CONFLICT  TERMINATION


March 2010

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

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Conflict Termination, General


Internet Resources

Crannell, Mary and others.  How to Assess an Exit Strategy:  Measures of Merit for Compliance.  Alexandria, VA, Idea Sciences, 2004.  62 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA465744
"A set of MoMs (measures of merit) have been introduced, and illustrated though a realistic case-study.  It has been shown how these can be used to monitor the effectiveness of strategies designed to change the intentions of non-compliant parties, and identify weaknesses in these strategies." - Conclusion

Derouren, Karl, Jr.  The Role of UN in International Crisis Termination, 1945-1994.  Defence & Peace Economics 14:251-260 August 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=10252581

Mason, T. David.  International Relations Theory and How Civil Wars EndInternational Interactions 35:341-351 July-September 2009.
Available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0305-0629&volume=35&issue=3&spage=341

Morley, Allister.  Historical Analysis of Conflict Termination.  7 p.
Available online at:  http://www.ima.org.uk/conflict/papers/Morley.pdf
.mil users may need to copy URL into browser

Von Heinegg, Wolff H. and Stockton, Charles H.  Factors in War to Peace Transitions.  Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 27:843-876 Summer 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15267788&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv



Conflict Termination, General -- Internet Resources (Student Research)


Echols, James R.  War Termination Planning:  The Joint Force Commanders Role.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, November 2007.  22 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476519

Handura, James J.  Conflict Termination and Regime Change.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, January 2009.  46 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA505253

Hula, Russell R.  Stability Operations and Government:  An Inherently Military Function.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  35 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482274

Johnson, Lynard T.  Reforming the Inter Agency Coordination Process in Support of Contingency Operations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  31 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478536
"Many of the problems identified with reconstruction and stabilization during the Iraq War can be attributed to the lack of qualified USG personnel with expertise in areas where the military lacks sufficient expertise." - Abstract

Kelleher, Patrick N.  Conflict Termination or Conflict Transformation?  Rethinking the Operational Planning Paradigm.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2008.  31 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494331

Legier-Topp, Linda.  War Termination:  Setting Conditions for Peace.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 2009.  39 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501266

Leonard, Timothy G.  The Strategic Approach to Operational Planning.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2004.  21 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA465009
"U.S. military planners continue to avoid focusing on conflict termination and Phase IV operations.  Conflict termination and post-conflict operations planning failures highlight the need for a doctrinal paradigm shift that institutionalizes the notion that the decisive, military aspect of a war ends during Phase IV instead of during Phase III. - Abstract

Meyer, Robin D.  Provincial Reconstruction Teams Aren't for Everyone:  Where and When PRTs Can Be a Useful Mechanism for SSTR Operations.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2008.  27 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494615

Polidoro, John R., Jr.  Termination or Transition:  A 21st Century Perspective on the Military's Role in Conflict Resolution.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2009.  59 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA506265

Sullivan, Michael P.  How to Win and Know It:  An Effects-Based Approach to Irregular Warfare.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2007.  71 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476057



Conflict Termination, General -- Books

After the Conflict:  Reconstruction and Development in the Aftermath of War, edited by Sultan Barakat.  New York, I.B. Tauris, 2005.  313 p.
Draws together "the wide range of specialist knowledge necessary to this major international concern and presents vital new insights essential to the successful long-term reconstruction and development of countries in the aftermath of war." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  355.028  A2581

Atrocities and International Accountability:  Beyond Transitional Justice, edited by Edel Hughes and others.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2007.  297 p.
"This collection brings together contributions from some of the leading scholars in the transitional and international justice legal field." - Introduction
Book call no.:  345.0235 A882

Aust, Anthony.  Modern Treaty Law and Practice.  2nd ed.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  547 p.
"Aims to supply the reader with a full understanding of treaties." page i
Book call no.:  341.37  A932m

Barash, David P. and Webel, Charles P.  Peace and Conflict Studies.  2nd ed.  Los Angeles, Sage, 2009.  521 p.
Part III:  Building "Negative Peace;" Part IV:  Building Positive Peace.
Book call no.:  303.66  B225p

Berdal, Mats R.  Disarmament and Demobilisation after Civil Wars:  Arms, Soldiers and the Termination of Armed Conflicts.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1996.  88 p. (Adelphi Papers, no. 303)
"Provides a framework for thinking about the proper place of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of former combatants in settling internal armed conflicts." - Introduction
Book call no.:  909.82 I61a no. 303

Berry, Nicholas O.  War and the Red Cross:  The Unspoken Mission.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1997.  159p.
States that the International Red Cross has taken on the mission of making civil wars dysfunctional and ending them.
Book call no.:  361.77  B534w

Beyond Confrontation:  Learning Conflict Resolution in the Post-Cold War Era, edited by John A. Vasquez and others  Ann Arbor, MI, University of Michigan Press, 1995.  239 p.
"The volume brings together some of the best scholars in a number of relevant disciplines to see how the learning of peace at the domestic level might inform the learning of peace at the global level in the post--cold war era." - Introduction
Book call no.:  341.52 B573

Beyond Settlement:  Making Peace Last after Civil Conflict, edited by Vanessa E. Shields and Nicholas D.J. Baldwin.  Cranbury, NJ, Associated University Presses, 2008.  413 p.
Book call no.:  327.172 B5731

Borer, Tristan Anne and others.  Peacebuilding after Peace Accords:  The Challenges of Violence, Truth, and Youth.  Notre Dame, IN, University of Notre Dame Press, 2006.  105 p.
Book call no.:  327.172  B728p

Brams, Steven J.  Theory of Moves.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 1994.  248 p.
The Anticipation Problem:  There May Be No Resolution, pp 43-66.
Book call no.:  300.15118 B815t

Brown, R. Greg.  Learning to Leave:  The Preeminence of Disengagement in U.S. Military Strategy.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2008.  135 p. (Drew Paper, no. 3)
Also available as a student paper from School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2007, Document call no: M-U 43998-1 B879L.
Also available online at:  http://aupress.maxwell.af.mil/Drew_Papers/DP03 Brown.pdf
Book call no.:  355.02  B879L 

Building Sustainable Peace,
edited by Tom Keating and Andy W. Knight.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2004.  439 p.
This collection of essays was inspired by a symposium held at the University of Alberta March 10, 2000 that sought to bring "together academicians, policy advisors, practitioners and members of the general public to examine and discuss various dimensions of peacebuilding and the post-conflict reconciliation process." - Preface
Book call no.:  327.172 B932

Bull, Carolyn.  No Entry Without Strategy:  Building the Rule of Law under UN Transitional Administration.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2008.  315 p.
"Explores conceptual understandings of the UN’s state-building agenda and speaks to broader questions about the role of external actors in disrupted states." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.523  B935n

Calahan, Harold A.  What Makes a War End?  New York, Vanguard Press, 1944.  260 p.
Attempts to study war termination during World War II.
Book call no.:  355 C14w

Cantor, Robert D.  Contemporary International Politics.  St. Paul, MN, West Publishing, 1986.  448 p.
The Resolution of Conflict, pp 400-426.
Book call no.:  327 C232c

Challenge and Response:  Anticipating U.S. Military Security Concerns, edited by Karl P. Magyar and others.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1994.  431 p.
Conflict Termination by Mario A. Garza, pp 413-427.
Book call no.:  355.033073 C4373

Challenges to Peace Building:  Managing Spoilers During Conflict Resolution, edited by Edward Newman and Oliver Richmond.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2006.  329 p.
The many contributors explore "the factors that obstruct conflict settlement by focusing on the phenomena of 'spoilers' and 'spoiling':  groups and tactics that actively seek to hinder, delay, or undermine conflict settlement through a variety of means and for a variety of motives." - Introduction
Book call no.:  327.172  C437

Cimbala, Stephen J.  Through a Glass Darkly:  Looking at Conflict Prevention, Management, and Termination. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2001. 198p.
Also available online at:  http://www.netlibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=69281
Book call no.:  327.16 C573t

Civil War, Civil Peace, edited by Helen Yanacopulos and Joseph Hanlon.  Athens, OH, James Currey, 2006.  332 p.
"This book is the first aimed at practitioners and policy-makers to help them give interventions a more peacebuilding focus - to ensure their actions encourage peace rather than exacerbate the divisions that provoke a return to war." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  327.172  C582

Clausewitz, Carl von.  On War.  Rev ed.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1984.  732 p.
Translation of:  Vom Kriege.  See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  355 C57o 1984

Cliffe, Sarah and others.  Community-Driven Reconstruction as an Instrument in War-to-Peace Transitions.   Washington, World Bank, Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit, 2003.  21 p. (Social Development Papers. Conflict Prevention & Reconstruction, no.7)
Book call no.:  332.1532 C637c

Cochrane, Feargal.  Ending Wars.  Malden, MA, Polity Press, 2008.  228 p. (War and Conflict in the Modern World)
"This is a book about what war is, how war ends, and how this has been evolving in recent times." - Introduction
Book call no.:  327.172 C663e

Conflict Resolution:  Dynamics, Process and Structure, edited by Ho-Won Jeong.  Brookfield, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 1999.  221 p.
The many contributors to this book "intended to enhance our understanding of psychological and structural conditions for conflict resolution in a variety of ways." - page 4
Book call no.:  303.69 C7481

Conflict Termination and Military Strategy:  Coercion, Persuasion, and War
, edited by Stephen J. Cimbala and Keith A. Dunn.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1987.  196 p. (Studies in International Security Affairs and Military Strategy)
Aims "to demonstrate the importance of careful evaluation of conflict termination goals during peacetime because when war begins passions and emotions will cloud decisionmaking." - page iii
Book call no.:  355.02 C748

Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding:  Moving from Violence to Sustainable Peace,
edited by Bruce W. Dayton and Louis Kriesberg.  New York, Routledge, 2009.  276 p. (Security and Conflict Management, no. 5)
"The first eight chapters of this book examine the dynamics and processes that account for constructive engagement in intrastate conflicts." - Introduction
Book call no.:  303.69 C7482

Contemporary Peacemaking:  Conflict, Violence and Peace Processes,
edited by John Darby and Roger Mac Ginty.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.  298 p.
The many contributors to this volume seek "to explore and identify the essential components of contemporary peace processes." - Introduction
Book call no.:  327.172 C761

Controlling and Ending Conflict:  Issues Before and After the Cold War
, edited by Stephen J. Cimbala and Sidney R. Waldman.  New York, Greenwood Press, 1992.  285 p. (Contributions in Military Studies, no. 119)
Papers delivered at a conference on conflict termination held at Haverford College.
Book call no.:  355.0335 C764

Craig, Gordon A. and George, Alexander L.  Force and Statecraft:  Diplomatic Problems of Our Time.  3d ed. New York, Oxford University Press, 1995.  304 p.
War Termination, pp 229-244.
Book call no.:  327.0904 C886f 1995

Crozier, Brian.  Political Victory:  The Elusive Prize of Military Wars.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers, 2005.  225 p.
"Looks at modern wars involving democracies to evaluate victory and defeat by the success or failure of political outcomes." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  303.66 C954p

Dinstein, Yoram.  The International Law of Belligerent Occupation.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2009.  303 p.
"Examines the legislative, judicial and executive rights of the occupying power and its obligations to the civilian population." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.66  D587i

Dunnigan, James F. and Martel, William.  How to Stop a War:  The Lessons of Two Hundred Years of War and Peace.  New York, Doubleday, 1987.  298 p.
Book call no.:  303.66 D924h

Elusive Peace:  Negotiating an End to Civil Wars, edited by I. William Zartman.  Washington, Brookings Institution, 1995.  353 p.
"Authors explore how conflicts can be resolved through negotiation rather than combat.  They provide a revealing look at the nature of internal conflicts, explain why appropriate conditions for negotiation and useful solutions are so difficult to find, and offer ways of finding solutions" - Summary
Book call no.:  909.82 E51

Fishel, John T.  Civil Military Operations in the New World.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1997.  269 p.
From War Termination to Civil Military Operations, pp. 235-255.
Book call no.:  355.34 F532c

Fotion, Nicholas and Elfstrom, G.  Military Ethics:  Guidelines for Peace and War.  Boston, Routledge & K. Paul, 1986.  311 p.
Ending War, pp 227-243.
Book call no.:  172.42 F761m

From Versailles to Baghdad:  Post-War Armament Control of Defeated States
, edited by Fred Tanner.  New York, United Nations, 1992.  264 p.
Book call no.:  327.174 F931

From War to Democracy:  Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, edited by Anna K. Jarstad and Timothy D. Sisk.  Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2008.  290 p.
"Considers the dilemmas that arise in pursuing peace after civil war through processes of democratization." -  Introduction
Book call no.:  327.172 F9311

Gray, Colin S.  Defining and Achieving Decisive Victory.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2002.  45p.
Available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubid=272
Book call no.:  355.033573 G778d

Hampson, Fen Osler.  Nurturing Peace:  Why Peace Settlements Succeed or Fail.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996.  287 p.
Book call no.:  327.172 H231n

Handel, Michael I.  War Strategy and Intelligence.  Totowa, NJ, Frank Cass, 1989.  500 p.
The Problem of War Termination, pp 455-484.
Book call no.:  355.43 H236w

Hartzell, Caroline A. and Hoddie, Matthew.  Crafting Peace:  Power-Sharing Institutions and the Negotiated Settlements of Civil Wars.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007.  194 p.
Book call no.:  327.172 H338c

Henig, Ruth.  Versailles and after 1919-1933.  New York, Routledge, 1995.  78 p. (Lancaster Pamphlets)
Discusses the Treaty of Versailles, the Legal Nations, and lack of stability after World War I.
Book call no.:  940.3142 H511v

Hicks, Kathleen and Ridge, Eric.  Planning for Stability Operations:  The Uses of Capabilities-Based Approaches.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2007.  53 p.
Report of a study by the Center for Strategic and International Studies to develop "a capabilities-based framework to generate generic capability packages for future stability operations." - Introduction
Book call no.:  355.4 H631p

Hills, Alice.  Policing Post-Conflict Cities.  New York, Zed Books, 2009.  262 p.
"Shows that order depends more on what has gone before than on reconstruction efforts and that tension is inevitable as donors attempt to reform brutal local policing." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  363.23  H655p

Hobbs, Richard.  The Myth of Victory:  What Is Victory in War?  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1979.  566 p. (Westview Special Studies in Peace, Conflict and Conflict Resolution)
Book call no.:  355 H682m

Hopmann, P. Terrence.  The Negotiation Process and the Resolution of International Conflicts.  Columbia, SC, University of South Carolina Press, 1996.  353 p.
"The purpose of this book, therefore, is to provide a comprehensive framework for the analysis of negotiation process in all its many dimensions." - page 5
Book call no.:  341.52 H797n

Howard, Lise Morje.  UN Peacekeeping in Civil Wars.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2008.  402 p.
"Howard argues that UN peacekeeping succeeds when commissions established significant autonomy from UN headquarters, allowing civilian and military staff to adjust to the post-Civil War environment." page i
Book call no.:  327.172 H849u

Ikle, Fred Charles.  Every War Must End.  2nd rev ed.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2005.  160 p.  (Columbia Classics)
"Ikle considers a variety of examples from twentieth-century history and examines specific strategies that effectively 'won the peace'." - Cover
Book call no.:  355.02 I26e 2005

International War:  An Anthology, edited by Melvin Small and J. David Singer.  2nd ed.  Chicago, Dorsey Press, 1989.  419 p.
The Prevention of War and the Resolution of Conflict, pp 300-352.
Book call no.:  355.02 I61

Jeong, Ho-Won.  Peacebuilding in Postconflict Societies:  Strategy and Process.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Riennner Publishers, 2005.  255 p.
Book call no.:  303.66 J54p

Kahn, Herman and others.  War Termination Issues and Concepts;  Final Report.  New York, Hudson Institute, 1968.  1 vol.
"Presents results of work sponsored by the Directorate of Doctrine, Concepts and Objectives (AFXDO), DCS/P&O, Headquarters USAF." - Title Page
Book call no.:  355 H885w

King, Charles.  Ending Civil Wars.  New York, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1997.  94 p. (Adelphi Series)
"Draws on data from civil wars in Asia, Africa and Latin America to argue that the structure of conflict itself  - rather than simply the beliefs or goals of combatants  - can help explain why some civil wars drag on past the point at which it would seem in the best interests of belligerents to lay down their arms." - Cover
Book call no.:  909.82 I61a no. 308

Lederach, John Paul.  Preparing for Peace:  Conflict Transformation Across Cultures.  Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 1995.  133 p. (Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution)
Guide to help those involved in conflict resolution achieve the common goals of all participants.
Book call no.:  337 L473p

The Lessons of Recent Wars in the Third World, edited by Robert E. Harkavy and Stephanie G. Neuman.  Lexington, MA, Lexington Books, 1985.  2 vols.
Conflict Termination in the Third World, vol 2, pp 227-239.
Book call no.:  355.0091724 L641

Liddell Hart,  Basil Henry.  Strategy:  The Indirect Approach.  Rev. ed.  New York, Praeger, 1954.  420 p.
Classic study of strategy throughout history.
Book call no.:  355.48 L712d 1954

Long, William J. and Brecke, Peter.  War and Reconciliation:  Reason and Emotion in Conflict Resolution.  Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2003.  255 p.
Answers the questions "do reconciliation events - public, symbolic meetings between belligerents indicating a desire for improved relations - help restore lasting social order after wars, both civil and international?  Is there empirical support for this presumption, and, if so, how and why do such events contribute to the long-run restoration of social order?" - Preface
Book call no.:  303.69 L848w

MacGinty, Roger.  No War, No Peace:  The Rejuvenation of Stalled Peace Processes and Peace Accords.  New York, Palgrave, 2006.  230 p. (Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies)
Book call no.:  303.66 M145n

Makers of Modern Strategy:  From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, edited by Peter Paret.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1986.  941 p.
Book call no.:  355.02 M235 1986

Making War/Making Peace:  The Social Foundations of Violent Conflict, edited by Francesca M. Cancian and James William Gibson.  Belmont, CA, Wadsworth Publishing, 1990.  421 p.
A collection of works previously published 1955-1987.
Book call no.:  327.172 M235

Mandel, Robert.  The Meaning of Military Victory.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  190 p.
"The book reflects a fresh, integrative look at victory, probing the meaning of the concept and analyzing the pitfalls and opportunities surrounding the pursuit of war-winning strategies." - Preface
Book call no.:  355.4 M271m

Meharg, Sarah Jane.  Measuring What Matters in Peace Operations & Crisis Management.  Ithaca, NY, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006.  230 p. (Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies)
"Measuring What Matters in Peace Operations and Crisis Management is a result of the measures of effectiveness, multi-year research theme undertaken by the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre.  The author, Sarah Jane Meharg, PhD., Senior Research Associate at the PPC, undertook the field research that examines the stakeholder worldviews, mechanisms, and tools described in this book." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  355.357 M498m

Miall, Hugh and others.  Contemporary Conflict Resolution:  The Prevention, Management and Transformation of Deadly Conflicts.  Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishers, 1999.  270 p.
This book was written "to meet need for a single, comprehensive survey of contemporary conflict resolution and its contribution to the management of post-Cold War conflicts." - Preface
Book call no.:  327.17 M618c

Mitchell, Christopher Roger.  The Structure of International Conflict.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1980.  355 p.
Ending Conflict, pp 165-250.
Book call no.:  327.16 M681s

Moore, John Norton.  Solving the War Puzzle:  Beyond the Democratic Peace.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2004.  184 p.
Moore's "theory entails internal and external incentives affecting the decision to go to war at the national, international, and individual levels.  Appendices include a graphic representation of incentive theory in war/peace decisions, an example of a methodology for measuring deterrence, and a list of the major US interstate wars." - Abstract
Book call no.:  355.02 M824s

