IRAN NUCLEAR PROGRAM:  U.S. OPTIONS 


November 2007

Compiled by Stephen B.T. Chun
Bibliographer, Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of target web sites or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at those locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on November 2, 2007.


Web Sites


EBSCOHost Database.
This link will search the EBSCOHost database for articles on Iranian nuclear weapons from 2006 on.
Available online at:  EBSCOHost

Federation of American Scientists:  Iran Special Weapons Guide. 
Includes links to resources about Iran's nuclear program, doctrine, agencies, and facilities.  Created by John Pike and maintained by Steven Aftergood.  Last updated September 21, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/iran/

International Crisis Group:  Iran.  Brussels, Belgium.
Links to their recent reports and briefings.
Includes a link to a brief history of Iran's nuclear program and a further link to the CrisisWatch database containing monthly reports on conflict developments for Iran since September 2003. 
Available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=2438&l=1

Portals to the World:  Iran -- Selected Internet Resources.  Washington, 2005.
Portals to the World contains selective links providing authoritative, in-depth information about nations and other areas of the world selected & maintained by the United States Library of Congress.
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/international/amed/iran/iran.html

ProQuest Newspaper Database.
This link will search the ProQuest Newspaper databases for articles on Iranian nuclear weapons from 2006 on.
Available online at:  ProQuest Newspapers

ProQuest Research Library Database.
This link will search the ProQuest Research Library database for articles on Iranian nuclear weapons from 2006 on.
Available online at:  ProQuest Research Library

Radio Free Europe:  Iran Report; A Weekly Review of Developments in and Pertaining to Iran.  Washington, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
Archived since November 1998.
Available online at:  http://www.rferl.org/reports/iran%2Dreport/

 


Internet Resources


Ackerman, Gary L.  Iran Sanctions and Regional Security.  FDCH Congressional Testimony, 3 p, October 23, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=32Y0970116595&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Acton, James and Little, Joanna.  The Use of Voluntary Safeguards to Build Trust in States' Nuclear Programmes:  The Case of Iran.  London, Verification Research, Training and Information Centre, 2007.  90 p.  (VERTIC vertification matters, no.8).
Available online at:  http://se1.isn.ch/serviceengine/FileContent?serviceID=PublishingHouse&fileid=9C348C6F-A2DB-1914-703A-5D42C48F6F60&lng=en

Afrasiabi, Kaveh L.  The Cost of American Bellicosity toward Iran.  Christian Science Monitor, p 9, October 30, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1373981601&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Armstrong, Glenda.  Nuclear Iran.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, February 2006.  12 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/ni.htm

Bakken, Tim.  Averting Catastrophe.  Harvard International Review  29:84+  Summer 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25968179&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Burns, R. Nicholas.  A Conversation on Iran and U.S. National Security.  Washington, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution, February 14, 2007.  46 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.brook.edu/comm/events/20070214burns.pdf

Burns, R. Nicholas.  U.S. Policy Toward Iran.  Washington, Council on Foreign Relations, 2006.  14 p.
Speech given on November 11, 2006 by the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, U.S. Dept. of State. 
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/11698/

Campbell, Andrew.  Iran's Nuclear Deception:  Taqiyya and Kitman (Part 1).  National Observer  No.67:8-25  Summer 2006. 
Examines the prospect of a nuclear-armed Iran and its impact on other countries given the violent and incendiary rhetoric of its President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.  Looks at Iran's artful use of "taqiyya" which means religiously-sanctioned deception and "kitman" or secrecy in its negotiations with Western countries and the United Nations and International Atomic Energy Agency.  Discusses the roles that deception, conspiracy, and politically-motivated assassination have played in Iranian/Persian culture.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20227262

Cavalli, Dimitri.  Deterring a Nuclear Iran.  Jerusalem Report  18:46  September 17, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1336569731&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Clawson, Patrick.  Deterring and Containing Iran:  A Near-Inevitable Task.  Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2006.  4 p. 
Testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, June 8, 2006, during hearings on Iran:  Assessing Geopolitical Dynamics and U.S. Policy Options.
Available online at:  http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC07.php?CID=297

Cordesman, Anthony H.  Iran's Developing Nuclear and Missile Programs.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, February 15, 2007.  87 p.
Available online at:  www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/070216_iran_proliferation.pdf

Crytzer, Kurt.  Mahdi and the Iranian Nuclear Threat.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2007.  22 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada467203

Du Preez, Jean.  Defusing the Iranian Nuclear Crisis.  Monterey, CA, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 2006.  6 p.  (CNS research story).
Available online at:  http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/week/060220.htm

Eisenstadt, Michael.  Iranian Nuclear Weapons (Part I):  The Challenges of U.S. Preventive Action.  Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2003.  2 p.  (Policywatch, #760).
Part 2 by Michael Knights; part 3 by Jeffrey White.
Available online at:  http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=1638

Gold, Dore.  Can Iran Be Deterred?  Jerusalem Report  18:47  September 17, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1336569741&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Ilan, Berman.  Iranian Nuclear Situation.  FDCH Congressional Testimony, 6 p, March 15, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=32Y3590899982&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Iran:  Positive Diplomatic Moves.  Emerging Markets Monitor  13:22  August 6, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=26074285&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Iran Country Report:  Comment & Analysis.  East Syracuse, NY, Political Risk Services, 2006. 
Available online at:  http://www.prsonline.com/Report.aspx?country=Iran&file=comment

Katzman, Kenneth.  Iran:  U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, February 20, 2007.  48 p.  (CRS report for Congress, RL32048).
"If diplomacy and sanctions do not succeed, some advocate military action against Iran’s nuclear infrastructure rather than acquiescence to a nuclear-armed Iran.  Others in the Administration believe that only a change of Iran’s regime would end the threat posed by Iran."
Available online at:  http://opencrs.cdt.org/getfile.php?rid=56570

King, Neil, Jr.  Iran Action Stalls at U.N.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  250:A5  September 29, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1345216891&sid=7&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

King, Neil, Jr.  Mistrust Colors U.S.-Iran Talks.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  249:A6  May 29, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1278490131&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

King, Neil, Jr.  U.S., Europe Look More Likely To Pressure Iran Outside of U.N.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  250:A18  September 26, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1341666791&sid=6&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

King, Neil, Jr. and Simpson, Glenn.  Can U.S. Force Iran's Hand Despite a Lack of Support?  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  250:A5  August 16, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1320627901&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Knights, Michael.  Iranian Nuclear Weapons (Part II):  Operational Challenges.  Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2003.  2 p.  (Policywatch, #761).
Part 1 by Michael Eisenstadt; part 3 by Jeffrey White.
Available online at:  http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=1639

