AFRICA
Special Bibliography No. 159
Supplement No. 36


July 2003

Compiled by Joan T. Phillips
Bibliographer, Air University Library       
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents

General Information | Economics | Foreign Relations | Foreign Relations - U.S. | Health | History | Military Aspects | Natural Resources | Politics and Government | Social Aspects | African Union |

Central Africa | Eastern Africa | Northern Africa | Southern Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Western Africa |

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana |
Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros |
Congo (Brazzaville) | Congo ( Kinshasa) | Cote D'lvoire | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | MozambiqueNamibia | Niger | Nigeria |Rwanda | Sao Tome and Principe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somalia-Operation Restore Hope | South Africa Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe 


Namibia


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Namibia News.
Available online at: http://www.namibianews.com/

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

The Republic of Namibia.
Available online at: http://www.grnnet.gov.na/intro.htm
Includes information about government, business, and travel.

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Namibia, pp 229-239.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Gewald, Jan-Bart. Herero Heroes: A Socio- Political History of the Herero of Namibia 1890-1923. Athens, OH, Ohio University Press, 1999. 310 p.
Book call no.: 968.8102 G396h

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Namibia, p 307.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Namibia, pp 208-209.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Rotberg, Robert I. Ending Autocracy, Enabling Democracy: The Tribulations of Southern Africa, 1960-2000. Cambridge, MA, World Peace Foundation, 2002. 546 p.
The Battle for Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, and Namibia, pp 122-193.
Book call no.: 968.000904 R842e

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Namibia, pp 1170-1174.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Tshosa, Onkemetse. National Law and International Human Rights Law: Cases of Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. Burlington, VT, Aldershot, 2001. 317 p. (Law, Social Change, and Development)
Book call no.: 342.68085 T882n

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Akosah-Sarpong, Kofi. Power Schemes for Namibia. West Africa No.4342:23-24 September 9, 2002.
"Reports on new electric power expansion plans in Namibia, including a link with Botswana and possibly a wind power project."

Akosah-Sarpong, Kofi. SA-Namibia Fishing Cooperation. West Africa No.4344:30-31 September 23, 2002.

How the German Exterminated the Hereros. New African No.418:62-66 May 2003.
Excerpts from the Blue Book on Namibia about the German's treatment of the Herero people.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9795762&db=f5h

How the Germans Got the Land. New African No.416:42-47 March 2003.
Excerpts from The Blue Book on Namibia which describes "how the German settlers came to own much of the land in Namibia and how the natives became their farm labourers."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9286024&db=f5h

Land Ownership at Crisis Point. New African No.416:36-39 March 2003.
"Events in Zimbabwe have put land reform at center stage in southern Africa, particularly in South Africa and Namibia. Already land occupations are taking place all over South Africa, and there are indications that they will accelerate this year."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9286020&db=f5h

The Massacre at Hornkranz. New African No.414:62-66 January 2003.
"Describes the massacre of the Hottentots at Hornkranz on 12 August 1893."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8909274&db=f5h

Melber, Henning. From Controlled Change to Change Control: The Case of Namibia. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:267-284 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088697&db=aph

Meyer, Helen. Educational Partnerships and Democratic Education in Namibia. Africa Today 49:113-131 Winter 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9867156&db=aph

Namibia. Military Technology 27:260-261 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Namibia: Hamutenya in the Blocks. Africa Confidential 44:7 March 21, 2003.
"Whether or not Nujoma is really going, the succession race has started."

Namibia: Post Sam, More Sam? Africa Confidential 43:6-7 August 30, 2002.
"The veteran president wants to pick his successor but can't quite fix it."

Namibia: Reluctant Herero. Africa Confidential 44:8 January 10, 2003.
President Nujoma is seeking to run for fourth term.

Namibia: Son of Sam. Africa Confidential 43:4-5 December 20, 2002.
"Nujoma's fourth term bid could at last split his party."

Saul, John S. and Leys, Colin. Lubango and After: 'Forgotten History' as Politics in Contemporary Namibia. Journal of Southern African Studies 29:333-353 June 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9930423&db=f5h

Seleman, Pricel. Land Issue Heats up. New African No.417:32 April 2003.
Namibia looks into land redistribution.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481622&db=f5h

Talking like Mugabe. Economist 364:49 September 14, 2002.
Discusses land reform in Namibia.


Niger


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Internet Foundation: Niger.
Available online at: http://www.africasfuture.org/Africa/Niger/
Information about Niger including U.S. relations.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Niger, p 318.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Niger, p 209.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Niger, pp 1226-1229.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Borger, Gloria. Lies, Damned Lies, Whatever. U.S. News & World Report 135:26 July 21, 2003.
Comments on statements by President Bush about Iraq seeking uranium from Niger.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10238939&db=aph

Isikoff, Michael and Hosenball, Mark. Did the CIA Shut out Congress on WMD? Newsweek 141:8 June 23, 2003.
Discusses the inaccuracy of statements that Saddam Hussein was seeking uranium from Africa.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10021889&db=f5h

Isikoff, Michael and Thomas, Evan. Follow the Yellowcake Road. Newsweek 142:22-25 July 28 2003.
Discusses inaccurate claims that Iraq was seeking uranium from Niger.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10313629&db=f5h

Niger. Military Technology 27:261-262 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Swords into Plowshares. West Africa No.4371:19 April 14, 2003.
"Niger's former conflict zone has to choose between arms and development, under a scheme intended to remove all small arms from circulation."


Nigeria


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Nigeria..
Available online at: http://www.kilima.com/nigeria/index.html
News about Nigeria and links to other sites.

Nigeria..
Available online at: http://65.107.211.208/nigeria/nigeriaov.html
General information about Nigeria.

