EFFECTS BASED OPERATIONS


January 2008

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of target web sites or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at those locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on January 8, 2008.


Internet Resources


Air University.  Air Force Doctrine Development and Education Center.  Effects-Based Operations.  (The Air and Space Power course).
Available online at:  http://www.apc.maxwell.af.mil/ebo/lesson.htm
A self-paced, interactive course.

Air University.  Air War College.  Transformation of War & U.S. Military:  Effects-Based Operations.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awc-forc.htm#effects
Portion of Air War College's Gateway to the Internet providing links to other electronic publications and web pages on EBO.

An Approach to Effects Based Planning.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/jointvision/ideas_concepts/ebo_planning_template.xls
EBO planning template.

Australian Defence Force.  Directorate of Future Warfighting Concepts.  Effects Based Operations Discussion Paper.  November 2003.  34 p.
Available online at:  http://www.defence.gov.au/strategy/fwc/documents/EBO_DP.pdf

Bakken, Bjørn T. and others.  Perception and Handling of Complex Problems in Dynamic Settings--Three Cases of Relevance to Military Command and Crisis Management.  Oslo, Norway, Norwegian Defence Leadership Institute, Norwegian Defence Academy, 2004.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://www.systemdynamics.org/conferences/2004/SDS_2004/PAPERS/226BAKKE.pdf
Paper presented at the 22nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Oxford, Eng., UK, July 25-29, 2004.
"To provide a basis for better understanding of the dynamics of operations, we suggest an approach linking Effects Based Operations (EBO) modelling and analysis with System Dynamics (SD) principles, yielding valuable insights in the complexity of modern warfare and conflict resolution."

Bakken, Bjørn T. and others.  The System Dynamics Approach to Network Centric Warfare and Effects Based Operations--Designing a "Learning Lab" for Tomorrow's Military Operations. Oslo, Norway, Norwegian Defence Leadership Institute, Norwegian Defence Academy, 2004.  10 p.
Available online at:  http://www.systemdynamics.org/conferences/2004/SDS_2004/PAPERS/237BAKKE.pdf
Paper presented at the 22nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Oxford, Eng., UK, July 25-29, 2004.
"It is in the light of recently developed, but not yet matured, concepts such as Network Centric Warfare (NCW) and Effects Based Operations (EBO), we discuss the radically changed conditions for acting and learning in the military operational environment.  We suggest a new approach, linking the principles of best practice EBO modelling and analysis with system dynamic insights, yielding design requirements for a 'learning lab' for Network Centric Operations."

Bello, Paul and Mailman, Mitch.  Applications of Dynamic Systems Theory to Effects-Based Operations and Adversarial Modelling.  Rome, NY, Information Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2004.  10 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/021.pdf

Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/021.pdf

Beres, Steven M. and others.  Effects-Based Operations:  The Yom Kippur War Case Study.  Vienna, VA, Evidence Based Research, Inc., 2004.  10 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/190.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/190.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.
This paper is a case study of American efforts at the height of tension between the superpowers during the Yom Kippur War.  It examines the important aspects of effects-based operations using the DIME construct as a tool for assessment.

Bird, Richard F.  Crisis Response, Complexity and Analysis.  2002.  16 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/Bird_Response.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Brandt, Kevin L. and others.  Joint Force Command & Control:  Synchronization, Adaptation, and Coordination (SAC) Capability for Effects-Based Operations.  Suffolk, VA, MITRE Corporation, 2002.  13 p.
Available online at:  www.dodccrp.org/events/2002_CCRTS/Tracks/pdf/089.PDF
Paper presented at the 7th Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, June 11-13, 2002.

Bryant, Russell E.  Management and Introduction of Technology--An OSD Office of Technology Transition Perspective for Effects Based Support in the New Security Environment.  Washington, Program Executive Office for Integrated Warfare Systems, Office of Technology Transition, Dept. of Defense, 2005.  22 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/009.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/presentations/009.pdf
Paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control," June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.

Bullock, Richard K.  Using Influence Nets to Model a Nation-State.  Pentagon ADM, VA, Air Force Studies and Analyses Agency, January 2002.  6 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/Bullock.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Burns, Carla and Caroli, Joe.  Introduction to Effects Based Operations.  January 8, 2002. 10 slides.  (Information Institute 5th anniversary workshop).
Available online at:  http://www.rl.af.mil/rrs/Info_Inst/docs/briefings_2002/II_WkShop_EBO_Overview_1_08_02.ppt

Byrnes, John.  Background Paper on System Dynamics as a Tool for Effects Based Operations (EBO) Analysis.  2002.  11 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/Byrne.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Caroli, Joseph and others.  Tools for Effects Based Course of Action Development and Assessment.  Rome NY, Air Force Research Laboratory (IFSF), 2004.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/052.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/052.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.

Carpenter, Michael F.  Evolving to Effects Based Operations.  Hampton, VA, MITRE Corp., 2004.  9 p.  (Draft).
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/092.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/presentations/8/092.pdf
Paper presented to the 9th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Copenhagen, Denmark, September 14-16, 2004.

Choy, Dawen.  Effects-Based Operations:  Obstacles and Opportunities.  Pointer  30, no.2:(5 p) 2004. 
Available online at:  http://www.mindef.gov.sg/imindef/publications/pointer/journals/2004/v30n2/features/feature3.html

"EBO’s biggest attraction, therefore, is that it reminds planners not to get too caught up with equations and spread-sheets, but instead to take a step back and reconsider the strategy-to-task linkages of what they are doing, as well as to dig deeper to find important weaknesses that can be exploited."

Coote, John.  What EBO Concepts and Capabilities Are Emerging from Your Experimentation?  London, UK, Ministry of Defence, 2004. 
24 slides.
Available online at:  http://www.act.nato.int/organization/transformation/cde04presentations/4novebobo/coote.ppt
Briefing presented at the 2004 Concept Development and Experimentation Conference, "Applied Transformation:  Driving Concepts to Capabilities," Calgary, Alberta, Canada, November 3-4, 2004.

Cordesman, Anthony H.  Understanding the New "Effects-Based" Air War in Iraq.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, March 15, 2003.  9 p.
Available online at:  www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/iraq_airwar[1].pdf
"The US and Britain will fight a new kind of air war in Iraq. It will be designed to paralyze enemy forces, rather than destroy them.  It will seek to bypass or avoid all targets that are not time-sensitive military assets to a regime that will be gone in days or weeks. ...  There are, however, limits to what the US and Britain can do, and the bombing campaign involves a wide range of complex new issues.  The following ten points may help explain what is happening and how to evaluate it."

Crowder, Gary L.  Effects Based Operations Briefing.  DoD News Transcripts, 27 p, March 19, 2003.
Available online at:  http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/2003/t03202003_t0319effects.html
Individual briefing slides are at:  http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Mar2003/g030318-D-9085.html
Briefing slides as a single file can be downloaded at:  http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Mar2003/030318-D-9085-024.pdf
A briefing on the concept of effects based operations presented by the Plans Director for Strategy Concepts and Doctrine at Air Combat Command.

Das, Balaram.  Effects-Based Operations:  Simulations with Cellular Automata.  Edinburgh, South Australia, Australia, Information Sciences Laboratory, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, June 2004.  44 p.  (DSTO-RR-0275).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada426131
Also available online at:  http://www.dsto.defence.gov.au/publications/2677/DSTO-RR-0275.pdf

Although a number of interesting doctrines and a variety of novel strategies for effects-based planning and operations have been put forward, what has been missing is a sound framework to conduct experiments, to put these strategies to test.  A framework to formulate these strategies systematically and conduct ‘what if’ experiments is needed.  The main contribution of this report lies in establishing that cellular automata can provide the tools needed for such experimentation.

DeGregorio, Edward A. and others.  Integrating Effects-Based and Attrition-Based Modeling.  Middletown, RI, Rite-Solutions, Inc., 2004.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/152.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/152.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.

Denhard, Dave and Umstead, Robert.  Using Hierarchical Modeling to Assist Effects Based Planning and Assessment.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, 2005.  17 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/Denhard.pdf

Individual briefing slides are at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/Denhard.ppt).
Paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Denny, David Anthony and Deptula, David A.  Air Force Operations Concept Aims at Success, Not Destruction, March 20, 2003.  March 21, 2003.  7 p.
Available online at:  http://www.usembassy.it/file2003_03/alia/A3032114.htm
In an interview with Washington File staff writer David Anthony Denny on March 7 at his office in Langley Air Force Base, General Deptula sought to give an overview of what constitutes effects-based operations, and then provided specific examples from his experiences in the Gulf War and while commanding the patrolling of northern Iraq in support of U.N. Security Council sanctions during 1998 and 1999.

Deptula, David A.  Effects-Based Operations:  A U.S. Commander's Perspective.  Pointer 31, no.2:13-20 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.mindef.gov.sg/imindef/publications/pointer/journals/2005/v31n2/features/feature2.html

The article provides interesting insights into the application of EBO during the U.S. air campaign in Operation Desert Storm.  LtGen Deptula gives an account on how the air operations were carried out on a combination of stealth and precision with effects-based targeting.

Deptula, David A.  Effects-Based Operations:  Change in the Nature of Warfare.  April 23, 2001.
Available online at:  http://www.connectlive.com/events/afa/
Webcast originally broadcast on April 23, 2001 at the Eaker Breakfast Series sponsored by the Air Force Association and the Aerospace Education Foundation for the release of the print publication of the same title (See in Documents section).

Dubin, Hank.  Directed Energy Technologies:  Tools to Enable Effects-Based Operations.  S.l., s.n., 2005.  12 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/dubin.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Duczynski, Guy.  Effects-Based Operations:  A Guide for Practitioners.  Canberra, ACT, Australia, Jacobs Sverdrup Australia, 2004.  26 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/198.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentation/198.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.  It was also presented at the 9th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Durkac, Louis M.   Effects-Based Operation Planning:  "Convergent" Course of Action (COA) Development.  Norfolk, VA, Joint Forces Staff College, 2006.  4 p.  (Student paper).
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2006_CCRTS/html/papers/229.pdf

Paper prepared for the 2006 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposiuim, "The State of the Art and the State of the Practice."

Effects Based Operations (EBO) in Urban Combat.  Defense Update:  International Online Defense Magazine  No.1:(2 p)  February 2006. 
Available online at:  http://www.defense-update.com/features/du-1-06/urban-c4i-4.htm

Effects Based Thinking--EBT.  Millington, TN, Human Resources Branch, Navy Installations Command, 2006.  13 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.mwr.navy.mil/trainingresources/nuggets/effects_based_thinking.ppt#257,1,Effects Based Thinking - EBT

Evans, Alan and others.  Strategy Development for Effects-Based Planning.  Burlington, MA, ALPHATEC, Inc., 2002.  19 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/White_Strategy.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Fayette, Daniel F.  Effects-Based Operations:  Applications of New Concepts, Tactics, and Software Tools Support the Air Force Vision for Effects-Based Operations.  Rome, NY, Dynamic Command and Control Branch, Information Technology Division, Information Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2001.  5 p.
Available online at:  http://www.afrlhorizons.com/Briefs/June01/IF00015.html

Fitchett, Joseph.  News Analysis:  With New Technology, U.S. Tries Out New Way to Make War.  International Herald Tribune, March 24, 2003.
Available online at:  http://www.uni-muenster.de/PeaCon/global-texte/g-w/n/fitchett-newwar.htm

Fleet, Paul.  Effects-Based Operations:  An Evolutionary Concept Made Practical Only Recently.  North York, Ontario, Canada, Canadian Forces College, 2004.  26 p.  (Student paper).
Available online at:  http://wps.cfc.dnd.ca/papers/csc/csc30/exnh/fleet.pdf

Foghelin, Jan.  RMA, NCW, EBO, Transformation ... "One Damned Thing after Another, What Is Next?"  Stockholm, Sweden, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), 2005.  11 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/janfoghelin.doc

Paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Fowler, Martin and Dobson, Mike.  OA for Effects-Based Operations in the Maritime Domain.  Portsdown, UK, Maritime Warfare Centre, 2005.  31 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/fowler.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Gallagher, Mark A. and others.  Input-Output Modeling for Effects Based Operations.  2002.  14 p.  (Draft).
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/Gallagher_Snodgrass_Ehlers.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.
This paper won the Military Operations Research Society's Rist Prize for 2003.
We discuss the concept of Effects-Based Operations (EBO) and its inherent requirement for analytical modeling to assess the effects of potential actions.  We propose that the input-output model may be used to assess the direct and indirect impact of military operations in an enemy country.  We present the input-output model and demonstrate how it can be used to assess the impacts of a variety of military strategies against a region or nation.

