AFRICA
Special Bibliography No. 159
Supplement No. 36


July 2003

Compiled by Joan T. Phillips
Bibliographer, Air University Library       
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents

General Information | Economics | Foreign Relations | Foreign Relations - U.S. | Health | History | Military Aspects | Natural Resources | Politics and Government | Social Aspects | African Union |

Central Africa | Eastern Africa | Northern Africa | Southern Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Western Africa |

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana |
Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros |
Congo (Brazzaville) | Congo ( Kinshasa) | Cote D'lvoire | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | MozambiqueNamibia | Niger | Nigeria |Rwanda | Sao Tome and Principe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somalia-Operation Restore Hope | South Africa Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe 


Sudan


Internet Resources

Arab Net.
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Datafile. CQ Weekly 61: July 5, 2003. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10239249&db=aph
Lists countries in the Middle East with programs developing weapons of mass destruction including Sudan.

Moszynski, Peter. Health Organisation Warns That Kala-Azar Has Returned to South Sudan. Lancet 360: November 23, 2002. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8539527&db=aph

Peterson, Dave. Peaceful Change and the Rise of Sudan's Democracy Movement. African Security Review 11: November 2002. 11 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8894947&db=mth

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Sudan Net.
Available online at: http://www.sudan.net/main1.shtml
Provides news and general information about Sudan.

Wendo, Charles. Hope for Health as Africa's Wars Subside. Lancet August 17, 2002. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7174642&db=f5h
Reports the effects of war on health of citizens in the Congo and Sudan.

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

The Causes of War and the Consequences of Peacekeeping in Africa, edited by Ricardo Rene Laremont. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 2002. 311 p.
Sudan: An African Dilemma by Francis M. Deng, pp 61-89.
Book call no.: 341.584096 C374

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Sudan, p 409.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

Johnson, Douglas Hamilton. The Root Causes of Sudan's Civil Wars. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2003. 234 p. (African Issues)
Book call no.: 962.404 J66r

Lobban, Richard A., Jr. and others. Historical Dictionary of the Sudan. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2002. 396 p. (African Historical Dictionaries, no. 85)
Book call no.: 962.4 V923h 2002

The Middle East Military Balance 2001-2002, edited by Shlomo Brom and Yiftah Shapir. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2002. 465 p. (BCSIA Studies in International Security)
Includes information for each country such as: general data, arms procurement and security assistance received, arms sales, foreign military cooperation, weapons of mass destruction and armed forces.
Book call no.: R 355.033056 M627 2001/2002

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Sudan, p 214.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

Moore-Harell, Alice. Gordon and the Sudan: Prologue to the Mahdiyya 1877-1880. Portland, OR, Frank Cass, 2001. 286 p.
Book call no.: 962.403 M822g

O'Sullivan, Meghan L. Shrewd Sanctions. Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2003. 424 p.
Sanctioning Sudan, pp 233-320.
Book call no.: 327.117 O85s

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Powell, Eve Troutt. A Different Shade of Colonialism: Egypt, Great Britain, and the Mastery of the Sudan. Berkeley, CA, University Of California Press, 2003. 260 p. (Colonialisms, no.2)
Book call no.: 325.362 P882d

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Sudan, pp 1506-1511.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Strauss, Steven D. The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Conflicts. Indianapolis, IN, Alpha, 318 p.
Hotspots in Northern Africa, pp 66-78.
Book call no.: 909.82 S912c

United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Sudan Peace Act:, Report. Washington, GPO, 2001. 1 vol.
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS13194
Book call no.: 327.730624 U58sa

United States. Congress. Senate and House. Committee on Foreign Relations and Committee on International Relations. Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2001. Washington, GPO, 2002.  952 p.
Political Settlement in Sudan, p 555.
Also available online at: http://www.dsca.osd.mil/programs/LPA/LoFR01.pdf
Book call no.: 327.73 L697L 2001 v.1A

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Subcommittee on African Affairs. Implementing U.S. Policy in Sudan, Hearing before the Subcommittee on African Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate 107th Congress 2d session, July 11, 2002. Washington, GPO, 2002. 79 p.
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS26059
Book call no.: 327.730624 U58i

Warburg, Gabriel. Islam, Sectarianism, and Politics in Sudan since the Mahdiyya. Madison, WI, University Of Wisconsin Press, 2003. 252 p.
Book call no.: 962.404 W253i

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Affendi, Abdelwahab. Old Habits. Middle East International No.690:20-21 December 20, 2002.
"It was business as usual in Sudan in mid-December, as the government announced the defection of a key rebel commander to its side."

Affendi, Abdelwahab. So near yet so Far. Middle East International No.681:17-19 August 16, 2002.
Signals the unraveling of an apparent peace accord.

Akol, Jacob. Divided, We Unite. New African No.410:22 September 2002.
"If things don't work in six years time, Sudan will divide in order to unite."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7382741&db=f5h

Akol, Jacob. 'The War Must End in Peace with Justice'. New African No.409:31-33 July/August 2002.
Discusses "the latest American attempt to bring peace to Sudan."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7068980&db=f5h

Akol, Jacob. Why Peace Is Elusive. New African No.411:26-27 October 2002.
"The government has suspended the peace talks with the rebels after losing the strategic town of Torit."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7673673&db=f5h

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Sudan: Peace on the Horizon. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:6-7 November/December 2002.
Pressure from outside sources causing the two sides to discuss the cease-fire.

Bush, George W. Letter to Congressional Leaders on Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sudan. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:1889-1890 November 4, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8572722&db=f5h

Bush, George W. Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sudan. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:1889 November 4, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8572713&db=f5h

Bush, George W. Presidential Determination under the Sudan Peace Pact. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:458 April 28, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9862611&db=f5h

Bush, George W. Statement on Signing the Sudan Peace Pact. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:1819-1820 October 28, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8601959&db=f5h

Bush, George W. Statement on the Peace Process in Sudan. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:458 April 28, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9862763&db=f5h

Bush, George W. Statement on the Sudan Peace Act. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:1820 October 28, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8601963&db=f5h

Bush Signs Sudan Act, Imposing Ultimatum. Christian Century 119:15 November 20, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8582402&db=f5h

Callahan, Tim. Sudan Peace Act 'Has Teeth'. Christianity Today 46:17 December 9, 2002.
"The act condemns human rights violations. It gives the Muslim government six months to begin negotiating an agreement with the rebels."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8596092&db=f5h

Cohen, Mick. The Curse of Black Gold. New Statesman 132:25-27 June 2, 2003.
States that oil brings problems to countries in Africa such as Nigeria, Angola, and Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9898939&db=f5h

Flint, Julie. Dark Clouds. Middle East International No.694:23 February 21, 2003.
"Dark clouds of uncertainty hang over Sudan's peace talks."

Flint, Julie. Lundin Returns. Middle East International No.697:28-29 April 4, 2003.
"Hopes that tens of thousands of Southern Sudanese displaced from oil-rich province of Western Upper Nile might soon be able to return to their homes which have been threatened by the decision of Sweden's Lundin Petroleum and Austria's OMV to resume operations after a 14-month suspension."

Flint, Julie. Rebellion in Darfur. Middle East International No.695:23 March 7, 2003.
Rebels fight the people in Darfur who receive no support from the government.

Flint, Julie. Talisman Pulls out. Middle East International No.687:23 November 8, 2002.
"After years of insistence that remaining in Sudan was the 'moral thing to do', Canada's beleaguered oil company Talisman has given in to unrelenting pressure from human rights protesters and its own shareholders and announced its withdrawal after four years as operator of Sudan's main oil consortium."

Flint, Julie. Trouble in Darfur. Middle East International No.690:21-22 December 20, 2002.
"Sudan's largest region, Darfur, is witnessing unprecedented levels of violence largely against its most prominent ethnic group, the Fur."

