IRREGULAR WARFARE

"IW is defined as a violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations.  IW favors indirect and asymmetric approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capabilities in order to erode an adversary's power, influence, and will" -- AFDD 2-3.


May 2010

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


CONTENTS

For additional information on areas related to Irregular Warfare, see these Fairchild bibliographies: 
Afghanistan 2007 | The Arab-Israeli War, 1973 (Yom Kippur War) | Columbia | Conflict Termination | Cyberspace and National Security | Iraq Reconstruction | Nation Building - Post-Conflict Reconstruction | Peace and Stability Operations | Post Operation Iraqi Freedom | Role of Airpower in Terrorist Reprisals | Six Day War (1967): Air Strategy | Special Operations | Terrorism and the United States | Warfare in the Twenty-First Century.

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact  the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

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All sites listed were last accessed May 3, 2010.


Internet Resources


Air War College.  Gateway to the Internet.  Counterinsurgency & Irregular Warfare
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awc-thry.htm#irregular
Links and related information may be found on this page.

Center on Terrorism & Irregular Warfare.  Naval Postgraduate School. 
Available online at:  http://www.nps.edu/Academics/Centers/CTIW/
"Produces timely, innovative, interdisciplinary analysis relevant to policy and operations.  In studying terrorism and irregular warfare, the Center focuses the research capabilities of its staff and the Naval Postgraduate School on an area of critical importance to the national security of the United States." - Website

Cronin, Patrick M.  Irregular Warfare:  New Challenges for Civil-Military Relations.  Washington, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 2008.  13 p.  (Strategic Forum, no.234).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488455
Irregular warfare needs a framework that balances the relationships between civilian and military leaders and makes the most effective use of their different strengths.  These challenges are expected to require better integrated, whole-of-government approaches, the cooperation of host governments and allies, and strategic patience." - Abstract

Hurley, William J. and others.  Non-Kinetic Capabilities for Irregular Warfare:  Four Case Studies.  Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, March 2009.  218 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501354
Examines non-kinetic capabilities in irregular warfare by exploring "four key focus areas of IW:  influencing the population, unity of effort in civilian-military actions, countering corruption in host nation police forces, and vehicle identification and tracking." - Abstract

Hurley, William J. and others.  Improving Capabilities for Irregular Warfare.  Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, August 2007.  2 vols.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484796 Volume 1:  Framework and Applications
Available online at: 
http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA486118  Volume 2:  Capabilities and Analysis
"This two-volume report describes a framework for identifying program initiatives aimed at significantly improving US capabilities for irregular warfare." - Abstract

Insurgency/Counterinsurgency:  A Selected Bibliography, compiled by Mark R. Costa.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College Library, June 2007.  39 p.
Available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/library/bibs/insurgency2007.pdf
"This selected bibliography focuses on major works relating to Insurgency and Counterinsurgency with emphasis on books and documents in the U.S. Army War College Library’s collection." - Preface

Irregular Warfare:  Air Force Doctrine Document 2-3.  Washington, Dept. of the Air Force, August 2007.  104 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471742
"Establishes operational-level doctrinal guidance for irregular warfare." - Abstract

Irregular Warfare.  Directive 3000.07.  Washington, United States Dept. of Defense, December 1, 2008.  12 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/300007p.pdf
"Establishes policy and assigns responsibilities for DoD conduct of IW and development of capabilities to address irregular challenges to national security." - Purpose

Irregular Warfare:  Special Study.  Suffolk, VA, Joint Warfighting Center, August 2006.  1 vol.
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/archive/DigitalCollections/IrregWarfareSpecialStudy.pdf
"This report provides study results, research, analysis, conclusions, and recommendations concerning doctrinal implications of Irregular Warfare (IW) as introduced/described in the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review (2006 QDR) report and the subsequent Quadrennial Defense Review Irregular Warfare (IW) Roadmap." - Executive Summary

Irregular Warfare Vision.  Norfolk, VA, U.S. Joint Forces Command, March 11, 2009.  6 p.
Available online at:  www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/300007p.pdf
Memorandum for U.S. Joint Forces Command

Lauder, Matthew A.  Religion and Resistance:  Examining the Role of Religion in Irregular Warfare.  Toronto, Canada, Defence Research and Development, March 2009.  26 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA501625
"The aim of this paper is two-fold: (1) it will critically examine the treatment of religion and religious concepts in US and Canadian counter-insurgency doctrine; and (2) by drawing upon Religious Studies scholars, and by comparing historical and contemporary examples of religious conflict between states and non-state actors, it will argue that spiritual insurgencies are forms of violent new religious movements." - Abstract

Mattis, James N. and Olson, Eric T.  Multi-Service Concept for Irregular Warfare, Version 2.0.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, August 2006.  27 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA454228
"Broadly describes how future US military forces will conduct irregular warfare in support of unified action on a regional or global scale against both state and non-state adversaries." - Abstract

Peacekeeping:  A Selected Bibliography, compiled by Jeanette M. Moyer.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College Library, July 2009.  32 p.
Available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/library/bibs/peace09.pdf
"Lists references for readings about peacekeeping in general, highlights special issues and concerns, and addresses past and present operations in the following areas:  Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Central and South America, Europe, Russia and the New Independent States, and the Middle East." - Preface

Pincus, Walter.  Irregular Warfare, Both Future and Present.  Washington Post, p A15, April 7, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1457782831&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Prepare for 'irregular warfare'.  It is the newest Pentagon doctrine, one that has been under discussion for several years and has been the focus of little-publicized, multinational, computerized war games.  Now it will be put to the test in Afghanistan and Iraq by United States Central Command." - Article

Post Conflict Reconstruction:  A Selected Bibliography, compiled by Jeanette M. Moyer.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College Library, January 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/library/bibs/postcon07.pdf
"Lists references for readings about post-conflict reconstruction in general, as well as describing the aftermath of war in the following countries:  Afghanistan, Bosnia, Haiti, Iraq, Kosovo, and Somalia." - Preface

Quadrennial Defense Review Report 2006.  Washington, U.S. Department of Defense.  February 2006.  1 vol.
Available online at:  http://www.defense.gov/qdr/report/Report20060203.pdf
Includes discussions of irregular warfare in many sections.

