COLOMBIA


May 2008

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on May 14, 2008.


General Information


Internet Resources

Background Note:  Colombia.  U.S. Department of State, March 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35754.htm

Center for Strategic and International Studies.  The Americas
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/americas/
Site offers regional expertise on the Western Hemisphere with a focus on several key transnational topics - democracy and governance; trade and development, and regional security.

Council of the Americas
Available online at:  http://coa.counciloftheamericas.org/
"Topics ranging from trade and economic integration to sustainable development and illegal narcotics are addressed in talks by distinguished speakers from the Americas and elsewhere."

Council on Foreign Relations:  Colombia.
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/region/246/colombia.html
Offers various full-text reports that discuss such topics as regional relations, the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement, and Colombia's left-wing guerrilla groups.

Country Profile:  Colombia
Available online at:  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/country_profiles/1212798.stm
BBC News website provides a country profile with information on politics, economy, and security including the civil conflict, leaders, and FARC.

Economist.com - Country Briefings:  Colombia
Available online at:  http://www.economist.com/countries/Colombia/
The Economist Intelligence Unit site offers information on country forecast, political structure, economy, history, and numerous recent news articles.

Embassy of Colombia
Available online at:  http://www.colombiaemb.org/
Official site of the Colombian embassy located in Washington, DC. with information on political institutions, reports on foreign relations with the United States, and trade agreements.

The Heritage Foundation
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/
An internal site search on "Colombia" provides over 500 full-text articles and reports.

Latin News/Latin American Intelligence Service
Available online at:  http://aulibrary.maxwell.af.mil/dbases.htm#latin
MSFRIC subscription database, access restricted to Air University students, faculty and staff; A source of intelligence on political and economic developments in Latin America and the Caribbean.

MiPAL:  Colombia.
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=213&pageID=3&type=section
MiPAL - Military Policy Awareness Links offered by the National Defense University provide links to material on such topics as U.S. Policy, Plan Colombia, Human Rights, Drugs, and Terrorism & Insurgency issues.

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection:  Colombia Maps
Available online at:  http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/colombia.html

Portals to the World:  Colombia.
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/international/hispanic/colombia/colombia.html
United States Library of Congress website with links to selected internet resources on Colombia's government, culture, media, national security, etc.

United States Department of State:  Colombia
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/wha/ci/co/
Provides basic country information through a Library of Congress Country Study; Also offers links to various Congressional reports & hearings on such topics as trade, drug, and terrorism issues.


Books

Buckman, Robert T.  Latin America.  41st ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2007.  391 p.
See, The Republic of Colombia, pp 110-126.
Book call no.:  R 918 D157L 41st ed. 2007

Goodwin, Paul B.  Global Studies:  Latin America.  12th ed.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill, 2007.  1 vol.
See Colombia, pp 83-87.
Book call no.:  R 980 G562 12th ed. 2007

Jane's Information Group.  Jane's Sentinel:  Country Risk Assessment, South America.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2008.  1 vol.
See Colombia pp 275-343; Provides information on the geography, natural resources, demography, politics, infrastructure, internal and external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, security issues, etc.
Book call no.:  R 980 J33 Issue 22 2008

Latin American Monitor:  Andean Group.  London, Latin American Monitor Ltd., 2008.  1 vol.
"Business Monitor International's monthly regional report on political risk and macroeconomic prospects."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  R 980.005 L357 no. 3

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2008.  16th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  1103 p.
Includes information on geography, history and economy, see Colombia pp 289-321.
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 16th ed. 2008

United States.  Central Intelligence Agency.  The World Factbook.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2005.  698 p.
Information on the geography, people, government, communications, military and transnational issues of Colombia; See pp 121-123.
Also available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html
Book call no.:  R 910 W927 2005


Defense and Security Aspects


Internet Resources

U.S. Government Accountability Office.  Security Assistance:  Efforts to Secure Colombia's Cano Limon-Covenas Oil Pipeline Have Reduced Attacks, but Challenges Remain.  Washington, GAO, September 2005.  26 p.
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05971.pdf


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Mejia, Alberto.  Colombia's National Security Strategy, A New "COIN" Approach.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  43 p.
Author is an officer in the Colombian Army.  Provides extensive discussion throughout on FARC.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478460

Perdomo, Jose R.  Colombia's Democratic Security and Defense Policy in the Demobilization of the Paramilitaries.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA468861
Author is an officer in the Colombian Army.  "Examines the Colombian Government's policies and strategies for dealing with right wing paramilitary organizations, including the goal of demobilization."--Abstract from publication.

Self, Kevin A.  Counterterrorism Policy in Colombia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007.  65 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473382


Books

Aviles, William.  Global Capitalism, Democracy, and Civil-Military Relations in Colombia.  Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 2006.  192 p.
Military Impunity and Symbolic Reform, pp 167-195.
Book call no.:  322.509861 A958g

Delgado, Pedro Villagra and others.  Perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  44 p.
Ideas for Constructing a New Framework of Hemispheric Security, by Henry Uribe, pp 35-42; Major General Henry Uribe is a former Director of the Colombian War College and an advisor to the Ministry of Defense.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS58921
Book call no.:  355.03308 P467

Foreign Military Markets:  Latin America and Caribbean.  Newtown, CT, Forecast International/DMS, 2008.  1 vol.
Offers a seventy page report dated February 2008 on Colombia which provides information on the national and defense budget, equipment, armed forces structure, military posture, force structure, etc.
Book call no.:  R 338.476234 F7141

Jane's Information Group.  Jane's Sentinel:  Country Risk Assessment, South America.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2008.  1 vol.
See Colombia:  Security pp 279-287; Armed Forces pp 309-333.
Book call no.:  R 980 J33 Issue 22 2008

Jane's Information Group.  Jane's World Air Forces.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, Inc., 2007.  654 p.
See Colombia pp 125-131.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 Issue 26 2007

Marks, Thomas A.  Sustainability of Colombian Military-Strategic Support for "Democratic Security".  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  37 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB610.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 M346s

Millett, Richard.  Colombia's Conflicts:   The Spillover Effects of a Wider War.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  39 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00011.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 M653c

Pizano, Eduardo.  Plan Colombia:  The View from the Presidential Palace.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, May 2001.  17 p.
"Speech delivered by Eduardo Pizano, a former member of the Colombian Senate and now (2001) the General Secretary to the President of Colombia".
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00022.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 P695p


Documents (Student Research)

Goebel, Jefferey S.  Mitigating Key Intelligence Gaps in the Colombian War on Terrorism.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, Joint Military Operations Department, 2003.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419904
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 G593m

Kaiser, Daniel R.  The Regional Response to the Crisis in Colombia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  85 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA417488
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 K13r

Perez, William F.  An Effective Strategy for Columbia:  A Potential End to the Current Crisis.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 2004.  20 p.
Author is an officer in the Colombian Army.  "Discusses the historical context and the current Colombian situation and explains the efforts that the government, the people, and the armed forces have undertaken to resolve the problem of violence."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424204
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 P4381e

Giraldo Restrepo, German .  Transforming the Colombian Army During the War on Terrorism.  Carlisle, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  27 p.
Author is an officer in the Colombian Army.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448740
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G516t


Periodicals

Bustamante, Michael and Chaskel, Sebastian.  Colombia's Precarious Progress.  Current History 107:77-83 February 2008.
Reviews the Uribe government's security achievements.

