AFRICA
Special Bibliography No. 159
Supplement No. 36


July 2003

Compiled by Joan T. Phillips
Bibliographer, Air University Library       
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents

General Information | Economics | Foreign Relations | Foreign Relations - U.S. | Health | History | Military Aspects | Natural Resources | Politics and Government | Social Aspects | African Union |

Central Africa | Eastern Africa | Northern Africa | Southern Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Western Africa |

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana |
Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros |
Congo (Brazzaville) | Congo ( Kinshasa) | Cote D'lvoire | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | MozambiqueNamibia | Niger | Nigeria |Rwanda | Sao Tome and Principe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somalia-Operation Restore Hope | South Africa Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe 


Central Africa


Internet Resources

Wendo, Charles. African Countries to Cooperate on Epidemic Control. Lancet 362: July 19, 2003. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10297239&db=aph
Countries in the Great Lakes Region will cooperate to control epidemics and diseases.

Books

The African Stakes of the Congo War, edited by John F. Clark. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 249 p.
Book call no.: 967.51033 A258

The Causes of War and the Consequences of Peacekeeping in Africa, edited by Ricardo Rene Laremont. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 2002. 311 p.
Civil War, Peacekeeping, and the Great Lakes Region by Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja, pp 91-115.
Book call no.: 341.584096 C374

Encyclopedia of African Nations and Civilizations, by Keith Lye and the Diagram Group. New York, Facts on File, 2002. 400 p.
Book call no.: R 960.03 E56

Scherrer, Christian P. Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa: Conflict Roots, Mass Violence, and Regional War. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 410 p.
Book call no.: 304.663 S326g

Zones of Conflict in Africa: Theories and Cases, edited by George Klay Kieh, Jr. and Ida Rousseau Mukenge. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 174 p.
Civil Conflicts and Conflict Management in Great Lakes Region of Africa by Musifky Mwanasali, pp 53-71.
Book call no.: 303.60967 Z87

Periodicals

Akosah-Sarpong, Kofi. 'Blood Diamonds' in Bangui. West Africa No.4359:27-28 January 20, 2003.
"Reviews a new investigative report saying the Central African Republic is laundering 'blood diamonds' from the Democratic Republic of Congo and elsewhere."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Peace Beckons. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:12-15 August/September 2002.
"Four-year old war in the Congo (DRC) comes to an end bringing peace and stability in the Great Lakes Region much closer to reality."

Balancing upon a Fine Line. UN Chronicle 39:48-49 December 2002-February 2003.
Discusses damage that can be done to an environment by refugees.

Central Africa: Accords and Aggravations. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 January 10, 2003.
"Congo-Kinshasa's halting peace efforts may at last help stabilize the region."

Congo-Kinshasa: Cable Controversy. Africa Confidential 44:8 January 24, 2003.
"The worsening fighting in the Ituri region of eastern Congo-Kinshasa is undermining the peace accord signed by Rwanda and Uganda with the Kinshasa government."

Congo-Kinshasa: Kabila Reacts. Africa Confidential 43:8 November 22, 2002.
President Kabila reacts to a United Nations Report on Illegal Exploitation of Resources in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Copnall, James. On the Right Track. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:17 March 2003.
"Hope is growing that peace may finally reign in the Great Lakes region in 2003."

Franc Zone: Whiter Than White. Africa Confidential 43:8 November 22, 2002.
"West and Central African governments and the CFA Franc Zone authorities are acting to curb the illegal transfer of funds."

Greenhill, Kelly M. Mission Impossible? Preventing Deadly Conflict in the African Great Lakes Region. Security Studies 11:77-124 Autumn 2001.

Kambale, Juakali. Fishing on the Congo-Uganda Border. West Africa No.4364:29-30 February 24, 2003.
"Reports on plans to revive fishing in two of Africa's Great Lakes - Lake Edward and Lake Albert."

Masland, Tom. Wars Without End. Newsweek 143:28-30+ July 14, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10187551&db=f5h

Peel, Michael. Trade Union. New Republic 228:19-20 April 7, 2003.
States that the U.S. ignores abuses in Central and Western Africa because of oil fields in those regions.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9397467&db=aph

Resource Wars. Ecologist 32:29 December 2002/January 2003.
States that Rwanda and Uganda's involvement in the war in Congo is enhanced by the resources in that country.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8799039&db=aph

Rwanda/Uganda: High Dudgeon Summit. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 16, 2003.
Summit held to improve relations between Rwanda and Uganda.

Schmidt-Sjoltau, Kai. Conservation-Related Settlement in Central Africa: Environmental and Social Risks. Development and Change 34:525-551 June 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10315905&db=aph

Wakabi, Wairagala. Peace Dividend. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:18 October 2002.
"In Uganda, Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo, the thawing of frozen relations is finally bringing expected benefits."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Setback for Peace. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-22 June 2003.
"The resignation of Clare Short from the British government is causing alarm bells to ring in the Great Lakes Region where she has worked tirelessly to restore peace and understanding."


Eastern Africa


Internet Resources

Thusi, Thokozani. Assessing Small Arms Control Initiatives in East Africa. African Security Review 12: May 2003. 10 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10273543&db=mth

Books

Encyclopedia of African Nations and Civilizations, by Keith Lye and the Diagram Group. New York, Facts on File, 2002. 400 p.
Book call no.: R 960.03 E56

Fragile Peace: State Failure, Violence and Development in Crisis Regions, edited by Tobias Debiel. New York, Zed Books, 2002. 234 p.
The Horn of Turbulence: Political Regimes in Transition, by Axel Klein, pp 156-170.
Book call no.: 303.6 F811

Pinkney, Robert. The International Politics of East Africa. New York, Manchester University Press, 2001. 242 p.
Book call no.: 327.676 P655i

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Death around the Horn, pp 81-90.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. East Africa: Floods Cause Havoc in Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8 June 2003.

Brinkley, C. Mark. What Went Wrong in the Skies over East Africa? Air Force Times 63:14-15 July 7, 2003.

Horn of Africa: Volunteers? Africa Confidential 43:8 September 13, 2002.
UN support of refugees in Eastern Africa is diminishing.

Husby, Gorill. Islam Gains Ground in East Africa. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:30-31 May 2003.

Magnuson, Paul. An American Outpost in Africa. Business Week No.3815:57 January 13, 2003.
"The Horn of Africa is becoming an important military outpost for the U.S. war on terrorism."

