AFRICA


July  2002
Compiled by Joan T. Phillips, Bibliographer
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe

Rwanda


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 Internet Resources

Background Note: Rwanda.. Washington, United States. Dept. of State, November 2001.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2861.htm.

CIA World Factbook 2001.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country including a map.

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
Available online at: http://www.ictr.org/main.htm
United Nations Tribunal.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
Provides political information about each African country.

Republic of Rwanda (Official Website).
Available online at: http://www.rwanda1.com/government/rwandalaunchie.html
General information about Rwanda.

Rwanda Information Exchange.
Available online at: http://www.rwanda.net
General information about Rwanda including the news.

Books

2002 Index of Economic Freedom, edited by Gerald P. O'Driscoll, Jr. and others. Washington, Heritage Foundation and Dow Jones, 2002. 428 p.
For each country lists information such as: trade policy, fiscal burden of government, government intervention in the economy, monetary policy, capital flow and foreign investment, banking and finance, wages and prices, property rights, regulation, and black market.
Book call no.: R 330.9 I38 2002

Aerospace Encyclopedia of World Air Forces, edited by David Willis. Westport, CT, AIRtime Publishing, 1999. 320 p.
Rwanda, p 145.
Book call no.: R 358.4003 A252

Africa 2002, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 37th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 282 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 37th ed. 2002

Africa's Review 2000. 23rd ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2000. 328 p.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 23d ed 2000

Africa South of the Sahara 2002. 31st ed. London, Europa, 2001. 1305 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 31st ed 2002

African Interventionist States, edited by Oliver Furley and Roy May. Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2001. 286 p.
From Intervened to Intervenor: Rwanda and Military Intervention in Zaire/DRC by Mel McNulty, pp 173-189. DRC: Africa's Scramble for Africa by Gerry Cleaver//Simon Massey, pp 193-209.
Book call no.: 341.584096 A258

Cohen, Herman J. Intervening in Africa: Superpower Peacemaking in a Troubled Continent. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 268 p.
Rwanda: Could We Have Prevented Genocide? pp 163-180.
Book call no.: 327.67073 C678i

Connaughton, Richard. Military Intervention and Peacekeeping: The Reality. Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2001. 296 p.
Rwanda-'Tropical Nazism' by Boutros Boutros-Ghali, pp 139-190.
Book call no.: 327.172 C752m

Countries and Their Cultures. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 4 vols.
Book call no.: R 306.03 C855

Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions, edited by Daniel Chirot and Martin E.P. Seligman. Washington, American Psychological Association, 2001. 379 p.
Genocide in Rwanda by Gerard Prunier, pp 109-116.
Book call no.: 305.8 E843

Huband, Mark. Skull Beneath the Skin: Africa after the Cold War. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2001. 376 p.
Myths, Chiefs, and Churches: Rwanda, pp 161-183. Genocide, pp 184-216.
Book call no.: 960.32 H875s

Human Rights Watch: World Report 2002: Events of 2001: November 2000-November 2001. New York, Human Rights Watch, 2002. 670 p.
Rwanda, pp 76-81.
Book call no.: 323.4905 H918 2002

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 551 p.
See contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 No. 15 2002 Apr.

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 890 p.
See table of contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2002 May-Aug

Jones, Bruce D. Peacemaking in Rwanda: The Dynamics of Failure. Boulder, CO, Lynne Reinner Publishers, 2001. 209 p.
Book call no.: 341.584 J76p

Journeys Through Conflict: Narratives and Lessons, edited by Hayward R. Alker and others. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001. 462 p.
Could Humanitarian Crises Have Been Anticipated in Burundi, Rwanda, and Zaire? A Comparative Study of Anticipatory Indicators by Barbara Harff, pp 81-102.
Book call no.: 327.17 J86

Magnarella, Paul J. Justice in Africa: Rwanda's Genocide, It's Courts, and the U.N. Criminal Tribunal. Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2000. 154 p. (Contemporary Perspectives on Developing Societies)
Book call no.: 967.57104 M196j

Mamdani, Mahmood. When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2001. 364 p.
Book call no.: 967.57104 M263w

Rake, Allen. African Leaders: Guiding the New Millennium. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2001. 261 p.
Rwanda: Paul Kagame, pp 185-188.
Book call no.: 920.06 R162a

Scherre, Christian P. Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa: Conflict Roots, Mass Violence, and Regional War. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 410 p.
For sections on Rwanda see table of contents.
Book call no.: 304.663 S326g

State of the World's Refugees 2000: Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action, edited by Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. New York, Oxford University Press, 2000. 340 p.
Rwanda and the Great Lakes Region, pp 47-52.
Book call no.: 362.87 S797

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave, 2001. 2057 p.
Information about each country includes: key historical events, territory and population, climate, constitution and government, defense, international relations, economy, energy and natural resources, industry, trade, communications, social institutions, and culture.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 138th ed 2002

