1840 - 1914

American naval historian and strategist.   Advocate of sea power as a determinant of our nation's strength.

August 2009

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


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Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.   AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on August 27, 2009.

Internet Resources

Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Available online at:
Site offers biographical information on Mahan from several sources including the US Military History Companion, US Military Dictionary, Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, and the US History Companion.

Internet Resources (Student Research)

Bowdon, W.G.  Mahan in the 21st Century.  Washington, National War College, October 1990.
Available online at:

Curry, Dennis P.  The Relevance of Mahanian Theory in the Nuclear Age.  Washington, National War College, January 1991.
Available online at:

Nash, Gordon C.  Alfred Thayer Mahan's Strategy of Forward Deployed Maritime Forces.  Washington, National War College, October 1990. 
Available online at: 


Adams, John A.  If Mahan Ran the Great Pacific War:  An Analysis of World War II Naval Strategy.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2008.  458 p.
Book call no.:  940.545 A214i

Addington, Larry H.  Patterns of War since the Eighteenth Century.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 1994.  360 p. 
Consult index for references to Mahan.
Book call no.:  355.00903 A224p 1994

Admirals of the New Steel Navy:  Makers of the American Naval Tradition, 1880-1930, edited by James C.  Bradford.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1990. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan:  Christian Expansionist, Navalist, and Historian, by Robert Seager II, pp 24-72.
Book call no.:  923.573 A238

American Military Leaders, edited by Roger Spiller and others.  New York, Praeger, 1989.  416 p. 
Mahan, pp 188-191.
Book call no.:  923.5 A512

American Sea Power since 1775, edited by Allan Westcott.  Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1952.  609 p. 
See index for Mahan.
Book call no.:  359.0973 W524a 1952

The Art and Practice of Military Strategy.  Washington, National Defense University, 1984.  893 p. 
Mahan:  Evangelist of Seapower, by Margaret Tuttle Sprout, pp 111-138.
Book call no.:  355.43 A784

Art of War in World History:  From Antiquity to the Nuclear Age, compiled by Gerard Chaliand.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1994.  1069 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan (1810-1914):  Naval Strategy, pp 787-807.
Book call no.:  355.009 A784

Clowes, William L.  The Royal Navy, a History from the Earliest Times to the Present.  London, S. Law, Marston, 1897-1903.  7 vols. 
Volume 3:  Major Operations of the Royal Navy, 1762-1783, by Alfred T. Mahan, pp 353-368.
Book call no.:  359.0942 C648r v.3 (Special Collection area)

Dictionary of American Biography.  New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1964.  11 vols. 
Volume 6:  Alfred Thayer Mahan, pp 206-208.
Book call no.:  R 920.07 D56 1964 v.6. 

Downs, Robert B. and others.  Memorable Americans, 1750-1950.  Littleton, CO, Libraries Unlimited, 1983.  379 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan, pp 206-209.
Book call no.:  R 920.073 D751m

Elting John R.  The Superstrategists:  Great Captains, Theorists, and Fighting Men Who Have Shaped the History of Warfare.  New York, Scribner's Sons, 1985.  368 p. 
See pages 194-200.
Book call no.:  355.02 E51s

Employment of Naval and Marine Forces, prepared by Naval Advisory Group.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, December 1985.  147 p.  (AU-16)
Admiral Gorshkov and Admiral Mahan:  The Sea Power Doctrine, pp 111-117.
Book call no.:  359.4 A2983e 1985

Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy, edited by Colin S. Gray and Geoffrey Sloan.  Portland, OR, Frank Cass, 1999.  289 p.
Alfred Thayer Mahan, Geopolitician, by Jon Sumida, pp 39-62.  See index for more entries on Mahan.
Book call no.:  320.12 G3452 

Hattendorf, John B. and others.  Sailors and Scholars:  The Centennial History of the U.  S.  Naval War College.  Newport, RI, Naval War College Press, 1984.  354 p. 
See index for appropriate references.
Book call no.:  359.4071173 H366s

