American general who commanded the Army Air Forces during World War II.  Worked to create the U.S. Air Force as a separate service.

April 2008

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed April 10, 2008.

Internet Resources

General Henry H. Arnold
Available online at:
Biography and photo on United States Air Force Link site.

General Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold
Available online at:
Allstar Network site of the Aeronautic Learning Laboratory for Science, Technology, and Research.  Biography from:  From Leadership:  2000 And Beyond, Vol. I, Civil Air Patrol, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.

Hap Arnold Biography
Available online at:
National WASP World War II Museum site.  General Arnold ordered the WASP acronym for all Women Airforce Service Pilots.

Henry "Hap" Arnold
Available online at:
Contains short biography, black & white photos, and links to other sites from U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission site.

Henry "Hap" Arnold:  Air Force Hero
Available online at:
Short biography on the Pennsylvania Hall of Fame website.

Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold:  General of the Air Force
Available online at:
Black and white photos and pictures of medals from the Arlington National Cemetery website.

Images of Henry H. Arnold (Hap)
Available online at:
Mostly black and white, some color images.


American National Biography:  Vol. 1, edited by John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes.  New York, Oxford, 1999.  912 p.
Arnold, Henry Harley, pp 634-636.
Book call no.:  R 920.073 A512 v.1

Anders, Curt.  Fighting Airmen.  New York, Putnam, 1966.  287 p.
Henry H. Arnold:  The Global Airman, pp 91-132.
Book call no.:  923.573 A544fa

Arnold, Henry H.  American Airpower Comes of Age:  General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold’s World War II Diaries, edited by John W. Huston.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2001.  2 vols.
Volume 1:  Also available online at:
Volume 2:  Also available online at:
Book call no.:  940.544973092 A755a

Arnold, Henry H.  Global Mission.  London, Hutchinson, 1951.  276 p.
Book call no.:  940.544973 A755g, 1951

Coffey, Thomas M.  HAP:  The Story of the U.S. Air Force and the Man Who Built It, General Henry "Hap" Arnold.  New York, Viking Press, 1982.  416 p.
Book call no.:  92 A755c

Copp, DeWitt S.  A Few Great Captains:  The Men and Events That Shaped the Development of U.S. Air Power.  Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1980.  531 p.
Interwoven stories and careers of a few air officers from the early days of powered flight to the onset of World War II.
Book call no.:  358.0973 C785f

Current Biography:  1942.  New York, H. W. Wilson, 1942.  940 p.
Henry Arnold, pp 33-35.
Book call no.:  R 920.02 C976 1942

Daso, Dik A.  Architects of Air Supremacy:  General Hap Arnold and Dr. Theodore von Karman.  Columbia, SC, 1996.  435 p.  (Thesis, PhD. University of South Carolina)
Also available online at:
Book call no.:  358.400973 D229a

Daso, Dik A.  Hap Arnold and the Evolution of American Airpower.  Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000.  314 p.  (Smithsonian History of Aviation series)
Book call no.:  92 A755db

Davis, Richard G.  HAP, Henry H. Arnold:  Military Aviator.  Washington, Air Force History and Museums Program, 1997.  38 p.
Book call no.:  92 A755da

Dictionary of American Biography.  Supplement 4, edited by John A. Garraty and Edward T. James.  New York, Scribner, 1974.  1 vol.
Henry H. Arnold, Supplement 4, pp 27-30.
Book call no.:  920.07 D56 Suppl. 3-4

Dictionary of American Military Biography:  Vol. 1, edited by Roger J. Spiller and others.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1984.  419 p.
Arnold, Henry Harley, pp 42-45.
Book call no.:  R 923.573 D554 v.1

DuPre, Flint O.  Hap Arnold:  Architect of American Air Power.  New York, Macmillan, 1972.  144 p.  (Air Force Academy series)
Book call no.:  92 A755d

Famous American Military Leaders of World War II, by the editors of the Army Times.  New York, Dodd, Mead, & Company, 1963.  128 p.
Henry Harley Arnold, pp 93-101.
Book call no.:  923.573 A741f

Gaston, James C.  Planning the American Air War:  Four Men and Nine Days in 1941:  An Inside Narrative.  Washington, National Defense University Press, 1982.  121 p.
Book call no.:  940.544973 G256p

