AFRICAN-AMERICANS IN MILITARY HISTORY


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WORLD WAR II



GENERAL INFORMATION


Books

Biggs, Bradley. The Triple Nickels: America's First All-Black Paratroop Unit. Hamden, CT, Archon Books, 1986. 92 p.
Book call no.: 940.541273 B592t

Brandt, Nat. Harlem at War: the Black Experience in WW II. Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 1996. 277 p.
Book call no.: 305.896073 B821h

Buchanan, A. Russell. Black Americans in World War II. Santa Barbara, CA, Clio Books, 1977. 148 p.
Book call no.: 940.5403 B918b

Dunn, James A. On Board the USS Mason: The World War II Diary of James A. Dunn, edited by Mansel G. Blackford. Columbus, Ohio State University Press, 1996. 130 p.
Book call no.: 940.545973 D923o

Ferguson, William C. Black Flyers in World War II. Cleveland, OH, W. C. Ferguson, 1987. 64 p.
Book call no.: 358.5 F353b

Hargrove, Hondon B. Buffalo Soldiers in Italy: Black Americans in World War II. Jefferson, NC, McFarland, 1985. 199 p.
Book call no.: 940.541273 H279b

Harris, Paul N. Base Company 16. New York, Vantage Press, [c1963]. 201 p.
Book call no.: 940.5403 H315b

The Invisible Soldier: The Experience of the Black Soldier, World War II, compiled and edited by Mary Penick Motley. Detroit, Wayne State University Press, 1975. 364 p.
Book call no.: 940.5403 M919i

Kelly, Mary Pat. Proudly We Served: The Men of the USS Mason. Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1995. 198 p.
Book call no.: 940.545973 K29p

Luszki, Walter A. A Rape of Justice : MacArthur and the New Guinea Hangings. Lanham, MD, Madison Books, 1991.
Book call no.: 940.541273 L972r

McGuire, Phillip. He, Too, Spoke for Democracy: Judge Hastie, World War II, and the Black Soldier. New York, Greenwood Press, 1988. 154 p.
Book call no.: 92 H356m

Nalty, Bernard C. The Right to Fight : African-American Marines in World War II. Washington, DC, History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps : Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., distributor, 1995.
Book call no.: 940.5403 N173

Potter, Lou, Miles, William and Rosenblum Nina. Liberators: Fighting on Two Fronts in World War II.. New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1992. 303 p.
Book call no.: 940.541273 P867L

Purdon, Eric. Black Company: The Story of Subchaser 1264. Washington, R. B. Luce, [1972]. 255 p.
Book call no.: 940.54516 P985b

Putney, Martha S. When the Nation Was in Need: Blacks in the Women's Army Corps during World War II.. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1992.
Book call no.: 940.5403 P993w

Samuelson, Hyman. Love, War, and the 96th Engineers (Colored) : the World War II New Guinea Diaries of Captain Hyman Samuelson , edited by Gwendolyn Midlo Hall. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1995. 319 p.
Book call no.: 940.5426 L897

Smith, Graham A. When Jim Crow Met John Bull : Black American Soldiers in World War II Britain. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1988. 265 p.
Book call no.: 940.53150396073 S648w

Sweeney, William Allison. History of the American Negro in the Great World War; His Splendid Record in the Battle Zones of Europe. New York, Negro Universities Press, [1969]. 307 p.
Book call no.: 940.403 S974h

Wynn, Neil A. The Afro-American and the Second World War. New York, Holmes and Meier, 1975. 183 p.
Book call no.: 940.5315 W988a


Documents

Murphy, John D. The Freeman Field Mutiny: A Study in Leadership. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1997. 49 leaves.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 M9785f

Parrish, Noel Francis. The Segregation of Negroes in the Army Air Forces. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, May 1947. 2 v (various pagings).
Doc. call no.: M-U 32984 P261s

Trice, Craig A. The Men that Served with Distinction : the 761st Tank Battalion. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College (U.S.). School of Advanced Military Studies, 1997. 76 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 T823m


Periodicals

Correrro, Jennifer. WWII's First Black Marines Trained at Montford (North Carolina). Air Force Times 57:42 February 24, 1997.

Flynn, George Q. Selective Service and American Blacks During World War II. Journal of Negro History 69:14-25 Winter 1984.

