AFRICA


July  2002
Compiled by Joan T. Phillips, Bibliographer
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


Niger
Nigeria

Niger


The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

 Internet Resources

Background Note: Niger.. Washington, United States. Dept. of State, December 2001.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5474.htm

CIA World Factbook 2001.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country including a map.

Internet Foundation: Niger.
Available online at: http://www.africasfuture.org/Africa/Niger/
Information about Nigeria includes U.S. relations.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
Provides political information about each African country.

Books

2002 Index of Economic Freedom, edited by Gerald P. O'Driscoll, Jr. and others. Washington, Heritage Foundation and Dow Jones, 2002. 428 p.
For each country lists information such as: trade policy, fiscal burden of government, government intervention in the economy, monetary policy, capital flow and foreign investment, banking and finance, wages and prices, property rights, regulation, and black market.
Book call no.: R 330.9 I38 2002

Aerospace Encyclopedia of World Air Forces, edited by David Willis. Westport, CT, AIRtime Publishing, 1999. 320 p.
Namibia, p 144.
Book call no.: R 358.4003 A252

Africa 2002, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 37th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 282 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 37th ed. 2002

Africa's Review 2000. 23rd ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2000. 328 p.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 23d ed 2000

Africa South of the Sahara 2002. 31st ed. London, Europa, 2001. 1305 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 31st ed 2002

Countries and Their Cultures. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 4 vols.
Book call no.: R 306.03 C855

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 551 p.
See contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 No. 15 2002 Apr.

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 890 p.
See table of contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2002 May-Aug

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave, 2001. 2057 p.
Information about each country includes: key historical events, territory and population, climate, constitution and government, defense, international relations, economy, energy and natural resources, industry, trade, communications, social institutions, and culture.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 138th ed 2002

Statistical Abstract of the World, edited by Annemarie Muth. 3d ed. Detroit, MI, Gale Research, 1997. 1134 p.
Statistics for each country include geography, demographics, health, human factors, education, science and technology, government and law, labor force, production sectors, manufacturing sector, and finance, economics, and trade.
Book call no.: R 310 S797 1997

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Detroit, MI, Gale Group, 2001. 4 vols.
Provides general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2001 v.2

Periodicals

Lund, Christian. Precarious Democratization and Local Dynamics in Niger: Micro-Politics in Zinder. Development and Change 32:845-869 November 2001.

Niger. Military Technology 26:284-285 World Defence Almanac 2001-2002.
Force structure.

Turner, Matthew D. and Williams, Timothy O. Livestock Market Dynamics and Local Vulnerabilities in the Sahel. World Development 30:683-705 April 2002


Nigeria


Internet Resources

Background Note: Nigeria.. Washington, United States. Dept. of State, June 2002.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htm

CIA World Factbook 2001.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country including a map.

Library of Congress. Federal Research Division. Country Studies: Area Handbook Series .
Available online at: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/cshome.html#toc
"The Country Studies Series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world and examines the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by cultural factors".

Nigeria.
Available online at: http://www.kilima.com/nigeria/index.html
News about Nigeria and links to other sites.

Nigeria.
Available online at: http://65.107.211.208/nigeria/nigeriaov.html
General information about Nigeria.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
Provides political information about each African country.
Last accessed: September 17, 2002.

Books

2002 Index of Economic Freedom, edited by Gerald P. O'Driscoll, Jr. and others. Washington, Heritage Foundation and Dow Jones, 2002. 428 p.
For each country lists information such as: trade policy, fiscal burden of government, government intervention in the economy, monetary policy, capital flow and foreign investment, banking and finance, wages and prices, property rights, regulation, and black market.
Book call no.: R 330.9 I38 2002

Aerospace Encyclopedia of World Air Forces, edited by David Willis. Westport, CT, AIRtime Publishing, 1999. 320 p.
Nigeria, p 145.
Book call no.: R 358.4003 A252

Africa 2002, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 37th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 282 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 37th ed. 2002

Africa's Review 2000. 23rd ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2000. 328 p.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 23d ed 2000

Africa South of the Sahara 2002. 31st ed. London, Europa, 2001. 1305 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 31st ed 2002

