AFRICA
Special Bibliography No. 159
Supplement No. 37


December 2004

Compiled by Joan T. Phillips
Bibliographer, Air University Library       
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents

General Information | Economics Aspects| Foreign Relations | Foreign Relations - U.S. | Health | History | Military Aspects | Natural Resources | Politics and Government | Social Aspects | African Union |

Central Africa | Eastern Africa | Northern Africa | Southern Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Western Africa |

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Congo (Brazzaville) | Congo ( Kinshasa) | Cote D'lvoire | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | Sao Tome and Principe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somalia-Operation Restore Hope| South Africa  |  Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe


Algeria


Internet Resources

Algeria. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, September 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/8005.htm

Algeriacom.
Available online at: http://www.algeria.com/
Includes news from Algeria.

Arab Net.
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Cordesman, Anthony H. The Military Balance in the Middle East. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2004. 560 p.
Published in cooperation with the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington D.C. For each country provides information on the military balance, resources and force trends, and national military forces.
Book call no.: 355.033056 C794m

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: North Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 683 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 961 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

Merom, Gil. How Democracies Lose Small Wars: State, Society, and the Failures of France in Algeria, Israel in Lebanon, and the United States in Vietnam. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003. 295 p.
Part II discusses the French in Algeria.
Book call no.: 355.02 M567h

The Middle East and North Africa 2004, 50th ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2004. 1378 p.
For each country provides information on the topics: physical and social geography, recent history, economy, statistical survey, directory, and bibliography.
Book call no.: R915.6 M627 50th ed. 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Watson, William E. Tricolor and Crescent: France and the Islamic World. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2003. 295 p.
See table of contents for sections on Morocco and Algeria.
Book call no.: 325.3440961 W343t

Periodicals

Africa in 2004. African Security Review 12:149+ November 2003.
Among events included are 1999 presidential elections in Algeria and forthcoming parliamentary elections in South Africa.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13245540

Al-Arian, Laila. Algeria Promises Scholarships for Ugandan Students. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 23:41-42 January/February 2004.

Algeria. Military Technology 28:211-212 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161316

Algeria: A Man for Election Seasons. Africa Confidential 45:6-7 March 19, 2004.
"Algerians dislike their clever President but they'll probably re-elect him."

Algeria's Presidential Election: Visas, Please. Economist 370:46 March 20, 2004.
"Many Algerians would rather emigrate than vote."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12594298

Algeria/USA: Desert Shadows. Africa Confidential 45:8 February 20, 2003.
Wonders about U.S. involvement in an ambush that killed nearly a dozen men somewhere between southern Algeria and northern Mali.

Babcock, James. 'Algerians Need Civilian Political System'. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:29-30 May 2004.
Discusses with Sheikh Abdahhah Djaballah, the leader of the El-Islah party, "the progress that has been made on the Democratic front."

Babcock, James. Winner by a Landslide. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:29-30 May 2004.
"President Bouteflika romps home to victory in Algerian poll which observers predicted would be very close. The opposition is crying foul."

Balche, Ed. Algeria and Rebels Negotiate Amnesty. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:11-12 June 2004.
"Up to 300 cadres from the Algerian Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat-GSPC) are negotiating with authorities to surrender in exchange for amnesty."

Balche, Ed. Salafist Splits Aid Bouteflika. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:8-9 April 2004.
"Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika faces the tough battle to win a second five-year term in the 8 April elections."

Brown, Jack. Letter from Algeria. Nation 278:18-19 April 12, 2004.
Families are organizing to force the government to disclose its part in the disappearance of thousands in the struggle against militant Islamists.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12649527

Fewer Deaths, Lower Debt. Economist 370:42 February 14, 2004.
Discusses the improving economy in Algeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12281431

Freer and More Peaceful. Economist 370:44+ April 17, 2004.
"An Arab state slouches towards democracy."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12853709

Knights, Michael. Algeria's Security Situation Declines Precipitously. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy vol 31, no.1-2:16-17 2003.

Knights, Michael. Algerian Operations Compress Islamist Insurgency. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:10-15 December 2003.
"A steady decline in the numbers of insurgent attacks in Algeria is testimony to the increased effectiveness of government operations."

Lake, Jon. Algeria's MiG-29 Order Imminent. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:6 June 9, 2004.
Algeria upgrades the MiG-29.

Mounir, B. Algiers, Shaken. World Press Review 50:33 August 2003.
Reports on an earthquake in Algiers, Algeria.

Novichkov, Nikolai. Algeria to Receive New-Built MiG-29s. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:20 March 31, 2004.
Algeria upgrades the MiG-29.

Orleans, Anne. Friends of Algeria Contribute Money to Earthquake Victims. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 22:84 September 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10643455

Setbacks for Terror. Economist 371:49-50 June 26, 2004.
Striking terrorist in Algeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13586355

Singapore of the Med. Middle East No.343:38 March 2004.
Compares the economic performance of Tunisia with its neighbors including Algeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12599689

Spencer, Claire. North Africa: Battles for Democracy. World Today 59:8-11 October 2003.
"The painfully slow advance of democracy in Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria may be more closely linked to the spread of terrorism than at first appears."

Watan, El. Where Were the Condolences for Algerian Victims of Terror? World Press Review 51:47 February 2004.

Willis, Michael J. Algerian Terrorism: Domestic Origins and International Links. South African Journal of International Affairs 10:63-76 Winter/Spring 2003.