Levitt, Matthew.  Iranian Nuclear Situation.  FDCH Congressional Testimony, 5 p, March 15, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=32Y2499108991&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Litwak, Robert S.  Panel 3, Proliferation and Arms Control--Regional Reactions.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2005.  9 p. 
Paper prepared for the 2005 Topical Symposium "Prospects for Security in the Middle East," held at Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, DC, on April 20-21, 2005.
"Two alternative nonproliferation precedents were set in 2003:  In Iraq, a change of regime; in Libya, a change in a regime.  In March, U.S. and British military forces invaded Iraq to coercively disarm that country of its presumed weapons of mass destruction (WMD) stockpiles.  In December, only eight months after the fall of Baghdad, the British and U.S. governments jointly announced the startling revelation that secret negotiations had yielded a commitment by Libyan leader Mohammar Qaddafi to verifiably relinquish his country’s covert WMD capabilities. ... The current nuclear crisis with Iran is playing out against the backdrop of these twin precedents."
Available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/symposia/topical2005/litwakpaper.pdf
and also at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada434741

Miles, Donna.  Diplomacy Best Way to Confront Iran's Nuclear Programs, Defense Secretary Says.  US Fed News Service, Including US State News, 1 p, June 2, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1281621681&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Möckli, Daniel.  Iran's Nuclear Ambitions:  Options for the West.  CSS Analyses in Security Policy  1:1-3  November 2006. 
Available online at:  http://se1.isn.ch/serviceengine/FileContent?serviceID=PublishingHouse&fileid=67AC25F3-3384-1131-0EF8-48CF8ABEB499&lng=en

New Proliferation Challenges:  Dealing with Hard Cases and Strengthening the Regime, May 5-7, 2004, London.  London, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2004.  25 p. 
Conference report.
International Workshop convened by the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the United States Institute of Peace, and the U.S. Army’s Eisenhower National Security Series to examine nuclear proliferation threats in the wake of 2003’s two major non-proliferation developments -- The Iraq war and Libya’s surprise decision to renounce its unconventional weapons programs.  Workshop explored policy options and the prospects for more effective coordination among the United States and its allies on two key issues -- 1) responding to the nuclear weapons programs in the key countries of proliferation concern – Iran, North Korea and Pakistan and 2) designing more effective efforts to strengthen the existing international non-proliferation regime (especially the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) and to develop new instruments (such as the Proliferation Security Initiative) to support the current regime.
Middle East, pp 6-9.
Available online at:  http://www.eisenhowerseries.com/pdfs/final_04/Nonpro.pdf

Peterson, Scott.  In New Nuclear Chief, Iran Signals Harder Line.  Christian Science Monitor  99:1,10-11  October 22, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27166807&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A Promising New Twist in Struggle with Iran.  USA Today, p 10A, August 16, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=J0E240181046907&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Salama, Sammy and Ruster, Karen.  A Preemptive Attack on Iran's Nuclear Facilities:  Possible Consequences.  Monterey, CA, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 2004.  11 p.  (CNS research story).
Available online at:  http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/week/040812.htm

Salama, Sammy and Salch, Elizabeth.  Iran's Nuclear Impasse:  Give Negotiations a Chance.  Monterey, CA, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 2006.  20 p.  (CNS research story).
Available online at:  http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/week/060602.htm

Salama, Sammy and Weber, Heidi.  The Emerging Arab Response to Iran's Unabated Nuclear Program.  Monterey, CA, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 2006.  10 p.  (Issue brief).
Available online at:  http://www.nti.org/e_research/e3_83.html

Samadani-McQuirk, Navid.  How to Deal with the Challenge from Iran.  Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2006.  2 p. 
Summary of remarks by Graham Allison and Richard Haass presented at the 2006 Soref Symposium.
Available online at:  http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC07.php?CID=294

Sarko Steps Up.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  250:A14  August 29, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1327105321&sid=9&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Editorial.

Sarukhanian, S.N.  Iran's Atom Bomb: To Be or Not to Be?  Russian Politics & Law  44:61-70  September-October 2006.
Presents suggestions on how to deal with Iran's threat to develop nuclear weapons.  An effective security system through diplomacy must be set in the Middle East with the obligatory participation of the countries in the region, European Union (EU), Russia, and the U.S.  Political and economic pressures should be exerted on Iran by the U.S., Russia, and EU.  As a final option, the U.S. and Israel could launch preventive strikes against suspected Iranian nuclear sites.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24250497

Sokov, Nikolai.  The Prospects of Russian Mediation of the Iranian Nuclear Crisis.  Monterey, CA, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 2006.  4 p.  (CNS research story).
Available online at:  http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/week/060217.htm

Solomon, Jay.  New Sanctions Are Possible As U.N. Report Faults Iran.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition 249:A7  May 24, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1276168131&sid=5&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Solomon, Jay and Cummins, Chip.  U.S.-Arab Alliance Aims to Deter Terrorism, Iran.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  250:A6  August 9, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1317101101&sid=5&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Sowell, Thomas.  Are We Morally Paralyzed, Perhaps Fatally?  Enterprise/Salt Lake City, p 15, July 30, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=26091589&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Squassoni, Sharon.  Iran's Nuclear Program:  Recent Developments.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, March 8, 2007.  6 p.  (CRS report for Congress, RS21592).
Iran has continued its enrichment activities, failing to meet deadline after deadline.  On December 23, 2006, the Security Council adopted limited sanctions under UNSCR 1737 and gave Iran another 60 days.  However, the February 21, 2007, deadline has passed with little progress, and further sanctions may be under consideration.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.cdt.org/getfile.php?rid=57669

Stern, Roger.  Why Europe Has Leverage with Iran.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  250:A17  August 14, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1319586411&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Taranto, James.  Dealing with Iran.  Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition  249:A9  May 26, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1277507651&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
An interview with Benjamin Netanyahu, former prime minister of Israel, in which he recommends ways on dealing with the Iranian nuclear threat.

Tom, Lantos.  Situation in Iran.  FDCH Congressional Testimony, 3 p, January 31, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=32Y2527518735&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Iran's Political/Nuclear Ambitions and U.S. Policy Options.  Hearings, 109th Cong, 2nd sess, Wednesday, May 17 and 18, 2006.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006.  126 p. 
Witnesses:  Robert J. Einhorn, Center for Strategic and International Studies
David Albright, Institute for Science and International Security
Kenneth M. Pollack, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution
Karim Sadjadpour, International Crisis Group
Patrick Clawson, Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Geoffrey Kemp, Nixon Center
Frank G. Wisner, American International Group
Vali R. Nasr, Naval Postgraduate School
Julia Nanay, PFC Energy
James A. Phillips, Heritage Foundation.
Available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS79546

United States.  Library of Congress.  Country Profile:  Iran.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 2006.  21 p. 
Offers brief, summarized information on the country’s historical background, geography, society, economy, transportation and telecommunications, government and politics, and national security.
Available online at:  http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Iran.pdf

Use Diplomacy, not Nuclear Weapons in Dealing with Iran.  USA Today, p 24A, June 15, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=J0E098732921207&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

White, Jeffrey.  Iranian Nuclear Weapons (Part III):  How Might Iran Retaliate?  Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2003.  2 p.  (Policywatch, #762).
Part 1 by Michael Eisenstadt; part 2 by Michael Knights.
Available online at:  http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=1640


Books


Amirpur, Katajun and others.  Iranian Challenges.  Paris, Institute for Security Studies, European Union, 2006.  135 p.  (Chaillot paper, no 89).
Also available online at:  http://www.iss-eu.org/chaillot/chai89.pdf
Book call no.:  955.0544  I65

