KOSOVO


May 2008

Compiled Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

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All sites listed were last accessed on May 15, 2008.


General Information and History


Internet Resources

Balkan Series Publications.  Watchfield, Swindon, Conflict Studies Research Centre, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom. 
Available online at:  http://www.da.mod.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/balkan/

Batt, Judy and others.  Is There an Albanian Question?  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, January 2008.  107 p.  (Chaillot Paper, no. 107).
Available online at:  http://iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp107.pdf
See especially Chapter 3:  Kosovo:  Post-Status Challenges to Governability, by Fabian Schmidt, pp 27-38.

Daltveit, Egil.  The March 2004 Riots in Kosovo:  A Failure of the International Community.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, December 2007.  190 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475488
In March 2004, a part of the Albanian majority in Kosovo carried out riots that primarily targeted the Serb minority.  The riots reversed much of the perceived progress achieved by KFOR and UNMIK after the war in 1999.  The author discusses lessons learned, emphasizing the need to base realistic expectations on a thorough study of a country's history.  He examines Kosovo's history from 500 B. C. through 2004.

Ingimundarson, Valur.  The Politics of Memory and the Reconstruction of Albanian National Identity in Postwar Kosovo.  History and Memory 19:95-123 Spring 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1259578961&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Argues that the unwillingness of the "international community" to tackle Kosovo's final status from 1999 to 2005 reinforced Kosovar Albanians' determination, based on memories of repression and war, to achieve statehood and thwarted external attempts to change their self-conception through "forgetting".

Kosovo.  Brussels, International Crisis Group, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=1243
Offers a detailed history of conflict in Kosovo, along with recent reports and briefings and a special section on Kosovo's independence.

Kosovo and Serbia.  International Debates 6:5-10 March 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31202326&site=ehost-live
Discusses the history of the Serbian-Kosovo conflict, culminating in the separation of the former province to become an autonomous state.

Kosovo Criminal Justice Scorecard.  New York, Human Rights Watch, March 2008.  31 p.
Available online at:  http://hrw.org/reports/2008/kosovo0308/kosovo0308webwcover.pdf
It is now widely accepted that the justice system is the weakest of Kosovo’s main institutions.  That reality is reflected in the decision of the European Union to focus the efforts of its European Security and Defence Policy mission to Kosovo on police and justice issues.

Kosovo Maps.  Austin, TX, Perry-Casteneda Library Map Collection, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/kosovo.html
Provides links to more than 40 online maps of Kosovo, the Balkans, and former Yugoslavia.

Military Education Research Library Network (MERLN).  Regional Policy Overview:  Europe and Eurasia.  Washington, National Defense University Library, 2008.
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=246&pageID=3&type=section
Provides links to recent documents from the U. S. government, policy centers, and research organizations, including many on Kosovo.

On the Issues:  Kosovo/Serbia.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, March 10, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.usip.org/on_the_issues/kosovo_serbia.html
Interview with Daniel P. Serwer, vice president of the Center for Post-Conflict Peace and Stability Operations, who has been engaged in facilitating dialogue between Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo.  He analyses the Serbian elections, their potential impact on Kosovo, and larger international dynamics.

Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  A Selected Bibliography, compiled by Jeanette M. Moyer.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College Library, January 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA464894
See section on Kosovo, pp 20-23.

Stencavage, Darla L.  Security Implications of Human-Trafficking Networks.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2007.  96 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471456
Contends that the US must investigate any connections between the operations of human-trafficking networks and terrorist groups and the potential implications these connections could have for national security.  Focuses on connections between human-trafficking networks and terrorist organizations in Kosovo.

Summary of the Comprehensive Proposal for the Kosovo Status Settlement.  Washington, U. S. Department of State, Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, February 22, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/fs/101244.htm

Western Balkans.  Paris, Institute for Security Studies, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.iss.europa.eu/index.php?id=132&L=0
Includes links to the ISS' Chaillot Papers, analyses, and editorials regarding the Western Balkan region.

Winther, Mark.  Kosovo:  A Gordian Knot.  Baltic Security & Defence Review 9:79-108 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26112426&site=ehost-live
Presents a retrospective analysis of the international community success in Kosovo, in order to understand the context of the conflict about the rightful ownership of land, revolving around the national ideology of Albanians and Serbs.  Discusses factors hampering a solution in Kosovo, including demographical complications, differences in religion and inter-ethnic marriages.