Angola


Internet Resources

Angola. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, March 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6619.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Republic of Angola.
Available online at: http://www.angola.org/
"A public service of the Embassy of The Republic of Angola."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Duarte, Mafalda. Aid Policies in the War-Torn Countries: Promoting Development in Conflict Situations: The Case of Angola. Dallas, TX, University Press of America, 2003. 284 p.
Book call no.: 338.9109673 D812a

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Southern Africa, Issue 15. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 661 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 968 J33 iss.15 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

Levy, Bernard Henri. War, Evil, and the End of History. Hoboken, NJ, Melville House Publishing, 2004. 371 p.
The Black Diamonds of Angola, pp 9-27. The Pharaoh of the Nuba, pp 91-109.
Book call no.: 303.64 L668w

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Andersson, Neil and others. Mine Smartness and the Community Voice in Mine-Risk Education: Lessons from Afghanistan and Angola. Third World Quarterly 24:873-887 October 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11184957

Angola. African Agenda 6, no.4:5 2003.
"Angola's Cabinet Council has passed a project for the betterment of water supply and distribution to Luanda city."

Angola. Military Technology 28:246-247 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Angola: Black Gold Flows. Africa Confidential 45:2-4 January 23, 2003.
"If the powerful can get their hands on oil money, why bother about reform?"

Angola: Grains of Contention. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:6 June 2004.
"Almost 2 million Angolans face hunger because the government has banned genetically modified food aid."

Angola: Holding the Cash. Africa Confidential 44:3-5 November 21, 2003.
Expresses the opinion that President dos Santos will probably run for reelection, despite his statements.

Angola Receives Pledges of Support. Jane's Defence Weekly 40:18 December 10, 2003.
The two Congo nations have pledged to support Angola in its conflict with FLEC.

Angola to Participate in Peacekeeping. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:22 February 18, 2004.
Plans to contribute to UN peacekeeping missions.

Bunmi, Akpata-Ohohe. Angola: The Missing Oil Money. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:7 February 2004.
"More than $4bn in-state oil revenue disappeared from the Angolan government coffers between 1997 and 2002."

Eviatar, Daphne. Africa's Oil Tycoons. Nation 278:11-14+ April 12, 2004.
Despite riches from oil, Angola is a poor country.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12649500

France/Africa: Do Not Pass Go. Africa Confidential 44:8 November 21, 2003.
The French legal investigation into the Elf oil company is not over.

Jere, Gina. No Elections yet. New African No.428:44 April 2004.
Even though it is 12 years since Angola last held elections, no elections are imminent.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738122

Security Brief: Land Reform in Angola. African Security Review 12:40-41 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243745

The Shameless Rich and Voiceless Poor. Economist 370:42-43 January 24, 2004.
"Stomach-churning allegations about Angola's rulers."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12056337


Benin


Internet Resources

Benin. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, December 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6761.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Adam, Christopher and others. Performance-Based Conditionality: A European Perspective. World Development 32:1059-1070 June 2004.
"Reviews early experience (aid) with the EU initiative in four countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Madagascar and Uganda."

Air Crash. Beijing Review 47:9 January 8, 2004.
Shows rescue workers trying to free bodies from a wrecked airliner.

Benin. Military Technology 28:247 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

King, Martin L. Big Headache for Big Brother. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:13 October 2003.
"Nigeria gets tough on cross-border crimes, initiating security packs with neighbours-Benin, Niger and Chad."

Sparaco, Pierre. African 727 Crash Probe. Aviation Week & Space Technology 160:39 January 5, 2004.
"Authorities in the West African nation of Benin and a U.S. NTSB team will jointly seek to determine why a Boeing 727-200 crashed on Dec. 25 shortly after taking off from Contonou airport."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11932178

War Against Child Traffickers. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:16 November 2003.
"Cooperation between Benin and Nigeria over cross-border crimes in full swing as big brother Nigeria repatriates kidnapped children."


Botswana


Internet Resources

Botswana. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, April 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1830.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.".

Republic of Botswana: The Government of Botswana Web Site.
Available online at: http://www.gov.bw/home.html

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

The African State: Reconsiderations, edited by Abdi Ismail Samatar and Ahmed I. Samatar. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 2002. 286 p.
Botswana: Comprehending the Exceptional State by Abdi Ismail Samatar, pp 17-51.
Book call no.: 320.3 A258

Grassroots Governance: Chiefs in Africa and the Afro-Caribbean, edited by Donald I. Ray and P. S. Reddy. Calgary, Canada, University of Calgary Press, 2003. 313 p.
Traditional Leadership and Rural Local Government in Botswana by Keshav C. Sharma, pp 249-262.
Book call no.: 320.84096 G769

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Southern Africa, Issue 15. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 661 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 968 J33 iss.15 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Multi-Party Elections in Africa, edited by Michael Cowen and Liisa Laakso. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 387 p.
The Politics of National Elections in Botswana, Lesotho & Swaziland: Towards a Comparative Analysis by Michael Neocosmos, pp 27-59.
Book call no.: 324.967 M961

Periodicals

Akol, Jacob J. A Role Model for Southern Sudan? New African No.428:42-44 April 2004.
"A group of Southern Sudanese have been to Botswana to find out why the southern African country is such a prosperous and stable nation."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738119

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Botswana: Steady Progress on Corruption War. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8 October 2003.