Manda, Gilbert. Coffee Woes, Congress Rescue. New African No.415:31 February 2003.
"The recent resolution by the U.S. Congress to salvage the plummeting price of coffee may have been a godsend for East Africa."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9035163&db=f5h

Mwalulu, Jackson. Bumpy Road to Union. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:37-38 May 2003.
"Nearly four years since its establishment, but much still needs to be done before the East African community can provide the economic benefits it was set up for."

Oili, Maureen. Eastern Africa: Fallout of Globalization. West Africa No.4357:14 December 23, 2002.
"Recalls events of 2002 including new famine in the Horn but also the beginning of a return to peace in Sudan."

Peacewatch: Horn of Africa. UN Chronicle 39:73 September-November 2002.
Border decision.


Northern Africa


Books

Allan, Tony. The Middle East Water Question: Hydropolitics and the Global Economy. New York, I.B. Tauris, 2001. 382 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 A417m

Burkhart, Grey E. and Older, Susan. The Information Revolution in the Middle East and North Africa. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2003. 74 p.
Also available online at: http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1653/MR1653.pdf
Book call no.: 303.48330956 B948i

Cohen, Saul Bernard. Geopolitics of the World System. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. 435 p.
The Maghreb: Maritime Europe's Strategic Annex, pp 178-182.
Book call no.: 320.12 C678ga

Encyclopedia of African Nations and Civilizations, by Keith Lye and the Diagram Group. New York, Facts on File, 2002. 400 p.
Book call no.: R 960.03 E56

Schulze, Reinhard. A Modern History of the Islamic World. New York, New York University Press, 2002. 384 p.
Book call no.: 909.097671 S391m

Simon, Reeva S. and others. The Jews of the Middle East and North Africa in Modern Times. New York, Columbia University Press, 2003. 549 p.
Book call no.: 956.004924 J591

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Hotspots in Northern Africa, pp 66-78.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Terrill, W. Andrew. The Middle East, North Africa, and Turkey. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, March 2003. (Strategic Effects of the Conflict with Iraq)
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS29448
Book call no.: 327.73056 T326m

Periodicals

Ford, Neil. Energy: Maghreb Power Trading Expands. Middle East no.329:56-57 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8751353&db=aph

North Africa: A Defining Terror. Africa Confidential 44:5-6 January 10, 2003.
"Expanding economies and dealing with Islamism dominate policy."

North Africa and the Middle East: The Potential for Rapid Growth of HIV/AIDS. Foreign Affairs 82:28-30 May/June 2003 (supplement).
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10032518&db=mth

North Africa: Hands Across the Water. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 May 16, 2003.
"After the Iraq war, the European Union looks south once again."

Richards, Catherine. Rules for Change in the Maghreb. MEED 47:34-36 January 10, 2003.
Morocco is leading North Africa in modernizing telecommunications.


Southern Africa


Internet Resources

Baleta, Adele. Southern Africa Famine Crisis Complicated by HIV/AIDS Epidemic. Lancet 360: November 16, 2002. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7915752&db=aph

Books

Development Issues in South Africa, edited by Ibrahim A. Elbadawi and Trudi Hartzenberg. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 277 p.
Book call no.: 338.968 D489

Encyclopedia of African Nations and Civilizations, by Keith Lye and the Diagram Group. New York, Facts on File, 2002. 400 p.
Book call no.: R 960.03 E56

Environmental Peacemaking, edited by Ken Conca and Geoffrey D. Dabelko. Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2002. 244 p.
Environmental Cooperation for Regional Peace and Security in Southern Africa by Larry A. Swatuk, pp 120-160.
Book call no.: 363.70526 E611

From Cape to Congo: Southern Africa the Evolving Security Challenges, edited by Mwesiga Baregu and Christopher Landsberg. Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2003. 403 p.
Book call no.: 968.064 F931

International Waters in Southern Africa, edited by Mikiyasu Nakayama. New York, United Nations University Press, 2003. 306 p. (Water Resources Management and Policy)
Book call no.: 333.91 I61

Rotberg, Robert I. Ending Autocracy, Enabling Democracy: The Tribulations of Southern Africa, 1960-2000. Cambridge, MA, World Peace Foundation, 2002. 546 p.
Book call no.: 968.000904 R842e

Security and Development in Southern Africa, edited by Nana Poku. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2001. 166 p.
Book call no.: 337.68 S446

United States. Congress. Senate and House. Committee on Foreign Relations and Committee on International Relations. Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2001. Washington, GPO, 2002.  952 p.
Economic Support Assistance for Southern Africa, pp 552-553.
Also available online at: http://www.dsca.osd.mil/programs/LPA/LoFR01.pdf
Book call no.: 327.73 L697L 2001 v.1A

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Food Crisis Worsens in Southern Africa and Ethiopia. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:6 January 2003.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Southern Africa: A Re-Think on GM Food. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:6 November/December 2002.
Blames the United States for offering only genetically modified foods to starving southern Africans.

Babu, Suresh and Bhouraskar, Ashwin. Mitigating the Famine in Southern Africa. West Africa No.4339:18-19 August 19, 2002.
"Looks at policies based on the International Food Policy and Research Institute (IFPRI) research in Africa that might mitigate the famine crisis and enable long-term development."

Bookstein, Amelia and Lawson, Max. Briefing: Famine in Southern Africa. African Affairs 101:635-641 October 2002.

Can Famine Be Averted? Economist 364:38-39 August 3, 2002.
"Hunger in southern Africa."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7088700&db=aph

Creating Trust Between Zambia and South Africa. South African Soldier 9:11 September 2002.
"A signing ceremony on a Defence Co-operation Agreement between South Africa and Zambia took place at Defence Headquarters In Tshwane on 25 July."

Cursed, Twice over. Economist 366:43 February 15, 2003.
"Hunger and HIV are a lethal combination to strike Southern Africa."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9126004&db=aph

Dawu, Julius. Southern Africa: Famine's Pall. World Press Review 49:29 August 2002.
"The famine facing Southern Africa is mounting concern in the region, as statistics of the starving have risen to more than 6 million."

Egziabher, Tewolde B. G. How (not) to Feed Africa. New Internationalist No.353:14-15 January/February 2003.
"Takes an alternative look at the southern African famine."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9021551&db=aph

Good, Kenneth. Democracy and the Control of Elites. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:155-172 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088698&db=aph

Keeton, Gavin. Mining Investment, Shared Interests and Co Operation. South African Journal of International Affairs 9:99-107 Winter 2002.

Land Ownership at Crisis Point. New African No.416:36-39 March 2003.
"Events in Zimbabwe have put land reform at center stage in southern Africa, particularly in South Africa and Namibia. Already land occupations are taking place all over South Africa, and there are indications that they will accelerate this year."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9286020&db=f5h

Mattes, Robert. Support for Economic Reform? Popular Attitudes in Southern Africa. World Development 31:303+ February 2003.