Gutierrez Sanin, Francisco.  Telling the Difference:  Guerrillas and Paramilitaries in the Colombian War.  Politics & Society 36:3-34 March 2008.
"Compares systematically two non-state armed groups that participate in the Colombian conflict, the main guerrilla (FARC) and the paramilitary."--Abstract from publication.

Jones, Adam.  Parainstitutional Violence in Latin America.  Latin American Politics & Society 46:127-148 Winter 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=14935209&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kemp, Damian.  Colombian EMB-314s to Carry Laser-Guided Bombs.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 June 21, 2006.
Reports on the upgrade of the Super Tucano EMB-314 light-attack turboprop aircraft to be fitted to operate laser-guided bombs by the Colombian Air Force.

Marks, Thomas A.  A Model Counterinsurgency:  Uribes's Colombia (2002-2006) vs FARC.  Military Review 87:41-56 March-April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=25012950&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Martins Filho, Joao Roberto.  The Brazilian Armed Forces and Plan Colombia.  Journal of Political & Military Sociology 33:107-123 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19403093&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McDermott, Jerry.  No End in Sight.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:24-29 July 26, 2006.
"Discusses the challenges encountered by the security forces of Colombia."

Richani, Nazih.  The Politics of Negotiating Peace in Colombia.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:17-22 May-June 2005.
"Focuses on the relationship of the Colombian military with the guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978276&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Watson, Cynthia.  Civil Military Relations in Colombia:  Solving or Delaying Problems?  Journal of Political & Military Sociology 33:97-106 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19403092&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  Interview:  Andrés Peńate, Director of Colombia's Department of Security Administration.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:50 June 2006.
Discusses the overhaul of the country's main security and intelligence agency.


Economic and Social Aspects


Internet Resources

Country Analysis Briefs:  Colombia.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, June 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Colombia/pdf.pdf
Colombia is an important petroleum and coal exporter, though declining production at its existing fields threatens to reduce the country’s oil exports; analysis with graphs provided.

Koffler, Keith.  U.S., Colombia Announce Completion of Free Trade Deal.  CongressDaily February 27, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19898541&site=ehost-live

McIlwaine, Cathy and Moser, Caroline.  Poverty, Violence and Livelihood Security in Urban Colombia and Guatemala.  Progress in Development Studies 3:113-130 April 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9330571&site=ehost-live

The World Bank:  Colombia
Available online at:  http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/LACEXT/COLOMBIAEXTN/0,,menuPK:324965~pagePK:141159~piPK:141110~theSitePK:324946,00.html


Books

The Andes in Focus:  Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform, edited by Russell Crandall and others.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  237 p.
"Offers detailed analyses of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, as well as examinations of U.S. policies with regard to the Andes."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  980.04 A552

Aviles, William.  Global Capitalism, Democracy, and Civil-Military Relations in Colombia.  Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 2006.  192 p.
Book call no.:  322.509861 A958g

Betancourt, Ingrid.  Until Death Do Us Part:  My Struggle to Reclaim Colombia.  1st ed.  New York, Ecco, 2002.  228 p.
Best-selling memoir by a Colombian presidential candidate, recounts Betancourt's struggle against social and political corruption and the omnipotent drug cartels of the country.
Book call no.:  92 B562u

Bouvier, Virginia M.  Civil Society under Siege in Colombia.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2004.  15 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS47615
Book call no.:  986.10635 B782c

Colombia:  The Economic Foundation of Peace, edited by Marcelo M. Giugale and others.  Washington, World Bank, 2003.  994 p.
Book call no.:  320.6 C718

DeShazo, Peter and others.  Back from the Brink:  Evaluating Progress in Colombia, 1999-2007.  Washington, CSIS Press, 2007.  55 p.
"Examines the difficult issues at stake in Colombia and the U.S.-Colombia relationship; Analyzes the factors that took Colombia to the verge of unraveling in the late 1990s and how the country began to make its way back from instability."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  986.10635 D456b

The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America, edited by Francocis Bourguignon and others.  Washington, World Bank, Oxford University Press, 2004.  416 p.
Book call no.:  339.22 M626

Peace, Democracy, and Human Rights in Colombia, edited by Christopher Welna and Gustavo Gallon.  Notre Dame, IN, University of Notre Dame Press, 2007.  455 p.
Book call no.:  986.10635 P355

Richani, Nazih.  Systems of Violence:  The Political Economy of War and Peace in Colombia.  Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 2002.  225 p.
Book call no.:  303.609861 R499s


Documents (Student Research)

Bernal, Pedro A. Acosta.  Colombia's Economic Recession:  The Impact of Guerrilla Violence, Illicit Drug Trafficking, and the 1991 Constitution.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001.  95 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404726
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B517c

Perez, William F.  An Effective Strategy for Columbia:  A Potential End to the Current Crisis.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 2004.  20 p.
Author is an officer in the Colombian Army.  "Discusses the historical context and the current Colombian situation and explains the efforts that the government, the people, and the armed forces have undertaken to resolve the problem of violence."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424204
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 P4381e


Periodicals

Foust, Dean and Smith, Geri.  'Killer Coke' or Innocent Abroad?  Business Week 3968:46-48 January 23, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19398542&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Posada-Carbo, Eduardo.  Colombia's Resilient Democracy.  Current History 103:68-73 February 2004.
Article provides a discussion of the effect of civil violence and drug cartels on Colombia's society and economy.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=546106071&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Richani, Nazih.  Multinational Corporations, Rentier Capitalism, and the War System in Colombia.  Latin American Politics & Society 47:113-144 Fall 2005.
"Focuses on the role of multinational corporations in the Colombian conflict, particularly how they contributed to the escalation of land conflicts and to the violent transformation of the rural economy into one based on rentier capital."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=882358891&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Stormes, James R.  Colombian Dreams.  America 195:10-15 July 17, 2006.
"Explores the conditions of Colombians' in 2006; Discusses poverty and human rights abuses."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21461408&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Uribe Gets Invited to Crawford, 'Certified' on Human Rights - but the Funds He Wants Are Still in Doubt.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-31:1-2 August 9, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

The Uribe Temptation.  Economist 387:46-47 April 19, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31741219&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Foreign Relations


Internet Resources

Frechette, Myles R. R.  Colombia and the United States - The Partnership:  But What Is the Endgame?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, February 2007.  46 p.
"Myles R. R. Frechette, American Ambassador to Colombia, 1994-97, provides authoritative, eloquent, and impassioned perspectives on both the achievements and failures of American and Colombian efforts". --Foreword.
Available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB762.pdf

Free Trade with Colombia
Available online at:  http://www.ustr.gov/assets/Document_Library/Fact_Sheets/2007/asset_upload_file363_13072.pdf
Brief summary of the U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement.

