HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN IRAQ


July 2003
Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

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Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact you local library for availability. AU students and faculty can contact  AUL's  Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites last accessed February 25, 2004.


Internet Resources


Bacon, Kenneth H. and Musil, Robert K. Post War Humanitarian Aid Plans in Disarray. Long Island New York Newsday.  April 7, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.commondreams.org/views03/0407-02.htm

BBC News.  Bureaucracy Slows Aid To Iraq.  London, BBCi, April 17, 2003.
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2955615.stm

Carstensen, Nils. Military/Humanitarian Distinction Not Just Lofty Ideal. Reuters Foundation Alert, April 4, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.alertnet.org/thefacts/reliefresources/carstenseniraq.htm

Coipuram, Tom.  Iraq:  United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations.  Washington, Congressional Research Service.  The Library of Congress.  Updated April 16, 2003, 9 p.  (Report for Congress).
Available online at: http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/19953.pdf

Defense Link. Backgrounder on Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance in Post War Iraq. Washington, U.S. Department of Defense, March 11, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Mar2003/t03122003_t0311bgd.html

ECHO: European Community Humanitarian Office. Assisting the Iraqi Population. Brussels, Belgium, 2003.
Available online at: http://europa.eu.int/comm/echo/field/iraq/index_en.htm
At the center of the EU's humanitarian aid program is the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO). Established in 1992 and operating under the European Commission, ECHO coordinates humanitarian efforts by the European Union to third countries. Working in tandem with organizations such as the Red Cross and the United Nations, ECHO organizes the preparation, implementation, financing, follow-up, and evaluation of humanitarian aid decisions and activities.

Gruber, Amelia. Government Executive. Bush Appoints Former Diplomat To Lead Iraqi Reconstruction. Washington,  GovExec.com, May 7, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/0503/050703a1.htm

InterAction: American Council for Voluntary International Action
. 2003.
Available online at: http://www.interaction.org/
InterAction is the largest alliance of U.S.-based international development and humanitarian nongovernmental organizations, with more than 160 members operating in every developing country.  The site has current information and news on humanitarian issues in Iraq and Afghanistan and many links to other organizations.

International Crisis Group. War in Iraq: Managing the Humanitarian Relief. Brussels, Belgium, 27 March 2003. 32 p. (ICG Middle East Report no. 12).
Available online at: http://www.crisisweb.org/home/index.cfm?id=1275&l=1
The International Crisis Group is an independent non-profit, multinational organization. Based on assessments from the field,  ICG produces analytical reports containing practical recommendations targeted to key international decision makers.

Katzman, Kenneth.  Iraq:  Oil-For-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade. Washington, Congressional Research Service.  The Library of Congress, 21 p.  (Report for Congress).
Available online at: http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/19851.pdf

Laville, Sandra, Blair, David, and Steele, John. Military Restrictions and Lawlessness Shut Aid Agencies Out of Iraq.  London, Telegraph Group Limited/Telegraph.co.uk, April 14, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.dailytelegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/04/14/whosp14.xml&sSheet=/news/2003/04/14/ixnewstop.html

Refugees International. Iraq Resource Page. 2003.
Available online at: http://www.refugeesinternational.org/cgi-bin/ri/region?rc=00015
Refugees International (RI) generates life saving assistance and protection for displaced people around the world, and works to end the conditions that create displacement. Numerous links to articles and information on this page.

Thanassi, Cara. Iraq: Humanitarian - Military Relations. Washington, Oxfam International, March 2003. 12 p. (Oxfam Briefing Paper 41).
Available online at: http://www.acfoa.asn.au/emergencies/Iraq-civil-military.PDF
Oxfam believes that humanitarian aid is most effectively delivered by civilian humanitarian agencies under UN leadership. Military involvement can compromise the effective delivery of aid and lead to unintended consequences. Oxfam International is a confederation of 12 development agencies which work in 120 countries throughout the developing world.

Thompson, Larry. Humanitarian Coordination for Iraq: A Job For the United Nations. Reliefweb.  April 9, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/0/c7b88507ebc9765449256d030009a2e2?OpenDocument
The Humanitarian Operations Center (HOC) in Kuwait was established about two months ago and is staffed by Kuwaiti government officials and U.S. and UK military officers. The objective of the HOC is to facilitate humanitarian aid to the people of Iraq, especially in southern Iraq adjacent to Kuwait.

U.S. Department of State. International Information Programs. Iraq Fact Sheets. Humanitarian Assistance. Washington.
Available online at: http://usinfo.state.gov/regional/nea/iraq/factsheets.htm
Current Information on US humanitarian aid to Iraq.

U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Italy.  Humanitarian Assistance To Iraq.  The Humanitarian Dimension.  Rome, USEMBASSY.IT, May 2003.
Available online at: http://www.usembassy.it/policy/topics/iraq/humanitarian.htm
This webpage features a selection of links to major organizations dealing with the humanitarian efforts in favor of the Iraqi population. The links are updated frequently.

