AFRICAN-AMERICANS IN MILITARY HISTORY


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BIOGRAPHY AND MEMOIRS


Books

Bragg, Janet Harmon. Soaring Above Setbacks: The Autobiography of Janet Harmon Bragg, African American Aviator. Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1996. 120 p.
Book call no.: 92 B8133s

Contemporary Black Biography. Detroit, MI, Gale Research, Inc., 1992- (semiannual).
Vol. 7: Charles F. Bolden, Jr., pp. 16-18 (military officer and astronaut); Mabel K. Staupers, pp. 253-256 (led drive to end segregation in the Nurse Corps during WW II).
Book call no.: 920.009296 C761

Dabbs, Henry E. A First Edition Reference Work on Black Brass: Black Generals and Admirals in the Armed Forces of the United States. Freehold, NJ, Afro-American Heritage House, 1984. 228 p.
Book call no.: 923.573 D111f

Davis, Benjamin O. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American : An Autobiography. New York, N.Y, Plume, 1992. 442 p.
Book call no.: 92 D2614 1992

Dryden, Charles W. A-Train: Memoirs of a Tuskegee Airman. Tuscaloosa, AL, University of Alabama Press, 1997. 421 p.
Book call no.: 92 D799a

Fletcher, Marvin. America's First Black General: Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., 1880-1970. Lawrence, KS, University Press of Kansas, 1989. 226 p.
Book call no.: 92 D2613f

Flipper, Henry Ossian. Black Frontiersman : the Memoirs of Henry O. Flipper, First Black Graduate of West Point , compiled and edited with introduction and notes by Theodore D. Harris. Fort Worth, Texas Christian University Press, 1997. 190 p.
Book call no.: 92 F626b

Freydberg, Elizabeth H. Bessie Coleman, The Brownskin Lady Bird. New York, Garland Pub., 1994. 156 p.
Book call no.: 92 C6921f

Hawkins, Walter L. African American Generals and Flag Officers: Biographies of over 120 Blacks in the United States Military.. Jefferson, NC, McFarland, 1992. 264 p.
Book call no.: R 355.008996073 H394a

McGuire, Phillip. He, Too, Spoke for Democracy: Judge Hastie, World War II, and the Black Soldier.. New York, Greenwood Press, 1988. 154 p.
Book call no.: 92 H356m

Means, Howard B. Colin Powell: Soldier/Statesman, Statesman/Soldier. New York, Donald I. Fine, 1992. 369 p.
Book call no.: 92 P8822m

Pfeffer, Paula F. A. Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement.. Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, 1990. 336 p.
"Don't Join a Jim Crow Army", pp 133-168. Details of the campaign for military desegregation.
Book call no.: 92 R192p

Phelps, J. Alfred. Chappie: America's First Black Four-Star General. Novato, CA, Presidio, 1991. 366 p.
Book call no.: 92 J273p

Powell, Colin. My American Journey, with Joseph E. Persico. New York, Random House, 1995. 643 p.
Book call no.: 92 P8822ma

Powell, William J. Black Aviator: The Story of William J. Powell. Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994. 150 p.
Book call no.: 92 P886b

Rich, Doris. Queen Bess: Daredevil Aviator.. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993. 153 p.
About Bessie Coleman, 1896-1926.
Book call no.: 92 C6921r

Roth, David. Sacred Honor: A Biography of Colin Powell. San Francisco, HarperSanfrancisco, 1993. 256 p.
Book call no.: 92 P8822r

Samuelson, Hyman. Love, War, and the 96th Engineers (Colored) : The World War II New Guinea Diaries of Captain Hyman Samuelson , edited by Gwendolyn Midlo Hall. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1995. 319 p.
Book call no.: 940.5426 L897

Shaw, Robert Gould. Blue-Eyed Child of Fortune: the Civil War Letters of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, edited by Russell Duncan. Athens, University of Georgia Press, 1992. 421 p.
The story of Col. Shaw, who led the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, America's first black regiment in the Civil War, inspired the film, "Glory."
Book call no.: 92 S5351b


Documents

Hardesty, Duane E. General Roscoe Robinson, Jr.: He Overcame the Hurdle of Segregation to Become the Army's First Black General.. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1988. 13 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-14 H295g

Lee, Gregory. Air Force Leadership: General Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr.. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1986. 21 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 L4784a

Taylor, John J. Does Anyone Care? Henry O. Flipper and the United States Army. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 1995. 106 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 T243d


Periodicals

Bird, Julie. Making History: Brigadier General Selectee Harris and Her Climb to the Top. Air Force Times 50:12-13+ July 16, 1990.
About the Air Force's first black female general, Marcelite Harris.

Cockfield, Jamie. Eugene Bullard, America's First Black Military Aviator, Flew for France During World War I. Military History 12:10+ February 1996.

Gatski, John. Enlisted History: Eugene J. Bullard, the First Black Combat Pilot. Sergeants 27:42-43 January-February 1988.

Heinl, Nancy G. Col. Charles Young: Pointman. Army 27:30-33 March 1977.
About the first black officer to reach the rank of colonel in the regular Army. He was West Point's only black graduate between 1887 and 1936.

Jenson, H. Bert. Where Dreams Became Destiny: General Benjamin O. Davis Sr. Military Review 75:94-103 December 1994-January/February 1995.

Murray, Chris. A Buffalo Soldier Lays Down his Arms. Army Times 54:18 September 20, 1993.
About Trooper Jones Morgan, of the all-black 10th U. S. Cavalry Regiment. He died in August 1993, at the age of 110.

Murray, Chris. Pioneering Four-Star Led Important Battles (Gen. Roscoe Robinson, Jr.) Army Times 54:28 August 9, 1993.

Poole, Roy A. Lieutenant General Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Flying Safety 47:22-24 November 1991.

Slavin, Peter. `Chappie' James: Fearless Four-Star. Air Force Times 51:47 May 20, 1991.

Slavin, Peter. Internal Fires (story of Gen Benjamin Davis). Air Force Times 51:43+ May 20, 1991.

Smith, Mary H. The Incredible Life of Monsieur Bullard. Ebony 23:120 December 1967.
World's first black fighter pilot (flew for France in WWI).

Tucker, Philip Thomas. John Horse: Forgotten African-American Leader of the Second Seminole War. Journal of Negro History 77:74-83 Spring 1992.

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Last Updated: February 4, 1999