AFRICA
Special Bibliography No. 159
Supplement No. 37


December 2004

Compiled by Joan T. Phillips
Bibliographer, Air University Library       
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents

General Information | Economics Aspects| Foreign Relations | Foreign Relations - U.S. | Health | History | Military Aspects | Natural Resources | Politics and Government | Social Aspects | African Union |

Central Africa | Eastern Africa | Northern Africa | Southern Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Western Africa |

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Congo (Brazzaville) | Congo ( Kinshasa) | Cote D'lvoire | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | Sao Tome and Principe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somalia-Operation Restore Hope| South Africa  |  Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe


Sudan


Internet Resources

Arab Net.
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Singh, Jerome A. Genocide: Burden of Proof and Inaction Is Costing Lives in Sudan. Lancet 363: July 17, 2004. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13823600

Sudan. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, March 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5424.htm

Sudan and Its New Weapons of War. Lancet 364: July 31, 2004. 1 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=14019639
Editorial states that sexual violence is being used as a weapon in Darfur.

Sudan Net.
Available online at: http://www.sudan.net/main1.shtml
Provides news and general information about Sudan.

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

The African State: Reconsiderations, edited by Abdi Ismail Samatar and Ahmed I. Samatar. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, 2002. 286 p.
Sudan: The Authoritarian State by Ahmad Alawad Sikainga, pp 191-216.
Book call no.: 320.3 A258

Armed Conflict in Africa, edited by Carolyn Pumphrey and Rye Schwartz-Barcott. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2003. 313 p.
The Sudan: Negotiating a Settlement by Bona Malwal, pp 163-185. Appendix 1: Sudanese Declaration of Principles, pp 195-196.
Book call no.: 303.64096 A728

Baechler, Gunther and others. Transformation of Resource Conflicts: Approach and Instruments. New York, Peter Lang, 2002. 558 p.
See table of contents for sections on Sudan.
Book call no.: 333.7 T772

Bok, Francis and Tivnan, Edward. Escape from Slavery: The True Story of My Teen Years in Captivity - and My Journey to Freedom in America. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2003. 284 p.
Book call no.: 92 B686e

Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn. Islamic Societies in Practice, 2nd ed. Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2004.
Book call no.: 297.0962 F646i 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: North Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 683 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 961 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

Johnson, Douglas Hamilton. The Root Causes of Sudan Civil Wars. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2003. 234 p. (African Issues)
Book call no.: 962.404 J66r

Levy, Bernard Henri. War, Evil, and the End of History. Hoboken, NJ, Melville House Publishing, 2004. 371 p.
The Black Diamonds of Angola, pp 9-27. The Pharaoh of the Nuba, pp 91-109.
Book call no.: 303.64 L668w

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Multi-Party Elections in Africa, edited by Michael Cowen and Liisa Laakso. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 387 p.
Multi-Party Elections & the Predicament of Northern Hegemony in Sudan by Atta El-Battahani, pp 251-277.
Book call no.: 324.967 M961

O'Sullivan, Megan L. Shrewd Sanctions: Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism. Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2003. 424 p.
Sanctioning Sudan, pp 233-283.
Book call no.: 327.117 O85s

Powell, Eve Trout. A Different Shade of Colonialism: Egypt, Great Britain, and the Mastery of the Sudan. Berkeley, CA, University Of California Press, 2003. 260 p. (Colonialisms, no.2)
Book call no.: 325.362 P882d

Warburg, Gabriel. Islam, Sectarianism, and Politics in Sudan since the Mahdiyya. Madison, WI, University Of Wisconsin Press, 2003. 252 p.
Book call no.: 962.404 W253i

Periodicals

10 Years Ago in Time. Time 163:25 April 19, 2004.
Compares genocide in Rwanda 10 years ago to that happening in Sudan now.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12806725

Akol, Jacob J. Peace in Our Time? New African No.425:10-13 January 2004.
"Is lasting peace about to break out in Sudan after decades of war between government and rebels in the South?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11805490

Akol, Jacob J. A Role Model for Southern Sudan? New African No.428:42-44 April 2004.
"A group of Southern Sudanese have been to Botswana to find out why the southern African country is such a prosperous and stable nation."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738119

Akol, Jacob J. Squandering the Best Chance yet for Peace? New African No.422:44 October 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10946133

Akol, Jacob J. Sudan: Peace in Our Time? New African No.425:10-13 January 2004.

Akol, Jacob J. Sudan Squandering the Best Chance yet for Peace? New African No.422:44 to October 2003.
"Why America should not allow Khartoum and Cairo to scupper the peace process in Sudan."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Sudan: Hope Rises for Peace. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:6 December 2003.

Arild, Skedsmo and others. The Changing Meaning of Small Arms in Nuer Society. African Security Review 12:57+ November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13244022

Barnes, Julian E. and Appenzeller, Tim. Genocide. U.S. News & World Report 136:16 April 19, 2004.
"Attacks on civilians in western Sudan may be part of a genocidal campaign."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12809993

Beginning This Fall, All Female College Students in Sudan, ...Will Be Required to Wear Traditional Muslim Garb on the Country's Campuses. Chronicle of Higher Education 49:A38 August 15, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10581851

Booker, Salih. Genocide in Darfur. Nation 279:8+ July 12, 2004.
"For more than a year, the Khartoum government has systematically obstructed access to Darfur and blocked international efforts to establish a relief program."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13596847

Bush, George W. Message to the Congress on Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sudan. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:1488-1489 November 3, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12384040

Bush, George W. Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sudan. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:1488 November 3, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12383918

Bush, George W. Presidential Determination on Sudan Peace Act. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:1441 October 27, 2003.

Bush, George W. Remarks at a Dinner for Sen. Christopher S. "Kit" Bond of Missouri in St. Louis. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39:1115-1119 September 1, 2003.
Remarks included mention of work being done by Senator Jack Danforth in Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12373044

Bush, George W. Statement on the Fighting in the Darfur Region of Sudan. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 40:561 April 12, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13039364

The Calamity Continues. Economist 371:39 July 3, 2004.
"Colin Powell and Kofi Annan try to ease the catastrophe in Darfur."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13659929

Chad Spells Relief "UNWFP." Logistics Today 45:18 January 2004.
UN sets up emergency operation in Chad to assist refugees leaving Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11923142

Chad/Sudan: The Language of Weapons. Africa Confidential 44:4-6 December 19, 2003.
"A sick President and armed uprisings threaten attempts to share out the oil more fairly."

Coleman, Sarah. Sudan: An End to War? World Press Review 51:28 January 2004.
Results after Colin Powell visits peace negotiations in Naivasha, Kenya.

Donaldson, John W. Territorial Issues May Undermine Sudan Peace Agreement. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:42-45 July 2004.

