CHECHNYA INSURGENCY

December 2005

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability. AU students and faculty can contact  AUL's  Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed December 9, 2005.


 Internet Resources


Abdel-Monem, Tarik. The European Court of Human Rights: Chechnya's Last Chance? Vermont Law Review 28:237-297 Winter 2004.
In relation to other international crises, the conflict in Chechnya has been largely muted in the press, and the international community's reaction has been to marginalize the conflict as an "internal matter" of Russian affairs. In January 2003, for the first time, the Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or the Court) declared six petitions alleging the commission of human rights violations by Russian forces in Chechnya admissible. This article is available electronically through the Lexis/Nexis Academic Universe database, at http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/firstsearch/au.htm. Click on Legal Research, then Law Reviews.

Ahrens, Cherylyn Brandt. Chechnya and the Right of Self-Determination. Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 42, no. 2:575-615  2004.
The armed conflicts in Chechnya following the demise of the Soviet Union have destroyed much of the region, yet have not resolved the central issue: whether Chechnya has a right to secede from Russia. This note argues that, based on the evolution of the concept of self-determination under international law, and taking both Chechen and Russian behavior into account, Chechnya does possess a right of self-determination. However, based on current circumstances, this right only encompasses a certain amount of autonomy within Russia - not secession.
This article is available electronically through the Lexis/Nexis Academic Universe database, at http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/firstsearch/au.htm. Click on Legal Research, then Law Reviews.

BBC News: World Edition. Profile: Chechnya.
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/2565049.stm

Christian Science Monitor (electronic edition). Conflict In Chechnya.
Available online at: http://www.csmonitor.com/atcsmonitor/specials/chechnya/ch1.html

Conflict Studies Research Centre. The Caucasus. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre,
Available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/
Click on Document Listings, scroll down and click on Caucasus Series or Central Asia Series. Papers are available in full text.

Human Rights Watch. Chechnya: Renewed Catastrophe. 2003.
Available online at: http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/russia/chechnya/

Nations of the World (Nations and Assorted Jurisdictions). Washington, Law Library of Congress, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/nations.html
For each country the following sections are listed: constitution, executive, judicial, legislative, legal guides and general sources of information.

Nichol, Jim. Bringing Peace to Chechnya? Assessments and Implications. Washington, Congressional Research Service , February 2005. 17 p. (CRS Reports for Congress, RL32272).
Available online at: http://www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/RL32272.pdf

Orr, Michael. Second Time Lucky? Evaluating Russian Performance in the Second Chechen War. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, March 2000.
Available online at: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/2000/JIRArticle.htm

Russia. Military Policy Awareness Links. Washington, compiled by National Defense University.
Available online at: http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=112&pageID=3&type=section
See section on Chechnya. The MiPALs are published by the NDU Library to provide access to key U.S. policy statements on selected countries or topics. While MiPALs emphasize U.S. military policy, each also includes resources analyzing the topic from governmental and non-governmental sources, including think tanks and scholarly journals. All documents are available full-text on the internet. Some may be available only through commercial databases; these are clearly identified.

Worse Than A War: "Disappearances" in Chechnya: A Crime Against Humanity. Human Rights Watch, March 2005. (A Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper).
Available online at: http://hrw.org/backgrounder/eca/chechnya0305/


Books


Arbatov, Aleksei Georgievich. The Transformation of Russian Military Doctrine: Lessons Learned from Kosovo and Chechnya. Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, 2000. 48 p. (Marshall Center Papers, no. 2)
Also available online at: http://www.ciaonet.org/wps/ara03/
Book call no.: 355.033047 A6641t

Baev, Pavel K. Will Russia Go for a Military Victory in Chechnya? Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, January 2000. 5 p. (Occasional Brief 74)
Also available online at: http://www.csrc.ac.uk/pdfs/ob74-pb.pdf
Book call no.: 947.52 B142w

Blandy, Charles. Chechnya : Centre of Unabated Instability and Conflict . Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2004. 12 p.
Includes: Dynamics of power; The counterterrorist operation; Escalation of terrorist campaign.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642ch

Blandy, Charles. Chechnya After Beslan. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2004. 15 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/04%2827%29-CWB .pdf
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642cj

Blandy, Charles. Chechnya : the Search for a Strong Successor . Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2004. 15 p.
Contents include: Chechen government power structures; A welter of candidates; Candidates from the Kadyrov camp; Other candidates from within Chechnya; Candidates from Chechen diaspora in Moscow; Candidates from the power structures.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/04%2819%29-CWB.pdf
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642ci

Blandy, Charles W. Chechnya: A Beleaguered President. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, July 1998. 22 p. (Occasional Brief 61)
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642c

Blandy, Charles W. Chechnya: Federal Retribution: "Encirclement, Forceful Intervention & Isolation". Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2001. 125 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642cc

Blandy, Charles W. Chechnya: Normalization. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, June 2003. 61 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642cg

Blandy, Charles W. Chechnya: Two Federal Interventions: An Interim Comparison and Assessment. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, January 2000. 48 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642cb

Blandy, Charles W. Chechyna: Dynamics of War: Brutality and Stress. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2001. 30 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642cd

Blandy, Charles W. Chechyna: Dynamics of War: Hounded Out? Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2001. 15 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Caucasus/
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642ce

Blandy, Charles W. Chechyna: Two Federal Disasters. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, April 2002. 31 p.
Also available online at: http://www.csrc.ac.uk/pdfs/P38-cwb.pdf
Book call no.: 947.52086 B642cf

Blandy, Charles W. Dagestan: The Storm. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2000. 3 vols.
Part 1: The 'Invasion' of Avaristan; Part 2: The Federal Assault on the "Kadar Complex"; Part 3: The Expulsion of Chechyn Bandit Formations From Novolakskiy Rayon.
Also available online at: http://www.csrc.ac.uk/pdfs/p30-cwb.pdf
Book call no.: 947.52 B642d pts 1-3

Blandy, Charles W. and others. The Chechen Conflict: A Microcosm of the Russian Army's Past, Present and Future. Surrey, UK, Jane's Information Group, 1996. 23 p. (Special Report number 11)
Book call no.: 947.52 C514

