The Aftermath and Implications for Commanders.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1998.  110 p.
Provides background and analysis of the 1996 bombing in Saudi Arabia with emphasis on command decisons and actions prior to the bombing.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA399077
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 C912k

Fogleman, Ronald Robert.  Air Force Standards and Accountability.  Maxwell AFB, AL, United States Air Force, distributed by Air University TV, 1995.  1 videocassette.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42992-239

Frazier, Doris S.  Congress and the Generals:  Precedents for the Lavelle Affair.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, February 1973.
Examines the circumstances surrounding the reliefs from command of three U.S. general officers:  John D. Lavelle (Vietnam), George B. McClellan, and Douglas MacArthur.  Each general faced a professional dilemma when his military judgment of his situation was questioned.

Galloway, Edward E.  Accountability.  Maxwell, AL, Air War College, 1987.  64 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 G174a 

Ginsburg, Gordon.  The Lavelle Case:  Crisis in Integrity.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1974.  154 p.
Discusses the Vietnam War case that questioned legality of certain reports and the integrity and actions of various officers involved including Major General John Lavelle, 7th Air Force Commander.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 G493L

Tillery, Jackie R.  Accountability:  Inconsistent, Situation Dependent, and Subjective.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1997.  35 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA397937.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 T5751a

United States.  Department of Defense.  Personal Accountability for Force Protection at Khobar Towers, by William S. Cohen.  Washington, DC, Department of Defense, 1997.  44 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/khobar
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42215-162

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Military Transformation:  Clear Leadership, Accountability, and Management Tools Are Needed to Enhance DOD's Efforts to Transform Military Capabilities:  Report to Congressional Committees.  Washington, DC, U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2004, 41 p.
Also available online at:   http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436100.
Doc. call no.:   M-U 41026-173 no.05-70 

Ya'ari, Yedidiah.   Military Responsibility.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1988.  33 p.
Doc. call no.:   M-U 41662 Y11m


Periodicals


Bird, Julie.  Accountability Hits Home:  Sixteen, Including Two Generals, Are Targeted in the CT-43 Crash.  Air Force Times  56:12-14 July 29, 1996.

Britt, Thomas W.  Responsibility, Commitment and MoraleMilitary Review  78:77-82 January-February 1998.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=753541

Cantrell, Mark E.  Doctrine of Accountability.  Marine Corps Gazette  82:58-59 November 1998.

Cavallaro, Gina and McHugh, Jane.  Command Gone Bad:  Poor Communications, Riots, Overcrowding Cited at Abu Ghraib.  Army Times  64:8-9 May 17, 2004.
Discusses problems with prisoner treatment by the U.S. miliitary at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq during the second Iraq War.

Davidson, Michael J.  Staff Officer Responsibility for War Crimes.  Military Review 81:2-9 March-April 2001.
Discusses officer responsibilities for World War II actions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=4400223

De Lee, Nigel.  The Case of Colonel Hackworth.  Journal of Military Ethics  3:61-67 January 2004.
Comments on the case of Colonel David Hackworth whose moral indignation at the conduct of the Vietnam War led him to public condemnation of the war and resulted in a premature end of his military career.  Discusses the accusations against him and the reason why most soldiers do not voice dissent.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=12633605

Holtzman, Elizabeth.  Torture and Accountability.  Nation  281:20-24 July 18, 2005.
Presents the author's views on the lack of legal accountability following the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=17478182

Kohn, Dr. Richard H., The Early Retirement of Gen. Ronald R. Fogleman, Chief of Staff, USAFAerospace Power Journal  15:6-23 Spring 2001.
Discusses the reasons for General Fogleman's retirement in 1997 which included several disagreements with Secretary of Defense, Sheila Widnall, over accountability and responsibility issues.  General Schwalier and 1st Lt. Kelly Flinn's cases are mentioned.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj01/spr01/kohn.doc

Krulak, Charles C.  Responsibility, Accountability, and the Zero-Defects Mentality.  Marine Corps Gazette 81:18-19 May 1997.

LaBash, Matt.  Scapegoat:  How a Terrorist Bombing Destroyed a General's (Terryl Schwalier) Career.  Air Force Times  58:12-16 December 8, 1997.
Result of the Dhahran bombing in Saudi Arabia in 1996.

Levie, Howard S.  Command Responsibility.  Journal of Legal Studies  8:1-18 1997-1998.

McHugh, Jane.  Disgraced and Out:  Hearing Finds MPs Mistreated Prisoners in Iraq.  Army Times  64:14-15 January 19, 2004.
Result of the Abu Ghraib prison military mismanagement. 

McMichael, William H.  Higher Standards:  Surface Forces Commander Demands More Discipline, Accountability of Chiefs.  Navy Times  54 :10+ April 11, 2005.

Schmitt, Mike.  Six Cardinal Rules of Accountability in the Era of Core Values.  TIG Brief  48:8-11 January-February 1996.

Stryszak, Michal.  Command Responsibility:  How Much Should a Commander Be Expected to Know?  Journal of Legal Studies  11:27-81 2000-2001.

Watkins, Steven.  Getting Tough.  Air Force Times  56:12-13 August 28, 1995.
Discusses the Air Force stand on holding officers accountable.

Wood, J. A. and Winston, Bruce.  Toward a New Understanding of Leader Accountability:  Defining a Critical Construct.  Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies  3, no.11:84-94 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=892865801&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


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