Melber, Henning. Liberation and Democracy: Cases from Southern Africa. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:149-153 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088690&db=aph

Meocosmos, Michael. Neo- Liberalism Vs. State Nationalism: Beyond State Thinking in Southern Africa. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:341-357 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088694&db=aph

Mutaka, Chisa. More U.S. Food Aid for Southern Africa. West Africa No.4376:34 May 19, 2003.

Niehaus, Isak. Ethnicity and the Boundaries of Belonging: Reconfiguring Shangaan Identity in the South African Lowveld. African Affairs 101:557-583 October 2002.

O'Keeffe, Jay. Future Water Availability in South Africa. World & I 18:151-153 July 2003.

Oili, Maureen. Southern Africa: Time for Peace and Food. West Africa No.4357:15 December 23, 2002.
"Reviews a year when peace came to Angola but six countries suffered a major food crisis and HIV/AIDS continue to spread alarmingly in southern Africa."

Pottie, David. Party Finance and the Politics of Money in Southern Africa. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:5-26 January 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9263951&db=aph

Shoko, Rangarirai. Stop Pushing Us around! New African No.413:18-19 December 2002.
"The SADC is fed up with being pushed around by the EU over Zimbabwe."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767655&db=f5h

Southern Africa: Political Famine. Africa Confidential 43:5-6 August 9, 2002.
"Government corruption and greedy traders are adding to the horrors of the famine."

Southern Africa: Secession Issues. Africa Confidential 44:4-5 January 10, 2003.
"As President Thabo Mbeki heads for another term, other regional leaders aim to join him."

Southern Africa - U.S. Free Trade Area Proposal. West Africa No.4370:32 April 7, 2003.
"A proposed Free Trade Area linking the USA and five southern African states - distinct from the wider free trade area which the Southern African Development Community seeks to establish - could bring advantages but also problems."

Thielke, Thilo. Africa's Famine: No Shortage of Blame. World Press Review 50:22-23 April 2003.
"An estimated 38 million people throughout Southern Africa are at dire risk of starvation this year. But with drought, AIDS, poverty, conflict, politics, and the mismanagement of international aid all contributing to the problem, solutions are few and fault is widespread."

Van Schalkwyk, Gina. Challenges Facing the Newly Restructured SADC Organ for Politics, Defence and Security. Africa Insight 32:64-66 December 2002.


Sub-Saharan Africa


Internet Resources

Clover, Jenny. Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa. African Security Review 12: February 2003. 11 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9454061&db=mth

Smith, Robert E. Land Tenure Reform in Africa: A Shift to the Defensive. Progress in Development Studies 3: July 2003. 13 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9933229&db=aph

Books

Africa at the Millennium: An Agenda for Mature Development, edited by Bakut tswah Bakut and Sagarika Dutt. New York, Palgrave, 2000. 294 p.
Technology and the Technical Management of Human Resources: Prospects for Sub-Saharan African Development into the New Millennium by Christopher Farrands, pp 60-78.
Book call no.: 320.9609049 A258

Cohen, Saul Bernard. Geopolitics of the World System. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. 435 p.
Sub-Sahara Africa, pp 373-396.
Book call no.: 320.12 C678ga

De Villiers, Marq and Hirtle, Sheila. Sahara: A Natural History. New York, Walker, 2002. 326 p.
Book call no.: 508.66 D494s

Grassroots Governance? Chiefs in Africa and the Afro-Caribbean, edited by Donald I. Ray and P.S. Reddy. Calgary, Canada, University of Calgary Press, 2003. 313 p. (Africa, Missing Voices)
Book call no.: 320.84096 G769

Henk, Dan and Rupiya, Martin Revai. Funding Defense: Challenges of Buying Military Capability in Sub-Sub-Saharan Africa. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, September 2001. 36 p.
Book call no.: 355.033067 H512f

Quinn, Charlotte A. and Quinn, Frederick. Pride, Faith, and Fear: Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa. New York, Oxford University Press, 2003. 175 p.
Book call no.: 297.0967 Q7p

Reforming Africa's Institutions: Ownership, Incentives, and Capabilities, edited by Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa. New York, United Nations University Press, 2003. 362 p.
Book call no.: 320.60967 R332

Documents

Bjostad, James D. Preventing Future Shock: A Case for Addressing Future Threats to America's National Security. Cambridge, MA, John F. Kennedy School of Government, April 2001. 55 p.
Look at table of contents for section on AIDS in Africa
Doc. call no.: M-U 42252-91 B626p

Dunn, Gracus K. Sub-Sahara Africa: A Paradoxical Conundrum. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, May 2002. 1 vol.
Also available online at: http://handle.ditic.mil/100.2/ADA404626
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 D9232s

Periodicals

Craft, Cassady and Smaldone, Joseph P. The Arms Trade and the Incidence of Political Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1967-97. Journal of Peace Research 39:693-710 November 2002.

Fosu, Augustine K. Political Instability and Export Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Development Studies 39:68-82 April 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9976205&db=aph

Ndikumana, Leonce. Public Debts and Private Assets: Explaining Capital Flight from Sub-Saharan African Countries. World Development 31:107-130 January 2003.

Van de Walle, Nicholas. Presidentialism and Clientelism in Africa's Emerging Party Systems. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:297-321 June 2003.


Western Africa


Books

Adebajo, Adekeye. Building Peace in West Africa. Boulder, Co, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002. 192 p. (International Peace Academy Occasional Paper Series)
Book call no.: 372.1720966 A228b

Adebajo, Adekeye. Liberia's Civil War: Nigeria, ECOMOG, and Regional Security in West Africa. Boulder, CO, Lynne Reinner Publishers, 2002. 283 p.
Book call no.: 966.6203 A228L

Africa at the Millennium: An Agenda for Mature Development, edited by Bakut tswah Bakut and Sagarika Dutt. New York, Palgrave, 2000. 294 p.
ECOWAS and Liberia: Implications for Regional Intervention in Intra-State Conflicts by Thomas Jaye, pp 155-176. ECOMOG: A New Security Agenda in World Politics by David Francis, pp 177-202.
Book call no.: 320.9609049 A258

Encyclopedia of African Nations and Civilizations, by Keith Lye and the Diagram Group. New York, Facts on File, 2002. 400 p.
Book call no.: R 960.03 E56

Lawler, Nancy Ellen. Soldiers, Airmen, Spies and Whisperers: The Gold Coast in World War II. Athens, OH, Ohio University Press, 2002. 286 p.
Book call no.: 940.54 86667 L418s

Nwaubani, Ebere. The United States and Decolonization in West Africa, 1950-1960. Rochester, NY, University of Rochester Press, 2001. 338 p. (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora, no.9)
Book call no.: 966.03 N992u

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Insanity and West Africa, pp 91-100.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Documents

Addison, Michael Kweku. Preventing Military Intervention in West Africa: A Case Study of Ghana. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2002. 60 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 A226p

Bamba, Souleymane. Military Cooperation in West Africa: Challenges and Future. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2001. 22 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 B199m

Mbaye, Ibrahima. ECOMOG: Strengths and Weaknesses as a Regional Security Institution. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001. 15 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 M478e

Periodicals

Asante, S. K. B. ECOWAS: Slow Progress. West Africa No.4377:8-13 May 26, 2003.
Several articles about the progress toward integration in ECOWAS.

