IRAN:  NUCLEAR ISSUES


February 2010

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


CONTENTS

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

Some of the "Internet Resources" materials and other links in this publication require access to MSFRIC's subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact  the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed February 11, 2010.
 


Internet Resources


Ben-Meir, Alon.  Nuclear Iran Is Not an Option:  A New Negotiating Strategy to Prevent Iran from Developing Nuclear Weapons.  DOMES 18:74-89 Spring 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=41989559&site=ehost-live

Berman, Ilan.  How to Think about the Iranian Bomb.  Journal of International Security Affairs Fall 2008.
Available online at:  http://ciaonet.org/journals/jisa/v15i0/12.html
How the United States responds to Iran’s atomic drive will dictate the shape of American strategy toward the greater Middle East for the foreseeable future.

Burr, William.  A Brief History of U.S. - Iranian Nuclear Negotiations.  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 65:21-34 January-February 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35819555&site=ehost-live
The article focuses on nuclear negotiations between the United States and Iran in the 1970s.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.  Nonproliferation/Nuclear Policy:  Iran
Available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/npp/index.cfm?fa=view&nppID=1000089
Provides current news articles, publications, and official documents such as letters from Iran and IAEA reports.

Center for Nonproliferation Studies.  Monterey Institute of International Studies.  NTI (Nuclear Threat Initiative) -- Iran:  Profile
Available online at:  http://www.nti.org/e_research/profiles/Iran/index.html
Offers an overview and numerous links to other sites.

Chapter One:  Framing the Problem:  Iran's Pursuit of Fissile Material.  Adelphi Series 48:11-26 May 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17526955&site=ehost-live
This paper "explains how Iran developed its nuclear program to the point where it threatens to achieve a weapons capability within a short time frame, and analyses Western policy responses aimed at forestalling that capability.  Key questions are addressed:  will the world have to accept an Iranian uranium enrichment programme, and does having a weapons capability mean having the Bomb?" (Abstract from website)

Davis, Jacquelyn K. and Pfaltzgraff, Robert L., Jr.  Iran with Nuclear Weapons:  Anticipating the Consequences for U.S. Policy.  Washington, Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, September 2008.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501223
Most now conclude that Iran is not only embarked on a weapons path but is likely to attain enough fissile in the next year and a half to two years.

Desch, Michael C.  Apocalyse Not.  American Conservative 8:6-8 May 18, 2009.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=40074793&site=ehost-live
Emphasizes on the threat brought by the proliferation of nuclear weapon in Iran and the danger it will bring to Israel and other international communities.

Federation of American Scientists.  Nuclear Weapons - Iran
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/iran/nuke/
Describes the recent developments on the implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in Iran, Report of the International Atomic Energy Agency and other NPT reports.

Global Security.org.  Nuclear Weapons - Iran
Available online at:  http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/nuke.htm
Website offers a brief summary of Iran's nuclear program.

Hassan, Hussein D.  Iranian Nuclear Sites.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, August 9, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RS22531.pdf
Describes Iran’s known nuclear sites listed in official International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reports and includes a map with the location of the nuclear facilities.
(Link may not open directly in .mil network.  If not, copy url and paste into browser address box).

Hildreth, Steven A.  Iran's Ballistic Missile Programs:  An Overview.  Washington, Congressional Research Service. 
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RS22758/
Provides an overview of the reported or suspected range of Iranian ballistic missile programs.  Updated on an irregular basis.  Click on "Open CRS (User submitted)" link.

Ilias, Shayerah.  Iran's Economic Conditions:  U.S. Policy Issues.  Washington, Congressional Research Service. 
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL34525/
With the United States' assertion that Iran is a state sponsor of terrorism and that Iran's uranium enrichment activities are for the development of nuclear weapons it is important to evaluate Iran’s economic structure, strengths, and vulnerabilities.  Updated on an irregular basis.  Click on "Open CRS (User submitted)" link.

