BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURES
PMCS Financial/Resource Topics



March 2004

Compiled by AUL Staff
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents    


The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of the Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site.

Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact AUL's Web Maintainer for a password.


All sites listed were last accessed on March 8, 2004.


Internet Resources


Air Force Real Property Agency. Air Force Base Conversion Agency.
Available online at: http://www.afbca.hq.af.mil/
Information about past BRACs including conversion facts and figures; briefings; information on BRAC bases; links to related sites.

CEDAR. Military and Base Reuse.
Available online at: http://www.cedar.ca.gov/military/index.html
Look on the left side of the web page. Click on Military Base Revitalization. California Economic Diversification and Revitalization (CEDAR) website. CEDAR's goals are to organize and disseminate electronic information to assist California citizens, businesses and communities to successfully transition from military and defense work to compete in the global economy. CEDAR is the state's central clearinghouse for all base reuse and defense conversion activities.

Cahlink, George. Defense Budget Seeks Billions For Base Closures. Government Executive. February 3, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/0203/020303g1.htm

Cahlink, George. Navy, Marine Corps Eye More Joint Bases. Government Executive. December 18, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/1202/121802g1.htm

Cahlink, George. Next Base Closing Round Will Aim to Create Joint Facilities. Government Executive. November 20, 2002.
The Pentagon will use the 2005 round of military base closures to create a new generation of multi-mission, multi-service bases, according to Raymond DuBois, Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Installations and Environment.
Available online at: http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/1102/112002g1.htm

Cahlink, George. Pentagon Sees Closings as Critical to Larger Strategy. GovExec.com January 30, 2004.
Available online at: http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/0104/013004g1.htm

Cahlink, George. Tension Mounts as Base Closing Process Take Shape. GovExec.com, October 21, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/1003/102103g1.htm
The military base-closing process scheduled for 2005 is already starting to heat up. The Los Angeles Times reported last week that the Pentagon had plans to close more than 100 installations, including one-fourth of all Army bases and a third of Air Force facilities.

Fishbein, Rand H. Multitasking Bases: A Successful Alternative to Base Closings. National Review Online May 16, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/comment-fishbein051602.asp

International City/County Management Association. ICMA Military Programs: News and Updates. Washington, ICMA.org.
Available online at: http://www2.icma.org/main/search.asp
Type  base realignment  in the search box on the top left of the page.
ICMA's Military Base Reuse Consortium provides communities with opportunities to learn about recent developments in base closure and reuse legislation, and to play a constructive role in improving the base reuse process.

Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round? by David E. Lockwood. Washington, 2001.
Available online at: http://www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/Public/pub-7.cfm?&CFID=6111866&CFTOKEN=41651589

Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Environmental Services. Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Program Overview. 2001.
Available online at: http://www.navfac.navy.mil/brc/
Department of the Navy BRAC program overview.

Office of Economic Adjustment, Office of the Secretary of Defense. Community Guide to Base Reuse.
Available online at: http://oea.osd.mil
Includes: lists of all bases closed, by date, by service, alphabetically.  Provides links to many related sites, including reuse success stories.

Office of the Secretary of Defense. Base Realignment and Closure. 2003
Available online at: http://www.defenselink.mil/brac
Includes Army, Navy and Air Force sites, legislation, timeline, and speeches & congressional testimony.

Pickett, Daniel. New BRAC Round Included in FY2002 Defense Authorization. PM, Public Management,  A9 April 2002.
Available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000113028912&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1061556632&clientId=417

The Report of the Department of Defense on Base Realignment and Closure. April 1998.
Available online at: http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/brac040298.pdf
This 159 page report discusses the rationale for closing bases; gives a brief history of prior base closure round; cost estimates and savings estimates.

Schuhmann, Sidney. Lubbock Converts Air Force Base Into Business Park. Abilene Reporter News, June 18, 2001.
Available online at: http://www.texnews.com/1998/2001/local/base0618.html

Svitak, Amy. Pentagon Completes Draft Criteria for 2005 Base Closing. GovExec.com, December 19, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/1203/121903cdpm1.htm

Taxpayers for Common Sense. National Security Program: Base Realignments and Closures.
Available online at: http://www.taxpayer.net/nationalsecurity/brac.htm

United States. Dept. of Defense.  Report Required by Section 2912 of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990, as Amended Through the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003. Washington, March 2004.
Available online at: http://www.defenselink.mil/brac/docs/04_0_body032403.pdf


Books


Please note: A call number beginning with "R" denotes a reference book. Check the online catalog for availability of additional copies.

