CENTRAL ASIA


April 2007

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

Central Asia

General Information
Domestic Dissent
  (includes radical Islam)
Economic Aspects
Foreign Relations
     General
     China
     Russia
     United States
Natural Resources
Politics and Government
Security and Defense

Individual Countries

Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed in this guide require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on April 12, 2007


General Information


Internet Resources

Central Asia - Caucasus Institute / Silk Road Studies Program.  Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University.
Available online at:  http://www.silkroadstudies.org/new/index.htm
The Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program is a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center, affiliated with Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies and Uppsala University.  Its site offers access to online reports and journals, including the Silk Road Papers series, the Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst, and the China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly.

Central Asian Series Publications.  Shrivenham, England, Conflict Studies Research Centre, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom.
Available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/
CSRC experts use unclassified sources to "monitor and engage with political, social, economic and military thinking in the region via both formal and informal channels" and analyze the risks and likely nature of conflict in the Centre's target area.  If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.

Central Asia.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/regions/?fa=list&id=267
An interactive multilingual website with timely analysis of political, economic, social and security developments in Central Asia.

Eurasia Daily Monitor.  Washington, Jamestown Foundation.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/
Surveys recent developments in Eurasia, placing the developments in a geo-strategic perspective and offering analysis that outlines their implications for the United States and the West.

Military Policy Awareness Link (MiPAL):  Central Asia.  Washington, National Defense University, Military Education Research Library Network (MERLN), 2007.
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=153&pageID=3&type=section
Includes online resources on Central Asia from governmental and non-governmental sources, including think tanks and scholarly journals.  Some may be available only through commercial databases; these are clearly identified.  The current MiPAL contains items released in the last 12 months; older material is contained in an archive.

Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty Reports
Available online at:  http://www.rferl.org/reports/
Includes Central Asia Report, a weekly review of RFE/RL reporting and analysis about the five countries of Central Asia. Available in 26 languages.

Russia and Eurasia Program.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/ruseura/
Includes links to publications on Central Asia.

South Central Asia Newspapers and News Media Guide.  ABYZ Web Links Inc.
Available online at:  http://www.abyznewslinks.com/socas.htm
Links to various media sources for each Central Asian country.


Books

Central Asia:  Aspects of Transition, edited by Tom Everett-Heath.  New York, RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.  290 p.
Following President George W. Bush’s declaration of a ’War on Terrorism’ and the subsequent ousting of the Taliban regime from power in Afghanistan, the strengths and policies of Central Asia’s regimes have become matters of geopolitical significance.  This collection assesses these policies against the backdrop of a Soviet legacy and the vigorous attempts of these countries to build secular states within the Islamic world.
Book call no.:  958.04 C397

Curtis, Glenn E.  Involvement of Russian Organized Crime Syndicates, Criminal Elements in the Russian Military, and Regional Terrorist Groups in Narcotics Trafficking in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Chechnya.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, October 2002.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/RussianOrgCrime.pdf
Book call no.:  364.1060947 C978i

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Hanks, Reuel R.  Central Asia:  A Global Studies Handbook.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, 2005.  466 p.
Book call no.:  958 H241c

In the Tracks of Tamerlane:  Central Asia's Path to the 21st Century, edited by Daniel L. Burghart.  Washington, Center For Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2004.  478 p.
Table of contents only - is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0419/2004015792.html
Book call no.:  958.4086 I35

The Legacy of the Soviet Union, edited by Wendy Slater and Andrew Wilson.  Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  275 p.
Table of contents only - is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy051/2003064663.html
Book call no.:  320.94709049 L496

Mahnovski, Sergej, and others.  Economic Dimensions of Security in Central Asia.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  93 p.
Assesses the political implications of economic and related social problems in the five post-Soviet Central Asian states, and suggests U.S. policy measures.
Also available online at:   http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG417.pdf
Book call no.:  330.958 M215e

Nations Hospitable to Organized Crime and Terrorism.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 2003.  252 p.
The Central Asian Republics, pp 60-66. Assesses conditions that contributed to or were potentially hospitable to transnational criminal activity and terrorist activity during 1999-2002.
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/library/docs/Nats%5FHospitable.pdf
Book call no.:  363.325 N277

Rahimov, Mirzohid and Urazaeva, Galina.  Central Asian Nations & Border Issues.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, March 2005.  23 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/05%2810%29-MRandGU.pdf
Book call no.:  320.120947 R147c

Searching for Peace in Europe and Eurasia:  An Overview of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities, edited by Paul Van Tongeren and others.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.  665 p.
Book call no.:   327.17 S439


Periodicals

Badikova, Katerina.  An Analysis of the Legal Framework Governing Prosecution of Traffickers and Victim Protection in Central Asian Countries.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 4:29-38 Winter 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_dec05/co_dec05c.pdf

Bobukulov, Inomjon.  Central Asia:  Is There an Alternative to Regional Integration?  Central Asian Survey 25:75-92 March-June 2006.
The collapse of the Soviet Union created a unique opportunity for the former Soviet republics to form composite relationships with the outside world, predicated on their legitimate and long-term strategic interests.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22909439&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cornell, Svante E. and Swanstrom, Niklas L. P.  The Eurasian Drug Trade:  A Challenge to Regional Security.  Problems of Post-Communism 53:10-28 July-August 2006.
Argues that the illicit drug trade in Central Asia has grown to such proportions that it constitutes a clear and present security threat, as well as a significant threat to both the immediate and long-term security interests of the United States in this region.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21639791&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hess, Michael.  Central Asia:  Mackinder Revisited?  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 3:95-105 March 2004.
Evaluates the renewed interest in Central Asia, puts the region's current and projected importance in the context of the foreign policy interests of the U.S., Russia, China, Turkey and Iran, and views it in the light of regional and international security considerations.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar04/co_mar04h.pdf

Jackson, Nicole J.  The Trafficking of Narcotics, Arms and Humans in Post-Soviet Central Asia:  (Mis)Perceptions, Policies and Realities.  Central Asian Survey 24:39-52 March 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16928667&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Domestic Dissent  (includes radical Islam)
 

Internet Resources

Ahrari, Ehsan.  Countering the Ideological Support for HT and the IMU:  The Case of the Ferghana Valley.  Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, October 2006 (Occasional paper, no 3).
Available online at:  http://www.marshallcenter.org/mcpublicweb/en/component/content/article/43-cat-pubs-occ-papers/628-art-pubs-occ-papers-03.html
Discusses Hizb ut-Tahrir-e-Islami or Hizb Tahrir (the Islamic Liberation Movement or HT), and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), and outlines a counterterrorism strategy for the United States.

Baran, Zeyno and others.  Islamic Radicalism in Central Asia and the Caucasus:  Implications for the EU.  Washington, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, Johns Hopkins University, July 2006.  55 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.silkroadstudies.org/new/docs/Silkroadpapers/0607Islam.pdf

Karagiannis, Emmanuel.  The Challenge of Radical Islam in Tajikistan:  Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami.  Nationalities Papers 34:1-20 March 2006.
Available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20338657&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Schneider, Frank.  Hizb ut-Tahrir:  A Threat Behind a Legal Facade?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2006.  105 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457669


Books

Bascio, Patrick.  Defeating Islamic Terrorism:  The Wahhabi Factor.  Boston, Branden Publishing Co., 2007.  256 p.
Advocates strong ties between the US and Central Asia, and includes:  The Andijohn Event, Central Asia's Critique of Wahhabism, A Closer Look at Central Asia Today, and Hizb Ut-Tahrir:  Wahabi Look-Alike.  Only the Table of Contents is available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006031904.html
Book call no.:  363.32516 B298d

Crosston, Matthew.  Fostering Fundamentalism:  Terrorism, Democracy, and American Engagement in Central Asia.  Aldershot, UK, Ashgate, 2006.  186 p.
Chapter 7:  Inside the Cauldron of the Hizb ut-Tahir, pp 147-161.  Only the Table of Contents is available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0615/2006018446.html 
Book call no.:  327.73058 C951f

Flashpoints in the War on Terrorism, edited by Derek S. Reveron and Jeffrey Stevenson Murer.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  357 p.
Chapter 6:  The Fergana Valley of Central Asia, by Christopher J. Fettweis, pp 117-134.
Book call no.:  363.32511 F585

Fredholm, Michael.  Uzbekistan & The Threat from Islamic Extremism.  [Camberley, Surrey], Conflict Studies Research Centre, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, 2003.  19 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:   http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/K39-MP.pdf
Book call no.:  320.55709587 F852u

In the Tracks of Tamerlane:  Central Asia's Path to the 21st Century, edited by Daniel L. Burghart.  Washington, Center For Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2004.  478 p.
Chapter 7:  Islam in Central Asia:  The Emergence and Growth of Radicalism in the Post-Communist Era, by Tiffany Petros, pp 139-155. Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0419/2004015792.html
Book call no.:  958.4086 I35

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0612/2006011874.html
Book call no.:  958.043 I82

Jonson, Lena.  Tajikistan in the New Central Asia:  Geopolitics, Great Power Rivalry and Radical Islam.  London, I. B. Tauris, 2006.  252 p.
Discusses the foreign policy of Tajikistan during the first four years after the terrorist attacks of September 11, which led the U.S. to engage not only in Afghanistan but also in Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan, and Tajikistan.
Book call no.:  958.6086 J81t

Leech, Gary.  Crude Interventions:  The US, Oil and the New World (Dis)order.  New York, Zed Books, 2006.  248 p.
Chapter 2:  Central Asia:  The Silk Road Strategy, pp 52-88. Argues that the US military presence in Central Asia and Washington's support for secular governments marked by repression, corruption and nepotism have increased anti-American sentiments among the region's Muslim population and have fuelled terrorism.
Book call no.:  327.73 L483c

Naumkin, Vitaly V.  Radical Islam in Central Asia:  Between Pen and Rifle.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005.  285 p.
Presents case studies of three key Islamic political organizations in Central Asia:  the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Hizb at-Tahrir al-Islami, or the Party of Islamic Liberation (HTI), and the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan.
Book call no.:  320.5570958 N299r

Olcott, Martha Brill.  Roots of Radical Islam in Central Asia.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, January 2007.  39 p.(Carnegie Papers, no 77)
Also available online at:   http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/cp_77_olcott_roots_final.pdf
Book call no.:  320.5570958 O43r

Takeyh, Ray and Gvosdev, Nikolas K.  The Receding Shadow of the Prophet:  The Rise and Fall of Radical Political Islam.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2004.  186 p.
Chapter 6:  From the Red Star to the Green Crescent?  Islamism in the Former Soviet Union, pp105-146. Includes "Islamists Ascendant?  The Case of Tajikistan".
Book call no.:  320.557 T136r


Document

Ruder, Daniel J.  The Long War in Central Asia:  Hizb-ut-Tahrir's Caliphate.  Fort Leavenworth, KS , School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2006.  59 p.
Hizb-ut-Tahrir is a transnational, radical Islamist political movement that aims to overthrow a Central Asian government and restore the Islamic Caliphate.  Can the Hizb-ut-Tahrir's ideology form the basis for a destabilizing collective movement in Central Asia?
Also available online at:   http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450614
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R913L


Periodicals

Cornell, Svante E.  Narcotics, Radicalism, and Armed Conflict in Central Asia:  The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.  Terrorism & Political Violence 17:619-639 Autumn 2005.
Security issues in Central Asia are a prominent example of the links between drug trafficking and military threats to security.  The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) has been a major actor in the drug trade from Afghanistan to Central Asia as well as the most serious violent nonstate actor in the region.