Cassidy, Robert M. Russia in Afghanistan and Chechnya: Military Strategic Culture and the Paradoxes of Asymmetric Conflict. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College. Strategic Studies Institute, 2003. 75 p.
Also available online at: http://carlisle-www.army.mil/ssi/pubs/2003/rusafgan/rusafgan.pdf
Book call no.: 355.420947 C345r

Contrasts and Solutions in the Caucasus, edited by Ole Hoiris and Sefa Martin Yurukel. Aarhus, Denmark, Aarhus University Press, 1998. 461 p
Section on Chechenia includes the following chapters: The Past Explains the Present, by Charles Tchkotoua, pp 355-361; Nationalism and Ethnic Nationalism in the Caucasus: Past and Present, by Daniel Heradstveit, pp 362-398; The Case for Chechen Independence, by Marie Benningsen Broxup, pp 399-406; The Negotiation Process between Russia and Chechenia: Strategies, Achievements and Future Problems, by Marta-Lisa Magnusson, pp 407-433.
Book call no.: 947.52 C764

de Haas, Marcel. The Use of Russian Airpower in the Second Chechen War. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, January 2003. 25 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Russian/B59/download
Book call no.: 947.52086 H112u

Dunlop, John B. Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict. Cambridge, England, Cambridge University Press, 1998. 234 p.
Book call no.: 947.52 D922r

Evangelista, Matthew. The Chechen Wars: Will Russia Go the Way of the Soviet Union?. Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2002. 244 p.
Book call no.: 947.52086 E92c

Finch, Raymond C. Why the Russian Military Failed in Chechnya. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Center For Army Lessons Learned, Foreign Military Studies Office, 1998. 19 p. (FMSO special study, no. 98-16)
Also available online at: http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/yrusfail/yrusfail.htm
Book call no.: 947.52 F492w

Gall, Carlotta and De Waal, Thomas. Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus. New York, New York University Press, 1998. 416 p.
Book call no.: 947.52 G162c

Goldgeier, James M. and McFaul, Michael. Power and Purpose: U.S. Policy Toward Russia After the Cold War. Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2003. 467 p.
Chapter 11: Chechnya, Again.
Book call no.: 327.73047 G619p

Goltz, Thomas. Chechnya Diary: A War Correspondent's Story of Surviving the War in Chechnya. New York, Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press, 2003. 285 p.
Book call no.: 947.52086 G629c

Gorodetsky, Gabriel. Russia Between East and West: Russian Foreign Policy on the Threshold of the Twenty-First Century. Portland , Frank Cass, 2003. 202 p.
The Transformation of Russia's Military Doctrine in the Aftermath of Kosovo and Chechnya, by Alexei Arbatov, pp 28-32.
Book call no.: 327.47009049 R969

Human Rights Watch. "Welcome to Hell": Arbitrary Detention, Torture, and Extortion in Chechnya. New York, Human Rights Watch, 2000. 99 p.
Also available online at: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2000/russia_chechnya4/
Book call no.: 947.52086 W442

Knezys, Stasys and Sedlickas, Romanas. The War in Chechnya. College Station, TX, Texas A&M University Press, 1999. 359 p. (Eastern European Studies no. 8)
Book call no.: 947.52 K68w

Lieven, Anatol. Chechyna: Tombstone of Russian Power. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1998. 436 p.
Book call no.: 947.52086 L722c

Mackinlay, John and Cross, Peter. Regional Peacekeepers: the Paradox of Russian Peacekeeping. Tokyo , United Nations University Press, 2003. 224 p.
See chapter: The Russian Armed Forces in Chechnya, 1994.
Also available online at: http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&boo kid=100790
Book call no.: 355.357 R336

Main, S. J. North Caucasus Military District: Defending Russia's Interests in the Caucasus (1996-August 1999). Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2001. 44 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Russian/04(34)-HPZ.pdf/download
Book call no.: 947.52086 M224n

Malashenko, A. V., Trenin, Dmitrii, and Lieven, Anatol. Russia's Restless Frontier: The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia. Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004. 264 p.
Contents include: A chronicle of an unfinished conflict; The Chechen war and and Russian world; The Islamic factor; War and the military; International ramifications; Chechnya and the laws of war.
Book call no.: 947.52 M238r

Matveeva, Anna. The North Caucasus: Russia's Fragile Borderland. London, Royal Institute of International Affairs, Russia and Eurasia Programme, 1999. 97 p.
Book call no.: 947.52085 M445n

Meier, Andrew. Chechnya: To the Heart of a Conflict. New York, Norton, 2005. 131 p.
Book call no.: 947.52086 M511c

O'Ballance, Edgar. Wars in the Caucasus, 1990-1995. Washington Square, NY, New York University Press, 1997. 238 p.
Book call no.: 947.9086 O12w

Oliker, Olga. Russia's Chechen Wars, 1994-2000: Lessons From Urban Combat. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2001. 102 p.
Also available online at: http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1289/
Book call no.: 947.086 O46r

Plater-Zyberk, Henry. Beslan: Lessons Learned? . Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2004. 15 p. (Russian series; 04/34)
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Russian/04%2834%29-HPZ. pdf
Book call no.: 303.6250947 P716b

Politkovskaya, Anna. A Dirty War: A Russian Reporter in Chechnya. London, Harvill, 2001. 336 p.
Book call no.: 947.52086 P769d

Politkovskaya, Anna. A Small Corner of Hell: Dispatches From Chechnya. Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press, 2003. 224 p.
Book call no.: 947.52 P764s

Putin's Russia : Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain, edited by Dale R. Herspring. Lanham, MD , Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. 278 p.
Chapter 9: Putin and Russia's Wars in Chechnya, by Jacob W. Kipp, pp 177-200.
Book call no.: 947.086 P988

Radical Ethnic Movements in Contemporary Europe, edited by Farimah Daftary and Stefan Troebst. New York, Berghahn Books, 2003. 208 p.
Chechnya and the Caucasus, pages 71-83.
Book call no.: 303.484094 R129

