AFRICA


July  2002
Compiled by Joan T. Phillips, Bibliographer
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


Sierra Leone
Somalia

Sierra Leone


The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

 Internet Resources

Background Note: Sierra Leone.. Washington, United States. Dept. of State, January 2002.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5475.htm

CIA World Factbook 2001.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country including a map.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
Provides political information about each African country.

Sierra Leone In Cyberspace.
Available online at: http://free.freespeech.org/isierra-leone/
Web site includes news, documents, speeches, photos, biographical information, government information, culture, Sierra Leone's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and links.

Sierra Leone Web.
Available online at: http://www.sierra-leone.org
Includes daily updates of news in Sierra Leone, documents and speeches, government, culture, and NGOs in Sierra Leone.

Books

2002 Index of Economic Freedom, edited by Gerald P. O'Driscoll, Jr. and others. Washington, Heritage Foundation and Dow Jones, 2002. 428 p.
For each country lists information such as: trade policy, fiscal burden of government, government intervention in the economy, monetary policy, capital flow and foreign investment, banking and finance, wages and prices, property rights, regulation, and black market.
Book call no.: R 330.9 I38 2002

Aerospace Encyclopedia of World Air Forces, edited by David Willis. Westport, CT, AIRtime Publishing, 1999. 320 p.
Senegal, p 146.
Book call no.: R 358.4003 A252

Africa 2002, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 37th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 282 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 37th ed. 2002

Africa in Crisis: New Challenges and Possibilities, edited by Tunde Zack-Williams and others. Sterling, VA, Pluto Press, 2002. 228 p.
Subaltern Terror in Sierra Leone by Jimmy D. Kandeh, pp 179-195.
Book call no.: 330.96 A2583

Africa's Review 2000. 23rd ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2000. 328 p.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 23d ed 2000

Africa South of the Sahara 2002. 31st ed. London, Europa, 2001. 1305 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 31st ed 2002

African Interventionist States, edited by Oliver Furley and Roy May. Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2001. 286 p.
Sierra Leone: A Victim of Intervention by Gerry Cleaver, pp 211-227.
Book call no.: 341.584096 A258

Connaughton, Richard. Military Intervention and Peacekeeping: The Reality. Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2001. 296 p.
East Timor and Sierra Leone-A Coming of Age, pp 241-266.
Book call no.: 327.172 C752m

Countries and Their Cultures. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 4 vols.
Book call no.: R 306.03 C855

Human Rights Watch: World Report 2002: Events of 2001: November 2000-November 2001. New York, Human Rights Watch, 2002. 670 p.
Sierra Leone, pp 81-88.
Book call no.: 323.4905 H918 2002

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 551 p.
See contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 No. 15 2002 Apr.

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 890 p.
See table of contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2002 May-Aug

Rake, Allen. African Leaders: Guiding the New Millennium. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2001. 261 p.
Sierra Leone: Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, pp 205-207.
Book call no.: 920.06 R162a

Salih, M. A. Mohamed. African Democracies and African Politics. Sterling, VA, Pluto Press, 2001. 234 p. (Human Security in the Global Economy)
Sierra Leone: Democratising Anarchy, pp 107-127.
Book call no.: 320.96 S165a

SIPRI Yearbook 2001: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. New York, Oxford University Press, 2001. 712 p.
Appendix 2B. War and the Failure of Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone, pp 149-161.
Book call no.: 341.67 S864s 2001

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave, 2001. 2057 p.
Information about each country includes: key historical events, territory and population, climate, constitution and government, defense, international relations, economy, energy and natural resources, industry, trade, communications, social institutions, and culture.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 138th ed 2002

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Ad Hoc Missions, Permanent Engagement. New York, United Nations University Press, 2001. 267 p.
Towards More Effective Peace Operations: Learning from the African "Laboratory"? pp 100-128.
Book call no.: 341.584 U5821

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Detroit, MI, Gale Group, 2001. 4 vols.
Provides general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2001 v.2

Periodicals

Abrams, Fran. More Details of RUF Crimes Exposed. West Africa No.4318:20 March 25, 2002.
"A new UN report describes horrific crimes during the civil war that has just ended with a general amnesty in Sierra Leone, including rape on a massive scale."

Adoko, K. Sierra Leone: Determination to Fight on. West Africa No.4296:31+ October 8, 2001.
Discusses Sierra Leone's struggle for economic reform.

