CENTRAL AFRICA


March 2008

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed March 21, 2008.


Central Africa


Internet Resources

The Changing Geography of Africa and the Middle East, edited by Graham P. Chapman and Kathleen M. Baker.  New York, Routledge, 2003.  252 p.
Available online at:  http://www.netlibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=88878
To read this book you must first register with net library from Muir F. Fairchild Research Information Center.  See table of contents for pages.

Metogo, Gabriel.  Security and Stability in the Gulf of Guinea.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  21 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448471
This paper discusses "some major challenges inherent to security and stability in the Gulf of Guinea, a large area encompassing 23 countries:  Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo."

Books

Central Africa:  Crisis, Reform and Reconstruction, edited by E.S.D. Fomin and John W. Forje.  Dakar, Senegal, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2005.  258 p.
Book call no.:  330.967 C397

Civil Militia:  Africa's Intractable Security Menace?,  edited by David J. Francis.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  300 p.
Mayi Mayi and Interahamwe Militias:  Threats to Peace and Security in the Great Lakes Region, by Macharia Munene, pp 231-250.
Book call no.:  322.42096 C582

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Glasius, Marlies and Kaldor, Mary.  A Human Security Doctrine for Europe:  Project, Principles, Practicalities.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  366 p.
Chapter 4:  The Great Lakes Region:  Security Vacuum and European Legacy, by Victoria Brittain and Augusta Conchiglia.
Book call no.:  327.17094 H918

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area and statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Lischer, Sarah Kenyon.  Dangerous Sanctuaries:  Refugee Camps, Civil War, and the Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2005.  204 p.
Chapter 4:  From Refugees to Regional War in Central Africa.
Book call no.:  362.878 L769d

Ogata, Sadako N.  The Turbulent Decade:  Confronting the Refugee Crisis of the 1990s.  New York, W. W. Norton, 2005.  402 p.
Chapter 4:  Crises in the Great Lakes Region of Africa.
Book call no.:  362.8709049 O34t

Oliver, Roland Anthony and Atmore, Anthony.  Africa since 1800.  5th ed.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  405 p.
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  960 O48a 2005

Rhodes, Edward and others.  Presence, Prevention, and Persuasion:  A Historical Analysis of Military Force and Political Influence.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2004.  450 p.
Toujours la Chasse Gardee?  French Power and Influence in Late-Twentieth-Century Francophone Central Africa, 1970-1995, by Sarah S. Milburn, pp 281-376.
Book call no.:  327.117 P933

Security Dynamics in Africa's Great Lakes Region.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  231 p.
Book call no.:  355.0330676 S446

Twisting Arms and Flexing Muscles:  Humanitarian Intervention and Peacebuilding in Perspective, edited by Nathalie Mychajlyszyn and Timothy M. Shaw.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  151 p.
Chapter 4:  Short-Term Gain, Long-Term Pain:  An Assessment of 53 United Nations Chapter VII Activities in Central Africa, by Robert Astroff and David Meren.
Book call no.:  341.584 T974

Document

Elhamoumi, Abderrahim.  Redefining Reconciliation in Rwanda:  A Centerpiece for Peace and Stability in the Great Lakes of Africa.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2007.  31 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 E41r

Periodicals

African Nations to Develop Joint Continental Coast Guard.  Sea Power No.8:59-60 August 2006.
Plan to "create a joint coast guard force to help combat piracy, illegal fishing, illegal migration and pollution" in Africa.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1104749431&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Declining Standards of Living.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:28-29 January 2007.
"Water and sanitation are huge obstacles to good living standards in Africa, particularly in West and Central Africa."

Ankomah, Baffour.  Ecobank Is Leaving the Competition Behind.  New African No.454:54-55 August-September 2006.
"Reports on the new business operation of Ecobank in the west and central African countries, particularly in Ghana and Nigeria."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21984725&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Blue Lines.  Africa Confidential 47:1 December 1, 2006.
"Khartoum is at the epicenter of the growing regional crisis in the Horn of Africa, which is spreading into Central Africa."

Central Africa:  A Slow Road to Travel.  Africa Confidential 49:9-11 January 11, 2008.
Discusses major events in each country during 2007.

Central Africa:  On the Brink.  Africa Confidential 48:5-7 January 12, 2007.
"Congo-Kinshasa tries to consolidate after elections as Chad and the Central African Republic face down Sudan-sponsored rebels."

Chad:  Deby - Caught Between Paris and Khartoum.  Africa Confidential 49:6-7 February 15, 2008.
"President Idriss Deby Itno's struggle for survival is not over and its outcome will have huge regional ramifications."

Check, Nicasius A.  Conflict in the Great Lakes Region:  Revisiting the Case of Burundi.  Africa Insight 37:44-62 April 2007.

Diamonds:  How Crooks Still Exploit the System.  Africa Confidential 48:6-8 February 2, 2007.
Investigates the diamond trade in West Africa, Central Africa, and Southern Africa.

Great Lakes:  No Borders Against Trouble.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 November 2, 2007.
"Unfinished business and three major hotspots endangers the whole region."

Hecht, Jeff.  Is Rain in Central Africa Just a Passing Phase?  New Scientist 193:13 January 27, 2007.
"Reports on research in central equatorial Africa, suggesting that the region could suffer from extensive droughts."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23875616&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lanzer, Toby.  Fragile Frontier.  World Today 63:25-27 October 2007.
Considers the effects of conflict in Darfur and Chad on the region of central Africa.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1396718131&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Machenheimer, Sabine.  Drug Trafficking Blights West Africa.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:4-5 November 2006.
"Report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime revealed that cocaine seizures in West and Central Africa increased more than six-fold in 2004."

Niemann, Michael.  War Making and State Making in Central Africa.  Africa Today 53:20-39 Spring 2007.
Places "the current conflict in the DRC and the difficulties in ending it in the context of a political transition, that is, the painful and difficult efforts of developing a new form of political community from the shards of a repressive colonial state."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24309807&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Peace Without Borders.  America 195:4 October 2, 2006.
"Discusses the events that occurred during the peace process in central Africa."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22455133&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Reyntjens, Filip.  Democratic Republic of Congo:  Political Transition and Beyond.  African Affairs 106:307-317 April 2007.
Concludes that if "territorial control, fiscal capacity and legal security - are re-established (even if only to a reasonable extent), the prospects for the DRC and indeed for the whole region would hold some promise.  But any attempt by the new Congolese regime or by the donor community to tackle the symptoms of state failure rather than its substance is doomed to fail."

Toremans, Guy.  Interview - General August Van Daele.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:34 February 28, 2007.
General August Van Daele, Chief of Defense of Belgium, discusses the Belgian military transformation that makes it capable of operational deployment in places like central Africa.

Trelawny, Chris.  The Naval Contribution to Sustainable Development in West and Central Africa.  RUSI Journal 152:70-74 October 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1433245341&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Wakabi, Wairagala.  Building an Oasis of Peace.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:24 June 2007.
"Former UN Secretary General Annan's initiative to bring stability to the Great Lakes area is gradually yielding dividends."

Wakabi, Wairagala.  Finally, a Sustainable Deal.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:32-33 January 2007.
"Regional peace pact raises hope for peaceful co-existence in central Africa."

Woebegone.  Economist 382:48 February 3, 2007.
"One of Africa's greatest natural resources (Lake Victoria) needs saving."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23893237&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Woodside, Duncan.  Good Neighbours?  Security in the African 'Great Lakes' Region.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:22-27 February 2007.
Events in the Democratic Republic of Congo will be crucial to the success of a security and development pact between 11 African countries.


Cameroon


Internet Resources

Cameroon.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cm.html
General information about each country.