Koffler, Keith.  U.S., Colombia Announce Completion of Free Trade Deal.  CongressDaily February 27, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19898541&site=ehost-live

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Colombia:  Issues for Congress, by Colleen W. Cook.  Washington, CRS, November 2007.  36 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478289

Marcella, Gabriel.  The United States and Columbia:  The Journey from Ambiguity to Strategic Clarity.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, May 1, 2003.
Dr. Gabriel discusses the strategic challenges of Colombia and how these may affect American strategy in other areas.
Available online at:  https://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB10.pdf

Reich, Otto J.  U.S. Assistance to Colombia and the Andean Region.  April 11, 2002.  5 p.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/wha/rls/rm/9264.htm
Testimony before the House International Relations Committee, Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere by Otto J. Reich, Assistant Secretary of Western Hemisphere Affairs.

United States - Colombia TPA Final Texts
Available online at:  http://www.ustr.gov/Trade_Agreements/Bilateral/Colombia_FTA/Final_Text/Section_Index.html
Complete text of the United States - Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement signed on November 22, 2006.

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Foreign Affairs.  Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere.  U.S.-Colombia Relations.  Hearing.  110th Congress, 1st session, April 24, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  118 p.
Available online at:  http://www.internationalrelations.house.gov/110/35031.pdf

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Playing with Fire:  Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela.  Committee Print.  110th Congress, 2nd session, April 28, 2008.  Washington, GPO, 2008. 49 p.
Available online at:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_cong_senate_committee_prints&docid=f:41928.pdf  and at: http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Playing%20with%20Fire.pdf

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on the Judiciary.  Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security.  Need for European Assistance to Colombia for the Fight Against Illicit Drugs.  Hearing.  109th Congress, 2nd session, September 21, 2006.    Washington, GPO, 2006.  68 p.
Available online at:  http://www.foreignaffairs.house.gov/archives/109/29970.pdf

United States Institute of Peace.  Colombia Hostages:  A Glimpse of Freedom.  January 25, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.usip.org/on_the_issues/colombia.html
Interview with Virginia Bouvier, Senior Program Officer, United States Institute of Peace.


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Waggett, Michael L.  The United States National Security Strategy for Colombia:  Is Plan Colombia the Right Solution.  Washington, National Defense University, National War College, January 2004.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA441646

Willey, Paul F.  The Art of Riverine Warfare from an Asymmetrical Approach.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004.  79 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422488
"Examines U.S. riverine warfare from an unconventional perspective in three Latin American countries, Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru."


Books

Chepesiuk, Ronald.  The Bullet or the Bribe:  Taking Down Colombia's Cali Drug Cartel.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2003.  294 p.
"Examines the Cali Cartel, providing insight into the history of international trafficking, organized crime, and U.S. drug policy."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  364.17709861 C519b

Crandall, Russell.  Driven by Drugs:  U.S. Policy Toward Colombia.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.  193 p.
Book call no.:  327.730861 C891d

Kirk, Robin.  More Terrible than Death:  Massacres, Drugs and America's War in Colombia.  New York, Public Affairs, 2003.  311 p.
Book call no.:  363.4509861 K59m

Mariner, Joanne and Smart, Malcolm.  The "Sixth Division":  Military-Paramilitary Ties and U.S. Policy in Colombia.  New York, Human Rights Watch, 2001.  101 p.
Also available online at:   http://www.hrw.org/reports/2001/colombia/6theng.pdf
Book call no.:  322.4209861 S625

Millett, Richard.  Colombia's Conflicts:  The Spillover Effects of a Wider War.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  39 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00011.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 M653c

Scott, Peter Dale.  Drugs, Oil, and War:  The United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.  227 p.
Book call no.:  327.1273 S428d

Stokes, Doug.  America's Other War:  Terrorizing Colombia.  New York, Zed Books, 2005.  147 p.
Book call no.:  327.730861 S874a

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Challenges and Successes for U.S. Policy Toward Colombia:  Is Plan Columbia Working?  Hearing.  108th Congress, 1st session, October 29, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  92 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS50853
Book call no.:  327.730861 U58ca

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps and Narcotics Affairs.  U.S.-Colombia Policy:  What's Next?  Hearing.  107th Congress, 2nd session, April 24, 2002.  Washington, GPO, 2002.  81 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS25862 or
http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS25861.
Book call no.:  327.730861 U58u


Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Colombia:  Issues for Congress, by Connie Veillette.  Washington, CRS, February 26, 2008.  26 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32250

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. Military Operations in the Global War on Terrorism:  Afghanistan, Africa, the Philippines, and Colombia, by Andrew Feickert.  Washington, CRS, 2005.  1 vol.
See pages 16-19 and 21.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL32758.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32758


Documents (Student Research)

Buckley, Kevin W.  U.S. Support to Plan Colombia:  A Heading Check.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423362
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B924u

Campsey, Mark.  Balancing U.S. Strategy in Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432743
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C199b

Comodeca, Thomas J.  The Need for Special Operations Forces Involvement in the Andean Region's Counter Drug Efforts.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415480
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C735n

Davis, Alexander D.  Should the U.S. Continue to Support Plan Colombia?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D2613s

Gray, James A.  U.S. Military Policy in Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  27 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G779u

Kaiser, Daniel R.  The Regional Response to the Crisis in Colombia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  85 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA417488
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 K13r

Mathis, James J.  Solving Colombia's Problems.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  27 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415756
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M431s

McLean, Jeffrey E.  U.S. Drug Control Policy's Second and Third Order Effects on Colombia:  Destabilizing Democracy and Fostering Narco-Terrorism.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432291
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M163u

Muller, Christopher W.  USMILGP Colombia:  Transforming Security Cooperation in the Global War on Terrorism.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  95 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA462661
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M9582u

Pina, Omar.  Plan Colombia:  How U.S. Military Assistance Affects Regional Balance of Power.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.  87 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
" Argues that Plan Colombia is creating an imbalance of military power between Colombia and Venezuela; Explores three possible explanations for the relations between these two countries."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424564
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P645p

Rasicot, Gary C.  America's War on Cocaine:  The National Drug Control Supply Reduction Strategy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  18 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423798
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R2241a

Redfern, Mathew D.  The Flawed Strategy in Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  30 p.
Suggests that the U.S. increase support for government counterinsurgency efforts to include the training of Colombian forces.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404375
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R315f

Waddell, Jeffrey D.  United States Army Special Forces Support to "Plan Colombia".  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414500
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W116u

Weiler, Stephen P.  Colombia:  Gateway to Defeating Transnational Hell in the Western Hemisphere.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424390
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W422c


Periodicals

Aviles, William.  The Democratic-Peace Thesis and U.S. Relations with Colombia and Venezuela.  Latin American Perspectives 32:33-59 May 2005.
“Analyzes responses by the United States to political crises in Colombia and Venezuela.”