Ross, Cameron. Russian Politics Under Putin . New York, Manchester University Press; distributed in the USA by Palgrave, 2004. 292 p.
Section V: Foreign Policy and Chechnya.
Book call no.: 320.947 R9692

Russia's Security Interest in the North Caucasus, German, Tracey. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, December 1998. 23 p.
Book call no.: 327.4704752 R969

The Second Chechen War, edited by A.C. Aldis. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, June 2000. 176 p.
Also available online at: http://www.csrc.ac.uk/pdfs/P31-fc+toc.pdf
Book call no.: 947.52086 S445

Seely, Robert. Russo-Chechen Conflict, 1800-2000: A Deadly Embrace. Portland, OR, Frank Cass, 2001. 333 p. (Cass Series on Soviet (Russian) Military Experience, 6)
Book call no.: 947.52 S452r

Service, Robert. Russia: Experiment With a People. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2003. 406 p.
Chapter 10: Bloodbath in Chechnya, pp 152-166.
Book call no.: 947.086 S491r

Smith, Mark A. Russian Perspectives on Terrorism. Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, January 2004. 24 p.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/Russian/C110
Book call no.: 363.320947 S655r

Smith, Sebastian. Allah's Mountains: The Battle For Chechnya, Revised edition. London, I.B. Tauris, 2001. 288 p.
Book call no.: 947.52 S659a 2001

Takeyh, Ray. The Receding Shadow of the Prophet : the Rise and Fall of Radical Political Islam. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2004. 186 p.
Chapter 6: Islamist Ascendant? The Case of Chechnya.
Book call no.: 320.557 T136r

Tishkov, Valerii Aleksandrovich. Chechnya: Life in a War-Torn Society. Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 2004. 284 p. (California series in public anthropology; 6)
Tishkov offers his professional perspective on the Chechen separatist conflict in southern Russia during the 1990s. Unlike journalistic accounts, he concentrates on the daily lives of those caught in the conflict rather than attempting to place blame. He describes a process of "demodernization," a transformation of social institutions that prevents communities from self-organizing. That disorder affects family life, religious life, myths, and self-images. This conflict is also characterized by unusual cruelty on both sides and rampant hostage-taking for ransom purposes.
Book call no.: 947.52 T613c

Toft, Monica Duffy. The Geography of Ethnic Violence : Identity, Interests, and the Indivisibility of Territory. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2003. 226 p.
Chapter 5: Russia and Chechnya, pp 64-86.
Book call no.: 303.6 T644g

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee On Foreign Relations. Chechnya: Implications For Russia, and the Caucasus: Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations. Washington, Government Printing Office, 2000. 27 p. (106th Congress, 1st Session)
Book call no.: 947.52086 U58c

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee On Foreign Relations. The Putin Administration's Policies Toward Non-Russian Regions of the Russian Federation: Hearing, July 18, 2001. Washington, Government Printing Office, 2001. 50 p. (107th Congress, 1st Session)
Book call no.: 327.47 U58p

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee On Foreign Relations. The War in Chechnya: Russia's Conduct, The Humanitarian Crisis, and the United States Policy: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations. Washington, Government Printing Office, 2000. 54 p. (106th Congress, 2nd Session)
Book call no.: 947.52086 U58w

War and Peace in Post Soviet Eastern Europe, edited by Sally Cummings. Camberley, Surrey, UK, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2000. 89 p.
Contents include: The Federal Response to Chechen Independence: Occupy, Liberate, Obliterate, by Charles Blandy, pp 22-30; and Information Warfare and the Second Chechen Campaign, by Graeme Herd, pp 31-42.
Also available online at: http://www.da.mod.uk/CSRC/documents/CEE/G81/G81.fc
Book call no.: 355.033047 W253


Documents

Empric. Bruce E. Chechnya: Russia's Quagmire. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2002. 26 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416598
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 E55c

Garvie, Brett A. Chechnya and Russia: Conflict and Self Determination. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002. 63 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA411370
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 G244c

Lutz, Raymond R. Russian Strategy in Chechnya: A Case Study in Failure. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1997. 52 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA399031
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 L975r

Mcintosh, Scott E. Thumping the Hive : Russian Neocortical Warfare in Chechnya. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2004. 92 p.
Since the 1994 Chechen war, analysts have written volumes about the evolution of -- and lessons learned from -- this ongoing conflict. Why has success eluded this Cold War superpower in subduing the small Caucasian republic? Russia has since hiccuped back and forth across the spectrum of conflict in the region and the years have provided much speculation as to why.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA427685
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 M1525t

Nichol, Jim. Russia's Chechnya Conflict: An Update. Washington, Congressional Research Service. Library of Congress, 2002. 15 p. (CRS report for Congress, RL1620.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no. 02-RL31620

Roth, Dale E. Russia's Military Doctrine and the Internal Use of Military Force. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1996. 38 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-607 R845r

Shappell, Andre G. Pseudo Democracy, Real War: Russia's Autocratic Conduct in Chechnya and the Implications for U.S. National and Regional Security Strategy. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2000. 31 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA394942
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 S529p

Sumner, Dianne Leigh. Success of Terrorism in War: The Case of Chechnya. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 1999. 88 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA354487
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 S9561s

Turner, James Lawrence. Russia's War in Chechnya: Testing Democracy in the Crucible of War. Seattle, WA, 1997. 156 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA324973
Doc. call no.: M-U 43567-899

U. S. and Russian Policymaking With Respect to the Use of Force, edited by Jeremy R. Azrael. Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 1996
Chapter 2: Chechnya.
Also available online at: http://www.rand.org/publications/CF/CF129/CF-129.chapter2.html
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-85 no.129

Wallwork, Richard D. Artillery in Urban Operations : Reflections on Experiences in Chechnya. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 2004. 105 p.
Artillery operations during the two Chechen conflicts were extensive. The battles fought in Grozny provide relevant contemporary examples of large-scale urban fighting involving artillery. As the amount of urban area in the world continues to increase, so does the probability of warfare in an urban area. This thesis provides background information on the Chechen conflict, details of the two major battles for Grozny from an artillery perspective, the lessons observed during those battles, and an analysis of the lessons.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429031
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 W2151a

Wolf, Markus. Russia's Stranglehold on the Caucasus. Washington, Office of Naval Intelligence, 1996. 8 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42833-23


Periodicals

Abdullaev, Nabi. Chechnya Ten Years Later. Current History 103:332-337 October 2004.
In late December of 1994, the Russian air force struck targets on the territory of what was then a de facto independent Chechnya. Now, with the fighting about to mark its tenth anniversary, none of Moscow's declared goals has been accomplished -- neither restoring constitutional order in Chechnya nor wiping out Chechen terrorists.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=711315001&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Ackerman, Robert K. Echoes of Chechnya Warfare Resound in Moscow. Signal 54:39-42 May 2000.