Horsman, Stuart.  Themes in Official Discourses on Terrorism in Central Asia.  Third World Quarterly 26, Issue 1:199-213  2005.
Explores the manner in which the governments of Central Asia, particularly Uzbekistan, have analyzed and portrayed the actual and perceived threat from Islamic terrorism.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16188216&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jones Luong, Pauline.  The Middle Easternization of Central Asia.  Current History 102:333-340 October 2003.
The US will only exacerbate the threat of terrorism in Central Asia if it continues to encourage the region's leaders to combat radical Islamic groups with greater militancy rather than with increased economic opportunities and something other than rhetorical respect for human rights.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=437739041&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Karagiannis, Emmanuel.  Political Islam in Uzbekistan:  Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami.  Europe-Asia Studies 53:261-280 March 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19761911&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Khamisov, Vycheslav M.  Problems Associated with the Radicalism of Islamic Organizations in Kyrgyzstan.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:29-36 March 2003.
Also available online at:   http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03e.pdf

Matveeva, Anna.  Violent Valleys.  World Today 62:23-24 August-September 2006.
Focuses on the outburst of violence and attacks attributed to the rise of Islamism in Central Asia.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1091383481&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Schatz, Edward.  Islam and Anti-Americanism in Central Asia.  Current History 101:337-343 October 2002.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=208455781&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Trisko, Jessica N.  Coping with the Islamist Threat:  Analysing Repression in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:373-389 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276986&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Weitz, Richard.  Storm Clouds over Central Asia:  Revival of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)?  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 27:505-530 November-December 2004.
Discusses the IMU's origins, structure, training and financing. Also provides a detailed description of its activities in Central Asian countries.  Despite its name, the IMU's membership roster includes a large number of non-Uzbeks, and the organization has been militarily active in much of Central Asia.



Economic Aspects
 

Books

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Politics of Energy in the Caspian Sea Basin, by Shirin Akiner, pp 8-16.
Politics of Water in Central Asia, by Kai Wegerich, pp 26-31.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

In the Tracks of Tamerlane:  Central Asia's Path to the 21st Century, edited by Daniel L. Burghart.  Washington, Center For Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2004.  478 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0419/2004015792.html
Book call no.:  958.4086 I35

Kleveman, Lutz.  The New Great Game:  Blood and Oil in Central Asia.  New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 2003.  287 p.
Book call no.:  338.272809475 K64n

The Transformation of Central Asia:  States and Societies From Soviet Rule to Independence, edited by Pauline Jones Luong.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2004.  332 p.
Book call no.:  306.0958 T772


Periodicals

Bayulgen, Oksan.  Foreign Capital in Central Asia and the Caucasus:  Curse or Blessing?  Communist and Post-Communist Studies 38:49-69 March 2005.
The states of Central Asia depend heavily on external capital flows for the financing of their fiscal deficits, and the bulk of the flows go directly to authoritarian governments.  This has empowered authoritarian rulers, provided very little financial strength to local businesses, and offered half-hearted incentives for market reform.

Blank, Stephen.  Infrastructural Policy and National Strategies in Central Asia.  Central Asian Survey 23:225-248 December 2004.
Argues that successful completion of projects linking Central Asia to the outside world and to foreign markets beyond their immediate neighbors is vital.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15984432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Foreign Relations -- General
 

Internet Resources

Baran, Zeyno and others.  Islamic Radicalism in Central Asia and the Caucasus:  Implications for the EU.  Washington, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, Johns Hopkins University, July 2006.  55 p. 
Available online at:   http://www.silkroadstudies.org/new/docs/Silkroadpapers/0607Islam.pdf

Blank, Stephen.  Iran Suggests Acting as Security Guarantor in Central Asia and Caucasus.   Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 7, 2007.
Available online at:   http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32465&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

Central Asia:  What Role for the European Union?  Brussels, International Crisis Group, April 10, 2006 (Asia report, no 113).
Available online at:   http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/publication-type/media-releases/2006/asia/central-asia-what-role-for-the-european-union.aspx

Five Central Asian Nations Create Nuclear-Free Zone.  International Law Update 12:178 September 2006.
Available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22798886&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lal, Robbie.  Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors:  Security and Commerce at the Crossroads.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  62 p. 
Available online at:   http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG440/
By assessing the developing relations between Central Asia and its neighbors, it is evident that each country stands to benefit from stability and economic growth in Central Asia, but opinion toward U.S. presence and policy in the region could be a point of conflict.

Zhuangzhi Sun.  New and Old Regionalism:  The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Sino-Central Asian Relations.  Review of International Affairs 3:600-612 Summer 2004.
Available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14572937&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Books

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Politics of Energy in the Caspian Sea Basin, by Shirin Akiner, pp 8-16.
Politics of Water in Central Asia, by Kai Wegerich, pp 26-31.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0612/2006011874.html
Book call no.:  958.043 I82

Kleveman, Lutz.  The New Great Game:  Blood and Oil in Central Asia.  New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 2003.  287 p.
Book call no.:  338.272809475 K64n

Matveeva, Anna.  EU Stakes in Central Asia.  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, July 2006.  (Chaillot paper, no. 91)
Contents include:  Politics and Governance, Regional Security Concerns, Security Cooperation:  Alliances and Rivalries, and EU Policy towards Central Asia.
Also available online at:   http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp091.pdf
Book call no.:  327.170958 M445e


Documents

Craig, Timothy.  The Shanghai Cooperation Organization:  Origins and Implications.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  63 p.
Also available online at:   http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA418555
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C886s

Povak, Christopher S.  Repaving the Silk Road:  Prospects for U.S.-Russian Cooperation in the Trans-Caspian Region.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2005.  39 p.
Despite their bountiful resources and a steadily increasing global interest, the nations of Central Asia and the South Caucasus are also among the world's poorest, socially repressed, and politically corrupt. Such conditions cultivate the growing presence of drug trafficking, religious extremism, and terrorism throughout the region.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 P8791r


Periodicals

Akbarzadeh, Shahram.  Keeping Central Asia Stable.  Third World Quarterly 25, no. 4:689-705 2004.
The American entry into Central Asia has complicated the geostrategic dynamics of the region and engaged the three great powers and regional players in intense rivalry for influence and leverage.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13516295&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bahgat, Gawdat.  Oil and Terrorism:  Central Asia and the Caucasus.  Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies 30:265-283 Fall 2005.
Examines American, European, Russian, and Chinese energy interests in the Caspian Sea and Central Asia, and argues that in recent years this rivalry over hydrocarbon resources has been reinforced by efforts to increase political and security influence.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18556858&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Blank, Stephen.  Infrastructural Policy and National Strategies in Central Asia.  Central Asian Survey 23:225-248 December 2004.
Argues that successful completion of projects linking Central Asia to the outside world and to foreign markets beyond their immediate neighbors is vital.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15984432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bohr, Annette.  Regionalism in Central Asia:  New Geopolitics, Old Regional Order.  International Affairs 80:485-502 May 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13424567&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Galeotti, Mark.  Central Asian Republics Increase Co-operation on Organised Crime.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:34-35 February 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=16610787&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kimmage, Daniel.  Energy-Hungry Countries Line Up for Central Asian Reserves.   Jane's Intelligence Review 18:11-15 December 2006.
Describes the efforts launched by several countries to secure beneficial energy export arrangements with Central Asian states, and provides an overview of the region's oil and gas reserves.

McDermott, Roger N. and O'Malley, William D.  Countering Terrorism in Central Asia.  Jane's Intelligence Review 15:16-19 October 2003.

Stark, Jan.  "Snow Leopard" Meets "Asian Tiger":  Shaping Malaysia's Relations with Central Asia.  Round Table 95:455-471 July 2006.