Gleeson, Dennis J. and others.  New Perspectives on Effects-Based Operations:  Annotated Briefing.  Alexandria, VA, Joint Advanced Warfighting Program, Institute for Defense Analyses, June 2001.  51 p.  (IDA document, D-2583).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada395129
This annotated briefing represents the JAWP thinking on metrics for effects-based operations to date, focusing on effects-based operations and the military instrument of national power (in the form of a joint force).  The team addressed four basic questions:  What are effects-based operations?  Why are they so difficult?  Why are they worth doing?  What comes next?

Glenn, Kevin B.  The Challenge of Assessing Effects-Based Operations in Air Warfare.  Air & Space Power Chronicles, (7 p), April 2002.
Available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/bookrev/glenn.html

Goodwin, Brent L. and Lee, Laura.  Planning and Assessing Effects Based Operations (EBO). Hampton, VA, SPARTA, Inc., 2005.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/128.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/presentations/128.pdf
Paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control," June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.

Graham, J. D. and Smith-Windsor, B. A.  Effects Based Approach to Coalition Operations:  A Canadian Perspective.  Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, National Defence Headquarters, 2004.  21 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/165.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/165.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.
"This paper explores the evolving Canadian response to the imperative of an integrated approach to security and defence from the perspective of the Canadian Forces.  It focuses on an emerging vision of an Effects Based Approach to security and defence supported by Enhanced Interoperability, which, if implemented, will likely enhance any future Canadian contributions to a coalition."

Great Britain.  Ministry of Defence.  Delivering Security in a Changing World:  Defence White Paper.  Norwich, UK, Stationery Office, 2003.  21 p.  (CMD 6041-1).
Available online at:  http://www.mod.uk/NR/rdonlyres/051AF365-0A97-4550-99C0-4D87D7C95DED/0/cm6041I_whitepaper2003.pdf

Great Britain.  Ministry of Defence.  The UK Military Effects-Based Approach.  Swindon, Wiltshire, UK, Joint Doctrine & Concepts Centre, Ministry of Defence, 2005.  14 p.  (Joint doctrine note, 1/05).
Available online at:  www.da.mod.uk/JSCSC/Courses/ESDC/Pre Reading Articles/JDN 1-05 UK Mil Effects Based Approach.pdf

Great Britain.  Parliament.  House of Commons.  Defence Committee.  Defence White Paper 2003:  Government Response to the Committee's Fifth Report of Session 2003-04.  London, Defence Committee, House of Commons, 2004.  20 p.  (HC 1048).
Available online at:  www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmselect/cmdfence/1048/1048.pdf

Second special report of session 2003-04.

Great Britain.  Parliament.  House of Commons.  Defence Committee.  Defense White Paper 2003; Fifth Report of Session 2003-04, Volume I.  London, Defence Committee, House of Commons, 2004.  70 p.  (HC 465-1).
Available online at:  www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmselect/cmdfence/465/465.pdf

"The 2003 Defence White Paper, Delivering Security in a Changing World, flows directly from the 1998 Strategic Defence Review and the 2002 New Chapter to the Strategic Defence Review.  At its centre are the concepts of effects-based operations and network-enabled capability.  It signals a shift of focus from platforms and numbers towards effects sought.  It proposes a re-balancing of land forces from heavy-weight towards medium-weight.  But it lacks essential details.  We are disappointed that an important policy document has been presented with little or no information on the relevant procurement decisions, funding questions or likely changes in force structures."

Grossman-Vermaas, Rob.  'Oh What a Tangled Web':  EBO in Theory and Practice.  Ottawa, Canada, Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, DDA/CFEC, 2005.  34 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/RGV.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 30, 2005.

Grossman-Vermaas, Robert.  Discourse of Action:  Command, Control, Conflict and the Effects Based Approach.  Ottawa, ON, Canada, Directorate of Defence Analysis, National Defense Headquarters, 2004.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/015.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/015.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.

Grossman-Vermaas, Robert.  The Effects-Based Concept, MNE 3 and NMOs:  An Experimental Analysis.  Ottawa, Ont., Canada, Operational Research Division, National Defence Headquarters, 2004.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/172.pdf
Paper also presented at the 9th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "Coalition Transformation:  An Evolution of People, Processes, and Technology to Enhance Interoperability," Copenhagen, Denmark, September 14-17, 2004.

Guitouni, A. and Wheaton, K.  Military Decision-Making Process and Effect-Based Operations Concepts:  A Comparative Study, Lessons Learned and Implications.  Val-Belair, Quebec, Canada, Defence Research and Development Canada -Valcartier, 2005.  42 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/guitouni.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Harris, John T.  Effects-Based Operations:  Tactical Utility.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2004.  90 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada428961
Thesis, M.M.A.S., 2004.
Thesis research compares the effects-based approach to operations against the current objectives-based approach to operations and suggests that effects-based operations have tactical utility to the US Army.

Hayes, Richard and Iwanski, Sue.  Analyzing Effects Based Operations (EBO) Workshop Summary.  Phalanx  35:1+  March 2002.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/publications/phalanx/mar02/lead.htm
This article summarizes the purpose, findings and recommendations of the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.  A detailed report of the workshop is included in this bibliography under Military Operations Research Society (this section).

Henningsen, Jacqueline.  A Dialogue on Analyzing Effects Based Operations (EBO)  Phalanx  35:(8 p) March 2002.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/publications/reports/2002-Analyzing_Effects_Based_Operations.pdf  (see appendix C-1 (p 159)).

Ho, Joshua.  The Advent of a New Way of War:  Theory and Practice of Effects Based Operations.  Singapore, Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, December 2003.  26 p.  (IDSS working paper series, no. 57).
Available online at:  http://www.idss.edu.sg/publications/WorkingPapers/WP57.PDF

Ho, Joshua.  Effects-Based Operations Equals to "Shock And Awe"?  Pointer  30, no.2:(5 p) 2004.
Available online at:  http://www.mindef.gov.sg/imindef/publications/pointer/journals/2004/v30n2/features/feature7.html

Ho, Joshua.  Effects-Based Operations:  The Dimensions of Effects-Based Operations:  A View from Singapore.  Australian Army Journal  2:99-106  Winter 2004.
Available online at:  http://www.defence.gov.au/army/lwsc/AbstractsOnline/AAJournal/2004_W/AAJ_Winter_2004_08.pdf

Hutchins, Susan G. and others.  Knowledge Management and Collaboration in an Effects-Based Operations Environment.  Monterey, CA, Graduate School of Operations and Information Science, Naval Postgraduate School, May 1, 2002.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2002_CCRTS/Tracks/pdf/110.PDF
Paper presented at the 7th Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, June 11-13, 2002.

IWS - The Information Warfare Site.  2005.
Available online at:  http://www.iwar.org.uk/rma/
The Information Warfare Site is an online resource that aims to stimulate debate about a range of subjects from information security to information operations and e-commerce.  This link is to the Revolution in Military Affairs & C4I category.

James, Ron and Daniels, Troy.  Effects Based Operations (EDO) Endstate.  Burlington, MA, BAE Systems, 2005.  97 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada436191

Jeffery, Kira and Herslow, Robert.  Effects-Driven, Capabilities-Based Planning for Operations
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/kirajeffery.doc

Paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Jones, Philip.  Development of UK EBO Analysis:  The Big Picture.  Porton Down, Salisbury, Wiltshire, UK, Dstl Policy and Capabilities Studies, 2005.  26 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/Jones.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Kaplan, Brad and Fields, Dave.  Operational Net Assessment, Centers of Gravity, and Lines of Operation:  Merging Existing and Emerging Doctrine.  Campaigning  No.1:21-26  Winter 2006. 
Available online at:  http://www.jfsc.ndu.edu/schools_programs/jaws/Publications/Campaigning_Journal_1-Jan-2006.pdf

Kemple, William G. and others.  Effects-Based Planning:  An Empirical Examination of the Process.  Monterey, CA, Graduate School of Operations and Information Sciences, Naval Postgraduate School, May 2002.  16 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2002_CCRTS/Tracks/pdf/111.PDF
Paper presented at the 7th Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, June 11-13, 2002.
Focusing on effects, rather than attrition, enables a highly coordinated level of inter-service, interagency, and international cooperation.  An experiment was conducted to examine aspects of EBO, and to specifically assess and refine the effects-based planning process.  This paper describes the results of a survey on the effects-based planning and assessment process, and is a companion paper to two other papers that discuss results of the other two surveys that were administered.

Kessler, Graham.  Effects-Based Operations.  Norfolk, VA, Joint Experimentation, United States Joint Forces Command, 2002.  17 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/Kessler.pdf
33 slide briefing presented at the Military Operations Research Society's Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations, McLean, Virginia, January 29-31, 2002.

Kolding, Jim.  A Tradesman's View of EBC/EBO.  S.l., Boeing Co., 2005.  13 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/kolding.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Lee, David B. and Kupersmith, Douglas.  Effects Based Operations:  Objectives to Metrics Methodology--An Example.  S.l., Emergent Information Technologies, Inc., 2002.  17 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/LeeKupersmith.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," Vienna, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Leedom, Dennis K. and Eggleston, Robert G.  The Simulation of Sensemaking and Knowledge Management within a Joint Effects-Based Planning System.  Vienna, VA, Evidence Based Research, Inc., 2005.  20 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/040.pdf

Paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control,"  June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.
This paper describes key aspects of research funded by the US Air Force Research Laboratory to develop a working simulation model of an effects-based targeting process as it might be reflected in a future coalition task force headquarters and subordinate component command headquarters.

Lindberg, J.  Effects Based Operations.  Fighter Tactics Academy, September 18, 2004.
Available online at:  http://www.sci.fi/~fta/EBO.htm
Links to various sites, government and otherwise, providing information on EBO.

Ling, Michael F.  Nonlocality, Nonlinearity and Complexity:  On the Mathematics of Modelling NCW and EBO.  Victoria, Australia, Defence Systems Analysis Division, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, 2005.  10 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dsto.defence.gov.au/attachments/22ISMOR_Ling_Paper.pdf

Briefing slides available at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/Ling.ppt
Paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Lowe, Donald and Ng, Simon.  Effects-Based Operations:  Language Meaning and the Effects-Based Approach.  Canberra, ACT, Australia, Defense Science and Technology Organisation, Dept. of Defense, 2004.  9 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/207.pdf
Briefing slides available at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/207.pdf
Paper presented at the 2004 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies."

McCrabb, Maris.  Effects-Based Coalition Operations:  Belief, Framing and Mechanism.  Yorktown, VA, DMM Ventures, 2002.  13 p.
Available online at:  http://www.aiai.ed.ac.uk/project/coalition/ksco/ksco-2002/pdf-parts/S-ksco-2002-paper-02-mccrabb.pdf
Paper presented at KSCO 2002, the 2nd International Conference on Knowledge Systems for Coalition Operations, Toulouse, France, April 23-24, 2002.  A 12-slide PowerPoint presentation is also available at:  http://www.aiai.ed.ac.uk/project/ksco/ksco-2002/presentations/mccrabb-ksco-2002.ppt.

McCrabb, Maris.  Effects-Based Operations:  An Overview.  52 slides.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/jointvision/ideas_concepts/ebo.ppt

McCrabb, Maris.  Explaining "Effects":  A Theory for an Effects-Based Approach to Planning, Executing and Assessing Operations.  Ver. 2.0.  August 7, 2001.  46 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/jointvision/ideas_concepts/ebo.doc

McCrabb, Maris.  Incorporating Effects-Based Operations into Military Operations.  Yorktown, VA, DMM Ventures, Inc., June 2005.  70 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada436184

McCrabb, Maris and Caroli, Joseph A.  Behavioral Modeling and Wargaming for Effects-Based Operations.  Yorktown, VA, DMM Ventures, Inc., 2002.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/McCrabb_Caroli.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

McGinnis, Mike and Lynch, Rick.  Operation Stavanger:  Standing Up a Deployable Joint Headquarters for the NATO Response Force.  West Point, NY, Operations Research Center of Excellence, United States Military Academy, 2004.  36 p.  (Technical report, DSE-TR-04-30).
Effects Based Operations, pp 7-14.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada424168

McLamb, Wilburn B.  Reducing Uncertainty in Effects-Based Operations.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, Air University, 2006.  97 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada446177

Thesis (M.S.)--Air Force Institute of Technology, 2006.