Statistical Abstract of the World, edited by Annemarie Muth. 3d ed. Detroit, MI, Gale Research, 1997. 1134 p.
Statistics for each country include geography, demographics, health, human factors, education, science and technology, government and law, labor force, production sectors, manufacturing sector, and finance, economics, and trade.
Book call no.: R 310 S797 1997

Wheeler, Nicholas J. Savings Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society. New York, Oxford University Press, 2000. 336 p.
Global Bystander to Genocide: International Society and the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, pp 208-241.
Book call no.: 341.584 W563s

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Detroit, MI, Gale Group, 2001. 4 vols.
Provides general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2001 v.2

Documents

Artbauer, Michael L. Rwanda Reconsidered. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2001. 102 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 A785r

Kigeri V Ndahindurwa, Mwani. Call to All Citizens of Rwanda to Remain Calm, Hopeful and Ready to Bring about Peaceful Change. Virginia, Office of His Majesty Kigeli V, Umwami w'u Rwanda. 1 vol.
Also available online at: http://www.strategicstudies.org/crisis/rwanda.htm#Oct0199
Doc. call no.: M-U 44360

Kigeri V Ndahindurwa, Mwani. Key Reports on the Rwandan Crisis from Defense & Foreign Affairs and ISSA. Washington, International Strategic Studies Association, 1999. 12 p.
Also available online at: http://www.strategicstudies.org/crisis/rwanda.htm
Doc. call no.: M-U 44425

Periodicals

Africa and Global Justice. West Africa No.4289:11-17 August 20, 2001.
Several articles about the International Criminal Court.

Bafalikike, Lokongo. What Is MONUC Doing Here? New African No.409:19 July-August 2002.
The people of the Congo blame UN forces for not coming to the aid of victims of a Rwandan-led commando unit in May.

Berkeley, Bill. Road to a Genocide. Dissent 49:69-77 Winter 2002.
"Ethnic bigotry in Rwanda was born of history, amplified by an elaborate system of myths built up around that history, and broadly accepted by the Hutu and Tutsi alike."

Central Africa: New Year Hopes. Africa Confidential 43:6-7 January 11, 2002.
"Two peace deals and a crowded reform agenda point to a way out of the chaos."

Derrick, Jonathan. Francophone States' Varied Fortunes in 2001. West Africa No.4307:15-16 December 24, 2001.

Diskett, Patricia M. and Randall, Tim. Humanitarian Assistance: A Role for the Military? NATO's Nations and Partners for Peace No.3:170-176 2001.

Eftekhari, Shiva. International Criminal Justice: Rwanda and French Human Rights Activism. Human Rights Quarterly 23:1032-1061 November 2001.

Fair, Jo Ellen and Parks, Lisa. Africa on Camera: Television News Coverage and Aerial Imaging of Rwandan Refugees. Africa Today 48:34-57 Summer 2001.

Kimani, Wambui. Big Backlog of Genocide Cases. West Africa No.4313:23 February 18, 2002.
"The U.S. war crimes ambassador says Washington will help track genocide suspects and favours in principle the Rwanda government's new court system."

Kimani, Wambui. Deadlock on Rwanda Suspects Continues. West Africa No.4328:22 June 3, 2002.
"Reports that the Congolese proposal regarding Rwanda genocide suspects believed to be in DRC territory is unlikely to be adopted."

Kimani, Wambui. Exiles Challenge to Kagame. West Africa No.4314:19-20 February 25, 2002.
"A former Prime Minister is urging President Kagame to include exiled politicians in the country's constitutional review."

Kimani, Wambui. Military Chaplain on Genocide Charges. West Africa No.4297:23 October 15, 2001.
"A former Catholic military chaplain, Emmanuel Rukundo, has become the third Rwandan cleric to plead not guilty to genocide charges at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda."

Kimani, Wambui. Talks on Dissidents. West Africa No.4329:23 June 10, 2002.
Strained relations between Rwanda and Uganda continue.

Kimani, Wambui. Tribunals Sign Co-Operation Agreement. West Africa No.4296:25 October 8, 2001.
"The Registrars of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) has signed a co-operation agreement aimed at speeding up the trials."

Leeuwen, Mathijs. Rwanda's Imidugudu Programme and Earlier Experiences with Villagisation and Resettlement in East Africa. Journal of Modern African Studies 39:623-644 December 2001.

Li, Darryl. Echoes of Violence. Dissent 49:79-85 Winter 2002.
Examines the part Radio-Television Libre des Mille Collines played in the genocide.

Lokongo, Antoine. Tide Turning Against Invaders. New African No.403:28 January 2002.
"The days of Ugandan and Rwandan occupation of Congo are numbered, as America gets tough on its allies in Kampala and Kigali."

Moghalu, Kingsley. Peace, Justice and Reconciliation. West Africa No.4312:9 February 11, 2002.
"Looks at the general questions of justice and reconciliation, raised by the Rwanda genocide and the Rwanda Tribunal."

Museveni, Yoweri. When Yoweri Wrote to Claire. New African No.403:26-27 January 2002.
Letter written by Yoweri Museveni of Uganda to Chaire Short, Minister for Overseas Development of the UK, about the relationship between Uganda and Rwanda.