Iran:  Breaking the Nuclear Deadlock, edited by Richard Dalton.  London, Chatham House, December 2008.  39 p.
Available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/wps/riia/0015852/index.html
This report provides essential context to understanding the Iranian issues and offers firm policy recommendations for future engagement.

Iran Nuclear Program:  U.S. Options.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, February 2008.  34 p.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/irannuclea2008.htm
Listing of books, magazine articles, government documents, and internet resources on the subject. Whenever possible, fullt-text links are provided.

Katzman, Kenneth.  Iran's Activities and Influence in Iraq.  Washington, Congressional Research Service.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RS22323/
Updated on an irregular basis.  Click on "Open CRS (User submitted)" link.

Katzman, Kenneth.  Iran Sanctions.  Washington, Congressional Research Service.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RS20871/
Updated on an irregular basis.  Click on "Open CRS (User submitted)" link.

Katzman, Kenneth.  Iran:  U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses.  Washington, Congressional Research Service.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL32048/
Covers U.S. concerns, policy responses and legislation in Iran and is updated on an irregular basis.  Click on "Open CRS (User submitted)" link.

Kerr, Paul K.  Iran's Nuclear Program:  Status.  Washington, Congressional Research Search.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL34544/
Covers recent nuclear controversy and the status of the Iranian nuclear program.  Updated on an irregular basis.  Click on "Open CRS (User submitted)" link.

Kerr, Paul K.  Iran's Nuclear Program:  Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations.  Washington, Congressional Research Service.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/R40094/
This report provides a brief overview of Iran’s nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the IAEA board and the Security Council.  Updated on an irregular basis.

Lobe, Jim.  US-Iran: Sanctions, "Regime Change" Take Centre StageGlobal Information Network January 28, 2010.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1949793131&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Sen. Schumer Announces Passage of Iran Sanction Legislation That Strengthens Efforts to Stop Iran from Acquiring Nuclear Weapons.  U.S. Fed News Service  February 2, 2010.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1952492771&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Uygur, Hakki.  Iran's Nuclear Ambitions and Turkey.  February 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/pbei/seta/0001093/index.html
Iranian nuclear issue has serious implications for regional and international security and requires a comprehensive analysis of the Iranian domestic power structure, foreign policy decision making process and nuclear diplomacy. This policy brief argues that the Iranian nuclear issue is as much a regional and international issue as it is part of the domestic power struggle in Iran.
 

Internet Resources (Student Research)

Bliesner, David W.  A Nuclear Iran:  Does This Change Everything?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2008.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494222
This paper analyzes the likelihood of Iranian possession of nuclear weapons capability and the means to deliver them in the near future.  Looks at the implications of this new reality in the CENTCOM Area of Responsibility (AOR) and provides recommended actions to ensure preparedness for this probable reality.

Terrill, W. Andrew.  Deterrence, Missile Defense, and Collateral Damage in the Iranian-Israeli Strategic Relationship.  Carlisle, PA, U.S. Army War College, February 2008.  4 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476455

Tsoran, Zvi.  The Impact of the Iranian Nuclear Program on the Middle East.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 30, 2007.  14 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469126
Explores the impact of the Iranian nuclear program on the Middle East.


Books


Alexander, Yonah and Hoenig, Milton.  The New Iranian Leadership:  Ahmadinejad, Terrorism, Nuclear Ambition, and the Middle East.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  344 p.
Book call no.:  955.061092 A379n

Bertram, Christoph.  Rethinking Iran:  From Confrontation to Cooperation.  Paris, Institute for Security Studies, European Union, 2008.  58 p.
(Link below may not open directly in .mil network.  If not, copy url and paste into browser address box).
Also available online at:  http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp110.pdf
Book call no.:  327.17470955 B548r

Cordesman, Anthony H. and Al-Rodhan, Khalid R.  Iran's Weapons of Mass Destruction:  The Real and Potential Threat.  Washington, CSIS Press, 2006.  366 p.
Book call no.:  358.30955 C794i