Quadrennial Defense Review Report 2010.  Washington, U.S. Department of Defense.  February 2010.  105 p.
Available online at:  http://www.defense.gov/qdr/QDR%20as%20of%2026JAN10%200700.pdf
Most current Quadrennial Defense Review Report.

U.S. Military Academy.  Dept. of Military Instruction.  Irregular Warfare
Available online at:  http://www.usma.edu/dmi/irregular_warfare.htm
Includes a bibliography of classic works on insurgency and counterinsurgency.

United States Marine Corps.  Center for Irregular Warfare
Available online at:  https://www.mccdc.usmc.mil/ciw/index.html
Website states that its "mission is to ensure the Marine Corps is optimally trained, organized, and equipped to conduct Irregular Warfare."  It includes links to doctrine, irregular warfare sites for the other services, education, DOD combatant commands, and upcoming events.


Internet Resources (Student Research )

Burgess, Kenneth J.  Organizing for Irregular Warfare:  Implications for the Brigade Combat Team.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2007.  161 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475829
"Argues that infantry brigade combat teams should be better optimized for the challenges of irregular warfare through structural changes that decentralize resources, flatten the command structure, and increase the capacity and integration of intelligence personnel, mobility assets, and population-focused capabilities at the battalion and company level." - Abstract

Coburn, Matthew D.  Irregular Techniques for Controlling Under-Governed Space.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2007.  105 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475826
"Uses the cases of Hezbollah in Lebanon and the Taliban in Afghanistan to determine how irregular forces, with external support, can establish political control of under-governed space.  To a more limited extent, this study also determines methods that Special Operations Forces (SOF) can utilize to influence irregular surrogates." - Abstract

Davis, Arthur D.  Back to the Basics:  An Aviation Solution to Counterinsurgency Warfare.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, December 2005.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA444383
"By examining past examples of the use of airpower in counterinsurgent warfare, this study sheds light on the United States' current failings in both equipment and doctrine as it wages this type of war." - Abstract

Heckl, Karsten S.  Operational Design and Irregular Warfare.  Newport, RI, Navy War College, October 2009.  25 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA513963
"Understanding how we comprehend information and recognizing that we are predisposed to view things in a particular way is important if we are to be successful at solving the ill-structured problems we as military professionals face today." - Abstract

Hume, Shannon S.  Rebalancing General Purpose Forces to Meet Expanding Worldwide Irregular Warfare Requirements.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps University, January 2009.  44 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA508031
"Thesis:  General Purpose Forces (GPF) must rebalance current capabilities to meet expanding worldwide Irregular Warfare (IW) requirements while maintaining or, in some cases, returning to Conventional Warfare (CW) requirements." - Abstract

Muse, Robert C.  Advising Foreign Forces:  Force Structure Implications of the Indirect Approach to Irregular Warfare.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2008.  30 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA491120
"The US Military has historically crafted ad-hoc solutions to the recurring problem of advising foreign military forces.  The United States government must undertake a serious effort to craft a long term plan to address need for foreign military advisory capability." - Abstract

Price, Thomas D., Jr.  Operational Intelligence in Irregular Warfare:  Organized to the Task or to the Technology.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, October 2009.  26 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA513959
"Emerging technologies can help, but intelligence professionals at the operational level must not allow themselves to be distracted by the tools and lose sight of the overall mission." - Abstract

Reiley, Matthew A.  Transforming USMC Intelligence to Address Irregular Warfare.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, January 2008.  75 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA490714
"To conduct intelligence collection and analysis in irregular warfare the Marine Corps will need to change certain aspects of intelligence structure, training, and doctrine." - Abstract

Rodriguez, Jose L.  The Soviet - Afghan War, 1979-1989:  Failures in Irregular Warfare.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2008.  29 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA491229
"Examines why the Soviet force was ill-suited for the irregular warfare environment during the occupation mission and why its lessons are still relevant today." - Abstract

Scott, Richard L.  Conflict Without Casualties:  Non-Lethal Weapons in Irregular Warfare.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2007.  93 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474466
How "may the use of non-lethal force be best applied in hostile situations in lieu of the 'shout or shoot' approach commonly associated with military operations?  Scientific advances in non-lethal technology may serve to curb violence while still allowing Soldiers and Marines to accomplish their missions." - Abstract

Sill, Scott E.  An Analytical Approach to Educating Future IW Planners.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2009.  82 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA508976
"Examines USSOCOM's proposal to educate IW strategists/campaign planners, and compares it to the existing model utilized by SAMS for educating conventional campaign planners." - Abstract

Sullivan, Michael P.  How to Win and Know It:  An Effects-Based Approach to Irregular Warfare.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2007.  71 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476057
Answers two questions:  "how do you effectively focus on controlling or influencing populations?  and, how do you measure your efforts in IW?" - Abstract

Volpe, Kevin.  Persistent and Continuous?  U.S. Carrier Aviation in Irregular Warfare.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2008.  35 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA490808
"In the short term, the U.S. Navy must embrace shore-basing aviation assets.  All carrier squadrons should be properly trained and equipped for potential expeditionary operations on every deployment.  In the long term, the Navy should examine methods to provide for around-the-clock carrier operations in order to better support IW operations." - Conclusion


Books


Alexander, John B.  Africa:  Irregular Warfare on the Dark Continent.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2009.  81 p.  (JSOU Report, 09-5)
Dr. Alexander "provides an assessment of the African continent with a particular focus on how Special Operations Forces (SOF) may need to operate and how the local environment impacts these operations.  He provides a strategic overview and assessment of current conditions on the continent, identifies key concerns and issues, and discusses key players." - Foreword
Also available online at:  http://jsoupublic.socom.mil/publications/jsou/JSOU09-5alexanderAfricaIW.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03306 A376a