Ellis, Stephen. Briefing: West Africa and Its Oil. African Affairs 102:135-138 January 2003.

Eno, Fred. Deepening Refugee Crisis. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-21 July 2003.
"Efforts to repatriate thousands of displaced West African refugees back to their countries of origin is complicated by the crisis in Liberia."

Franc Zone: Whiter Than White. Africa Confidential 43:8 November 22, 2002.
"West and Central African governments and the CFA Franc Zone authorities are acting to curb the illegal transfer of funds."

Guei, Robert G. Productivity Gains from Rice Genetic Enhancements in West Africa: Countries and Ecologies. World Development 31:359+ February 2003.

Katzenellenbogen, Jonathan. U.S. Eyes West African Crude. World Press Review 50:10 February 2003.
The United States is looking to West African oil as an alternative to that of the Middle East.

Liberia: Tackling Taylor. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 2, 2003.
"A battle is going on behind the scenes at the United Nations Security Council over whether to give sanctions on Liberia a wider regional focus."

Offei, Ansah Jon. ECOWAS Common Currency Postponed. New African No.412:46-47 November 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8560158&db=f5h

Operation Focus Relief: 3rd SF (special forces) Group Builds Relations in Western Africa. Special Warfare 15:28-30 June 2002.

Peel, Michael. Trade Union. New Republic 228:19-20 April 7, 2003.
States that the U.S. ignores abuses in Central and Western Africa because of oil fields in those regions.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9397467&db=aph

Strategic Supplies. Africa Confidential 43:5 September 13, 2002.
The U.S. looks to West African countries as possible oil suppliers.

Tadegnon, Noel. Traveling, a Nightmare. African Agenda 5,nos.2&3:39 2002.
"Writes about the transport situation in the West African sub-region and plans to approve inter-country highways."

Toweh, Alphonso. Ghana in New Peace Move. West Africa No.4373:15 April 28, 2003.
"The International Contact Group on Liberia, including Ghana whose president is chairman of ECOWAS, has held talks in Monrovia on ending the war."

Vogel, Gretchen. In Pursuit of a Killer. Science 298:87-89 October 4, 2002.
"Armed with microscopes, tweezers, and modified Shop-Vacs, researchers in West Africa are hunting malaria mosquitoes."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7562983&db=aph

Wakabi, Wairagala. Hard Nut to Crack. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:37-38 August/September 2002.
"Members of the East African Community are still bickering over how to establish a new customs union to benefit their economies."

West-Africa Churches Seek Peace Efforts. Christian Century 120:18l April 5, 2003.
"A high-level delegation of eight church leaders from West Africa came to America in March for consultation with the U.S. government and church officials, pleading for help with peace efforts in their troubled region and not wanting to settle for emergency relief."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9447736&db=f5h

West Africa: From Crisis to Crisis. Africa Confidential 44:3-4 January 10, 2003.
"Civil wars spilling across frontiers and fiercely fought elections make for a hard 2003."


Algeria


Internet Resources

Algeria.com.
Available online at: http://www.algeria.com/
Includes news from Algeria.

Algeria Interface..
Available online at: http://www.algeria-interface.com/
Includes news from Algeria.

Arab Net..
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Bennison, Amira K. Jihad and Its Interpretations in Pre-Colonial Morocco: State-Society Relations during the French Conquest of Algeria. London, RoutledgeCurzon, 2002. 205 p.
Book call no.: 964.03 B472j

Bonora-Waisman, Camille. France and the Algerian Conflict: Issues in Democracy and Political Stability, 1988-1995. Burlington, VT, Aldershot, 2003. 233 p.
Book call no.: 327.44065 B719f

Cirincione, Joseph. Deadly Arsenals: Tracking Weapons of Mass Destruction. Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2002. 465 p.
See table of contents for sections on Algeria and South Africa.
Book call no.: 327.174 C578d

Connolly, Matthew James. A Diplomatic Revolution: Argentina's Fight for Independence and the Origins of the Post-Cold War Era. New York, Oxford University Press, 2002. 400 p.
Book call no.: 965.0462 C752d

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Algeria, pp 7-9.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

Kiser, John W. The Monks of Tibhirine: Faith, Love, and Terror in Algeria. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2002. 335 p.
Book call no.: 271.125 K61m

Le Sueur, James D. Uncivil War: Intellectuals and Identity Politics during the Decolonization of Algeria. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001. 342 p.
Book call no.: 305.5520965 L644u

The Middle East and North Africa 2003. 49th edition. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 915.6 M627 49th ed. 2003

The Middle East Military Balance 2001-2002, edited by Shlomo Brom and Yiftah Shapir. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2002. 465 p. (BCSIA Studies in International Security)
Includes information for each country such as: general data, arms procurement and security assistance received, arms sales, foreign military cooperation, weapons of mass destruction and armed forces.
Book call no.: R 355.033056 M627 2001/2002

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Algeria, pp 100-101.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

Political Armies: The Military and Nation Building in the Age of Democracy, edited by Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt. New York, Zed Books, 2002. 398 p.
Army, State and Nation in Algeria by Lahouari Addi, pp 179-203.
Book call no.: 322.5 P7692

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Roberts, Hugh. The Battlefield Algeria 1988-2002: Studies in a Broken Polity. New York, Verso, 2003. 402 p.
Book call no.: 965.05 R644b

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Algeria, pp 142-147.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Stora, Benjamin. Algeria, 1830-2000: A Short History. Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2001. 283 p.
Book call no.: 965.046 S884a

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Hotspots in Northern Africa, pp 66-78.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Wall, Irwin M. France, the United States, and the Algerian War. Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 2001. 335 p.
Book call no.: 965.046 W187f

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Documents

Lee, Guy M. Ethical Considerations for Islamic Insurgency Movements: A Case Study of the Algerian Civil War, 1992-1998. Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, April 2001.  56 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/DAD401435
Doc. call no.: M-U 41886-71 L478e

Zouine, Rachid. Islamism and Terrorism in Algeria. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 2002. 22 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404562
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 Z91i

Periodicals

Algeria. Military Technology 27:209-210 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Barber, Ben. 'Who Kills Who?' Algeria's Traumatized Press Recovers. World & I 18:186-193 February 2003.