Woehrel, Steven.  Future of the Balkans and U. S. Policy Concerns.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, January 10, 2008.  17 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476665

Books

Altmann, Franz-Lothar and Batt, Judy.  The Western Balkans:  Moving On.  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2004.  135 p.  (Chaillot papers, 70)
Also available online at:  http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/cp070.pdf
Book call no.:  949.6104 W527

Arkin, Sarah and others.  Rebuild:  Kosovo Six Years Later.  [New York], de.MO, [2006].  152 p.
Results of a photojournalism workshop held in Kosovo in August 2005.
Book call no.:  949.7103 R293

Bennett, Christopher.  Yugoslavia's Bloody Collapse:  Causes, Course and Consequences.  New York, New York University Press, 1995.  272 p.
Begins with a detailed examination of the Yugoslav killing fields and explicitly rejects the notion that Balkan peoples are somehow predisposed to violence.  Provides a concise history of Yugoslavia, tracing Slavic culture and politics through the world wars and the age of Tito.
Book call no.:  949.7 B471y

Binnendijk, Hans and others.  Solutions for Northern Kosovo:  Lessons Learned in Mostar, Eastern Slavonia, and Brcko.  Washington, National Defense University Center for Technology and National Security Policy, 2006.  55 p.
To provide an historical context for consideration of the treatment of Kosovo's Serb minority, the authors examine three similar cases that were managed by the international community starting in the mid-1990s:  Mostar and Brcko, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Eastern Slavonia, in Croatia.
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/ctnsp/Def_Tech/DTP%2034%20Mitrovica.pdf
Book call no.:  320.94971 B614s

Bridging Kosovo's Mitrovica Divide.  Brussels, International Crisis Group, 2005.  22 p.  (Europe report, no. 165)
Also available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/europe/balkans/165_bridging_kosovo_mitrovica_divide.pdf
Book call no.:  949.7103 B851

Brune, Lester H.  The United States and the Balkan Crisis, 1990-2005:  Conflict in Bosnia and Kosovo.  Claremont, CA, Regina Books, 2005.  149 p.
Book call no.:  949.703 B894u

Democratic Development and Political Terrorism:  The Global Perspective, edited by William Crotty.  Boston, Northeastern University Press, 2005.  561 p.
State-Building and the Final Status in Kosovo, by Richard P. Farkas, pp 420-452.
Book call no.:  303.625 D383

Elsie, Robert.  Historical Dictionary of Kosova.  Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2004.  288 p.
Book call no.:  949.71 E49h

Flashpoints in the War on Terrorism, edited by Derek S. Reveron and Jeffrey Stevenson Murer.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  357 p.
Chapter 4:  Kosovo, by Susan Fink Yoshihara, pp 65-85.
Book call no.:  363.32511 F585

Klemencic, Matjaz and Zagar, Mitja.  The Former Yugoslavia's Diverse Peoples:  A Reference Sourcebook.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC CLIO, 2003.  426 p.
Book call no.:  949.7 K64f

Kosovo:  Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, edited by William Joseph Buckley.  Grand Rapids, MI, William B. Eerdmans, 2000.  528 p.
A collection of 66 essays.
Book call no.:  949.71 K861

Kosovo:  In the Heart of the Powder Keg, compiled and edited by Robert Elsie.  New York, East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, 1997.  593 p.   (East European monographs, no. 478)
Book call no.:  949.71 K86

Malcolm, Noel.  Kosovo:  A Short History.  New York, New York University Press, 1998.  492 p.
Book call no.:  949.71 M243k

Norris, John.  Collision Course:  NATO, Russia, and Kosovo.  Westport, CT, Praeger Pub., 2005.  333 p.
Book call no.:  949.703 N856c

Pavkovice, Aleksandar.  The Fragmentation of Yugoslavia:  Nationalism in a Multinational State.  New York , St. Martin's Press, 1997.  222 p.
Why did Yugoslavia disintegrate in a series of brutal civil wars?  The roots of the conflict are to be found in the Croat and Serb as well as Kosovo Albanian and Bosnian Muslim national ideologies, which make competing claims for the same territory.
Book call no.:  949.702 P3381f

Pettifer, James.  The Ahtisaari Report:  Totem & Taboo.  Watchfield, Swindon, Conflict Studies Research Centre, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, February 2007.  10 p.
The Ahtisaari Report, published in February 2007, sets out a vision of supervised self-rule for Kosovo.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/balkan/07(08)JP.pdf
Book call no.:  320.94971 P511a