Burns, R. Nicholas.  Building Blocks for Colombia.  DISAM 29:103-106 Spring 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25012430&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chavez Key to Resolving Grancolombian Dispute but Latent Tension Persists.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-10:1-2 March 13, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Chavez Seeks Resolution of Maritime Dispute.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-11:14 March 19, 2008.
“President Chávez plans to organize a meeting between Presidents Alvaro Uribe of Colombia and Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua to resolve their dispute over a shared maritime border in the Caribbean.”
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Coleman, Bradley Lynn.  The Colombian Army in Korea, 1950-1954.  The Journal of Military History 69:1137-1177 October 2005.
Article examines the multinational campaign in Korea through coverage of the Colombian Army experience and finds that the successful integration of the Colombia Battalion into the U.S.-led UN Command grew from the republic's larger relationship with the United States.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=911821801&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Colombia.  Veritas 2, no. 4:entire issue 2006.
"This issue of Veritas is devoted to the nation of Colombia and the long-standing involvement of the United States; Includes articles on Plan Colombia, Plan Patriota, the major command structure of U.S. forces and Colombia's main opposition groups, military forces and special operations forces."

Colombian Strike Against FARC on Ecuadorean Soil Sparks Diplomatic Crisis.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-09:1-2 March 6, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Colombians Promote World Congress of Arab Legislators.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-04:16 January 25, 2005.
“Colombia has applied to become an observer at the proposed Arab parliament and is promoting the idea of holding a congress of legislators of Arab descent from all over the world.”
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Conaway, Janelle. Response to a Crisis.  Americas 60:52-53 May-June 2008.
Discusses the OAS role in reestablishing an "atmosphere of trust between Colombia and Ecuador" following the March 2008 crisis.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1473967471&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

The Domestic and Foreign Guerrilla Threat.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-47:6 November 28, 2006.
“Peru's defence minister Allan Wagner met with his Colombian counterpart Juan Manuel Santos to discuss the possible infiltration of guerrillas from the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) and an increase in production of illegal coca crops in the region of Putumayo.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Fresh Outbreak of Tension Sets Back Relations.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-15:7 April 17, 2008.
"The Colombian government reacted angrily to a remark by Ecuador's President Rafael Correa about Mexican students killed in the March 1st bombing raid on a FARC camp."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Huskisson, Darren C.  The Air Bridge Denial Program and the Shootdown of Civil Aircraft under International Law.  Air Force Law Review 56:109-166 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17271695&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Leogrande, William M.  A Poverty of Imagination:  George W. Bush's Policy in Latin America.  Journal of Latin American Studies 39:355 May 2007.
Commentary.

Martins Filho, Joao Roberto.  The Brazilian Armed Forces and Plan Colombia.  Journal of Political & Military Sociology 33:107-123 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19403093&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Noriega, Roger F.  Plan Colombia:  Major Success and New Challenges.  DISAM 27:57-60 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18756508&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

OAS Resolution Stops Short of Condemning Colombia.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-11:1-2 March 19, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Peace in Our Time, on the Box.  The Economist 386:47-48 March 15, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1445960401&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Sharpe, Kenneth.  Realpolitik or Imperial Hubris:  The Latin American Drug War and U.S. Foreign Policy in Iraq.  Orbis 50:481-499 Summer 2006.
Also available online at:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2006.04.007

Tickner, Arlene B.  Colombia and the United States:  From Counternarcotics to Counterterrorism.  Current History 102:77-85 February 2003.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=288006231&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

The Uribe Temptation.  Economist 387:46-47 April 19, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31741219&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Zuluaga Nieto, Jamie.  U.S. Security Policies and United States-Colombia Relations.  Latin American Perspectives 34:112-119 January 2007.
“Analyzes U.S. security policies adopted since the end of World War II, Colombia’s place in those policies, and their impact on the construction of democracy in Colombia.”--Abstract from publication.


History and Culture


Books

Arhem, Kaj.  Makuna:  Portrait of an Amazonian People.  Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.  172 p.
"In full-color photographs and an evocative text, Diego Samper and Kaj Arhem celebrate the natural surroundings, domestic life, and vibrant rituals of a rain-forest people whose cultural future is being jeopardized by outsiders' destruction of their lands."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  986.165004 A695m

Bernstein, Harry.  Venezuela & Colombia.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1964.  152 p.
See pp 71-142.
Book call no.:  987 B531v

Buitrago Salazar, Evelio.  Zarpazo the Bandit:  Memoirs of an Undercover Agent of the Colombian Army.  Tuscaloosa, AL, University of Alabama Press, 1977.  168 p.
"The experiences of an army intelligence operative who specialized in penetrating bandit gangs, particularly that of the bandit Zarpazo, during "la violencia," a series of internal wars in Colombia from 1946-1965."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  92 B9322z

Bushnell, David.  The Making of Modern Colombia:  A Nation in Spite of Itself.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1993.  334 p.
Book call no.:  986.1 B979m

Dydynski, Krzysztof.  Colombia.  3rd ed.  Oakland, CA, Lonely Planet Publications, 2003.  272 p.
Travel guide.
Book call no.:  918.6104 C718 2003

Henderson, James D.  When Colombia Bled:  A History of the Violencia in Tolima.  University, AL, University of Alabama Press, 1985.  352 p.
Book call no.:  986.10632 H496w

Hylton, Forrest.  Evil Hour in Colombia.  New York, Verso, 2006.  174 p.
Book call no.:  986.106 H996e

Palacios, Marco.  Between Legitimacy and Violence:  A History of Colombia, 1875-2002 .  Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 2006.  299 p.
Book call no.:  986.1063 P153b

Paternostro, Silvana.  My Colombian War:  A Journey Through the Country I Left Behind.  1st ed.  New York, H. Holt and Co., 2007.  323 p.
Book call no.:  986.1 P296m

Ramsey, Russell W.  Civil-Military Relations in Colombia, 1946-1965.  Gainesville, FL, Regent Pub. Co., 1978.  64 p.
Book call no.:  986.10632 R183c

Rempe, Dennis M.  The Past as Prologue:  A History of U.S. Counterinsurgency Policy in Colombia, 1958-66.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, March 2002.  46 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB17.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 R389p

Safford, Frank and Palacios, Marco.  Colombia:  Fragmented Land, Divided Society.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2002.  404 p.
Book call no.:  986.1 S128c