Aka, Ebenezer O., Jr. Regional Disparities in Nigeria's Development: Lessons and Challenges for the 21st Century.. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2000. 205 p.
Book call no.: 338.9669 A313r

Countries and Their Cultures. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 4 vols.
Book call no.: R 306.03 C855

Draper, Michael I. Shadows: Airlift and Airwar in Biafra and Nigeria 1967-1970.. Aldershot, Hants, UK, Hikoki Publications, 1999. 288 p.
Book call no.: 966.9052 D766s

Human Rights Watch: World Report 2002: Events of 2001: November 2000-November 2001. New York, Human Rights Watch, 2002. 670 p.
Nigeria, pp 69-75.
Book call no.: 323.4905 H918 2002

Inamete, Ufot B. Foreign Policy Decision-Making in Nigeria. Cranbury, NJ, Associated University Presses, 313 p.
Book call no.: 327.669 I35

Industrial Development and Policy in Africa: Issues of De-Industrialisation and Development Strategy, edited by Hossein Jalilian and others. Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, 2000. 302 p.
Developing African Exports: The Case of Nigeria by John T. Thoburn, pp 222-243.
Book call no.: 338.967 I42

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 551 p.
See contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 No. 15 2002 Apr.

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 890 p.
See table of contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2002 May-Aug

Rake, Allen. African Leaders: Guiding the New Millennium. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2001. 261 p.
Nigeria: Olusegun Obasanjo, pp 180-184.
Book call no.: 920.06 R162a

Salih, M. A. Mohamed. African Democracies and African Politics. Sterling, VA, Pluto Press, 2001. 234 p. (Human Security in the Global Economy)
Nigeria: Democracy, Ethnicity and Religious Faith, pp 128-148.
Book call no.: 320.96 S165a

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave, 2001. 2057 p.
Information about each country includes: key historical events, territory and population, climate, constitution and government, defense, international relations, economy, energy and natural resources, industry, trade, communications, social institutions, and culture.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 138th ed 2002

Statistical Abstract of the World, edited by Annemarie Muth. 3d ed. Detroit, MI, Gale Research, 1997. 1134 p.
Statistics for each country include geography, demographics, health, human factors, education, science and technology, government and law, labor force, production sectors, manufacturing sector, and finance, economics, and trade.
Book call no.: R 310 S797 1997

Wiwa, Ken. In the Shadow of a Saint: The Sons Journey to Understand His Father's Legacy . South Royalton, VT, Steerforth Press, 2001. 247 p.
Book call no.: 966.90530922 W834i

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Detroit, MI, Gale Group, 2001. 4 vols.
Provides general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2001 v.2

Documents

Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Nigeria in Political Transition, by Theodros Dagne. Washington, June 1999. 12 p.
Also available online at: http://cnie.org/NLE/CRS/abstract.cfm?NLEid=16019
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-8 no.98049 1999 June 25

Periodicals

Adeshida, Emma. Court Battles Against Oputa Report. West Africa No.4332:16 July 1, 2002.
"After refusing to testify before the Human Rights Commission, Ex-president Babangida has gone to court to halt action on the Commission's report."

Adeshida, Emma. Fallout from the Lagos Armoury Disaster. West Africa No.4314:18 February 25, 2002.
"Action is being taken to get to the bottom of the Lagos military armoury explosions and prevent further such disasters."

Adeshida, Emma. New IDA Aid for Nigeria. West Africa No.4291:29 September 3, 2001.
"Three agreements for International Development Association aid totaling $304.3 million have been signed between the Nigerian Government and the World Bank."

Adeshida, Emma. Oil Windfall to Help Nigerian States. West Africa No.4291:28 September 3, 2001.

Adeshida, Emma. Police Hold Suspect in Ige Murder. West Africa No.4310:15-16 January 28, 2002.
"A month after the murder of Nigeria's Federal Attorney General, Chief Bola, Ige, a suspect sought by the police has surrendered after releasing a statement linking the murder to political events In Osun State."

Adeshida, Emma. Political Gang Leader Arrested. West Africa No.4292:16 September 10, 2001.
Ganiyu Adams, leader of the Oodu People's Congress, arrested.

