AFGHANISTAN 2007


May 2007

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on May 11, 2007.



General Information

 

Internet Resources

Afghan Research Newsletter
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=36&Itemid=52
A quarterly newsletter containing up-to-date general information on Afghanistan -- humanitarian efforts, recent laws passed, maps, statistics from the Central Statistics Office (www.cso.gov.af), books published on all aspects of Afghanistan economy.

Afghanistan Maps-PerryCastaneda Map Collection-University of Texas
Available online at:  http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/afghanistan.html
Country, city, historical, thematic maps, e.g. economic.  Links to CIA maps and maps on other websites.

Afghanistan News
Available online at:  http://www.afghana.com/Education/News.htm
Links to Afghan newspapers written in Dari and other Afghan languages.  Audio clips of news.

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit:  Improving Afghan Lives Through Research
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/
Research center with focus on Afghanistan.  Documents section contains:  An unofficial translation of the Afghan Constitution; the Afghanistan Compact (roadmap through 2010 with the international community for the nation-building of Afghanistan).  Other publications of AREU address building the economic markets of Afghanistan and land ownership rights.  Also publishes an annual "A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance" and the quarterly "Afghanistan Research Newsletter".  The "A to Z" guide index lists:  contacts by province; web links of internal and external organizations actively working in Afghanistan; a listing of government officials as of October 2006; and Centers of Afghan study in the U.S.

CIA Maps & Publications - Afghanistan
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/cia-maps-publications/afghanistan.html
Maps of Afghanistan, its districts.

Country Overview.  Afghanistan Country Review, pp 1-5, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=15140315&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

"Presents a profile of Afghanistan.  Description of climate, with average temperatures and annual rainfall statistics; Languages; Religions; Currency; Population of nation, as well as major cities; Description of country, with total area and boundaries.  Maps."

Country Studies - Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/aftoc.html
Profiles of foreign countries maintained by Library of Congress.  The Afghanistan profile offers brief, summarized information on the country’s historical background, geography, society, economy, transportation and telecommunications, government and politics, and national security.  Current political leaders, media outlets detailed.  Additional links to "Portals of the World" for foreign countries.

Culturegrams:  Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=3&wmn=Asia&cid=1&cn=Afghanistan
Details gestures, customs, map, flag, events & trends, etc. of Afghanistan with downloadable files.  Database access on MSFRIC (AU) webpage.

The Embassy of Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://embassyofafghanistan.org
FAQs about Afghanistan, history, women in Afghanistan, audio of Aghan anthem with lyrics.

Europa World Plus:  Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://www.europaworld.com/entry/af
Country database that offers basic information on Afghanistan with links to maps, history, economy, statistics, and government.

Flashpoints:  Guide to World Conflicts.  Afghanistan.
Available online at:  http://www.flashpoints.info/CB-Afghanistan.htm

Has Country Briefing, Issue Briefing, Insight & Analysis, monthly Crisis Update hotlink by conflict area/region.  Includes historical information on conflicts.  First-person journalist accounts.

InfoPlease.Com
Available online at:  http://www.infoplease.com/countries.html
Lists international disputes (conflicts) & history of countries.  Afghanistan information is at  http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107264.html.

Inter Press Service News Agency - Afghan Divide
Available online at:  http://www.ipsnews.net/afghanistan/index.asp
Offers news coverage by region with Afghanistan under Asia-Pacific.  CULTURE hotlink covers women's issues.  RSS feeds available.

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Country Profile:  Afghanistan.  May 2006.
Available online at:  http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Afghanistan.pdf
"The 2006 Afghanistan Compact called for NATO troops to remain through 2010 or until the Afghan armed forces reach their planned troops levels.  In 2006 President Karzai forecast that Afghanistan would need some foreign troops for 10 more years (p 20)."  "Since entering Afghanistan in late 2001, the U.S. military’s Operation Enduring Freedom has pursued its objectives of eliminating Taliban and al Qaeda forces from Afghanistan and providing humanitarian assistance (p 18)."

Press Selection List for Afghan Newspapers.  BBC Monitoring International Reports. 
Available online at:  http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe
Source:  Lexis-Nexis. A daily listing of the state-run and independent newspapers published in Afghanistan.  (Place title "Press Selection List for Afghan..." in search box to find link to article).

Travel.State.gov
Available online at:  http://travel.state.gov/
Site maintained by the United States Dept of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs.  Source for Travel Warnings and Background Notes on countries with political leaders detailed including Afghanistan.

U.S. Department of State.  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs:  Afghanistan Country Page
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/af/
Portion of the U.S. State Department's official site that offers links to background notes on basic Afghanistan country information, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, human rights, and maps.

Voice of America
Available online at:  http://www.voanews.com/english/portal.cfm
Links to websites in languages of which it broadcasts, some of the 48 languages spoken in Afghanistan are Dari, Azerbaijani, Pashto.  See 'Select a Language" drop down menu for languages.  Internal search engine also available.

World Factbook
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html
Published by Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.  2007 edition downloadable at site.  Sections on languages spoken in country, military, Tier rank for trafficking of persons, exchange rates, maps, etc.  The information on Afghanistan is at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html.


Books

Afghanistan, edited by Edward Girardet and Jonathan Walter.  2nd ed.  Geneva, Switzerland, Crosslines Publications, 2004.  544 p.
Provides overviews on aid and recovery, security and keeping the peace, human rights, landmines, ethnic and tribal composition, twenty years of U.S. policy, and the situation of women.  Also offers infobriefs on a variety of topics such as aid Post-Taliban, culture, children, economics as well as sections on travel, clothing, NGOs, etc.
Book call no.:  958.1046 A257 2004

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit.  The A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance, edited by Anja Havedal.  5th ed.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU), November 2006.  228 p.
Lists - contacts by province in Afghanistan; web links of internal and external organizations that are actively working in Afghanistan; a listing of government officials as of October 2006; Centers of Afghan study in the U.S.  The Documents section contains - an unofficial translation of the Afghan Constitution; the Afghanistan Compact (roadmap through 2010 with the international community for the nation-building of Afghanistan).
Also available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=17
Book call no.:  320.9581 A111

Amnesty International.  Afghanistan Addressing the Past to Secure the Future.  London, Amnesty International, April 7, 2005.  10p.
Offers recommendations for donors to assist in human rights, democracy, peace-building, and stability of Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA110032005
Book call no.:  958.1047 A2572

Area Handbook for Afghanistan.  Afghanistan:  A Country Study, edited by Richard F. Nyrop and Donald M. Seekins.  Washington, American University.  Foreign Area Studies, 1986.  408 p.
"Research completed January 1986."
Book call no.:  910 A678 Afg

Encyclopedia of World Constitutions, edited by Gerhard Robbers.  New York, Facts On File, 2007.  3 vols.
Afghanistan in volume one.
Book call no.:  342.02 E56

The Europa World Year Book 2006, edited by Joanne Maher and others.  47th ed.  New York, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2006.  2 vols.
Volume One - Afghanistan pp 447-471.  Statistical surveys of country.  Lists of airlines, industries, industrial trade associations, trade unions, banks, chamber of commerce, publishers, exchange rate.  Provides a list of 20 periodicals published in Afghanistan such as Aamu, Cinema, Farda, and Kabul Weekly.  Lists news agencies including - Afghan Islamic Press, Ariana Press Agency, and Pajhwok Afghan News.  Offers a list of political organizations, directory of government officials, a history of country, and public holidays.  Also provides a listing of over 1,900 International Organizations, such as the United Nation's commissions, and a listing of international telephone codes.
Book call no.:  R 940.503 E892

International Handbook of Universities and Other Institutions of Higher Education.  15th ed.  Paris, International Association of Universities, 1998. 
Lists universities of Afghanistan.  1vol.
Book call no.:  378.058 I611

Jane's International Defence Directory, edited by Peter Partridge.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  1524 p.
Product-Supplier Link details the supplier country and to whom it sells specific products.  "Contact Reference" lists the head of state, official contacts such as the Ministry of Defence, contacts for foreign embassies located in countries, etc.  No phone numbers for Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  R 355.6212025 J33

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment:  South Asia.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  659 p.
Offers a seventy page report on Afghanistan with information on the security, infrastructure, demography, internal and external affairs, defence spending, and details on the armed forces structure, equipment, and strengths.
Book call no.:  R 954 J33 Iss. 18 2006

Jones, Ann.  Kabul in Winter:  Life Without Peace in Afghanistan.  New York, Metropolitan, 2006.  321 p.
Book call no.:  958.104 J76k

The Middle East and South Asia, by Malcolm B. Russell.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2006.  272 p.
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, pp 195-204.  Provides information on the recent history including the events following September 11, 2001 and the return of the Taliban.  Also discusses the challenge of opium and the economy.
Book call no.:  R 915 C635m 40th ed. 2006

Misra, Amalendu.  Afghanistan:  Labyrinth of Violence.  Malden, MA, Polity Press, 2004.  219 p.
Offers chapters on the ethnic rivalry, radical islam, poppy and the economy, and the reconstruction efforts.
Book call no.:  958.1046 M678a

South Asia 2007.  4th ed.  London, Europa Publications, 2006.  686 p.  (Europa Regional Surveys of the World)
Afghanistan pp 67-113.  Offers general information on history, economy, current political parties and government agencies, international reconstruction efforts, foreign embassies with addresses, publishing and broadcasting industry listings of companies/periodicals/newspapers/telecommunications, religious leaders and a bibliography of recommended books.  Other:  "Who's Who of South Asia"; Research Institutes studying South Asia, specifically AREU (Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit) for Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  R 954.053 S726

The Statesman's Year-Book, edited by Barry Turner.  London, Palgrave, 2006.  1 vol.
"Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world."  Offers information on international organizations, political leaders, embassies, etc. and individual sections for each country.
Afghanistan, pp 81-85.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Ghufran, Nasreen.  Afghanistan in 2006:  The Complications of Post-Conflict Transition.  Asian Survey 47:87-98 January-February 2006.
Afghanistan began 2006  "with the functioning of a democratically elected Parliament...  Development and reconstruction have continued at a slow pace.  Security has sharply deteriorated, and the Taliban insurgency has become more violent in spite of the enlarged International Security Assistance Force.  Opium has increased to record levels, leading to a boom in the drug trade."

Jalali, Ali A.  The Future of Afghanistan.  Parameters 36:4-19 Spring 2006.
Discusses the governance, security issues and threats, coalition forces and ISAF, counter-narcotics, development, and regional dynamics.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19887049&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Starr, S. Frederick.  A Partnership for Central Asia.  Foreign Affairs 84:164-178 July-August 2005.
Focuses on developments made in Afghanistan since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001.  Improvements in security within the country; Economic improvements within Afghanistan; Review of how Afghanistan's National Assembly has ratified a constitution; Elections held in Afghanistan; Influence of a successful reconstruction of Afghanistan in Central Asia; Analysis of issues that continue to plague Afghanistan, including ongoing raids in the south; Complications surrounding the opium trade in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17327853&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Culture and Customs -- General

 

Internet Resources

Afghanistan News
Available online at:  http://www.afghana.com/Education/News.htm
Links to Afghan newspapers written in Dari and other Afghan languages.  Audio clips of news.

Afghanistan's Web Site
Available online at:  http://www.afghanistans.com/
Links to newspapers.  Afghan proverbs, Dari and Pashto alphabets, currency converter, Afghan music.

Country Overview.  Afghanistan Country Review, pp 1-5 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=15140315&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Presents a profile of Afghanistan. Description of climate, with average temperatures and annual rainfall statistics; Languages; Religions; Currency; Population of nation, as well as major cities; Description of country, with total area and boundaries. Maps."

Social Overview.  Afghanistan Country Review, pp 91-113 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=19651468&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Books

Culturegrams.  Orem, UT, CultureGrams, 2007.  2 vols.
Consists of a number of briefing papers on culture arranged by country from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.  "In partnership with Brigham Young University."  Includes bibliographical references.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/dbases.htm#culturegrams
Book call no.:  R 910 C968 2007 vols 1 & 2

Afghanistan:  Essential Field Guides Afghanistan, edited by Edward Girardet and Jonathan Walter.  Geneva, Switzerland, Crosslines Communications Ltd, 1998.  524 p.  (Essential Field Guides to Humanitarian and Conflict Zones)
"Compiled by some of the region's most experienced journalists .. offers key information and insights, from religion to drug trafficking, political agenda to media contacts, landmine clearance to the environment, and practical pointers on how to work and travel in the country."--Book Jacket.  A 2003 net version of a travel guide to Kabul is at http://www.kabulguide.net/kbl-printguide.htm.  Other travel information for hotels available at http://www.yellowpages.com.af/.
Book call no.:  958.1046 A257

Dehghani, Yavar.  Farsi (Persian) Phrasebook.  Oakland, CA, Lonely Planet, 2001.  256 p.
English and Persian.
Book call no.:  491.55 D322f

Dresser, Norine.  Multicultural Manners:  Essential Rules of Etiquette for the 21st Century.  Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.  284 p.
"The book features completely updated etiquette guidelines with special emphasis on post-September 11 culture clashes as well as a brand-new section that demystifies unfamiliar cultures in the news.  Norine Dresser identifies key cross-cultural hot spots and suggests methods that foster respect for diversity."-Book Jacket.  Afghans p 220.
Book call no.:  395  D773m

Khan, Qazi Rahimullah and Ogden H. L.  Introduction to Pushtu:  An Official Language of Afghanistan Romanized.  New York, Hippocrene Books, 2002.  343 p.
Book call no.:  491.59382 K12i

The Legacy of Jihad:  Islamic Holy War and the Fate of Non-Muslims, edited by Andrew G. Bostom.  Amerst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2005.  759 p.
Depicts Islam's justification for jihad and its worldwide impact that extended over thirteen centuries of war.  Quotations from the Qu'ran, the Hadith, along with Qu'ranic exegesis by classical and modern commentators provide a rationale for jihad - disproving the argument that only through radical misinterpretation has jihad war been justified.  Classical writings from Muslim jurists, theologians and twentieth-century scholars provide a description of jihad's influence.  Extensive primary and secondary source materials.  Finally, the book examines how jihad war, as a permanent and uniquely Islamic institution, ultimately regulates the relations of Muslims with non-Muslims to this day."--Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  297.72 L496

Marine Corps Institute.  Afghanistan:  An Introduction to the Country and People.  Washington, Marine Corps Institute, 2003.  67 p.
"With United States involvement in Afghanistan, knowledge of the country is imperative.  This "handbook" explains a number of basic issues that should be in the knowledge "toolbox" of a Marine working with Afghanis or deployed to the country."
Book call no.:  958.1047 A2571

Mazahiri Kalahrudi, Asghar.  Farhang-i lughat va istilahat-i fanni nizami:  Ingilisi-Farsi:  vizhan-i niru-yi daryayi, havayi, zamini.  Tihran:  Mu'assasah-i Intisharat-i Amir Kabir, 1383 (2004 or 2005).  734 p.
English and Persian language book.
Book call no.:  355.003 M475f

Miandji, Anooshirvan M.  Farsi-English/English-Farsi (Persian).  New York, Hippocrene Books, 2003.  413 p.
Book call no.:  491.55 M618f

Nivat, Anne.  The Wake of War:  Encounters with the People of Iraq and Afghanistan.  Boston, MA, Beacon Press, 2005.  304 p.
Part II:  In Afghanistan, after the U.S. Military Victory of December 2001, pp 155-279.
Book call no.:  956.704431 N734w

Pazira, Nelofer.  A Bed of Red Flowers:  In Search of My Afghanistan.  New York, Free Press, 2005.  408 p.
"The picnic of the red flower is a traditional time of celebration for Afghans."  Discusses the history of Afghanistan from the mid-1970s to present through the author recollections and observations.
Book call no.:  958.104 P348b

Penzl, Herbert.  A Grammar of Pashto:  A Descriptive Study of the Dialect of Kandahar, Afghanistan.  Washington, American Council of Learned Societies, 1955.  169 p.
A grammar of the Kandahar dialect of the Pushtu language of Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  491.5 P419g

Powers, Robert F. and Sahebi, Mir Abdul Zahir.  English-Dari Phrasebook for Aid Workers.  Seattle, Rodnik Publishing Company, 2006.  535 p.
Book call no.:  491.56321 P888e

Raverty, Henry George.  A Grammar of the Pukhto, Pushto, or Language of the Afghans:  In Which the Rules Are Illustrated by Examples from the Best Writers Both Poetical and Prose Together with Translations from the Articles of War and Remarks on the Language, Literature, and Descent of the Afghan Tribes.  New Delhi, India, Asian Educational Services, 2005.  204 p.
Originally published in 1859.  English and Pushto - two of the major languages of the Afghan nation.
Book call no.:  491.5935 R254g

South Asian Folklore:  An Encyclopedia:  Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, edited by Margaret A. Mills and others.  New York, Routledge, 2003.  710 p.
"With 600 signed, alphabetically organized articles covering the entirety of folklore in South Asia, this new resource includes countries and regions, ethnic groups, religious concepts and practices, artistic genres, holidays and traditions, and many other concepts." -- Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  398.095 Sou

Wahab, Shaista.  Beginner's Dari with Audio CD.  New York, Hippocrene Books, 2006.  177 p.
Book call no.:  491.5682421 W136b

Wightwick, Jane and others.  Your First 100 Words in Pashto:  Pashto for Total Beginners Through Puzzles and Games.  New York, McGraw-Hill, 2003.  64 p.
"Features flash cards and pronunciation tips!"--Cover.  Pushto language of Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  491.59381 Y81

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, edited by Timothy L. Gall.  Detroit, Gale, 1998.  4 vols.
Book call no.:  R 305.8003 W927


Document

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Islamic Religious Schools, Madrasas:  Background, by Christopher M. Blanchard.  Washington, CRS, February 10, 2005.  6 p.
Education in Afghanistan.  Updated on an irregular basis.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS21654.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.04-RS21654


Periodicals

Dodikhudoeva, Leyla.  The Tajik Language and the Socio-Linguistic Situation in the Mountainous Badakhshan.  Iran & The Caucasus 8:281-288 2004.
"Presents information on the Tajik language and the socio-linguistic situation in Badakhshan, Afghanistan.  Types of languages spoken by the Badakhshan population; History of the Tajik literary language; Importance of the Tajik language in the education policy of the country."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15902865&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Solomon, Andrew.  An Awakening after the Taliban.  New York Times 151:(section 2, p 1) March 10, 2002.
Focuses on a resurgence in Afghan arts following the capitulation of the Taliban government.  Exuberance of the artistic community in Kabul; Popularity of television among Afghans; Impact of the Taliban restrictions on arts on painters, calligraphers, poets and others; Operations of Afghan Films; Appreciation of Afghans for both traditional and popular music.