Hansell, Haywood S.  The Strategic Air War Against Germany and Japan:  A Memoir.  Honolulu, HI, University Press of the Pacific, 2005.  300 p.
See index for references to Arnold.
Book call no.:  940.544973 H249sa 2005

James, D. Clayton and Wells, Anne Sharp.  A Time for Giants:  Politics of the American High Command in World War II.  New York, Franklin Watts, 1987.  317 p.
The Less Troublesome Maverick:  Arnold, pp 8-16.  See index for other references to Arnold.
Book call no.:  940.540973 J27t

Kenney, George C.  General Kenney Reports:  A Personal History of the Pacific War.  Washington, Air Force History and Museums Program, 1997.  594 p.
See index for references to Arnold.  Originally published:  New York:  Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, 1949.
Also available online at:
Book call no.:  940.544973 K36g 1997

Lanning, Michael Lee.  The Military 100:  A Ranking of the Most Influential Military Leaders of All Time.  Secaucus, NJ, Carol Pub. Group, 1996.  372 p.
H. H. (Hap) Arnold, pp 242-244.
Book call no.:  355.0092 L292m

Larrabee, Eric.  Commander in Chief:  Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and Their War.  New York, Harper & Row, 1987.  723 p.
General Arnold, pp 206-255.
Book call no.:  973.9170924 L333c

Longyard, William H.  Who's Who in Aviation History:  500 Biographies.  Novato, CA, Presidio, 1994.  203 p.
Arnold, Henry Harley, pp 12-13.
Book call no.:  R 926.2913 L859w

Meilinger, Phillip S.  Airmen and Air Theory:  A Review of the Sources.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2001.  164 p.
Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, pp 19-23.
Also available online at:
Book call no.:  358.400922 M513ab

Miller, Donald L.  Masters of the Air:  America's Bomber Boys Who Fought the Air War Against Nazi Germany.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 2006.  671 p.
See index for references to Arnold.
Book call no.:  940.544973 M647m

National Aviation Hall of Fame.  Enshrinee Album:  "The First Twenty-One Years", by James W. Jacobs.  Dayton, OH, Naval Aviation Hall of Fame, 1984.  230 p.
Arnold, pp 10-11, includes sketch.
Book call no.:  R 926.2913 N277e

Office of Air Force History, Headquarters USAF.  Air Power and Warfare:  The Proceedings of the 8th Military History Symposium, United States Air Force Academy, 18-20 October 1978, edited by Alfred F. Hurley and Robert C. Ehrhart.  Washington, GPO, 1978.  461 p.
The Wartime Leadership of "Hap" Arnold, by John W. Huston, pp 168-185.
Book call no.:  355.09 M644p v.8 1978

Perret, Geoffrey.  Winged Victory:  The Army Air Forces in World War II.  New York, Random House, 1993.  549 p.
See index for references to Arnold.
Book call no.:  940.544973 P455w

Piercing the Fog:  Intelligence and Army Air Forces Operations in World War II, edited by John F. Kreis.  Washington, Air Force History and Museums Program, 1996.  501 p.  (Special Studies / AF History and Museums Program)
See index for references to Arnold.
Also available online at:
Book call no.:  940.544973 P618

The Second World War:  Asia and the Pacific, edited by Thomas E. Griess.  Wayne, NJ, Wayne Pub. Group, 1989.  3 vols.  (West Point Military History series)
See index for references to Arnold.
Book call no.:  940.54 S4451 v.2

Straubel, James H.  Crusade for Airpower:  The Story of the Air Force Association.  Washington, Aerospace Education Foundation, 1982.  419 p.
Transition:  Hap Arnold, pp 25-31.
Book call no.:  358.4006 S912c

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Military Affairs.  Department of Armed Forces Department of Military Security.  Hearing.  79th Congress, 1st session, October - December 1945.  Washington, GPO, 1945.  707 p.
General Arnold Commanding General of the Army Air Forces (AAF) statement on the importance of legislating a new national security organization that would feature an independent Air Force, pp 67-90.
Book call no.:  355 U58d