Adeshida, Emma. Was Abiola Poisoned? West Africa No.4291:22-23 September 3, 2001.
Investigation into the death of Chief M.K.O. Abiola.

Akinboye, Solomon. Nigeria's Transition to Democracy: Prospects for Consolidation. Africa Insight 31:3-10 September 2001.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Accused, but Not Tried. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:18-19 October 2001.
"The finger of blame for Dele Giwa's murder has long pointed at senior security officials in the Babangida regime, but no case has ever been brought to court."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Collateral Damage. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:12-13 November 2001.
"An army massacre has outraged Nigerians and further undermined confidence in the leadership."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Dead End, Declare the Police. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:17-18 October 2001.
Investigation into the murder of Dele Giwa.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Delivering on the Promise. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:10-12 December 2001.
Looks at the state of Akwa Ibom.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Gani Fawehinmi: One-Man War for Justice. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:20 October 2001.
Mr. Fawehinmi seeks justice in the investigation of the murder of Dele Giwa.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Governor James Ibori: 'What We Seek Is Justice, Equity'. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:10-12+ September 2001.
Interview "about the role of resource control and a sovereign national conference in determining Nigeria's future course."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Mrs. Giwa: 'I Thought My Whole World Had Finished.' Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:21-27 October 2001.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Nation on Tenterhooks. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:24-26+ March 2002.
Wonders about problems in Nigeria.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Obasanjo Is Not Biased. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:12-13 February 2002.
Interview with Gani Adams, leader of the militant wing of the Odua Peoples Congress.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Obasanjo's Smart Moves. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:20-21 January 2002.
"President Olusegun Obasanjo's efforts to prevent the opposition governor of his home state standing for re-election have taking a new and devious turn."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. On a Slippery Slope. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:10-13 February 2002.
Wonders about the future of democracy in Nigeria after the murderer of two government officials.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Ray Ekpu: 'It's All a Voodoo Theory.' Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:27-30 October 2001.
Interviews Nigerian journalist, Ray Ekpu, about the death of Dele Giwa.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Rimi Interview. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:14-19 February 2002.
Interview with Alhaji Mohammed Abubakar Rimi, leading member of the ruling Peoples Democratic Party.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Rock and a Hard Place. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:10-14 November 2001.
Political infighting in Nigeria.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Up and Away. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:32-33 June 2002.
"Presidential election is still nearly a year away but Nigerian politicians are already on the hustings ready to battle for the nation's number one job."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Waiting Game. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:14-18 April/May 2002.
Predicts that President Obasanjo will run for reelection.

Akinyele, R. T. Ethnic Militancy and National Stability in Nigeria: A Case Study of the Oodua People's Congress. African Affairs 100:623-640 October 2001.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Burundi: Peacekeepers Go in. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:7 December 2001.
"Nigeria will deploy 1000-man peacekeeping contingent to Burundi in December to try to prevent ethnic violence."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. 'Come and Join Us.' Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:38-39 November 2001.
"The campaign to attract investment to Nigeria continues on many fronts, with President Obasanjo visiting London to woo investors."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Guilty As Charged. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:5 March 2002.
General Abubakar "found guilty of human rights abuses and other excesses during his military rule."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Nigeria & Cameroon: In Search of Justice. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:6 March 2002.
Border dispute between Cameroon and Nigeria.

Amuwo, Kunle. Globalisation and the Crisis of Higher Education in the South: Case Studies of South Africa and Nigeria. Africa Insight 31:11-19 December 2001.

Asante, Ben. Anyim: My Role in the Democratic Arena. West Africa No.4317:16-17 March 18, 2002.
Interview with Anyim Pius Anyim, Nigeria's Senate President.

Asante, Ben. Death and Destruction in Jos. West Africa No.4295:18-19 October 1, 2001.
Sectarian violence between Muslims and Christians.

Asante, Ben. Inquiry into Tiv-Jukun Troubles. West Africa No.4305:18 December 10, 2001.
"The violent incidents in October involving the Tiv and Jukun peoples have had political repercussions. Lt-General Victor Malu, immediate past chief of the army, is angered by accusations of involvement in irregular military activity."

Asante, Ben. Nigeria's Military Leaders. West Africa No.4298:24 October 22, 2001.
Discusses Nigeria's past military leaders.

