AFRICA
Special Bibliography No. 159
Supplement No. 37


December 2004

Compiled by Joan T. Phillips
Bibliographer, Air University Library       
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents

General Information | Economics Aspects| Foreign Relations | Foreign Relations - U.S. | Health | History | Military Aspects | Natural Resources | Politics and Government | Social Aspects | African Union |

Central Africa | Eastern Africa | Northern Africa | Southern Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Western Africa |

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Congo (Brazzaville) | Congo ( Kinshasa) | Cote D'lvoire | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | Sao Tome and Principe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somalia-Operation Restore Hope| South Africa  |  Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe


Rwanda


Internet Resources

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
Available online at: http://www.ictr.org/main.htm
United Nations Tribunal.

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Rwanda. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, July 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2861.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Chretien, Jean-Pierre. The Great Lakes of Africa: Two Thousand Years of History. New York, Zone Books, 2003. 503 p.
Book call no.: 967.6 C553g

Cooper, Frederick. Africa since 1940: The Past of the Present. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002. 216 p. (New Approaches to African History)
Africa at the Century's Turn: South Africa, Rwanda, and beyond, pp 191-204.
Book call no.: 960.32 C776a

Dallaire, Romeo. Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda. Toronto, Canada, Random House Canada, 2003. 562 p.
Book call no.: 967.571043 D144s

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

The Specter of Genocide: Mass Murder in Historical Perspective, edited by Robert Gellately and Ben Kiernan. New York, Cambridge University, 2003. 396 p.
Modern Genocide in Rwanda: Ideology, Revolution, War, and Mass Murder in an African State by Robert Melson, pp 325-338.
Book call no.: 304.66309 S741

Periodicals

10 Years Ago in Time. Time 163:25 April 19, 2004.
Compares genocide in Rwanda 10 years ago to that happening in Sudan now.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12806725

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Rwanda: New Light Shed on Trigger for Genocide. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:6 April 2004.
French report states that Paul Kagame initiated the genocide in Rwanda.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Sins of Omission. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:6 May 2004.
United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan, states that "he could and should have done more to stop the genocide in Rwanda 10 years ago."

Black Empowerment: Plant Now, Harvest Later. Economist 368:46 August 30, 2003.
"Will a new law reassure investors and make black South Africans richer?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10711189

Bregg, Peter. Children Raising Children. Maclean's 117:32-34 July 26, 2004.
"They lost their parents to genocide or AIDS. Now, many of Rwanda's orphans are living in households headed by siblings.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13838150

Briggs, Jimmie. The Killing Season. Crisis 111:42-47 July/August 2004.
"A decade later, survivors bear the wounds of Rwanda's genocide."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13661332

Bush, George W. Statement on the 10th Anniversary of the 1994 Rwanda Genocide. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 40:561-562 April 12, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13039309

Coleman, Sarah. Rwanda: A Misstep toward Healing? World Press Review 50:28 November 2003.
Elections held in Rwanda.

Coleman, Sarah. Sierra Leone & Rwanda: Healing Art. World Press Review 51:36 May 2004.
Movies are being used to help heal the past violence.

Congo-Kinshasa/Rwanda: Surrender! Africa Confidential 44:8 November 21, 2003.
Rwanda participates in the surrender of Hutu rebel leader, Paul Rwarakabije.

Corey, Allison and Joireman, Sandra F. Retributive Justice: The Gacaca Courts in Rwanda. African Affairs 103:73-89 January 2004.

Cowley, Jason. Where Pink Shirts Mark out the Killers. New Statesman 133:32-34 April 19, 2004.
Looks at Rwanda 10 years after the genocide.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12845793

Dowden, Richard. Comment: The Rwandan Genocide: How the Press Missed the Story. A Memoir. African Affairs 103:283-290 April 2004.

DR. Congo.
African Agenda 6, no.4:5 2003.
Rwandan troops are leaving the Congo.

Genocide's Shadow. Economist 368:11 August 30, 2003.
"Given Rwanda's past, this week's election went well. But its stability is brittle, and fear lingers."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10711144

Graybill, Lyn S. Ten Years after, Rwanda Tries Reconciliation. Current History 103:202-205 May 2004.

Hammer, Joshua. State of Denial. New Republic 230:10+ April 12, 2004.
"Discusses how former members of the Rwandan Armed Forces are being reeducated and reintroduced to Rwandan society after being in exile for ten years."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12714880

In Brief. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:19 July 28, 2004.
Mentions a military cooperation agreement between South Africa and Rwanda.