Assessing Irregular Warfare:  A Framework for Intelligence Analysis, by Eric V. Larson and others.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  67 p.
"The objective of this study was to provide an analytic framework for intelligence analysis of irregular warfare (IW) environments that could be used as the basis for a subsequent IW intelligence analysis curriculum development effort." - Summary
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA494461
Book call no.:  355.3432 A846

Bruscino, Thomas A., Jr.  Out of Bounds:  Transnational Sanctuary in Irregular Warfare.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Combat Studies Institute Press, 2006.  109 p.  (Global War on Terrorism Occasional Paper, no. 17)
Examines the role that sanctuaries in Cambodia and Laos played in the Vietnam War and Pakistan in the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA454497
Book call no.:  958.1045 B912o

Campbell, James D.  "Making Riflemen from Mud:"  Restoring the Army's Culture of Irregular Warfare.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2007.  29 p.  (Carlisle Papers in Security Strategy)
"Given the variety of political environments in which today’s conventional soldiers may find themselves, and the current nature of conflicts ongoing and likely to occur in the world, the Army culture as a whole can and must readapt itself to the new old realities of irregular war." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473628
Book call no.:  355.0218 C188m

Carr, Christopher.  Kalashnikov Culture:  Small Arms Proliferation and Irregular Warfare.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  185 p.  (PSI Reports)
"Investigates the cultural impact of the availability of these easy-to-come-by weapons." - Abstract
Book call no.:  355.42 C311k

Cassidy, Robert M.  Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror:  Military Culture and Irregular Warfare.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2006.  211 p.
Presents "chapters analyzing the culture, ideology, and tactics of al-Qaeda and affiliated groups; the capacity or propensity of the Russian, American, and British military cultures for counterinsurgency; and historical lessons from American, British, and French experiences with counterinsurgency." - Summary
Book call no.:  355.0218 G778i

Crawford, George A.  Manhunting:  Counter-Network Organization for Irregular Warfare.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2009.  154 p.  (JSOU Report, no.09-7)
"Explores potential doctrine, evaluates possible organizational structures, and examines how to best address the responsibility to develop manhunting as a capability for American national security." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA514554
Book call no.:  356.16 C899m

Dangerous Thresholds:  Managing Escalation in the 21st Century, edited by Forrest E. Morgan and others.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  245 p.
Chapter 5:  Escalation in Irregular Warfare.
Book call no.:  355.02 D182

Dunlap, Charles J., Jr.  Shortchanging the Joint Fight?  An Airman's Assessment of FM 3-24 and the Case for Developing Truly Joint COIN Doctrine.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, 2008.  111 p.
"Analyzes the pitfalls of accepting Army/Marine tactical doctrine as the joint solution.  It also offers insights and ideas from an Airman’s perspective for strengthening joint COIN doctrine development in order to deliver fresh alternatives to our national decision-makers and combatant commanders." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://aupress.maxwell.af.mil/ARI_Papers/DunlapARI1.pdf
Book call no.:  355.46 D921s

Ethics Education for Irregular Warfare, edited by Don Cerrick and others.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2009.  165 p.  (Military and Defence Ethics)
"Offer advice on how to teach soldiers about ethics in today's confusing world.  They consider such aspects as the philosophical warrior, preventing torture in counter-insurgency operations, challenges to teaching military ethics posed by the service culture of the US Air Force, and the Dutch approach to ethics education for operations other than war." - Summary
Book call no.:  172.42 E8414

Gray, Colin S.  Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy:  Can the American Way of War Adapt?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2006.  64 p.
"Offers a detailed comparison between the character of irregular warfare, insurgency in particular, and the principal enduring features of 'the American way'.  He concludes that there is a serious mismatch between that 'way' and the kind of behavior that is most effective in countering irregular foes." - Foreword
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB650.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033573 G778i

Gray, Colin S.  War, Peace and International Relations:  An Introduction to Strategic History.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  306 p.
Irregular Warfare:  Guerrillas, Insurgents and Terrorists, pp 245-263.
Book call no.:  355.0209 G778w

Henriksen, Thomas H.  The Israeli Approach to Irregular Warfare and Implications for the United States.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2007.  48 p.  (JSOU Report, no. 07-3)
"Israeli experiences offer an historical record and a laboratory for tactics and techniques in waging counterinsurgencies or counterterrorist operations." - Introduction
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA495467
Book call no.:  356.16095694 H518i

Kilcullen, David.  The Accidental Guerrilla:  Fighting Small Wars in the Midst of a Big One.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2009.  346 p.
"The West has continually misidentified insurgents with limited aims and legitimate grievances - 'accidental guerrillas' - as members of a unified worldwide terror network.  We must learn how to disentangle these strands, develop strategies that deal with global threats, avoid local conflicts where possible, and win them where necessary." - Abstract
Book call no.:  355.425 K48a

Krepinevich, Andrew F., Jr. and Wood, Dakota L.  Of IEDs and MRAPs:  Force Protection in Complex Irregular Operations.  Washington, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, 2007.  65 p.
"Political and military leaders are currently grappling with the question of how much to invest in a new system of Mine Resistant Ambush Protected armored vehicles without undermining the ability of the force to conduct the current mission, or its effectiveness across the range of missions and operating environments in the years ahead.  This paper’s purpose is to ensure that the issues relevant to arriving at a good decision are given proper consideration." - CSBA Website
Also available online at: http://www.csbaonline.org/4Publications/PubLibrary/S.20071017.Of_IEDs_and_MRAPs/S.20071017.Of_IEDs_and_MRAPs.pdf
Book call no.:  356.16095694 H518i

Lamb, Christopher J. and others.  MRAPs, Irregular Warfare, and Pentagon Reform.  Washington, National Defense University Press, 2009.  47 p.  (Institute for National Strategic Studies, Occasional Paper, no.6)
"Asserts that mine resistant ambush protected (MRAP) vehicles offer an excellent case study for investigating the current debate over the Pentagon’s approach to developing and fielding irregular warfare capabilities.  However it also contends improving irregular warfare capabilities will require more extensive reforms." - Summary
Book call no.:  623.7475 L218m