Asante, Ben. Nigerians Remember Past Heroes. West Africa No.4315:36-37 March 4, 2002.
Looks back to General Murtala Muhammed.

Asante, Ben. Will There Be a Two-General Election? West Africa No.4325:10-11 May 13, 2002.
Asks if two retired generals, Obasanjo and Buhari, will be running for president in elections to be held in 2003.

Asante, Ben and Barrett, Lindsay. Babangida Recalls the Move. West Africa No.4326:23 May 20, 2002.
General Babangida explains his motives for moving the capital from Lagos to Abuja.

Asante, Ben and Dike, Amaechi. Nigeria's Economy: Ideas from U.S. and UK. West Africa No.4299:31-32 October 29, 2001.

Asante, Ben and Usifoh, Best. Heat Turned on Former Military Rulers. West Africa No.4298:21-23 October 22, 2001.
Three former military heads of state refused to appear before the Nigerian Human Rights Violations Investigation Commission.

Baba, Muhammad. Opposition Prepares for Battle. West Africa No.4303:21 November 26, 2001.
"The APP has elected officials in readiness for elections in 2003."

Barrett, Lindsay. Babangida Recalls the Move. West Africa No.4326:23 May 20, 2002.
General Babangida discusses the move of the capital from Lagos to Abuja.

Barrett, Lindsay. Bayelsa and Benue: A Tale of Two Invasions. West Africa No.4301:19-20 November 12, 2001.
Massacres in Nigerian villages.

Barrett, Lindsay. Bayelsa: Niger Delta Tensions and the Elections. West Africa No.4332:15-17 June 24, 2002.
Nigeria prepares for elections.

Barrett, Lindsay. Is Babangida the Relunctant Challenger? West Africa No.4325:14-16 May 13, 2002.
Wonders about the possibility of Ibrahim Babangida seeking the presidency.

Barrett, Lindsay. Legal Challenge to Cameroon Unification. West Africa No.4318:17-19 March 25, 2002.
"Campaigners in the two ex-British provinces of Cameroon, seeking autonomy or independence for that area, have secured a legal judgment in Nigeria ordering the government there to back their petitions."

Barrett, Lindsay. Nigeria: A Year of Many Trials, Few Triumphs. West Africa No.4307:11-12 December 24, 2001.
Reviews events in Nigeria during 2001.

Barrett, Lindsay. Oputa: Nigeria's Conscience. West Africa No.4299:19-20 October 29, 2001.
Discusses the work of Oputa (Human Rights Violation Investigation Commission).

Barrett, Lindsay. PDP Back from the Brink. West Africa No.4303:19-21 November 26, 2001.
"Nigeria's ruling party, riven by infighting, finally held its Conventions just in time to avert serious disruption."

Blast Kills Hundreds. Mclean's 115:11 February 11, 2002.
"As many as 2000 people were killed after there were explosions at an army munitions dump in the middle of a crowded neighbourhood in Lagos, Nigeria's largest city."

Bush, George W. Remarks Following Discussions with President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria and an Exchange with Reporters. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 37:1587 November 5, 2001.

Coleman, Sarah. Religious Riots. World Press Review 48:39 December 2001.
"Violence in the northern Nigerian city of Kano in mid-October, with estimates of up to 200 people killed" in response to U.S. led attacks on Afghanistan.

Danfulani, Umar H. D. and Fwatshak, Sati U. Briefing: The September 2001 Events in Jos, Nigeria. African Affairs 101:243-255 April 2002.

Del Castillo, Daniel. Nigeria Authorizes More Private Colleges. Chronicle of Higher Education 48:A62 September 7, 2001.

Dike, Amaechi. Electoral Bill and Local Government Controversy. West Africa No.4305:19-20 December 10, 2001.
"A bill dealing with the next federal, state and local elections in Nigeria ...is arousing heated controversy, especially over its provisions regarding local elections."

Dike, Amaechi and Asante, Ben. Generals Reject New Oputa Gesture. West Africa No.4305:20-21 December 10, 2001.
"Following the refusal by three former military rulers to appear before Nigeria's Human Rights commission, they were unexpectedly invited to a special session, but did not go."