International Law - Genocide UN Tribunal Finds That Mass Media Hate Speech Constitutes Genocide, Incitement to Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity. - Prosecutor v. Nahimana, Barayagwiza, and Ngese (Media Case). Case No. ICR-99-52-T (Int'l Crim. Trib. for Rwanda Trial Chamber I Dec.3, 2003). Harvard Law Review 117:2769-2776 June 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13466742

Jackson, Paul. Legacy of Bitterness: Insurgency in North West Rwanda. Small Wars & Insurgencies 15:19-37 Spring 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13884265

Lischer, Sarah K. Collateral Damage: Humanitarian Assistance As a Cause of Conflict. International Security 28:79-109 Summer 2003.
Food and supplys needed by Rwandan refugees were used by militants who later participated in the Rwandan genocide.

Mason, T. David. Structures of Ethnic Conflict: Revolution Versus Secession in Rwanda and Sri Lanka. Terrorism and Political Violence 15:83-113 Winter 2003.
Uses a structural framework of ethnic politics to ascertain why ethnic revolution occurred in Rwanda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13644077

McGill, Denise. Saving Strangers. Christianity Today 48:34-41 July 2004.
Journey and adjustment of Rwandan refugee family settling in Chicago.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13502021

Melvern, Linda and Williams, Paul. Britannia Waived the Rules: The Major Government and the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. African Affairs 103:1-22 January 2004.

Morgan, Timothy C. Forgiveness 101. Christianity Today 48:13 April 2004.
"Talks about forgiveness of individuals and institutions involved in the 1994 genocide."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12613600

Morgan, Timothy C. Healing Genocide. Christianity Today 48:76-83 April 2004.
"Describes efforts to heal the memories of the victims of the 1994 genocide."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12614467

The Murder That Sparked the Genocide: Who Shot down the Presidents' Plane? Economist 370:26 March 27, 2004.
"An unresolved mystery."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12657719

Murekatete, Jacqueline. 'The Whole World Knew but Did Nothing'. UN Chronicle 40:26-27 December-February 2003.
First person account of the past ethnic conflict in Rwanda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12349381

O'Shea, Andreas. Ad Hoc Tribunals in Africa: A Wealth of Experience the Scarcity of Funds. African Security Review 12:17-24 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243359

Pitts, Tim. Hope in Kigali's Slums: Creating Microenterprises in Rwanda. World & I 18:168-175 August 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10390480

Quiet Riot. New Republic 229:14-15 October 6, 2003.
2003 presidential elections in Rwanda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10943780

Remmert, Consuelo. Rwanda Promotes Women Decision-Makers. UN Chronicle 40:25 December-February 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12349362

Reyntjens, Filip. Rwanda, Ten Years on: From Genocide to Dictatorship. African Affairs 103:177-210 April 2004.

The Road out of Hell. Economist 370:25-27 March 27, 2004.
"Rwanda is tranquil: a staggering achievement. But the way the government enforces peace is disturbing."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12657718

Rwanda. Military Technology 28:267 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Rwanda: A Victory Foretold. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 August 29, 2003.
"Kagame defeats ethnic arithmetic in the first presidential poll since the genocide of 1994."

Rwanda: Bedding down. Africa Confidential 44:8 October 10, 2003.
Reports the results of parliamentary elections on 37 September.

Rwanda: Deadly Anniversary. Africa Confidential 45:6-7 February 20, 2003.
"The regime prepares to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the genocide."

Rwanda: Leading Women. World Press Review 51:28 April 2004.
"Rwanda has overtaken Sweden to become the country with the highest percentage of female politicians."

Rwanda President Wins Election by a Landslide. Jet 104:19 September 15, 2003.

Rwanda, Remembered. Economist 370:11 March 27, 2004.
"Ten years after Rwanda's genocide, what has the world learned?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12657703

Rwanda's Presidential Election: Kagame Won, a Little Too Well. Economist 368:31-32 August 30, 2003.
"Nine years after the genocide, Paul Kagame has much to his credit. But not, unfortunately, allowing true democracy."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10711166

Rwanda: Starting Again. Africa Confidential 45:3-4 April 2, 2004.
"Military might and economic rigour have sustained Kigali's recovery."

Rwanda: Who Fired the Missiles? Africa Confidential 45:3-4 March 19, 2004.
"Kigali rejects French claims that its fighters shot down President Habyariman's plane."

The Rwandan Genocide Tribunal: Prosecutor Accused. Economist 368:38 August 23, 2003.
"Did Carla del Ponte do too little or too much in Rwanda? Both."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10649187

SA/Rwanda/DRC: Military Might. Africa Confidential 45:8 July 9, 2004.
"This week's military agreement between Rwanda and South Africa may be touted as African Union cooperation and regional peace-building. But some in Pretoria fear that if Kigali continues to meddle in Congo-Kinshasa, South Africa will be blamed for helping to arm an interventionist Rwandan army."

