Great Warrior Leaders/Thinkers

Mao Tse-tung 

Chinese statesman, soldier, and military theorist.

December  2000

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


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All sites last accessed February 19, 2003.

Internet Resources

Mao Tse-tung (Zedong) Internet Library.
Available at:
Organization differs from (Selected Works AUL 951.04 M 296se) and includes later writings.
Last accessed: December 21, 2000.

Mao Tse-tung (1983-1976).
Available at:
Part of the Korean War 50th Anniversary Home Page. Click on History and then Biographies to reach over 30 biographies of key military and political leaders of the Korean War era.
Last accessed: December 21, 2000.

The Maoist Documentation Project.
Available at:
Archives on Marxism, Leninism and Maoism.
Last accessed: December 12, 2000.

Mohanty, Deba R. State as Permanent Revolution: The Role of Military Principles of Mao- Tse-tung in China's Revolutionary War.
Available at:
Mao's military principles as a basis of understanding social, political and economic activity in China.
Last accessed: December 12, 2000.

Quotations from Chairman MaoTse-tung.
Available at:
Last accessed: December 12, 2000.


Please note that books by Sun-tzu are included because Mao was greatly influenced by his ideas. A call number beginning with "R" denotes a reference book.

Adelman, Jonathan R.  Revolution, Armies and War. Boulder, CO, 268 p. Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1985.
Consult index for references to Mao.
Book call no.:  322.5 A229r

Alexander, Bevin. How Great Generals Win. New York, Norton, 1993. 320 p. Mao Zedong: The Winning of China, pp 187-208.
Book call no.:  355.009 A374h

Art and Practice of Military Strategy, edited by George B. Thibault. Washington, National Defense University, 1984. 883 p.
Sun Tzu, pp 46-54.
Book call no.: 355.43 A784

Blanchard, William. Revolutionary Morality: A Psychosexual Analysis of Twelve Revolutionists. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-Clio Information Services, 1984. 281 p.
Mao Tse-Tung: The Return to Romanticism, pp 225-229.
Book call no.:  303.64 B639r

Bloodworth, Dennis. The Messiah and the Mandarins: Mao Tse-tung and the Ironies of Power. 
New York, Atheneum, 1982. 331 p.
Book call no.:  951.05 B655m

Bouc, Alain. Mao Tse-tung: A Guide to His Thought. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1977. 232 p.
Book call no.:  92 M296b

Chow, Eric. Mao Tse-tung: The Man and the Myth. New York, Stein and Day, 1980. 289 p.
Book call no.:  92 M296cb

DeLuca, Anthony R. Gandhi, Mao, Mandela, and Gorbachev: Studies in Personality, Power, and Politics. Westport, CT, Praeger, 2000. 182 p.
Author compares the careers of four national leaders.
Book call no.:  909.825 D366g

Dederer, John Morgan. Making Bricks Without Straw: Nathanael Greene's Southern Campaign and Mao Tse-Tung's Mobile War. Manhattan, KS, Sunflower University Press, 1983. 98 p.
Book call no.: 973.33 D299m

De Villers, Philippe. Mao, translated by Tony White. New York, Schocken Books, 1967. 317 p.
Book call no.:  92 M296d

Elting, John R. The Superstrategists Great Captains: The History of Warfare. New York, Scribner's Sons, 1985. 368 p.
See pp 240-255.
Book call no.:  355.02 E51s

The Encyclopedia of World Biography - Volume 10. Detroit, Gale Research, 543 p.
Mao, pp 225-227.
Book call no.:  R 920.02 M147 1998 v.10

Feibleman, James. Ironies of History: Leaders and Misleaders of Humankind. New York, Horizon Press, 1980. 240 p.
Book call no.:  920.02 F297i

The Guerrilla and How to Fight Him, edited by T.N. Green, New York, Praeger, 1962. 310 p.
Mao, pp 5-21.
Book call no.: 355.425 M338g

Guerrilla Warfare and Marxism: A Collection of Writings from Karl Marx to the Present on Armed Struggles for Liberation and for Socialism. New York, International Publishers, 1968. 336 p.
China: Mao Tse-tung, pp 167-199. 
Book call no.:  355.425 P785ga

Hedrick, Larry. Rogues' Gallery: America's Foes from George III to Saddam Hussein. Washington, Brassey's (US), 1992. 224 p.
Ch. 11: Chairman Mao and the the Paper Tiger, pp 142-156.
Book call no.:  973 H456r