Dike, Amaechi and Asante, Ben. Kano: New Communal Violence. West Africa No.4298:20-21 October 22, 2001.
Sectarian violence in Nigeria.

Dike, Amaechi and Asante, Ben. Local Elections This Year. West Africa No.4325:11-12 May 13, 2002.
"Nigeria's Supreme Court has overruled the 2001 Electoral Act's provision on local council elections, which now have to be held this year, before the state and federal elections in 2003."

Dike, Amaechi and Asante, Ben. Master Plan for Niger Delta Oil Region. West Africa No.4307:34 December 24, 2001.

Dike, Amaechi and Asante, Ben. Nigeria Budgets for N924 Billion. West Africa No.4302:28-29 November 19, 2001.

Dike, Amaechi and Asante, Ben. Searchlight on the Nigerian Economy. West Africa No.4300:32-33 November 5, 2001.

Dike, Amaechi and Asante, Ben. Strike over Fuel Prices in Nigeria. West Africa No.4309:31-32 January 21, 2002.

Duodu, Cameron. Nigeria Targets the 'Gnomes of London'. New African No.408:41-42 June 2002.
Nigeria manages to retrieve $1 billion of President Abacha's plunder.

Economic Theory, African Reality. Economist 362:44 January 26, 2002.
"A strike over petroleum prices shows how hard it is to reform Nigeria."

Egunyanga, Vincent. El-Zakzaky Blasts Sharia Governors. World Press Review 49:46 July 2002.

Ekpu, Ray. Language of Naira. World Press Review 48:7-8 October 2001.
Political corruption in Nigeria.

Eleafagha, Berezi K. Etete Case and Oil Politics. West Africa No.4329:15-16 June 10, 2002.
"Reports on the case of a Nigerian oil exploartion concession, in which a Federal Petroleum Minister is threatening to sue the Obasanjo government."

Fawole, W. Alade. Nigeria and the Failure of Peace-Making in Sierra Leone. Africa Insight 31:11-18 September 2001.

Fire and Water. Economist 362:45-46 February 2, 2002.
Barracks in Lagos explodes.

Forsyth, Frederick. To Save Half One Million Children Is a Privilege. New Statesman 131:34 February 25, 2002.
Remembers 34 years ago when a group of Europeans help feed Nigerian children that were starting from a man-made famine.

From Hijacking to Snail-Breeding. Economist 362:51 March 16, 2002.
Reports new hope for residents of the Delta region.

Garba, Joe. Murtala: The Unwilling Hero. West Africa No.4315:37-38 March 4, 2002.
"Tells the inside story of that coup which ousted General Yakubu Gowon and brought in General Murtala Muhammed as head of state."

Hakata, Michelle. Western Banks Still Keep Abacha's Billions. New African No.401:10-11 November 2001.

Hot Spots. U.S. News & World Report 131:30 October 15, 2001.
Lists countries were radical Islamists seek to replace their governments such as Algeria, Nigeria, and Sudan in Africa.

Hundreds Dead, Investigation Launched Following Munitions Explosion in Lagos, Nigeria. Jet 101:47 February 25, 2002.

Ikelegbe, Augustine. Civil Society, Oil and Conflict in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: Ramifications of a Civil Society for a Regional Resource Struggle. Journal of Modern African Studies 39:437-469 September 2001.

Ilesanmi, Simeon O. Constitutional Treatment of Religion and the Politics of Human Rights in Nigeria. African Affairs 100:529-554 October 2001.

Iloeghunam, Chuks. Buhari's Hat in the Ring. West Africa No.4325:9 May 13, 2002.
General Buhari's announcement about running for president is met with denunciations.

Industrialised Akwa Ibom State. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:special supplement section December 2001.

Interethnic Conflict. World Press Review 48:28 September 2001.
Violence between the Hausa-Fulani and the Tivs in Nigeria.

Jason, Pini. Case for Dialogue. New African No.402:26-27 December 2001.
Reviews problems occurring because of the 1999 Federal Constitution.

Jason, Pini. Generals Prepare for 2003. New African No.409:16 July-August 2002.
Discusses President Obasanjo and the presidential elections to be held in 2003.

