The al-Aqsa Intifada is the wave of violence and political conflict that began in 2000 between Israel and the Palestinians. The Palestinians have become known for their use of suicide bombings. The Israelis have started building the West Bank separation barrier.

November 2004

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S.  Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability. AU students and faculty can contact  AUL's  Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed November 3, 2004.

 Internet Resources

The Al-Aqsa Intifada: A Case Study in Fourth Generation Warfare "Mitchell Committee" Report May 20, 2001.
Available online at:

Available online at:

Cost of Closure. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 9:107-111 2002.
Focuses on the impact of the Al-Aqsa Intifada outbreak on the socio-economy of Palestine. Decline in consumption and income; Percentage of the population living in poverty; Indicators of economic difficulties.
Available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=8869790

Dajani, Mohammed. Press Reporting During the Intifada: Palestinian Coverage of Jenin. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 10: 2003.
Highlights press reporting during the Second Intifada. Power of the press; Palestinian coverage of Jenin; Reluctance of Israeli to allow news teams access to the camp.
Available online at:

Dor, Daniel. All the News that Fits: The Israeli Media and the Second Intifada. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 10: 2003.
Highlights the outbreak of the second Intifada in October 2000. Changes in the public opinion of Israelis; Political struggles between the supporters of the Oslo agreement and its opponent's struggle; Failure of diplomatic negotiations.
Available online at:

Enderlin, Charles. Enemies of Israel: The Foreign Press and the Second Intifada. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 10: 2003.
Highlights mass media operations in the outbreak of the second Intifada. Pressure made by the Palestinians on Israeli crews and threatening the safety of the Israeli journalists; Impossibility of the Israeli journalist to get access to the Palestinian side; Quality and type of information provided by the foreign media.
Available online at:

Habiballah, Nahed. Interviews with Mothers of Martyrs of the Aqsa Intifada. Arab Studies Quarterly Winter 2004.
Discusses a research based on interviews with mothers of martyrs during the September 2000 Aqsa Intifada in Palestine. Views on accusations against Palestinian parents who sacrifice their children to win international support; Factors that contribute to the inability of the mothers to protect their children; Reason behind lallulations.
Available online at:

HAMAS Website
Available online at:
May not be available via .mil sites. Use DREN at AUL or other non .mil computers.

Hemmer, Christopher. I Told You So: Syria, Oslo and the Al-Aqsa Intifada. Middle East Policy 10: Fall 2003.
Talks about Syria's relations with Oslo, Norway and its involvement in the al-Aqsa intifada. Syria and the Oslo accords; Syria and the al-Aqsa Intifada; Limited support of Syrians to the Lebanese resistance against Israel; Assertion of Syrian leadership.
Available online at:

Kimhi, Shaul and Even, Shmuel. Who are the Palestinian Suicide Terrorists?Jaffe Center for Strategic Studies, September 2003.
Available online at:

Leon, Dan. Refusal to Serve: An Israeli Phenomenon and its Implications. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 9:83-90 2002.
Comments on the outbreak of the Al-Aqsa Intifada in relation to the conflict between Israel and Palestine. Assessment of the political discourse in Israel; Opposition to the perpetuation of domination over the Palestinian people; Attempts to avoid marginality in the Israeli society.
Available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=8869782

Martyrdom and Murder.
Economist January 10, 2004.
Available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=buh&an=11908940

Media and the Second Intifada. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 10:72-86 2003.
Presents a roundtable discussion held at the American Colony Hotel in Jerusalem on media and the second Intifada.
Available online at:

Palestine - Home of history April 2003.
Available online at:
Click on "al-Aqsa Intifada" to access the Palestine History version.

Raday, Frances. The Impact of the Intifada on Human Rights in Israel. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 10: 2003.
Reports on the impact of the Second Intifada on human rights in Israel. Threat to the socio-psychological basis for human rights agenda; Prevalence of inter-ethnic violence; Erosion of social commitment to the human rights agenda.
Available online at:

Radlauer, Don. The “al-Aqsa Intifada” – An Engineered Tragedy International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism June 20, 2002 Updated: May 21, 2003.
Available online at:

Rees, Matt. Back to Zionism. Time Europe 161: January 20, 2003.
Focuses on a renewed sense of danger in Israel as the result of two years of violent 'intifadeh.' View that Israelis are moving back to their Zionist roots; Discussion of Zionism; Polling results indicating that right-wing political parties in Israel are more popular; View that the Palestinians will never honor any peace agreement.
Available online at:

Rinnawi, Khalil. Intifada Live: Arab Satellite TV Coverage of the Al-Aqsa Intifada. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 10: 2003.
Highlights Arab satellite television coverage of the Al-Aqsa Intifada. Preference for appealing to audiences over journalistic objectivity; Component of television journalism; Natural order of Arab terrestrial television.
Available online at:

Sarraj, Eyad. Why We Have Become Suicide Bombers: Understanding Palestinian Terror. Mission Islam
Available online at:

Schulz, Helena Lindholm. The 'al-Aqsa Intifada' as a Result of Politics of a Transition. Arab Studies Quarterly 24:21-47 Fall 2002.
Examines the al-Aqsa Intifada and the political transition in Palestine. Background of the legacy of the Palestinian Liberation Organization; Role and position of elite and core institutions in the phase of state-building in Palestine; Discussion on the elite discourse and the political culture of Palestine.
Available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=9555573

Start of the al-Aqsa Intifada in 2000
Palestine 2004.
Available online at:

Yale Law School. The Avalon Project : Hamas Covenant 1988
Available online at:
The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement.

Young, Cathy. Hating Jews. Reason February 2004.
Discusses the common ground between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism as of February 2004. Factor that influenced the resurgence of anti-Semitism worldwide since the start of the second Palestinian intifada; Focal point of the debate between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism; Typical example of the hatred of Israel emanating from sections of the Arab and Muslim worlds.
Available online at:


Alexander, Yonah. Palestinian Religious Terrorism: Hamas and Islamic Jihad. Ardsley, NY, Transnational Publishers, 2002. 413 p.
Book call no.: 322.42095694 A379p

Becker, Jillian. The PLO: The Rise and Fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1984. 303 p.
Book call no.: 956.0049275694 B395p

Bish-arah, Marw-an. Palestine/Israel: Peace or Apartheid: Occupation, Terrorism and the Future. New York, Zed Books, 2000. 173 p.
Book call no.: 956.953044 B622p

Bozarslan, Hamit. Violence in the Middle East: From Political Struggle to Self-Sacrifice. Princeton, NJ, Markus Wiener Publishers, 2004. 161 p.
Book call no.: 303.62 B793v

Bucaille, Laetitia. Growing up Palestinian: Israeli Occupation and the Intifada Generation, translated by Anthony Roberts. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2004. 168 p.
Tells the story of three young men caught up in the Palestinian Intifada.
Book call no.: 956.953044 B918g

Cheshin, Amit. Separate and Unequal: The Inside Story of Israeli Rule in East Jerusalem. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1999. 275 p.
"The authors, Jerusalemites from the spheres of politics, journalism, and the military, have themselves been players in the drama that has unfolded in east Jerusalem in recent years and appears now to be at a climax. They have also had access to a wide range of official documents that reveal the making and implementation of Israeli policy toward Jerusalem. Their book discloses the details of Israel's discriminatory policies toward Jerusalem Arabs and shows how Israeli leaders mishandled everything from security and housing to schools and sanitation services, to the detriment of not only the Palestinian residents but also Israel's own agenda. Separate and Unequal is a history of lost opportunities to unite the peoples of Jerusalem." "A central focus of the book is Teddy Kollek, the city's outspoken mayor for nearly three decades, whose failures have gone largely unreported until now. But Kollek is only one character in a cast that includes prime ministers, generals, terrorists, European and American leaders, Arab shopkeepers, Israeli policemen, and Palestinian schoolchildren. The story the authors tell is as dramatic and poignant as the mosaic of religious and ethnic groups that call Jerusalem home. And coming at a time of renewed crisis, it offers a startling perspective on past mistakes that can point the way toward more equitable treatment for all Jerusalemites."--BOOK JACKET.
Book call no.: 323.119274 C524s

Chomsky, Noam. Middle East Illusions: Including Peace in the Middle East?: Reflections on Justice and Nationhood. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. 299 p.
Book call no.: 956.04 C548m

Cobban, Helena. The Palestinian Liberation Organisation: People, Power, and Politics. New York, Cambridge University Press, 1984. 305 p.
Book call no.: 323.42095694 C653p

Davis, Joyce. Martyrs: Innocence, Vengeance, and Despair in the Middle East. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 214 p.
Interviews of terrorist trainers, families of suicide bombers and with Muslim scholars offering different opinions on the legitimacy of violence and martyrdom in Islam.
Book call no.: 297.7 D262m