Cordesman, Anthony H and Sietz, Adam C.  Iranian Weapons of Mass Destruction:  The Birth of a Regional Nuclear Arms Race?  Santa Barbara, CA, Praeger Security International, 2009.  386 p.
Book call no.:  358.30955 C794ia

Dangerous but Not Omnipotent:  Exploring the Reach and Limitations of Iranian Power in the Middle East.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2009.  203 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG781/
Book call no.:  327.73055 D182

Double Trouble:  Iran and North Korea as Challenges to International Security, edited by Patrick M. Cronin.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  255 p.
Book call no.:  327.1747095195 D727

Fitzpatrick, Mark.  The Iranian Nuclear Crisis:  Avoiding Worst-Case Outcomes.  Oxford, Routledge for International Institute of Strategic Studies, 2008.  99 p.  (Adelphi Papers no. 398)
Book call no.:  909.82 I61a no. 398

Gold, Dore.  The Rise of Nuclear Iran:  How Tehran Defies the West.  Washington, Regnery Publishing, 2009.  390 p.
Book call no.:  355.02170955 G618r

Iran:  Nuclear Intentions and Capabilities.  Washington, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, National Intelligence Council, November 2007.  8 p.
(Link below may not open directly in .mil network.  If not, copy url and paste into browser address box).
Also available online at:  http://www.dni.gov/press_releases/20071203_release.pdf
Book call no.:  327.17470955 I651

Jafarzadeh, Alireza.  The Iran Threat:  President Ahmadinejad and the Coming Nuclear Crisis.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.  284 p.
Book call no.:  355.02170955 J23i

Ledeen, Michael A.  The Iranian Time Bomb:  The Mullah Zealot's Quest for Destruction.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 2007.  278 p.
Book call no.:  955.0544 L473i

Melman, Yossi and Javedanfar, Meir.  The Nuclear Sphinx of Tehran:  Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and the State of Iran.  New York, Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2007.  285 p.
Book call no.:  956.0544 M527n

Naji, Kasra.  Ahmadinejad:  The Secret History of Iran's Radical Leader.  London, I. B. Tauris, 2009.  298 p.
See Iran's Nuclear Quest, pp 111-137.
Book call no.:  955.061092 N162a

Romashkina, Natalia P.  North Korea and Iran's Nuclear Program as Instability Factors in the New System of International Relations.  Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, 2008.  47 p.
Examines the historical conditions and security concerns that led North Korea and Iran to the development of nuclear weapons.  Identifies the nuclear threat they posed to their neighboring countries and U.S. and discusses the policies of the other nations and their options if North Korea and Iran became nuclear weapon capable.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479904
Book call no.:  327.1747 R761n

Sanger, David E.  The Inheritance:  The World Obama Confronts and the Challenges to American Power.  New York, Harmony Books, 2009.  498 p.
The chief Washington correspondent of the New York Times offers a riveting insider’s account describing the national security crises that will confront America’s next president from a nuclear Iran to the lock up of Chinese oil supplies in Africa.
Book call no.:  973.93 S172i

Saudi-Iranian Relations since the Fall of Saddam:  Rivalry, Cooperation, and Implications for U.S. Policy.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND Corp, 2009.  130 p.
(Link below may not open directly in .mil network.  If not, copy url and paste into browser address box).
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2009/RAND_MG840.pdf
Book call no.:  327.538055 S255

SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) Yearbook 2009:  Armaments, Disarmament, and International Security.  New York, Oxford University Press.  594 p.
Iran and Nuclear Proliferation Concerns, pp 388-396 (includes the revised P5+1 proposal and the IAEA Director General's assessment of Iran's nuclear program).
Book call no.:  R 341.67 S864s 2009

Smith, Mark A.  Russian Perceptions on the Iranian Nuclear Issue.  Shrivenham, UK, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Advanced Research and Assessment Group, October 2007.  7 p.
(Link below may not open directly in .mil network.  If not, copy url and paste into browser address box).
Also available online at:  http://www.da.mod.uk/colleges/arag/document-listings/middle-east/07%2833%29MAS.pdf
Book call no.:  327.47055 S655r