Swanstrom, Niklas.  The Prospects for Multilateral Conflict Prevention and Regional Cooperation in Central Asia.  Central Asian Survey 23:41-53 March 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13532313&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Foreign Relations -- China
 

Internet Resources

The New Great Game:  Chinese Views on Central Asia.  Proceedings of the Central Asia Symposium held in Monterey, CA on August 7-11, 2005.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Foreign Military Studies Office, August 2005.  192 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450177

Swanstrom, Niklas.  China and Central Asia:  A New Great Game or Traditional Vassal Relations?  Journal of Contemporary China 14:569-584 November 2005. 
Available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18908765&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Zhuangzhi Sun.  New and Old Regionalism:  The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Sino-Central Asian Relations.  Review of International Affairs 3:600-612 Summer 2004.
Available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14572937&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Books

de Haas, Marcel.  Russian-Chinese Military Exercises and Their Wider Perspective:  Power Play in Central Asia.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, October 2005.  9 p.
Although Russian-Chinese relations are intensifying, the alleged formation of a joint military command in Russia's Far East could prove that in due course fear of China could trigger Russia to draw back from China and to strengthen ties with the West.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:   http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/russian/05%2851%29MDH3.pdf
Book call no.:  355.0310947

In the Tracks of Tamerlane:  Central Asia's Path to the 21st Century, edited by Daniel L. Burghart.  Washington, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2004.  478 p.
Chapter 19:  Beyond the Battle of Talas:  China's Re-emergence in Central Asia, by Matthew Oresman, pp 401-424.
Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0419/2004015792.html
Book call no.:  958.4086 I35

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0612/2006011874.html
Book call no.:  958.043 I82

Umarov, Adiljan and Pashkun, Dmitry.  Tensions in Sino-Central Asian Relations and Their Implications for Regional Security.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2006.  17 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:   http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/02%2806%29.pdf
Book call no.:  327.51058 U48t


Documents

Peterson, Michael A.  China's Great Game in Central Asia:  Implications to U.S. Policy in the Region.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2005.  95 p.
Also available online at:   http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439617
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P4855c

Turner, Jefferson E.  Shanghai Cooperation Organization:  Paper Tiger or Regional Powerhouse?   Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  133 p.
Russia views its membership in the SCO as the means by which it may regain superpower status. China's participation in the SCO is driven by its energy concerns as a means to achieve long-term economic security.  Alhough the American presence in Central Asia after 9/11 has complicated both Russia's and China's pursuit of these interests, the SCO should not be viewed as a defensive alliance against the U.S.
Also available online at:   http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439575
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 T948s


Periodicals

Atal, Subodh.  The New Great Game.  National Interest  Issue 81:101-105 Fall 2005.
Of all the regional powers vying for influence in Central Asia, China is likely to have the most lasting and broad impact.  Geographical proximity and security and economic interests all play a factor in the region becoming a top strategic priority for China.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18231621&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chufrin, Gennady.  The Changing Security Model in Post-Soviet Central Asia.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:1-7 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03a.pdf

Chung, Chein-peng.  The Shanghai Co-operation Organization:  China's Changing Influence in Central Asia.  China Quarterly No. 180:989-1009 December 2004.

Neff, Andrew.  China Competing with Russia for Central Asian Investments.  Oil & Gas Journal 104:41-42+ March 6, 2006.
Central Asia has traditionally fallen within Russia's sphere of influence, but as China seeks oil and gas to fuel its energy-hungry economy the growing level of Chinese energy investment in Central Asia is challenging Russia's economic dominance in the region.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1007931021&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Olcott, Martha Brill.  The Great Powers in Central Asia.  Current History 104:331-335 October 2005.
Discusses the complexity of the evolving geopolitical situation in Central Asia, and the efforts of the United States, Russia, and China to gain a position in the region.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=911048411&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Ong, Russell.  China's Security Interests in Central Asia.  Central Asian Survey 24:425-439 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276983&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Pham, Peter J.  Beijing's Great Game:  Understanding Chinese Strategy in Central Eurasia.  American Foreign Policy Interests 28:53-67 February 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20032077&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sheives, Kevin.  China Turns West:  Beijing's Contemporary Strategy Towards Central Asia.  Pacific Affairs 79:205-224 Summer 2006.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1174705911&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Shuja, Sharif.  China, Iran and Central Asia:  The Dawning of a New Partnership.  Contemporary Review 287:145-151 September 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18412722&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Zhuangzhi Sun.  From Neighbors to Partners.  Beijing Review 50:12-13 February 1, 2007.
2007 marks the 15th anniversary of China's establishment of diplomatic relations with five Central Asian countries.



Foreign Relations -- Russia
 

Internet Resources

Troitskiy, Mikhail.  Institutionalizing U.S. - Russian Cooperation in Central Asia.  Washington, Kennan Institute, Woodrow Wilson Institute for International Scholars, 2006. (Occasional paper #293)
Available online at:  http://www.wilsoncenter.org/topics/pubs/OP293.pdf


Books

de Haas, Marcel.  Russian-Chinese Military Exercises and Their Wider Perspective:  Power Play in Central Asia.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, October 2005.  9 p.
Although Russian-Chinese relations are intensifying, the alleged formation of a joint military command in Russia's Far East could prove that in due course fear of China could trigger Russia to draw back from China and to strengthen ties with the West.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:   http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Russian/05%2851%29MDH3.pdf
Book call no.:  355.0310947

Globalization and Conflict:  National Security in a "New" Strategic Era, edited by Robert G. Patman.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  266 p.
Chapter 7:  Russia, America and New Conflicts in Central Asia, by Rouben Azizian, pp 135-150.
Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip065/2005037256.html
Book call no.:  355.033 G5621

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0612/2006011874.html
Book call no.:  958.043 I82

Jonson, Lena.  Vladimir Putin and Central Asia:  The Shaping of Russian Foreign Policy.  New York, I.B. Tauris, 2004.  256 p.
Book call no.:  327.47058 J81v

Paramonov, Vladimir and Strokov, Alexey.  Russia and Central Asia:  Current and Future Economic Relations.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2006.  13 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/06%2831%29VPEnglish.pdf
Book call no.:  327.47058 P222r

Russian Foreign Policy in Transition:  Concepts and Realities, edited by Andrei Melville and Tatiana Shakleina.  New York, CEU Press, 2005.  496 p.
Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip059/2005007264.html  Documents include:  (5) Agreement Between the Russian Federation, Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Tajikistan and People's Republic of China on Confidence-Building in the Military Field in the Border Area ; (11) Dushanbe Declaration by the Heads of State of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, and the Republic of Tajikistan; (15) Declaration on the Creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
Book call no.:  327.47009049 R9691


Documents

Charamut, William J.  Policing the Silk Road:  Do the Central Asian States Need the United States and Russia to Create and Maintain Stability?   Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  75 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443244
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C4691p

Clark-Sestak, Susan L.  U.S. Bases in Central Asia..  Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, 2003.  [16] p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419977
Doc. call no.:  M-U 40381-41 no.2907

Hlosek, Andrea L.  The Mechanics of Russian Foreign Policy in the Caucasus and Central Asia:  Regional Hegemony or Neo-Imperialism?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  137 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA445372
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 H6772m

McGowen, Richard S.  Central Asian Drug Trafficking Dilemma.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  81 p.
Focuses on drug trafficking and use throughout Afghanistan and Tajikistan and the porous border the two countries share and concludes that Central Asia, Russia and the United States need to cooperate and help stabilize the region in order to slow the transit of drugs.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420433
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M1461c

Turner, Jefferson E.  Shanghai Cooperation Organization:  Paper Tiger or Regional Powerhouse?   Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  133 p.
Russia views its membership in the SCO as the means by which it may regain superpower status. China's participation in the SCO is driven by its energy concerns as a means to achieve long-term economic security.  Though the American presence in Central Asia after September 11, 2001 has complicated both Russia's and China's pursuit of these interests, the SCO should not be viewed as a defensive alliance against the U.S.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439575
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 T948s


Periodicals

Berman, Ilan.  The New Battleground:  Central Asia and the Caucasus.  Washington Quarterly 28:59-69 Winter 2004-2005.
The new US strategic emphasis on Central Asia and the Caucasus, Russia's domestic economic priorities, and Moscow's increasingly assertive foreign policy are likely to test the limits of the strategic partnership between Moscow and Washington.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15148900&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Buszynski, Leszek.  Russia's New Role in Central Asia.  Asian Survey 45:546-565 July-August 2005.
Under Vladimir Putin, Russia has moved to strengthen its role in the region because of Islamic fundamentalism, fear of displacement by America, and the presence of oil and natural gas reserves.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=896408621&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Chufrin, Gennady.  The Changing Security Model in Post-Soviet Central Asia.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:1-7 March 2003.
Also available online at:   http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03a.pdf

McNabb, James Brian.  The Unanticipated Unity of U.S. Security Structures:  Avoiding Cold War II in Central Asia.  Comparative Strategy 25:307-327 October-November 2006.
Examines potential options in creating a cooperative environment in the Central Asian region while avoiding outcomes leading to increasing tensions between a PRC-led SCO and a U.S.-led NATO.

Neff, Andrew.  China Competing with Russia for Central Asian Investments.  Oil & Gas Journal 104:41-42+ March 6, 2006.
Central Asia has traditionally fallen within Russia's sphere of influence, but as China seeks oil and gas to fuel its energy-hungry economy the growing level of Chinese energy investment in Central Asia is challenging Russia's economic dominance in the region.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1007931021&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Olcott, Martha Brill.  The Great Powers in Central Asia.  Current History 104:331-335 October 2005.
Discusses the complexity of the evolving geopolitical situation in Central Asia, and the efforts of the United States, Russia, and China to gain a position in the region.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=911048411&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD



Foreign Relations -- United States
 

Internet Resources

Ahrari, Ehsan.  Countering the Ideological Support for HT and the IMU:  The Case of the Ferghana Valley.  Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, October 2006. (Occasional paper, no 3).
Available online at:  http://www.marshallcenter.org/mcpublicweb/en/component/content/article/43-cat-pubs-occ-papers/628-art-pubs-occ-papers-03.html
Discusses Hizb ut-Tahrir-e-Islami or Hizb Tahrir (the Islamic Liberation Movement or HT), and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), and outlines a counterterrorism strategy for the United States.