Waldman, Amy.  Afghan Poets Revive a Literary Tradition.  New York Times 151:B6 December 16, 2001.
Talks about the literary tradition of Afghanistan being revived by Afghan poets of the Herat Literary Association.


Multimedia

Afghan Stories.  United States, Vanguard Cinema, 2002.  1 videodisc.
Originally released as a television program, the film exposes the life experiences of ordinary people in the aftermath of 24 years of tyranny and war.  "The new generation, who have never known peace, remain hopeful and dream of a future living in prosperity and peace."
DVD call no.:  958.104  A257

LearnPashto.  London, Eurotalk Interactive, 2003.
One computer disc.  Talk Now series.  "Essential words and phrases for absolute beginners"--Container.  System requirements:  Windows 98/2000/ME/XP or Mac OS (recommended)
CD-ROM call no.:  491.59383421 L438



Culture and Customs -- Women

 

Internet Resources

Culturegrams:  Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=3&wmn=Asia&cid=1&cn=Afghanistan
Details gestures, customs, map, flag, events & trends, etc. of Afghanistan with downloadable files.  Subscription database accesssible on the MSFRIC webpage to Air University students.

Inter Press Service News Agency
Available online at:  http://www.ipsnews.net/
News coverage by region:  Afghanistan under Asia-Pacific.  CULTURE hotlink covers women's issues.  RSS feeds.

State Dept.:  Georgetown University to Partner in Afghanistan Outreach.  US Fed News Service, p 1, December 4, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1173972081&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

U.S. State Department - Fact Sheet:  U.S. Commitment to Women in Afghanistan.  January 3, 2006.  1 p.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/wi/rls/58651.htm
Portion of the U.S. State Department's official site that offers links to background notes on basic country information, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, human rights, and maps.


Books

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit.  Who Owns the Farm?  Rural Women's Access to Land and Livestock, by Jo Grace.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU), February 2005.  37 p.  (Working Paper Series)
Also available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=&task=doc_download&gid=182
Book call no.:  338.1082 G729w

Nation-Building Unraveled?  Aid, Peace and Justice in Afghanistan, edited by Antonio Donini and others.  Bloomfield, CT, Kumarian Press, 2004.  236 p.
Written primarily by individuals who have been directly involved with the international political, assistance, and human rights activities in Afghanistan post-September 11th. Offers eleven essays on the politics of peace-building, the situation of Afghan women, and politics and humanitarianism in Afghanistan after September 11, 2001.
Book call no.:  958.1046 N277


Periodical

Castillo, Daniel Del.  Kabul University Open, Taking Women.  Chronicle of Higher Education 47:1 July 27, 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4891541&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Multimedia

Daughters of Afghanistan.  Beverly Hills, CA, Take 3 Productions Inc. in association with Radio Canada and Le Reseau De L'informtion, 2004.  1 Videodisc, 58 min.
Interviews with Dr. Sima Samar, Nasrine Gross, and Habibi Serabi; commentary by Sally Armstrong.  A documentary chronicling the struggle for women's rights in Post-Taliban Afghanistan.  Award-winning journalist and UNICEF representative Sally Armstrong witnesses heroic women fighting for the cause, and the powerful forces that threaten their freedom.
DVD call no.:  305.4209581 D238



Economic Aspects

 

Internet Resources

Afghan Research Newsletter
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=36&Itemid=52
A quarterly newsletter containing up-to-date general information on Afghanistan:  humanitarian efforts, recent laws passed, maps, statistics from the Central Statistics Office (www.cso.gov.af), books published on all aspects of Afghanistan economy.

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit:  Improving Afghan Lives Through Research
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/
Research center with focus on Afghanistan.  Documents section contains:  An unofficial translation of the Afghan Constitution; the Afghanistan Compact (roadmap through 2010 with the international community for the nation-building of Afghanistan).  Other publications of AREU address building the economic markets of Afghanistan and land ownership rights.  Also publishes an annual "A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance" and the quarterly "Afghanistan Research Newsletter". 


Books

The A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance, edited by Anja Havedal.  5th ed.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU), November 2006.  228 p.
Lists - contacts by province in Afghanistan; web links of internal and external organizations that are actively working in Afghanistan; a listing of government officials as of October 2006; Centers of Afghan study in the U.S.  The Documents section contains - an unofficial translation of the Afghan Constitution; the Afghanistan Compact (roadmap through 2010 with the international community for the nation-building of Afghanistan).
Also available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=17
Book call no.:  320.9581 A111

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit.  Who Owns the Farm?  Rural Women's Access to Land and Livestock by Jo Grace.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU), February 2005.  37 p.  (Working Paper Series)
Also available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=&task=doc_download&gid=182
Book call no.:  338.1082 G729w

Paramonov, Vladimir and Strokov, Alexey.  The Economic Reconstruction of Afghanistan and the Role of Uzbekistan.  Camberley, Surrey, Great Britain, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, June 2006.  13 p.
Book call no.:  337.5810587 P222e

South Asia 2007.  4th ed.  London, Europa Publications, 2006.  686 p.  (Europa Regional Surveys of the World)
Afghanistan pp 67-113.  Offers general information on history, economy, current political parties and government agencies, international reconstruction efforts, foreign embassies with addresses, publishing and broadcasting industry listings of companies/periodicals/newspapers/telecommunications/outlets, religious leaders and a bibliography of recommended books.  Other:  "Who's Who of South Asia"; Research Institutes studying South Asia, specifically AREU (Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit) for Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  R 954.053 S726

United Nations.  Office on Drugs and Crime.  The Opium Economy in Afghanistan:  An International Problem.  2nd ed.  New York, United Nations, 2003.  222 p.
Book call no.:  363.4509581 O61


Document

Taylor, Lowry.  The Nexus of Terrorism and Drug Trafficking in the Golden Crescent:  Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 15, 2006.  26 p.
"As the region's core state, how Afghanistan builds a strong political and security framework by eliminating safe havens for terrorists and narco-traffickers is critical for regional stability.  Examines Afghanistan's narcotics problem; increases in opium poppy production and price after the fall of the Taliban; and the relationship between drug trafficking, the insurgency, government control of poppy cultivating areas".  Offers analysis of the evolving Afghan national drug control strategy.  Proposes a balanced, regional, and long-term counter narcotics strategy for Afghanistan.-- Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449213
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 T243n


Periodicals

Giustozzi, Antonio.  War and Peace Economies of Afghanistan's Strongmen.  International Peacekeeping 14:75-89 January 2007.

Koehler, Jan and Zuercher, Christoph.  Statebuilding, Conflict and Narcotics in Afghanistan:  A View from Below.  International Peacekeeping 14:62-74 January 2007.
Reviews the relations between statebuilding efforts and the drug economy.



Foreign Relations -- General

 

Books

Grare, Frederic.  Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations in the Post-9/11 Era.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, October 2006.  19 p.
"Continuing regional violence and the resurgence of the Taliban threatens to undermine the fragile peace between Afghanistan and Pakistan -- two states torn between unnecessary cooperation in the War on Terror and tense disputes over territory and the influence of Islamic constituencies.  How has the relationship between these two regional powers changed since the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States, and what roles can we expect them to play in the future?"
Also available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/cp72%5Fgrare%5Ffinal.pdf
Book call no.:  327.54910581 G766p

Hilali, A. Z.  US-Pakistan Relationship:  Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  304 p.
"Hilali provides a study into the US-Pakistan partnership under the Reagan administration.  The book explores the causes of Pakistan's involvement in the Afghanistan war and the United States' support to prevent Soviet adventurism.  It shows that Pakistan was the principal channel through which assistance was provided to Afghan freedom fighters and it provided access to its military bases to use against the Soviet Union."  Reviews the consequences of the war on Pakistan and evaluates the role of Pakistan as a key partner in the global coalition against terrorism.--Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  327.7305491 H641u

Paramonov, Vladimir and Strokov, Alexey.  The Economic Reconstruction of Afghanistan and the Role of Uzbekistan.  Camberley, Surrey, Great Britain, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, June 2006.  13 p.
Book call no.:  337.5810587 P222e


Document

Hussain, Khawar.  Pakistan's Afghanistan Policy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2005.  87 p. (Thesis, MA)
"Thesis analyzes Pakistan's Afghanistan policy from 1947 to 2001. It recommends Pakistan's effective engagement with Afghanistan.  While Pakistan protects its legitimate security interests, it must refrain from actively interfering in Afghanistan's political future.  Recommends that the United States should remain engaged in Afghanistan to stabilize the region, assist with the reconstruction of Afghanistan, ensure non interference of regional actors, and finally help settle the Durand Line issue once and for all."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435525
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 H972p


Multimedia

Corcoran, Mark and Ali, Ashraf.  Afghanistan:  Exporting the Taliban Revolution.  Princeton, NJ, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 1999.  1 videocassette, 24 min.
Takes a firsthand look at the results and implications of the escalating tensions between Afghanistan and its neighbors.  Discusses the Taliban, Shiites, Jihad, and Afghanistan politics from 1973 to 1999.
Video call no.:  958.1046 A2571

On the Trail of Bin Laden.  Falls Church, VA, Landmark Films, 2004.  1 Videodisc, 52 min.
Retraces the trail taken by Osama Bin Laden since the start of the American offensive in October, 2001, in an effort to understand how Bin Laden has eluded capture since the 9/11 attacks.  Follows Bin Laden's path from Jalalabad, Afghanistan, the city where he had set up his headquarters, into the mountains of Tora Bora.  Also investigates reported sightings of Bin Laden in the Pakistani cities of Karachi, Quetta, and Peshawar and in the tribal areas along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.  Investigates ways in which the Pakistani authorities are sheltering not only the Taliban but also certain members of Al Qaeda.
DVD call no.:  322.42091767 O58



Foreign Relations -- United States (General)

 
See also the section on Security and Defense--United States.

Internet Resources

Embassy of the United States Kabul Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://afghanistan.usembassy.gov/
Site managed by the U. S. Dept of State.  Press releases from the Department of Defense, U. S. Embassy personnel, including current American Ambassador to Afghanistan, immigrant Visa information.

Ending Afghanistan's Civil War, by James Dobbins.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, March 2007.  11 p.
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/2007/RAND_CT276.pdf
Recommendations to help the United States achieve success in its nation-building coalition in Afghanistan, including more pressure on Pakistan.  States most insurgents in Pakistan are Pashtuns who support the Taliban.

GlobalSecurity.org
Available online at:  http://globalsecurity.org
Under the "Military" section and subsections (Countries, Operations, etc.) offers information on:
Afghanistan in general -- http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/afghanistan/index.html,
Operation Enduring Freedom -- http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/enduring-freedom_deploy.htm.
and various reports such as the 2006 National Security Advisory Group report  "The U.S. Military under Strain and at Risk" at  http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/2006/us-military_nsag-report_01252006.pdf.

Legal Lessons Learned from Afghanistan and Iraq.  Charlottesville, VA, United States Army.  Center for Law and Military Operation.  Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School, August 2004.  2 vols.
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/clamo-v1.pdf  and  http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/clamo-v2.pdf
Volume 1 - Major Combat Operations (11 September 2001 - May 1, 2003)
Volume 2 - Full Spectrum Operations (2 May 2003 - 30 June 2004)

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan:  Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy.  Washington, CRS, January 11, 2007. 
Available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL30588.pdf
On p 18, referring to U.S.  troops, of the "approximately 8,000 U. S. forces that will remain under direct U. S. command.  Many will continue to conduct “counter-terrorism” combat against Al Qaeda, Taliban, and other militant formations throughout Afghanistan (“Operation Active Endeavor”)".  Explains the continuing OEF coalition efforts of the American forces.

United States.  Department of Defense.  American Forces Information Service.
Available online at:  http://defenselink.mil/afis

A searchbox entry of "Afghanistan" at the link "DoD News--Briefing Slides" will display the latest OSD News Release or position statement regarding Afghanistan.  Photos, slides, transcripts, radio, Early Bird, Stars and Stripes, and other reports are downloadable at the site.  Links to the American Services Radio and Television Service with audio briefings, the Pentagon Channel, and Defense Visual Information Center--that has multimedia.

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Global War on Terrorism:  Observations on Funding, Costs, and Future Commitments.  Washington, GAO, July 18, 2006.  23 p.
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06885t.pdf

Includes Afghanistan reconstruction and stabilization programs.

U.S. State Department:  Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/af/
Portion of the U. S. State Department's official site that offers links to background notes on basic country information, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, human rights, and maps.