Cameroon.  Background Notes, February 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/26431.htm
Information about Cameroon including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/cameroon.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Calderisi, Robert.  The Trouble with Africa:  Why Foreign Aid Isn't Working.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  249 p.
Chapter 8:  The Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline.
Book call no.:  338.91096 C146t

Central Africa:  Crisis, Reform and Reconstruction, edited by E.S.D. Fomin and John W. Forje.  Dakar, Senegal, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2005.  258 p.
The Vicissitudes of Cameroon Civil Society in the 1990s:  What Lessons for the Central African Region? pp 210-222.
Book call no.:  330.967 C397

Civil Militia:  Africa's Intractable Security Menace?,  edited by David J. Francis.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  300 p.
The 'Anti-Gang' Civil Militias in Cameroon and the Threat to National and Human Security, by Cage Banseka, pp 161-186.
Book call no.:  322.42096 C582

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 8:  Cameroon:  The Media Between Protest and Submission.
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Jane's Sentinel:  Security of Assessment Central Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  816 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 967 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Periodicals

Cameroon.  Military Technology 10, no.1:302-303 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cameroon:  A Peninsula War.  Africa Confidential 48:7 December 14, 2007.
"Tales of intrigue and treason surround the killing of 21 soldiers in the disputed Bakassi Peninsula."

Cameroon:  Biya Goes on and on.  Africa Confidential 47:6-7 September 8, 2006.
"The President's inaction keeps Cameroon peaceful, but far from prosperous."

Cameroon:  No Contest.  Africa Confidential 48:5 August 3, 2007.
"Everyone thinks the government fixed the elections but that really wasn't necessary."

Equatorial Guinea/Cameroon:  Bank Blow.  Africa Confidential 48:12 December 14, 2007.
"A daring raid on two banks in Bata, Equatorial Guinea's commercial capital, on 5 December has prompted a sharp breach in relations with neighboring Cameroon, and overhaul of national security and new questions about the spread of instability in an already troubled region."

Fah, Gilbert L.  The War on Terror, the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline, and the New Identity of the Lake Chad Basin.  Journal of Contemporary African Studies 25:101-117 January 2007.
Examines the relationship between the war on terror and the Chad-Cameroon pipeline.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27216603&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kabukuru, Wanjohi.  Kenya Airways:  More Questions Than Answers.  New African No.464:68 July 2007.
"Reports on issues related to the crash of Kenya Airways flight 507, five kilometers after takeoff from Douala airport in Cameroon."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25763042&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

King, Martin L.  Back Where It Belongs.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:18-19 July 2006.
"Almost four years after the World Court ruling on the matter, Nigeria finally moves to hand over the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon."

Konings, Piet.  Privatisation and Labour Militancy:  The Case of Cameron's Tea Estates.  Journal of Contemporary African Studies 26:51-70 January 2008.
Local tea workers try to corrupt efforts to privatize labor on tea estates in Anglophone Cameroon.

Musa, Tansa.  Biya's 25 Years in Power.  New African No.464:90 January 2008.
Views of citizens about the 25th anniversary of President Biya.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28083903&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Musa, Tansa.  Cameroon:  The Woes of the Cotton Industry.  New African No.466:68 October 2007.
With prices of cotton falling worldwide, the cotton industry in Cameroon is struggling.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26921430&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Musa, Tansa.  Lake Nyos Is in a Mess.  New African No.453:27 July 2006.
"In August 1986, a deadly gas leak from Lake Nyos killed over 1800 people in Cameroon.  Now there are fears that the dam may collapse within 5 to 10 years and kill more people."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21500173&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Unkindest Cut.  Economist 386:90 February 16, 2008.
"Focuses on the attempt by the government of Cameroon to rent a large tract of virgin tropical rain forest to a conservation organization rather than to a timber industry company for logging."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=29988659&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Central Africa Republic


Internet Resources

Central African Republic.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ct.html
General information about each country.

Central African Republic.  Human Rights Watch.
Available online at:  http://hrw.org/doc/?t=africa&c=carepu

Central African Republic.  Background Notes, March 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/4007.htm
Information about Central African Republic including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/car.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
In two volumes, see table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

The Fate of Africa's Democratic Experiments:  Elites and Institutions, edited by Leonardo A. Villalon and Peter VonDoepp.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2005.  324 p.
The Shaky Foundations, Adverse Circumstances, and Limited Achievements of Democratic Transition in the Central African Republic, by Andreas Mehler, pp 126-152.
Book call no.:  320.96 F252

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 6:  Central African Republic:  A Fragile and Ill-Used Media.
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area and statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security of Assessment Central Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  816 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 967 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  676 p.
Gives general information about each terrorist group and a chronology.
Book call no.:  R 364.1 J33 iss.26 2007

MacQueen, Norrie.  Peacekeeping and the International System.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  286 p.
Africa I:  Decolonization in Contested Legitimacy, pp 180-210.
Africa II:  Peacekeeping in Stateless Terrain, pp 211-233.
Book call no.:  341.584 M1731p

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Rothermund, Dietmar.  The Routledge Companion to Decolonization.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  365 p.  (Rutledge Companions to History)
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  325.309045 R846r

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Periodicals

Beyond a Failed State.  Economist 386:46-47 January 26, 2008.
"Describes political developments in the Central African Republic which is seeing a renewal of violence."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28697907&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Caffrey, Craig.  UN Backs Proposed EU Deployment into Chad/Central African Republic.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:22 September 5, 2007.
"Reports on the United Nations' support to a proposed European Union deployment into eastern Chad and the northeastern Central African Republic."

Central Africa:  On the Brink.  Africa Confidential 48:5-7 January 12, 2007.
"Congo-Kinshasa tries to consolidate after elections as Chad and the Central African Republic face down Sudan-sponsored rebels."

Central African Rebels Clash with French Forces.  New York Times 156:A10 March 5, 2007.
"Rebels in the Central African Republic have attacked French Army positions in the northern town of Birao on March 4, 2007 after a French warplane bombed their forces."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1226986481&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Central African Republic.  Military Technology 31, no.1:304-305 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Central African Republic:  At Last, a Possible Peace.  Africa Confidential 48:9 December 14, 2007.
"Plagued by rebel factions and chronic political instability, President Bozize may be ready to talk to his opponents."

Chad/Central African Republic/EU:  Delays in Deployment.  Africa Confidential 49:8 February 15, 2008.
"As fighting in Chad worsens, Lieutenant General Nash promises all EUFOR troops will be on the ground by mid-May."

Contaminating the Neighbours.  Economist 381:54 November 11, 2006.
"Reports that the armies of Chad and the Central African Republic are fighting on their own territory against Darfur-based rebel groups."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23158685&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  Chad Said to Reinforce Troop Levels in CAR.  Jane's Defense Weekly 43:19 November 29, 2006.
"Reports on the Chad's government's plan to deploy troops to the Central African Republic."

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  France Talks Peace with EU for Chad, CAR.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:18 July 27, 2007.
"Reports on French President Nicholas Sarkozy's meeting with European Union Foreign Policy Chief Javier Solana on the possibility of deploying an EU peacekeeping force to Chad and the Central African Republic."

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  Rebels Take Control of Central African Republic's Northeast.  Jane's Defense Weekly 43:14 November 22, 2006.
"Reports on the success of the rebel Union des Forces Democratiques pour le Rassemblement in taking complete control of the Northeast Vakaga province of the Central African Republic on November 10, 2006."

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  UN Approves Mission to Eastern Chad.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:31 October 3, 2007.
The UN Security Council approves "the establishment of a multidimensional presence in the east of Chad and northeast of the Central African Republic."

Kirschke, Linda.  Semipresidentialism and the Perils of Power-Sharing and Neopatrimonial States.  Comparative Political Studies 40:1372-1394 November 2007.
Examines the government transitions in the Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic.

McFarlane, Donald.  Into Africa:  EU Force Needs Lift.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:16 November 28, 2007.
French General Henri Bentegeat, chairman of the European military committee, "is concerned about the lack of logistical support and lift capabilities for the appointment and lack of commitment to provide a third field hospital."

