GENERATIONAL DIFFERENCES IN THE MILITARY


December 2003
Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents


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Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact you local library for availability. AU students and faculty can contact  AUL's  Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites last accessed October 30, 2003.


Internet Resources


Dunne, Matt. Policy Leadership, Gen X Style. National Civic Review 86:10 pages Fall 1997.
Talks about Generation Xers' approaches to leadership and public service in the United States.
Available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=80337&db=aph 

Haworth, Jennifer Grant. The Misrepresentation of Generation X. About Campus 2:6 pages September 1997.
Focuses on college students who are members of Generation X. Includes discussion of media-generated impressions of the generation, altruistic attitudes and behaviors, and comparison with other age groups.
Available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=10318703&db=aph 


Books


Forging the Sword: Selecting, Educating, and Training Cadets and Junior Officers in the Modern World, edited by Elliot V. Converse. Chicago, Imprint Publications, 1998. 441 p. (United States Air Force Academy, Military History Symposium series, v. 5)
Includes: Liberal Education, the Study of History, and Generation X, by Josiah Bunting, III, pp 383-388.
Book call no.: 355.0071 F721

Howe, Neil, Strauss, William, and Matson, R. J.. Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation.. New York, Vintage Books, 2000. 415 p.
Book call no.: 305.2350973 H857m

Lancaster, Lynne C. and Stillman David. When Generations Collide: Who They Are, Why They Clash, How to Solve the Generational Puzzle at Work.. New York, HarperCollins, 2002. 352 p.
Table of contents available at: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy032/2001039221.html 
Book call no.: 658.30084 L244w

Muchnick, Mark. Naked Management: Bare Essentials for Motivating the X-Generation at Work. Boca Raton, FL, St. Lucie Press, 1996. 127 p.
Book call no.: 658.314 M942n

Tulgan, Bruce. Managing Generation X: How to Bring Out the Best in Young Talent.. Revised and updated. New York, W.W. Norton, 2000. 287 p.
Book call no.: 658.30084 T917m

Tulgan, Bruce and Martin Carolyn A. Managing Generation Y : Global Citizens Born in the Late Seventies and Early Eighties. Amherst, MA, HRD Press, 2001. 105 p.
Book call no.: 658.30084 T917m 2001

Wong, Leonard. Generations Apart: Xers and Boomers in the Officer Corps. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2000. 30 p.
Addresses the junior officer attrition problem by identifying and discussing the disparity between senior and junior officers in terms of generational differences. Officers from the Baby Boom Generation think and perceive things differently than officers from Generation X. Using empirical evidence to support the generational differences literature, the author points out that Generation X officers are more confident in their abilities, perceive loyalty differently, want more balance between work and family, and are not intimidated by rank. Additionally, while pay is important to Generation X officers, it alone will not keep junior officers from leaving.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA385404
Book call no.: 355.3320973 W872g

Zemke, Ron and others. Generations at Work: Managing the Clash of Veterans, Boomers, Xers and Nexters in Your Workplace. New York, AMACOM, 2000. 280 p.
Book call no.: 658.30084 Z53g


Documents


Eisenhauer, Thomas D. 21st Century Leadership : Leading the Latest Generation Known as the "Nexters". Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2002. 45 p.
"How can experienced leaders of today's military lead the newest generation--known as the Nexters. Generation Y, or the Digital Generation--of military professionals entering the ranks? This paper determined what today's military leaders need to know and practice to lead and mentor Nexters. The research conducted to investigate this question focused on four areas. First, it compared and contrasted the four dominant generations that either influenced or are still involved in today's military. They are the Veteran, Baby Boomer, Xer, and Nexter generations ... The research investigated whether the differences, conflicts, and barriers constituted a crisis or an opportunity for current military leaders. Finally, the research concluded that Nexters are extremely motivated and talented, but that current generations must provide them with a sense of purpose and contribution to retain a quality US Armed Force."--Abstract.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 E262t

Triscari, Craig A. Generational Differences in the Officer Corps: Sociological Factors that Impact Officer Retention. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 2002. 109 p. (Master's thesis)
Examines the generational differences between generation X and baby boomers and their relationship with retaining quality officers in the United States Army. Additionally it examined sociological differences consisting of values, career stages, economic trends, enemy threat, milestones, technology, and gender and race relationships that develop between the generations.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415965
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 T837g