Jason, Pini. Obasanjo vs. Parliament. New African No.406:18 April 2002.
President Obasanjo and the House of Representatives fight over money

Jason, Pini. Poor Nigeria. New African No.400:17 October 2001.
Recounts problems in Nigeria.

Kigotho, Wachira. In Nigeria, 18 Killed in Campus Violence. Chronicle of Higher Education 48:A48 July 26, 2002.

Lokongo, Antoine. Nigeria: Blessed Are Not the Tax Dodgers. New African No.407:7 May 2002.
Multinational oil companies are merging to avoid taxes in Nigeria.

Lowry, Richard. Into Africa...and out of OPEC-New Thinking on Oil. National Review 54:29-30 June 17, 2002.
States that the U.S. should begin pursuing new markets for oil including the West African market.

Mbakwe, Tom. Oh Dear! New African No.409:33 July-August 2002.
President Obasanjo accuses European countries of harboring stolen money from African despots.

Meigs, Montgomery C. U.S. Army Europe: On Point for the Nation. Army 51:75-80 October 2001.
Article includes information about the "30th Medical Brigade deployed to Nigeria for Operation Focus Relief to support equipping and training the Nigerian Army for operations in Sierra Leone."

Military Terror Tactics. Economist 361:54 November 3, 2001.
"Nigeria's army is looking increasingly out of control."

Minchakpu, Obed. Chronic Violence Claims 2,000 Lives. Christianity Today 46:23 January 7, 2002.
Reports violence between Christaians and Muslims.

Minchakpu, Obed. Orphaned and Widowed: Christian Families Devastated since Sharia Law Adopted. Christianity Today 45:34 September 3, 2001.

Minchakpu, Obed. Where Adultery Means Death. Christianity Today 46:34 May 21, 2002.
"Political and religious leaders clash over the increased use of Islamic law."

Modiano, David. Hemoglobin C Protects Against Clinical Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria. Nature 414:305-308 November 15, 2001.
Clinical studies were performed in Nigeria and Mali.

Moyela, Muyiwa. Budget Paralysis. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:23-24 July 2002.
"Half way into the year, Nigerian leaders are still locked in a debate over how to implement this year's federal budget."

Moyela, Muyiwa. Delivering the Promise. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:36 November 2001.
"The Nigerian Economic Summit in Abuja attracted a lot of interest from potential investors, but also heard some cautionary words."

Moyela, Muyiwa. Falling Fortunes. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:30+ December 2001.
"With the economy reeling from events of 11 September, the Nigerian government is budgeting for a fall in the price of oil next year, and therefore of government revenues."

Moyela, Muyiwa. Nigeria's Hard Cell. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:40+ October 2001.
Cell phones in Nigeria.

Moyela, Muyiwa. "Savanahgate." Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:33 March 2002.
Reports the closing of one of Nigeria's oldest banks, Savannah Bank, over mismanagement

Never Apologise, Never Explain. Economist 360:40-41 September 1, 2001.
"A commission has been set up to look into past misdeeds. The generals who are guilty of them do not want to attend."

Nigeria. Military Technology 26:285-286 World Defence Almanac 2001-2002.
Force structure.

Nigeria: A Country in Limbo. World Press Review 49:23-24 May 2002.
Interviews Olisa Agbakoba, the human rights advocate, about the situation in Nigeria.

Nigeria: Banker Versus Banker. Africa Confidential 43:3-4 June 28, 2002.
"Central Bank Governor Sanusi wants to tame his former banking colleagues."

Nigeria: Beware False Profits. Africa Confidential 43:1-3 July 12, 2002.
Describes religious problems in Nigeria.

Nigeria: Blitzing the Banks. Africa Confidential 43:8 March 8, 2002.
The Central Bank of Nigeria is trying to eradicate corruption in Nigerian banking.

Nigeria: Election Fever Mounting Early. West Africa No.4330:9-16 June 17, 2002.
Several articles about elections and political parties in Nigeria.

Nigeria: Feds Control Oil Resources. World Oil 223:11 May 2002.
Reports ruling by the Nigerian Supreme Court stating that "the federal government, and not regional authorities, has control for offshore resources."

Nigeria I: The Generals' Election. Africa Confidential 43:1-2 May 3, 2002.
"The military has helped tear the country apart but civilians still defer to the soldiers and politicians."