Accordino, John J. Captives of the Cold War Economy: The Struggle for Defense Conversion in American Communities. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2000. 205 p.
Accordino's book derives from his experience in Virginia trying to engage a recalcitrant state government to face the reality that the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process was going to have potentially serious, disruptive impacts on the economic health of several communities in the state. While this book is directed at the Virginia experience, it also provides some sense of the problem and how it was addressed in other states. The methodology combines some simple economic analysis with in-depth interviews with local decision makers.
Book call no.: 338.476233 A172c

Goren, Lilly J. The Politics of Military Base Closings: Not in My District. New York, Peter Lang, 2003. 161 p. (Popular Politics & Governance in America)
Book call no.: 355.70973 G666p

Hess, Ron Marquis and others. Closing and Reuse of the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2001. 114 p.
Book call no.: 359.709748 C645

Hix, William M. Taking Stock of the Army's Base Realignment and Closure Selection Process. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2001. 85 p.
The Army's process for selecting installations has remained fairly constant during the last three BRAC rounds, in 1991,1993, and 1995.  This report offers ten criteria it argues should characterize an effective BRAC process and analyzes the Army's 1995 process in light of those criteria. It then goes on to suggest an improved process.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA392976
Book call no.: 355.70973 H676t

Pint, Ellen M. Public-Private Partnerships: Proceedings of the U.S.-U.K. Conference on Military Installation Assets, Operations, and Services, April 14-16, 2000. Santa Monica, CA, Arroyo Center, Rand, 2000. 85 p.
The U.S. Department of Defense and the U.K. Ministry of Defence face a common challenge: to modernize their forces to meet changing military threats under reduced budgets. To meet this challenge, both organizations are increasingly interested in leveraging private sector capital and expertise to provide defense activities and support services.
Also available online at: http://www.rand.org/publications/CF/CF164/
Book call no.: 341.725 P659p

Sorenson, David S. Shutting Down the Cold War: The Politics of Military Base Closure. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1998. 308 p.
Book call no.: 355.7 S713s

United States. Congressional Budget Office. Closing Military Bases: An Interim Assessment. Washington, D.C., December 1996. 74 p.
Book call no.: 355.7 C645

United States. Department of Defense. Base Closure and Realignment Report. Washington, DC, 1995. 1 v.
Cover title: The Recommendations of the Secretary of Defense as transmitted to the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission on February 28, 1995.
Also available online at: http://www.defenselink.mil/news/fact_sheets/f950308_brac_report.html
Book call no.: R 355.7 B299 1995

Wozniak, Sandra M. Closure of Military Installations:  The Good, the Bad, the Better? Wright Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, 1999.  71 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA370476

Book call no.: 355.7  W938c


Documents


Documents are located across the lobby in the East Wing of the library.

Bridgewater, Mary. Reuse of Air Force Bases. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April  1996. 59 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 B8511r

Briesmaster, Harry, Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC): Are We Right Sized? Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, December 2002. 33p.
Also available online at https://research.au.af.mil/viewabstract.aspx?id-4400
Doc. call no.: M-U 39567-4 B853e

Campbell, Scott A. A Model in Defense Reutilization: Presidio of Monterey and Fort Ord. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 1995. 87 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 C191m

Dardia, Michael. The Effects of Military Base Closures on Local Communities: A Short-Term Perspective. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1996. 59 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA306984
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-84 no 667

Gallay, David R. and Mittal, Monisha. Base Reutilization Status: An Assessment. McLean, VA, Logistics Management Institute, 2000. 48 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA377111
Doc. call no.: M-U 42274-15 no. EC905T1

Garcia, Maria L. A Model For Successful Reutilization of a Military Installation: A Case Study of Gentile Air Force Station. Wright Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, 1996. 72 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA319908
Doc. call no.: M-U 3956-4  G2161m