More Suspects in Its Sights.  Economist 383:52 May 26, 2007.
"Discusses the intention of the International Criminal Court to investigate war atrocities in the Central African Republic."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25216104&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A Peacekeeping Puzzle for Europe.  Economist 385:54 December 15, 2007.
"Article discusses difficulties in enacting a plan to send several thousand European Union and United Nations peacekeepers into Chad and the Central African Republic."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27927084&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Polgreen, Lydia.  Central Africa Guard Unit Is Implicated in Atrocities.  New York Times 156:A12 September 16, 2007.
"An elite presidential guard unit of the military in the Central African Republic is primarily responsible for countless atrocities against civilians in the northern part of the country since 2005, according to a human rights watch report."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1336527781&sid=8&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Polgreen, Lydia.  Wedged Amid African Crises, A Neglected Nation Suffers.  New York Times 156:A3 April 2, 2007.
Discusses war refugees in the Central African Republic.

Ramsbotham, Alexander.  Digest.  International Peacekeeping 14:433-437 August 2007.
"Presents a report published by the United Nations that examines a United Nations technical assessment mission to Chad and the Central African Republic that took place from October to December of 2006."

Tigner, Brooks.  EU Force Begins Deployment to Chad, CAR.  Jane's Defense Weekly 45:9 February 6, 2008.
EU "mission aims to protect Darfur refugees, humanitarian operations and United Nations assets."

Tigner, Brooks.  EU Identifies Capability Caps for Chad, CAR.  Jane's International Defense Review 41:13 January 2008.
"Reports on the capability gaps of a peacekeeping mission by the European Union in Chad and the Central African Republic."

Tigner, Brooks.  EU Prepares Chad/CAR Peacekeeping Mission.  Jane's Defense Weekly 45:18 January 16, 2008.
"Reports on the European Union's plan to launch its peacekeeping mission to Chad and the Central African Republic."

Treaty Update.  Arms Control Today 36:5 October 2006.
"Comoros and the Central African Republic ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention, agreeing not to develop, produce, stockpile, or use chemical weapons."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1154271011&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Van Dijk, Han.  Briefing:  Political Deadlock in Chad.  African Affairs 106:697-703 October 2007.
"With thousands of refugees streaming over the border from the Central African Republic into Chad in recent months, the security situation in the latter country has become the subject of increased international concern."


Chad


Internet Resources

Chad.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cd.html
General information about each country.

Chad.  Human Rights Watch.
Available online at:  http://hrw.org/doc/?t=africa&c=chad

Chad.  Background Notes, March 2008.
Available online at:  hthttp://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/37992.htm
Information about Chad including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/chad.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Sudan:  The Crisis in Darfur War and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement, by Ted Dagne.  Washington, March 27, 2007.  31 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA468689
"Meanwhile, a separate ongoing crisis in Darfur in western Sudan has led to a major humanitarian disaster, with an estimated 2 million people displaced, more than 234,000 people forced into neighboring Chad."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Calderisi, Robert.  The Trouble with Africa:  Why Foreign Aid Isn't Working.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  249 p.
Chapter 8:  The Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline.
Book call no.:  338.91096 C146t

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
In two volumes, see table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 7:  Chad:  Media Resistance in the Midst of Turmoil.
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area and statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  676 p.
Gives general information about each terrorist group and a chronology.
Book call no.:  R 364.1 J33 iss.26 2007

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Peterson, Trudy Huskamp.  Final Acts:  A Guide to Preserving the Records of Truth Commissions.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2005.  110 p.
African countries included in the country reports include:  Burundi, Chad, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
Book call no.:  025.1 P485f

Rothermund, Dietmar.  The Routledge Companion to Decolonization.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  365 p.  (Rutledge Companions to History)
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  325.309045 R846r

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Tayler, Jeffrey.  Angry Wind:  Through Muslim Black Africa by Truck, Bus, Boat, and Camel.  Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 2005.  252 p.
Travels include Chad.
Book call no.:  916.604 T237a

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Multilateral Development Banks:  Development Effectiveness of Infrastructure Projects.  Hearing. 109th Congress, 2nd session, July 12, 2006.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  90 p.
Also available online at:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=109_senate_hearings&docid=f:35963.pdf
Book call no.:  332.153 U581m

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Child Soldier:  The Practice Continues.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:7 April 2007.
Child soldiers are still being used in Burundi, Chad, DR Congo, Ivory Coast, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda.

Caffrey, Craig.  UN Backs Proposed EU Deployment into Chad/Central African Republic.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:22 September 5, 2007.
"Reports on the United Nations' support to a proposed European Union deployment into eastern Chad and the northeastern Central African Republic."

Central Africa:  On the Brink.  Africa Confidential 48:5-7 January 12, 2007.
"Congo-Kinshasa tries to consolidate after elections as Chad and the Central African Republic face down Sudan-sponsored rebels."

Chad.  Military Technology 31, no.1:305-306 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chad/Central African Republic/EU:  Delays in Deployment.  Africa Confidential 49:8 February 15, 2008.
"As fighting in Chad worsens, Lieutenant General Nash promises all EUFOR troops will be on the ground by mid-May."

Chad:  Deby - Caught Between Paris and Khartoum.  Africa Confidential 49:6-7 February 15, 2008.
"President Idriss Deby Itno's struggle for survival is not over and its outcome will have huge regional ramifications."

Chad/Sudan:  In Loco Parentis.  Africa Confidential 48:12 November 2, 2007.
"The trial of 9 French and 7 Spanish citizens accused of abducting 103 children from the Chad/Sudan border region on 25 October will damage France's relationship with Chad and prove a useful diplomatic tool for President Idriss Deby Itno."

Chad:  Sudan Targets Central Africa.  Africa Confidential 47:5 December 1, 2006.
"Chadian rebels launch a new offensive against President Deby after fresh backing from the Sudan government."

Contaminating the Neighbours.  Economist 381:54 November 11, 2006.
"Reports that the armies of Chad and the Central African Republic are fighting on their own territory against Darfur-based rebel groups."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23158685&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fah, Gilbert L.  The War on Terror, the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline, and the New Identity of the Lake Chad Basin.  Journal of Contemporary African Studies 25:101-117 January 2007.
Examines the relationship between the war on terror and the Chad-Cameroon pipeline.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27216603&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  Chad Said to Reinforce Troop Levels in CAR.  Jane's Defense Weekly 43:19 November 29, 2006.
"Reports on the Chad's government's plan to deploy troops to the Central African Republic."

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  France Talks Peace with EU for Chad, CAR.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:18 July 27, 2007.
"Reports on French President Nicholas Sarkozy's meeting with European Union Foreign Policy Chief Javier Solana on the possibility of deploying an EU peacekeeping force to Chad and the Central African Republic."

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  UN Approves Mission to Eastern Chad.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:31 October 3, 2007.
The UN Security Council approves "the establishment of a multidimensional presence in the east of Chad and northeast of the Central African Republic."

King, Martin L.  Judgment Day.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:26 December 2006.
"Senegal is ready to try former Chadian dictator Habre for crimes against humanity."

King, Martin L.  Talking to Itself.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:32 October 2006.
"Opposition groups are angry that government's attempts to bring peace through a national dialogue is selective rather than inclusive."

Lanzer, Toby.  Fragile Frontier.  World Today 63:25-27 October 2007.
Considers the effects of conflict in Darfur and Chad on the region of central Africa.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1396718131&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Massey, Simon and May, Roy.  Commentary:  The Crisis in Chad.  African Affairs 105:443-449 July 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1192284161&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

McFarlane, Donald.  Into Africa:  EU Force Needs Lift.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:16 November 28, 2007.
French General Henri Bentegeat, chairman of the European military committee, "is concerned about the lack of logistical support and lift capabilities for the appointment and lack of commitment to provide a third field hospital."

