AFGHANISTAN:  CURRENT ISSUES


February 2009

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on February 11, 2009.


Internet Resources


Afghanistan 2007.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, May 2007.  71 p.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/afghan.htm
Older Fairchild Research Information Center bibliography on Afghanistan with additional background information.  Provides separate sections on culture, NATO and U.S. operations in Afghanistan, narcotics trade, politics and government, and economic aspects.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.  Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/regions/?fa=viewRegions®ion=1000126
Resources include articles and publications discussing Afghanistan's political, economic, and security hurdles also evaluates policy options helpful in stabilizing the country.

CIA-World Factbook:  Afghanistan
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html
Provides a concise description on Afghanistan's geography, economy, communication, military, government, and foreign relations.

Council on Foreign Relations:  Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/region/280/afghanistan.html
Provides analysis, podcasts, documents, and articles on Afghanistan's economics, human rights, and defense strategy.

Dale, Catherine.  War in Afghanistan:  Strategy, Military Operations, and Issues for Congress.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, January 23, 2009.  75 p.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/115985.pdf

The Embassy of Afghanistan, Washington DC
Available online at:  http://www.embassyofafghanistan.org/
Offers a newsletter and basic country information on Afghanistan's legislative affairs, public diplomacy, business, culture, and travel.

Government of Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://www.afghangovernment.com/
Website for the government of Afghanistan with access to Ministries, government, history, constitutions, news, embassies worldwide, and Afghanistan law.

Henry L. Stimson Center.  South Asia Program
Available online at:  http://www.stimson.org/southasia/programhome.cfm
Site offers analysis and commentaries, current research, books and reports, and current news covering South Asia including Afghanistan. Search site for "Afghanistan" will result in numerous resources covering Afghanistan.

Heritage Foundation.  Asia and the Pacific:  South & Southeast Asia
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/AsiaandthePacific/southeast-asia.cfm
Offers reports covering Southeast Asia including Afghanistan.  Site search for "Afghanistan" gives results covering NATO and U.S. efforts in Afghanistan, terrorism, economics, and government.

Katzman, Kenneth.  Afghanistan:  Government Formation and Performance.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, November 14, 2008.  6 p.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/113212.pdf

Katzman, Kenneth.  Afghanistan:  Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, January 16, 2009.  72 p.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/115642.pdf

Kronstadt, K. Alan and Katzman, Kenneth.  Islamist Militancy in the Pakistan-Afghanistan Border Region and U.S. Policy.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, November 21, 2008.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/113202.pdf
Discusses the increasing militant activity in western Pakistan and how this affects U.S. efforts to stabilize Afghanistan.

Military Policy Awareness Link:  Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=102&pageID=3&type=section
Includes online resources concerning Afghanistan from governmental and non-governmental sources, including think tanks and scholarly journals.  Information includes U.S. policy, rebuilding Afghanistan, terrorism, news, drug trade, human rights, NATO in Afghanistan, and politics and government.

Mills, Greg.  Ten Counterinsurgency Commandments from Afghanistan.  April 10, 2007.  9 p.
Available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ietcop/documents/FPRI%20-%20TEN%20COUNTERINSURGENCY%20COMMANDMENTS%20FROM%20AFGHANISTAN%20-%20Greg%20Mills%20APR%2007.doc
Discusses recommendations for future counterinsurgency operations in Afghanistan using lessons learned from past insurgency operations.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Official Website).
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/
Offers an e-Library and Multimedia menu tabs that take the user to on-line video clips, speeches, photos, and documents.  Provides links to the NATO Review Magazine.
For information on "NATO in Afghanistan" see http://www.nato.int/issues/afghanistan/index.html which links to news, NATO briefings, and the ISAF operations information.

Nixon, Hamish.  Aiding the State?  International Assistance and the Statebuilding Paradox in Afghanistan.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, April 2007.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=26&task=doc_download&gid=487
Discusses the "statebuilding paradox" as the relationship between assistance and long-term measures and aid dependency and short-term measures in regards to International assistance and statebuilding in Afghanistan.

Nixon, Hamish.  Subnational State-Building in Afghanistan.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, April 2008.  80 p.
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=26&task=doc_download&gid=573
Paper identifies and analyses key issues affecting state-building interventions at subnational levels, and their implications for current and future governance programming.

Parker, Michelle.  The Role of the Department of Defense in Provincial Reconstruction Teams.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2007.  14 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473450
Testimony of Michelle Parker presented before House Armed Services Committee, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations on September 5, 2007 based on time spent in Afghanistan.

