Great Warrior Leaders/Thinkers

Lee, Robert E.


Distinguished General-in-Chief of the Confederate Army during the Civil War.

November 2000

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


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Robert E. Lee Commander, The Army of Northern Virginia.
Available at:
Includes documents, biography and discussion.

Robert E. Lee.
Available at:
Includes time line of Lee's life, letter from Lee to Jefferson Davis, and farewell to the Army of Northern Virginia.

Lee, Robert E. from the Encyclopedia Britannica.
Available at:,5716,48711+4+47596,00.html

Robert Edward Lee 1807-1870.
Available at:

General Robert E. Lee (USMA, 1828).
Available at:

Robert E. Lee (1-19-1807 / 10-12-1870) Beloved General of the South.
Available at:


Please note: A call number beginning with "R" denotes a reference book.

Alexander, Holmes M. Washington and Lee: A Study in the Will to Win. Boston, Western Islands, 1966. 114 p.
Book call no.: 973 A375w

The American Civil War, edited by Thomas E. Griess. Wayne, NJ, Avery Publishing Group, 1987. 242 p. (West Point military history series)
Book call no.: 973.73 A512

Anders, Curtis. Fighting Generals. New York, Putnam, 1965. 320 p.
Robert E. Lee, pp 141-181.
Book call no.: 923.573 A544f

Anderson, Nancy S. The Generals: Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. New York, Knopf, 1988. 523 p.
Book call no.: 973.70922 A548g

Atlas for the American Civil War, edited by Thomas E. Griess. Wayne, NJ, Avery Publishing Group, 1986. (West Point military history series)
58 maps.
Book call no.: R 911.73 A8812

Beringer, Richard E. Why the South Lost the Civil War. Athens, GA, University of Georgia Press, 1986. 582 p.
Book call no.: 973.713 W629

Bigelow, John, Jr. The Campaign of Chancellorsville: A Strategic and Tactical Study.  New Haven, Yale University Press, 1910. 528 p.
Book call no.: 973.733 B592c

Boatner, Mark Mayo. The Civil War Dictionary. New York, David McKay, 1959. 974 p.
Book call no.: R 973.703 B662c

Brooks, William E. Lee of Virginia: A Biography. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1975. 361 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479ba

Burne, Alfred H. Lee. Grant and Sherman: A Study in Leadership in the 1864-65 Campaign. New York, Scribner's, 1939. 216 p.
Book call no.: 973.736 B93L

Casdorph, Paul D. Lee and Jackson: Confederate Chieftains. New York, Paragon House, 1992. 498 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479ca

Catton, Bruce. The Civil War. New York, American Heritage, 1987. 382 p. (The American Heritage library)
Consult index for references to Robert E. Lee.
Book call no.: 97C 369ca

Catton, Bruce. Grant Takes Command. Boston, Little, Brown, 1968. 556 p.
See Lee in index for page references.
Book call no.: 92 G76cc

Crocker, H. W., III. Robert E. Lee on Leadership: Executive Lessons in Character, Courage, and Vision. Rocklin, CA, Prima Publishing, 1999. 248 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479cb

Connelly, Thomas L. God and General Longstreet: The Lost Cause and the Southern Mind. Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, 1982. 158 p.
Robert E. Lee and the Southern Mind, pp 73-106.
Book call no.: 973.713 C752g

Davis, Burke. Gray Fox: Robert E. Lee and the Civil War. New York, Rinehart, 1956. 466 p.
Book call no.: 973.73 D261g

Deaderick, Barron. Strategy in the Civil War. Harrisburg, PA, Military Service Pub. Co., 1946. 200 p.
Book call no.: 973.73 D34s

Dictionary of American Biography, edited by Dumas Malone. New York, Scribner's, 1933. 1 vol.
Lee, vol 6, pt 1, pp 120-129.
Book call no.: R 920.07 D56 1964 v.6

Dictionary of American Military Biography, edited by Roger J. Spiller and others. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1984. 3 vols.
See vol 2.
Book call no.: R 923.573 D554 v.2

Dodd, William Edward. Lincoln or Lee: Comparison and Contrast of the Two Greatest Leaders in the War Between the States. New York, Century, 1928. 177 p.
Robert E. Lee, pp 69-116.
Book call no.: 973.7 D639L