Scheffer, David. It Takes a Rwandan Village. Foreign Policy No.143:84-85 July/August 2004.
Struggle for justice after the Rwandan genocide.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13671004

Smith, James M. and Jere, Janet. A Time to Remember, but... New African No.429:24-25 May 2004.
Remembers the ten-year anniversary of the Rwandan genocide.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13107724

Staub, Ervin and others. Healing the Roots of Genocide in Rwanda. Peace Review 15:287-294 September 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10955519

Taylor, Rachel S. Hassan Bubacar Jallow: Making Law. World Press Review 50:45 December 2003.
"Gambian jurist Hassan Bubacar Jallow has been appointed chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda."

Trends and Markers: Recent Data, Statistics and Indicators. African Security Review 12:43-44 November 2003.
Graphs show budget for 1998 of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, 2004 draft budget for the International Criminal Court, gross national income 2002 and gross national income per person 2002 for Congo, Sierra Leone and Rwanda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243820

Verwimp, Philip. Testing the Double-Genocide Thesis for Central and Southern Rwanda. Journal of Conflict Resolution 47:423-442 August 2003.

Wakabi, Wairagala. Rwanda Survivors Targeted. New Internationalist No.366:6 April 2004.
"A spate of killings for those who survived the 1994 genocide in Rwanda has the villagers fleeing from the Southwest province of Gikongoro."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12818582

Waugh, Colin. Rwanda: Genocide Goes on. World Today 60:19-20 April 2004.
Rwanda needs aid to fight HIV and AIDS.

Whitlaw, Kevin and Stein, Lisa. An Eye Blind to Murder. U.S. News & World Report 136:12 April 12, 2004.
Discusses United States' inaction against genocide in Rwanda in 1994.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12707420

Williams, Paul. Peacekeeping Operations and the International Financial Institutions: Insights from Rwanda and Sierra Leone. International Peacekeeping 11:103-123 Spring 2004.

Yacoubian, George S., Jr. Evaluating the Efficacy of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the Former Yugoslavia: Implications for Criminology and International Criminal Law. World Affairs 165:133-141 Winter 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=8989623


Sao Tome and Principe


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Sao Tome and Principe. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, May 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5434.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Periodicals

Akintunde, Muyiwa. Back in the Saddle. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:42+ August/September 2003.
"After failure to garner international support for their coup, mutinous troops roll their tanks back to the barracks as President de Menezes is restored to power."

Crawley, Vince. Oil May Drive Troop Staging: U.S. Looks to Africa, Caspian Sea as Forward-Operating Locations. Air Force Times 64:34 September 22, 2003.
DoD investigates Sao Tome as a possible forward-operating location.

Porto, Joao G. Coup D'etat in Sao Tome and Principe. African Security Review 12:33-35 November 2003.
Discusses coup d'etat in Sao Tome and Principe in July 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243412

Sao Tome e Principe: Gens to Oil. Africa Confidential 45:8 February 6, 2003.
Conflict over oil in Sao Tome e Principe.


Senegal


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Republic of Senegal.
Available online at: http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://www.gouv.sn/&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dsenegal%2Bweb%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D
Official Senegal web site translated into English.

Senegal. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, May 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2862.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Fall, Babacar. Orality and Life Histories: Rethinking the Social and Political History of Senegal. Africa Today 50:54-65 Fall/Winter 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11681723

Hesse, Brian J. The Peugeot and the Baobab: Islam, Structural Adjustment and Liberalism in Senegal. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 22:3-12 January 2004.

Jutting, Johannes P. Do Community-Based Health Insurance Schemes Improve Poor People's Access to Health Care? Evidence from Rural Senegal. World Development 32:273-288 February 2004.

Nyberg, Richard. In Senegal, Two Faiths Fight AIDS Together. Christian Century 120:16 December 29, 2003.
Christian and Muslem leaders work together to fight AIDS.

Reeve, Richard. Senegambia's Trafficking Hubs. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:26-29 March 2004.
"Reports on the nature of smuggling activities in Gambia and Senegal and the growth of cocaine and heroin trans-shipment through the region."

Senegal. Military Technology 28:267-268 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Senegal: Too Much Sopi. Africa Confidential 45:6-7 June 25, 2004.
"Though President Wade is criticised for his frequent changes, Senegal is seen as a bastion of stability."


Seychelles


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Seychelles. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, March 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6268.htmSeychelles Nation Online.
Available online at: http://www.nation.sc/
News and general information about Seychelles.