Botswana. Military Technology 28:247-248 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Bushmen to Take Botswana to Court. Ecologist 34:10 July/August 2004.
Briefly describes the effort by Bushman in Botswana to fight eviction from their ancestral lands.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13791632

Listen to the Bushmen. Ecologist 33:40-42 September 2003.
Special report on the bushmen of the Kalahari.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10790436

Merafhe, Mompati S. Botswana Is Not Working Against Zimbabwe. New African No.422:66 October 2003.
"Botswana is not aware of, or party to, any plans to enforce a regime change in any country in the region. Even if the Americans and the British were planning to do so, Botswana would never allow itself to be used in such treacherous activities."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10946160

Mukumbira, Roderick. Up USA, down ICC. New African No.421:26 August/September 2003.
"Botswana has finally admitted designing an agreement with America giving U.S. citizens immunity from prosecution by the International Criminal Court."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11480760

Rossouw, Henk. Women's Rights Organizations in Botswana are Lobbying the Government to End a Longstanding Policy That Suspends Scholarships to Female Students Who Become Pregnant. Chronicle of Higher Education 50:A36 March 5, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12548018

Tiruneh, Gizachew. Democratic Development in Botswana and Tunisia: A Comparative Analysis. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 22:13-28 January 2004.

Why Are the Bushmen Being Evicted? Ecologist 33:32-33 September 2003.
"Since 1997 the government of Botswana has been systematically removing the bushmen from the Central, Kalahari Game Reserve."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10790366


Burkina Faso


Internet Resources

Burkina Faso. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, June 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2834.htm

Khabir, Ahmad. Vaccination Halts Meningitis Outbreak in Burkina Faso. Lancet 363: April 17, 2004. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12846503

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Harrison, Graham. Issues in the Contemporary Politics of Sub-Saharan Africa: The Dynamics of Struggle and Resistance. New York, Palgrave McMillan, 2002. 190 p.
Political Struggle As History: Burkina Faso, pp 145-153.
Book call no.: 320.967 H319i

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Adam, Christopher and others. Performance-Based Conditionality: A European Perspective. World Development 32:1059-1070 June 2004.
"Reviews early experience (aid) with the EU initiative in four countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Madagascar and Uganda."

Burkina Faso. Military Technology 28:248 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Bush, George W. Memorandum on Waving Prohibition on United States Military Assistance with Respect to Burkina Faso. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 40:956 May 31, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13511154

Hostile Neighbours. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:16 November 2003.
"Burkina Faso accuses Ivorian authorities of being the mastermind of the botched coup against President Compaore."

King, Martin L. Contrasting Fortunes. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:42 December 2003.
"It is a bumper harvest time in Burkina Faso, but locusts are threatening Mali's crops this year."

King, Martin L. Living on the Breadline. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:18 October 2003.
"A new survey shows the poverty level has worsened in the past five years."

Santiso, Carlos and Loada, Augustin. Explaining the Unexpected: Electoral Reform and Democratic Governance in Burkina Faso. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:395-419 September 2003.

Who's a Burkinabe? Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:24 April 2004.
A census and identity number will establish the citizenship of those living in Burkina Faso.


Burundi


Internet Resources

Burundi. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, November 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2821.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Chretien, Jean-Pierre. The Great Lakes of Africa: Two Thousand Years of History. New York, Zone Books, 2003. 503 p.
Book call no.: 967.6 C553g

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Rwanda: New Light Shed on Trigger for Genocide. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:6 April 2004.
French report states that Paul Kagame initiated the genocide in Rwanda.

Boshoff, Henri and Francis, Dara. The AU Mission in Burundi: Technical and Operational Dimensions. African Security Review 12:41-44 August 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=12441099

Burundi. Military Technology 28:249 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Burundi: A Stitch in Time... Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:7 June 2004.
"The warlords here are still recruiting thousands of child soldiers despite a peace accord."

Burundi Appoints Military Command. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:19 January 21, 2004.

Burundi: Cart before Horse. Africa Confidential 45:5-6 January 23, 2003.
"An offer to aid may tempt the last rebel movement in from the cold."

Burundi: Going Dutch. Africa Confidential 45:8 February 6, 2003.
"Peace hopes are rising again after the 19-20 January talks at the Hague between President Domitien Ndayizeye and Agathon Rwasa."

Burundi: Risky Dealings. Africa Confidential 44:8 December 19, 2003.
"Military reform and a new national army are key to the South African - led peace efforts."

Burundi's Civil War: Diehard Hutus. Economist 369:41 December 6, 2003.
"Small country, big war."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11616926

Burundi/South Africa: Zuma's other Hot Spot. Africa Confidential 44:5-6 August 8, 2003.
"Two rebel factions hold the SA-backed peace process in ransom."

Chinese Embassy Hit. Beijing Review 46:6 November 20, 2003.
"The Chinese Government urged the Burundian Government to take effective measures to guarantee the safety of the Chinese Embassy and its personnel."

In Brief. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:16 May 5, 2004.
Briefly discusses Nigeria expantion of Niger Delta operations; slow start for Liberian disarmament; and Burundi rebels agree to ceasefire.

Kyomo, Steven. An Elusive Peace: Can the Rebels Be Trusted? World Press Review 50:13 August 2003.
"Cast doubt on whether long-feuding rebel groups in Congo and Burundi can be trusted to respect peace accords."

