Great Warrior Leaders/Thinkers

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman


As Commander in Chief of the United States Central Command, General Schwarzkopf led U.S. and allied forces in the Persian Gulf during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.

January 2001

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


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All sites last accessed June 15, 2002.

Internet Resources

America's Creed:  Duty, Honor, Country:  H. Norman Schwarzkopf.
Available online at:
Online article about Schwarzkopf.

Creative Quotations from H. Norman Schwarzkopf.
Available online at:
Offers five quotations.

The Gulf War:  Interview with General Norman Schwarzkopf.
Available online at:
Article provided on the PBS Frontline site.

Heart of the Storm:  Genesis of the Air Campaign Against Iraq.
Available online at:
Refers to Schwarzkopf's conversations and actions during the Gulf War.

Statement of General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. Army, Retired.
Available online at:
Testimony of General Schwarzkopf January 29, 1997 to the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee on the Gulf War illnesses issue.


Please note: A call number beginning with "R" denotes a reference book.

Allen, Thomas B. and others.  War in the Gulf.  Atlanta, GA, Turner Publishing, 1991.  240 p.
See index for entries on Schwarzkopf, Norman.
Book call no.: 956.7043 A431w

Anderson, Jack and Van Atta, Dale.  Stormin' Norman:  An American Hero.  New York, Kensington Publishing, 1991.  190 p.
Book call no.: 92 S411a

Cohen, Roger and Gatti, Claudio.  In the Eye of the Storm:  The Life of General H. Norman Schwarzkopf.  New York, Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux, 1991.  342 p.
Book call no.: 92 S411c

Compton, Samuel Willard.  100 Military Leaders Who Shaped History.  San Mateo, CA, Bluewood Books, 1999.  112 p.
Norman Schwarzkopf, p 107.
Book call no.: R 355.00922 C945o

Current Biography Yearbook, 1991.  New York, H. Wilson, 1991.  671 p.
Schwarzkopf, H. Norman, pp 506-511.
Book call no. 920.02 C976 1991

Desert Storm:  The War in the Persian Gulf, by the editors of Time Magazine.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1991.  232 p.
The Very Model of a Major Modern General (Norman Schwarzkopf), pp 119-124.
Book call no.: 956.7043 D4513

Lanning, Michael Lee.  The Military 100:  The Ranking of the Most Influential Military Leaders of All Time.  Secaucus, NJ, Carol Publishing Group, 1996.  372 p.
H. Norman Schwarzkopf, American General, pp 184-186.
Book call no.: 355.0092 L292m

Morris, M. E.  H. Norman Schwarzkopf:  The Road to Triumph.  New York, St. Martin's Paperbacks, 1991.  287 p.
Book call no.: 92 S411m

Pyle, Richard.  Schwarzkopf:  The Man, the Mission, the Triumph.  New York, Signet Books, 1991.  270 p.
Book call no.: 92 S411p

Reynolds, Richard T.  Heart of the Storm:  The Genesis of the Air Campaign Against Iraq.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1995.  147 p.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 956.7044248 R464h

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman.  General H. Norman Schwarzkopf:  The Autobiography:  It Doesn't Take a Hero, written with Peter Petre.  New York, Bantam Books, 1992.  530 p.
Book call no.: 92 S411g

Senate Armed Services Committee Hearing on the Conduct of the Gulf War.  Washington, Federal Information Systems Corporation/Federal News Service, 1991.  43 p.
Includes the testimony of General Norman Schwarzkopf.
Book call no.: R 956.7043 S474

Summers, Harry G., Jr.  On Strategy II:  A Critical Analysis of the Gulf War.  New York, Dell, 1992.  302 p.
Appendix:  Schwarzkopf:  The Strategy Behind Desert Storm (February 27, 1991 briefing), pp 268-294.
Book call no.: 956.7043 S955O

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Appropriations.  Department of Defense Appropriations, FY 91, Part 2.  Washington, GPO, 1990.  1 vol.
Witness: General Norman Schwarzkopf (March 6, 1990), provides an overview of CENTCOM operations and defense strategies in Southwest Asia.
Offers a review of the political and military situation in region, etc., pp 137-199.
Also available on CIS microfiche S181-3.5 1991.
Book call no: 353.6 C7496d 1990 Pt.2