Hollingsworth, Clare. Mao and the Men Against Him. London, Jonathan Cape, 1985. 372 p.
Book call no.: 951.050924 H741m

Li, Zhisui. The Private Life of Chairman Mao: The Memoirs of Mao's Personal Physician. New York, Random House, 1994. 682 p.
Observations of Mao's personal physician since 1954. Provides intimate details on Mao's physical and mental makeup as well as internal party intrigues during his rule.
Book call no.:  951.05 L693p

Liddell Hart, Sir Basil. The Sword and the Pen: Selections from the World's Greatest Military Writing  New York, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1976. 282 p.
Mao Tse-tung, pp 258-262.
Sun Tzu, pp 27-30.
Book call no.:   355 S9792

Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, edited by Peter Paret. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1986. 941 p.
See pp  838-345 for an analysis of Mao's writings on revolutionary war. See also index for other references.
Book call no.:  355.02 M235 1986

Mao Tse-tung. Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung, edited by Stuart R. Schram. New York, Praeger, 1967. 182 p.
Book call no.:  R 808.88 M296q 1968

Mao, Tse-tung. Selected Works. New York, International Publishers, 1954. 5 vols.
The book edition of 5 vols is based on the Cinese edition of 4 vols. Content is chronological.
Book call no.:  951.04 M296se

Mao, Tse-tung. Yu Chi Chan (Guerilla Warfare), English translation by Samuel B. Griffith. Norfolk, VA, Reproduced by the G-2 Headquarters, Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic, 1961. 74 p.
Translation without the notes and analysis found in Mao Tse-tung on Guerilla Warfare
Book call no.:  355.425 M296y

Mao Tse-tung on Guerrilla Warfare, translated and with an introduction by Samuel B. Griffith.  New York, Praeger, 1961. 114 p.
Book call no.:  355.425 M296o

Mao Zedong: Biography, Assessment, Reminiscences, compiled by Zhong Wenxian. Beijing, Foreign Languages Press, 1986. 238 p.
Book call no.:  92 M296

New York Times Great Lives of the Twentieth Century, edited by Arthur Gelb and others. New York Times Books, 1988. 723 p.
Mao, pp 424-446.
Book call no.:  920.00904 N532

Payne, Robert. Mao Tse-tung: Ruler of Red China. New York, Henry Schuman, 1950. 303 p. 
Later editions, published 1961 and 1969, in book stacks.
Book call no.:  92 M296p

Revolutionary Guerrilla Warfare, edited by Sam C. Sarkesian. Chicago, Precedent, 1975. 623 p. Selections from Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung, abridged by Bruno Shaw, pp 205-235.
Book call no.:  355.425 S245r

Salisbury, Harrison E. The New Emperors: China in the Era of Mao and Deng. Boston, Little, Brown, 1992. 544 p.
History of China and life of Mao from the defeat of Chiang Kaishek and fall of Beijing.
Book call no.:  92 M296sc

Spence, Jonathan D. Mao Zedong. New York, Viking, 1999. 188 p.
A brief treatment, providing a chronology of major events.
Book call no.:  92  M296sd

Rule, Paul. Mao Zedong. St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia, University of Queensland Press, 1984. 47 p. (Leaders of Asia)
Book call no.:  92 M296r

Short, Phillip. Mao: A Life. New York, Henry Holt, 2000. 782 p.
Most recent biography of the life of Mao with index of biographical notes on people who figured prominently in Mao's era.
Book call no.:  92 M296se

Schram, Stuart R. The Thought of Mao Tse-tung. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988.
242 p.
Book call no.:  951.05 S377t

Sun-tzu. The Art of War. New York, Delacorte Press, 1983. 82 p.
Book call no.: 355 S57a 1983

Terrill, Ross. Mao: A Biography. Revised and expanded. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 1999. 571 p.
Author reassess the life of Mao in light of new evidence. The epilogue, pp. 459-468 provides a distilled assessment of Mao's life.
Book call no.:  92 M2967 1999


Butler, Oliver J. An Examination of the Guerilla Strategies of Lawrence and Mao. Carlisle Barracks, PA, US Army War College, 1973. 52 p.
A comparison of personalities, situations, and strategies of two guerilla war leaders.
Doc. call No.: M-U 39080-4 B986e