Dor, Danny. Intifada Hits the Headlines: How the Israeli Press Misreported the Outbreak of the Second Palestinian Uprising. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University, 2004. 184 p.
Book call no.: 302.23095694 D693i

Eisenberg, Laura Zittrain. Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 1998. 252 p.
Book call no.: 956.04 E36n

Enderlin, Charles. Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002, translated by Susan Fairfield. New York, Other Press, 2003. 458 p.
Book call no.: 956.053 E56s

Fischbach, Michael R. Records of Dispossession: Palestinian Refugee Property and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York, Columbia University Press, 2003. 467 p.
Book call no.: 956.04 F528r

Gordon, Hayim and others. Beyond Intifada: Narratives of Freedom Fighters in the Gaza Strip. Westport, CN, Praeger, 2003. 162 p.
Book call no.: 956.953044 G663b

Grossman, David. Death as a Way of Life: Israel Ten Years After Oslo, edited by Efrat Lev. Translated from the Hebrew by Haim Watzman. New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003. 188 p.
"These essays, many of which first appeared outside Israel - in American, English, French, German, Italian, and Palestinian publications - show us the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from the inside, and in the moment. They are indispensable reading for anyone who wants to understand the roots and consequences of the turmoil in the Middle East."--BOOK JACKET
Book call no.: 956.94054 G878d

Hammer, Joshua. A Season in Bethlehem: Unholy War in a Sacred Place. New York, Free Press, 2003. 286 p.
Book call no.: 956.94054 H224s

Harub, Khalid. Hamas: Political Thought and Practice. Washington, Institute for Palestine Studies, 2000. 329 p.
Book call no.: 322.420956953 H873h

Horovitz, David. Still Life with Bombers: Israel in the Age of Terrorism. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2004. 266 p.
Book call no.: 956.94054 H816s

International Relations of the Palestine Liberation Organization, edited by Augustus Richard Norton and Martin H. Greenberg . Carbondale, IL, Southern Illinois University Press, 1989. 233 p.
With a foreword by Jerrold D. Green.
Book call no.: 322.42 I61

The Mideast Peace Process: An Autopsy, edited by Neal Kozodoy. San Francisco, Encounter Books, 2002. 148 p.
Book call no.: 956.05 M6273

Mishal, Shaul and Sela, Avraham. The Palestinian Hamas: Vision, Violence, and Coexistence. New York, Columbia University Press, 2000. 244 p.
"Since it emerged as a challenger to the PLO during the Palestinian Intifada, Hamas (the Islamic Resistance Movement) has been associated in the public mind with terror and violence. Now two Israeli experts show that, contrary to its image, Hamas is essentially a social and political movement, providing extensive community services and responding constantly to political realities through bargaining and power brokering. The authors lift the veil on Hamas's strategic decision-making methods at each of the crucial crossroads it has confronted: the Intifada and the struggle with the PLO, the Oslo accords and the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority, and the dilemmas surrounding the choice between absolute Jihad against Israel versus the option of controlled violence."--BOOK JACKET.
Book call no.: 956.053 M678p

Muravchik, Joshua. Covering the Intifada: How the Media Reported the Palestinian Uprising. Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2003. 125 p.
Book call no.: 070.449956054 M972c

Nusse, Andrea. Muslim Palestine: The Ideology of Hamas. Amsterdam, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1998. 190 p.
Book call no.: 320.55 N496m

Palestinian Refugees: The Right of Return, edited by Naseer Aruri. Sterling, VA, Pluto Press, 2001. 294 p.
Book call no.: 362.870899274 P157

Peace Fire: Fragments from the Israel-Palestine Story, edited by Ethan Casey and Paul Hilder. London, Free Association Books in association with, 2002. 365 p.
Book call no.: 956.94054 P355

Peace Under Fire: Israel-Palestine and the International Solidarity Movement, edited by Josie Sandercock. New York, Verso, 2004. 297 p.
Foreword by Edward W. Said.
Book call no.: 956.053 P355

Perlman, Wendy. Occupied Voices: Stories of Everyday Life from the Second Intifada. New York, Thunder's Mouth Press/Nation Books, 2003. 257 p.
Book call no.: 956.953044 P359o

Refusenik! Israel's Soldiers of Conscience, compiled and edited by Peretz Kidron. Foreword by Susan Sontag. New York, Zed Books. 119 p.
Book call no.: 355.224095694 R332

Ross, Dennis. The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace. New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004. 840 p.
Book call no.: 956.053 R823m

Rubenberg, Cheryl. The Palestinians: In Search of a Just Peace. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003. 485 p.
Book call no.: 956.053 R895p