Omojola, Biodun.  Still on a Risky Course.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:40 October 2006.
"Chad's threatened expulsion of two oil companies for failing to honour contractual tax obligations is seen as an attempt by the Deby government to have a firm and direct control of its oil revenues."

A Peacekeeping Puzzle for Europe.  Economist 385:54 December 15, 2007.
"Article discusses difficulties in enacting a plan to send several thousand European Union and United Nations peacekeepers into Chad and the Central African Republic."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27927084&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Pump Priming.  Economist 380:46 September 2, 2006.
"A grab for more oil money."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22208792&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ramsbotham, Alexander.  Digest.  International Peacekeeping 14:433-437 August 2007.
"Presents a report published by the United Nations that examines a United Nations technical assessment mission to Chad and the Central African Republic that took place from October to December of 2006."

Tigner, Brooks.  EU Force Begins Deployment to Chad, CAR.  Jane's Defense Weekly 45:9 February 6, 2008.
EU "mission aims to protect Darfur refugees, humanitarian operations and United Nations assets."

Tigner, Brooks.  EU Identifies Capability Caps for Chad, CAR.  Jane's International Defense Review 41:13 January 2008.
"Reports on the capability gaps of a peacekeeping mission by the European Union in Chad and the Central African Republic."

Tigner, Brooks.  EU Prepares Chad/CAR Peacekeeping Mission.  Jane's Defense Weekly 45:18 January 16, 2008.
"Reports on the European Union's plan to launch its peacekeeping mission to Chad and the Central African Republic."

Van Dijk, Han.  Briefing:  Political Deadlock in Chad.  African Affairs 106:697-703 October 2007.
"With thousands of refugees streaming over the border from the Central African Republic into Chad in recent months, the security situation in the latter country has become the subject of increased international concern."

Woods, Emira.  Africa:  Burdened with Too Much Oil.  African Agenda 9, no.4:5-6 2006.
Author compares the oil-rich areas of Nigeria, Chad and Liberia.


Congo ( Brazzaville)


Internet Resources

Congo (Brazzaville).  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cf.html
General information about each country.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/congo.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Permanent Mission of the Republic of the Congo to the United Nations
Available online at:  http://www2.un.int/public/Congo/0/English/
Includes country facts, statements, news and links about the Congo.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Republic of the Congo.  Background Notes, February 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2825.htm
Information about Republic of the Congo including U.S. relations.

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
In two volumes, see table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

The Fate of Africa's Democratic Experiments:  Elites and Institutions, edited by Leonardo A. Villalon and Peter VonDoepp.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2005.  324 p.
The Collapse of the Democratic Experiment in the Republic of Congo:  A Thick Description, by John F. Clark, pp 96-125.
Book call no.:  320.96 F252

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 5:  Republic of Congo:  The Press Among the Militias.
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Getting in:  Mediators' Entry into the Settlement of Africa Conflicts, by Mohammed Omar Maundi.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2006.  229 p.
Chapter 4:  Congo-Brazzaville, 1993-1999.
Book call no.:  341.52 G394

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area and statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Maundi, Muhammed O. and others.  Getting in:  Mediator's Entry into the Settlement of African Conflicts.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2006.  229 p.
Congo-Brazzaville, 1993-1999, pp 85-101.
Book call no.:  341.52 G394

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Rothermund, Dietmar.  The Routledge Companion to Decolonization.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  365 p.  (Rutledge Companions to History)
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  325.309045 R846r

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Periodicals

China's/Africa:  Beijing Courts Commerce, Cooperation and Controversy.  Africa Confidential 47:6-8 November 3, 2006.
Includes a chart which shows exports to China, imports from China, and total trade with China for the years 2004 and 2005 in Algeria, Angola, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, and Sudan.

Congo-Brazzaville:  A Strange Alliance.  Africa Confidential 48:9 June 8, 2007.
"The President has cut a deal with his long-time foe and may now control parliament."

Congo-Brazzaville:  Can't Pay, Won't Pay.  Africa Confidential 48:9 July 20, 2007.
"Bad old debts revealed the gap between what Congo owe and what it leaders hide."

Congo (Republic of the Congo).  Military Technology 31, no.1:306-307 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Election Results.  Journal of Democracy 18:180-182 October 2007.
Election results include those for the Congo.

Kirschke, Linda.  Semipresidentialism and the Perils of Power-Sharing and Neopatrimonial States.  Comparative Political Studies 40:1372-1394 November 2007.
Examines the government transitions in the Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic.

Oil, Votes and Ninjas.  Economist 384:38-39 August 11, 2007.
"Discusses politics in Congo-Brazzaville."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26167817&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Peace at Last?  Economist 386:52 February 2, 2008.
"Discusses how a peace agreement has been signed that could possibly results in the end of violence in Congo, Brazzaville."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28831457&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Congo (Kinshasa)


Internet Resources

Cohen, Herman J.  Africa's Surrogate Wars:  The Most Significant Challenge to African Stability and U. S. Security Interests in Africa.  Washington, National Defense University, November 2005.  4 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA441208
From the National Defense University Symposium:  Africa:  Vital to U.S. Security?  Surrogate wars discussed include the Congo.

Congo (Kinshasa).  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html
General information about each country.

Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Background Notes, March 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2823.htm
Information about Democratic Republic of the Congo including U.S. relations.

Doring, Stephen.  The European Union's Policy Regarding Peace and Security in Sub-Saharan Africa since the End of the Cold War.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2007.  177 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470064
"A case study on EU intervention in the Democratic Republic of Congo 2003-06 analyzes the scope and effectiveness of the EU’s actions."

Hansen, Lee E.  Materials Strategic Impact on Regional Stability in Africa.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2007.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469659
"This paper will open the door to understanding the question of minerals strategic impact on regional stability in Africa; specifically, whether or not minerals (e.g., gold, diamonds, and columbite-tantalite) are funding warlords and their conflicts.  This paper will focus on the mineral-rich region of the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) and three of its neighboring countries:  Rwanda, Uganda, and Burundi."

International Justice Practice of the Public International Law & Policy Group and the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center of Case Western Reserve University School of Law.  War Crimes Prosecution Watch
Available online at:  http://www.publicinternationallaw.org/warcrimeswatch/index.html
Includes information about Congo, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Liberia.

Isberg, Jan.  Psychological Fitness - Experiences from UN Military Peace Enforcement Operations in the DRC April 2003 - January 2005.  April 2006.  9 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA472816
In Human Dimensions and Military Operations - Military Leaders' Strategies for Addressing Stress and Psychological Support - Meeting Proceedings.

Jalji, Nadira.  The Resource Curse Revised.  Harvard International Review Fall 2007.  34-37 p.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28036381&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"According to the author, the country's complex, unstable history, the corruption and substandard performance of its leaders, the ethnic hostilities, and the international community's invasion of the DRC, compounded with its readily available natural wealth, have led to ongoing war."

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/congodr.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

London, David T.  Relationships Between Political Development and Intervention.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2006.  51 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450448
Discusses interventions into the Congo.

Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever, Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Weekly Epidemiological Record September 21, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26899544&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports on the upgrade operations of World Health Organization in managing and containing the outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic Fever virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo."

A Peace Deal, of Sorts.  Global Agenda January 25, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1419776531&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Article reports on the signing of a peace deal between the Congolese government and more than 20 armed groups, most importantly that of the rebel Tutsi general Laurent Nkunda."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Vannaman, Tad D.  European Security and Defense Policy:  The Dialectics of the Economy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2007.  67 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473476
Examines European security and defense policy (ESDP) in a case study of "civilian and military operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo."