Armstrong, Patrick. Jihadists and the Chechnya War. Canadian Military Journal 1:65-66 Autumn 2000.

Arquilla, John and Karasik, Theodore. Chechnya: A Glimpse of Future Conflict? Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 22:207-229 July-September 1999.

Ashour, Omar. Security, Oil, and Internal Politics: The Causes of the Russo-Chechen Conflicts. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 27:127-143 March-April 2004.

Aslan Maskhadov. Economist 374:84 March 12, 2005.
The article remembers Aslan Maskhadov, leader of the Chechen rebels, who died March 8th, aged 53. Maskhadov--after serving with reluctance in the Soviet forces that tried to stymie Lithuania's freedom--returned to his Caucasian homeland and soon became the leader of a bloodier independence movement whose campaign has cost many tens of thousands of lives.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16392464

Ayres, R. W. A World Flying Apart? Violent Nationalist Conflict and the End of the Cold War. Journal of Peace Research vol 37, no. 1:105-117 2000.

Baev, Pavel K. Instrumentalizing Counterterrorism for Regime Consolidation in Putin's Russia. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 27:337-352 July-August 2004.

Baev, Pavel K. The Plight of the Russian Military: Shallow Identity and Self Defeating Culture. Armed Forces and Society 29:129-146 Fall 2002.

Baev, Pavel K. Russia's Airpower in the Chechen War: Denial, Punishment and Defeat. Journal of Slavic Military Studies 10:1-18 June 1997.

Baran, Zeyno. The Caucasus: Ten Years After Independence. Washington Quarterly 25:221-234 Winter 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5849862&db=aph

Ben-Meir, Alon. Root Causes of Chechen Terror. World & I 19: December 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&an=15589506

Berezovsky, Boris. Putin is Wrong in Chechnya. New Perspectives Quarterly 20:77-80 2003.
Boris Berezovsky was one of Russia's renowned "oligarchs" behind Boris Yeltsin, and in 1996-97, he was also deputy of the Russian Security Council in charge of negotiations with the Chechen separatist president, Asian Maskhadov, whom Russian president Vladimir Putin has called a terrorist. In an interview, Berezovsky discusses such topics as whether Maskhadov is linked to terrorism, what the objective would be of negotiations with Maskhadov and his separatist allies, and why he is financing the defense of Ahmed Zakayev, whom the Kremlin charges was part of the Moscow theater attack.

Billingsley, Dodge. Chechen Rebels Hone Tactics For Long Haul. Jane's Intelligence Review 11:22-24 February 2001.

Billingsley, Dodge. Chechnya Seizes Independence But Unity Still Beyond Its Reach. Jane's Intelligence Review 11:14-18 March 1999.

Blank, Stephen J. Putin's Twelve-Step Program. Washington Quarterly 25:147-160 Winter 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5849867&db=aph

Blank, Stephen J. Russia and Europe in the Caucasus. European Security 4: 622-645 Winter 1995.

Bodansky, Yossef. Chechnya Prepares For a "Third War", Using Terrorism, the West and Bin Laden. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy  28:13 April 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000053368572&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1074782639&clientId=417

Bodansky, Yossef. Tinder Box in the Caucasus. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy  28:4-8 April 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000053368571&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1074782639&clientId=417

Bowers, Stephen R. Suicide Terrorism in the Former USSR. Journal of Social, Political & Economic Studies 29:261-279 Fall 2004.
The authors examine the spread of radical Islamic terrorist organizations in the territories of the former USSR, and note in particular the role of suicide bombers and the use of Tajikistan as a haven for such terrorists.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14780339

Bowers, Stephen R. and and others. Islam in Ingushetia and Chechnya. Journal of Social, Political & Economic Studies 29:395-407 Winter 2004.
Building on their earlier article in this journal, "Islam in the North Caucasus", (Volume 26, Fall 2001, pages 569-588), the authors analyze the historical evolution of Islamic terrorism in Russia, Chechnya, and more recently Ingushetia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15618861

Broxup, Marie Bennigsen and others. Crushing Chechnya. Freedom Review 26:5-18 March-April 1995.
Discusses Chechnya's historical struggle for independence from Russia. Russia's efforts to pacify the North Caucasus; Russia's refusal to grant independence to Chechnya; Excerpt from Chechen poet Hassan Israilov's letter to the Regional Committee of the Communist Party.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=9505023968

Caryl, Christian. Chechnya: The Official Story. Newsweek 140:19 December 23, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8731544&db=f5h

Caryl, Christian. Under the Jackboot. Newsweek 140:28-32 October 14, 2002.
Examines Russia's so-called forgotten war in Chechnya. Likelihood that the war will spread; Savagery and cynicism of the Chechen war; Outlook for a Russian offensive; The rising death toll in the conflict; Russian tactic of blowing people up; Reports by human rights workers concerning atrocities against civilians by Russian soldiers.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7514193&db=f5h

Chechnya: The War Without End. Time 160:56 November 11, 2002.
Short article on the roots of the conflict in Chechnya.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7709059&db=aph

Colton, Timothy J. and McFaul, Michael. America's Real Russian Allies. Foreign Affairs 80:46-58 November-December 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=5405444

Cooling, Norman L. Russia's 1994-1996 Campaign for Chechnya: A Failure in Shaping the Battlespace. Marine Corps Gazette 85:58-69 October 2001.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000084458121&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1074783024&clientId=417

Cornell, Svante E. International Reactions to Massive Human Rights Violations : The Case of Chechnya. Europe-Asia Studies vol. 51, no. 1: 85-100 1999.

de Haas, Marcel. The Use of Russian Air Power in the Second Chechen War. Royal Air Force Air Power Review 6:35-59 Spring 2003.