Bouandel, Youcef. Political Parties and the Transition from Authoritarianism: The Case of Algeria. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:1-22 March 2003.

Butler, Declan. Quake Triggers Research Expedition. Nature 422:673 June 12, 2003.
European researchers study the site of a recent earthquake to determine more about the fault.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9994244&db=aph

Deadly Tremors. Middle East International No.701:23-24 May 30, 2003.
"A powerful earthquake struck Algeria on the eve of 21 May, sending scores of buildings crashing down on their inhabitants in the capital Algiers and in towns and villages to its east."

Delpech, Therese. The Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Mediterranean. RUSI Journal 147:46-52 August 2002.

Ford, Neil. Algerian Energy Reform: More Than Just Hot Air. Middle East no.328:52-55 November 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8601248&db=mth

Kaplan, Roger. Democracy in Algeria: Singer-Activist Ferhat Mehenni's Campaign for Liberal Self-Government. Weekly Standard 8:24-27 June 16, 2003.

Knights, Michael. Algeria's Security Situation Declines Precipitously. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 31, no.1-2:16-17 2003.
"The Islamist opposition is far from broken in Algeria; indeed, security is declining."

Sage, Adam. Earthquake? Stop Moaning! New Statesman 132:15-16 June 2, 2003.
President Bouteflika response to criticism on his handling of the earthquake.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9898926&db=f5h

Saleh, Heba. Bouteflika & the Generals. Middle East international No.692:21-22 January 24, 2003.
Wonders about elections to be held in 2003.

Saleh, Heba. Local Elections. Middle East International No.686:26-27 October 25, 2002.
"Local elections held on 10 October have consolidated the return to political primacy of the former single ruling party, the National Liberation Front, the party of both President Abdel Aziz Bouteflika and Prime Minister Ali Benflis."

Still Shackled. Economist 367:40-41 July 12, 2003.
"Abassi Madani and Ali Belhadj have served their terms but are not free."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10244516&db=aph

Valenti, Peter C. Algeria: Chirac's Triumphant Return. World Press Review 50:29 May 2003.
French President Chirac's state visit to Algeria is met with enthusiastic public approval.

Videos

Battle of Algiers 1967. Videocassette, 125 min.
In French with English subtitles.
Video call no.: 791.43658 B3363


Angola


Internet Resources

Angola News..
Available online at: http://www.angolanews.com

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Otieno, Gladwell. Security Brief. African Security Review 12: February 2003. 9 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9454111&db=mth
Information about cease-fire in Angola and fighting in Uganda.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Republic of Angola..
Available online at: http://www.angola.org/
"A public service of the Embassy of The Republic of Angola."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

The African Stakes of the Congo War, edited by John F. Clark. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 249 p.
Angola's Role in the Congo War by Thomas Turner, pp 75-92.
Book call no.: 967.51033 A258

The Causes of War and the Consequences of Peacekeeping in Africa, edited by Ricardo Rene Laremont. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 2002. 311 p.
The Perpetual Civil War in Angola: The Failure of Peacekeeping and Democratization by J. Michael Turner, pp 223-238.
Book call no.: 341.584096 C374

Chabal, Patrick. History of Postcolonial Lusophone Africa. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2002. 339 p.
Angola by David Birmingham, pp 137-184.
Book call no.: 960 C426h

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Fleitz, Frederick H. , Jr. Peacekeeping Fiascoes of the 1990s: Causes, Solutions, and U.S. Interests. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 224 p.
Angola, pp 145-149.
Book call no.: 341.584 F596p

Hodges, Tony. Angola: From Afro-Stalinist to Petro-Diamond Capitalism. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2001. 201 p. (African Issues)
Book call no.: 330.9673 H689a

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Angola, pp 10-11.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

Mendes, Pedro Rosa. Bay of Tigers: An African Odyssey. Orlando, FL, Harcourt, 2003. 321 p.
Book call no.: 916.7304 M538b

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Angola, pp 195-196.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Rotberg, Robert I. Ending Autocracy, Enabling Democracy: The Tribulations of Southern Africa, 1960-2000. Cambridge, MA, World Peace Foundation, 2002. 546 p.
The Battle for Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, and Namibia, pp 122-193.
Book call no.: 968.000904 R842e

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Angola, pp 151-156.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Struggles in Central Africa, pp 101-112.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Angola: In the Grip of Corruption. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:6 October 2002.
"The pervasive nature of corruption in Angola has again come under national and international scrutiny and may hamper vital international assistance as the threat of starvation sweeps across the war-ravaged country."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Angola: Something to Celebrate. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:6-7 May 2003.
Angola celebrates the "first anniversary of the peace accord between the government and rebel group UNITA."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Angola: The Grip of Starvation. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:6 August/September 2002.
"Angola, which is just emerging from a devastating two-decade civil war is now faced with a renewed threat of hunger and disease on a cataclysmic scale with thousands of people said to have died over the last few months, and many more still dying every day."

Angola. Military Technology 27:244-245 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Angola: Bag, Borrow and Steel. Africa Confidential 44:3-4 February 21, 2003.
"At this critical time for peace, nearly a billion dollars is missing from the foreign reserves."

Angola: Exorcising Savimbi's Ghost. Current History 102:206-214 May 2003.

Angola: Is Gato Going? Africa Confidential 44:8 January 10, 2003.
Wonders if General Gato will be a candidate for president in forthcoming elections.

Angola: Neutering UNITA. Africa Confidential 43:1-3 October 11, 2002.
"President Dos Santo's ruling MPLA is glad to have victory in the war against UNITA but resists other kinds of change."

Angola: Win the War, Lose the Peace. Africa Confidential 44:2-4 April 18 2003.
"The civil war has ended but economic and political renewal have barely begun."

Birmingham, David. Hope in the Air. World Today 59:24-25 July 2003.
Discusses three possible scenarios for Angola's future.