Security Brief: Burundi: The Pretoria Protocol. African Security Review 12:37-38 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243430

Watt, Nigel. No News Is Good News. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:26-27 March 2004.
"For Burundi, a workable solution to its political problem may help keep the country out of international headlines."

Wolpe, Howard and others. Rebuilding Peace and State Capacity in War-Torn Burundi. Round Table 93:457-467 July 2004.
Discusses the "Burundi Leadership Training Program which aims to build capacity by offering training in collaborative decision making for Burundian leaders drawn from all social and institutional sectors."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13929223


Cameroon


Internet Resources

Cameroon. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, August 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/26431.htm

Cross-Species Transmissions of Simian Retroviruses in Africa and Risk for Human Health. Lancet 363: March 20, 2004. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12594383

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Chad: The Sound of Lucre. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8 October 2003.
"Chad begins pumping oil for export via Cameroon."

Cameroon. Military Technology 28:249-250 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Cameroon: Money in the Pipeline. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 August 8, 2003.
"Biya still looks like the only show in town but critics keep loyalist of their toes."

King, Martin L. Aboard Air Perhaps. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:35 January 2004.
Discusses the closing of Cameroon Airlines.

King, Martin L. Empty Promises. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:38-39 November 2003.
"Dreams of the good life for villagers along 1,100km oil pipeline route in Cameroon turn sour."

King, Martin L. Media Crackdown. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:19 May 2004.
"Private radio and television stations in Cameron face the wrath of President Paul Biya's government. Many of them are now shut down."

Krajick, Kevin. Diffusing Africa's Killer Lakes. Smithsonian 34:46-55 September 2003.
"In a remote region of Cameroon, an international team of scientists takes extraordinary steps to prevent the recurrence of a deadly natural disaster."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10664192

Mbuagbo, Oben T. and Akoka, Robert M. "Motions of Support" and Ethno-Regional Politics in Cameroon. Journal of Third World Studies 21:241-258 Spring 2004.

Musa, Tansa. Biya, The Life President? New African No.428:24-25 April 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738078

Musa, Tansa. One Candidate for Opposition. New African No.430:24 June 2004.
"To beat President Paul Biya in the coming elections planned for October, Cameroon's opposition parties are taking a cue from Kenya by forming a coalition and fielding one presidential candidate."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13271373

Musa, Tansa. Too Much Oil Was Bad News for Cocoa. New African No.422:50-51 October 2003.
"The government of Cameroon has launched an initiative to revive the countries cocoa and coffee sectors."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10946138

Olori, Toye. A 1961 Poll Haunts the Bakassi Hand over. African Agenda 6, no.4:33-34 2003.
"Efforts to implement a ruling on the border dispute between Nigeria and Cameroon have hit a snag, with the filing of a lawsuit by Cameroonian exiles who reject the decision."

Oyono, Phil R. One Step Forward, Two Steps Back? Paradoxes of Natural Resources Management Decentralisation in Cameroon. Journal of Modern African Studies 42:91-111 March 2004.

Paul Biya. New Internationalist No.361:29 October 2003.
Discusses politics in Cameroon.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11118983

Pipedreams. New Internationalist No.361:13 October 2003.
"Reports on the economic impact from the construction of a Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline in Africa."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11118927

Schmidt-Soltau, Kai. The Costs of Rainforest Conservation: Local Responses Towards Integrated Conservation and Development Projects in Cameroon. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 22:93-117 January 2004.

Schofield, Clive. Bakassi Dispute Could Derail West African Peace Process. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:44-49 March 2004.
"Investigates the implications of the dispute over the sovereignty of the Bakassi peninsula for the peace process between Cameroon and Nigeria."

Takougang, Joseph. The 2002 Legislative Election in Cameroon: A Retrospective on Cameroon's Stalled Democracy Movement. Journal of Modern African Studies 41:421-435 September 2003.

Takougang, Joseph. Nationalism, Democratisation, and Political Opportunism in Cameroon. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:427-445 September 2003.

Tumanjong, Emmanuel T. The Art of Political Manipulation. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:18-21 May 2004.
"Cameroon goes to the poll later this year but all agree that with the powers of incumbency at his disposal, the front runner and eventual winner would once again be President Biya."

Tumanjong, Emmanuel T. Biya's Triumphant "Resurrection." Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:19-20 July 2004.
"News of President Paul Biya's "death" while on a private visit to Europe throws Cameroon into near chaos."

Tumanjong, Emmanuel T. It's on Schedule Again. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:28 June 2004.
"Presidents Biya and Deby bury their differences to ensure that the Chad-Cameroon pipeline is launched without further delay."

Tumanjong, Emmanuel T. Mounting Crisis. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:15-17 May 2004.
"Cameroon is jolted by allegations of complicity in the alleged plot to oust Equatorial Guinea's President Mbasago. Malabo's decision to expel hundreds of Cameroonians over the affair is stoking the diplomatic standoff between the two countries."


Cape Verde


Internet Resources

Cape Verde. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, March 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2835.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Cape Verde. Military Technology 28:250 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Cape Verde: A Small Success. Africa Confidential 45:8 April 16, 2004.
"In July the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is to re-categorise Cape Verde as a Medium Developed Country."


Central African Republic


Internet Resources

Central African Republic. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, April 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/4007.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Central African Republic (CAR): Changing Tide. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8 October 2003.
The Central African Republic is trying to "clean up its reputation as the smugglers haven and corruption ridden country."