Eaton, Jana Sackman. The Russian Federation Islamic Republic of Dagestan: Curricular Decentralization, Social Cohesion, and Stability. Peabody Journal of Education 80:56-80 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15933473

An Empire's Fraying Edge. Economist 274:21-23 February 12, 2005.
This article focuses on the destabilization of the north Caucasus and what it means for the future of Russia. In any other European country, the carnage would have caused horror. But ten years of war in Chechnya have inured most Russians to the fates of desperadoes such as the obscure Islamist group that recently holed up in an apartment in Nalchik, the capital of the north Caucasian republic of Kabardino-Balkaria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16092542

An Empire's Fraying Edge. Economist 374:21-23 February 12, 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16092542

Evangelista, Matthew. Chechnya's Russia Problem. Current History 102:313-319 October 2003.
Discusses issues pertaining to the way the government of Russia, under the administration of President Vladimir Putin, is handling the problem brought about by its war in Chechnia. Details on the two wars fought between the government and rebel forces in Chechnia; Effect of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the U.S. on the policy implemented by Russia in the region.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=11079330&db=aph

Fawn, Rick. Correcting the Incorrigible? Russia's Relations With the West Over Chechnya. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics 18:3-20 March 2002.
Evaluates the ability of the Council of Europe to change the policy of Russia toward its conflict with Chechnya; Russian perceptions of the Council of Europe; reaction of Russian officials to the urges of the Council of Europe against its use of violence against Chechnya; significance of membership in the council to Russia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7352305&db=aph

Felgenhauer, Pavel. The Russian Army in Chechnya. Central Asian Survey vol 21, no. 2:157-166 2002.

Finch, Raymond C. Face of Future Battle: Chechen Fighter Shamil Basayev. Military Review 77:33-41 May-June 1997.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=3199622&db=aph

Forsberg, Tuomas and Herd, Graeme. The EU, Human Rights, and the Russo-Chechen Conflict. Political Science Quarterly 20:455-478 Fall 2005.
Assesses the role that the Russo-Chechen conflict has played in shaping European Union (EU) relations with the Russian Federation. The human rights abuse of Russia in Chechnya and the EU's response to these provide with a barometer of the EU's ability to shape and influence human rights policy in states with little or no prospect of membership. Author argues that over the last decade, the EU has sacrificed a coherent and systematic advancement of its normative agenda in favor of strengthening its relations with the Russian Federation, a key strategic partner.

Fulghum, David A. Air War in Chechnya Reveals Mix of Tactics. Aviation Week & Space Technology 152:76-78 February 14, 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=49899879&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Galeotti, Mark. Al-Qaeda and the Chechens. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:48-49 December 2001.

Galeotti, Mark. Beslan Shows Growing Islamist Influence in Chechen War. Jane's Intelligence Review 16:12-17 October 2004.
The seizure of a school in the Southern Russian town of Beslan is the latest in a line of terrorist atrocities perpetrated by an increasingly influential Islamist strand within the Chechen rebel movement.

Galeotti, Mark. 'Brotherhoods' and 'Associates': Chechen Networks of Crime and Resistance. Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 11:340-352 Winter 2002.

Galeotti, Mark. Chechen Militants Bring Their War To Moscow. Jane's Intelligence Review 14:46-49 December 2002.

Galeotti, Mark. The Chechen Quagmire: Russia Has Conquered Chechnya, But Not the Chechens. Jane's Intelligence Review 12:8-9 August 2000.

Galeotti, Mark. Chechen Referendum Provides Opening for Peace. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:52-53 March 2003.

Galeotti, Mark. Chechnya After Maskhadov. Jane's Intelligence Review 17:48-49 May 2005.

Galeotti, Mark. No Respite in Chechen War. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:8-9 February 2001.

Galeotti, Mark. Peace on Chechnya Agenda. Jane's Intelligence Review 14:48-49 April 2002.

Galeotti, Mark. Russia and Georgia at Odds Over the Pankisi. Jane's Intelligence Review 14:50-51 October 2002.

Galeotti, Mark. Russia Ill-Prepared for War (in Chechnya). Jane's Defence Weekly 32:21 October 6, 1999.

Galeotti, Mark. The Russian Army in Chechnya. Jane's Intelligence Review 11:8-9 December 1999.

Galeotti, Mark. Two Wars, Not One. The World Today 60:17-19 November 2004.
The terrorist hostage-taking in Beslan Russia and subsequent carnage was not just an escalation of a Chechen independence struggle, it was part of a division of the conflict into two wars. Here, Galeotti describes the two wars--a nationalist guerrilla campaign fought in the rebel province and a wider Islamist terrorist attempt to destabilize the Russian Caucasus--that have been waged alongside one another for almost a decade.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=731118921&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Galeotti, Mark. War and Peace in Chechnya. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:52-53 September 2003.

Gammer, Moshe. The Road Not Taken: Daghestan and Chechen Independence. Central Asian Survey 24:97-108 June 2005.
Includes: factors that led Daghestan to remain a loyal member of the Russian Federation, contrary to expectations that it would follow the footsteps of Chechnya toward separatism; comparison of the economies of Chechnya and Daghestan; homogeneous Soviet elite of the USSR; Chechen-Daghestani rift; failure of Islam to be a unifying force; Chechen export of 'decolonisation'; the Wahhabis; war in Chechnya.

Garwood, Robert. The Second Russo-Chechen Conflict (1999 to Date): 'A Modern Military Operation'? Journal of Slavic Military Studies 15:60-103 September 2002.