Murithi, Tim.  The Ethics of Peacebuilding.  Edinburgh, Great Britain, Edinburgh University Press, 2009.  188 p. (Edinburgh Studies in World Ethics)
"Investigates the role that ethics plays in promoting and consolidating peacebuilding, synthesizing the fields of moral philosophy and international relations through an analysis of the ethics of negotiation, mediation, forgiveness, and reconciliation." - Summary
Book call no.:  327.172 M977e

NGOs at the Table:  Strategies for Influencing Policies in Areas of Conflict,
edited by Mari Fitzduff and Cheyanne Church.   Lanham, MD, Rowman and Littlefield, 2004.  195 p.
Presents "10 papers exploring the policy influence experiences of NGOs in the field of conflict resolution." - Abstract
Book call no.:  327.172 N576

New Directions in Conflict Theory:  Conflict Resolution and Conflict Transformation
, edited by Raimo Vaeyrynen.  Newbury Park, CA, Sage Publications, 1991.  232 p.
"Explores the validity of rational and subjective approaches to conflict resolution, considers the value of international law and organizations for addressing complex social phenomena, and outlines a structural approach to international conflicts." - Summary
Book call no.:  303.69 N532

On the Endings of War, edited by Stuart Albert and Edward C. Luck.  Port Washington, NY, Kennikat Press, 1980.  174 p.  (National University Publications. Political Science Series)
Book call no.:  355 058

Paris, Roland.  At Wars End:  Building Peace after Civil Conflict.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  289 p.
"Argues that transforming war-shattered states into market democracies is a basically sound idea, but that pushing the process to quickly can have damaging and destabilizing effects." - Foreword
Book call no.:  327.172 P232a

A Peace Reader:  Essential Readings on War, Justice, Non-Violence, and World Order
, edited by Joseph J. Fahey and Richard Armstrong.  New York, Paulist Press, 1992.  483 p.
Section 4:  Conflict Resolution, pp 255-329.
Book call no.:  327.17 P355 1992

Peace Research:  Achievements and Challenges, edited by Peter Wallensteen.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1988.  274 p. (Westview Special Studies in Peace, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution)
Research on Conflict Resolution, pp 105-165.
Book call no.:  327.172072 P355

Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution, edited by Tom Woodhouse and Oliver Ramsbotham.  London, Frank Cass, 2000.  269 p. (Cass Series on Peacekeeping)
Considers "the contribution that conflict resolution can make in the development of the new concepts and practices of peacekeeping called for by the United Nations peacekeeping forces, as efforts are made to learn from the dramatic and devastating impact of the many civil wars that have erupted in the past decade." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.584 P3555

Peacemaking in International Conflict:  Methods and Techniques
, edited by William I. Zartman.  Rev ed.  Washington,  United States Institute of Peace, 2007.  505 p.
Contributors to this book present "the state of the art of the subject in descriptions, generalizations, and concepts, organized according to different methods of international conflict resolution, with the aim of emphasizing their usefulness and limitations." - Introduction
Book call no.:  327.172 P3557 2007

Pfetsch, Frank R. and Rohloff, Christopher.  National and International Conflicts, 1945-1995:  New Empirical and Theoretical Approaches.  New York, Routledge, 2000.  282 p. (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Politics, no. 11)
Outcomes of Conflicts, pp 203-206.  Treaties, pp 206-226.
Book call no.:  303.6 P528n

Postconflict Development:  Meeting New Challenges,
edited by Gerd Junne and Willemijn Verkoren.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  370 p.
Chapters by different authors contribute "to policy formulation by providing a broad and thorough overview of the main considerations that have to be taken into account when designing and applying development policies in countries recovering from violent conflict." page 17
Book call no.:  338.9 P857

Psychological Dimensions of War, edited by Betty Glad.  Newbury Park, CA, Sage Publications, 1990.  384 p. (Violence, Cooperation, Peace an International Series)
Ending Limited War:  The Psychological Dynamics of the Termination Process, pp 252-263.
Book call no.:  355.0019 P974

The Psychology of Peacekeeping
, edited by Harvey J. Langholtz.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1998.  261 p.
Psychological Aspects and Confidence-Building Measures in the Transition from Violence to a Durable Peace, pp 129-254.
Book call no.:  327.172019 P974

Randle, Robert F.  The Origins of Peace:  A Study of Peacemaking and the Structure of Peace Settlements.  New York, Free Press, 1973.  550 p.
Attempts to be "a thorough survey of modern wars and their settlements." - Preface
Book call no.:  327 R191o

Reiter, Dan.  How Wars End.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2009.  301 p.
"Argues that two central factors shape war-termination decisionmaking:  information about the balance of power and the resolve of one's enemy, and fears that the other side's commitment to abide by a war-ending peace settlement may not be credible." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  355.02  R379h

Resolving International Conflicts:  The Theory and Practice of Mediation, edited by Jacob Bercovitch.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996.  279 p. (Studies in International Politics)
Book call no.:  341.52 R434

Richmond, Oliver P.  Maintaining Order, Making Peace.  New York, Palgrave, 2002.  264 p.
"This study outlines and explores three generations of approaches to ending conflict culminating in the broadening concept of, and approaches to, peace and human security in the post-cold war era." - Preface
Book call no.:  327.172 R533m

Rosen, Stephen Peter.  War and Human Nature.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2005.  211 p.
Stress, Distress, and War Termination, pp 99-134.
Book call no.:  355.02 R813w

Rotermund, Manfred K.  The Fog of Peace:  Finding the End-State of Hostilities.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1999.  59 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB305.pdf
Book call no.:  341.52 R843f

Rupesinghe, Kumar.  Civil War, Civil Peace:  An Introduction to Conflict Resolution.  Sterling, VA, Pluto Press, 1998.  179 p.
Ending Warfare, Creating Accountability, pp 138-157.
Book call no.:  327.17 R945c

Seabury, Paul and Codevilla, Angelo.  War:  Ends and Means.  New York, Basic Books, 1989.  306 p.
Making Peace, pp 243-276.
Book call no.:  355.02 S438w

Security, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation:  When the Wars End, edited by Muna Ndula.  New York, UCLA Press, 2007.  348 p.
"The objective of the book is to make a contribution to conflict resolution by identifying variables that underline success in approaches adopted to achieve reconciliation and reconstruction in post conflict societies." - Summary
Book call no.:  327.172096 S446

Sriram, Chandra Lekha.  Peace as Governance:  Power-Sharing, Armed Groups and Contemporary Peace Negotiations.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.  220 p. (Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies)
Book call no.:  327.172 S774p

Sisk, Timothy D.  Power Sharing and International Mediation in Ethnic Conflicts.  Washington,  United States Institute of Peace, 1996.  143 p.
"Presents the scholarly and practitioner debate over power sharing in the context of ethnic conflict dynamics and identifies the principal approaches to, and practices of, power-sharing." - Summary
Book call no.:  303.66 S622ps

Skran, Claudena M.  Refugees in Inter-War Europe:  The Emergence of a Regime.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1995.  324 p.
"Argues that international assistance efforts by governments, the League of Nations, and private organizations were part of an international regime, and this regime had - and continues to have - a significant impact on refugee policy." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  362.87094 S629r

Smith, James D. D.  Stopping Wars:  Defining the Obstacles to Cease-Fire.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1995.  309 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 S651s

Stabilization and Reconstruction Staffing:  Developing U.S. Civilian Personnel Capabilities, by Terrence K. Kelly and others.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  103 p.
"Examines one capability required for successful Security, Stability, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) operations:  the provision of competent civilian staffs that can manage and conduct the tasks needed for success." - Preface
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2008/RAND_MG580.pdf  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Book call no.:  353.15 S775

Strategic War Termination, edited by Stephen J. Cimbala.  New York, Praeger, 1986.  227 p.
"The contributors focus on the theory and practice of war avoidance and war termination after deterrence has failed but before escalation has totally escaped control." - Preface
Book call no.:  355.0217 S8982

Sun-Tzu.  The Art of War, translated by Samuel B. Griffith Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1963.  197 p.
Book call no.:  355 S57a 1963

Szayna, Thomas S. and others.  Preparing the Army for Stability Operations:  Doctrinal and Interagency Issues.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2007.  247 p.
"Presents the results of a project entitled 'Improving Army Doctrine and Planning for Stability Operations:’  A great deal of activity has been aimed at revising the approach to the planning and implementation of Stabilization, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) operations." - Book Jacket
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG646.pdf  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Book call no.:  355.028 S996p

Termination of Wars:  Processes Procedures and Aftermaths, edited by Nissan Oren.  Jerusalem, Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, 1982.  277 p.
Thirteen contributors have undertaken the task of making "an incision of the war and peace cycle at the point of wars endings rather than causes." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  355.02 T319

Tidwell, Alan C.   Conflict Resolved?  A Critical Assessment of Conflict Resolution.  New York, Pinter, 1998.  180 p.
The author states his "task is to provoke readers into critically assessing their own beliefs, assumptions and values pertaining to conflict and its resolution." - Preface
Book call no.:  303.69 T558c

Timing the De-Escalation of International Conflicts
, edited by Louis Kriesberg and Stuart J. Thorson.  Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 1991.  303 p. (Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution)
Critical Elements in Determining the Suitability of Conflict Settlement Efforts by the United Nations Secretary General, pp 58-82.
Book call no.:  341.52 T583

To End War:  A New Approach to International Conflict, by Robert S. Woito.  New York, Pilgrim Press, 1982.  755 p.
Annotated bibliography.
Book call no.:  016.327172 T627

Treaties and Alliances of the World.  8th ed.  London, John Harper, 2007.  711 p.
"In one volume, this book provides a concise and balanced reference guide to the international system, useful both for quick fact-checking on the essentials of an agreement, organization or topic as well as for more detailed background and comparative research on particular themes." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  R 341.11 T784 2007

Understanding Victory and Defeat in Contemporary War, edited by Jan Angstrom and Isabelle Duyvesteyn.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  241 p.
"The problem we were confronted with was to make sense of winning war in cases where the desired and defined end state seem to have become increasingly unclear." - Preface
Book call no.:  355.02 U55

Unintended Consequences of Peacekeeping Operations, edited by Chiyuki Aoi and others.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2007.  292 p.
Attempts "to improve understanding of unintended consequences of peacekeeping operations, by bringing together field experiences and academic analysis.  It covers consequences on individuals and groups of individuals, on the host society and economy, and on the troop-contributing countries. It also analyzes the degree to which the United Nations has tried to manage some of these side effects." - Abstract
Book call no.:  341.581 U581

United States.  Congress.  House of Representatives.  Committee on Government Reform.  Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats and International Relations.  Humanitarian Assistance Following Military Operations:  Overcoming Barriers.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 1st session, May 13, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2003.  147 p.
Book call no.:  956.70443 U 584h

Van Creveld, Martin.  The Culture of War.  New York, Ballantine Books, 2008. 485 p.
Chapter 8:  Ending War.
Book call no.:  306.27 V223c

Wagner-Pacifici, Robin.  The Art of Surrender:  Decomposing Sovereignty at Conflict's End.  Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2005.  210 p.
Explores ritual "concessions as acts of warfare, performances of submission, demonstrations of power, and representations of shifting, unstable worlds." - Cover
Book call no.:  355.028 W134a

Wallensteen, Peter.  Understanding Conflict Resolution:  War, Peace and the Global System.  2nd ed.  Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage Publications, 2007.  311 p.
"Presents a model for successful conflict resolution between warring parties.  Conflict resolution, he argues, must go beyond the structures of existing peace agreements.  After exploring some of the theoretical underpinnings of contemporary conflict theory, he outlines three types of prevalent conflict and discusses the different types of agreements needed for resolution." - Summary
Book call no.:  303.69 W197u 2007

Weigley, Russell Frank.  The American Way of War:  A History of United States Military Strategy and Policy.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 1977.  584 p.
Book call no.:  355.0973 W418a 1977

What Is a Just Peace?,  edited by Pierre Alan and Alexis Keller.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2006.  232 p.
Book call no.:  327.172 W555

Whitfield, Teresa.  Friend Indeed?  The United Nations, Groups of Friends, and the Resolution of Conflict.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2007.  428 p.
Written and extended results of the participants in a round-table meeting on the theme 'What Is a Just Peace' at the University of Geneva Fall 2002.
Book call no.:  341.584 W591f

Williams, Peter.  Achieving Education for All:  Good Practice in Crisis and Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  A Handbook for Education Policymakers and Practitioners in Commonwealth Countries.  London, Commonwealth Secretariat, 2007.  62 p. (Quality PUE Good Practice Series)
"Focuses on sixteen Commonwealth countries in Africa, where the incidence of conflict is most easily seen, though many of the other problems discussed here have their parallels in other parts of the world." - Summary
Book call no.:  371.826914 W726a

Winning the Peace:  The Strategic Implications of Military Civic Action, edited by John W. De Pauw and George A. Luz.  New York, Praeger, 1992.  238 p.
Discusses the military civic actions that would be used as a phase of war termination.
Book call no.:  355.34 W776

A World at the Crossroads:  New Conflicts, New Solutions; Annals of Pugwash 1993, edited by Joseph Rotblat and Sven Hellman.  River Edge, NJ, World Scientific, 1994.  270 p.
The Resolution of Conflicts, pp 83-162.
Book call no.:  327.174 P978w



Conflict Termination, General -- Documents

Abt Associates, Inc.  A Model of the Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict: Project TIRC.  Cambridge, MA, June 1967.  1 vol.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42351-4

Abt Associates, Inc.  The Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict:  Project TIRC.  Cambridge, MA, June 1967.  14 p.
Final summary report.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42351-6

Abt Associates, Inc.  Terminations of Internal Revolutionary Conflict:  (TIRC) Research Design and Bibliography.  Cambridge, MA, 1966.  66 p.
First interim report.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42351-1

Brick, Philip Douglas.  The Strategy of Endings:  War Termination in Conventional and Nuclear Worlds.  Berkeley, CA, December 1990. 299 p. (Thesis-(Phd)--University of California, Berkeley)
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-617

Clarke, Bruce B. G.  Conflict Termination:  A Rational Model.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, May 1992.  35 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-581

Engelbrecht, Joseph A., Jr.   War Termination:  Why Does a State Decide to Stop Fighting?  New York, 1992. 373 p.  (Thesis - (Phd)--Columbia University)
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-790

Foster, James L. and Brewer, Garry D.  And the Clocks Were Striking Thirteen:  The Termination of War.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, March 1976.  26 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 30352-16 no. 5559

Lademan, William J.   War Termination:  The Confluence of Strategy and Policy.  Newport, RI, Naval War College.  Center for Advanced Research,  June 1988.  65 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662-6 L153w

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions:  Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities, by Nina M. Serafino.  Washington, CRS, June 16, 2009.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL32862.pdf  (connects to the latest edition)  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32862

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Trying Terrorists by Military Commission, by Jennifer Elsea. Washington, November 2001. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-45d

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  War Crimes Act:  Current Issues, by Michael J. Garcia.  Washington, CRS, January 22, 2009.  15 p.
Also available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL33662
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.RL33662

Scott, John F.  Terminating Major War in Europe.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1989.  87 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-394

Shope, Virginia C.  Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  A Selected Bibliography.  Carlisle Barracks, Army War College Library, November 2003.  32 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419056
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-637

Snyder, Daniel E.  Conflict Resolution in Cooperative Systems.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Harry G. Armstrong Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory,  October 1987.  90 p. 
Examines conflict resolution using human and intelligent systems cooperation.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41448-7 no.87-066

Stambaugh, Jeffrey E.  Peacekeeping Exit Strategy:  A Renaissance for the Deadline?  Boston, Harvard University, 2001.  96 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA407713
Doc. call no.:   M-U 42252-91 S783p

Strauch, Ralph E.   Winners and Losers:  A Conceptual Barrier in Our Strategic Thinking.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, June 1972.  25 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/AD751815
Doc. call no.:  M-U 30352-16 no. 4769

Sub-Regional Pre-Emptive Mechanism for Conflict Resolution:  Lessons from Liberia, by M. Mohammed.  JaJl-Kaduna, Nigeria, Armed Forces Command and Staff College Nigeria, Department of Landwarfare, 2005.  1 vol.
Tenth International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Jaji-Kaduna, Nigeria2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/130.pdf  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Doc. call no.:   M-U 42764-433b

Terminating Intervention:  Understanding Exit Strategy and U.S. Involvement in Intrastate Conflicts.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 1996.  150 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 30352-73 no. 553

United States.  Department of the Army.  The Law of Land Warfare.  Washington, July 1956.  236 p. (FM 27-10)
Discusses prisoners of war, occupation and war crimes.
Also available online at:  http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/policy/army/fm/27-10/
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35062-78 no.27-10

United States.  Department of the Army.  Operations.  Washington, February 2008.  1 vol. (FM 3-0)
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-0.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35062-78 no.3-0

United States.  Department of the Army.  Peace Operations.  Washington, December 1994.  131 p. (FM 100-23)
Also available online:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/service_pubs/fm100_23.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35062-78 no.100-23 (Dec 94)

United States.  Department of the Army.  War Planning.  Washington, December 1951.  1 vol. (FM 101-52)
Planning for Postwar Period, pp 17-19.
Although this field manual is obsolete, this section is useful.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35062-78 no. 101-52 Dec '51

United States.  Defense Science Board.  Defense Science Board 2004 Summer Study on Transition to and from Hostilities.  Washington, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, December 2004.  199 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA430116
Doc. call no.:  M-U 40607-168

United States.  Joint Chiefs of Staff.  Doctrine for Joint Operations.  Washington, Joint Chiefs of Staff, September 2006, Change 1, February 2008.  1 vol. (Joint Pub 3-0)
Considerations for Stabilization pp V-24 - V-27.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_0.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 40592 no. 3-0

United States.  Joint Chiefs of Staff.  Civil-Military Operations.  Washington, Joint Chiefs of Staff, July 2008.  1 vol. (Joint Pub 3-57)
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_57.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 40592 no.3-57 2008

United States.  Joint Warfighting Center.  Joint Task Force Commander's Handbook for Peace Operations.  Fort Monroe, VA, Joint Warfighting Center, June 1997.  1 vol.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA407977
Doc. call no.:  M-U 44176 1997

United States.  Marine Corps.  Marine Troop Leaders Guide.  Washington, March 1995.  1 vol. (FMFRP 0-6)
Includes information about mob and riot control, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and relief operations for troop leaders at the platoon, section, squad and fire team levels.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41752-5 no.06 (16 Mar 95)



Conflict Termination, General -- Documents (Student Research)

Abt, Frederic E.  The Operational End State:  Cornerstone of the Operational Level of War.  Fort Leavenworth, KS,  School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 1988.  41 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 A164o

Allotey, Sam  and others.  Planning and Execution of Conflict Termination.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, May 1995.  141 p. 
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/viewabstract.aspx?id=1556
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 A441p

Ashworth, Eric L.  Secure the Victory:  Is It Time for Stabilization and Reconstruction Command?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424382
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 A831s

Bade, Bruce C.  War Termination:  Why Don't We Plan for It?  Washington, National War College, March 1994.  26 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42942-5 B133w

Baggott, Christopher L.  Achieving the Operational End-State:  The Linkage of Military Operations with Regional Strategy.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, December 1991.  52 p. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA357332
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 B144a

Baker, George H., Jr.  So Whose Sword Is This Anyway?  Applying the Three Levels of War to Conflict Termination.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2004.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA425942
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 B1672s

Bame, David J.  The Exit Strategy Myth and the End of State Reality.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Commanded Staff College, 2001.  56 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA402118
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41886-71 B199e

Barksdale, Carl A.  The Network Centric Operations-Effects Based Operations Marriage:  Can It Enable Prediction of "Higher Order" Effects on the Will of the Adversary.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2002.  1 vol.
Also available online at:   http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405867
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 B256n

Baxter, Richard W.  War Termination and the Global War on Terrorism.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2003.  17 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419404
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 B3551w