Military Balance 2007.  London, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Chapter 10:  Complex Irregular Warfare - the Psychological Component.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=11079983&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
Book call no.:  355 L847m 2007

Newton, Richard D. and others.  Contemporary Security Challenges:  Irregular Warfare and Indirect Approaches.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2009.  95 p.  (JSOU Report no. 09-3)
"Collection of writings from five current and former practitioners in the field of irregular warfare.  The writers delve into the concept of surrogate warfare, defined as a substitute force acting on behalf of the interests of another as well as its own interests." - Foreword
Also available online at:  http://jsoupublic.socom.mil/publications/jsou/JSOU09-3IndApp.pdf
Book call no.:  355.0218 C761

Pinheiro, Alvaro de Souza.  Irregular Warfare:  Brazil's Fight Against Criminal Urban Guerrillas.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2009.  85 p.  (JSOU Report, no. 09-6)
"Contributes to the discussion of urban guerrillas, their impact on society, and the role of the armed forces in countering criminal elements." - Summary
Also available online at:  http://jsoupublic.socom.mil/publications/jsou/JSOU09-8pinheiroBrazil_final.pdf
Book call no.:  355.02180981 P654i

Rid, Thomas and Hecker, Marc.  War 2.0:  Irregular Warfare in the Information Age.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2009.  280 p.
"Two intimately connected trends are putting modern armies under pressure to adapt:  the rise of insurgencies and counterinsurgency, and the rise of Web 2.0, the newly interactive and participatory form of the Web.  This book traces the contrasting ways in which insurgents and counterinsurgents use novel media platforms in irregular conflict." - Summary
Book call no.:  355.02 R542w

U.S. Marines and Irregular Warfare, 1898-2007:  Anthology and Selective Bibliography, compiled by Stephen S. Evans.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps University Press, 2008.  343 p.
Essays include U.S. efforts in historical and contemporary counterinsurgencies in the Philippines, Nicaragua, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iraq, Horn of Africa, and the Global War on Terror.
Book call no.:  355.02 U581

Understanding Modern Warfare, by David Jordan, James D. Kiras and others.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2008.  371 p.
Chapter 5:  Irregular Warfare by James D. Kiras.
Book call no.:  355.020904 U55

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee and Terrorism and Unconventional Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee.  Irregular Warfare and Stability Operations:  Approaches to Inter-Agency Integration.  Joint Hearing.  110th Congress, 2nd session, February 26, 2008.  Washington, GPO, 2009.  105 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS110719
Book call no.:  356.16 U58i

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Subcommittee on Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities.  The Irregular Warfare Roadmap.  Hearing.  109th Congress, 2nd session, September 27, 2006.  Washington, GPO, 2008.  53 p.
Also available online at :  http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2006_hr/irregular.pdf
Book call no.:  973.931 U584i

United States.  Department of Defense.  Quadrennial Roles and Missions Review Report.  Washington, January 2009.  39 p.
Irregular Warfare, pp 9-13.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA493403
Book call no.:  355.033573 U582qb

The US Army and Irregular Warfare 1775-2007:  Selected Papers from the 2007 Conference of Army Historians, edited by Richard G. Davis.  Washington, Center of Military History, 2008.  252 p.  (CMH Pub, no.70-111-1)
Book call no.:  355.02180973 U58

Weir, William.  Guerrilla Warfare:  Irregular Warfare in the Twentieth Century.  Mechanicsburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 2008.  241 p.  (Stackpole Military History Series)
"Covers twenty-one guerrilla conflicts of the 1900s, from the Boer War and Philippine Insurrection to World War I, World War II, Vietnam, and the Soviet-Afghan War. " - Summary
Book call no.:  355.02180904 W425g


Documents


Irregular Warfare (IW) Joint Operating Concept (JOC) Version 1.0.  Washington, Department of Defense, September 2007.  1 vol.
Jointly written by the U.S. Special Operations Command, United States Marine Corps Combat Development Command, United States Joint Chiefs of Staff and United States Dept. of Defense.  "This JOC describes how future joint force commanders will accomplish strategic objectives through the conduct of protracted IW on a global or regional scale.  It identifies capabilities and capacities required to successfully prosecute IW." - page 1
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA496061
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42215-227

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations:  Background and Issues for Congress, by Ronald O’Rourke.  Washington, 1 vol.
Link takes user to all available editions.
Also available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RS22373/
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. RS22373

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions:  Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and Other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities, by Nina M. Serafino and Martin A. Weiss.  Washington, 1 vol.
Link takes user to all available editions.
Also available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL32862/
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. RL32862


Documents  (Student Research )

Bauer, John W.  Justice:  A Problem for Military Ethics During Irregular War.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2008.  52 p.
Argues that justice in irregular warfare can be achieved by using the philosophical current called personalism "which synthesizes the Aristotelian and Kantian positions."..."the value of adopting a personalist ethic is not only moral, but also pragmatic, guiding irregular warfare closer to success." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484759
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 B3441j

Bracco, Jeffrey A.  Fire Support for Irregular Warfare.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2008.  91 p.
Examines "how artillery has been used in irregular conflicts over the past century, and how our current capabilities can be best utilized by applying the lessons learned from these previous conflicts." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479774
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B796f

Bredenkamp, Brad A.  Taking the Long View Towards the Long War:  Equipping General Purpose Forces Leaders with Soft Power Tools for Irregular Warfare.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air War College, February 2009.  81 p.
"Addresses shortfalls in non-kinetic skills among the General Purpose Force Airmen performing non-traditional missions to build partner nation capacity.  It examines options, consistent with existing guidance, to improve training and management of key personnel performing these missions, and the benefits of proposed changes to both the Air Force and the mission." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=0e52af7a-3303-41eb-8eba-a9c92df3271f&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 B831t