Geibel, Adam. Fighting in a Fortified Village in the Second Chechen War. Infantry 89:18-22 September-December 1999.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=3453271&db=f5h

Geibel, Adam. Poisoned Clouds over Deadly Streets: Grozny, December 1999-January 2000. Military Review 82:86-89 January-February 2002.
Discusses the Third Battle of Grozny, Russia, from December 1999 to January 2002, in which the use of chemicals and toxics during warfare was evident. Highlights of the incident; Overview of the accusations and denials between the fighting parties; Implications for the U.S. military.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=6290735

Geibel, Adam. Some Russian Tankers' Experiences in the Second Chechen War. Armor 110:25-28 July-August 2001.
At the twilight of the 20th century, Russian tankers once again found themselves crossing into Chechnya. Article discusses experiences of Russian tankers during the second Chechen conflict, including dealing with the sheer age of their armor fleet.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=75602780&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gessen, Masha. Putin's Russia. U.S. News & World Report 132:22-27 May 27, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6683161&db=aph

Gorbachev, Mikhail. Don't Negotiate With Terrorists. New Perspectives Quarterly 20:78 Winter 2003.
Russian president Vladimir Putin's position is not one of "no negotiation" with the Chechen separatists. Putin is in contact with the Chechen diaspora and senior leaders in Moscow and knows that in the end there can only be apolitical solution to the Chechen conflict. Ultimately, the solution to the crisis is special status autonomy for Chechnya but as a part of the Russian Federation.

Goulding, Vincent J. Back to the Future With Asymmetric Warfare. Parameters  30: 21-30 Winter 2000-2001.
Also available online at: http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/00winter/goulding.htm

Heinze, E. A. and Borer, D. A. The Chechen Exception: Rethinking Russia's Human Rights Policy. Politics 22, no. 2:86-94 2002.
Also available online at: http://www.ingentaselect.com/rpsv/ij/bpl/02633957/contp1.htm

Herd, Graeme P. The Counter-Terrorist Operation in Chechnya: Information Warfare Aspects. Journal of Slavic Military Studies 13:57-83 December 2000.

Hilsum, Lindsey. The Conflict the West Always Ignores. New Statesman 133:24 January 26, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=12012745

Hodgson, Quentin E. Is the Russian Bear Learning? An Operational and Tactical Analysis of the Second Chechen War, 1999-2002. Journal of Strategic Studies 26:64-90 June 2003.
The article focuses on the military capabilities of the Russia Federation. It presents an operational and tactical analysis of the Second Chechen War, 1999-2002. Russian military has learned valuable lessons from the disaster of the First Chechen War in 1994-96 and is applying those lessons to its conduct of the second. While improvements have come on the tactical and operational level, one should not conclude, however, that the Russians are winning the war. The second war is proving once again that modern warfare is a messy business and that only a political solution can bring an end to a political problem.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=11406881

Jackson, William D. Encircled Again: Russia's Military Assesses Threats in a Post-Soviet World. Political Science Quarterly 117:373-400 Fall 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7849182&db=aph

Jones, Lucy. Moscow Theater Hostage Crisis Turns World Attention To Chechnya. Washington Report On Middle East Affairs 22:35-36 January-February 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8960436&db=aph

Kagarlitskii, B. I. Chechnya--Preliminary Results: The Chechen War and Public Opinion. Russian Social Science Review 40:30-47 July-August 1999.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2111386&db=aph

Kaplan, David E. Tangled Roots of an Atrocity. U.S. News & World Report 137:28-30 September 20, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14392047

Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline and Welch, Stephen. Russia and the United States After 9/11. Terrorism & Political Violence 17:279-291 Winter 2005.

Kisriev, R. B. E. After Chechnya: At Risk in Dagestan. Politics 18, no.1:39-47 1998.

Koknar, Ali M. Payback in Staropromyslovsky. Military Review 82:101-102 September-October 2002.
Highlights the ambushes staged by Chechen guerillas against Russian soldiers in the Staropromyslovsky district of Grozny. Atrocities committed by Russian soldiers against Chechen civilians; Details on the successful ambush conducted by the guerillas; Lessons learned from the ambush.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=8747791

Kondaki, Christopher D. Chechnya's Vicious War Re-Ignites. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 29:20 September 2001.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000084532437&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1075147524&clientId=417

Kramer, Mark. Guerrilla Warfare, Counterinsurgency and Terrorism in the North Caucasus: The Military Dimension of the Russian-Chechen Conflict. Europe-Asia Studies 57:209-290 March 2005.
This article assesses Russia's counter insurgency operations during the latest war in Chechnya and considers whether any lessons can be drawn from the Russian experience. The article begins by looking briefly at the geographical and military context of the war, the events that precipitated the renewed fighting, the early results of the conflict and the practical constraints on Russian military operations. It then examines the tactics used by Chechen guerrillas and the responses by Russian soldiers and security forces. The article considers why Russian troops and police, who outnumber the rebels by more than 50 to 1, have been unable to eliminate armed resistance in an area as small as Chechnya. It also highlights the growing emphasis the Chechens have placed on terrorist attacks against civilians both inside and outside the North Caucasus.

Kramer, Mark. The Perils of Counterinsurgency: Russia's War With Chechnya. International Security 25:5-63 Winter 2004.
Although the Russian government has insisted that it will treat Chechnya as a "rebellious province" akin to Indonesia's Aceh or Kashmir (in India), the prolonged bloodshed in Eritrea and elsewhere provides a sobering reminder that insurgents can continue fighting for decades, causing hundreds of thousands of casualties.

Kulikov, Sergey A. and Love, Robert R. Insurgent Groups in Chechnya. Military Review 83:21-29 November-December 2003.
Presents information on terrorism and insurgency faced by Russian federal armed forces in Chechnya. Structure of insurgent groups confronted by the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs; Principles on which armed insurgent groups base their tactics.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=12456039

Lapidus, Gail W. Contested Sovereignty: The Tragedy of Chechnya. International Security 23:5-49 Summer 1998.
Presents information pertaining to international security, focusing on the onset of the December 1994 civil war in Chechnia, a former republic of the Russian Federation. Failure by Western governments and international institutions to respond effectively to the crisis in Chechnya; What triggered the war over the political status of Chechnya; Identification of geostrategic factors which played an important role in the conflict over Chechnya.

