Schriever, Bernard A.

U.S. Air Force officer, developer of intercontinental ballistic missiles and strategic bombers.

September 2009

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


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All sites listed were last accessed on September 25, 2009.

Internet Resources

Air Force Link:  General Bernard Adolph Schriever
Available online at:
Official Air Force biography.

Air University Gathering of Eagles Biography:  Bernard A. "Benny" Schriever
Available online at:

Gen. Schriever's Visionary Space Speech Turns 50
Available online at:
Gen. Bernard Schriever addressed America's need for space program in a Feb. 19, 1957 at the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Astronautics Inaugural Symposium in San Diego.

U.S. Air Force Link:  Gen. Bernard Schriever
Available online at:
Profiles General Schriever's contribution to the defense of the United States.


Armacost, Michael H.  The Politics of Weapons Innovation:  The Thor-Jupiter Controversy.  New York, Columbia University Press, 1969.  304 p.
See index, p 298, for references to Schriever.
Book call no.:  355.0973 A727p

Beard, Edmund.  Developing the ICBM:  A Study in Bureaucratic Politics.  New York, Columbia University Press, 1976.  273 p.
See index for references to Schriever.
Book call no.:  355.0973 B368d

Bottome, Edgar M.  The Missile Gap:  A Study of the Formulation of Military and Political Policy.  Rutherford, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1971.  265 p.
See index for references to Schriever.
Book call no.:  355.0973 B751m

Emme, Eugene Morlock.  The History of Rocket Technology:  Essays on Research Development and Utility.  Detroit, MI, Wayne State University Press, 1964.  320 p.
See index for references to Schriever.
Book call no.:  629.4 E54h

Futrell, Robert F.  Ideas, Concepts, Doctrine:  A History of Basic Thinking in the United States Air Force, 1907-1964.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Aerospace Studies Institute, Air University, 1971.  1 vol.
See index, p517, for references to Schriever.
Book call no.:  358.0973 A298i 1971

Lonnquest, John C.  The Face of Atlas:  General Bernard Schriever and the Development of the Atlas Intercontinental Ballistic Missile, 1953-1960.  Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 1996.  322 p.  (Thesis, PhD. Duke University)
Book call no.:  358.175482 L861f

Makers of the United States Air Force, edited by John L. Frisbee.  Washington, GPO, 1987.  347 p.  (USAF Warrior Studies)
Bernard A. Schriever:  Challenging the Unknown, by Jacob Neufield, pp 281-306.
Book call no.:  920.073 M218

Medaris, John.  Countdown for Decision.  New York, Putnam, 1960.  303 p.
Covers Schriever's involvement in controversies over space Technology.
Book call no.:  629.4 M488c

Schwiebert, Ernest G.  A History of the U.S. Air Force Ballistic Missiles.  New York, Praeger, 1965.  264 p.
See index for references to Schriever.
Book call no.:  623.4519 S413h

United States.  Air Force.  Air Research and Development Command. Air Force Ballistic Missile Division.  Air Force Ballistic Missiles, Space Technology.  Los Angeles, Air Research and Development Command, Air Force Ballistic Missile Division, 1960.  44 p.
Lieutenant General Bernard A. Schriever, USAF, pp 24-25.
Book call no.:  623.4519 A2983a

The United States Air Force Report on the Ballistic Missile:  Its Technology, Logististics, and Strategy, edited by Kenneth F. Gantz.  Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1958.  338 p.
Introduction:  The USAF Ballistic Missile Program, written by Schriever, pp 25-46.
Book call no.:  623.451 G2111u

United States.  Congress.  House of Representatives.  Committee on Government Operations.  Organization and Management of Missile Programs.  Washington, GPO, 1959.  803 p.
See Schriever entry in index, p vii.
Book call no.:  623.4519 C7419o

United States.  Congress.  House of Representatives.  Committee on Government Operations.  Organization and Management of Missile Programs.  Washington, GPO, 1960.  228 p.
Schriever, pp 93-167.
Book call no.:  623.4519 C7491ob