Said, Edward W. The End of the Peace Process: Oslo and After. New York, Pantheon Books, 2000. 345 p.
Book call no.: 956.053 S132e

Schulze, Kirsten E. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York, Longman, 1999. 148 p.
Book call no.: 956.053 S391a

Stork, Joe. Erased in a Moment: Suicide Bombing Attacks Against Israeli Civilians. New York, Human Rights Watch, 2002. 160 p.
Book call no.: 956.94054 S885e

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Special Oversight Panel on Terrorism. Are Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority Credible?, Hearing. 107th Congress, 2nd session June 6 2002. Washington, GPO, 2003. 79 p.
Book call no.: 320.95695 U58a

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. The Middle East: Rethinking the Road Map, Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session February 24 2004. Washington, GPO, 2004. 65 p.
Book call no.: 327.73056 U585ma


"After You." "No, After You." Economist 367:43-44 April 12, 2003.
Both the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority (PA) say they want the as-yet-unpublished peace plan to succeed, but they do not agree on what it should say. The PA wants Israel to withdraw its troops from Palestinian areas, freeze the building of new Jewish settlements on Palestinian land, and end its policy of assassinating militants. PA officials argue that Israel should do these things "in parallel" with Palestinian action to curb violence and reforms of the way the PA governs the areas it is in charge of.
Also available online at:

Ahmed, Hisham. Ariel Sharon and the Fate of Local, Regional and International Peace. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 10:93-99 2003.
Focuses on the policies of Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon against Palestinian Arabs. Role in the development of the 2000 Al-Aqsa Intifada; Encouragement of violence among Palestinians; Use of military force in resolving the conflict.
Also available online at:

Alterman, Jon B. Arab-Israeli Peace Runs Aground. International Politics 40:559-564 December 2003.

And it All Goes up in Flames. Economist 367:41-42 June 14, 2003.
Article argues that Israel's attempt to kill Abdel-Aziz Rantisi, a Hamas political leader, has killed the hopes for peace. Dr Rantisi had been on Israel's list of targets for some time, and that there was intelligence evidence pointing to his involvement in Hamas's terrorist activities, including responsibility for the ambush on the soldiers in Gaza, which had been claimed by the al-Aqsa Brigades, a militia linked to Fatah, as well as by Hamas and Islamic Jihad.
Also available online at:

Anders, Strindberg. Intifada Revives Rejectionist Factions. Jane's Intelligence Review 14:24-26 July 2002.

Assaf, Moghadam. Palestinian Suicide Terrorism in the Second Intifada: Motivations and Organizational Aspects. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 26:65-93 March 2003.
Also available online at:

Bennett, James. Gingerly, Arabs Question Suicide Bombings. New York Times, A1, Op, July 3, 2002.
Focuses on the debate among Palestinians over suicide bombing.

Bishara, Azmi. The Quest for Strategy. Journal of Palestine Studies 32:41-50 Winter 2003.
Emphasizes the need for a comprehensive, inclusive resistance strategy in the Palestinian state. Absence of a strategy for liberation; Comparison of reform and resistance strategies; Components of a strategy of resistance; Significance of organizational context.
Also available online at:

Blanche, Ed. Israel Uses Intifada Informers to Abet Assassination Campaign. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:22-24 December 2001.

Bonsignore, Ezio. Of War and Peace. Military Technology 26:4-5 May 2002.
Focuses on the issue of mediation in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as of May 2002. Failure of the Oslo Peace Agreement; Motivation of Palestinian suicide bombers and terrorists; Reason behind that insolubility of the conflict.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=6708641

Can the Dangerous Vacuum in Gaza be Peacefully Filled? Economist 371:41-42 May 22, 2004.
Ariel Sharon, Israel's prime minister, said he would unilaterally "disengage" from the coastal Gaza strip. But his own Likud party rejected his plan in a referendum. A report from Amnesty International claims that many of Israel's actions were not only illegal but had failed, so far, to give it security. Combined with Israel's decision since the beginning of the intifada to bar almost all Palestinians in the occupied territories from taking jobs in Israel, to minimize the risk of suicide attacks, such actions have reduced two-thirds of Gaza's 1.3 million Palestinians to penury--and have destroyed the PA's authority.
Also available online at:

Dar, Yechezkel. The Imprint of the Intifada: Response of Kibutz-Born Soldiers to Military Service in the West Bank and Gaza. Armed Forces & Society 26:285-311 Winter 2000.