After the Horror, a New Beginning. Economist 363:45-46 May 18, 2002.
"Sierra Leone is no longer the worst place on Earth to live."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. No Reprieve. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:11-12 June 2002.
"Unless Charles Taylor stops his support for rebels in Sierra Leone, U.N sanctions are set to continue. Meanwhile fighting between government forces and trouble groups is developing into a full-scale war."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Sierra Leone: Al-Qadea Connection. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:6 December 2001.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Sierra Leone: Rebels Disarm. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:7 November 2001.

Barrett, Lindsay. Sierra Leone Tribunal: Sub-Regional Implications. West Africa No.4312:14-19 February 11, 2002.
Other countries involved in the civil war in Sierra Leone may be impacted by the revelations made at the Special Tribunal.

Boas, Morten. Liberia and Sierra Leone-Dead Ringers? The Logic of Neopatrimonial Rule. Third World Quarterly 22:697-723 October 2001.

Bush, George W. Letter to Congressional Leaders on Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sierra Leone and Liberia. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:81-82 January 21, 2002.

Bush, George W. Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sierra Leone and Liberia. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:81 January 21, 2002.

Caged, but Unlikely to Hang. Economist 362:45 March 23, 2002.
"Foday Sankoh, the rebel whose troops severed countless limbs, is on trial."

Charges of Sexual Violence. UN Chronicle 39:70 June-August 2002.
"The Security Council voiced serious concern over violence, particularly sexual violence, suffered by women and children during the conflict in Sierra Leone, as well as evidence of human rights abuses and breaches of humanitarian law."

Chege, Michael. Sierra Leone: The State That Came Back from the Dead. Washington Quarterly 25:191-205 Summer 2002.

Child Abuse Charges Investigated. UN Chronicle 39:69 June-August 2002.
"The UNHCR and British NGO 'Save the Children' on 26 February made public allegations that in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone refugee children are subjected to 'extensive' sexual exploitation by peacekeepers and humanitarian aid staff."

Cohn, Ilene. Protection of Children and the Quest for Truth and Justice in Sierra Leone. Journal of International Affairs 55:1-34 Fall 2001.

Coleman, Sarah. Sex-for-Food Scandal. World Press Review 49:29 May 2002.
Relief workers and peacekeepers sexually exploit females in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.

Concern over Terrorist Use of Sierra Leone as a Safe Haven. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy No.10:3 2001.
"Highly-placed sources in the government of Sierra Leone confirmed to Defense & Foreign Affairs that use of Sierra Leone as a safe-haven for Middle Eastern terrorist operations had continued, and apparently increased, and also apparently with the blessing or connivance of some senior Government officials."

Davies, Desmond. Four Vie for VP Spot. West Africa No.4313:22 February 18, 2002.

Davies, Desmond. Sierra Leone: The Signs Are Looking Good. West Africa No.4307:17 December 24, 2001.
"The country appears to be on the road to lasting peace."

Disarmament Complete. UN Chronicle 39:70-71 March-May 2002.

Faulkner, Frank. Kindergarten Killers: Morality, Murder and the Child Soldier Problem. Third World Quarterly 22:491-504 August 2001.

Fawole, W. Alade. Nigeria and the Failure of Peace-Making in Sierra Leone. Africa Insight 31:11-18 September 2001.

Green Light for Sierra Leone War Crimes Court. UN Chronicle 39:70 June-August 2002.

Hirsch, John L. War in Sierra Leone. Survival 43:145-162 Autumn 2001.

Jalloh, Alpha. Bringing the Media to the People. World Press Review 49:24 June 2002.

Kamara, Jean. Special Court Gets Green Light. West Africa No.4287:18 August 6, 2001.
Establishes a "court to try persons implicated in atrocities committed during the Sierra Leone civil war."

Kanu, Allieu. Sierra Leone's Special Court. West Africa No.4312:11-12 February 11, 2002.
"Sierra Leone's new special court is an experiment in international criminal justice."

Kouamouo, Theophile. Trouble in the Hospitable Land. UNESCO Courier 54:30-32 September 2001.
"Xenophobia has gained a foothold in Cote D'Ivoire: overcrowded land, common law and economic crisis has spawned a "pro-Ivorian" move that is hostile to immigrants from neighbouring Mali and Burkina Faso."

Lewis, Kelvin. Diamond Profits Ploughed Back. West Africa No.4288:22 August 13, 2001.
"For the first time in over 50 years of diamond mining, the government of Sierra Leone has decided to give back some of the government revenue from diamonds to the communities for development purposes."