Holmes, James R. and Yoshihara, Toshi.  Chinese Naval Strategy in the 21st Century:  The Turn to Mahan.  New York, Routledge, 2008.  167 p.
Book call no.:  359.030951 H751c

The Influence of History on Mahan:  The Proceedings of a Conference Marking the Centenary of Alfred Thayer Mahan's 'The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783', edited by John B. Hattendorf.  Newport, RI, Naval War College Press, 1991.  208 p. 
Book call no.:  909.6 I43

Kennedy, Paul M.  The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery.  New York, Scribner, 1976.  405 p. 
Mahan versus Mackinder, pp 177-202.
Book call no.:  359.0942 K36r

Kennedy, Paul M.  Strategy and Diplomacy 1870-1945.  Boston, Allen & Unwin, 1983.  254 p. 
Mahan versus Mackinder:  Two Interpretations of British Sea Power, pp 41-85.
Book call no.:  327.09041 K36s

Lambert, Andrew.  The Foundations of Naval History:  John Knox Laughton, the Royal Navy and the Historical Profession.  London, Chatham Publishing, 1998.  256 p.
See index for numerous entries on Mahan.
Book call no.:  359.00709 L222f

Livezey, William E.  Mahan on Sea Power.  Norman, OK, University of Oklahoma Press, 1981.  427 p. 
Book call no.:  92 M27L 1981

Mahan, Alfred T.  Admiral Farragut.  New York, D.  Appleton, 1892.  333 p. 
Book call no.:  92 F24m

Mahan, Alfred T.  Armaments and Arbitration; or, The Place of Force in the International Relations of States.  New York, Harper, 1912.  259 p. 
Book call no.:  341.6 M27

Mahan, Alfred T.  The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1805.  Abridged ed.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1980.  256 p. 
Book call no.:  359.09 M27i 1980

Mahan, Alfred T.  The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793-1812.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1892.  2 vols. 
Book call no.:  359.0944 M214i

Mahan, Alfred T.  The Interest of America in International Conditions.  New Brunswick, Transaction Publishers, 2003.  116 p.
Book call no.:  327.73 M214i

Mahan, Alfred T.  The Interest of America in Sea Power, Present and Future.  Freeport, NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1970.  314 p. 
Reprint of 1897 edition.
Book call no.:  359.09 M27in 1970

Mahan, Alfred T.  Lessons of the War with Spain and Other Articles.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1899.  320 p. 
Book call no.:  359.09 M27L

Mahan, Alfred T.  Letters and Papers of Alfred Thayer Mahan, edited by Robert Seager II and Doris D. Maguire.  Annapolis, Naval Institute Press, 1975.  3 vols. 
Book call no.:  92 M27La

Mahan, Alfred T.  Mahan on Naval Strategy:  Selections from the Writings of Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1991.  395 p.  (Classics of Sea Power)
Book call no.:  359.03 M214m

Mahan, Alfred T.  Mahan on Naval Warfare:  Selections from the Writings of Rear Admiral Alfred T. Mahan.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1941.  372 p. 
Book call no.:  359.09 M214m 1941

Mahan, Alfred T.  Naval Administration and Warfare:  Some General Principles, with Other Essays.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1908.  409 p. 
Book call no.:  359.04 M214n 1908

Mahan, Alfred T.  Naval Strategy Compared and Contrasted with the Principles and Practice of Military Operations on Land.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1975.  475 p. 
Lectures delivered at U.S.  Naval War College, Newport, RI, between the years 1887 and 1911.
Book call no.:  359.43 M214n

Mahan, Alfred T.  The Problem of Asia and Its Effect Upon International Policies.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1900.  233 p. 
Book call no.:  950 M214p

Mahan, Alfred T.  Sea Power in Its Relations to the War of 1812.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1905.  2 vols. 
Book call no.:  359.09 M27s