Hobbs, Robert A. Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC): A Critical Look. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, January 1996. 37 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA309463
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 H682b

Lauzon, Donald P. Base Closure and Property Reuse. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 1999. 32 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA397275
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 L391b

Luckey, David S. and Schultz, Kevin P. Defining and Coping With Wicked Problems: The Case of Fort Ord Building Removal. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001. 108 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391566
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 L941d

Morehouse, E. T.  Issues and Alternatives for Cleanup and Property Transfer for Base Realignment and Closure Sites. Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analysis, August 2000. 66p.
This report addresses the applicability of innovative approaches from the private sector and other stakeholders for developing environmentally contaminated properties, examines existing program successes, and assesses the potential to improve the BRAC process.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA407642
Doc. call no.: M-U  40381-11  no. 3538

Pidgeon, Paul D. Privatization in Place and the Base Closure Community; Newark Air Force Base, Ohio 1993-1995. Wright Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, 1996. 154 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA319524
Doc. call no.: M-U 39567-4 L974p

Poppert, Patrick E. Base Closure Impacts and the General Effects of Military Installations on Local Private Employment. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, Air Force Institute of Technology, 2001. 143 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA399397
Doc. call no.: M-U 43567-937

Stedman, Keith R. Base Realignment and Closure: Are Additional Rounds Necessary? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1999.  36 p.
The DoD wants to use savings achieved through future BRAC closure actions for modernization and quality of life programs. This paper addresses the history of base closure, the BRAC process and arguments for and against future BRAC rounds.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA364490
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 S812b

Surgeoner, Robert F. The Military Airport Program: Air Power for Civil Aviation. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 1999. 38 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA398896
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 S961m

Tapp, Charles S.  BRAC to the Future: An Analysis of Past Savings From Base Closings. Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio, Air Force Institute of Technology, March 2001. 88 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391058
Doc. call no.: M-U 39567-5 T174b

Tarrantino, William J., Connors, Gary, and Dell, Robert F. An Integer Linear Program to Recommend Stationing of Army Forces. Ft. Belvoir, VA, Center for Army Analysis, 2001. 22 p.
This paper presents an integer linear program, OSAF (Optimal Stationing of Army Forces) used by the Army for analyses to support the 2001 QDR. OSAF enables systematic examination of Army stationing alternatives and prescribes an optimal Army stationing for a given force structure, set of installations, available implementation dollars, and stationing restrictions.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405811
Doc. call no.: M-U 42965-19

United States. Department of Defense. Economic Renewal: Community Reuse of Former Military Bases. Washington, U.S. Department of Defense, 1999. 16 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42215-170

United States. General Accounting Office. Closing Maintenance Depots: Savings, Workload, and Redistribution Issues. Washington, March 1996. 68 p.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/archive/1996/ns96029.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no. 96-29

United States.  General Accounting Office. Defense Infrastructure:  Greater Management Emphasis Needed to Increase the Services' Use of Expanded Leasing Authority:  Report to the Secretary of Defense. Washington, 2002. 23 p.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02475.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-173  no. 02-475


United States. General Accounting Office. Military Base Closures:  DoD's Updated Net Savings Estimate Remains Substantial. Washington, July 2001. 14 p.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01971.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U  41026-173  no. 01-971

United States. General Accounting Office. Military Base Closures:  Progress in Completing Actions From Prior Realignments and Closures:  Report to the Honorable Vic Snyder, House of Representatives. Washington, July 2001. 14 p.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov  (Search by report number GAO-02-433).
Doc. call no.: M-U  41026-173  no. 02-433

United States. General Accounting Office. Military Bases: Closure and Realignment Savings Are Significant, But Not Easily Quantified. Washington, April 1996. 22 p.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/archive/1996/ns96067.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no. 96-67

United States. General Accounting Office. Military Bases: Lessons Learned from Prior Base Closure Rounds: Report to the Congress. Washington, DC, July 1997. 64 p.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/archive/1997/ns97151.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no. 97-151



Periodicals

Periodicals 2000 and earlier are located in the Older Periodicals Section (take the elevator at Circulation Desk). All other periodicals are located on the first floor in the Periodicals Section.