Military Operations Research Society.  Analyzing Effects Based Operations Workshop Report.  Alexandria, VA, Military Operations Research Society, January 2002.  1 vol.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/publications/reports/2002-Analyzing_Effects_Based_Operations.pdf
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada414980
Detailed report of a workshop held in January 2002.  The four key issues the workshop was asked to address were:  1. What does the phrase "effects-based operations" mean?; 2. What analytic challenges does it present to the Operations Research (OR) community?; 3. What approaches and tools already exist that offer promise in meeting these challenges?; 4. What actions should the OR community recommend in order to ensure quality analyses in support of effects-based operations?

Miller, Charles E.  Target Taliban.  National Review Online, (2 p), October 31, 2001.
Available online at:  http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/comment-miller103101.shtml

Mullen, M. G.  Meeting the Challenge of a New Era.  Washington, U.S. Navy, 2005. 
Available online at:  https://www.cnet.navy.mil/2006CNOG.pdf

CNO guidance for 2006.

Multinational Experiment Kicks Off.  Pentagon Brief, (2 p), February 15, 2004.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=550307441&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Murray, Williamson and Woods, Kevin.  Thoughts on Effects-Based Operations, Strategy, and the Conduct of War.  Alexandria, VA, Joint Advanced Warfighting Program, Institute for Defense Analyses, January 2004.  38 p.  (IDA paper, P-3869).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada428069
Examines how policy makers and military leaders should use EBO to achieve strategic, operational, and psychological effects, rather than focusing operations solely on the technological or tactical problems involved in hitting targets.

Neill, Douglas A.  Effects-Based Operations:  Not Simple, but Necessary.  North York, Ontario, Canada, Canadian Forces College, October 2002.  32 p.
Available online at:  http://wps.cfc.dnd.ca/papers/amsc/amsc5/neill.pdf
This student paper proposes that the limitations inherent in current targeting doctrine can be overcome through an evolved concept of EBO.

Noedskov, K.  Systematizing Effect Based Air Operations.  Chronicles Online Journal, (10 p), May 24, 2000.
Available online at:  http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/noedskov.html
"'The intention with this article is to start a discussion on how we can improve operational level doctrine utilizing an effect based planning process."

Onslow, George J. and Wrigley, Gerry M.  Effects Based Operations within the UK Joint Force Air Component Headquarters (UKJFACHO).  S.l., s.n., 2005.  18 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/georgeonslow.doc

Briefing slides available at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/onslow.ppt
This paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005, discusses the methods used by the UK JFACHQ to implement EBO and in particular Operations Effectiveness Analysis (OEA).

Parlier, Greg H.  Effects-Based Logistics Operations:  A Strategic Supply Chain Approach for the US Army.  Huntsville, AL, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 2005.  137 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/gregparlier.doc

Paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Piccerillo, Robert A. and Brunbaugh, David A.  Predictive Battlespace Awareness:  Linking Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Operations to Effects Based Operations.  Washington, Air and Space Operations, Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance Directorate, Headquarters, Air Force (AF/XOIR), 2004.  9 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/132.pdf
Briefing slides available at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/132.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.

Pioch, Nicholas J.  Continuous Strategy Development for Effects-Based Operations.  Rome, NY, Rome Research Site, Information Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2006.  192 p.  (Technical report, AFRL-IF-RS-TR-2006-29).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada444918

Plotz, Gary A.  Effects Based Operations Wargaming Simulation (EBOWS).  Vienna, VA, L-3 Communications Analytics Corp., June 2005.  12 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada435864

Plummer, William W. and Krieger, Clifford R.  JSIMS Civil Environment Model.  Sudbury, MA, USAF ESC/CXC (Paradigm Technologies, Inc.), 2002.  5 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/PlummerKrieger.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society 's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Pollicott, Sarah L., Ball, David P., and Ferguson, Nielsen.  Effects Based Analysis of Adversary Systems.  Farnborough, UK, Dstl Air Systems, Ministry of Defence, 2005.  17 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/sarahpollicott.doc

Briefing slides available at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/sarahpollicott.pps
Paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Porter, Graham and others.  Future Force Development Concepts.  Farnborough, Hampshire, UK, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, 2004.  16 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/257.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/257.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.

Potts, Jim.  The Effects-Based Approach and Effects-Based Operations.  Swindon, Wiltshire, UK, Joint Doctrine and Concepts Centre, 2005.  43 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/JPOTTS.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 30, 2005.

Precision Engagement:  Effects-Based Engagement for All Types of Operations.  Tucson, AZ, Precision Engagement SBA, Missile Systems, Raytheon Co., 2006.  2 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.raytheon.com/missions/stellent/groups/public/documents/content/cms04_018568.pdf

2 page advertising brochure for Raytheon's concept of precision engagement.

Raugh, David L.  Defining Doctrine for Transitions; A Case Study in Post-MCO Security.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, April 2005.  51 p.  (Monograph).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada436142

Richardson, Hugh.  MOE & EBO in HQ ARRC.  Monchengladbach, Germany, Operational Analysis Branch, HQ Allied Rapid Reaction Corps, NATO, 2004.  20 slides. 
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2004/arrc.ppt

Slide presentation given at the 21nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, September 2004,

Robb, John.  Effects Based Operations.  June 12, 2005.  3 p.
Available online at:  http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2005/06/effects_based_o.html

Robb, John.  Massively Parallel Operations.  Global Guerrillas  June 21, 2005. 2 p.
Available online at:  http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2005/06/massively_paral.html

Roper, Daniel S.  A Dual-Edged Sword:  Operational Rick and "Efficience"-Based Operations (EBO).  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 2004.  65 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada429356

Runals, Stephen.  Effects Based Planning and Operations & Operational Net Assessment (ONA):  Information Briefing.  S.l., Standing Joint Force Headquarters, Joint Forces Command, July 2004.  32 slides. 
Available online at:  https://ca.dtic.mil/doctrine/july04_sjfhq_onaeffects_info.ppt

Briefing presented at the Joint Faculty Education Conference, July 20, 2004.

Russell, James A.  Strategy, Security, and War in Iraq:  The United States and the Gulf in the 21st Century.  Cambridge Review of International Affairs 18:283-301  July 2005. 
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17575623

Santicola, Henry J.  Centralized Control/Decentralized Execution:  A Valid Tenet of Airpower.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 18, 2005.  26 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada434411
"The tenets of centralized control and decentralized execution have recently come under fire due to emerging transformational concepts such as Network Centric Warfare (NCW) and Effects Based Operations (EBO)....  Even in the face of emerging joint operations concepts, centralized control and decentralized execution remains a valid tenet for the organization and employment of airpower."

Saunders-Newton, Desmond and Frank, Aaron B.  Effects-Based Operations:  Building the Analytic Tools.  Defense Horizons  No.19:1-8  October 2002.
Available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/DefHor/DH19/DH_19.htm
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada422463

"The EBO concept has the potential to transform military planning and operations by establishing linkages between actions and intended effects.  The lynchpin of this capability will not be the development of weapon systems but the ability to analyze political and military situations so that force can be used in the most effective fashion to achieve desired effects."

Scully, Megan.  Air Force Official Concerned about Weapon Systems Costs. CongressDaily, pp 7-8, April 28, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=16912768

Senglaub, Michael.  The Analytic & Philosophical Imperatives of Effects-Based Operations (EBO).  Albuquerque, NM, Sandia National Laboratories, 2002.  13 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/Senglab.pdf
Paper presented at the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Smith, Ed.  Effects-Based Operations ... The Way Ahead.  23 slides.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/jointvision/ideas_concepts/smith_ebo.ppt

Smith, Edward A.  Complexity, Networking, & Effects-Based Approaches to Operations.  Washington, CCRP Publications, 2006.  333 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/files/Smith_Complexity.pdf

Smith, Edward A., Jr.  Complexity, Networking, and Effects-Based Operations:  Approaching the "How to" of EBO.  Arlington, VA, Boeing Co., 2005.  21 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/252.pdf
Also available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/presentations/252.pdf
Paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control," June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.

Smith, Edward A., Jr.  Effects-Based Operations:  The "How To."  Arlington, VA, Boeing Co., 2005.  26 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/edsmith.doc

Briefing slides available at:  http://www.dcmt.cranfield.ac.uk/ismor/ISMOR/2005/ESmith.ppt
Paper presented at 22nd International Symposium on Military Operational Research, August 29-September 2, 2005.

Smith, Edward A., Jr. Effects-Based Operations:  The Way Ahead. S.l., Boeing Co., 2004. 25 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/095.pdf

Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/presentations/8/095.pdf
Paper presented to the 9th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Copenhagen, Denmark, September 14-16, 2004.

Smith, Edward A., Jr.  From Effects-Based Operations to Effects-Based Deterrence:  Military Planning and Concept Development.  26 p.
Available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/books/Books_2002/Globalization_and_Maritime_Power_Dec_02/17_ch16.htm
Chapter 16 in book, Globalization and Maritime Power, edited by Sam J. Tangredi. 2002.

Smith, Edward A., Jr.  Whither EBO?:  Prospects for a Network Enabled Synergy.  Arlington, VA, Boeing Co., 2006.  21 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2006_CCRTS/html/papers/217.pdf
Paper prepared for the 2006 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The State of the Art and the State of the Practice."

Snyder, Daniel and Tolk, Andreas.  Exchanging PMESII Data to Support the Effects-Based Approach.  Suffolk, VA, Booz Allen Hamilton, 2006.  22 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2006_CCRTS/html/papers/081.pdf

Paper prepared for the 2006 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The State of the Art and the State of the Practice."

Starkey, Julilan.  Defense Planning and Effects-Based Operations:  Effects Based Operations or Assessment, Tools and Metrics.  Swindon, UK, Joint Doctrine and Concepts Centre, Ministry of Defence, 2005.  9 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/106.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/presentations/106.pdf
Paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control," June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.

Summary of the MORS Workshop "Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," January 29-31, 2002, Booz Allen Hamilton, McLean, Virginia.  8 slides.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/oa_nco/nco_pres/Iwanski.pdf

Taylor, Claire.  The Defence White Paper.  London, International Affairs and Defence Section, House of Common Library, 2004.  38 p.  (Research paper, 04/71).
Available online at:  www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/rp2004/rp04-071.pdf

This paper outlines the main elements of the 2003 Defence White Paper (this section) and examines some initial comments.

Thomas, Troy S. and Casebeer, William D.  Turbulent Arena:  Global Effects Against Non-State Adversaries.  US Air Force Academy, CO, Institute for National Security Studies, June 2005.  64 p.  (INSS occasional paper, 58).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada435411

Thompson, Rick.  Effects-Based Operations:  A Construct for Canada.  North York, Ontario, Canada, Canadian Forces College, 2004.  64 p.
Available online at:  http://wps.cfc.dnd.ca/papers/csc/csc30/mds/thompson.pdf
This student paper examines the implications for Canada of Effects-Based Operations (EBO).  It proposes that that Canada needs to make organizational and procedural adjustments to adapt to EBO.

Thuve, Håkon.  A State-Space Formulation for Effects-Based Operations.  The Hague, Netherlands, NATO C3 Agency, 2006.  14 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2006_CCRTS/html/papers/007.pdf

Paper prepared for the 2006 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The State of the Art and the State of the Practice."

Tighe, Thomas and others.  A Decision for Strategic Effects:  A Conceptual Approach to Effects Based Targeting.  Chronicles Online Journal, (20 p), October 11, 2000.
Available online at:  http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/Hill.html
"This article proposes a framework that may be useful in analyzing an enemy and identifying opportunities for strategic attack.  This approach is broad enough to capture doctrine, simple enough to apply in practice, and structured enough to attempt to model mathematically.  The framework is a logical extension of Boyd's Observe-Orient-Decide-Act (OODA) loop decision cycle theory.  The OODA loop was developed to describe a tactical situation and has been extrapolated to explain overarching command and control systems.  The proposed approach uses the OODA to describe war as a chain of discrete, but dependent and irreversible decisions that take place throughout the enemy system.  Impacting the processes that make these decisions becomes the focus for creating the desired effects."

Tomme, Edward B.  The Paradigm Shift to Effects-Based Space:  Near-Space as a Combat Space Effects Enabler.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Airpower Research Institute, College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education, Air University, 2005.  70 p.  (Research paper, 2005-01).
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/cadre/ari_2005-01.pdf

Triscari, Thomas and Wales, William J.  Supporting Effects-Based Operations (EBO) with Information Technology Tools:  Examining Underlying Assumptions of EBO Tool Development Practices.  Troy, NY, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, May 2005.  15 p.  (AFRL-IF-RS-TR-2005-179).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada435007

Tu, Haiying and others.  Robust Action Strategies to Induce Desired Effects.  Storrs, CT, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut, 2002.  22 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2002_CCRTS/Tracks/pdf/109.PDF
Student paper presented at the 2002 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Monterey, CA, 2002.