Cannady, Bryan H.  Irregular Warfare:  Special Operations Joint Professional Military Education Transformation.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2008.  90 p.
"As a primary player in the future operational environment and the required total joint force integration, special operations must take a leading role in professional military education (PME), yet the current architecture of JPME does not facilitate or include this required SOF integration." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482944
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 C224r

Chavez, Robert M., Jr.  Basic and Operational Doctrine for Airpower in Irregular Warfare.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2007.  84 p.
"Asks the question:  what is the best synthesis of ideas for creating a basic and operational irregular warfare airpower doctrine?" - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475385
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 C512b

Daley, Patrick.  Exporting Airpower:  The Challenges of Building Partner Nation Air Capacity for Irregular War.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2008.  119 p.
The United States should "focus its efforts on building the capacity of partner nations to provide for their own security and internal governance.  Accepting this notion as a starting point, the author explores the conditions under which building partner nation air capacity for irregular war can supplant the need for US airpower." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=5195508f-febb-4a9e-a93b-7ff90d822e10&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 D141e

Dertien, Evan C. and Felt, Eric J.  Persistent Surveillance:  Maximizing Airpower Effectiveness in Irregular Warfare.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air University, April 2007.  58 p.
"If the Air Force wishes to maximize airpower effectiveness in irregular warfare it must embrace the air and space ISR mission area and significantly improve capabilities.  This report highlights some of the promising next-generation sensors and platforms that DARPA and other organizations are developing." - Summary
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=b80d9a2e-f92f-4e84-91c7-75cf5abb80cc&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42252-91 D438p

Doyle, David S.  Interagency Cooperation for Irregular Warfare at the Combatant Command.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2009.  80 p.
"Study of three specific interagency organizations provides potential areas of improved performance and efficiency.  The USPACOM Joint Interagency Coordination Group for Counterterrorism (JIACG/CT) from 2001 through 2005, the USSOUTHCOM’s reconfigured Interagency Coordination Group (IACG) within its Partnering Directorate, and the USSOCOM Interagency Task Force (IATF) offer examples of JIACGs coping with the issues of IW." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA505218
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 D754i

Farris, Stuart L.  Joint Special Operations Task Force - Philippines.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2009.  65 p.
"The Joint Special Operations Task Force-Philippines (JSOTF-P) indirect approach to irregular warfare (IW) offers senior U.S. policy makers and military commanders a suitable model worthy of consideration for conducting long-term military operations against terrorist networks inside a partner nation’s sovereign territory." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA505075
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 F2461j

Gibson, Jason A.  Creative Logistics:  The Evolving Ways of Sustaining Conventional Airpower in Irregular Warfare.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air University, April 2008.  32 p.
"This research outlines the basis for aircraft sustainment described in current doctrine and instructions, the new methodologies being employed in the field to keep pace with commanders’ requirements, and the need to bridge the gap between the two for the USAF practitioner." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=8d399769-f507-4d67-909e-867c93f9c32c&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42252-91 G4492c

Hedman, Daniel K.  Reorganizing SOF for Irregular Warfare.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2008.  39 p.
"Explores how a reorganization of USSOCOM in order to create an IW organization would fill capability gaps created by having 80% of USSOCOMs forces dedicated to Iraq and Afghanistan." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA493818
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 H455r

Huebert, Kevin D.  The Role of Airpower in Irregular Warfare for the 21st Century.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2009.  61 p.
Argues "that despite the capabilities of the current Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) fleet of aircraft, it lacks the capability to successfully engage in UW and COIN throughout the globe.  The current attack and mobility fleet is too large for a majority of the world’s airfields, and is too expensive (required infrastructure to support such aircraft) to transfer to partner nations." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA514119
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 H887r

Kimbrough, James M., IV.  Examining U.S. Irregular Warfare Doctrine.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, June 2008.  124 p.
"Without a Joint Publication to serve as a guide, several of the individual services have recently published updated doctrine to address the subject:  Air Force Doctrine Document (AFDD) 2-3:  Irregular Warfare in August in August 2007 and Army Field Manual (FM) 3-24:  Counterinsurgency in December 2006 (jointly published as Marine Corps Warfighting Publication 3-33.5:  Counterinsurgency).  Joint Publication 3-24:  Counterinsurgency has an anticipated release of May 2009."- Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488263
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39567-5 K492e

Kraft, Nelson G.  The Infantry Brigade Combat Team:  The U.S. Army's Premier Phase IV and Irregular Warfare Force for the 21st Century.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2007.  29 p.
Proposes "that the U.S. Army should further its transformation efforts and develop a force specially trained and organized to meet the challenges of irregular warfare in the 21st century." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=researchproject&objectid=428b2144-840c-41cb-9bae-601284170cd0
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 K895i

Markland, Thomas A.  Airpower in Irregular Warfare.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air War College, 2009.  28 p.
"Seeks to answer the question 'what is the role of airpower in IW.'  The case for enduring air contributions to IW will be made by historical survey." - Introduction
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 M3462a

McDonald, Roger L., III.  The Impact of Irregular Warfare on the U.S. Army.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 2006.  23 p.
Identifies "soldier skills and ground force capabilities required to successfully prosecute irregular warfare, assess current/programmed capabilities against the identified requirements, and make Doctrine, Organizational, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, and Facilities (DOTMLPF) recommendations to enhance Army capabilities and capacity to address irregular challenges." - Summary
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448459
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M1354i

McKenzie, James K.  Airpower Contributions to Irregular Warfare.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air War College, 2009.  30 p.
"Focuses not only on the Air Force’s stated contributions to IW, but more the real issue of how much capacity is really required within its stated capabilities and what must be done to resolve any shortfalls." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=d0c9601f-70fb-4580-985b-408d60fe781e&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 M156a

Painter, David J. and others.  Reorganizing for Irregular Warfare.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2009.  77 p.
Concludes "that the DoD should reorganize certain elements of the U.S. Special Operations Command by incorporating existing capabilities, focusing on conducting operations within the Irregular Warfare Environment, and implementing our critical success factors." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA514365
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42524 P148r