Air Force Base Conversion Agency.
Air Force Magazine 85:100 May 2002.
Short description of the location, purpose and mission of the agency.
Also available online at: http://www.afa.org/magazine/May2002/foas.pdf

Aldridge, Edward C. Under Secretary Aldridge Briefs Media on Base Closure Process. Program Manager 30:32-38 September-October 2001.
Entire issue will open in pdf format. Look on left side of screen in contents and click on article title.
Also available online at: http://www.dau.mil/pubs/pm/pmpdf01/so-01.pdf

Base Closures An Uphill Battle. Defense Monitor 27:6-7 1998.

Bernardi, Richard A. The Base Closure and Realignment Commission: A Rational or Political Process? Public Budgeting & Finance 16:37-47 Spring 1996.
Examines the BRAC decision process. Analysis of decision theory; rational and political decision methods; financial implications.

Block, Dave. Deconstructing Buildings at Former Army Base. BioCycle 39:46-49 November 1998.
Discusses reuse strategy for over 7000 buildings on more than 28,000 acres of Fort Ord, California; planned around the goals of economic development, research, and environmental protection. A grant funded the deconstruction of several buildings to study less expensive ways to reuse the area. The data of the study reveals the wealth of materials available for recovery at military bases.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=1338552&db=aph

Book, Elizabeth.  Base Closures a Top Concern for Incoming GOP Lawmakers. National Defense 87:14-15 March 2003.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=1042

Book, Elizabeth.  SASC Members Apprehensive about BRAC. National Defense 87:16-17 March 2003.
All nine new members of the Senate Armed Services Committee plan to focus much of their attentions on military readiness, force modernization and base closure issues.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=1043

BRAC Fosters Stationing Strategy. Army Logistician 35:54 November-December 2003.
Also available online at: http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&res_dat=xri:pqd&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=article&rft_dat=xri:pqd:did=000000511835681&svc_dat=xri:pqil:fmt=text&req_dat=xri:pqil:pq_clntid=417

Bradshaw, Ted K.  Communities Not Fazed: Why Military Base Closures May Not Be Catastrophic. Journal of the American Planning Association  65:193-206 Spring 1999.
This study of the closure of Castle Air Force Base in Merced County, California, explains why the effects of base closures are general not catastrophic.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=1841776&db=aph

Buckley, Mike. Closing Bases, Opening Doors. Soldiers 53:16-20 November 1998.
After a decade of shedding excess infrastructure, the Army and DOD are starting to see the upside of Base Realignment and Closure actions.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000036384360&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1061490938&clientId=417

Byron, John L. The Military Needs BRAC. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 129:76-78 November 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=11390394&db=aph
At the end of 2005, the U.S. Congress will take an up-or-down vote on a list of military base realignments and closures, thus completing the decision phase of the process known as Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) 2005.

Cahlink, George. Bracing for the Next BRAC. Government Executive 35:12 January 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8986983&db=f5h

Cahlink, George.  First Skirmishes in the Battle of the Bases. Air Force Magazine  85:46-49  December 2002.
Also available online at: http://www.afa.org/magazine/dec2002/1202bases.asp

Cannon, Charles. Military Base Closures and Composting. Biocycle: Journal of Waste Recycling 36:91 August 1995.
Biroremediation of contaminated soils through composting offers the most cost effective and efficient remediation options for many sites in the defense complex.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9509150358&db=f5h

Castellon, David. For Guard's Bomb Wings, a Harsh Surprise (plan to cut B-1B Lancer Fleet). Air Force Times 61:10 July 16, 2001.

Closed Air Force Bases Now Open for Business.
National Defense 81:37-38 July-August 1996.

Converting Bases from Military to Civilian Use. TIG Brief 54:6 March-April 2002.
Entire issue will open in pdf format. Article is on page 6.
Also available online at: http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&res_dat=xri:pqd&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=article&rft_dat=xri:pqd:did=000000110442728&svc_dat=xri:pqil:fmt=html&req_dat=xri:pqil:pq_clntid=417

Crawley, Vince. Budget 2002: Putting People First. Air Force Times 61:8+ July 9, 2001.

Crawley, Vince. Guns or Bases? Pentagon Says Congress May Need to Choose: Cut Weapons Programs or Close Installations. Air Force Times 62:25 August 20, 2001.