Violence in Colombia, 1990-2000:  Waging War and Negotiating Peace, edited by Charles Bergquist and others.  Wilmington, DE, SR Books, 2001.  300 p.
Book call no.:  303.609861 V795

Williams, Raymond L. and Guerrieri, Kevin G.  Culture and Customs of Colombia.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1999.  148 p.
Book call no.:  986.10635 W726c

Worldmark Chronology of the Nations, edited by Timothy L. Gall and Susan B. Gall.  Detroit, MI, Gale Group, 1999.  4 vols.
See Colombia pp 143-160.
Book call no.:  R 910 W9272


Document (Student Research)

Maas, Daryl Ryan.  Insurgency, Amnesty, and Dictatorship:  General Rojas Pinilla's Attempts to End Colombia's Violencia, 1953-1957.  Austin TX, University of Texas at Austin, 2002.  125 p. (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA399339
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-936


Periodicals

Lasso, Marixa.  Race War and Nation in Caribbean Gran Colombia, Cartagena, 1810-1832.  American Historical Review 111:336-361 April 2006.
"Focuses on the Spanish American wars of independence in Cartagena, Colombia from 1810 to 1832."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20715132&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Meschkat, Klaus.  Helpful Intervention?:  The Impact of the Comintern on Early Colombian Communism.  Latin American Perspectives 35:39-56 March 2008.
"Unpublished documents from the Moscow Comintern archives show that the possibility of a Colombian revolution was discussed during important Comintern meetings in 1928 and 1929."

Vanegas, Isidro.  International Links to Early Socialism in Colombia.  Latin American Perspectives 35:25-38 March 2008.
“Discusses Colombia’s connection to international socialism, particularly the ways in which international influences became part of local political traditions, affecting the formation and practices of radical groups."--Abstract from publication.


Politics and Government


Internet Resource

Gilbert, Alan.  Good Urban Governance:  Evidence from a Model City?  Bulletin of Latin American Research 25:392-419 July 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21170358&site=ehost-live


Books

Aviles, William.  Global Capitalism, Democracy, and Civil-Military Relations in Colombia.  Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 2006.  192 p.
Book call no.:  322.509861 A958g

Demarest, Geoffrey.  Mapping Colombia:  The Correlation Between Land Data and Strategy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  42 p.
“Looks at the issue of property rights and their bearing on the inability of Colombia to assert authority over its territory as well as to implement the social agenda of Plan Colombia.”
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS29168
Book call no.:  986.10635 D372m

DeShazo, Peter and others.  Back from the Brink:  Evaluating Progress in Colombia, 1999-2007.  Washington, CSIS Press, 2007.  55 p.
"Examines the difficult issues at stake in Colombia and the U.S.-Colombia relationship; Analyzes the factors that took Colombia to the verge of unraveling in the late 1990s and how the country began to make its way back from instability."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  986.10635 D456b

Livingstone, Grace.  Inside Colombia:  Drugs, Democracy and War.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 2004.  253 p.
Book call no.:  986.10635 L788i

Nagle, Luz Estella.  Plan Colombia:  Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  60 p.
Critical analysis of Plan Colombia during the administration of President Andrés Pastrana.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/00010.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 N149p

Peace, Democracy, and Human Rights in Colombia, edited by Christopher Welna and Gustavo Gallon.  Notre Dame, IN, University of Notre Dame Press, 2007.  455 p.
Book call no.:  986.10635 P355

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of the transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f


Documents (Student Research)

Beckley, Paul A.  Maintaining the Violent Status Quo:  The Political Economy of the Colombian Insurgency.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  81 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404644
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B397m

Bernal, Pedro A. Acosta.  Colombia's Economic Recession:  The Impact of Guerrilla Violence, Illicit Drug Trafficking, and the 1991 Constitution.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001.  95 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404726
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B517c

Fernandez Leal, Javier.  Costs of the War in Colombia:  A Strategic Vision of the End of the Conflict.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432728
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 F363c


Periodicals

Aviles, William.  The Democratic-Peace Thesis and U.S. Relations with Colombia and Venezuela.  Latin American Perspectives 32:33-59 May 2005.
“Analyzes responses by the United States to political crises in Colombia and Venezuela.”

Colombia's Top Auditor Calls for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Antidrugs Policy.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-43:1-2 November 1, 2005.
"Colombian comptroller-general, Antonio Hernández, is calling publicly for a cost-benefit assessment of the government's antidrugs policy."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Cousin Mario: "Parapolitics" Touches the First Family.  The Economist 387:55 April 26, 2008.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31798036&site=ehost-live

Hanson, Heather and Penna, Rogers Romero.  The Failure of Colombia's "Democratic Security".  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:22-24 May-June 2005.
Offers statistics on kidnappings and arbitrary detentions during the first year of President Uribe's administration; Reviews the components of the Uribe administration's national security plan and the role of the paramilitary.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978280&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Politics as Organized Crime in Colombia?  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:4-5 May-June 2006.

Posada-Carbo, Eduardo.  Colombia Hews to the Path of Change.  Journal of Democracy 17:80-94 October 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1153677061&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Posada-Carbo, Eduardo.  Colombia's Resilient Democracy.  Current History 103:68-73 February 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=546106071&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Restrepo, Jorge and Spagat, Michael.  Colombia's Tipping Point?  Survival 47:131-152 Summer 2005.
"It is possible to measure what is going on in terms of violent attacks, armed clashes, deaths and injuries.  Such metrics, analysed rigorously, show incomplete but nonetheless unmistakable evidence that the Uribe government has had significant success in fighting the guerrillas while reducing civilian deaths".--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396330500156602

The Uribe Temptation.  Economist 387:46-47 April 19, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31741219&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Vanegas, Isidro.  International Links to Early Socialism in Colombia.  Latin American Perspectives 35:25-38 March 2008.


Terrorism-Insurgencies and Drug Trade


Internet Resources

Bouvier, Virginia M.  Harbingers of Hope:  Peace Initiatives of Colombia.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, August 2006.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr169.pdf

Bouvier, Virginia M.  New Hopes for Negotiated Solutions in Colombia.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, September 25, 2007.  41 p.
Available online at:  http://www.usip.org/pubs/working_papers/wp4_colombia.pdf

Holmes, Jennifer S.  The Illegal Drug Industry, Violence and the Colombian Economy:  A Department Level Analysis.  Bulletin of Latin American Research 25:104-118 January 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19398398&site=ehost-live

Rabasa, Angel and others.  Money in the Bank:  Lessons Learned from Past Counterinsurgency (COIN) Operations.  RAND National Defense Research Institute, 2007.  102 p.
Available online at:  http://rand.org/pubs/occasional_papers/2007/RAND_OP-185.pdf
See chapter 7, Colombia (1963-Present), pp 59-67.