Progress in Afghanistan:  Bucharest Summit 2 - 4 April 2008.  Brussels, Belgium, NATO Public Democracy Division, 2008.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://www.nato.int/ISAF/docu/epub/pdf/progress_afghanistan.pdf
Report of summit discussing where progress is being made by the international community in the areas of security, reconstruction and development, and governance in Afghanistan.

Rebuilding Afghanistan:  The White House Policies in Focus
Available online at:  http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/afghanistan/
Includes news releases, speeches, official photos, fact sheets, information on U.S. support including democracy, security, economics, etc. on Afghanistan from the official website of The White House.

United States Department of State:  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs.  Afghanistan
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/af/index.htm
Includes background notes, country information, economics, government, foreign relations, and official releases.

Wilder, Andrew.  Cops or Robbers?  The Struggle to Reform the Afghan National Police.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, July 2007.  94 p.
Available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=&task=doc_download&gid=523
Paper provides an overview of the police sector in Afghanistan, assesses reform efforts since 2002, and identifies key issues needed to effectively create the Afghan National Police.


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Allen, Lawrence K.  Reconstruction Efforts in Afghanistan.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  31 p.
Available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=5b0d7c62-b00f-456e-bb7b-389917c16dd4&rs=PublishedSearch

Salmon, Paul J.  The Role of the Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Stability Operations:  Reality and Potential.  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 2008.  58 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485564
Assesses the Afghani PRTs against the reconstruction PRTs in Iraq by evaluating the criteria of resources, leadership, structure, and operational focus.


Books


Afghanistan:  Transition under Threat, edited by Geoffrey Hayes and Mark Sedra.  Waterloo, Ontario, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008.  309 p.
Covers political, economic, and security transitions in Afghanistan and the impact of international and particularly Canadian assistance.
Book call no.:  958.1047 A2573

Bajraktari, Yll and Parajon, Christina.  Media and Conflict:  Afghanistan as a Relative Success Story.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2008.  8 p.
Discusses the relatively successful development of the media in Afghanistan, the challenges still faced along with what the international community must do to assist and support it.
Also available online at:  http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr198.pdf
Book call no.:  302.230958 B165m

Benard, Cheryl and others.  Women and Nation-Building.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  191 p.
Using Afghanistan as a case study examines gender specific impacts of conflict and post-conflict events analyzing the roles of women in nation-building activities.
Also available online at:  http://rand.org/pubs/monographs/2008/RAND_MG579.pdf
Book call no.:  305.4209581 W872

Carafano, James Jay.  Private Sector, Public Wars:  Contractors in Combat -- Afghanistan, Iraq, and Future Conflicts.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  242 p.  (The Changing Face of War)
Examines the military, political, social, cultural, economic, intellectual, and business history of using contractors in combat in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Book call no.:  355.6 C258p

Chair, Richard.  A Further Look at Technologies and Capabilities for Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations.  Washington, National Defense University Center for Technology and National Security Policy, 2007.  80 p.
Study identifying capability needs and possible technology solutions to the stabilization and reconstruction (S&R) operations faced today and in the future; this report is heavily influenced by Iraq and Afghanistan but represents operations for various parts of the world.
Book call no.:  355.028 C435f

Dobbins, James and others.  After the War:  Nation-Building from FDR to George W. Bush.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND Corporation, 2008.  152 p.
Assesses ways in which the management styles and structures of the administrations in power prior to and during nation-building operations affect the goals and outcomes of such operations, Post-9/11 Nation-Building:  Afghanistan and Iraq, pp 85-133
Book call no.:  327.1 A258

Dobbins, James F.  After the Taliban:  Nation-Building in Afghanistan.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2008.  179 p.
Account of American diplomacy revealing how the administration failed to capitalize on early success in Afghanistan by refusing to allow American soldiers to conduct peacekeeping operations, the shifting attention to Iraq and how these two ventures relate.
Book call no.:  958.1047 D632a

Gauster, Markus.  Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Afghanistan:  An Innovative Instrument of International Crisis Management Being Put to the Test.  Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, January 2008.  62 p.
Book call no.:  958.1047 G274p

Ghani, Ashraf and Lockhart, Clare.  Fixing Failed States:  A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2008.  254 p.
Examples of struggling states including Afghanistan, the authors provide a practical approach for an integrated state-building.
Book call no.:  341.584 G411f

Glaze, John A.  Opium and Afghanistan:  Reassessing U.S. Counternarcotics Strategy.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, 2007.  28 p.
Book call no.:  363.4509581 G553o