Ansari, Ali M.  Confronting Iran: The Failure of American Foreign Policy and the Next Great Crisis in the Middle East.  New York, Basic Books, 2006.  280 p.
Book call no.:  327.73055  A617c

Barnett, Thomas P.M.  Blueprint for Action:  A Future Worth Creating.  New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 2005.  440 p. 
Iran, see pp 98-104.
Book call no.:  327.73  B2612b

Berman, Ilan.  Tehran Rising:  Iran's Challenge to the United States.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.  218 p. 
Book call no.:  327.55073  B516t

Blanchette, Stephen, Jr.  Military Intervention in Iran:  Why and How.  Arlington, VA, Institute of Land Warfare, Association of the United States Army, 2007.  14 p.  (Land warfare papers, no. 62W).
Why Intervene? pp 1-4.
How to Intervene, pp 5-9.
The Limits of Military Intervention, pp 9-10.
Alternatives to Military Intervention, pp 10-11.
Also available online at:  http://www.ausa.org/PDFdocs/LWPapers/LWP%5F62W.pdf
Book call no.:  327.1740955  B641m

Chubin, Shahram.  Iran's Nuclear Ambitions.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006.  223 p. 
Book call no.:  355.02170955  C559i

Cordesman, Anthony H.  Iran's Developing Military Capabilities.  Washington, CSIS Press, 2005.  147 p.  (Significant issues series, v.27, no.4).
Book call no.:  355.033255  C794ia

Cordesman, Anthony H. and Al-Rodhan, Khalid R.  Iran's Weapons of Mass Destruction:  The Real and Potential Threat.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2006.  366 p.  (Significant issues series, v.28, no.3).
Iran's Options and Potential Responses, pp 287-364.
Book call no.:  358.30955  C794i

Dobbins, James, Harting, Sarah, and Kaye, Dalia Dassa.  Coping with Iran:  Confrontation, Containment, or Engagement?:  A Conference Report.  Santa Monica, CA, National Security Research Division, RAND Corp., 2007.  87 p.  (Conference proceedings, CF-237-NSRD).
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/conf_proceedings/2007/RAND_CF237.pdf
Book call no.:  327.73055  D632c

Erlich, Reese W.  The Iran Agenda:  The Real Story of U.S. Policy and the Middle East Crisis.  Sausalito, CA, PoliPointPress, 2007.  221 p.
Book call no.:  327.73055  E69i

Evans, Michael D. and Corsi, Jerome R.  Showdown with Nuclear Iran:  Radical Islam's Messianic Mission to Destroy Israel and Cripple the United States.  Nashville, TN, Nelson Current, 2006.  253 p. 
Book call no.:  327.17470955  E92s

Freedman, Robert Owen.  Russia, Iran and the Nuclear Question:  The Putin Record.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  54 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB737.pdf
Book call no.:  327.47055  F853r

Ganji, Babak.  Main Currents in Iranian Strategy since 9/11.  Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2005.  28 p.  (Middle East series, 05/13).
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/middle-east/05%2813%29-BJ.pdf
Book call no.:  327.55  G197m

Global Studies:  Middle East, compiled by William Spencer.  11th ed.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Contemporary Learning Series, 2006.  274 p. 
Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran), pp 53-68.
Book call no.:  R  956  G562g  11th ed.  2007

International Crisis Group.  Iran:  Is There a Way Out of the Nuclear Impasse?  Brussels, International Crisis Group, 2006.  32 p.  (ICG Middle East report, no.51).
Also available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=3976
Book call no.:  327.17470955  I65

Jafarzadeh, Alireza.  The Iran Threat:  President Ahmadinejad and the Coming Nuclear Crisis.  New York, Palgrave, 2007.  284 p. 
Book call no.:  355.02170955  J23i

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment:  The Gulf States.  Issue 19, 2006.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  696 p. 
Iran, pp 59-152.
Covers security (international relations and nuclear standoff), country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defense spending, armed forces, and main economic indicators.
Also available online at:  http://search.janes.com
Book call no.:  R 953.6  J33  Iss.19  2006

Kogan, Eugene B.  Israeli Perceptions of the Iranian Issue.  Camberley, Surrey, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2006.  14 p.  (Middle East series, 06/42).
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/middle-east/06%2842%29EK.pdf
Book call no.:  327.5694055  K78i

Lennon, Alexander T.J. and Eiss, Camille.  Reshaping Rogue States:  Preemption, Regime Change, and U.S. Policy Toward Iran, Iraq, and North Korea.  Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2004.  371 p.  (Washington quarterly reader).
Iran, pp 227-299.
Book call no.:  327.73056  R433

Metz, Helen Chapin.  Iran, a Country Study.  4th ed.  Washington, Headquarters, Dept. of the Army, 1989.  344 p.  (Area handbook series, DA pam, 550-68).
Albeit a dated resource, it still provides useful narrative accounts of the history, geography, demography, and culture of Iran.
Historical Setting, by Shaul Bakhash, pp 1-70.
The Society and Its Environment, by Eric Hooglund, pp 71-136.
The Economy, by Angus MacPherson, pp 137-191.
Government and Politics, by Eric Hooglund, pp 193-234.
National Security, by Joseph A. Kechichian and Houman Sadri, pp 235-298.
Also available by sections at:  http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/irtoc.html
Book call no.:  910 A678  Ira

The Middle East and North Africa 2007.  53rd ed.  London, Routledge, 2007.  1396 p.  (Europa regional surveys of the world).
Iran, pp 386-448.
Physical and Social Geography, by W.B. Fisher, pp 386-387.
History, revised by Stephanie Cronin, pp 387-412.
Economy, by Moin Siddiqi, pp 412-427.
Statistical Survey, pp 428-434.
Directory, pp 434-448.
Book call no.:  R  915.6  M627  53rd ed.  2007

Political Risk Yearbook, 2004:  Middle East & North Africa.  East Syracuse, NY, PRS Group, 2004.  1 vol.
Link to updated report can be found in the Internet Resources section under Iran Country Report.
Iran Country Report, December 1, 2003, 16 p.
Includes Current Data, Comment & Analysis, Forecast Scenarios, Political Framework, Investment Climate, Climate for Trade, and Background.
Book call no.:  R  956.05  P769  2004

Pollack, Kenneth M.  The Persian Puzzle:  The Conflict Between Iran and America.  New York, Random House, 2005.  539 p. 
Book call no.:  327.73055  P771p  2005

Price, Massoume.  Iran's Diverse Peoples:  A Reference Sourcebook.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, 2005.  376 p.  (ABC-CLIO's ethnic diversity within nations series).
Book call no.:  955.004  P946i

Ritter, Scott.  Target Iran:  The Truth about the White House's Plans for Regime Change.  New York, Nation Books, 2006.  228 p. 
Book call no.:  327.73055  R614t

Russell, James A.  Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East:  Directions and Policy Options in the New Century.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  242 p. 
Book call no.:  327.1745  P964

Russell, Malcolm B.  The Middle East and South Asia.  40th ed.  Washington, Stryker-Post Publications, 2006.  272 p.  (World Today series).
The Islamic Republic of Iran, pp 55-66.
Book call no.:  R  915  C635m  40th ed.  2006