Dousing the Flames of Darfur. Economist 371:13 July 3, 2004.
"Ethnic cleansing is leading to famine in Sudan. The world must act now to avert it."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13659897

Fessenden, Helen. Lawmakers Seek Viable Solutions to Sudan's Humanitarian Crisis. CQ Weekly 62:1638-1639 July 3, 2004.
U.S. government's involvement in the Sudan crisis.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13875618

Fessenden, Helen. The Semantics of 'Genocide.' CQ Weekly 62:1639 July 3, 2004.
Attempts to define genocide and discusses the situation in Darfur.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13875619

Flint, Julie. Darfur, The Forgotten Sudanese War. World Press Review 51:32-33 March 2004.
"As the government and main rebel group in Sudan move toward a comprehensive peace agreement, a new war in the Western region of Darfur is threatening the country's stability and causing a humanitarian crisis."

Flint, Julie. Oil and War in Sudan. Middle East International No.714:28-30 December 5, 2003.
"Human Rights Watch publishes a damning commentary on the relationship between development of the oilfields and the government's pursuit of the war."

Hilsum, Lindsey. World View. New Statesman 133:10 May 3, 2004.
"Thousands of people have been killed and a million displace in Darfur. So why does our government, which believes in humanitarian intervention, do nothing to stop this crisis?
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12968683

In Sudan, Must the World Just Watch? Maclean's 117:11 July 19, 2004.
Briefly discusses the humanitarian crisis in Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13737353

International Law and Genocide: Must Intervention Be Legal? Economist 371:40 July 31, 2004.
"Armed intervention in Darfur may - or may not - flout the law. So want?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13970215

Joffe-Walt, Benjamin. A Grim Cyclone of Grief: In Sudan's Darfur Region, an Unseen Civil War Lurches Toward Genocide. U.S. News & World Report 136:25-26 June 28, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13490452

Kalpakian, Jack. Terrorism and Guerrilla Warfare Theory and Practice: Al-Qaeda and Sudan's SPLA. South African Journal of International Affairs 10:41-61 Winter/Spring 2003.

Kigotho, Wachira. 3 Sudanese Colleges to Return Home. Chronicle of Higher Education 50:A41 June 25, 2004.
"The Sudanese government has agreed to move three public universities from Khartoum, the capital, to the southern part of the country, which is controlled by the rebels of the Sudan People's Liberation Army."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13670318

Kwesi Kwaa Prah, Jacob J. Sudan: How to Achieve Lasting Peace. New African No.425:14-18 January 2004.
"Traces the history of the conflict in Sudan, and argues that unless there is a constitutional dispensation that recognises the fundamental African character of Sudan and also gives equal rights to the Arab minorities, it is unlikely that lasting peace can be achieved in the country."

Lofton, John. Bush Administration Blows It in Sudan. Soldier Fortune 29:60-64 January 2004.
Part 1: Islamist Terrorist Genocidal War Has Killed More Than 2,000,000 People December 2003, pp 48-51.

Makki Sala. Darfur, More Than a Conflict. New African No.429:28-29 May 2004.
"''It is genocide.' That is, at least, how Mukesh Kapila, the outgoing UN humanitarian coordinator in Khartoum, describes the fighting in the Darfur region of Western Sudan."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13107737

Mans, Ulrich. Briefing: Sudan: The New War in Darfur. African Affairs 103:291-294 April 2004.
Describes the conflict and background information.

Masland, Tom. Living and the Dead. Newsweek 144:38-41 July 5, 2004.
"Famine images meet its party too late for thousands."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13589272

Masland, Tom. On the Road to Nowhere. Newsweek 143:42-43 May 3, 2004.
"Arab marauders have killed thousands in Sudan's Darfur region and forced one million from their homes. What will the world do this time?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12918355

Masland, Tom and Bailey, Holly. The Power of a Word. Newsweek 144:30 July 12, 2004.
"Thousands are dying in Sudan. Is it genocide or not?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13647921

McClelland, Susan. 'I'd Rather Die Than Be a Slave.' Maclean's 116:59 November 10, 2003.
Interviews Francis Bok who escaped slavery in Sudan and is now living in United States.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11267700

Mosoti, Victor. The Legal Implications of Sudan's Accession to the World Trade Organization. African Affairs 103:269-283 April 2004.

Moszynski, Peter. Peace Drawback Feared. New African No.427:21 March 2004.
"The slow pace of progress in the final stage the Sudan's peace process is beginning to cause concern that the government may not yet be ready to sign a final deal."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12599254

Mulama, Joyce. Sudanese Truth and Reconciliation. New Internationalist No.365:16 March 2004.
"Sudan's fledgling civil society is demanding a Truth and Reconciliation Commission."

Nyberg, Richard. Ethnic Cleansing. Christianity Today 48:17 May 2004.
"Christians among hundreds of thousands displaced."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12933935

Omestad, Thomas. A Push to Put an End to All the Dying. U.S. News & World Report 137:12 July 12, 2004.
"Reports on Secretary of State Colin Powell's and United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan's visit to a refugee camp in the western Sudan region."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13644065

"Peace in Our Time". Economist 369:43 October 25, 2003.
"Fingers crossed, Sudan's terrible war is inching closer to an end."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11203882

Peace in the South, War in the West. Economist 371:14 May 29, 2004.
"A breakthrough in one Civil War; the other still rages."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=132659

Prah, Kwesi K. How to Achieve Lasting Peace. New African No.425:14-18 January 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11805493

Prunier, Gerard. Rebel Movements and Proxy Warfare: Uganda, Sudan and the Congo (1986-99). African Affairs 103:359-383 July 2004.

Robinson, Simon. Nowhere to Hide. Time 164:32-33 July 5, 2004.
"How the ethnic cleansing of western Sudan has created a humanitarian crisis that threatens 500,000 lives."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13587754

Rone, Jemera. Rebels, Religion and Oil. World Today 59:25-27 December 2003.
Hopes that with Colin Powell's assistance, the 37-year-old conflict in Sudan will end.

Rosenhack, Dan. Chemical Weapons: Who Used Them and Where. New Statesman, 17, 132: August 25, 2003.
Chart indicates uses of chemical weapons in various countries.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10689285

Russia/Sudan: The Wrong Planes. Africa Confidential 45:8 July 23, 2004.
Russia supplies Sudan with 12 MiG-29 Fulcrum Fighters.

Schofield, Clive. Horn of Africa Conflicts Threatened U.S. Anti-Terrorism Efforts. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:46-51 June 2004.

Shea, Nina. From Sudan to the East River. Weekly Standard 9:14-15 June 21, 2004.
"Focuses on the achievements of former U.S. Senator John Danforth as a special envoy to Sudan."

Siliwa, Maria. The Rape of Slave Boys in Sudan. Contemporary Review 285:343-345 June 2004.
"Explores the condition of the slave boys in Sudan."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13662521

Special Report: Sudan. Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 4-9, December 2003.
A two-part report including Part 1: Farewell to Arms and Part 2: Bridge or Barrier.