Flint, Julie. War in the Oilfields. Middle East international No.693:16-17 February 7, 2003.
The government has completed the road which will allow armor into the Western Upper Nile.

Flint, Julie. Wrong Signals. Middle East international No.692:20-21 January 24, 2003.
"The world fails to respond to a government offensive in oil-rich Western Upper Nile."

Ford, Neil. The Beginning of the End? Middle East No.335:36-37 June 2003.
"Although a number of peace deals have been brokered and broken in the past decade, the latest talks in Sudan, held in Nairobi over the past 18 months, are being hailed as a real breakthrough for reconciliation and economic prosperity."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9993171&db=mth

Hammond, Andrew. After Decades of Civil War, Can Sudan Survive Peace? Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 21:53 November 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7568160&db=aph

Hammond, Andrew. New Prospect for Peace in Sudan? Middle East no.329:30-31 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8751343&db=aph

Lange, Karen E. The Nuba: Still Standing. National Geographic 203:60-67 February 2003.
"Branded as infidels by Sudan's Islamic rulers, a traditional people fight for their lives."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9080276&db=mth

Luxner, Larry. Healing the Breach? Middle East No.336: July 2003.
"After several years of severely strained relations and, in some instances, an open hostility between the U.S. and Sudan, an exchange of diplomats could herald a new era of cooperation."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10171700&db=mth

MacKinnon, J. B. The Wrong War. New Internationalist no.348:8 August 2002.
Discusses relationships between United States and Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7171726&db=aph

McGhie, Stuart. Briefing: Peace-Support Operations in Central Sudan. Jane's Defence Weekly 39:24-25+ April 23, 2003.

A Merciless Battle for Sudan's Oil. Economist 364:33-34 August 31, 2002.
"While politicians talk peace, the fighting intensifies."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7258069&db=aph

Moszynski, Peter G. After Machakos. Middle East International No.683:19-20 September 13, 2002.
"Hopes of an imminent end to fighting in Sudan were dashed following the government delegation's sudden walkout from the Machakos peace talks."

Moszynski, Peter G. False Dawn. Middle East International No.699:23-24 May 2, 2003.
It appears that the U.S. and the UN will be changing their stance on human rights abuses in Sudan.

Moszynski, Peter G. The Gloves Come off. Middle East International No.685:19-20 October 11, 2002.
Negotiators returned to the peace table, but disruptions make the likelihood of a lasting peace unlikely.

Moszynski, Peter G. Is Peace Imminent? New African No.419:27 June 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9957509&db=f5h

Moszynski, Peter G. Peace on the Brink? Middle East International No.696:25-26 March 21, 2003.
Wonders about the prospects for peace after a three month cease-fire extension.

Moszynski, Peter G. Stalemate at Machakos. Middle East International No.688:24-26 November 22, 2002.
"Sudan's latest round of peace talks broke up on 18 November at Machakos in Kenya."

Moszynski, Peter G. Ten Minute Truce. Middle East International No.686:25-26 October 25, 2002.
"Sudan's tortuous peace negotiations appear to have cleared another hurdle when a temporary cease-fire came into force on 17 October."

Peace, the Unimaginable. Economist 367:41-42 May 17, 2003.
"American pressure is nudging Sudan toward peace. But there is far to go."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9772092&db=aph

Pose, William and Van Dusen, Eliza. Sudan's Islamic Revolutions as a Cause of Foreign Intervention in Its Wars: Insights from Balance of Threat Theory. Civil Wars 5:1-64 Autumn 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10545298&db=aph

Powell, Sara. Sudan's Foreign Minister in Washington. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 21:94 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8832597&db=aph

Salmon, Katy. Government Denies Massacre. West Africa No.4338:20 August 12, 2002.
"Soon after the Machakos agreement which seemed to promise an end to the Sudanese Civil War, there were reports of large-scale attacks and killings by government forces."

Salmon, Katy. Government Suspends Peace Talks. West Africa No.4343:20 September 16, 2002.
"Khartoum has called off peace talks after rebels take a key town."

Salopek, Paul. Shattered Sudan: Drilling for Oil, Hoping for Peace. National Geographic 203:30-59 February 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9080275&db=mth

Stricherz, Mark. Christians Push for More Progress in Sudan. Christianity Today 46:18 December 9, 2002.

Sudan. Military Technology 27:238-239 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Sudan: Coordinates. Africa Confidential 44:8 January 24, 2003.
While talks continue, "the National Islamic Front government is boosting its military response to the opposition."

Sudan: Death in Darfur. Africa Confidential 43:6-7 November 22, 2002.
"Despite the Machakos peace talks, government atrocities continue in Darfur."

Sudan/Iraq: Bum Steer. Africa Confidential 44:8 March 7, 2003.
Sudan hopes to improve its relationship with the West by trying Al Qaida and Iraq.

Sudan: Killing Fields. Africa Confidential 44:8 February 21, 2003.
"Oil money is again exacerbating the war."

Sudan: Mudding Machakos. Africa Confidential 43:3-4 August 9, 2002.
"The gap widens between interpretations of last month's peace agreement."

Sudan: 'Oppressive and Totalitarian'. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 June 27, 2003.
"The government threatens the Machakos peace process by holding onto its Islamist state."

Sudan Peace Talks Gather Momentum. MEED 46:2 August 2, 2002.

Sudan: Regression. Africa Confidential 44:8 July 25, 2003.
States that the National Islamic Front Government may return to talks.

Sudan: Saving Salvation. Africa Confidential 44:3-5 January 10, 2003.
"The NIF has won over Europeans and Arabs but U.S. patience is wearing thin."

Sudan: Sticking Points. Africa Confidential 44:8 June 13, 2003.
Negotiations between the warring sides are not going well.

Sudan/UN: License to Kill. Africa Confidential 44:8 April 18 2003.
States that the "United Nations Commission on Human Rights has given the National Islamic Front government a free hand to pursue its policy of human rights violations."

Sudan/USA: Not Forgotten. Africa Confidential 43:8 August 30, 2002.
The families of victims of September 11 attacks sue Republic of Sudan for damages.

Sudan: Voiceless. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 16, 2003.
"The banning of the Khartoum Monitor deprives southerners of a voice in the north at a crucial period in the Machakos talks."

Sudan: War Spreads. Africa Confidential 44:8 April 4, 2003.
"A double tragedy of fighting and famine threatens drought-stricken Darfur."


Swaziland


Internet Resources

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Swaziland, p 411.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Swaziland, pp 1517-1521.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

African Mom Sues to Keep Swaziland King from Marrying Her Daughter. Jet 102:12 November 25, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8502546&db=f5h

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Swaziland: A Ruler Out Of Touch. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:9 June 2003.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Swaziland: King Mswati's Doublespeak. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:9 July 2003.
King Mswati III warns those running not to "engage in ritual killing to improve their chances in the forthcoming October elections."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Swaziland: Misplaced Priority. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:7 August/September 2002.
Reports that King Mswati III plans to use public funds to buy himself a private jet despite the problems of AIDS and poverty in his nation.

Celebrating 30 Oppressive Years. Economist 367:41 May 17, 2003.
A state of emergency for the last 30 years allows Swaziland to deny human rights to its people.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9772094&db=aph

Dowden, Richard. Swaziland's Conquering Heroines. New Statesman 131:10-11 August 19, 2002.
Interviews women living with HIV.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7190145&db=f5h

Hall, James. Aid and Misspending. West Africa No.4342:20 September 9, 2002.
"Reports that in Swaziland and elsewhere eight donors are uneasy about government's use of funds."