Lapidus, Gail W. Putin's War on Terrorism: Lessons From Chechnya. Post-Soviet Affairs 18:41-48 January-March 2002.

Lieven, Anatol. Nightmare in the Caucasus. Washington Quarterly 23:145-157 Winter 2000.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2755348&db=aph

Lieven, Anatol. Through a Distorted Lens: Chechnya and the Western Media. Current History 99:321-328 October 2000.
Asserts that the anti-Russian slant to Western reportage of the Chechen wars perpetuates ignorance of the conflict's background and Moscow's options. Western Russophobes believe that Russia can do no right, and their views have colored Western media approaches.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000062326407&SrchMode=5&Fmt=6&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1074782449&clientId=417

Lieven, Anatol. World Turned Upside Down: Military Lessons of the Chechen War. Armed Forces Journal International 136:40+ August 1998.

Lipman, Masha. Constrained or Irrelevant: the Media in Putin's Russia. Current History 104:319-324 October 2005.

The Lost Cause of the Caucasus. Economist 365:25-27 November 2, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7708821&db=aph

Mahapatra, Debidatta Aurobinda. The Chechen Issue: Russia's Case and International Terrorism. India Quarterly 61:220-243 January-March 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=18117483

Makarenko, Tamara. Chechen Militants Threaten Increased Terrorism. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:26-29 May 2003.

Manilov, Valerii. The War in Chechnya (based on a presentation to the Institute). RUSI Journal 145:28-30 June 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000057329061&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1074783422&clientId=417

Masci, David. The Future of US-Russia Relations: Can the Two Countries Become Allies? CQ Researcher 12:27-47 January 18, 2002.

Matveeva, Anna. Russia and USA Increase Their Influence in Georgia. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:42-45 May 2003.

Meier, Andrew. How Did It Come to This? National Geographic 208 :78-91 July 2005.
Focuses on the violence and destruction in Chechnya. Violence between Russian soldiers and Chechen separatists; History of the conflict which began in 1994 when Russian President Boris Yeltsin sent hundreds of tanks into the center of the Chechen capital of Groznyy; Involvement of Joseph Stalin in the 1920s; History of violence in Chechnya; Number Chechen civilians who have been displaced because of the violence.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=17317676

Menon, Rajan and Fuller, Graham E. Russia's Ruinous Chechen War. Foreign Affairs 79:32-44 March-April 2000.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2807960&db=f5h

Mäkinen, Sirke. Russia's Integrity: Russian Parties of Power and the Yabloko Association on Russo-Chechen Relations, 1999-2001. Europe-Asia Studies 56:1157-1189 December 2004.
The article presents information on the political integrity of Russia and the policy adopted by different political parties. One of the most severe problems Russia has faced since the collapse of the Soviet Union has been relations with Chechnya. The problem, as seen from the Russian side, is the separatism of the Chechens and, consequently, the threat posed by this to the integrity of the Federation, and as seen from the Chechen side, Russia's unwillingness to grant national self-determination to Chechnya.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15552337

Ni Yanshuo. Boost for Putin's Chechen Offensive. Beijing Review 48:16-17 March 24, 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16642072

Nicholson, Martin. Putin's Russia: Slowing the Pendulum Without Stopping the Clock. International Affairs 77:867-884 October 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5408276&db=aph

Olcott, Martha Brill. The Great Powers in Central Asia. Current History 104:331-335 October 2005.

Orr, Michael. Briefing: Chechnya. Jane's Defence Weekly 38:30-31+ September 18, 2002.

Orr, Michael. Briefing: Russia's Chechen War--Second Time Lucky? Jane's Defence Weekly 33:32-36 March 8, 2000.

Pain, Emil. The Second Chechen War: The Information Component. Military Review 80:59-69 July-August 2000.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=3420269

Peterson, Scott. Al Qaeda Among the Chechens (cover story). Christian Science Monitor, vol 96, issue 198: September 7, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14327484

Pluchinsky, Dennis A. Terrorism in the Former Soviet Union: A Primer, A Puzzle, A Prognosis. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 21:119-147 April-June 1998.

Radu, Michael S. Russia's Problem: the Chechens or Islamic Terrorists? Society 42:10-11 November-December 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=18673779

Rasizade, Alec. Chechnya: the Achilles Heel of Russia (three-part article). Contemporary Review 286: 2005.
Also available online at:  

     Part 1: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16894395


     Part 2: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=17190730


     Part 3: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=17478003

Rechkalov, Vadim. The Third Chechen War. World Press Review 50:15-16 January 2003.
Comments on the siege of the Moscow theater by a group of Chechen rebels.

Remnick, David. Prisoners of the Caucasus. New Yorker 80:35-38 September 20, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14561800

Reynolds, Michael. Myths and Mysticism: a Longitudinal Perspective on Islam and Conflict in the North Caucasus. Middle Eastern Studies 41:31-54 January 2005.

Russell, John. Exploitation of the 'Islamic Factor' in the Russo-Chechen Conflict Before and After 11 September 2001. European Security 11:96-109 Winter 2002.
Examines the impact of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the Islamic factor in the Russo-Chechen war. Role of the Russian media in maintaining and consolidating public support for the conflict in Chechnya during the second war; Information on the shifts in Russian popular attitudes toward the war; Conclusions.

Russell, John. Mujahedeen, Mafia, Madmen: Russian Perceptions of Chechens During the Wars in Chechnya. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics 18:73-96 March 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7352337&db=aph

Russia's Horror. Economist 372:9-10 September 11, 2004.
The article discusses the Beslan massacre in Russia in which Chechen terrorists took over a school and killed over 300. The terrorists who devastated a school and its hostages on September 3, 2004 wrought carnage of proportions usually seen only in wartime.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14396029

Samii, A. W. Iran and Chechnya: Realpolitik at Work. Middle East Policy vol. 8, no. 1:48-57 2001.
Also available online at: http://www.ingentaselect.com/rpsv/ij/bpl/10611924/contp1.htm

Scales, Robert H. Russia's Clash in Chechnya: Implications For Future War. National Security Studies Quarterly 6:49-57 Spring 2000.