Galloway, Joseph L. Debt of Honor (seven black heroes nominated for the Medal of Honor for their service in World War II). U. S. News & World Report 120:28-31+ May 6, 1996.
Vernon Baker, Edward A. Carter, Jr., John R. Fox, Willy James, Ruben Rivers, Charles L. Thomas, and George Watson.

Gomez, Rita V. Black WACs and Bad Times in the Good War. Current News Special Edition: Equal Opportunity No. 1911: 21-22: June 1992.

Gropman, Alan L. The Air Force, 1941-1951: From Segregation to Integration. Air Power History 40:25-29 Summer 1993.

Harris, Frank III. A Black Man's Act of Heroism at Pearl Harbor. Current News Special Edition: Equal Opportunity No. 1911:28 June 1992.
About Dorris Miller, who took over a "whites only" machine gun and blasted several Japanese warplanes from the skies above Pearl Harbor. He had never fired a machine gun before.

Hartzer, Ronald B. Black Aviation Engineer Units of World War II. Civil Engineer 5:20-22 Winter 1998.
The majority of black engineer units served in the Pacific or China-Burma-India theater.

Heroes - World War II Vet J.C. Wade Leads the Charge for Recognition of the Combat Service of Black Volunteers and Gets an Overdue Bronze Star People Weekly 50:89 August 17, 1998.

Johnson, Gerald K. The Black Soldier in the Ardennes. Soldiers 36:16-19 February 1981.
The 761st Tank Battalion was the first black tank battalion to see combat in World War II.

Kesting, Robert W. Conspiracy to Discredit the Black Buffaloes: The 92nd Infantry in World War II. Journal of Negro History 72:1-19 Winter-Spring 1987.

Latimer, Philip W. When the Black Panthers Prowled. Army 42:44-46 January 1992.
The 761st Tank Battalion earned a spectacular combat record during WW II. It was also one of the few black armored units in the segregated Army.

Lewis, Claude. Pearl Harbor's Black Heroes Didn't Get Recognition Then or Now. Current News Special Edition: Equal Opportunity No. 1911:32 June 1992.

McGuire, Phillip. Desegregation of the Armed Forces: Black Leadership, Protest and World War II. Journal of Negro History 68:147-158 Spring 1983.

McKenna, Pat. Nursing Old Wounds: Retired Major Recalls Struggles as First Black in Regular Army Nurse Corps. Airman 42:38-41 April 1998.
About Nancy Leftenant-Colon.

Modell, John and others. World War II in the Lives of Black Americans: Some Findings and an Interpretation. Journal of American History 76:838-848 December 1989.

Naylor, Sean. Medals of Honor to be Awarded to Seven Black WWII Heroes. Army Times 56:2 May 1996.

Palmer, Annette. The Politics of Race and War: Black American Soldiers in the Caribbean Theater During the Second World War. Military Affairs 47:59-62 April 1983.

Parks, Robert J. The Development of Segregation in U.S. Army Hospitals, 1940-1942. Military Affairs 37:145-150 December 1973.

Paszek, Lawrence J. Negroes and the Air Force, 1939-1949 Military Affairs 31:1-9 Spring 1967.

Reddick, Lawrence D. The Negro in the United States Navy During World War II. Journal of Negro History 32:201-219 April 1947.

Robinson, Kevin L. Triple Nickel: An Airborne Legacy. Soldiers 53:18-19 February 1998.
When the all-black 555th Parachute Infantry Company arrived at Fort Benning, GA, for airborne training in December 1943, it marked a significant milestone for black Americans in the combat arms.

Sandler, Stanley. Homefront Battlefront: Military Racial Disturbances in the Zone of the Interior, 1941-1945. War & Society 11: 101-115 October 1993.

Saunders, Kay and Taylor Helen. The Reception of Black American Servicemen in Australia During World War II: The Resilience of "White Australia". Journal of Black Studies 25:331 January 1995.

Schneider, James G. "Negroes Will be Tested!--FDR" Naval History 7:11-15 Spring 1993.
During WWII, the Navy wanted the best possible candidates for its V-12 officer training program. President Roosevelt insisted that blacks be given the opportunity to compete.