Belinski, Joseph E.  Allies, War Termination, and War Aims.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 1997.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA328213
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 B431a

Bostick, Wallace E.  Selected Factors Involved in War Termination.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College,  October 1975.  23 p. 
Looks at military advisors, public support, news media, elected officials and government employees as factors involved in war termination.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA023916
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-4 B747s

Brown, Rosalyn M.  Peace Operations in Failed States:  What Is the Appropriate Model to Employ?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 2002.  31 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404294
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B8793p

Bullimore, Steven L.  The Military's Role in Nation-Building:  Peace and Stability Operations Redefined.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  18 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448657
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B9371m

Clardy, Herman S., III.  War Termination:  Dreaming of the End and the Ultimate Triumph.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2004.  19 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA425912
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 C5 911w

Cross, John D.  Decisive Battle and the Global War on Terror.  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2006.  49 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA437532
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 C951d

Culpepper, Michael E.  Transitioning from War to Enduring Peace.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  28 p.
Focuses "on conflicts which result in the removal of an existing regime and establishment of a new government.  The paper describes these types of stability operations and addresses the prevailing characteristics, how these operations are conducted, and how they are successfully concluded." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482093
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C968i

Davitz, Donald,  and others.  The Coalition's Impact on Defining the End State.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, May 1995.  62 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 D2651c

Flynn, Michael T.  Climax or Conclusion:  Culmination in the Defense.  Fort Leavenworth, KS,  School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, December 1993.  47 p. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA289005 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 F648c

Fondaw, Jeffrey E.  Conflict Termination - Considerations for the Operational Commander.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2001.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA393386
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 F673c

Garbarczyk, Tomasz P.  Defining Victory in the Aftermath of Successful Campaign:  Convincing the Enemy to Accept Defeat.  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 2006.  79 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451931
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 G213d

Garrison, Brian M.  Conflict Termination and Counterterrorist Campaigns.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2004.  21 p.
"Cultural intelligence must be integrated into the Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace phase of the Commander's Estimate of the Situation" so that objectives can be achieved in conflict termination in MOOTW. - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422782
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 G242c

Garza, Mario A.  Conflict Termination:  Every Conflict Must End.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997.  16 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA328094
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 G245c

Gilpin, Michael D.  Exit Strategy:  The New Dimension in Operational Planning.  Carlisle Barracks, PA,  Army War College, 1997.  37 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA328399
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G489e

Goaley, Thomas J., Jr.  PISCES:  The Commander's Tool for an Effective Exit Strategy.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2003.  1 vol.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434660
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 G573p

Golden, Liesel A. and others.  Winning Wars Quicker, with Less Casualties, and Resulting in a Better State of Peace.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 1998.  60 p.
Determining Time to Halt, pp 40-44.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA398534
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 G6183w

Guthrie, John W.  The Theater Commander:  Planning for Conflict Termination.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448549
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G9841t

Halford, Darren Boyd.  Agility, Integration, Decisiveness:  Stability & Reconstruction Considerations for Campaign Planning.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2005.  170 p.
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2005/saas/Halford.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 H169a

Hoffman, Donald L.  Gauging Provincial Reconstruction Team Effectiveness.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2008.  167 p.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=33344d6a-e29a-4f02-82a1-671d553c4b8a&rs=PublishedSearch  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H6992g

Hurckes, Rick  and others.  Military Missions Other Than War - 2025:  Looking at Military Missions Worldwide in 2025.  Maxwell, AFB, AL,  Air Command and Staff College, May 1995.  2 vols.
Vol 1:  Discusses missions that might be needed in war termination:  nation assistance, restore civic order, police operations, peacekeeping, border control, and humanitarian assistance.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H959m

Jamison, James F.  Writing the Last Chapter First:  Operational Commanders and the 'Steady State'.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2002.  27 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA409156
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 J32w

Johnson, Gregory C.  Exit Strategy:  Where Does It Fit into Operational Planning?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2002.  20p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401833
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 J675e

Johnson, Leah D.  Non-Rational Considerations Towards Conflict Termination.  Newport, RI, Naval War College,  March 1994.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA279623 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 J673n

Johnson, Lynard T.  Reforming the Interagency Coordination Process in Support of Contingency Operations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478536
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 J674r

Kochanski, Don.  The Missing Phase:  The Need for a New Stability Phase in Modern Combat Operations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2005.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434660
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 K76m

Lee, Paul, Jr.  War Termination in a Low-Intensity Conflict.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College,  March 1988.  70 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-14 L479w

Leeker, Robert L.  War Termination:  The Quest for the Desired End State.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1997.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA328144
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 L485w

Levine, Arnold.  Unconditional Surrender as a Tenet of National Policy.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1963.  84 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 L665u

Lockey, Jon.  Preventing Shocking Awe:  The Challenge after Victory.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448594
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537 L815p

McCreedy, Kenneth O.  Winning the Peace:  Postconflict Operations.  Fort Leavenworth, KS,  School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College,  December 1994.  73 p. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA293961
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 M132w

McLain, John M.  After Victory:  The Commander's Tasks in Post-Conflict Operations.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2002.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401491
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 M1612a<

Monette, Dan W.  Exit Strategy Options:  Why the Use of Regional Forces Is Important and How the CINC Can Prepare for Their Use.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2002.  1 vol.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405670
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 M742e

Moore, John M.  Disconnected Strategies:  Why Success Is Elusive in Stability Operations and Post-Conflict Reconstruction.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424103
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M8224d

Morrissey, Michael T.  End State:  Relevant in Stability Operations?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2002.  79 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA403310
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 M883e

Naething, Robert R.  Transformation in the Future of Post-Conflict Operations:  Lessons from Our Nation's Past.   Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424160
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 N144t

Nelson, John D.  Swiftly Defeat the Efforts; Then What?  The "New American Way of War" and Transitioning Decisive Combat to Post-Conflict Stabilization.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  25 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424166
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 N427s

Noyes, N. W.  Peacekeepers and Warfighters:  Same Force, Different Mindset.  Newport, RI, Naval War College,  May 1995.  1 vol. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA297850
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 N956p

Oberst, David J.  Why Wars End:  An Expected Utility War Termination Model.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992.  93 p. 
Constructs a model for war termination based on the assumption that the 3 basic variables are probability, utility and cost.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA250825
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-83 O12w

Ourso, Frederick J.  War Termination:  Do Planning Principles Change with the Nature of the War?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1998.  16 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA351765
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 L485w

Raymer, James H.  In Search of Lasting Results:  Military War Termination Doctrine.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2002.  66 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA403681
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R267i

Rice, Edward Augustus, Jr.  The Operational Commander and War Termination on Favorable Terms.  Newport, RI, Naval War College,  February 1989.  27 p. 
Argues that the operational commander should be the principal military advisor concerning war termination.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 R495o

Rigby, William A.  Nation Building:  An Essential Army Task.   Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 2003.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420138
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R567n

Rooms, Travis E.  Beginning with the End in Mind:  Post-Conflict Operations and Campaign Planning.  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2005.  60 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436237
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R777b

Rudesheim, Frederick S.  Quick, Decisive Victory:  Defining Maxim or Illusory Concept Within Army Doctrine?  Ft. Leavenworth, KS,  School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 1993.  47 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA274409
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 R915q

Schaill, Emmett M.  Planning an End State:  Has Doctrine Answered the Need?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 1998.  61 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA357716
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 S296p

Shoffner, Thomas A.  Unconditional Surrender:  A Modern Paradox.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2003.  55 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416069
Doc. call no.:  42022-2 S5591u

Souchet, Brian E.  War Termination, Joint Planning and the Interagency Process.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2004.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA425975
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 S719w

Starr, Michael B.  When the "Terrible Ifs" Accumulate:  Recognizing the Signs of Impending Defeat.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2007.  77 p.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=researchproject&objectid=c28c25ad-63d1-49b0-8672-0275ffc70e9f
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 S796w

Steers, Howard J. T.  Bridging the Gaps:  Political-Military Coordination at the Operational Level.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2001.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA393546
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 S814b

Strednansky, Susan E.   Balancing the Trinity:  The Fine Art of Conflict Termination.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies,  February 1996.  51 p. 
Discusses the role of the commander in termination planning during operations other than war.  Specific emphasis is placed on actions in Somalia and Haiti.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/viewabstract.aspx?id=1699
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1a S915b

Sullivan, Mark P.  The Mechanism for Strategic Coercion:  Denial or Second Order Change?  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, April 1995.  63 p. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA292985 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1a S951m

Taylor, Bradly S.  Counter-Leadership Targeting and Conflict Termination.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 1999.  178 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA366301
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42552 T238c

Taylor, William W., III.   Peace Enforcement:  Square Peg in a Round Hole.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1996.  31 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA308491 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 T247p

Thompson, Burdett K.  Nation Building:  A Bad Idea Whose Time Has Come?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423757
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 T468n

Toth, James E.  Conflict Termination:  Considerations for Development of National Strategy.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1978.  80 p.  
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 T717c

Von Kirchbach, Hans-Peter.  Clausewitz and the Culmination Point of Victory.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1989.  77 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA207383
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-83 V947c

Wagner, Rolf.  "Virtual Victory":  The Influence of "Post" Modern Warfare on Post Conflict Operations:  Is Defeat Necessary to Start "Phase IV."  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2004.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435839
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 W1341v

Watson, Howard M.  Keeping America on Top:  Preventing Culmination in the War on Terrorism.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2002.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401478
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 W3381k

Willsborgstede, Pamela Y.  Defining a Framework for Reconstruction.  Carlisle Barracks, Army War College, March 2004. 26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424116
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W741d

Zacharzuk, Joseph.  War Termination:  Transitional Thoughts to Collective Security and World Stability.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1993.  45 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 Z16w

Zauner, Gaetano.  Stabilization and Reconstruction Operation:  A Bridge Between Conflict Termination and Nation Building:  Roles, Tasks and Capabilities of the Italian Army.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449839
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 Z39s

Zink, Dennis M.  Compelling Other Governments to Capitulate:  An End-State to the Use of Military Force.   Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2003.  109 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416142
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 Z78c



Conflict Termination, General -- Periodicals

Akashi, Yasushi.  The Limits of UN Diplomacy and the Future of Conflict Mediation.  Survival 37:83-98 Winter 1995-1996.
Argues that the UN is still needed to play a role in conflict resolution.

Anderson, James H.  End State Pitfalls:  A Strategic Perspective.  Military Review 77:93-95 September-October 1997.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=224861&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Belbutowski, Paul M.  Strategic Implications of Cultures in Conflict.  Parameters 26:32-42 Spring 1996.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/USAWC/Parameters/96spring/belbutow.htm

Bellany, Ian.  Modelling War.  Journal of Peace Research 36:729-739 November 1999.
Also available online at:   http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3433%28199911%2936%3A6%3C729%3AMW%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Q

Bennett, D. Scott.  Measuring Rivalry Termination, 1816-1992.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 41:227-255 April 1997.
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0027(199704)41:2<227:MRT1>2.0.CO;2-W

Benson, Kevin C. and Thrash, Christopher B.  Declaring Victory:  Planning Exit Strategies for Peace Operations.  Parameters 26:69-80 Autumn 1996.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/USAWC/Parameters/96autumn/benson.htm

Billon, Philippe Le and Nicholls, Eric.  Ending 'Resource Wars':  Revenue Sharing, Economic Sanction or Military Intervention?  International Peacekeeping 14:613-632 December 2007.
"This article examines the effectiveness of resource-related conflict termination instruments, focusing on revenue sharing, economic sanction and military intervention." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28698643&site=ehost-live

Boule, John R., II.  Operational Planning and Conflict Termination.  Joint Force Quarterly No.29:97-102 Autumn-Winter 2001-2002.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1929.pdf

Boyle, Michael J.  Explaining Strategic Violence after WarsStudies in Conflict and Terrorism 32:209-236 March 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=36677708&site=ehost-live

Carment, David and Rowlands, Dane.  Vengeance and Intervention:  Can Third Parties Bring Peace Without Separation?  Security Studies 13:366-393 Summer 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17018720&site=ehost-live

Chan, Steve.  Explaining War Termination:  A Boolean Analysis of Causes.  Journal of Peace Research 40:49-66 January 2003.
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3433(200301)40:1<49:EWTABA>2.0.CO;2-3

Clarke, Bruce B. G.  Conflict Termination:  A Rational Model.   Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 16:25-50 January-March 1993.

Cunningham, David E. and others.  It Takes Two:  A Dyadic Analysis of the Civil War Duration and Outcome.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 53:570-597 August 2009.
Also available online at:  http://jcr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/53/4/570

Derouen, Karl R., Jr. and Bercovitch, Jacob.  Enduring Internal Rivalries:  A New Framework for the Study of Civil War.  Journal of Peace Research 45:55-74 January 2008.
Also available online at:  http://jpr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/45/1/55

Dixon, Jeffrey.  Emerging Consensus:  Results from the Second Wave of Statistical Studies on Civil War TerminationCivil Wars 11:121-136 June 2009.

Downes, Alexander B.  The Problem with Negotiated Settlements to Ethnic Civil Wars.  Security Studies 13:230-279 Summer 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17018718&site=ehost-live

Dunbar, Michael S.  MP Prisoner of War Information Center Tackles Realistic Field Problems.  Military Police, pp 16-17 Summer 1986.

Fearon, James D.  Separatist Wars, Partition, and World Order.  Security Studies 13:394-415 Summer 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17018719&site=ehost-live

Fetherston, A. B.  Peacekeeping, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding:  A Reconsideration of Theoretical Frameworks.  International Peacekeeping 7:190-218 Spring 2000.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7346250&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Field, Kimberly C. and Perito, Robert M.  Creating a Force for Peace Operations:  Ensuring Stability with Justice.  Parameters 32:77-87 Winter 2002-2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8640761&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Filson, Darren and Werner, Suzanne.  A Bargaining Model of War and Peace:  Anticipating the Onset, Duration, and Outcome of War.  American Journal of Political Science 46:819-837 October 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7499990&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Flavin, William.  Planning for Conflict Termination and Post-Conflict Success.  Parameters 33:95-112 Autumn 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10905127&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Glassmyer, Katherine and Sambanis, Nicholas.  Rebel-Military Integration and Civil War TerminationJournal of Peace Research 45:365-384 May 2008.
"Civil wars are far less likely to end in peace agreements than are international wars, and more than a third of civil wars restart within a few years." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://jpr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/45/3/365

Greig, Michael J. and Regan, Patrick M.  When Do They Say Yes?  An Analysis of the Willingness to Offer and Accept Mediation in Civil Wars.  International Studies Quarterly 52:759-781 December 2008.
"The theoretical and policy implications of knowing when to offer and the conditions under which an offer will be accepted could have dramatic effects on civil war termination." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36108314&site=ehost-live

Groves, Denise M.  Child Soldiers and the Transition to Peace.  National Security Studies Quarterly 6:47-70 Autumn 2000.

Hampson, Fen O.  Third-Party Roles in the Termination of Intercommunal Conflict.  Millennium:  Journal of International Studies 26, no. 3:727-750 1997.

Handel, Michael.  The Study of War Termination.  Journal of Strategic Studies 1:51-75 May 1978.

Hayes, Bradd C. and Sands, Jeffrey I.  Non-Traditional Military Responses to End Wars:  Considerations for Policymakers.  Millennium:  Journal of International Studies 26, no. 3:819-844 1997.

Hegre, Havard.  The Duration and Termination of Civil War.  Journal of Peace Research 41:243-252 May 2004.
Also available online at:  http://jpr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/41/3/243

Heraclides, Alexis.  The Ending of Unending Conflicts:  Separatist Wars.  Millennium:  Journal of International Studies 26, no. 3:679-707 1997.
Charts show outcomes of separatist conflicts 1945-1996.

Hines, Scott M.  Standing Down a Joint Task Force.  Joint Force Quarterly No.6:111-113 Autumn-Winter 1994-1995.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/stand6.pdf

Housenick, Christopher E.  Winning Battles but Losing Wars:  Three Ways Successes in Combat Promote Failures in PeaceMilitary Review 88:91-98 September-October 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34448908&site=ehost-live

Hughes, Christopher.  Cordon and Search Operations.  Infantry 85:8-11 July-August 1995.

Iasiello, Louis V.  Jus Post Bellum:  The Moral Responsibilities of Victors in War.  Naval War College Review 57:33-52 Summer-Autumn 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=771487671&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kaufmann, Chaim.  Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars.  International Security 20:136-175 Spring 1996.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2539045

Kleiboer, Marieke and 't Hart, Paul.  Time to Talk?  Multiple Perspectives on Timing of International Mediation.  Cooperation & Conflict 30:307-348 December 1995.

Klingberg, Frank L.  Predicting the Termination of War:  Battle Casualties and Population Losses.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 10:129-171 June 1966.
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0027(196606)10:2<129:PTTOWB>2.0.CO;2-9

Kuperman, Alan J.  Is Partition Really the Only Hope?  Reconciling Contradictory Findings about Ethnic Civil Wars.  Security Studies 13:314-349 Summer 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17018716&site=ehost-live

Langlois, Catherine C. and Langlois, Jean-Pierre P.  Does Attrition Behavior Help Explain the Duration of Interstate Wars?  A Game Theoretic and Empirical Analysis.  International Studies Quarterly 53:1051-1073 December 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=45694288&site=ehost-live

Last, David M.  Peacekeeping Doctrine and Conflict Resolution Techniques.   Armed Forces & Society 22:187-210 Winter 1995-1996.
Based on a paper presented to Inter-University Seminar Conference, Baltimore, MD, Oct 1993.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9603121777&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Licklider, Roy.  Early Returns:  Results of the First Wave of Statistical Studies of Civil War Termination.  Civil Wars 1:121-132 Autumn 1998.

Lyons, Terence.  Post-Conflict Elections and the Process of Demilitarizing Politics:  The Role of Electoral Administration.  Democratization 11:36-62 June 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13867233&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mandel, Robert.  Reassessing Victory in Warfare.  Armed Forces & Society 33:461-495 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://afs.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/33/4/461

Manning, Carrie.  Local Level Challenges to Post-Conflict PeacebuildingInternational Peacekeeping 10:25-44 Autumn 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=11405432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Marley, Anthony D.  Responsibilities of a Military Negotiator During Peace Talks.  Parameters 26:67-78 Summer 1996.
Also available online at:  http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/96summer/marley.htm

McMillan, Joseph.  Talking to the Enemy:  Negotiations in Wartime.  Comparative Strategy 11:447-461 October-December 1992.

Miller Benjamin.  The Global Sources of Regional Transitions from War to Peace.  Journal of Peace Research 38:199-225 March 2001.
Also available online at:   http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3433%28200103%2938%3A2%3C199%3ATGSORT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-5

Murray, William S.  A Will to Measure.  Parameters 31:134-147 Autumn 2001.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=79683603&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Nitzschke, Heiko and Studdard, Kaysie.  The Legacies of War Economies:  Challenges and Options for Peacemaking and Peacebuilding.  International Peacekeeping 12:222-239 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16967874&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Paris, Roland.  Peacebuilding and the Limits of Liberal Internationalism.  International Security 22:54-89 Fall 1997.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2539367

Peters, Ralph.  The Other Enemy:  Impossible Standards for Victory Promote Failure.  Armed Forces Journal 145:34-36+ May 2008.
Also available online at:  http://infoweb.newsbank.com

Quackenbush, Stephen L. and Venteicher, Jerome F.  Settlements, Outcomes, and the Recurrence of Conflict.  Journal of Peace Research 45:723-742 November 2008.
"Simultaneously examines the relationship between the settlements, outcomes, and conflict recurrence through several analyses of the periods of peace following 2,973 dyadic militarized interstate disputes between 1816 and 2001." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://jpr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/45/6/723

Quester, George H.  Wars Prolonged by Misunderstood Signals.  American Academy of Political and Social Science Annals 392:30-39 November 1970.