Mahan, Alfred T.  Types of Naval Officers Drawn from the History of the British Navy, with Some Account of the Conditions of Naval Warfare at the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century, and of Its Subsequent Development During the Sail Period.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1901.  500 p. 
Book call no.:  359.0942 M214t

Makers of American Diplomacy:  From Benjamin Franklin to Henry Kissinger, edited by Frank J. Merli and Theodore A. Wilson.  New York, Scribner, 1974.  728 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan, Turning America Back to the Sea, by Kenneth J. Hagan, pp 279-304.
Book call no.:  R 341.70973 M565m

Makers of Modern Strategy:  From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, edited by Peter Paret and others.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 941 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan:  The Naval Historian, by Philip A. Crowl, pp 444-477.
Book call no.:  355.02 M235 1986

Makers of Modern Strategy:  Military Thought from Machiavelli to Hitler, edited by Edward Mead Earle and others.  Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1943.  553 p. 
Mahan:  Evangelist of Sea Power, by Margaret Tuttle Sprout, pp 415-445.
Book call no.:  355.09 Ea7m

The McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Biography.  New York, McGraw-Hill, 1973.  552 p. 
Volume 7:  Alfred Thayer Mahan, by Thomas L. Hartshorne, pp 92-93.
Book call no.:  R 920.02 M147 v.7

Navies and Global Defense:  Theories and Strategy, edited by Keith Neilson and Elizabeth Jane Errington.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1995.  238 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan and American Naval Theory, by John B. Hattendorf, pp 51-67.
Book call no.:  359.03 N325

O'Connell, Robert L.  Sacred Vessels:  The Cult of the Battleship and the Rise of the U.S. Navy.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1991.  409 p. 
Chapter 3:  Upon This Rock:  The Technological Revolution and the Prophet Mahan, pp 39-71 (discussion of A. Mahan begins with last paragraph of page 61).
Book call no.:  359.03 O18s

Puleston, William D.  Mahan:  The Life and Work of Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1939.  380 p. 
Book call no.:  92 M27p

Roots of Strategy:  Book 4, 4 Military Classics.  Mechanicsburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 1999.  533 p.
Includes Mahan's influence of sea power upon history.
Book call no.:  355.02 R783 bk. 4

Rose, Lisle A.  Power at Sea:  The Age of Navalism 1890-1918.  Columbia, MO, 2007.  355 p.
The Master:  Alfred Thayer Mahan, pp 1-4.  See index for more entries on Mahan.
Book call no.:  359.009041 R796p v.1

Seager, Robert.  Alfred Thayer Mahan:  The Man and His Letters.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1977.  713 p. 
Book call no.:  92 M27s

Shulman, Mark Russell.  Navalism and the Emergence of American Sea Power 1882-1893.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1995.  239 p. 
Mahan's Pacific, pp 77-84.
Book call no.:  359.030973 S562n

Sifakis, Stewart.  Who Was Who in the Civil War.  New York, Facts on File, 1988.  766 p. 
Alfred Mahan, p 428.
Book call no.:  R 973.70922 S573w

Spears, John R.  The History of Our Navy from Its Origin to the Present Day, 1775-1897.  New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1897.  4 vols. 
Volume 4:  Fortifications of Mobile described by Mahan, pp 379-383.
Book call no.:  359.0973 S841h v.4

Sprout, Harold and Sprout, Margaret.  The Rise of American Naval Power, 1776-1918.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1939.  398 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan:  Sea Power and the New Manifest Destiny (1889-1897), pp 202-222.
Mahan Vindicated:  The War with Spain (1887-1901), pp 223-249.
Mahan Triumphant:  The Naval Policy of Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909), pp 250-280.
Book call no.:  359.0973 Sp8r

Till, Geoffrey.  Maritime Strategy and the Nuclear Age.  2nd ed.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1984.  295 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan, by Craig Symonds, pp 28-33.
Book call no.:  359.03 T574m 1984