Turner, Paddy.  Findings from the First UK-Led Effects-Based Planning Experiment.  Malvern, Worcestershire, UK, QinetiQ plc, 2004.  12 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/124.pdf
Paper presented to the 9th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Conceptss and Technologies", Copenhagen, Denmark, September 14-16, 2004.  This paper outlines the findings from the first UK Effects Based Planning Experiment, conducted in October 2003.  The main aim of the experiment was to assess a candidate EBP process at the operational level of command and identify equipment capability requirements and issues for short- to medium-term exploitation.

Turner, Paddy and others.  Effects Based Planning:  A UK Research Perspective.  Malvern, Worcestershire, UK, QinetiQ plc, 2004.  9 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/123.pdf
Paper presented to the 9th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," Copenhagen, Denmark, September 14-16, 2004.

Umstead, Robert K.  Effects-Based Decision Making in the War on Terror.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, Air University, June 2005.  62 p.  (Graduate research project).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada435165
"This project investigates two such techniques; network flows and risk analysis to identify nodes of influence (centers of gravity) and courses of action (sets of actions).  Applications of these techniques span the entire spectrum of military operations, but are particularly suited to the war on terrorism."

United States.  Air Force.  Air Combat Command.   Effects-Based Operations.  Langley AFB, VA, ACC/XP, May 2002.  26 p.  (ACC white paper).
Available online at:  https://wwwmil.acc.af.mil/xp/xps/Web%20Page%20Items/EBO%20Items/ACC%20EBO%20WHITE%20PAPER%20SIGNED2.pdf

United States.  Air Force.  Air Force Doctrine Center.  Effects.  Maxwell AFB, AL, February 16, 2001.  2 p.  (Doctrine watch, #14).
Available online at:  https://www.doctrine.af.mil/afdcprivateweb/DoctrineWatch/DWArchive.pdf (p 27; restricted site)

United States.  Air Force.  Air Force Doctrine Center.  Effects-Based Operations (EBO).  Maxwell AFB, AL, November 30, 2000. 2 p.  (Doctrine watch, #13).
Available online at:  https://www.doctrine.af.mil/afdcprivateweb/DoctrineWatch/DWArchive.pdf (p 25; restricted site)
The adjective "effects-based" is now used in connection with many aspects of warfighting, but remains a doctrinally undefined term.  The new AFDD 2-1.2, Strategic Attack, states, "Effects-based means that military actions, such as operations, targeting or strategy, are designed to produce distinctive and desired results."

United States.  Defense Science Board.  DSB Summer Study on Special Operations and Joint Forces in Support of Countering Terrorism.  Washington, Defense Science Board, August 16, 2002.  30 slides.
Available online at:  http://www.serendipity.li/more/dsbbrief.ppt
Excerpt of the final outbrief.

United States.  Dept. of the Air Force.  Symposium Provides Forum to Explore Aerospace Power.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&an=32W20019200006429

United States.  Joint Forces Command.  Concept White Paper for Integrated Intelligence, Surveillance, & Reconnaissance (I2SR).  Version 1.5.  Norfolk, VA, United States Joint Forces Command, September 17, 2004.  66 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/education/mecc1005_i2srconcept.doc

United States.  Joint Forces Command.  Joint Experimentation Directorate.  EBE Tiger Team.  The Multinational Effects-Based Operations Process:  Effects-Based Execution:  Concepts of Operations (CONOPS).  March 3, 2005.  16 p.  (Draft version 0.11).
Available online at:  http://www.act.nato.int/events/documents/mne4ws1docs/ebeconopsv011.pdf

Vane, Russ and others.  Urban Sunrise.  Rome, NY, Rome Research Site, Information Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2004.  177 p.  (Technical report, AFRL-IF-RS-TR-2004-22).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada421528

This report describes the research performed to explore the potential to enhance military urban operations, planning and execution, by providing new civil intelligence preparation-analysis and Effects Based Operations (EBO) planning capabilities to the urban warfighters and occupying civil adminstrations.

Wagenhals, Lee W. and Levis, Alexander H.  Effects-Based Course of Action Analysis in Support of War Games.  Fairfax, VA, George Mason Univesity, 2002.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://www.mors.org/meetings/ebo/ebo_reads/Wagenhals_Levis.pdf
Paper presented to the Military Operations Research Society's "Workshop on Analyzing Effects-Based Operations," McLean, VA, January 29-31, 2002.

Wagenhals, Lee W. and Levis, Alexander H.  Modeling Support of Effects-Based Operations in War Games.  16 slides.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2002_CCRTS/Tracks/pdf/093.pdf
Presented at 2002 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, Monterey, CA, June 11-13, 2002.

Wagenhals, Lee W. and Levis, Alexander H.  Modeling Support of Effects-Based Operations in War Games.  Fairfax, VA, C3I Center, George Mason University, 2002.  16 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/7th_CCRTS/Tracks/pdf/130.pdf
Paper presented at 7th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "Enabling Synchronized Operations," Quebec City, Canada, 2002.

Wagenhals, Lee W. and Wentz, Larry K.  New Effects-Based Operations Models in War Games.  Fairfax, VA, System Architectures Laboratory, C3I Center, George Mason University, 2003.  12 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/8th_ICCRTS/pdf/072.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/8th_ICCRTS/Pres/track_4/3_1530Wagenhals.pdf
Paper presented at the 8th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, National Defense University, Washington, DC, June 17-19, 2003.

Wagenhals, Lee W. and others.  Effects-Based Operations; A Historical Perspective for a Way Ahead.  Fairfax, VA, System Architectures Laboratory, C3I Center, George Mason University, 2003.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/8th_ICCRTS/pdf/092.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/8th_ICCRTS/Pres/track_4/3_1430Wagenhals.pdf
Paper presented at the 8th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, National Defense University, Washington, DC, June 17-19, 2003.

Wainwright, David John.  Should the Australian Army Adopt the Concept of Effects-Based Operations?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2003.  68 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada416161
Thesis, MMAS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College.

Wales, William John and Triscari, Thomas, Jr.  Supporting Effects-Based Operations with Information Technology Tools:  Examining Underlying Assumptions of EBO Tool Development Practices.  Troy, NY, Lally School of Management & Technology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 2004. 13 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/9th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/175.pdf
Paper presented to the 9th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "Coalition Transformation:  An Evolution of People, Processes, and Technology to Enhance Interoperability", Copenhagen, Denmark, September 14-16, 2004.

Wentz, Larry K. and Wagenhals, Lee W.  Effects Based Operations for Transnational Terrorist Organizations:  Assessing Alternative Courses of Action to Mitigate Terrorist Threats.  Fairfax, VA, System Architectures Laboratory, C3I Center, George Mason University, 2004.  27 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/178.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/presentations/178.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.

Wentz, Larry K. and Wagenhals, Lee W.  Integration of Information Operations into Effects Based Operations:  Some Observations.  Fairfax, VA, System Architectures Laboratory, C3I Center, George Mason University, 2003.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/8th_ICCRTS/pdf/071.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/8th_ICCRTS/Pres/track_7/1_1300wentz.pdf
Paper presented at 8th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, National Defense University, Washington, DC, June 17-19, 2003.

White Paper on Training, Planning and Systems Development for Effects-Based Operations.  S.l., Effects-Based Operations Panel, August 19, 2003.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://www.paulrevereafa.org/summit/03/presentations/EBO/Effects%20Based%20Operations%20White%20Paper.pdf
Prepared for the 2nd C4ISR Summit, "Transforming C4ISR into Decision Superiority," Danvers, MA, August 19-21, 2003.

Williams, Reginald J. and Kendall, Rocky.  Operationalizing Effects-Based Operations (An EBO Methodology Based on Joint Doctrine).  Langley AFB, VA, Air Combat Command (XPSD), 2004.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/2004_CCRTS/CD/papers/084.pdf
Paper presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Power of Information Age Concepts and Technologies," San Diego, CA, June 15-17, 2004.

Yang, Dong-sheng and others.  Effects-Based Designing Organizational Processes:  Methodology and Applications.  Changsha, China, College of Information System and Management, National University of Defense Technology, 2005.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/127.pdf
Paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control," June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.

Young, William E., Jr.  Discovering the Effects-Endstate Linkage:  Using Soft Systems Methodology to Perform EBO Mission Analysis.  Maxwell AFB, AL, USAF Air Command and Staff College, 2005.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/202.pdf
Briefing slides at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/presentations/202.pdf
Student paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control," June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.

Zaidi, Abbas K. and others.  Assessment of Effects Based Operations Using Temporal Logic.  Fairfax, VA, System Architectures Laboratory, George Mason University, 2005.  20 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/events/10th_ICCRTS/CD/papers/288.pdf

Paper presented at the 10th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, "The Future of Command and Control," June 13-16, 2005, McLean, VA.


Books


Celeski, Joseph D.  Operationalizing COIN.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2005.  113 p.  (JSOU report, 05-2).
Effects-Based Campaigning in COIN, pp 54-55.
Book call no.:  355.0218  C392o

Davis, Paul K.  Effects-Based Operations:  A Grand Challenge for the Analytical Community.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND Corp., 2001.  95 p. (RAND report, MR-1477)
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1477/
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada399269
Book call no.:  355.683  D263e

Davis, Paul K. and Jenkins, Brian Michael.  Deterrence & Influence in Counterterrorism:  A Component in the War on Al Qaeda.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND Corp., 2002.  86 p.
Adapting the Constructs of Effects-Based Planning, pp 73-75.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada409007
And also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1619/MR1619.pdf
Book call no.:  363.32  D263d

Effects Based Warfare, edited by Christopher Finn.  Wiltshire, England, Defence Studies, Joint Doctrine and Concepts Centre, Royal Air Force, 2004.  122 p.
Book call no.:  355.4  E27

Endersby, Gary and Fulbright, Barry.  Effects-Based Airpower.  Maxwell AFB, AL, CADRE, 1998.  14 p.  (Way points)
Article originally appeared in the winter 1998 issue of Airpower Journal.  On the website, the article is the second of three.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj98/win98/waywin98.html
Book call no.:  358.4140973  E56e

English, Allan D. and others.  The Operational Art:  Canadian Perspectives:  Context and Concepts.  Kingston, Ont., Canada, Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2005.  380 p. 
Effects Based Operations:  Buzzword or Blueprint?, by Craig King, pp 313-330.
Book call no.:  355.020971  O61

Globalization and Maritime Power, edited by Sam J. Tangredi.  Washington, National Defense University Press, 2002.  613 p.
From Effects-Based Operations to Effects-Based Deterrence:  Military Planning and Globalization, by Edward A. Smith, Jr., pp 309-335.
A discussion of the rules of EBO can be found on pp 317-325.
Book call no.:  359.03  G562

Jeffcoat, David.  Winning with Australian Air Power in Diverse Cultures:  Relating National Culture to Air Power Doctrine, Interoperability and Effects-Based Operations.  Fairburn, ACT, Australia, RAAF Aerospace Centre, 2004.  110 p.
Book call no.:  358.403  J45w

Jobbagy, Z.  Literature Survey on Effects-Based Operations:  A Ph.D. Study on Measuring Military Effects and Effectiveness.  The Hague, Netherlands, TNO Physics and Electronics Laboratory, 2003.  213 p.  (TNO report, FEL-03-B140)
Also available online at:  http://www.iwar.org.uk/rma/resources/ebo/Literature_survey_on_Effects-Based_Operations.pdf
Book call no.:  355.0335  J11L

Johnson, Daniel R.  Enabling Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Effects for Effects-Based Operations Conditions.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2005.  35 p.  (Maxwell paper, no. 34)
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/maxwell/mp34.pdf
Book call no.:  355.42  J68e

Kumashiro, David J.  Microsoft, Al Jazeera, and the Predator:  The Challenge of Effects-Based Operations in the Global War on Terrorism.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2005.  27 p.  (Wright flyer paper, no. 21).
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/aupress/Wright%5FFlyers/Text/wf21.pdf
Book call no.:  355.02  K96m

Levis, Alexander H.  Adaptive Architectures for Effects Based Operations.  Fairfax, VA, System Architectures Laboratory, George Mason University, 2006.  117 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada452137
Book call no.:  363.325164  L666a

Mann, Edward C. and others.  Thinking Effects:  Effects-Based Methodology for Joint Operations.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air University Press, 2002.  99 p.  (CADRE paper,  no. 15)
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2002/cadre/mann.pdf
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada408452
Book call no.:  355.46  M281t