Packard, Gabriel. Nigeria: Army Steps in As Locals Battle for Oil Benefits. New York Amsterdam News 94: March 27, 2003. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9423800&db=f5h

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Adebajo, Adekeye. Liberia's Civil War: Nigeria, ECOMOG, and Regional Security in West Africa. Boulder, CO, Lynne Reinner Publishers, 2002. 283 p.
Book call no.: 966.6203 A228L

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Nigeria, pp 241-252.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Gannon, Martin J. Understanding Global Cultures. 2nd ed. Thousand Oakes, CA, Sage Publications, 2001. 466 p.
The Nigerian Marketplace, pp 265-283.
Book call no.: 306 G198u

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Nigeria, pp 319-320.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Nigeria, pp 209-210.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

Mwakikagile, Godfrey. Ethnic Politics in Kenya and Nigeria. Huntington, NY, Nova Science Publishers, 2001. 237 p.
Book call no.: 966.905 M944e

Nwagwu, 'Emeka O. Taming the Tiger: Civil-Military Relations Reform and the Search for Political Stability in Nigeria. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2002. 292 p.
Book call no.: 322.509669 N992t

Political Armies: The Military and Nation Building in the Age of Democracy, edited by Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt. New York, Zed Books, 2002. 398 p.
Entrenched Militarism and the Future of Democracy in Nigeria by J'Koyode Fayemi, pp 204-237.
Book call no.: 322.5 P7692

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Nigeria, pp 1230-1237.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Insanity and West Africa, pp 91-100.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Suberu, Rotimi T. Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria. Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001. 247 p.
Book call no.: 320.4669 S941f

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Zones of Conflict in Africa: Theories and Cases, edited by George Klay Kieh, Jr. and Ida Rousseau Mukenge. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 174 p.
Military Rule and Sociopolitical Crises in Nigeria by Pita Ogaba Agbese, pp 91-121.
Book call no.: 303.60967 Z87

Documents

Agbola, Joseph O. Control of Large-Scale Civil Conflicts in Democratic Nigeria. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 2003. 32 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414943
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 A264c

Dummar, Frederick C. The History of the Nigerian Army and Indications for the Future of Nigeria. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2002. 107 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA406482
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 D889h

Periodicals

Adeshida, Emma. Nigerian Broadcasters and Elections. West Africa No.4338:25 August 12, 2002.
"Politicians and broadcasters have agreed on the ground rules for the media coverage of next year elections."

Adeshida, Emma. President and Parliament. West Africa No.4340:16-17 August 26, 2002.
"Reports on responses to the House of Representatives threat to impeach President Obasanjo."

Adio, Waziri. Nigeria. Nation 276:19-20 April 14, 2003.
Discusses Nigerian disapproval of the U.S. war in Iraq.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9411939&db=f5h

Ainger, Katharine. Making Waves: Interview with Owens Wiwa. New Internationalist No.351:33 November 2002.
The brother of Ken Saro-Wiwa tries to clear his brother's name and prosecute Shell Oil Company.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8559146&db=aph

Akinola, Anthony A. Poverty and Money Politics. West Africa No.4365:35 March 3, 2003.
"A new law is needed in Nigeria to curb the use of money by politicians to influence voters."

Akinola, Anthony A. Single Term, Rotational Presidency? West Africa No.4342:18-19 September 9, 2002.
"Reports on major changes proposed by the National Assembly on revision of Nigeria's Constitution."

Akinola, Anthony A. Towards the Two-Party System. West Africa No.4374:16-17 May 5, 2003.
"Suggests that smaller parties do not fit well into the presidential system of democracy, and that the need for zoning and rotation of the presidency has been confirmed."

Akinrinade, Sola. Constitutionalism and the Resolution of Conflicts in Nigeria. Round Table No.368:41-52 January 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9235325&db=aph

Akintunde, Muyiwa. 80 Candles for a Titan. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:18-19 August/September 2002.
"At 80 years old, Abraham Adesanya, a lawyer, politician and pro-democracy activist is a beacon of hope and integrity, a good example for all Nigerians."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Alive and Kicking. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:26-28 March 2003.
"Government's promise to rid Nigeria of corrupt practices is exposed as a sham by a critical auditor general's report for 2001."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Anxious Times in Nigeria. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:13-15 May 2003.
"President Olusegun Obasanjo returns to power for another four-year term but the gains of that historic poll are being threatened by aggrieved opposition parties urging mass revolt and undermining the nation's fragile democracy."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. At Their Wits End. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:17-21 August/September 2002.
"As the race for the presidency gathers momentum in Nigeria, President Olusegun Obasanjo and his supporters are increasingly finding themselves in a no-win situation over the choice for running mate."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Challenges for Obasanjo. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:14-16 July 2003.
"As President Obasanjo starts his final term in office, how he tackles his nation's many problems will determine the type of legacy he leaves for Nigeria."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Electoral Test in Nigeria. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:24-27 April 2003.
"Africa's largest democracy goes to the polls to elect a new government."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Gathering Storm. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:10-13 October 2002.
"The health of democracy in Nigeria is going through a make or break test as federal legislators embark on impeachment procedures to truncate the life of President Olusegun Obasanjo's administration."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. The Juggernaut Rolls on. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:14-15 January 2003.
"A stunning and overwhelming victory at the PDP national convention ensures that President Obasanjo has only one more hurdle to scale to guarantee his re-election for a second term."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Repackaging the Nigerian Brand. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:16-19 January 2003.
"Nigeria continues to suffer reverses in infrastructural growth and international image because of the very nature of how the country fails to work. The Miss World pageant tragedy throws up the image of a collapsing state."

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Sweet Sound of Lucre. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-22 February 2003.
States that money is a driving factor in politics in Nigeria.

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Two of a Kind. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:26-27 April 2003.
Discusses opposition candidates, Emeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu and Gani Fawehinmi.

Akpuru-Aja, Aja. The State and the Military: Perspectives on Nigeria-USA Military Cooperation. Strategic Analysis 27:250-261 April-June 2003.

Anti-Nigerian Rioting in Freetown. West Africa No.4337:9-14 August 5, 2002.
Several articles about anti-Nigerian protest in Sierra Leone.

Anugwom, Edlyne E. Globalisation, Social Values and Human Rights NGOs in Nigeria. Africa Insight 32:21-27 December 2002.

Aroyewun, Alan. Obasanjo's Task in His New Term. West Africa No.4377:14-15 May 26, 2003.
The author asserts that President Obasanjo should take stronger action since he doesn't need to make political compromises after his second election.

Asante, Ben. Moves to Disqualify Governors. West Africa No.4363:24-25 February 17, 2003.
Politics in Nigeria.

Asante, Ben. Obasanjo Endorsed by His Party. West Africa No.4359:16-17 January 20, 2003.
"Describes how President Obasanjo won the People's Democratic Party nomination to stand for a second term for the presidency."

Asante, Ben. Tough Economic Choices Face Nigeria, Says U.S. Envoy. West Africa No.4378:28-29 June 2, 2003.
"The outgoing U.S. ambassador to Nigeria, Howard F. Jeter, has taken a critical look Nigeria's economic growth."