Little Help from Abroad. West Africa No.4329:17 June 10, 2002.
"The UK and Ireland branches of the SLPP play a crucial role in the party's recent electoral victory."

Lokongo, Antoine. Sierra Leone: APC Wants Blair to Intervene. New African No.406:28 April 2002.
The main opposition party has asked British Prime Minister Blair to assist in forthcoming elections.

Lokongo, Antoine. Tony Blair, Save Our Selection. World Press Review 49:21-22 June 2002.
Elections are to be held in Sierra Leone on May 14.

Mac-Johnson, Rodney. Elections in the Air. New African No.405:13 March 2002.
Preparations for elections to be held in May.

Mac-Johnson, Rodney. Second Sex Comes to the Fore. World Press Review 49:22-23 June 2002.
States that women are running for legislative positions in elections to be held in Sierra Leone.

Mac-Johnson, Rodney. Sierra Leone: The Women Who Want Kabbah's Job. New African No.407:27 May 2002.
Sixty women are running for the parliament and one for president.

Mandel, Robert. Privatization of Security. Armed Forces & Society 28:129-151 Fall 2001.
Includes case study of Sierra Leone.

Mano River (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone). African Agenda vol 4,no.3:18-20 2001.

Masland, Tom. Voices of the Children: "We Beat and Killed People." Newsweek 139:24-29 May 13, 2002.
Interviews "four boys who were forced to participate in Sierra Leone's horrific war."

McGhie, Stuart. Briefing: Private Military Companies. Jane's Defence Weekly 37:22-26 May 22 2002.

Meigs, Montgomery C. U.S. Army Europe: On Point for the Nation. Army 51:75-80 October 2001.
Article includes information about the "30th Medical Brigade deployed to Nigeria for Operation Focus Relief to support equipping and training the Nigerian Army for operations in Sierra Leone."

Neethling, Theo. U.N. in the Aftermath of the Crisis in Sierra Leone: Has Anything Changed since May 2000? Strategic Studies 22:9-36 Summer 2002.

Neville, Philip. Libyan Connection. World Press Review 49:23 June 2002.
Discusses the close relationship between the presidents of Libya and Sierra Leone.

O'Shea, Andreas. Special Court for Sierra Leone: Delayed Justice or an Empty Promise? Africa Insight 31:19-23 September 2001.

Olajire, Ademola. Fragile Peace. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:18-19 January 2002.
"Thousands of former rebels have given up the fight and surrendered their weapons. But competition for control of Sierra Leone's rich diamond resources means peace is fragile, at best."

Olajire, Ademola. Long Road to Unity, Stability. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:28-29 February 2002.
"Hope is rising in Sierra Leone that disarmament will usher in much needed peace and stability. But the process of rebuilding a united country may be complicated by the war crime tribunal."

Otabil, Bernard. Short: 'NEPAD Is a Good Thing.' West Africa No.4325:31-32 May 13, 2002.
"Clare Short, the British Secretary of State for International Development, discusses...the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) and the peace process in Sierra Leone."

Patel, Preeti and Tripodi, Paolo. Challenge of Peacekeeping in Africa. Contemporary Review 279:144-150 September 2001.

Pax Leone. Economist 362:39 January 19, 2002.
"Is this gravely wounded country finaly ready for peace?"

Penfold, Peter. Free again. World Today 58:16-18 April 2002.
Sierra Leone is enjoying peace and preparing for elections.

Perriello, Tom. Peace and Accountability. West Africa No.4312:13 February 11, 2002.
"Examines how Sierra Leoneans emerging from the civil war see the new Special Court established jointly by the country's government and the UN, and it's possible role in consolidation of peace."

Rahman, Abdul. PR or Constituency Elections? West Africa No.4290:27-28 August 27, 2001.
The National Electoral Commission has proposed to "discard the proportional representation system of voting."

Shaw, Ibrahim S. Government Stays. New African No.400:15 October 2001.
The government will not stand for election until next March.

Sierra Leone. Military Technology 26:287-288 World Defence Almanac 2001-2002.
Force structure.

Sierra Leone West Africa No.4309:10-15 January 21, 2002.
Several articles about elections to be held in Sierra Leone in May.

Sierra Leone. Journal of Democracy 13:183-184 July 2002.
Excerpts from the inaugural address of President Kabbah.

Sierra Leone: Election Quagmire. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:7 September 2001.
National elections have been delayed until June 2002.

Sierra Leone: Heading for the Door. Africa Confidential 43:1-3 April 5, 2002.
"Problems with election timetable and organisation undermine the huge peacekeeping mission."