U. S. Department of the Treasury.  Office of Foreign Assets Control.  Impact Report:  Economic Sanctions Against Colombian Drug Cartels.  March 2007.  181 p.
Available online at:  http://www.treasury.gov/offices/enforcement/ofac/reports/narco_impact_report_05042007.pdf

U.S. Government Accountability Office.  Security Assistance:  Efforts to Secure Colombia's Cano Limon-Covenas Oil Pipeline Have Reduced Attacks, but Challenges Remain.  Washington, GAO, September 2005.  26 p.
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05971.pdf

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on the Judiciary.  Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security.  Need for European Assistance to Colombia for the Fight Against Illicit Drugs.  Hearing.  109th Congress, 2nd session, September 21, 2006.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  68 p.
Available online at:  http://www.foreignaffairs.house.gov/archives/109/29970.pdf

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Plan Colombia:  Elements for Success.  Hearing.  109th Congress, 1session, December 2005.   Washington, GPO, 2005.  14 p.
Available online at:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=109_cong_senate_committee_prints&docid=f:25278.wais
Staff trip report to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

United States Institute of Peace.  Colombia Hostages:  A Glimpse of Freedom.  January 25, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.usip.org/on_the_issues/colombia.html
Interview with Virginia Bouvier, Senior Program Officer, United States Institute of Peace.

Walser, Ray.  The FARC Files, Colombia, and International Terrorism.
Heritage Foundation report.
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/LatinAmerica/wm1872.cfm?renderforprint=1


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Bourque, Alan G.  Changing U.S. Strategy in South America:  Adjusting and Exporting Plan Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, May 2004.  33 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423335

Burton, Robert C.  A Comparison of United States, Colombian and Peruvian Domestic Law on Terrorism:  Are We Becoming More Like Our Neighbors to the South?  Washington, George Washington University, National Law Center, August 18, 2005.  (Thesis, M. L.)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA438585
"Peruvian and Colombian terrorist groups are not true "criminal organizations," but rather political organizations that use crime to further their purposes."

Farrell, Michelle.  Sequencing:  Targeting Insurgents and Drugs in Colombia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2007.  124 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA467388

Feeley, John.  Invest More, Expect Less:  The Hard Truth about U.S. Policy in Colombia.  Washington, National Defense University, National War College, October 2003.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA441605

Judice, Douglas C.  Columbia's Attempt at Peace an Analysis of the Demobilization of the Auto-Defensas Unidas De Colombia (AUC).  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007.  43 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA467196

Madera, Jose M.  Civil Information Management in Support of Counterinsurgency Operations:  A Case for the Use of Geospatial Information Systems in Colombia.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, May 2006.  88 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450461

Mejia, Alberto.  Colombia's National Security Strategy, A New "COIN" Approach.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  43 p.
Author is an officer in the Colombian Army.  Provides extensive discussion throughout on FARC.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478460

Perdomo, Jose R.  Colombia's Democratic Security and Defense Policy in the Demobilization of the Paramilitaries.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA468861
Author is an officer in the Colombian Army.  "Examines the Colombian Government's policies and strategies for dealing with right wing paramilitary organizations, including the goal of demobilization."--Abstract from publication.

Self, Kevin A.  Counterterrorism Policy in Colombia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007.  65 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473382

Waggett, Michael L.  The United States National Security Strategy for Colombia:  Is Plan Colombia the Right Solution.  Washington, National Defense University, National War College, January 2004.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA441646


Books

Bouvier, Virginia M.  Civil Society under Siege in Colombia.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2004.  15 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS47615
Book call no.:  986.10635 B782c

Bowden, Mark.  Killing Pablo:  The Hunt for the World's Greatest Outlaw.  1st ed.  New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 2001.  296 p.
Book call no.:  364.17709861 B784k

Calderon, Ricardo Arias and others.  Plan Colombia:  Some Differing Perspectives.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, June 2001.  45 p.
"Four short papers reflecting the uncertainty and confusion regarding U.S. policy in Colombia and the implementation of Plan Colombia."
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB23.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 P699

Chepesiuk, Ronald.  The Bullet or the Bribe:  Taking Down Colombia's Cali Drug Cartel.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2003.  294 p.
"Examines the Cali Cartel, providing insight into the history of international trafficking, organized crime, and U.S. drug policy."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  364.17709861 C519b

Cragin, Kim.  Sharing the Dragon's Teeth:  Terrorist Groups and the Exchange of New Technologies.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2007.  114 p.
"See chapter 5, Southwest Colombia."
Book call no.:  363.325 S531

Cragin, Kim and Hoffman, Bruce.  Arms Trafficking and Colombia.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, National Defense Research Institute, 2003.  81 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1468/MR1468.pdf
Book call no.:  338.476234409861 C885a

Crandall, Russell.  Driven by Drugs:  U.S. Policy Toward Colombia.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.  193 p.
Book call no.:  327.730861 C891d

Flynn, Stephen E.  U.S. Support of Plan Colombia:  Rethinking the Ends and Means.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, May 2001.  11 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB27.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861

Gentleman, Judith.  The Regional Security Crisis in the Andes:  Patterns of State Response.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, July 2001.  49 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB21.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03308 G337r

Kirk, Robin.  More Terrible than Death:  Massacres, Drugs and America's War in Colombia.  New York, Public Affairs, 2003.  311 p.
Book call no.:  363.4509861 K59m

Kline, Harvey F.  Chronicle of a Failure Foretold:  The Peace Process of Colombian President Andres Pastrana.  Tuscaloosa, AL, University of Alabama Press, 2007.  229 p.
Book call no.:  986.10634 K65c

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  A Global Overview of Narcotics-Funded Terrorist and Other Extremist Groups, by LaVerle Bennette Berry and others.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2002.  148 p.
"Examines the connections between extremist groups and narcotics trafficking in several countries including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru.”
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439621
Book call no.:  363.325 G562

Livingstone, Grace.  Inside Colombia:  Drugs, Democracy and War.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 2004.  253 p.
Book call no.:  986.10635 L788i

Manwaring, Max G. and others.  Building Regional Security Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere:  Issues and Recommendations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  37 p.
Today’s foe for the region is the terrorist, the narcotrafficker, the arms trafficker, and the international crime boss; Offers issues and recommendations generated during a conference sponsored by the U.S. Army War College, the U.S. Southern Command, and the University of Miami North-South Center.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00004.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03308 B932

Manwaring, Max G.  Nonstate Actors in Colombia:  Threat and Response.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  31 p.
Examines the threat of terrorism and outlines a response, with recommendations for the military.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/usassi/
Book call no.:  986.10635 M295m

Manwaring, Max G.  U.S. Security Policy in the Western Hemisphere:  Why Colombia, Why Now, and What Is to Be Done?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, June 2001.  40 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB22.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 M295u

Marcella, Gabriel.  Plan Colombia:  The Strategic and Operational Imperatives.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, April 2001.  29 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB29.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 M314p