Prokopovich, Paul.  The Role of the Naval Services in Irregular Warfare.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air War College, February 2009.  58 p.
"The increasing emphasis on IW is forcing the Navy to reconsider the traditional definition of the 'maritime environment' in which the service operates." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=07acabf6-9a7c-47a9-b9f6-84cac8ea17e4&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 P964r

Purdy, Donald D., Jr.  Prioritizing ISR to Attack the Seams of Irregular Networks.  Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2008.  35 p.
Explains "why ISR efforts must target the inner seams of irregular warfare (IW) networks by 1) demonstrating irregular enemies are networked in nature and 2) explaining how ISR’s capabilities are well-matched to undermining that networked nature." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=downloadpaper&objectid=e657f686-28e0-4149-bdcb-71b6b64833c6&rs=PublishedSearch
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 P9855p

Sotire, Robert B.  Measuring Performance and Effectiveness in Irregular Warfare:  Preventing Dysfunctional Behavior.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2009.  30 p.
Investigates "the difficulties with the current system of measurements at the operational level of war and how that influences behavior both within an organization and down to its subordinates.  Finally, common principles of measurements will be outlined from the study of both the public and private sector to assist in suggestions for measuring performance and effectiveness in irregular warfare." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA504933
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 S717m

Stater, Steven H.  Modifying Intratheater Airlift for Irregular Warfare.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 2009.  22 p.
"An airlift structure that supports U.S. irregular warfare operations should also support partner capacity with experienced aircrew and maintenance personnel with aircraft appropriate for the host nation." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA499217
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S7971m

Wallace, Charles J., II.  Airpower Against 'Irregular' Adversaries:  How Terrorist, Insurgent, and Guerrilla Forces Have Attempted to Negate Airstrikes.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2006.  115 p.
"Although no panacea for solving the irregular warfare challenge, recent history suggests that airstrikes can be not only relevant but also critical to countering the threat posed by irregular adversaries." - Abstract
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2006/saas/Wallace.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 W87a


Periodicals


Abbe, Allison and Halpin, Stanley M.  The Cultural Imperative for Professional Military Education and Leader Development.  Parameters 39:20-31 Winter 2009.
"Discusses the importance of sociocultural factors in irregular warfare." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=48359438&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Alexander, John.  Air Power in Countering Irregular Warfare:  The NATO View.  Military Technology 33, no. 6:99-106 2009.
"Considers the application of NATO joint air and space power in countering irregular warfare in order to inform the development of NATO concepts and doctrine." - Abstract

Armstrong, Benjamin.  Use Naval Rotary-Wing Airpower in Current Conflicts.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 135:77-79 September 2009.
"Focuses on the importance of reconsidering rotary-wing air power as the U.S. Navy increases irregular-warfare capabilities and naval aviation develops its role in current efforts against terrorism." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=44314464&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bauer, John.  The Role of Empathy in Irregular Warfare.  Military Review 89:99-101 July-August 2009.
"Discusses the U.S. military's pursuit of empathy in the context of counterinsurgency and irregular warfare." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=43251489&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bore, Henri.  Cultural Awareness and Irregular Warfare:  French Army Experience in Africa.  Military Review 86:108-111 July-August 2006.
"Examines the operational challenges encountered by French soldiers with counterinsurgency and security and stability operations in Africa and how they addressed these challenges." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22351108&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bore, Henri.  Irregular Warfare in Africa - a French Marine Experience.  Marine Corps Gazette 90:38-40 July 2006.
"Teaching the US Marine's young leaders early in their careers about Africa's cultures and irregular warfare is key to mission success." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1080181731&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Campen, Alan D.  Can a Regular Army Fight an Irregular War?  Signal 63:73-76 October 2008.
The U.S. military "is receiving conflicting guidance on how to balance demands for hard and soft wars - specifically, how it should respond to Defense Department Directive 3000.05 to 'rebalance training and readiness focus between stability operations and conventional combat' and perform 'all tasks necessary to establish and maintain order when civilians cannot do so.'" - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1585909281&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Cassidy, Robert M.  Regular and Irregular Indigenous Forces for a Long Irregular War.  RUSI Journal 152:42-47 February 2007.
"The 2006 US National Military Strategic Plan for the War on Terrorism, a military-strategic framework for prosecuting the Long War, charged the American military to enable partner nations to counter terrorism and to contribute to the establishment of conditions that counter international ideological support for terrorism." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1235633621&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Chaisson, K.  USAF Presses Its Relevance in Irregular Warfare.  Journal of Electronic Defense 30:21-22 October 2007.
Discusses the article written by Major General Alan Peck, 'Airpower's Crucial Role in Irregular Warfare' in response to a Marine Corps counterinsurgency paper.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=27057313&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Clancy, James and Crossett, Chuck.  Measuring Effectiveness in Irregular Warfare.  Parameters 37:88-100 Summer 2007.
"Results indicate that the new measures of effectiveness would guide the verification of the new military training in the U.S." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=25495043&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Comer, Richard.  An Irregular Challenge.  Armed Forces Journal 145:12-15 February 2008.
"There is a need for more balance in budgets and requirements in the U.S. Air Force, with more acquisitions in the irregular warfare arena to be able to respond to international conflicts." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://www.afji.com/2008/02/3608631/