Asante, Ben. A Year of Mixed Fortunes in Nigeria. West Africa No.4357:8-9 December 23, 2002.
"Looks back on a year including political crises - notably the attempt to impeach the President - and some tragedies, and preparations for elections."

The Attractions of Sharia. Economist 364:44 September 7, 2002.
"Nigeria's Sharia courts are harsh, but quicker and cleaner than secular ones."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7284536&db=aph

Awofeso, Pelu. Anxiety over Bakassi. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:12-14 November/December 2002.
"The World Court may have ruled, but West African neighbors Nigeria and Cameroon know that dispute over Bakassi peninsula can hardly be resolved without further intensive diplomacy."

Awofeso, Pelu. An Oily Problem. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:12-13 November/December 2002.
"At the heart of the Bakassi dispute between Nigeria and Cameroon is control of its vast oil wealth."

Awoffeso, Niyi and others. The Almajiri Heritage and the Threat of Non-State Terrorism in Northern Nigeria - Lesson from Central Asia and Pakistan. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 26:311-325 July-August 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10314325&db=f5h

Bafalikike, Lokongo. Abacha Loot Deal Collapses. New African No.412:25 November 2002.
"Switzerland was poised to hand over $535m in blocked Abacha funds to the Nigerian government, but local difficulties in Nigeria mean the funds stay in Switzerland for the time being."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8560150&db=f5h

Baker, Bruce. When the Bakassi Boys Came: Eastern Nigeria Confronts Vigilantism. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 20:223-244 July 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7105451&db=aph

Barrett, Lindsay. Campaign Violence in Rivers State. West Africa No.4371:14-15 April 14, 2003.
"Serious violence surrounding the governorship contest in Rivers State."

Barrett, Lindsay. Media Opposition in Rivers State. West Africa No.4376:18-19 May 19, 2003.
"Looks at the growth over the last four years of a vibrant opposition press in an oil-rich state."

Barrett, Lindsay. Will Landslide Victory Silence Dissent? West Africa No.4376:16-18 May 19, 2003.

Beauty and the Beastliness. Economist 365:40-41 November 30, 2002.
Conflict in Nigeria over the Miss World Pageant.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8624688&db=aph

Boateng, Osei. Nigeria: Why the 'British Experiment' Failed. New African No.411:16-19 October 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7673667&db=f5h

Cohen, Mick. The Curse of Black Gold. New Statesman 132:25-27 June 2, 2003.
States that oil brings problems to countries in Africa such as Nigeria, Angola, and Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9898939&db=f5h

Coleman, Sarah. Nigeria: Beauty Turns Ugly. World Press Review 50:28 February 2003.
Violence in Nigeria over the Miss World contest.

Countdown to Nigerian Polling Data. West Africa No.4369:8-12 March 24, 2003.
Several articles about elections to be held in Nigeria.

Death by Stoning. Maclean's 115:14 September 2, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7232805&db=f5h

Doudou, Baba. Nigeria: Obasanjo's Tainted Victory. World Press Review 50:29 July 2003.

Election Fever Mounts in Nigeria. West Africa No.4366:8-17 March 10, 2003.
Many articles about elections to be held in Nigeria.

Ezeh, Peter. Has Obasanjo Failed? New African No.411:12-14 October 2002.
Discusses the presidency of Obasanjo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7673666&db=f5h

Ezeh, Peter. MPs Vs Obasanjo. New African No.410:19 September 2002.
"On 13 August, the House of Representatives met in an emergency session and ordered President Olusegun Obasanjo to resign within two weeks...or face impeachment for 'incompetence'."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7382732&db=f5h

Former Rulers Speak out. West Africa No.4378:7-17 June 2, 2003.
Articles about and interviews with former president Rawlings, and generals Abubakar and Babangida.

The Generals' Election. New African No.416:16-23 March 2003.
Several articles about elections in Nigeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9285988&db=f5h

Gore, Charles and Pratten, David. The Politics of Plunder: The Rhetorics of Order and Disorder in Southern Nigeria. African Affairs 102:211-240 April 2003.

Guthrie, Stan. 'A Blast of Hell'. Christianity Today 46:28 October 7, 2003.
Clashes between Christians and Muslims in a section of Nigeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7445289&db=f5h

Harnischfeger, Johannes. The Bakassi Boys: Fighting Crime in Nigeria. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:23-49 March 2003.
Discusses vigilante groups in Nigeria.

Iloegbunam, Chuks. Cults, Secret Cults, Everywhere. West Africa No.4337:8 August 5, 2002.
Discusses the problem of campus cults.

Impeachment. Africa Confidential 43:4 September 13, 2002.
Discusses possible impeachment of President Obasanjo.

Iraq and Nigeria Keep Oil Prices High. MEED 47:10 March 28, 2003.
Worries about the situation in Iraq and Nigeria keep oil prices high.

Isibor, Osedebamen. Calls for Fresh Elections. West Africa No.4374:17 May 5, 2003.
"Following the Nigerian elections for the federal president and parliament and state governors, there have been strong protests from defeated parties, and the question is what they will do."

Isibor, Osedebamen and Asante, Ben. After the Polls, To the Courts. West Africa No.4375:15 May 12, 2003.
"The stage is set for legal battles to overturn some of the results in recent elections, while other political contests are just beginning to elect officers of the National Assembly."

Jason, Pini. Bad Losers? Not Quite. New African No.413:20 December 2002.
"The International Court of Justice says the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula belongs to Cameroon."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767657&db=f5h

Jason, Pini. Don't Mention the Economy. New African No.417:31 April 2003.
"Thirty parties campaigning for votes in the 19 April elections have still managed not to talk seriously about the economy."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481620&db=f5h

Jason, Pini. The Generals Prepare for 2003. New African No.409:16 July/August 2002.
Projects that elections in 2003 will pit one general against another.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7068967&db=f5h

Jason, Pini. Operation Earthquake Sweeps the Polls. New African No.419:28-29 June 2003.
President Obasanjo wins reelection.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9957510&db=f5h

Jason, Pini. Poor Obasanjo! New African No.414:22-23 January 2003.
Wonders about the reelectability of President Obasanjo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8909254&db=f5h

Kalu, Ogbu U. Safiyya and Adamah: Punishing Adultery with Sharia Stones in Twenty-First-Century Nigeria. African Affairs 102:285-307 July 2003.

Lewis, Peter M. Nigeria: Elections in a Fragile Regime. Journal of Democracy 14:131-144 July 2003.