CAR Disarmament Funding Requirement. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:22 February 18, 2004.
Estimates that $13.5 million is needed to draw militias into civilian society.

Central African Republic. Military Technology 28:250-251 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Central African Republic: Aristid's Lavalas. Africa Confidential 45:8 March 19, 2004.
Haiti's ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and oil executives are settling in the CAR.

Matskyavichene, Marina. Hunger Prompts Students to Seize Embassy. Current Digest of Post-Soviet Press 55:20 September 10, 2004.
Students from Central African Republic seized their embassy in Moscow because they have not been paid in 2 and a half years and are starving.


Chad


Internet Resources

Chad. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, September 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5230.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Ringot, David and others. Rift Valley Fever in Chad. Emerging Infectious Diseases 10: May 2004. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13027931

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Election Observation and Democratization in Africa, edited by Jon Abbink and Gerti Hesseling. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 324 p.
The 1996-7 Elections in Chad: The Role of the International Observers by R. Buijtenhuijs, pp 211-227.
Book call no.: 324.967 E38

Intervention and Transnationalism in Africa: Global-Local Networks of Power, edited by Thomas M. Callaghy and others. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2001. 322 p.
New Sovereigns? Regulatory Authority in the Chad Basin by Janet Roitman, pp 240-263.
Book call no.: 320.6 I61

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: North Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 683 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 961 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Chad: The Sound of Lucre. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:8 October 2003.
"Chad begins pumping oil for export via Cameroon."

Chad. Military Technology 28:251 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Chad: Rebels all Around. Africa Confidential 45:7 April 16, 2004.
"President Deby looks vulnerable but the French and American governments see no credible alternative."

Chad Spells Relief "UNWFP." Logistics Today 45:18 January 2004.
UN sets up emergency operation in Chad to assist refugees leaving Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11923142

Chad/Sudan: The Language of Weapons. Africa Confidential 44:4-6 December 19, 2003.
"A sick President and armed uprisings threaten attempts to share out the oil more fairly."

Jere-Malanda, Regina. Oil Brings Good Tidings. New African No.421:59 August/September 2003.
"Chad has been celebrating good times, becoming a first-time oil producer when production from oilfields in the Doba Basin in the south of the country began in July."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11483288

King, Martin L. Big Headache for Big Brother. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:13 October 2003.
"Nigeria gets tough on cross-border crimes, initiating security packs with neighbours-Benin, Niger and Chad."

Mbakwe, Tom. Chad Joins the Oil Club. New African No.423:66 November 2003.
"After years of waiting, and many months of battling with environmental and human rights groups, Chad has finally become an oil producer."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11344450

Pipedreams. New Internationalist No.361:13 October 2003.
"Reports on the economic impact from the construction of a Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline in Africa."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11118927

Rosenhack, Dan. Chemical Weapons: Who Used Them and Where. New Statesman, 17, 132: August 25, 2003.
Chart indicates uses of chemical weapons in various countries.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10689285

Tumanjong, Emmanuel T. It's on Schedule Again. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:28 June 2004.
"Presidents Biya and Deby bury their differences to ensure that the Chad-Cameroon pipeline is launched without further delay."


Comoros


Internet Resources

Arab Net.
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

Comoros .Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, August 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5236.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Parola, Philippe and others. Marseilles: A Surveillance Site for Malaria from the Comoros Islands. Journal of Travel Medicine 11: May/June 2004. 3 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13582780
"Examines malarial cases on the Comoros Islands in Marseilles."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004


Congo - Brazzaville


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Republic of the Congo. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, July 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2825.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Angola Receives Pledges of Support. Jane's Defence Weekly 40:18 December 10, 2003.
The two Congo nations have pledged to support Angola in its conflict with FLEC.

Bhattacharya, Shaoni. Yaws Adds to Plight of Congo's Forest Dwellers. New Scientist 182:15 May 8, 2004.
"A flesh-eating disease that could be prevented by washing with soap is having a devastating effect on the "forgotten" pygmies of the Republic of Congo."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13188488

Congo-Brazzaville: Brazzaville Breakdown. Africa Confidential 45:5-7 April 30, 2004.
"As President boosts his family's power, the ruling coalition is cracking up." List shows Denis Sassou-Nguesso's trusted advisers.

Congo-Brazzaville: Cleaned out. Africa Confidential 44:7 December 5, 2003.
"As questions are raised about oil production, cash and crude both need a clean up."

Congo-Brazzaville: Coming Cleaner. Africa Confidential 45:5-7 July 23, 2004.
"The IMF has finally persuaded Congo to explain were all the money goes."

Congo (Republic of the Congo). Military Technology 28:251-252 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

France/Africa: Do Not Pass Go. Africa Confidential 44:8 November 21, 2003.
The French legal investigation into the Elf oil company is not over.


Congo - Kinshasa


Internet Resources

Democratic Republic of Congo. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, October 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2823.htm

Eshelby, Kate. Endangered Eden. Geographical May 2004. 6 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12928822
Pygmies habitat in the forests of Congo endangered by logging.