Stevens, Angela. Sudan Bucks the Trend, Embraces Peace. National Journal 35:3206 October 18, 2003.
Discusses peace talks in Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11203808

Submitting to Islam - or Dying. Christianity Today 47:100 October 2003.
Ceasefires and peace talks bow to greater powers in Sudan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10898794

Sudan. Military Technology 28:239-240 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161316

Sudan: A Long, Long Wait. Africa Confidential 45:8 May 28, 2004.
Wonders if the latest protocol between the National Islamic Front government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army will hold.

Sudan: Armed and Angry. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 December 5, 2003.
"Militias: mediators ignore them, Garang shun them, the NIF loves them."

Sudan Can't Wait. Economist 371:11 July 31, 2004.
"The world must act now to stop the death toll in Darfur from exploding."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13970179

Sudan Faith Forum Urges Final Peace. Christian Century 121:15 July 13, 2004.
"Reports on the signing of a final and full peace agreement."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13713076

Sudan: Genocide Watch. Africa Confidential 45:8 June 25, 2004.
U.S. and the UN are monitoring the activities in Darfur.

Sudan: Mass Murder. Africa Confidential 45:1-2 April 30, 2004.
"Ten years after Rwanda's genocide, NIF regime kills and displaces tens of thousands of civilians in Darfur - with impunity."

Sudan: No Mistake. Africa Confidential 45:8 January 23, 2003.
Peace talks postponed for one month.

Sudan: Peace in Our Time. Africa Confidential 44:1-4 October 24, 2003.
"Two very different versions of what peace means hold up Washington's planned announcement."

Sudan: Peace or What? Africa Confidential 44:8 August 29, 2003.
Peace talks resume on the situation in Sudan.

Sudan: Peace Without Honour. Africa Confidential 45:2-4 June 11, 2004.
"The Khartoum government's genocide in Darfur overshadows the North-South peace deal."

Sudan: Smiles and Shadows. Africa Confidential 45:8 July 9, 2004.
"With perhaps 1000 people now dying everyday Darfur, Khartoum is still defying even the mild demands made last week by Colin Powell and Kofi Annan."

Sudan: Under Arrest, Again. Africa Confidential 45:5-7 April 2, 2004.
"Darfur burns as the U.S. deadline for a peace deal for the South draws near."

A Triumph Marred by Terror. Economist 371:48 May 29, 2004.
"North and South Sudan have made peace. But the West still blazes."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13265969

Wakabi, Wairagala. Last Chance Salon. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:23-24 July 2004.
"The world seizes the opportunity to end the conflict in Darfur by signalling a "get tough" approach to Khartoum's complicity."

Wakabi, Wairagala. The Tragedy in Darfur. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:21-25 July 2004.
"It happened before in Burundi, now the world is yet again watching another ethnic cleansing in another African country."

Wakahiu, Judy. UN Fails to Act on Genocide: Crisis in Darfur - History in the Making. New Internationalist No.368:8 June 2004.

War and Peace. Economist 370:42 January 10, 2004.
"Just as one war is ending, another threatens to replace it."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11908963

War in Sudan: Don't Forget It. Economist 371:10 May 15, 2004.
"Outsiders must help with the latest horrors in Sudan."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13119960

Without Aid, Sudan Faces Catastrophic Loss of Life. America 191:6 July 19, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13798434

Woodward, Peter. Somalia and Sudan: A Tale of Two Peace Processes. Round Table 93:469-481 July 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13929225

The World Notices Darfur. Economist 371:39-40 July 31, 2004.
"Why has it taken so long? And what will be done to stop the killing?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13970214


Swaziland


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.".

Rana, Monica. Unfit for a King: Democratic Desires in Swaziland. Harvard International Review 26: Spring 2004. 9 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=12751367
The people of Swaziland desire a more democratic nation.

Swaziland. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, July 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2841.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Southern Africa, Issue 15. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 661 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 968 J33 iss.15 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

Multi-Party Elections in Africa, edited by Michael Cowen and Liisa Laakso. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 387 p.
The Politics of National Elections in Botswana, Lesotho & Swaziland: Towards a Comparative Analysis by Michael Neocosmos, pp 27-59.
Book call no.: 324.967 M961

Periodicals

Bunmi, Akpata-Ohohe. Swaziland: Misplaced Priority. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:6 February 2004.
Even though Swaziland is in desperate economic problems, the King wants more money for his own housing.

Lend Me Your Ears. Harper's 308:29 February 2004.
Excerpts from the speech made by King Mswati III of Swaziland.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11985843

Maroleng, Chris. Swaziland: The Kings Constitution. African Security Review 12:45-48 August 2003.
"Traces the history of democracy and participatory-based system in Swaziland."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=12441103

Security Brief: Swaziland: General Election 2003. African Security Review 12:41-42 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=13243782

Swazi Army Implements HIV Testing. Jane's Defence Weekly 41:22 February 11, 2004.

Swaziland. Military Technology 28:273 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Swaziland: Victim of His Own Excesses. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:7 June 2004.
"The Commonwealth is to rein in the excesses of Africa's last absolute monarch, King Mswati III, of the drought-hit and HIV/AIDS ridden Swaziland."

Trying to Be A Little Bit More Modern. Economist 369:43 October 25, 2003.
Elections bring small changes.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11203884


Tanzania


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.".

Tanzania. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, November 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2843.htm

United Republic of Tanzania: National Website.
Available online at: http://www.tanzania.go.tz/index2E.html
Official Tanzanian web page.
Tanzania - Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Multi-Party Elections in Africa, edited by Michael Cowen and Liisa Laakso. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 387 p.
Elections at the Borderland: Voter Opinion in Arusha & Kilimanjaro Tanzania by Tuulikki Pietila and others, pp 278-298.
Book call no.: 324.967 M961

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. East Africa: Never Say Never. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:7 April 2004.
"The presidents of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania have signed what has been termed an historical agreement, yet again, towards re-establishing the East African Common Market."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. Tanzania: Trade in Human Skin. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:9 October 2003.
The government of Tanzania is cracking down on the trade in human skin (used in witchcraft and the occult).

China-Tanzania Ties. Beijing Review 47:6 May 6, 2004.
Briefly notes that Tanzania and China exchanged congratulatory messages on 40 years of diplomatic relationships between the countries

Goldman, Mara. Partitioned Nature, Privileged Knowledge: Community-Based Conservation in Tanzania. Development & Change 34:833-862 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11514592

Igoe, Jim. Scaling up Civil Society: Donor Money, NGOs and the Pastoralists Land Rights Movement in Tanzania. Development & Change 34:863-885 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11514591

Landau, Loren B. Challenge Without Transformation: Refugees, Aid and Trade in Western Tanzania. Journal of Modern African Studies 42:31-59 March 2004.

Mfanga, Mwondoshah. Out with the Old. World Press Review 51:43 January 2004.
"Tanzanian government efforts to ban the import of used clothes" to improve the textile industries there.