Blank, Stephen J.  U.S. Interests in Central Asia and the Challenges to Them.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, March 2007.  47 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB758.pdf

Cohen, Ariel.  U.S. Interests and Central Asia Energy Security.  Washington, Heritage Foundation, November 15, 2006 (Backgrounder, #1984).
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/RussiaandEurasia/bg1984.cfm

McDermott, Roger N.  U.S. Foreign Policy in Central Asia:  Time for A Change?  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, November 20, 2006.
Available online at:   http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32251&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=177&no_cache=1

Securing Tyrants or Fostering Reform?  US Internal Security Assistance to Repressive and Transitioning Regimes.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  232 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG550.pdf
Has U.S. assistance improved the effectiveness of internal security forces in countering security threats? Has it improved the accountability and human rights records of these forces? This study examines the results of U.S. assistance to four states:  El Salvador, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

Troitskiy, Mikhail.  Institutionalizing U.S. - Russian Cooperation in Central Asia.  Washington, Kennan Institute, Woodrow Wilson Institute for International Scholars, 2006.(Occasional paper #293).
Available online at:  http://www.wilsoncenter.org/topics/pubs/OP293.pdf


Books

Azizian, Rouben.  Central Asia and the United States 2004-2005:  Moving Beyond Counter-Terrorism?  Honolulu, HI, Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, February 2005.  7 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA446802
Book call no.:  327.58073 A995c

Bascio, Patrick.  Defeating Islamic Terrorism:  The Wahhabi Factor.  Boston, Branden Publishing Co., 2007.  256 p.
Advocates strong ties between the US and Central Asia, and includes:  The Andijohn Event, Central Asia's Critique of Wahhabism, A Closer Look at Central Asia Today, and Hizb Ut-Tahrir:  Wahabi Look-Alike.  Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006031904.html
Book call no.:  363.32516 B298d

Blank, Stephen.  After Two Wars:  Reflections on the American Strategic Revolution in Central Asia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2005.  61 p.
Explains why continued US military access to Central Asia is necessary, and how we might ensure that we retain it.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB614.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033573 B642a

The Bush Doctrine and the War on Terrorism:  Global Responses, Global Consequences, edited by Mary Buckley and Robert Singh.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  226 p.
Chapter 5:  Reactions in the Russian Federation and Security in Central Asia, by Mary Buckley, pp 57-74.
Book call no.:  327.73 B978

Crosston, Matthew.  Fostering Fundamentalism:  Terrorism, Democracy, and American Engagement in Central Asia.  Aldershot, UK, Ashgate, 2006.  186 p.
Chapter 7:  Inside the Cauldron of the Hizb ut-Tahir, pp 147-161.
Book call no.:  327.73058 C951f

In the Tracks of Tamerlane:  Central Asia's Path to the 21st Century, edited by Daniel L. Burghart.  Washington, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2004.  478 p.
Chapter 21:  Friends Like These:  Defining U.S. Interests in Central Asia, by Olga Oliker, pp 445-464.
Book call no.:  958.4086 I35

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Only the Table of Contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0612/2006011874.html
Book call no.:  958.043 I82

Leech, Gary.  Crude Interventions:  The US, Oil and the New World (Dis)order.  New York, Zed Books, 2006.  248 p.
Chapter 2:  Central Asia:  The Silk Road Strategy, pp 52-88.  Argues that the US military presence in Central Asia and Washington's support for secular governments marked by repression, corruption and nepotism have increased anti-American sentiments among the region's Muslim population and have fuelled terrorism.
Book call no.:  327.73 L483c

Mahnovski, Sergej and others.  Economic Dimensions of Security in Central Asia.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  93 p.
Assesses the political implications of economic and related social problems in the five post-Soviet Central Asian states, and suggests U.S. policy measures.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG417.pdf
Book call no.:  330.958 M215e

McDermott, Roger N.  Countering Global Terrorism:  Developing the Antiterrorist Capabilities of the Central Asian Militaries.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 2004.  55 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420802
Book call no.:  363.325160958 M134c

Oliker, Olga and Shlapak, David A.  U.S. Interests in Central Asia:  Policy Priorities and Military Roles.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2005.  55 p.
An effective strategy for future U.S. military engagement in Central Asia would have three main components:  maintenance of a "semi-warm" basing infrastructure; a carefully chosen program of military-to-military interactions; and encouraging basic interoperability between local militaries and the West.
Also available online at:  http://rand.org/pubs/monographs/2005/RAND_MG338.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03109730958 O46u

U.S. Foreign Policy toward the Third World:  A Post-Cold War Assessment, edited by Jürgen Rüland and others.  Armonk, NY , M.E. Sharpe, 2006.  269 p.
Chapter 8:  The Revival of Geopolitics. U.S. Politics in Afghanistan and Central Asia, by Conrad Schetter and Bernd Kuzmits, pp 161-191.
Book call no.:  327.7301724 U581

Wishnick, Elizabeth.  Growing U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, October 2002.  57 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/00350.pdf and also at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA408234
Book call no.:  327.73058 W814g

Wishnick, Elizabeth.  Strategic Consequences of the Iraq War:  U.S. Security Interests in Central Asia Reassessed.   Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, May 2004.  48 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00370.pdf and also at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423575
Doc. call no.:  956.70443 W814s


Documents

Budzik, Anthony C.  The Central Asian Republics after September 11, 2001:  How Should the US Alter Its Engagement Strategy?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2002.  34 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420709
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 B9272c

Central Asia:  Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests, by Jim Nichol.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, November 2006.  32 p.
The online version of this publication is updated regularly; the URL links to the latest version.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461399
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-8 no. 93108 2005 May 13

Charamut, William J.  Policing the Silk Road:  Do the Central Asian States Need the United States and Russia to Create and Maintain Stability?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  75 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443244
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C4691p

Clair, Carol D.  Inner Asia:  Making a Long-Term U.S. Commitment.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2003.  34 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414971
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C585i

Clark-Sestak, Susan L.  U.S. Bases in Central Asia.  Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, 2003.  [16] p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419977
Doc. call no.:  M-U 40381-41 no.2907

Dockery, Leon W.  United States Military Presence in Central Asia:  Implications of United States Basing for Central Asian Stability.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  85 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451764
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 D6371u

McGowen, Richard S.  Central Asian Drug Trafficking Dilemma.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  81 p.
Focuses on drug trafficking and use throughout Afghanistan and Tajikistan and the porous border the two countries share and concludes that Central Asia, Russia and the United States need to cooperate and help stabilize the region in order to slow the transit of drugs.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420433
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M1461c

Peterson, Michael A.  China's Great Game in Central Asia:  Implications to U.S. Policy in the Region.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2005.  95 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439617
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P4855c

Ruder, Daniel J.  The Long War in Central Asia:  Hizb-ut-Tahrir's Caliphate.  Fort Leavenworth, KS , School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2006.  59 p.
Hizb-ut-Tahrir is a transnational, radical Islamist political movement that aims to overthrow a Central Asian government and restore the Islamic Caliphate.  Can the Hizb-ut-Tahrir's ideology form the basis for a destabilizing collective movement in Central Asia?
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450614
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R913L

Turner, Jefferson E.  Shanghai Cooperation Organization:  Paper Tiger or Regional Powerhouse?   Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  133 p.
Russia views its membership in the SCO as the means by which it may regain super power status.  China's participation in the SCO is driven by its energy concerns as a means to achieve long-term economic security.  Though the American presence in Central Asia after September 11, 2001 has complicated both Russia's and China's pursuit of these interests, the SCO should not be viewed as a defensive alliance against the U.S.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439575
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 T948s

Woody, Lamont.  Taming Dictators and Developing Security:  The Caspian Sea Region Arrives on the Global Economy.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2003.  27 p.
Argues that the United States needs to refocus its instruments of power to the Caspian Sea region in support of the evolving nation-states in that area, and concludes that, without a more permanent U.S. commitment to this region, a regional struggle to gain natural and refined energy resources may lead to a series of territorial wars.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA417224
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 W912t


Periodicals

Akbarzadeh, Shahram.  Uzbekistan and the United States:  Friends or Foes?  Middle East Policy 14:107-116 Spring 2007.

Berman, Ilan.  The New Battleground:  Central Asia and the Caucasus.  Washington Quarterly 28:59-69 Winter 2004-2005.
The new US strategic emphasis on Central Asia and the Caucasus, Russia's domestic economic priorities, and Moscow's increasingly assertive foreign policy are likely to test the limits of the strategic partnership between Moscow and Washington.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15148900&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Boyer, Alan Lee.  U.S. Foreign Policy in Central Asia.  Naval War College Review 59:91-117 Winter 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19759533&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chufrin, Gennady.  The Changing Security Model in Post-Soviet Central Asia.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:1-7 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03a.pdf

Fried, Daniel.  A Strategy for Central Asia.  DISAM Journal for International Security Assistance Management 28:99-105 Winter 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21310045&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Giragosian, Richard.  The US Military Engagement in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus:  An Overview.  Journal of Slavic Military Studies 17:43-77 March 2004.

Gleason, Gregory.  The Uzbek Expulsion of U.S. Forces and Realignment in Central Asia.  Problems of Post-Communism 53:49-60 March-April 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20302171&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jones Luong, Pauline.  The Middle Easternization of Central Asia.  Current History 102:333-340 October 2003.
The US will only exacerbate the threat of terrorism in Central Asia if it continues to encourage the region's leaders to combat radical Islamic groups with greater militancy rather than with increased economic opportunities and something other than rhetorical respect for human rights.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=437739041&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Maynes, Charles William.  America Discovers Central Asia.  Foreign Affairs 82:120-132 March-April 2003.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9126692&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McNabb, James Brian.  The Unanticipated Unity of U.S. Security Structures:  Avoiding Cold War II in Central Asia.  Comparative Strategy 25:307-327 October-November 2006.
Examines potential options in creating a cooperative environment in the Central Asian region while avoiding outcomes leading to increasing tensions between a PRC-led SCO and a U.S.-led NATO.

Olcott, Martha Brill.  The Great Powers in Central Asia.  Current History 104:331-335 October 2005.
Discusses the complexity of the evolving geopolitical situation in Central Asia, and the efforts of the United States, Russia, and China to gain a position in the region.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=911048411&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Rumer, Eugene.  The U.S. Interests and Role in Central Asia after K2.  Washington Quarterly 29:141-154 Summer 2006.
Central Asia is remote, poor, and has few historical or cultural ties to the United States.  Yet, the region’s importance to Washington exceeds its value as a stepping stone to Afghanistan and a neighbor of both China and Russia.