Winning in Afghanistan:  How to Face the Rising Threat, by Anthony H. Cordesman and Arleigh A. Burke.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 12, 2006.  71 p.
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/061212_afghanistan.pdf


Books

Hilali, A. Z.  US-Pakistan Relationship:  Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  304 p.
"Hilali provides a study into the US-Pakistan partnership under the Reagan administration.  The book explores the causes of Pakistan's involvement in the Afghanistan war and the United States' support to prevent Soviet adventurism.  It shows that Pakistan was the principal channel through which assistance was provided to Afghan freedom fighters and it provided access to its military bases to use against the Soviet Union."  Reviews the consequences of the war on Pakistan and evaluates the role of Pakistan as a key partner in the global coalition against terrorism.--Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  327.7305491 H641u

Lal, Rollie.  Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors:  Security and Commerce at the Crossroads.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2006.  44 p.
Afghanistan, pp 19-22 with the "U.S. Role" on p 22.
Book call no.:  327.7305 L193c

Rothstein, Hy S.  Afghanistan and the Troubled Future of Unconventional Warfare.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2006.  218 p.
Discusses the performance of the U.S. forces in Afghanistan and what it says "about the United States' ability to wage war against enemies that do not engage us on a conventional battlefield or in an orthodox manner."
Book call no.:  355.0218 R847a

U.S. Foreign Policy Toward the Third World:  A Post-Cold War Assessment, edited by Jürgen Rüland and others.  Armonk, NY, M. E. Sharpe, 2006.  269 p.
The Revival of Geopolitics:  U.S. Politics in Afghanistan and Central Asia.
Book call no.:  327.7301724 U581

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Afghanistan:  Continuing Challenges.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, May 12, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  73 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57720
Book call no.:  958.1047 U58aa


Documents

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Afghanistan Drug Control:  Despite Improved Efforts, Deteriorating Security Threatens Success of U.S., by David Gootnick.  Washington, GAO, November 2006.  46 p.
"To combat the drug trade, the U.S. Government developed a counternarcotics strategy consisting of five pillars -- alternative livelihoods, elimination and eradication, interdiction, law enforcement and justice, and public information."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA458210
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.07-78

Gerard, David T.  Strategic Re-Appraisal of Democratic Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 18, 2005.  18 p.  (Thesis, M.S.)
"What are the prospects for democratic Afghanistan?  This paper will attempt to answer those questions by providing an updated strategic appraisal of Afghanistan and recommendations for US strategy in the region."--Abstract from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432393
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G356s

Hussain, Khawar.  Pakistan's Afghanistan Policy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2005.  87 p.  (Thesis, MA)
"Analyzes Pakistan's Afghanistan policy from 1947 to 2001 with recommendations for both Pakistan and the U.S. effective engagement with Afghanistan.  While Pakistan protects its legitimate security interests, it must refrain from actively interfering in Afghanistan's political future.  Recommends that the United States should remain engaged in Afghanistan to stabilize the region, assist with the reconstruction of Afghanistan, ensure non interference of regional actors, and finally help settle the Durand Line issue once and for all."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435525
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 H972p

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan:  Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy, by Kenneth Katzman.  Washington, CRS, November 3, 2006.  54 p.
Report updated periodically at Federation of American Scientists homepage.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30588.pdf (February 14, 2007 edition)
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL30588

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction:  Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress, by Rhoda Margesson.  Washington, CRS, September 20, 2002.  19 p.
Report is updated on an irregular basis.
Also available online at:  http://www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/RL31355.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.02-RL31355

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan, Tsunami Relief, and Other Activities, by Amy Belasco and Larry Q. Nowels.  Washington, CRS, May 12, 2005.  64 p.
Also available online at:  http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/crs//data/2005/upl-meta-crs-7431/RL32783_2005May12.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RL32783

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations:  Issues of U.S. Military Involvement, by Nina M. Serafino.  Washington, CRS, July 13, 2006.  20 p.
Refers to Afghanistan operations throughout the report.  Report is updated on an irregular basis; updated report at above link.
Also available online at:  http://www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/RL33557.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL33557

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations:  Issues of U.S. Military Involvement, by Nina M. Serafino.  Washington, CRS, March 27, 2006.  19 p.
Refers throughout to Afghanistan.  Report updated on an irregular basis.
Also available online at:  http://www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/IB94040.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-8 no.94040

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. and Coalition Military Operations in Afghanistan:  Issues for Congress, by Andrew Feickert.  Washington, CRS, June 9, 2006.  15 p.
Also available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL33503.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL33503

Roe, Andrew M.  A Contemporary "Blueprint" for North Atlantic Treaty Organization Provisional Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan?:  A Monograph.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College.  School of Advanced Military Studies, May 25, 2006.  66 p.
"Provides an overview of Afghanistan's recent history, reviews the contemporary causes of internal instability, describes the international response to this instability, and analyses three existing approaches to PRTs -- those of the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.  It also identifies and evaluates a number of PRT tactical and operational lessons learned.  Concludes by combining lessons learned into a recommended PRT "blueprint." --Abstract from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450610
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R698c

Taylor, Lowry.  The Nexus of Terrorism and Drug Trafficking in the Golden Crescent:  Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 15, 2006.  26 p.
"As the region's core state, how Afghanistan builds a strong political and security framework by eliminating safe havens for terrorists and narco-traffickers is critical for regional stability.  Examines Afghanistan's narcotics problem; increases in opium poppy production and price after the fall of the Taliban; and the relationship between drug trafficking, the insurgency, and government control of poppy cultivating areas.  Offers analysis of the evolving Afghan national drug control strategy.  Proposes a balanced, regional, and long-term counter narcotics strategy for Afghanistan."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449213
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 T243n

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Afghanistan Security:  Efforts to Establish Army and Police Have Made Progress, but Future Plans Need to Be Better Defined:  Report to the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives.  Washington, GAO, June 2005.  48 p.  (GAO-05-575 report)
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05575.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.05-575


Periodical

Rubin, Barnett R.  Saving Afghanistan.  Foreign Affairs 86:57-78 January-February 2007.
Analyzes the United States' position in Afghanistan, the history of its involvement with Afghanistan and Pakistan back to the Cold War, and the U.S. policy toward the Taliban.  Insight into the terrorist network development in Afghanistan discussed (p 62).  "Contemptuous of nation building and wary of mission creep, the Bush administration entered Afghanistan determined to strike al Qaeda, unseat the Taliban, and then move on, providing only basic humanitarian aid and support for a new Afghan army.  Just as it had in the 1980s, the United States picked Afghan allies based exclusively on their willingness to get rid of U.S. enemies, rather than on their capacity to bring stability and security to the state."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23521761&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Global War on Terrorism

 

Internet Resources

CSBA:  Thinking Smarter about Defense.  Washington, The Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA), 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.csbaonline.org/2006-1/index.shtml
Downloadable reports on Defense Budget and Strategic Studies with cost analyses.  Mission statement:  "The Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments is an independent, non-partisan policy research institute established to promote innovative thinking and debate about national security strategy and investment options.  CSBA's goal is to enable policymakers to make informed decisions in matters of strategy, security policy and resource allocation."--web page.  A search with the subject of "Afghanistan" will produce reports on GWOT, new force structure and strategies for the war in Afghanistan (OEF).

Implementing GWOT Strategy:  Overcoming Interagency Problems, by Michael Vickers.  The Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CBSA), 2006.  7 p.
Available online at:  http://www.csbaonline.org/4Publications/PubLibrary/T.20060315.Implementing GWOT/T.20060315.ImplementingGWOT.pdf
Report clarifies the responsibilities within the DoD for the GWOT strategy.  The OEF in Afghanistan is one leg of the GWOT strategy.


Books

Clarke, Richard A.  Defeating the Jihadists:  A Blueprint for Action:  The Report of a Task Force.  New York, Century Foundation Press, 2004.  172 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip052/2004025180.html (Table of Contents only).
Book call no.:  363.32516 D3131

Collateral Damage:  The Psychological Consequences of America's War on Terrorism, edited by Paul R. Kimmel and Chris E. Stout.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2006.  203 p.
Chapter 10 - The Impact of U.S. Anti-Terrorism Interventions on Terrorist Motivation:  Preliminary Research in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Book call no.:  973.931 C6971

International Cooperation in Counter-Terrorism:  The United Nations and Regional Organizations in the Fight Against Terrorism, edited by Giuseppe Nesi.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2006.  313 p.
Contains proceedings of a meeting held at the University of Trento on 27 and 28 May 2004.
Book call no.:  345.02 I615

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  618 p.
Lists active terrorist groups in Afghanistan with key facts:  biographies of leaders, weapons used, activities of group, rival groups, area of operation.
Book call no.:  364.1 J33

United States.  Congress.  House.  Armed Services Committee.  HASC Committee Defense Review Report.  Washington, HASC, December 2006.  127 p.
Addresses the full range of defense issues affecting the U.S. with Committee recommendations to improve capabilities.  States on p. 58 that "While the United States intends to withdraw U.S. Armed Forces from Afghanistan and Iraq, as conditions in those nations permit, the current level of U.S. military commitment to GWOT (i.e., operations in support of the worldwide effort) will persist indefinitely."
Book call no.:  355.033073 C734


Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan and other Global War on Terror Operations since 9/11, by Amy Belasco.  Washington, CRS, September 22, 2006.  40 p.
Report is updated on an irregular basis.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/68791.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL33110

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. Military Operations in the Global War on Terrorism:  Afghanistan, Africa, the Philippines, and Colombia, by Andrew Feickert.  Washington, CRS, August 26, 2005.  28 p.
Updated on an irregular basis.  Latest update linked online above.
Also available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL32758.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32758

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Global War on Terrorism:  Fiscal Year 2006 Obligation Rates Are Within Funding Levels and Significant Multiyear Procurement Funds Will Likely Remain Available for Use in Fiscal Year 2007.  Washington, GAO, November 2006.  39 p.
Refers to Afghanistan throughout the report.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0776.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.07-76


Periodical

Shays, Christopher.  Accuracy of Cost Estimates for War on Terror.  FDCH Congressional Testimony, 1 p, July 18, 2006.
To combat terrorism the United States has initiated three military operations:  Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Noble Eagle (ONE), and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OAF).  Determining the total amount of funding for the GWOT is challenging because of the various ways in which funds are appropriated and the failure of the Department of Defense (DOD) to have auditable financial statements."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32Y0275276523&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Multimedia

On the Trail of Bin Laden.  Falls Church, VA, Landmark Films, 2004.  1 Videodisc, 52 min.
Retraces the trail taken by Osama Bin Laden since the start of the American offensive in October, 2001, in an effort to understand how Bin Laden has eluded capture since the 9/11 attacks.  Follows Bin Laden's path from Jalalabad, Afghanistan, the city where he had set up his headquarters, into the mountains of Tora Bora.  Also investigates reported sightings of Bin Laden in the Pakistani cities of Karachi, Quetta, and Peshawar and in the tribal areas along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.  Investigates ways in which the Pakistani authorities are sheltering not only the Taliban but also certain members of Al Qaeda.
DVD call no.:  322.42091767 O58



History

 

Internet Resource

Peace and Conflict 2005, by Monty G. Marshall and Ted Robert Gurr.  College Park, MD, Center for International Development and Conflict Management, 2005.  100 p.
Available online at:  http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/publications/papers/peace_and_conflict_2005.pdf
Lists politico-ethnic conflicts by region and their outcomes from 1955-2004.  Suggestions for diminishing conflicts are stated.


Books

Adamec, Ludwig W.  Historical Dictionary of Afghan Wars, Revolutions, and Insurgencies.  2nd ed.  Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2005.  403 p.
Book call no.:  958.103 A197h 2005

Blood-Stained Hands:  Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity.  New York, Human Rights Watch, 2005.  133 p.
Also available online at:  http://hrw.org/reports/2005/afghanistan0605/afghanistan0605.pdf
Book call no.:  958.1046 B655

Clements, Frank.  Conflict in Afghanistan:  A Historical Encyclopedia.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, 2003.  377 p.
"Conflict in Afghanistan:  A Historical Encyclopedia provides an easy-to-use single reference covering the history of conflict in Afghanistan from 1747, when the state was formed, to the present war against the Taliban."  Short essays on Al-Qaeda, Taliban, Coalition Air Campaign Against the Taliban, Reconstruction, other.
Book call no.:  958.1003 C626c

Coll, Steve.  Ghost Wars:  The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001.  New York, Penguin Press, 2004.  695 p.
Book call no.:  958.1045 C697g

Dorronsoro, Gilles.  Revolution Unending:  Afghanistan, 1979 to the Present.  New York , Columbia University Press in association with the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, Paris, 2005.  370 p.
"As patching up the country by means of short-term ethnic alliances and a new division of the spoils will only perpetuate the schisms in society, the Afghan civil war is set to continue and perhaps worsen over time, despite Western intervention since 9/11."
Book call no.:  958.1045 D716r

Ewans, Martin.  Conflict in Afghanistan:  Studies in Asymmetric Warfare.  New York, Routledge, 2005. 
"Conflict in Afghanistan, laying emphasis on contemporary documents and drawing on material from Soviet archives, centers on wars conducted in Afghanistan which have been of the asymmetric variety."--Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  355.42 E94c

Halliday, Fred.  100 Myths about the Middle East.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 2005.  269 p.
"Selects one hundred of the most commonly misconstrued 'facts' - in the political, cultural, social and historical spheres - and illuminates each case without compromising its underlying complexities" - Book Jacket.  Includes information on the Afghan-Soviet conflict and other significant milestones in modern Middle Eastern history.
Book call no.:  956 H188o

Hilali, A. Z.  US-Pakistan Relationship:  Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  304 p.
"Hilali provides a study into the US-Pakistan partnership under the Reagan administration.  Explores the causes of Pakistan's involvement in the Afghanistan war and the United States' support to prevent Soviet adventurism.  It shows that Pakistan was the principal channel through which assistance was provided to Afghan freedom fighters and it provided access to its military bases to use against the Soviet Union."  Reviews the consequences of the war on Pakistan and evaluates the role of Pakistan as a key partner in the global coalition against terrorism.--Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  327.7305491 H641u

The Legacy of Jihad:  Islamic Holy War and the Fate of Non-Muslims, edited by Andrew G. Bostom.  Amerst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2005.  759 p.
Depicts Islam's justification for jihad and its worldwide impact that extended over thirteen centuries of war.  Quotations from the Qu'ran, the Hadith, along with Qu'ranic exegesis by classical and modern commentators provide a rationale for jihad - disproving the argument that only through radical misinterpretation has jihad war been justified.  Classical writings from Muslim jurists, theologians and twentieth-century scholars provide a description of jihad's influence.  Extensive primary and secondary source materials, translated for the first time into English from their original Arabic, Farsi, and French,  "make clear that jihad conquests were brutal, imperialist advances.  Finally, the book examines how jihad war, as a permanent and uniquely Islamic institution, ultimately regulates the relations of Muslims with non-Muslims to this day."--Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  297.72 L496

Macintyre, Ben.  The Man Who Would Be King:  The First American in Afghanistan.  New York , Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004.  351 p.
"In the winter of 1838, an adventurer, surrounded by native troops and mounted on an elephant, raised the American flag on the summit of the Hindu Kush in the mountainous wilds of Afghanistan.  He declared himself Prince of Ghor, Paramount Chief of the Hazarajat, and the spiritual and military heir to Alexander the Great.  His name was Josiah Harlan.  A Pennsylvania Quaker, Harlan was the first American ever to enter Afghanistan.  The Man Who Would Be King is the extraordinary true story of the man who inspired Kipling's classic tale."
Book call no.:  92 H2831m

Marine Corps Institute.  Afghanistan:  An Introduction to the Country and People.  Washington, Marine Corps Institute, 2003.  67 p.
"With United States involvement in Afghanistan, knowledge of the country is imperative.  This "handbook" explains a number of basic issues that should be in the knowledge "toolbox" of a Marine working with Afghanis or deployed to the country."
Book call no.:  958.1047 A2571

Nojumi, Neamatollah.  The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan:  Mass Mobilization, Civil War, and the Future of the Region.  New York, Palgrave, 2002.  260 p.
Book call no.:  958.1045 N784r

Pazira, Nelofer.  A Bed of Red Flowers:  In Search of My Afghanistan.  New York, Free Press, 2005.  408 p.
"The picnic of the red flower is a traditional time of celebration for Afghans".  Discusses the history of Afghanistan from the mid-1970s to present through the author recollections and observations.
Book call no.:  958.104 P348b

Rasanayagam, Angelo.  Afghanistan:  A Modern History.  New York, I. B.  Tauris, 2003.  301 p.
Traces the country’s development from the accession of Abdul Rahman Khan, the ’Iron Amir’ in 1880, right up to the demise of the Taliban under US bombing over the winter of 2001, and the search for a new state structure in 2002 (in the last chapter titled:  "Winning a War, Building a Peace", pp 250-266).
Book call no.:  958.103 R222a

Roberts, Jeffery J.  The Origins of Conflict in Afghanistan.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2003.  268 p.
Provides information from the British policy in the nineteenth century to the U.S. policies toward South Asia during the Truman and Eisenhower administrations, and the Soviet-Afghan agreements.
Book call no.:  958.1 R645o

Saikal, Amin.  Modern Afghanistan:  A History of Struggle and Survival.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  342 p.
Discusses why Afghanistan's course of development has been so turbulent and why it remains so vulnerable to domestic instability, foreign intervention and ideological extremism.  Argues that this was largely due to rivalries stemming from a series of dynastic alliances within the successive royal families from the end of the eighteenth century to the pro-Communist coup of April 1978.
Book call no.:  958.1 S132m

South Asia 2007.  4th ed.  London, Europa Publications, 2006.  686 p.  (Europa Regional Surveys of the World)
Afghanistan pp 67-113.  Excellent source for general information on history, economy, current political parties and government agencies, international reconstruction efforts, foreign embassies with addresses, publishing and broadcasting industry listings of companies/periodicals/newspapers/telecommunications/outlets, religious leaders and a bibliography of recommended books.  Other:  "Who's Who of South Asia"; Research Institutes studying South Asia, specifically AREU (Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit) for Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  R 954.053 S726

Tanner, Stephen.  Afghanistan:  A Military History from Alexander the Great to the Fall of the Taliban.  New York, Da Capo Press, 2002.  351 p.
Covers from Alexander the Great up through the initial phase of the the U.S. led operations in Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  958.1 T167a