Documents and Source Material. Journal of Palestine Studies 33:158-191 Winter 2004.
Deals with documents and source materials concerning Palestinians and the Muslim community. Information on the joint Palestinian-Israeli document consist of a set of principles for a peace process toward the Palestinian-Israeli conflict; Excerpt of a speech by Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Bin Mohamad to the 10th session of the Islamic Summit Conference in Putrajaya, Malaysia on October 16, 2003; Casualties and damages caused by the Al-Aqsa Intifada since the outbreak of the violence in September 2000.
Also available online at:

Elmer, Jon. Uri Avnery. Progressive 68:35-38 April 2004.
Interviews Uri Avnery, one of the founding members of Gush Shalom (Israeli Peace Bloc) in Israel. Reason of Avnery for joining the Irgun, an armed Jewish resistance in Israel; Views on Palestinian terrorist attacks on Israel and its Jewish citizens; Impact of the wall built in Palestine on the peace process between Palestinians and Israel.

Eshal, David. Israel Hones Intelligence Operations to Counter Intifada. Jane's Intelligence Review 14:24-26 October 2002.

Eshel, David. The Al-Aqsa Intifada: Tactics and Strategies (Israeli and Palestinian). Jane's Intelligence Review 13:36-38 May 2001.

Eshel, David. Israel Reviews Profile of Suicide Bombers. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:20-21 November 2001.

Esposito, Michele K. Chronology. Journal of Palestine Studies 33:191-210 Winter 2004.
Presents a chronology of events related to the al-Aqsa intifada and regional and international developments regarding peace processes from August 16 to November 2003. Move of the IDF to construct a permanent, fortified military posts in the Palestinian Authority (PA) controlled section of Hebron; Collapse of PA-Israeli talks regarding the expansion of PA security control.
Also available online at:

Esposito, Michele K. Quarterly Update on Conflict and Diplomacy. Journal of Palestine Studies 32:120-122 Winter 2003.
Presents a summary of political events affecting the Palestinians and the status of the peace process with Israel from August 16 through November 2002. Turnover of security in the Gaza Strip from Israel to the Palestine Authority; Plans for the establishment of a Palestinian state; Reaction of the U.S. to the siege of Ramallah.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=9168630

Falah, Ghzai-Walid. War, Peace and Land Seizure in Palestine's Border Area. Third World Quarterly 25:955-975 2004.

From the Hebrew Press. Journal of Palestine Studies 32:95-102 Winter 2003.
Reprints several articles from Israeli newspapers. 'The Villagers See the Fence As a Land Grab,' by Amira Hass, published on the September 30, 2002 issue of 'Ha'Aretz'; 'Khirbet Yanun May Be Emptied of Its Residents for Good,' by Gadi Algazi and Azmi Bdeir, published on the November 15, 2002 issue of 'Ha'Aretz'; 'Always a Fighter, Always a Terrorist,' by Amira Hass, published on the October 2002 issue of 'Ha'Aretz.'
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=9168555

Garvillis, George. Sharon's Endgame for the West Bank Barrier. Washington Quarterly 27:7-21 Autumn 2004.
Asserts that Israel's construction of a fence called the West Bank barrier holds the potential for resolving the long-standing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's objectives; Emergence of a Palestinian state; Peace through territorial concessions.

Gatehouse, Jonathan. Easter in the Holy Land. Maclean's 116:42-48 April 21, 2003.
Violence and economic dislocation are fuelling an increasing exodus of Christians from the places where their faith was born 2,000 years ago.
Also available online at:

Gordon, Neve. The Israeli Peace Camp in Dark Times. Peace Review 15:39-46 March 2003.
Discusses the crisis within the Israeli peace camp starting in October 2000. Outbreak of the second Intifada; History of the Peace Now grassroots peace movement in Israel; Sociological make-up of Peace Now.
Also available online at:

Hammer, Joshua and Zedan, Samir. The Jihad Soccer Club. Newsweek 142:26-29 July 7, 2003.
Reports on a soccer club in Hebron whose players are involved in the intifada against Israelis. Details of the double life of the Jihad soccer team; How the Palestinians grew into a cell of fanatics; Recruitment of young men by Abdullah Kawasmeh, a leader of the HAMAS military wing; Effort of Israel to arrest alleged HAMAS militants and their relatives; Role of the Palestinian Authority in negotiating a ceasefire; Creation of the Jihad team project in 1998 by Muhsin Kawasmeh; Background on the Aqsa intifada that began in September 2000; Indication that the Jihad mosque is a recruitment center for Hamas; Details of two suicide missions.
Also available online at:

Hilal, Jamil. Separation as a Form of Apartheid. Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 9:40-44 2002.
Focuses on the events that took place since the outbreak of the Aqsa Intifada in Israel and Palestine. Assessment of the military operation of Israel against the Palestinians; Differences in the political circumstances and tactics in Intifadas; Efforts to stop the encroachment of colonial settlements.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=8869773

Jones, Clive. "One Size Fits All": Israel, Intelligence, and the al-Aqsa Intifada. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26:273-288 July-August 2003.