Dowdey, Clifford. Death of a Nation: The Story of Lee and His Men at Gettysburg. New York, Knopf, 1958. 392 p.
Book call no.: 973.7349 D745d

Dowdey, Clifford. Lee. Boston, Little, Brown, 1965. 781 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479d

Dowdey, Clifford. Lee's Last Campaign: The Story of Lee and His Men Against Grant, 1864. Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1993. 415 p.
Book call no.: 973.73 D74SL

Dowdey, Clifford. The Seven Days: The Emergence of Lee. Boston, Little, Brown, 1964. 380 p.
Book call no.: 973.733 D745s

Downs, Robert B. Memorable Americans, 1750-1950. Littleton, CO, Libraries Unlimited, 1983. 379 p.
Robert E. Lee, pp 177-180.
Book call no.: R 920.073 D751m

Eicher, David J. Robert E. Lee: A Life Portrait. Dallas, TX, Taylor Publishing, 1997. 238 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479e

Eliot, Ellsworth, Jr. West Point in the Confederacy. New York, G.A. Baker, 1941. 491 p.
Lee and His Generals, pp 45-80.
Book call no.:355.071173 E42w

Fishwick, Marshall William. Lee after the War. New York, Dodd, Mead, 1963. 242 p.
Book call no.: 92 L51fb

Freeman, Douglas S. Douglas Southall Freeman on Leadership, edited with commentary by Stuart W. Smith. Shippensburg, PA, White Mane Publishing, 1993. 262 p.
Lee as a Leader, pp 134-147; 148-163; 164-174 (three lectures).
Book call no.: 355.33041 F855d

Freeman, Douglas S. Lee: An Abridgement in One Volume of the Four-Volume R. E. Lee. New York, Scribner, 1991. 601 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479fa

Freeman, Douglas S. Lee's Lieutenants: A Study in Command. New York, Scribner's, 1943. 3 vols.
Book call no.: 973.73 F87L

Freeman, Douglas S. R. E. Lee. New York, Scribner's, 1934. 4 vols.
Book call no.: 92 L479fa

Fuller, J. F. C. The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 1929. 452 p.
See Lee in index.
Book call no.: 92 G76f

Fuller, J. F. C. Grant and Lee: A Study in Personality and Leadership. Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 1929. 452 p.
See also 1982 reprint, call no.: 973.7 F966g 1982.
Book call no.: 973.7 F966g

Great Civil War Leaders and Their Battles, edited by Walton Rawls. New York, Abbeville Press, 1985. 303 p.
Book call no.: R 923.573 G786

Great Lives from History: American Series, edited by Frank N. Magill. Pasadena, CA, 1987. 5 vols.
Book Call no.: R 920.073 G786 v.3

Greenberg, Paul. Resonant Lives: Fifty Figures of Consequence. Washington, Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1991. 187 p.
Robert E. Lee: The Marble Man, pp 70-74.
Book call no.: 920.00904 G798r

Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War, edited by Patricia L. Faust. New York, Harper & Row, 1986. 849 p.
Book call no.: R 973.7 H673

Horn, Stanley F. The Robert E. Lee Reader. Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 1949. 542 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479h

Johnston, R. M. Leading American Soldiers. New York, Holt, 1907. 371 p.
Robert Edward  Lee, pp 256-310.
Book call no.: 923.5 J73L

Jones, J. William. Personal Reminiscences of General Robert E. Lee. Richmond, VA, United States Historical Society Press, 1989. 509 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479j

Katcher, Philip R. N. The Army of Robert E. Lee. New York, Sterling Publishing, 1994. 320 p.
Book call no.: 973.742 k19a

Korn, Jerry. Pursuit to Appomattox: The Last Battles. Alexandria, VA, Time-Life Books, 1987. 176 p.
Book call no.: 973.738

Lee,  Fitzhugh. General Lee. New York, D. Appleton, 1894. 433 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479L

Lee, Robert Edward. Recollections and Letters of General Robert E. Lee. Garden City, NY, Doubleday,Page, 1924. 471 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479La