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Armed Services.  Study of Airpower.  Washington, GPO, 1955-57.  2 vols.
Book call no.:  623.74 C749s

United States.  Congress.  Senate.   Committee on Armed Services. Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee.  Inquiry into Satellite and Missile Programs.  Hearing.  85th Congress, 1st and 2nd session, November 1957 to January 1958.  Washington, GPO, 1958.  1 vol.
Schriever, pp 989-1004.
Book call no.:  623.451 C749i Part 1

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee.  Inquiry into Satellite and Missile Programs.  Hearing.  85th Congress, 1st and 2nd session, January 1958.  Washington, GPO, 1958.  1 vol.
Schriever, pp1608-1681
Book call no.:  623.451 C749i Part 2


Rand Corp.  The Ballistic Missile Decisions.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corp, 1967.  29 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 30352-16 no.3686

Rand Corp.  System Development Strategies:  A Comparative Study of Doctrine, Technology, and Organization in the USAF Ballistic and Cruise Missile Programs, 1950-1960.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corp, 1966.  162 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 30352-9 no. 4853-PR

Document (Student Research)

McAlpine, Bradley M.  Leadership in Change:  General Bernard A. Schriever.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2007.  102 p.  (Thesis)
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 M114l


Ballistic Misssile Challenge as Seen by Major Bernard A. Schriever.  Missiles and Rockets 2:94-96 April 1957.

Bird, Julie.  Base to Be Renamed after Space, Missile Pioneer.  Air Force Times 58:6 March 16, 1998.
Falcon AFB, CO, renamed in honor of retired Gen. Bernard Schriever.

Boyne, Walter J.  The Man Who Built Missiles.  Air Force Magazine 83:80-86 October 2000.
Gen. Bernard Schriever produced an ICBM force in record time and led the way to American dominance in space in record time.
Also available online at:

Estrada, Louie.  Bernard Schriever Dies:  General Led Missile Development.  The Washington Post, p B7, col 3, June 23, 2005.
Highlights General Schriever's many achivements and contributions to the development and production of the high tech weaponry in the 1950s and 1960s, chief among this was the intercontinental ballistic missile.
Also available online at:

First Details Issued on "Forecast," Secret Study on Weapons Systems.  Air Force Times 24:5 October 9, 1963.
The Air Force has partially lifted the lid of secrecy on the "Forecast" project, providing few details on the significance of the project.

Gaudiano, Nicole.  Developer of Space, Ballistic Missiles Dies at 94.  Air Force Times 65:13 July 4, 2005.

Gen Bernard A. Schriever.  Air & Space Power Journal 17:80 Spring 2003.
Profiles Bernard A. Schriever, former general of the U.S. Air Force, his career history, and his role in the formulation of military strategies.
Also available online at:

General (Schriever) Sees "Poor Public Image" of the Military Officer.  Journal of the Armed Forces 103:6 October 16, 1965.

Gregory, Bill.  Culture Clash:  Risk-Averse Logisticians Always Bumps Heads with Innovative Equipment Developers.  Armed Forces Journal International 134:40+ April 1997.

In Memoriam:  General Bernard Adoph Schriever USAF (Ret.) 1910-2005.  Air Power History 52:67 Fall 2005.
Profiled his biography and his many achievements.
Also available online at:

Jackson, Henry M.  The Retirement of General Schriever "...A Man of Remarkable Vision".  Air Force and Space Digest 49:46-48 October 1966.
A speech presented by Senator Henry M. Jackson on the Senate floor during the retirement of General Bernard Schriever on his many achievements to include being the principal military architect of the US missile arsenal.