Pacey, Brice.  National Effects-Based Approach:  A Policy Discussion Paper.  Canberra, Australia, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University, 2003.  20 p.  (Working paper, no. 381)
Growing strategic uncertainty and complexity, together with recent operational experience, have reinforced the need for Australia to adopt more inclusive and intellectually rigorous ways of planning for national security if the strategic surprises of recent years are to be avoided in the future.  The aim of this paper is to recommend improvements in the quality and timeliness of national security advice to the Prime Minister and Cabinet through stronger national security staffing arrangements and measures to strengthen the development of whole-of-government national security policy.
Book call no.:  355.0330994  P115n

Pirnie, Bruce and Gardiner, Sam B.  An Objectives-Based Approach to Military Campaign Analysis.  Santa Monica, CA, National Defense Research Institute, RAND Corp., 1996.  111 p.  (RAND report, MR-656-JS).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada314485
Book call no.:  355.48  P669o

Reynolds, Byron.  Postmodern Tactical Air Intelligence.  Tuggeranong, ACT, Air Power Development Centre, Royal Australian Air Force, 2006.  102 p. 
Book call no.:  358.434  R462p

Sakulich, Timothy J.  Precision Engagement at the Strategic Level of War:  Guiding Promise or Wishful Thinking?  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, Air University, 2001.  52 p.  (Occasional paper, no. 25)
"This paper cautions against using the term "precision" in ways that imply congruency between technology and war, and recommends that doctrine clearly differentiate technical exactness from strategic correctness.  It concludes that effect-based approaches can foreclose adversary option sets with far more reliability than compelling specific, predetermined behaviors, and it emphasizes the need to ensure that adaptation remains a fundamental feature of any effects-based concept."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada407716
Book call no.:  358.414  S158p

Smith, Edward Allen, Jr.  Effects Based Operations:  Applying Network Centric Warfare in Peace, Crisis, and War.  Washington, DOD-CCRP, 2002.  558 p.  (Information age transformation series)
Effects-based operations (EBO) are defined here as operations conceived and planned in a systems framework that considers the full range of direct, indirect, and cascading effects--effects that may, with different degrees of probability, be achieved by the applilcation of military, diplomatic, psychological, and economic instruments.
Also available online at:  http://www.dodccrp.org/files/Smith_EBO.PDF
Book call no.:  355.033573  S646e

Stephens, Alan.  The End of Strategy:  Effects-Based Operations.  Canberra, Australia, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University, 2003.  22 p.  (Working paper, no. 383)
"The concept of Effects-Based Operations represents a philosophical response to this problem.  Unlike the so-called Revolution in Military Affairs and Network-Centric Warfare, which respectively have been one-dimensional (technology without doctrine) and strategically insufficient (a mere enabling mechanism), EBO establishes a logic-flow between Ends, Ways and Means at all levels of strategic thinking.  Consequently, it has the potential not only to strengthen the existing model, but also to expand it into a whole-of-nation approach to security.  EBO can reinvigorate the West’s greatest asymmetric advantage and represents a rare opportunity for those few nations capable of mastering it."
Book call no.:  358.4148  S832e

Tomme, Edward B.  The Paradigm Shift to Effects-Based Space:  Near-Space as a Combat Space Effects Enabler.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Airpower Research Institute, College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education, Air University, 2005.  70 p.  (Research paper, 2005-01).
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/cadre/ari_2005-01.pdf
Book call no.:  358.8 T661p

Transformation Concepts for National Security in the 21st Century, edited by Williamson Murray.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  408 p.
Effects-Based Operations:  The End of Dominant Maneuver?, by Gary H. Cheek, pp 73-100.
Effects-Based Operations:  A New Operational Model?, by Allen W. Batschelet, pp 101-132.
Effects-Based Operations:  Theory, Application, and the Role of Airpower, by Brett T. Williams, pp 133-166.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?PubID=252
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada407936
Book call no.:  355.033073  A741  2002

United States.  Dept. of Defense.  Office of Force Transformation.  Military Transformation:  A Strategic Approach.  Washington, Director, Force Transformation, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 2003.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.oft.osd.mil/library/library_files/document_297_MT_StrategyDoc1.pdf
Book call no.:  355.30973  M644

Waller, J. W.  Effects-Based Operations and the Royal Australian Air Force.  Fairbairn, ACT, Australia, Aerospace Centre, 2003.  36 p.  (Paper, no.11)
Also available online at:  http://www.defence.gov.au/Raaf/airpower/html/publications/papers/apdc/apdc_11_Effects-based_operations.pdf
Book call no.:  358.414  W198e


Documents


Some of the documents cited in this section are student papers written to fulfill PME school requirements.

Admiral, Kevin D.  Effects-Based Operations:  Enhancing Operational Art & Design in the 21st Century.  Norfolk, VA, Joint Advanced Warfighting School, Joint Forces Staff College, National Defense University, 2005.  81 p. 
Thesis (M.S.)--Joint Forces Staff College, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436609
Doc. call no.:  M-U  36185-37  A238e

Ahmann, Patrick N.  Bombing for Effect:  The Best Use of Airpower in War.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2004.  65 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA428549
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022  A286b

Barksdale, Carl A.  The Network Centric Operations--Effects Based Operations Marriage:  Can It Enable Prediction of "Higher Order" Effects on the Will of the Adversary?  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2002.  1 vol.  (Student paper)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405867
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  B256n

Barry, Robert F.  Effects-Based Operations:  A New Method of Warfare?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  24 p.  (USAWC strategy research project)
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  B281e

Batschelet, Allen W.  Effects-Based Operations:  A New Operational Model?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  28 p. (USAWC strategy research project)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404406
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  B334e

Beagle, T. W., Jr.  Effects-Based Targeting:  Another Empty Promise?  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, June 2000.  117 p.
This study defines effects-based targeting, asserting that commanders should direct airpower against targets in ways that produce specific, predetermined, military and political effects.  The study explores the historical development of effects-based targeting theory and then conducts a focused comparison of four major air operations-Pointblank, Linebacker II, Desert Storm, and Allied Force-in order to survey US airpower's actual combat experience with regard to effects-based operations.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2000/saas/beagle.pdf
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada391749
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43998-1  B365e

Beagle, T. W., Jr.  Effects-Based Targeting:  Another Empty Promise?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2001.  98 p.
Thesis, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air University.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA407085
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43998-1a  B365e

Bowman, Christopher W.  Operational Assessment:  The Achilles Heel of Effects-Based Operations?  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2002.  27 p.
Assessing effects in war with clarity has not been possible in the past and is unlikely to succeed in the future with the current joint focus on technological solutions.  To overcome this assessment 'shortcoming,' operational commanders must begin to leverage EBO's potential by designing campaigns that account for both the capabilities and limitations of the operational assessment process.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405868
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  B787o

Bryant, Corban Harrell.  Robust Planning for Effects-Based Operations.  Cambridge, MA, Alfred P. Sloan School of Management, 2006.  176 p. 
Thesis (M.S.)--Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada452230
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43567-1019

Burkett, Wendy H.  Assessing the Results of Effects-Based Operations (EBO):  The Relationship Between Effects-Based Operations and the Psychological Dimension of Warfare.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  34 p.  (USAWC strategy research project)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414951
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  B9593a

Carter, Michael E.  Islamic Terrorism in Southeast Asia:  An Effects-Based U.S. Regional Strategy Against Jemaah Islamiyah and Abu Sayyaf.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 2005.  61 p.  (Monograph).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA437439
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022-2  C3241i

Castellano, Francis X.  Effects-Based Command and Control:  An Alternative Organizational Structure for the Joint Force Commander.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2003.  19 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415388
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  C348e

Cheek, Gary H.  Effects-Based Operations:  The End of Dominant Maneuver?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  24 p.  (USAWC strategy research project)
Investigates the theoretical and historical foundations of emerging effects-based operations concepts to determine the validity of such operations and the consequent implications for dominant ground maneuver.  Assesses effects-based thinking and contrasts tactical and strategic environments that might encompass such thinking.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401019
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  C5151e

Cohen, Paul R.  Effects Based Operations (EBO).  Rome, NY, Rome Research Site, Information Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2005.  53 p.  (AFRL-IF-RS-TR-2005-322).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439840
Doc. call no.:  M-U  44289-13  2005  no.322

Cole, Kevin J.  "Effecting" Peace:  Effects-Based Targeting for Peace Enforcement Operations.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2000.  32 p.
Purpose of the research was to determine (1) if effects-based targeting is being used for peace enforcement operations and, if so (2) to what extent.
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  C6895s

Davidson, Michael L.  Culture and Effects-Based Operations in an Insurgency.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 2005.  55 p.  (Monograph).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA437568
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022-2  D253c

Deptula, David A.  Effects-Based Operations:  Change in the Nature of Warfare.  Arlington, VA, Aerospace Education Foundation, 2001.  33 p.  (Defense and airpower series)
This essay updates an earlier work "Firing for Effect:  Change in the Nature of Warfare," 1995.
Also available online at:  http://www.aef.org/pub/psbook.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42863-4a

Donnelly, Justin and Olin, Karen.  Strategy Templates for Effects Based Operations.  Rome, NY, Rome Research Site, Information Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2003.  19 p.  (AFRL-IF-RS-TR (Air Force Research Laboratory (Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA418685
Doc. call no.:  M-U  44289-13  2003  no.213

Ebel, Todd J.  Heating up the Argument:  A Look at Friction and the Soundness of the Rapid Decisive Operations (RDO) Concept.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2003.  70 p.  (A monograph)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419848
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022-2  E15h

Ellsworth, James B.  Refocusing the All-Seeing Eye:  Intelligence Support to Effects-Based Operations.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2003.  20 p.  (Student paper)
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  E471r

Farrow, David S.  Dropping Bombs and Bread in Parallel:  The Effects-Based Food Drops of Operation Enduring Freedom.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, Air University, 2004.  110 p.  (Student thesis).
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2004/saas/Farrow.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43998-1  F246d

Foster, H. A.  Organizing for Effect:  Assessing the Institutional Machinery Needed to Effectively Conduct Effects-Based Operations.  Quantico, VA, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2002.  57 p.
"This paper assesses the current state of joint organizational readiness to conduct Effects-based Operations (EBO).  At the strategic level, the paper assesses the readiness of the national intelligence infrastructure to provide the 'deeper understanding of the enemy' that the EBO concept envisions.  It also examines proposed reforms of the National Security Council interagency process and assesses the regional commanders-in-chiefs (CINCs) ability to influence the coordination of the DIME instruments of power at the national level."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404916
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41886-71  F755o

Fox, Scott M.  Relationships Between Space and Information Operations:  A Focus on the Effects.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2001.  36 p.
This paper addresses the overlap in the definition of counterspace and counterinformation operations, reviews the doctrinal definitions, and then uses an effects-based methodology to address the overlap between space and information operations. It uses case studies from Operations DESERT STORM and ALLIED FORCE
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  F794r

Frisbee, Sean M.  Lead Warfighters and Innovations:  Collaborative Methods of Filling Capability Gaps.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2003.  54 p.
This paper explores the methods used by the Air Force acquisition community during combat operations to fill capability gaps and deficiencies in warfighting capability with a specific concentration on developing and employing immature systems via the rapid response process (RRP).  New concepts, such as effects-based operations (EBO) and evolutionary acquisition have the potential to enhance the acquisition professional's ability to support the warfighter during times of conflict.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2003/acsc/03-1798.pdf
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada424889
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  F917L

Garraghty, Van.  Social Systems Analysis:  The Future of Operational Intelligence?  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2003.  21 p.  (Student paper)
The critical patterns and trends that underlie adversary systems can be modeled.  The challenge is to segregate subjective analysis from facts.  A well-designed model that does so may provide the JFC with the ability to visualize the otherwise abstract idea of effects-based operations.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA417225
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  G238s

Hall, David B.  Transforming How We Fight Through Effects Based Operations & Non-Lethal Capabilities.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2004.  33 p.  (Student paper)
Effects-based operations, with its focus on strategic effects vice physical destruction, combined with current and emerging non-lethal technologies with their temporary and reversible effects, provide an effective operational construct for meeting emerging threats head-on while also coinciding with American demands for quick victory and minimal collateral damage.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA426021
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  H175t

Hansbarger, Thomas D.  Effects-Based Targeting:  Application in Operation Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2004.  58 p.  (Thesis)
The United States military must be able to apply effects-based targeting to capitalize on improved capabilities in operational fires and application of national resources against a dynamic, adapting enemy.  This evolving method of conducting operations focuses on creating specific effects rather than focusing on military objectives. Currently, there are many different opinions within the military on the definition, application, and feasibility of effects-based targeting.  This thesis defines and identifies effects-based concepts and analyzes their application during Operation Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA428905
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022  H2492e