Taheri, Amir.  The Persian Night:  Iran under the Khomeinist Revolution.  New York, Encounter Books, 2009.  413 p.
Book call no.:  955.054 T128p

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Foreign Affairs.  Iran Counter-Proliferation Act of 2007.  Report.  110th Congress, 1st session, August 2, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS84733
Book call no.:  341.7340955 U58i

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Finance.  Iran Sanctions Act of 2008.  Report.  110th Congress, 2nd session, July 7, 2008.  Washington, GPO, July 2008.  35 p.
Report together with Additional Views to accompany S. 3227.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS103292
Book call no.:  341.5820955 U581i

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Chain Reaction:  Avoiding a Nuclear Arms Race in the Middle East.  Report.  110th Congress, 2nd session, February 2008.  Washington , GPO, 2008.  49 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479213
Book call no.:  327.1747 C434

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  U.S. Strategy Regarding Iran.  Hearing.  111th Congress, 1st session, March 5, 2009.  Washington, GPO, 2009.  26 p.
(Link below may not open directly in .mil network.  If not, copy url and paste into browser address box).
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS116100
Book call no.:  327.17470955 U58u

Zaborowski, Marcin.  Bush's Legacy and America's Next Foreign Policy.  Paris, Institute for Security Studies, 2008.  127 p.
Refer to pages 69-77 for Iran Nuclear Issue.
(Link below may not open directly in .mil network.  If not, copy url and paste into browser address box).
Also available online at:  http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp111.pdf
Book call no.:  973.931 Z12b


Documents (Student Research)


Duck, Kenneth E.  Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC):  An Iranian Instrument of Power.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 2009.  20 p.
Explores the IRGC's influence and power including its responsibility for control and development of Iran's chemical, biological and nuclear production programs.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/home.aspx  (The Air University Research Information Management System search tool).
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 D834i

Frost, Patricia A.  Discerning U.S. Strategic Options for a Nuclear Iran.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  27 p.
"Proposes a U.S. comprehensive smart power strategy that integrates diplomatic, information, economic and military tools to address the complex and volatile issues of this region." -- Abstract.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA498153
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 F932d

Hildreth, Edward E.  U.S. Policy Toward Iran:  Is a Nuclear Iran on the Horizon?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494751
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 H644u

Kayani, Naushad.  Attaining Stability:  A Case for Accepting a Nuclearized Iran.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  28 p.
This paper examines what drives Iran towards developing nuclear weapons and analyses the possible counter-proliferation actions by the United States and Israel.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA500599
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 K231a

Miller, William K.  An Examination of US Policy Toward Iranian Nuclear Proliferation.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2007.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471360
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M6521e

Sanchez Tapia, Salvador.  Israel:  A Strategy for the 21st Century.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  44 p.
Reference to Iran-nuclear issue pp 21-25.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501213
Doc. call no.:  M-U 30980-537 S211i

Sughrue, Timothy S.  Missile Defense in Europe:  Who Decides?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494902
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-S537 S947m


Periodicals


Anything More to Declare?  Economist 392:57-58 October 3, 2009.
Examines the international efforts and negotiations made by the United States together with five other countries (Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China) to end Iran's nuclear energy program.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44445129&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Barzegar, Kayhan.  Iran's Foreign Policy Strategy after Saddam.  Washington Quarterly 33:173-189 January 2010.
Article discusses the foreign policy of the government of Iran, since the June 12, 2009 elections and states that "the nuclear crisi should not be seen as separate from the various regional crises".  If link below does not open, copy url and paste into internet browser address box.
Also available online at:  http://www.twq.com/10january/docs/10jan_Barzegar.pdf (available on-base only)