Rywkin, Michael.  Security and Stability in Central Asia:  Differing Interests and Perspectives.  American Foreign Policy Interests 28:193-217 June 2006.
Summarizes a recent conference on Central Asia, which identifies the competing interests of the United States, Russia, and China in the region and presents a set of policy recommendations.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21894394&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Schatz, Edward.  Islam and Anti-Americanism in Central Asia.  Current History 101:337-343 October 2002.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=208455781&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Valasek, Tomas.  U.S. Policy Toward the Caspian and Black Sea Region.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:15-22 March 2003.
Also available online at:   http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03c.pdf

Weitz, Richard.  Averting a New Great Game in Central Asia.  Washington Quarterly 29:155-167 Summer 2006.
The resurgence of the traditional "great game" among the major external players in the region was symbolized by the permission given to the U.S. to use the military facilities and airspace in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan, supporting the operations in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:   http://www.twq.com/06summer/docs/06summer_weitz.pdf



Natural Resources
 

Internet Resources

Cohen, Ariel.  U.S. Interests and Central Asia Energy Security.  Washington, Heritage Foundation, November 15, 2006 (Backgrounder, #1984).
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/RussiaandEurasia/bg1984.cfm

Marten, Kimberly.  Disrupting the Balance:  Russian Efforts to Control Kazakhstan's Oil.   PONARS Policy Conference Memo No. 428.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/pm_0428.pdf
The Program on New Approaches to Russian Security (PONARS) is a network of scholars who analyze Russian and Eurasian security issues.


Books

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Politics of Water in Central Asia, by Kai Wegerich, pp 26-31.
Politics of Energy in the Caspian Sea Basin, by Shirin Akiner, pp 8-16.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0612/2006011874.html
Book call no.:  958.043 I82


Periodicals

Bahgat, Gawdat.  Central Asia and Energy Security.  Asian Affairs 37:1-16 March 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19703339&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bahgat, Gawdat.  Oil and Terrorism:  Central Asia and the Caucasus.  Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies 30:265-283 Fall 2005.
Examines American, European, Russian, and Chinese energy interests in the Caspian Sea and Central Asia, and argues that in recent years this rivalry over hydrocarbon resources has been reinforced by efforts to increase political and security influence.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18556858&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Baum, Lyudmila.  Regional Aspects of Kyrgyzstan Energy Security.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:37-42 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03f.pdf

Cichocki, Jacek.  The Significance of Caspian Oil and Gas for Diversifying Energy Imports to the Visegrad Group Countries.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:23-27 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03d.pdf

Kimmage, Daniel.  Energy-Hungry Countries Line Up for Central Asian Reserves.   Jane's Intelligence Review 18:11-15 December 2006.
Describes the efforts launched by several countries to secure beneficial energy export arrangements with Central Asian states, and provides an overview of the region's oil and gas reserves.

Shonbayev, Malik.  Caspian Oil and Regional Security.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:8-14 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03b.pdf



Politics and Government
 

Internet Resources

Quillen, Brian G.  Democracy:  A Tree Without Roots on the Steppes of Central Asia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2006.  107 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA462623
Examines obstacles to democracy in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.


Books

After Independence:  Making and Protecting the Nation in Postcolonial and Postcommunist States, edited by Lowell W. Barrington.  Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 2006.  306 p.
Chapter 6:  The Post-Soviet Nations after Independence, by Ian Bremmer, includes discussion of Central Asia, pages 155-158.
Book call no.:  320.54 A258

Central Asia:  Aspects of Transition, edited by Tom Everett-Heath.  New York, RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.  290 p.
Following President George W. Bush’s declaration of a ’War on Terrorism’ and the subsequent ousting of the Taliban regime from power in Afghanistan, the strengths and policies of Central Asia’s regimes have become matters of geopolitical significance.  This collection assesses these policies against the backdrop of a Soviet legacy and the vigorous attempts of these countries to build secular states within the Islamic world.
Book call no.:  958.04 C397

In the Tracks of Tamerlane:  Central Asia's Path to the 21st Century, edited by Daniel L. Burghart.  Washington, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, 2004.  478 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0419/2004015792.html
Book call no.:  958.4086 I35

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0612/2006011874.html
Book call no.:  958.043 I82

Jones Luong, Pauline.  Institutional Change and Political Continuity in Post-Soviet Central Asia:  Power, Perceptions, and Pacts.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002.  320 p.
Book call no.:   320.958 L964i

Naumkin, Vitaly V.  Radical Islam in Central Asia:  Between Pen and Rifle.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005.  285 p.
Presents case studies of three key Islamic political organizations in Central Asia:  the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Hizb at-Tahrir al-Islami, or the Party of Islamic Liberation (HTI), and the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan.
Book call no.:  320.5570958 N299r

The Power and Limits of NGOs:  A Critical Look at Building Democracy in Eastern Europe and Eurasia, edited by Sarah E. Mendelson and John K. Glenn.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2002.  264 p.
Book call no.:  320.947 P887

The Transformation of Central Asia:  States and Societies from Soviet Rule to Independence, edited by Pauline Jones Luong.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2004.  332 p.
Book call no.:  306.0958 T772


Periodicals

Bahgat, Gawdat.  Oil and Terrorism:  Central Asia and the Caucasus.  Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies 30:265-283 Fall 2005.
Examines American, European, Russian, and Chinese energy interests in the Caspian Sea and Central Asia, and argues that in recent years this rivalry over hydrocarbon resources has been reinforced by efforts to increase political and security influence.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18556858&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bayulgen, Oksan.  Foreign Capital in Central Asia and the Caucasus:  Curse or Blessing?  Communist and Post-Communist Studies 38:49-69 March 2005.
The states of Central Asia depend heavily on external capital flows for the financing of their fiscal deficits, and the bulk of the flows go directly to authoritarian governments.  This has empowered authoritarian rulers, provided very little financial strength to local businesses, and offered half-hearted incentives for market reform.

Bohr, Annette.  Regionalism in Central Asia:  New Geopolitics, Old Regional Order.  International Affairs 80:485-502 May 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13424567&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Farrant, Amanda.  Mission Impossible:  The Politico-Geographical Engineering of Soviet Central Asia's Republican Boundaries.  Central Asian Survey 25:61-74 March-June 2006.
Examines the disparity between the aims and achievements of Soviet boundary realignment in Central Asia.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22909438&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Horsman, Stuart.  Themes in Official Discourses on Terrorism in Central Asia.  Third World Quarterly 26, No. 1:199-213 2005.
Explores the manner in which the governments of Central Asia, particularly Uzbekistan, have analysed and portrayed the actual and perceived threat from Islamic terrorism.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16188216&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Katz, Mark N.  Revolutionary Change in Central Asia.  World Affairs 168:157-171 Spring 2006.
The seeming stability of authoritarian rule in Central Asia was shattered in the spring of 2005 by the "Tulip Revolution," which not only overthrew Kyrgyzstan's Askar Akaev, but also brought to power leaders who advocate democratization.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21820495&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McGlinchey, Eric.  Autocrats, Islamists, and the Rise of Radicalism in Central Asia.  Current History 104:336-342 October 2005.
Argues that Islamist radicalism in Central Asia is in large part a response to authoritarianism.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=911048421&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Trisko, Jessica N.  Coping with the Islamist Threat:  Analysing Repression in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:373-389 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276986&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Security and Defense
 

Books

Mahnovski, Sergej and others.  Economic Dimensions of Security in Central Asia.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  93 p.
Assesses the political implications of economic and related social problems in the five post-Soviet Central Asian states, and suggests U.S. policy measures.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG417.pdf
Book call no.:  330.958 M215e

Matveeva, Anna.  EU Stakes in Central Asia .  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, July 2006.  (Chaillot paper, no. 91)
Contents include:  Politics and Governance, Regional Security Concerns, Security Cooperation:  Alliances and Rivalries, and EU Policy towards Central Asia.
Also available online at:  http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp091.pdf
Book call no.:  327.170958 M445e

McDermott, Roger N.  Countering Global Terrorism:  Developing the Antiterrorist Capabilities of the Central Asian Militaries.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 2004.  55 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420802
Book call no.:  363.325160958 M134c

Military Balance.  London, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Chapter 7:  Central and South Asia, pp 301-311. Includes regional trends, military capabilities and defense data for each country.
Book call no.:  355 L847m 2007

Saat, J. H.  The Collective Security Treaty Organization.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, February 2005.  21 p.
At present, six countries are members of the CSTO:  Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/05%2809%29-JHS.pdf
Book call no.:  355.0310947 S112c

Shaw, Andrew and Aldis, Anne.  The Disposal of Redundant Heavy Weapons.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2005.  14 p.
Outlines the conclusions of a NATO-funded working group, the purpose of which was to investigate and recommend actions for the conversion or disposal of redundant former Soviet heavy weapons now located at dispered sites, particularly in Central Asia.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/05%2833%29-AS-AA.pdf
Book call no.:  355.62137 S534d


Periodicals

Chernykh, Irina and Burnashev Rustam.  Conditions for Securitization of International Terrorism in Central Asia.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 4:131-142 Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar05/co_mar05i.pdf

Chufrin, Gennady.  The Changing Security Model in Post-Soviet Central Asia.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:1-7 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03a.pdf

Rywkin, Michael.  Security and Stability in Central Asia:  Differing Interests and Perspectives.  American Foreign Policy Interests 28:193-217 June 2006.
Summarizes a recent conference on Central Asia, which identifies the competing interests of the United States, Russia, and China in the region and presents a set of policy recommendations.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21894394&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shonbayev, Malik.  Caspian Oil and Regional Security.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:8-14 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03b.pdf

Swanstrom, Niklas.  The Prospects for Multilateral Conflict Prevention and Regional Cooperation in Central Asia.  Central Asian Survey 23:41-53 March 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13532313&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Kazakhstan
 

Internet Resources

Marten, Kimberly.  Disrupting the Balance:  Russian Efforts to Control Kazakhstan's Oil.   PONARS Policy Conference Memo No. 428 Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/pm_0428.pdf
The Program on New Approaches to Russian Security (PONARS) is a network of scholars who analyze Russian and Eurasian security issues.

McDermott, Roger.  Akhmetov Ties Military Reform to Partnership with Russia.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 26, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32531&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1
Kazakhstan plans to cooperate more closely with Russia’s defense industries in order to modernize its own armed forces by 2015.