Vogelsang, Willem.  The Afghans.  Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishers, 2002.  382 p.
Offers information on the history of the land and peoples of Afghanistan from prehistoric times to the Soviet years of communism.
Book call no.:  958.1 V879a


Multimedia

Afghanistan Revealed.  Washington, National Geographic Television, 2001.  1 videodisc, 45 min.
Provides a portrait of Afghanistan (timeframe 1989-2001), featuring in-depth interviews with the late Afghan resistance leader Ahman Shad Massoud, and Taliban soldiers being held by the Northern Alliance; and looks at refugees who speak of their suffering from the effects of Taliban rule.
DVD call no.:  958.1046 A2573

Corcoran, Mark and Ali, Ashraf.  Afghanistan:  Exporting the Taliban Revolution.  Princeton, NJ, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 1999.  1 videocassette, 24 min.
Takes a firsthand look at the results and implications of the escalating tensions between Afghanistan and its neighbors.  Discusses the Taliban, Shiites, Jihad, and Afghanistan politics from 1973 to 1999.
Video call no.:  958.1046 A2571

Iran-Iraq; Afghanistan.  New York, Central Park Media Corporation, 1995.  Videocassette, 80 min.
A comprehensive commentary of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988 and the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in 1979-1989.  In 1978, war broke out between the Soviet backed Revolutionary Council and the oppressed Islamic majority.  Soviet troops besieged the city, with little opposition from the poorly trained, unorganized guerrilla groups.  In 1985 these guerilla groups were unified and retrained, and then forced the Soviets to withdraw in 1989, without a decisive victory and with more than 14,000 casualties.
Video call no.:  909.825 I65

The Taliban Legacy:  A Film by Montse Ayuso, Joan Salvat and Lluiì, Sa Roca.  New York, Filmakers Library, 2001.  1 Videocassette, 35 min.
A report on current conditions in Afghanistan.  The program focuses on the havoc created by the Taliban regime, which has resulted in two million Afghans fleeing the country.
Video call no.:  958.1046 T146



Narcotics Trade

 

Books

Weiner, Matt.  An Afghan 'Narco-State'?:  Dynamics, Assessment and Security Implications of the Afghan Opium Industry.  Canberra, Australia, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre.  Australian National University, 2004.  78 p.
Book call no.:  363.4509581 W423a

United Nations.  Office on Drugs and Crime.  The Opium Economy in Afghanistan:  An International Problem.  2nd ed.  New York, United Nations, 2003.  222 p.
Book call no.:  363.4509581 O61

United States.  Congress.  House of Representatives.  Committee on Government Reform. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources.  Afghanistan:  Are the British Counternarcotics Efforts Going Wobbly?  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, April 1, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  35 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57423
Book call no.:  363.4509581 U58a

United States.  Congress.  House of Representatives.  Committee on Government Reform. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources.  Afghanistan:  Law Enforcement Interdiction Efforts in Trans-shipment Countries to Stem the Flow of Heroin.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, February 26, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  98 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57422
Book call no.:  363.4509581 U58aa


Documents

Afghanistan Drug Control:  Despite Improved Efforts, Deteriorating Security Threatens Success of U.S., by David Gootnick.  Washington, Government Accountability Office, November 2006.  46 p.
"To combat the drug trade, the U.S. Government developed a counternarcotics strategy consisting of five pillars -- alternative livelihoods, elimination and eradication, interdiction, law enforcement and justice, and public information."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA458210
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.07-78

Hueg, Thomas H.  Afghanistan and Opium:  Breaking the Habit.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423712
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 H887a

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan:  Narcotics and U.S. Policy, by Christopher M. Blanchard.  Washington, CRS, 2006.  45 p.
Also available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL32686.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL32686

Millian, G. Joseph.  Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan:  A Global Strategic Nemesis.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  23 p.
"Afghanistan provides approximately 70-80 percent of the world's supply of opium.  Now that the United States is the facilitator of Afghanistan's future, it will need to assist the Afghan government in establishing policies that will convince the Afghan people to move away from cultivating the poppy and aid the region in solving the problems that emanate from her poppy fields."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414543
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M645p

Taylor, Lowry.  The Nexus of Terrorism and Drug Trafficking in the Golden Crescent:  Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 15, 2006.  26 p.
"As the region's core state, how Afghanistan builds a strong political and security framework by eliminating safe havens for terrorists and narco-traffickers is critical for regional stability".  Examines Afghanistan's narcotics problem; increases in opium poppy production and price after the fall of the Taliban; and the relationship between drug trafficking, the insurgency, and government control of poppy cultivating areas.  Offers analysis of the evolving Afghan national drug control strategy.  Proposes a balanced, regional, and long-term counter narcotics strategy for Afghanistan."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449213
Doc. call no.:  M-U39080-537 T243n


Periodicals

Chandra, Vishal.  Warlords, Drugs and the "War on Terror" in Afghanistan:  The Paradoxes.  Strategic Analysis 30:64-92 January-March 2006.

Felbab-Brown, Vanda.  Afghanistan:  When Counternarcotics Undermines Counterterrorism.  Washington Quarterly 28:55-72 Autumn 2005.

Giustozzi, Antonio.  War and Peace Economies of Afghanistan's Strongmen.  International Peacekeeping 14:75-89 January 2007.

Jalali, Ali A.  The Future of Afghanistan.  Parameters 36:4-19 Spring 2006.
Discusses the governance, security issues and threats, coalition forces and ISAF, counter-narcotics, development, and regional dynamics.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19887049&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Khan, Amina.  Afghanistan and the Drug Trade.  Strategic Studies 25:162-182 Autumn 2005.

Koehler, Jan and Zuercher, Christoph.  Statebuilding, Conflict and Narcotics in Afghanistan:  A View from Below.  International Peacekeeping 14:62-74 January 2007.
Reviews the relations between statebuilding efforts and the drug economy.



NATO in Afghanistan

 

Internet Resources

Afghanistan NATO's Top Mission, Commander Says.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database, p 1., October 20, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&an=32W1242794064

Carp, Mihai.  Building Stability in Afghanistan.  NATO Review, 3 p, Spring 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2006/issue1/english/art2.html
Assesses the challenges of and prospects for NATO's Afghan operation as the alliance expands its presence in Afghanistan.  Three years after taking responsibility for the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), NATO is focusing on three areas:  continued ISAF expansion; enhanced assistance to security sector reform efforts, such as the training of Afghan security forces; and perfecting the coordination mechanisms between NATO/ISAF and other international organisations and missions operating in Afghanistan.

Cetin, Hikmet.  Hikmet Çetin:  Our Man in Kabul.  NATO Review, 3 p, Summer 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2006/issue2/english/interview.html

Hikmet Çetin is NATO's Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan.

Cetin, Hikmet.  The Way Forward in Afghanistan.  NATO Review, 2 p, Summer 2004.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2004/issue2/english/analysis1.html

The author analyzes the evolution of NATO's engagement in Afghanistan and the importance of elections to the country's future.

Council on Foreign Relations:  Afghanistan.
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/region/280/afghanistan.html
The David Rockefeller Studies Program, an independent, non-governmental associated, self-described think-tank.  Offers defense analysis by regions/countries of the world including several reports related to Afghanistan at the link above.  Includes "Nato's Afghan Expansion" at  http://www.cfr.org/publication/10822/natos_afghan_expansion.html..

European Security Group Approves Afghan Deployment.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database, 1 p, December 6, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32W2294819723&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Helping Secure Afghanistan's Future.  January 2005.  8 p.  (NATO briefing).
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/nato_static/assets/pdf/TEST-PDF/2008_11_687B00694B0B4918A2143DBD2EB990F5_afghanistan2008-e.pdf

International Security Assistance Force - NATO's Role in Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/issues/isaf/index.html
Web site of ISAF providing up-to-date information on the mission, roles, and organization of ISAF.
Afghanistan link:  http://www.nato.int/issues/afghanistan/index.html

Interview -- General Götz Gliemeroth:  ISAF Commander.  NATO Review, 3 p, Winter 2003.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2003/issue4/english/interview.html
General Götz Gliemeroth is the first NATO officer to command an alliance-led operation beyond the Euro-Atlantic area.  He has been in Kabul, Afghanistan, since NATO took responsibility for the International Security Assistance Force in August 2003.

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  NATO in Afghanistan:  A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance, by Paul Gallis.  Washington, CRS, August 22, 2006.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/71867.pdf
Provides information on the mission, structure and on the various Allied viewpoints of NATO operations - Germany, Netherlands, France, and United States.

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Country Profile:  Afghanistan.  May 2006.  22p.  Available online at:  http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Afghanistan.pdf
"The 2006 Afghanistan Compact called for NATO troops to remain through 2010 or until the Afghan armed forces reach their planned troops levels.  In 2006 President Karzai forecast that Afghanistan would need some foreign troops for 10 more years (p 20)."  "Since entering Afghanistan in late 2001, the U.S. military’s Operation Enduring Freedom has pursued its objectives of eliminating Taliban and al Qaeda forces from Afghanistan and providing humanitarian assistance (p 18)."

Marshal, Will and Rudolf, Peter.  Should the Middle East Be NATO's New Central Front?  NATO Review, 1 p, Spring 2004.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2004/issue1/english/debate.html

Mikhos, Alexia.  Afghanistan's Drugs Challenge.  NATO Review, 1 p, Spring 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2006/issue1/english/analysis.html

The author examines the scale of the narcotics threat to Afghanistan and how it impacts NATO's operation there.

NATO after Riga:  Prevailing in Afghanistan, Improving Capabilities, Enhancing Cooperation.  NATO Public Diplomacy Division, 2006.  8 p.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/comm/2006/0611-riga/nato_after_riga/nato_after_riga_en.pdf

NATO Commander Touts Provincial Reconstruction Teams' Success.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database, 1 p, October 21, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32W1828076691&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

NATO Prepares to Expand Mission into Southern Afghanistan.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database, 1 p, September 15, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=32W3074331198&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

NATO Secretary-General Pledges Support to Afghan Mission.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database, 1 p, June 8, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32W0427315505&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

NATO Took on Afghanistan Mission.  NATO's Nations and Partners for Peace 48:85-86 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=11271144&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

NATO Tries to Tame Afghan Anger, by Esther Pan.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, 2006.  1 p.
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/10820/nato_tries_to_tame_afghan_anger.html

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/cps/en/SID-3DCDA579-C5A1BCA0/natolive/index.htm
Use the internal search engine to locate the latest information on Afghanistan.

Pessin, Al.  VOA News:  Secretary Rumsfeld Says NATO Expansion in Afghanistan Does Not Mean US Withdrawal.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News, 1 p, February 9, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1072520921&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Py, Jean-Louis.  General Jean-Louis Py:  ISAF Commander.  NATO Review, 2 p, Autumn 2004.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2004/issue3/english/interview.html

General Jean-Louis Py has been Commander of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) since the deployment of the Eurocorps in Afghanistan in August 2004.

Revised Operation Plan for NATO's Expanding Mission in Afghanistan.  October 16, 2006.  3 p.
Short report from the NATO website.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/issues/afghanistan_stage3/index.html

Ruiz Palmer, Diego A.  Afghanistan's Transformational Challenge.  NATO Review, 3 p, Summer 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2005/issue2/english/art2.html

The author examines the impact of NATO’s engagement in Afghanistan on the alliance’s wider transformation.

Ruiz Palmer, Diego A.  The Road to Kabul.  NATO Review, 3p, Summer 2003.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2003/issue2/english/art3.html

Analysis of the significance of NATO's seminal decision to take responsibility for peacekeeping in Afghanistan.

Saikal, Amin.  Afghanistan's Transition:  ISAF's Stabilisation Role?  Third World Quarterly 27:525-534 April 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20338544&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

U.S. Leaders:  NATO Transition a Victory for Afghanistan.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database, 1p, July 11, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=32W2843285859&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Willems, Peter.  The Dangerous Road to Democracy.  Middle East No. 349:22-23 October 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=14619491&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Books

North Atlantic Treaty Organization.  Public Diplomacy Division.  Working to Bring Peace and Stability to Afghanistan.  Brussels, Belgium, NATO, 2004.  6 p.
An updated version entitled "Helping Secure Afghanistan's Future" is available at the NATO website, http://www.nato.int/nato_static/assets/pdf/TEST-PDF/2008_11_687B00694B0B4918A2143DBD2EB990F5_afghanistan2008-e.pdf.
Book call no.:  341.58409581 W926

Rupp, Richard E.  NATO after 9/11:  An Alliance in Continuing Decline.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  282 p.
Afghanistan:  NATO's Last Hurrah?, pp 153-178.
Book call no.:  355.031091821 R946n


Documents

Beckman, Steven A.  From Assumption to Expansion:  Planning and Executing NATO's First Year in Afghanistan at the Strategic Level.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U. S. Army War College, 2005.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431768
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B3972f

Kramer, Bryan Keith.  NATO and Forward Defense:  An Analysis of Expeditionary Capabilities and Out-of-Area Security.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  121 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435508
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 K893n

Roe, Andrew M.  A Contemporary "Blueprint" for North Atlantic Treaty Organization Provisional Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan?:  A Monograph.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College.  School of Advanced Military Studies, May 25, 2006.  66 p.
"Provides an overview of Afghanistan's recent history, reviews the contemporary causes of internal instability, describes the international response to this instability, and analyses three existing approaches to PRTs -- those of the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.  It also identifies and evaluates a number of PRT tactical and operational lessons learned.  Concludes by combining lessons learned into a recommended PRT "blueprint." --Abstract from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450610
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R698c

Svejda, Miroslav.  NATO's Global Role:  To What Extent Will NATO Pursue a Global Orientation?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004.  95 p.  (Thesis, M.A.)
Thesis (M.A.)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422335
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S9681n


Periodicals

Barnes, Julian E.  The NATO Perspective.  U.S. News & World Report 139:40-41 October 3, 2005.
The author interviews NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer about the alliance's role in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18360030&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Briefing - Afghanistan's War:  A Double Spring Offensive.  Economist 382:28+ February 24, 2007.
"After a dreadful year in Afghanistan, a newly confident NATO is preparing itself to take on the Taliban. Success will be difficult but not impossible."  Discusses the current security situation with the Taliban and the Afghan opium trade.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1222884631&sid=4&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

A Charter in London, Troops for the Badlands.  Economist 378:37-38 February 4, 2006.
Discusses the British plan for NATO's peacekeeping efforts in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=19615078

Cox, Matthew and Lubold, Gordon.  Staying Put:  New U. S.  Troop Rotations Announced as NATO Takes Reins in Afghanistan.  Army Times 67:8-9 August 14, 2006.
Also available online at:  http//www.armytimes.com/legacy/new/0-ARMYPAPER-1999744.php
Discusses death rate reduction, poppy growing, drug trafficking, and lack of a stable southern Afghanistan government as reasons for Taliban toe-hold.

Crawley, Vince.  NATO Expanding Role in Afghanistan.  Air Force Times 65:29 June 13, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17337995&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

De Hoop Scheffer, Jaap.  Jaap De Hoop Scheffer Delivers Remarks at the National Press Club.  FDCH Political Transcripts, 11p, March 20, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32V2322399362&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fiorenza, Nicholas.  ISAF to Be Commanded by Composite Headquarters.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:6 March 15, 2006.

Fiorenza, Nicholas.  Italy Gears up for ISAF Mantle.  Jane's Defence Weekly 42:7 August 3, 2005.

Fiorenza, Nicholas.  NATO Approves Afghan Operations Plan.  Jane's Defence Weekly 42:7 December 14, 2005.

France Will Bolster NATO Troops in Afghanistan.  New York Times, p A14, December 19, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=943333701&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gall, Carlotta.  Britain Takes NATO Command as Afghanistan Mission Grows.  New York Times, p A12, May 5, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1032256481&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gall, Carlotta.  NATO to Expand Force and Task in Afghanistan.  New York Times, p A10, October 7, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=907999511&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Hodge, Nathan.  NATO Debuts Friendly Force Tracker.  Jane's Defence Weekly 41:6 October 13, 2004.

