Carl Spaatz


First Chief of Staff of the USAF and World War II Commander of Strategic Air Forces in Europe.

August 2007

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


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Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed August 21, 2007.

Internet Resources

American Airpower Biography: Spaatz
Available online at:

Biography Carl A. Spaatz, General United States Air Force.
Available online at:

219 Statement about the Death of General Carl A. Spaatz, July 15, 1974.  American Reference Library January 1, 2001.
Available online at:

General Carl Spaatz First US Air Force Chief of Staff 1947
Available online at:
Contains USAF black & white photo & brief bio.

General Carl Spaatz - USAF People - USAF Museum.
Available online at:

Photographs and Images of Carl Spaatz.
Available online at:

Truman and the Bomb:  A Documentary History -- Chapter 6 General Thomas T. Handy to General Carl Spaatz, July 25th.
Available online at:
Truman Presidential Museum and Library.


Air Leadership, edited by Wayne Thompson. Washington, Office of Air Force History, 1986. 156 p.
(USAF Warrior Studies Series)
Carl Spaatz, pp 3-55.
Book call no.:  358.400973 A298

American Heritage History of Flight.  New York, American Heritage Publishing Co., 1962.  416 p.
Introduction by Carl Spaatz and Ira C. Eaker.
Book call no.:  629.1309 A512a

American Militarv Leaders, edited by Roger J. Spiller and others.  New York, Praeger, 1989.  416 p.
Spaatz, pp 298-300.
Book call no.:  923.5A512

Andrews, Allen. The Air Marshals:  The Air War in Western Europe.  New York, William Morrow, 1970.  299 p.
Book call no.:  940.544 A565a

Copp, DeWitt S.  A Few Great Captains:  The Men and Events That Shaped the Development of U.S. Air Power.  Garden City, NY, DoubleDay, 1980.  531 p.
Book call no.:  358.0973 C785f

Copp, DeWitt S.  Forged in Fire:  Strategy and Decisions in the Air War over Europe, 1940-1945.  Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1982. 531 p.
Book call no.:  940.544973 C785f

Current Biography, 1942.  New York, H.W. Wilson, 1942.  940 p.
Carl Spaatz, pp 784-785.
Book call no.:  R 920.02 C976 1942

Davis, Richard G.  Carl A. Spaatz and the Air War in Europe.  Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.  808 p.
Book call no.:  92 S7321d

Dictionary of American Military Biography.  Volume 3, edited by Roger J. Spiller and others.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1984.  419 p.
Spaatz, Carl, pp 1030-1032.
Book call no.:  R 923.573 D554 v. 3

DuPre, Flint O.  U.S. Air Force Biographical Dictionary.  New York, Franklin Watts, 1965.  273 p.
Spaatz, Carl, pp 219-220.
Book call no.:  R 923.573 D942w

Generals of the Army and the Air Force.  Washington, Dunleavy Publishing, 1954.  1 vol.
Spaatz, March 1954, pp 24-26.
Book call no.:  R 923.5 G326 v.2 Feb '54 - Jan '55

James, D. Clayton.  A Time for Giants:  Politics of the American High Command in World War II.
New York, Franklin Watts, 1987.  317 p.
Committed to Strategic Air Power:  Spaatz, pp 97-104.
Book call no.:  940.540973 J27t

MacIsaac, David.  Strategic Bombing in World War II:  The Story of the United States Strategic Bombing Survev.  New York, Garland, 1976. 2 31 p.
See index for references to Spaatz.
Book call no.:  940.544 M152s

Meilinger, Phillip S.  American Airpower Biography:  A Survey of the Field.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1995.  65 p.
See pp 22-24.
Available online:
Book call no.:  358.400922 M513a

Mets, David R.  Master of Airpower:  General Carl A. Spaatz.  Novato, CA, Presidio Press, 1988.  430 p.
Book call no.:  92 S7321m