Sierra Leone: Kabbah Re-Elected. West Africa No.4327:9-13 May 27, 2002.
Several articles about elections in Sierra Leone and the victory of President Kabbah.

Sierra Leone: Kabbah's Cabal. Africa Confidential 43:2-3 May 31, 2002.
"After an easy election win, the President must tackle corruption and placate the north."

Sierra Leone: Polling in Peace. Africa Confidential 43:8 May 17, 2002.
Peaceful presidential and parliamentary elections were held on 14 May.

Smith, Daniel. War and Peace Update. Defense Monitor 31:6-7 March 2002.
Discusses conflicts in Angola and in Sierra Leone; mentions the Africa Crisis Response Initiative, Congo, Madagascar, Zimbabwe and Liberia.

Soyinka, Kayode. Triumph of Human Spirit. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:15-16 June 2002.
"Ten years of brutal civil war fails to dampen the enthusiasm of Sierra Leoneans to elect a new democratic government."

Stewart, Ian. Nightmare in West Africa: A Canadian War Correspondent Recounts How He Almost Died in Sierra Leone. Mclean's 115:44-45 March 18, 2002.

Stoned. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:37 September 2001.
"Captain Valentine Strasser is being jeered and stoned whenever he ventures onto the streets of the capital."

Swaray, Abdul R. Alliance in Disarray. West Africa No.4307:20 December 24, 2001.
"An attempt to form an alliance of parties to oppose the SLPP in the May 2002 elections has failed, with key parties withdrawing from the pact."

Swaray, Abdul R. Conference Debates Election Prospects. West Africa No.4304:16 December 3, 2001.
"Groups from across Sierra Leone's political and social spectrum held a three-day National Consultive Conference last month organised by the National Commission for Democracy and Human Rights."

Swaray, Abdul R. Election Fever Mounts. West Africa No.4324:20-21 May 6, 2002.
"Reports on the party leaders' and candidates' active campaigning for the presidential and parliamentary elections on May 14."

Swaray, Abdul R. Elections Postponed until 2002. West Africa No.4292:20 September 10, 2001.

Swaray, Abdul R. Former Military Ruler Brought Low. West Africa No.4292:19 September 10, 2001.
Follows the fortunes of Captain Valentine Strasser.

Swaray, Abdul R. Minister Arrested for Diamond Smuggling. West Africa No.4303:23 November 26, 2001.
Minister of Transport and Communication, Momoh Pujeh, is accused of engaging in illicit diamond mining."

Swaray, Abdul R. Parliament Joins Oil Debate. West Africa No.4288:21 August 13, 2001.
Discusses the parliament's action on the Petroleum and Production Act 2001.

Swaray, Abdul R. RUF Hosts ECOWAS Leaders. West Africa No.4293:23-24 September 17, 2001.
"President Kabbah and two visiting heads of state of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) are received as guests in the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) stronghold of Koidutown, in Kono District."

Swaray, Abdul R. War Is over, Says Kabbah. West Africa No.4311:18-19 February 4, 2002.
"Ceremonies held to mark the end of the disarmament of combatants of the civil war."

Swaray, Abdul R. Women Want Parity in Politics. West Africa No.4307:21-22 December 24, 2001.

Swaray, Adbul R. Kabbah for President, Who for VP? West Africa No.4319:19-20 April 1, 2002.

Taweh, John. Peace Drawing Near? West Africa No.4297:20 October 15, 2001.
Ministers from Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone met to discuss peace talks over the Mono River Union.

Tejan-Cole, Abdul. U.S., Britain and Sierra Leone. West Africa No.4332:21-22 June 24, 2002.
"Argues that the U.S. wrongly forced the Kabbah government into that agreement and needs now to repair its errors."

Tepperman, Jonathan D. Truth and Consequences. Foreign Affairs 81:129-145 March/April 2002.
Includes a discussion on truth commissions including those in South Africa and Sierra Leone.

War Crimes Court for Sierra Leone. UN Chronicle 39:70 March-May 2002.
"On 16 January, United Nations and the government of Sierra Leone signed alandmark agreement establishing a special court to prosecute persons bearing 'the greatest responsibility' for war crimes during the country's decade-long civil war."

West Africa: Busy Presidents. Africa Confidential 43:7 January 11, 2002.
Evaluates each country at the beginning of 2002.