Khalidi, Walid. The Prospects of Peace in the Middle East. Journal of Palestine Studies 32:50-63 Winter 2003.
Discusses the promotion of peace in the Middle East, with emphasis on the conflict between Palestine and Israel. Information on the Balfour Declaration; Casualties from the al-Aqsa intifada; Views on the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the U.S.; Claims of Israel against Palestine.
Also available online at:

Luft, Gal. The Palestinian H-Bomb. Foreign Affairs 81:2-8 July-August 2002.
The article discusses the Palestinian's growing acceptance of suicide bombings as a legitimate tool of war used to balance Israel's technological prowess and conventional military dominance.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=6836411

Mahmud Abbas's Call for a Halt to the Militarization of the Intifada. Journal of Palestine Studies 32:74-79 Winter 2003.
Presents the text of a speech given by Palestinian Liberation Organization Executive Committee secretary Mahmud Abbas in November 2002, which deals with the abandonment of military action by the al-Aqsa intifada.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=9168548

Miskel, James F. Violence as Strategy: The Palestinian Case. Mediterranean Quarterly 15:47-58 Spring 2004.
Evaluates whether the Palestinian strategy of fear-inducing violence has been effective in terms of generating progress toward Palestinian goals and whether the strategy has been efficient in terms of its expenditure of Palestinian resources. Ways in which a strategy can be evaluated; Obstacles to objectively evaluating Palestinian strategy qua strategy; Background on the relations between Palestine and Israel.

Moghadam, Assaf. Palestinian Suicide Terrorism in the Second Intifada: Motivations and Organizational Aspects. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26:65-92 March-April 2003.

Ottolenghi, Emanuele. Why Palestinians and Israelis are not Ready for Peace. Survival 46:41-54 Spring 2004.

Pressman, Jeremy. The Second Intifada: Background and Causes of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Journal of Conflict Studies 23:114-141 Fall 2003.

Pressman, Jeremy. Visions in Collision: What Happened at Camp David and Taba? International Security 28:5-43 Fall 2003.

Rynhold, Jonathan. Israel's Fence: Can Separation Make Better Neighbours? Survival 46:55-76 Spring 2004.

Schulze, Kirsten E. Camp David and the al-Aqsa Intifada: An Assessment of the State of the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process, July-December 2000. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 24:215-233 May-June 2001.

Shavit, Ari. No Man's Land. New Yorker 78:56-59 December 9, 2002.
Focuses on the social problems in Jerusalem. Occurrence of bombings; Impact of violence on culture; Commencement of the intifada in 2000.

Shikaki, Khalil. The Future of Palestine. Foreign Afairs 83:45-61 November-December 2004.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=14815889

Simon, Steven and Stevenson, Jonathan. Confronting Hamas. National Interest 74: Winter 2003-2004.

Sinai, Joshua. Intifada Drives Both Sides (Israelis and Palestinians) to Radical Arms. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:33-35 May 2001.

Sobelman, Daniel. Hizbullah Lends its Services to the Palestinian Intifada. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:12-14 November 2001.

Starobin, Paul. Rethinking Zionism. National Journal 37:1240-1248 April 24, 2004.
Recounts the creation of the Zionist movement in Israel and its influence on Jewish nationalism. Views of Isaac Meyer Wise, founder of American Reform Judaism, on Jewish nationalism; Reasons behind the victory of modern Zionism founder Theodor Herzl; Impact of World War I on the claims of Jewish and Palestinian movements for Israel.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=13025226

Stephan, Maria J. The Case for Peacekeeping in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. International Peacekeeping 11:248-279 Summer 2004.

Stokes, Bruce. Peace in Gaza Needs Europe. National Journal 37:2742-2743 September 11, 2004.
Addressing European concerns about Ariel Sharon's Gaza plan may be essential to its success.