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Between a Rock and a Hard Place:  African NGOs, Donors and the State, edited by Jim Igoe.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  309 p.
The State Didn't Even Exist:  Non-Governmentality in Kivu, Eastern DR Congo, by Stephen Jackson, pp 178-212.
Book call no.:  300.96 B565

Borders, Nationalism and the African State, edited by Ricardo René Laremont.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  351 p.
Chapter 4:  The Enduring Idea of the Congo, by Herbert F. Weiss and Tatiana Carayannis.
Book call no.:  960.32 B728

Brett, Rachel and Specht, Irma.  Young Soldiers:  Why They Choose to Fight.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004.  192 p.
Book call no.:  355.00835 B845y

Central Africa:  Crisis, Reform and Reconstruction, edited by E.S.D. Fomin and John W. Forje.  Dakar, Senegal, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2005.  258 p.
Checking Rebels or Chasing Fortunes:  Foreign States Elites' and the DR Congo Conflict (1997-2002), pp 105-121.
Book call no.:  330.967 C397

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
In two volumes, see table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Daly, Sara A. and others.  Aum Shinrikyo, al Qaeda, and the Kinshasa Reactor:  Implications of Three Case Studies for Combating Nuclear Terrorism.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2005.  75 p.
Documented Briefing (Rand Corporation); DB-458-AF
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/documented_briefings/2005/RAND_DB458.pdf
Book call no.:  363.3255 D153a

Devlin, Larry.  Chief of Station, Congo:  A Memoir.  New York, Public Affairs, 2007.  288 p.
Book call no.:  967.51031 D497c

Drohan, Madelaine.  Making a Killing:  How and Why Corporations Used Armed Force to Do Business.  Guilford, CT, Lyon's Press, 2004.  376 p.
Union Miniere in Katanga pp 94-133. Salim Saleh in the Congo, pp 243-289.
Book call no.:  338.8809 D784m

Ending Africa's Wars:  Progressing to Peace, edited by Oliver Furley and Roy May.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2006.  247 p.
Democratic Republic of Congo:  Problems of the Peacekeeping Process, by Emeric Rogier, pp 99-113.
Book call no.:  327.172096 E56

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 3:  Democratic Republic of Congo:  Providing Information in a War-Torn Country.
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area and statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Globalization, Violent Conflict and Self-Determination, edited by Valpy FitzGerald and others.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  270 p.  (St. Anthony's Series)
Why Congo Persists:  Sovereignty, Globalization and the Violent Reproduction of a Weak State, by Pierre Engelbert, pp 119-146.
Book call no.:  303.6091724 G562

In the Shadow of 'Just Wars':  Violence, Politics, and Humanitarian Action, by Medicins Sans Frontieres and Fabrice Weissman.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2004.  372 p.
Democratic Republic of Congo:  Victims of No Importance, by Marc Le Pape, pp 209-227.
Book call no.:  363.34988 I35

Is Violence Inevitable in Africa?  Theories of Conflict and Approaches to Conflict Prevention, edited by Patrick Chabal and others.  Boston, Brill, 2005.  245 p.  (African-Europe Group for Interdisciplinary Studies, vol 1)
The Social Cost of Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, by Theodore Trefon, pp 127-146.
Book call no.:  303.64096 I73

Jane's Sentinel:  Security of Assessment Central Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  816 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 967 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  676 p.
Gives general information about each terrorist group and a chronology.
Book call no.:  R 364.1 J33 iss.26 2007

May, Ernest R. and others.  Dealing with Dictators:  Dilemmas of U.S. Diplomacy and Intelligence Analysis 1945-1990.  Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2006.  227 p.
Chapter 2:  The Congo, 1960-1963:  Weighing Worst Choices, by Charles G. Cogan and others.
Book call no.:  327.73009045 D279

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Nest, Michael Wallace and others.  The Democratic Republic of Congo:  Economic Dimensions of War and Peace.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  165 p.  (International Peace Academy Occasional Paper)
Book call no.:  330.96751 N468d

The New Regionalism in Africa, edited by J. Andrew Grant and Fredrik Soderbaum.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2003.  243 p.  (International Political Economy of New Regionalism)
New Regionalism in Conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo:  Networks of Plunder and Networks for Peace, by Sandra J. McLean, pp 110-124.
Book call no.:  327.6 N532

No Refuge:  The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in Africa, edited by Robert Muggah.  New York, Zed Books, 2006.  261 p.
The Wheel Turns Again:  Militarization and Rwanda's Congolese Refugees, by Gregory Mthembu-Salter, pp 181-216.
Book call no.:  355.0213 N739

Peacekeeping Intelligence:  New Players, Extended Boundaries, edited by David Carment and Martin Rudner.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  214 p.  (Studies in Intelligence)
Intelligence at United Nations Headquarters?  The Information and Research Unit and the Intervention in Eastern Zaire (1996), by Walter Dorn, pp 67-86.
Book call no.:  327.12 P355

Perkins, John.  The Secret History of the American Empire:  Economic Hit Men, Jackals, and the Truth about Global Corruption.  New York, Dutton, 2007.  365 p.
Countries discussed include the Congo.
Book call no.:  337.73 P449s

Postconflict Reconstruction in Africa, edited by Ahmad A. Sikainga and Ousseina Alidou.  Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, 2006.  251 p.
Chapter 7:  Postwar Reconstruction and the Security Dilemma:  The Challenge of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration in the Democratic Republic of Congo, by Tatiana Carayannis.
Book call no.:  303.69096 P857

Rothermund, Dietmar.  The Routledge Companion to Decolonization.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  365 p.  (Rutledge Companions to History)
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  325.309045 R846r

Schmitz, David F.  The United States and Right-Wing Dictatorships, 1965-1989.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  263 p.
Chapter 1:  No Acceptable Alternative:  Mobutu in the Congo.
Book call no.:  327.73 S355t 2006

The Security-Development Nexus:  Expressions of Sovereignty and Securitization in Southern Africa, edited by Lars Buur and others.  Uppsala, Sweden, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2007.  284 p.
You Do Need a Stick to Be Able to Use It Gently:  The South African Armed Forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo, by Thomas Mandrup Jorgensen, pp 37-62.
Book call no.:  320.968 S446

Simonsen, Clifford E. and Spindlove, Jeremy R.  Terrorism Today:  The Past, the Players, the Future.  3rd ed.  Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007.  604 p.
Northeast, Central, and Southern Africa, pp 353-387.
Book call no.:  303.62509 S611t

Sitkowski, Andrezej.  UN Peacekeeping:  Myth and Reality.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2006.  189 p.
Stumbling into War (the Congo), pp 63-76.
Book call no.:  341.584 S623u

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Thompson, Alex.  An Introduction to African Politics.  2nd ed.  New York, Routledge, 2004.  284 p.
Case Study:  Zaire - Mobutu's Vampire State, pp 217-227.
Book call no.:  320.96 R896i

Turner, Thomas.  The Congo Wars:  Conflict, Myth and Reality.  New York, Zed Books, 2007.  243 p.
Includes Congo wars chronology 1994-2006, pp 199-208.
Book call no.:  967.51034 T953c

Urban Africa:  Changing Contours of Survival in the City, edited by Abdoumaliq Simone and Abdelghani Abouhani.  New York, Zed Books, 2005.  305 p.  (Africa in the New Millennium)
Kisangani:  A City at Its Lowest Ebb, pp 96-119.
Book call no.:  307.76096 U72

Violence, Political Culture & Development in Africa, edited by Preben Kaarsholm.  Oxford, England, James Currey, 2006.  208 p.
A Societal View on Violence & War:  Conflict & Militia Formation in Eastern Congo, by Koen Vlassenroot, pp 49-65.
Book call no.:  960.329 V795

Weise, Thomas George and Forsythe, David P.  The United Nations and Changing World Politics.  4th ed.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2004.  392 p.
The Early Years:  Palestine, Korea, Suez, the Congo, pp 29-35.
Book call no.:  341.231 W429u 2004

Zartman, I. William.  Cowardly Lions:  Missed Opportunities to Prevent Deadly Conflict and State Collapse.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2005.  281 p.
Zaire, 1991-1996, pp 167-205.
Book call no.:  321.17 Z38c

Documents

Daberkow, John W.  HIV/AIDS vs. DRC and the Congolese Military (Facing Future Genocides or Surviving with Success).  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2007.  58 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 D1111h

Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Child Soldier:  The Practice Continues.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:7 April 2007.
Child soldiers are still being used in Burundi, Chad, DR Congo, Ivory Coast, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  DRC - Congo:  New Ebola Outbreak.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:13 October 2007.
Over 170 people have died in the Kasai province.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  In the Dock.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:4 March 2007.
"Congolese militia leader, Thomas Lubanga, accused of recruiting child soldiers, is set to make history by becoming the first Congolese to be tried by the Hague-based International Criminal Court for war crimes."