McDermott, Roger.  Kazakhstan Deepens Security Ties to Moscow.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, November 6, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32207&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=177&no_cache=1

McDermott, Roger.  Kazakhstan Deepens Ties with Germany.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 8, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32473&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

Mukhamedov, Igor.  The Domestic, Regional and Global Security Stakes in Kazakhstan.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2004.  85 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429844
Argues that Kazakhstan will require increased Western assistance if it is to become the force for stability that it seeks to be.

United States.  Department of State.  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs.  Kazakhstan
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/kz/
Includes links to Background Notes, a Library of Congress Country Study, fact sheets, and press releases.

Yermukanov, Marat.  Amid Mounting Criticism in Kazakhstan, Beijing and Astana Seal New DealsEurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, January 9, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32368&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

Yermukanov, Marat.  Kazakh Foreign Minister Shifts Priorities from Superpowers to Next-Door NeighborsEurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, January 30, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32440&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1


Books

Cummings, Sally N.  Kazakhstan:  Power and the Elite.  New York, I. B. Tauris, 2005.  202 p.
Book call no.:  958.45086 C971k

Curtis, Glenn E.  Involvement of Russian Organized Crime Syndicates, Criminal Elements in the Russian Military, and Regional Terrorist Groups in Narcotics Trafficking in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Chechnya.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, October 2002.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/RussianOrgCrime.pdf
Book call no.:  364.1060947 C978i

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Kazakhstan, pp 214-251. Includes geography, chronology, history, economy, statistics and a bibliography.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Islam, Oil, and Geopolitics:  Central Asia after September 11, edited by Elizabeth Van Wie Davis and Rouben Azizian.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2007.  308 p.
Chapter 17:  Kazakhstan and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia, by Murat Laumulin, pp 243-255.
Book call no.:  958.043 I82

Main, Steven J.  The Bear, the Peacock, the Eagle, the Sturgeon and the Black, Black Oil:  Contemporary Regional Power Politics in the Caspian Sea.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2005.  25 p.
The Caspian Sea region is vital for Russia.  Compared to the other military forces in the area, Russia's Caspian Flotilla is a significant strategic asset, which helps Russia maintain its influence also in the wider Black Sea-Caucasus-Central Asian sphere.  This dominance, however, may be time-limited:  Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Iran all have plans, over the next decade, to increase spending on national defense.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/caucasus/05(67)SM.pdf
Book call no.:  355.0330475 M224b

Schatz, Edward.  Modern Clan Politics:  The Power of "Blood" in Kazakhstan and Beyond.  Seattle, University of Washington Press, 2004.  250 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0418/2004013607.html 
Book call no.:  306.2095845 S312m

Thinking Strategically:  The Major Powers, Kazakhstan, and the Central Asian Nexus, edited by Robert Legvold.  Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2003.  243 p. (American Academy studies in global security)
Book call no.:  327.58 T443


Periodicals

Baev, Pavel K.  Turning Counter-Terrorism into Counter-Revolution:  Russia Focuses on Kazakhstan and Engages Turkmenistan.  European Security 15:3-22 March 2006.
From the early days of Putin's presidency, Russia's energy policy towards Central Asia has been intertwined with the policy of counter-terrorism, which initially was aimed at exploiting the threat of the Taliban in order to cajole the post-Soviet regimes into closer cooperation with Moscow.  The deployment of US and NATO forces in the region in autumn 2001 signified a serious shrinking of Russia's influence but it has invested considerable effort in recovering its position.

Blackmon, Pamela.  Back to the USSR:  Why the Past Does Matter in Explaining Differences in the Economic Reform Processes of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:391-404 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276980&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Remarks Following Discussions with President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:1695-1696 September 25, 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22625048&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Copley, Gregory R. and Bodansky, Yossef.  What Is the US Seeking in Kazakhstan?  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 33:9-10 September 2005.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=907753691&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Fang, Bay.  The Great Energy Game.  U.S. News & World Report 141:60-62 September 11, 2006.
Kazakhstan, which houses three of the world's richest hydrocarbon fields, is being wooed by many counties hoping to build pipelines.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22208778&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Golunov, Sergey V. and McDermott, Roger N.  Border Security in Kazakhstan:  Threats, Policies and Future Challenges.  Journal of Slavic Military Studies 18:31-58 March 2005.
Kazakhstan's borders are exposed to numerous diverse threats, including illegal narcotics smuggling, arms trafficking, WMD materials and militants transiting through its territory, which has facilitated and internationalized its search for foreign assistance.

Kassenova, Nargis.  Kazakhstan's National Security:  Conceptual and Operational Aspects.  Central Asian Survey 24:151-164 June 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17783975&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kazakhstan.  Military Technology 30, no. 1 (World Defence Almanac):231-232 2006.

Kazykhanov, Yerzhan.  On Kazakhstan.  American Foreign Policy Interests 28:189-191 June 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21894392&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kennedy, Ryan.  A Colorless Election:  The 2005 Presidential Election in Kazakhstan, and What It Means for the Future of the Opposition.  Problems of Post-Communism 53:46-58 November-December 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23496615&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Omarova, Gulnara and Omarova Zhuldis.  Kazakhstan's Space Policy in a Changing National and Global Context.  Space Policy 22:200-204 August 2006.

Rywkin, Michael.  Stability in Central Asia:  Engaging Kazakhstan.  American Foreign Policy Interests 27:439-449 October 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18929754&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Starobin, Paul.  Sultan of the Steppes.  Atlantic Monthly 296:98-104 December 2005.
About Nursultan Nazarbayev, the president of Kazakhstan. Business barons and foreign governments, aware of Kazakhstan's growing importance as a global oil exporter, are courting Nazarbayev with generous contributions to Astana's development.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18848394&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Trisko, Jessica N.  Coping with the Islamist Threat:  Analysing Repression in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:373-389 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276986&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Zardykhan, Zharmukhamed.  Kazakhstan and Central Asia:  Regional Perspectives.  Central Asian Survey 21:167-183 June 2002.
Focuses on Kazakhstan's policy towards neighboring Central Asian countries.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7316959&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Kyrgyzstan
 

Internet Resources

Cooley, Alexander.  Manas Matters:  The Changing Politics of the U.S. Military Base in Kyrgyzstan.  PONARS Policy Conference Memo No. 423 Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/pm_0423.pdf
The Program on New Approaches to Russian Security (PONARS) is a small network of scholars who analyze Russian and Eurasian security issues and the region's role in international affairs.

Marat, Erica.  Bakiyev's New Government Fosters Large-Scale Corruption.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 8, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32471&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

Marat, Erica.  Kyrgyz Protest Growing Western Influence at Home.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, December 15, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32340&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=177&no_cache=1
Following the December 6 fatal shooting of a Kyrgyz truck driver at the U.S. military base in Kyrgyzstan, anti-U.S. sentiments have been mounting in the country.

McDermott, Roger.  Bishkek's Manas Base in Crisis.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, December 11, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32320&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=177&no_cache=1
On December 6 a Kyrgyz citizen was shot at the U.S.-led international anti-terrorism coalition’s Ganci airbase at Manas.  Opponents of the U.S. military presence in Kyrgyzstan, both inside and beyond the country, have seized the opportunity to exact pressure within governmental circles to close the base.

McDermott, Roger.  U.S. Military Needs Long-Term Stay in Manas.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, January 30, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32441&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1
With the political and security environment in Central Asia developing rapidly following the December 2006 death of Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov, coupled with the political tensions that exist within Kyrgyzstan, U.S. officials are offering more tangible indications of commitment to its deployment at Manas air base.

Quillen, Brian G.  Democracy:  A Tree Without Roots on the Steppes of Central Asia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2006.  107 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA462623
Examines obstacles to democracy in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.

United States.  Department of State.  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs.  Kyrgyz Republic
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/kg/
Includes links to Background Notes, a Library of Congress Country Study, fact sheets, and press releases.


Books

Abazov, Rafis.  Historical Dictionary of Kyrgyzstan.  Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2004. 
Book call no.:  958.43003 A121h

Akaev, Askar Akaevich.  Kyrgyz Statehood and the National Epos "Manas".  New York, Global Scholarly Publications, 2003.  364 p.
Book call no.:  958.43 A313k

Crosston, Matthew.  Fostering Fundamentalism:  Terrorism, Democracy, and American Engagement in Central Asia.  Aldershot, UK, Ashgate, 2006.  186 p.
Chapter 4:  Kyrgyzstan:  Misreading a Revolution, pp 58-83. Argues that the country's "island of democracy" tag was always a misnomer, and that recent events, including a so-called democratic revolution that earned support from the US, only continued disturbing trends within Kyrgyzstan.
Book call no.:  327.73058 C951f

Curtis, Glenn E.  Involvement of Russian Organized Crime Syndicates, Criminal Elements in the Russian Military, and Regional Terrorist Groups in Narcotics Trafficking in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Chechnya.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, October 2002.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/RussianOrgCrime.pdf
Book call no.:  364.1060947 C978i

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Kyrgyzstan, pp 252-279. Includes geography, chronology, history, economy, statistics and a bibliography.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Kyrgyzstan:  A Faltering State.  Bishkek; Brussels, International Crisis Group, 2005.  31 p.
Also available online at:   http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/central-asia/kyrgyzstan/109-kyrgyzstan-a-faltering-state.aspx
Book call no.:  320.95843 K99

Plater-Zyberk, Henry.  Kyrgyzstan after Akayev.  [Camberley, Surrey] , Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2005.  6 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/05%2818%29-HPZ.pdf
Book call no.:  958.43 P716ka

Plater-Zyberk, Henry.  Kyrgyzstan:  Focusing on Security.  [Camberley, Surrey] , Conflict Studies Research Centre, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, 2004.  22 p.
Book call no.:  958.43 P716k


Documents

Bernard, Andrew T.  The Eagle, the Bear, and the Yurt:  Evaluating Kyrgyzstan's Foreign Policy Behavior with the United States and Russia in the Post-9/11 Security Environment.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  117 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435571
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B518e

Fayrweather, Ryan J.  Political Impact of Strategic Basing Decisions.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.  91 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429961
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 F285p

Ruder, Daniel J.  The Long War in Central Asia:  Hizb-ut-Tahrir's Caliphate.  Fort Leavenworth, KS , School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2006.  59 p.
Hizb-ut-Tahrir is a transnational, radical Islamist political movement that aims to overthrow a Central Asian government and restore the Islamic Caliphate.  Can the Hizb-ut-Tahrir's ideology form the basis for a destabilizing collective movement in Central Asia?
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450614
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R913L


Periodicals

Baum, Lyudmila.  Regional Aspects of Kyrgyzstan Energy Security.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:37-42 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03f.pdf

Bodansky, Yossef.  Kyrgyzstan:  Myths and Reality.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 33:15-17+ March 2005.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=860994411&sid=2&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Desjarlais, Orville F.  Bearing the Burden:  Kyrgyz Republic Air Base Supports Global War on Terrorism.  Airman 49:20-25 February 2005.