Schake, Kori N. and Yaphe, Judith S.  The Strategic Implications of a Nuclear-Armed Iran.  Washington, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 2001.  79 p.  (McNair papers, no.64).
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/McNair/mcnair64/mcnair64.pdf
Book call no.:  327.17470955  S296s

Schwartz, Milton M.  Iran:  Political Issues, Nuclear Capabilities, and Missile Range.  New York, Nova Science Publishers, 2006.  107 p. 
Book call no.:  355.02170955  I65

Sokolski, Henry and Clawson, Patrick.  Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  132 p. 
Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions:  Report Recommendations (Nonproliferation Policy Education Center Project on Iran), pp 1-21.
Iran's "Legal" Paths to the Bomb, by Victor Gilinsky, pp 23-38.
Iran's Internal Struggles, by Geneive Abdo, pp 39-60.
The Prospects for Regime Change in Iran, by S. Rob Sobhani, pp 61-79.
Winning Iranian Hearts and Minds, by Abbas William Samii, pp 81-99.
U.S.-Iranian Strategic Cooperation since 1979, by Geoffrey Kemp, pp 101-112.
The Challenges of U.S. Preventive Military Action, by Michael Eisenstadt, pp 113-128.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS44477
Book call no.:  327.17470955  C514

Sokolski, Henry D. and Clawson, Patrick.  Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  314 p. 
Examines what additional security threats Iran might pose as it becomes increasingly capable of making nuclear weapons, what steps the United States might take to deter and contain it, and what should be done to assure Iran's neighbors do not follow in Tehran's nuclear footsteps.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB629.pdf
Book call no.:  355.02170955  G394

Timmerman, Kenneth R.  Countdown to Crisis:  The Coming Nuclear Showdown with Iran.  New York, Crown Forum, 2005.  392 p. 
Book call no.:  355.02170955  T584c

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  A Nuclear Iran:  Challenges and Responses.  Hearing, 109th Cong, 2nd sess, March 2, 2006.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006.  53 p.  (S. hrg., 109-679).
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS76933
Book call no.:  327.73055  U581n

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Responding to Iran's Nuclear Ambitions:  Next Steps.  Hearing, 109th Cong, 2nd sess, September 19, 2006.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006.  79 p.  (S. hrg., 109-648).
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS76935
Book call no.:  327.73055  U581r

United States.  Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.  National Military Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction.  Washington, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 2006.  30 p. 
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS68137
Book call no.:  358.3  N277

United States.  President.  The National Security Strategy of the United States of America.  Washington, The White House, 2006.  49 p. 
Also available online at:  http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/nss/2006/nss2006.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033073  U583n  2006

Venter, Al J.  Iran's Nuclear Option:  Tehran's Quest for the Atom Bomb.  Philadelphia, Casemate, 2005.  451 p. 
Book call no.:  355.02170955  V465i

Yaphe, Judith Share and Lutes, Charles D.  Reassessing the Implications of a Nuclear-Armed Iran.  Washington, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 2005.  84 p.  (McNair paper, 69).
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/mcnair/mcnair69/McNairPDF.pdf
Book call no.:  355.02170955  Y25r


Documents


Blackburn, David M.  Nuclear Strategy with the United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Iran.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  17 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448485
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  B628n

Davis, Jimmy D.  Iran's Nuclear Strategy Options and U.S. Foreign Policy Implications.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada431713
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  D2623i

Farmer, Michael L.  Why Iran Proliferates.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  83 p.  (Thesis (M.A.)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2006).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada439288
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42525  F2341w

Gallagher, Daniel J.  Should the U.S. Policy Towards Iran Change?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  18 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432532
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  G1621s

King, David M.  What Should Be United States Policy for Iran?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423706
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  K521w

Madson, Peter N.  The Sky Is Not Falling:  Regional Reaction to a Nuclear Armed Iran.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  93 p.  (Thesis (M.A.)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2006).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA445779
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42525  M1831s

Mayer, Charles C.  National Security to Nationalist Myth:  Why Iran Wants Nuclear Weapons.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.  91 p.  (Thesis (M.A.)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2004).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA427282
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42525  M4683n

Monson, Michael G.  American Soft Power:  An Innovative Approach to Neutralizing Iran's Growing Security Threat.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2005.  41 p.  (Research report).
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  M755a

Pearson, John H.  Can the World Stand a Nuclear Iran?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.  (USAWC strategy research project).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432651
Doc. call no.:  M-U  39080-537  P3611c

Scully, Kevin M.  The Iranian Nuclear Standoff:  Those Who Can Help, Won't.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  65 p.  (Thesis (M.A.)--Naval Postgraduate School, 2006).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457634
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42525  S4371i

Umstead, Robert K.  Keep Your Friends Close and Your Enemies Closer:  Operational Design for a Nuclear-Armed Iran.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2006.  62 p.  (Monograph).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450637
Doc. call no.:  M-U  42022-2  U53k

Vaughn, John E.  Nuclear Iran: Framing the U.S. Response Using a Scenario-Based Approach.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, Air University, 2006.  48 p.  (Research report).
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2006/acsc/Vaughn.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U  43122  V3712n


Periodicals


Afrasiabi, Kaveh and Kibaroglu, Mustafa.  Negotiating Iran's Nuclear Populism.  Brown Journal of World Affairs  12:255-268  Summer-Fall 2005.
"...while there is no guarantee that any of the security guarantees offered by the West will suffice to put the genie of an Iranian nuclear menace back in the bottle, the mere absence of such initiatives right now must be counted as a serious impediment to current efforts to re-track Iran's nuclear programs on a completely peaceful footing."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18454615

Amuzegar, Jahangir.  Nuclear Iran:  Perils and Prospects.  Middle East Policy  13:90-112  Summer 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1070603921&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Bahgat, Gawdat.  Iran, Israel and the United States:  The Nuclear Paradox.  Journal of Social, Political & Economic Studies  32:3-21  Spring 2007.
Full text will be available in 2008 at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25094653&site=ehost-live

Baktiari, Bahman.  Iran's Conservative Revival.  Current History  106:11-16  January 2007.
"No one has benefited more from American blunders in the Middle East than the conservatives in Iran who now control all the power centers ..."