Alarm Drums.  Economist 385:56 October 27, 2007.
"Discusses the impending war between Hutus and Tutsis in the North Kivu province of Congo."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27237345&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Belgium/European Union:  Father and Son.  Africa Confidential 49:12 January 18, 2008.
"Belgium's new Cooperation Minister, Charles Michael, 32, is the son of the European Commissioner for Development and former Belgian Foreign Minister, Louis Michael."

Bermejo, Magdalena and others.  Ebola Outbreak Killed 5000 Gorillas.  Science 314:1564 December 8, 2006.
Investigates the death of gorillas and chimpanzees in the Lossi Sanctuary in northwest Republic of Congo.

Bush, George W.  Message to the Congress on Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to the Situation in or in Relation to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:1411 October 29, 2007.
"Calls for the continuation of the national emergency declared in an October 2006 executive order, and the related measures blocking the property of certain persons contributing to the conflict."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27451416&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to the Situation in or in Relation to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:1411 October 29, 2007.
"Discusses the current situation in Congo and the threat it poses to the foreign-policy of the U. S."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27451415&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Remarks Following a Meeting with President Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:1415-1416 October 29, 2007.
Remarks by President Bush and President Kabila are given.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27451421&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Closing in.  Economist 385:70 October 27, 2007.
"Discusses the capture of the alleged war criminal Germain Katanga of the Patriotic Resistance Force in Congo."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27238035&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Congo (Democratic Republic of Congo).  Military Technology 31, no.1:307-308 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Congo-Kinshasa:  A New Political Season.  Africa Confidential 47:4-6 July 21, 2006.
"After four decades without real elections, Congolese now face five months of voting."

Congo-Kinshasa:  After the Elections - a Chance to Break with the Past.  Africa Confidential 47:6-9 November 17, 2006.
"If accepted, electoral victory of President Joseph Kabila offers a chance for the country to consolidate its political settlement and to develop its mineral resources.  To do so requires a spirit of compromise and probity, not yet evident in Congo's politics and business."

Congo-Kinshasa/Angola:  A Frontier Affair.  Africa Confidential 48:9 March 30, 2007.
"Old allies in Luanda and Kinshasa are at odds over their border in diamond country."

Congo-Kinshasa:  Deja Kivu.  Africa Confidential 49:8-9 February 1, 2008.
"The latest peace deal for eastern Congo may end up like its predecessors, in renewed regional wars."

Congo-Kinshasa:  Dollars and Mines.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 May 25, 2007.
"A new government-backed investigation into billions of dollars of mining contracts lacks openness and the time to do the job."

Congo-Kinshasa:  Explosive Results.  Africa Confidential 47:8 August 25, 2006.
Discusses presidential run-off elections to be held on 29 October.

Congo-Kinshasa:  Kabila Gets a Rival.  Africa Confidential 48:12 May 25, 2007.
Leon Kengo wa Dondo has won the position of Senate President.

Congo-Kinshasa:  Kivu Clashes Ahead.  Africa Confidential 48:12 June 22, 2007.
"Fears are growing of a confrontation between the forces of General Laurent Nkunda and the government's Forces Armees Congolaises in North Kivu Providence next month."

Congo-Kinshasa:  Le Scandale Geologique - Under Investigation Again.  Africa Confidential 48:6-7 October 5, 2007.
"This government Commission is meant to be the final word in a series of investigations into the legitimacy of Congo-Kinshasa's mining contracts by United Nations experts and several internal investigations, culminating in the parliamentary investigation under Christophe Lutundula."

Congo-Kinshasa:  Mining Undermined.  Africa Confidential 48:12 November 16, 2007.
Leaked mining contracts have serious flaws.

Congo-Kinshasa:  More Fighting, More Aid.  Africa Confidential 48:3 September 7, 2007.
"Renewed fighting in the eastern provinces could help the government to qualify more quickly for aid."

Congo-Kinshasa:  Nkunda in the Hills.  Africa Confidential 48:12 July 6, 2007.
"General Laurent Nkunda has told Africa Confidential that he is ready to fight to the bitter end to prevent what he says is an impending attack to wipe out his fellow Congolese Tutsi."

Congo-Kinshasa:  One of Us Cannot Be Wrong.  Africa Confidential 47:5-6 September 22, 2006.
"Both President Kabila and challenger Bemba believe they can win the presidential poll."

Congo-Kinshasa's Rainforests:  Can the Trees Be Saved?  Africa Confidential 48:10-11 March 16, 2007.
"The destruction of Congo's 110 million hectare forest could transform the climate of Africa - and the world."

Congo-Kinshasa:  The Bashing of Bemba.  Africa Confidential 48:8-9 April 13, 2007.
"The opposition leader may be forced into exile but President Kabila has plenty of battles on the economic front."

Congo-Kinshasa:  The Tail Wags the Dog.  Africa Confidential 48:5 November 16, 2007.
"The Kinshasa government is rocked by its failures to resolve the conflict in the eastern Kivu provinces."

Congo-Kinshasa:  The Vote That Nobody Wins.  Africa Confidential 47:1-4 June 23, 2006.
"Hugely expensive, massively complex, extremely dangerous, the polls will go ahead anyway."

Congo-Kinshasa:  Two Elections, One Country.  Africa Confidential 47:1-3 August 4, 2006.
Voting and political sentiment is more divided than ever between the east and west of the country.

Congo-Kinshasa/Uganda:  Guerre du Lac.  Africa Confidential 48:12 November 16, 2007.
"Commercial rivalries and contractual disputes over oil reserves in Lake Albert, which runs along the Congo-Kinshasa/Uganda border, are heating up."

Congo-Kinshasa/Uranium:  A Blow-Up Blows over.  Africa Confidential 48:12 March 30, 2007.
"Congo has its uranium scandal, and the International Atomic Energy Agency is investigating."

De Vreij, Hans.  Interview:  Major General Patrick Cammaert, Royal Netherlands Marine Corps.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:34 July 4, 2007.
General Cammaert is stepping down as commander of UN forces in the eastern part of the DRC.

A Deadly Warning.  Economist 382:58 March 31, 2007.
"The country's fresh start in peril."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24571975&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Do You Want to Share or to Fight?  Economist 384:45 August 25, 2007.
"Reports on the discovery of oil in the Lake Albert region bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26355198&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Down to the Wire?  Economist 381:56 November 4, 2006.
"The presidential run-off proves to be closer than expected."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22988750&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

DRC Progress, but Not yet.  Jane's Defense Weekly 43:24 August 9, 2006.
"The success of the 30 July elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo must not veil the fact that the problems that have plagued the country are not just about to go away."

Education with Tears.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:25-28 September 2006.
"In war battered Congo, educating the nations children is fast becoming an impossible task due primarily to government neglect."

Great Lakes:  No Borders Against Trouble.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 November 2, 2007.
"Unfinished business and three major hotspots endangers the whole region."