Dikkaya, Mehmet and Keles, Ibrahim.  A Case Study of Foreign Direct Investment in Kyrgyzstan.  Central Asian Survey 25:149-156 March-June 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22909447&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fawn, Rick.  Battle over the Box:  International Election Observation Missions, Political Competition and Retrenchment in the Post-Soviet Space.  International Affairs 82:1133-1153 November 2006.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe's international election observation missions have fuelled a new political competititon in the post-Soviet space.  Recently, they have gained political, and even strategic, importance in the region by contributing to political change in Georgia, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan.

Khamisov, Vycheslav M.  Problems Associated with the Radicalism of Islamic Organizations in Kyrgyzstan.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:29-36 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03e.pdf

Kyrgystan.  Military Technology 30 (World Defence Almanac), no. 1:232-233 2006.

MacFarlane, S. Neil and Torjesen, Stina.  "Awash with Weapons"?  The Case of Small Arms in Kyrgyzstan.  Central Asian Survey 24:5-19 March 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16928664&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Madi, Maral.  Drug Trade in Kyrgyzstan:  Structure, Implications and Countermeasures.  Central Asian Survey 23:249-273 December 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15984436&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Marat, Erica.  Criminal State of Play.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:44-49 March 2007.

O'Malley, William D. and McDermott, Roger N.  Russian Air Power in Central Asia:  Assessing the VVS (Voyenno-Vozdushnyye Sily).  Royal Air Force Air Power Review 6:61-73 Winter 2003.

Panfilova, Viktoria.  Kyrgyzstan Is Becoming an Asian Aircraft Carrier.  Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press 58:14 March 22, 2006.
Russia will increase the size of its airbase in Kyrgyzstan by 150%, and the lease on the country's American airbase will be increased from $2 million to $200 million.

Radnitz, Scott.  What Really Happened in Kyrgyzstan?  Journal of Democracy 17:132-146 April 2006.
When protests forced Kyrgyz president Askar Akayev to flee to Moscow in March 2005, he left in his wake the first peaceful--albeit initially extraconstitutional--transfer of power that Central Asia had seen in a decade and a half of independence.
Also available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1037938921&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Trisko, Jessica N.  Coping with the Islamist Threat:  Analysing Repression in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:373-389 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276986&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Weitz, Richard.  Averting a New Great Game in Central Asia.  Washington Quarterly 29:155-167 Summer 2006.
The resurgence of the traditional "great game" among the major external players in the region was symbolized by the permission given to the U.S. to use the military facilities and airspace in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan, supporting the operations in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:   http://www.twq.com/06summer/docs/06summer_weitz.pdf



Tajikistan

 

Internet Resources

Akbarzadeh, Shahram.  Geopolitics versus Democracy in Tajikistan.  Demokratizatsiya 14:563-578  Fall 2006. 
Available online at:   http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1177664521&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Tajikistan is the only Central Asian republic that has allowed the open political engagement of an Islamic party.  But the resurgence of the Taliban in Afghanistan and ongoing security concerns appear to have diverted Washington's attention from Tajikistan's democratic state building.  The United States has edged toward a policy aimed at preserving the status quo for fear of destabilizing the region.

Karagiannis, Emmanuel.  The Challenge of Radical Islam in Tajikistan:  Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami.  Nationalities Papers 34:1-20 March 2006.
Available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20338657&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McDermott, Roger.  China and Tajikistan Sign New Treaty.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, January 23, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32415&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

McDermott, Roger.  Tajkikistan Forming Links with Syria.   Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 13, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32490&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

McDermott, Roger N.  Iran Builds Partnership with Tajikistan.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, July 25, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=31905&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=177&no_cache=1

United States.  Department of State.  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs.  Tajikistan
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/ti/
Includes links to Background Notes, a Library of Congress Country Study, fact sheets, and press releases.

Weir, Fred.  Precarious Progress for US Ally Tajikistan:  The Muslim State Could be Thrown Back into Disarray If Problems in Next-door Afghanistan Spill Over.  Christian Science Monitor, March 21, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0321/p07s02-wosc.html


Books

Crosston, Matthew.  Fostering Fundamentalism:  Terrorism, Democracy, and American Engagement in Central Asia.  Aldershot, UK, Ashgate, 2006.  186 p.
Chapter 5:  Tajikistan:  Coalition via Spin-Control, pp 84-115. Author argues that US policy toward Tajikistan "deemphasizes obvious problems to hail the state's unique status as the only regime with a legal Islamic party.  This diplomatic blindness carries grave dangers as it is perceived as tacit approval of subjugation by radicalized Islamists."
Book call no.:  327.73058 C951f

Curtis, Glenn E.  Involvement of Russian Organized Crime Syndicates, Criminal Elements in the Russian Military, and Regional Terrorist Groups in Narcotics Trafficking in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Chechnya.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, October 2002.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/RussianOrgCrime.pdf
Book call no.:  364.1060947 C978i

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Tajikistan, pp 457-483. Includes geography, chronology, history, economy, statistics and a bibliography.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Jonson, Lena.  Tajikistan in the New Central Asia:  Geopolitics, Great Power Rivalry and Radical Islam.  London, I. B. Tauris, 2006.  252 p.
Discusses the foreign policy of Tajikistan during the first four years after the terrorist attacks of September 11, which led the U.S. to engage not only in Afghanistan but also in Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan, and Tajikistan.
Book call no.:  958.6086 J81t

Mackinlay, John and Cross, Peter.  Regional Peacekeepers:  The Paradox of Russian Peacekeeping.  New York , United Nations University Press, 224 p.
CIS Peacekeeping in Tajikistan, by Andres Smith Serrano, pp 156-182.
Book call no.:  355.357 R336

MacQueen, Norrie.  Peacekeeping and the International System.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  286 p.
Chapter 8:  The Break-up of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union:  Peacekeeping and the End of the Multinational State. Includes "Tajikistan:  Civil War and Dangerous Borders", pp 176-179.
Book call no.:  341.584 M1731p

Naumkin, Vitaly V.  Radical Islam in Central Asia:  Between Pen and Rifle.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005.  285 p.
Presents case studies of three key Islamic political organizations in Central Asia - the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Hizb at-Tahrir al-Islami, or the Party of Islamic Liberation (HTI), and the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan.
Book call no.:  320.5570958 N299r

Plater-Zyberk, Henry.  Tajikistan:  Waiting for a Storm?  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 23 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/04%2813%29-HPZ.pdf
Book call no.:  327.586 P716t

Takeyh, Ray and Gvosdev, Nikolas K.  The Receding Shadow of the Prophet:  The Rise and Fall of Radical Political Islam.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2004.  186 p.
Chapter 6:  From the Red Star to the Green Crescent?  Islamism in the Former Soviet Union, pp105-146.  Includes "Islamists Ascendant? The Case of Tajikistan".
Book call no.:  320.557 T136r


Document

McGowen, Richard S.  Central Asian Drug Trafficking Dilemma.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  81 p.
Focuses on drug trafficking and use throughout Afghanistan and Tajikistan and the porous border the two countries share and concludes that Central Asia, Russia and the United States need to cooperate and help stabilize the region in order to slow the transit of drugs.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420433
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M1461c

 

Periodicals

Bedi, Rahul.  Indian Base in Tajikistan to Be Operational in 2006.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:7 April 19, 2006.
India's first International military base is expected to become operational by the end of 2006 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.  The base is part of New Delhi's thrust into the Central Asian Region.

Dubnov, Arkady.  Where Bombers in Tajikistan Come from.  Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press 57:16-17 March 2, 2005.

Engvall, John.  The State under Siege:  The Drug Trade and Organized Crime in Tajikistan.  Europe-Asia Studies 58:827-854 September 2006.

Heathershaw, John.  The Paradox of Peacebuilding:  Peril, Promise, and Small Arms in Tajikistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:21-38 March 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16928663&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Heathershaw, John.  Peacebuilding as Practice:  Discourses from Post-conflict Tajikistan.  International Peacekeeping 14:219-236 June 2007.

Marat, Erica.  Criminal State of Play.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:44-49 March 2007.

Nourzhanov, Kirill.  Saviours of the Nation or Robber Barons?  Warlord Politics in Tajikistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:109-130 June 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17783977&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Tetsuro, Iji.  Cooperation, Coordination and Complementarity in International Peacekeeping:  The Tajikistan Experience.  International Peacekeeping 12:189-204 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16967875&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Vatanka, Alex.  Iran and Tajikistan Increase Co-operation.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:4 March 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20326160&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Wille, Christina.  Tajikistan's Leader (Emomali Rakhmonov) Consolidates Power by Removing Key Challengers.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:42-45 August 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17944473&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Turkmenistan
 

Internet Resources

Daly, John C. K.  The Curious Death of Turkmenbashi.  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, January 2007 (Occasional Paper).
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/Jamestown-DeathofTurkmenbashi.pdf

Gleason, Gregory.  Turkmenistan Tilts Toward Russia.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, January 2, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32343&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

McDermott, Roger.  Neutral Turkmenistan Presents Security Dilemma in the Caspian.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, January 2, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32347&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

McDermott, Roger.  Putin Seeks Closer Ties with Turkmenistan.   Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 20, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32506&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=171&no_cache=1

Turkmenistan's Political Succession:  Developments and Implications, by Jim Nichol.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, January 18, 2007.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.cdt.org/document/RS22572


Books

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Turkmenistan, pp 485-516. Includes geography, chronology, history, economy, statistics and a bibliography.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Saat, J. H.  Turkmenistan:  People!  Motherland!  Leader?  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, April 2005.  24 p.
Argues that President Saparmurat Niyazov's rule was devastating for the country in many ways and inflicted huge cultural and financial damage on the nation.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/05%2816%29-JHS.pdf
Book call no.:  958.5086 S112t


Periodicals

Baev, Pavel K.  Turning Counter-Terrorism into Counter-Revolution:  Russia Focuses on Kazakhstan and Engages Turkmenistan.  European Security 15:3-22 March 2006.
From the early days of Putin's presidency, Russia's energy policy towards Central Asia has been intertwined with the policy of counter-terrorism, which initially was aimed at exploiting the threat of the Taliban in order to cajole the post-Soviet regimes into closer cooperation with Moscow.  The deployment of US and NATO forces in the region in autumn 2001 signified a serious shrinking of Russia's influence but it has invested considerable effort in recovering its position.