Gutman, Roy.  How We Missed the Story:  Osama bin Laden, the Taliban, and the Hijacking of Afghanistan.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2008.  321 p.
Research revealing the inner workings of U.S. foreign policymaking, the internal debates among key actors in and around Afghanistan during the 1990s, and possible consequences of the media's lapses in coverage of Afghanistan during that period.
Book call no.:  327.730581 G984h

Hafvenstein, Joel.  Opium Season:  A Year on the Afghan Frontier.  Guilford, CT, Lyons, 2007.  337 p.
Day to day accounts by an American working in the Helmand Province, the heart of Afghanistan's opium trade.  Undermining of American strategy, violence, criminal alliances, drug trafficking warlords, and the harshness of everyday life for Afghans among issues addressed.
Book call no.:  958.1047 H139o

Haroon, Sana.  Frontier of Faith:  Islam in the Indo-Afghan Borderland.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2007.  254 p.
History of Islam especially that of the local mullahs in the North-West Frontier Tribal Areas which is now the boundary of Pakistan-Afghanistan. Examines the religious organization and mobilization in this area giving understanding of the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands today.
Book call no.:  954.912035 H292f

Havedal, Anja.  The A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance.  Kabul, Afghanistan, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, 2006.  220 p.
Provides a glossary of assistance terms, an overview of Afghanistan's system of government, a series of locator maps, key primary documents, and an extensive contact directory.
Also available online at:  http://www.areu.org.af/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=26&task=doc_download&gid=566
Book call no.:  320.9581 A111 2006

Hope, Ian.  Unity of Command in Afghanistan:  A Forsaken Principle of War.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  21 p.
Discusses the importance of unity of command examining U.S. departure from this tradition and the need to revert back to these principles.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB889.pdf
Book call no.:  355.46 H791u

Jane's Information Group.  Jane's Sentinel:  Country Risk Assessment - South Asia.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2008.  666 p.
Offers basic country information as well as detailed information on internal and external affairs, defense budget, armed forces policy and structure, non-state armed groups and security issues, see Afghanistan, pp 3-77.
Book call no.:  R 954 J33 iss. 21 2008

Jones, James L. and Pickering, Thomas R.  Afghanistan Study Group Report:  Revitalizing Our Efforts Rethinking Our Strategies.  Washington, Center for the Study of the Presidency, 2008.  43 p.
Report of the Afghanistan Study group providing policy makers with key recommendations that will lead to a re-vitalization and re-doubling of the United States and international community's commitment and effort in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476842
Book call no.:  958.1047 J77a

Jones, Seth G.  Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  157 p.
Focuses on the early stages of insurgency from 2002 until 2008, examines how the insurgency began, lessons learned, and recommendations for future U.S. counterinsurgency operations.
Book call no.:  958.1047 J79c

Khan, Ijaz.  Pakistan's Strategic Culture and Foreign Policy Making:  A Study of Pakistan's Post 9/11 Afghan Policy Change.  New York, Nova Science Publishers, 2007.  152 p.
Book call no.:  327.54910581 W423p

Kramer, Franklin D. and others.  Information Communications Technology Support to Reconstruction and Development:  Some Observations from Afghanistan.  Ft. Lesley J. McNair, Washington, National Defense University, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, 2007.  21 p.
Examines Afghanistan telecommunications and information technology reconstruction initiatives.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA481415
Book call no.:  363.3498809581 K89i

Macdonald, David.  Drugs in Afghanistan:  Opium, Outlaws and Scorpion Tales.  Ann Arbor, MI, Pluto Press, 2007.  295 p.
Book call no.:  363.4509581 M135d

Markey, Daniel.  Securing Pakistan's Tribal Belt.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations. Center for Prevention Action, 2008.  65 p.
Report analyzes U.S. foreign policy with Pakistan regarding frustrations with the tribal areas bordering Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  327.7305491 M345s

Mills, Nick B.  Karzai:  The Failing American Intervention and the Struggle for Afghanistan.  Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, 2007.  240 p.
Hamid Karzai's dramatic rise to the presidency of Afghanistan and the problems he and his country face.
Book call no.:  958.104 M657k

Morgan, Matthew J.  A Democracy Is Born:  An Insider's Account of the Battle Against Terrorism in Afghanistan.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2007.  174 p.
Candid account written by a former U.S. Army intelligence officer of Afghanistan's first presidential election and its subsequent transition to democratic self-governance.
Book call no.:  958.1047 M849d