Turk, Richard W.  The Ambiguous Relationship:  Theodore Roosevelt and Alfred Thayer Mahan.  New York, Greenwood Press, 1987.  183 p. 
Book call no.:  973.9110924 T939a

Webster's American Military Biographies.  Springfield, MA, G & C Merriam, 1978.  548 p. 
Alfred Thayer Mahan, p 270.
Book call no.:  923.5 W385

Weigley, Russell F.  The American Way of War.  New York, Macmillan, 1973.  584 p. 
A Strategy of Sea Power and Empire:  Stephen B. Luce and Alfred Thayer Mahan, pp 167-191.
The Strategic Tradition of A. T. Mahan:  Strategists of the Pacific War, pp 269-311.
Book call no.:  355.0973 W418a

West, Richard S.  Admirals of American Empire:  The Combined Story of George Dewey, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Winfield Scott Schley and William Thomas Sampson.  Indianapolis, IN, Bobbs-Merrill, 1948.  354 p. 
Book call no.:  973 W519a

Zimmerman, Warren.  First Great Triumph:  How Five Americans Made Their Country a World Power.  New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002.  562 p.
See index for numerous entries on Mahan.
Book call no.:  973.099 Z76f

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Documents (Student Research)

Benner, Steven M.  Evolution of Maritime Strategy:  Is Sea Power 21 the Answer?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, May 2004.  20 p.
Analyzes modern American maritime strategies based on the concepts provided by Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U39080-537 B469e

Black, Bruce J.  The Legacy of Mahan for the 21st Century.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  16 p.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 L496L

Brunson, Clarence E.  Alfred Thayer Mahan--Philosopher, Strategist, Propagandist.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, June 1965.  88 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35582-7 B899a

Cerny, Joseph P.  Alfred Thayer Mahan:  The Man, His Works, and His Impact Upon the World of Yesterday and Today.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, May 1971.  28 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 C415a

Day, Tim.  A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower:  Then What?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  26 p.
Discusses how the works of Alfred Thayer Mahan influenced the U.S. Navy document "A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower".
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D275c

Fisher Carla K.  Elements of Strategic Vision.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, May 1991.  41 p.
Discusses strategic vision indirectly by examining the lives of Marshal Napoleon Buonaparte, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan, and General George Catlett Marshall.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-83 F533e

France, Martin E. B.  Back to the Future:  Space Power Theory and A.T. Mahan.  Washington, National Defense University, National War College, 2000.  13 p.
Discusses the need to consider the earlier work of sea power theorists, specifically A.T. Mahan, when attempting to develop strategies for space control.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42279-1 F815b

Gloystein, John W.  Mahan, Corbett, and Economy of Force in the Command of Sea and Air.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2007.  96 p.  (Thesis M.S.)
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 G566m

Gaudlip, Fred W.  Vision to Victory:  Space, Mahan, and Mitchell - The Role of the Visionary in Cross-Organizational Innovation.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, June 2001.  103 p.  (Thesis M.S.)
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 G267v

Maethner, Scott.  A Naval Pedigree for Space Power Theory:  The Utility of a Transfer of Ideas from Sea to Space.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2006.  139 p.  (Thesis M.S.)
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U43998-1 M186n

Murray, Gordon L.  Mahan Revisited.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1973.  25 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 M9824m

Newell, William E.  Mahan--A Strategy for World Power under Nuclear Stalemate.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1971.  21 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 N547m

Tritten, James J.  Back to Basics:  Mahan for the 1990's.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, February 1989.  23 P.
Analyzes the views of Mahan on naval strategy and discusses the relevance of his views today.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525-62


Adams, David.  Seven Minutes to Midnight:  We Must Clarify Clausewitz and Master Mahan.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 133:52-56 May 2007.
Also available online at:

Alfred Thayer Mahan:  In Memoriam.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 41:1-8 January-February 1915. 