Rampy, Michael R.  Endgame:  Conflict Termination and Post-Conflict Activities.  Military Review 72:42-54 October 1992.

Rast, Vicki.  Understanding the National Security Policy-Making Process:  Why Logisticians Should Care.  Air Force Journal of Logistics 24:26-27 Spring 2000.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=3322915&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Robertson, Horace B., Jr.  Obligation to Accept Surrender.  Naval War College Review 46:102-115 Spring 1993.

Rothman, Jay and Olson, Marie L.  From Interests to Identities:  Towards a New Emphasis in Interactive Conflict Resolution.  Journal of Peace Research 38:289-305 May 2001.
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3433(200105)38:3<289:FITITA>2.0.CO;2-6

Savitri, K.  The United Nations Charter Framework for Conflict Resolution:  Procedures and Practices of Pacific Settlement of Disputes.  India Quarterly 53:61-100 July-December 1997.

Scimecca, Joseph A.  What Is Conflict Resolution?  Peace Review 5:391-399 Winter 1993.
A theoretical discussion about conflict resolution.

Shin, David.  Use of Standing Criteria for Deciding to Commit U.S. Forces in Conflict Resolution.  Military Intelligence 28:11-14 January-March 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=5921732&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Siegel, Adam B.  Postconflict Problems.  Marine Corps Gazette 84:36-38 February 2000.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=49723221&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Simonsen, Sven G.  Building "National" Armies-- Building Nations?  Determinants of Success for Postintervention Integration Efforts.  Armed Forces & Society 33:571-590 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://afs.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/33/4/571

Slantchev, Branislav L.  How Initiators End Their Wars:  The Duration of Warfare and the Terms of Peace.  American Journal of Political Science 48:813-829 October 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14358355&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Soucy, Robert R., II. and others.  War Termination and Joint Planning.  Joint Forces Quarterly No.8:95-101 Summer 1995.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1808.pdf

Stanley, Elizabeth A. and Sawyer, John P.  The Equifinality of War Termination:  Multiple Paths to Ending War.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 53:651-676 October 2009.
"Contributes an alternative domestic politics pathway to traditional bargaining models of war termination." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://jcr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/53/5/651

Strauch, Ralph E.  Winners and Losers:  A Conceptual Barrier in Our Strategic Thinking.  Air University Review 23:33-44 July-August 1972.

Summers, Harry G.  War:  Deter, Fight, Terminate.  Naval War College Review 39:18-29 January-February 1986.

Tanner, Fred.  Postwar Arms Control.  Journal of Peace Research 30:29-43 February 1993.
Examines the intersection between war termination and arms control leading to postwar arms control.
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3433(199302)30:1<29:PAC>2.0.CO;2-4

Tellis, Ashley J.  Terminating Intervention:  Understanding Exit Strategy and U.S. Involvement in Intrastate Conflicts.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 19:117-151 April-June 1996.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=9607010980&site=ehost-live

Vasquez, John A.  War Endings:  What Science and Constructivism Can Tell Us.  Millennium:  Journal of International Studies 26, no. 3:651-678 1997.

Walter, Barbara F.  Designing Transitions from Civil War:  Demobilization, Democratization, and Commitments to Peace.  International Security 24:127-155 Summer 1999.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2539350

Wallen, Andrew and Anderson, David A.  The Sword's Other Edge.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 134:40-44 May 2008.
"Presents suggestions for stability operations of the U.S. military." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=33961518&site=ehost-live

Wallensteen, Peter and Sollenberg, Margareta.  Armed Conflicts, Conflict Termination and Peace Agreements, 1989-96. Journal of Peace Research 34:339-358 August 1997.
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3433(199708)34:3<339:ACCTAP>2.0.CO;2-H

Ward, William E. and others.  Toward a Horizon of Hope:  Considerations for Long-Term Stability in Postconflict SituationsJoint Force Quarterly No. 45:41-45 April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=25245799&site=ehost-live

Warden, John A., III.  The Enemy as a System.  Airpower Journal 9:40-55 Spring 1995.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9504172671&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Waterston, Elizabeth.  A Brief History of International Conflict Resolution:  A European Viewpoint.  Medicine, Conflict and Survival 15:157-160 April-June 1999.

Werner, Suzanne.  Negotiating the Terms of Settlement:  War Aims and Bargaining Leverage.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 42:321-344 June 1998.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/174517

Woodhouse, Tom.  Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping:  Critiques and Responses.  International Peacekeeping 7:8-26 Spring 2000.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7346223&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Zaum, Dominik.  Peace Operations and Exit.  RUSI Journal 153:36-41 April 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=33299297&site=ehost-live

Zinni, Anthony C.  Understanding What Victory Is.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 129:32-33 October 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=11049151&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
 


Selected Conflicts

Internet Resources

Conflict Termination in the Afghanistan Crisis, by the Bibliography Branch.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, March 2005.  9 p.
Available online at: 
http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/afghanconflict.htm

Conflict Termination in the Iraqi War, 2003,
by the Bibliography Branch.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, February 2005.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/iraqi/conflict.htm

Peace Negotiations Watch.

Available online at:  http://www.publicinternationallaw.org/peace
Includes "such disputes as Armenia/Azerbaijan, Burundi, Chechnya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cyprus, Georgia/Abkhazia, Indonesia/Aceh, Ivory Coast, Kashmir, Macedonia, Nepal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Sudan but may vary from week to week."



Selected Conflicts -- Internet Resources (Student Research)


Wittmann, Christopher.  War Termination Theory in Operations Other Than War:  U.S. Disengagement from Somalia, 1993.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, April 1995. 
Available online at:  http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1995/wce.htm
On the Global Security Web Page.

Zander, Ronda S.  Nation Building:  The Effectiveness of US Forces in Bosnia.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2006.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA463989



Selected Conflicts -- Books

After Genocide:  Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond, edited by Philip Clark and Zachary D. Kaufman.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2009.  399 p.
Book call no.:  364.151 A258

After Mass Crime:  Rebuilding States and Communities,
edited by Beatrice Pouligny and others.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2007.  314 p.
Examines conflicts in Cambodia, Peru, Rwanda, Balkans, and Burundi.
Book call no.:  341.584 A258

Allen, Thomas B. and Polmar, Norman.  Code-Name Downfall:  The Secret Plan to Invade Japan and Why Truman Dropped the Bomb.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 1995.  351 p.
Book call no.:  940.544973 A431c

Allied Commission.  A Review of Allied Military Government and of the Allied Commission in Italy, July 10, 1943, D-Day, Sicily to May 2, 1945, German Surrender in Italy.  Rome, U.S. Army, 1945.  125 p.
Book call no.:  940.5345 A436r

Alperovitz, Gar.  Atomic Diplomacy:  Hiroshima and Potsdam; The Use of the Atomic Bomb and the American Confrontation with Soviet Power.  New York, Simon and Schuster, 1965.  317 p. 
Book call no.:  327.73047 A456a

Americans as Proconsuls:  United States Military Government in Germany and Japan, 1944-1952, edited by Robert Wolfe.  Carbondale, IL, Illinois University Press, 1984.  563 p.
Papers and proceedings of a conference held at the National Museum of American History, May 20-21, 1977.
Book call no.:  940.5338 A5121

Armstrong, Anne.  Unconditional Surrender:  The Impact of the Casablanca Policy Upon World War II.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1961.  304 p.
The purpose of this inquiry will be to look into the methods by which the United States adopted the policy of Unconditional Surrender in the Second World War, to try to discover the aims and motives of the policy, the nature of the American policymakers' thinking about European history, and about war and wartime policy." - Preface
Book call no.:  940.54012 A735u

Aspen Strategy Group.  After the Storm:  Lessons from the Gulf War, edited by Joseph S. Nye, Jr. and Roger K. Smith.  Lanham, MD, Madison Books, 1992.  415 p.
Provides lessons in the diplomatic, regional, economic, political and strategic arenas.
Book call no.:  956.70442 A258

Assefa, Hizkias.  Mediation of Civil Wars:  Approaches and Strategies--The Sudan Conflict.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1987.  234 p.
Preconditions for Successful Mediation of Civil Wars, pp 11-32.
Book call no.:  962.404 A844m

Atkinson, Rick.  Crusade:  The Untold Story of the Persian Gulf War.  Boston, MA, Houghton Mifflin, 1993.  575 p.
See pp 449-499.
Book call no.:  956.70442 A877c

Atrocities and International Accountability:  Beyond Transitional Justice, edited by Edel Hughes and others.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2007.  297 p.
"Brings together eminent scholars and practitioners with direct experience of some of the most challenging contemporary cases of international justice, and illustrates that justice and accountability remain complex ideals." - Summary  Includes information on:  Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, East Timor, and West Africa.
Book call no.:  345.0235 A882

Bacevich, A. J.  American Military Policy in Small Wars:  The Case of El Salvador.  Cambridge, MA, Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, 1988.  58 p.
Book call no.:  355.0327284 A512

Bailey, Sydney Dawson.  How Wars End:  The United Nations and the Termination of Armed Conflict 1946-1964.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1982.  2 vols.
Case 1:  Indonesia, 1947-8, pp 1-58.
Case 2:  Kashmir, 1947-9, pp 59-150.
Case 3:  Palestine, 1947-9, pp 151-320.
Case 4:  Indonesia, 1948-9, pp 321-379.
Case 5:  Korea, 1950-3, pp 381-533.
Case 6:  Sinai and Suez, 1956-7, pp 535-666.
Case 7:  Cyprus, 1964, pp 667-712.
Book call no.:  341.58 B156h

Balkan Reconstruction, edited by Thanos Veremis and Daniel Daianu.  Portland, OR, Frank Cass, 2001.  224 p.
Includes studies of:  Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Federal Republic, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Romania.
Book call no.:  330.9496 B186

Berdal, Mats R.  Building Peace after War.  New York, Routledge, 2009.  215 p. (Adelphi Series, no. 407)
Examines "the record of interventions from Cambodia in the early 1990s to contemporary efforts in Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  The book analyses the nature of the modern peacebuilding environment, in particular the historical and psychological conditions that shape it, and addresses the key tasks faced by outside forces in the early and critical 'post-conflict' phase of an intervention." - Summary
Book call no.:  909.82 I61a 407

Bergamini, David.  Japan's Imperial Conspiracy.  New York, Morrow, 1971.  1239 p.
Chapter 29:  Fall of the Homeland (1944-1945).
Book call no.:  940.5352 B493j


Beyond Settlement:  Making Peace Last after Civil Conflict
, edited by Vanessa E. Shields and Nicholas D. J. Baldwin.  Cranbury, NJ, Associated University Presses, 2008.  413 p.
Includes chapters on:  Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Guatemala, Lebanon, Nepal, Northern Ireland, Palestine, South Africa, Spain, and Sudan.
Book call no.:  327.172 B5731

Blaufarb, Douglas S. and Tanham, George K.  Who Will Win?  A Key to the Puzzle of Revolutionary  War.  New York, Crane Russak, 1989.  151 p.
Oman's Successful Counterinsurgency, pp 49-69.
Vietnam Failure, pp 71-90.
Book call no.:  355.0218 B645w

Bond, Brian.  The Pursuit of Victory:  From Napoleon to Saddam Hussein.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1996.  240 p.
Includes studies of Frederick the Great, Napoleon, Jomini, Clausewitz, Moltke, Schlieffen, World War I, and World War II.
Book call no.:  327.117 B711p

Buckley-Zistel, Susanne.  Conflict Transformation and Social Change in Uganda:  Remembering after Violence.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.  192 p. (Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies)
"Develops a hermeneutics framework for analysing the discursive production of peace.  It investigates the impact of memory, identity, closure and power on conflict transformation." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  303.62096761 B924c

Building Peace:  Practical Reflections from the Field, edited by Craig Zelizer and Robert A. Rubenstein.  Sterling, VA, Kumarian Press, 2009.  332 p.
Investigates conflicts in Lesotho, Israel, the former Yugoslavia, Angola, Crimea, Sierra Leone, Georgian conflict, and Macedonia.
Book call no.:  327.172 B9321

Butow, Robert Joseph.  Japan's Decision to Surrender.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 1954.  259 p. (Hoover Library on War, Revolution, and Peace, no.24)
Book call no.:  940.5352 B987j

Caraccilo, Dominic J.  Terminating the Ground War in the Persian Gulf:  A Clausewitzian Examination.  Arlington, VA, Association of the United States Army, Institute of Land Warfare, 1997.  21 p. (Land Warfare, no. 26)
Book call no.:  956.7044242 C257t

Clodfelter, Mark.  The Limits of Air Power:  The American Bombing of North Vietnam.  New York, Collier Macmillan, 1989.  297 p.
Persuading Enemy and Ally an Epilogue, pp 177-210.
Book call no.:  959.704348 C643l

Clodfelter, Michael.  Warfare and Armed Conflicts:  A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and other Figures, 1618-2007.  Jefferson, NC, McFarland, 2008.  2 vols.
"I have attempted to come to some reckoning as to the short-term, long-range, and ultimate effects, impact, and meaning of their sacrifice." - Introduction
Book call no.:  R 904.7 C643w 2008

Cohrs, Patrick O.  The Unfinished Peace after World War I:  America, Britain and the Stabilisation of Europe, 1919-1932.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  693 p.
Argues that "first 'real' peace settlements after World War I were the London reparations settlement of 1924 and the Locarno security pact of 1925.  Crucially, both fostered Germany's integration into a fledgling transatlantic peace system, thus laying the only realistic foundations for European stability."  - Summary
Book call no.:  327.09042 C768u

Congo:  Five Priorities for a Peacebuilding Strategy. 
Brussels, Belgium, International Crisis Group, 2009.  28 p. (ICG Africa report, no. 150)
Book call no.:  967.51034 C749

Conflict Resolution and Democratization in Panama:  Implications for U.S. Policy, edited by Eva Loser.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1992.  95 p. (Significant Issues Series, vol. 14, no.2)
Book call no.:  327.7307287 C748

Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding:  Moving from Violence to Sustainable Peace,
edited by Bruce W. Dayton and Louis Kriesberg.  New York, Routledge, 2009.  276 p. (Security and Conflict Management, no.5)
See table of contents for conflict termination in Mozambique, South Africa, Nepal, Guatemala, Brazil, Spain, Sri Lanka, and Palestine.
Book call no.:  303.69 C7482

Constructing Justice and Security after War,
edited by Charles T. Call.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2007.  432 p.
"Offers generalizations based on careful comparisons of justice and security reforms in some of the most prominent and successful cases of transitions from war of the 1990s drawn from Central America, Africa, the Balkans, and East Timor." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  363.34988 C758

Cooperative Security:  Reducing Third World Wars, edited by I. William Zartman and Victor A. Kremenyuk.  Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 1995.  376 p. (Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution)
Great Powers and Conflict Reduction in the Horn of Africa by Terrence Lyons, pp 241-266.
Book call no.:  327.17 C778

Cordesman, Anthony H. and Sullivan, William D.  Lessons of the 2006 Israeli-Hezbollah War.  Washington, CSIS Press, 2007. (Significant Issues Series, vol. 29, no.4)
Preparing for Conflict Termination, pp 59-60.
Book call no.:  956.92044 C794L

Crabbe, William Melvin.  Consensus Through Slogan!  The Policy of Unconditional Surrender in the Second World War.  s.l., s.n., 1963.  354 p.
Thesis-George Washington University.
Book call no.:  940.5312 C883c

Craig, William.  The Fall of Japan.  New York, Dial Press, 1967.  368 p.
Book call no.:  940.5352 C886f

Daalder, Ivo H.  Getting to Dayton:  The Making of America's Bosnia Policy.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2000.  204 p.
"Focus is the policy debate and process in Washington, and how events in Bosnia affected the internal deliberations among the top officials in the Clinton administration." - Preface
Book call no.:  949.703 D111g

Diehl, Paul F.  Peace Operations.  Cambridge, MA, Polity, 2008.  197 p. (War and Conflict in the Modern World)
Some of the included examples are from operations in Somalia, the Congo and Israel.  "Provides an overview of the central issues surrounding the development, operation, and effectiveness of peace operations." - Book Jacket 
Book call no.:  327.172 D559p

Elusive Peace:  Negotiating an End to Civil Wars,
edited by I. William Zartman.  Washington, Brookings Institution, 1995.  353 p.
Includes sections on:  Sri Lanka, Basque separatists in Spain, Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia, Lebanon, South Africa, Angola, Mozambique, Afghanistan, Colombia, and the Philippines.
Book call no.:  909.82 E51

The End of the Pacific War:  Reappraisals,
edited by Tsuyoshi Hasegawa.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2007.  331  p. (Stanford Nuclear Age Series)
"Offers state-of-the-art reinterpretations of the reasons for Japan’s decision to surrender:  which was the critical factor, the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, or the Soviet Union’s entry into the war?" - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  940.5352 E56

Europe's Role in Nation-Building:  From the Balkans to the Congo, by James Dobbins and others.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  298 p. (RAND Corporation Monograph Series)
Nations included in the study are:  Albania, Sierra Leone, Macedonia, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Bosnia, and the Solomon Islands.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2008/RAND_MG722.pdf  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Book call no.:  327.1 E89

Forster, Kent.  The Failures of Peace:  The Search for a Negotiated Peace During the First World War.  Philadelphia, PA, American Council on Public Affairs, 1941.  159 p.
Thesis-(PhD)--University of Pennsylvania.
Book call no.:  940.312 F77f

From Versailles to Baghdad:  Post-War Armament Control of Defeated States
, edited by Fred Tanner.  New York, United Nations, 1992.  264 p.
Includes chapters on:  Versailles, the Italian Peace Treaty of 1947, Paris peace treaties with Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary, Finland Peace Treaty of 1947, armaments control of Germany, Japan, and Iraq.
Book call no.:  327.174 F931

Gallaher, Carolyn.  After the Peace:  Loyalist Paramilitaries in Post-Accord Northern Ireland.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2007.  248 p.
Loyalist paramilitaries continue to operate in Northern Ireland this book.  This book "explores the reasons these paramilitaries have continued and discusses the possible paths for decommissioning and reintegration, focusing on the experiences of the Ulster Volunteer Force." - Summary
Book call no.:  941.60824 G162a

Gambino, Anthony W.  Congo:  Securing Peace, Sustaining Progress.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, 2008.  57 p. (Council Special Report, no. 40)
Also available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Congo_CSR40.pdf  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Book call no.:  341.584096751 G191c

Garland, Albert N. and Smyth, Howard McGraw.  Sicily and the Surrender of Italy.  Washington, U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1993.  609 p. (CMH pub, 6-2-1)
Book call no.:  940.54 U58umt 1993 v. 2 1993

Gilbert, Martin.  The Day the War Ended:  May 8, 1945 - Victory in Europe.  New York, Henry Holt, 1995.  471 p.
"Examines the events and moods of VE-Day from the perspective of all the war zones:  through the letters, diaries and recollections of soldiers and civilians." - Introduction
Book call no.:  940.541 G465d

Goemans, H. E.  War and Punishment:  The Causes of War Termination and the First World War.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2000.  355 p. (Princeton Studies in International History and Politics)
Book call no.:  940.439 G595w

Goldstein, Erik.  Wars and Peace Treaties, 1816-1991.  New York, Routledge, 1992.  264 p.
Chronological listing of wars which includes the course of the war and the political result of each.
Book call no.:  R 904.7 G624w

Gray, Colin S.  Defining and Achieving Decisive Victory.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2002.  45 p.
"Dr. Colin Gray, one of the world's leading strategic thinkers, explores the concept of victory in the war on terrorism, but he does so by placing it in the larger currents of change that are sweeping the global security environment." - Foreword
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00262.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033573 G778d

Guidebook for Supporting Economic Development in Stability Operations, by Keith Crane and others.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2009.  142 p.
"To write this guidebook, the authors visited commanders in Afghanistan, conducted interviews with returning U.S. military officers, drew on their own experiences in Iraq, Liberia, and the Balkans, and tapped the substantial literature about effective economic assistance." - Summary
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR633/  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Book call no.:  363.349856 G946