Warrior's Words:  A Quotation Book.  New York, Arms & Armour Press, 1992.  534 p.
Offers several quotes by Schwarzkopf.  See index for specific references.
Book call no.: R 355.02 W295

Woodward, Bob.  The Commanders.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 1991.  398 p.
See index for references to General Schwarzkopf.
Book call no.: 973.928 W899c


Bailey, Rhetta Ray.  Operational Ethics in Decision Making:  A Commander's Challenge.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997.  22 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 B1551o

Martin, Michael L.  The Operational Leadership of General H. Norman Schwarzkopf During Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1998.  21 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 M382o

Stein, Roberta.  How Did General Schwarzkopf Apply the Nine Principles of War?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997.  20 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S819o


The Army Commanders.  Army 41:49-53 March 1991.
General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, p.49.
An almost identical brief summary of General Schwarzkopf's military career appears in Military Technology 15, no.6:158 1991.

Atkinson, Rick.  Unhappy Warrior.  Washington Post Magazine, pp 10-15 +, September 26, 1993.

Barnes, Edward.  Holding the Line.  Life 13:24-28 October 1990.

A Bear Leads the Invasion:  Schwarzkopf Conducts Total War.  Maclean's 104:26 March 4, 1991.

"The Bear" Reports:  General Norman Schwarzkopf's Complete Briefing on Operation Desert Storm.  Soldier of Fortune 16:40-45 August 1991.
Text of February 27, 1991 briefing on the strategy behind Operation Desert Storm. Includes maps.

Biographical Notes.  Military Technology 15, no.6:158 1991.
Brief military biography of General Schwarzkopf. An almost identical biography appears in Army 41:49 March 1991.

Birnbaum, Jesse.  Stormin' Norman on Top.  Time 137:28-30 February 4, 1991.

Bryan, C. D. B.  Operation Desert Norm:  Getting to Know the General.  New Republic 204:20+ March 11, 1991.

Coyne, James P.  Plan of Attack.  Air Force Magazine 75:40-47 April 1992
Off-the-shelf plans did not suffice for the air campaign General Schwarzkopf envisioned.

Desert Shield Boss Talks Issues:  General Schwarzkopf's Views from the Top.  Airman 34:24-25 November 1990.

Excerpts from Briefing by Two Generals on War's First 36 Hours (Gens. Schwarzkopf and Horner).  New York Times, p 11, January 19, 1991.

Excerpts from Interview with Commander of American Forces in Gulf (General Schwarzkopf).  New York Times, p A8, November 2, 1990.

Fischer, Dean.  The Desert Bear.  Time 136:52 October 15, 1990.

Galloway, Joseph.  The Bear.  U.S. News and World Report 110:32-37+ February 11, 1991.

Galloway, Joseph.  "Competence and Character":  Returning to West Point, Schwarzkopf Is an Old Soldier Not Fading Away.  U.S. News & World Report 110:36 May 27, 1991.

Gendron, George.  Schwarzkopf on Leadership.  Inc. 14:11 January 1992.

General Schwarzkopf Finds Peace Teaching Kids with Chronic Illnesses How to Run with the Fishes.  People Weekly 41:92 February 2, 1994.

Hammer, Joshua.  "You Must Be the Thunder and Lightning."  Newsweek 117:31 January 28, 1991.
Brief portrait of General Schwarzkopf as a leader.

Hawkins, B. Denise.  Wrenching Decision:  Schwarzkopf Denies Putting Troops at Risk.  Air Force Times 57:16 February 17, 1997.

Hewitt, Bill and Kramer, Linda.  As Washington and Baghdad Gird for Battle, America's Desert Leader Is a General Who Is Known as the Bear.  People Weekly 34:66+ September 3, 1990.

Hoagland, Jim.  Winning General (Schwarzkopf) Stalks His Army's Ghosts.  Washington Post, p A34, February 28, 1991.

How the Top Cop in the Gulf Sees His Job.  U.S. News & World Report 109:34+ October 1, 1990.
Excerpts from an interview with General Schwarzkopf.

Mackenzie, Richard.  General H. Norman Schwarzkopf.  Insight 7:8-16 March 18, 1991.
Part 1:  A General's Cunning Quashed Saddam, pp 8-13.
Part 2:  Fierce Loyalty and Affection for His Troops, pp 14-16.