Msusa, Sheen. Turning a New Leaf. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:18-19 January 2004.
"Politics is undergoing some changes as confrontation yields way to politics of consensus."

Njuriri, Blamuel. Nile Waters for Sale? New African No.421:27 August/September 2003.
"Three countries in the Nile Basin (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania)...want their fair share of the Nile waters."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11481327

Pinkney, Robert. Selling Democracy Abroad or Rescuing It at Home? The Hazards of Democracy Promotion. Round Table 93:437-450 July 2004.
Uses Tanzania as the case study.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13929229

Reform in Tanzania: Nyerere Betrayed, Fortunately. Economist 370:34 January 3, 2004.
"As the country's main hospital shows, the government is serious about reform."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11888554

Sino-Tanzanian Ties. Beijing Review 47:6 June 10, 2004.
President Hu Jintao expresses support for high-level exchanges between China and Tanzania.

Stein, Lisa. Charity or Front? U.S. News & World Report 136:14 February 2, 2004.
Offices of al-Haramain Islamic Foundation in Kenya and Tanzania are being inspected for terrorist ties.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12033421

Tagama, Herald. Hurrah for African Solutions. New African No.421:22 August/September 2003.
"While some African leaders fly around the world at the least opportunity to seek foreign intervention in domestic disputes, Tanzania is showing the way that Africans themselves can sort out their problems."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11480646

Tagama, Herald. Solving the Identity Crisis. New African No.424:56-57 December 2003.
"Fed up with Western-style suits, the government of Tanzania is organising a competition for a national dress."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11541450

Tanzania. Military Technology 28:273-274 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Tanzania: Trouble Isles. Africa Confidential 45:2-3 April 30, 2004.
"As the nation drifts quietly towards the polls, trouble looms offshore."

Turner, Simon. Under the Gaze of the 'Big Nations': Refugees, Rumors and the International Community in Tanzania. African Affairs 103:227-247 April 2004.


Togo


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Republic of Togo: Official Web Page.
Available online at: http://members.tripod.com/~afangnik/Tog.htm
"Comprehensive collection of information about Togo's history, government, investment opportunities, economic developments, and travel. You will also find important and useful phone numbers and addresses of Togo agencies and other organizations."

Togo. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, November 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5430.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Barghouti, Mourid and Djaksam, Themon. Togo. New Internationalist No.359:36 August 2003.
General information about Togo.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10588707

Kigotho, Wachira. Togo Closes University to Stop Protests. Chronicle of Higher Education 50:A45 May 14, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13335156

Selle, Robert R. African Democracy Dynamo. World & I 18:46-49 November 2003.
Discusses Francois Boko, interior Minister of Togo, and plans for its economy.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11203041

Selle, Robert R. To Govern, Unite: Diversity in Democratic Togo. World & I 19:176-183 January 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11956237

Togo. Military Technology 28:274 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Togo: Lome Abstention. Africa Confidential 44:8 October 24, 2003.
France and Germany disagree about Togo.

Togo: Succession Rumble. Africa Confidential 45:8 January 23, 2003.
Wonders about the tenure of General Gnassingbe Eyadema.


Tunisia


Internet Resources

Arab Net.
Available online at: http://www.arab.net/
General information about the countries of Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.".

Tunisia. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, September 2004.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5439.htm

Tunisia Online.
Available online at: http://www.tunisiaonline.com/
Includes information about history, government, economy, environment and news.

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Cordesman, Anthony H. The Military Balance in the Middle East. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2004. 560 p.
Published in cooperation with the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington D.C. For each country provides information on the military balance, resources and force trends, and national military forces.
Book call no.: 355.033056 C794m

Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn. Islamic Societies in Practice, 2nd ed. Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2004.
Book call no.: 297.0962 F646i 2004

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: North Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 683 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 961 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

King, Stephen J. Liberalization Against Democracy: The Local Politics of Economic Reform in Tunisia. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2003. 161 p. (Indiana Series in Middle East Studies)
Book call no.: 320.9611 K54L

The Middle East and North Africa 2004, 50th ed. New York, Europa Publications, 2004. 1378 p.
For each country provides information on the topics: physical and social geography, recent history, economy, statistical survey, directory, and bibliography.
Book call no.: R915.6 M627 50th ed. 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Adams, Richard H., Jr. and Page, John. Poverty, Inequality and Growth in Selected Middle East and North African Countries, 1980-2000. World Development 31:2027-2048 December 2003.

Al-Arian, Laila. Colin Powell and Tunisia's Ben Ali Meet. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 23:42 January/February 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11777672

Breger, Marshall J. How Arabs Fight Islamism. National Interest No.73:117-124 Fall 2003.
"Discusses how Tunisians fight Islamism and terrorism."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10989547

Caught in the Net: Tunisia. Foreign Policy No.143:92 July/August 2004.
Prison sentences for those caught downloading files from the Internet.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13671025

Cecil, Charles O. Off the Beaten Path in Tunisia. World & I 18:104-113 December 2003.
Looks at the town of Le Kef in Tunisia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11528432

Fighting the Sahara. Futurist 38:7-8 May/June 2004.
Tunisia battles the desert by planting trees.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12803633

Ford, Neil. Making a Little Go a Long Way. Middle East No.341:40-41 January 2004.
The role of oil and gas in Tunisia's economic development.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11812953

Hanley, Delinda C. A School on Top of Every Hill. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 22:56-57 December 2003.
The goal in Tunisia is to provide education for everyone.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11509121

Hanley, Delinda C. Tunisia Invites Journalists to Visit. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 23:84 June 2004.
American journalists are not reporting on Tunisia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13214611

Hanley, Delinda C. Tunisian Jews Enjoy Religious Tolerance and Peace in Djerba. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 22:46-49 December 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11509118

Hanley, Delinda C. Tunisian President Ben Ali Visits President Bush. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 23:87-88 June 2004.

Keating, Michael J. The Swirl of Life in Tunisia. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 22:50-53 December 2003.
Discusses education in Tunisia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11509119

A Pivotal Meeting. Middle East No.343:32-33 March 2004.
Meeting between President Bush and Tunisian's president Ben Ali.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12599686

Singapore of the Med. Middle East No.343:38 March 2004.
Compares the economic performance of Tunisia with its neighbors including Algeria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12599689

Spencer, Claire. North Africa: Battles for Democracy. World Today 59:8-11 October 2003.
"The painfully slow advance of democracy in Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria may be more closely linked to the spread of terrorism than at first appears."

Tiruneh, Gizachew. Democratic Development in Botswana and Tunisia: A Comparative Analysis. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 22:13-28 January 2004.

Tunisia. Military Technology 28:241-242 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161316

Tunisia's Formula for Success. Middle East No.343:34-35 March 2004.
Discusses economic development in Tunisia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12599687


Uganda


Internet Resources

Government of Uganda.
Available online at: http://www.government.go.ug/
Includes facts about Uganda and news.