Heaney, Thomas A., Jr.  Battle Command and Network Centric Warfare:  Putting First Things First.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2001.  29 p.  (Student paper)
Network-Centric Operations shifts the operational paradigm from platform-centric to effects-based operations, by linking geographically dispersed warfighters through a common operational picture to overwhelm potential adversaries.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada393569
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662  H434b

Holl, Michael W.  Aerospace Power's Contribution to Humanitarian Assistance Missions:  Redefining Effects-Based Operations.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2001.  50 p.  (Research report)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA407254
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122 H733a

Horner, John P.  Fire Support Coordination Measures by the Numbers.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies,  1999.  76 p.  (Thesis)
This thesis examines use and placement of the Fire Support Coordination Line (FSCL).  Research suggests that an effects-based analysis of the various fires supplied by the land and air components offers an appropriate means to determine FSCL location.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada391805
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43998-1  H816f

Horowitz, Mark D.  ROE:  Are We Falling Victim to the Enemy's Effects Based Operations?  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2004.  24 p.  (Student paper)
Discusses the "post-conflict phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom" in terms of rules of engagement and the insurgents' effects based operations.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422829
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  H816r

James, Ron and Daniels, Troy.  Effects Based Operations (EDO) Endstate.  Rome, NY, Rome Research Site, Information Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2005.  97 p.  (AFRL-IF-RS-TR-2005-240).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436191
Doc. call no.:  M-U  44289-13  2005  no.240

Keeter, Robb and Parnell, Greg.  Applying Value-Focused Thinking to Effects Based Operations.  West Point, NY, Operations Research Center of Excellence, Dept. of Systems Engineering, United States Military Academy, 2005.  21 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA438165
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42614-17  no.0520

Knouse, Edgar M.  Effects-Based Targeting and Operational Art in the 21st Century.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 1999.  21 p.  (Student paper)
This paper addresses operational scenarios and time-space-force factors which the operational commander currently faces, or may face in the future, and develops a doctrinal template that will support the integration of EBT in operational planning and employment.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada363060
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  K72e

Kreighbaum, Jay M.  Force Application Planning:  A Systems-and-Effects-Based Approach.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 1998.  130 p.  (Thesis)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391343
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43998-1  K92f

Kreighbaum, Jay M.  Force Application Planning:  A Systems and Effects Based Approach.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2004.  115 p.
Thesis, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air University, 1998.
This study explores how current force application (FA) planning methodologies can be changed or supplemented to provide better linkage between objectives, effects, and targets in order to achieve more effective applications of military force.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/aupress/SAAS_Theses/Kreighbaum/kreighbaum.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43998-1a  K92f

Kumashiro, David J.  Microsoft, Al Jazeera, and the Predator:  The Challenge of Effects-Based Operations in the Global War on Terrorism.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2005.  29 p.  (Research report).
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2005/acsc/4812%20-%20Kumashiro.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  K967m

Lindstrom, Magnus.  The Use of Effects Based Operations in Asymmetric Conflicts.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2004.  89 p.  (Thesis)
Criticism of EBO is focused on three areas:  (1) the possibility to predict indirect effects, particularly concerning the will of a population and the decisions leaders make; (2) there is no explanation of how the different national powers are supposed to work together in order to achieve a common goal; and most importantly, (3) the lack of substantive methodology used to reach the ultimate goal of EBO -- behavioral change of the adversary.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA428912
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022  L753u

Matthews, Patrick S.  Mission Planning Requirements for Advanced Weapons Employment.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2002.  29 p.  (Research report)
There is a communication disconnect between the operational and tactical levels of planning within the air tasking cycle.  The problem restricts our ability to plan and execute effects based targeting by complicating the mission-planning task for the tactical-level planner.
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  M4411m

Miller, Charles B.  Enhancing the Strategic Application of Effects-Based Operations Concepts.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  30 p.  (USAWC strategy research project)
This paper examines how effects-based operations can provide the critical common frame of reference that will enable effective integration of our national elements of power.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA400767
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  M647e

Planeaux, James B.  Beyond the Task Force CONOPS:  The Path to a Capabilities-Based Modernization Framework for the Air Force.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, Air University, 2003.  149 p.  (Research report)
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2003/awc/Planeaux.pdf
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424623
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43117  P712b

Polumbo, H. D., Jr.  Effects-Based Air Campaign Planning:  The Diplomatic Way to Solve Airpower's Role in the 21st Century.  Colorado Springs, CO, Institute for National Security Studies, USAF Academy, 2000.  57 p.
The author argues that the US did not use its significant advantage efficiently and effectively during Operation Allied Force (OAF).  In OAF the strategy was target-centric and incremental instead of effects-based and parallel.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada393910
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42252-91  P779e

Richoux, Lenny J.  Effects-Based Airlift.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2003.  38 p.  (Research report)
This report examine the past, present, and future of airlift effectiveness, answering these questions:  (1) what makes airlift effective, and (2) how can Effects-Based Operations (EBO) contribute to its future effectiveness.
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  R533e

Rickerman, Leonard D.  Effects-Based Operations:  A New Way of Thinking and Fighting.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2003.  44 p.  (Monograph)
This paper analyzes Effects-Based Operations as the most effective way to frame future joint operations in a complex, uncertain environment.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416050
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022-2  R539e

Riza, M. Shane.  The Operational and Tactical Nexus:  Small Steps Toward Seamless Effects Based Operations.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2005.  31 p.  (Research report)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada449086
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  R627o

Rizer, Scott W.  Maneuver and Effect:  The Need for Chutes and Ladders Command and Control.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2003.  24 p.  (Student paper)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415430
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  R627m

Sakulich, Timothy J.  Precision Engagement at the Strategic Level of War:  Guiding Promise or Wishful Thinking?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, 2001.  69 p.  (Air Force fellows program).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada407716
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42252-91  S158p

Santicola, Henry J.  Centralized Control--Decentralized Execution:  A Valid Tenet of Airpower.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  26 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Thesis (M.S.S.)--United States Army War College, 2005.
"The tenets of centralized control and decentralized execution have recently come under fire due to emerging transformational concepts such as Network Centric Warfare (NCW) and Effects Based Operations (EBO).....  Even in the face of emerging joint operations concepts, centralized control and decentralized execution remains a valid tenet for the organization and employment of airpower."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434411
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  S235c

Saunders, Clayton D.  Al Qaeda:  An Example of Network-Centric Operations.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2002.  20 p.  (Student paper)
Al Qaeda, by the way it uses information technology has, in effect, become a network-centric organization. Although it is a very different organization than the U.S. military, or more specifically, the Commander-in-Chief (CINC) of a regional unified military command, an examination of Al Qaeda's structure and operations may yield useful examples of network-centric theory put into practice.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401158
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  S2571a

Silvia, J. Dave.  Synchronization of Air Power Effects:  Coming Full Circle Following a Century of Powered Flight.  Newport, RI, Joint Military Operations Dept., Naval War College, 2002.  31 p.  (Student paper)
This paper summarizes air power theory, reviews what effects-based operations mean and present the constructs Effects Wheel and Effects Vine as tools for planners, executors, and combat assessment personnel to exploit effects-based operations in future planning efforts.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA410940
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  S587s

Steblin, Mark E.  Targeting for Effect:  Is There an Iceberg Ahead?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, Air University, 1997.  77 p.  (Research report)
This paper summarizes the current literature on controlling an enemy through an effects-based airpower strategy.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay1997/awc/97-184.pdf
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada399191
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43117  S911t

Timmerman, Thomas J.  Assessing Effects-Based Operations Crucial Feedback for the Air Component Commander.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2003.  53 p.
Effects-Based Operations depend on two things -- smart operational objectives that accomplish the desired political goals, and feedback on the progress toward achieving those objectives.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2003/acsc/03-1363.pdf
And also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada424960
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  T5841a

True, Wesley D., Jr.  Implementing Effects Based Operations at the Combatant Commands and Joint Task Forces:  Should We?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2004.  20 p.  (Student paper).
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41662  T8661i

Uchida, Ted T.  Analysis of Effects-Based Operations:  The Road Ahead to Doing Business Differently.  S.l., Research and Technology Organization, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 2003.  30 p.  (RTO meeting proceedings, 117-P4)
This paper provides a definition and brief discussion of EBO before focusing on its main area:  EBO Wargaming, Experimentation, and Exercises.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA425307
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41723-104  no.117-P4

Umstead, Robert K. and Denhard, David.  Effects-Based Decision Making in the War on Terror.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, Air University, 2005.  62 p.  (Graduate research project).
Thesis (M.O.S.)--Air Force Institute of Technology, 2005.
"This project investigates two such techniques:  Network flows and risk analysis to identify nodes of influence (centers of gravity) and courses of action (sets of actions).  Applications of these techniques span the entire spectrum of military operations, but are particularly suited to the war on terrorism."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435165
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39567-5  U53e

United States.  Defense Science Board.  Task Force on Discriminate Use of Force.  Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Discriminate Use of Force.  Washington, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, 2003.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/duf.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  40607-164

United States.  General Accounting Office.  Kosovo Air Operations:  Need to Maintain Alliance Cohesion Results in Doctrinal Departures.  Washington, U.S. General Accounting Office, 2001.  32 p.  (GAO-01-784)
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01784.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41026-173  no.01-784

United States.  General Accounting Office.  Military Operations:  Recent Campaigns Benefited from Improved Communications and Technology, but Barriers to Continued Progress Remain.  Washington, U.S. General Accounting Office, 2004.  49 p.  (GAO-04-547)
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04547.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  41026-173  no.04-547

United States.  Joint Chiefs of Staff.  Joint Doctrine for Targeting.  Washington, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 2002.  1 vol.  (Joint Pub 3-60).
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_60.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  40592  no.3-60

United States.  Joint Forces Command.  Joint Warfighting Center.  Doctrine and Education Group.  Operational Implications of Effects-Based Operations (EBO).  Suffolk, VA, Joint Warfighting Center, United States Joint Forces Command, November 2004.  34 p.  (JWFC doctrine pamphlet, 7)
Superseded by Commander's Handbook for an Effects-Based Approach to Joint Operations (February 24, 2006) (this section).
Doc. call no.:  M-U  44176-7  no.7

United States.  Joint Forces Command.  Joint Warfighting Center.  Joint Concept Development and Experimentation Directorate.  Commander's Handbook for an Effects-Based Approach to Joint Operations.  Suffolk, VA, Joint Warfighting Center, 2006.  1 vol. 
Includes supplements 1 (Theory, 10 p.) and 2 (Operational Net Assessment, 8 p.).
Replaces Operational Implications of Effects-Based Operations (EBO) (JWFC doctrine pam 7) published in 2004.
Doc. call no.:  M-U  44369-8

Vincent, Patrick J. and Stute, Nicholas J.  Effects-Based Resource Planner (EBRP):  Advanced Demonstration.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Logistics Readiness Branch, Deployment and Sustainment Division, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, 2003.  25 p. (AFRL-HE-WP-TR, 2003 no.0096)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada418709
Doc. call no.:  M-U  44289-8  2003  no.0096

Wagner, Rolf.  "Virtual Victory":  The Influence of "Post" Modern Warfare on Post Conflict Operations:  Is Defeat Necessary to Start "Phase IV."  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 2004.  50 p.  (Monograph).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435839
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022-2  W1341v

Welton, James G.  Implementing Effects-Based Operations:  Redefining the Role of the JTCB.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, Air University, 2003.  34 p.  (Research report)
The author proposes the role of the Joint Targeting Coordination Board (JTCB) should be redefined and broadened to function as a Joint Coordination Board (JCB) to facilitate the Joint Force Commander (JFC) in his efforts to employ effects-based operations.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424678
And also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2003/awc/Welton.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43117 W464i

Williams, Brett T.  Effects-Based Operations:  Theory, Application and the Role of Airpower.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  31 p.  (USAWC strategy research project)
This paper argues that effects-based operations is a theory that helps determine how to use the elements of power to attain national security objectives.  Effects-based operations does not depend on information dominance, high- end warfare, or even precision strike to make it useful and as a theory, it is applicable across the spectrum of conflict.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA400990
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  W721e


Authority Materials


United States.  Air Force.  Air Force Doctrine Center.  Targeting.  Maxwell AFB, AL, HQ AFDC/DR, 2006.  120 p.
Air Force doctrine document 2-1.9
Also available online at:  http://www.doctrine.af.mil/afdcprivateweb/AFDD_Page_HTML/Doctrine_Docs/afdd2-1-9.pdf


