AFRICAN-AMERICANS IN MILITARY HISTORY


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GENERAL HISTORY


Books

The African American Encyclopedia, edited by Michael W. Williams. New York, Marshall Cavendish , 1993. 6 vols.
Vol. 4: Military, pp 1071;
Vol. 6: Military personnel, p 1811 (list of people about whom articles appear in all six volumes).
Book call no.: 973.0496073 A258

Asante, Molefi K. and Mattson Mark. The Historical and Cultural Atlas of African Americans. New York, Macmillan, 1991. 198 p.
Some of the significant Civil War battles engaged in by African-Americans, p. 86
African-American servicemen awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, p. 88.
Book call no.: 973.0496073 A798h

Astor, Gerald. The Right to Fight : A History of African Americans in the Military. Novato, CA, Presidio, 1998. 529 p.
Book call no.: 355.008996073 A858r

Black Americans in Defense of Our Nation. [Washington, DC], Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Civilian Personnel Policy / Equal Opportunity, 1991. 300 p.
Includes chronology, African-American participation in conflicts from the colonial era to the present, the role of women, significant "firsts", Medal of Honor winners, and service academy graduates.
Book call no.: 355.008996073 B627 1991

The Black Soldier (Documented, 1619-1815), edited by Jesse J. Johnson. Hampton, VA, 1969. 174 p.
Book call no.: 355.8996073 J67ba

Butler, John S. Inequality in the Military : The Black Experience. Saratoga, CA, Century Twenty One Pub., 1980.
Book call no.: 355.0089 B985i

Christian, Garna L. Black Soldiers in Jim Crow Texas, 1899-1917. College Station, Texas A&M University Press, 1995
Book call no.: 355.008996073 C555b

A Common Destiny: Blacks and American Society, edited by Gerald David Jaynes and Robin M. Williams, Jr. Washington, DC, National Academy Press, 1989. 608 p.
The military, pp 66-74.
Book call no.: 305.896073 C734

Donaldson, Gary. The History of African-Americans in the Military: Double V. Malabar, FL, Krieger Pub. Co., 1991. 182 p.
Book call no.: 355.0089 D676h

Ethnic Armies: Polyethnic Armed Forces from the Time of the Habsburgs to the Age of the Superpowers, edited by N. F. Dreisziger. Waterloo, Ontario, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1990. 202 p.
Race and the American Military: Past and Present, by Edwin Dorn, pp 89-122.
Book call no.: 306.27 E841

Ethnicity, Integration, and the Military., edited by Henry Dietz, Jerrold Elkin and Maurice Roumani. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991. 227 p.
The Military as a Vehicle for Social Integration: the Afro-American Experience as Data, by John Sibley Butler, pp 27-50.
Book call no.: 306.27 E84

Fitzpatrick, Jim. The Bicycle in Wartime: An Illustrated History. Washington, DC, Brassey's, 1998. 240 p.
Pages 24-30 describe the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps, comprised of African-American soldiers, who cycled 2,000 miles in 1897 from Fort Missoula, Montana to Jefferson Barracks, Missouri in forty days. Photos included.
Book call no.: 623.74 F559b

Gropman, Alan L. The Air Force Integrates, 1945-1964. 2nd ed. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998. 237 p.
Book call no.: 358.33 A2978a 1998

Muller, William G. The Twenty Fourth Infantry Past and Present. Ft. Collins, CO, Old Army Press, 1972. 1 vol.
Book call no.: 356 M958t

Nalty, Bernard C. Strength for the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military. New York, Free Press, 1986. 424 p.
Book call no.: 355.008996073 N173s

Nankivell, John Henry. The History of the Twenty-Fifth Regiment, United States Infantry, 1869-1926.. Fort Collins, CO, Old Army Press, 1972. 212 p.
Book call no.: 356 N182h

A Pictorial History of Black Soldiers in the United States (1619-1969) in Peace and War, Edited by Jesse J. Johnson. Hampton, VA, 1970.
Book call no.: 355 J67p

Shaw, Henry I. and Donnelly Ralph W. Blacks in the Marine Corps. Washington, History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, 1976. 109 p.
Book call no.: 359.96 M338ba

Wakin, Edward. Black Fighting Men in U.S. History. New York, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Co., 1971. 192 p.
Book call no.: 301.451 W149b