Nayak, Polly.  U.S. Security Policy in South Asia since 9/11:  Challenges and Implications for the Future.  Honolulu, HI, Asia-Pacific Center for Strategic Studies, 2005.  15 p.
Discusses U.S. security ties to Afghanistan including issues of counterterrorism, survival of the Western-backed political order, drug trade, and Afghan relations with Pakistan and Iran.
Also available online at:  http://www.apcss.org/Publications/Ocasional%20Papers/USSecurity3.pdf
Book call no.:  327.7305 N331u

Parker, Michelle.  Programming Development Funds to Support a Counterinsurgency:  A Case Study of Nangarhar, Afghanistan in 2006 .  Ft. Lesley J. McNair, Washington, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, August 2007.  22 p.  (Case Studies in National Security Transformation, no. 10)
Case study explores the process of programming development funds which the Jalalabad Provincial Reconstruction Team developed and implemented in its area of operations.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471252
Book call no.:  959.1047 P242p

Rais, Rasul Bakhsh.  Recovering the Frontier State:  War, Ethnicity, and State in Afghanistan.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2008.  237 p.
Book call no.:  958.1047 R159r

Roberts, Jeffery J.  The Origins of Conflict in Afghanistan.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2003.  268 p.
Provides background information on Afghanistan from the British policy in the nineteenth century to the U.S. policies toward South Asia during the Truman and Eisenhower administrations, and the Soviet-Afghan agreements.
Book call no.:  958.1 R645o

Rotberg, Robert I.  Building a New Afghanistan.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2007.  242 p.
Offers solutions and alternatives to Afghanistan's many problems in its continuing struggle to emerge as a confident, indepedent nation.
Book call no.:  958.1047 B932

Sinno, Abdulkader H.  Organizations at War in Afghanistan and Beyond.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2008.  336 p.
History and organization of Afghanistan's combatant groups.  Author's organizational theory of group conflicts in Afghanistan and other ethnic, revolutionary, independence, and secessionist areas of conflict.
Book call no.:  958.104 S617o

South Asia.  New York, Routledge, 2008.  720 p.
Detailed survey on Afghanistan covering geography, history, economy, government, statistics, and a directory which includes government and political organizations, newspapers, journals, news agencies, broadcasting/communications, finance, and trade and industry, pp 73-122.
Book call no.:  R 954.053 S726 5th ed. 2008

Stability Operations and State-Building:  Continuities and Contingencies, edited by Greg Kaufmann.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  270 p.
Report from colloquium to identify principles and supporting policies of state-building that will enhance American's ability "to win the peace" while stabilizing chaotic regions such as Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  327.730090511 A775

Stanekzai, Mohammad Masoom.  Thwarting Afghanistan's Insurgency:  A Pragmatic Approach Toward Peace and Reconciliation.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2008.  16 p.
Analysis and conclusions based on author's discussions with Afghans including men, women, senior government officials, and members of the international community working in or on Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr212.pdf
Book call no.:  303.69 S785t

The Taliban and the Crisis of Afghanistan, edited by Robert D. Crews and Amin Tarzi.  Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2008.  430 p.
Focuses on the underlying historical patterns that gave rise to the Taliban, the crisis of state power in Afghanistan including the Taliban's efforts to reconstruct governing institutions and how diverse Afghan communities have contended with state power.
Book call no.:  958.1046 T1461

United States.  Congress.  Congressional Budget Office.  Additional Information about the Alternative Spending Path for Military Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and for the War on Terrorism.  Washington, Congressional Budget Office, 2006.  3 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/75xx/doc7589/09-22-WarSpending.pdf
Book call no.:  355.622973 A227

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Security and Stability in Afghanistan:  Challenges and Opportunities.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, January 30, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2008.  99 p.
First of several hearings to be held on Afghanistan discussing key challenges facing the United States and coalition military operations, the Afghan government, security forces, counter-narcotics and reconstruction efforts.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS95782
Book call no.:  958.1047 U581sa

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Status of Security and Stability in Afghanistan.  Hearing. 109th Congress, 2nd session, June 28, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  101 p.
Hearing discussing the ongoing security and stability activities in Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  958.1047 U581s

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee.  Agency Stovepipes VS Strategic Agility:  Lessons We Need to Learn from Provincial Reconstruction Teams in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Washington, GPO, 2008.  80 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA480736
Book call no.:  956.704431 U581a

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on the Budget.  The Costs of Military Operations and Reconstruction in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Washington, GPO, July 31, 2007.  101 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS91214
Book call no.:  973.931 U584ca