Johnson, Ray.  Reaching for the Stars.  Airman 42:8-9 February 1998.
A small group of airmen and civilians, now officially called Space and Missile Pioneers, started what would become Air Force Space Command. General Bernard Schriever headed the team
Also available online at:

Johnson, Stephen B.  Bernard Schriever and the Scientific Vision.  Air Power History 49:30-45 Spring 2002.
Discussed the importance of scientists in the history of the U.S. armed forces. As technology continued to become central to military success, the U.S. relied on its scientists to provide some of the best equipment that the world has ever seen, including nuclear missiles.
Also available online at:

Kirk, George.  Man on the Hot Seat.  Space World 2:26-27+ February 1962.
Profiles the many challenges of General Schriever as the Chief of the Air Force System Command.

Laser:  A New Spectrum in Technology.  Air Force Information Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 111:10-12 September 15, 1962.
Excerpt from General Schriever's address to the Society of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers, New York, 6 Aug 1962 on the importance of photographic instrumentation.

Loosbrock, John F.  A Look Back-A Look Ahead  Air Force and Space Digest 47:42-47 May 1964.
Interview on ballistic program from its inception to its future.

Neufeld, Jacob.  General Bernard A. Schriever:  Technological Visionary.  Air Power History 51:36-43 Spring 2004.
Profiles U.S. General Bernard A. Schriever, architect of the U.S. Air Force missile and space program, to include his achievements on his job of maintaining the ties between the air force and leading scientists during World War II and the use of a systems approach for the development of weapons as the centerpiece of Schriever's management methodology.
Also available online at:

Pentagon Profile:  General Bernard A. Schriever, "...Systems Management Has Not Been Evolutionary..."  Armed Forces Management 9:19-20 May 1963.
General Schriever explained the factors he believed were responsible for the success of the Monterey Conference in 1962.

Pentagon Profile:  Lt Gen Bernard A. Schriever, "We Had Youth".  Armed Forces Management 7:31-32 February 1961.
General Schriever utilized a management policy to ensure research, testing, and development are undertaken simultaneously in order to produce a viable weapon system before an adversary can respond to it.

Schanche, Don.  General of Outer Space.  Saturday Evening Post 234:78+ October 7, 1961.
Focuses on the military career of General Bernard Adolf Schriever, chief of the U.S. Air Force Systems Command; his responsibilities in running the Air Force research and development; and his control over the Midas and Samos early-warning and reconnaissance satellites.
Also available online at:

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Achievement of Technological Superiority.  NATO's Fifteen Nations 7:46-49 December 1962-January 1963.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Aerospace Challenge.  Ordnance 46:508-509 January-February 1962.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Air Force in Space.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 7:18-22 July 1965.
Gen. Schriever's address to Aviation/Space Writers' Association Conference, Albuqurque, NM, 20 May 1965 on the progress in the areas of unmanned space programs, boosters, propulsion, and manned space programs.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Ballistic Missiles and Management.  Missiles and Rockets 1:55-56 December 1956.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Ballistic Missiles and Space in Perspective.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 10:26-28 September 1964.
Excerpts from an address by General Schriever at the Ninth Symposium on Ballistic Missile and Space Technology, U.S. Naval Training Center, San Diego, CA, Aug 12, 1964, highlighting the important areas of ICBM technology.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Battle for "Space Superiority."  Air Force 40:31-32+ April 1957.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Challenge of a Changing World.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 8:17-18 July 1964.
Excert from an address by Gen. Bernard A. Schriever, Olympic Hotel, Seattle, Washington, 10 June 1964, expressed his optimism about the technical progress of the Air Force.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Defense and Space.  Ordnance 46:280 September-October 1961.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Difficult Decisions of the Space Age.  Review 42:21+ January-February 1963.
General Schriever discussed the difficult decisions of the space age before the National Security Industrial Association.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Forecast.  Air University Review 16:2-12 March-April 1965.
Covers the development, nature, and outstanding technological possibilities of Project Forecast.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Great Versatility and Cost Effectiveness of Titan III.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders, pp 3-4, May 1, 1965.
General Schriever pointed to the great usefullness and cost-effectiveness of Titan III in his speech to the National Association of Broadcasters.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Implications of Space Exploration for National Security.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 9:16-18 September 1965.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Looking Toward the 1970s.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 12:11-13 November 1964.
In General Schiever's remark in his speeech at the Eight Annual Air Force Luncheon, Los Angeles, CA, 28 September 1964, he looked at the future and discussed some of the dangers and oppurtunities of the next 10 to 15 years.