Johnson, Jon D. The Tiger and the Elephant: Mao Tse-tung's Classical Guerilla Warfare Theory and the War in Indochina. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1986. 98 p.
Analyzes the "theory, practice and impact of Mao's classical guerilla warfare in Indochina during the period from 1945 to 1954."
Doc. call no.: M-U 32983 J676t

Mahoney, Daniel P. Principles of Failure: Mao Tse-tung's Insights on Planning Military Interventions. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 1997. 54 p.
Author uses the principles of Mao's analysis of operational errors committed by Japan in their intervention in China to analyze other conflicts as well as their applicability for US planners.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 M216p

Reilly, Thomas P. Mao-Tse-tung and Operational Art During the Chinese Civil War. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 1998. 60 p.
"Examines the nature of operational art during the third and final phase of the Chinese Civil War, 1945-1949" derived from Mao's theories.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 R362m

Washington, John L. A Study of a Classical Leader: Sun Tzu and His Influence on Mao Tse-tung. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staf College, 1986. 35 p.
Sun Tzu's influence on Mao's military strategy.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 W318s

Summers, Harry. Marxists and Mandarins: The Thoughts of Chairman Mao Tse-tung Revisited. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Jun 1968. 122 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 S9551m


Chang, Parris. Mao Tse-tung and His Generals. Military Review 53:19-27 September 1973.

Chin, S. M. Chinese Communist Military Leadership. Military Review 39:59-66 March 1960.

Colvin, William. Encirclement. Infantry Review 51:22-23 September-October 1961.

Davidson, Philip. The Strategy of Mao Tse-tung. Army 13:65-68 April 1963.

Fuller, Francis. Mao Tse-tung: Military Thinker. Military Affairs 22:139-145 Fall 1958.

Ghandi, R. K. Mao Tse-tung: His Military Writings and Philosophy. Naval War College Review 17:1-27 March 1965.

Hammes, Thomas X. Mao Tse-tung. Marine Corps Gazette 73:70-73 February 1989.

Jacobs, Walter. Mao Tse-tung as a Guerrilla: A Second Look. Military Review 37:26-30 February 1958.

Katzenbach, E. L. Time, Space and Will: The Politico-Military Views of Mao Tse-tung. Marine Corps Gazette 10:36-40 October 1956.

Kenmin Ho. Mao's 10 Principles of War. Military Review 47:96-98 July 1967.

Labin, Suzarme. The Military Thinking of Mao Tse-tung. NATO's Fifteen Nations 9:38-44 August- September 1964.

Long, William. Mao Tse-tung as a Strategist. Army 22:10-17 April 1972.

McKinney, John. Mao's Thoughts, Still a Blueprint for Action. Military Review 49:84-93 March 1969.

Mao Tse-tung. Mao's Primer on Guerrilla War. Marine Corps Gazette 46:43-45 January 1962.
Reprint in Airman 6:12-14 May 1962.

Miller, D. M. O.  Insurgency. Army Quarterly and Defence Journal 
Part 1, The Theory and Practice of Contemporary Insurgencies. 91:161-185 January 1966.; 
Part 2, Tactics. 92:33-46 April 1966.

Mrazek, James. The Philosophy of the Guerrilla Fighter. Army Quarterly and Defence Journal 96:64-74 April 1968.

Niu Sien-Chong. Mao's Mobile Warfare. Marine Corps Gazette 53:35-37 April 1969.

Principles of Modern Chinese Strategy. NATO's Fifteen Nations 8:44-49 June-July 1963.

Rylander, R. Lynn. Mao as a Clausewitzian Strategist. Military Review 61:13-21 August 1981.

Staudenmaier, William. Vietnam, Mao, and Clausewitz. Parameters 7, no. 1:79-89 1977.

Suggs, Robert C. and Wolak, Brenda. Mao's Three Stages: Fact or Fantasy? Military Review 46:92-97 November 1966.

Woodmansee, John. Mao's Protracted War: Theory vs. Practice. Parameters 3, no.1:30-45 1973.


China : A Century of Revolution. Boston, WGBH (Televsion Station), 1997. 3 videocassettes, 360 minutes.
Archival film and interviews with participants in China's turbulant history.
Volume 1: 1911-1949.
Volume 2: 1949-1976.
Volume 3: 1976-1997.
Video call. no. 951.04 C5391

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