Somalia  


Internet Resources

Arab Net.
Available online at: http://www.arab.net
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

Background Note: Somalia.. Washington, United States. Dept. of State, April 2002.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2863.htm

CIA World Factbook 2001.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country including a map.

Library of Congress. Federal Research Division. Country Studies: Area Handbook Series .
Available online at: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/cshome.html#toc
"The Country Studies Series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world and examines the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by cultural factors".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
Provides political information about each African country.

Somalia News.
Available online at: http://www.somalianews.com
Daily updates of Somali news.

Somaliawatch.
Available online at: http://www.somaliawatch.org
Stated objective of site is to increase the understanding of Somali issues. Includes news and many reports (not all in English).

Somaliland Net.
Available online at: http://www.somalilandnet.com
"Your gateway to Somaliland news and information."..

UN Somalia: The Official Site for UN Agencies Working in Somalia.
Available online at: http://www.unsomalia.org

Books

Aerospace Encyclopedia of World Air Forces, edited by David Willis. Westport, CT, AIRtime Publishing, 1999. 320 p.
Somalia, p 146.
Book call no.: R 358.4003 A252

Africa 2002, edited by Charles H. Cutter. 37th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 282 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 37th ed. 2002

Africa's Review 2000. 23rd ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2000. 328 p.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 23d ed 2000

Africa South of the Sahara 2002. 31st ed. London, Europa, 2001. 1305 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 31st ed 2002

African Pastoralism: Conflict, Institutions and Government, edited by M.A. Mohamed Salih. Sterling, VA, Pluto Press, 2001. 311 p.
Research-Led Policy Deliberation in Eritrea and Somalia: Searching to Overcome Institutional Gaps by Martin Doornbos, pp 278-292.
Book call no.: 333.74 A258

Boulden, Jane. Peace Enforcement: The United Nations Experience in Congo, Somalia, and Bosnia. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2001. 161 p.
Book call no.: 327.172 B763p

Cohen, Herman J. Intervening in Africa: Superpower Peacemaking in a Troubled Continent. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 268 p.
Somalia: Better Late Than Never, pp 197-217.
Book call no.: 327.67073 C678i

Countries and Their Cultures. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 4 vols.
Book call no.: R 306.03 C855

Huband, Mark. Skull Beneath the Skin: Africa after the Cold War. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2001. 376 p.
Mogadishu Line: The United Nations and Somalia, pp 277-306.
Book call no.: 960.32 H875s

Jane's Sentinel: Security Assessment: North Africa 2002. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 704 p.
Has general information about each country and detailed information about each country's defense.
Book call no.: R 961 J33 Iss.10 2002

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 551 p.
See contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 No. 15 2002 Apr.

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2002. 890 p.
See table of contents to locate information about each country.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2002 May-Aug

Rake, Allen. African Leaders: Guiding the New Millennium. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2001. 261 p.
Somalia: Hussein Mohamed Aideed, pp 208-210.
Book call no.: 920.06 R162a

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave, 2001. 2057 p.
Information about each country includes: key historical events, territory and population, climate, constitution and government, defense, international relations, economy, energy and natural resources, industry, trade, communications, social institutions, and culture.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 138th ed 2002

Statistical Abstract of the World, edited by Annemarie Muth. 3d ed. Detroit, MI, Gale Research, 1997. 1134 p.
Statistics for each country include geography, demographics, health, human factors, education, science and technology, government and law, labor force, production sectors, manufacturing sector, and finance, economics, and trade.
Book call no.: R 310 S797 1997

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Detroit, MI, Gale Group, 2001. 4 vols.
Provides general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2001 v.2

 Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Somalia: Food Supplies under Threat. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:7 January 2002.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Somalia: War and Hunger. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 7:6-7 November 2001.
Predicts massive starvation in Somalia.

Beinart, Peter. Build up. New Republic 225:6 October 29, 2001.
Examins Somalia as a possible destination for further war against terrorism.

Boateng, Osei. Beware of B-52 Bombers. New African No.403:10-11 January 2002.
Wonders if Somalia may be attacked by the United States for harboring Al Qaeda members.

Caputo, Robert. Swahili Coast: East Africa's Ancient Crossroads. National Geographic 200:104-119 October 2001.

Cockburn, Andrew. Somalia: A Failed State? National Geographic 202:54-61 July 2002.
"Fighting and famine plague nation with no real government, but private enterprise flourishes in this ultimate free market."

Doornbos, Martin. Somalia: Alternative Scenarios for Political Reconstruction. African Affairs 101:93-107 January 2002.