Guinea/Congo-Kinshasa:  Presidential Chopper.  Africa Confidential 47:12 November 17, 2006.
"Congolese President Joseph Kabila's campaign helicopter is at the centre of a legal battle between Belgian businessman Philippe de Moerloose and Guinea's Paramount Airlines' Ismael Doukoure."

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  DRC, Rebels Sign Peace Accord.  Jane's Defense Weekly 45:17 January 30, 2008.
Reports "that the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo has signed a peace accord with several rebel groups active in the east of the country."

Hendrickson, Ryan C. and others.  Operation Artemis and Javier Solana:  EU Prospects for a Stronger Common Foreign and Security Policy.  Canadian Military Journal 8:35-42 Spring 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.journal.dnd.ca/engraph/Vol8/no1/07-hendrickson_e.asp

Hold Your Breath.  Economist 381:58 October 7, 2006.
"The speeches are fierce, the times are tense."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22646581&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

In the Land of the Blind.  Economist 384:55 September 1, 2007.
"Discusses the World Health Organization's encouragement of the Democratic Republic of Congo to have medicine practiced by citizens with no formal medical training."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26456823&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Interview:  Anselme Enerunga, Minister of the Environment, Democratic Republic of Congo.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:54 October 2006.
Mr. Enerunga "claims that the distribution of power and influence in the country has been devised to favour foreign-backed interests.  He alleges that President Joseph Kabila sent $12,000 to the Forces for the Democratic Liberation of Rwanda to assassinate him."

Its Kabila.  Economist 381:49 November 18, 2006.
"First an election result, now the threat of violence."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23142735&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kabemba, Claude.  Democratic Republic of Congo.  Southern African Journal of International Affairs 12:43-60 Summer-Autumn 2005.
"The DRC's transitional parliamentary system, run by appointed officials, is still in place pending the country's first elections.  The system is characterised by personal considerations overriding those of the electorate and a disregard for the strengthening of democracy."

Keep the United Nations Engaged.  Economist 382:48 February 10, 2007.
"International peacekeepers are still sorely needed."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24011304&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kucera, Joshua.  Briefing:  MONUC.  Jane's Defense Weekly 43:29-30 September 13, 2006.
Describes the UN peacekeeping mission in the DRC.

Lemarchand, René.  Consociationalism and Power Sharing in Africa:  Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  African Affairs 106:1-20 January 2007.
"Looking at the recent experiments in power sharing in former Belgian Africa, this article offers a comparative assessment of the radically different trajectories followed by Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in their efforts to regulate conflict through consociational formulas."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1304068121&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

The Lesser of Two Evils.  Economist 381:58 October 28, 2006.
"Excitement and apprehension ahead of the presidential election."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22953958&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Letaoana, Lebohang.  Integration and Training in the Congo.  South African Soldier 13:16-17 September 2006.
"The mission was the integration and training (Operation Teutonic I) and the upgrading of two Intermixing and Training Centres Nyaleke and Rumangabo (Operation Teutonic II) in the Democratic Republic of Congo."

Lucas, Richard.  Taming the Congo:  EUROFOR DRC Troops Keep the Lid on a Center of Copper, Gold, and Diamonds.  Soldier of Fortune 32:18-20+ August 2007.

McClellan, Charles W.  Policy Point-Counterpoint:  The UN Millennium Development Goals and U. S. Aid to Africa.  International Social Science Review 82, no.1-2:68-72 2007.
For its part in the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations, United States "has now developed an interest in preventing or reviving failed states in places such as Somalia, Liberia, and the Congo."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25738788&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ndlovu, Vusi.  Supporting Our Peace-Keepers in the Congo.  South African Soldier 14:16-17 March 2007.
Medical support to troops deployed in Congo.

Niemann, Michael.  War Making and State Making in Central Africa.  Africa Today 53:20-39 Spring 2007.
Places "the current conflict in the DRC and the difficulties in ending it in the context of a political transition, that is, the painful and difficult efforts of developing a new form of political community from the shards of a repressive colonial state."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24309807&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Patel, Samir S.  Ebola Outbreak in Congo Downsized.  Discover 29:48 January 2008.
Describes an outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Poverty in the Midst of Plenty.  African Agenda 9, no.4:12-13 2006.
"Congo DR may be referred to as a 'geological scandal' because of its immense mineral wealth but this has not translated into wealth for the communities where the men with wealth are located nor development for the Congolese."

Price, Stuart.  Carving up the Congo.  New African No.466:46-47 October 2007.
"Reports on the unabated plunder over the natural resources of the Republic of Congo, based on the 'Carving up the Congo' report of environmental protection group Greenpeace International."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26921424&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Price, Stuart.  Moment of Truth.  New African No.456:25 November 2006.
Second round polling is necessary since no one won election in the fiercely contested first round.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23083066&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Price, Stuart.  "We Need These Elections."  New African No.454:22-23 August-September 2006.
"DR Congo's first democratic elections in over 40 years should steer the country on a new and positive course for the future."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21984712&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Reyntjens, Filip.  Democratic Republic of Congo:  Political Transition and Beyond.  African Affairs 106:307-317 April 2007.
Concludes that if "territorial control, fiscal capacity and legal security - are re-established (even if only to a reasonable extent), the prospects for the DRC and indeed for the whole region would hold some promise.  But any attempt by the new Congolese regime or by the donor community to tackle the symptoms of state failure rather than its substance is doomed to fail."

Trefon, Theodore.  Industrial Logging in the Congo:  Is a Stakeholder Approach Possible?  Southern African Journal of International Affairs 13:101-114 Winter-Spring 2006.

United Nations Peace Operations in Africa:  A Cookie-Cutter Approach?  Journal of Third World Studies 23:11-29 Fall 2006.
Discusses two UN interventions in detail:  Democratic Republic of Congo in 1999 and Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24326276&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Wakabi, Wairagala.  Uncertainty Hangs over Elections.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:24-28 September 2006.
"Who will lead DR Congo is still not settled as an outright winner of the July 30 presidential poll looks unlikely. A run-off is widely forecast."

Who Benefits from the Minerals?  Economist 384:62 September 22, 2007.
"Discusses the mining industry in the Congo and the corruptions associated with its finances."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26711453&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A Wilderness That May Become a State.  Economist 381:43-44 November 25, 2006.
"Joseph Kabila has won an historic, if messy, election. Now for the difficult part."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23263282&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Will It Blow up All over Again?  Economist 384:52 September 8, 2007.
"Discusses conflict in the eastern Congo."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26523198&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Woodside, Duncan.  Good Neighbours?  Security in the African 'Great Lakes' Region.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:22-27 February 2007.
Events in the Democratic Republic of Congo will be crucial to the success of a security and development pact between 11 African countries.


Equatorial Guinea


Internet Resources

Equatorial Guinea.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ek.html
General information about each country.

Equatorial Guinea.  Background Notes, March 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/7221.htm
Information about Equatorial Guinea including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/equatorialguinea.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
In two volumes, see table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 10:  Equatorial Guinea:  A Media Sector Under Lock and Key.
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Jane's Sentinel:  Security of Assessment Central Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  816 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 967 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Roberts, Adam.  The Wonga Coup:  Guns, Thugs and a Ruthless Determination to Create Mayhem in an Oil-Rich Corner of Africa.  New York, Public Affairs, 2006.  303 p.
Book call no.:  967.18 R643w

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Periodicals

Africa's Brutal Secret.  New Statesman 135:34-35 September 4, 2006.
"Profiles Teodoro Obiang Nguema, leader of Equatorial Guinea, a political figure named by the magazine as one of the most prominent dictators of the early 21st century."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22195329&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Brass, Martin.  A South African Merc Speaks.  Soldier of Fortune 32:30+ July 2007.
Discusses the failed coup attempt in Equatorial Guinea.