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Uganda. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, December 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2963.htm

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Chretien, Jean-Pierre. The Great Lakes of Africa: Two Thousand Years of History. New York, Zone Books, 2003. 503 p.
Book call no.: 967.6 C553g

Election Observation and Democratization in Africa, edited by Jon Abbink and Gerti Hesseling. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000. 324 p.
African Multi-Partyism and the Quest for Democratic Alternatives: Ugandan Elections Past and Present by M. Doornbos, pp 99-121.
Book call no.: 324.967 E38

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Central Africa, Issue 14. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 755 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 967 J33 iss.14 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Periodicals

Abraham, Curtis. Oil: Latest Stop Uganda but Who Really Benefits? New African No.421:56-57 August/September 2003.
Oil found in Uganda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11482354

Abraham, Curtis and Mbakwe, Tom. Idi Amin: Hated in Life, Loved in Death? New African No.422:42-43 October 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10945918

Adam, Christopher and others. Performance-Based Conditionality: A European Perspective. World Development 32:1059-1070 June 2004.
"Reviews early experience (aid) with the EU initiative in four countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Madagascar and Uganda."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi. East Africa: Never Say Never. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:7 April 2004.
"The presidents of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania have signed what has been termed an historical agreement, yet again, towards re-establishing the East African Common Market."

Al-Arian, Laila. Algeria Promises Scholarships for Ugandan Students. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 23:41-42 January/February 2004.

Amin's Legacy in Uganda: Bloody Tyrant, Now a Good Sort. Economist 368:37 August 23, 2003.
"Memories of Uganda's last despot are surprisingly short."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10649185

Angonu, Patrick E. Mobilizing Against the Rebels. World Press Review 50:22 November 2003.
"Focuses on the Ugandan rebel group, Lord's Resistance Army's (LRA) terrorist acts in the country."

Astles, Bob. In Defense of Milton Obote. New African No.424:64-66 December 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11541486

Coleman, Sarah. Uganda: A Tyrant's Legacy. World Press Review 50:28 October 2003.
Remembers former dictator, Idi Amin.

Dunn, Kevin C. Killing for Christ? The Lord's Resistance Army of Uganda. Current History 103:206-210 May 2004.

FastTrack: No Money for Retirement. Navy Times 53:8 June 14, 2004.
Notes "that army officers in Uganda will not be able to retire until the government has enough money to cover their retired pay."

Foreign Envoys Speak out on Kony. World Press Review 50:24 November 2003.
"Discusses the international rules governing the possible intervention of United Nations in the Ugandan civil war."

Idi Amin, Ex-Dictator of Uganda Dies. Jet 104:18 September 1, 2003.

Kannyo, Edward. A New Opening? Journal of Democracy 15:125-139 April 2004.
Discusses politics in Uganda.

Khana, Ticha. Is Uganda in the G-8 Camp? World Press Review 50:19 December 2003.
"Focuses on a letter purportedly written by President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda urging fellow African presidents to disassociate themselves from the position of other developing countries in the World Trade Organization's negotiations in Cancun, Mexico."

A Massacre in Uganda: No Respite. Economist 370:46 February 28, 2004.
"Northern Ugandans are furious about the Army's failure to protect them."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12399152

McGee, Rosemary. Constructing Poverty Trends in Uganda: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Development & Change 35:499-523 June 2004.

Mugisha, Anne. Museveni's Machinations. Journal of Democracy 15:140-144 April 2004.
Expresses doubt in democratic reforms in Uganda.

Musinguzi, Bamuturaki. Soldiers Sue for Pay. New African No.428:25 April 2004.
"Soldiers who served in the Uganda army under former Presidents Milton Obote and Idi Amin are suing the Museveni government for $470m in payment arrears."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738079

Muwendo, John. Can Government Ever Defeat the LRA? New African No.430:38-39 June 2004.
Answers the question why is Uganda unable to defeat the LRA in northern Uganda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13271385

Njuriri, Blamuel. Nile Waters for Sale? New African No.421:27 August/September 2003.
"Three countries in the Nile Basin (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania)...want their fair share of the Nile waters."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11481327

Of Catastrophe Ignored. Economist 371:46 July 24, 2004.
"The tragedy of northern Uganda could have lethal repercussions in Sudan."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13907270

Oloka-Onyango, J. "New-Breed" Leadership, Conflict, and Reconstruction in the Great Lakes Region of Africa: A Sociopolitical Biography of Uganda's Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. Africa Today 50:30-52 Spring 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12900858

Pender, John and others. Development Pathways and Land Management in Uganda. World Development 32:767-792 May 2004.

Prunier, Gerard. Rebel Movements and Proxy Warfare: Uganda, Sudan and the Congo (1986-99). African Affairs 103:359-383 July 2004.

Rossouw, Henk. An African Tale: First Hell, Then College. Chronicle of Higher Education 49:A32-A35 August 8, 2003.
"A Ugandan woman, kidnapped as a teenager by a rebel army, succeeds in her grueling struggle for a higher education."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10537225

Seppa, Nathan. Uganda Show Strong Gains in War on AIDS. Science News 165:301-302 May 8, 2004.
Briefly notes that "Uganda has shown remarkable progress against HIV."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13111452

Sisulu, Sheila. Uganda, DR Congo: There Is Hope yet. New African No.429:44-45 May 2004.
Wonders about the future of Uganda and Congo-Kinshasa.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13107784

Smith, Gary. Child Soldiers and the Lord's Resistance Army. America 190:13-15 March 29, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12632602

Stacey, Tom. The All-Purpose Bogeyman. Spectator 292:20-21 August 23, 2003.
"Profiles the former Ugandan tyrant, Idi Amin."

Tripp, Aili M. The Changing Face of Authoritarianism in Africa: The Case of Uganda. Africa Today 50:3-26 Spring 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12900929

Uganda. Military Technology 28:274-275 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Uganda: Dr. Faustus, I Presume. Africa Confidential 44:6-7 September 12, 2003.
"The deal to give the President another term in exchange for reform is crumbling."

Uganda: Father and Son. Africa Confidential 44:8 August 8, 2003.
Briefly discusses Idi Amin.

Uganda: In Comes the Vigilantes. Africa Confidential 44:3-4 September 26, 2003.
"The 'Arrow Boys' are doing better than the army in the war against the LRA."

Uganda: Military Muscle, Political Problems. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 December 5, 2003.
"The government's failure to end the LRA's brutal campaign points to a growing national crisis."

Uganda: People's Power. Africa Confidential 45:3-4 May 28, 2004.
President Museveni's third term bid is splitting the government party he so patiently built.

Uganda's Child Rebels: Thou Shalt Not Kill. Economist 368:43 September 6, 2003.
"Last year it was thought that the Lord's Resistance Army was beaten. It was not."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10780258

Uganda's Jews: Equatorial Torah. Economist 370:43 January 24, 2004.
"The self-taught Jews of East Africa want recognition."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12056338

Uganda: Unholy Children's Crusade. World Press Review 50:20-22 November 2003.
Civil war continues in Uganda.