Hall, James. The King, the 10th Bride, and Her Mum. New African No.413:25 December 2002.
"An unprecedented legal action that pits tradition against modernity is threatening to erode the royal prerogative of King Mswati III."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767662&db=f5h

Hall, James. Reform Is in the Air. New African No.415:26 February 2003.
"The coalition for government reform is becoming bigger and bigger, and business and the church have become members."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9035158&db=f5h

Hall, James. Swaziland Stands up to Polluters. African Agenda 6,no.1:54 2003.

Hlatshwayo, Vuyisile. Tightening the Screw. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:36 February 2003.
"Swaziland government gets an ultimatum from a powerful coalition of civic organisations to open up governance by introducing political and economic reforms."

Is the King above the Law? Economist 364:45 October 26, 2002.
The King of Swaziland takes a bride - by force.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7668673&db=aph

Judicial System in Crisis. West Africa No.4371:17-18 April 14, 2003.
"The country's rule of law is reported to be deteriorating against a background of confused legal structures and active government interference."

McCourt, Willy. Political Commitment to Reform: Civil Service Reform in Swaziland. World Development 31:1015+ June 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9710981&db=aph

Swaziland. Military Technology 27:268 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Swaziland: King and Pawns. Africa Confidential 43:6-7 September 27, 2002.
"Absolute monarchy may be benign but donors and neighbors don't like it."


Tanzania


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

United Republic of Tanzania: National Website.
Available online at: http://www.tanzania.go.tz/index2E.html

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Tanzania, pp 279-289.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

Berthelemy, Jean-Claude and Soderling, Ludvig. Emerging Africa. Paris, Development Centre of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2001. 231 p.
Tanzania, pp 197-205.
Book call no.: 320.9609049 B539e

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Tanzania, p 428.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Tanzania, p 215.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Tanzania, pp 1555-1560.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Widner, Jennifer A. Building the Rule of Law. New York, W. W. Norton, 2001. 454 p.
Information about judges in Tanzania.
Book call no.: 92 N9931w

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Documents

Mlimira, Richard Osmond. Independence and the Rise of Warlords in Africa.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2001. 10 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 M685i

Periodicals

Ainsworth, Martha. The Impact of the AIDS Epidemic on the Health of Older Persons in Northwestern Tanzania. World Development 31:131+ January 2003.

Anderson, George M. Of Many Things. America 188:2 January 6, 2003.
Discusses conditions in Tanzania.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8811332&db=f5h

Heilman, Bruce E. and Kaiser, Paul J. Religion, Identity and Politics in Tanzania. Third World Quarterly 23:691-709 August 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7484746&db=aph

Jennings, Michael. 'Almost an Oxfam in Itself': Oxfam, UFAMAA and Development in Tanzania. African Affairs 101:509-530 October 2002.

Kelsall, Tim. Shop Windows and Smoke-Filled Rooms: Governance and the Re-Politicisation of Tanzania. Journal of Modern African Studies 40:597-619 December 2002.

Mande, Mike. Dar Players Say No to Indian Textiles. African Agenda 6,no.2:17-18 2003.
"Tanzanian industrialist have expressed their opposition to attempts by Indian textile and rayon makers to export their products to Tanzania."

Msusa, Sheen. In the Grip of Corruption. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:18-19 March 2003.
"Once a leading light of political and corporate integrity, Tanzania is currently afflicted by the graft disease that has crippled many African economies."

Ndaskoi, Navaya ole. The Maasai Predicament. New African No.419:44-46 June 2003.
States that the Maasai people have been pushed off their land to make room for national parks and game preserves but they have received little in return.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9957518&db=f5h

Tagama, Herald. Land Is Becoming a Hot Issue. New African No.419:46 June 2003.
"Reports on how the government's attempt to change the land laws in favor of foreign investors is arousing passions in the country."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9957519&db=f5h

Tagama, Herald. Whose for Privatization? New African No.409:17 July/August 2002.
"Privatisation programme is going ahead despite the criticisms."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7068968&db=f5h

Tanzania. Military Technology 27:269 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Tanzania: Multi-Party, Single Party. Africa Confidential 43:6-7 November 8, 2002.
"The next president is being picked by a party caucus, not by the people."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Penny Wise, Pound Foolish. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:41 February 2003.
"Fish stock in Lake Victoria are diminishing and need replenishing. Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya need to take immediate steps to redress the situation or face graver consequences later."

Williams, Stephen. New Power Project. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:44 March 2003.
"UK firm takes controlling stake in a company that will harness Tanzania's gas resources to produce electricity."


Togo


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Packard, Gabriel. Togo Election 'Massive Fraud'. New York Amsterdam News 94: June 5, 2003. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9991884&db=f5h

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Togo's Official Web Page..
Available online at: http://members.tripod.com/~afangnik/Tog.htm
"Here at Togo's web page you will find the most comprehensive collection of information about Togo's history, government, investment opportunities, economic developments, and travel. You will also find important and useful phone numbers and addresses of Togo agencies and other organizations."

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Ethnicity in Ghana: The Limits of Invention, edited by Carola Lentz and Paul Nugent. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 236 p.
'A Few Lesser Peoples': The Central Togo Minorities and Their Ewe Neighbours by Paul Nugent, pp 162-182.
Book call no.: 305.8009667 E84

Houngnikpo, Mathurin C. Determinants of Democratization in Africa: A Comparative Study of Benin and Togo. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2001. 257 p.
Several chapters on history, politics, and military in Benin and Togo.
Book call no.: 320.9668 H839d

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Togo, p 438.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Togo, pp 215-216.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Togo, pp 1568-1572.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Togo: Olympio's Sense of Duty. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8 April 2003.
"The Union of Forces for Change, the main opposition party in Togo, has elected its exiled leader Gilchrist Olympio, who resides in France to contest presidential elections due this year."

Ekeke, Martin. It's Eyadema Again. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:21 July 2003.
"Africa's longest serving ruler Gnassingbe Eyadema, is retuned to power in yet another controversial election."

Ekeke, Martin. Till Death Do Them Part. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:24 June 2003.
"Africa's longest surviving head of state, Eyadema, is set to win another election this month, making it virtually certain that he has become the Togolese ruler for life."

Godwin, Ebow. Buy Me, I'm Still the Best. New African No.419:29 June 2003.
"Cote D'Ivoire's descent into anarchy has frightened the Togolese into thinking of voting for 'the devil they know'."

Godwin, Ebow. Eyadema Faces Voters Again. West Africa No.4379:15 June 9, 2003.
Wonders about the outcome of the presidential election in Togo.

Misser, Francois. Is It Rehabilitation for Eyadema? New African No.410:38 September 2002.
Discusses relationship between Togo and the European Union.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7382753&db=f5h

Never Togo. Economist 367:41-42 June 7, 2003.
President Eyadema wins yet another election.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9970937&db=aph

Togo. Military Technology 27:269-270 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Togo: Democratic Doubts. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 2, 2003.
The fairness of presidential elections to be held on 1 June seems in doubt.

Togo: Five-Year Farce. Africa Confidential 44:5-6 May 30, 2003.
"Togo's presidential election will be no better than the last two."


Tunisia


Internet Resources

Arab Net..
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Tunisia Online..
Available online at: http://www.tunisiaonline.com/
Includes information about history, government, economy, environment, and news updates.