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Wertheim, Stephen. Plundering Peace. Harvard International Review 26: Summer 2004. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13774774
"Discusses issues concerning the impact of plunder on the natural resources and peace situation in Congo."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Edgerton, Robert B. The Troubled Heart of Africa: A History of the Congo. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2002. 288 p.
Book call no.: 967.24 E23t

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People's History. New York, Zed Books, 2002. 304 p.
Book call no.: 967.5103 N999c

Refugee Manipulation: War, Politics, and the Abuse of Human Suffering, edited by Stephen John Stedman and Fred Tanner. Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2003. 202 p.
The Use and Abuse of Refugees in Zaire by Howard Aldeman, pp 95-134.
Book call no.: 325.21 R332

Vollmann, William T. Rising up and Rising down. San Francisco, CA, McSweeney's Books, 2003. 7 vols.
In volume 5 - Special Tax (Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo), pp 551-571.
Book call no.: 172.42 V926r

Whither Regional Peace and Security? The Democratic Republic of Congo after the War, edited by Denis Kadima and Claude Kabemba. Pretoria, South Africa, Africa Institute of South Africa, 2000. 178 p. (African Century Publications, no.1)
Book call no.: 967.51034 W596

Periodicals

Alusala, Nelson. The Democratic Republic of Congo: 2003 in Review. African Security Review 13, no.1:93-96 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=14860806

Angola Receives Pledges of Support. Jane's Defence Weekly 40:18 December 10, 2003.
The two Congo nations have pledged to support Angola in its conflict with FLEC.

The Battle Lines Are Redrawn, Again. Economist 371:45-46 June 12, 2004.
"Though the rebels have withdrawn, they haven't given up on war."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13425013

Berman, Eric G. The Multinational Force for the Congo. African Security Review 12:97-98 August 2003.
Notes UN actions in the Congo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=12441120

Boshoff, Henri and Ripiya, Martin. Delegates, Dialogue and Desperadoes. African Security Review 12:29-38 August 2003.
The Inter-Congolese Dialogue has failed to achieve peace in the Congo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=12441096

Braeckman, Colette. The Looting of the Congo. New Internationalist No.367:13-15 May 2004.
Conflict in the Congo has been fueled by the concentration of precious metals and minerals located there.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13108891

Building Bridges. Jet 104:8 November 24, 2003.
Notes meeting of Presidents Bush and Kabila in the White House.

Clarkson, Helen. War Crimes. New Internationalist No.367:17 May 2004.
Focuses on sexual violence as a war crime in the Congo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13108900

Commerce in Congo: A Mend in the River. Economist 368:40 August 9, 2003.
"With a semblance of peace, trade is flowing again."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10517334

Congo and Rwanda: Killers Next Door. Economist 371:48 May 1, 2004.
"Taxed by many, protected by none, the people of eastern Congo are angry."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12992114

Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo). Military Technology 28:252-253 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Congo-K/Morocco: Ties That Bind. Africa Confidential 44:8 August 29, 2003.
"Having given sanctuary to late President Muobutu Sese Seko, Morocco is maintaining close ties with Joseph Kabila, some of whose intelligence and close protection agents are being trained by Moroccan security."

Congo-K/Uruguay: No French Leave. Africa Confidential 44:8 August 29, 2003.
French and Uruguayan troops on peacekeeping missions in the Congo.

Congo-Kinshasa: Cutting-Edge Diplomacy. Africa Confidential 44:8 October 24, 2003.
President Joseph Kabila will be with President George Bush on 5 November.

Congo-Kinshasa: Deals in the West, War in the East. Africa Confidential 44:1-2 August 8, 2003.
"Continuing slaughter in the East reveals the faultlines of the Kinshasa regime."

Congo-Kinshasa I: Send for Tintin. Africa Confidential 45:8 June 11, 2004.
"A Belgian judge has issued an international arrest warrant for a senior member of President Joseph Kabila's team, Jean-Charles Okoto."

Congo-Kinshasa: Le. Grand Retour. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 October 10, 2003.
"President Kabila is thriving in the new coalition but many fear it will be the last chance to reunite the country."

Congo-Kinshasa: Peace or Bust. Africa Confidential 44:3-5 December 5, 2003.
"Congolese desperation - not great leaders or western generosity - is forcing change."

Congo-Kinshasa: Ruberwa's Rift. Africa Confidential 45:8 March 19, 2004.
Rift between President Joseph Kabila and one of the vice presidents, Azarias Ruberwa.

Congo-Kinshasa/Rwanda: Surrender! Africa Confidential 44:8 November 21, 2003.
Rwanda participates in the surrender of Hutu rebel leader, Paul Rwarakabije.

Congo-Kinshasa: The Kivus Jolt Kinashsa, Again. Africa Confidential 45:1-2 June 11, 2004.
The revolt in remote Bukavu threatens the peace and Kabila's transitional regime.

Congo-Kinshasa: To Plot or Not. Africa Confidential 45:7 April 2, 2004.
"Politicians in the power-sharing government fall out over coup allegations."

Congo-Kinshasa: Yes, Guv. Africa Confidential 45:8 May 28, 2004.
The new provincial governors have been announced.

DR. Congo. African Agenda 6, no.4:5 2003.
Rwandan troops are leaving the Congo.