Ben-Meir, Mon.  Negotiating Strategy to Prevent a Nuclear Iran.  International Journal on World Peace 26:69-89 March 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=38018236&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Berman, Ilan.  Why Tehran Wants the Bomb.  American Spectator 40:14-17 June 2007.
Outlines and explains Iran's reported reasons of developing nuclear weapons.  According to the author, “the Iranian leaders' reason is to use the nuclear weapon as a means to stop any external aggression as they try to spread the Islamic Revolution beyond Iran”. (Abstract from Website)
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25257758&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bolton, John R.  Iran Outlook:  Grim.  National Review 61:30-32 October 19, 2009.
This article discusses the Iranian policies of President George W. Bush versus President Barrack Obama.  The author highlights and discusses the four options available for the Obama administration to deal with Iran's nuclear weapon's issues.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44436111&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bowen, Wyn and Goodman, Michael.  Nuclear Reaction:  The Intelligence on Iran's Nuclear Capabilities.  Jane's Intelligence Review 20:51-53 March 2008.

Bowman, Bradley L.  The "Demand-Side":  Avoiding a Nuclear Armed Iran.  Orbis:  Journal of World Affairs 52:627-642 Fall 2008.
This article examines the historical record of “nuclear rollback” and the motivations for Iran's apparent pursuit of a nuclear weapons capability in order to identify the broad principles that should guide U.S. and international efforts to resolve the nuclear crisis with Iran.

Brookes, Peter.  Israel vs. Iran:  1st Strike Strategies.  Armed Forces Journal 145:27-29 February 2008.
This article discusses the conflict between Israel and Iran over the latter's nuclear activities.  Israel believes that Iran's nuclear weapons program continues, as opposed to the findings of the National Intelligence Estimate report.

Brookes, Peter.  Missile Mistrust:  Washington's European Missile-Defense Plan Rekindles Suspicions.  Armed Forces Journal 145:8-10 December 2007.
This article focuses on the concern over the U.S. government's plan to restore a missile-defense system plan in Eastern Europe to fight the increasing ballistic missile and nuclear threat in Iran.

Byman, Daniel.  Iran, Terrorism, and Weapons of Mass Destruction.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31:169-181 March 2008.
This article reviews Iran's past and current use of terrorism and assesses why U.S. attempts to halt Iran's efforts have met with little success.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1057-610X&volume=31&issue=3&spage=169

Cannistraro, Vincent.  The Iran Conundrum.  Mediterranean Quarterly 18:14-20 Summer 2007.
The article discusses the account of dealing with Iran and its assumed secret policy of developing a nuclear-weapons capability.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26353300&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chubin, Shahram.  Iran's Power in Context.  Survival 51:165-190 February-March 2009.
This article examines the nuclear threat Iran poses to the Middle East.  It discusses Iran's attempts to develop nuclear weapon and to expand its diplomatic influence in the region.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=36449355&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chubin, Shahram.  Iranian Nuclear Riddle after June 12.  Washington Quarterly 33:163-172 January 2010.
Article discusses the foreign policy of the government of Iran, since the June 12, 2009 elections.  It focuses on Iran's efforts to become a nuclear power, and the efforts of the U.S. to prevent this.  If link below does not open, copy url and paste into internet browser address box.
Also available online at:  http://www.twq.com/10january/docs/10jan_Chubin.pdf (available on-base only)

Cirincione, Joseph.  A Mideast Nuclear Chain Reaction?  Current History 107:439-442 December 2008.
Describes the politics regarding nuclear technology and proliferation in the Middle East.  As Iran closes in on the technical ability to build a nuclear weapon, other rival nations in the region are beginning to pursue it as well.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35650483&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Clawson, Patrick and Eisenstadt, Michael.  Halting Iran's Nuclear Programme:  The Military Option.  Survival 50:13-19 October-November 2008.
Discusses the possible use of military force in an effort to stop Iran from developing nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=34571379&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cordesman, Anthony H.  Iran and the United States:  The Nuclear Issue.  Middle East Policy 15:19-29 Spring 2008.
Discusses the nuclear warfare in relation to the conflicts between U.S. and Iran.  It is mentioned that various negotiations are being made between America and Iran over the nuclear warfare of both countries.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31481716&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cortright, David.  Eight Points about Iran's Nuclear Program.  Christian Century 125:26 June 17, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32548102&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Crail, Peter.  Iran Presented with Revamped Incentives.  Arms Control Today 38:37-38 July-August 2008.
Discusses the incentives by the six nations offered to Iran to deter Iran's nuclear enrichment program.  It concludes that Iran has thus far used these proposals to buy time and has never seriously considered suspending its uranium enrichment program.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1525732061&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Crail, Peter.  Iran Starts New Centrifuge Installation Campaign.  Arms Control Today 38:42-44 May 2008.
Tehran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reached an agreement to clarify the nature of studies that some states say show Iran has taken steps to develop nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1497350681&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