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Tunisia, pp 441-442.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

The Middle East and North Africa 2003. 49th edition. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 915.6 M627 49th ed. 2003

The Middle East Military Balance 2001-2002, edited by Shlomo Brom and Yiftah Shapir. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2002. 465 p. (BCSIA Studies in International Security)
Includes information for each country such as: general data, arms procurement and security assistance received, arms sales, foreign military cooperation, weapons of mass destruction and armed forces.
Book call no.: R 355.033056 M627 2001/2002

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Tunisia, pp 118-119.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Tunisia, pp 1583-1588.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

United States. Congress. Senate and House. Committee on Foreign Relations and Committee on International Relations. Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2001. Washington, GPO, 2002.  952 p.
Assistance for Tunisia, pp 554-555.
Also available online at: http://www.dsca.osd.mil/programs/LPA/LoFR01.pdf
Book call no.: 327.73 L697L 2001 v.1A

White, Gregory. A Comprehensive Political Economy of Tunisia and Morocco: On the Outside of Europe Looking in. Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 2001. 252 p.
Book call no.: 338.961 W584c

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Blueprint for the Times. Middle East no.328:35 November 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8601235&db=aph

Bush, George W. Memorandum on Military Drawdown for Tunisia. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 38:1370 August 19, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7312232&db=f5h

Constructing a Democratic Society. Middle East no.328:36 November 2002.
Discusses opposition parties in Tunisia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8601236&db=aph

Crumley, Bruce. One Reason to Still Love the French. Time 161:23 June 23, 2003.
Arrest of Christian Ganczarski, an al-Qaeda sympathizer, who communicated with the suicide bomber of a synagogue in Tunisia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10027065&db=aph

The Gift of Clear Vision. Middle East no.328:34 November 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8601233&db=aph

How Solidarity Can Beat Poverty. Middle East No.336:36 July 2003.
The UN uses Tunisia as an economic model to base programs for poverty elimination.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10171706&db=mth

Reaching for Excellence. Middle East no.327:35 October 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7591610&db=aph

Sadiki, Larbi. The Search for Citizenship in Bin Ali's Tunisia: Democracy Versus Unity. Political Studies 50:497-513 August 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6991415&db=aph

Tunisia: Africa's Bridge to the World. New African No.420:33-36 July 2003.
Three articles about modern Tunisia.

Tunisia Is a Model, Says the EC. Middle East no.327:34 October 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7591609&db=aph

Tunisia: Relationship with the European Union. New African No.411:32-36 October 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7673676&db=f5h

Versi, Aner. Africa's Model Economy. Middle East No.336:33-34 July 2003.
Discusses Tunisia's economic growth.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10171704&db=mth

Versi, Aner. Tunisia's African Dimension. Middle East No.336:34-35 July 2003.
"Tunisia has been intimately involved in the affairs of the rest of the continent from the era of the fight for independence to the current thrust for economic development."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10171705&db=mth

Versi, Anver. The Republic of the Future. New African No.412:33-36 November 2002.
Discusses the changes that have taken place in Tunisia for the last 15 years.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8560153&db=f5h


Uganda


Internet Resources

Bush Cites Uganda's Anti-AIDS Program As Template for Action. CQ Weekly 61: March 8, 2003. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9320688&db=aph

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Government of Uganda..
Available online at: http://www.government.go.ug/

Otieno, Gladwell. Security Brief. African Security Review 12: February 2003. 9 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9454111&db=mth
Information about cease-fire in Angola and fighting in Uganda.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Salmon, Katy. Uganda: Government, Rebel Peace Talks on Shaky Ground. New York Amsterdam News 93: August 1, 2002. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7170096&db=f5h

Stein, Lisa. Bush's Visit to Uganda Raises Hopes and Sparks Controversy. Lancet 362: July 19, 2003. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10297057&db=aph

Wendo, Charles. Uganda Leads Africa's Charge Against Guinea Worm Disease. Lancet 361: April 26, 2003. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9600252&db=aph

Wendo, Charles. UN Agency Resumes Food Aid in Uganda Despite Attacks. Lancet September 28, 2002. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7403323&db=aph

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa at the Millennium: An Agenda for Mature Development, edited by Bakut tswah Bakut and Sagarika Dutt. New York, Palgrave, 2000. 294 p.
Progress Towards Democracy in Africa: Uganda as a Case Study by Oliver Furley, pp 126-141.
Book call no.: 320.9609049 A258

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Uganda, pp 291-302.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

The African Stakes of the Congo War, edited by John F. Clark. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 249 p.
Museveni's Adventure in the Congo War: Uganda's Vietnam? By John F. Clark, pp 145-165.
Book call no.: 967.51033 A258

Berthelemy, Jean-Claude and Soderling, Ludvig. Emerging Africa. Paris, Development Centre of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2001. 231 p.
Uganda, pp 189-196.
Book call no.: 320.9609049 B539e

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Uganda, p 452.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 670 p.
For each group provides information on "tactics, assessments of numbers, leaders and political affiliations, and major incidents committed" during the last two years.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003 iss.18

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Uganda, p 216.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Uganda, pp 1606-1611.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Adam, Christopher S. and Gunning, Jan Willem. Redesigning the Aid Contract: Donors' Use the Performance Indicators in Uganda. World Development 30:2045-2056 December 2002.

Adibe, Jideofor. The Faceless Africans. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:31-32 January 2003.
"Life in urban refugee camps in Kampala and Nairobi is gritty, often remorseless, as displaced people are let down by governments of Kenya and Uganda, and also by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Uganda: AIDS Vaccine Trials Begin. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:7 March 2003.
"Trials of a vaccine specially designed to resist the A strain of the HIV virus, which is the type common in East Africa, have begun with human volunteers and Uganda."

Barovick, Harriet. Exiles of the Rich and Infamous. Time 161:15 February 3, 2003.
Mentions Idi Amin of Uganda and Mengistu Haile Mariam of Ethiopia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8969018&db=aph

Child Terrorism in the Lord's Name. West Africa No.4376:20-21 May 19, 2003.
"For nearly two decades the children of northern Uganda have lived under the terror of killings and actions by the Lord's Resistance Army. But the LRA's atrocities remain largely under-reported because of Uganda's overall economic success."

Cline, Lawrence E. Spirits and the Cross: Religiously Based Violent Movements in Uganda. Small Wars and Insurgencies 14:113-130 Summer 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=11418642&db=aph

Congo K./Rwanda/Uganda: Proxy Wars and Slaughter. Africa Confidential 43:5-6 October 25, 2002.
"The confused killing in eastern Congo involves politics, tribalism and plain greed."

Dicklitch, Susan. A Basic Human Rights Approach to Democracy in Uganda. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 20:203-222 July 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7105452&db=aph

Dowden, Richard. Our Strange Friends in the South. New Statesman 132:32 April 21, 2003.
"Only four African countries supported the war, (in Iraq) and their leaders have a taste for invading their neighbors."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9538938&db=f5h

Dreher, Rod. Death in Africa..and Stoppable Death at That: How to Combat AIDS. National Review 55:25-28 February 10, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8986789&db=mth

Ellis, Frank and Bahiigwa, Godfrey. Livelihoods and Rural Poverty Reduction in Uganda. World Development 31:997+ June 2003.

Francis, Paul and James, Robert. Balancing Rural Poverty Reduction and Citizen Participation: Uganda's Decentralization Program. World Development 31:325-337 February 2003.

Give Us Freedom, and Kampala. Economist 366:45 February 8, 2003.
"Uganda's biggest tribe calls for federalism and autonomy."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9065773&db=aph

Goetz, Anne Marie. No Shortcuts to Power: Constraints on Women's Political Effectiveness in Uganda. Journal of Modern African Studies 40:549-575 December 2002.

How Democratic Is Uganda? West Africa No.4379:26 June 9, 2003.
"In spite of government achievements on other fronts, analysts say it is unclear whether Uganda has improved its civil rights record."

Idi Amin's Man in the Dock. Economist 367:45 April 12, 2003.
"Justice, Ugandan-style."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9508669&db=aph

Jackson, Paul. The March of the Lord's Resistance Army: Greed or Grievance in Northern Uganda? Small Wars and Insurgencies 13:29-52 Autumn 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10545324&db=aph

Kambale, Juakali. Fishing on the Congo-Uganda Border. West Africa No.4364:29-30 February 24, 2003.
"Reports on plans to revive fishing in two of Africa's Great Lakes - Lake Edward and Lake Albert."