War and Society: A Yearbook of Military History, edited by Brian Bond and Ian Roy. New York, Holmes and Meier, 1977. 2 vols.
War and Social Change: The Black American in Two World Wars, by Neil A. Wynn, vol. 2, pp 40-64.
Book call no.: 355.09 W2531 vol. 2

Wilson, Joseph T. The Black Phalanx. Salem, NH, Ayer Co. Publishers, 1992. 528 p.
Originally published: Hartford, Conn. : American Pub. Co.,1890.
Book call no.: 355.008996073 W749b


Documents

Ansel, Raymond B. From Segregation to Desegregation: Blacks in the U.S. Army, 1703-1954. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1990. 47 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 A618f

Archey, Walter J. A Brief History of the Black Officer in the United States Air Force (1947-1975). Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, May 1976. 99 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 35582-7 A669b

Darden, Otis M. The Integration of Afro-Americans into the Army Mainstream (1948-1954).. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 1993. 98 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 D216i

Defense Race Relations Institute. The History of the Black Soldier. Patrick AFB, FL, [1973?]. [74] p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42804-2

Link, Fidelis A. Determination of Policies for Utilization of Negro Manpower in the U. S. Air Force. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Nov 1949. 33 leaves.
Doc. call no.: M-U 32984 L756d

Squire, Willard S. The 24th Infantry Regiment and the Racial Debate in the U.S. Army. Fort Leavenworth, Kan, Army Command and General Staff College (U.S.). School of Advanced Military Studies, 1997. 97 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 S774t


Periodicals

All-Black Guard Infantry Regiments Leave Mark on Military History. National Guard 36:17-18 May 1982.

Barr, Alwyn. The Black Militia of the New South: Texas as a Case Study. Journal of Negro History 63:209-219 July 1978.

Barr, David A. Blacks in Military Service: A History Quiz. Airman 30:49 February 1986.

Burke, James. CHECK NAME SPELLING. Citizenship Status and Military Service: The Quest for Inclusion by Minorities and Conscientious Objectors Armed Forces & Society 21:503-529 Summer 1995.

Cox, Frank. Black Soldiers: Proud History, Bright Future. Soldiers 45:6-11 February 1990.

Drew, Robin. Army's (2dLt. Marcella A.) Hayes, 1st Black Woman Aviator in U. S. Forces. U. S. Army Aviation Digest 26:inside back cover January 1980.

Galloway, Joseph L. Debt of Honor (seven black heroes nominated for the Medal of Honor for their service in World War II). U. S. News & World Report28-31+ May 6, 1996.
Vernon Baker, Edward A. Carter, Jr., John R. Fox, Willy James, Ruben Rivers, Charles L. Thomas, and George Watson.

Gerry, Alexander. Tribute to Black Americans in the Military. Officer 72:103-108 February 1996.

Gropman, Alan L. The Air Force, 1941-1951: From Segregation to Integration. Air Power History 40:25-29 Summer 1993.

Kane, Pamela A. Tribute to Black Guardsmen. National Guard 43:14-17 February 1989.

Lane, Larry. Serving Despite Discrimination. Soldiers 49:35-36 February 1994.

McNally, Richard. Lloyd Newton: Aviation Big-Leaguer (first black pilot in the Thunderbirds). Airman 31:54-55 September 1987.

Moskos, Charles C. Success Story: Blacks in the Army. Atlantic 257:64-72 May 1986.

Reddick, Lawrence D. The Negro Policy of the American Army since World War II. Journal of Negro History 38:194-215 1953.

Reddick, Lawrence D. The Negro Policy of the United States Army, 1775-1945 Journal of Negro History 34:9-29 1949.

Tucker, Philip Thomas. John Horse: Forgotten African-American Leader of the Second Seminole War. Journal of Negro History 77:74-83 Spring 1992.

Vaughn, William P. West Point and the First Negro Cadet. Military Affairs 35:100-102 October 1971.

Wesley, Charles H. World War II: Reaching toward Desegregation. National Guard 43:30-33 February 1989.
In the years before WWII, the National Guard saw a sharp decline in black participation because of state laws. The Selective Service Act of 1940 required that military training and service should be shared by young men of all races. This opened the door--albeit a crack--for total integration in the armed forces.

Wilson, Johnnie E. Fifty Years on the Road to Equal Opportunity. Defense Issues 13, no. 6:1-4 1998.
Remarks prepared for the DoD Black History Month Observance, Pentagon, February 5, 1998.

Wolk, Herman S. When the Color Line Ended. Air Force Magazine 81:74-79 July 1998.

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