Masland, Tom. Fatwa: To Kill or Not to Kill. Newsweek 140:8 December 9, 2002.
Recounts the furor over a statement in a Nigerian newspaper about the Miss World Pageant.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8588493&db=f5h

Masland, Tom and Ezechukwu, Uche. A Pageant Turns Ugly. Newsweek 140:37 December 2, 2002.
Discusses the Miss World Pageant to be held in Nigeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8559856&db=f5h

Matthews, Sally and Solomon, Hussein. Ethnic Conflict Management in Nigeria: Real Challenges Remain If Nigeria's Fractious Ethnic Groupings Are to Be Managed Successfully. Africa Insight 32,no.2:10-17 2002.

Mbakwe, Tom. Czech Republic: Nigerian Diplomat Shot Dead. New African No.417:53 April 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481633&db=f5h

McQueen, Arthur. A Hot and Deadly Mission. Soldiers 57:36-39 August 2002.
The U.S. Army provides help after an explosion in an ammunition-transfer point in Nigeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7301101&db=f5h

Mole, Stuart. 2003 Nigerian Elections: A Democratic Settlement? Round Table 102:423-428 July 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10797292&db=aph

Moyela, Muyiwa. Germany's Obduracy. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:42-43 August/September 2002.
"Efforts by the Nigerian government to reach a workable agreement with its creditors in Paris Club on debt reduction are frustrated by an inflexible Germany."

Moyela, Muyiwa. Good News, Bad News. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:33-34 October 2002.
"Britain is providing more money to fight AIDS in Nigeria but the scourge continues to ravage many countries on the African continent."

Moyela, Muyiwa. Hey, Big Spender. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:33 January 2003.
"With a bloated public sector, fat cat legislators and undiminished corruption, runaway deficit spending threatens to undermine Nigeria's economic growth."

Moyela, Muyiwa. Joining the Joneses. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:33 August/September 2002.
"Leading indicators often portray the Nigerian economy as struggling with many problems, yet the stock exchange continues to thrive. Now, NSE has launched its e-business platform preparatory to providing the world with market information 24 hours a day."

Moyela, Muyiwa. More Gas, Less Oil. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:32-33 October 2002.
"As OPEC implements strategies to boost global gas utilisation, its top African member, Nigeria, races ahead with its own gas and power plans."

Moyela, Muyiwa. Work in Progress. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:39-41 August/September 2002.
Reports on the Nigerian investments summit.

Nigeria. Military Technology 27:262 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Nigeria: A Generals' Election. West Africa No.4360:8-12 January 27, 2003.
Several articles about politics and elections to be held in Nigeria.

Nigeria: A Victory for the Generals. Africa Confidential 44:1-2 January 10, 2003.
"A soldier-serving or retired-will be running Nigeria by June after a hard fought election."

Nigeria: Atlantic Crossing. Africa Confidential 44:8 June 27, 2003.
"Promising that his second-term government would be based on merit not party allegiance, President Olusegun Obasanjo said the focus would be on economic growth and job creation."

Nigeria: Delta Force. Africa Confidential 44:8 April 4, 2003.
"An explosion of violence in Delta State has cut off a third of Nigerian production."

Nigeria: Election Year. Africa Confidential 43:8 December 20, 2002.
Presidential elections will be held in 2003.

Nigeria: Home Made, World Class. Africa Confidential 43:6 August 9, 2002.
"Igbo entrepreneurs make lots of money and might make more but for the feds."

Nigeria I: Outgunning the Opposition. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 March 7, 2003.
"Shaky administration and growing political violence threaten the credibility of April's national elections."

Nigeria I: The Naira Republic Wins Again. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 May 2, 2003.
"Money-politics and vote-rigging will undermine President Obasanjo's second term without a full investigation of the poll."

Nigeria II: Generals on the Hill. Africa Confidential 44:3-4 May 2, 2003.
Examines the behind the scenes actions of two former military leaders, General Abubakar and General Babangida.

Nigeria II: Security Blanket. Africa Confidential 44:8 June 27, 2003.
"A new security team is emerging to take on rising crime, threats of terrorism and political unrest in the Niger Delta."

Nigeria: Leaky and Unlucky. Africa Confidential 44:8 June 13, 2003.
Nigeria fights against oil pipeline thefts.

Nigeria: Political Killings. West Africa No.4367:14-15 March 17, 2003.
Two articles about political assassinations in Nigeria.

Nigeria: Running on Empty. Africa Confidential 43:3-5 September 13, 2002.
"Is the money running out, or might an oil war happen in the nick of time?"

Nigeria's Battle for Power. West Africa No.4362:8-15 February 10, 2003.
Several articles about politics and elections in Nigeria.

Nigeria's Impeachment Saga. West Africa No.4343:8-14 September 16, 2002.
Several articles is about political struggles in Nigeria.

Nigeria's New Flirtation with Chaos. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 31, no.1-2:12-13 2003.

Nigeria: The Big Issues. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 April 18, 2003.
"Whoever wins will have to tackle crime, constitutional reform and a sick economy."

Nigeria: Ugly Contest. Africa Confidential 43:8 December 6, 2002.
"After the loss of more than 200 lives in riots blamed on the attempt to hold the Miss World contest in Abuja, a row is erupting over how the beauty pageant was financed."

Nigerian Churches Decry Calls for Impeachment. Christian Century 120:16-17 October 9, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7559503&db=f5h

Nigerian President Obasanjo Wins Contested Re-Election. Jet 103:12 May 12, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9694075&db=f5h

O'Oghorie, Igho B. Nigeria's Offshore Oil Revenue Problem. West Africa No.4358:28-29 January 13, 2003.

Obasanjo's New Term. West Africa No.4379:7-14 June 9, 2003.
Several articles about President Obsanjo's new administration.

Obasanjo Sweeps to Victory. West Africa No.4373:7-12 April 28, 2003.
Several articles about recent elections in Nigeria.

Obayiuwana, Osasu. Nigeria's Future Hangs in the Balance. New African No.415:66 February 2003.
Argues that Nigeria needs to have fair elections.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9035177&db=f5h

Oguine, Ike. Nigeria's Sharia Furore. New Internationalist No.355:5 April 2003.
Opinion about Sharia in Nigeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9525160&db=aph

Oili, Maureen. Protecting Nigeria's Rainforests. West Africa No.4373:23 April 28, 2003.