Wilcox, Andrew G. Recruiting the Next Generation: A Study of Attitudes, Values, and Beliefs.. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001. 223 p.
Examines the attitudes, values, and beliefs of teenagers regarding military service. Specifically, the study looks at generational theory, the characteristics and views of the so-called 'Millennial' generation, factors that influence attitudes toward military service, and recruiting strategies used by the Navy and Marine Corps. The study identifies the uniqueness of the next generation of youth, or Millennials, because of the interconnected relationship of five forces of influence: 'baby boomer' parents, education, the new economy, technology, and the media. Data reveal common trends across schools and states: teenagers exhibit relatively little knowledge or understanding of the military; higher education is the military's chief competitor for recruits; and the dissuaders of military service are far stronger than the persuaders of service (due largely to misperceptions and ignorance).
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391042
Book call no.: M-U 42425 W667r

Yamashiro, Neil. Generation X. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1998. 23 p.
Examines the generation referred to as Generation X, that succeeded the baby boomers. In their 20's, they appear to be very different from preceding generations. This research will identify this generation's characteristics and what makes them unique and lastly, how understanding these characteristics can help the Army National Guard recruit and retain them.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA344977
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 Y19g


Periodicals


Blazar, Ernest and Fuentes Gidget. Generation X. Navy Times 46:12-17 May 5, 1997.

Brady, Diane. Uncle Sam Wants You...To Have Fun! Business Week Issue 3669:98-99 February 21, 2000.
Reports on efforts by the United States military to attract young recruits. The alternatives that Generation Y, those born after 1978, have other than military service; the high-powered advertisements that the military is using; signs that the marketing campaign may work; the lack of military role models available to Generation Y.
Also available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=2774905&db=aph

Caudron, Shari. Can Generation Xers Be Trained? Training & Development 51:20-24 March 1997.
Also available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9704021675&db=aph

Chambers, Christopher M. The New Economy Shifts Soldiers' Expectations. Army 50:9-12+ April 2000.
Generations X and Y, the demographics that supply the Army's privates, sergeants, lieutenants and captains, have known great prosperity, and the future remains bright for them. Their decisions to join, stay in, or retire from the military will not be based on an old economic frame of reference.

Franke, Volker C. Generation X and the Military: A Comparison of Attitudes and Values between West Point Cadets and College Students. Journal of Political and Military Sociology 29:92-119 Summer 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=5264840&db=aph

Goetsch, Hal. Keeping the Generation X Junior Officer. U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings 121:66-69 October 1995.

Griesmer, David M. Recruiting Success Assisted by Effective Marketing. Marine Corps Gazette 87:30-31 June 2003.
Marine Corps recruiting has enjoyed remarkable success in recent years due to an aggressive marketing strategy. Author claims that the target audience for the recruiting efforts is the "millennial" generation, who were born after 1982 and possess a different outlook than the so-called Generation X.

Iverson, Alisen. Professional Military Education for Company Grade Officers: Targeting for "Affect." Aerospace Power Journal 15:58-64 Summer 2001.
Includes discussion of the characteristics of company grade officers who are members of the Generation X and baby boomer generation.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj01/sum01/iversen.html

Matthews, William. Military Wants Ways to Tell Generation Y, "Enlisting is Cool". Army Times 59:14 May 24, 1999.

Matthews, William. Recruiters Look for Modern Edge. Navy Times 48:12 May 31, 1999.
Reports that the US DoD's personnel chief, Rudy de Leon, studied marketing data to determine what the department should do to connect with Generation Y.

McHugh, Jane. X Marks the Spot: Today's Generation is the Focus of the Army's New and Splashy Advertising Campaign. Army Times 56:16 May 20, 1996.

O'Bannon, Gary. Managing Our Future: The Generation X Factor. Public Personnel Management 30:95-109 Spring 2001.
Investigates the backgrounds of Generation Xers and Baby Boomers and develops a methodology for resolving workplace conflicts between the two generations; includes discussion of positive aspects that each generation brings to the workplace.
Also available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=4387293&db=f5h

Penwasser, Al. Learning a Thing or Two from Gen X. Navy Times 47:62 May 11, 1998.

Schaub, Diana. On the Character of Generation X. Public Interest Issue 137:3-24 Fall 1999.
This essay considers the impact of education on the character of Generation X.
Also available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=2310425&db=aph

Stevens, Terry D. Gen Xers' Expectations are Logical; Let's Find Ways to Attract, Keep Them. Air Force Times 61:54 March 19, 2001.

Weible, Jack. New Military: It's a Far Different Force than a Generation Ago. Air Force Times 58:12-15 July 13, 1998.

Zemke, Ron. Here Come the Millennials. Training 38:44-49 July 2001.
Discusses the challenges looming for the baby boomers and Generation Xers who dominate today's workplace, and the different histories and values of veterans, boomers, Xers and Generation Y ("Nexters").
Also available online at: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=4853594&db=mth


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