Fatah, Ali A. Somalia's Traditional Clan-Based System Holds Key to the Country's Future Stability. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 21:59-60 March 2002.

Flughum, David A. U.S. Bomber Attacks Planned for Somalia. Aviation Week & Space Technology 156:408-409 January 14, 2002.
"Somalia will be attacked by U.S. forces, probably within a month, if that country's leaders don't move to expel Al Qaeda, say Air Force officials."

Into the Vacuum. Economist 360:42 September 22, 2001.
"Islam's influence is increasing."

Kamara, Jean. What's in It for Somalis? West Africa No.4303:25-26 November 26, 2001.
Wonders if Somalia may be rebuilt as a response to terrorism.

Kimani, Peter. Somalia Is Rising from the Ashes! New African No.399:24-25+ September 2001.

Knight, Danielle. Somali Woman Wins U.S. 'Green' Prize. West Africa No.4325:21 May 13, 2002.
"Reports on an award given to a campaigner fighting to stop damage to the environment amid Somalia's anarchy."

Macaulay, Femi. Waiting for Divine Intervention. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:30-31 April/May 2002.
"Somalia is still a basket case having been gripped by intra-ethnic conflicts for nearly a decade. The situations may get worse if the international community fails to lend a helping hand and the Americans move their war on terrorism to the beleaguered nation."

Masland, Tom and Gutman, Roy. Terror Hot Spots. Newsweek 139:30-31 February 4, 2002.
Discusses Somalia's place in the world of terror.

Mazzetti, Mark and others. Now What? U.S. News & World Report 132:10-12+ December 31, 2001.
Is the Pentagon looking at Somalia after action in Afghanistan is completed?

Menkhaus, Ken. Political Islam in Somalia. Middle East Policy 9:109-123 March 2002.

Menkhaus, Ken. Somalia: In the Crosshairs of the War on Terrorism. Current History 101:225-228 May 2002.

Morrison, J. Stephen. Somalia's and Sudan's Race to the Fore in Africa. Washington Quarterly 25:191-205 Spring 2002.
Discusses U.S. policy toward the horn of Africa.

Packer, George. Letter from Somaliland. Nation 274:22-23 April 22, 2002.
The author's impressions of Somaliland.

Patchwork of Fiefs. Economist 361:54 November 3, 2001.
"Somalia's parliament has voted out the government. So what?"

Rotberg, Richard. Failed States in a World of Terror. Foreign Affairs 81:127-140 July/August 2002.
Discussions of failed states includes Somalia in Zimbabwe.

Schrope, Mark. Pirates Attack U.S. Research Ship off Somalia. Nature 413:97 September 13, 2001.

Smith, Jeremy. Fire and Rain. Ecologist 32:16-17 June 2002.
Examines Somalia's economic and ecological problems.

Somalia. Military Technology 26:288 World Defence Almanac 2001-2002.
Force structure.

Somalia: And the Arms Flow on. Africa Confidential 43:6-7 June 14, 2002.
"New arms imports are likely to fuel new fighting, despite the U.N. embargo."

Somalia: Moving Target. Africa Confidential 42:1-2 November 23, 2001.
"A state in turmoil offers no safe haven for terrorist fleeing the onslaught in Afghanistan."

Somalia's al-Ittihad al-Islami: A Key Factor in the Stability of the Horn of Africa. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 29:8-11 2001.

Somalia: Separate & Sovereign. Africa Confidential 43:8 May 17, 2002.
Stability reigns in Somaliland.

Somalia: Usama's Allies. Africa Confidential 42:8 November 9, 2001.
Somalia may have been used by Al Qaeda to set up operations.

Szymanski, Tekla. Nursing Nature. World Press Review 49:47 July 2002.
Discusses the Somali environmentalist, Fatima Jiberll.

Tokar, John. Military Action Equals Political Intervention. Army Times 62:46 January 21, 2002.
Describes the culture of Somalia to the military in case troops are used in that country again.

U.S. Action Hits Somalis' Main Income. West Africa No.4303:26 November 26, 2001.
Somalis react "angrily to the decision by the U.S. government to close down and seize the assets of a leading Somali-owned money transfer company."

Whitlaw, Kevin. Some Pretty Slim Options. U.S. News & World Report 131:20-21 December 3, 2001.
Speculates that Somalia may be a new base for Al Qaeda training camps.

Who Is Using Whom? Economist 361:54-55 December 22, 2001.
"A useful anti-terrorist pretext."


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