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Ankomah, Baffour. Seychelles Is an Education. New African No.430:42-45 July 2001.
Takes a look at socialism that seems to work in Seychelles.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13792383

Ankomah, Baffour. The Seychelles Way, Socialism with the Human Face. New African No.430:46-47 July 2001.
Interviews the new president James Alix Michel.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13792386

Erwood, Fletcher. Bows out after 27 Years. New African No.428:26-27 April 2004.
President France Albert Rene will retire.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738081

Seychelles. Military Technology 28:268 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Seychelles: Murder in Paradise. Africa Confidential 44:8 September 26, 2003.
"Worsening human rights abuses, including the apparent murder of an opposition leader's sister-in-law, have brought a threat from the European Parliament's Development Commission to suspend aid."


Sierra Leone


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Sierra Leone. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, November 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5475.htm

Sierra Leone Web.
Available online at: http://www.sierra-leone.org/
Includes daily updates of news in Sierra Leone, documents and speeches, government, culture and NGOs in Sierra Leone.

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Bush, George W. Executive Order 13324 - Termination of Emergency with Respect to Sierra Leon and Liberia. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 40:85 January 19, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12397043

Butscher, Mike. Square Meal for All...Not Quite. New African No.425:27 December 2003.
"Having enjoyed peace, the people of Sierra Leone now want economic progress. Is the government doing enough?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11805504

Coleman, Sarah. Sierra Leone & Rwanda: Healing Art. World Press Review 51:36 May 2004.
Movies are being used to help heal the past violence.

Evenson, Elizabeth M. Truth and Justice in Sierra Leone: Coordination Between Commission and Court. Columbia Law Review 104:730-767 April 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12888812

Ferme, Mariane C. and Hoffman, Danny. Hunter Militias and the International Human Rights Discourse in Sierra Leone and beyond. Africa Today 50:51-95 Summer 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13831627

Godwin, Ebow. Foday Sankoh as I Got to Know Him. New African No.422:34-37 October 2003.
Discusses Foday Sankoh.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10945913

Grerie, Lansana. Briefing: The Special Court of Sierra Leone. African Affairs 102:637-648 October 2003.

Harman, Harriet. Sierra Leone: Justice and Hope. World Today 60:21-22 April 2004.
Harriet Harmon's (Solicitor General in the British Government) trip to Sierra Leone.

Hoffman, Danny. The Civilian Target in Sierra Leone and Liberia: Political Power, Military Strategy, and Humanitarian Intervention. African Affairs 103:211-226 April 2004.

Liberia/Sierra Leone: Taylor's Shadow. Africa Confidential 44:4-5 November 7, 2003.
"There is a new government but no real peace and far too few peacekeepers."

Linfield, Susie. Memuna, Almost Smiling. Dissent 51:73-77 Spring 2004.
Uses the photograph of a little girl from Sierra Leone whose left arm has been cut off to discuss the terrible effects of war on children.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13012378

Moghalu, Kingsley. Commentary: A Date with Justice. World Press Review 50:48-49 September 2003.
President Charles Taylor tried in Sierra Leone.

Ramsbotham, Alexander. Peacekeeping Mission Updates. International Peacekeeping 11:213-222 Spring 2004.

Roberts, Janine. Diamonds in the Rough. New Internationalist No.367:24-25 May 2004.
"Points out the concerns about the way diamonds in African countries such as Sierra Leone have fueled wars."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13108934

Robertson, Geoffrey. Powerful Enough to Bring Justice: Setting up the Special Court for Sierra Leone. UN Chronicle 40:74-75 December-February 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12349845

Sierra Leone. Military Technology 28:268-269 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Sierra Leone/Liberia: No Peace Without Justice. Africa Confidential 45:4-5 July 9, 2004.
"Freetown's war crimes court slowly establishes a precedent."

Smith, Nick. The Quiet Revolution. New African No.429:31 May 2004.
Sierra Leone is experiencing a wireless revolution.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13107744

Trends and Markers: Recent Data, Statistics and Indicators. African Security Review 12:43-44 November 2003.
Graphs show budget for 1998 of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, 2004 draft budget for the International Criminal Court, gross national income 2002 and gross national income per person 2002 for Congo, Sierra Leone and Rwanda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243820

Tuck, Jeremy and others. Falciparum Malaria: An Outbreak in a Military Population on an Operational Deployment. Military Medicine 168:639-642 August 2003.
Malaria protection for United Kingdom military troops deployed in Sierra Leone.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10825874

Williams, Paul. Peacekeeping Operations and the International Financial Institutions: Insights from Rwanda and Sierra Leone. International Peacekeeping 11:103-123 Spring 2004.