The Unknown War. Maclean's 117:16-18 January 12, 2004.
"In their battle against government troops, rebels force children to fight - and die."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11843948

Van Acker, Frank. Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army: The New Order No One Ordered. African Affairs 103:335-357 July 2004.

Wakabi, Wairagala. Uganda's Death Row Debate. New Internationalist No.366:6 April 2004.
"Uganda's poorly funded prisons are currently crammed with 500 prisoners on death row."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12818587

Wakabi, Wairagala. War Without End. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:31-32 April 2004.
"There are increasing signs that the brutal war in the northern part of Uganda is escalating as LRA rebels continue to kill and maim innocent civilians in the region."


Zambia


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members."

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Walter, William. Blurry Borders: Violet Conflict Threatens Zambia. Harvard International Review 25: Winter 2004. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=mth&an=11802210
"Looks at the violent conflict that threatens Zambia."

Zambia. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, December 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2359.htm

Zambia Online: The National Homepage of Zambia.
Available online at: http://www.zambia.co.zm/
News from Zambia.

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Fuller, Alexandra. Scribbling the Cat: Travels with an African Soldier. New York, Penguin Press, 2004. 256 p.
Journey through the past Rhodesia with a veteran of the wars in that place.
Book call no.: 968.9404 F965s

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Southern Africa, Issue 15. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 661 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 968 J33 iss.15 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Multi-Party Elections in Africa, edited by Michael Cowen and Liisa Laakso. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 387 p.
Contesting Democracy: The 1996 Elections in Zambia by Jeremy Gould, pp 299-324.
Book call no.: 324.967 M961

Promoting and Sustaining Economic Reform in Zambia, edited by Catherine B. Hill and Malcolm F. McPherson. Cambridge, MA, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 2004. 565 p.
Book call no.: 338.96894 P965

Periodicals

Cohen, John. HIV May Shed Some Protection As It Jumps to New Host. Science 303:1956 March 26, 2004.
Studies the transmission of HIV in Zambia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12791462

Corruption in Zambia: All in the Past? Economist 368:42 August 16, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=10608574

Former Zimbabwean Farmers: Zim's Loss, Zam's Gain. Economist 371:49 June 26, 2004.
"It's much nicer over the border in Zambia"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13586354

Fuller, Alexandra. The Soldier: What Did the War Do to the Men Who Fought It? New Yorker 80:54-67 March 1, 2004.
"Describes a white former soldier in Zambia named Benjamin K. who had fought for the Rhodesian Army."

Geloo, Zarina. Whence Salvation? New African No.424:25 December 2003.
"Political tensions remain and President Mwanawass's popularity has hit a low ebb. A national conference he called last month has not helped matters either."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11541324

Gondwe, Kennedy. Corruption Trial Begins. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:13 January 2004.
"Former President Chiluba and six others go on trial for multi-million dollar theft of Zambia's resources."

Gondwe, Kennedy. Failings of an Inquisitor. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:31 February 2004.
"Zambia's anti corruption prosecutor is dumped over allegations of corrupt practices."

Gondwe, Kennedy. Guilty As Charged. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:30-31 February 2004.
"Soldiers who plotted to overthrow the Chiluba government in 1997 are sentenced to death although an argument is raging on whether or not they should really be executed."

Gondwe, Kennedy. A Step Forward. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:24 April 2004.
"The fight against corruption in Zambia gets a boost with the sentencing of some officials of former President Chiluba's government."

Gondwe, Kennedy. Trading Hope for Despair. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 9:19 October 2003.
"The economic situation in Zambia is not getting better, yet government wants more sacrifices from the people."

Gunnell, Barbara. A Conspiracy of the Rich. New Statesman 133:27-28 May 24, 2004.
"There's lots of ruin in a country, it is said. But only the IMF could turn one of Africa's wealthiest nations into one of its poorest in just 20 years."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13190252

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer. Zambian Air Chief Urges Regional Defence Pact. Jane's Defence Weekly 40:18 November 12, 2003.

The IMF or the People. New African No.429:30 May 2004.
Discusses Zambia's predicament in following IMF guidelines.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13107741

Kigotho, Wachira. Lecturers at the University of Zambia... Chronicle of Higher Education 50:A31 June 4, 2004.
Lecturers demand "to be sold land that the university owns in order to build low-cost homes."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13466046

Lies, Damn Lies. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:27-28 May 2004.
"Politicians accuse President Mwanawasa of complicity in the death of his mother from injuries sustained in a minibus accident."

Musanshi, Machova. Women Make Slow, Political Gains in Zambia. African Agenda 6, no.3:30 2003.

Right Step Forward. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:27-28 May 2004.
"The fight against corruption in Zambia gets a boost with the sentencing of officials of former President Chiluba's government."

The University of Zimbabwe Has Had to Send Some Students' Examination Papers to Universities in Neighboring Zambia for Grading Because of a Severe Shortage of Lecturers Caused by a Recent Strike. Chronicle of Higher Education 50:A52 September 26, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=11017728

Zambia. Military Technology 28:275-276 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13161334

Zambia: Chilling out Chiluba. Africa Confidential 44:8 December 5, 2003.
Former President Chiluba faces two trials in the future.

Zambia: Jail to the Chief. Africa Confidential 45:5-6 February 6, 2003.
"Personal and political rivalries are helping ex-President Frederick Chiluba's defence."

Zambia to Export Surplus Maize. Ecologist 34:12-13 February 2004.
Zambia will be exporting surplus maize to neighboring countries that suffer from food shortages.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12230202

Zambia: Watching Big Brother. Africa Confidential 44:4-6 September 26, 2003.
"As politicians fall like ninepins to the Anti-Corruption Task Force, the President turns to TV."

Zulu, Samu. No Place for 'Animal Farm'. New African No.427:22 March 2004.
Author Roy Clarke is being asked to leave Zambia after comparing its government to George Orwell's Animal Farm.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12599258


Zimbabwe


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress. Global Legal Information Network.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guideindex.html
"A Database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members".

Political Resources on the Net: Africa.
Available online at: http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Zimbabwe. Background Notes on Countries of the World. Washington, U. S. Dept. of State, November 2003.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5479.htm

Zwnews.com.
Available online at: http://www.zwnews.com/
"The world's leading website on Zimbabwe."