Kazini, Martin. Trouble, Trouble, Trouble. New African No.412:24 November 2002.
"Uganda is going through a difficult time. The war in the North has flared up again and President Museveni is under pressure to go for a negotiated settlement."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8560149&db=f5h

Mukulu, Andrew. Even 'Darlings' Can Get Fed up. New African No.410:23 September 2002.
"I work well with Western countries, but they interfere too much."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7382743&db=f5h

Mwalulu, Jackson. Against All Expectation. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:29 August/September 2002.
"The tide is slowly turning on Museveni and his soldiers as rebel forces gain important foothold in northern Uganda."

Party Time? Economist 366:45 March 1, 2003.
"Uganda moves toward becoming a multi-party democracy."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9201368&db=aph

Resource Wars. Ecologist 32:29 December 2002/January 2003.
States that Rwanda and Uganda's involvement in the war in Congo is enhanced by the resources in that country.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8799039&db=aph

Rwanda/Uganda: High Dudgeon Summit. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 16, 2003.
Summit held to improve relations between Rwanda and Uganda.

Uganda. Military Technology 27:270 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Uganda/Congo-Kinshasa: Drummed out. Africa Confidential 44:8 May 2, 2003.
Ugandan troops leave the north-eastern section of Congo-Kinshasa.

Uganda: Don't Praise the Lord. Africa Confidential 43:1-3 August 9, 2002.
"Kony's northern rebels exposed the brewing armies faults but Operation Iron Fist fails to defeat them."

Uganda: Kazini Goes Back to School. Africa Confidential 44:2-3 June 13, 2003.
"The sacking of a top general has nothing to do with allegations of his corruption."

Uganda: The Great U-Turn. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 April 4, 2003.
"President Museveni calls for the freeing of parties and the chance of a third term at the top."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Change of Heart. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-22 June 2003.
"President Yoweri Museveni does an about-face as he re-embraces the rule book on multi-partyism."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Cruel and Unusual Punishment. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:30-31 April 2003.
"A commission set up by President Yoweri Museveni, hears strong and powerful arguments against capital punishment in Uganda where hundreds of people are currently on death row."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Dial-a-Phone. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:44 March 2003.
"Uganda's rural telecommunication project gets a new injection of funds from the World Bank."

Wakabi, Wairagala. The Idi Amin Days Are Back. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:19 February 2003.
"Under the guise of protecting his government from armed insurrection, Ugandan leader clamps down hard on the opposition, conjuring up fear of the bad old days of widespread arrest and torture."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Peace Dividend. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:18 October 2002.
"In Uganda, Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo, the thawing of frozen relations is finally bringing expected benefits."

Wakabi, Wairagala. Penny Wise, Pound Foolish. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:41 February 2003.
"Fish stock in Lake Victoria are diminishing and need replenishing. Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya need to take immediate steps to redress the situation or face graver consequences later."

Wakabi, Wairagala. A Step in the Wrong Direction. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:17 November/December 2002.
"Recent crackdown on a leading private newspaper maybe signal that Museveni's government is ready to get tough with Uganda's critical press."

Was the Miracle Faked? Economist 364:38-39 August 17, 2002.
Aids in Uganda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7182052&db=aph


Zambia


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Zambia Online: The National Homepage of Zambia..
Available online at: http://www.zambia.co.zm/

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Zambia, p 554.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Zambia, pp 216-217.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Rotberg, Robert I. Ending Autocracy, Enabling Democracy: The Tribulations of Southern Africa, 1960-2000. Cambridge, MA, World Peace Foundation, 2002. 546 p.
Zambia: Promise Forgone, pp 93-121.
Book call no.: 968.000904 R842e

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Zambia, pp 2005-2010.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Zones of Conflict in Africa: Theories and Cases, edited by George Klay Kieh, Jr. and Ida Rousseau Mukenge. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002. 174 p.
Democratic Consolidation and Civil Conflict in Zambia by Julius Ihonvbere, pp 139-162.
Book call no.: 303.60967 Z87

Periodicals

Akosah, Sarpong Kofi. Anti-Corruption Campaigns in Two African Countries. West Africa No.4337:32-33 August 5, 2002.
Anti-corruption campaigns in Zambia and the Central African Republic are targeting leading politicians.

Burnell, Peter. Legislative-Executive Relations in Zambia: Parliamentary Reform on the Agenda. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:47-68 January 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9263962&db=aph

Burnell, Peter. Zambia's 2001 Elections: The Tyranny of Small Decisions, 'Non-Decisions' and 'Not Decisions'. Third World Quarterly 23:1103-1120 December 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8790599&db=aph

Chinese Leader Visits Zambia. Beijing Review 46:7 February 27, 2003.
Briefly notes that Li Ruihuan visited Zambia.

Coghlan, Andy. Hungry for the Right Advice. New Scientist 177:4 February 1, 2003.
"Famine-struck Zambia is still rejecting food aid."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9094351&db=f5h

Doubts about Zambian Privatisation. West Africa No.4365:44-45 March 3, 2003.
"Privatisation, which is going ahead over much of Africa, has gone particularly far in Zambia and aroused controversy there."

Gello, Zerina. 'Sorry, We Don't Want Your GM Gift'. New African No.413:22-23 December 2002.
"If you are poor and starving you accept and eat anything, right? Wrong - not if you are Zambian."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767659&db=f5h

Geloo, Zarina. 'Maize Mania' Decried. West Africa No.4358:24 January 13, 2003.
"In the famine relief effort in Zambia a major staple food, cassava, has been neglected though there are abundant local stocks of it."

Geloo, Zarina. The 'Master Dribbler' Dribbled? New African No.417:24-25 April 2003.
"In other parts of the world, former presidents are feted as elder statesmen. Not in Zambia. Kenneth Kaunda was humiliated out of office, and Frederick Chiluba (who did it to Kaunda) has now become a victim himself."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481613&db=f5h

Geloo, Zarina. Mwanawassa Walks Alone. New African No.420:32 July 2003.
"Never in history of Zambia has a leader tried so hard to distance himself from his ruling party as President Levy Mwanawasa."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10241362&db=f5h

Geloo, Zarina. Not a Pretty Picture. New African No.415:25 February 2003.
The task force investigating government corruption is finding their task difficult.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9035157&db=f5h

Geloo, Zarina. Zambia. New Internationalist No.350:36 October 2002.
General information about the country Zambia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7526998&db=aph

Gondwe, Kennedy. Furore over GM Foods. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:29-30 October 2002.
"Should Zambia accept potentially harmful genetically modified foods for its starving millions or should it just watch them die?"

Gondwe, Kennedy. His Hands in the Till. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:21-22 August/September 2002.
"Accusations of corruption and misappropriation of state funds catch up with former Zambia President Frederic Chiluba."

Gondwe, Kennedy. The Morning after. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:34-35 January 2003.
"Privatisation of some public companies has not brought the promised dividends in Zambia, forcing government to take a long, hard look at the programme."

Gondwe, Kennedy. A Nation in Turmoil. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:32 July 2003.
"The dismissal of former vice president Enoch Kavindele throws up other problems for President Mwanawasa."

Gondwe, Kennedy. Noose Tightens. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:19 October 2002.
"Former Zambian leader Frederick Chiluba loses his battle to get the high court to overturn parliament's decision to lift his immunity from persecution."

Gondwe, Kennedy. Payback Time. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:35 March 2003.
"Former Zambia ministers and security chief are in the dock, charged with corruption. But observers think there may be more to their arrest than government is explaining."