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  From Coalition to ISAF Command in Afghanistan:  The Purpose and Impact of the Transition.  Hearing. 109th Congress, 2nd session, September 21, 2006.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  50 p.
Book call no.:  958.1047 U58f

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Appropriations.  Examining the President's Fiscal Year 2008 Supplemental Request for the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, September 26, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2008.  84 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS93842
Book call no.:  355.622973 U581e

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Armed Services.  Afghanistan.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, March 1, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2008.  91 p.
Questions concerning United States strategy for Afghanistan.  Areas of concern include NATO and the international community's roles, counter-narcotics mission, reconstruction assistance, and threats to Afghanistan's security posed by Taliban and al Qaeda extremists in the Pakistan border areas.
Book call no.:  958.1047 U58ab

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Afghanistan:  Time for a New Strategy?  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, March 8, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2008.  67 p.
U.S. roles for establishing security, counternarcotics, and reconstruction in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS95675
Book call no.:  958.1047 U58ac

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International Environmental Protection.  Foreign Assistance Reform:  Successes, Failures, and Next Steps.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, June 12, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  79 p.
U.S. foreign assistance reform including humanitarian, educational, and reconstruction aid to Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS89812
Book call no.:  338.9173 U584fc

United States.  Department of State.  Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs.  U.S. Counternarcotics Strategy for Afghanistan.  Washington, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 2007.  79 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS93195
Book call no.:  363.4509581 U581

Warnock, John W.  Creating a Failed State:  The US and Canada in Afghanistan.  Black Point, Nova Scotia, Canada, Fernwood Publishing, 2008.  209 p.
Explores Canadian and U.S. interests in the role of nation building in Afghanistan.
Book call no.:  958.1047 W285c

Weinbaum, Marvin G.  Pakistan & Afghanistan:  Resistance and Reconstruction.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1994.  190 p.
Offers historical information about the Pakistan-Afghanistan relationship during the Afghan war beginning with the Soviet invasion; exiled Afghan resistance parties; and controversies created by the millions of Afghan refugees.
Book call no.:  327.54910581 W423p


Documents


Afghanistan Reconstruction:  Progress Made in Constructing Roads, but Assessments for Determining Impact and a Sustainable Maintenance Program Are Needed:  Report to Congressional Committees.  Washington, Government Accountability Office, 2008.  57 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS96856
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-689

Afghanistan Security:  Further Congressional Action May Be Needed to Ensure Completion of a Detailed Plan to Develop and Sustain Capable Afghan National Security Forces:  Report to Congressional Committees.  Washington, U.S. Govt. Accountability Office, 2008.  71 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS96561
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-661

Belasco, Amy.  The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan and Other Global War on Terror Operations since 9/11 .  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, October 15, 2008.  68 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33110.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.RL33110

Blanchard, Christopher M.  Afghanistan:  Narcotics and U.S. Policy.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, December 6, 2007.  49 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32686.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32686 2007 Dec. 6

Contingency Contracting:  DOD, State, and USAID Contracts and Contractor Personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan:  Report to Congressional Committees.  Washington, Government Accountability Office, October 1, 2008.  43 p.
Report analyzing DOD, State, and USAID data on contracting activities in Iraq and Afghanistan for fiscal year 2007 and the first half of fiscal year 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-09-19
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no. 09-19

Gallis, Paul E.  NATO in Afghanistan:  A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, October 23, 2007.  24 p.
Discusses the NATO led International Assistance Security Force mission and stabilization in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474665
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL33627 2007 Oct. 23

Johnson, Charles Michael Jr.  Afghanistan Security:  U.S. Efforts to Develop Capable Afghan Police Forces Face Challenges and Need a Coordinated, Detailed Plan to Help Ensure Accountability .  Washington, Government Accountability Office, 2008.  19 p.
Testimony Before the Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08883t.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-883T

Katzman, Kenneth.  Afghanistan:  Government Formation and Performance.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, July 19, 2007.  6 p.
This report is updated periodically.  The latest full text version is available under Internet Resources.
Also available online at:  http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/RS21922_20070719.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.07-RS21922

Katzman, Kenneth.  Afghanistan:  Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, December 23, 2008.  64 p.
This report is updated regularly.  The latest full text version is available under Internet Resources.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/115930.pdf (December 23, 2008 ed.)
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. SER-RL30588 2008 Dec 28

O'Bryant, JoAnne.  U.S. Forces in Afghanistan.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, July 15, 2008.  6 p.
Provides official Department of Defense (DOD) statistical information on U.S. forces now serving in Afghanistan with comparisons to earlier force levels.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/108070.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.RS22633

Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan:  Report to Congress in Accordance with the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act (Section 1230, Public Law 110-181).  Washington, Department of Defense, June 2008.  72 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482915
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42215-223 June 2008

United States Plan for Sustaining the Afghanistan National Security Forces:  Report to Congress in Accordance with the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act (Section 1231, Public Law 110-181).  Washington, Department of Defense, June 2008.  40 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/United_States_Plan_for_Sustaining_the_Afghanistan_National_Security_Forces_1231.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42215-224


Documents (Student Research)

Allen, Lawrence K.  Reconstruction Efforts in Afghanistan.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  27 p.
Using the case study method examines and provides recommendations of the current state of international assistance to the Government of Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  AURIMS
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 A4276r

Carlson, Mark A.  The Pakistan Safe Haven:  Feeding the Fight in Afghanistan.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  37 p.
Argues unless the tribal region along the Afghanistan/Pakistan border is stabilized the violence in Afghanistan will continue to rise and NATO forces will have to stay.
Also available online at:  AURIMS
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 C2842p

Dobson, Rhea E.  Chaos Theory and the Effort in Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  30 p.
Examines the complex security environment in Afghanistan using the Chaos Theory as a contextual foundation and examines the military, social, religious, and economic contexts of the current struggle in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478418
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D635c

Ericson, Charles B.  Winning the Hearts and Minds Is Not for Amateurs:  Preparing to Negotiate.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  32 p.
Comparing U.S. and Canadian training on effective negotiation, author assesses the negotiation training currently provided to Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRT).
Also available online at:  AURIMS
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 E683w

Glover, Christopher N.  Determining How the Lesser Jihad Ends:  Why Bullets and Bravado May Not Be the Answer, Specifically in Afghanistan.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  25 p.
Examines what jihad means and how it will end in Afghanistan.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 G5662d

Liddell, David J.  Drugs in Afghanistan:  The Challenges of Implementing U.S. Strategy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479655
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 L712d

MacKenzie Scot D.  Imperatives for Working with Afghan Security Forces.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  30 p.
Addresses issues working with and mentoring Afghan National Security Forces involved in Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction Operations(SSTRO)in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA480167
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M1572i

Mead, Brian E.  The Future of the Afghan Model:  Unconventional Application of Conventional Counterland Doctrine.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  33 p.
Argues the Afghan Model of replacing U.S. conventional ground troops with indigenous allies while using American air power and special forces should not replace conventional operations.
Also available online at:  AURIMS
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M479f

Redden, Joshua C.  Popping the Afghan Opium Balloon.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  46 p.
Examines the potential for the Afghan government and the International Community (IC) to manage the exploding opium crisis through state sponsored regulation of the Afghan opium crop.
Also available online at:  AURIMS
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 R3133p

Sundquist, Leah R.  NATO in Afghanistan:  A Progress Report.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  26 p.
Discusses the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) effort in Afghanistan and its ability to sustain operations.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479722
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S957n

Walker, Stephen E.  Building a Joint Security Cooperation Logistics Capability in Afghanistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  24 p.
Examines the Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan (CSTC-A) security cooperation operations in support of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and identifies supply operations capabilities for future Joint Force Commanders (JFC).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478581
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W1841b


Periodicals


Ashraf, Fahmida.  India-Afghanistan Relations:  Post-9/11.  Strategic Studies 27:90-102 Summer 2007.
Study focusing on the developing Indo-Afghan relations in the post-9/11 period and the emerging role of India in Afghanistan.

Ayub, Fatima and Kouvo, Sari.  Righting the Course? Humanitarian Intervention, the War on Terror and the Future of Afghanistan.  International Affairs 84:641-657 July 2008.
The case of Afghanistan raises salient questions for continuing debates on the doctrine and practice of humanitarian intervention, long-term stabilization, and state-building.  How do decisions to intervene and decisions taken in the immediate aftermath of an intervention affect ensuing stabilization and state-building agendas?  What share of responsibility does the international community bear for ensuring a stable peace and transparent, accountable leadership and institutions?