Usher, Graham. Facing Defeat. Journal of Palestine Studies 32:21-41 Winter 2003.
Explains the division of the Palestine national movement after the al-Aqsa intifada in 2000. Origin of the tanzim cadre; Changes in the Fatah movement; Reaction of Palestinians to Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's National Unity government in February 2001.
Also available online at:

Weinreb, Alexander A. and Weinreb, Avi. Has Israel Used Indiscriminate Force? Middle East Quarterly 9:17-25 Summer 2002.
Investigates the use of indiscriminate force by Israel against Palestinian gunmen and civilians since the beginning of the Palestinian uprising in September 2000. Types of evidence that have been used to indict Israel; Mortality among noncombatant groups; Comparison of Israeli and Palestinian military tactics.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=6841357

Wisse, Ruth R. At Home in Jerusalem. Commentary 115:44-50 April 2003.
Presents an article about a visit to Israel. Public belief on political and social conditions in the country; Exaggerations in news reports about the Al-Aqsa Intifada; Significance of election results on January 28, 2003.
Also available online at:

Zisser, Eyal. The Return of Hizbullah. Middle East Quarterly 9:3-12 Fall 2002.
Provides information on the military activities of the Hizbullah organization in the Middle East. Indications of the decision of Hizbullah to suspend the offensive it had launched against Israel in April 2002; Efforts of Hizbullah to establish itself as a political and social force; Move of Hizbullah to join the Al-Aqsa Intifada in September 2000.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=7225995


The 50 Years War Israel and the Arabs. Virginia, PBS Home Video, 1999. 2 videocassettes (300 minutes).
Begins with the 1947 UN decision to partition Palestine and continues to current day (1998). Traces history of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
AUL Video 956.4 F469

Shattered Dreams of Peace the Road from Oslo. Boston, Pbs Video, 2002. 1 videocassette (120 minutes).
Originally broadcast as a segment of the television program: Frontline.
AUL Video 956.953044 S533

Arafat, Yasir


Aburish, Said K. Arafat: From Defender to Dictator. New York, Bloomsbury, 1998. 360 p.
"Beginning with Arafat's murky background, which the man himself has surrounded in pretense, and moving to his assumption of the leadership of Fatah and subsequently the PLO in the 1960s, Aburish exposes the unsound foundations of Arafat's primacy and shows that the PLO has never been a revolutionary movement; rather Arafat and the PLO have always represented the Palestinian elite and the conservative Arab regimes. Moreover, Aburish discovered from hitherto silent but impeccable sources that since 1973, when Arafat first established contact with the CIA in Beirut, the PLO has conducted a secret dialogue with the US, amounting to a betrayal of its people - in effect an agreement to reach a peaceful solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict without deferring to the Palestinian people."--BOOK JACKET.
Book call no.: 92 A658a

Gowers, Andrew and Walker, Tony. Behind the Myth: Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Revolution. New York, Olive Branch Press, 1992. 407 p.
Maps drawn by Carole Vincer.
Book call no.: 92 A658g

Hart, Alan. Arafat, a Political Biography. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 1989. 560 p.
Revised edition of Arafat, Terrorist or Peacemaker? 3rd edition, 1988.
Book call no.: 92 A658h 1989

Hart, Alan. Arafat: Terrorist or Peacemaker?. London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1985. 501 p.
Book call no.: 92 A658h

Karsh, Efraim. Arafat's War: The Man and His Struggle for Israeli Conquest. New York, Grove Press, 2003. 296 p.
Book call no.: 956.94054 K18a

Kiernan, Thomas. Arafat, the Man and the Myth. New York, Norton, 1976. 281 p.
Book call no.: 92 A658k

Mishal, Shaul. The PLO Under Arafat: Between Gun and Olive Branch. New Haven, CN, Yale University Press, 1986. 190 p.
Book call no.: 322.42095694 M678p

Rubinstein, Danny. The Mystery of Arafat. South Royalton, VT, Steerforth Press, 1995. 140 p.
"When Yasser Arafat first appeared on the international stage following the 1967 Six-Day War, he was called a bloody terrorist. When the Israeli army drove him from Beirut in 1984, he was dismissed as a broken, marginalized figure. When the grass-roots Intifada broke out in the occupied territories in 1987, Arafat, from his outpost in Tunis, was able to portray himself as leader of the movement. And when secret talks started between the Israelis and Palestinians in Oslo, it was widely held that only Arafat could negotiate a lasting peace and independence for his people. From guerrilla fighter to statesman to his present role as chief administrator over a fragile, fledgling country, Arafat has always remained just beyond the grasp of those who would define his nature or predict his next move." "Rubinstein approaches his subject as a detective might: going back to Arafat's birth and shadowy youth in Egypt, his life of ceaseless traveling, the meanings behind his trademark kaffiyeh and three-day beard, his vows of personal poverty, and his insistence on signing every check issued by the PLO. Through anecdote, analytic sifting, and thoughtful reflection, Rubinstein weaves a compelling portrait of Yasser Arafat, one that will be of interest to all who follow events in the Middle East."--BOOK JACKET.
Book call no.: 92 A658r