Hughes, Robin and Lok, Joris Janssen.  NATO Confirms ISAF Expansion.  Jane's Defence Weekly 42:5 February 16, 2005.
NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer confirmed on 10 February that NATO is to expand the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission into the west of Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=16214989&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jalali, Ali A.  The Future of Afghanistan.  Parameters 36:4-19 Spring 2006.
Discusses the governance, security issues and threats, coalition forces and ISAF, counter-narcotics, development, and regional dynamics.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19887049&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Khan, Adnan R.  We Will Likely Take Casualties.  Maclean's 118:26-28 July 1, 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17515436&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Khan, Adnan R.  With Charlie Patrol.  Maclean's 118:23-25 July 25, 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17668092&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Khan, Amina.  NATO in Afghanistan:  Post Riga.  Strategic Studies 27:59-80 Spring 2007.
On p 59, the "purpose of the mission is the stabilization and reconstruction of Afghanistan, following years of Taliban rule and the destruction caused by the US-led attack on the country."  "Afghanistan is a litmus test for its ability to combat terrorism, as terrorist activities intensified after the US-led invasion of Afghanistan.  What was initially considered a peace-keeping, stabilizing mission has now turned into a full-scale combat one."  "NATO's mission in Afghanistan is its first outside Europe, and one in which many non-NATO member states are taking part."

Lok, Joris Janssen.  Dutch Hesitation Disrupts NATO Plans for Afghanistan.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:7 January 18, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19516780&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lubold, Gordon.  Afghanistan Duty Requires NATO's Toughest Force.  Air Force Times 66:21 January 23, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://www.airforcetimes.com/legacy/new/0-AIRPAPER-1458821.php

Maloney, Sean M.  Afghanistan Four Years On:  An Assessment.  Parameters 35:21-32 Autumn 2005.
Examines the history and future of the U.S. recent involvement in Afghanistan.  Focuses on four areas - the continuing success of the Provincial Reconstruction Teams, the development and expansion of the Afghan National Army, the continuing expansion of the role of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), and the institution-building and coordination efforts of the OEF, ISAF, the Afghan Ministry of Defense, the National Directorate of Security, and police forces in Kabul.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=18320565&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mazari, Shireen M.  NATO in Afghanistan:  The Issue of Legitimacy.  Strategic Studies 27:1-6 Spring 2007.

NATO Shifts Afghan Focus to Drug Lords.  New York Times, pA1, July 30, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1085677461&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Richards, David.  NATO in Afghanistan:  Transformation on the Front Line:  From General Richards' Address to RUSI on 21 Jul 2006.  RUSI Journal 151:10-14 August 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1128150421&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientld=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Ripley, Tim.  UK Troops to Bolster NATO Mission in Southern Afghanistan.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:5 February 1, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19905942&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rühle, Michael.  Quo Vadis, NATO?  Analysing NATO's Istanbul Summit.  NATO's Nations and Partners for Peace 49:14-18 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=15876368&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sariibrahimoglu, Lale.  NATO-Led ISAF to Extend from Kabul.  Jane's Defence Weekly 41:6 July 7, 2004.

Sariibrahimoglu, Lale.  NATO to Expand Afghan Duty, and Bosnia Mission.  Jane's Defence Weekly 41:5 July 7, 2004.

Smith, Craig S.  NATO Runs Short of Troops to Expand Afghan Peacekeeping.  New York Times, p A3, September 18, 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=694787651&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Tsyganok, A. D.  NATO's Istanbul Summit and Problems of the Russia-NATO Council.  Military Thought 13:205-209 2004.
Also a  vailable online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=778385261&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD



Politics and Nation-Building

 

Internet Resources

Afghanistan Awards $2 Million World Bank-Funded Contract to San Diego State University.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News, 3 p, December 20, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1183866741&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

"The Ministry of Higher Education in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has awarded San Diego State University a $2 million contract to assist Nangarhar University, located in Jalalabad, in re-establishing higher education programs."  Contract funded by World Bank.  Contract will help the university train English speakers, create an International Learning Center and expand information technology resources.

Afghanistan Five Years Later:  Charting the Reconstruction; A Statistical Examination of the Progress in the Rebuilding of Afghanistan since the Taliban's Fall.  Christian Science Monitor, 12 p, Oct 12, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1143958281&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Aziz, Zahid and Najib, Khilwatgar.  Afghanistan:  Taliban Burns Schools, Threatens Teachers.  Global Information Network, 1 p, Jan 27, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=977877751&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Afghan Research Newsletter
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=36&Itemid=52
A quarterly newsletter containing up-to-date general information on Afghanistan:  humanitarian efforts, recent laws passed, maps, statistics from the Central Statistics Office (www.cso.gov.af), books published on all aspects of Afghanistan economy.

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit:  Improving Afghan Lives Through Research
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/
Research center with focus on Afghanistan.  Documents section contains:  An unofficial translation of the Afghan Constitution; the Afghanistan Compact (roadmap through 2010 with the international community for the nation-building of Afghanistan).  Publishes an annual A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance and the quarterly Afghanistan Research Newsletter.  Other publications of AREU address building the economic markets of Afghanistan and land ownership rights.

Central Contractor Registry
Available online at:  http://www.ccr.gov/
Links contractors/vendors doing business in Afghanistan to support the U. S. nation-building efforts in Afghanistan.  (CCR site is linked to Dept of Commerce website).

Ending Afghanistan's Civil War, by James Dobbins.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, March 2007.  11 p.
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/2007/RAND_CT276.pdf
Recommendations to help the United States achieve success in its nation-building coalition in Afghanistan, including more pressure on Pakistan.  States most insurgents in Pakistan are Pashtuns who support the Taliban.

Fact Sheet - U.S. Programs to Assist the People of Afghanistan.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database, 1 p, January 18, 2002.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32W0533309649&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Overseas Private Investment Corporation established by U. S.  To help in nation-building of foreign countries.  Details monies given to Afghanistan.

Legal Lessons Learned from Afghanistan and Iraq.  Charlottesville, VA, United States Army.  Center for Law and Military Operation.  Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School, August 2004.  2 vols.
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/clamo-v1.pdf  and
 http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/clamo-v2.pdf
Volume 1 - Major Combat Operations (11 September 2001 - May 1, 2003).
Volume 2 - Full Spectrum Operations (2 May 2003 - 30 June 2004).

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan:  Elections, Constitution, and Government, by Kenneth Katzman.  CRS, May 25, 2006.  6 p.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/67158.pdf

Military Education Research Library Network
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu
Maintains MiPAL (Military Policy Analysis Awareness Links).  Linked documents index for countries with documents culled from Rand, Military Policy, Dept of State, Brookings Institution, U.S. policy and the like.  Links to EBSCO, InfoTrac, and Proquest to generate current searches on subject.
MERLN site's Afghanistan link is at http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=102&pageID=3&type=section.

Sand, Benjamin.  VOA News:  Warlord Video May Signal Upsurge in Violence in Afghanistan.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News, 2 p, May 6, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1033291311&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

State Dept.:  Georgetown University to Partner in Afghanistan Outreach.  US Fed News Service, 1 p, December 4, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1173972081&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Global War on Terrorism:  Observations on Funding, Costs, and Future Commitments.  Washington, GAO, July 18, 2006.  23 p.  (GAO-06-885T)
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06885t.pdf
Includes Afghanistan reconstruction and stabilization programs.

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Suggested Areas for Oversight for the 110th Congress.  Washington, GAO, November 17, 2006.  44 p.  (GAO-07-235R).
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07235r.pdf
"Review U.S. and Coalition Efforts to Stabilize and Rebuild Iraq and Afghanistan", p 22.

United States State Department - Fact Sheet:  U.S. Commitment to Women in Afghanistan.  January 3, 2006.  1 p.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/wi/rls/58651.htm
Portion of the U.S. State Department's official site that offers links to background notes on basic country information, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, human rights, and maps.

What Have We Learned about Establishing Internal Security in Nation-Building?  Santa Monica, Rand Corporation, 2005.  3 p.
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9135/RAND_RB9135.pdf

In its assessment of nine nation-building operations, lists Afghanistan as one of seven "unsuccessful" cases of U.S. intervention.  Lessons Learned proffered.  Names components of nation-building.

Winning in Afghanistan:  How to Face the Rising Threat, by Anthony H. Cordesman, and Arleigh A. Burke.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 12, 2006.  71 p.
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/061212_afghanistan.pdf


Books

Abou El Fadl, Khaled and others.  Democracy and Islam in the New Constitution of Afghanistan.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, Center for Asia Pacific Policy, 2003.  55 p.
Book call no.:  958.1046 D383

Abou Zahab, Mariam and Roy, Olivier.  Islamist Networks:  The Afghan-Pakistan Connection.  London, Hurst & Company, 2004.  88 p.
Covers Islam and politics in Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  320.550958 A155i

Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit.  The A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance, edited by Anja Havedal.  5th ed.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, November 2006.  228 p.
Lists - contacts by province in Afghanistan; web links of internal and external organizations that are actively working in Afghanistan; a listing of government officials as of October 2006; Centers of Afghan study in the U.S.  The Documents section contains - an unofficial translation of the Afghan Constitution; the Afghanistan Compact (roadmap through 2010 with the international community for the nation-building of Afghanistan).
Also available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=17
Book call no.:  320.9581 A111

Amnesty International.  Afghanistan Addressing the Past to Secure the Future.  London, Amnesty International, April 7, 2005.  10p.
Offers recommendations for donors to assist in human rights, democracy, peace-building, and stability of Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA110032005
Book call no.:  958.1047 A2572

Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan:  Lessons from Development Experience, edited by John D. Montgomery and Dennis A. Rondinelli.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  245 p.
Book call no.:  338.9581 B573

Center for Strategic and International Studies.  In the Balance:  Measuring Progress in Afghanistan:  A Report of the CSIS Post-Reconstruction Project, by Morgan L. Courtney and others.  Washington, CSIS Press, 2005.  122 p.
Internet link offers a twenty-eight page summary of the original 122 page report.  Both original and summary discuss reconstruction in the areas of security, governance, economic opportunity, social well-being, and justice.
Also available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/inthebalance.pdf (summary only)
Book call no.:  958.1047 C865i

Chayes, Sarah.  The Punishment of Virtue:  Inside Afghanistan after the Taliban.  New York, Penguin Press, 2006.  386 p.
Former National Public Radio reporter discusses the complexities and traumas of post-war struggles.  "In a perverse turn of events, the U.S. government and armed forces abetted the return to power of corrupt militia commanders as well as the reinfiltration of bands of Taliban forces supported by U.S. ally Pakistan.... Reveals how the tribal strongmen who have regained power - after years of being displaced by the Taliban - have renewed a plague of corruption and violence on the Afghan people".
Book call no.:  958.1047 C512p

Global Studies:  India and South Asia, edited by James H. K. Norton.  7th ed.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2005.  207 p.
Afghanistan, p. 49-53.  Offers information on the recent history and restoration.
Afghanistan Unbound, by Kathy Gannon, pp 137-141.  Discusses the strategies needed to improve the situation. Where Democracy's Greatest Enemy Is a Flower, by Ashraf Ghani.  Discusses the inaugural address of President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan laying out his priorities for the next five years - one of which is to stop the growing drug trade.
Book call no.:  R 954 G562

Halliday, Fred.  100 Myths about the Middle East.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 2005.  269 p.
"Selects one hundred of the most commonly misconstrued 'facts' - in the political, cultural, social and historical spheres - and illuminates each case without compromising its underlying complexities" - Book Jacket.  Includes information on the Afghan-Soviet conflict and other significant milestones in modern Middle Eastern history.
Book call no.:  956 H188o

Hanson, Victor Davis.  Between War and Peace:  Lessons from Afghanistan to Iraq.  New York, Random House, 2004.  282 p.
Book call no.:  973.931 H251b

Holohan, Anne.  Networks of Democracy:  Lessons from Kosovo for Afghanistan, Iraq, and Beyond.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2005.  220 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 H754n

Ignatieff, Michael.  Empire Lite:  Nation-Building in Bosnia, Kosovo and Afghanistan.  Toronto, Canada, Penguin Canada, 2003.  134 p.
Book call no.:  909.829 I24e

Johnson, Chris and Leslie, Jolyon.  Afghanistan:  The Mirage of Peace.  New York, Zed Books, 2004.  237 p.
Discusses the political and governance transition.
Book call no.:  958.1046 J66a

Linder, Rebecca.  Voices of a New Afghanistan.  Washington, Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project.  Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2005.  23 p.
Presents the results of the post-conflict reconstruction efforts in terms of security, governance, justice, economic opportunity, and social well-being.
Also available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/voa_report.pdf
Book call no.:  958.1047 L744v

Marine Corps Institute.  Afghanistan:  An Introduction to the Country and People.  Washington, Marine Corps Institute, 2003.  67 p.
Offers sections on "New Government, Old Problems", "Rebuilding Afghanistan", etc.
Book call no.:  958.1047 A2571

Millen, Raymond A.  Afghanistan:  Reconstituting a Collapsed State.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.
Examines warlordism as the principal impediment to Afghanistan and offers a shift in strategy that address the war of ideas, the counternarcotics initiative, and the incorporation of the Afghan National Army into the provincial reconstruction teams.  Reviews the historical, cultural, and economic factors that impede central authority and the reforms needed.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB600.pdf
Book call no.:  958.1047 M646a

Miller, Laurel and Perito, Robert.  Establishing the Rule of Law in Afghanistan.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2004.  18 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.usip.org/files/file/sr117.pdf
Book call no.:  958.1046 M648e

Misra, Amalendu.  Afghanistan:  Labyrinth of Violence.  Malden, MA, Polity Press, 2004.  219 p.
Offers chapters on the ethnic rivalry, radical Islam, poppy and the economy, and the reconstruction efforts.
Book call no.:  958.1046 M678a

Nation-Building:  Beyond Afghanistan and Iraq, edited by Francis Fukuyama.  Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.  262 p.
Sovereignty and Legitimacy in Afghan Nation-Building, pp 147-173.
Rebuilding Afghanistan:  The Impediments, Lessons, and Prospects, pp 174-203.
The Lessons of Nation-Building in Afghanistan, pp 204-239.
"Product of a conference held at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), the Johns Hopkins University, in April 2004"--Acknowledgments.
Book call no.:  327.730090511 N277

Nation-Building Unraveled?  Aid, Peace and Justice in Afghanistan, edited by Antonio Donini and others.  Bloomfield, CT, Kumarian Press, 2004.  236 p.
Written primarily by individuals who have been directly involved with the international political, assistance, and human rights activities in Afghanistan post-September 11th.  Offers eleven essays on the politics of peace-building, the situation of Afghan women, and politics and humanitarianism in Afghanistan after September 11, 2001.
Book call no.:  958.1046 N277

Paramonov, Vladimir and Strokov, Alexey.  The Economic Reconstruction of Afghanistan and the Role of Uzbekistan.  Camberley, Surrey, Great Britain, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, June 2006.  13 p.
Book call no.:  337.5810587 P222e

Political Handbook of the Middle East 2006.  Washington, CQ Press, 2006.  518p.
Afghanistan, pp 35-58 offers information on the recent history, constitution, and past and present political parties.
Book call no.:  R 320.95603 P769

Rebuilding the Afghan State the European Union's Role.  Kabul, Afghanistan, International Crisis Group, November 30, 2005.  26 p.
"Since the Taliban's fall in 2001, the European Union (EU) has been a major contributor to Afghanistan.  A substantial European Commission (EC) delegation oversees an annual budget of some 200 million [euros] in development aid, and a Special Representative (EUSR) is in residence. .. However EU influence is less than it should be. ..  The EU needs more internal coordination if it is to gain greater leverage and hold the Afghan government to higher standards of governance and democratic development."--Exec. summary.
Also available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/getfile.cfm?id=2061&tid=3803&type=pdf&l=1
Book call no.:  338.9581 R293

The Rise and Fall of the Taliban, edited by Kelly Barth.  San Diego, CA , Greenhaven Press, 2005.  126 p.
Offers thirteen essays by various authors that discuss why the Taliban rose to power, life under the Taliban, and opinions on the U.S. War decision to attack Afghanistan and the fall of the Taliban.
Book call no.:  958.1046 R595

Smith, Ben.  Afghanistan:  Where Are We?  Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2005.  18 p.
Offers information on the present situation in relation to elections, economy, economic terrorism, and security issues - including the Taliban and Kabul - the neighbors, international community, and the connection between criminal and terrorist groups.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/   (Listing of all Central Asia reports at the Defence Academy.  Scroll down reports list and click on title.
Book call no.:  958.1047 S643a

South Asia 2007.  4th ed.  London, Europa Publications, 2006.  686 p.  (Europa Regional Surveys of the World)
Afghanistan p. 67-113.  Offers general information on history, economy, current political parties and government agencies, international reconstruction efforts, foreign embassies with addresses, publishing and broadcasting industry listings of companies/periodicals/newspapers/telecommunications/outlets, religious leaders and a bibliography of recommended books.  Other:  "Who's Who of South Asia", Research Institutes (Associations and Institutions Studying South Asia), specifically AREU (Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit) for Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  R 954.053 S726