Periodicals


Air and Space Power and the Nation at War.  Air Force Magazine  87:94-98  November 2004.
Air Force Association 2005 statement of policy.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/nov2004/1104policy.asp

Ash, Eric.  The "Perception Transformation."  (Flight Lines).  Aerospace Power Journal  16:6-7  Summer 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=149459661&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Baker, James E.  When Lawyers Advise Presidents in Wartime.  Naval War College Review  55:11-24  Winter 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=6702138

Barnett, Roger W.  Effects Based Operations:  Applying Network-Centric Warfare in Peace, Crisis, and War.  Naval War College Review  57:180-181  Spring 2004.
Barnett reviews Effects Based Operations:  Applying Network-centric Warfare in Peace, Crisis, and War by Edward A. Smith Jr.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=649155521&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=13190701

Batschelet, Allen W.  Effects-Based Operations for Joint Warfighters.  Field Artillery  No.3:7-13  May-June 2003.
Also reprinted in The U.S. Army Professional Writing Collection (http://www.army.mil/professionalwriting/volumes/volume1/june_2003/6_03_3.html)
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=461972521&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Berg, Paul D.  Effects-Based Airpower and Space Power.  (Focus Area).  Air & Space Power Journal  20:17  Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568721&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Berg, Paul D.  Expeditionary Air and Space Power.  (Focus Area).  Air & Space Power Journal  19:14  Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=17204255

Berg, Paul D.  Slow Airpower Assessment:  A Cause for Concern?  Air & Space Power Journal  18:75-83  Fall 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=698446571@sid=-1&FMT=7&clientld=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14886894

Bingham, Price T.  Air Power Targeting Theory:  A Key Element in Transformation.  Military Review  82:34-39  May-June 2002.
U.S. Air Force leaders are advocating a targeting theory called effects-based operations (EBO) that is very similar to the functionally oriented targeting theory that airmen applied during World War II strategic bombing campaigns.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=7030416

Bingham, Price T.  Seeking Synergy:  Joint Effects-Based Operations.  Joint Force Quarterly  No.30:52-59  Spring 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=153463821&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1030.pdf

Bingham, Price T.  Transforming Warfare with Effects-Based Joint Operations.  Aerospace Power Journal  15:58-66  Spring 2001.
A 2000 version of this article appears at:  http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/bingham.html
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj01/spr01/bingham.htm
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=4287562

Black, Robert G., Jr. and Smith, Eugene B.  Operational Effects in OIF.  Field Artillery  10:28-32  January-February 2005.
Also available online at:  http://sill-www.army.mil/famag/2005/JAN_FEB_2005/PAGE28-32.pdf

Brooke, Micool.  Air Launched Weapons:  The Military Revolution of Effects Based Operations.  Asian Defence Journal  No.1-2:28-30  January-February 2004.

Burridge, Brian.  Technical Development and Effects Based Operations.  RUSI Journal  149:26-30  October 2004.
Based on the 2004 Trenchard Memorial Lecture, which he delivered on September 17, 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=731131771&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Canan, James W.  Shaping the New Air Force.  Aerospace America  41:34-37  April 2003.
Describes how Air Force leaders are transforming the service into an expeditionary air and space force in which new operational concepts dictate how it picks and programs its weapons and support systems--not the other way around.  At the heart of the transformation is a dramatically different "effects-based" approach to planning, programming, and funding of those systems.

Carey, Steven D. and Read, Robyn S.  Five Propositions Regarding Effects-Based Operations.  Air & Space Power Journal  20:63-74  Spring 2006.
See also "Overpromising and Underestimating:  A Response to 'Five Propositions Regarding Effects-Based Operations'," by J.P. Hunerwadel (this section).
See also letter to editor from Benjamin S. Lambeth, "Five Propositions Regarding Effects-Based Operations." Air & Space Power Journal  20:5-6  Summer 2006 (also available at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=21092786).
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568781&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Clow, Ryan.  Effects Based Operations:  A Case for the Primacy of Effects.  Royal Air Force Air Power Review  8:34-45  Autumn 2005.
An assessment of UK and US effects based operations, EBO, concept development and strategy with a focus on the identification of effects.

Collins, David B.  Effects Assessment:  The Joint Doctrinal Implications  Common Perspective  10:15-17  November 2002.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/comm_per/acp10_2.pdf

Cook, Nick.  Cause and Effect (Briefing:  Effects-Based Air Operations).  Jane's Defence Weekly  39:52+  June 18, 2003.
Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom were the testing grounds for the latest non-linear warfighting effects.  This article examines how these trends will dictate the way future conflicts are conducted.

Cook, Nick.  Shock and Awe?  Jane's Defence Weekly  39:19-21  April 2, 2003.
The type of airpower used during the latest attacks on Baghdad is subtly different to that launched against Iraq 12 years ago.  The author reports on the impact of a decade's worth of technological advances and new doctrinal thinking on the air assault.

Cordray, Robert C., III and Romanych, Marc J.  Out of the Sand:  Operational Effects for CJTF-7.  Field Artillery, pp 22-27, January-February 2005.
Also available online at:  http://sill-www.army.mil/famag/2005/JAN_FEB_2005/PAGE22-27.pdf

Costa, Kevin J.  A 'Pre-doctrinal' Document:  JFCOM Unveils 'Best Practices' Handbook for Effects-Based Operations.  Inside the Pentagon  22:3-4  March 2, 2006.
Includes inset:  JFCOM:  Planners, Analysts Needed to Implement Effects-Based Operations.

Crane, Conrad.  Effects-Based Operations:  A Blast from the Past.  Defense Week  22:16  May 14, 2001.

Crowder, Gary L.  Effects-Based Operations:  The Impact of Precision Strike Weapons on Air Warfare Doctrines.  Military Technology  27:16-18+  June 2003.
Crowder discusses the new approach employed by the US Air Force, which is based on the combination of the development of different capabilities pivotal in allowing the US to progressively move into the area of effects-based operations (EBOs).  The concept of EBOs has become more significant as each of the military services has tried to develop capabilities to more effectively and efficiently prosecute military operations.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=382942421&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=10390348

Curry, Hugh.  The Current Battle Damage Assessment Paradigm Is Obsolete.  (Vortices).  Air & Space Power Journal  18:13-17  Winter 2004.
Curry assesses the effectiveness of the battle damage assessment (BDA) paradigm during the Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=783000711&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Da Rocha, Alexandre Sergio.  Effects-Based Operations:  A Military Application of Pragmatical Analysis.  Air & Space Power Journal  19:29-38  Fall 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj05/fal05/darocha.html
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=18278923

Davis, Mark G.  Centralized Control/Decentralized Execution in the Era of Forward Reach.  Joint Force Quarterly  No.35:95-99  Autumn 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15248342
And also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1835.pdf

Deptula, David A.  Effects-Based Operations.  Air & Space Power Journal  20:4-5  Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568681&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Drohan, Thomas A.  Effects, Targets, and Tools for Antiterrorism.  Guardian  7:7-12  August 2005.

Dubik, James M.  Effects-Based Decisions and Actions.  Military Review  83:33-36  January-February 2003.
Stresses that effects-based decision and action system fits the operational concepts of the U.S. Army's Objective Force.  Argues that desired effects against the enemy should be the cornerstone of a subordinate commander's decisionmaking process, rather than the current collection of task, purpose, and commander's intent.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=12456686

Endersby, Gary and Fulbright, Barry.  Effects-Based Airpower.  Airpower Journal  12:89-98  Winter 1998.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=1426538

Faggard, David.  Resultant Fury:  Affecting the Strategic Battlespace with Effects-Based Public Affairs.  Air & Space Power Journal  20:45-47  Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568761&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Finn, Christopher and Berg, Paul D.  Anglo-American Strategic Air Power Co-operation in the Cold War and Beyond.  Air & Space Power Journal  18:50-61  Winter 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=783000741&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15259491

Forbes, Ian.  Transformation Towards Future Warfighting.  RUSI Journal  148:54-58  October 2003.
Based on address to RUSI's C4ISTAR Requirements for Network-Enabled Capability and Effects-Based Warfare Conference on September 23, 2003.
Also available online at:  http//proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=503855741&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Freniere, Robert W. and others.  Complexity-Based Targeting:  New Sciences Provide Effects.  Air & Space Power Journal  17:95-100  Spring 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj03/spr03/freniere.html

Fulghum, David A.  Battling for Minds.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  161:52-53  September 6, 2004.
New missions emerge as the U.S. Air Force practices attacking its foes using emotional stress and trickery.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=14420461

Fulghum, David A.  Offensive Gathers Speed; U.S.-Led Forces Occupying Iraqi Territory, Taking Prisoners and Encountering Little Initial Opposition.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  158:22-23  March 24, 2003.
What was expected to be a US-led conflict against Iraq distinguished by immediate overwhelming force, unusual tactics, lightning strikes and paralyzing effects-based operations began with a relatively small and admittedly limited effort to kill Saddam Hussein. ....  Critics of this opening move say it showed a lack of focus on primary objectives -- getting control of weapons of mass destruction and protecting the oil fields -- and overreliance on national intelligence agencies that often move too slowly.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=319255821&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=9549452

Gowen, Jeffery B.  Avoiding 'Feel Good' Civil-Military Operations; Effects-Based Planning Links Resources to Results.  Special Warfare  18:9-12  November-December 2005.
This articles points out that effects-based operations (EBO) is an emerging doctrine of the U.S. Army which aims to make civil-military operations by planning and directing its towards achieving the commander's desired effects.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=958996081&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Giambastiani, Edmund P., Jr.  An Investment Portfolio...for the Navy after Next.  Sea Power  44:9-10+  April 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&an=4328858

Grossman, Elaine M.  U.S. Forces Unready for 'Effects' Approach:  JFCOM Draft Report Finds U.S. Forces Reverted to Attrition in Iraq.  Inside the Pentagon  20:1+  March 25, 2004.

Herndon, Robert B. and others.  Effects-Based Operations in Afghanistan; The CJTF-180 Method of Orchestrating Effects to Achieve Objectives.  Field Artillery, pp 26-30, January-February 2004.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/ebo_afghan.pdf

Hewish, Mark.  US Air Force Accelerates Move Towards Effects-Based Operations.  Jane's International Defense Review  36:22-23  October 2003.

Hill, Jerry C. and Trout, Carl R.  Effects-Based Fires:  The Future of Fire Support Coordination and Execution.  Field Artillery, pp 6-8, November-December 2000.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=72774920&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

*Ho, Joshua.  The Dimensions of Effects Based Operations.  Defence Studies  5:169-187  June 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=19114268

Ho, Joshua.  The Dimensions of Effects Based Operations:  A View from Singapore.  Australian Army Journal  2:99-106  Winter 2004.
Also available online at:  http://www.defence.gov.au/ARMY/AbstractsOnline/AAJournal/2004_W/AAJ_w_2004_08.pdf

Hobbins, William Thomas.  Airmen on the Battlefield:  Warfighting Integration in Support of Special Operations Forces.  Air & Space Power Journal  19:67-79  Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=17138474

Hunerwadel, J. P.  The Effects-Based Approach to Operations:  Questions and Answers.  Air & Space Power Journal  20:53-62  Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568811&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Hunerwadel, J. P.  Overpromising and Underestimating:  A Response to "Five Propositions Regarding Effects-Based Operations."  Air & Space Power Journal  20:75-80  Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568821&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Jaffe, Greg.  New Battle Theory Would Be Tested in an Iraq Invasion.  Wall Street Journal, p A1, November 27, 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=246371511&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientld=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kamps, Charles Tustin.  Effects-Based Operations.  (Doctrine NOTAM).  Air & Space Power Journal  18:18  Summer 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=659674451&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=13262552
And also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj04/sum04/kamps.html

Keeter, Hunter.  Air Force Leaders Call for Cultural Change in Intel, Command Communities.  Defense Daily  216:3-4  November 21, 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=242512391&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kelly, Justin and Kilcullen, David.  Chaos Versus Predictability:  A Critique of Effects-Based Operations.  Australian Army Journal  2:87-98  Winter 2004.