Olori, Toye. 'Let There Be Light'. West Africa No.4368:18-19 March 24, 2003.
"Improvement of Nigeria's electricity is a long process, but it has already benefited villagers at Epedo in Edo State."

Olori, Toye. Niger Delta Crisis Hits Power Supply. West Africa No.4370:28 April 7, 2003.
"Reports that the ethnic clashes around Warri, affecting oil and gas production, are thereby forcing cutbacks in electricity supply just as it was beginning to improve."

Oyedoyin, Tunde. Must This Woman Die? West Africa No.4341:20-21 September 2, 2002.
Reports the sentencing of death by stoning to Amina Lawal for adultery.

Ozolio, Ignatius. Sharia: Interview with Hauwa Ibrahim. West Africa No.4370:18-20 April 7, 2003.
Discusses Sharia laws that are practiced in 12 Northern states of Nigeria.

The People Disagree. Economist 367:41-42 April 26, 2003.Elections in Nigeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9620024&db=aph

Put-Putting to Democracy. Economist 367:39-40 April 19, 2003.
"A parliamentary poll complete, a presidential election to come, and no coup likely."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9561882&db=aph

Return to Fuel Queues. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:42-43 March 2003.
"Dispute over wages and the operational mode of the Department of Petroleum Resources, led to a walkout by oil workers and the beginning of hardship for motorists."

Sansoni, Silvia. Dirty Oil. Forbes 171:92 April 28 2003.
Discusses corruption in the government and oil industry.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9517209&db=f5h

Sellers, Jeff M. Sub-Saharan Powder Keg. Christianity Today 47:82 February 2003.
Predicts that Islamic violence against Christians may escalate.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8947252&db=f5h

Sharia Shenanigans. Economist 365:41 December 14, 2002.
Discusses scams coming from Nigeria.

Strategic Supplies. Africa Confidential 43:5 September 13, 2002.
The U.S. looks to West African countries as possible oil suppliers.

Thompson, Nicholas. You've Got Fraud! Foreign Policy No.136:93 May/June 2003.
Fraud is keeping many people from other countries from investing in Nigeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9564571&db=f5h

Ukaegbu, Chikwendu C. Entrepreneurial Succession and Post-Founder Durability: A Study of Indigenous Private Manufacturing Firms in Igbo States of Nigeria. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:27-45 January 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9263956&db=aph

Ukiwo, Ukoha. Politics, Ethno-Religious Conflicts and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:115-138 March 2003.

Unegbu, O. Carl. Nigeria: Bellwether of African Democracy. World Policy Journal41-47 Spring 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9629183&db=aph

West Africa: From Crisis to Crisis. Africa Confidential 44:3-4 January 10, 2003.
"Civil wars spilling across frontiers and fiercely fought elections make for a hard 2003."

Williams, Adebayo. Forty-Two Years on, Political Disorder Is the Order. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:7-9 October 2002.
Editorial about the deplorable state of Nigeria.

Williams, Bideh. Cash Injection for NLNG. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:41-42 March 2003.
"Nigerian economy gets a boost as Export Credit Guaranteed Department offers a credit line of 133 Pounds million (N29.53 billion) to the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas for an expansion project."

Williams, Bideh. Chikwe: The Amazon with a Mission. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:supplement between pages 27 and 28 January 2003.
"For Nigeria's minister of aviation, turning the industry around is proving a difficult war with entrenched interests who are resistant to change."

Williams, Bideh. The Reality Check. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:31-32 June 2003.
"President Obasanjo's government may have decided to bite the bullet on an upward review of petroleum products prices. But is it ready for the disruptive consequences of such a move?"


Rwanda


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Donovan, Paula. Rape and HIV/AIDS in Rwanda. Lancet December 21, 2002 Supplement. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767213&db=aph

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda..
Available online at: http://www.ictr.org/main.htm
United Nations Tribunal.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Siropoulos, Elizabeth. Democratisation and Militarisation in Rwanda African Security Review 11: August 2002. 11 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6808019&db=mth

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

The African Stakes of the Congo War, edited by John F. Clark. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 249 p.
The Complex Reasons for Rwanda's Engagement in Congo by Timothy Longman, pp 129-144.
Book call no.: 967.51033 A258

Barnett, Michael N. Eyewitness to a Genocide: United Nations and Rwanda. Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2002. 215 p.
Book call no.: 967.57104 B261e

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Edgerton, Robert B. Africa's Armies: From Honor to Infamy: A History form 1791 to the Present. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2002. 328 p.
Rwanda, Burundi, and Genocide, pp 183-220.
Book call no.: 355.033067 E23a

Fleitz, Frederick H. , Jr. Peacekeeping Fiascoes of the 1990s: Causes, Solutions, and U.S. Interests. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 224 p.
Rwanda, pp 149-157.
Book call no.: 341.584 F596p

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Rwanda, p 373.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

Kuperman, Alan J. The Limits of Humanitarian Intervention: Genocide in Rwanda. Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2001. 162 p.
Book call no.: 967.57104 K96L

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Rwanda, pp 210-211.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

Muscat, Robert J. Investing in Peace: How Development Aid Can Prevent or Promote Conflict. Armonk, NY, M.E. Sharp, 2002.
Rwanda: Donor Culpability, pp 51-59.
Book call no.: 338.91 M985i

Neuffer, Elizabeth. The Key to My Neighbors House: Seeking Justice in Bosnia and Rwanda. New York, Picador USA, 2001. 492 p.
Book call no.: 949.703 N482k

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Pottier, Johan. Re-Imagining Rwanda: Conflict, Survival and Disinformation in the Late Twentieth Century. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002. 251 p. (African Studies)
Book call no.: 967.57104 P871r

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Scherrer, Christian P. Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa: Conflict Roots, Mass Violence, and Regional War. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 410 p.
Book call no.: 304.663 S326g

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Rwanda, pp 1358-1362.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Struggles in Central Africa, pp 101-112.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Adelman, Howard. Chaos in the Camps. Bulletin of Atomic Scientists 58:88-93 November/December 2002.
Discusses refugee camps for Rwandans.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Rwanda: Looking for Economic Redemption. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:7 March 2003.
Rwanda looks to the specialty coffee market to bring economic stability.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Rwanda: New Constitution Will Advance Democracy. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:9 July 2003.
"In a recently concluded referendum, Rwandans overwhelming voted to approve a new constitution, aimed at allowing more democracy and ending acts of genocide."