Livesey, Anthony. Great Commanders and Their Battles. New York, Macmillan, 1987. 200 p. See also copy in Reference section.
Includes time table, pp 120-131; features Battle of Chancellorsville.
Book call no.: 355.480922 L785g

Marshall, Charles. An Aide-de-Camp of Lee. Being the Papers of Colonel Charles Marshall. Boston, Little, Brown, 1927. 287 p.
Book Call no.: 973.73 M35m

Martin, David G. The Chancellorsville Campaign,  March-May 1863. Conshohocken, PA, Combined Books, 1991. 176 p.
Book call no.: 973.733 M379c

Maurice, Frederick  Robert E. Lee,  the Soldier. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1925. 313 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479m

McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Biography. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1973. 608 p.
Book Call no.: R 920.02 M147 v.6

Miers, Earl S. Robert E. Lee: A Great Life in Brief. New York, Knopf, 1956. 203 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479mi

Mitchell, Joseph B.  Militarv Leaders in the Civil War. New York, Putnam's Sons, 1972. 251 p.
Robert E. Lee, pp 62-87.
Book call no.:973.73.M681m

Nolan, Alan T. Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1991. 231 p.
Book call no.: 973.73092 N787L

Roland, Charles Pierce. Reflections on Lee: A Historian's Assessment. Mechanicsburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 1995. 130 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479ra

Rhodes, Charles D. Robert E. Lee, the West Pointer. Richmond, Va, Garrett & Massie, 1932. 42 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479r

Sears, Stephen W. Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam. New York, Ticknor & Fields, 1983. 431 p.
Book call no.: 973.7336 S439L

Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York, Facts on File, 1988. 766 p.
Book call no.: R 973.70922 S573w

Smith, Gene. Lee and Grant: A Dual Biography. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1984. 412 p.
Book call no.: 973.7 S648L

Stackpole, Edward J. Chancellorsville: Lee's Greatest Battle. Harrisburg, PA, Stackpole, 1958. 384 p.
Book call no.: 973.733 S775c

Taylor, John M. Duty Faithfully Performed: Robert E. Lee and His Critics. Dulles, VA, Brassey's, 1999. 268 p.
Book call no.: 973.73 T243d

Taylor, Walter Herron. General Lee, His Campaigns in Virginia, 1861-1865: With Personal Reminiscences. Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 1994. 314 p.
Book call no.: 973.73 T247g

Thomas, Emory M. Robert E. Lee: An Album. New York, W.W. Norton, 2000. 135 p.
Many pictures and photos of General Lee and his world.
Book call no.: 92 L479ta

Tucker, Glenn. Lee and Longstreet at Gettysburg. New York, Bobbs-Merrill, 1968. 286 p.
Book call no.: 973.7349 T892L

The U.S. Army War College Guide to the Battle of Gettysburg, edited by Jay Luvaas and Harold W.Nelson. Carlisle, PA, South Mountain Press, 1986. 232 p.
Book call no.: 973.7349 U581

The Victors, edited by Peter Young. Chicago, Rand McNally, 1981. 256 p.
Lee at Chancellorsville, 1963, pp 44-55.
Book call no.: R 923.5 V646

Webster's American Military Biographies. Springfield, MA, G & C Merriam, 1978. 548 p.
Book call no.: R 923.5 W385

Weigley, Russell F. The American Way of War. New York, Macmillan, 1973. 584 p.
Napoleonic Strategy: R.E. Lee and the Confederacy, pp 92-127.
Book call no.: 355.0973 W418a

Wheeler, Richard. Lee's Terrible Swift Sword: From Antietam to Chancellorsville: An Eyewitness History. New York, HarperCollins, 1992. 430 p. 
Sequel to: Sword Over Richmond.
Book call no.: 973.73 W564L

Wheeler, Richard. Witness to Gettysburg. New York, Harper & Row, 1987. 273 p.
Book call no.: 973.7349 W564w

Wilkins, J. Steven. Call of Duty: The Sterling Nobility of Robert E. Lee. Nashville, TN, Cumberland House Publishing, 1997. 332 p.
Book call no.: 92 L479w

Woodworth, Steven E. Davis and Lee at War. Lawrence, KS, University Press of Kansas, 1995. 409 p.
Book call no.: 973.73 W912d