Azarbaijani-Moghaddam, Sippi.  On Living with Negative Peace and a Half-Built State:  Gender and Human Rights.  International Peacekeeping 14:127-142 January 2007.
Examines the effects human rights have for ordinary Afghans in the international peacebuilding strategy, identifies areas of further study resulting from first hand experiences, interviews, and analysis of conventional assumptions held about the perception and knowledge of human rights among Afghans.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175858&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bhatia, Michael.  The Future of the Mujahideen:  Legitimacy, Legacy and Demobilization in Post-Bonn Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 14:90-107 January 2007.
Discusses contemporary Afghan politics, the debate over the mujahideen, and the competition for legitimacy over the 'right to rule' and the 'right to conduct violence' all of which is critical to understanding the dilemmas of statebuilding in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175860&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Colucci, Craig C.  Committing to Afghanistan:  The Case for Increasing U.S. Reconstruction and Stabilization Aid.  Military Review 87:38-45 May-June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25002956&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

D'Souza, Shanthie Mariet.  'Unity of Effort':  The Missing Link in the Afghan Counter-insurgency Campaign.  Strategic Analysis 32:855-878 September 2008.
Examines the deteriorating security situation singling out the lack of 'unity of effort' as a missing link in the international community's counter-insurgency campaign in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0970-0161&volume=32&issue=5&spage=855

Donini, Antonio.  Local Perceptions of Assistance to Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 14:158-172 January 2007.
Discusses the key differences in how outsiders and local communities perceive what is happening in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175856&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ewans, Martin.  Afghanistan:  Is Failure an Option?  Global Asia 3:20-25 Spring 2008.
Discusses roots of the problems and future of Afghanistan's return to stability.

Freeman, Christopher.  Introduction:  Security, Governance and Statebuilding in Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 14:1-7 January 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175866&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Frewen, John.  Contested Nation-Building:  The Challenge of Countering Insurgency in Afghanistan in 2007.  Australian Army Journal 5:19-37 Autumn 2008.
Explores some of the challenges of contested nation-building in Afghanistan, cultivating the democratic processes and capacity while fighting an insurgent campaign.

Gallis, Paul.  NATO in Afghanistan:  A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 6:10-32 Fall 2007.
Evolution of NATO's mission in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tsh&AN=23730204&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ghufran, Nasreen.  Afghanistan in 2007:  A Bleeding Wound.  Asian Survey 48:154-163 January/February 2008.
Discusses the grim foreseeable future of nation-building in Afghanistan due to increasing violence and Taliban insurgency.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1434435791&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Giustozzi, Antonio.  War and Peace Economies of Afghanistan's Strongmen.  International Peacekeeping 14:75-89 January 2007.
Discusses the role of local strongmen and warlords in the economy of Afghanistan, with the narcotics trade being a major source of revenue the international community may have to start thinking of warlord polities as 'viable' 'non-state forms of political authority'.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175861&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Goodhand, Jonathan.  Corrupting or Consolidating the Peace? The Drugs Economy and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding in Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 15:405-423 June 2008.
Examines how the drugs economy in Afghanistan emerged, evolved and adapted to transformations in the political economy; explaining there is no universal relationship between drugs, corruption, and conflict evident by parts of the country where drugs and corruption have contributed to a level of political order and in other areas disorder.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a793322435~fulltext=713240928

Goodhand, Jonathan and Sedra, Mark.  Bribes or Bargains?  Peace Conditionalities and 'Post-Conflict' Reconstruction in Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 14:41-61 January 2007.
Explores the role of international aid donors in Afghanistan in the context of a fragile war-to-peace transition.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175863&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Green, Dan.  Saving Afghanistan:  Why the Iraq Strategy Isn't the Answer.  Armed Forces Journal 146:18-21+ November 2008.
Discusses different strategies and lessons learned in Iraq, how they differ from and can be used in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://infoweb.newsbank.com/

Helmer, Daniel.  Twelve Urgent Steps for the Advisor Mission in Afghanistan.  Military Review 88:73-81 July-August 2008.
Discusses twelve changes and recommendations to repair the advisory mission to the Afghan army and police toward the effort to build, train, and sustain the Afghan National Security Forces.
Also available online at:  http://usacac.leavenworth.army.mil/CAC/milreview/English/JulAug08/HelmerEngJulAug08.pdf

Hoffman, Bruce and Jones, Seth G.  Cellphones in the Hindu Kush.  National Interest No. 96:42-51 July/August 2008.
Discusses the lawless border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan which has become one of America's most acute foreign-policy challenges, stabilization of this area is essential to prevent a doomsday scenario.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33384089&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jalali, Ali A. and others.  Combating Opium in Afghanistan.  Strategic Forum No. 224:entire issue November 2006.

Khan, Amina.  Afghanistan:  Still at a Standstill.  Strategic Studies 28:171-193 Spring 2008.
Review of current state of affairs in Afghanistan since the U.S. invasion in 2001, particularly in 2007, progress achieved and challenges that continue for Afghanistan and the international community in bringing stability and peace to the war-ravaged country.