Crawley, Vince. Is Help on the Way? Air Force Times 61:8+ July 23, 2001.

Crawley, Vince and Maze, Rick. Reluctant Legislators Brace for Round of Base Closings. Air Force Times 62:18 August 13, 2001.

Davis, Kent D. A Logistics Perspective on Closing Fort McClellan. Army Logistician 32:44-48 March-April 2000.
Also available online at: http://www.almc.army.mil/ALOG/issues/MarApr00/MS521.htm

Elliott, Frank. Closing Headaches Teach City Valuable Lessons. American City and County 111:52 February 1996.
The shutdown of Chanute AFB taught the city of Rantoul IL some valuable lessons.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000009221281&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1061493962&clientId=417

Erwin, Sandra.  BRAC '05 Threatens Government's Technology Base. National Defense 87:18-20 March 2003.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=1046

Erwin, Sandra.  'Joint Bases' Is the Name of the Game in BRAC '05. National Defense 87:18-20 March 2003.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=1044

Erwin, Sandra.  Military Base Closure Countdown to 2005. National Defense 87:18-19 March 2003.
Insert at the bottom of pages 18-19.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=1045

Fishbein, Rand H. Base Closure Alternative. Armed Forces Journal International 139:22-25 September 2002.
Examines proposals for the closure and conversion of military bases to combat problems in the budget of the U.S. Department of Defense. Creation of the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support (ARMS) initiative; use of military bases for commercial business; details about the ARMS initiative.
Also available online at: http://www.fishbeinassociates.com/foreign_base.htm

Fishbein, Rand H.  Sustainable Development on Federal Facilities:  ARMS Model Proves and Alternative to Base Closure.  Program Manager 31:16-21  October 2002.
Also available online at: http://www.dau.mil/pubs/pm/pmpdf02/Sept_Oct/fishse-oc2.pdf

Fouladpour, Danny. Putting Cities at Ease About Closing Military Bases. American City and County 111:48-55 February 1996.
In 1989, cities began making reuse plans for their closing military bases. Now, lessons from round one can help cities hit by the second wave of closings cope.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000009221279&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1061493962&clientId=417

Hellman, Christopher. Pentagon Renews Push for Additional Military Base Closures. Defense Monitor 30:5-6 August 2001.
Entire issue will open in pdf format. Article starts on page 5.
Also available online at: http://www.cdi.org/dm/2001/issue7/dm701.pdf

Hill, Catherine. Measuring Success in the Redevelopment of Former Military Bases: Evidence From a Case Study of the Truman Annex in Key West, Florida. Economic Development Quarterly 14:265-275 August 2000.

Huebner, Michael F. Base Realignment and Closure: A Historical Perspective. Military Review 77:68-72 November-December 1997.
Traces the history of military downsizing occurring in the US Army from Civil War to 1917.
Also available online at: http://www-cgsc.army.mil/milrev/English/novdec97/almanac.htm

Ingram, Katina N.  New Life for McClellan. Soldiers 55:40-42 May 2000.
Also available online at: http://www.army.mil/soldiers/may2000/features/mcclellan1.html

Johnson, Jeffrey B. Is There a Need for More Base Realignments and Closures? Air Force Comptroller 35:17-19 July 2001.
Also available online at: http://www.saffm.hq.af.mil/FMP/jul01/Page%2017%20A%20Need%20for%20BRAC.pdf

Jowers, Karen. Senior Defense Leaders to Make Joint Decisions on Future of Bases:  Rumsfeld's Goals Include Multiservice Installations.  Air Force Times 63:10 January 6, 2003.
In this next round of closings and realignments, Rumsfeld is trying to reduce the military's infrastructure by an amount equal to the previous four rounds combined.

Kelly, John T. and others. Military Base Closures Can Change....Lands to Parks. Parks & Recreation 31:70-76 January 1996.
The procedure for acquiring land through the Federal Lands to Parks Program (FLPP) is discussed.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000009239605&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1061491569&clientId=417

Kitfield, James. Baseless Concerns. National Journal 29:703-705 April 12, 1997.
The experience of Long Beach, CA shows how good plans for growth in the civilian sector can counter the negative effects of base closings.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000011493615&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1061557464&clientId=417

Matthews, William.  U.S. Eyes Cutbacks in Europe.  Defense News 18:1 February 24, 2003.