Mackenzie, Richard.  Stormin' Norman Schwarzkopf:  Genius of Desert Storm.  Soldier of Fortune 16:46-51 August 1991.

Mathews, Tom.  A Soldier of Conscience:  Stormin' Norman Becomes the Hero the Country Has Longed for since Vietnam.  Newsweek 117:32-34 March 11, 1991.

Moore, Molly.  The Allies' Demanding Norm.  Current News, p 13, February 11, 1991.

Moore, Molly.  General Describes Emotions of War.  Current News, p 1, February 5, 1991.

Powell & Schwarzkopf.  U. S. News & World Report 124:76-78 March 16, 1998.
Profiles their early careers, their experience in Vietnam, and their actions during the Gulf War.

Sayings of Stormin' Norman.  Time 137:27 March 11, 1991.
Brief highlights of an interview in which Gen. Schwarzkopf reviews the allied campaign.

Schmitt, Eric.  Tough but Politic Chief.  New York Times, p A10 January 28, 1991.

Schwarzkopf, Brenda.  Norman Schwarzkopf.  People Weekly 35:6-9 Spring-Summer 1991.
This special issue is bound after the May 27 issue.

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman.  The 48th Brigade:  A Chronology from Invasion to Demobilization.  National Guard 45:12-15 May 1991.

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman.  Central Command Briefing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 27 February 1991.  Military Review 71:96-108 September 1991.

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman.  Desert Shield Boss Talks Issues:  General Schwarzkopf's Views from the Top.  Airman 34:24-25 November 1990.

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman.  Operation Desert Storm: The People Were Behind Us.  Vital Speeches of the Day 57:482-483 June 1, 1991.
Speech before Congress on May 8, 1991.

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman.  Schwarzkopf Tells of the Strategy Behind Operation Desert Storm.  ROA National Security Report 67: 19-26+ April 1991.
Includes maps.

Schwarzkopf:  The Desert Storm Commander Talks about His Battles in Vietnam, the Gulf and Within the Bush Administration.  Newsweek 120:52 September 28, 1992

Stormin' Norman: Born to Win.  People Weekly 35:34-39 March 11, 1991.
Pictorial, with some text.

Trainor, Bernard E.  Schwarzkopf and His Generals.  U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings.
Part 1:  Schwarzkopf the Man.  120:99-100 April 1994.
Part 2:  Schwarzkopf the General.  20:107-108+ May 1994.
Part 3:  Schwarzkopf and His Generals.  120:45-47 June 1994.


The Gulf War.  Princeton, NJ, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 1997.  3 videocassettes.
Part Three - "Mother of All Battles".  Includes a discussion by General Schwarzkopf of his frustration with Washington's decision not to continue the war.
Video call no.: 956.70442 G9717 v.3

The Gulf War:  The Complete Story.  London, Independent Television News, 1991.  1 videocassette, 120 min.
Includes a biography of General Schwarzkopf.
Video call no.: 956.7043 G9714

H. Norman Schwarzkopf:  A Soldier's Story.  New York, A & E Home Video, 1996.  1 videocassette, 50 min.
Produced for A & E's "Biography" show.
Video call no.: 92 S411

Masters of War:  The Knights of Desert Storm.  New York, A & E Home Video, 1994.  1 videocassette, 50 min.
Discusses General Schwarzkopf's leadership during the Gulf War.
Video call no.: 956.70442 M432

The Persian Gulf:  Images of a Conflict.  S. l., ABC News/MPI Home Video, 1991.  4 videocassettes.
Volume Four:  A Conversation with General Schwarzkopf:  An Interview with Barbara Walters (45 minutes).
Video call no.: 956.70442 P4662 v.4

Schwarzkopf:  How the War Was Won.  Oak Forest, IL, ABC News/MPI Home Video, 1991.  1 videocassette, 70 min.
Video call no.: 956.70442 S411

War in the Gulf.  S.l., CNN Video, 1991.  6 videocassettes.
No. 6:  The General.  Profiles General Schwarzkopf, including his battlefield strategy briefing.
Video call no.: 956.70442 W253 no.6

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