Books

Africa 2004. 39th ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2004. 323 p. (World Today)
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.: R 916 D724a 2004

Chan, Stephen. Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. Ann Arbor, MI, University of Michigan Press, 2003. 240 p.
Book call no.: 92 M951c

Chikuhwa, Jacob W. A Crisis of Governance: Zimbabwe. New York, Algora Publishing, 2004.
Book call no.: 320.96891 C534c

Fuller, Alexandra. Scribbling the Cat: Travels with an African Soldier. New York, Penguin Press, 2004. 256 p.
Journey through the past Rhodesia with a veteran of the wars in that place.
Book call no.: 968.9404 F965s

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment: Southern Africa, Issue 15. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 661 p.
For each country provides information such as: country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, army, air forces, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defense production and R & D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.: R 968 J33 iss.15 2004

Jane's World Air Forces, Issue 20, edited by Paul Jackson. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 643 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.: R 623.746 J33 iss.20 2004

Jane's World Armies, Issue 15, edited by James C. O'Halloran and others. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2004. 999 p.
Provides the following information for each country: national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.: R 355.3 J33 iss.15 2004

Kriger, Norma J. Guerrilla Veterans in Post-War Zimbabwe: Symbolic and Violent Politics, 1980-1987. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003. 293 p. (African Studies)
Book call no.: 968.91051 K92g

The Military Balance 2003-2004. London, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003. 368 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 2003/2004

Multi-Party Elections in Africa, edited by Michael Cowen and Liisa Laakso. New York, Palgrave, 2002. 387 p.
When Elections Are Just a Formality: Rural-Urban Dynamics in the Dominant-Party System in Zimbabwe by Liisa Laakso, pp 324-345.
Book call no.: 324.967 M961

White, Luise. The Assassination of Herbert Chitepo: Texts and Politics in Zimbabwe. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2003. 139 p.
Book call no.: 968.9105 W585a

Zimbabwe and the Prospects for Nonviolent Political Change. Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2003. 15 p. (Special Report, no.109)
Also available online at: http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr109.pdf
Book call no.: 320.96891 Z71

Periodicals

Andreasson, Stefan. Economic Reforms and 'Virtual Democracy' in South Africa and Zimbabwe: The Incompatibility of Liberalisation, Inclusion and Development Journal of Contemporary African Studies 21:383-406 September 2003.

Boateng, Osei. If Only Bush Will Look the Facts in the Face. New African No.424:46-48 December 2003.
President Bush puts pressure upon Zimbabwe for change.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11541432

Boateng, Osei. The Men behind the Balaclava. New African No.425:34-35 January 2004.
Looks at the group called Zimbabwe Freedom Movement which proposes to replace President Mugabe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11805509

Briggs, Joe Bob. Yes, He Has No Bananas: Mugabe Runs out of Time...and Everything Else. National Interest No.75:103-109 Spring 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738536


Buckle, Cathy. Extreme Politics. New Republic 229:54 October 13, 2003.
"Discusses political repression under Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10992455

Buckle, Cathy. School Dropout. New Republic 231:42 July 5, 2004.
Discusses the state of education in Zimbabwe including schools being closed without warning.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13577894

Bush, George W. Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency Blocking Property of Persons Undermining Democratic Processes or Institutions in Zimbabwe. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 40:317-318 March 8, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12541050

Chan, Stephen and Primorac, Ranka. The Imagination of Land and the Reality of Seizure: Zimbabwe's Complex Reinventions. Journal of International Affairs 57:63-80 Spring 2004.

Chaumba, Joseph and others. From Jambanja to Planning: The Reassertion of Technocracy in Land Reform in South-Eastern Zimbabwe? Journal of Modern African Studies 41:533-554 December 2003.

Clapham, Christopher and Mills, Greg. South Africa considers options in Zimbabwe. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:38-40 June 2003.

Coleman, Sarah. Zimbabwe: Mounting Isolation. World Press Review 51:29 February 2004.
President Mugabe confirms that Zimbabwe will withdraw from the Commonwealth.

Commonwealth: Don't RSVP. Africa Confidential 44:8 November 21, 2003.
Discusses problems within the Commonwealth over Secretary General, Don McKinnon, and his actions with respect to Zimbabwe.

Commonwealth/Zimbabwe: Blair We Want Regime Change. New African No.426:14-18 February 2004.
"Abridged version of the exchanges in the House of Commons" about regime change in Zimbabwe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12269352

Commonwealth/Zimbabwe: The Cost of Mugabe. Africa Confidential 44:3-4 December 19, 2003.
"Poor diplomacy allows the Zimbabwe row to weaken the Commonwealth and divide Africa."

Congo-Kinshasa: Future Shock. Africa Confidential 45:8 April 30, 2004.
Notes troubles in the military.

Cross, Eddie. Zimbabwe: Body Blow. World Today 59:20-21 December 2003.
After the decision not to invite President Mugabe to the Commonwealth summit, predicts his demise.

Datta, Kavita. A Coming of Age? Re-Conceptualising Gender and Development in Urban Botswana. Journal of Southern African Studies 30:251-268 June 2004.

Dorman, Sara R. NGOs and the Constitutional Debat in Zimbabwe: From Inclusion to Exclusion. Journal of Southern African Studies 29:845-863 December 2003.

Dowden, Richard. African Patience Helps Mugabe. New Statesman 132:15 December 15, 2003.
The Commonwealth and Zimbabwe.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=11676795

Former Zimbabwean Farmers: Zim's Loss, Zam's Gain. Economist 371:49 June 26, 2004.
"It's much nicer over the border in Zambia"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13586354

Garir, J. An African Rapid Reaction Force. African Armed Forces Journal, pp 16, December 2003-January 2004.
Opinion of Lt. Colonel J. Garir of the Zimbabwe Defence Force.

Is Comrade Bob Tired of His Job? Economist 371:43 May 22, 2004.
"Robert Mugabe says he will retire in 2008. But first, he has an election to rig."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13193423

Jere, Janet and Shoko, Chipo. How Could the Mercenaries Get This Far. New African No.428:23 April 2004.
Reports "the arrests of alleged mercenaries in Zimbabwe and Equatorial Guinea.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12738076

Let's Talk about Talks. Economist 370:44-45 February 7, 2004.
"Could Zimbabwe's government and opposition negotiate in earnest?"
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12192418

Maundeni, Zibani. Why the African Renaissance Is Likely to Fail: The Case of Zimbabwe. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 22:189-212 May 2004.

Mbeki, Thabo. Mbeki: We Will Resist Regime Change. New African No.426:20-24 February 2004.
"Thabo Mbeki, the South African President, tells why he fought stoutly for Zimbabwe's Commonwealth suspension to be lifted."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12269360

Merafhe, Mompati S. Botswana Is Not Working Against Zimbabwe. New African No.422:66 October 2003.
"Botswana is not aware of, or party to, any plans to enforce a regime change in any country in the region. Even if the Americans and the British were planning to do so, Botswana would never allow itself to be used in such treacherous activities."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10946160

The Method behind Mugabe's Madness. Economist 371:48-49 June 26, 2004.
"Why Zimbabwe's leader wants to drive away his middle class and keep a frightened and starving peasantry in his thrall."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=13586353

Olden, Mark. This Man Has Been Called Zimbabwe's Che Guevara. Did Mugabe Have Him Murdered? New Statesman 133:32-33 April 12, 2004.
Traces the life of Josiah Tongogara.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12750522

The Opposition in Zimbabwe: Being an MP: A Very Dangerous Job. Economist 370:48 March 13, 2004.
"If you don't like being tortured, don't stand for Parliament."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12515728

Preston, Matthew. Stalemate and the Termination of Civil War: Rhodesia Reassessed. Journal of Peace Research 41:65-83 January 2004.