Gondwe, Kennedy. Shifting Political Sands. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:32 April 2003.
"Times are hard for former president, Frederick Chiluba as he loses his battle to regain his immunity; meanwhile President Mwanawasa is co-opting the opposition in his cabinet."

Gondwe, Kennedy. Why We Struck. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:29 February 2003.
"Leader of the 1997 coup against the government of President Chiluba, not only justifies the action of a Supreme Court hearing, but also appeals to his countrymen and women for forgiveness."

Jere, Muzondwasi. 'Things Are Going to Get Dirtier'. New African No.411:24-25 October 2002.
"President Levy Mwanawasa has had his 'zero tolerance of corruption', but his victims appear to have something that could bring the house down on him."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7673671&db=f5h

Misser, Francois. America, EU and Food Aid to Africa. New African No.416:33 March 2003.
"The Americans want Zambia sanctioned for rejecting U.S.-supplied GM food aid. But the EU is not too interested."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9286015&db=f5h

Muuka, Nkombo. To Privatise or Not? The Case of Zambia. Africa Insight 32:12-20 December 2002.

Pillai, Vijayan K. and others. AIDS Prevention in Zambia: Implications for Social Services. World Development 31:149+ January 2003.

Rossouw, Henk. Zambia, Zimbabwe Close Universities. Chronicle of Higher Education 49:A37 March 28, 2003.
Faculty strikes in Zambia and Zimbabwe close universities.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9410580&db=f5h

Russell, Hugh. His Holiness Was Not Amused. Spectator 291:14 January 4, 2003.
Recounts the Vatican's reaction to Zambia's Archbishop Milingo.

Russell, Hugh. Immortal Maize. Spectator 289:18 August 17, 2002.
Discusses impending famine in Zambia.

Zambia. Military Technology 27:270-271 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Zambia: Corruption Club. Africa Confidential 43:2-3 September 27, 2002.
"Mwanawasa's anti-corruption claims are in doubt as evidence of election-rigging emerges."

Zambia Ex-Prexy Kaunda First in Boston U. African Leaders Program. Jet 102:36-37 September 23, 2002.
Former heads of state can participate in a years residence at Boston University.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7348041&db=f5h

Zambia: Looking for Clues. Africa Confidential 43:8 August 30, 2002.
"Zambia's under-paid detectives are no match for the sophisticated networks built up by ex-president Frederick Chiluba" as they try to trace possible plunder.

Zambia: Poison and Bankruptcy. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 March 7, 2003.
"Arresting the former President sets a precedent and splits the ruling party."

Zambia: Sacking the Veep. Africa Confidential 44:5-6 June 13, 2003.
"Frayed tempers and shoddy deals lie behind President Levy Mwanawasa's political cull."

Zambia: The Fund's No Fun. Africa Confidential 44:8 July 11, 2003.
The International Monetary Fund will not release $100 million to Zambia because it overspent its budget.


Zimbabwe


Internet Resources

CIA World Factbook 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
General information about each country.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa..
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

U.S. Approach to Zimbabwe Loses Favor with Some Leaders. New York Amsterdam News 93: August 29, 2002. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10072784&db=f5h
Some Southern African leaders disapprove of the U.S.'s position with respect to Zimbabwe.

Books

Africa 2003. 28th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2002. 318 p.
General information about each country including history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 38th ed. 2003

Africa Review 2001/02. 24th ed. Saffron Walden, Essex, England, Walden Publishing, 2003. 368 p.
General information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960 A25811 24th ed. 2001/2002

Africa South of the Sahara 2003. 32nd ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2003. 1353 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.: R 916.7 A258 32nd ed 2003

African Economic Outlook. Paris, OECD, 2002. 347 p.
Zimbabwe, pp 303-315.
Book call no.: 330.96 A 2584 2001/2002

The African Stakes of the Congo War, edited by John F. Clark. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 249 p.
A Political and Military Review of Zimbabwe's Involvement in the Second Congo War by Martin R. Rupiya, pp 93-105.
Book call no.: 967.51033 A258

Blair, David. Degrees in Violence: Robert Mugabe and the Struggle for Power in Zimbabwe. New York, Continuum, 2002. 256 p.
Book call no.: 968.92051 B635d

Brown, William. The European Union and Africa: The Restructuring of North-South Relations. New York, I.B. Tauris, 2002. 249 p. (Library of International Relations)
Book call no.: 337.406 B881e

Chan, Stephen. Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. Ann Arbor, MI, University Of Michigan Press, 2003. 240 p.
Book call no.: 92 M951c

Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations: Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, United States, Secretary of State, 2003. 580 p.
For each country lists amount of various types of aid given plus the U.S. interest in that country, and objectives and justification.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 FY2004

International Military Markets. Middle East & Africa. Newton, CT, Forecast International, 2003. 1 vol.
For each country gives information such as type of government, economics, and military analysis.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Paul Jackson. Issue 18. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 583 p.
Zimbabwe, p 556.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 Issue 18 2003

Meredith, Martin. Our Votes, Our Guns: Robert Mugabe and the Tragedy of Zimbabwe. New York, PublicAffairs, 243 p.
Book call no.: 968.91051 M559o

The Military Balance 2002-2003. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002. 352 p.
Zimbabwe, p 217.
Book call no.: 355 L847m 2002/2003

Owomoyela, Oyekan. Culture and Customs of Zimbabwe. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2002. 163 p. (Culture and Customs of Africa)
Book call no.: 968.91 O97c

A Political Chronology of Africa. London, Europa Publications, 2001. 499 p.
Chronology includes early dates, but has greater coverage for recent dates.
Book call no.: R 320.9609 P769

Ramsay, F. Jeffress and Edge, Wayne. Global Studies: Africa. 10th ed. Guilford, CT, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004. 272 p.
Gives general information about each country.
Book call no.: R 960.05 G562 10th ed. 2004

Rasmussen, R. Kent. Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2001. 451 p. (African Historical Dictionaries, no.86)
Book call no.: 968.91 R895h

Rotberg, Robert I. Ending Autocracy, Enabling Democracy: The Tribulations of Southern Africa, 1960-2000. Cambridge, MA, World Peace Foundation, 2002. 546 p.
From Settler Rhodesia to African Zimbabwe, pp 48-92. Grandiosity and Greed: Zimbabwe, pp 226-280.
Book call no.: 968.000904 R842e

Schwartz, Richard. Coming to Terms: Zimbabwe in the International Arena. New York, I. B. Tauris, 2001. 200 p. (International Library of African Studies; no.12)
Book call no.: 968.91051 S399c

Statesman's Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2004, edited by Barry Turner. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 2072 p.
Zimbabwe, pp 2011-2017.
Book call no.: R 310 St2 140th ed. 2004

Tshosa, Onkemetse. National Law and International Human Rights Law: Cases of Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. Burlington, VT, Aldershot, 2001. 317 p. (Law, Social Change, and Development)
Book call no.: 342.68085 T882n

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Subcommittee on African Affairs. Zimbabwe's Political and Economic Crisis, Hearing before the Subcommittee on African Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate 107th Congress 1st session June 28 2001. Washington, GPO, 35.
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS15220
Book call no.: 341.481 U584ua

White, Luise. The Assassination of Herbert Chiteop: Texts and Politics in Zimbabwe. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2003. 139 p.
Book call no.: 968.9105 W585a

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations: World Leaders 2002. Detroit, MI, Gale, 2002. 657 p.
Provides biographical information about the head of each country's government.
Book call no.: R 031 W927 2002 v.6

Periodicals

Ankomah, Baffour. "The Conservatives Would Never Have Done That." New African No.415:48-55 February 2003.
"David Hasluck, the immediate past director of Zimbabwe's White Commercial Farmers Union (CFU), blames Tony Blair's Labour Government for messing up in Zimbabwe."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9035169&db=f5h

Ankomah, Baffour. "The Land Has Come Back." New African No.415:12-19 February 2003.
Two articles about Zimbabwe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9035151&db=f5h

At the Mercy of a Dictator. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-25 March 2003.
"With Africa divided over the deteriorating situation in Zimbabwe, opposition groups find themselves with their backs to the wall as government unleashes more terror on the people."