Bafalikike, Lokongo. 'Oh, Kagame Is Such a Sweetie'. New African No.410:25 September 2002.
President Kagame signs a peace deal with President Kabila.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7382747&db=f5h

Baines, Erin K. Body Politics and the Rwandan Crisis. Third World Quarterly 24:479-493 June 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10282871&db=aph

Congo K./Rwanda/Uganda: Proxy Wars and Slaughter. Africa Confidential 43:5-6 October 25, 2002.
"The confused killing in eastern Congo involves politics, tribalism and plain greed."

Dowden, Richard. Our Strange Friends in the South. New Statesman 132:32 April 21, 2003.
"Only four African countries supported the war, (in Iraq) and their leaders have a taste for invading their neighbors."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9538938&db=f5h

The Fear of Majority Rule. Economist 367:50 May 31, 2003.
"Rwandans vote for the ruling parties so-so idea of democracy."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9913962&db=aph

Freisecke, Uwe. The Rejected Testimony. New African No.412:28-32 November 2002.
Testimony rejected in the trial of Andre Ntagerura, "a former Rwandan Transport Minister, at the UN tribunal for Rwanda." Part 2 on pages 29-32 in the December issue.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8560152&db=f5h

Grass-Roots Justice. Christian Century 119:7 August 28, 2002.
Local Rwandan law will be used to fund justice for the Rwandan slayings.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7345806&db=f5h

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer. Over-Optimistic DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo) Peace Deal. Jane's Defence Weekly 38:21 August 7, 2002.

Kagame, Paul. The Roots of the Great Lakes' Conflict. World Today 58:66 November 2002.
"This is an abridged version of President Kagame's 16 September speech to the Nigerian War College."

Kimani, Wambui. Kigali-ICTR Feud Continues. West Africa No.4357:23-24 December 23, 2002.
"The cancellation of a meeting aimed at resolving differences between the Rwandan government and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda shows that the dispute over prosecution for Rwandan army crimes remains unresolved."

Kimani, Wambui. Rwanda Hit by Fuel Prices. West Africa No.4361:29 February 3, 2003.

Kimani, Wambui. When Money Obstructs Justice. West Africa No.4362:25-26 February 10, 2003.
"Describes how one of Rwanda's most wanted genocide suspects continues to evade the international tribunal."

Masland, Tom. Wars Without End. Newsweek 143:28-30+ July 14, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10187551&db=f5h

Misser, Francois. The Presidential Challenger. New African No.416:31 March 2003.
"Faustin Twagiramungu has announced his intention to run for president."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9286010&db=f5h

Nichols, Hans S. UN Court Makes Legal Mischief. Insight on the News 19:34-36 January 7, 2003.
"Plagued by charges of inefficiency, incompetence and corruption, the International Criminal Court for Rwanda tries to write a first draft of international law."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8991985&db=f5h

On a Patch of Grass. Economist 367:42 May 17, 2003.
"A slow start to the traditional courts that will try the lesser villains."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9772093&db=aph

Opoku-Agyemang, Lovelace. How Science Helps Development in Ghana. West Africa No.4357:26-27 December 23, 2002.
"Discusses the important contribution made by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) to the development of Ghana."

Resource Wars. Ecologist 32:29 December 2002/January 2003.
States that Rwanda and Uganda's involvement in the war in Congo is enhanced by the resources in that country.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8799039&db=aph

Rossouw, Henk. Rwanda's Search for Justice. Chronicle of Higher Education 48:A41-A43 August 9, 2002.
"A university helps the country recover from genocide."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7215467&db=f5h

Rwanda. Military Technology 27:262-263 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Rwanda: Finally, an Election. Africa Confidential 44:3-5 June 13, 2003.
"General Khatami is set to win easily against a divided opposition in this year's election."

Rwanda/Uganda: High Dudgeon Summit. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 16, 2003.
Summit held to improve relations between Rwanda and Uganda.

Salmon, Katy. Seeking and Obstructing Justice. West Africa No.4339:16 August 19, 2002.
"While seeking punishment of the authors of the 1994 genocide in its own way, President Kagame's government is accused of obstructing the International Criminal Tribunal's work."

Santoro, Lara. Ghost Story. New Republic 227:11-12 November 11, 2002.
Discusses local justice proceedings for the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7711809&db=mth

Shaw, Ibrahim S. Kagame 0, Onana 1. New African No.409:17 July/August 2002.
"The 17th Chamber of the French High Court in early June threw out on technical grounds the libel suit filed by Rwandan president, Paul Kagame, against the investigative Cameroonian journalist and author, Charles Onana."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7068969&db=f5h

Short, Clare. The Lessons We Can Learn from Rwanda. New Statesman 132:20-21 July 7, 2003.
Uses the lessons from the genocide in Rwanda to make proposals for the future.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10196277&db=f5h

Wakabi, Wairagala. Energy Worries. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:43-44 March 2003.
"For Rwanda to meet its ever rising electricity requirements, it needs more resources to develop new projects."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Waiting Game. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:13-15 August/September 2002.
"President Kagame has promised presidential elections for next year. But will he really relinquish power if he loses?"

War, and Rumours of War. Economist 365:43-44 October 19, 2002.
"A gathering storm threatens Uganda, and the president's response is crude."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7567585&db=aph

The War of the Airwaves. Economist 366:42 March 29, 2003.
"Rwandan rebels are told by one station to go home, by another to fight on."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9398511&db=aph


Sao Tome and Principe


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Chabal, Patrick. History of Postcolonial Lusophone Africa. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2002. 339 p.
Sao Tome e Principe by Gerhard Seiber, pp 291-315.
Book call no.: 960 C426h

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Sao Tome and Principe, pp 1382-1385.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Akosah-Sarpong, Kofi. Three Countries Scent Oil. West Africa No.4339:27-29 August 19, 2002.
Looks at three Western African countries who are trying to develop oil industries.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Sao Tome and Principe: Oil Boost to Economy. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:6 November/December 2002.
The fortunes of Sao Tome and Principe may change because "the discovery of large oil reserves around the island and planned United States naval base."

Anderson, Jon L. Our New Best Friend. New Yorker 78:74-83 October 7, 2002.
Discusses the ramifications of an oil find in Sao Tome.

Frynas, Jedrzej G. and others. Business and Politics in Sao Tome e Principe from Cocoa Monoculture to Petro-State. African Affairs 102:51-80 January 2003.

Peaceful Solution Welcomed. Beijing Review 46:5 July 31, 2003.
"China welcomed the peaceful solution of the coup crisis in Sao Tome and Principe."