Khan, Amina.  NATO in Afghanistan:  Post Riga.  Strategic Studies 27:59-80 Spring 2007.
NATO's undertaking of peacekeeping and stabilization in Afghanistan is different than previous missions requiring more combat.  Elimination of narcotics trade, end government corruption, and the need to win the hearts of the Afghan people among steps suggested for a positive outcome.

Khan, Amina.  Trans-National Trade with Focus on Afghanistan.  Strategic Studies 27:81-108 Winter 2007.
Analysis of trade potential of Afghanistan and roles of its neighbors and the international community.

Koehler, Jan and Zuercher, Christoph.  Statebuilding, Conflict and Narcotics in Afghanistan:  The View from Below.  International Peacekeeping 14:62-74 January 2007.
Explores the interdependence between statebuilding, narcotics, and conflict through interviews and a survey with local Afghans including poppy farmers in the Laghman and Nangarhar provinces.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175862&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kumar, Sumita.  Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations:  Stabilizing Politics Through Economics.  Strategic Analysis 32:223-243 March 2008.
Explores the growth of economic activity between Afghanistan and Pakistan and potential impacts on their political relations.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a791914707~fulltext=713240928

Mazari, Shireen M.  NATO in Afghanistan:  The Issue of Legitimacy.  Strategic Studies 27:1-6 Spring 2007.
Comments concerning the legitimacy of NATO missions in Afghanistan due to its out-of-area operations.

McMichael, William H.  No Specifics from Petraeus on Afghanistan Troop Levels.  Navy Times 58:37 October 20, 2008.
Incoming chief of U.S. Central Command discusses troop levels in Afghanistan.
Also available online at: http://infoweb.newsbank.com/

Murray, Tonita.  Police-Building in Afghanistan:  A Case Study of Civil Security Reform.  International Peacekeeping 14:108-126 January 2007.
Discusses reasons for little significant improvements in the quality of policing in Afghanistan despite the effort and money spent by donor countries along with recommendations to improve current problems and re-direct reform.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175859&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mustafa, Malik Qasim.  The Responsibility to Protect a Fragile State:  A Case Study of Post-Intervention Afghanistan.  Strategic Studies 28:126-170 Spring 2008.
Afghanistan and the international communities shared responsibility of rebuilding Afghanistan and trying to make it a safe and secure place for future generations.

Nixon, Hamish and Ponzio, Richard.  Building Democracy in Afghanistan:  The Statebuilding Agenda and International Engagement.  International Peacekeeping 14:26-40 January 2007.
Article examines the international community's commitment to build democratic institutions and practices at the national and local levels in Afghanistan; includes recommendations for a coherent statebuilding agenda.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175864&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Piiparinen, Touko.  A Clash of Mindsets?  An Insider's Account of Provincial Reconstruction Teams.  International Peacekeeping 14:143-157 January 2007.
Focuses on the internal relations of Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRT) in Afghanistan particularly the cooperation between military and civilian elements.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175857&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ponzio, Richard and Freeman, Christopher.  Conclusion:  Rethinking Statebuilding in Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 14:173-184 January 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175855&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rane, Prasad P.  NATO's Counter-Terrorism Strategies in Afghanistan.  Strategic Analysis 31:73-91 January 2007.
Differences in counter-terrorism strategies of United States and NATO in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a780591906~fulltext=713240928

Rubin, Barnett R. and Hamidzada, Humayun.  From Bonn to London:  Governance Challenges and the Future of Statebuilding in Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 14:8-25 January 2007.
Article examines the Afghanistan Compact document prepared during the London Conference on Afghanistan in 2006 and offers recommendations for future reconstruction and statebuilding in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175865&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Suhrke, Astri.  A Contradictory Mission?  NATO from Stabilization to Combat in Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 15:214-236 April 2008.
Discusses the strengthening of NATO's combat role in Afghanistan despite earlier commitment for lesser military presence and the probability for a strategic failure.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a792705589~fulltext=713240928

Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou and Schoiswohl, Michael.  Playing with Fire?  The International Community's Democratization Experiment in Afghanistan.  International Peacekeeping 15:252-267 April 2008.
Discusses the externally led democratization of Afghanistan arguing that Afghans are primarily recipients of and not the driving force for democracy which could provoke resistance.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a792706118~fulltext=713240928

Tan, Michelle.  Afghan Army Upgrades to M16s, Humvees.  Navy Times 58:40 October 20, 2008.
Part of force modernization, Afghan army upgrades rifles and vehicles.
Also available online at:  http://infoweb.newsbank.com/


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