Electioneering in Congo: Deadly Drag Artists. Economist 370:46 March 20, 2004.
"Congo's first proper election campaign will be dirty, but never dull."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12594297

The Fire Rekindles. Economist 371:46 June 5, 2004.
"Despite a peace pact, rebels seize a city."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13323302

Forest in Peril. New Scientist 181:5 February 21, 2004.
Worries about deforestation in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12376409

Four Rebels and Funeral. Economist 371:49 July 17, 2004.
"Why the church is Congo's most respected institution."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13824195

Good News from Congo: Yes, Really. Economist 368:39-40 August 9, 2003.
"Africa's worst war is not quite over, but much of the country is slowly healing."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10517333

Goodwin, Jan. Silence = Rape: While the World Looks the Other Way, Sexual Violence Spreads in the Congo. Nation 278:18-20+ March 8, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12321158

Hawkins, Virgil. History Repeating Itself: the DRC and the UN Security Council. African Security Review 12:47-55 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243864

Kyomo, Steven. An Elusive Peace: Can the Rebels Be Trusted? World Press Review 50:13 August 2003.
"Cast doubt on whether long-feuding rebel groups in Congo and Burundi can be trusted to respect peace accords."

Mangu, Andre M. B. From War to Peace: The Democratic Republic of Congo in Transition. South African Journal of International Affairs 10:159-174 Winter/Spring 2003.

Mealer, Bryan. In the Valley of the Gun. Harper's 308:45+ May 2004.
"Presents an account of the civil war in Bunia, Congo."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12859178

Mwalulu, Jackson. A Return to Bad Old Days. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:28-30 July 2004.
"The fragile peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo is once again threatened by fighting in Bukavu and an attempt to overthrow the government of Kinshasa."

Not As Bad As Dad. Economist 369:46 November 15, 2003.
"But worries are growing about the young president, Joseph Kabila."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=114243

Nutt, Samantha. Arms and the Child. Maclean's 117:34-36 February 9, 2004.
"Kids have been fighters in the Congo, but can they survive peace?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12124410

Nutt, Samantha. Living in Fear. Maclean's 117:23-25 February 16, 2004.
"The conflict may be ending, but women and children in the Congo still face violence."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12222860

An Oasis of Hope. Economist 369:40 December 6, 2003.
"A Congolese town that actually works."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11616924

Olasson, Ola and Fors, Heather C. Congo: The Prize of Predation. Journal of Peace Research 41:321-336 May 2004.
"Analyses the war against Mobutu (1996-97) and the more recent war (1998-) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo with particular attention to greed and grievance as motivating factors in these two wars."

Peacekeepers to Congo. Beijing Review 46:6 December 11, 2003.
Photo shows Chinese troops going to Democratic Republic of Congo.

Peacekeeping in Eastern Congo: High Expectations. Economist 368:42-43 September 6, 2003.
"The French brought peace to Bunia. Can the U.N. bring it into the countryside?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10780257

Price, Stuart. Why Trouble Flared in Bukavu. New African No.430:22-23 July 2001.
"The occupation of Bukavu by rebel forces in June has highlighted the fragile nature of the peace process in the country."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13792322

Prunier, Gerard. Rebel Movements and Proxy Warfare: Uganda, Sudan and the Congo (1986-99). African Affairs 103:359-383 July 2004.

Rwanda and Congo: Time to Lay down the Machetes. Economist 369:46 November 22, 2003.
"Will the Rwandan genocidaires hiding in Congo ever surrender?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11499954

SA/Rwanda/DRC: Military Might. Africa Confidential 45:8 July 9, 2004.
"This week's military agreement between Rwanda and South Africa may be touted as African Union cooperation and regional peace-building. But some in Pretoria fear that if Kigali continues to meddle in Congo-Kinshasa, South Africa will be blamed for helping to arm an interventionist Rwandan army."

Security Brief: New Challenges for the 'New' MONUC. African Security Review 12:38-40 November 2003.
UN mission to Congo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243553

Sisulu, Sheila. Uganda, DR Congo: There Is Hope yet. New African No.429:44-45 May 2004.
Wonders about the future of Uganda and Congo-Kinshasa.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13107784

Trends and Markers: Recent Data, Statistics and Indicators. African Security Review 12:43-44 November 2003.
Graphs show budget for 1998 of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, 2004 draft budget for the International Criminal Court, gross national income 2002 and gross national income per person 2002 for Congo Sierra Leone and Rwanda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243820

Verdoolaege, Annelies and Kerstens, Paul. The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Belgian Lumumba Commission: A Comparison. Africa Today 50:75-91 Spring 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12900937

Vlassenroot, Koen and Raeymaekers, Timothy. The Politics of Rebellion and Intervention in Ituri: The Emergence of a New Political Complex? African Affairs 103:385-412 July 2004.

Vogel, Gretchen. Ebola Outbreaks May Have Had Independent Sources. Science 303:298-299 January 16, 2004.
Studies Ebola outbreaks in Gabon and the Republic of Congo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12093841

Wakabi, Wairagala. Niggling Problems. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:28-29 February 2004.
"Peace efforts between the DR Congo and its neighbours continue to gather pace but there are still some obstacles to overcome."

Whitman, Shelley. Balancing Act: An Insider's View of the Inter-Congolese Dialogue. African Security Review 12:133-135 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13245110

Woodside, Duncan. Shaky Transition. World Today 60:16-1717 July 2004.
Weak government in the Congo and a coup attempt.


Cote D'Ivoire


Internet Resources

Cote D'Ivoire. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, June 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2846.htm

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

The New Racism: The Political Manipulation of Ethnicity in Cote D'Ivoire. New York, Human Rights Watch, 2001. 68 p.
Book call no.: 323.16668 N532

Periodicals

Adeyemi, Segun. ECOWAS Seeks UN Peace Force in Cote D'Ivoire. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:18-19 January 14, 2004.