Nalty, Bernard and Berger, Carl.  The Men Who Bombed the Reich.  New York, Elsevier-Dutton, 1978. 184 p.
See index for references to Spaatz.
Book call no.:  940.544 N173m

National Aviation Hall of Fame (U.S.).  Enshrinee Album:  "The First Twentv-one Years", by James W. Jacobs. Dayton, OH, National Aviation Hall of Fame, 1984.  230 p.
Spaatz, pp 176-177; includes portrait.
Book call no.:  R 926.2913 N277e

The New York Times Biographical Edition. July-December 1974.  New York, Arno Press, 1974. 1 vol.
Gen Carl A. Spaatz, 83, Dead, pp 1040-1041.
Book call no.:  920.02 N5321

Puryear, Edgar.  Stars in Flight.  San Rafael, CA, Presidio Press, 1981.  295 p.
Spaatz, pp 47-98.
Book call no.:  358.400922 P986s

Smith, Dale O.  U.S. Military Doctrine, A Study and Appraisal.  New York, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1955.  256 p.
Foreword by Carl Spaatz.
Book call no.:  355 S645u

Spaatz, Carl.  Strategic Air Power:  Fulfillment of a Concept.  New York, Council on Foreign Affairs, 1946.  1 vol.
Book call no.:  358.4 S73s

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Military Affairs.  Department of Armed Forces. Washington, GPO, 1945. 707 p.
General Spaatz' statement on the establishment of the Department of Armed Forces, pp 341-353.
Book call no.:  355 U58d

United States.  Air Force.  Report of (General Carl Spaatz) the Chief of Staff, United States Air Force, to the Secretary of the Air Force, 30 June 1948.  Washington, GPO, 1948.  112 p.
Book call no.:  358.0973 C785f

The War Lords: Military Commanders of the Twentieth Century, edited by Field Marshal Sir Michael Carver.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1976.  624 p.
General Carl A. Spaatz, by Alfred Goldberg, pp 568-581.
Book call no.:  923.573 W253

Webster's American Military Biographies.  Springfield, MA, G & C Merriam, 1978.  548 p.
Spaatz, pp 404-405.
Book call no.:  R 923.5 W385

Who's Who in World Aviation and Astronautics.  Washington, American Aviation Publications, 1958.  497 p.
Spaatz, p 418.
Book call no.:  R 926.29 W628 v. 2 1958

Zuckerman, Solly.  Six Men Out of the Ordinary.  London, Peter Owen, 1992.  200 p.
Foreword by HRH The Duke of Edinburgh.
Book call no.:  920.Z94s


Drewello, Christopher S.  Operational Leadership for the 21st Century:  Three Characteristics.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2002.  19 p.
Also available online:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 D776o

Eppley, Samuel M.  General Carl A. Spaatz, 1891- .  Maxwell AFB, Air Command and Staff College, June 19651 vol.  (Thesis no. 35582)
Doc. call no.:  M-U 35582-7 E64g

Mets, David R.  A Glider in the Propwash of the Royal Air Force?:  General Carl A. Spaatz, the RAF, and the Foundations of American Tactical Air Doctrine.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air Command and Staff College, May 22, 1993.  43 p.
Included in "Airpower and Ground Armies:  Essays on the Evolution of Anglo-American Air Doctrine. 1940-1943", edited by Daniel R Mortensen.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 44252

Mets, David R.  Technology, Thought, Troops:  General Carl A. Spaatz and the Dawn of the Nuclear Age.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air Command and Staff College, 1997.  73 p.
Included in "Golden Legacy, Boundless Future : Essays on the United States Air Force and the Rise of Aerospace Power:  Proceedings of a Symposium held on May 28-29, 1997 at the Double Tree Hotel, Crystal City, Virginia", edited by Rebecca H. Cameron and Barbara Wittig.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.:  M-U 44252-4

Singleton, Darrell W.  Great Warriors - Harris vs Spaatz.  Maxwell AFB, AL, March 1982.  77 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 S6173g

Sokolewicz, James P.  Great Warriors of World War II:  Sir Arthur T. Harris (and) General Carl A. Spaatz.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 1985.  45 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 S6831g


Barnett, Lincoln. General Tooey Spaatz. Life 14:72-76+ April 19, 1943.