War Reports of General of the Army George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff, General of the Army H. H. Arnold, Commanding General Army Air Forces, Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations.  Philadelphia, PA, Lippincott, 1947.  801 p.
General Arnold's report, pp 301-470.
Book call no.:  940.5373 W25

Webster's American Military Biographies, edited by Robert McHenry.  New York, Dover, 1984.  548 p.
Arnold, Henry H., pp 14-15.
Book call no.:  923.5 W385 1984


Adams, Paul D.  An Army Air Corps Test of Strategic Air Power:  Operation MATTERHORN and the B-29 Superfortress.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2000.  25 p.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39081-537 A2161a

Faulise, Angie.  Operational Leadership:  Operational Art and General H. H. "Hap" Arnold.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997.  20 p.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 F2611o

Rothstein, Stephen M.  Dead on Arrival?  The Development of the Aerospace Concept, 1944-58.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2000.  86 p.
Some discussion on General Arnold's vision about the future of strategic attack and the aerospace concept.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1a R847d

Willcocks, Raymond H.  The Ethics of Bombing Dresden.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1998.  30 p.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39090-537 W697e


The Air Force's Viable Legacy.  Airman 19:2-3 September 1967.

Arnold.  Air Force Magazine 69:59-61 September 1986.

Arnold, Henry H.  Aerial Invasion of Burma.  National Geographic Magazine 86:129-148 August 1944.

Arnold, Henry H.  Air Power for Peace.  National Geographic Magazine 89:137-193 February 1946.

Arnold, Henry H.  Air Strategy for Victory.  Flying 33:50-51+ October 1943.

Arnold, Henry H.  America Takes the Offensive:  Where Do We Stand?  Vital Speeches 8:642-645 August 15, 1942.

Arnold, Henry H.  Our Power to Destroy War.  Air Force 28:8-10+ October 1945.

Blumenson, Martin.  A Short List of Giants.  Army 44:46-50 February 1994.
Hap Arnold included in article about WWII military leaders.

Boyne, Walter J.  Hap.  Air Force Magazine 80:44-50 September 1997.
Also available online at:

Daso, Dik A.  Origins of Airpower:  Hap Arnold's Command Years and Aviation Technology, 1936-1945.  Airpower Journal 11:94-113 Fall 1997.
Also available online at:

Daso, Dik A.  Origins of Airpower:  Hap Arnold's Early Career in Aviation Technology, 1903-1935.  Airpower Journal 10:70-92 Winter 1996.
Also available online at:

Dorr, Robert F.  Henry 'Hap' Arnold:  Champion of the Air Forces.  Air Force Times 63:Supplement, pp 28-29 June 9, 2003.
Supplement titled:  A Century of Flight:  Military Pioneers Who Made Aviation History.

Eaker, Ira C.  Hap Arnold:  The Anatomy of Leadership.  Air Force Magazine 60:83-86+ September 1977.

Eaker, Ira C.  Memories of Six Air Chiefs Part II:  Westover, Arnold, and Spaatz.  Aerospace Historian 20:188-196 December 1973.

Ford, Corey and MacBain, Alastair.  Sky's the Limit.  Collier's 111:18-20+ January 9, 1943.

General of the Air Force:  Henry H. Arnold.  Air Force 33:26-32+ February 1950.

Glines, C. V.  Architect of America's Air Force.  Aviation History 11:42-48+ September 2000.
Biography of General Henry H. Arnold.
Also available online at:

Green, Murray.  Hap Arnold:  Man on the Go.  Air Power History 37:29-36 Summer 1990.

Griffith, Thomas E.  Command Relations at the Operational Level of War.  Air Power Journal 13:50-62 Summer 1999.
Historical background on command of General Douglas MacArthur, General George C. Kenney and General Henry H. Arnold during World War II.
Also available online at:

Kamps, Charles Tustin.  "Hap" Arnold.  Air & Space Power Journal 57:54 Winter 2003.
Also available online at:

Kaplan, Hy.  Gen. Henry Harley Arnold:  Architect of the U.S. Air Force.  Sergeants 19:22-24+ February 1981.

Kinney, William A.  The Shining Silver Symbol:  Mackay Trophy.  Airman 14:43-45 July 1970.
Hap Arnold first recipient of Mackay Trophy.