Berman, Ilan.  Why Tehran Wants the Bomb.  American Spectator  40:14-17  June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25257758&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Betts, Richard K.  The Osirak Fallacy.  National Interest  No.83:22-25  Spring 2006.
If the strike on Osirak failed to turn back the clock on Saddam's nuclear program, why would one work for Iran?
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20545270

Bodansky, Yossef.  N-Ready:  Iran Achieves Multi-Tiered Military Nuclear Readiness, Ignored by Washington.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy  34, no.2-3:17-19  2006.
"The current political-strategic debate in Washington about the advisability of pre-emptive aerial strikes--either by the US, Israel, or an alliance involving both states and others--on Iran's nuclear infrastructure and other strategic objectives 'in order to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons' fails to address the reality of the situation ..."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1016689481&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Boniface, Pascal.  What Justifies Regime Change?  Washington Quarterly  26:61-71  Summer 2003.
Are dictatorship, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, genocide, and/or support for terrorism conditions that obligate the international community to enforce a policy of regime change as a last resort?  Who decides, and how?
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10113202

Boureston, Jack and Lacey, Jennifer.  Nuclear Technical Cooperation:  A Right or a Privilege?  Arms Control Today  37:17-20  September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1342243131&sid=1&Fmt=1&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Burns, R. Nicholas.  U.S. Policy Toward Iran.  Vital Speeches of the Day  73:252-257  June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25222924&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Campbell, Andrew.  Iran and Deception Modalities:  The Reach of Taqiyya, Kitman, Khod'eh and Taarof.  National Observer  No.70:25-48  Spring 2006.
Provides an analysis of Iran and its practice of deception in regards to its development of nuclear weapons capability.  Discusses and provides definition of deception techniques inherent in Iranian statecraft including taqiyya, kitman, khod'eh, and taarof.  Asserts that Iranian deception modalities ascertain that Iranian declaration on its nuclear weapon cannot be trusted.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23274943

Cannistraro, Vincent.  The Iran Conundrum.  Mediterranean Quarterly 18:14-20 Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26353300&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Carpenter, Ted Galen.  Iran's Nuclear Program:  America's Policy Options.  Policy Analysis  No.578:1-19  September 18, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa578.pdf

Carpenter, Ted Galen.  Toward a Grand Bargain with Iran.  Mediterranean Quarterly  18:12-27  Winter 2007.Suggests possible options for U.S. to consider if the international economic sanctions imposed fail to urge Iran to give up its nuclear weapons.  One option is to launch preventive air strikes against the nuclear installations of Iran.  Another option is to accept Iran as a member of the global nuclear weapons club.  Last option is a bargain arrangement with Iran that would enable the use of nuclear technology for the generation of electric power.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24287090&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cetron, Marvin J. and Davies, Owen.  Worst-Case Scenario:  The Middle East.  Futurist  41:16-25  September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=26265546&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chubin, Shahram and Litwak, Robert S.  Debating Iran's Nuclear Aspirations.  Washington Quarterly  26:99-114  Autumn 2003.
External pressure is a necessary but insufficient strategy to ensure that Iran is complying with its nonproliferation commitments.  A complementary effort is needed to influence nuclear politics within Iran by generating a real debate among the Iranian public.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10945265

Cirincione, Joseph.  Controlling Iran's Nuclear Program.  Issues in Science and Technology  22:75-82  Spring 2006.
"The country's slow and indirect progress toward developing nuclear weapons cunningly skirts international nonproliferation rules.  Careful diplomacy can stop Iran from achieving this destabilizing capability."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=20356876

Clark, Wesley.  Averting the Next Gulf War.  Washington Monthly  39:16-19  April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24497296&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Clawson, Patrick.  Could Sanctions Work Against Tehran?  Middle East Quarterly  14:13-20  Winter 2007.
Discusses the testimonies of Patrick Clawson of the Middle East Quarterly on Iran's nuclear program before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations and the House Armed Services committees.  Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and government leaders consistently present the nuclear program as an accomplishment of Iranian science and as evidence that Iran is an advanced industrial power.  The international community is studying how to put economic pressure on Iran's growing arrogance.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23396987

Cockburn, Alexander.  Will the US Really Bomb Iran?  Nation  285:9  September 24, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26470060&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cooper, Helene and Fathi, Nazila.  Terrorist Label for Iran Guard Reflects U.S. Impatience with U.N.  New York Times  156:A11  August 16, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1320611661&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Copley, Gregory R.  Iran's Conflict with the West Is Already Underway; Only the Methodology, Adversaries and Targets Need Finalizing.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy  34, no.1:4-8  2006.
Also available online at: 
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=991064881&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Crail, Peter.  Iran Agrees on Work Plan with IAEA.  Arms Control Today  37:34-35  September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1342243211&sid=10&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Crook, John R.  Continuing Efforts to Curtail Iranian Nuclear Program.  American Journal of International Law  100:953-957  October 2006.
Focuses on the continued efforts of the U.S. and other members of the UN Security Council in curtailing the nuclear enrichment program of Iran which is believed to have the purpose of developing nuclear weapons.  Five members of the Security Council have developed a package of economic and political incentives to offer to Iran as basis for a comprehensive settlement that would include Iran's commitment to cease the program.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1200702051&sid=1&Fmt=6&RQT=309&VName=PQD&clientId=417

Crook, John R.  Continuing U.S. Efforts to Discourage Iran's Nuclear Program.  American Journal of International Law  101:666-668  July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1361257131&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dickey, Christopher.  A Nuclear 'Litmus Test'.  Newsweek  150:31  October 1, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26715898&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ding, Ying.  Rising Tensions.  Beijing Review  50:12-13  September 13, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26797383&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Doktori, Daniel and Leicht, Rebecca.  An Interview with Ian Bremmer.  Journal of International Affairs  60:113-122  Spring-Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25069436&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Doolin, Joel A.  The Proliferation Security Initiative:  Cornerstone of a New International Norm.  Naval War College Review  59:29-57  Spring 2006.
The Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), launched in 2003, is an international effort to limit the spread of weapons of mass destruction to rogue states and terrorists.  With sixteen core member states and sixty cooperating nations, it has many advantages of law and organization in coastal waters, but lacks useful authority to interdict WMD on the high seas.  PSI itself represents an opportunity to alter international law and fill that critical gap.
Also available online at: 
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=21259008

Dorr, Robert F.  U.S. Needs Unified, Diplomatic Approach to Iran.  Air Force Times  67:62  May 28, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:AFNB:AFTB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=119953764D216B70&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated4&req_dat=0F56A02D68496F45

Duchene, Matthew S.  What If: A Perspective on the Iranian Nuclear Weapon.  Defense & Security Analysis  23:331-334  September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26641155&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Dueck, Colin and Takeyh, Ray.  Iran's Nuclear Challenge.  Political Science Quarterly  122:189-205  Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25519623&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Dunn, David Hastings.  'Real Men Want to Go to Tehran':  Bush, Pre-emption and the Iranian Nuclear Challenge.  International Affairs (London)  83:19-38  January 2007.
Desire for regime change in Iran has colored the Bush administration's approach to the challenge presented by Tehran's apparent desire to build a nuclear weapons capability.  Yet the threat of military force either to destroy Iran's nuclear infrastructure and/or to effect regime change has proved counterproductive to simultaneous efforts to stop the Iranian program through diplomacy.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=23827881

Einhorn, Robert J.  A Transatlantic Strategy on Iran's Nuclear Program.  Washington Quarterly  27:21-32  Autumn 2004.
Europe and the U.S. need to devise a common strategy and switch roles--for Europe to play bad cop and the U.S. to play good cop--to radically alter Iran's calculations of benefit and risk and get Tehran to choose international cooperation over nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14310012