Habibullah, Wajahat.  The Political Economy of the Kashmir Conflict:  Opportunities for Economic Peacebuilding and for U.S. Policy.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2004.  15 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.usip.org/resources/political-economy-kashmir-conflict-opportunities-economic-peacebuilding-and-us-policy
Book call no.:  327.54 05491 H116p

Haitian Frustrations:  Dilemmas for U.S. Policy, edited by Georges A. Fauriol.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1995.  236 p.
Meeting the Post-Intervention Challenges, pp 129-185.
Book call no.:  327.7307294 H153

Hastings, Max.  The Korean War.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 1987.  391 p.
See pages 305-344.
Book call no.:  951.9042 H358k

Herd, Graeme P.  Victory Is Not Possible, Defeat Is Not an Option:  The US, Iraq and the Middle East.  Garmish-Partenkirchen, Germany, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, 2006.  20 p. (Occasional Paper, no. 5)
Book call no.:  956.70443 H541v

Hermes, Walter G.  Truce Tent and Fighting Front.  Washington, U.S. Army.  Office of the Chief of Military History, 1992.  571 p. (United States Army in the Korean War)
"Covers the last two years in the Korean War and treats the seemingly interminable armistice negotiations and the violent but sporadic fighting at the front." - Foreword
Book call no.:  951.9 A741u 1992 vol. 2

Hill, Richard and others.  Would You Fight Again?  Understanding Liberian Ex-Combatant Reintegration.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2008.  8 p.
Book call no.:  355.29 H647w

Horne, Alistair.  A Savage War of Peace:  Algeria, 1945-1962.  New York, Viking Press, 1978.  604 p.
See pages 461-563.
Book call no.:  965 H815s

Holbrooke, Richard.  To End a War.  New York, Random House, 1998.  408 p.
"This account of the Bosnia negotiations is written from the perspective of the negotiating team, but to broaden it I have interviewed many of my former colleagues and associates, as well as other experts on the region, who offered their own recollections of important events." - Note to the Reader
Book call no.:  949.703 H724t

Hof, Frederic C.  Mapping Peace Between Syria and Israel.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2009.  20 p. (Special Report, no. 219)
Also available online at:  http://library.usip.org/articles/1012101.1042/1.PDF  .mil users may need to copy URL into browser
Book call no.:  327.17209569 H697m

Hosmer, Steven T.  Why Milosevic Decided to Settle When He Did.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2001.  155 p.
"Examines the reasons Slobodan Milosevic decided on June 3, 1999, to accept NATO's conditions for terminating the conflict over Kosovo." - Preface
Book call no.:  949.7103 H827c

Human Rights & Conflict Resolution in Context:  Columbia, Sierra Leone, & Northern Ireland, edited by Eileen F. Babbitt and Ellen L. Lutz.  Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 2009.  397 p.  (Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution)
The intention of these essays is "to prompt conflict resolution and human rights scholars and practitioners to think more creatively about the intersection of the two fields so that they can recognize their interdependence, operate in synergy, and learn from one another". -- Summary.
Book call no.:  303.69 H918

Hume, Cameron.  Ending Mozambique's War:  The Role of Mediation and Good Offices.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 1994.  162 p.
"Offers a compelling analysis of how the Mozambicans made the peace accords of 1992." - Foreword
Book call no.:  967.905 H921e

International Perspectives on the Gulf Conflict, 1990-1991, edited by Alex Danchev and Dan Keohane.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1994.  332 p.
Stopping the Fighting and U.S. Policy after the Storm, pp 284-289.
Book call no.:  956.70442 I61

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict:  From Conflict Resolution to Conflict Management, edited by Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.  287 p.
Chapter 9:  The Israeli Disengagement Plan as a Conflict Management Strategy by Bar-Siman-Tov and Kobi Michael.
Book call no.:  956.94054 I856

Japan.  Gaimusho.  Seimukyoku.  Tokubetsu Shiryoka.  Documents Concerning the Allied Occupation and Control of Japan.  Japan, Division of Special Records, Foreign Office, 1949.  6 vols.
Contents in English and Japanese.
Book call no.:  940.5352 J35d

Johnson, Dominic D. P. and Tierney, Dominic.  Failing to Win:  Perceptions of Victory and Defeat in International Politics.  Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2006.  345 p.
Conflicts included are:  Cuban Missile Crisis, Tet Offensive, Yom Kippur War, and Somalia.
Book call no.:  303.66 J66f

Joy, C. Turner.  Negotiating While Fighting:  The Diary of Admiral C. Turner Joy at the Korean Armistice Conference.  Stanford, CA, Hoover Institution Press, 1978.  476 p. (Hoover Archival Documentaries)
Book call no.:  951.9 J88n

Kabia, John M.  Humanitarian Intervention and Conflict Resolution in West Africa:  From ECOMOG to ECOMIL.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2009.  219 p.
Discusses conflicts in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau, and Cote d'Ivoire.
Book call no.:  303.69096 K11h

Kase, Toshikazu.  Journey to the Missouri.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1950.  282 p.
"This volume was written by its Japanese author in the English language and primarily for the American public.  It is mainly concerned with the background of the Pacific war, the chief causes of Japan's entry into that war and of her defeat, and the efforts of responsible Japanese, beginning as early as 1944, to bring the war to an end by surrender." - Foreword
Book call no.:  940.5352 K191j

Kecskemeti, Paul.  Strategic Surrender; the Politics of Victory and Defeat.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 1958.  287 p.
Discusses the surrenders of France, Italy, Germany and Japan during WWII.  Prepared as part of the research program undertaken for the United States Air Force by the Rand Corporation.
Book call no.:  940.5314 K25s

Kissinger, Henry.  Diplomacy.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 1994.  911 p.
Background information on many conflicts.  See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  327.73 K61d

Kriesberg, Louis.  International Conflict Resolution:  The U.S. - USSR and Middle East Cases.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1992.  275 p.
Book call no.:  341.52 K92i

Kurtzer, Daniel and Lasensky, Scott.  Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace:  American Leadership in the Middle East.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2008.  191 p.
Making Peace among Arabs and Israelis:  Lessons Learned and Relearned, pp 25-754.
Book call no.:  956.05 K96n

Le Gro, William E.  Vietnam from Cease-Fire to Capitulation.  Washington, U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1981.  180 p.
Book call no.:  959.7043 L519v

MacLeod, Lisa A. Hall.  Constructing Peace:  Lessons from UN Peacebuilding Operations in El Salvador and Cambodia.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2006.  127 p.
"Lisa A. Hall MacLeod offers the first application of Finnemore and Sikkink’s model of norm construction to the study of peacebuilding and conflict resolution.  Applying this model in a comparison of UN peacebuilding operations in El Salvador and Cambodia, MacLeod provides readers with a better understanding of how construction of norms involving political legitimacy may lead to practical strategies for the successful transformation of civil conflict." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  327.172 M165c

Maddox, Robert James.  Weapons for Victory:  The Hiroshima Decision Fifty Years Later.  Columbia, MO, University of Missouri Press, 1995.  215 p.
"Maddox offers an insightful summary of the events leading up to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, highlighting misinterpretations he has uncovered." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  940.5425 M179w

Managing Contemporary Conflict:  Pillars of Success, edited by Max G. Manwaring and William J. Olson.  Boulder, CO, Westview, 1996.  269 p. (Westview Studies in Regional Security)
End-State Planning:  The Somalia Case by Bruce B. G. Clarke, pp 49-69.
Book Call no.:  355.0215 M266

Manchester, William Raymond.  American Caesar, Douglas MacArthur, 1880-1964.  Boston, Little Brown, 1978.  793 p.
See pages 438-532.
Book call no.:  92 M116mb

Marchak, Patricia.  No Easy Fix:  Global Responses to International Wars and Crimes Against Humanity.  Montreal, Canada, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2008.  375 p.
"Assesses the recent history of international interventions and criminal prosecutions" in the cases of Cambodia, Rwanda, and the former Yugoslavia. - Book Jacket
Book Call no.:  341.584 M315m

Mather, Carol.  Aftermath of War:  Everyone Must Go Home.  New York, Brassey's, 1992.  278 p.
Discusses war termination after WWII.
Book call no.:  940.5315 M427a

Mayer, Arno J.  Politics and Diplomacy of Peacemaking:  Containment and Counterrevolution at Versailles, 1918-1919.  New York, Knopf, 1967.  918 p.
Book call no.:  940.3141 M468p

McCullough, David G.  Truman.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 1992.  1117 p.
See pages 390-464.
Book call no.:  92 T867mg

Miller, Aaron David.  The Much Too Promised Land:  America's Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace.  New York, Bantam Books, 2008.  407 p.
"This insightful first-person account offers a brilliant new analysis of the problem of Arab-Israeli peace and how, against all odds, it still might be solved" - Publisher
Book call no.:  956.05 M647m

Mockaitis, Thomas R.  Civil-Military Cooperation in Peace Operations:  The Case of Kosovo.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2004.  38 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB583.pdf
Book call no.:  341.584094971 M688c

Mountbatten of Burma, Louis Mountbatten, Earl.  Post Surrender Tasks:  Section E of the Report to the Combined Chiefs of Staff by the Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, 1943-1945.  London, H.M.S.O., 1969.  323 p.
Book call no.:  940.531445 M928p

Muralt, Leonhard von.  From Versailles to Potsdam.  Hansdale, IL, H. Regnery, 1948.  93 p. (Humanist Library)
Book call no.:  940.3141 M972f

O'Connor, Raymond G.  Diplomacy for Victory:  FDR and Unconditional Surrender.  New York, Norton, 1971. 143 p. (Norton Essays in American History)
Book call no.:  940.532 O18d

Ohlson, Thomas and Stedman, Stephen J.  The New is Not Yet Born:  Conflict Resolution in Southern Africa.  Washington,  Brookings Institution, 1994.  322 p.
Includes conflict resolution in Angola, Zimbabwe, Namibia, and South Africa.
Book call no.:  968.06 037n

Peou, Sorpong.  International Democracy Assistance for Peacebuilding:  Cambodia and Beyond.  Basingstoke, UK, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.  261 p. (Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies)
"Seeks to explain why international donors may succeed in putting war-torn countries on the path of democratic transition and negative peace, but fail to consolidate the gains they make." - Summary
Book call no.:   327.17209596 P419i

Pickering, Paula M.  Peacebuilding in the Balkans:  The View from the Ground Floor.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2007.  242 p.
"Shows how ordinary people, particularly minorities in Bosnia, understand elite rhetoric and actively shape reconstruction." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  949.703 P596p
 
Pillar, Paul R.  Negotiating Peace:  War Termination as a Bargaining Process.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1983.  282 p.
Examines 142 wars from 1815 to 1980 to determine the way they ended.
Book call no.:   327.172 P641n

Postconflict Development:  Meeting New Challenges, edited by Gerd Junne and Willemijn Verkoren.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  370 p.
Include studies of Palestine, El Salvador, Mozambique, and Cambodia.
Book call no.:  338.9 P857

Psychological Dimensions of War
, edited by Betty Glad.  Newbury Park, CA, Sage Publications, 1990.  384 p. (Violence, Cooperation, Peace an International Series)
Effort Justification as a Motive for Continuing War:  The Vietnam Case, pp 236-251.
Book call no.:  355.0019 P974

Rae, James DeShaw.  Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice in East Timor.  Boulder, CO, FirstForumPress, 2009.  255 p.
"Begins by exploring peace, justice, and reconciliation in post-conflict societies generally.  Then he turns to East Timor, looking at the background of colonialism and the Cold War, the international rebuilding effort, justice and reconciliation, and connecting peace-building and transitional justice." - Summary
Book call no.:  959.8704 R134p

Rast, Vicki J.  Interagency Fratricide:  Policy Failures in the Persian Gulf and Bosnia. Maxwell AFB, Air University Press, 2004.  443 p.
"Integrates the real-world experiences of post-Cold War diplomats and war fighters, demonstrating that both need to think in more far-reaching terms regarding the development of conflict termination policy and the interagency's role therein." - Foreword
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/aupress/Books/Rast/newrast.pdf
Book call no.:  341.66 R229i

Recchia, Stefano.  Beyond International Trusteeship:  EU Peacebuilding in Bosnia and Herzegovina.  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2007.  39 p. (Occasional Papers for Security Studies Paris, no.66)
Book call no.:  327.172094974 R294b

Record, Jeffrey.  Hollow Victory:  A Contrary View of the Gulf War.  Washington, Brassey's, 1993.  186 p.
"In Hollow Victory, iconoclastic defense analyst Jeffrey Record targets the conventional view of the Gulf War victory.  In his characteristically provocative style, he answers controversial political, military, and strategic questions raised by the war and its aftermath." - Summary
Book call no.:  956.70442 R311h

Reiter, Dan.  How Wars End.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2009.  301 p.
Examines conflict termination in:  the Korean War, the Allies 1940-1942, Finland and the USSR 1939-1944, American Civil War, Germany 1917-1918, and Japan 1944-1945.
Book call no.:  355.02  R379h

Resolving International Conflicts:  The Theory and Practice of Mediation, edited by Jacob Bercovitch.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996.  279 p. (Studies in International Politics)
Includes examples:  Syria-Israel experience, 1974-1994; lessons from Sri Lanka; and Yugoslavian conflict.
Book call no.:  341.52 R434

Resolving Regional Conflicts
, edited by Roger E. Kanet.  Urbana, IL, University of Illinois Press, 1998.  257 p.
Studies conflicts in Ireland, Pakistan, South Asia, Somalia, Cambodia, the former Yugoslavia, El Salvador, and East Central Europe.
Book call no.:  327.17 R434

Richardson, James L.  Crisis Diplomacy:  The Great Powers since the Mid-Nineteenth Century.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 1994.  426 p. (Cambridge Studies in International Relations, no. 36)
The Crimean War Crisis, 1853-1854, pp 69-105.
The Russo-Japanese Crisis, 1903-1904, pp 106-134.
The Sudaten Crisis, 1938, pp 135-160.
The Franco-Prussian and Agadir Crisis, pp 161-180.
Book call no.:  327.0903 R523c

Ross, Dennis and Makovsky, David.  Myths, Illusions, and Peace:  Finding a New Direction for America in the Middle East.  New York, Viking, 2009.  366 p.
Discusses the U.S. and peace processes in the Middle East.
Book call no.:  327.73056 R823m

Schild, Georg.  Bretton Woods and Dumbarton Oaks:  American Economic and Political Postwar Planning in the Summer of 1944.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1995.  254 p.
Book call no.:  337.73 S334b

Security, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation:  When the Wars End,
edited by Muna Ndulo.  New York, UCLA Press, 2007.  348 p.
Includes sections on:   Social, Political, and Economic Dimensions of Conflict; Impact of Conflict on Women and Children; Reconstruction and Past Human Rights Violations; and Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration, Post-War Reconstruction, and the Building of a Capable State, and the Role of the International Community in the Peace Process.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB960.pdf
Book call no.:  327.172096 S446

Security Sector Reform:  A Case Study Approach to Transition and Capacity Building, edited by Susan Merrill and others.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2010.  113 p. (PKSOI Papers)
Uses case studies of Haiti, Liberia and Kosovo to assess the impact of security sector reform programs.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB960.pdf
Book call no.:  327.172 M498s

Security Sector Reform and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by Albrecht Schnabel and Hans-Georg Ehrhart.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2005.  329 p.
Includes chapters on African armed forces, experiences from Europe (Macedonia, Bosnia, Russia, Georgia, and Northern Ireland), experiences from Latin America (El Salvador, Guatemala, Colombia, Chile, and Haiti), and experiences from Asia (Cambodia, East Timor, and Afghanistan).
Book call no.:  327.172 S4461

Sharp, Ulysses S. Grant.  Strategy for Defeat:  Vietnam in Retrospect.  San Rafael, CA, Presidio Press, 1978.  324 p.
Was It Peace with Honor?  pp 259-266.
Book call no.:  959.7 S531s

Shultz, Richard H., Jr.  In the Aftermath of War:  U.S. Support for Reconstruction and Nation-Building in Panama Following Just Cause.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1993.  73 p.
Also available online at:  http://aupress.maxwell.af.mil/Books/Shultz_Aftermath/Aftermath.pdf
Book call no.:  972.87053 S562i

Sigal, Leon V.  Fighting to a Finish:  The Politics of War Termination in the United States and Japan, 1945.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 1988.  335 p. (Cornell Studies in Security Affairs)
Book call no.:  940.532 S574f

Smith, Bradley F. and Agarossi, Elena.  Operation Sunrise:  The Secret Surrender.  New York, Basic Books, 1979.  234 p.
"Operation Sunrise was a covert mission executed at the close of the Second World War in Europe by America's major intelligence organization, the Office of Strategic Services (OSS).  In an effort to arrange the surrender of Axis forces in northern Italy, the OSS chief in Bern, Allen Dulles, met secretly with a number of German officials." - Introduction
Book call no.:  940.54 S643o

Smith, James D. D.  Stopping Wars:  Defining the Obstacles to Cease-Fire.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1995.  309 p.
Appendix 3 includes case study chronologies for:  the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962); the Nigerian Civil War (1968-1970); the October War (6-27 October 1973); the Iran Iraq War (1980-1988); the Gulf Crisis and the Gulf War (2 August 1990-28 February 1991); and the Yugoslav Conflict (25 June 1991-7 April 1992).
Book call no.:  341.6 S651s

Snow, Donald M. and Drew, Dennis M.  From Lexington to Desert Storm and Beyond:  War and Politics in the American Experience.  2nd ed.  Armonk, NY, M.E. Sharpe, 2000.  364 p.
Discusses the peace following each American conflict.
Book call no.:  355.00973 D776e 1994

Sriram, Chandra Lekha.  Peace as Governance:  Power-Sharing, Armed Groups and Contemporary Peace Negotiations.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.  220 p. (Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies)
Includes sections on Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Colombia.
Book call no.:  327.172 S774p

Stanley, Elizabeth A. 
Paths to Peace:  Domestic Coalition Shifts, War Termination and the Korean War.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2009.  393 p.
Examines the domestic politics of ending war using the Korean War as the example.
Book call no.:  951.90421 S787p

Stopping Mass Killings in Africa:  Genocide, Air Power, and Intervention, edited by Douglas C. Pfeiffer.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2008.  170 p.
Examines "recent instances of genocide in Somalia, Rwanda, and Côte d'Ivoire." - Summary
Also available online at:  http://aupress.maxwell.af.mil/Books/Peifer/Peifer.pdf
Book call no.:  341.584096 S883

Strategic Military Surprise:  Incentives and Opportunities, edited by Klaus Knorr and Patrick Morgan.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Books, 1983.  265 p.
Strategic Surprise for War Termination:  Inchon, Dienbienphu, and Tet by Richard Betts, pp 147-171.
Book call no.:  355.43 S8981

Stueck, William.  The Korean War:  An International History.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1995.  484 p. (Princeton Studies in International History and Politics)
Chapters 6-9 discuss the armistice.
Book call no.:  951.9042 S933k

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.  Reports of General MacArthur.  Washington, GPO, 1994.  2 vols in 4.
See vol 1 sup, pp 1-312 and vol 2 pt 2, pp 669-759.
Book call no.:  940.542 S959r 1994

Tardieu, Andre.  The Truth about the Treaty.  Indianapolis, IN, Bobbs-Merrill, 1921.  473p
Detailed information about conflict termination in World War I.
Book call no.:  940.3141 T18t

Termination of Wars:  Processes Procedures and Aftermaths, edited by Nissan Oren.  Jerusalem, Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1982.  277 p.
The Japanese Experience, pp 91-101.
The Termination of the October War:  A Reappraisal, pp 226-245.
Book call no.:  355.02 T319