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Special Oversight Panel on Terrorism. Are Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority Credible?, Hearing. 107th Congress, 2nd session June 6 2002. Washington, GPO, 2003. 79 p.
Book call no.: 320.95695 U58a

Wallach, Janet and Wallach, John. Arafat: In the Eyes of the Beholder. New York, Carol Publishing Group, 1990. 465 p.
Book call no.: 92 A658w


Haetzni, Nadev.  In Arafat's Kingdom.  Commentary 102:42-49 October 1996.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=aph&an=9610160234
Opinion. Explores the role of Palestinian Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat in the continued conflict in the Palestinian government. Arafat's suspiciousness on order and the system; Progress of the peace process between Palestine and Israel; Concerns on the lack of justice in the Palestinian judicial system.

Heller, Mark A.  Rabin and Arafat:  Alone, Together.  Current History 94:28-32 January 1995.
Focuses on Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasir Arafat in relation to Arab-Israeli peace. Linkage of the Israeli election with the government's policies towards Arabs; Dependence of peace process on Rabin's political fate; Arafat as active participant in the electoral system; Breakthroughs in the peace process.

Israeli, Raphael.  From Oslo to Bethlehem:  Arafat's Islamic Message.  Journal of Church and State 43:423-446 Summer 2001.
Also available online at:,ip,url,uid&db=f5h&an=5354756
Examines whether Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat is bound by a set of principles and whether he espouses any ideology only when it appears to him at a particular time to reflect his and his people's interest. Application given by Arafat and others of the various aspects of Hudaybiyya to modern-day conditions; Discussion on the duplicity of Arafat's thinking and policy.

Kodmani-Darwish, Bassma.  Arafat and the Islamists:  Conflict or Cooperation?  Current History 95:28-32 January 1996.
Discusses Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat's ability to suppress the Islamist movement led by the Hamas. Threats to the peace process in the Arab region; Arafat's political difficulties; Hamas' opposition to Arafat's policies.

Luft, Gal.  Who is Winning the Intifada?  Commentary 112:28-33 July-August 2001.
Also available online:
Presents a commentary on intifada, an uprising term related to the defensive move of Palestinians against the Israeli military group. Allegations on the role of Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat on the intifada movement; Fatalities and injuries caused by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on both parties as of June 2001; Information on the militant groups and plans behind the operations of intifada.

Reiff, David.  Arafat Among the Ruins.  New York Times Magazine  153:52-58 April 25, 2004.
Discusses the relevance of the Palestinian president, Yasir Arafat. Confinement to his Ramallah compound by Israeli forces for more than a year and a half; Insistence by Palestinians that he is essential to any hope of a lasting peace; Reaction of Palestinians to the Israeli occupation and regulations; Description of Arafat's life in isolation, including an endless round of meetings with Palestinian notables, foreign diplomats, Arab journalists, and others; View of Arafat as the Palestinian father; Description of the pulse of the street in Palestine as despairing.

Rupert, Jim.  Is It Arafat's Last Battle?  Nation 239:474-477 November 10, 1984.
Focuses on efforts undertaken by Syrian President Hafez al-Assad to oust Yasir Arafat as leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), as of November 10, 1984. Effect of Yasir Arafat's failure to agree on a joint Middle East diplomatic strategy with Jordan's King Hussein on the resolve of the Syrian leader to convince a militant element of the PLO to rebel against Yasir Arafat; Details on the possible strategies which can be used by Yasir Arafat in order to deal with the crisis.

Two Lions Vying to Prevail.  Time 164:32-35 November 8, 2004.
Examines the situation in the Middle East as Israeli Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon and Palestinian leader, Yasir Arafat struggle for their political and physical lives. Departure of the very ill Arafat from his self-imposed prison of three years for cancer treatment; Political attacks on Sharon from the right-wingers of Israel; How the ill health of Arafat puts a simmering political pot on hold; Questions over who will replace the Arab leader; Political pressure and rebellion against Sharon; How a new Palestinian partner could force Sharon into real peace talks and change the history of the region.

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