Kuter, Laurence S.  The General VS the Establishment:  General H. H. Arnold and the Air Staff.  Aerospace Historian 21:185-189 December 1974.

Kuter, Laurence S.  How Hap Arnold Built the AAF.  Air Force Magazine 56:88-93 September 1973.

Lang, John A.  How the Air Force Grew by Looking Ahead.  Air Force Information Policy Letter Supplement for Commanders No. 131:1-6 May 1964.

Morgan, Len.  A Plane for the Big Boss.  Flying 124:117-121 August 1997.
History of the DC-3, Arnold had his own custom-built DC-3.

One Man:  Henry Harley Arnold Did the Most to Shape the Image of the Modern Air Force.  Air Force Times 57:Supplement, pp 21-29 June 23, 1997.
Supplement titled:  First 50 years (U.S. Air Force).

Parker, Steven A.  AWPD-1 Targeting for Victory:  The Rationale Behind Strategic Bombing Objectives in America's First Air War Plan.  Airpower Journal 3:58-70 Summer 1989.
Arnold as Chief of Air Corps Air War Plans Division gives four officers the task to develop Air War Plan 1 for air warfare.
Also available online at:

Parrish, N. F.  Hap Arnold and the Historians.  Aerospace Historian 20:113-115 September 1973.

Pearse, Ben.  Hap Arnold:  It's Still His Air Force.  Air Force 39:256-258+ August 1956.

Reese, Lee Fleming.  My Boss, Hap Arnold.  Education 112:38 Fall 1991.

The Skies Measure a Man.  Pegasus 15:17 February 1950.

Taylor, Frank J.  1000 Men Are Coming on Tuesday.  Saturday Evening Post 215:18+ September 19, 1942.
Also available online at:

Vaughan, David K.  Hap Arnold's Bill Bruce Books:  Promoting Air Service Awareness in America.  Air Power History 40:43-49 Winter 1993.
Arnold authored series of books aimed at youthful readers about achievements of air service during and after WWI.

Watson, George M.  A 5-Star Leader.  Airman 30:29-32 June 1986.

Wolk, Herman S.  The First Air Staff.  Air Force Magazine 84:66-70 June 2001.
Also available online at:

Wolk, Herman S.  Men Who Made the Air Force.  Air University Review 23:9-23 September-October 1972.

Wolk, Herman S.  The Twentieth Against Japan.  Air Force Magazine 87:68-73 April 2004.
Hap Arnold's B-29 force.
Also available online at:

Wolk, Herman S.  When Arnold Bucked FDR.  Air Force Magazine 84:86-90 November 2001.
Also available online at:

Wukovits, John F.  Nothing Is Impossible:  Hap Arnold and the Rise of American Air Power.  American History Illustrated 19:56-63 June 1984.
Arnold's life from freshman year at West Point (1903) when air power was unheard of through his forty two year military career.


AAF Report:  Gen. Arnold’s Talk to His Men.  Palm Springs, CA, Big Picture, Historical Film and Video, 1993.  1 videocassette, 50 min.
Gen. H. H. Arnold, Commanding General of the Army Air Forces official report on war effort including the famous "let's do it" speech.
Video call no.:  940.544973 A111

Famous Generals:  Arnold.  Palm Springs, CA, Big Pictures, Historical Film and Video, 1993.  1 videocassette, 30 min.
General "Hap" Arnold's career during World War II.
Video call no.:  92 A755f

Hap Arnold:  The Sky Warrior.  New York, A&E Home Video, 1997.  1 videocassette, 50 min.
Biography of Hap Arnold, commander of the Army Air Forces in WWII.
Video call no.:  92 A755h

Legends of Air Power.  Arlington, VA, 3 Roads Communications, 2000.  3 videocassettes, 344 min.
Hap Arnold, vol. 3, show 110.
Video call no.:  629.13092 L5111

WW II:  Air War.  Renton, WA, Topics Entertainment, 2006.  6 DVDs.
Hap Arnold, vol. 4 Expansion to Air Power (1944) and Army Air Forces Pacific (1944).
DVD call no.:  940.544973 W973 v. 1-6 DVD

This page was last updated on 03/10/2014 01:12 PM

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