Brigaldino, Glenn. Angola. New Internationalist no.349:36 September 2002.
General information about Angola.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7379914&db=aph

Bush, George W. Message to the Congress on Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to UNITA. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:1609 September 30, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7693811&db=f5h

Conquered and Divided Rebels. Economist 367:43+ June 28, 2003.
"Angola has found peace, but UNITA has yet to find a new role."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10127954&db=aph

De Queiroz, Mario. Portuguese Investors Migrate to Angola. West Africa No.4378:33+ June 2, 2003.
"The option of investment in now - peaceful Angola has appealed to Portugal, unfortunately at its biggest former colony Mozambique's expense."

Happy Families. Economist 364:39 August 3, 2002.
After the war people are looking for one another.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7088705&db=aph

Inacio, Eunice. Establishing a Dialogue for Durable and Sustainable Solutions. South African Journal of International Affairs 9:53-56 Winter 2002.

Jeffrey, Paul. Let Them Eat Oil. Christian Century 120:8-9 March 22, 2003.
Even though oil money is pouring into Angola, the majority of the people live in poverty.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9335218&db=f5h

Knights, Michael. Algeria and the US: The Delicate Duet. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 30, no.12:6-7 2002.

Makhubela, Erick. Chronology of Events in Angola from December 2001 to September 2002. South African Journal of International Affairs 9:57-59 Winter 2002.

Measuring Corruption. Economist 364:44 October 26, 2002.
Corruption is rampant in Angola.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7668342&db=aph

Peacewatch: Angola. UN Chronicle 39:71-72 September-November 2002.
Truce agreement.

Rebels in Search of House and Job. Economist 364:50 September 14, 2002.
"The war is over, but what can be done with all the ex-rebel soldiers?"

Rocha, John. The Cost of the Conflict in Angola. South African Journal of International Affairs 9:1-16 Winter 2002.

Santos, Guilherme. Angola: The Roll Civil Society Can Play in the Aftermath of Conflict. South African Journal of International Affairs 9:43-51 Winter 2002.

Solomon, Hussein. From New York to Lusaka and Beyond: Angola's Tortuous Road to Peace. Africa Insight 32:52-58 December 2002.

Stanford, Peter. A Strange Kind of Morality. New Statesman 132:32 March 10, 2003.
"Nothing has any value in Angola unless the ruling elite can make a profit out of it."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9237647&db=f5h

Stapp, Katherine. Not Enough Aid Reaching Angolans. West Africa No.4337:34-35 August 5, 2002.

Thomashausen, Andre. Angola: The Role of the International Community. South African Journal of International Affairs 9:17-42 Winter 2002.
Lists UN Security Council resolutions dealing with Angola including websites.

Wakabi, Wairagala. Peace Dividend. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:18 October 2002.
"In Uganda, Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo, the thawing of frozen relations is finally bringing expected benefits."


Benin


Internet Resources

Bierschenk, Thomas and De Sardan, Jean-Pierre Olivier. Powers in the Village: Rural Benin Between Democratisation and Decentralisation. Africa 73,no.2:145-173 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10800205&db=aph

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Houngnikpo, Mathurin C. Determinants of Democratization in Africa: A Comparative Study of Benin and Togo. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2001. 257 p.
Several chapters on history, politics, and military in Benin and Togo.
Book call no.: 320.9668 H839d

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Benin, p 45.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Benin, p 196.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Benin, pp 297-301.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Benin. Military Technology 27:245 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Benin: The Old Order Passes. Africa Confidential 43:6-7 December 6, 2002.
"Local elections may show how hard the land lies as parties prepare for the post-Kerekou era."

Randerson, James. Weevil Save Lakes from Water Hyacinth Pest. New Scientist 178:10 May 10, 2003.
"Two species of beetle are credited with saving the economy of Benin in West Africa $260 million over 20 years."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9876768&db=f5h

Wantchekon, Leonard. Clientelism and Voting Behavior: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Benin. World Politics 55:399-422 April 2003.


Botswana


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Fearing Extinction, Botswana Launches All-out Assault on AIDS. AIDS Weekly July 28, 2003. 3 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10436781&db=aph

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Republic of Botswana: The Government of Botswana Web Site..
Available online at: http://www.gov.bw/home.html

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Botswana, pp 47-58
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Botswana, p 52.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Botswana, p 196.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

N'Diaye, Boubacar. The Challenge of Institutionalizing Civilian Control: Botswana, Ivory Coast, and Kenya in Comparative Perspective. Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2001. 191 p.
Book call no.: 322.50967 N337c

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Rotberg, Robert I. Ending Autocracy, Enabling Democracy: The Tribulations of Southern Africa, 1960-2000. Cambridge, MA, World Peace Foundation, 2002. 546 p.
The Battle for Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, and Namibia, pp 122-193.
Book call no.: 968.000904 R842e

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Botswana, pp 317-321.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Tshosa, Onkemetse. National Law and International Human Rights Law: Cases of Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. Burlington, VT, Aldershot, 2001. 317 p. (Law, Social Change, and Development)
Book call no.: 342.68085 T882n

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Botswana. Military Technology 27:245-246 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Botswana: Mogae Plays the Khama Card. Africa Confidential 44:7 July 11, 2003.
"Traditional leadership and diamond money to keep a stable democracy going."

Good, Kenneth. Rethinking Non-Accountability and Corruption in Botswana. Africa Insight 32:11-18 September 2002.

Hitchcock, Robert K. 'We Are the First People': Land, Natural Resources and Identity in the Central Kalahari, Botswana. Journal of Southern African Studies 28:797-824 December 2002.
Discusses the treatment of two minority groups the San and the Bakgalagadi.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8588021&db=f5h

Humphries, Richard. Botswana: Land Hits the Black Market. World Press Review 49:32-33 August 2002.
"Authorities now face a rash of the illegal sales and growing squatter problems."

Nyamnjoh, Francis B. Chieftaincy and the Negotiation of Might and Right in Botswana Democracy. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:233-250 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088691&db=aph

Nyamnjoh, Francis B. Local Attitudes Towards Citizenship and Foreigners in Botswana: An Appraisal of Recent Press Stories. Journal of Southern African Studies 28:755-775 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8588023&db=f5h

Nyati-Ramahobo, Lydia. From a Phone Call to the High Court: Wayeyi Visibility and the Kamanakao Association's Campaign for Linguistic and Cultural Rights in Botswana. Journal of Southern African Studies 28:685-709 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8588026&db=f5h

Poteete, Amy R. When Professionalism Clashes with Local Particularities: Ecology, Elections and Procedural Arrangements in Botswana. Journal of Southern African Studies 29:461-485 June 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9930418&db=f5h

Simon, Chedza. Uprooting the Natives. New African No.416:30 March 2003.
"The government's relocation of the natives of the Central Kalahari Desert has run into all sorts of problems with Survival International."