Timing the De-Escalation of International Conflicts, edited by Louis Kriesberg and Stuart J. Thorson.  Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 1991.  303 p.
Superpower Strategies in Efforts to Terminate the War in Beirut, 1982-84, pp 182-200.
Book call no.:  341.52 T583

Towle, Philip.  Enforced Disarmament:  From the Napoleonic Campaigns to the Gulf War.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1997.  268 p.
Includes disarmament after the Napoleonic wars, Crimean war, First World War, World War II, and Iraq 1991-1995.
Book call no.:  327.17409 T742e


United Nations.  Surrender of Italy, Germany and Japan, World War II.  Instruments of Surrender, Public Papers and Addresses of the President and of the Supreme Commanders.  Washington, GPO, 1946.  111 p.
Book call no.:  940.5314 U58s

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Foreign Affairs.  Termination of Hostilities in Indochina.  Hearings.  92nd Congress, 2nd session, May 16-June 1, 1972.  Washington, GPO, 1972.  145 p.
"Committee Print of Joint Resolution.  To provide for the termination of hostilities in Indochina, subject to the release of all American prisoners of war and the safe withdrawal of the remaining  United States forces from Indochina, and for other purposes." - Title Page
Book call no.:  341.6 C749to

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Foreign Affairs.  Termination of Hostilities in Indochina.  Report.  92nd Congress, 2nd session.  Washington, GPO, 1972.  13 p.
Report includes minority, dissenting, supplemental and additional views.
Book call no.:  341.6 C749t

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  The Middle East Peace Process:  Progress and Prospects.  Hearing.  110th Congress, 2nd session, September 25, 2008.  Washington, GPO, 2009.  32 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS108666
Book call no.:  956.94054 U582m

United States.  Dept. of Defense.  Conduct of the Persian Gulf War:  Final Report to Congress.  Washington, Department of Defense, 1991.  3 vols.
The Role of the Law of War, vol 2, pp O-1 - O-36.
Enemy Prisoner of War Operations, vol 2, pp L-1 - L-18.
Book call no.:  956.70442 C746

Vatcher, William H., Jr.  Panmunjom; the Story of the Korean Military Armistice Negotiations.  New York, Praeger, 1958.  322 p.
Text of armistice agreement, pp 281-312.
Book call no.:  951.9 V342p

Von Hassell, Agostion and MacRae, Sigrid Von Hoyningen-Huene.  Alliance of Enemies:  The Untold Story of the Secret American and German Collaboration to End World War II.  New York, Thomas Dunne Books, 2006.  391 p.
"Tells the history of the secret World War II relationship between Nazi Germany’s espionage service, the Abwehr, and the American OSS, predecessor of the CIA.  The actors in this great, as-yet-untold story were often at odds with their respective governments.  Working in the face of competing ideologies and at great personal risk, these unorthodox collaborators struggled to bring about an early peace." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  940.5485 V946a

Webster, Donovan.   Aftermath:  The Remnants of War.  New York, Pantheon Books, 1996.  279 p.
Examines the battlefields of  France, Russia, Vietnam and Kuwait.  "Documents the ways in which wars have transformed the terrain of the battlefield into landscapes of enduring terror and memory." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  355.028 W378a

Weintraub, Stanley.  The Last Great Victory:  The End of World War II, July-August 1945.  New York, Truman Talley Books, 1995.  730 p.
Book call no.:  940.5425 W424L

Wheeler-Bennett, John Wheeler and Nicholls, Anthony.  The Semblance of Peace:  The Political Settlement after the Second World War.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1972.  878 p.
Book call no.:  940.5314 W562s

Zeiler, Thomas W.  Unconditional Defeat:  Japan, America, and the End of World War II.  Wellington, DE, SR Books, 2004. (Total War, no. 2)
"Japan is portrayed as stubbornly waging a impossible defense against the vengeful juggernaut of the United States military, advantaged in terms of men, material, strategy, and tactics." - Summary
Book call no.:  940.5425 Z46u



Selected Conflicts -- Documents

Abt Associates, Inc.  Application of a Model of Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict to a Current Case:  Project TIRC.  Cambridge, MA, June 1967.  31 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42351-5

Abt Associates, Inc.  Case Studies in the Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict:  Project TIRC.  Cambridge, MA, 1966-67.  12 vols.
Vol 1:  Case Studies in the Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict, by Robert K. Ramers.
Vol 2:  Concluding the Mongolian Revolt, by Stephen A. Borstein.
Vol 3:  Intervention and Stabilization:  The Marines, Tipitapa, and Sandino, by Sally Merrill.
Vol 4:  Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict:  China, September 1937, by Ted Chih-Fan I.
Vol 5:  The Termination of Armed Conflict in Kashmir, by William L. Hamilton.
Vol 6:  A Case Study of Lebanon:  1958, by Martha O. Rosen.
Vol 7:  The Greek Revolution, by Alice J. Kaplan.
Vol 8:  Burma 1958-1962:  A Case Study of the Termination of Internal Conflict by, Richard C. Scott.
Vol 9:  The Ending of the French-Algerian War 1962:  A Study of a Successful Rebellion, by Peter Merrill.
Vol 10:  Conflict Resolution in the Cameroon, by Marc Schulman.
Vol 11:  Conflict Resolution in the Congo, by Marc Schulman.
Vol 12:  Kenya:  The Termination of Mau Mau, by Raymond E. Glazier.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42351-2

Abt Associates, Inc.  Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict:  Project TIRC.  Cambridge, MA, 1967.  28 p.
Semi-annual technical report.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42351-3

Abt Associates, Inc.  The Termination of Internal Revolutionary Conflict:  Project TIRC.  Cambridge, MA, 1967.  14 p.
Final Summary Report.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42351-6

Dean, David J.  Airpower in Small Wars:  The British Air Control Experience.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Center for Aerospace, Doctrine, Research and Education,  April 1985.  18 p.
Looks at the British experience of using airpower to pacify colonial area with a minimum of violence and cost but with lasting results.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA215899
Doc. call no.:  M-U 37097-36 no.85-1

Fishel, John T.  The Fog of Peace:  Planning and Executing the Restoration of Panama.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College.  Strategic Studies Institute, April 1992.  111 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA251124
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-450

Fishel, John T.   Liberation, Occupation, and Rescue:  War Termination and Desert Storm.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College.  Strategic Studies Institute, August 1992.  95 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA256495
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-469

Holl, Jane E.  From the Streets of Washington to the Roofs of Saigon:  Domestic Politics and the Termination of the Vietnam War.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University, May 1989.  406 p.
Thesis-(PhD)--Stanford University.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-326

Kechskemeti, Paul.  Strategic Surrender:  The Politics of Victory and Defeat,  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 1957.  287 p. 
Includes the surrenders of France, Italy, Germany and Japan during WWII.  Looks at the policy of unconditional surrender.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 30352-1 no.308

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Liberia's Post-War Recovery:  Key Issues and Developments, by Nicholas Cook.  Washington, CRS, February 2009. 1 vol.
Also available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL33185
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.RL33185

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Sudan:  The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement, by Ted Dagne.  Washington, CRS, October 2009.  1 vol.
Also available online at:  http://www.opencrs.com/document/RL33574
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.RL33574

Rudd, Gordon William.  Operation Provide Comfort:  Humanitarian Intervention in Northern Iraq, 1991.  Durham, NC, Duke University, 1993.  471 p.
Thesis-(PhD)--Duke University.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-787

United States.  Dept. of Defense.  Defense Intelligence Agency.  Handbook on the Dayton Peace Agreement.  Washington, DIA, February 1996.  22 p.
Summarizes the 12 separate annexes of the general agreement and identifies the timelines for implementation.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41290-1863 1996 no.1510-100

Vietnam:  A Country Study.  Washington, Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1989.  286 p. (U.S. Army. Pamphlet 550-32, 1989)
Termination of the Vietnamese Conflict, pp 70-78.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35062 no.550.32 (1989)

Westin, Susan S.  Foreign Assistance:  Observations on Post-Conflict Assistance in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan:  Statement of Susan S Westin, Managing Director, International Affairs and Trade, before the Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats, and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives.  Washington, GAO, 2003.  14 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03980t.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.03-980T



Selected Conflicts -- Documents (Student Research)

Almand, Todd L.   Conflict in the Pacific:  Options to Conclude the War Against Japan.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1995.  62 p. 
Includes tables showing casualties in 20th century conflicts, Asian conflicts and World War II.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 A445c

Baggott, Christopher L.  Achieving the Operational End-State:  The Linkage of Military Operations with Regional Strategy.  Fort Leavenworth, KS,  School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, December 1991.  52 p.  
Examines operations Urgent Fury and Just Cause.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA240413
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 B144a

Blazek, Patrick W.   Baghdad, or Bust?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1993.  31 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA266795  
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 B645b

Bryan, James L.  The Culminating Point and the 38th Parallel.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, January 1994.  22 p. 
Korean Conflict.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA280578
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 B9152c

Carroll, Eugene J., Jr.  Armistices in Limited War:  A Case Study of the Korean Armistice.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1964.  125 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080 C319a

Cohn, John R.   The Role of Operational Pause in War Termination.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1994.  40 p. 
Uses case studies from the Korean War, Sino-Indian War and Yom Kippur War to show the role of operational pause in war termination.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA283404
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 C6781r

Cunningham, Donald S.  Is America on the Road to Victory in the Global War on Terrorism?  Norfolk, VA, Joint Advanced War Fighting School, Joint Forces Staff College, April 2006.  90 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451233
Doc. call no.:  M-U 36185-37 C973i

Dalbey, Steven W.  The March to Baghdad:  Did We Stop Too Soon?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1997.  30 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA327362
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D137m

Dichter, Andrew S.  Actions and Options in the Bosnian Conflict:  A Strategic Approach Towards Conflict Resolution.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1994.  1 vol. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA280576
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 D544a

Diop, I. Gabar.  Low-Intensity Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa:  Termination or Control.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1993.  24 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-83 D593L

Dunagan, Lewis H.  and others.  Conflict Control and Termination:  A Case Study.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1966.  164 p.  
A case study of termination in 5 limited conflicts: Great Britain - Malaya, Arab-Israeli, Korean, Algerian, and Franco-Indochina.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 D897c

Elhamoumi, Abderrahim.  Redefining Reconciliation in Rwanda:  A Centerpiece for Peace and Stability in the Great Lakes Region of Africa.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2007.  31 p.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=researchproject&objectid=348f0cb5-97fc-4edc-be98-67e22c0861ce
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 E41r

Forster, Brian A.  Korean Unification:  The Way Forward.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2009.  93p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA496757
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 F733k

Goodwin, Ben B.  War Termination and the Gulf War:  Can We Plan Better?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2004.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422800
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 G656w

Griffith, Michael C.  War Termination:  Theory, Doctrine, and Practice.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College,  April 1992.  51 p. 
Evaluates how war termination theory was used in the Gulf War.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA252038
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 G854w

Hallman, Beaufort C., Jr.  Desert Storm vs Desert Disaster:  Examination of the Culminating Point.  Newport, RI,  Naval War College, June 1993.  35 p. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA266870
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 H191d

Heigh, Suzanne M.  Counterinsurgency Strategies for Effective Conflict Termination:  U.S. Strategies in El Salvador.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 1990.  216 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA237496  
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 H465c

Howe, James E., Jr.  Operational Leadership in Kosovo.  Newport RI, Naval War College, February 2004.  23 p.
One aspect examined is operational leadership during campaign termination.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422806
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 H856o

Jacobs, Bradley M.  Operational Peace for Galilee:  Operational Brilliance-Strategic Failure.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 1995.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA293847 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 J171o

Johnston, Mark K.  The Political Utility of Nuclear Weapons in Nuclear War Termination.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 1989.  90 p. 
Includes case study of Japan's Surrender.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 J73p

Kistler, Barry D.  Conflict Termination in the Persian Gulf:  How Did We Fall Short?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1998.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA351654
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 K612c

Kresge, Stanley T.  Gulf War Termination Revisited.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1999.  33 p.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/viewabstract.aspx?id=1996
Doc call no.:  M-U 43117 K924g

Krizanovic, Gary.  Operational Art in Limited War Termination:  The Bridge Between the Strategic and Operational Levels of War.  Newport, RI. Naval War College, 1994.  32 p.
Includes a case study of war termination in the Korean War.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA283435
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 K921o

Lewane, Leonard L.  Fighting and Negotiating Against the Communists:  A Case Study of the Korean Armistice Negotiations.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, January 1969.  117 p.  
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 L669f

Loucks, John A., III.  Culmination and Termination in the Russo-Japanese War:  Implications for Future U.S. Joint Doctrine.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA328182
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 L886c

Mace, Patrick D.  The Dayton Accord:  Defining Success.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1996.  47 p. 
Research performed at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA311106
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M141d

McCoy, Kellie J.  Creating Effective Post-Conflict Transition Organizations:  Lessons from Panama, Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Iraq.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2008.  115 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA483233
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 M1312c

McFarland, Robert B., Jr.  Bosnia - Searching for an Exit Strategy:  Is There One?  School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 1999.  58 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA370216
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 M1431b

McLane, Bruce P., Jr.  U.S. Intervention in Haiti 1915 - 1934:  Did the United States Achieve Its Objectives?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, February 1995.  35 p.  
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 M161u

Manseau, Nicole C.  Deterring Spoilers:  Peace Enforcement Operations and Political Settlements to Conflict.  Monterrey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2008.  77 p.
Investigates the cases of Somalia and Congo.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479951
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M2861d

Matthews, Richard E.  Defining the Operational End State:  Operation Desert Storm.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and Staff College, 1996.  39 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA314310
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 M441d

Meinhart, Richard M.  Joint Task Force Proven Force:  An Outstanding Success.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1994.  25 p. 
Persian Gulf War.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA286408
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 M514j

Merkwan, John A.  Balkan Stability and the "Second Marshall Plan."  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 2000.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA377622
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M563b

Moore, John M.  Disconnected Strategies:  Why Success Is Elusive In Stability Operations and Post-Conflict Reconstruction.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  22 p.
Case studies of post-conflict reconstruction in Panama, Haiti, and Somalia.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424103
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M8224d

Morales, Louis W.  Post-Conflict Stability Operations and the 1989 United States Invasion of Panama.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2007.  125 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471559
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 M828p

Mugisha, Nathan.  The Exit Strategy for the Northern Uganda Crisis.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471331
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M9511e

Muir, Thomas M.  United States Experience in the Balkans and Its Implications for Post-Conflict Operations in Iraq.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423933
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M953u

Musser, William G.  Terminating America's Wars:  The Gulf War and Kosovo.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2002.  91 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405986
Doc. call no:  M-U 42525 M9891t

Pafe, Basil.  A Study of United States Efforts at Conflict Termination in Vietnam Between 23 Jun 1964 and 31 December 1966:  A Case Study.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1967.  78 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 P127s

Powell, Jeffrey H., II.  Amnesty, Reconciliation and Reintegration:  The International Community and the Rwandan Process.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2008.  54 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485563
Doc. call no:  M-U 42022-2 P8841a

Powers, Richard A.  An Effective Framework for Stabilization and Reconstruction:  Kosovo or Iraq?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2003.  1 vol.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420285
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 P8881e

Pruitt, John M., Jr.   Limited War:  A Model for Entry, Conduct, and Termination.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 1984.  241 p. 
Includes case studies for Korean War 1950-53 and Falklands War.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P97IIL

Putranto, Joko P.  Aceh Conflict Resolution:  Lessons Learned and the Future of Aceh.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2009.  125 p.
"The Aceh conflict has been one of the longest running in Asia.  When the memorandum of understanding between the Government of Indonesia (GoI) and GAM (Free Aceh Movement) was finally signed on August 15, 2005, in Helsinki, Finland.  The agreement brought an end to the nearly thirty years of bloody armed conflict that claimed 15,000 lives, displaced tens of thousands and impacted the whole country economically, as well as politically." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501536
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P993a

Rios, Leon H.   Seeking a Final Victory:  Creating Conditions for Conflict Resolution.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1993.  73 p. 
Discusses conflict termination in the Austrian - Prussian War of 1866.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA264842
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-83 R586s

Sanford, John M.  The Korean Armistice:  Short Term Truce or Long Term Peace?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, January 2006.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448455
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S224k

Schmaglowski, Dieter.  The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict:  A Hopeless Case for U.S. Policy in the Middle East?  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2007.  72 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470891
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 S347i

Schroeder, Anita G.  International Peace Operations and Conflict Resolution.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1995.  1 vol. 
Examines in detail two UN peace actions - one in El Salvador and the other in the former Yugoslavia.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA328898
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 S381i

Scovel, C. L., III.  The Operational Commander and War Termination:  Assessing the Bridge from War to Peace.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 1993.  26 p. 
Includes lessons learned from the Franco-Prussian and Korean Wars.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA266580
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 S432o

Strednansky, Susan E.   Balancing the Trinity:  The Fine Art of Conflict Termination.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, February 1996.  51 p.
Looks at the role of the commander in termination planning during operations other than war.  Specific emphasis is placed on actions in Somalia and Haiti.
Also available online at : http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391278
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1a S915b

Sullivan, Mark P.  The Mechanism for Strategic Coercion:  Denial or Second Order Change?  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air Power Studies, April 1995.  63 p. 
Includes section on Japan's decision to surrender.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA292985
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-la S951m

Thomas, Timothy M.  Conflict Termination and Military Strategy.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1994.  31 p. 
Includes lessons learned from the Korean, Vietnamese and Gulf Conflicts.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA283406
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 T462c

Trotti, Paul W.  The Persian Gulf War:  A "Storm" Too Short?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 1993.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA266649
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 T858p

Waggoner, L. Dean.  Desert Storm:  Victory, Stalemate, or Defeat?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1995.  105 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 W131d

Walczak, Alexander M.  Conflict Termination:  Transitioning from Warrior to Constable:  A Primer.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992.  77 p. 
Examines U.S. experiences in transitioning from crisis to stability in Power Pack, Urgent Fury, Just Cause, Promote Liberty, Desert Storm and Provide Comfort.  Lists the humanitarian, law and order and constabulary duties the commander may face.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA251158
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-83 W156c

Williams, Garland H.  Post Conflict Reconstruction:  On the Critical Path to Long-Term Peace.  Carlisle Barracks, Army War College, April 2003.  276 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416581
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W723p

Wilson, Sandra F.  The Changing Nature of Peace.  Newport RI, Naval War College,  February 1993.  29 p. 
Looks at Napoleon's invasion of Russia and the Persian Gulf War.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA264167
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 W753c

Wynne, Hugh.  Problems of Conflict Termination in Vietnam:  The Heritage of Previous Experience with Conflict Termination with Communists.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, May 1967.  90 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 W988p

Zazworsky, Daniel S.  The 100-Hour War with Iraq:  Could It Have Been Longer?  A Clausewitzian Analysis of the Culminating Point of Victory.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, November 1993.  31 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA266598
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 Z39o

Ziegler, Laura J.  On to Baghdad?  Newport RI, Naval War College, November 1992.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA249959
Examines war termination in Operation Desert Storm.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 Z660



Selected Conflicts -- Periodicals

Andreas, Peter.  The Clandestine Political Economy of War and Peace in Bosnia.  International Studies Quarterly 48:29-52 March 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=12086841&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bass, Warren.  The Triage of Dayton.  Foreign Affairs 77:95-108 September-October 1998.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=1065814&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bernstein, Barton J.  The Perils and Politics of Surrender:  Ending the War with Japan and Avoiding the Third Atomic Bomb.  Pacific Historical Review 46:1-27 February 1977.

Bertram, Christopher.  Multilateral Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution.  Survival 37:65-82 Winter 1995-1996.
Looks at international diplomacy used to resolve the conflicts in the Baltics and the Balkans.