Packer, George. Justice on a Hill: Genocide Trials in Rwanda. Dissent 49:59-72 Spring 2002.

Papers Highlight U.S. Actions during Genocide. West Africa No.4290:31 August 27, 2001.
"Documents have revealed that three weeks into the 1994 Rwanda genocide, a senior U.S. official telephoned one of the men later indicted as a mastermind behind the genocide and told him to stop the killings."

Royen, Marie-Cecile. Genocide on Trial in Belgium. World Press Review 48:44 September 2001.
Trials convict four Rwandans of genocide in the massacres in 1994.

Rwanda. Military Technology 26:286 World Defence Almanac 2001-2002.
Force structure.

Rwanda: Anti-Kagame Alliance. Africa Confidential 43:8 April 19, 2002.
President Kagame's party "faces its first broad opposition since seizing power in July 1994."

Rwanda/Burundi: Negating the Negatives. Africa Confidential 42:8 September 28, 2001.
Wonders about the effect of President Kabila expelling "the hardline militias involved in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda."

Rwanda: Everything Is Risky. Africa Confidential 42:1-2 December 21, 2001.
"President Kagame prepares for national elections while his exiled military opponents regroup in Congo-Kinshasa."

Rwanda, Kenya West Africa No.4330:27 June 17, 2002.
"USA appeals to Kenya: help find 'wanted' Rwandan.

Rwanda: People's Courts. Africa Confidential 42:8 October 12, 2001.
115,000 suspects being held for genocide.

Rwanda: Revelations Emerge of Belgian Regicide. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 29:20 2001.

Rwanda/Uganda: Brothers and War. Africa Confidential 42:4-6 November 23, 2001.
"Personal rivalries and warspoils spark a new crisis between Kigali and Kampala."

Search for Speed and Reconciliation. Economist 360:48 October 6, 2001.
"Rwanda resorts to a traditional system to try those accused of genocide."

Shaw, Ibrahim S. Kagame 0, Onana 1. New African No.409:17 July-August 2002.
President Kagame loses his liable case against journalist Charles Onana in a French court.

Shaw, Ibrahim S. Kagame Sues in Paris. New African No.407:13 May 2002.
President Kagame sues the author of a book for defamation in French court.

Silverman, Jon. We Wish to Inform You That... New Statesman 131:43-44 July 8, 2002.
Answers "why the BBC's attempt to overhaul the media in Rwanda failed."

Snyder, James T. Moral Imperative. Peace Review 13:441-448 September 2001.
Uses the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda as an example of international jurisprudence over genocide.

Tea and Talk on the Edge of War. Economist 361:43-44 November 10, 2001.
"Britain is trying to avert a threatened war between Rwanda and Uganda."

Thousands of Judges. Mclean's 114:15 October 15, 2001.
"In national elections, the people of Rwanda elected 26,00 judges to local courts."

When God Was Absent. Economist 362:44 February 16, 2002.
"Clergymen take their place among those accused of genocide."

Videos

Forgotten Wars. New York, Ambrose Video Publishing, 1999. 3 vols.
Volume 1: Rwanda: An Endless War. Volume 2: Heart of Sudan. Volume 3: Western Sahara: A Wall in the Desert.
Book call no.: 967.032 F21


Sao Tome and Principe 


Internet Resources

Background Note: Sao Tome and Principe.. Washington, United States. Dept. of State, December 2001.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5434.htm

CIA World Factbook 2001.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country including a map.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
Provides political information about each African country.
Last accessed: September 17, 2002.

Books

Africa 2002, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 37th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 282 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 37th ed. 2002

Africa's Review 2000. 23rd ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2000. 328 p.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 23d ed 2000

Africa South of the Sahara 2002. 31st ed. London, Europa, 2001. 1305 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 31st ed 2002

Countries and Their Cultures. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 4 vols.
Book call no.: R 306.03 C855

Rake, Allen. African Leaders: Guiding the New Millennium. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2001. 261 p.
Sao Tome e Principe: Miguel Trovoada, pp 189-192.
Book call no.: 920.06 R162a

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave, 2001. 2057 p.
Information about each country includes: key historical events, territory and population, climate, constitution and government, defense, international relations, economy, energy and natural resources, industry, trade, communications, social institutions, and culture.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 138th ed 2002

Statistical Abstract of the World, edited by Annemarie Muth. 3d ed. Detroit, MI, Gale Research, 1997. 1134 p.
Statistics for each country include geography, demographics, health, human factors, education, science and technology, government and law, labor force, production sectors, manufacturing sector, and finance, economics, and trade.
Book call no.: R 310 S797 1997

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Detroit, MI, Gale Group, 2001. 4 vols.
Provides general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2001 v.2

Periodicals

Sao Tome E Principe: Family Fiefs. Africa Confidential 43:8 February 8, 2002.
Political intrigue.

Sao Tome e Principe: Murky Waters. Africa Confidential 43:8 July 12, 2002.
Oil and economic problems.


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