Akarue, Josephine. Cote D'Ivoire: Patience Is a Good Word. New African No.421:8 August/September 2003.
Interviews "Ambassador Albert Tevoedjere, president of the committee in charge of the implementation of the Marcourssis Peace Accord in Cote D'Ivoire, about the current state of affairs in the country."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11480483

Akarue, Josephine. Living on Hope. New African No.422:40-41 October 2003.
"Ivorians are trying to confront the new challenge of survivial with one weapon: hope."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10945915

Anaele, Okinada. Cote D'Ivoire: Death of the Journalist. World Press Review 51:28 January 2004.
"Discusses the killing of French radio journalist Jean Helene by a policeman in Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire.

Anaele, Okinada. Cote D'Ivoire: Peace in Tatters. World Press Review 51:36 May 2004.
"On March 25, violence erupted in Cote D'Ivoire overt opposition protest march that became confrontational."

Bassett, Thomas J. Containing the Donzow: The Politics of Scale in Cote D'Ivoire. Africa Today 50:31-49 Summer 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13831551

Blue-Helmet Blues. Economist 371:44 May 15, 2004.
"The U.N. tough task in Cote D'Ivoire."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13119995

Cote D'Ivoire. Military Technology 28:253-254 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Cote D'Ivoire: After the Phoney War. Africa Confidential 45:4-5 April 2, 2004.
"The Marcoussis peace accord is dead and a new opposition front is born."

Cote D'Ivoire: Another Year, Another Plot. Africa Confidential 44:5-6 September 12, 2003.
"Peace remains a long way off for President Gbagbo and is dividing opponents."

Cote D'Ivoire: Between the Wars. Africa Confidential 45:8 April 16, 2004.
"The United Nations military mission got off to an inauspicious start on 4 April with no new troops, no functioning government to support and no sign of disarmament."

Cote D'Ivoire: Chira's Man. Africa Confidential 45:8 July 23, 2004.
Discusses peace talks being held in Accra.

Cote D'Ivoire: Justice for Slain Journalist. World Press Review 51:29 March 2004.
"On Jan. 22, police sergeant Dago Sery was sentenced to 17 years in prison for the murder of veteran French journalist Jean Helene."

Cote D'Ivoire: Next Year in Paris. Africa Confidential 44:8 December 19, 2003.
"President Laurent Gbagbo's state visit to France, now rescheduled for some time in January, will test diplomatic limits on both sides."

Cote D'Ivoire: Parallel Universe. Africa Confidential 45:8 May 28, 2004.
Wonders about another coup in Cote D'Ivoire.

Cote D'Ivoire: Paris Plotters. Africa Confidential 44:8 August 29, 2003.
Coup Plotters arrested in Paris.

Cote D'Ivoire's War Restarts: Kids with Kalashnikovs. Economist 369:46 October 4, 2003.
"The problems are the same as ever, and now the shooting too."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11005542

Cote D'Ivoire: Tinkering with Trouble. Africa Confidential 45:8 June 25, 2004.
"The international community seems powerless to prevent the steady worsening of the crisis."

Cote D'Ivoire: We Interrupt... Africa Confidential 44:8 December 5, 2003.
Discusses an anti-France campaign in the Ivory Coast.

Deen, Thalif and Hughes, Robin. Security Council Mulls Full Force for Cote D'Ivoire. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:18 January 21, 2004.

Frison, Xavier. France's African Comeuppance. Foreign Policy No.138:82-83 September/October 2003.
French intervention in Cote D'Ivoire.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12064306

Hellweg, Joseph. Encompassing the State: Sacrifice and Security in the Hunters Movement of Cote D'Ivoire. Africa Today 50:3-28 Summer 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13831681

Hostile Neighbours. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:16 November 2003.
"Burkina Faso accuses Ivorian authorities of being the mastermind of the botched coup against President Compaore."

Hughes, Robin. UN Authorises Full Peacekeeping Operation in Cote D'Ivoire. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:17 March 10, 2004.

Ivory Coast Rebels Shun Officialdom and Threaten New War. New York Times 152:A7 September 24, 2003.

Kahn, Jeremy. No Way out. New Republic 229:16+ November 24, 2003.
Conflict between rebels and the government in central Cote D'Ivoire with French troops caught in the middle.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11419739

King, Martin L. Fragile Peace. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:21 March 2004.
"President Gbagbo preaches speedy disarmament to ensure that permanent peace really takes hold in Ivory Coast."

King, Martin L. Hope Fades. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:32 January 2004.
"There is increasing concern that the situation in Ivory Coast is spiraling out of control."

King, Martin L. Peace Accord under Threat. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:17-18 October 2003.
"An alleged coupe launched to assassinate President Gbagbo may scuttle the French-brokered cease-fire in Ivory Coast."

King, Martin L. Shaky Peace Process. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:11 November 2003.
"Government and rebel forces accuse each other of not complying with the terms of the January accord that has brought some respite to Ivory Coast."

MacLean, Lauren M. Empire of the Young: The Legacies of State Agricultural Policy on Local Capitalism and Social Support Networks in Ghana and Cote D'Ivoire. Comparative Studies in Society and History 46:469-496 July 2004.

Packer, George. Gangsta War: Young Fighters Take Their Lead from American Pop Culture. New Yorker 79:68-77 November 3, 2003.
"Describes Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire.

Ramsbotham, Alexander. Peacekeeping Mission Updates. International Peacekeeping 11:213-222 Spring 2004.


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