Schriever, Bernard A.  A Military Contribution to Progress in Space.  Sperryscope 16:2-5 1962.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Military Profession Today.  Air Information Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 122:13-16 August 1963.
Address given by General Schriever to the ROTC Joint Commissioning Ceremony at Harvard University, June 12, 1963 on the many challenges the graduates will be facing. He pointed out the eight distinguishing marks that the military professesion shares with other profession such as medicine, law, and education.

Schriever, Bernard A.  New Horizons for Technology.  Signal 17:71-73 May 1963.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Operational Urgency of R & D.  Air University Quarterly Review 12:229-236 Winter-Spring 1960-1961.
This article emphasizes the importance of minimizing time in Research & Development.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Organizing Our Military Space Effort.  Air Force and Space Digest 42:62-64 July 1959.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Our Five Arsenals of Peace.  Space Age 2:36-38 November 1959.
General Schriever presented five of all-important avenues to national security which he called as the the five arsenals of peace:  Positive Military Security; Educational Day Advancement for the Space Age; Continued Economic Growth; Confident Cooperation With Our Allies; and Tough Minded Patriotism.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Piloted Aircraft in the Years Ahead.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders Supplement  No. 131:7-10 May 1964.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Project Forecast "Envisions a New Era of Technology," Not a Plateau.  Armed Forces Management 11:40-44 May 1965.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Real Challenge to Military Management.  Armed Forces Management  8:40-41 February 1962.
A condensation of a keynote speech given by General Schriever to top industry officials in Washington, D.C, emphasizing the basic statement of philosophy on how the Air Force hardware fountainhead should be run.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Role of Management in Technological Conflict.  Air University Quarterly Review 14:19-29 Winter-Spring 1962-1963.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Shape of Things to Come.  Airman 3:17-32 October 1959.
General Schriever noted the military usefulness of space, the future role of the airplanes and the transition of Air Force systems in keeping the peace and the enormously formidable problem confronted, with an acute awareness of how much depended on their speedy solutions.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Should Technological Forecasting Be Tailored to User Needs?  Armed Forces Management 14:65+ November 1967.
Technological forecasting, a periodic effort to determine the long-range implications of technological progress, should be tailored to the needs of its users as commented by General Schriever. The requirement for a military forecast would be vastly different, for example from the one used by an auto manufacturer or insurance company.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Space and Our Clouded National Attitudes Toward It.  Air Force and Space Digest 50:55-57 July 1967.
According to Gen Schriever our national attitude as much as our aptitude will determine the value of the U.S. space program. By this he meant we must not only have the tools, the talents and the technologies to achieve dificult goals, but the desire and the determination as well.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The Space Challenge.  Air University Review 16:3-4 May-June 1965.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Technology and Aerospace Power in the 1970s.  Air University Review 20:51-57 September-October 1969.

Schriever, Bernard A.  The USAF Ballistic Missile Program.  Air University Quarterly Review 9:5-21 Summer 1957.

Schriever, Bernard A.  USAF's Job in Space.  Air Force and Space Digest 45:70-71 November 1962.

Schriever, Bernard A.  We Are Not Ready.  Space World 2:24-25+ February 1962.
General Schriever noted his concern that the country is not prepared to defend against a ballistic missile attack and that strategic warning provided to this country by observation satellites will increase the chance of peace.

Schriever, Bernard A.  Winning the Race with Time.  Air Force Information Policy Letter for Commanders. Supplement No. 101:14-17 February 1962.
General Schriever addressed his concerns with the timely acquisition of new aerospace systems in his speech to the Aircraft luncheon Club, Burlington Hotel, Washington, D.C., December 12, 1961.

Weber, Steve.  Pioneer Deplores Slower Space Race.  Air Force Times 49:12 June 5, 1989.

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