Marks, Thomas A.  Colombian Army Adaptation to FARC Insurgency.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  44 p.
Supplements a series from the "Implementing Plan Colombia:  Strategic and Operational Imperatives" conference which was cosponsored by the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center of the University of Miami and the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB18.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 M346c

McCaffrey, Barry R.  The Drug Scourge as a Hemispheric Problem.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, August 2001. 
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB20.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 M121d

Millett, Richard.  Colombia's Conflicts:  The Spillover Effects of a Wider War.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  39 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00011.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 M653c

Nagle, Luz Estella.  Plan Colombia:  Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  60 p.
Critical analysis of Plan Colombia during the administration of President Andrés Pastrana.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/00010.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 N149p

Nagle, Luz Estella.  The Search for Accountability and Transparency in Plan Colombia:  Reforming Judicial Institutions--Again.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, May 2001.  41 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB24.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 N149s

Nunez, Joseph R.  Fighting the Hobbesian Trinity in Colombia:  A New Strategy for Peace.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, April 2001.  43 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB28.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 N972f

Pinheiro, Alvaro de Souza.  Narcoterrorism in Latin America:  A Brazilian Perspective.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2006.  79 p.
Especially note, Colombia's Stalemate, pp 17-34.
Also available online at:  https://jsoupublic.socom.mil/publications/jsou/JSOU06-4pinheiroNarcoterrorism_final.pdf
Book call no.:  363.450981 P654n

Pizano, Eduardo.  Plan Colombia:  The View from the Presidential Palace.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, May 2001.  17 p.
"Speech delivered by Eduardo Pizano, a former member of the Colombian Senate and now (2001) the General Secretary to the President of Colombia".
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00022.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 P695p

Rempe, Dennis M.  The Past as Prologue:  A History of U.S. Counterinsurgency Policy in Colombia, 1958-66.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, March 2002.  46 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB17.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 R389p

Rochlin, James Francis.  Vanguard Revolutionaries in Latin America:  Peru, Colombia, Mexico.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003.  293 p.
Book call no.:  980.3 R678v

Roy, Joaquin.  European Perceptions of Plan Colombia:  A Virtual Contribution to a Virtual War and Peace Plan?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, May 2001.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB26.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 R888e

Ruiz, Bert.  The Colombian Civil War.  Jefferson, NC, McFarland, 2001.  271 p.
"By drawing on diverse sources of information, this work brings together the thoughts of historians, journalists, human rights activists, social scientists, and others about the volatile situation in Colombia; Explains the complexities of the drug-financed civil war and details Washington's concern that the Colombian conflict will destabilize the Andean region."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  986.10635 R934c

Scott, Peter Dale.  Drugs, Oil, and War:  The United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.  227 p.
Book call no.:  327.1273 S428d

Spencer, David.  Colombia's Paramilitaries:  Criminals or Political Force?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, December 2001.  25 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB19.pdf
Book call no.:  322.4209861 S745c

Stokes, Doug.  America's Other War:  Terrorizing Colombia.  New York, Zed Books, 2005.  147 p.
Book call no.:  327.730861 S874a

Teicher, Dario E.  The Decisive Phase of Colombia's War on Narco-Terrorism.  Maxwell AFB, AL, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Air University, 2005.  31 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS66911
Book call no.:  363.4509861 T262d

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Government Reform.  The War Against Drugs and Thugs:  A Status Report on Plan Colombia Successes and Remaining Challenges.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, June 17, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  232 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS58351
Book call no.:  327.730861 U581w

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Challenges and Successes for U.S. Policy Toward Colombia:  Is Plan Columbia Working?  Hearing.  108th Congress, 1st session, October 29, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  92 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS50853
Book call no.:  327.730861 U58ca

Youngers, Coletta and Rosin, Eileen.  Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy.  Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2005.  414 p.
See chapter 4, Colombia:  A Vicious Circle of Drugs and War.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941


Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. Military Operations in the Global War on Terrorism:  Afghanistan, Africa, the Philippines, and Colombia, by Andrew Feickert.  Washington, CRS, 2005
See pages 16-19 and 21.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL32758.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32758

United States.  General Accounting Office.  Drug Control:  Efforts to Develop Alternatives to Cultivating Illicit Crops in Colombia Have Made Little Progress and Face Serious Obstacles.  Washington, GAO, 2002.  51 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA399261
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.02-291

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Drug Control:  Air Bridge Denial Program in Colombia Has Implemented New Safeguards, but Its Effect on Drug Trafficking Is Not Clear.  Washington, GPO, 2005.  27 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05970.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.05-970


Documents (Student Research)

Beckley, Paul A.  Maintaining the Violent Status Quo:  The Political Economy of the Colombian Insurgency.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  81 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404644
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B397m

Bishop, Kenneth W.  The National Drug Control Strategy:  Effectiveness of Eradication in Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  25 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA413448
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B6221n

Buckley, Kevin W.  U.S. Support to Plan Colombia:  A Heading Check.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423362
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B924u

Comodeca, Thomas J.  The Need for Special Operations Forces Involvement in the Andean Region's Counter Drug Efforts.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415480
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C735n

Davis, Alexander D.  Should the U.S. Continue to Support Plan Colombia?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D2613s

Fernandez Leal, Javier.  Costs of the War in Colombia:  A Strategic Vision of the End of the Conflict.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432728
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 F363c

Goebel, Jefferey S.  Mitigating Key Intelligence Gaps in the Colombian War on Terrorism.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, Joint Military Operations Department, 2003.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419904
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 G593m

Haughian, Shane C.  Plan Colombia:  Much More than a War on Drugs.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  46 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H3711p

Longhurst, Ricky M. and Lopez, Jesus K.  The Forgotten Insurgency:  Is There Hope for Colombia?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  83 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443320
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 L854f

McLean, Jeffrey E.  U.S. Drug Control Policy's Second and Third Order Effects on Colombia:  Destabilizing Democracy and Fostering Narco-Terrorism.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432291
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M163u

Muller, Christopher W.  USMILGP Colombia:  Transforming Security Cooperation in the Global War on Terrorism.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  95 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA462661
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M9582u

Navarro, Richard R.  Employing U.S. SOF in Colombia:  Updating Strategy to Achieve the Desired End State.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2004.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422761
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 N3223e

Rasicot, Gary C.  America's War on Cocaine:  The National Drug Control Supply Reduction Strategy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  18 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423798
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R2241a

Saskiewicz, Paul E.  The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - People's Army (FARC-EP):  Marxist-Leninist Insurgency or Criminal Enterprise?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  133 p.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443390
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S252r

Waddell, Jeffrey D.  United States Army Special Forces Support to "Plan Colombia".  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414500
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W116u

Weiler, Stephen P.  Colombia:  Gateway to Defeating Transnational Hell in the Western Hemisphere.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424390
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W422c


Periodicals

Alberto, Carlos and Ovalle, Ospina.  Insights from Colombia's "Prolonged War".  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:57-61 Summer 2006.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4218.pdf

Araujo Escapes FARC.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-02:5 January 11, 2007.
"Former minister Fernando Araujo, held captive by the FARC for six years, escaped during a rescue attempt."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Colombia.  Veritas 2, no. 4:entire issue 2006.
"This issue of Veritas is devoted to the nation of Colombia and the long-standing involvement of the United States; Includes articles on Plan Colombia, Plan Patriota, the major command structure of U.S. forces and Colombia's main opposition groups, military forces and special operations forces."