United Nations . Office of the Iraq Programme. Oil For Food. New York, United Nations, 10 July 2003.
Available online at: http://www.un.org/Depts/oip/

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. (OCHA). ReliefWeb: Serving the Information Needs of the Humanitarian Relief Community. New York, United Nations, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf
This site has many links to information and articles dealing with humanitarian issues in Iraq and Afghanistan.

United Nations Security Council. Security Council Approves Adjustments To Iraq 'Oil-For-Food' Programme.  New York, March 28, 2003. (Press Release SC/7713).
Available online at: http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2003/sc7713.doc.htm
The Security Council today ended a week of closed negotiations by unanimously adopting adjustments to the oil-for-food programme for Iraq, giving Secretary-General Kofi Annan more authority to administer the programme for the next 45 days.

United States Agency for International Development. Assistance For Iraq. Washington, USAID, April 10, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.usaid.gov/iraq/
USAID is an independent federal government agency that receives overall foreign policy guidance from the Secretary of State. The agency works to support long-term and equitable economic growth and to advance U.S. foreign policy objectives. The USAID is fully prepared to provide humanitarian and reconstruction assistance to the people of Iraq. For the last several months, USAID, working in close coordination with the Department of State and other U.S. agencies, has planned for a possible humanitarian emergency.

United States Department of Agriculture. Foreign Agricultural Service. U.S. Humanitarian Assistance for the People of Iraq. Washington, U.S. Department of Agriculture. FAS Online, April 4, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.fas.usda.gov/excredits/iraq.htm

United States Institute of Peace. Humanitarian Responses to a War in Iraq. Washington, U.S. Institute of Peace, March 12 2003. (Current Issues Briefing Summary).
Available online at: http://www.usip.org/events/2003/0312_ESiraq_humanitarian.html

 


Books


Adall, Pamela R., Mittenberger, Daniel, and Weiss, Thomas George. Guide to IGOs, NGOs, and the Military in Peace and Relief Operations. Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2000. 295 p.
Intended as a tool for field operations and developed specifically to dispel misconceptions and promote cooperation, this book gives readers the opportunity to develop a basic understanding of the leading players in peace and relief operations.
Book call no.: 327.17206 A112g

Byman, Daniel and others. Strengthening the Partnership: Improving Military Coordination With Relief Agencies and Allies in Humanitarian Operations. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2000. 227 p.
Humanitarian organizations play an increasing important role in global affairs. This book explores how the U.S. military can improve coordination with relief agencies, European allies, host nations, international organizations and other non-government organizations during these operations.
Also available online at: http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1185/
Book call no.: 355.34 S915

Cahill, Kevin M. Basics of International Humanitarian Missions. New York, Fordham University Press, Center for International Health and Cooperation, 2003. 350 p. (International Humanitarian Affairs, no. 2)
Book call no.: 363.348 B311

Isola, Eileen M. Leading Air Mobility Operations In Complex Humanitarian Emergencies. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, August 2002. 25 p. (Maxwell Paper no. 28)
Also available online at: https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2002/maxwell/mp28.pdf
Book call no.: 358.414 I85L



Periodicals


Bank, David.  Humanitarian Groups Spurn Iraq. Wall Street Journal 241: p. A6 May 29, 2003.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?Ver=1&Exp=08-10-2003&FMT=FT&DID=000000341208591&REQ=1&Cert=RSeu%2fTUBLsR6xahLAaJL2T4DXpYkOU1ASd3ihRgNsjLMZezAzLf3MPC%2fAQoYYSnaDu7LOO5QI739CvIZJ499Sg--

Barone, Michael. After the Fighting, Democracy. U.S. News and World Report 134:42 April 14, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9460536&db=aph

Becker, Elizabeth. Relief Agencies Are Forced to Wait as Chaos Reigns. New York Times Section B, p. 11 April 10, 2003.
The full text of this article may be found by accessing the AU library's subscription to Academic Universe database.

Birnbaum, Jeffrey H. Iraq's New Chief? Fortune 147:38 March 31, 2003.
Profiles Jay Garner, the head of the Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance, who may become the de facto governor of Iraq.
Also available online at: http://www.fortune.com/fortune/articles/0,15114,433417,00.html

Chamberlain, Wendy. U.S. Policy Toward Iraq. FDCH Congressional Testimony.  May 15, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32Y0301854767&db=f5h

Ehrenman, Gayle.  Rebuilding Iraq. Mechanical Engineering 125:48-51 June 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9917522&db=aph

Ford, Peter and Stern, Seth. Humanitarian Aid to Iraq Proves One of War's Biggest Obstacles. Christian Science Monitor p. 09 March 28, 2003.
Bush and Blair Thursday called for the UN to immediately resume its oil-for-food program.
Also available online at: http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/0328/p09s01-woiq.html

Glasser, Susan B. and Chandrasekaran, Rajiv. Reconstruction Planners Worry, Wait and Reevaluate. Washington Post Section A, p. A01 April 2, 2003.
Also available online at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A6098-2003Apr1.html

Gluck, Kenny. A Simmering Health Crisis. Newsweek 141:102 May 26, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9970350&db=f5h
Presents an interview with Kenny Gluck, director of operations for Medecins sans Frontieres, the international humanitarian group.