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Appropriations.  Fiscal Year 2004 Supplemental Request for Reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 1st session, September 22, 24, 25, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  224 p.
Book call no.:  353.13273 U581fc

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Afghanistan:  Continuing Challenges.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, May 12, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  73 p.
Discusses the state of political and economic reconstruction efforts.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57720
Book call no.:  958.1047 U58aa

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Afghanistan:  In Pursuit of Security and Democracy.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 1st session, October 16, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2003.  79 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS47279
Book call no.:  958.1046 U58ab

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Afghanistan Stabilization and Reconstruction:  A Status Report.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, January 27, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  36 p.
Offers the testimony of General James L. Jones, USMC Supreme Allied Commander Europe on the nine PRTs (Provincial Reconstruction Teams).  Also provides the statement of Mr. William Taylor, U.S. Dept of State, Coordinator for Afghanistan on the security, economic and political reconstruction and the PRTs.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS51569
Book call no.:  958.1047 U58a

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  The Reconstruction of Afghanistan:  An Update.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 1st session, February 12, 2003.  Washington, GPO, February 2003.  67 p.
Offers testimony by several sources including David Johnson, Dept of State Coordinator for Afghanistan Assistance.  The statements provide information on the warlord situation, PRTs (Provincial Reconstruction Teams), security issues, etc.
Book call no.:  958.1048 U58r

Winning the Peace:  An American Strategy for Post-Conflict Reconstruction, edited by Robert C. Orr.  Washington, DC, CSIS Press, 2004.  353 p.
A publication of Center for Strategic and International Studies. Contents include:  The Post-Conflict Challenge; Enhancing U.S. Response Capabilities in Core Areas; Enhancing U.S. Capacity Enablers; Post-Conflict Reconstruction Case Studies (including) Post-World War II Occupation, Post-Cold War, and Post-September 11 Interventions.
Book call no.:  355.028 W776


Documents

Afghanistan Drug Control:  Despite Improved Efforts, Deteriorating Security Threatens Success of U.S., by David Gootnick.  Washington, Government Accountability Office, November 2006.  46 p.
"To combat the drug trade, the U.S. Government developed a counternarcotics strategy consisting of five pillars -- alternative livelihoods, elimination and eradication, interdiction, law enforcement and justice, and public information".
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA458210
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.07-78

Dreyer, Vincent M.  Retooling the Nation-Building Strategy in Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, February 28, 2006.  19 p.
Examines three of the ways currently employed to reconstitute the "failed state" of Afghanistan -- security sector reform (SSR), extension of government influence via provincial reconstruction teams, and general economic assistance.  Research reveals a definite disconnect in the strategy, particularly regarding the resources (or means) that are being applied to accomplish the designated goals. Recommendations are provided.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448658
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D778r

Drolet, John D.  Provincial Reconstruction Teams:  Afghanistan vs. Iraq, Should We Have a Standard Model?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  17 p.
"One such interagency tool for providing assistance is the creation of Provincial Reconstruction Teams.  The current formula in Afghanistan is a military-centric organization, with significant Coalition participation while the emerging concept in Iraq calls for a more balanced interagency approach led by the United States" - Abstract from web site.  Examines both approaches and makes recommendations for future planning.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D785p

Dyke, John R. and Crisafulli, John R.  Unconventional Counter-Insurgency in Afghanistan.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2006.  61 p.  (Thesis, M.S.)
Questions the current U.S./Coalition campaign plan.  Proposes an alternative Unconventional COIN model that focuses on population control instead of "clear and sweep operations," Afghan constabulary-style forces instead of conventional Afghan National Army troops, the importance of "grassroots" intelligence collection at the village level, and the employment of USSF advisors instead of conventional U.S. infantry troops.  The plan is based on three case studies (Malayan Emergency, CIDG in Vietnam, and USSF in Orgun, Afghanistan).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451756
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 D996u

Edens, Timothy J.  Nation Building in Afghanistan:  A Disconnect Between Security Means and Political Ends?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  25 p.
Discusses the following question:  Given the mixed record of success and failure of past nation building endeavors, has the UN and the International Community learned to assess and plan for peacekeeping forces needed for successful nation building in a tribally and ethnically fractured country with no sense nor history of "nationality"?  And if not, how - what policies would be most effective to this end?"
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415736
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 E221n

Gerard, David T.  Strategic Re-Appraisal of Democratic Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 18, 2005.  18 p.  (Thesis, M.S.)
"What are the prospects for democratic Afghanistan?  This paper will attempt to answer those questions by providing an updated strategic appraisal of Afghanistan and recommendations for US strategy in the region."--Abstract from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432393
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G356s

Grymes, Robert D.  Establishing Security and Stability in Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA , U.S. Army War College, 2003.  33 p.
"As the combat phase of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan draws to a close, post-conflict reconstruction requires security to allow the development of national military and police forces, a stable government, a functioning judiciary system, and economic progress".  Reviews internal and external threats for post-Taliban Afghanistan; the four pillars of post-conflict reconstruction---governance and participation, justice and reconciliation, social and economic well-being, and security; and discusses the U.S. policy and objectives.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415725
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G894e

Hussain, Khawar.  Pakistan's Afghanistan Policy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2005.  87 p.  (Thesis, MA)
"Analyzes Pakistan's Afghanistan policy from 1947 to 2001.  It recommends Pakistan's effective engagement with Afghanistan.  While Pakistan protects its legitimate security interests, it must refrain from actively interfering in Afghanistan's political future.  Recommends that the United States should remain engaged in Afghanistan to stabilize the region, assist with the reconstruction of Afghanistan, ensure non interference of regional actors, and finally help settle the Durand Line issue once and for all."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435525
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 H972p

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan:  Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy, by Kenneth Katzman.  Washington, CRS, November 3, 2006.  54 p.
Report updated periodically at Federation of American Scientists homepage.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30588.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL30588

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction:  Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress, by Rhoda Margesson.  Washington, CRS, September 20, 2002.  19 p.
Report is updated on an irregular basis.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.02-RL31355

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan and other Global War on Terror Operations since 9/11, by Amy Belasco.  Washington, CRS, September 22, 2006.  40 p.
Report is updated on an irregular basis.  Includes reconstruction efforts.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/68791.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL33110

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan, Tsunami Relief, and Other Activities, by Amy Belasco and Larry Q. Nowels.  Washington, CRS, May 12, 2005.  64 p.
Also available online at:  http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/crs//data/2005/upl-meta-crs-7431/RL32783_2005May12.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RL32783

Roe, Andrew M.  A Contemporary "Blueprint" for North Atlantic Treaty Organization Provisional Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan?:  A Monograph.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College. School of Advanced Military Studies, May 25, 2006.  66 p.
"Provides an overview of Afghanistan's recent history, reviews the contemporary causes of internal instability, describes the international response to this instability, and analyses three existing approaches to PRTs -- those of the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.  It also identifies and evaluates a number of PRT tactical and operational lessons learned.  Concludes by combining lessons learned into a recommended PRT "blueprint." --Abstract from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450610
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R698c

Sherman, Zoe Bernadette.  Afghanistan's Constitutions:  A Comparative Study and Their Implications for Afghan Democratic Development.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  93 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA446582
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S5532a

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Afghanistan Security:  Efforts to Establish Army and Police Have Made Progress, but Future Plans Need to Be Better Defined:  Report to the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives.  Washington, GAO, June 2005.  48 p.
GAO-05-575 report.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05575.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.05-575

Williams, Garland H.  Post Conflict Reconstruction:  On the Critical Path to Long-Term Peace.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  276 p.
Discusses the role the military should assume in post conflict infrastructure reconstruction during peace operations.  Examines the limitations under which the military currently operates, discusses the advantages and disadvantages that the military and the civil agencies bring to infrastructure reconstruction.  Reviews the case studies of Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416581
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W723p


Periodicals

Afghanistan in 2004:  Electoral Progress and Opium Boom.  Asian Survey 45:88-97 January-February 2005.
A moderate Constitution passed in January and successful presidential elections were held in December that created a new cabinet.  However slow progress on reconstruction and state-building was threatened by continuing insecurity and the presence of the opium trade.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=797688351&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Afghanistan in Transition:  Security, Governance and Statebuilding.  International Peacekeeping 14:entire issue January 2007.
Offers twelve articles on various aspects of the topic such as rethinking statebuilding in Afghanistan, the future of the Mujahideen, review of PRTs, statebuilding and narcotics, governance challenges, etc.

Chandra, Vishal.  Politics in Post-Taliban Afghanistan:  An Assessment.  Strategic Analysis 29:222-249 April-June 2005.
Discusses the Bonn Agreement, the U.S.-Mujahideen Synergy, the new constitution, elections, presidential powers, security concerns, etc.

Foglesong, Robert H.  Successful Elections in Afghanistan.  Armed Forces Journal International 142:41 January 2005.
Also available online at:  http://infoweb.newsbank.com

Ghufran, Nasreen.  Afghanistan in 2005:  The Challenges of Reconstruction.  Asian Survey 46:85-94 January-February 2006.
"In 2005, Afghanistan experienced parliamentary elections, the disarming of official militias, a budget that aims at improving the economic and fiscal sector, continuing counter-narcotic efforts, curbing of the neo-Taliban insurgency, integration of its displaced population, strengthened diplomatic ties with the U.S."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1000781561&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Ghufran, Nasreen.  Afghanistan in 2006:  The Complications of Post-Conflict Transition.  Asian Survey 47:87-98 January-February 2007.
Afghanistan began 2006 "with the functioning of a democratically elected Parliament. .. Development and reconstruction have continued at a slow pace.  Security has sharply deteriorated, and the Taliban insurgency has become more violent in spite of the enlarged International Security Assistance Force.  Opium has increased to record levels, leading to a boom in the drug trade.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1255995461&sid=4&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Jalali, Ali A.  The Future of Afghanistan.  Parameters 36:4-19 Spring 2006.
Discusses the governance, security issues and threats, coalition forces and ISAF, counter-narcotics, development, and regional dynamics.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19887049&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Maloney, Sean M.  Afghanistan Four Years On:  An Assessment.  Parameters 35:21-32 Autumn 2005.
Examines the history and future of the U.S. recent involvement in Afghanistan.  Focuses on four areas - the continuing success of the Provincial Reconstruction Teams, the development and expansion of the Afghan National Army, the continuing expansion of the role of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), and the institution-building and coordination efforts of the OEF, ISAF, the Afghan Ministry of Defense, the National Directorate of Security, and police forces in Kabul.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=18320565&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McNerney, Michael J.  Stabilization and Reconstruction in Afghanistan.  Are PRTs a Model or a Muddle?  Parameters 35:32-46 Winter 2005-2006.
Reviews the composition and efforts of the Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19222606&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Natsios, Andrew S.  The Nine Principles of Reconstruction and Development.  Parameters 35:4-20 Autumn 2005.
Introduces and analyzes the nine principles of reconstruction and development to the military community.  Project-level examples from Afghanistan have been incorporated into the discussion.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18320564&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Nixon, Hamish and Ponzio, Richard.  Building Democracy in Afghanistan:  The Statebuilding Agenda and International Engagement.  International Peacekeeping 14:26-40 January 2007.

Rashid, Ahmed.  Afghanistan:  Progress since the Taliban.  Asian Affairs 37:31-35 March 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19703343&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rashid, Ahmed.  Letter from Afghanistan:  Are the Taliban Winning?  Current History 106:17-20 January 2007.
"... positive achievements carried out by the international community appear to be unraveling." "A major problem for the West is its inability or refusal to acknowledge past failures in Afghanistan..."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1191524991&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Richards, David.  NATO in Afghanistan:  Transformation on the Front Line:  From General Richards' Address to RUSI on 21 Jul 2006.  RUSI Journal 151:10-14 August 2006.

Rubin, Barnett R.  Saving Afghanistan.  Foreign Affairs 86:57-78 January-February 2007.
Analyzes the United States' position in Afghanistan, the history of its involvement with Afghanistan and Pakistan back to the Cold War, and the U.S. policy toward the Taliban.  Insight into the terrorist network development in Afghanistan discussed (p. 62).  "Contemptuous of nation building and wary of mission creep, the Bush administration entered Afghanistan determined to strike al Qaeda, unseat the Taliban, and then move on, providing only basic humanitarian aid and support for a new Afghan army.  Just as it had in the 1980s, the United States picked Afghan allies based exclusively on their willingness to get rid of U.S. enemies, rather than on their capacity to bring stability and security to the state."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23521761&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shah, Syed Adnan A.  Internal Dynamics of Afghanistan after the 2005 Parliamentary Elections and the Impact on the Region.  Strategic Studies 26:100-121 Summer 2006.


Multimedia

Building Democracy in War-Torn Afghanistan.  Princeton, NJ, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 2004.  1 Videodisc, 60 min.
"ABC News (NightLine) program documents the challenges of building democracy in Afghanistan, a place scarred by present conflict and past war, where even the effort to register Afghans to vote is proving almost insurmountably difficult. Contemporaneous events in Pakistan are also considered."
DVD call no.:  320.9581 B932

Understanding Terrorism.  1, Afghanistan, the Lost Generation.  New York, Ambrose Video Publishing, Inc, 2001.  1 Videocassette, 30 min.
Focuses on the country of Afghanistan dominated by a terrorist regime in an unflinching look at the atrocities of war and a people struggling to survive in the total desperation caused by an almost perpetual state of conflict.  Told through the personal stories of three people:  Ustad Kamal, a dean of traditional music; 12 yr. old Bashir who struggles to feed his six siblings after his parents were killed; and Nasrullah, a soldier crippled by war.
Video call no.:  363.325 U55 v.1



Security and Defense -- General

 

Internet Resources

Sand, Benjamin.  VOA News:  Warlord Video May Signal Upsurge in Violence in Afghanistan.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News , 2 p, May 6, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1033291311&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

United Nations Security Council.  Resolution 1707 - United Nations Assistance Mission Afghanistan, p 1, September 12, 2006.
Available online at:  http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N06/517/70/PDF/N0651770.pdf?OpenElement
Afghanistan Resolution 1707 (2006) for UNAMA (United Nations Assistance Mission Afghanistan) reaffirms the need for the ISAF presence in Afghanistan begun with Resolution 1386 (2001).