Skidmore-Hess, Cathy. Botswana: Boipellego and Dependent Development. Journal of Third World Studies 19:189-203 Fall 2002.
Discusses Botswana's economy.

Solway, Jacqueline S. Navigating the 'Neutral' State: 'Minority' Rights in Botswana. Journal of Southern African Studies 28:711-729 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8588025&db=f5h

Suzman, James. Diamonds or Development? New African No.419:50-53 June 2003.
Discusses the relocation of the San people from the Central, Kalahari Game Reserve.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9957521&db=f5h

Taylor, Ian. As Good As It Gets? Botswana's 'Democratic Development'. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:215-231 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088692&db=aph

Taylor, Ian and Mokhawa, Gladys. Not Forever: Botswana, Conflict Diamonds and the Bushmen. African Affairs 102:261-283 April 2003.

USA/Botswana: Kidnapped II. Africa Confidential 44:8 July 11, 2003.
Botswana may be the location of the five suspected Al Qaida members that the U.S. is holding.

Werbner, Richard. Introduction: Challenging Minorities, Difference and Tribal Citizenship in Botswana. Journal of Southern African Studies 28:671-684 December 2002.

Wilmsen, Edwin N. Mutable Identities: Moving Beyond Ethnicity in Botswana. Journal of Southern African Studies 28:825-841 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8588020&db=f5h

World Bank Funds Controversial Diamond Project on Bushmen's Land. Ecologist 33:8 April 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9545767&db=aph


Burkina Faso


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Royer, Patrick. The Spirit of Competition: Wak in Burkina Faso. Africa 72,no.3: 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9772138&db=aph
Discusses the use of occult powers in modern Burkina Faso.


Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Burkina Faso, pp 59-70.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Berthelemy, Jean-Claude and Soderling, Ludvig. Emerging Africa. Paris, Development Centre of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2001. 231 p.
Burkina Faso, pp 149-157.
Book call no.: 320.9609049 B539e

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Burkina Faso, p 66.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Burkina Faso, pp 196-197.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Burkina Faso, pp 343-347.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Burkina Faso. Military Technology 27:246 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Burkina Faso: Blaise Wins Again. Africa Confidential 43:4-5 August 9, 2002.
"Both the president and the opposition seemed to be aiming for respectability."

Needed: A Meningitis Vaccine. UN Chronicle 39:43 December 2002-February 2003.

Ouedraogo, Brahima. Ivorian Conflict Hits Cattle Trade. West Africa No.4376:30 May 19, 2003.
The war in Cote D'Ivoire "is now threatening the centuries-old cattle trade with neighbouring Burkina Faso."

Shaw, Ibrahim S. Long Jail Terms for Journalist's Murderers. West Africa No.4363:29-30 February 17, 2003.
"Reports on the rulings over the murder of a top Mozambique investigative journalist and its implications for similar cases in Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone."

Vogel, Gretchen. Shortage of Meningitis Vaccine Forces Triage in Burkina Faso. Science 299:1499+ March 7, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9354986&db=aph


Burundi


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Security Brief. African Security Review 12: May 2003. 8 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10273606&db=mth
Provides updates to the situations in Burundi, Mozambique, the Central African Republic, and Western Sahara.

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Edgerton, Robert B. Africa's Armies: From Honor to Infamy: A History form 1791 to the Present. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2002. 328 p.
Rwanda, Burundi, and Genocide, pp 183-220.
Book call no.: 355.033067 E23a

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Burundi, p 67.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Burundi, p 197.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Scherrer, Christian P. Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa: Conflict Roots, Mass Violence, and Regional War. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 410 p.
Book call no.: 304.663 S326g

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Burundi, pp 348-352.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Struggles in Central Africa, pp 101-112.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Documents

Library Of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Burundi: The Peace Process and U.S. Policy, by Ted Dagne. Washington, Congressional Research Service, 2001. 6 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no.01-RS20910

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Burundi: Major Step to Lasting Peace. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:7 May 2003.
The president of Burundi will be a Hutu, Domitien Ndayizeye.

Brave Steps Towards Peace. New Internationalist No.352:14-15 December 2002.
Organization created to bring peace between the Hutus and Tutsis.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8634376&db=aph

Burundi. Military Technology 27:247 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Burundi: Buyoya's Boys. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 May 2, 2003.
"In line with the Arusha accord, a Hutu President is taking over from Pierre Buyoya."

Burundi/Congo-Kinshasa: Two Helpings of Peace. Africa Confidential 43:8 December 20, 2002.
"Peace deals for both Congo-Kinshasa and Burundi, brokered by South Africa, will be tested early in 2003."

Burundi: Peace Talk, but Is It Real? Africa Confidential 43:5-6 September 13, 2002.
"The main warring factions will meet, all of them split and militant."

Greenhill, Kelly M. Mission Impossible? Preventing Deadly Conflict in the African Great Lakes Region. Security Studies 11:77-124 Autumn 2001.

Living in Fear. Economist 367:36 July 19, 2003.
"Tribal battles for meager resources."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10308420&db=aph

On a Knife Edge. Economist 366:41 March 22, 2003.
"A small and bloodied central African nation struggles to make peace."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9359013&db=aph

The People Want Peace. Economist 364:44 September 28, 2002.
Discusses Burundi Civil War.

Shadows on the Wall. Economist 367:40 May 10, 2003.
"The Presidency rotated, as ordered, but the people are still fearful."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9731322&db=aph

South Africa/Congo-Kinshasa: Deeper and Deeper. Africa Confidential 44:1-2 April 18, 2003.
"President Mbeki is betting his diplomatic credibility on success in brokering peace in Congo and Burundi."


Cameroon


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Cameroon, pp 71-81.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Cameroun, p 70.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Cameroon, pp 197-198.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Cameroon, pp 358-362.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Awofeso, Pelu. Anxiety over Bakassi. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:12-14 November/December 2002.
"The World Court may have ruled, but West African neighbors Nigeria and Cameroon know that dispute over Bakassi peninsula can hardly be resolved without further intensive diplomacy."

Awofeso, Pelu. An Oily Problem. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:12-13 November/December 2002.
"At the heart of the Bakassi dispute between Nigeria and Cameroon is control of its vast oil wealth."