Ephron, Dan and others.  The Whispers of War.  Newsweek  150:28-32  October 1, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26715891&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Erlanger, Steven.  Events Prod U.S. to Make New Push for Mideast Deal.  New York Times 156:A6 August 17, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1321307751&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Fallows, James.  Will Iran Be Next?  Soldiers, Spies, and Diplomats Conduct a Classic Pentagon War Game--With Sobering Results.  Atlantic Monthly  294:99-108+  December 2004.
Reports that throughout this summer and fall, Iran moved steadily closer to a showdown with the United States over its nuclear plans.  The Iranian Defense Minister warned that if Iran suspected a foreign power--specifically the United States or Israel--of preparing to strike its emerging nuclear facilities, it might launch a pre-emptive strike of its own, of which one target could be the U.S. forces next door in Iraq.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15015988

Fathi, Nazila.  General Says Iran Can Strike Back at Israel.  New York Times  157:A12  September 20, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1338401821&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Fitzpatrick, Mark.  Assessing Iran's Nuclear Programme.  Survival  48:5-26  Autumn 2006.
Many indicators of military involvement in Iran's nuclear program suggest that Iran seeks more than just a latent nuclear-weapons capability.  The earliest Iran might produce enough highly enriched uranium for a nuclear weapon is assessed as between the end of 2008 and 2010, given the unknowns about the program and inspectors' sharply decreased access.  Offers strong arguments, with universal appeal, for opposing an Iranian nuclear-weapons capability.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a749438584~fulltext=713240930

Fitzpatrick, Mark.  Iran and North Korea:  The Proliferation Nexus.  Survival  48:61-80  Spring 2006.
As international pressure mounts against the nuclear and missile proliferation threats posed by North Korea and Iran, the two nations are increasingly likely to turn to one another.  Yet, the United States does not coordinate its own policies toward the two states.  Washington engages with Pyongyang and has offered it security assurances, policies that remain off limits for Tehran.
Also available online at: 
http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/00396330600594264

Friedman, Norman.  The Challenge of a Nuclear Iran.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings  131:88-89  October 2005.
Two recent Iranian developments help define problems and opportunities the U.S. faces in the Middle East:  1)The apparent collapse of European efforts to convince Iranians to abandon their nuclear weapons program in return for economic aid and assistance developing peaceful nuclear power, and 2) The appearance of Iranian-made bombs among Iraqi insurgents.  These developments should not have been surprising and the reasons for this may be illuminating.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19247308

Fuchs, Jason.  Is Iran Ready for Change?  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy  35,no.6:12-14  2007.

Gasiorowski, Mark.  The New Aggressiveness in Iran's Foreign Policy.  Middle East Policy  14:125-132  Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1298918321&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Goodarzi, Jubin.  Testing the Limits of Nuclear Power.  MEED:  Middle East Economic Digest  51:6-7  August 3, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=26628664&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Haas, Richard N.  Regime Change and Its Limits.  Foreign Affairs  84:66-78  July-August 2005.
So far, the Bush administration has shown it would like to resolve its problems with North Korea and Iran the same way it did with Iraq: through regime change.  But the strategy is unlikely to work.  A much broader approach--involving talks, sanctions and the threat of force--is needed.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17327816

Hanson, Victor Davis.  Iran Can--And Must--Be Stopped.  USA Today  136:29-31  September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1347544231&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Hart, Jo-Anne.  Perceptions and Courses of Actions Toward Iran.  Military Review  85:9-21  September-October 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19663157

Henry, Terrence.  The Covert Option; Can Sabotage and Assassination Stop Iran from Going Nuclear?  Atlantic Monthly  296:54+  December 2005.
Iran's nuclear program relies on foreign companies for many crucial parts.  A natural first target for disruption would be supply lines for these parts.  Even if Iran succeeds in acquiring all the supplies it needs, its nuclear program will remain vulnerable to sabotage.  However, covert action alone is unlikely to solve the problem of Iranian nuclear ambitions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18848259

Hemmer, Christopher.  Responding to a Nuclear Iran.  Parameters  37:42-53  Autumn 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27015125&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Herman, Arthur.  Getting Serious about Iran:  A Military Option.  Commentary  122:28-32  November 2006.
Discusses a possible military response by the United States against Iran to halt that country's nuclear-weapons program.  While George W. Bush administration foreign policy officials believe an attack could only end in disaster, instead favoring economic sanctions, the author suggests that it is necessary.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22957218

Hersh, Seymour M.  The Iran Plans: Would President Bush Go to War to Stop Tehran from Getting the Bomb? New Yorker  82:30-31  April 17, 2006.
Assesses the plan of the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush concerning the potential declaration of war against Iran in April 2006.  Threats posed by the military plans to the national security of the U.S. are stated.  Criticisms raised against the proposal are discussed.  The efforts taken by the administration to stop Iran from developing nuclear weapons are mentioned.
Also available online
at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20494702

Hoge, Warren and Sanger, David.  Iran President Vows to Ignore U.N. Measures.  New York Times  157:A1, A12  September 26, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1341630071&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

How Imminent or Real a Threat?  Economist  382:43  January 13, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23691391&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hughes, Robin.  Iran Moots Arak Closure to Further Nuclear Ambitions.  Jane's Defence Weekly  44:4  August 29, 2007.

Iran:  The Nuclear Threat and Beyond.  American Foreign Policy Interests  29:101-112  March-April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25084940&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Katz, Mark N.  Iran and America:  Is Rapprochemet Finally Possible?  Middle East Policy  12:58-65  Winter 2005.
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Kaye, Dalia Dassa and Wehrey, Frederic M.  A Nuclear Iran:  The Reactions of Neighbours.  Survival  49:111-128  Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=12059972&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kemp, Geoffrey.  Desperate Times, Half Measures.  National Interest  No.80:53-56  Summer 2005.
The stakes of Iran's nuclear gambit are clear, the solutions less so.  The clock is ticking.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17468754

Kemp, Geoffrey.  How to Stop the Iranian Bomb.  National Interest  No.72:48-58  Summer 2003.
Offers a plan for stopping the Iranian bomb, short of using force.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10252016

Kerr, Paul.  Iran Continues Security Council Defiance.  Arms Control Today  37:38-39  June 2007.
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Kerr, Paul and Boese, Wade.  Sanctions on Iran Grow.  Arms Control Today  37:36-37  July-August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1314730001&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kibaroglu, Mustafa.  Iran's Nuclear Ambitions from a Historical Perspective and the Attitude of the West.  Middle Eastern Studies  43:223-245  March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a770499502~fulltext=713240930

Knights, Michael.  US Long-Range Planners Focus on Containment of a Nuclear Iran.  Jane's Intelligence Review  17:6-11  September 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www8.janes.com

Kosterlitz, Julie.  Squeezing Iran.  National Journal  39:22-29  September 1, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26582349&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kupchan, Clifford.  Iranian Beliefs and Realities.  National Interest  No.81:106-110  Fall 2005.
Painting an accurate picture of Iran requires listening to all Iranians, not just "our" Iranians.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18231623

Land, Thomas.  Nuclear Reactors Invade the Middle East.  Middle East  No.380:24-25  July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25788887&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lang, W. Patrick and Johnson, Larry C.  Contemplating the Ifs.  National Interest  No.83:26-30  Spring 2006.
There's no Hollywood solution to dealing with Iran--just a bunch of bad options.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20545271