Maze, Rick. Approved Base Closings May Never Happen. Federal Times  December 17, 2001.
Each service must see net savings by 2011, or the base closing process is cancelled. One difference from past base closing rounds: the commission's main responsibility is not to look at excess capacity or potential savings, but at the value of an installation to the military.

Maze, Rick. Committee Gets Downside of Downsizing: Officials Argue Against Proposed Restructuring of Troops in Europe.  Air Force Times 63:10 March 10, 2003.

Maze, Rick. Pulling Up Stakes in Europe:  Lawmakers Mull Plan to End PCS Moves Overseas. Air Force Times 63:10 March 33, 2003.

Maze, Rick. Report: Base Closings Saved $16.7 Billion. Air Force Times 62:26 April 22, 2002.

Maze, Rick. Senate Bill Proposes More Criteria For Base Closings. Air Force Times 62:12 May 27, 2002.

McCutcheon, Chuck and Cassata, Donna. Lawmakers Seek to Avoid Closures by Pumping Money Into Military Bases. Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report 60:2190-2192 August 10, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7211726&db=aph&tg=AN

McCutcheon, Chuck. Pentagon Enlists New Statistics in Push to Close More Bases. Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report 56:898-899 April 4, 1998.
Defense Secretary William S. Cohen has released a report to Congress showing that the BRAC process appears to have saved more money than estimated. Pentagon officials would like to close more bases.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=499616&db=aph

McMichael, William H. Atlantic Fleet Chief Favors Base Closures. Navy Times 50:22 August 6, 2001.

Pages, Erik R. Military Base Closings: Is the Game Worth the Candle? National Security Studies Quarterly 6:97-109 Winter 2000.

Ramos, B. J. Program Can Ease Home Sale Woes. Air Force Times 59:12 October 19, 1998.
Many affected by base closures can get financial aid thorough the Housing Assistance Program.

Rolfsen, Bruce. QDR (Quadrennial Defense Review): Air Force Needs Greater Pacific Presence. Air Force Times 62:17 October 15, 2001.

Rosenberg, Arnold. Base's Airfield Becomes City's Airport. American City and County 111:51 February 1996.
The work by Austin TX to turn Bergstrom AFB into a much needed airport is discussed.
Available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000009221280&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1061493962&clientId=417

Stover, S. James. Swords Into Plowshares: Improving BRAC. Army Logistician 32:40-43 March-April 2000.
The military is burdened with excessive infrastructure. BRAC needs to be reformed to increase its effectiveness and gain popular and political support.
Also available online at: http://www.almc.army.mil/ALOG/issues/MarApr00/MS484.htm

Tiron, Roxana. Pentagon Faces Huge Ordnance Cleanup Bill. National Defense 88:26 October 2003.
Also available online at: http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&res_dat=xri:pqd&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&genre=article&rft_dat=xri:pqd:did=000000444101221&svc_dat=xri:pqil:fmt=html&req_dat=xri:pqil:pq_clntid=417

Tiron, Roxana.  Pentagon Weighing Environmental Priorities. National Defense 87:14-16  December 2002.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=986

Torgerson, Ronald A. Base Closure Process Much Longer Than Planned. National Defense 86:39 December 2001.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=684

Torgerson, Ronald A. Fixed-Price Contracts Can Slash Cleanup Costs. National Defense 86:38-39 December 2001.
Also available online at: http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=683

Towell, Pat. Stage Is Set for a Senate Test of Cohen's Base Closing Plan. Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report 55:1582-1585 July 5, 1997.
Secretary of Defense William Cohen has proposed two more rounds of military base closures to pay for high tech weaponry.

Tudor, Jason. Second Wind: Some Say the Rasputin-Like Rhein-Main Air Base May Never Close. Airman 46:38-43 August 2002.
Also available online at: http://www.af.mil/news/airman/0802/rhein.html

Winston, Sherie. Environmental Work Looms with New Base Closure Round. Engineering News-Record 247:9 December 24, 2001.


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