Boose, Donald W., Jr.  The Korean War Truce Talks:  A Study in Conflict Termination.  Parameters 30:102-116 Spring 2000.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=2844887&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Boyd, Charles G.  Making Peace with the Guilty:  The Truth about Bosnia.  Foreign Affairs 74:22-38 September-October 1995.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9509210337&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Carter, Stephen.  Time for a New Deal:  Rational Investment and Nation-Building in CongoRUSI Journal 153:44-48 December 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=45180678&site=ehost-live

Cigar, Norman.  Croatia's War of Independence:  The Parameters of War Termination.  Journal of Slavic Military Studies 10:34-70 June 1997.

Cline, Lawrence E.  Defending the End:  Decision Making in Terminating the Persian Gulf War.  Comparative Strategy 17:363-381 October-December 1998.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=1341712&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cohen, Lenard J.  'Living an Illusion':  Political Transition in Kosovo.  Canadian Military Journal 1:41-48 Spring 2000.
Also available online at:  http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo1/no1/doc/41-48-eng.pdf

Cox, Michael.  "Cinderella at the Ball":  Explaining the End of the War in Northern Ireland.  Millennium:  Journal of International Studies 27, no.2:325-342 1998.

Daalder, Ivo H. and Froman, Michael B. G.  Dayton's Incomplete Peace.  Foreign Affairs 78:106-113 November-December 1999.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=2462792&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Englebert, Pierre and Tull, Denis M.  Postconflict Reconstruction in Africa:  Flawed Ideas about Failed StatesInternational Security 32:106-139 Spring 2008.
"Encouraging indigenous state formation efforts and constructive bargaining between social forces and governments might prove a more fruitful approach for donors to the problem of Africa's failed states." - Abstract

Engelhardt, Michael J.  America Can Win, Sometimes:  U.S. Success and Failure in Small Wars.  Conflict Quarterly 9:20-35 Winter 1989.
Includes a table showing the outcome of U.S. participation in small wars, 1898-1983.

Fayutkin, Dan.  The Second Lebanon War - a Two-Year PerspectiveDefense & Security Analysis 25:201-204 June 2009.
"Reflects on the Second Lebanon War and its influence to Israeli and Lebanese communities." - Abstract

Flanagan, Edward M., Jr.  Occupation of Japan.  Army 45:48-52+ August 1995.

Garrard, Mark.  War Termination in the Persian Gulf:  Problems and Prospects.  Aerospace Power Journal 15:42-50 Fall 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=5114384&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
 Review of International Affairs 47:1-36 February 15, 1996.

Heitman, Helmoed-Romer.  Darfur, Somalia:  Too Little, Too Late.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:18 April 25, 2007.
"Examines the international response to the conflicts in Darfur and Somalia.  It discusses how the conflicts are affecting stability throughout the Horn of Africa, in addition to the immense human costs in Darfur and Somalia." - Abstract

Hudson, Heidi.  Peacebuilding Through a Gender Lens and the Challenges of Implementation in Rwanda and Côte D'Ivoire.  Security Studies 18:287-318 April-June 2009.
"Contends that considering gender is a key part of an effective peacebuilding process.  Evidence gathered by studying peacebuilding from a feminist perspective, such as in Rwanda and Cote d'Ivoire, can be used to reconceptualize the peace agenda in more inclusive and responsible ways." - Abstract

Kagan, Donald.  The End of Wars as the Basis for a Lasting Peace:  A Look at the Great Wars of the 20th Century.  Naval War College Review 53:11-24 Autumn 2000.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=3834458&site=ehost-live

Karmi, Omar.  Breaching the Peace:  Will the Hamas-Israel Cease-Fire Hold?  Jane's Intelligence Review 20:8-13 August 2008.
"Discusses risks related to the six-month ceasefire between Hamas and Israel in the Gaza Strip in hopes that a period of relative stability could facilitate negotiations towards a more permanent peace agreement." - Abstract

Klein, Joe.  Setting the Table.  Newsweek 126:68-70 October 16, 1995.
Shows how Richard Holbrooke managed to get all parties to sign the Dayton Peace Agreement.
Available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9510137620&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Knight, Robin and Zimmerman, Tim.  Under the Gun:  Washington Pushes a High-Risk Strategy for Peace in the Balkans.  U.S. News and World Report 119:60-63 September 18, 1995.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9509297602&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lizee, Pierre.  Challenge of Conflict Resolution in Cambodia.  Canadian Defence Quarterly 23:35-38+ September 1993.

Lorenz, F. M.  Weapons Confiscation Policy During the First Phase of Operation "Restore Hope."  Small Wars and Insurgencies 5:409-425 Winter 1994.

McFate, Sean.  Lessons Learned from Liberia:  Security Sector Reform in a Failed State.  RUSI Journal 153:62-66 February 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=33299276&site=ehost-live

McSweeney, Bill.  Security, Identity and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland.  Security Dialogue 27:167-178 June 1996.

Mearsheimer, John J. and Van Evera, Stephen.  When Peace Means War.   New Republic 213:16-18+ December 18, 1995.
Discusses the Dayton settlements in Bosnia.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9512133309&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Meek, Philip A.  Operation Provide Comfort:  A Case Study in Humanitarian Relief and Foreign Assistance.  Air Force Law Review 37:225-238 1994.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf

Meron, Theodor.  Classification of Armed Conflict in the Former Yugoslavia:  Nicaragua's Fallout.  American Journal of International Law 92:236-242 April 1998.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=28982841&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Metzger, Louis.  Japan, The Surrender.  Marine Corps Gazette 79:54-57 August 1995.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=6749894&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Morea, Gary J.  From Enduring Strife to Enduring Peace in the Philippines.  Military Review 88:38-48 May-June 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=34409602&site=ehost-live

Muehlmann, Thomas.  International Policing in Bosnia and Herzegovina.  The Issue of Behavioral Reforms Lagging Behind Structural Reforms, Including the Issue of Reengaging the Political Elite in a New System.  European Security 16, no.3-4:375-396 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=27754319&site=ehost-live

Murray, Williamson.  Sudden Victory.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 131:13+ August 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=879034971&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Discusses the end of World War II.

Novoselich, Brian and Foster, Chad.  Integrating "Doctrinal" Support into Peacekeeping Operations:  Supporting a Heavy Task Force in Kosovo.  Armor 109:23-25 March-April 2000.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=51501981&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

O'Hanlon, Michael.  Can Bosnia Be Reunified?  Brookings Review 14:30-33 Winter 1996.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=8724293&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Orme, John.  The Unexpected Origins of Peace:  Three Case Studies.  Political Science Quarterly 111:105-125 Spring 1996.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9605083390&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
Article covers rapprochement between Austria and Germany, West Germany and the Soviet Union, and Egypt and Israel.

Pape, Robert A.  Why Japan Surrendered.  International Security 18:154-201 Fall 1993.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2539100

Pearlman, Wendy.  Spoiling Inside and Out:  Internal Political Contestation and the Middle East Peace Process.  International Security 33:79-109 Winter 2008-2009.
"Actors turn to negotiating or spoiling as a means of contesting not only what a proposed peace settlement entails but also who has the power to decide the terms." - Abstract

Peceny, Mark and Stanley, William.  Liberal Social Reconstruction and the Resolution of Civil Wars in Central America.  International Organization 55:149-182 Winter 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=4117928&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Poncet, Henri.  Enforcing the Agreements.  NATO's Nations and Partners for Peace No.1:22-23 2000.
Discusses "maintaining peace in the area of responsibility of the Brigade through enforcing the agreements signed by the involved parties." - Article
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=56998667&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Powell, Jeffrey H.  Amnesty, Reintegration, and Reconciliation in RwandaMilitary Review 88:84-90 September-October 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=34448907&site=ehost-live

Pressman, Jeremy.  Mediation, Domestic Politics, and the Israeli-Syrian Negotiations, 1991-2000.  Security Studies 16:350-381 July-September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=26447027&site=ehost-live

Quilop, Raymund J.  No Peace to Moro:  Agreement with Philippine Militants Collapses.  Jane's Intelligence Review 20:22-25 November 2008.
"Focuses on the precluded Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain (MoA-AD) between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). " - Abstract

Renda, Luca.  Ending Civil Wars:  The Case of Liberia.  Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 23:59-76 Fall 1999.

Roberts, Kenneth.  Bullying and Bargaining--The United States, Nicaragua, and Conflict Resolution in Central America.  International Security 15:67-102 Fall 1990.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2538866

Rothstein, Robert.  Domestic Politics and Peacemaking:  Reconciling Incompatible Imperatives.  American Academy of Political and Social Science Annals 392:62-75 November 1970.
Main emphasis is the political situation which kept the U.S. from ending the Vietnam War.

Sarantakes, Nicholas E.  One Last Crusade:  The US-British Alliance and the End of the War in the Pacific.  RUSI Journal 149:62-67 August 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=688652811&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Shearer, David.  Exploring the Limits of Combat:  Conflict Resolution in Sierra Leone.  Millennium:  Journal of International Studies 26, no. 3:845-860 1997.

Stanley, Elizabeth A.  Ending the Korean War.  International Security 34:42-82 Summer 2009.
"Presents a discussion of theories on ending wars, using the Korean War as an example." - Abstract

Tiron, Roxana.  NATO Units in Kosovo Predict Mission Could Last a Decade.  National Defense 87:26-28 March 2003.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=312006501&sid=2&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Thies, Wallace J.  Searching for Peace:  Vietnam and the Question of How Wars End.  Polity 7:304-333 Spring 1975.

Weber, Steven.  Prediction and the Middle East Peace Process.  Security Studies 6:167-179 Summer 1997.

Yannis, Alexandros.  Kosovo under International Administration.  Survival 43:31-48 Summer 2001.

Zargarian, Rouben A.  Principles for Conflict Resolution in Nagorno Karabakh.  International Peacekeeping 6:129-133 Autumn 1999.

 


Rules of War

Internet Resources

International Criminal Court.
Available online at:  http://www.icc-cpi.int/Menus/ICC?lan=en-GB
Contains information about court activities in the cases of Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Uganda, and Darfur.

Justice Arrives, Slowly but Steadily.
 Global Agenda March 12, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&an=16431183
"Updates of the United Nations war-crimes tribunal in The Hague."

Olusanya, Olaoluwa A.  Do Crimes Against Humanity Deserve a Higher Sentence Than War Crimes?  International Criminal Law Review 4:431-473 November 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15969841

United Nations.  International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.
Available online at:  http://www.icty.org/

United States.  Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.  The Commander's Handbook on the Law of Naval Operations.  Washington, July 2007.  1 vol. 
Available online at:  http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/a9b8e92d-2c8d-4779-9925-0defea93325c/1-14M_(Jul_2007)_(NWP)



Rules of War -- Books

Abrahams, Fred and Ward, Benjamin.  Under Orders:  War Crimes in Kosovo.  New York, Human Rights Watch, 2001.  593 p.
Documents "the war crimes committed by Serbian and Yugoslav government forces in Kosovo between March 24 and June 12, 1999." - Introduction
Book call no.:  949.7103 A159u

Abrahams, Fred and Stover, Eric.  A Village Destroyed, May 14, 1999:  War Crimes in Kosovo.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 2001.  247 p.
On May 14, 1999 Serbian security and paramilitary forces attacked the small village of Cuska.  This book deals with these crimes in "a revealing examination of how contemporary human rights investigations and international efforts to do justice are transforming the context in which great crimes are committed." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  949.7103 A159v

After Genocide:  Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond, edited by Philip Clark and Zachary D. Kaufman.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2009.  399 p.
Part IV:  Legal and Institutional Lessons after Rwanda.
Book call no.:  364.151 A258

Akcam, Taner.  A Shameful Act:  The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility.  New York, Metropolitan Books, 2006.  483 p.
"Turkish historian Taner Akcam has made extensive and unprecedented use of Ottoman and other sources to produce a scrupulous charge sheet against the" Ottoman state in the 1915 Armenian genocide.
Book call no.:  956.62 A313s

Amnesty International.  Iraq:  In Cold Blood:  Abuses by Armed Groups.  London, International Secretariat, 2005. 26 p.
Also available online at:  http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/ENGMDE140092005
Book call no.:  956.70443 A522i

Allen, Tim.  Trial Justice:  The International Criminal Court and the Lord's Resistance Army.  New York, Zed Books, 2006.  230 p.  (African Arguments)
"The International Criminal Court (ICC) has run into problems with its first big case - the situation in northern Uganda.  There is no doubt that appalling crimes have occurred here...Nevertheless, the ICC has confronted outright hostility from a wide range of groups, including traditional leaders, representatives of the Christian Churches and non-governmental organizations." - Summary
Book call no.:  967.61044  A431t

Allison, William Thomas.  Military Justice in Vietnam:  The Rule of Law in an American War.  Lawrence, KS, University Press of Kansas, 2006.  (Modern War Studies)
"Reveals how the military justice system responded to crimes and infractions both inside and outside the combat zone." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  343.730143 A439m

Atrocities on Trial:  Historical Perspectives on the Politics of Prosecuting War Crimes, edited by Patricia Heberer and Jurgen Matthaus.  Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 2008.  327 p.
"These timely and provocative essays make use of newly available archival sources and a wide range of case studies to provide in-depth analyses of war crimes within a broad historical framework." - Foreword
Book call no.:  341.690943 A882

Ball, Howard.  Prosecuting War Crimes and Genocide:  The Twentieth-Century Experience.  Lawrence, KS, University Press of Kansas, 1999.  288 p.
Book call no.:  341.77 B187p


Ball, Howard.  War Crimes and Justice:  A Reference Handbook.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, 2002.  259 p.  (Contemporary World Issues)
"Demonstrates how gender assumptions shape international politics, and develops a framework for incorporating gender into the often gender-blind scholarship on international norms." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.69 B187w

The Barbarization of Warfare, edited by George Kassimeris.  Washington Square, NY, New York University Press, 2006.  321 p.
The Laws of War in the Age of Asymmetric Conflict by Anthony Dworkin, pp 220-237.
Book call no.:  355.02 B229

Bass, Gary Jonathan.  Stay the Hand of Vengeance:  The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2000.  402 p.
"Offers a look at the politics behind international war crimes tribunals, combining analysis with investigative reporting and a broad historical perspective." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.69 B317s

Beyond Confrontation:  Learning Conflict Resolution in the Post-Cold War Era, edited by John A. Vazquez and others.  Ann Arbor, MI, University of Michigan Press, 1995.  239 p.
International Law and the Peaceful Resolution of Interstate Conflicts, by James Turner Johnson, pp 155-177.
Book call no.:  341.52 B573

Carpenter, R. Charli.  Innocent Women and Children:  Gender, Norms and the Protection of Civilians.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2006.  217 p.  (Gender in a Global/Local World)
"Demonstrates how gender assumptions shape international politics, and develops a framework for incorporating gender into the often gender-blind scholarship on international norms." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.67 C296i

Chinnery, Philip D.  Korean Atrocity:  Forgotten War Crimes 1950-1953.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2000.  286 p.
"Investigations into 1,615 atrocities and war crimes perpetrated against troops serving with the United Nations command in Korea between 1950 and 1953." - Summary
Book call no.:  951.90427 C539k

Chuter, David.  War Crimes:  Confronting Atrocity in the Modern World.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003.  299 p. (ISS Studies in International Security)
"Explores the possibilities and difficulties of establishing organizations to address war crimes issues; to investigate alleged offenses and to arrest, try, and convict those thought responsible (presumably by the Ministry).  He draws on his experiences dealing with Balkans war crimes and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia in The Hague between 1997 and 2001." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.69 C564w

Cigar, Norman L.  and Williams, Paul.  Indictment at The Hague:  The Milosevic Regime and Crimes of the Balkan Wars.  New York, New York University Press, 2002.  339 p.
"Represents the most detailed examination of the conduct of the Serbian authorities and the individual responsibility of senior members of its leadership for war crimes.  Citing the precedent of the Nuremberg trials, Cigar and Williams carefully link conscious decisions and specific deeds undertaken by the Milosevic regime that violated the protections guaranteed to civilian populations in war." - Summary
Book call no.:  949.703 C571i

Cobban, Helena.  Amnesty after Atrocity?  Healing Nations after Genocide and War Crimes.  Boulder, CO, Paradigm, 2007.  284 p.
"Examines the effectiveness of different ways of dealing with the aftermath of genocide and violence committed during deep intergroup conflicts.  She traveled to Rwanda, Mozambique, and South Africa to assess the various ways those nations tried to come to grips with their violent past:  from war crimes trials to truth commissions to outright amnesties for perpetrators. " - Summary
Book call no.: 341.69 C563a

Crimes of War:  What the Public Should Know, edited by Roy Gutman and others.  2nd ed.  New York, W. W. Norton, 2007.  447 p.
"Through case studies, definitions of key terms, and explanations of what is legal and what is not, the book reveals what every citizen should know about the laws of war." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.69 C929 2007

Documents on the Laws of War, 
edited by Adam Roberts and Richard Guelff.  3rd ed.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2000.  765 p.
"Each document is preceded by a concise and useful explanatory note, and each treaty is followed by full details of all states signing or adhering.  The text of every important, binding multilateral agreement is reproduced, together with documents that serve as aids to the interpretation of these agreements.  Every document is preceded by a concise and useful prefatory note which puts the document in is historical context and gives a large amount of helpful information relating to its entry into force and the parties to the agreements. " - Summary
Book call no.:  R341.6 D637 2000

Drumble, Mark A.  Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  298 p.
"Rethinks how perpetrators of atrocity crimes should be punished." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  345.0235 D795a

Fotion, Nicholas and Elfstrom, G.  Military Ethics:  Guidelines for Peace and War.  Boston, Routledge & K. Paul, 1986.  311 p.
Chapter 12:  War Crimes and the Crime of War.
Book call no.:  172.42 F761m

Green, Matthew.  The Wizard of the Nile:  The Hunt for Africa's Most Wanted.  Northampton, MA, Olive Branch Press, 2009.  333 p.
"Joseph Kony (Uganda) is now an official enemy of the US and wanted in Europe for war crimes, and yet nobody really knows who he is or what he is fighting for." - Summary
Book call no.:  967.61044092 G797w

Greenspan, Morris.  The Modern Law of Land Warfare.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1959.  724 p.
See table of contents for relevant pages.
Book call no.:  341.3 G815m

Haas, Michael.  George W. Bush, War Criminal?  The Bush Administration's Liability for 269 War Crimes.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2009.  388 p.
"For each of the 269 war crimes of the Bush administration, Professor Haas gives chapter and verse in precise but non-technical language, including the specific acts deemed to be war crimes, the names of the officials deemed to be war criminals, and the exact language of the international or domestic laws violated by those officials.  The author proceeds to consider the various US, international, and foreign tribunals in which the war crimes of Bush administration defendants may be tried under applicable bodies of law.  He evaluates the real-world practicability of bringing cases against Bush and Bush officials in each of the possible venues.  Finally, he weighs the legal, political, and humanitarian pros and cons of actually bringing Bush and Bush officials to trial for war crimes." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.60973 H112g

In the Name of Democracy:  American War Crimes in Iraq and Beyond,
edited by Jeremy Brecher and others.  New York, Metropolitan Books, 2005.  332 p.  (American Empire Project)
"Examines the legality of the Iraq war and the occupation that followed.  Included in this powerful investigation are eyewitness accounts, victim testimonials, statements by soldiers turned resisters and whistle-blowers." - Summary
Book call no.:  956.704438 I35

Just and Unjust Warriors:  The Moral and Legal Status of Soldiers, edited by David Rodin and Henry Shue.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2008.  261 p.
"The essays both challenge and defend many deeply held convictions:  about the liability of soldiers for crimes of aggression, about the nature and justifiability of terrorism, about the relationship between law and morality, the relationship between soldiers and states, and the relationship between the ethics of war and the ethics of ordinary life." - Summary
Book call no.:  172.42 J966

Krammer, Arnold.  Prisoners of War:  A Reference Handbook.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  192 p. (Contemporary Military, Strategic, and Security Issues)
"Examines the fate of war prisoners from Biblical and Medieval times through the halting evolution of international law, to the current reshuffling of the rules." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  355.1296 K89p