Lang, W. Patrick and Johnson, Larry.  New Year, Old Story on Iran.  National Interest  No.88:66-69  March-April 2007.
A year after their assessment of Iranian nuclear ambitions, the authors look back. There are still no good options for dealing with Iran.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24605054&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Levite, Ariel E. and Sherwood-Randall, Elizabeth.  The Case for Discriminate Force.  Survival  44:81-98  Winter 2002-2003.
New security challenges and the unintended consequences of precision strike have weakened Western deterrence, 'compellence' and warfighting capabilities.  Democracies face increasing constraints on the use of their military might.  Contemporary adversaries are undeterred or even inspired by Western superiority.  To ensure that military power remains an effective national security instrument, Western civilian and military leaders need to pursue a discriminate force strategy.
Also available online at:  http://openurl.ingenta.com/content?genre=article&issn=0039-6338&volume=44&issue=4&spage=81

Litwak, Robert S.  The New Calculus of Pre-emption.  Survival  44:53-80  Winter 2002-2003.
Under the Bush administration's 2002 National Security Strategy document, military pre-emption against 'rogue' states' and terrorist groups has been elevated to official doctrine.  But the conditions under which pre-emption would be undertaken remain unclear.
Also available online at: 
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/surviv/2002/00000044/00000004/art00005

Litwak, Robert S.  Non-proliferation and the Dilemmas of Regime Change.  Survival  45:7-32  Winter 2003-2004.
The Iraq war was unprecedented in one respect -- it was the first case in which forcible regime change was the means employed to achieve non-proliferation ends.  In the current proliferation crises with North Korea and Iran, however, the Bush administration confronts major constraints on both the use of force and the US ability to bring about regime change.  This has prompted a shift in strategy to the alternative combination of deterrence and reassurance which requires effective policy coordination to ensure that the two components are in sync.
Also available online at:  http://www.wilsoncenter.org/topics/pubs/survival2.pdf

Logan, Justin.  War with Iran Is Not the Answer.  USA Today  135:10-15  March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1234558781&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

McArthur, Shirl.  Congress Continues to Apply Pressure on Iran, Won't Rule Out Military Action.  Washington Report on Middle East Affairs  26:26-27  August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25820271&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McDowall, Angus.  Countdown to Crisis.  MEED:  Middle East Economic Digest  51:26-27  August 24, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=26582336&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McFaul, Michael, and others.  A Win-Win U.S. Strategy for Dealing with Iran.  Washington Quarterly  30:121-138  Winter 2006-2007.
Discusses the need for a new American policy to deal with Iran becoming a nuclear power.  While the Iranian strategy is not to accept any preconditions for nuclear negotiations, their so-called flexibility to participate in dialogue makes it difficult for the United Nations to take any action.  A bold new approach by the U.S. diplomats can stop Iran from posing a nuclear threat.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23263759

McInnis, Kathleen J.  Extended Deterrence:  The U.S. Credibility Gap in the Middle East.  Washington Quarterly  28:169-186  Summer 2005.
Iranian nuclear proliferation could prove uniquely dangerous because of the potential to ignite regional proliferation in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and others.  Unlike in Asia, the U.S. have few good options for reassuring allies in the Middle East.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17187089

McNamee, Terence and Mills, Greg.  Denuclearization a Regime: What South Africa's Nuclear Rollback Might Tell Us about Iran.  Defense & Security Analysis  22:329-335  September 2006.
As Iran makes its way towards developing nuclear weapons, it is worth revisiting a chapter in the history of nuclear proliferation:  Apartheid South Africa.  The obscure tale of the “Afrikaner Bomb” – and the former white regime’s sudden decision to destroy it – might offer pause for thought both in Teheran and Western capitals.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23024115

Milani, Abbas.  U.S. Foreign Policy and the Future of Democracy in Iran.  Washington Quarterly  28:41-56  Summer 2005.
The key to solving Iran's nuclear problem is the fate of the country's democratic movement.  To assist this movement, a successful U.S. strategy must include these seven pillars and have the patience for the Tehran regime to collapse under its own inconsistencies.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17187085

No Time for Threats.  New York Times, p A22, August 30, 2007.
Editorial.
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Odom, William E.  The Nuclear Option.  Foreign Policy  No.160:51-52  May-June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24869183&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Omestad, Thomas.  Just a War of Words, at Least for Now.  U.S. News & World Report  143:30-31  October 8, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26882426&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Omestad, Thomas.  Taking Aim at Iran.  U.S. News & World Report  143:44-46  September 24, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26619652&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Orlov, Vladimir A. and Vinnikov, Alexander.  The Great Guessing Game:  Russia and the Iranian Nuclear Issue.  Washington Quarterly  28:49-66  Spring 2005.
Despite public impressions, Moscow has never slowed its behind-the-scenes dialogue with Tehran on nonproliferation.  The question that remains is, what is Russia likely to do now?  Five recent indicators help provide a glimpse into the future.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16382209

The Other Struggle in the Gulf.  Economist  384:16  September 8, 2007.
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Podhoretz, Norman.  The Case for Bombing Iran.  Commentary  123:17-23  June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25188277&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Pollack, Kenneth and Takeyh, Ray.  Taking on Tehran.  Foreign Affairs  84:20-34  March-April 2005.
For Washington to derail Iran's nuclear program, it must take advantage of a split in Tehran between hard-liners, who care mostly about security, and pragmatists, who want to fix Iran's ailing economy.  By promising strong rewards for compliance and severe penalties for defiance, Washington can strengthen the pragmatists' case that Tehran should choose butter over bombs.
Also available online at: 
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Raas, Whitney and Long, Austin.  Osirak Redux?  Assessing Israeli Capabilities to Destroy Iranian Nuclear Facilities.  International Security  31:7-33  Spring 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1162/isec.2007.31.4.7

Sadjadpour, Karim.  The Nuclear Player.  Journal of International Affairs  60:125-134  Spring-Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25069437&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sadri, Houman A.  Surrounded:  Seeing the World from Iran's Point of View.  Military Review  87:12-31  July-August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1319143211&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Sagan, Scott, Waltz, Kenneth, and Betts, Richard K.  A Nuclear Iran:  Promoting Stability or Courting Disaster?  Journal of International Affairs  60:135-150  Spring-Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25069438&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sagan, Scott D.  How to Keep the Bomb from Iran.  Foreign Affairs  85:45-59  September-October 2006.
Also available online at: 
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=22049786

Saikal, Amin.  The Iran Nuclear Dispute.  Australian Journal of International Affairs  60:193-199  June 2006.
The US and its allies have little choice but to engage Iran rather than confront it over its nuclear politics.  Any US military operation to eliminate Iran's nuclear production sites that could be used to manufacture weapons of mass destruction would most likely fail.  Moreover, Iran is critical to any prospect of achieving a more enduring peace for the ongoing Iraqi imbroglio.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20855500