Winning in Afghanistan:  How to Face the Rising Threat, by Anthony H. Cordesman, and Arleigh A. Burke.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 12, 2006.  71 p.
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/061212_afghanistan.pdf


Books

Asian Defence Yearbook 2006, edited by Dato Haji syed Hussain bin Syed Abdul Karim.  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Syed Hussain Publications Sdn Bhd, 2006.  104 p.
Lists weapons and combat assets for countries in Asia.  Afghanistan not listed but list of public-sector and private companies engaged in the defence industry of the Asia-Pacific region may be useful.
Book call no.:  R 355.03305 A8328

Blood-Stained Hands:  Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity.  New York, Human Rights Watch, 2005.  133 p.
Focuses on one year of the Afghanistan Civil War.  Included since "Many of the main commanders and political faction leaders implicated in the crimes detailed in this report are now officials in the Afghan government—serving in high level positions in the police, military, intelligence services, and even as advisors to President Hamid Karzai.  Others may be actively seeking such positions.  Many Afghans, and Kabulis in particular, believe that these leaders’ history of abuse makes them unsuitable to hold such positions".
Also available online at:  http://hrw.org/reports/2005/afghanistan0605/afghanistan0605.pdf
Book call no.:  958.1046 B655

Chayes, Sarah.  The Punishment of Virtue:  Inside Afghanistan after the Taliban.  New York, Penguin Press, 2006.  386 p.
Former National Public Radio reporter discusses the complexities and traumas of post-war struggles.  "In a perverse turn of events, the U.S. government and armed forces abetted the return to power of corrupt militia commanders as well as the reinfiltration of bands of Taliban forces supported by U.S. ally Pakistan...  Reveals how the tribal strongmen who have regained power - after years of being displaced by the Taliban - have renewed a plague of corruption and violence on the Afghan people."
Book call no.:  958.1047 C512p

DMS Market Intelligence Reports:  Missiles, by Larry Dickerson (Senior Analyst).  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, December 2006.  1 vol.
Different type missiles detailed in separate sections.  Appendix I, "Missile Programs Listed by User Country", pp 1-3 Afghanistan, dated November 2006.
Book call no.:  R 338.47623451 M678

Dorronsoro, Gilles.  Revolution Unending:  Afghanistan, 1979 to the Present.  New York , Columbia University Press in association with the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, Paris, 2005.  370 p.
"As patching up the country by means of short-term ethnic alliances and a new division of the spoils will only perpetuate the schisms in society, the Afghan civil war is set to continue and perhaps worsen over time, despite Western intervention since 9/11."
Book call no.:  958.1045 D716r

Ewans, Martin.  Conflict in Afghanistan:  Studies in Asymmetric Warfare.  New York, Routledge, 2005.  198p.
"Conflict in Afghanistan, laying emphasis on contemporary documents and drawing on material from Soviet archives, centers on wars conducted in Afghanistan which have been of the asymmetric variety."--BOOK JACKET.
Book call no.:  355.42 E94c

Herd, Graeme P.  The Causes & Consequences of Strategic Failure in Afghanistan & Iraq.  Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2004.  27 p.
Includes:  Thinking the Unthinkable -- Afghanistan:  Tactical Victory, Strategic Defeat? Strategic Failures & the Transatlantic Alliance, Security Governance & Global Stability?
Book call no.:  327.172 H541c

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment:  South Asia.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  659 p.
Offers a seventy page report on Afghanistan with information on the security, infrastructure, demography, internal and external affairs, defence spending, and details on the armed forces structure, equipment, and strengths.
Book call no.:  R 954 J33 Iss. 18 2006

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson Fraes.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, August 2006.  647 p.
On p. 4 lists Afghanistan's Order of Battle, aircraft inventory, future aircraft acquisitions. Afghanistan's aircraft markings shown in section on "National military aircraft markings."
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss. 24 2006

Johnson, Robert.  A Region in Turmoil:  South Asian Conflicts since 1947.  London, Reaktion Books, 2005.  268 p.
Afghanistan, pp163-182.
Book call no.:  954.04 J68r

Lal, Rollie.  Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors:  Security and Commerce at the Crossroads.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2006.  44 p.
Afghanistan, p. 19-22 with the "U.S. Role" on p 22.
Book call no.:  327.7305 L193c

The Legacy of Jihad:  Islamic Holy War and the Fate of Non-Muslims, edited by Andrew G. Bostom.  Amerst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2005.  759 p.
Depicts Islam's justification for jihad and its worldwide impact that extended over thirteen centuries of war.  Quotations from the Qu'ran, the Hadith, along with Qu'ranic exegesis by classical and modern commentators provide a rationale for jihad - disproving the argument that only through radical misinterpretation has jihad war been justified.  Classical writings from Muslim jurists, theologians and twentieth-century scholars provide a description of jihad's influence.  Extensive primary and secondary source materials...  Finally, the book examines how jihad war, as a permanent and uniquely Islamic institution, ultimately regulates the relations of Muslims with non-Muslims to this day."--Book Jacket.
Book call no.:  297.72 L496

Misra, Amalendu.  Afghanistan:  Labyrinth of Violence.  Malden, MA, Polity Press, 2004.  219 p.
Offers chapters on the ethnic rivalry, radical islam, poppy and the economy, and the reconstruction efforts.
Book call no.:  958.1046 M678a

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Afghanistan:  In Pursuit of Security and Democracy.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 1st session, October 16, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2003.  79 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS47279
Book call no.:  958.1046 U58ab

Weiss, Thomas George.  Military-Civilian Interactions:  Humanitarian Crises and the Responsibility to Protect.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.  275 p.
Chapter 9:  September 11, Afghanistan, and Iraq:  What Are the Implications for Humanitarian Intervention?
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0417/2004009290.html (table of contents only)
Book call no.:  341.584 W432m 2005


Documents

Baker, Mary A.  Winning the Peace?  An Examination into Building an Afghan National Army (ANA) and New Iraqi Army (NIA).  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  24 p.
Examines the development and growth of new military institutions in both Afghanistan and Iraq.  Addresses the ANA and NIA in relation to their histories and national characters and reviews the challenges in the formation of the new armies.  Also discusses the two very different Disarmament Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) processes and their success and failures.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423350
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B1682w

Drolet, John D.  Provincial Reconstruction Teams:  Afghanistan vs. Iraq, Should We Have a Standard Model?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  17 p.
"One such interagency tool for providing assistance is the creation of Provincial Reconstruction Teams.  The current formula in Afghanistan is a military-centric organization, with significant Coalition participation while the emerging concept in Iraq calls for a more balanced interagency approach led by the United States" - Abstract from web site.  Examines both approaches and makes recommendations for future planning.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D785p

Grymes, Robert D.  Establishing Security and Stability in Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA , U.S. Army War College, 2003.  33 p.
"As the combat phase of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan draws to a close, post-conflict reconstruction requires security to allow the development of national military and police forces, a stable government, a functioning judiciary system, and economic progress".  Reviews internal and external threats for post-Taliban Afghanistan; the four pillars of post-conflict reconstruction---governance and participation, justice and reconciliation, social and economic well-being, and security; and discusses the U.S. policy and objectives.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415725
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G894e

Washington, United States.  General Accounting Office.  Afghanistan Reconstruction:  Deteriorating Security and Limited Resources Have Impeded Progress; Improvements in U.S. Strategy Needed:  Report to Congressional Committees.  Washington, GAO, 2004.  80 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS52983
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.04-403

Williams, Garland H.  Post Conflict Reconstruction:  On the Critical Path to Long-Term Peace.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  276 p.
Discusses the role the military should assume in post conflict infrastructure reconstruction during peace operations.  Examines the limitations under which the military currently operates, discusses the advantages and disadvantages that the military and the civil agencies bring to infrastructure reconstruction.  Reviews the case studies of Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416581
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W723p


Periodicals

Afghanistan in Transition:  Security, Governance and Statebuilding.  International Peacekeeping 14:entire issue January 2007.
Offers twelve articles on various aspects of the topic.

Briefing - Afghanistan's War:  A Double Spring Offensive.  Economist 382:28-30 February 24, 2007.
"After a dreadful year in Afghanistan, a newly confident NATO is preparing itself to take on the Taliban.  Success will be difficult but not impossible."  Discusses the current security situation with the Taliban and the Afghan opium trade.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1222884631&sid=4&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dietl, Gulshan.  War, Peace and the Warlords:  The Case of Ismail Khan of Herat in Afghanistan.  Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 28:51-71 Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16467627

Jalali, Ali A.  The Future of Afghanistan.  Parameters 36:4-19 Spring 2006.
Discusses the governance, security issues and threats, coalition forces and ISAF, counter-narcotics, development, and regional dynamics.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19887049&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rashid, Ahmed.  Letter from Afghanistan:  Are the Taliban Winning?  Current History 106:17-20 January 2007.
"... positive achievements carried out by the international community appear to be unraveling."  "A major problem for the West is its inability or refusal to acknowledge past failures in Afghanistan..."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1191524991&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD



Security and Defense -- United States (General)

 

For additional information on U.S. Afghanistan operations, see Operation Enduring Freedom (April 2005).

Internet Resources

Caffrey, Matthew.  Afghanistan:  Current Operational Lessons from the Soviet Experience.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2005.  3 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431196

Ending Afghanistan's Civil War,  James Dobbins.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, March 2007.  11 p.
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/2007/RAND_CT276.pdf
Recommendations to help the United States achieve success in its nation-building coalition in Afghanistan, including more pressure on Pakistan.  States most insurgents in Pakistan are Pashtuns who support the Taliban.

U.S. Forces Afghanistan.
Available at:  http://www.cfc-a.centcom.mil/

Public site with Afghanistan operation news.

United States Air Force - A9L Lessons Learned:  AF/A9--Studies & Analyses, Assessments and Lessons Learned
Available online at:  https://www.a9.hq.af.mil/a9l/
From USCENTAF Lessons Learned, Office of Air Force Lessons Learned, publications offer information on Afghanistan (restricted site).


Books

Clarke, Richard A.  Defeating the Jihadists:  A Blueprint for Action:  The Report of a Task Force.  New York, Century Foundation Press, 2004.  172 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip052/2004025180.html (Table of Contents only).
Book call no.:  363.32516 D3131

Hilali, A. Z.  US-Pakistan Relationship:  Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  304 p.
Historical review of foreign/security relations between U.S. and Pakistan during the Soviet Afghanistan War.  Also reviews the consequences of the war on Pakistan and evaluates the role of Pakistan as a key partner now Afghanistan and in the global coalition against terrorism.
Book call no.:  327.7305491 H641u

The Rise and Fall of the Taliban, edited by Kelly Barth.  San Diego, CA, Greenhaven Press, 2005.  126 p.
Offers thirteen essays by various authors that discuss why the Taliban rose to power, life under the Taliban, and opinions on the U.S. War decision to attack Afghanistan and the fall of the Taliban.
Book call no.:  958.1046 R595

Rothstein, Hy S.  Afghanistan and the Troubled Future of Unconventional Warfare.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2006.  218 p.
Discusses the performance of the U.S. forces in Afghanistan and what it says "about the United States' ability to wage war against enemies that do not engage us on a conventional battlefield or in an orthodox manner."
Book call no.:  355.0218 R847


Documents

Dreyer, Vincent M.  Retooling the Nation-Building Strategy in Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, February 28, 2006.  19 p.
Examines three of the ways currently employed to reconstitute the "failed state" of Afghanistan -- security sector reform (SSR), extension of government influence via provincial reconstruction teams, and general economic assistance.  Research reveals a definite disconnect in the strategy, particularly regarding the resources (or means) that are being applied to accomplish the designated goals.  Recommendations are provided.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448658
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D778r

Dyke, John R. and Crisafulli, John R.  Unconventional Counter-Insurgency in Afghanistan .  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2006.  61 p.  (Thesis, M.S.)
Questions the current U.S./Coalition campaign plan.  Proposes an alternative Unconventional COIN model that focuses on population control instead of "clear and sweep operations," Afghan constabulary-style forces instead of conventional Afghan National Army troops, the importance of "grassroots" intelligence collection at the village level, and the employment of USSF advisors instead of conventional U.S. infantry troops.  The plan is based on three case studies (Malayan Emergency, CIDG in Vietnam, and USSF in Orgun, Afghanistan).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451756
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 D996u

Grymes, Robert D.  Establishing Security and Stability in Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA , U.S. Army War College, 2003.  33 p.
"As the combat phase of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan draws to a close, post-conflict reconstruction requires security to allow the development of national military and police forces, a stable government, a functioning judiciary system, and economic progress."  Reviews internal and external threats for post-Taliban Afghanistan; the four pillars of post-conflict reconstruction---governance and participation, justice and reconciliation, social and economic well-being, and security; and discusses the U.S. policy and objectives.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415725
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G894e

Hussain, Khawar.  Pakistan's Afghanistan Policy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2005.  87 p.  (Thesis, MA)
"Thesis analyzes Pakistan's Afghanistan policy from 1947 to 2001.  It recommends Pakistan's effective engagement with Afghanistan.  While Pakistan protects its legitimate security interests, it must refrain from actively interfering in Afghanistan's political future.  Recommends that the United States should remain engaged in Afghanistan to stabilize the region, assist with the reconstruction of Afghanistan, ensure non interference of regional actors, and finally help settle the Durand Line issue once and for all."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435525
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 H972p

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan:  Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy, by Kenneth Katzman.  Washington, CRS, November 3, 2006.  54 p.
Report updated periodically at Federation of American Scientists homepage.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30588.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL30588

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan and other Global War on Terror Operations since 9/11, by Amy Belasco.  Washington, CRS, September 22, 2006.  40 p.
Report is updated on an irregular basis.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/68791.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL33110

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations:  Issues of U.S. Military Involvement, by Nina M. Serafino.  Washington, CRS, July 13, 2006.  20 p.
Refers to Afghanistan operations throughout the report.  Report is updated on an irregular basis; updated report at above link.
Also available online at:  http://www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/RL33557.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL33557

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations:  Issues of U.S. Military Involvement , by Nina M. Serafino.  Washington, CRS, March 27, 2006.  19 p.
Refers throughout to Afghanistan. Report updated on an irregular basis.
Also available online at:  http://www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/IB94040.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-8 no.94040

Roe, Andrew M.  A Contemporary "Blueprint" for North Atlantic Treaty Organization Provisional Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan?:  A Monograph.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College.  School of Advanced Military Studies, May 25, 2006.  66 p.
"Provides an overview of Afghanistan's recent history, reviews the contemporary causes of internal instability, describes the international response to this instability, and analyses three existing approaches to PRTs -- those of the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.  It also identifies and evaluates a number of PRT tactical and operational lessons learned.  Concludes by combining lessons learned into a recommended PRT "blueprint." --Abstract from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450610
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R698c

United States.  General Accounting Office.  Afghanistan Reconstruction:  Deteriorating Security and Limited Resources Have Impeded Progress; Improvements in U.S. Strategy Needed:  Report to Congressional Committees.  Washington, U.S. General Accounting Office, 2004.  80 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS52983
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.04-403

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Afghanistan Security:  Efforts to Establish Army and Police Have Made Progress, but Future Plans Need to Be Better Defined:  Report to the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives.  Washington, GAO, June 2005.  48 p.
GAO-05-575 report.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05575.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.05-575


Periodicals

Ges, Bertrand A.  3-319 AFAR (Airborne Field Artillery Regiment) TF Gun Devils:  Providing FA Fires for Afghanistan and Maneuvering on the Enemy.  Field Artillery, pp 20-26, September-October 2006.
Lessons Learned.  Army.

Rubin, Barnett R.  Saving Afghanistan.  Foreign Affairs 86:57-78 January-February 2007.
Analyzes the United States' position in Afghanistan, the history of its involvement with Afghanistan and Pakistan back to the Cold War, and the U.S. policy toward the Taliban.  Insight into the terrorist network development in Afghanistan discussed (p. 62).  "Contemptuous of nation building and wary of mission creep, the Bush administration entered Afghanistan determined to strike al Qaeda, unseat the Taliban, and then move on, providing only basic humanitarian aid and support for a new Afghan army.  Just as it had in the 1980s, the United States picked Afghan allies based exclusively on their willingness to get rid of U.S. enemies, rather than on their capacity to bring stability and security to the state."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23521761&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Multimedia

The Hunt for Osama Bin Laden.  Bethesda, MD, Discovery Channel Video, 2004.  1 Videodisc, 46 min.
A videodisc release of a 2004 episode of Discovery Spotlight.  This program focuses on the search for Osama bin Laden, head of the Islamic terrorist organization, al-Qaida.  It discusses his rise to power, his continued success after becoming the most wanted man in the world, the numerous terrorist attacks to which he was linked before 9/11, and the U.S.-led wars against Afghanistan and Iraq.
DVD call no.:  973.931 H939



Security and Defense -- United States  (Appropriations and Expenditures)

 

Internet Resources

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Afghanistan:  Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy.  Washington, CRS, January 11, 2007.  (RL 30588).
Available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL30588.pdf
On p. 18, referring to U. S.  Troops, of the "approximately 8,000 U.S. forces that will remain under direct U.S. command", "Many will continue to conduct “counter-terrorism” combat against Al Qaeda, Taliban, and other militant formations throughout Afghanistan (“Operation Active Endeavor”)".  Explains the continuing OEF coalition efforts of the American forces.

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in Iraq and Afghanistan:  Effects and Countermeasures.  Washington, CRS, September 25, 2006.
Available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RS22330.pdf
On p. 1, "IEDs or roadside bombs, have caused about half of all the American combat casualties in Iraq, and about 30% of combat casualties in Afghanistan, both killed and wounded. " On p. 3, "To evaluate countermeasures, DOD has set up the Joint IED Defeat Organization (JIEDDO), directed by retired Army Gen. Montgomery Meigs, to work with various national laboratories, the Department of Energy, contractors, and academia... The technologies being evaluated include electronic jammers, radars, X-ray equipment, robotic explosive ordnance disposal equipment, physical security equipment, and armor for vehicles and personnel."

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Global War on Terrorism:  Observations on Funding, Costs, and Future Commitments.  Washington, GAO, July 18, 2006.  23 p.  (Report number GAO-06-885T)
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06885t.pdf

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Suggested Areas for Oversight for the 110th Congress.  Washington, GAO, November 17, 2006.  44 p.  (GAO-07-235R).
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d07235r.pdf
Review of U.S. and Coalition Efforts to Stabilize and Rebuild Iraq and Afghanistan, p. 22.