Crawford, Kenneth. Insight to Airpower:  The Life of General Spaatz.  Air Force Policy Letter for Commanders:  Supplement No.7:33-38 July 1976.

Davis, Richard G.  Bombing Strategy Shifts, 1944-45Air Power History 36:33-45 Winter 1989.

Davis, Richard G.  Carl A. Spaatz and the Development of the Royal Air Force-U.S. Army Air Corps Relationship, 1939-1940.  Journal of Military History 54:453-472 October 1990.
Also available online at:

Davis, Richard G. and Hurley, Alfred F.  Carl A. Spaatz and the Air War in Europe.  American Historical Review 100, no. 4:1330+ 1995.
Also available online at:

Davis, Richard G.  Gen Carl Spaatz and D-Day.  Airpower Journal 11:4:20 Winter 1997.
Also available online at:

Davis, Richard.  Spaatz - He Graduated from West Point with Three Things that Stuck:  A Nickname, a Desire to Fly, and a Reputation for HonestyAir Force Magazine 83:66-73 December 2000.
Also available online at:

Dorr, Robert F.  I Wonder:  What Would General Spaatz Think?  Air Force Times 57:62 May 5, 1997.

Eaker, Ira C. (Air Chief MajGen Oscar) Westover, (Gen H.H.) Arnold, (Gen Carl A.) Spaatz.  Aerospace Historian 20:188-196 December 1973.

Eaker, Ira C. and others. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, USAF, June 28, 1891-July 14, 1974.  Air Force Magazine 57:43-53 September 1974.

Lee, James.  General Tooey.  Flying 38:32-33+ May 1946.

Man Who Paved the Way. Time 43:23-24 June 12, 1944.

McNeely, Gina.  Legacy of Flight.  Aviation History 8:4:74 March 1998.
Also available online at:

Middleton, Drew.  Boss of the Heavyweights.  Saturday Evening Post 216:18-19+ May 20 1944.
Also available online at:

Perspectives: 1947.  Air Power History 44:72-78 Fall 1997.
Excerpts from documents pertaining to the USAF include Gen. Spaatz' "Future of Airpower" speech.
Also available online at:

Renfro, Robert B.  Question Mark's Flight.  American Aviation Historical Society 34:136-143 Fall 1995.

Spaatz, Carl A.  Air Power in the Atomic Age.  Collier's 116:11-12+ December 8, 1945.

Spaatz, Carl A.  Strategic Air Power.  Foreign Affairs 24:385-396 April 1946.
Also available online at:

(Spaatz Comments on Question of Effective Command in Strategic Air Warfare).  Army Navy Air Force Journal 92:520 January 1, 1955.

Spaatz, Carl A.  Leaves from My Battle-of-Britain Diary.  Air Power Historian 4:66-75 April 1957.

Gen Carl Spaatz, Chief of Staff USAF, 1946-1948.  Pegasus 26, supp:8-9 July 1957.

Welsh, Jay B.  Never a Question Mark (Historic Flight Proved That In-Flight Refueling Was Practical).  Airman 22:9-13 December 1978.

Wolk, Herman S.  Men Who Made the Air Force.  Air University Review 23:9-23 September-October 1972.
Also available online at:

Wolk, Herman S.  Prelude to D-Day:  The Bomber Offensive--the (Operation) Overlord Air Disputes.  Air Force Magazine 57:60-67 June 1974.


Legends of Air Power.  Arlington VA, 3 roads Communications, 2001.  3 videocassettes.
Video call no.:  629.13092 L5112

Masters of War: Operation Pointblank.  New York, A&E Home Video, 1994.
Video call no.:  940.544 M423

This page was last updated on 03/11/2014 08:22 AM

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