Scott, Roddy. Chechnya Strains Russian Resolve. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:21-22 September 2001.

A Separate War. New Republic 227:7 December 2, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8554081&db=aph

Shulman, Stephen. Justifying Forceful Resistance to Ethnic Separatism: The Case of Russia Versus Chechnya, 1994-96. European Security 10:107-136 Spring 2001.

Speckhard, Anne. Research Note: Observations of Suicidal Terrorists in Action. Terrorism and Political Violence 16:305-327 Summer 2004.
This article reports on hostages' observations, interactions and conversations with the 40 suicidal terrorists who held over 800 theatergoers hostage in the Moscow Dubrovka House of Culture in October 2002.

Special Report: Russia and Chechnya: The Lost Cause of the Caucasus. Economist 365:25-27 November 2, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7708821&db=aph

Spencer, Robert. Chechens Declare Jihad. Human Events 61:21 March 21, 2005.
Focuses on the declaration of jihad by Islamic forces in Chechnya, Russia in 2005. Reason behind the declaration; Background on the Beslan school massacre committed by the Islamic forces; Views on the delay of the declaration by jihadist spokesman Movladi Ugodov.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16501650

Stephen Schwartz. The Road From Riyadh to Beslan: How Islamist Radicals Hijacked the Chechen Separatist Movement. The Weekly Standard 10:18-19 Sep 20, 2004.
Schwartz discusses on how Islamist radicals hijacked the Chechen separatist movement. Among other things, he mentions that if America can compel Saudi Arabia to cut off funding for global Wahhabism, the ghastly spectacle of Beslan will not be repeated again.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=694661531&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Takacs, J. The Russian Air Force in Chechnya--Have Lessons Been Learnt and What Are the Future Perspectives? Royal Air Force Air Power Review 4:8-27 Winter 2001.

Tayler, Jeffrey. Russia's Holy Warriors. Atlantic Monthly 295:201-206 January-February 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15682715

Terror's New Depths. Economist vol. 372:23-25 September 11, 2004.
The article discusses the 2004 Beslan massacre in Russia in which Chechen terrorists took over a school and killed over 300.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14396044

Thomas, Timothy L. Air Operations in Low Intensity Conflict: The Case of Chechnya. Airpower Journal 11:51-59 Winter 1997.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj97/win97/thomas.html

Thomas, Timothy L. The Battle of Grozny: Deadly Classroom for Urban Combat. Parameters 29:87-102 Summer 1999.
Explores the urban combat lessons learned by the Russian Armed Forces and Chechen regulars and guerrillas in the 1995 battle for Grozny, the capital of the Russian Republic of Chechnya. Implications for United States soldiers and urban warfare theory; Significance of the telecast of captured Russian soldiers; Advantages of Chechen soldiers over Russian soldiers.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=1994446

Thomas, Timothy L. The Caucasus Conflict and Russian Security: The Russian Armed Forces Confront Chechnya (three-part series) The Journal of Slavic Military Studies
     Military-Political Aspects and Military Activities, 11-31 December 1994. vol 8: 233-256 June 1995
     The Russian Armed Forces Confront Chechnya. Military Activities 11-31  vol 8: 257-290 June 1995
     The Battle for Grozny, 1-26 January 1995. vol 10:50-108 March 1997

Thomas, Timothy L. and Grau, Lester W. Russian Lessons Learned From the Battles For Grozny. Marine Corps Gazette 84:45-48 April 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000052599411&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1074783095&clientId=417

Trudeau, Alexandre. In Search of the Chechens. Maclean's 117:48-51 October 11-18, 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14613720

Valasek, Thomas. Interview with Shamil Bayasev, Chechen Commander of the Eastern Section of the Chechen Front. Jane's Defence Weekly 32:32 October 6, 1999.

Vidino, Lorenzo. How Chechnya Became a Breeding Ground for Terror. Middle East Quarterly 12:1-10 Summer 2005.
Examines the rise of Chechnya, Russia as a breeding ground for international terrorism. Evolution of the Chechen terrorist movement; Association between the Chechen terrorist group and Al-Qaeda; Factors that contributed to the development of Chechnya as a breeding ground for terrorism.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=18428809

The War After the War. Economist 374:53 March 26, 2005.
The article focuses on Chechnya's disappeared. Russia's grimmest north Caucasian republic is now relatively peaceful. But another peril, as terrifying and in a way more insidious, has replaced the threat of bombing. Credible estimates suggest that thousands of people have "disappeared" in Chechnya since 1999, often to face torture and summary execution.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16541609

Weir, Fred. Chechens Wary of Homecoming. Christian Science Monitor 94:6 June 12, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6798128&db=aph

Weir, Fred. Moscow's Peace Initiative: Will Chechens Support It? Christian Science Monitor 95:7 December 19, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8697698&db=aph

Wilhelmsen, Julie. Between a Rock and a Hard Place: the Islamisation of the Chechen Separatist Movement. Europe-Asia Studies 57:35-59 January 2005.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15545137

Wilmoth, Michael D. and Tsouras, Peter G. Ulus-Kert: An Airborne Company's Last Stand. Military Review 81:91-96 July-August 2001.
Deals with the battle between the Russian Airborne Forces and Chechen fighters in Ulus-Kert in Chechnya from February to March 2000. Area of operations; Estimation of the number of casualties; Implications of the battle for the Chechen strategy.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=5029439

Zakaria, Fareed. No White Hats in Moscow. Newsweek 140:40 November 11, 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7809423&db=f5h


Videos


Gordon, Michael R. Deadlock: Russia's Forgotten War. Washington, Azimuth Media, 2002. 41 minutes.
Examines the decade-long struggle in break away Russian republic of Chechnya. Includes interviews with ambushed Russian soldiers, war widows, Chechan rebels, refugees, journalists, and Russian conscripts. Filmed on location in Russia and Chechnya.
Book call no.: 947.52086 D278


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