Nigeria II: Khaki Blues, Business Suits. Africa Confidential 43:2-3 May 3, 2002.
"Civilian rule, even by a retired general, does not suit the army."

Nigeria: Islamic Justice on Trial. West Africa No.4320:9-15 April 8, 2002.
Several articles about Sharia law in Nigeria.

Nigeria: Leadership Tussle in Ruling Party. West Africa No.4300:13-19 November 5, 2001.
Several articles about problems in the People's Democratic Party.

Nigeria: Murdering Sleep. Africa Confidential 43:8 January 11, 2002.
Investigation into the murder of Attorney General Bola Ige.

Nigeria: Northern Lights. Africa Confidential 42:1-2 August 31, 2001.
"The north wants to rule again but its two strongest candidates are deadly rivals."

Nigeria: Shariacracy on Trial. Africa Confidential 42:3-5 August 31, 2001.
"The adoption of Sharia hasn't reduced crime and corruption."

Nigeria: Torrents of Trouble. Africa Confidential 43:1-3 February 8, 2002.
"Policy failures and political ambitions lie behind the latest tragedies and threaten the government."

Nigeria: Unknown Soldiers. Africa Confidential 42:4-5 November 9, 2001.
"A massacre of more than 200 Tiv causes ructions in the military and the federation."

Nigeria/USA: U.S. Court Throws out Action Against Abubakar. West Africa No.4325:25 May 13, 2002.

Nigerian Religious Riots Leave Hundreds Dead. Christian Century 118:10-11 October 17, 2001.

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Calls for Constitutional Revision. West Africa No.4325:16-17 May 13, 2002.

O'Oghorie, Igho B. 'Derivation' and the Niger Delta Question. West Africa No.4323:29-31 April 29, 2002.
"Explains how the problems of Nigeria's oil producing area are bound up with the whole question of revenue allocation and the amount properly due to states producing revenue."

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Federal-State-Local Issues. West Africa No.4301:20-22 November 12, 2001.
Discusses elections to be held in 2003.

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Fuel: A Perennial Problem. West Africa No.4310:17-18 January 28, 2002.

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Nigeria: How Should the Cake Be Shared? West Africa No.4323:31-33 April 29, 2002.
"Looks at the problems of revenue allocation."

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Nigeria: Politics, Spending and Oil. West Africa No.4304:30-31 December 3, 2001.
"With oil prices at a two-year low and possibly going to fall further" the author "looks at how this could affect next year's budget."

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Strikes Galore-Even by the Police. West Africa No.4324:16-17 May 6, 2002.
"Reports on the wave of industrial unrest in recent months in Nigeria, affecting local government workers, university staff and even the police."

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Two-Term Question. West Africa No.4304:19 December 3, 2001.
"The Constitution is not clear about the lenght of tenure for political office holders, argures" the author.

O'Sullivan, Michael. Case of Sufiyatu Huseini in Nigeria. America 186:10-11 March 18, 2002.
"On October 9, 2001, and Islamic law court in this state of Sokoto in northern Nigeria ordered Safiyatu Huseini Tungar Tudu to be buried up to her head and shoulders and stoned to death."

Obayiuwana, Osaus. Sacred Cows? New African No.402:24-26 December 2001.
"President Obasanjo's reluctance to bring Nigeria's ex-military leaders to justices taken the shine off his stewardship."

Oguine, Ike. Suffering and Smiling. New Internationalist No.343:20-21 March 2002.
Comments on the effects of automobiles in Lagos, Nigeria.

Oguntimoju, Dele. Unnatural Unions. Ecologist 31:48 October 2001.
"From crisis-ridden Nigeria the author offers a cautionary tale on the consequences of political unification, with disturbing parallels for Europe."

Olukotun, Ayo. Authoritarian State, Crisis of Democratization and the Underground Media in Nigeria. African Affairs 101:317-342 July 2002.

Olukotun, Ayo. Traditional Portest Media and Anti-Military Struggle in Nigeria 1988-1999. African Affairs 101:193-211 April 2002.

Only Dialogue Can Tame This Crisis. World Press Review 49:22-23 May 2002.
Expresses the belief that conflict can be averted in Nigeria by dialogue.