Somalia


Internet Resources

Arab Net.
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Somalia. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, September 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2863.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

The African State: Reconsiderations, edited by Abdi Ismail Samatar and Ahmed I. Samatar. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 2002. 286 p.
Somalia: Statelessness As Homelessness by Ahmed I. Samatar, pp 217-251.
Book call no.: 320.3 A258

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: North Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 683 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 961 J33 iss.14 2004

Little, Peter D. Somalia: Economy Without State. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2003. 206 p. (African Issues)
Book call no.: 330.96773 L778s

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Mukhtar Mohamed Haji. Historical Dictionary of Somalia. New edition. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2003. 353 p. (African Historical Dictionary Series, no.87)
Book call no.: 967.73003 M953h

Periodicals

Adebajo, Adekeye. In Search of Warlords: Hegemonic Peacekeeping in Liberia and Somalia. International Peacekeeping 10:62-81 Winter 2004.

Ajulu, Che. The Reasons for Failures in the Reunification of Somalia. Africa Insight 34:76-80 March 2004.

Balche, Ed. Authorities Issue Somalia Weapons Warning. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:5-6 January 2004.
Weapons are pouring into Somalia.

Black, Maggie. Somaliland. New Internationalist No.363:36 December 2003.
Discusses Somaliland, an area within Somalia seeking autonomy.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11614270

Black, Maggie. Somaliland: Will the Good Times Keep Rolling? New African No.425:36-37 January 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11805511

Coke and al-Qaeda. Economist 370:50 April 3, 2004.
"Africa's most chaotic country is a bit calmer, but probably still home to anti-Western terrorist."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12725681

The Dodgiest Passports in the World. Economist 371:46 June 12, 2004.
"How people with no government get their travel documents."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13425014

Dorr, Robert F. Operation Provide Relief Brought Food to Somalis. Air Force Times 64:50 December 1, 2003.
Recalls humanitarian operation to bring food to the starving Somalis.

Hansen, Stig J. Warlords and Peace Strategies: The Case of Somalia. Journal of Conflict Studies 23:57-78 Fall 2003.
Making peace in Somalia.

Hartley, Aidan. Now the U.S. Backs Its Old Enemies. Spectator 293:28-29 November 15, 2003.
"Reports on United State's alleged cooperation with Somali warlords in the fight against the terrorist group Al-Qaeda."

Jaynes, Gregory. Coming to America. Smithsonian 34:52-60 January 2004.
A Somali refugee family relocates in Phoenix, Arizona.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11814691

Jhazbhay, Iqbal. Somaliland: Africa's Best Kept Secret, A Challenge to International Community? African Security Review 12:77-82 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13244570

Mills, Greg. Somaliland's Pursuit of Independence. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:42-44 December 2003.

Nyuot Yoh, John G. Peace Processes and Conflict Resolution in the Horn of Africa. African Security Review 12:83-93 August 2003.
Conflicts include those in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=12441118

Schofield, Clive. Horn of Africa Conflicts Threatened U.S. Anti-Terrorism Efforts. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:46-51 June 2004.

Slattery, Brian. Living Without a Government in Somalia: An Interview with Mark Bradbury. Journal of International Affairs 57:201+ Fall 2003.
The state of the state that's not a state.

Somali: Movement on the Peace Front. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:11 March 2004.
Somalia comes closer to setting up a central administration.

Somalia. Military Technology 28:269 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Somalia: 14th Time Lucky? African Security Review 13, no.1:39-44 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=14860931

Somalia: Arta I, Arta II. Africa Confidential 44:4-5 August 8, 2003.
"As the warlords talk on in Nairobi, their credibility gap is growing."

Somalia: New Hopes, New Dangers. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 November 7, 2003.
"Politicians try to fill the expanding power vacuum as faction alliances collapse."

Spry-Leverton, Julia. Miraculous Victory over Polio. New African No.429:32 May 2004.
"Somalia has been removed from the list of polio-endemic countries."Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13107745

Tourism in Somalia: Far from the Madding Crowd. Economist 370:42 March 6, 2004.
Efforts at tourism in Somalia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12446889

Woodward, Peter. Somalia and Sudan: A Tale of Two Peace Processes. Round Table 93:469-481 July 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13929225


Somalia - Operation Restore Hope


Books

Abdullahi, Mohamed Diriye. Fiasco in Somalia: US-UN Intervention. Pretoria, South Africa, Africa Institute of South Africa. 47 p.
Book call no.: 967.73053 D598f

Periodicals

Hoffman, Frank G. One Decade Later: Debacle in Somalia. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 130:66-71 January 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11911154


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