Batten, Loring W., III.  History as a Guide to Naval Policy.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 74:743 June 1948.
"In Mahan we can find many lessons to guide us in our present and future decisions."

Benbow, Tim.  Landmark in Defense Literature.  Defense Analysis 17:217-219 August 2001.
Book review of "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History 1660-1783" by Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Also available online at:

Bourne, Kenneth and Boyd, Carl.  Captain Mahan's "War" with Great Britain.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 94:71-78 July 1968. 

Bowling, R. A.  The Negative Influence of Mahan on Anti-Submarine Warfare.  RUSI Journal for Defence Studies 122:52-59 December 1977. 

Brent, Robert.  Mahan--Mariner or Misfit?  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 92:92-103 April 1966. 

Buell, Thomas B.  The Education of a Warrior.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 107:40-45 January 1981.

Campbell, E. G.  Mahan's Message on the Merchant Marine.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 86:92-95 May 1960.

Cane, Guy.  Seapower--Teddy's "Big Stick." (Alfred Mahan's Influence on Theodore Roosevelt and U.S.  History).  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 102:40-48 August 1976. 

The Ceremonies at the Unveiling of the Sampson Memorial Window in the Naval Academy Chapel.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 35:268-282 March 1909.
Address by Rear Admiral A. T. Mahan, pp 271-282. 

Corgan, Michael T.  Mahan and Theodore Roosevelt:  The Assessment of Influence.  Naval War College Review 33:89-97 November-December 1980. 

Darrieus, Gabriel.  War on the Sea.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 34:428-542 June 1908.
Mahan, pp 532-536. 

Duncan, Francis.  Mahan--Historian with a Purpose.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 83:498-503 May 1957. 

Ellicott, J. M.  Sidelights on Mahan.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 74:1247-1249 October 1948. 

Etzold, Thomas H.  Is Mahan Still Valid?  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 106:38-43 August 1980. 

Field, James A., Jr.  Alfred Thayer Mahan Speaks for Himself.  Naval War College Review 29:47-60 Fall 1976. 

Friedman, Norman.  Transformation a Century Ago.  Naval History 19:32-37 April 2005.
Also available online at:

Fry, Robert Alan.  End of the Continental Century.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 125:40-43 March 1999.
Offers analysis of the strategic concepts of Alfred Mahan and Halford Mackinder.
Also available online:

Glick, Edward B.  Mahan:  The Influence of a Historian on History.  Military Review 52:31-34 April 1972. 

Gough, Barry M.  Maritime Strategy:  The Legacies of Mahan and Corbett as Philosophers of Sea Power.  RUSI Journal 133:55-62 Winter 1988.

Hayes, John D.  Peripheral Strategy--Mahan's Doctrine Today.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 79:1185-1193 November 1953. 

Hewes, James.  Mahan and Management.  Marine Corps Gazette 49:41-46 January 1965.

Holmes, James R.  Mahan, A "Place in the Sun" and Germany's Quest for Sea Power.  Comparative Strategy 23:27-61 January-March 2004.
Also available online at:

Holmes, James R. and Yoshihara, Toshi.  The Influence of Mahan Upon China's Maritime Strategy.  Comparative Strategy 24:23-51 January-March 2005.
Also available online at:  

Iriye, Akira.  The Second Clash:  Huntington, Mahan, and Civilizations.  Harvard International Review 19, no.2:44+ 1997.
Also available online at: 

Karsten, Peter.  The Nature of "Influence":  Roosevelt, Mahan and the Concept of Sea Power.  American Quarterly 23:585-600 October 1971.

Lankiewicz, Donald.  The Reluctant Seaman.  American History 31:24-26+ January-February 1997.
Although Mahan was a brilliant naval historian and theorist, he hated the sea and his duties as a ship's captain.
Also available on the internet at http://www.the 

Lightle, W. T.  Extracts from Mahan's Naval Strategy.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 41:155-165 January-February 1915.