Books

United States.  Congress.  House.  Armed Services Committee.  HASC Committee Defense Review Report.  Washington, HASC, December 2006.  127 p.
Addresses the full range of defense issues affecting the U. S. with Committee recommendations to improve capabilities.  States on p. 58 that "While the United States intends to withdraw U.S. Armed Forces from Afghanistan and Iraq, as conditions in those nations permit, the current level of U.S. military commitment to GWOT (i.e., operations in support of the worldwide effort) will persist indefinitely."  On p. 98 "Air Force Chief of Staff General T. Michael Moseley has defined “deep strike” as “the capability to achieve the desired effects rapidly and persistently upon any target set in any environment, anywhere, at any time… to hold any enemy target set at risk at any point on the Earth.”
Book call no.:  355.033073 C734


Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan, Tsunami Relief, and Other Activities, by Amy Belasco and Larry Q. Nowels.  Washington, (CRS), May 12, 2005.  64 p.
Also available online at:  http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/crs//data/2005/upl-meta-crs-7431/RL32783_2005May12.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RL32783

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Global War on Terrorism:  Fiscal Year 2006 Obligation Rates Are Within Funding Levels and Significant Multiyear Procurement Funds Will Likely Remain Available for Use in Fiscal Year 2007.  Washington, GAO, November 2006.  39 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0776.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.07-76



Security and Defense -- United States  (Operation Enduring Freedom)

 

For additional information on U.S. Afghanistan operations, see Operation Enduring Freedom (April 2005).

Internet Resources

Caffrey, Matthew.  Afghanistan:  Current Operational Lessons from the Soviet Experience.  ACSC Quick-Look 05-01.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2005.  3 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431196
Also available at http://research.airuniv.edu.

Combat Comptrollers:  Considerations across the Planning Continuum, by John P. Anderson and Edward E. Marshall.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2006.  133 p.  (Thesis, MBA)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451372
"In this MBA project, we examine the Air Force and Army Financial Management operations in the contingency environment.  The project will examine transformational ways of comptroller operations.  This project will give a brief history and lessons learned from World War II to the present, current Army and Air Force deployed FM operations, and ways to obtain jointness through increasing interoperability, organization, and "reachback capability."  Discusses how the deployment of Combat Comptrollers and FM procedures in "jointness" may affect current contingency mobility operations of Air Force and other branches.  Air Force pp 31 and 72--details AF 9 process, check cashing, other.

Croatian Troops to Take Part in Combat in Afghanistan Without Assembly Approval.  BBC Monitoring Europe - Political, 1 p, November 30, 2006.
Available online at:  http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe 
From Lexis-Nexis database place title in search box to link to article.
"The newsletter published by the 209th Regional US Army Command in Afghanistan states the following, among other things:  "In support of Operation Enduring Freedom Camp Mike Spann now has 6 nations unified together to mentor and strengthen the Afghan National Army:  Croatia, Germany, Norway, Sweden, United States, and the last to join 5 October 2006 the Czech Republic...  " Source:  Nacional, Zagreb, in Croatian 28 Nov 06 p. 11-14."

GlobalSecurity.org
Available online at:  http://globalsecurity.org
Order of Battle/Deployments/operations of U.S. military at:  http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/enduring-freedom_deploy.htm.

Haulman, Daniel L.  Intertheater Airlift Challenges of Operation Enduring Freedom.  November 14, 2002.  12 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434031
"Between Operations DESERT SHIELD/STORM in 1990-1991 and ENDURING FREEDOM in 2001-2002, the Air Force modernized its intertheater mobility.  It acquired significant numbers of new C-17 aircraft, created Air Mobility Command,.. launched an expeditionary force deployment system, modernized its materiel handling equipment, and improved its embarkation airlift schedules."  Yet, despite all of these strategic airlift improvements, Operation Enduring Freedom faced many challenges - some new such as lack of theater infrastructure, some old such as failures in automated planning systems and overloaded staging bases.  Author discusses these challenges and failures.

Legal Lessons Learned from Afghanistan and Iraq.  Charlottesville, VA, United States Army.  Center for Law and Military Operation.  Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School, August 2004.  2 vols.
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/clamo-v1.pdf and http:/www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/clamo-v2.pdf
Volume 1 - Major Combat Operations (11 September 2001 - May 1, 2003).
Volume 2 - Full Spectrum Operations (2 May 2003 - 30 June 2004).

Lessons from Operation Enduring Freedom, by Robert S. Tripp.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2004.  160 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424821

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in Iraq and Afghanistan:  Effects and Countermeasures.  Washington, CRS, September 25, 2006.
Available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RS22330.pdf
On p. 1, "IEDs or roadside bombs, have caused about half of all the American combat casualties in Iraq, and about 30% of combat casualties in Afghanistan, both killed and wounded." On p. 3, "To evaluate countermeasures, DOD has set up the Joint IED Defeat Organization (JIEDDO), directed by retired Army Gen. Montgomery Meigs, to work with various national laboratories, the Department of Energy, contractors, and academia... The technologies being evaluated include electronic jammers, radars, X-ray equipment, robotic explosive ordnance disposal equipment, physical security equipment, and armor for vehicles and personnel."

Military Education Research Library Network
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu
Maintains MiPAL (Military Policy Analysis Awareness Links).  Linked documents index for countries with documents culled from Rand, Military Policy, Dept of State, Brookings Institution, U.S. policy and the like.  Links to EBSCO, InfoTrac, and Proquest to generate current searches on subject.
Section on Afghanistan is available at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=102&pageID=3&type=section.

Operation Enduring Freedom Deaths at 284.  Domestic News.  Associated Press Online, 1 p, November 4, 2006.
Available online at:  http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe 
From Lexis-Nexis database place title in search box to link to article.
"As of Friday, Nov. 3, 2006, at least 284 members of the U.S. military have died in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan as a result of the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in late 2001, according to the Defense Department.  The Defense Department last updated its figures on Friday, Nov. 3, 2006."

Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) U. S. Casualty Status Fatalities as of:  May 5, 2007, 10 a.m. EDT.  May 5, 2007.  1 p.
Available online at:  http://www.defenselink.mil/news/casualty.pdf
The report details the OEF military and civilian deaths in all OEF locations (In and Around Afghanistan--includes Pakistan & Uzbekistan, Other Locations--includes Guantanamo Bay, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Seychelles, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Yemen).  Links to follow on the AFIS homepage (http://www.defenselink.mil/afis) to find updated reports would be:  DoD News--Today in DoD--Special Interest--Casualty Reports.

The Role of Seabasing in SOF Operations.  Norfolk, VA, National Defense University, Joint Forces Staff College, Joint Combined Warfighting School, August 25, 2006.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA456860
Discussion touches on the problems with forward bases that surfaced during conflicts in Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq and the resulting Defense Science Board recommendations to develop a Joint Seabasing concept.

Shays, Christopher.  Accuracy of Cost Estimates for War on Terror.  FDCH Congressional Testimony, 1 p, July 18, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32Y0275276523&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
To combat terrorism the United States has initiated three military operations:  Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Noble Eagle (ONE), and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OAF).  Determining the total amount of funding for the GWOT is challenging because of the various ways in which funds are appropriated and the failure of the Department of Defense (DOD) to have auditable financial statements."

Supporting Air and Space Expeditionary Forces:  Expanded Operational Architecture for Combat Support Execution Planning and Control, by Patrick Mills and others.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2006.  108 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA454805
Lessons Learned from Operation Enduring Freedom, p 61.  Beddown and aircraft current and future proposed locations with maps.  TFEL (Task Force Enduring Look)(AF/CVAX) sponsored the research.

United States Air Force A9L Lessons Learned:  AF/A9--Studies & Analyses, Assessments and Lessons Learned
Available online at:  https://www.a9.hq.af.mil/a9l/
From USCENTAF Lessons Learned, Office of Air Force Lessons Learned, publications offer information on Afghanistan (restricted site).

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Unmanned Aircraft Systems:  DOD Needs to More Effectively Promote Interoperability and Improve Performance Assessments.  Washington, GAO, December 13, 2005.  39 p.  (Report number GAO-06-49)
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0649.pdf
States that although UAS (unmanned aircraft systems) have been used extensively in Afghanistan & Iraq (with some success), the fielding of systems before the development of interoperability could undermine joint operations.

U.S. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Combat, 1991-2003, by Daniel L. Haulman.  Maxwell AFB AL , Air Force Historical Research Agency, June 9, 2003.  19 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434033
Discusses the advantages of UAVs over manned aircraft systems including eliminating pilot risk, saving money, providing long-term real-time video reconnaissance, reducing time between target identification and destruction, and for extremely long reconnaissance missions and missions in areas of extreme danger.  Elaborates on the lessons the military has learned about UAVs over the last 13 years, the advantages of UAVs, and their vulnerabilities.  Refers to Afghanistan and Operation Enduring Freedom throughout the report.

What Have We Learned about Establishing Internal Security in Nation-Building?  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2005.  3 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9135/RAND_RB9135.pdf
In its assessment of nine nation-building operations, lists Afghanistan as one of seven "unsuccessful" cases of U. S intervention.  Lessons Learned proffered.  Names components of nation-building.


Books

Air Power Against Terror:  America's Conduct of Operation Enduring Freedom, by Benjamin S. Lambeth.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2005.  1 vol.
Analyses the successes and failures of OEF, Operation Anaconda, frictions in USCENTCOM that caused targets to slip away.  The author emphasizes "several distinctive achievements in this war, including the use of SOF-enabled precision weapons that were effective irrespective of weather, the first combat use of Predator unmanned aerial vehicles armed with Hellfire missiles, and the integrated employment of high-altitude drones and other air- and space-based sensors that gave CENTCOM unprecedented round-the-clock awareness of enemy activity."--Rand web site.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG166/ (lengthy load)
Book call no.:  958.1047 L221a

Becker, Tal.  Terrorism and the State:  Rethinking the Rules of State Responsibility.   Portland, OR, Hart Publishing, 2006.  390 p.
The reader may wish to review  pp211-238; Section 6.2.1 discusses  "The Paradigm and the Illegality of Operation Enduring Freedom."
Book call no.:  344.05325  B376t

National Defense University.  Review of Psychological Operations Lessons Learned from Recent Operational Experience, by Christopher J. Lamb and Paris Genalis.  Washington, National Defense University Press, 2005.  212 p.
Also available at:  http://www.dodig.mil/Inspections/IE/Reports/TIP%20Final-E.pdf
Discusses PSYPOP lessons learned in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF).  These lessons learned are ...namely, that PSYOP performance suffers from:  a lack of national-level themes to guide message formulation, slow product approval process that renders some products irrelevant, questionable product quality with uncertain effects and an overall lack of resources, including insufficient force structure."--Preface p 2.  On p 65 the author lists other Stability Operations.
Book call no.:  355.3434  R454

Strategic Studies Institute.  U. S. Army War College.  Afghanistan and the Future of Warfare:  Implications for Army and Defense Policy, by Stephen D. Biddle.  Carlyle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, November 2002.  58 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00106.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033573 B584a

United States.  Congress.  House.  Armed Services Committee.  HASC Committee Defense Review Report.  Washington, HASC, December 2006.  127 p.
Addresses the full range of defense issues affecting the U. S. with Committee recommendations to improve capabilities.  States on p. 58 that "While the United States intends to withdraw U.S. Armed Forces from Afghanistan and Iraq, as conditions in those nations permit, the current level of U.S. military commitment to GWOT (i.e., operations in support of the worldwide effort) will persist indefinitely."  On p. 98  "Air Force Chief of Staff General T. Michael Moseley has defined “deep strike” as “the capability to achieve the desired effects rapidly and persistently upon any target set in any environment, anywhere, at any time… to hold any enemy target set at risk at any point on the Earth.”
Book call no.:  355.033073 C734


Documents

Cox, Joseph L.  Information Operations in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom:  What Went Wrong?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. School of Advanced Military Studies, May 2006.  127 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449922
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 C8771i

Dyke, John R. and Crisafulli, John R.  Unconventional Counter-Insurgency in Afghanistan.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2006.  61 p.  (Thesis, M.S.)
Questions the current U.S./Coalition campaign plan.  Proposes an alternative Unconventional COIN model that focuses on population control instead of "clear and sweep operations," Afghan constabulary-style forces instead of conventional Afghan National Army troops, the importance of "grassroots" intelligence collection at the village level, and the employment of USSF advisors instead of conventional U.S. infantry troops.  The plan is based on three case studies (Malayan Emergency, CIDG in Vietnam, and USSF in Orgun, Afghanistan).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451756
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 D996u

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. and Coalition Military Operations in Afghanistan:  Issues for Congress, by Andrew Feickert.  Washington, CRS, June 9, 2006.  15 p.
A separate bibliography addresses Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan).
Also available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL33503.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL33503

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. Military Operations in the Global War on Terrorism:  Afghanistan, Africa, the Philippines, and Colombia, by Andrew Feickert.  Washington, CRS, August 26, 2005.  28 p.
Updated on an irregular basis.  Latest update linked online above.
Also available online at:  http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL32758.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32758

United States.  OUSD for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics.  Defense Science Board.  Task Force on Force Protection in Urban and Unconventional Environments.  Defense Science Board Task Force on Force Protection in Urban and Unconventional Environments.  Washington, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, March 2006.  85 p.
Discusses lessons learned from OIF and OEF and their application to the training of junior officers.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 40607-198

Wills, Craig D.  Airpower, Afghanistan, and the Future of Warfare:  An Alternative View.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, May 2004.  104 p.  (Thesis)
Argues "that airpower has evolved so much that it now dominates the air/ground relationship, and that this truth has important implications for the United States.  Because of precision airpower, no adversary can mass against the United States without facing certain destruction, a truth that has profound implications for airmen and soldiers alike.  Second, airpower's lethality has made it the most politically useful military tool in America's arsenal... as a natured extension of its lethality, airpower has become the ultimate guarantor of economy of force.  Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi freedom demonstrated that in the presence of precision airpower, fewer ground troops are required during the combat phase of modern war."--Abstract.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 W741a


Periodicals

Biddle, Stephen D.  Allies, Airpower, and Modern Warfare:  The Afghan Model in Afghanistan and Iraq.  International Security 30:161-176 Winter 2005-2006.
Lessons Learned from Operation Enduring Freedom, 2001.  Coalition Warfare.

Cox, Matthew and Lubold Gordon.  Staying Put:  New U. S.  Troop Rotations Announced as NATO Takes Reins in Afghanistan.  Army Times 67:8-9 August 14, 2006.
Discusses death rate reduction, poppy growing, drug trafficking, and lack of a stable southern Afghanistan government as reasons for Taliban toe-hold.
Also available online at:  http://infoweb.newsbank.com.

Ges, Bertrand A.  3-319 AFAR (Airborne Field Artillery Regiment) TF Gun Devils:  Providing FA Fires for Afghanistan and Maneuvering on the Enemy.  Field Artillery, pp 20-26, September-October 2006.
Lessons Learned.  Army.

Grier, Peter.  The RED HORSE Way.  Journal of the Air Force Magazine 86:70-73 February 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=9081451&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mansager, Tucker B.  Interagency Lessons Learned in Afghanistan.  Joint Force Quarterly 40:80-84 Winter 2006.
Presents information on the lessons learnt by the U.S. Special Operations Command during the Afghanistan military operation.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19568190&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Meggett, David C.  Retired Spec-ops Colonel Offers Harsh Critique of Afghan War.  Air Force Times 67:48 November 6, 2006.
The article reviews the book  "Afghanistan & the Troubled Future of Unconventional Warfare," by Hy S. Rothstein.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23014898&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rashid, Ahmed.  Letter from Afghanistan:  Are the Taliban Winning?  Current History 106:17-20 January 2007.
"... positive achievements carried out by the international community appear to be unraveling."  "A major problem for the West is its inability or refusal to acknowledge past failures in Afghanistan..."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1191524991&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Schanz, Marc V.  Operation Enduring Freedom--Afghanistan.  Air Force Magazine 90:18 January 2007.
The article reports on developments related to Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan as of January 2007.  A total of 352 Americans had died in Operation Enduring Freedom as of December 14, 2006.  The U.S. Air Force took over operations at the biggest U.S. hospital in Afghanistan.  397 weapons releases were made by aircraft in October 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23693042&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

West, Bing.  Securing Afghanistan:  The Americans Keep Trying.  National Review 59:38-40 March 19, 2007.
A former Marine and assistant secretary of defense in the Reagan administration discusses the "Gates Plan for Afghanistan" and the future difficulties in training Afghan police and military.  Details efforts of U. S. 82nd Airborne Division deployed east of Kabul and U. S. ETTs (Embedded Training Teams).
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24258677&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


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