Azonga, Tikum M. Cure for AIDS. New African No.414:19 January 2003.
"A Cameroonian doctor has beaten the competition for an AIDS vaccine."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8909251&db=f5h

Cameroon. Military Technology 27:247-248 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Cameroon: Winning Biya Mile. Africa Confidential 43:1-2 August 30, 2002.
"The government is set free by an election landslide and an opposition collapse."

Chad: Digging a Hole. Africa Confidential 43:3-4 August 30, 2002.
Discusses the ramifications of the Chad-Cameroon pipeline.

Eko, Lyombe. The English-Language Press and the "Anglo-Phone Problem" in Cameroon: Group Identity, Culture, and the Politics of Nostalgia. Journal of Third World Studies 20:79-102 Spring 2003.

Fonkem, Sam-Nuvala. Cameroon: How Long Will the Union Hold? New African No.409:58 July/August 2002.
"Discontent between English-speaking and French-speaking Cameroonians has been simmering for 41 years."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7068993&db=f5h

Jason, Pini. Bad Losers? Not Quite. New African No.413:20 December 2002.
"The International Court of Justice says the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula belongs to Cameroon."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767657&db=f5h

Jua, Nantang. Post-Colonial Cameroon: The State, Traditional Rulers and "Another Democracy." Africa Insight 32:3-11 December 2002.

Krajick, Kevin. Efforts to Tame Second African 'Killer Lake' Begin. Science 299:805 February 7, 2003.
Carbon dioxide will be vented off Lake Monoun in an attempt to tame this killer lake.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9168885&db=aph

Musa, Tansa. Biya the Stronger. New African No.414:21 January 2003.
President Biya is still strong in Cameroon.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8909253&db=f5h

Musa, Tansa. Dialogue Is the Way Forward. New African No.420:48-49 July 2003.
States that the African Union and UN should take part in the "simmering discontent in Cameroon between the two halves of the country - Francophone and Anglophone."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10241369&db=f5h

Nyamnjoh, Francis B. and Page, Ben. Whiteman Kontri and the Enduring Allure of Modernity among Cameroonian Youth. African Affairs 101:607-634 October 2002.


Cape Verde


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Chabal, Patrick. History of Postcolonial Lusophone Africa. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2002. 339 p.
Cape Verde by Elisa Silva Andrade, pp 264-290.
Book call no.: 960 C426h

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Cape Verde, p 74.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Cape Verde, p 198.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Cape Verde, pp 422-426.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Cape Verde. Military Technology 27:248 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.


Central African Republic


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Security Brief. African Security Review 12: May 2003. 8 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10273606&db=mth
Provides updates to the situations in Burundi, Mozambique, the Central African Republic, and Western Sahara.

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Central African Republic, p 75.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Central African Republic, pp 198-199.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Central African Republic, pp 427-431.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Akosah, Sarpong Kofi. Anti-Corruption Campaigns in Two African Countries. West Africa No.4337:32-33 August 5, 2002.
Anti-corruption campaigns in Zambia and the Central African Republic are targeting leading politicians.

Akosah-Sarpong, Kofi. 'Blood Diamonds' in Bangui. West Africa No.4359:27-28 January 20, 2003.
"Reviews a new investigative report saying the Central African Republic is laundering 'blood diamonds' from the Democratic Republic of Congo and elsewhere."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Central Africa Republic (CAR): Dilemma for AU. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8-9 July 2003.
Will the African Union recognize the government of General Bozize which was established by a bloody coup.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Central African Republic: Back in Rebels' Control. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8 April 2003.
"Large portions of the landlocked, diamond-rich Central African Republic with a population of 3.5 million people are back in the hands of rebels."

Alexander, Doug. Looking for More Friends. New African No.411:25 October 2002.
"Having stayed in the French orbit since independence in 1960, the Central African Republic now wants to fly the roost, for greener pastures."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7673672&db=f5h

CAR/Libya: Patasse's Pals. Africa Confidential 43:8 August 9, 2002.
President Patasse relies on Libya for protection.

Central African Republic. Military Technology 27:248-249 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Central African Republic: Enter Bozize. Africa Confidential 44:8 March 21, 2003.
"General Francois Bozize, Bangui's new strongman, has quickly consolidated after seizing power on 15 March."

Central African Republic: Leaving the Door Opened. Africa Confidential 44:5-6 July 11, 2003.
"The latest strongman needs democratic frontmen to bring aid and recognition."

Central African Republic: Our Friends in the North. Africa Confidential 43:5-6 September 27, 2002.
"Libyan troops made President Patasse feel more secure but he doesn't seem to trust anyone."

Central African Republic: Unsuitable Friends. Africa Confidential 43:8 December 6, 2002.
Discusses money problems in the Central African Republic.

No Pay, No Peace. Economist 365:50 November 2, 2002.
"Yet another attempted coup in Central African Republic."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7708888&db=aph

Political Leaders Accept Coup. West Africa No.4369:13 March 24, 2003.
"After the seizure of power by General Bozize on March 15 one veteran political leader in the CAR, Abel Goumba, agreed to serve as prime minister, while others accepted the new military regime."

A Popular Coup. Economist 366:42 March 22, 2003.
A coup takes President Patasse out of power.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9359015&db=aph

Ruane, Christopher. There May Be Trouble Ahead. New African No.417:29 April 2003.
"The government of President Patasse is in danger. But France won't help its former colony and ally. It has even withdrawn its troops stationed there."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481618&db=f5h

Tresniowski, Alex and Bane, Jason. He Aims to Save: Controversial Activist Bruce Hayes Forms a Private Army to Fight Poachers in Africa. People 59:115-116 June 2, 2003.


Chad


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

HIV Strains in Chad Have High Genetic Diversity. Vaccine Weekly August 27, 2003. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10683441&db=f5h

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Chad, pp 83-94.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Chad, p 76.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

Mayes, Terry M. Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 192 p.
Book call no.: 967.43042 M474a

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Chad, p 199.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Chad, pp 432-436.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Chad: New Fossil Finds. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:6-7 August/September 2002.
"The recent unearthing of a prehistoric human-like skull by archeologist digging in the desert in Chad has sent shockwaves around the world, challenging scientists' theories about human evolution."

Chad. Military Technology 27:249 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Chad: Digging a Hole. Africa Confidential 43:3-4 August 30, 2002.
Discusses the ramifications of the Chad-Cameroon pipeline.

Useful Stuff, Maybe, for Once. Economist 364:49-50 September 14, 2002.
Discusses "a novel scheme to extract oil without fueling corruption or bloodshed."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7332707&db=aph


Comoros


Internet Resources

Arab Net..
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Comoros, p 100.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Comoros, pp 484-487.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6


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