Coons, Kenneth C., Jr. and Harned, Glenn M.  Irregular Warfare Is Warfare.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 52:97-103 January 2009.
Explores irregular warfare as assessed in the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36826353&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Crabb, Andrew L.  Irregular Amphibious Warfare.  Marine Corps Gazette 93:78-83 November 2009.
"IW can be waged independently of conventional combat operations, IW can provide support to conventional combat operations, and conventional combat operations can provide support to an IW operation or campaign.  Because they are 'CoCom' 19 to U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCom), MarSOF cannot be operationally assigned or directed by the Marine Corps. " - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1900812661&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Donnelly, Thomas.  The Cousins' Counter-Insurgency Wars.  RUSI Journal 154:4-9 June 2009.
"By 2008, in the face of mounting criticism of the British performance in Iraq and clear evidence that the US surge was 'working', the transatlantic debate on small wars had been inverted:  'Basra' had supplanted 'Malaya' as shorthand for British skill in irregular warfare; it was now the Americans who seemed the masters of modern counter-insurgency and the British the students in need of instruction.  The author examines what this apparent role reversal - and the accompanying 'family feud' - really says about Anglophone armies." Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=43187502&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Duffy, Dave.  UW Support to Irregular Warfare and the Global War on Terrorism.  Special Warfare 20:12-15 May-June 2007.
"Discusses the tasks to be executed by the U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) in the global war on terrorism through irregular warfare." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1295280561&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dunlap, Charles J., Jr.  Making Revolutionary Change:  Airpower in COIN Today.  Parameters 38:52-66 Summer 2008.
"What a difference a year makes.  The idea that airpower would be playing a critical role in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars would hardly have been predicted in December 2006, when the Army and Marine Corps issued a completely revised - but airpower lite - counterinsurgency (COIN) manual commonly known as Field Manual (FM) 3-24.2." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA490505

Emery, Norman E.  Irregular Warfare Information Operations:  Understanding the Role of People, Capabilities, and Effects.  Military Review 88:27-38 November-December 2008.
"Provides information on the usefulness of the irregular warfare information operations during the Iraqi war." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=36065632&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Grant, Rebecca.  The Six Phases of Airpower.  Air Force Magazine 92:46-50 January 2009.
Examines the six phases of airpower in light of the Pentagon's emphasis on irregular warfare.
Also available online at:  http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2009/January 2009/0109airpower.aspx

Gray, Colin S.  Irregular Warfare:  One Nature, Many Characters.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 1:35-57 Winter 2007.
"The United States should undertake little irregular warfare.  It would be a political and strategic mistake to identify irregular warfare, COIN especially, as America’s dominant strategic future.  If the country should make the mistake of committing itself to extensive COIN projects, it will require a much larger army." - Conclusion
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/ssq/2007/Winter/gray.pdf

Grdovic, Mark.  Ramping up to Face the Challenge of Irregular Warfare.  Special Warfare 22:15-18 September-October 2009.
"States that IW must become a mainstream topic of the military profession rather than simply a periphery specialty relegated to a select few." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=44061393&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hasler, Jeffrey L.  Defining War:  New Doctrinal Definitions of Irregular, Conventional and Unconventional Warfare.  Special Warfare 20:19-25 March-April 2007.
"The JFK Special Warfare Center and School's Directorate of Training and Doctrine, or DOTD, has assembled an informal working group,...to study the implications of the JOC to ARSOF doctrine." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1256751361&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Hawkins, Kenneth V.  Irregular Warfare:  Three Keys to Success in Using Marine Air.  Marine Corps Gazette 92:42-45 January 2008.
"To ensure strategic success during irregular warfare, Marine aviation planners must be able to do three things - use ground intelligence-based flight routing, conduct proactive information operations, and employ fighter/attack aircraft in a transparent or restricted manner." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1408635311&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Hodge, Nathan.  USAF Issues Manual on "Irregular Warfare."  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:8 August 22, 2007.
"Reports that the U.S. Air Force has issued the doctrinal manual AFDD 2-2, Irregular Warfare." - Abstract

Horn, William Van.  Cavalry for Irregular Warfare.  Armor & Cavalry Journal 2:6-13 November-December 2009.
"Focuses on the significance of the role of medium cavalry squadron in the combat operations of the U.S. military." - Abstract

Horowitz, Michael C. and Shalmon, Dan A.  The Future of War and American Military Strategy.  Orbis 53:300-318 March 2009.
"The United States military can both lock in its conventional dominance and continue to improve its ability to succeed in the irregular wars most likely to dominate the landscape in the short to medium term." - Abstract

Irregular Warfare.  Marine Corps Gazette 91:26-27 October 2007.
"Discusses the latest concepts to be considered in irregular warfare." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1357820221&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Irwin, Lew.  Filling Irregular Warfare's Interagency Gaps.  Parameters 39:65-80 Fall 2009.
"Discusses the need for better interagency coordination by branches of the U.S. government and armed forces in order to prosecute irregular conflicts more successfully." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=47776717&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Irwin, Lewis G.  Reforming the Afghan National Police:  Irregular Warfare Lessons Learned.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 52:70-77 January 2009.
"Concluded that the counterinsurgency manual and irregular warfare joint operating concept are central to the success of a mission." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36826348&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jean, Grace.  Technology Gaps:  Irregular Warfare Underscores Equipment Shortcomings.  National Defense 91:22-24 July 2006.
"Discusses how an irregular warfare underscores equipment shortcomings." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1079572781&sid=5&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Jogerst, John D.  Preparing for Irregular Warfare:  The Future Ain't What It Used to Be.  Airpower Journal 23:68-79 December 2009.
"To remain relevant in the most likely conflicts of the next 30 years, the Air Force must be able to conduct irregular warfare." - Article
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1949117411&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Krepinevich, Andrew F., Jr.  The Pentagon's Wasting Assets.  Foreign Affairs 88:18-33 July-August 2009.
"Argues on behalf of a strategic review of the U.S. military in its shifting status" in light of "the shifting military focus from conventional to irregular warfare." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=42117544&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lamb, Christopher J. and Cinnamond, Martin.  Key to Special Operations and Irregular Warfare in Afghanistan.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 56:40-53 January 2010.
"Notes that the QDR deconstructed IW into several separate aspects and a list of deconstructed IW with the number indicating how many different joint doctrine publications address the subject is cited." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=48169417&site=ehost-live

