AFRICA


July  2001
Compiled by Joan T. Phillips, Bibliographer
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


Rwanda 
Sao Tome and Principe 


Rwanda 


Internet Resources

Inclusion of a link to a web site does not imply endorsement by the Air University Library or the United States Air Force.  All sites last accessed 25 November 2001.

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
Available online at: http://www.ictr.org/main.htm
United Nations Tribunal.

Republic of Rwanda (Official Website).
Available online at: http://www.rwanda1.com/government/rwandalaunchie.html
General information about Rwanda.

Rwanda Information.
Available online at: http://www.rwanda.net
General information about Rwanda including the news.

Books

Please note: A call number beginning with "R" denotes a reference book.

Africa 2001, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 36th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2001. 273 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 36th ed 2001

Africa Contemporary Record, edited by Colin Legum. New York, Africana Publishing, 2000. 1 vol.
Review of the affairs in each country. See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.: 960 A2584 v.24 1992/94

Africa South of the Sahara 2001. 30th ed. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 1279 p.
For most countries includes: physical and social geography, history, economy, statistical survey, directory and bibliography.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 30th ed 2001

Anderson, Ewan W. Global Geopoltical Flashpoints: An Atlas of Conflict. London, Stationery Office, 2000. 391 p.
Rwanda, pp 285-287.
Book call no.: 327.101 A546g

Civilians in War, edited by Simon Chesterman. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001. 289 p.
Sexual Violence in Times of Conflict: The Jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda by Navanethem Pillay, pp 165-176.
Book call no.: 172.42 C582

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations Fiscal Year 2001. Washington, United States. Secretary of State, 2000. 725 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 Fy2002

Ethnicity Kills? The Politics of War, Peace and Ethnicity in SubSaharan Africa, edited by Einar Braathen and others. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 223 p. (International Political Economy)
Causes of Civil War in Rwanda: The Weight of History and Socio-Cultural Structures by Antonie Lema, pp 68-86.
Book call no.: 967.04 E84

Glover, Jonathan. Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2000. 464 p.
Rwanda, pp 119-122.
Book call no.: 909.82 G566h

Jane's Sentinel: Security Assessment: Central Africa 2000. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2000. 583 p.
Has general information about each country and detailed information about each country's defense.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 2000 Jul-Dec

Khan, Shaharyar M. The Shallow Graves of Rwanda. New York, I.B. Tauris Publishers, 2000. 228 p.
Book call no.: 967.57104 K45s

The Military Balance 2000-2001. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2000. 320 p.
Rwanda, p 279.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2000/2001

Peacebuilding: A Field Guide, edited by Luc Reychler and Thania Paffenholz. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001. 573 p.
Burundi, Rwanda, and Congo by Filip Reyntjens and Stef Vandeginste, pp 128-138.
Book call no.: 303.69 P355

Peterson, Scott. Me Against My Brother: At War in Somalia, Sudan, and Rwanda: A Journalist Reports from the Battlefields of Africa. New York, Routledge, 2000. 357 p.
Book call no.: 960.329 P485m

Raymond, Alan and Raymond, Susan. Children in War. New York, TV Books, 2000. 160 p.
Rwanda, pp 77-116.
Book call no.: 303.66083 R268c

The Statesman's Yearbook: the Politics, Cultures, and Economies of the World 2001, edited by Barry Turner. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 1985 p.
For each country gives information such as history, territory and population, social statistics, constitution and government, recent elections, current administration, defense, international relations, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and diplomatic representatives.
Book call no.: R310 St2 137th ed 2001

UN Peacekeeping: A Documentary Introduction, edited by Michael Bothe and Thomas Dorschel. Boston, Kluwer Law International, 1999. 319 p.
UNAMIR United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, pp 198-201. 
Use of Force Resolution, pp 273-275.
Book call no.: 327.117 U54

United States. Dept. of State. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers 1998. Washington, GPO, 2000. 208 p.
Book call no.: R 355 A734w 1998

United States Institute of Peace. Managing Communications: Lessons from Interventions in Africa. Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 1997. 63 p.
See table of contents for sections on Somalia, Rwanda, and Liberia.
Book call no.: 341.584096 U58m

Warlords in International Relations, edited by Paul B. Rich. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1999. 176 p.
The Militarization of Ethnicity and the Emergence of Warlordism in Rwanda, 1990-94 by Mel McNulty, pp 81-102.
Book call no.: 327.16 W277

Documents

Goins, Morris T. Did the United Nations and or the United States Ignore the Atrocities/Genocide in Rwanda?. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies. Army Command and General Staff College, 1999. 51p
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 G615d

Periodicals

Accused Online. Economist 358:49-50 February 10, 2001.
Examines the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Akhavan, Payam. Beyond Impunity: Can International Criminal Justice Prevent Future Atrocities? American Journal of International Law 95:7-31 January 2001.
Considers the case of Rwanda.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Congo: Rwandan Troops Accused of Massacre. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 6:6 October 2000.
Freedom of press in Africa is endangered.

Ball, Stephen R. A Roadblock in Rwanda. Army 50:25-28+ November 2000.
Sgt. Maj. Ball's experience in Rwanda.

Bitala, Michael. The Killers Will Face the Survivors. World Press Review 48:6-7 January 2001.
Rwandans seeks justice.

Chapman, Mark and Hancox, Carol. A 'Muzungu' in Rwanda. New African No.393:20-21 February 2001.
English volunteers in Rwanda say that it "is not such a bad place to spend 18 months, not the depressing place you regularly see on your TV."