David, Alon Ben.  Hunkering Down.  Jane's Defence Weekly 46:21-22+ May 20, 2009.
With the potential nuclear threat from Iran this article reports on the planned national civil defense exercise in Israel.

Duchene, Matthew S.  What If:  A Perspective on the Iranian Nuclear Weapon.  Defense Monitor 23:331-334 September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/section?content=a782121731&fulltext=713240928

Dueck, Colin and Takeyh, Ray.  Iran's Nuclear Challenge.  Political Science Quarterly 122:189-205 Summer 2007.
Covers the political, ideological and security aspects behind Iran's nuclear program and examines the strategic options for the U.S.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25519623&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Eiland, Giora.  Israel's Military Option.  Washington Quarterly 33:115-130 January 2010.
"Article discusses the foreign policy of the government of Iran, its efforts to become a nuclear power, the efforts of the U.S. to prevent this, and the implications such issues have for Israel.  U.S. President Barack Obama's foreign policy initiatives are analyzed in this context"--Abstract.  If link below does not open, copy url and paste into internet browser address box.
Also available online at:  http://www.twq.com/10january/docs/10jan_Eiland.pdf (available on-base only)

Entessar, Nader.  Iran's Nuclear Decision-Making Calculus.  Middle East Policy 16:26-38 Summer 2009.
Examines the origins of the nuclear policy program in Tehran, Iran and notes that Iran's acquisition of nuclear weapons generated from the fact that they always fall prey from the aggression from its neighboring countries.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=41436079&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Friedman, Norman.  Iran's Uncertain Nuclear Status.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 134:90-91 February 2008.