Benson, Charles L. Jr. Robert E. Lee: Lucky Tactician or Military Genius? Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1995. 33 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 B474r

Bolger, John T. The Different Mask of Lee's Command. April 1861-June 1862: The Preparation of a Command. Carlisle Barracks, Army War College, PA, March 1991. 64 p. 
 Doc. call no.: M-U 39080 83 B688d

Caldwell, Alonza L. General Robert Edward Lee. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College. May 1965. 211 p. 
Doc. call no.: M-U 35582-7 C147g

Christensen, Dale C.  Robert E. Lee:  A Study in Generalship and Administration. Maxwell AFB, AL,  Air Command and Staff College. June 1965. 143 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 35582-7 C554r

Cruce, Alan B. Robert E. Lee and Joseph Hooker: A Comparison. Maxwell AFB, Air Command and Staff College. AL, 1997. 44 p. 
 Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 C955r

Dugan, Mark A. Robert E. Lee the Operational Commander: A Star on His Own Course. Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 1996. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 D916r

Funck, Steven S. The Gettysburg Campaign-Less Failure to Define Intent. Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 1993. 19 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 F979g

Green, Thomas A. A Comparison of the Operational Art of George Gordon Meade and Robert Edward Lee During the Period June 1863  to March 1864. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College. 1988. 28 p. 
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-14 G798c

Lynch, Daniel J. A Comparison of the Operational Leadership of General Ulysses S. Grant and General Robert E. Lee during the American Civil War. Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 1996. 24 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 L9871c

Tye, Charles M. General Robert E. Lee, Chancellorsville, 1863: An Operational Art Analysis. Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 1997. 18 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 T979g


Adams, F. R.  A Robert E. Lee and the Concept of Democracy. American Quarterly 12:367-373 Fall 1960.

Addicott, Jeffrey F. Operation Desert Storm: R. E. Lee or W. T. Sherman? Military Law Review 136:115-135 Spring 1992.

Bogdanos, Matthew R. Chancellorsville: You Can Lead a Horse to Water... Marine Corps Gazette 81:64-71 July 1997.

Dederer, John M. The Origins of Robert E. Lee's Bold Generalship: A Reinterpretation. Military Affairs 49:117-123 July 1985.

Fishwick, M. W. Lee's Greatest Mistake. Saturday Review 45:22-23 December 1,1962.

Fishwick, M. W. Robert E. Lee: The Guardian Angel Myth. Saturday Review 44:17-19 March  4, 1961.

Freeman, Douglas Southall. Robert E. Lee: Maker of Morale. Naval War College Review 44:75-83 Summer 1991

Gilster, Herman L. General Robert E. Lee and Modern Decision Theory. Air University Review 23:40-48 March-April 1972.

Graf, William S. The Origin of a Great Cavalryman. Armor 72:26-28 July-August 1963.

Luvaas, Jay. Lee and the Operational Art: The Right Place, the Right Time. Parameters 22:2-18 Autumn 1992.

Malone, Daniel K. Stars and Bars and the Corsican Eagles. Military Review 67:46-57 June 1987.

Marshall, Michael J. Soldier No Longer. Military History 7:10+ December 1990.

Parker, M. S. and others. Aging Successfully: The Example of Robert E. Lee. Parameters 24:99-113 Winter 1994-1995.

Riley, Don T. Serve Your Soldiers to Win. Military Review 66:10-19 November 1986.

Sears, Stephen W. McClellan vs. Lee: The Seven-Day Trial. MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History 1:10-17 Autumn 1988.

Stadler, Gerald P. Audacity Takes Command. Soldiers 26:27-29 October 1971.

Wisloski, Michael. Robert E. Lee and Lessons from the Gettysburg Campaign. Marine Corps Gazette 75:72-79 January 1991.

Wood, Robert J. Lee's Lessons in Leadership. Army Information Digest 16:10-14 August 1961.


Civil War Journal II . New York, A & E Home Video, 1994. 1 videocassette, 100 min.
Tape 1 Robert E. Lee
Video call no.: 973.78 C5823 v1

Lee at Gettysburg. North Hollywood, CA, Greystone Communications, 1998. 1 videocassette, 60 min.
Video call no.: 973.7349 L477

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