Coming Home to Fight. Economist 359:44 June 23, 2001.
"After fighting in Congo, Rwanda's militiamen threaten their own regime."

Developments in the Law: International Criminal Law. Harvard Law Review 114:1943-2073 May 2001.
One of the developments discussed is the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Ex-Mayor Condemned to Death for Genocide. West Africa No.4262:24 February 12, 2001.

Hennessy, Michael A. Operation "Assurance": Planning a Multi-National Force for Rwanda/Zaire. Canadian Military Journal 2:11-20 Spring 2001.

Judging Genocide. Economist 359:23-25 June 16, 2001.
United Nations courts are trying accused for war crimes in Rwanda.

Kimani, Wambui. Bishop on Genocide Charge. West Africa No.4276:26-27 May 21, 2001.

Kimani, Wambui. Genocide Convicts Lose Appeals. West Africa No.4279:23 June 11, 2001.

Kimani, Wambui. Genocide Defendants and the Press. West Africa No.4267:22-23 March 19, 2001.

Kimani, Wambui. 'Genocide' Mayor Freed. West Africa No.4281:22 June 25, 2001.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda has freed Ignance Bagilishema.

Kimani, Wambui. Old Regime Troops Changing Sides. West Africa No.4271:22-23 April 16, 2001.
Discusses Rwandan troops in the Congo.

Kimani, Wambui. Rwanda Still Struggling to Rebuild. West Africa No.4280:31-33 June 18, 2001.

Kimani, Wambui. Sackings Cause 'Racism' Row. West Africa No.4278:20-21 June 4, 2001.
Seven attorneys protest their dismissal from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Kimani, Wambui. Three Acquitted of Exile's Murder. West Africa No.4281:23-24 June 25, 2001.
"The Kenyan High Court has acquitted three men charged with the murder of Seth Sendashonga, a former Minister of the Interior in Rwanda."

Kimani, Wambui. Witnessing Rwanda's Withdrawal. West Africa No.4269:21-22 April 2, 2001.
Rwandan troops leave the Congo.

Kirschke, Linda. Informal Repression, Zero-Sum Political and Late Third Wave Transitions. Journal of Modern African Studies 38:383-405 September 2000.
Uses case studies from Cameroon, Rwanda, and Kenya.

The Looters from Abroad. New African No.396:17 May 2001.
UN Panel urges strong measures against looters of natural resources in Congo.

Louw, G. M. Conflict in Rwanda: A Case Study of Cause and Effect. African Armed Forces, pp 24-28+, March 2001. "An analysis of the conflict in Rwanda within the context of the general conflict in Central Africa."

Madsen, Wayne. Chaney at the Helm: At Halliburton, Oil and Human Rights Did Not Mix. Progressive 64:21-22 September 2000.
Activities in Rwanda.

Marching out, and in again? Economist 358:44 March 10, 2001.
Is Rwanda truly leaving the Congo?

Missing. Economist 357:57 December 23, 2000.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda expands its investigation.

Nuns in Genocide Trial. West Africa No.4272:24-25 April 23, 2001.

Orth, Rick. Rwanda's Hutu Extremist Genocidal Insurgency: An Eyewitness Perspective. Small Wars & Insurgencies 12:76-109 Spring 2001.

Peace Watch 2000: The Year in Review. UN Chronicle 37,no.4:60-68 2000.

Rwanda. Military Technology 25:282 World Defence Almanac 2000-2001.
Force structure.

Rwanda/Congo-Kinshasa: Conditional Offers. Africa Confidential 41:7 October 27, 2000.
"All the Congo combatants talk peace and prepare for war."

Rwanda: Election Irregularities. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:9 March 2001.

Rwanda: Genocide Children. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 6:7 September 2000.
Rwanda demands the return of children who left the country during the bloodshed.

Rwanda: Kagame Under Siege. Africa Confidential 42:5-6 June 29, 2001.
Rwanda faces problems from inside and diplomatically.

Rwanda: Orphans Must Stay. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:9 January 2001.

Rwanda: Troops in DRC. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:9 March 2001.
Rwanda refuses to remove troops from Congo.

Rwanda: UN Investigates Officers. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:8 May 2001.

Tribunal Staff under Investigation for Genocide. West Africa No.4285:31 July 23, 2001.
"Four defense investigators of the UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda are now under investigation for their suspected involvement in the 1994 genocide."

Ward, Kathy. Seeking Justice in Rwanda. Christian Century 117:870-872 August 30, 2000.
Discusses the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.


Sao Tome and Principe 


Books

Please note: A call number beginning with "R" denotes a reference book.

Africa 2001, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 36th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2001. 273 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 36th ed 2001

Africa Contemporary Record, edited by Colin Legum. New York, Africana Publishing, 2000. 1 vol.
Review of the affairs in each country. See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.: 960 A2584 v.24 1992/94

Africa South of the Sahara 2001. 30th ed. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 1279 p.
For most countries includes: physical and social geography, history, economy, statistical survey, directory and bibliography.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 30th ed 2001

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations Fiscal Year 2001. Washington, United States. Secretary of State, 2000. 725 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 Fy2002

United States. Dept. of State. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers 1998. Washington, GPO, 2000. 208 p.
Book call no.: R 355 A734w 1998

Periodicals

Nigeria/Sao Tome: Big Brother. Africa Confidential 42:8 January 12, 2001.
A dispute between Nigeria and Sao Tome over a maritime border seems to be resolved.


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