Ranger, Terence. Nationalist Historiography, Patriotic History and the History of the Nation: The Struggle over the Past in Zimbabwe. Journal of Southern African Studies 30:215-234 June 2004.

Rossouw, Henk. Zimbabwe's Government Has Ordered... Chronicle of Higher Education 50:A38 April 16, 2004.
"All students enrolled in the country's public higher-education institutions to take a new course whose main subject is the ruling ZANU-PF party."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=12996526

Security Brief: Zimbabwe: Are These Crossroads? African Security Review 12:53-54 August 2003.
Discusses "diplomatic activity apparently geared towards finding a solution in the Zimbabwe crisis."

Seed of Discord. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:24-25 March 2004.
"The unresolved political crisis in Zimbabwe is creating a wedge between ANC party supporters said their allies."

Tatchell, Peter. A Law That Fails to Catch Mugabe Is Pointless. New Statesman 133:27 January 26, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=12012758

Thomas, Neil H. Land Reform in Zimbabwe. Third World Quarterly 24:691-712 August 2003.
Concludes "that radical redistribution is desirable and feasible."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=10466228

Tutu, Desmond. The Credibility of Democracy. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:22-23 February 2004.
"Text of a statement issued by the office of South Africa's Archbishop Emeritus, Desmond Tutu, after the Abuja CHOGM, calling on the Mbeki's government for clarity on the Commonwealth and Zimbabwe."

Under a Spell. Africa Today: Voice of the Continent 10:20-25 February 2004.
"With the crisis in Zimbabwe getting worse, President Thabo Mbeki's staunch support for Robert Mugabe continues to baffle friends and foes alike."

The University of Zimbabwe Has Had to Send Some Students' Examination Papers to Universities in Neighboring Zambia for Grading Because of a Severe Shortage of Lecturers Caused by a Recent Strike. Chronicle of Higher Education 50:A52 September 26, 2003.
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WCC Asks Zimbabwe to Restore Rule of Law. Christian Century 120:16 December 13, 2003.
World Council of Churches asks the government to end arbitrary arrests and restore the rule of law.
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Wetherell, Iden. An Own Goal. World Press Review 50:48-49 December 2003.
Zimbabwean government clamps down on freedom of the press.

Wetherell, Iden. Zimbabwe: Exhuming Hope. Foreign Policy No.139:42-44 November/December 2003.
Anticipates Zimbabwe after President Mugabe.
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Wines, Michael. Accused Plotters Ask South Africa's Help. New York Times 153:A12 May 26, 2004.
70 men accused of plotting a coup in Equatorial Guinea plead for South Africa to intervene in their possible extradition from Zimbabwe to Equatorial Guinea.

Zimbabwe. Military Technology 28:276 World Defense Almanac 2003-2004.
Details force structure.
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Zimbabwe: A Question of Terminology. World Press Review 51:29 March 2004.
Arrest of the general manager of the newspaper Zimbabwe Independent.

Zimbabwe and Africa: Counting the Cost. Economist 369:45-46 November 8, 2003.
"The price of Zimbabwe's collapse for the rest of Africa."
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Zimbabwe and the Commonwealth: Bye-Bye Bob. Economist 369:43-44 December 13, 2003.
"Zimbabwe is isolated, Africa divided."
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Zimbabwe: Banking Breakdowns. Africa Confidential 45:1-2 January 23, 2003.
"Financial and political casualties mount as the struggle to succeed President Mugabe intensifies."

Zimbabwe/Commonwealth: Africa Reacts. New African No.425:20-22 December 2003.
After its suspension is extended, Zimbabwe leaves the Commonwealth.
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Zimbabwe: Disappearing Food. Africa Confidential 45:7 April 30, 2004.
"The government may turn away foreign food aid as part of its ruthless election strategy."

Zimbabwe: Fast Buck, Slow Famine. Africa Confidential 45:4-5 May 28, 2004.
U.S. companies help President Mugabe finance secret food imports.

Zimbabwe: Fears of Famine. Africa Confidential 45:1-3 July 9, 2004.
"President Mugabe has laughed off forecasts of another food crisis; now the UN presents the evidence."

Zimbabwe: Gideon's Bible. Africa Confidential 45:4-5 March 19, 2004.
"The central bank governor's anti-corruption drive may be part of a bigger plan."

Zimbabwe I: Gunning for Mnangagwa. Africa Confidential 45:1 April 16, 2004.
"A corruption probe into ZANU-PF's finances aims to block the Parliamentary Speaker's bid to succeed President Mugabe."

Zimbabwe II: Losing Zengeza. Africa Confidential 45:2-3 April 16, 2004.
"The ruling party has won another by-election-and the opposition is faltering."

Zimbabwe: Locking up the Minister. Africa Confidential 45:8 April 30, 2004.
Finance Minister Christopher Kuruneri is jailed for exporting money.

Zimbabwe: Marching to Masvingo. Africa Confidential 44:1-3 November 21, 2003.
"President Mugabe's exit plans are prompting unrest ahead of the ZANU-FP party congress."

Zimbabwe: Media Attrition. Africa Confidential 44:8 October 10, 2003.
The government continues to pressure independent news media.

Zimbabwe: No Chance, Mr. President. Africa Confidential 44:1 November 7, 2003.
"The Party officials and military commanders are ignoring President Mugabe's orders to surrender their farms."

Zimbabwe: On and on and on. Africa Confidential 45:1-3 July 23, 2004.
"Economic failure controls Mugabe more sharply than opposition parties and foreign critics."

Zimbabwe: Out of Funds. Africa Confidential 45:8 April 2, 2004.
Zimbabwe's problems with the International Monetary Fund.

Zimbabwe's Awful Tractor Shortage. Economist 369:60 December 20, 2003.
President Mugabe will seize white-owned tractors.
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Zimbabwe's Cash Crisis: Banish the Thought of Inflation. Economist 368:45 August 2, 2003.
"Robert Mugabe cannot even print money competently."
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Zimbabwe's Continuing Descent: Shut up, Unless You Fawn. Economist 368:46 September 20, 2003.
"Gloom in Mugabeland."
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Zimbabwe: Vaulting Ambition. Africa Confidential 45:8 March 19, 2004.
Discusses the political hopes of Information Minister, Janathan Moyo.

Zimbabwe: War on England. Africa Confidential 44:8 September 12, 2003.
Discusses land reform and an embarrassing case at a farm called Little England which involves the Mugabe family.


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