Hammer, Joshua, and others. Who's In Charge Here? Newsweek 141:29-30 May 26, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9798249&db=aph
Contends that the first U.S. team leading Iraq, led by retired general Jay Garner, was plagued by inexperience, bureaucratic infighting and inertia. Departure of Garner and several top aides.

Henry, Kevin. Humanitarian Assistance After Military. FDCH Congressional Testimony May 13, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32Y2126398848&db=f5h

King, Neil, Bank, David, and Bravin, Jess. Rebuilding Iraq: Massive Relief Operation Faces Big Diplomatic Hurdles--As U.S., Other Nations Argue Over Who Will Lead, Aid Plans Remain in Flux--Children Swarm Food Truck.  Wall Street Journal p. A-1 March 27, 2003.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?Ver=1&Exp=04-13-2008&FMT=FT&DID=000000318585431&REQ=1&Cert=Rew%2b%2b2XhijJqLyXPh8TLRA6tTwefFAfcDKq2%2bFVMGEcnoToShrRS%2bVlDKIRbxupXW7aog1owIiRgwuClj9zc5Q--

Luhnow, David.  Amid Shortages, New U.S. Agency Tries to Run Iraq. Wall Street Journal 241:pA1 June 5, 2003.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?Ver=1&Exp=07-09-2008&FMT=FT&DID=000000343956361&REQ=1&Cert=oeMi0IsD1gy9EJOJhAAs7T03sTr7pkq6%2bsa55kJS9OlUKheSzQmsCs5F4D%2f9YB0kW7aog1owIiRA6mWrkby8oQ--

McCallum, Judith. Humanitarian Daily Rations: Being Ready Is Half The Battle. DISAM Journal 23:54-55 Winter 2000-2001.
Also available online at: http://disam.osd.mil/pubs/INDEXES/journals/Journal_Index/v.23_2/McCallum_Human_Daily_Ration.pdf

Perry, Mark.  Rummy Invades Iraq Aid.  Nation 276:4 May 12, 2003.
President George W. Bush had made a final decision on which government agency would be coordinating U.S. relief work and distribution of federal aid funds in Iraq. The debate over that question had caused months of consternation among InterAction's 'big five', which had strenuously argued that the State Department, not the Pentagon, be charged with overseeing the Iraq relief effort.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9629283&db=aph

Pisik, Betsy. U.S. Team Arrives to Guide Rebuilding. Washington Times p. A-01 April 9, 2003.
The full text of this article may be found by accessing the AU library's subscription to Academic Universe database.

Roane, Kit R. and Newman, Richard J. Helping If They Can; After the War, Will a Humanitarian Crisis Be Averted? U.S. News and World Report 134:26-27 March 31, 2003.
The size of the problem in Iraq could dwarf other humanitarian crises. The logistics of delivering help in Iraq may be challenging. Aid officials say the lack of specificity in US plans has left them scrambling.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9358887&db=aph

Siskos, Catherine. How To Help Iraqis. Kiplinger's Personal Finance 57:28 July 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9890903&db=aph
Presents information on several organizations that provide assistance in Iraq.

Slevin, Peter. Garner Evaluates Renewal of Iraq: In Postwar Chaos, Chief Improvises. Washington Post Section A, p. A21 June 27, 2003.
Also available online at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A37364-2003Jun26.html

Small Fires.
New Republic 228:7 April 21, 2003. 
An editorial which proposes that sharing rebuilding contracts with European countries will win the U.S. both the financial and political support it needs to effectively rebuild Iraq. The first reason for spreading the reconstruction wealth is economic. The cost of building a stable, democratic Iraq will be immense--$20 billion per year, according to a March estimate by the Council of Foreign Relations.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9535803&db=aph

Spinner, Jackie. 2 Rebuilding Pacts Awarded; N.C., D.C. Firms to Get $10 Million Total for Work in Iraq. Washington Post  Financial section, p. E-03 April 12, 2003.
The US Agency for International Development awarded contracts to a North Carolina research firm to help develop local governance in Iraq, and another contract to a Washington company to help rebuild the public schools system in Iraq.
Also available online at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A10629-2003Apr11.html

Thompson, Mark and McCarthy, Terry. The Governor-in-Waiting. Time 161:70 April 14, 2003.
Profiles retired U.S. Army Major General Jay Garner. His position as head of the Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance during the Iraqi War, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9468601&db=aph
  

Vick, Karl. Turkey Opens Bases for 'Humanitarian Aid'. Washington Post Section A, p. A14 June 15, 2003. 
Turkey will allow its air bases and seaports to be used in shipping humanitarian aid to Iraq, a decision that may also open the facilities for use by U.S. and other foreign armed forces, Turkish officials said today.
Also available online at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A28021-2003Jun24&notFound=true


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