Steele, Dennis. Hellfighters from Harlem. Soldiers 43:6-9 February 1988.
Black soldiers of the 369th Infantry Regiment in WWI and WWII.

Vezina, Meredith R. In Limbo at Lockett. Retired Officer 50:28-32 February 1994.
Segregation sharply restricted the role of the all-black 10th Cavalry Regiment in WWII.

Wesley, Charles H. World War II: Reaching toward Desegregation. National Guard 43:30-33 February 1989.
In the years before WWII, the National Guard saw a sharp decline in black participation because of state laws. The Selective Service Act of 1940 required that military training and service should be shared by young men of all races. This opened the door--albeit a crack--for total integration in the armed forces.

Williams, Rudi. History Recovered (World War II). Soldiers 53:16-18 February 1998.

Willis, Grant. Flier Tries to Erase 47-Year Old Stain of Discrimination. Navy Times 41:21 August 31, 1992.
About attempts to set aside the 1944 court-martial conviction of former Army Lt. Bill Terry, who was among more than 60 fliers who defied segregation by trying to enter an all-white officers club.

Wilson, Dale E. The Army's Black Tank Battalions. Armor 91:30-31 March-April 1982.
About the 761st, 758th, and 784th Tank Battalions.

Wilson, Dale E. Recipe for Failure: Major General Edward M. Almond and Preparation of the U. S. 92nd Infantry Division for Combat in World War II. Journal of Military History 56:473-488 July 1992.


TUSKEGEE AIRMEN


Books

Cooper, Charlie and Cooper Ann. Tuskegee's Heroes: Featuring the Aviation Art of Roy La Grone, foreword by Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Osceola, WI, Motorbooks , 1996. 156 p.
Book call no.: 940.544973 C776t

Davis, Benjamin O. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American : an autobiography. New York, N.Y, Plume, 1992. 442 p.
Book call no.: 92 D2614 1992

Dryden, Charles W. A-Train: Memoirs of a Tuskegee Airman. Tuscaloosa, AL, University of Alabama Press, 1997. 421 p.
Book call no.: 92 D799a

Francis, Charles E. The Tuskegee Airmen: the Men Who Changed a Nation.. 3rd, revised and enlarged. Boston, Branden Pub. Co., 1993. 393 p.
Earlier editions published in 1956 and1988. Call number: 940.544973 F818t
Book call no.: 940.544973 F818t 1993

Gillead, Le Roy F. The Tuskegee Experiment and Tuskegee Airmen 1939-1949.. San Francisco, [n.p.], 1994. 33 p.
Book call no.: 940.5403 G476t

Hastie, William Henry. On Clipped Wings: The Story of Jim Crow in the Army Air Corps. New York, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, [1943]. 20 p.
Book call no.: 355.0089 H356o

Holway, John. Red Tails, Black Wings: The Men of America's Black Air Force.. Las Cruces, NM, Yucca Tree, 1997. 393 p.
Book call no.: 940.544973 H759r

Johnson, Hayden C. The Fighting 99th Air Squadron, 1941-1945. New York, Vantage Press, 1987. 49 p.
Book call no.: 940.544973 J67f

McKissack, Pat and McKissack Fredrick. Red-Tail Angels: The Story of the Tuskegee Airmen of World War II.. New York, Walker and Co., 1995. 136 p.
Book call no.: 940.544973 M158r

Osur, Alan M. Blacks in the Army Air Forces during World War II. New York, Arno Press, 1980. 227 p.
Book call no.: 940.5403 O85b 1980

Rose, Robert A. Lonely Eagles: The Story of America's Black Air Force in World War II.. Los Angeles, Tuskegee Airmen, Los Angeles Chapter, 1980. 160 p.
Book call no.: 358.5 R797l 1980

Sandler, Stanley. Segregated Skies: All-Black Combat Squadrons of WW II.. Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution, 1992. 217 p.
Book call no.: 940.544973 S217s

Scott, Lawrence P. and Womack Willima M. Double V: The Civil Rights Struggle of the Tuskegee Airmen.. East Lansing, Michigan State University Press, 1994. 322 p.
Book call no.: 940.544973 S427d

Warren, James C. The Freeman Field Mutiny: A Tuskegee Airmen's Story. Vacaville, CA, Conyers, 1996. 213 p.
Book call no.: 940.5403 W289f