Colombian Law Grants Demobilised Paramilitaries Short Confinement and Shield Against Extradition.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-25:1-2 June 28, 2005.
"Colombia's paramilitary leaders are now ensured fairly light sentences - if convicted - for crimes committed while up in arms, deemed 'political' offences, and are virtually guaranteed that they will not be extradited to the US on drug-trafficking charges. "
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

FARC Steps Up Pressure on Uribe.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-44:3 November 7, 2006.
"The FARC is responding to President Alvaro Uribe's declaration of war, the most serious since Uribe's second term began in May."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

FARC Talks in Crisis.  Latin America Monitor 23:4-5 December 2006.
"Following another high profile terrorist attack in Colombia, negotiations between the government and the FARC are once again at risk."

Foust, Dean.  Coke Promises a Probe in Colombia.  Business Week 3970:11 February 6, 2006.
Reports that Coca-Cola is setting up a third-party assessment in Colombia to investigate the killing of eight bottling employees by right-wing paramilitaries.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=979954311&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

The Guerrilla in Colombia:  An Interview with Rodrigo Granda, Member of the FARC-EP International Commission.  Monthly Review 95:14-32 March 2008.
Interviewed by Jean Batou.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1447833261&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gutierrez Sanin, Francisco.  Telling the Difference:  Guerrillas and Paramilitaries in the Colombian War.  Politics & Society 36:3-34 March 2008.
"Compares systematically two non-state armed groups that participate in the Colombian conflict, the main guerrilla (FARC) and the paramilitary."--Abstract from publication.

Holmes, Jennifer S. and others.  Drugs, Violence, and Development in Colombia:  A Department-Level Analysis.  Latin American Politics & Society 48:157-184 Fall 2006.
"Examines the relationship between coca production and guerrilla violence by reviewing national-level data over time and studying Colombia by department, exploring the interactions among guerrilla violence, exports, development, and displacement."

Isacson, Adam.  Washington's 'New War" in Colombia:  The War on Drugs Meets the War on Terror.  NACLA Report on the Americas 36:13-18 March-April 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9477658&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Joyce, Mark.  FARC's Future.  Jane's Intelligence Review 20:30-35 March 2008.

Leech, Garry M.  The Battle for Colombia's 'Little Sarajevo'.  NACLA Report on the Americas 36:19-23 March-April 2003.
"Describes the role of the U.S. Army Special Forces in the counterinsurgency efforts in Saravena, Colombia."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9477661&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McDermott, Jeremy.  Colombia Struggles to Counter Arms Smuggling.  Jane's Intelligence Review 16:34-39 December 2004.

McDermott, Jeremy.  Colombian Insurgency Escalates as Guerrillas Go Back on Offensive.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:26-30 July 2005.

McDermott, Jeremy.  Colombian Report Shows FARC Is World's Richest Insurgent Group.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:12-17 September 2005.

McDermott, Jeremy.  FARC and the Paramilitaries (AUC) Take over Columbia's Drugs Trade.  Jane's Intelligence Review 16:28-33 July 2004.

McDermott, Jeremy.  Financing Insurgents in Colombia.  Jane's Intelligence Review 15:16-19 February 2003.

McDermott, Jerry.  No End in Sight.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:24-29 July 26, 2006.
"Discusses the challenges encountered by security forces of Colombia."

Marks, Thomas A.  A Model Counterinsurgency: Uribes's Colombia (2002-2006) vs FARC.  Military Review 87:41-56 March-April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=25012950&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mondragon, Hector.  Democracy and Plan Colombia.  NACLA Report on the Americas 40:42-44 January-February 2007.
"Despite the $7.7 billion spent on Plan Colombia, the Uribe Administration has defeated neither the drug traffickers nor the guerrilla movement."

New Impetus to ELN Peace Deal Could Ease Parapolitical Pressure.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-04:1-2 January 25, 2007.
"The conditional release of Francisco Galan, a senior member of the Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional (ELN), after more than 15 years in prison could give momentum to the peace deal currently being brokered between the government and the smaller of Colombia's two guerrilla groups."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Peace in Our Time, on the Box.  The Economist 386:47-48 March 15, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1445960401&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Peceny, Mark and Durnan, Michael.  The FARC's Best Friend:  U.S. Antidrug Policies and the Deepening of Colombia's Civil War in the 1990s.  Latin American Politics & Society 48:95-116 Summer 2006.
"Examines how the strengthening of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) during the 1990s was an unintended consequence of a series of tactical successes in U.S. antidrug policies."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21254202&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Restrepo, Jorge and Spagat, Michael.  Colombia's Tipping Point?  Survival 47:131-152 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396330500156602

Richani, Nazih.  The Politics of Negotiating Peace in Colombia.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:17-22 May-June 2005.
"Focuses on the relationship of the Colombian military with the guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978276&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Seper, Jerry.  IRA Fuels Carnage of Colombia Terrorists:  400 Troops, Cops Slain in 18 Months.  Current News:  Early Bird, pp 12-13, April 29, 2002.
Originally from the Washington Times, April 29, 2002.
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Sharpe, Kenneth.  Realpolitik or Imperial Hubris:  The Latin American Drug War and U.S. Foreign Policy in Iraq.  Orbis 50:481-499 Summer 2006.
"Lessons to be learned from Colombia are the perils of relying on flawed assumptions about the threat presented, the difficulties of creating and training a military capable of achieving U.S. objectives and the risk of mistaking symbols, signals, and credibility for core U.S. interests."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2006.04.007

Southern Border Events Raise Questions about the War.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-25:3 June 28, 2005.
"A major attack by FARC guerrillas in Putumayo has raised doubts about the efficacy of the army's southward drive under Plan Patriota and about the extent to which the conflict has spilled over the Ecuadorean border."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Uribe Reaches Out to FARC after Military Blow.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-13:7-8 April 3, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Uribe's Drive Seen as Producing Results.  Latin American Weekly Report, p 161, April 8, 2003.
Various counterinsurgency statistics.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com


Multimedia

Boettcher, Mike and others.  Killing Pablo.  Philadelphia, PA, KR Video, 2000.  1 videocassette, 60 min.
Video call no.:  364.17709861 B784ka

Ling, Lisa.  The Best of Lisa Ling.  Burbank, CA, Warner Home Video, 2005.  2 videodiscs, 300 min.
Disc 1, The War Next Door.
DVD call no.:  361 B561


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