Operation Focus Relief: 3rd SF Group Builds Relations in Western Africa. Special Warfare 15:28-30 June 2002.
"From August 2000 until December 2001, elements of the 3rd Special Forces Group, in coordination with the United States Department of State, deployed to Western Africa to train units of three countries as part of Operation Focus Relief, or OFR."

Otabil, Bernard. Nigeria's Crippling Problems: Poverty and Debt. West Africa No.4304:27-29 December 3, 2001.
"Examines the factors that seem to hinder economic revival."

Otufodunrin, Lekan. Nigeria: So Far, Still Far. New African No.402:20-22 December 2001.
"After 31 months in office, the Obasanjo government can, at best, the given a pass mark. The dividends of democracy have not been fully reaped. The government is pressing on, but the journey ahead is still long."

Otufodunrin, Lekan. Not a Happy New Year. New African No.405:11 March 2002.
Lists problems that have occurred in Nigeria during the month of January.

Oyo, Remi. Ethnic Militias Guard Tribal Divides. World Press Review 49:21-22 May 2002.
Conflicts continue in Nigeria.

Oyo, Remi. Nigerian Soldiers Warned on AIDS. West Africa No.4289:22 August 20, 2001.
President Obasanjo "has ordered free distribution of condoms to all soldiers."

President of Nigeria Is Granting Autonomy to the Country's Public Colleges and Universities. Chronicle of Higher Education 48:A34 November 23, 2001.

Religion or Realpolitik? Economist 360:50 October 20, 2001.
"Violent eruptions in Nigeria may have more to do with politics than religion."

Resource Control Campaign: Niger Delta Fights for Justice. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:special supplement September 2001.
Several articles about the Niger Delta and the struggle of its people to control the resources coming from their land.

Rights Inquiry Divides Nigeria. West Africa No.4295:11-16 October 1, 2001.
Many articles about the Oputa Human Rights Violations Investigation Commission.

Roots of Violence. Economist 360:42 September 15, 2001.
Delves into the causes of violence in Nigeria.

Shell on Earth. Ecologist 31:18 September 2001.
"Blatantly disregarding the concerns of local communities, the Board of Directors of the International Finance Corporation; the World Bank's private lending arm, approved a $15 million loan in June that would benefit the Shell Petroleum Development Corp. of Nigeria."

Sino-Nigerian Cooperation. Beijing Review 45:5 May 2, 2002.
Communique on bilateral relations between China and Nigeria released on April 15.

Soyinka, Kayode. How They Snuffed out His Life. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:10-16 October 2001.
The murder of Dele Giwa.

Swiss Banks to Return $1 Billion in Funds Allegedly Embezzled from Nigerian Government. Jet 101:38 May 20, 2002.
Money comes from funds embezzled by Sani Abacha and his family.

Three Years of Democracy. Economist 363:40 April 6, 2002.
"Nigerians are freer, but not much richer."

Tidying up Nigeria's Ports. West Africa No.4288:11-16 August 13, 2001.
Three articles about the situation at Nigerian ports.

Tragedy in Lagos West Africa No.4311:9-14 February 4, 2002.
Several articles about the disaster caused by ammunition explosions at the military armory.

Umar, Mohammad S. Education and Islamic Trends in Northern Nigeria: 1970s-1990s. Africa Today 48:126-150 Summer 2001.

Usifoh, Best and Asante, Ben. Journey so Far. West Africa No.4295:17-18 October 1, 2001.
Nigeria celebrates its 41st year of independence.

West Africa at the Crossroads. African Agenda vol 4,no.3:4-7+ 2001.

West Africa: Busy Presidents. Africa Confidential 43:7 January 11, 2002.
Evaluates each country at the beginning of 2002.

Whiteman, Kaye. History Through a Filter. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:34-35 June 2002.
British official documents on Nigeria's decolonization may help with problems caused by Nigeria's multiple pluralisms.

Yaqub, Nuhu O. 1993 Presidential Elections in Nigeria and the Alleged Use of Excessive Money: Implications for the Country's Political Culture and Future Politics. Journal of Third World Studies 18:209-238 Fall 2001


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