Boucek, Christopher.  Cult Following.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:32-35 February 2007.
Examines the regime of Turkmenistan's President Saparmurad Niyazov, who died on December 21, 2006.  He dominated every aspect of political life in Turkmenistan for over 20 years and governed through a combination of patronage systems, officially tolerated corruption and an extensive state security apparatus.

Grib, Natalia.  Gazprom Gives in to Turkmenistan.  Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press 58:14-15 October 4, 2006.
Gazprom will buy 50 billion cubic meters of gas annually in 2007-2009 from Turkmenistan.

Remnick, David.  The Land of Turkembashi.  New Yorker 82:34-36 May 1, 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20606364&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Uzbekistan
 

Internet Resources

Nagayev, Ruslan and Ahmedov, Ulhom.  Uzbekistan Considers Rapprochement with the West.  Eurasia Daily Monitor  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, December 12, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/programs/edm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=32324&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=177&no_cache=1
Recent events in Uzbekistan seem to point to warming relations with the West and a possible re-adjustment of its relations with Russia.

Quillen, Brian G.  Democracy:  A Tree Without Roots on the Steppes of Central Asia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2006.  107 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA462623
Examines obstacles to democracy in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.

Securing Tyrants or Fostering Reform?  US Internal Security Assistance to Repressive and Transitioning Regimes.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  232 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG550.pdf
Has U.S. assistance improved the effectiveness of internal security forces in countering security threats?  Has it improved the accountability and human rights records of these forces?  This study examines the results of U.S. assistance to four states:  El Salvador, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

United States.  Department of State.  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs.  Uzbekistan
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/uz/
Includes links to Background Notes, a Library of Congress Country Study, fact sheets, and press releases.


Books

Akbarzadeh, Shahram.  Uzbekistan and the United States:  Authoritarianism, Islamism and Washington's Security Agenda.  New York, Zed Books, 2005.  166 p.
Analyzes political events since independence, including the emergence of radical Islamic opposition, explores how September 11 catalyzed a transformation in Washington's attitude and tempered its concerns with 'transition to democracy', in order to fight Islamism, and argues that this shift in emphasis has given new life to the authoritarian regime of President Karimov.  The table of contents is online at: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/hol052/2004048355.html
Book call no.:  320.9587 A 313u

Crosston, Matthew.  Fostering Fundamentalism:  Terrorism, Democracy, and American Engagement in Central Asia.  Aldershot, UK, Ashgate, 2006.  186 p.
Chapter 6:  Uzbekistan:  A Cloud-Cuckoo-Land Place, pp 116-146.
Book call no.:  327.73058 C951f

Curtis, Glenn E.  Involvement of Russian Organized Crime Syndicates, Criminal Elements in the Russian Military, and Regional Terrorist Groups in Narcotics Trafficking in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Chechnya.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, October 2002.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/RussianOrgCrime.pdf
Book call no.:  364.1060947 C978i

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia.  London, Europa Publications, 2007.  745 p.
Uzbekistan, pp 571-603. Includes geography, chronology, history, economy, statistics and a bibliography.
Book call no.:  R 947 E13b 7th ed. 2007

Foot, Rosemary.  Human Rights and Counter-terrorism in America's Asia Policy.  New York, Oxford University Press for the International Institute of Strategic Studies, 2004.  94 p. (Adelphi paper, 363)
Investigates how national security and human rights considerations have been accommodated in US policy towards five Asian states:  China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Uzbekistan.
Book call no.:  909.82 I61a no. 363

Fredholm, Michael.  Uzbekistan & The Threat from Islamic Extremism.  [Camberley, Surrey], Conflict Studies Research Centre, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, 2003.  19 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:   http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/K39-MP.pdf
Book call no.:  320.55709587 F852u

Naumkin, Vitaly V.  Radical Islam in Central Asia:  Between Pen and Rifle.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005.  285 p.
Presents case studies of three key Islamic political organizations in Central Asia -- the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Hizb at-Tahrir al-Islami, or the Party of Islamic Liberation (HTI), and the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan.
Book call no.:  320.5570958 N299r

Paramonov, Vladimir.  Disintegration of the USSR and Its Consequences for Uzbekistan:  Economic and Social Spheres.  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2006.  9 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/06%2811%29vpEnglish2.pdf
Book call no.:  958.7086 P222d

Paramonov, Vladimir and Strokov, Alexey.  The Economic Reconstruction of Afghanistan and the Role of Uzbekistan.  Swindon, England, Conflict Studies Research Centre, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, June 2006.  13 p.
Uzbekistan has the potential to play an important role in the rehabilitation of Afghanistan's northern provinces, with the support of the international community.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/06%2822%29VPEnglish.pdf
Book call no.:   958.1047 P222e

Plater-Zyberk, Henry.  Uzbekistan:  Old Threats and New Allies.  [Camberley, Surrey], Conflict Studies Research Centre, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, 2003.  23 p.
If link does not open, copy and paste into browser address bar.
Also available online at:   http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/ca/K37-hpz.pdf
Book call no.:  958.7084 P716u


Documents

Kiple, Brian R.  Defense Security Cooperation:  A Proven Access Enabler for Operational Commanders.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2004.  28 p.
Examines the scope of security cooperation activities within the US Department of Defense, including peacekeeping exercises in Uzbekistan, known as CENTRAZBAT.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422830
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 K57d

Nichol, James P.  Unrest in Uzbekistan:  Context and Implications.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, 2005.  6 p.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/48810.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RS22161

Smith, Jeffrey.  Counterinsurgency in Uzbekistan:  An Adapted FID Strategy for Policy Consideration .  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  87 p.
Examines the U.S. relationship with Uzbekistan, the strongest of the Central Asian states, to determine what assistance the U.S. could provide to help Uzbekistan in overcoming its internal developmental problems.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA406050
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S6513c


Periodicals

Akbarzadeh, Shahram.  Uzbekistan and the United States:  Friends or Foes?  Middle East Policy 14:107-116 Spring 2007.

Blackmon, Pamela.  Back to the USSR:  Why the Past Does Matter in Explaining Differences in the Economic Reform Processes of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:391-404 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276980&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cooley, Alexander.  Base Politics.  Foreign Affairs 84:79-82 November-December 2005.
In July 2005, the government of Uzbekistan evicted U.S. personnel from the Karshi-Khanabad air base, which Washington had used as a staging ground for combat, reconnaissance, and humanitarian missions in Afghanistan since late 2001.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18680578&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cornell, Svante E.  Narcotics, Radicalism, and Armed Conflict in Central Asia:  The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.  Terrorism & Political Violence 17:619-639 Autumn 2005.
Security issues in Central Asia are a prominent example of the links between drug trafficking and military threats to security.  The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) has been a major actor in the drug trade from Afghanistan to Central Asia as well as the most serious violent nonstate actor in the region.

Dadabaev, Timur.  Post-Soviet Realities of Society in Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 23:141-166 June 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15901378&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Forster, Peter K.  Balancing American Involvement in Uzbekistan.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 2:43-57 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_mar03/co_mar03g.pdf

Gleason, Gregory.  The Uzbek Expulsion of U.S. Forces and Realignment in Central Asia.  Problems of Post-Communism 53:49-60 March-April 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20302171&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Grodsky, Brian.  Direct Pressures for Human Rights in Uzbekistan:  Understanding the US Bargaining Position.  Central Asian Survey 23:327-344 December 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15984453&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hill, Fiona and Jones Kevin.  Fear of Democracy or Revolution:  The Reaction to Andijohn.  Washington Quarterly 29:111-125 Summer 2006.

Jarvik, Laurence A.  Uzbekistan:  A Modernizing Society.  Orbis 49:261-274 Spring 2005.
Authors argues that it is time for the US to offer its hand to Uzbek scholars and scientists who are working to move their country forward.

Karagiannis, Emmanuel.  Political Islam in Uzbekistan:  Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami.  Europe-Asia Studies 53:261-280 March 2006.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19761911&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Naumkin, Vitaly.  Uzbekistan's State-Building Fatigue.  Washington Quarterly 29:127-140 Summer 2006.
Authoritarianism is not a whim in Uzbekistan, but the integral feature of its traditional political culture—a tribal, clan-based society with no national civil society to speak of. Uzbek society is not fatally doomed to live under these traditions, but a democracy cannot be created overnight.

Pottenger, John R.  Civil Society, Religious Freedom, and Islam Karimov:  Uzbekistan's Struggle for a Decent Society.  Central Asian Survey 23:55-77 March 2004.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13532311&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Trisko, Jessica N.  Coping with the Islamist Threat:  Analysing Repression in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.  Central Asian Survey 24:373-389 December 2005.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19276986&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Uzbekistan  Military Technology 30, No. 1 (World Defence Almanac):243-244

Weitz, Richard.  Storm Clouds over Central Asia:  Revival of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)?  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 27:505-530 November-December 2004.
Discusses the IMU's origins, structure, training and financing. Also provides a detailed description of its activities in Central Asian countries.  Despite its name, the IMU's membership roster includes a large number of non-Uzbeks, and the organization has been militarily active in much of Central Asia.


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