At the Receiving End of Mugabe's Punch. Economist 367:44 June 14, 2003.
"Morgan Tsvangirai is now doubly charged with treason."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10015675&db=aph

Bad Trip. New Republic 229:38 July 21, 2003.
Describes the situation in Zimbabwe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10251130&db=mth

Baker, Bruce. When to Call Black White: Zimbabwe Electoral Reports. Third World Quarterly 23:1145-1158 December 2002.
Cites wide disparity in what observers reported about elections.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8790596&db=aph

Bloomfield, Adrian. Land Grab Precipitates Famine. Insight on the News 18:32-33 September 23, 2002.
"Zimbabwe's president is seizing farms without compensation and turning them over to his relatives and political cronies."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7343196&db=f5h

Boateng, Osei. Regime Change Was Not Discussed. New African No.419:32 June 2003.

Booysen, Susan. In the Crossfire of Zimbabwe's War for Political Survival. Africa Insight 32:3-10 September 2002.

Bush, George W. Effective Order 13288 - Blocking Property of Persons Undermining Democratic Processes or Institutions in Zimbabwe. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:305-306 March 10, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9527775&db=f5h

Bush, George W. Message to Congress Reporting on the National Emergency with Respect to Zimbabwe. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:306 March 10, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9527776&db=f5h

Case of Mutual Suspicion. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-25 January 2003.
"To Zimbabwe's opposition leaders, South Africa is no longer an honest broker in the crisis management of their country, but a leading parliamentarian defends ANC and the Mbeki government."

Chan, Stephen. Land and Starvation. World Today 59:18-20 March 2003.

Chasan, Alice. Left Me Nothing. World Press Review 49:3 October 2002.
Discusses the situation in Zimbabwe which has led to famine.

Chimutengwende-Gordon, Mukai. AIDS There Is Hope but... New African No.412:48-49 September 2002.

Clapham, Christopher and Mills, Greg. South Africa Considers Options in Zimbabwe. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:38-40 June 2003.

Coghlan, Andy. GM Row Delays Food Aid. New Scientist 175:4-5 August 3, 2002.
"Despite the famine, Zimbabwe is refusing to accept thousands of tonnes of genetically modified maize offered by the U.S."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7209422&db=f5h

Coleman, Sarah. Zimbabwe: Mugabe's Grip Loosens. World Press Review 50:29 July 2003.
Zimbabwe focuses on regime change.

Coleman, Sarah. Zimbabwe: Sticky Wickets. World Press Review 50:29 April 2003.
Reports that 2003 World Cup cricket matches will be held in Zimbabwe.

Cuffed Justice. Economist 364:45 September 21, 2002.
The administration in Zimbabwe tries to control courts with violent methods.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7370326&db=aph

Dansereau, Suzanne. Liberation and Opposition in Zimbabwe. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:173-191 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088693&db=aph

Dawu, Julius. Iden Wetherell: Pulling No Punches. World Press Review 49:20-21 October 2002.
Discusses Iden Wetherell, the editor of the newspaper Zimbabwe Independent.

Dawu, Julius. Zimbabwe: On Trial for His Country. World Press Review 50:30 May 2003.
"Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai and two of his senior officials in the Movement for Democratic Change, Welshman Ncube and Renson Gasela, are on trial in Zimbabwe for alleged treason."

Defiant Mugabe. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:22-24 October 2002.
"Africa and the international community are still prevaricating on what to do with President Mugabe. Meanwhile the brutal dictator is consolidating his reign of terror in this multi-race, multi-ethnic nation."

Dube, Loughty. Tough Time for Zimbabwean Asylum-Seekers. World Press Review 50:33 February 2003.
"Thousands of Zimbabweans fleeing President Mugabe's misrule and harsh economic conditions at home are about to find their way to the United Kingdom blocked after the British government last week moved to reduce the chances of asylum-seekers making successful claims in that country."

Elich, Gregory. The Brigade Against Mugabe. New African No.411:44-47 October 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7673684&db=f5h

Fennell, Tom. 'They Want Everything': A Canadian Family Waits in Fear as Robert Mugabe Moves Against His Country's White Farmers. Maclean's 115:32-33 September 2, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7232850&db=f5h

Food for Votes. Christianity Today 47:29 January 2003.
"Aid agencies fight starvation, Mugabe's brutal policies."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8686562&db=f5h

The Great Terrain Robbery. Economist 364:37 August 17, 2002.
"Whites are not the only victims, and land is not the only asset being grabbed."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7181968&db=aph

Hanging on by a Thread. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 8:23-24 August/September 2002.
"Unless President Robert Mugabe has a dramatic change of heart, Zimbabwe is bound to sink deeper into political and economic wilderness."

Hill, Geoff. Male Rape, the Latest Weapon for Mugabe's Men. New Statesman 132:31 June 9, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9990567&db=f5h

Isaac, Rael J. Africa's Saddam. American Spectator 36:48-51 June/July 2003.
Discusses Robert Mugabe and his effect on Zimbabwe.

Kamete, Amin. In Defence of National Sovereignty? Urban Governance and Democracy in Zimbabwe. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:193-213 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10088699&db=aph

Kazungu, P. and Kube, Ishmael. The Mother of All Ranches. New African No.410:40-43 September 2002.
The government of Zimbabwe has plans for part of the Oppenheimer Shangani Estate.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7382756&db=f5h

Kenya/Zimbabwe: The Big Men Look to the Future. Africa Confidential 43:1-2 December 20, 2002.
"As President Moi prepares to retire, his fellow septuagenarian President Mugabe continues the battle for power."

Kinsey, Bill H. Survival or Growth? Temporal Dimensions of Rural Livelihoods in Risky Environments. Journal of Southern African Studies 28:615-629 September 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7362286&db=f5h

Lamb, Christina. Could Zimbabwe Be the Next Rwanda? New Statesman 132:27-28 February 24, 2003.
Warns of the possibility of genocide in Zimbabwe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9147252&db=f5h

Land Ownership at Crisis Point. New African No.416:36-39 March 2003.
"Events in Zimbabwe have put land reform at center stage in southern Africa, particularly in South Africa and Namibia. Already land occupations are taking place all over South Africa, and there are indications that they will accelerate this year."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9286020&db=f5h

MacGregor, Karen. One Side of the Story: Reporting Zimbabwe's Presidential Elections. Round Table No.366:551-557 September 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7405356&db=aph

Makumbe, John. Zimbabwe's Hijacked Election. Journal of Democracy 13:87-101 October 2002.

McGarry, Brian. Untangling Mugabe's Mess. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-22 March 2003.
"Father Brian McGarry, a Jesuit priest based in Zimbabwe gives an insight into the complex nature of the crisis in Zimbabwe."