Documents

Brown, Betty J. and Darby James R. The Tuskegee Experiment: The Tuskegee Airman Toolbook.. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1997. 14 leaves.
Contains brief assessments of nine people whose leadership proved to be effective in the success of the Tuskegee Experiment.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 B8776t

Hensley, Joseph W. History of 66th AAF Flying Training Detachment, Moton Field, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama. s.l., s.d. 30 p .
Doc. call no.: M-U 44207

Pridgen, Johnny C. A Unit History of the 99th Fighter Squadron, 1941-1949.. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1988. 29 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 P947u

Russell, Andra M. Tuskegee Airmen: Leaders of Men. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1996. 35 leaves.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 R961t


Periodicals

Adde, Nick. Tuskegee Airmen Aimed High. Air Force Times 48:63 February 29, 1988.

Betts, M. W. The Tuskegee Airmen. Dispatch 39:9 February 7, 1985.

Brock, Pope. Chief Anderson (of the Tuskegee Airmen). People 30:149-150+ November 28, 1988.

Callander, Bruce. Tuskegee Few: Winning their Wings, Repeatedly. Air Force Times 43:14 February 28, 1983.

Davis, Jerry A. Black Wings of Tuskegee. Alabama Heritage No. 27:30-43 Winter 1993.

Enda, Jodi. Open Sky: Black WWII Pilots Receive Salute for Breaking the Color Barrier. Current News Special Edition: Equal Opportunity No. 1911:23 June 1992.

Erstein, Hap. The Eagles Who Touched the Sky. Insight 7:53-55 March 4, 1991.

Fogleman, Ronald R. Tuskegee Airmen's Legacy of Service for Youth Today. Defense Issues 10, no. 93:1-4 1995.

Gropman, Alan L. Tuskegee Airmen. Air Force Magazine 79:52-56 March 1996.

Harper, Gene. Tuskegee: Runway to Victory. Soldiers 39:49-52 February 1984.

Harris, Lorenzo D. All Guts, Little Glory (332nd Fighter Group in WWII) Airman 29:27-31 February 1985.

Keerdoja, E. Tuskegee Airmen Keep on Flying. Newsweek 100:10 August 9, 1982.

Keogh, Rosemary. Discrimination Didn't Ground His Dreams of Flying. Current News Special Edition: Equal Opportunitypp 13-14 February 1983.
About LtCol. Bertram W. Wilson, one of the Tuskegee Airmen.

McDowell, T. J. The Tuskegee Airmen. Sergeants 19:22-27 October 1981.

McPeak, Merrill A. Air Force Heritage: the Tuskegee Example. Airman 37:2-5 October 1993.

Muradian, Vago. Fighting the Enemy and Racism. Air Force Times 56:6 September 11, 1995.
Overdue recognition of the Tuskegee Airmen.

Parrish, Noel Francis. Reflections on the Tuskegee Experiment. Interview. Aerospace Historian 24:173-180 September 1977.

Paszek, Lawrence J. Separate, But Equal? The Story of the 99th Fighter Squadron. Aerospace Historian 24:135-145 September 1977.

Rhodes, Philip F. In Defense of Dignity. Airman 35:28-29 December 1991.
About the 99th Pursuit Squadron and 332nd Group in WWII.

Riley, Eddie C. Tuskegee Airmen. Sergeants 31:10-11+ December 1992.
Based on an interview with retired LtCol. Woodrow Crockett.

Rose, Robert A. Lonely Eagles. American Aviation Historical Society Journal 20: pt. 1: 20:118-127 Summer 1975 pt. 2: 20: 240-252 Winter 1975

Statue Honors Tuskegee Airmen. Air Force Times 48:43 March 28, 1988.

Tuskegee Airmen Contributed Beyond War. Air Force Times 48:A39 September 7, 1987.

Tuskegee Airmen: Still Flying High. Ebony 50:62-64+ November 1994.

Werrell, Kenneth P. Mutiny at Army Air Force Station 569: Bamber Bridge, England, June 1943. Aerospace Historian 22:202-209 December 1975.

Williams, Rudi. The Legacy of the Red-Tailed Angels. Dispatch 47:18-19 May 28, 1993.
332nd Fighter Group (Tuskegee Airmen) in World War II.

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Last Updated: February 4, 1999