China's/Africa:  Beijing Courts Commerce, Cooperation and Controversy.  Africa Confidential 47:6-8 November 3, 2006.
Includes a chart which shows exports to China, imports from China, and total trade with China for the years 2004 and 2005 in Algeria, Angola, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, and Sudan.

Cue, Eduardo.  Dictator and Diplomat.  U. S. News & World Report 141:37-41 September 25, 2006.
"The United States pursues a relationship with President Nguema of oil-rich Equatorial Guinea despite the State Department labeling his regime as corrupt and repressive."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22389847&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Equatorial Guinea.  Military Technology 31, no.1:310-311 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Equatorial Guinea:  All Theft Is Property.  Africa Confidential 47:12 November 17, 2006.
"Disclosures about the business affairs of Teodorin Nguema Obiang, eldest son of President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, have boosted Malabo oppositionists and embarrassed big oil companies."

Equatorial Guinea/Cameroon:  Bank Blow.  Africa Confidential 48:12 December 14, 2007.
"A daring raid on two banks in Bata, Equatorial Guinea's commercial capital, on 5 December has prompted a sharp breach in relations with neighboring Cameroon, and overhaul of national security and new questions about the spread of instability in an already troubled region."

Equatorial Guinea:  Coup Suspect Handed over.  New York Times 157:A2 February 2, 2008.
"Simon Mann, the British soldier of fortune accused of masterminding a botched 2004 coup attempt against the authoritarian president of oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, was sent there from prison in Zimbabwe to face charges."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1422531941&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gabon/Equatorial Guinea.  Africa Confidential 47:11 October 20, 2006.
Discusses a territorial dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

Of Coups and Coverage.  Economist 383:71-72 April 7, 2007.
"Discusses the corporate use of political-risk insurance" such as in Equatorial Guinea.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24617843&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Oredein, Obafemi.  New Cash Cow.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:37 February 2007.
"Equatorial Guinea looks for fortunes in the liquefied natural gas business."

Williams, Rowan.  It Could Have Been Me.  New Statesman 136:23 February 26, 2007.
"The Archbishop of Canterbury, discusses the plight of Bienvenido Samba Momesori, a Christian clergyman and a prisoner of conscience unjustly detained and imprisoned without trial in his native country of Equatorial Guinea."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24150029&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Worldeaters:  Taking Aim at the Rich and Powerful.  New Internationalist No.393:25 September 2006.
Discusses President Obiang of Equatorial Guinea.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22511011&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Gabon


Internet Resources

China Develops Links with Africa  Geographical September 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22201404&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports on deals brokered by China with the governments of Gabon and Zimbabwe as of September 2006."

Gabon.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gb.html
General information about each country.

Gabon.  Background Notes, February 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2826.htm
Information about Gabon including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/gabon.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

U.S. Embassy Libreville, Gabon
Available online at:  http://libreville.usembassy.gov/
Includes latest headlines from Washington, human rights reports, and key embassy links.

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
In two volumes, see table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Frere, Marie-Soleil and Marthoz, Jean Paul.  The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 9:  Gabon:  The Press Facing the Bongo "System."
Book call no.:  070.44 F882m

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area and statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security of Assessment Central Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  816 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 967 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Rothermund, Dietmar.  The Routledge Companion to Decolonization.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  365 p.  (Rutledge Companions to History)
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  325.309045 R846r

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Periodicals

Around the Navy.  Navy Times 57:7 January 21, 2008.
Discusses "the dock landing ship Fort McHenry came in Libreville, Gabon, which carried the African Partnership Station of the Navy and sailors who plan to train with Gabonese sailors."
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Barone, Jennifer.  Caught in the Hot Zone.  Discover 28:16 April 2007.
Ebola Virus Is Killing Gorillas in Gabon and the Congo.

Bermejo, Magdalena and others.  Ebola Outbreak Killed 5000 Gorillas.  Science 314:1564 December 8, 2006.
Investigates the death of gorillas and chimpanzees in the Lossi Sanctuary in northwest Republic of Congo.

Costly Postings.  Economist 381:48 December 16, 2006.
Discusses exorbitant prices tourist and travelers in Africa pay including Libreville, Gabon.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23470435&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Election Results.  Journal of Democracy 18:170-177 April 2007.
Mentions that the "Gabonese Democratic Party retained its majority in Gabon on the December 17 parliamentary elections."

Gabon.  Military Technology 31, no.1:312-313 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gabon/China:  Digging Belinga.  Africa Confidential 48:12 November 2, 2007.
Gabonese are outraged at the terms of the US $3 billion iron ore project at Belinga and the likely damage to the country's national parks."

Gabon/Equatorial Guinea.  Africa Confidential 47:11 October 20, 2006.
Discusses a territorial dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

Gabon/France:  Long Arms.  Africa Confidential 48:12 July 6, 2007.
"On 22 June, a judge in Bordeaux, France, found Gabon's President Omar Bongo guilty of accepting a bribe to free French citizen René Cardona."

Gabon/Taiwan:  Clipping Taiwan.  Africa Confidential 48:12 July 20, 2007.
President Ondimba's airplane clips the wing of Taiwan's Foreign Minister James Huang's airplane after Independence Day celebrations for Sao Tome e Principe.

Gabon:  Time's up.  Africa Confidential 47:7 July 7, 2006.
"The oil is running out and the ruling family is split, after Omar Bongo's 40 years in power."

Mackenzie, Debora.  Fruit Bats Carry Deadly Marburg Virus.  New Scientist 195:14 September 1, 2007.
"Scientist working in Gabon have tracked the Marburg virus down to a species of fruit bat."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27032368&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Niger/Gabon:  Areva in Hot Water.  Africa Confidential 48:10 April 13, 2007.
"Public accusations of malpractice in the extraction of uranium in Niger and Gabon."

On Safari.  Economist 385:84-85 December 15, 2007.
Describes the economic success of Gabon.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27927113&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Seppa, Nathan.  Ebola Die-off.  Science News 172:371 December 9, 2006.
Claims that gorillas and people have been dying from the Ebola virus.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23429931&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Sao Tome and Principe


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/saotome.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world."

Sao Tome and Principe.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tp.html
General information about each country.

Sao Tome and Principe.  Background Notes, February 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5434.htm
Information about Gabon including U.S. relations.

Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
In two volumes, see table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area and statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security of Assessment Central Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  816 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 967 J33 iss.19 2006

Rothermund, Dietmar.  The Routledge Companion to Decolonization.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  365 p.  (Rutledge Companions to History)
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  325.309045 R846r

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Periodicals

Gabon/Taiwan:  Clipping Taiwan.  Africa Confidential 48:12 July 20, 2007.
President Ondimba's airplane clips the wing of Taiwan's Foreign Minister James Huang's airplane after Independence Day celebrations for Sao Tome e Principe.

Hammick, Dennise.  USN Pursues Radar Boost to Security and Gulf of Guinea.  Jane's Defense Weekly 43:31 December 20, 2006.
"Reports that the U.S. Navy will set up shore-based coastal radar systems and Automated Identification System receivers on the Western African island group of Sao Tome and Principe to improve maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea."

Hammick, Dennise.  USN Pursues Security Boost in Gulf of Guinea.  Jane's Navy International 112:6 January-February 2007.
The United States Navy plans to install shore-based coastal radar systems and Automated Identification System receivers on the west African island group of Sao Tome and Principe.

Meier, Barry and Mouawad, Jad.  No Oil yet, but Tiny African Isle Finds Dealings Just As Slippery.  New York Times 156:A1+ July 2, 2007.
"Discusses the effect that the petroleum business has had on the African island nation of Sao Tome and Principe before any drilling has begun."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1298031481&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Velempini, Simiso and Solomon, Hussein.  Black Gold and the New Scramble for Africa:  The Case of Sao Tome.  Africa Insight 37:1-18 April 2007.


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