Sao Tome e Principe: Desperados. Africa Confidential 44:8 July 25, 2003.
Discusses a failed coup attempt.

Sao Tome e Principe: Fradique's New Front. Africa Confidential 44:5-6 January 24, 2003.
"A newcomer to oil finds that old deals with foreign friends gum up the works."

Taiwan Eyes Troubled African Allies. Far Eastern Economic Review 166:8 July 31, 2003.
Considers relationships between Taiwan and Liberia and Sao Tome.

Troubled Waters over Oil. Economist 367:37 July 19, 2003.
"Oil curses another African state."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10308422&db=aph

USA No Military Base in Sao Tome. New African No.413:44-45 December 2002.
Extractions from a press briefing by U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African affairs, Walter Kansteiner.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767669&db=f5h

What Oil Can Do to Tiny States. Economist 366:47 January 25, 2003.
Discusses changes that may happen because of oil found in Sao Tome.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8979629&db=aph


Senegal


Internet Resources

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Senegal, pp 253-263.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Senegal, p 378.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Senegal, p 211.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Senegal, pp 1393-1397.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Insanity and West Africa, pp 91-100.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Senegal: Clearing the Deck. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:7 November/December 2002.
Discusses results of the Joola ferry disaster in September.

Beck, Linda J. Democratization and the Hidden Public. Comparative Politics 35:147-169 January 2003.
"The impact of patronage networked on Senegalese women."

Casamance Leader Dies. West Africa No.4379:17 June 9, 2003.
"Sidi Badji, the aged guerrilla leader holding out for full independence for Casamance from Senegal, has died amid preparations for peace talks."

Copnall, James. The View from above. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:25 June 2003.
"Religious leaders bring hope and despair, in equal measure, to a bewildered Senegalese society."

Forgotten Conflict Lingers on. West Africa No.4367:20 March 17, 2003.
Discusses a low-intensity conflict that has "dragged on in Senegal, arousing little interest regionally or internationally."

Godwin, Ebow. Homage to Senghor, Father of Negritude. West Africa No.4378:23 June 2, 2003.
"Reports on an event held in honour of Leopald Sedar Senghor, former Senegalese president, poet and academic."

Michaud, Paul. Time for Revenge. New African No.419:31 June 2003.
"Senegal throws out French illegal immigrants in retaliation for the humiliation suffered by Senegalese illegal immigrants in France."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9957513&db=f5h

Mutume, Guisai. Africa Seeks to Safeguard Its Fisheries. African Agenda 5,nos.2&3:37-38 2002.
"With an eye on sustainability, Senegal orders EU boats out of its waters."

Senegal. Military Technology 27:263-264 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Simpson, Chris. Blood and Confusion in Casamance. West Africa No.4362:22-23 February 10, 2003.
"Reports that the fighting between government forces and rebels in that province has not ended, nearly two years after a provisional peace agreement."


Seychelles


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Seychelles Nation Online..
Available online at: http://www.seychelles-online.com.sc/index.html
News and general information about Seychelles.

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Seychelles, p 381.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Seychelles, pp 211-212.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Seychelles, pp 1414-1419.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Seychelles. Military Technology 27:264 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Seychelles: Of Ranch and Rupees. Africa Confidential 43:8 December 20, 2002.
Wonders if President Rene will run for another term.


Sierra Leone


Internet Resources

Ashby, Phil. Child Combatants: A Soldier's Perspective. Lancet December 21, 2002 Supplement. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767203&db=aph

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

McIntyre, Angela and Thusi, Thokozani. Children and Youth in Sierra Leone's Peace-Building Process. African Security Review 12: May 2003. 8 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10273565&db=mth

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Security Brief. African Security Review 11: August 2002. 6 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6807975&db=mth
Includes brief articles about Congo and elections in Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone..
Available online at: http://free.freespeech.org/isierra-leone/
"Sierra Leone is a group of websites dedicated to providing historical, cultural, and related information on Sierra Leone."

Sierra Leone Web..
Available online at: http://www.sierra-leone.org
Includes daily updates of news in Sierra Leone, documents and speeches, government, culture and NGOs in Sierra Leone.

Books

Adebajo, Adekeye. Building Peace in West Africa. Boulder, Co, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002. 192 p. (International Peace Academy Occasional Paper Series)
Sierra Leone: A Feast for the Sobels, pp 79-109.
Book call no.: 372.1720966 A228b

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Campbell, Greg. Blood Diamonds: Tracing the Deadly Path of the World's Most Precious Stones. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2002. 251 p.
Book call no.: 966.404 C187b

The Causes of War and the Consequences of Peacekeeping in Africa, edited by Ricardo Rene Laremont. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 2002. 311 p.
Strategic Policy Failure and State Fragmentation: Security, Peacekeeping , and Democratization in Sierra Leone by Yusuf Bangura, pp 143-169.
Book call no.: 341.584096 C374

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Ferme, Mariane C. The Underneath of Things: Violence, History, and the Everyday in Sierra Leone. Berkeley, CA, University Of California Press, 2001. 287 p.
Book call no.: 305.896 F359u

Fleitz, Frederick H. , Jr. Peacekeeping Fiascoes of the 1990s: Causes, Solutions, and U.S. Interests. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 224 p.
Sierra Leone, pp 165-169.
Book call no.: 341.584 F596p

Forna, Aminatta. The Devil That Danced on the Water: A Daughter's Quest. New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 2002. 403 p.
Book call no.: 92 F7271d

Hirsch, John L. Sierra Leone: Diamonds and the Struggle for Democracy. Boulder, CO, Lynne Reinner Publishers, 2001. 175 p. (International Peace Academy Occasional Papers Series)
Book call no.: 966.4 H669s

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Sierra Leone, p 382.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Sierra Leone, p 212.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Sierra Leone, pp 1420-1424.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Stewart, Ian. Ambushed: A War Reporter's Life Online. Chapel Hill, NC, Algonquin Books on Chapel Hill, 2002. 310 p.
Book call no.: 92 S849a

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Insanity and West Africa, pp 91-100.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

Voeten, Teun. How de Body? One Man's Terrifying Journey Through an African War. New York, Thomas Dunne Books, 2002. 308 p.
Book call no.: 966.404 V876h

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Documents

Beaudette, Francis M. The Role of United States Army Special Forces in Operation Nobel Obelisk. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2001. 105 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA395166
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 B373r

Hisey, Braden. Building Peace in Warlord Situations. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2002. 73 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404592
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 H6731b

Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Sierra Leone: Current Issues, by Carl Ek. Washington, March 1999. 6 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no.99-RS20103

Periodicals

Acosta, Yvonne. Face-to-Face with Former Child Soldiers: Messenger of Peace Michael Douglas Visits Sierra Leone. UN Chronicle 40:54-55 June-August 2003.