Salama, Sammy and Weber, Heidi.  Arab Nuclear Envy.  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists  63:44-49,63  September-October 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26982102&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Samii, Abbas William.  The Iranian Nuclear Issue and Informal Networks.  Naval War College Review  59:63-89  Winter 2006.
Iran's nuclear ambitions are worrisome, potentially dangerous, and obscure to the West.  It may be possible, however, to influence the small circle of decision makers from the outside through the networks in which they act, and the links between these networks.
Also available online at: 
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AN=19759459

Sariolghalam, Mahmood.  Understanding Iran:  Getting Past Stereotypes and Mythology.  Washington Quarterly  26:69-82  Autumn 2003.
Post-revolutionary generations of Iranian leaders will be more balanced, focusing on Iran's national interests.  Washington needs to look beyond 2010, when groups that will compete to advance Iran's national interests, economic prosperity, and political openness will manage the country.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10945267

Sauer, Tom.  Coercive Diplomacy by the EU:  The Iranian Nuclear Weapons Crisis.  Third World Quarterly  28:613-633  April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24757057&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Savage, Luiza Ch.  Will Bush Bomb Iran?  Maclean's  120:26-28+  February 26, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24175461&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Saxton, Jim.  Reshaping Our Iran Policy.  National Interest  No.87:42-46  January-February 2007.
Comments on the direct threat posed by a nuclear Iran to national security in the U.S and the intransigence of Iran over its nuclear weapons program.  Focusing exclusively on the nuclear issue may distract the U.S. and the international community from the litany of security concerns posed by Tehran, most alarmingly its brazen use of terrorism.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23771909

Schake, Kori.  Dealing with a Nuclear Iran.  Policy Review  No.142:3-23  April-May 2007.
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Sciolino, Elaine.  French Leader Raises Possibility of Use of Force in Iran.  New York Times  156:A3  August 28, 2007.
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Sciolino, Elaine.  Plan Released by Iran and U.N. Atomic Agency Is Faulted.  New York Times  156:A12  August 29, 2007.
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Sciolino, Elaine and Broad, William J.  To Iran and Its Foes, an Indispensable Irritant.  New York Times  156:A1, A12  September 17, 2007.
The article reports that director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency Mohamed ElBaradei has reached an agreement with Iran regarding their nuclear program. The move caused diplomats from the U.S., Great Britain, France, and Germany to band together and claim that ElBaradei was undermining the United Nations Security Councils' strategy in dealing with Iran. 54070
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Sciolino, Elaine, and others.  Report Showing Rise in Iran's Nuclear Activity Exposes Split Between U.S. and U.N.  New York Times  156:A12  August 31, 2007.
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Scowcroft, Brent.  A Modest Proposal.  National Interest  No.83:13-15  Spring 2006.
It's about the fuel cycle, not the regime.
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Shen, Dingli.  Iran's Nuclear Ambitions Test China's Wisdom.  Washington Quarterly  29:55-66  Spring 2006.
The Iranian nuclear case presents a challenge to China's leaders and an opportunity to demonstrate their ability to balance domestic interests with responsibilities as a growing global power.  What considerations shape Beijing's decisions, and what will it do next?
Also available online at:  http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1162/wash.2006.29.2.55

Slackman, Michael.  Hard Times Help Leaders In Iran Tighten Their Hold.  New York Times  156:A1,A18  September 5, 2007.
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Slackman, Michael and others.  Two Fronts, One Nuclear, Iran Is Defiant.  New York Times  156:A1,A5  September 3, 2007.
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Taheri, Amir.  Getting Serious about Iran: For Regime Change.  Commentary  122:21-27  November 2006.
Discusses regime change in Iran, which has traditionally shown an Anti-American foreign policy.  Reviews American foreign policy towards the country from the Carter administration to the George W. Bush administration.  Offers an analysis of the possibility that America will facilitate a regime change.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22957217

Takeyh, Ray.  Iranian Options; Pragmatic Mullahs and America's Interests.  National Interest  No.73:49-56  Fall 2003.
Neither containment nor regime change are optimal policies to pursue vis-à-vis Iran.  The time is right for the United States to cut a deal.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10989513

Takeyh, Ray.  A Profile in Defiance:  Being Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.  National Interest  No.83:16-21  Spring 2006.
Ahmadinejad came of age in the aftermath of the Iran-Iraq War.  He sees little benevolence in the West's interventions and conflict as inevitable.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20545269

Takeyh, Ray.  Time for Détente with Iran.  Foreign Affairs  86:17-32  March-April 2007.
Reviews the state of the Middle East in 2007 -- with the Iraq War, the humbling of Israeli power in Lebanon, the rise of the Shiites, the ascendance of Islamist parties pushing the Middle East into chaos, and the nuclear weapons program of Iran -- the region has become profoundly different.  The Islamic Republic of Iran has survived the U.S. onslaught and managed to enhance Iran's influence in the region.  Iran now lies at the center of the Middle East's major problems.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24151460

Takeyh, Ray and Gvosdev, Nikolas K.  Pragmatism in the Midst of Iranian Turmoil.  Washington Quarterly  27:33-56  Autumn 2004.
To assume that Iranian conservatives form an inflexible monolith is shortsighted.  A number of factors have strengthened a cadre of pragmatic conservatives whose rise offers the possibility of a genuine dialogue with the U.S. and changes in Iranian foreign policy.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14310011

Tertrais, Bruno.  A Fragile Consensus.  National Interest  No.83:31-34  Spring 2006.
Unlike the Iraq War, the Iranian nuclear crisis will not convulse transatlantic relations--for the time being.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20545272

U.S. Policy Toward Iran.  American Foreign Policy Interests  29:161-163  March-April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25084935&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Valenti, Peter C.  The Nuclear Wave: Arab World Caught Between Israeli Hammer, Iranian Anvil.  Washington Report on Middle East Affairs  26:40-41  May-June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24797046&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Weisman, Steven R.  Lack of ID Data Impedes U.N. Sanctions Against Iran.  New York Times  156:A3  September 17, 2007.
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Zaborski, Jason.  Deterring a Nuclear Iran.  Washington Quarterly  28:153-167  Summer 2005.
What if Iraq had nuclear weapons when it invaded Kuwait and dared the world to respond?  The U.S. needs to consider sharing missile defenses, and, regrettably, developing new capabilities to enhance deterrence against future potential adversaries who possess nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17187090

Zakaria, Fareed and others.  Revisiting Iran?  National Interest  No.88:72-78  March-April 2007.
The United States must find new and innovative ways to avoid the trap of a dead-end policy towards Iran.  A roundtable discussion.

Zunes, Stephen.  The Iranian Nuclear Threat.  Tikkun  22:29-32  January-February 2007.
Reviews the U.S. reaction to Iran's nuclear weapons program.  The author argues that Iran is not doing anything that goes beyond what dozens of other signatories of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty are doing legally.  He outlines the development of the program, and suggests possible solutions to eliminate the threat of a U.S. attack against Iran.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23454006


Multimedia


Fitzgerald, Charles.  Iran the Next Iraq?  New York, A & E Television Networks; Distributed in the U.S. by New Video, 2005.  1 videodisc (ca. 50 min.).
DVD Call No.:  320.955  I653


This page was last updated on 11/02/2007 12:57 PM

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