McWilliams, Michael. Zimbabwe and the Commonwealth. Round Table No.368:89-98 January 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9235400&db=aph

Menezes, Gabrielle. Letter from Zimbabwe. Nation 276:27-29 May 12, 2003.
Droughts and land redistribution are bringing a famine on Zimbabwe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9629296&db=f5h

Mobley, Richard. The Beira Patrol: Britain's Broken Blockade Against Rhodesia. Naval War College Review 55:63-84 Winter 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6702143&db=aph

Mowbray, Joel. Mistrial. New Republic 229:13-14 July 28, 2003.
United States government appeals a ruling in favor of tortured Zimbabweans.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10307706&db=mth

Mugabe, Robert. Non-Aligned Movement: Let America Teach by Example. New African No.417:12-13 April 2003.
Speech given by Robert Mugabe to the Non-Aligned Movement stating that the U.S. should disarm to set the example for other countries.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481608&db=f5h

Nemarundwe, Nontokozo and Kozanayi, Witness. Institutional Arrangements for Water Resource Use: A Case Study from Southern Zimbabwe. Journal of Southern African Studies 29:193-206 March 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9428757&db=f5h

No Breakthrough yet. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:26-28 February 2003.
"Hopes that the crisis in Zimbabwe will be resolved soon are receding as government uses security agents to cow and frustrate a dispirited opposition."

"No Need to Panic". Economist 367:42 June 7, 2003.
The opposition parties stage a strike and street protests.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9970938&db=aph

Point of No Return. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:22-25 July 2003.
"Recent weeklong mass action in Zimbabwe and the force used to brutally put it down are indications that the political crisis in the country is reaching a boiling point."

Reeler, Tony. Crimes Against Humanity and Zimbabwe. World Press Review 50:46-47 June 2003.

Robertson, John. Aid - a Seriously Flawed Concept: The Case of Zimbabwe. South African Journal of International Affairs 10:115-122 Summer 2003.

Robinson, Simon. Eviction Day Arrives for the White Farmers. Time 160:8 August 19, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7136389&db=aph

Rossouw, Henk. Zambia, Zimbabwe Close Universities. Chronicle of Higher Education 49:A37 March 28, 2003.
Faculty strikes in Zambia and Zimbabwe close universities.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9410580&db=f5h

Rotberg, Robert I. Failed States in a World of Terror. Foreign Affairs 81:127-140 July/August 2002.
Failed states discussed include Zimbabwe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6836488&db=aph

Shaw, William H. 'They Stole Our Land': Debating the Expropriation of White Farms in Zimbabwe. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:75-89 March 2003.

Shoko, Chipo. The 'Final Push' That Never Was. New African No.420:28-29 July 2003.
The opposition party's, MDC, plan to oust Mugabe ends in failure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10241359&db=f5h

Shoko, Chipo. MDC Supporters Abandon Leader in Treason Trial. New African No.416:28 March 2003.
Leaders of the Movement for Democratic Change seem to have abandoned Morgan Tsvangirai during his treason trial.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9286003&db=f5h

Shoko, Chipo. Opposition Renews Bid to Unseat Mugabe. New African No.418:22-23 May 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9795740&db=f5h

Shoko, Rangarirai. Oh God, Let the Rains Come! New African No.414:18-19 January 2003.
"Having trounced the opposition to this land reform programme, President Mugabe and nearly 500,000 newly resettle farmers are now praying for the rains to come."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8909250&db=f5h

Shoko, Rangarirai. Stop Pushing Us around! New African No.413:18-19 December 2002.
"The SADC is fed up with being pushed around by the EU over Zimbabwe."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8767655&db=f5h

Southern Africa: Political Famine. Africa Confidential 43:5-6 August 9, 2002.
"Government corruption and greedy traders are adding to the horrors of the famine."

Southern Africa: Secession Issues. Africa Confidential 44:4-5 January 10, 2003.
"As President Thabo Mbeki heads for another term, other regional leaders aim to join him."

A Sting, a Trial and Rambling Evidence. Economist 366:44-45 February 8, 2003.
"Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe's rightful president, is on trial for his life."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9065772&db=aph

Stucky, Christina. Children with a Hunger to Survive. World Press Review 49:33-34 December 2002.
Discusses the plight of children of deceased AIDS patients in Zimbabwe.

Taking Charge. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:20-23 April 2003.
"Opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), changes strategy in its battle to wrestle Zimbabwe out of Mugabe's crushing grip."

Tatchell, Peter. Let's Turn off Mugabe's Lights. New Statesman 132:30-31 June 9, 2003.
"The best way to bring Zimbabwe's regime to its knees is for South Africa to cut its electricity supply."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9990564&db=f5h

Tsvangirai, Morgan. Zimbabwe's Deepening Crisis. South African Journal of International Affairs 10:131-137 Summer 2003.

Two Houses Divided. Economist 366:44 February 22 2003.
"Can the opposition and the ruling party talk about power-sharing?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9156986&db=aph

Wanted: New Driver. Economist 367:43 April 5, 2003.
"Can Robert Mugabe's regime be ousted peacefully, or will he cling on till his country is wrecked?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9462451&db=aph

Wetherell, Iden. How Can Zimbabwe Be Saved? World Press Review 50:32-33 February 2003.
"Zimbabwe, once prosperous, is now suffering an economic, political, and humanitarian crisis caused by disastrous policies."

Wetherell, Iden. "Sanctions Rage" Turned on Citizens. World Press Review 49:21-22 October 2002.
Criticizes the government for taking actions against its internal critics.

Weza, Sizani. Zimbabwe's Media under Scrutiny: The Work of the Media Monitoring Project Zimbabwe. Round Table No.366:545-550 September 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7405357&db=aph

The Whiff of Rotting Tyranny. Economist 366:49 January 18, 2003.
"Intimations of Robert Mugabe's political mortality."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8927112&db=aph

Zimbabwe. Military Technology 27:271 World Defence Almanac 2003.
Force structure.

Zimbabwe Bishops Criticize Government Corruption. America 188:5 April 21, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9535729&db=aph

Zimbabwe: Coming out of the Closet. Africa Confidential 44:1-2 January 24, 2003.
"The first plan may have failed but finding an exit route for Comrade Mugabe is now political centre stage."

Zimbabwe Evictions Rise; Cleric Quizzed. Christian Century 119:16 August 28, 2002.
Government applies pressure to church as it evicts White farmers.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7345856&db=f5h

Zimbabwe: Get a Move on. Africa Confidential 44:8 July 11, 2003.
Charles Utete, Chief Secretary to the President and Cabinet, retired in April.

Zimbabwe I: This Land Is Our Land. Africa Confidential 44:1-2 February 21, 2003.
"A secret government report shows how officials are grabbing farms and violently evicting landless farmers."

Zimbabwe II: Succession for Sale. Africa Confidential 44:2-3 February 21, 2003.
"Business interests are trading favors, and newspapers, to buy political advantage."

Zimbabwe: Land and Power. West Africa No.4341:9-13 September 2, 2002.
Several articles about President Mugabe and the situation in Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe: Landing in Trouble. Africa Confidential 44:8 March 21, 2003.
Discusses problems with the land policy brought to light by an audit.

Zimbabwe: Not Too Smart. Africa Confidential 43:8 October 11, 2002.
Smart sanctions are having little effect on Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe: Slow to Go. Africa Confidential 44:4-5 July 25, 2003.
"Diplomacy, not urgency, is the Bush-Mbeki formula for regime change in Harare."

Zimbabwe: The New Veterans March Home. Africa Confidential 43:1-3 November 22, 2002.
"Corrupt and politicised, President Mugabe's army may be more dangerous at home that it was in the Congo."

Zimbabwe: Votes and Gaols. Africa Confidential 44:8 April 4, 2003.
"On 31 March the Movement for Democratic Change retains some of the momentum it had lost with two by-election victories in its Harare strongholds."

Zimbabwe: What's Next? Africa Confidential 44:3-5 May 30, 2003.
"A messy endgame looms unless government and opposition starts serious negotiations."

Zimbabwe: Who's Next? Africa Confidential 44:3-4 May 16 2003.
"The endgame may have begun in Harare but Mugabe is playing it his way."

Zimbabwean Government Took Control This Month of a Private, Church-Run College... Chronicle of Higher Education 49:A34 June 27, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=10174378&db=f5h


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