Kenyon, Henry S.  Effects-Based Approach Reshapes Strategic Landscape.  Signal  60:75-76+  June 2006.
A multinational task force examines ways to win wars by building bridges, not destroying them.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1072735501&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kenyon, Henry S.  Unconventional Information Operations Shorten Wars.  Signal  57:33-36  August 2003.
Warfights use various methods to degrade adversary's capability and will to fight.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=384581801&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kiærskou, Poul.  Transformation to an Expeditionary Task Force.  NATO's Nations and Partners for Peace  No.1:44-47  2006.
The Danish army doctrine is laid out in conjunction with NATO doctrine.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1085516241&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Knights, Michael.  Air Power over Iraq.  Jane's Intelligence Review  15:10-15  March 2003.
Author examines the recent evolution of US thinking on air strategy, and suggests that the campaign planning community is divided along the lines of those who champion a more independent role for airpower--following airpower theory and striking primarily at strategic targets--and those who believe that airpower should support the ground forces scheme of maneuver.  Includes discussion of effects-based operations.

Knights, Michael.  USA Learns Lessons in Time-Critical Targeting.  Jane's Intelligence Review  15:32-34  July 2003.
The concept of operations attempted in Operation Iraqi Freedom sought to separate the regime from the Iraqi population through a combination of psychological operations and selective targeting, even as conventional military engagements were underway.  Although the policy failed to achieve its optimal aim--the unopposed entry of coalition forces--these effects-based operations played a key role throughout the war.

Lazarus, David B.  Effects-Based Operations and Counterterrorism.  Air & Space Power Journal  19:22-28  Fall 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=918977451&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Lee, Douglas E. and Albrecht, Timothy.  Strategy for Effects-Based Doctrine.  Air & Space Power Journal  20:118-119  Summer 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1085364271&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Lee, Douglas E. and Albrecht, Timothy.  Transforming Battle Damage Assessment into Effects-Based Assessment.  (Quick-Look).  Air & Space Power Journal  20:51-52  Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568741&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Lindsey, Scott.  How to Write an Effect.  (Professional Notes).  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings  132:75-76  April 2006.
The article reports that Effects Based Operations (EBO) are not realizing their potential in the U.S.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20412286

MacIntyre, Douglas J.  More on Distributed Operations.  Marine Corps Gazette  89:41-43  July 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.smallwars.quantico.usmc.mil/search/Articles/MoreonDO.pdf

Mann, Edward and others.  Dominant Effects:  Effects-Based Joint Operations.  (Vortices).  Aerospace Power Journal  15:92-100  Fall 2001.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj01/fal01/vorfal01.html
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=5114689

McDaniel, Tom.  Effects-Based Operations (EBO):  The New American Way of War?  Common Perspective  12:13-16  May 2004.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/comm_per/acp12_1.pdf

McGinnis, Michael L.  A Deployable Joint Headquarters for the NATO Response Force.  Joint Force Quarterly  No.38:60-67  Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=17583846
And also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1338.pdf

McInerney, Thomas.  Liberation Blitz.  Wall Street Journal, p A12, October 11, 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=208615631&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

McNicoll, Iain.  Effects Based Air Operations:  Air Command and Control and the Nature of the Emerging Battlespace.  RUSI Journal  148:38-44  June 2003.
Based on a presentation given to RUSI's 'Future of Air Power' conference, May 21, 2003.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=508011971&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Meilinger, Phillip S.  A History of Effects-Based Air Operations.  Royal Air Force Air Power Review  6:1-25  Autumn 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.raf.mod.uk/rafcms/mediafiles/497EBDC6_1143_EC82_2E260662250E094B.pdf

Meilinger, Phillip S.  The Origins of Effects-Based Operations.  Joint Force Quarterly  No.35:116-122  Autumn 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=742941621&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=15248347
And also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/2135.pdf

Murdock, Paul.  Principles of War on the Network-Centric Battlefield:  Mass and Economy of Force.  Parameters  32:86-95  Spring 2002.
Also available online at:  http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/02spring/murdock.htm

Myers, Gene.  Concepts to Future Doctrine.  Common Perspective  10:6-9+  April 2002
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/comm_per/acp10_1.pdf

Myers, Gene.  Effects-Based Operations; Everything Old Is New Again, as Concept Reveals.  Armed Forces Journal  140:47-49  June 2003.

Myers, Gene.  Operational Net Assessment:  Planning for EBO.  Common Perspective  10:34-35  April 2002.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/comm_per/acp10_1.pdf

Owens, Mackubin Thomas.  Let's Not Rig Our War Games.  Wall Street Journal, p A12, August 29, 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=156222791&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Peach, Stuart.  Effects-Based Operations:  The Contemporary Air Perspective.  Royal Air Force Air Power Review  6:26-47  Autumn 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.raf.mod.uk/rafcms/mediafiles/497EBDC6_1143_EC82_2E260662250E094B.pdf

Pendall, David W.  Effects-Based Operations and the Exercise of National Power.  Military Review  84:20-31  January-February 2004.
See also letter to the editor:  Boyce, Bryan.  Effects-Based Operations and the Exercise of National Power--A ResponseMilitary Review  85:3  July-August 2005.  Available at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=18080416
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=623915551&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=12455812
And also available online at:  http://www.iwar.org.uk/rma/resources/ebo/national-power.pdf

Perkins, Stephen P. and Jackson, John D., II.  Effects-Based Operations and Its Enabling Capabilities in Expeditionary Warfare.  Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin  30:11-19  July-September 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=784341621&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&an=15806797

Peters, Ralph.  Bloodless Theories, Bloody Wars; Easy-Win Concepts Crumble in Contact.  Armed Forces Journal  143:34-36  April 2006.
Provides a historical background of the U.S. military's combat doctrines and strategies implemented and its implications for the execution of the Effects-Based Operations (EBO).

Peterson, Gordon I.  Delivering 21st Century Capabilities for an 'Effects-Based' U.S. Navy.  (Naval Programmes).  Naval Forces  25, no.3:102-109  2004.
Interview with VADM John B. Nathman, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations.

A Quick Look at Millennium Challenge '02.  Sea Power  45:46  October 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&an=7501171

Rawlings, H. Ripley, IV.  Effects-Based Operations:  Defined Through the Mistakes of the Past.  Armor  114:26-34  November-December 2005.
See also letter to the editor from Charles W. Treese, "Mistakes from the Past:  Not Much Has Changed." Armor 115:3 January-February 2006 (also available at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=977047751&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD).
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=933564041&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Read, Robyn.  Effects-Based Airpower for Small Wars:  Iraq after Major Combat.  Air & Space Power Journal  19:103-112  Spring 2005.
See letter to editor from Jeff Hewlett,"Effects-Based Airpower for Small Wars." Air & Space Power Journal 20:11-12 Spring 2006 (also available at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=20033992).
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=17138498
And also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj05/spr05/read.html

Rolfsen, Bruce.  'Effects-Based Operations' Is New Way to Fight.  Air Force Times  61:27  May 7, 2001.

Roos, John G.  Effects-Based Operations:  US Air Force Chief Assesses a Decade of Transformation.  Armed Forces Journal International  138:66+  March 2001.

Roos, John G.  Turning up the Heat; Taliban Became Firm Believers in Effects-Based Operations.  Armed Forces Journal International  139:36-38+  February 2002.

Ross, William A.  F²C² (Future Fires Command and Control) Experiments for Rapid Transformation to Effects-Based Fires.  Field Artillery, pp 16-18, November-December 2000.

Rowlett, Rick.  An Effects-Based Approach to Joint Operations--Where Are We Now?  Common Perspective  13:8-12  October 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/comm_per/acp13_2.pdf

Shanker, Thom.  Words of War.  New York Times  152:2  March 30, 2003.

Sine, Jack.  Defining the "Precision Weapon" in Effects-Based Terms.  Air & Space Power Journal  20:81-88  Spring 2006.
See also letter to the editor from Calvin W. Hickey, "Defining the Precision Weapon in Effects-Based Terms."  Air & Space Power Journal  20:6-7  Summer 2006  (also available at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=21092788).
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1008568801&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Skinner, Tony.  DARPA Develops Strategic Decision Support Tools.  Jane's Defence Weekly  43:7  January 4, 2006.
The article reports on the creation of a new suite of strategic support tools by the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to assist in effects-based planning.

Skinner, Tony.  NATO Endorses Effects-Based Approach.  Jane's Defence Weekly  43:5  April 26, 2006.

Skinner, Tony.  UK MoD Seeks to Shape Public Perceptions.  Jane's Defence Weekly  42:24  June 8, 2005.

Sliwa, Steven A. and Kirkland, Robert O.  ECOORD Vice FSCOORD:  More than a Name Change.  Field Artillery  No.2:35-37  March-April 2003.
Sliwa and Kirkland discuss effects-based operations and compares the roles of traditional fire support coordinator (FSCOORD) and the effects coordinator (ECOORD).
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=348097161&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Smith, Edward A.  Effects-Based Operations:  Applying Network-Centric Capabilities in Peace, Crisis and War.  Defense Intelligence Journal  12, no.1:79-85  2003.

Smith, Edward A., Jr.  Network-Centric Warfare:  What's the Point?  Naval War College Review  54:59-75  Winter 2001.
Includes methods in increasing the ability of network-centric forces to undertake effects-based operations
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=4766933

Stephens, Alan.  Effects-Based Operations and the Australian Defence Force.  Asia-Pacific Defence Reporter  30:32-34  January 2004.

Storr, Jim.  A Critique of Effects-Based Thinking.  RUSI Journal  150:32-35  December 2005.
Part of a series -- Focus:  British Defence Policy and Doctrine.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=956724291&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Svitak, Amy.  Brains Complementing Brawn; Effects-Based Operations Could Be Integral Part of Warfare.  Air Force Times  63:22  October 28, 2002.

Tactical Control:  Accomplishing the Mission.  Air & Space Power Journal  18:100  Spring 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=627750201&sid=-1&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
And also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj04/spr04/notam5.pdf

Teamey, Kyle.  Effects-Based Targeting at the Brigade.  Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin  31:50  July-September 2005.
Conducting counterinsurgency operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere forces tactical intelligence personnel to operate in novel ways in order to deal with a flexible, adaptive threat.  One of the more important tasks of tactical intelligence personnel is to support targeting.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1041577141&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Tirpak, John A.  Britain Overhauls Defense.  (Washington Watch).  Air Force Magazine  87:16+  February 2004.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/feb2004/0204watch.asp

Tirpak, John A.  The Defense Budget Gap; "Discriminate Use of Force"; Europe's Forces; The Army in Smaller Pieces...  (Washington Watch).  Air Force Magazine  86:8-9  December 2003.
See section "Go for Effects-Based Operations."
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/dec2003/1203watch.asp

Tirpak, John A.  Go for Effects-Based Operations.  (Washington Watch).  Air Force Magazine  86:8-9  December 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/dec2003/1203watch.asp

Tirpak, John A.  Plan B for F/A-22; Mother of All Concepts; Britain Overhauls Defense; Aerospace Prescription...  (Washington Watch).  Air Force Magazine  87:15-18  February 2004.
See section "Britain Overhauls Defense."
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/feb2004/0204watch.asp

Tomme, Ed and Dahl, Sigfred.  Balloons in Today's Military?  An Introduction to the Near-Space Concept.  Air & Space Power Journal  19:39-49  Winter 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19222875

The United Kingdom Military View of Effects--Definitions and Relationships.  (Joint Doctrine and Concepts Centre position paper).  Common Perspective  12:13-17+  October 2004.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/comm_per/acp12_2.pdf

Vego, Milan N.  Effects-Based Operations:  A Critique.  Joint Force Quarterly  No.41:51-57  2nd Quarter 2006.
Also available online at:  www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4114.pdf

Wall, Robert.  NATO's Needs; Brass Argues That More Must Be Done to Integrate Forces for Modern Warfare.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  163:60  December 12, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19188234

Wielhouwer, Peter W.  Toward Information Superiority:  The Contribution of Operational Net Assessment.  Air & Space Power Journal  19:85-96  Fall 2005.
The article introduces the concept of operational net assessment, as well as its process and product, identifying them as enablers of effects-based planning and effects-based operations.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=918977591&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Wiessing, Edward J.  Making Every Bullet Count; How Effects-Based Operations Help Win Wars.  Armed Forces Journal  143:40+  May 2006.
The article comments on the article of Ralph Peters on the application of Effects-Based Operations (EBO) in modern warfare.

Wingenbach, Karl.  Effects-Based Operations and Operational Design.  Common Perspective  13:13-14+  October 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/comm_per/acp13_2.pdf

Wolfe, Frank.  Air Force Officials to Emphasize Effects-Based Operations in QDR.  Defense Daily  209:1  January 18, 2001.

Zimmerman, Douglas K.  Understanding the Standing Joint Force Headquarters.  Military Review  84:28-32  July-August 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14277326


This page was last updated on 02/20/2014 04:18 PM

Back Arrow Return to the Bibliography List
Back Arrow Return to the Fairchild Research Information Center Homepage