Lael, Richard L.  The Yamashita Precedent:  War Crimes and Command Responsibility.  Wilmington, DE, Scholarly Resources, 1982.  165 p.
Book call no.:  341.69026852 L158y

La Haye, Eve.  War Crimes in International Armed Conflict.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2008.  424 p. (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law)
Seeks to answer the question:  "Does international law make individuals responsible for perpetuating war crimes during an internal armed conflicts?" - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.69 L183w

Laughland, John.  Travesty:  The Trial of Slobodan Milosevic and the Corruption of International Justice.  Ann Arbor, MI, Pluto, 2007.  214 p.
"A passionate critique of Milosevic's trial and the PR machine at the heart of international justice." Cover
Book call no.:  341.690268 L374t

The Law of War Crimes:  National and International Approaches, edited by Timothy L. H. McCormack and Gerry J. Simpson.  Boston, Kluwer Law International, 1997.  262 p. 
"A principal objective of the book is to bring together two approaches of war crimes which are most commonly considered separately in the huge literature in the area. Accordingly, the book discusses both domestic and international approaches to war crimes." - Preface
Book call no.:  364.138 L415

The Laws of War:  Constraints on Warfare in the Western World
, edited by Michael Howard and others.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1994.  303 p.
"The purpose of the essays included in this volume is to examine both formal constraints on the conduct of war from classical antiquity to our own time and unwritten conventions as to what was 'done' or 'not done' in the course of military operations." - Preface
Book call no.:  341.6 H851L

Lingen, Kerstin von.  Kesselring's Last Battle:  War Crime Trials and Cold War Politics, 1945-1960.  Lawrence, KS, University Press of Kansas, 2009.  451 p. (Modern War Studies)
"Shows that the case was about much more than the fate of one convicted individual; it also underscored the pressure to wrap up the war crimes issue - and German guilt - in order to get on with the business of bringing a rearmed Germany into the Western alliance." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.690268 L755k

Maga, Timothy P.  Judgment at Tokyo:  The Japanese War Crimes Trials.  Lexington, KY, University Press of Kentucky, 2001.  181 p.
"The trials encompassed some of the most fascinating criminal cases of the 20th century.  Judgment at Tokyo is a bold reassessment of the trials, in which defendants ranged from lowly Japanese Imperial Army privates to former prime ministers." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.69 M188j

Mandel, Michael.  How America Gets Away with Murder:  Illegal Wars, Collateral Damage and Crimes Against Humanity.  Ann Arbor, MI, Pluto Press, 2004.  302 p.
"Mandel offers a critique of the international courts, suggesting that the 'historic mission of the international criminal law movement' was to legalize aggression (such as in Kosovo) and to be, as in everyday criminal law, 'strong with the weak and weak with the strong.' " - Summary
Book call no.:  345.0235 M271h

May, Larry.  War Crimes and Just War.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  343 p.
"Argues that the best way to understand war crimes is as crimes against humaneness rather than as violations of justice." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  172.42 M466w

Meron, Theodor.  War Crimes Law Comes of Age:  Essays.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1998.  336 p.
"Theodor Meron, one of the world's most distinguished authors on international humanitarian law, brings together a fascinating collection of his essays on war crimes and related areas." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.69 M567w

The New Killing Fields:  Massacre and the Politics of Intervention, edited by Nicolaus Mills and Kira Brunner.  New York, Basic Books, 2002.  276 p.
"Discusses exactly what America and its international allies did and did not do in the face of state-sponsored slaughter in the last decade in three very different countries, Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and East Timor." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  364.151 N532

Osiel, Mark.  Making Sense of Mass Atrocity.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2009.  257 p.
Delves into the limit of international law in the case of mass atrocity "and offers a spirited defense of its moral and intellectual resources for meeting the vexing challenge of holding anyone criminally accountable for mass atrocity." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  345.0235 O82m

Peskin, Victor.  International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans:  Virtual Trials and the Struggle for State Cooperation.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2008.  272 p.
"Tells the compelling story of how the UN International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda prod states implicated in atrocities to hand over their own leaders for trial." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.69 P474i

Phillipson, Coleman.  Termination of War and Treaties of Peace. New York, Dutton, 1916.  486 p.
Book call no.:  341.2 P564t

Pyle, Christopher H.  Getting Away with Torture:  Secret Government, War Crimes, and the Rule of Law.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2009.  339 p.
Argues that the problem in the U.S. government "is not just embarrassment; it is the widespread acceptance of unaccountable, secret government that now threatens to destroy the very foundations of constitutional government." - Summary
Book call no.:  973.931 P996g

Rockwood, Lawrence P.  Walking Away from Nuremberg:  Just War and the Doctrine of Command Responsibility.  Amherst, MA, University of Massachusetts Press, 2007.  223 p.
"Traces the development of the standard by which individual commanders are held directly responsible for war crimes as official US military doctrine from the Civil War to the ongoing military occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq." - Summary
Book call no.:  172.42 R684w

Schabas, William.  Genocide in International Law:  The Crime of Crimes.  2nd ed.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2009.  741 p.
"Focuses on the judicial interpretation of the Convention (1948 Genocide Convention), relying on debates in the International Law Commission, political statements in bodies like the General Assembly of the United Nations and the growing body of case law. " - Summary
Book call no.:  345.0251 S291g 2009

Scharf, Michael P.  Balkan Justice:  The Story Behind the First International War Crimes Trials since Nuremberg.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 1997.  340 p.
"Provides the inside story of the creation of the Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal and chronicles the case of Dusko Tadic, from indictment judgment." - Introduction
Book call no.:  341.690268 S311b

Smith, Adam M.  After Genocide:  Bringing the Devil to Justice.  Amherst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2009.  441 p.
Examines the international criminal justice system for war crimes and offers alternatives.
Book call no.:  345.0251 S642a

The Specter of Genocide:  Mass Murder in Historical Perspective,
edited by Robert Gellately and Ben Kiernan.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003.  396 p.
"This collection of essays by leading international experts offers an up-to-date, comprehensive history and analysis of multiple cases of genocide and genocidal acts, with a focus on the twentieth century." - Summary
Book call no.:  304.66309 S741

Subotic, Jelena.  Hijacked Justice:  Dealing with the Past in the Balkans.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2009.  201 p.
"Traces the design, implementation, and political outcomes of institutions established to deal with the legacies of violence in the aftermath of the Yugoslav wars." - Book Jacket
Book call no.:  341.6909497 S941h

United States.  Army.  Judge Advocate General's School.  Center for Law and Military Operations and International Law Division.  Operational Law Handbook.  Charlottesville, VA, 2009.  566 p.
Includes sections on asylum, refugees, civil affairs, humanitarian assistance and human rights.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/operational-law-handbooks.html
Book call no.:  342.0412 O61 2009

United States.  Office of the Director of National Intelligence.  Office of General Counsel.  Intelligence Community Legal Reference Book.  2nd ed.  Washington, GPO, 2009.  938 p.
See War Crimes Act of 1996, pp 683-686.
Also available online at:  http://www.dni.gov/reports/IC_Legal_Ref_2009.pdf
Book call no.:  343.7301 I61 2009

War Crimes and Collective Wrongdoing:  A Reader, edited by Aleksandar Jokic.  Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishers, 2001.  313 p.
"The project that resulted in this book and the corresponding conference series, was conceived as an opportunity to bring together philosophers and scholars from related disciplines to bear on puzzles regarding war crimes, collective wrongdoing, and a host of associated issues." - Preface
Book call no.:  341.69 W253

War Crimes, Conditionality and EU Integration in the Western Balkans,
edited by Judy Batt and Jelena Obradovic-Wochnik.  Paris, Institute for Security Studies, European Union, 2009.  103 p. (Chaillot Papers, no. 116)
Also available online at:  http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp116.pdf
Book call no.:  341.69 W2531

War Crimes:  The Legacy of Nuremberg, edited by Belinda Cooper.  New York, TV Books, 1999.  350 p.
"
Featuring transcripts from the original testimony, this work accompanies Court TV's 12-hour documentary on the 50th anniversary of the Nuremberg trials." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.690268 W253

War Crimes, War Criminals, and War Crimes Trials:  An Annotated Bibliography and Source Book
, edited by Norman E. Tutorow.  New York, Greenwood Press, 1986.  548 p. (Bibliographies and Indexes in World History, no. 4)
"By bringing together and arranging logically this vast variety of information on war crimes, war criminals, and war crimes trials, the author has performed a great service to the scholarly community." - Foreword
Book call no.:  016.34169 T966w

Watkins, John C., Jr. and Weber, John Paul.  War Crimes and War Crime Trials:  From Leipzig to the ICC and Beyond:  Cases, Materials and Comments.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2006.  822 p.  (Carolina Academic Press Law Casebook Series)
"Presents war crime decisions by various national and international tribunals in the 20th and early 21st centuries.  Editors Watkins (U. of Alabama) and Weber (Judson College) provide a brief historical account of the geo-political, diplomatic, and military events surrounding each decision." - Summary
Book call no.:  341.690268 W335w

Williams, Paul R. A. and Scharf, Michael P.  Peace with Justice?  War Crimes and Accountability in the Former Yugoslavia.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.  323 p. (New International Relations of Europe)
"In this provocative and insightful book, two former State Department lawyers, Paul R. Williams and Michael P. Scharf, tell the true story, warts and all, of the role of justice in building peace in the former Yugoslavia." - Summary
Book call no.:  949.703 W726p 

Winthrop, William.  Military Law and Precedents.  2nd rev & enl. ed.  Washington, GPO, 1920.  1111 p.
Law of War, pp 773-862.
Book call no.:  344 W73m



Rules of War -- Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Bosnia War Crimes:  The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and U.S. Policy,  by Margaret Mikyung Lee and others. Washington, CRS, 1997.  49 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.96-404 F

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  War Crimes in the Former Yugoslavia: Selected References, compiled by Valentin Leskovsek.  Washington, CRS, September 1994.  23 p. 
This bibliography provides references to articles and monographs as a background for the International War Crimes Tribunal.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.94-762L

Waltzog, Alfons.  The Law of Warfare on Land:  The Most Important Conventions Concerning the War on Land.  Berlin, Franz Vahlen, 1942.  184 p.
Translated from the German.  The convention respecting the laws and customs of war on land of October 18, 1907--Annex to the convention--The prisoner of war convention--Geneva convention for the amelioration of the conditions of the wounded and the sick of armies in the field of July 27, 1929.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 36150 no.4984



Rules of War -- Documents (Student Research)

Alan, Norman F. J., III.  Reprisal under International Law:  A Defense to Criminal Conduct?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2009.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA498017
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-53 A428r

Boling, Deanna I.  Operational Law in Support of Public Affairs and Psychological Operations.  Newport RI, Naval War College, June 1988.  32 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 B689o

Branch, William R.  The Yamashita Decision.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, May 1990.  40 p.
"Presents a case study on senior military ethics.  Primarily, the case study focus is on General MacArthur's decision to try and execute General Yamashita for war crimes committed in the Philippines." - Abstract 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-83 B816y

Cathey, Emily A.  The Effects of Japan's Apology for World War II Atrocities on Regional Relations.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2008.  99 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494016
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C363e

Cieply, Kevin M.  Rendition Lawfare.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2007.  88 p.
Surmises that "to set a proper example for the world and stay within the rule of law, the U.S. should significantly revise the transfer and treatment aspects of rendition." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA493612
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-607 C569r

Daugherty, Kevin L.  Offenses under the Law of Armed Conflict:  A Compendium.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 1988.  19 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 D2380

Dunham, Robert A.  An Analysis of the Propriety of the Law Used for the Prosecution and Punishment of War Criminals, as Precedents in the International Law of 1967.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, June 1967.  46 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35582-7 D917a

Evans, Robert E.  The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial of the Nazi Economic Leaders.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, June 1967.  149 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35582-7 E921n

Klimow, Matthew S.  Surrender:  A Soldier's Legal Ethical, and Moral Obligations; with Philippine Case Study.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 1989.  186 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 K65s

Lancaster, Steven F.  Enemy War Crimes:  How to Investigate and Prosecute.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1988.  1 vol. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-14 L245e

Richardson, F. Glenn.  The Law of War and the Operational Commander.  Newport RI, Naval War College,  February 1994.  31 p. 
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA279705
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 R5222L

Taylor, Thomas R.  Prosecution for War Crimes as Part of War Termination:  Missed Opportunity in the Gulf.  Newport RI, Naval War College, May 1993.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA266913 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 T246p

Tucker, Gwynn A.  Effects of Organizational Structure on American Enemy Prisoner of War Operations.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Naval War College, 1990.  283 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA228008
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 T892e

Yery, Richard T.  Trial of War Crimes under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1972.  79 p. 
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 Y47t



Rules of War -- Periodicals

Beardsley, Brent.  Learning from the Rwanda Genocide of 1994 to Stop the Genocide in Darfur. (part 1)  Canadian Military Journal 6:41-50 Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo6/no1/human-humain-eng.asp
Part 2: Summer 2005 pp 41-48.
Also available online at:  http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo6/no2/human-humain-eng.asp

Bennett, Drew A.  Heads I Win, Tails You Lose:  Forcing Unconditional Surrender on Germany.  Marine Corps Gazette 86:42-44 December 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=257992791&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Bialke, Joseph P.  Al-Qaeda & Taliban Unlawful Combat Detainees, Unlawful Belligerency and the International Laws of Armed Conflict.  Air Force Law Review 55:1-85 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15273525&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Brancato, John R.  Doctrinal Deficiencies in Prisoner of War Command.  Airpower Journal 2:40-49 Spring 1988.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj88/spr88/brancato.html

Bringing the Khmers Rouges to Justice.  Economist 372:40 October 9, 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14677218&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Erikkson, Stephen.  Humiliating and Degrading Treatment under International Humanitarian Law:  Criminal Accountability, State Responsibility, and Cultural Considerations.  Air Force Law Review 55:269-311 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15274524&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Farer, Tom J.  Restraining the Barbarians:  Can International Criminal Law Help?  Human Rights Quarterly 22:90-117 February 2000.

Finnegan, William.  Court Convenes.  New Yorker 70:7-8 September 19, 1994.
Discusses the International Criminal Tribunal established to try cases of war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia.

Fontenot, Gregory.  Peace in the Posavina, or Deal with Us!  Military Review 87:45-60 July-August 2007.
"Discusses the author's experience of being deployed as commander of the US army's 1st Brigade in Posavina, northeast Bosnia from December 1995 until November 1996." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=27171336&site=ehost-live

Grerie, Lansana.  Briefing the Special Court of Sierra Leone.  African Affairs 102:637-648 October 2003.

Hackel, John M.  Planning for the "Strategic Case":  A Proposal to Align the Handling of Marine Corps War Crimes Prosecutions with Counterinsurgency Doctrine.  Naval Law Review 57:239-284 2009.
Also available online at:  http://www.jag.navy.mil/documents/navylawreview/NLRVolume57.pdf

Hegland, Corine.  Opposition to War-Crimes Court Unwavering.  National Journal 37:215-216 January 22, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16015718&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Israel in the Dock.  Economist 392:57-58 September 19, 2009.
Report by the UN Commission on Human Rights on Israel's 2008 invasion of the Gaza Strip "found that Israel's armed forces had committed deliberate war crimes against civilians during the invasion." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=44222384&site=ehost-live

Ivey, Karl F.  "But It's Only Civilian Property."  Special Warfare 2:42-45 Fall 1989.
Contains a property control matrix to help answer property control questions.

Kellogg, Davida E.  Jus Post Bellum:  The Importance of War Crimes Trials.  Parameters 32:87-99 Fall 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7355258&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kirichenko, Aleksei.  Behind the Scenes at the Tokyo Tribunal, 3 May 1946-12 November 1948.  Journal of Slavic Military Studies 22:253-280 June 2009.
Also available online at:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13518040902918162

Knight, Robin and Anhalt, Karen N.  The Hunt for the Killers of Bosnia.  U.S. News & World Report 118:52-54 April 10, 1995.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9504067529&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Krasnor, Emily.  Undermining International Law by Opposing the ICC.  Peace Review 16:323-329 September 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14622394&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McShane, Thomas W.  Blame It on the Romans:  Pax Americana and the Rule of Law.  Parameters 32:57-72 Summer 2002.
"Discusses the use of American military power to establish and enforce global peace with attention to legal considerations of peace enforcement, particularly complicated questions of international law." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17738966&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Meron, Theodor.  International Criminalization of Internal Atrocities.  American Journal of International Law 89:554-577 July 1995.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2204173

Murphy, Timothy W. and Whitfield, Jeff E.  Excerpts from the Nuremberg Trials.  Journal of Legal Studies 6:5-168 1995-1996.

Orend, Brian.  Justice after War.  Ethics & International Affairs 16, no.1:43-56 2002.
Urges the international community to determine just ends for a just war.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=6595273&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Parks, W. Hays.  Crimes in Hostilities.  Marine Corps Gazette 60:16-22 August 1976.
Part 2, pp 33-39 September 1976.

Parks, W. Hays.  Deadly Force Is Authorized.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 127:32-37 January 2001.
Rules of engagement in peacekeeping missions.
Also available online at:   http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4050051&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Parks, W. Hays.  May There Being No More U.S. War Crimes.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 123:4+ November 1997.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=22600741&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Parsons, Breven C.  Moving the Law of Occupation into the Twenty-First Century.  Naval Law Review 57:1-48 2009.
Also available online at:  http://www.jag.navy.mil/documents/navylawreview/NLRVolume57.pdf

Peifer, Douglas.  Genocide and Airpower.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 2:93-124 Summer 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/ssq/2008/Summer/peifer.pdf

Post, Tom.  The Trial of the Century.  Newsweek 126:56-58 November 6, 1995.
Discusses the Nuremberg trials.
Also available online:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9510317617&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Powell, Bill and Post, Tom.  Lessons of Nuremberg.  Newsweek 126:52-55 November 6, 1995.
Lessons of the Nuremberg trials after 50 years.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9510317603&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rielly, Robert.  The Inclination for War Crimes.  Military Review 89:17-23 May-June 2009.
Examines the My Lai Massacre of 1968.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=43247725&site=ehost-live

Rosenberg, Tina.  From Nuremberg to Bosnia.  Nation 260:688-692 May 15, 1995.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9505192954&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rwanda's Mass of Murderers.  Economist 333:43 October 29, 1994.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9411237521&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Schell, Jonathan.  What Is Wrong with Torture.  Nation 280:8 February 7, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15776727&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Spence, Mike.  Lessons for Combined Rules of Engagement.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 126:56-58+ October 2000.
"Dealing with rules of engagement is hard enough when only one country's forces are in the field or at sea.  Problems multiply, however, when rules of engagement must be developed for multinational forces" in peacekeeping operations such as Kosovo. - Article
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=3704385&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Struett, Michael.  The Meaning of the International Criminal Court.  Peace Review 16:317-321 September 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14622388&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Supplemental Report on War Crimes in the Former Yugoslavia.
 U.S. Department of State Dispatch 3:802-806 November 2, 1992.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9212282380&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Wiener, Frederick B.  Comment:  The Years of MacArthur, Volume 3:  MacArthur Unjustifiably Accused of Meeting Out "Victors" Justice in War Crimes Case.  Military Law Review 113:203-218 Summer 1986.

Williams, Ian.  Israel's Obsession with Goldstone Report Reflects Fears of War Crime Prosecutions.  Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 28:14-15 December 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=45503907&site=ehost-live

Wolusky, Anthony G.  Prosecuting War Crimes in the Former Yugoslavia.  Journal of Legal Studies 6:287-304 1995-1996.

Zoglin, Katie.  The Future War Crimes Prosecutions in the Former Yugoslavia: Accountability or Junk Justice?  Human Rights Quarterly 27:41-77 February 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=796605751&sid=4&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
 


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