Akosah-Sarpong, Kofi. Three Countries Scent Oil. West Africa No.4339:27-29 August 19, 2002.
Looks at three Western African countries who are trying to develop oil industries.

Anti-Nigerian Rioting in Freetown. West Africa No.4337:9-14 August 5, 2002.
Several articles about anti-Nigerian protest in Sierra Leone.

Bush, George W. Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sierra Leone and Liberia. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:81 January 20, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9072311&db=f5h

Butscher, Mike. A Bit More Like It. New African No.412:18-19 November 2002.
"After the war, national reconstruction is well under way."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8560142&db=f5h

Butscher, Mike. The Case of the Mysterious Fugitive. New African No.417:30 April 2003.
"After the war, comes the consolidation of peace. But it is proving to be a bit much for President Tejan Kabbah's government."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481619&db=f5h

Butscher, Mike. Special Court Causes Major Upset. New African No.418:26 May 2003.
"The indictment by the Special Court of Sam Hinga Norman, the former co-ordinator of the Civil Defence Forces (the Kamajors) has sparked popular debate and anger throughout the country."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9795744&db=f5h

Davies, Desmond. Sierra Leone Looking Good - So Far. West Africa No.4357:11 December 23, 2002.
"Recalls how the country consolidated peace and stability in 2002."

Ekeke, Martin. Diamond Trade Resumes. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:19 July 2003.
"UN lifts sanction on diamond trade in Sierra Leone following government's efforts to control illicit sales."

Ekeke, Martin. War on Terror, Narco-Trafficking. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:26-27 June 2003.
"America appears ready to take its battle against terrorism and narco trafficking to western Africa. Its first port of call may well be Sierra Leone."

Fofana, Lansana. Boycott Threat to Truth Commission. West Africa No.4344:18 September 23, 2002.
"Victims of mutilation during the civil war are calling for more aid and threatening to boycott the Truth and Reconciliation Commission due to start examining war crimes."

Fofanah, Foday B. Sierra Leone: Kabbah Sweeps Polls. World Press Review 49:29 August 2002.
"The Presidential and parliamentary elections held on May 14 in Sierra Leone gave incumbent President Ahamad Tejan Kabbah and his ruling Sierra Leone People's Party the overwhelming victory."

Gberie, Lansana. Trawling for Bigger Catches. West Africa No.4358:18-19 January 13, 2003.
"The Special Court is more concerned with those who ordered the atrocities of Sierra Leone war than with the foot soldiers."

Jalloh, Mohammed. Voting for Peace and Democracy in Sierra Leone: Reflections on May 2002 General Elections. Africa Insight 32:59-63 December 2002.

Kandeh, Jimmy D. Sierra Leone's Post-Conflict Elections of 2002. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:189-216 June 2003.

Lange, Karen E. Up in Smoke. National Geographic 203:preceding page 1 June 2003.
"Somalia's forests are being burned to make charcoal."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9887377&db=mth

Peacekeepers Fight New War. West Africa No.4368:22 March 24, 2003.
"In addition to their role of upholding peace and security, United Nations peacekeepers in Sierra Leone have been 'drafted' to help fight the war against AIDS in the country."

Penforld, Peter. Will Justice Help Peace? World Today 58:21-23 November 2002.
Examines the Special Court to deal with the atrocities committed in Sierra Leone.

Rahman, Abdul. Sierra Leone Shares out HIPC Funds. West Africa No.4338:30-31 August 12, 2002.
"Reports on the practical impact of relief Sierra Leone has received under the HIPC (Heavily Indebted Poor Countries) initiatives."

Shaw, Ibrahim S. Long Jail Terms for Journalist's Murderers. West Africa No.4363:29-30 February 17, 2003.
"Reports on the rulings over the murder of a top Mozambique investigative journalist and its implications for similar cases in Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone."

Sierra Leone. Military Technology 27:264-265 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Sierra Leone: Get with the Programme. Africa Confidential 43:5-6 November 22, 2002.
"Generous reconstruction aid comes with unprecedented donor micro-management."

Sierra Leone: Model Justice, for Some. Africa Confidential 44:4-5 February 21, 2003.
"War crime trials start this year but the causes of the war still fester."

Sierra Leone: No Cash, No Court. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 30, 2003.
"The Special Court set up to try those 'who are most responsible' for the decade long civil war face a cash crisis which may delay trials and scupper plans for a new court building and detention center in Freetown."

Sierra Leoneans Face The Future. West Africa No.4372:7-10+ April 21, 2003.
Many articles about government and politics in Sierra Leone.

Simpson, Sarah. Sierra Leone's Recovery Needs Donors and Diamonds. West Africa No.4373:26-27 April 28, 2003.
"Sierra Leone has emerged from a decade of brutal Civil War as the poorest nation in the world. The support of international donors and the channeling of the substantial diamond trade through the legitimate authorities will be essential for economic recovery."

Small, Quick and Ready. Air Force Times 64:4 July 28, 2003.
U.S. Air Force prepares for humanitarian operations in Liberia from a position in Sierra Leone.

Swaray, Abdul R. 'Come Home and Help'. West Africa No.4359:25 January 20, 2003.
"A special summit has been held to discuss how they (hundreds of thousands of Sierra Leoneans living abroad) can contribute to recovery and development back home."

Swaray, Abdul R. Getting the Country Back to School. West Africa No.4337:20-21 August 5, 2002.
Interviews Minister of Education, Alpha Wurie, "about the government's plans for post-war educational expansion and improvement, including universal and compulsory primary education."

Swaray, Abdul R. Rebuilding after the War. West Africa No.4342:15-16 September 9, 2002.
Interviews the Commissioner heading the agency in charge of post-war reconstruction, the National Commission for Social Action.

Swaray, Abdul R. Special Court Indicts Seven. West Africa No.4367:19 March 17, 2003.
"The Special Court to try people for war crimes during Sierra Leone's Civil War has charged seven people including a senior member of President Kabbah's government, Sam Hinga Norman."

Toweh, Alphonso. Sierra Leonean Refugees Return. West Africa No.4339:15 August 19, 2002.


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