Macris, Jeffery R.  Is Mahan Relevant?  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 121:72-76 May 1995.
Mahan's writings can still provide insights on decentralizing decision making, identifying potential foes, and selecting platforms for the surface fleet. 

Mahan, A. T.  Blockade in Relation to Naval Strategy.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 21, no.4:851-866 1895.

Mahan, A. T.  Commodore Macdonough at Plattsburg.  North American Review 200:203-221 August 1914.

Mahan, A. T.  Letter to the Secretary of the Naval Institute.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 15, no.1:57-60 1889.

Mahan, A. T.  Naval Education.  U.S.  Naval Institute Proceedings 5:345-376 April 1879.

Mahan, A. T.  The Necessity and Objects of a Naval War College.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 14, no.4:621-639 1888.

Mahan, A. T.  The Practical Character of the Naval War College.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 19, no.2:153-166 1893.

Mahan, A. T.  Reflections, Historic and Other, Suggested by the Battle of the Japan Sea.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 32:447-471 June 1906.

Mahan, Lyle Evans.  My Parents, Rear Admiral and Mrs. Alfred Thayer Mahan.  Naval War College Review 43:81-97 Autumn 1990.
The impressions and recollections of Mahan's son provide useful insights into Admiral Mahan's character and personality. 

Moll, Kenneth L.  A. T. Mahan, American Historian.  Military Affairs 27:131-140 Fall 1963.

Needham, William D.  Mahan? (21st century's voice of navalism).  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 119:43-45 January 1993.

Neumann, William L.  Franklin Delano Roosevelt:  A Disciple of Admiral Mahan.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 78:713-719 July 1952.

Pandolfe, Frank C.  Soviet Seapower in Light of Mahan's Principles.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 106:44-46 August 1980.

Pollock, Thomas R.  The Historical Elements of Mahanian Doctrine.  Naval War College Review 35:44-49 July-August 1982.

Puleston, William D.  A Reexamination of Mahan's Concept of Seapower.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 66:1229-1236 September 1940.

Reinhardt, George C.  Air Power Needs Its Mahan.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 78:363-367 April 1952.

Reitzel, William.  Mahan on the Use of the Sea.  Naval War College Review 25:73-82 May-June 1973.

Robertson, J. Michael.  Alfred Thayer Mahan and the Geopolitics of Asia.  Comparative Strategy 15, no.4:353-366 1996.

Romance, Francis J.  A Chinese Commentary on Mahan's Theory of Seapower.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 105:110-112 April 1979.

Ross, Steven T.  Blue Water Strategy Revisited.  Naval War College Review 30:58-66 Spring 1978.

Schratz, Paul.  Mahan:  Philosopher of Sea Power.  Shipmate 41:3+ December 1978.

Seager, Robert II.  Ten Years Before Mahan:  The Unofficial Case for the New Navy, 1880-1890.  Mississippi Valley Historical Review 40:491-512 December 1953.

Smith, Richard W.  Mahan's Historical Method.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 90:49-51 January 1964.
"At the age of 50, Alfred Thayer Mahan was a captain in the U.S. Navy, unknown outside the service, and considered even by fellow officers as possessing rather ordinary talents.  A year later, his name was a byword throughout the navies of all civilized powers and his theories were read and endorsed by world leaders."

Stevens, William O.  Scrapping Mahan.  Yale Review 12:528-542 April 1923.

Sumida, Jon.  New Insights from Old Books:  The Case of Alfred Thayer Mahan.  Naval War College Review 54:100-111.
Also available online at:

Ullman, Harlan.  Turning Mahan on His Head.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings  132:12 July 2006.
Also available online at:

Yoshihara, Toshi and Holmes, James R.  Japanese Maritime Thought:  If Not Mahan, Who?  Naval War College Review 59:23-51.
Also available online at:

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