Lynes, Jerome M.  Joint Doctrine and Irregular Warfare.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 54:142-143 June 2009.
Examines irregular warfare through Joint Publication 1.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=44242075&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Maitre, Benjamin R.  The Paradox of the Irregular Airpower.  Air & Space Power Journal 21:36-41 Winter 2007.
"Discusses the emergence of the irregular air power in response to the significant challenges faced by superior air assets when engaging dispersed and unseen opponents." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=27872542&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McNab, Robert and Scott, Richard L.  Non-Lethal Weapons and the Long Tail of Warfare.  Small Wars and Insurgencies 20:141-159 March 2009.
"Examines whether non-lethal weapons (NLWs) enhance the capability of the US armed forces to conduct irregular warfare (IW) operations." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0959%2d2318&volume=20&issue=1&spage=141

Mulholland, John F., Jr.  Countering Irregular Threats:  The Army Special Operations Contribution.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 56:71-75 January 2010.
"States that the ARSOF has been involved in responding to irregular threats throughout the full spectrum of operations." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=48169421&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Nagl, John A.  Let's Win the Wars We're In.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 52:20-26 January 2009.
Argues for continued counterinsurgency training in the Army, despite criticisms.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1634389581&sid=1&Fmt=1&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Nagl, John A. and Burton, Brian M.  Dirty Windows and Burning Houses:  Setting the Record Straight on Irregular Warfare.  Washington Quarterly 32:91-101 April 2009.
"Defends "the increased emphasis on counterinsurgency and guerrilla warfare within the U.S. armed forces, rejecting criticism that the role of those forces must always be considered preparations for fighting conventional wars against other nation-states." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=43429699&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Olson, Eric T.  U. S. Special Operations:  Context and Capabilities in Irregular Warfare.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 56:64-70 January 2010.
"States that the USSOCOM has become a strategically and proactive concentrated headquarters covering a two-fold mission and purpose since the 9/11 attack." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=48169420&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Parkin, Russell.  The Sources of the Australian Tradition in Irregular Warfare, 1942-1974.  Small Wars and Insurgencies 20:118-140 March 2009.
The Australian "Army's counter-insurgency doctrine, as with its World War II-jungle warfare doctrine, was a pragmatic amalgam of Australian experience and British doctrine.  The article traces this process through the development of a series of doctrine manuals.  It also considers the contribution of key individuals to both counter-insurgency theory and practice." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0959%2d2318&volume=20&issue=1&spage=118

Peck, Alan G.  Airpower's Crucial Role in Irregular Warfare.  Air & Space Power Journal 21:10-15 Summer 2007.
Airpower "serves as a powerful IW capability in its own right.  Understanding IW environment and airpower's contributions are critical for the future of the Air Force leaders." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=25372095&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Read, Robyn.  Irregular Warfare and the US Air Force:  The Way Ahead.  Air & Space Power Journal 21:42-52 Winter 2007.
"Highlights the conference titled 'Air Force Symposium on Counterinsurgency,' held in Alabama in April 2007." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=27872543&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Richwine, D. B.  Marines Need Irregular Warfare Forces.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 132:48-50 December 2006.
"Marine Corps will seek to create and standardize an irregular warfare capability, giving the regional combat commanders a means to involve the allies and regulate the engagement of the U.S. with them." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23466136&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Roberts, Mervyn E.  Measuring the Effectiveness of Psychological Operations in Support of Irregular Warfare.  Special Warfare 22:12-13 September-October 2009.
Notes that in current psychological operations the problem "is not lack of information, but the trouble of collecting, comparing and examining data under wartime conditions." - Abstract

Rothstein, Hy S.  Less Is More:  The Problematic Future of Irregular Warfare in an Era of Collapsing States.  Third World Quarterly 28:275-294 March 2007.
"US success against irregular threats is inversely related to the priority senior US officials (civilian and military) attach to the effort." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24153030&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Salmoni, Barak.  The Fallacy of 'Irregular' Warfare.  RUSI Journal 152:18-24 August 2007.
"Irregular Warfare is a fallacious term and concept because those functions, operations, and environments that are dubbed 'irregular' are in fact so regular - in fact the dominant mode - in the reality of what conventional militaries do and have done, that one should not think of them as irregular." - Article
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1339183901&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Spalding, Robert.  Americas Two Air Forces.  Air & Space Power Journal 23:51-56 Summer 2009.
States that the USAF needs two air forces:  one for conventional warfare and another for irregular warfare.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=43979544&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Thorup, Mikkel.  The Anarchist and the Partisan - Two Types of Terror in the History of Irregular Warfare.  Terrorism & Political Violence 20:333-355 July 2008.
"Ends by discussing if and how a third type of political violence, Islamist terrorism, can be interpreted within the analytical framework of legality/illegality and regularity/irregularity worked out in the article, that is, to what extent is current the Islamist terrorist a child of the anarchist and the partisan?" - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0954%2d6553&volume=20&issue=3&spage=333

Tirpak, John A.  Electronic Warfare Meets Austerity.  Air Force Magazine 93:42-45 January 2010.
"The air command wants to concentrate on smaller battle aircrafts in minimal scale because of the meager budget in irregular warfare." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2010/January 2010/0110electronic.aspx

Tirpak, John A.  The Irregular Air Battle.  Air Force Magazine 92:22-26 August 2009.
"Focuses on the expansion program for improving the irregular warfare capabilities of U.S. Air Force." - Abstract
Also available online at:  http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2009/August 2009/0809battle.aspx

Vargas, Gonzalo.  Urban Irregular Warfare and Violence Against Civilians:  Evidence from a Colombian City.  Terrorism & Political Violence 21:110-132 January 2009.

Wasserbly, Daniel.  US Strategy Review Will Refocus Forces' Priorities.  Jane's Defence Weekly 47:12 February 3, 2010.
Anticipates that the Quadrennial Defense Review will "significantly upgrade its special operations forces and increase battlefield enablers to be used for irregular operations." - Abstract

Wilkie, Robert.  The Air Force at a Crossroads:  Irregular Warfare Does Not Erode Air Power's Importance.  Armed Forces Journal 146:28-30 April 2009.
"It is suggested that the Air Force must take up the strategic challenges, find solutions and reassert the role of airpower in national security." - Article
Also available online at:  http://infoweb.newsbank.com


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