Garwin, Richard L.  Evaluating Iran's Missile Threat.  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 64:40-43 May-June 2008.
Discusses Iran's capability to deliver a nuclear missile that could reach the United States.  According to statements by U.S. President George W. Bush, Iran will have such capability before 2015.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32591364&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gregorin, Jean Louis.  Iran:  Breaking the Deadlock.  Survival 51:19-25 June-July 2009.
The author offers opinions on international efforts to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=39982413&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Harnirsch, Sebastia.  Minilateral Cooperation and Transatlantic Coalition-Building:  The E3/EU-3 Iran Initiative.  European Security 16:1-27 March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=25508238&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Heisbourg, Francois.  Five Days in December:  The Iran Crisis 25 Years Hence.  World Policy Journal 25:13-27 Fall 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=17214191&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hiding in Plain Sight.  National Review 61:12+ October 19, 2009.
States that the disclosure that Iran has a secret facility for enriching uranium for atomic warheads confirms that the Iranian authorities have lied about their nuclear activities and confirms that the European approach to the crisis has been unsuccessful.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44436088&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Howard, Roger.  Iran - the Other Arms Race.  RUSI Journal 152:58-60 February 2007.
In September 2008 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), revealed that Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Saudi Arabia had expressed an interest in developing their own civilian nuclear energy capabilities.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1235633651&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Jackson, Ian.  Nuclear Energy and Proliferation Risks:  Myths and Realities in the Persian Gulf.  International Affairs 85:1157-1172 November 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44910427&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jacobson, Michael.  Sanctions Against Iran:  A Promising Struggle.  Washington Quarterly 31:69-88 Summer 2008.
Examines the role of financial and economic sanctions in the international effort to get Iran to abandon its nuclear program or bring it into compliance with International Atomic Energy Agency standards.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32561312&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jahanpour, Farhang.  Iran's Nuclear Programme and Regional Security.  RUSI Journal 152:30-34 June 2007.
States the importance of reviewing some of the key articles of the NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty) and various options in dealing with Iran.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1313494901&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kay, David.  The Iranian Fallout.  National Interest No. 97:11-19 Septermber-October 2008.
Discusses the progress Iran has made in its nuclear weapon program and how Iran has determined to use these nuclear weapons once fully developed.  It also discusses the reaction the U.S., Israel and other regional nations will take to a nuclear Iran.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1568226601&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kazemzadeh, Masoud.  U.S. - Iran Confrontation in the Post-NIE World:  An Analysis of Alternative Policy Options.  Comparative Strategy 28:37-59 January 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36449260&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kessler, Glenn.  Iran Launches Nine Test Missiles, Says More Are Ready:  U.S. Plays Down Military Showdown.  Washington Post, p A1, July 10, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1507964551&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kibaroglu, Mustafa and Caglar, Baris.  Implications of a Nuclear Iran for Turkey.  Middle East Policy 15:59-80 Winter 2008.
Discusses how the regional balance of power between Iran and Turkey will be altered if Iran develops nuclear weapons.  Also discusses the impact of how Iran will have on the stability of a secular Turkish government.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35622156&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lennox, Duncan.  Range of Opinions Fuel Iranian Missile Debate.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:21 August 13, 2008.
Conflicting views surrounds the progress of Iranian missile programs as political tensions continue to increase.  Concludes that as long as Iran continues with its uranium enrichment and missile developments, there is a serious risk.

Magnuson, Stew.  Middle East Arms Race:  Iranian Threat Spurs Gulf Nations to Upgrade Defenses.  National Defense 93:32-34 May 2009.
Prompted by the Iranian nuclear threat this article reports on the arms race that is happening in the Middle East.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=39252780&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Maloney, Suzanne.  Sanctioning Iran:  If Only It Were So Simple.  Washington Quarterly 33:131-147 January 2010.
If link below does not open, copy url and paste into internet browser address box.
Also available online at:  http://www.twq.com/10january/docs/10jan_Maloney.pdf (available on-base only)

McCreary, John and Posner, Richard A.  The Latest Intelligence Crisis.  Intelligence and National Security 23:371-380 June 2008.
This paper questions the soundness of the analysis of the National Intelligence Estimate that states that Iran has suspended its development of nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=14512169&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mistry, Dinshaw.  European Missile Defense:  Assessing Iran's ICBM Capabilities.  Arms Control Today 37:19-23 October 2007.
Identifies and discusses the current and future ICBM capabilities of Iran and North Korea.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1378723831&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Ottolenghi, Emanuele.  The Iranian Shell Game.  Commentary 126:51-54 July-August 2008.
Discusses the buildup of nuclear technology by Iran and its potential to develop nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32898329&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ozcan, Nihat A. and Ozdamar, Ozgur.  Iran's Nuclear Program and the Future of U.S. - Iranian Relations.   Middle East Policy 16:121-133 Spring 2009.
Discusses the relationship between Iran and the U.S., examining the significance that Iran's nuclear program plays in the efforts of both countries to co-exist with each other.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36938384&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Parasiliti, Andrew.  Iran:  Diplomacy and Deterrence.  Survival 51:5-13 October-November 2009.
Focuses on the outlook for the United States' strategic use of diplomacy and military deterrence regarding Iran's development of nuclear energy.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=44343480&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Patrikarakos, David.  How Iran Went Nuclear.  New Statesman 138:26-33 June 22, 2009.
The author recounts the history of nuclear development in Iran.  Discusses other issues such as the possibility that Iran has, or will have nuclear weapons.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=41882163&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Pedatzur, Reuven.  The Iranian Nuclear Threat and the Israeli Options.  Contemporary Security Policy 28:513-541 December 2007.
Analyses the options open to Israel in response to a nuclear Iran, and the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=13443715&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rosner, Shmuel.  Stirring the Pot:  Will Israel Bomb Its Way to the Table?  New Republic 239:13-15 July 30, 2008.
Reports Israel politicians have stated that they will defend their country against any threats from Iran with military force, including missiles strikes to take out Iran's nuclear weapons facilities and stated they will attack Iranian nuclear weapons productions if the country does not cease production.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33056878&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sagan, Scott and others.  A Nuclear Iran:  Promoting Stability or Courting Disaster?  Journal of International Affairs 60:135-150 Spring-Summer 2007.
Demystifies the concerns of nuclear proliferation and the authors provide their own predictions as to whether a nuclear-armed Iran will provide a force for stability or an invitation to disaster.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25069438&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Salama, Sammy and Weber, Heidi.  Arab Nuclear Envy.  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 63:44-63 September-October 2007.
With Iran's developing nuclear program, Arab leaders plan to seek nuclear power.  Though Iran remains to be a member to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), it has secretly pursued master technologies that may be used to develop an arsenal of nuclear weapons.  Their obligations and responsibilities to the agreement are not met by Iranian leaders.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26982102&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Saremi, Fariborz.  Iran's Journey to Shanghai.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, no. 8:12-13 2007.
The article reports on the intention of the Islamic Republic of Iran to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in an effort to gain protection against possible military attack from the U.S. and Israel.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1336367141&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Schaffer, Marvin B.  Iran and the Nuclear Nightmare.  Armed Forces Journal 145:24-26+ February 2008.
Discusses the nuclear activities of Iran and the assertion by the National Intelligence Estimate report that the country is pursuing civilian nuclear activities and its strategy is based on cost-benefit analysis.

Shen, Dingli.  Can Sanctions Stop Proliferation?   Washington Quarterly 31:89-100 Summer 2008.
Examines the effectiveness of economic sanctions as a means of preventing nuclear nonproliferation.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32561313&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shoham, Dany.  How Will Iran Retaliate to a Strike on Its Nuclear Facilities?   Contemporary Security Policy 28:542-558 December 2007.
This article examines how Iran will respond should there be a military strike in its nuclear and military facilities.  “It does not deal with the prospects for a military strike against Iran.  But, since an attack may take place, the present analysis inquires into the feasibility of non-nuclear, WMD-based Iranian retaliatory options, strategically and operationally, in case the attacker does not intend to eliminate those options in conjunction with targeting nuclear facilities.  Beyond the scope of this paper are the various ways to counter Iranian CBR weapons. (Abstract from website)
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=13443716&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Takeyh, Ray.  Time for Detente with Iran.  Foreign Affairs 86:17-32 March-April 2007.
This article reports on the state of the Middle East in 2007 which has become profoundly different from previous years.  Iran now lies at the center of the Middle East's major problems, from the civil wars unfolding in Iraq and Lebanon to the security challenge of the Persian Gulf.  In addition, Tehran's power is being steadily enhanced by its nuclear program, which progresses unhindered despite regular protests from the international community.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24151460&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Terrill, W. Andrew.  Deterrence in the Israeli-Iranian Strategic Standoff.  Parameters 39:81-94 Spring 2009.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1737399091&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

US "Cannot Rule Out" Iran Has Acquired Nukes.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 37, no. 1-2:3+ 2009.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1673171731&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Weiss, Leonard.  Israel's Future and Iran's Nuclear Program.  Middle East Policy 16:79-88 Fall 2009.
Examines the existential threat of the nuclear program of Iran to Israel and to foreign-policy conservativists who are ready to recommend military action to reverse the country's surging ambitions.  It notes that Iran's interest in nuclear-weapons technology started since the day of shah, wherein the U.S. was an unintended enabler at the time.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44183492&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


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