Pond, Elizabeth.  Endgame in the Balkans:  Regime Change, European Style.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press , 2006.  412 p.
Chapter 4:  Taming Kosovo, pp 98-120.
Book call no.:  949.6 P796e

Prifti, Peter R.  Confrontation in Kosova:  The Albanian-Serb Struggle, 1969-1999.  New York , East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, 1999.  310 p.   (East European monographs, no. 537)
Book call no.:  949.7102 P951c

The Quest for Viable Peace:  International Intervention and Strategies for Conflict Transformation, edited by Jock Covey and others.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2005.  302 p.
Chapter 3:  The Historical Context of Conflict in Kosovo, by Michael J. Dziedzic and Sasha Kishinchand, pp 23-36.
Book call no.:  327.172 Q51

Ramet, Sabrina P.  Thinking about Yugoslavia:  Scholarly Debates about the Yugoslav Breakup and the Wars in Bosnia and Kosovo.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  328 p.
Reviews and analyzes more than 130 books about the troubled region and compares their accounts, theories, and interpretations of events. The table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy0605/2006295398.html
Book call no.:  949.703072 R172t

The Road to War in Serbia:  Trauma and Catharsis, edited by Nebojsa Popov and English version edited by Drinka Gojkovic.  New York, Central European University Press, 2000.  710 p.
Kosovo in the Collective Memory, by Olga Zirojevic, pp 189-211; The Migration of Serbs from Kosovo During the 1970s and 1980s:  Trauma and/or Catharsis, by Marina Blagojevic, pp 212-243.
Book call no.:  949.703 R628

Takeyh, Ray.  The Receding Shadow of the Prophet:  The Rise and Fall of Radical Political Islam.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2004.  186 p.
Albanians, Islam, and Kosovo, 1974-1999, pp 94-96.
Book call no.:  320.557 T136r

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Kosovo:  A Way Forward?  Hearing.  109th Congress, 1st session, November 8, 2005.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  51 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS76920
Book call no.:  320.94971 U58k

Vickers, Miranda.  Between Serb and Albanian:  A History of Kosovo.  New York , Columbia University Press, 1998.  328 p.
Book call no.:  949.71 V637b

War and Change in the Balkans:  Nationalism, Conflict and Cooperation, edited by Brad K. Blitz.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  290 p.
Chapter 6:  From Bosnia to Kosovo and Beyond:  Mistakes and Lessons, by Kemal Kurspahic, pp 76-86; Chapter 13:  The War over Kosovo, by Noel Malcolm, pp 143-155; Chapter 14:  Kosovo and the Prognosis for 'Humanitarian' War, by Mark Bartolini, pp 156-168.
Book call no.:  949.703 W2531

Watkins, Amadeo.  Moving Kosovo Forward:  Reality v. Fiction?  [Camberley, Surrey], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, November 2006.  (Balkans series, 06/55)
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/balk an/06%2855%29AW3.pdf
Book call no.:  949.7103 W335m

Watkins, Amadeo.  Serbia:  The Battle Within.  [Watchfield, Swindon] , Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2006.  39 p.
The Question of Kosovo, pp 13-31.
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/balkan/06%2845%29AW.pdf
Book call no.:  949.7103 W335s

Documents

Binaj, Dhimiter.  An Analysis of United States-Albanian Security Relations in Light of the War on Terrorism.  Monterey, CA, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.  102 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada429684
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B612a

Manolakis, Spyros.  The Final Status of Kosovo and Its Implications for Balkan Stability.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2005.  59 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432889
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M285f

Mosoiu, Teodora Crina.  Religious and Ethnic Warfare:  The Kosovo Case.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001.  69 p.
Interprets the history of Kosovo in South-Eastern Europe, and analyzes the roots of the 20th century conflict.  Describes how the Kosovo issues influenced neighboring countries and the implications for European security, and reflects on the possible future of Kosovo.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA392762
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M912r

Vaschenko, Vitalii.  Analysis of the Modern Inter-Ethnic Conflict:  Case Study of Kosovo.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.  69 p.
Focuses on the history of relations between the Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo from the demise of the Ottoman Empire to present.  Seeks to explore the origins of the recent conflict and identifies the factors that influenced the development of positions that eventually led to open hostilities in 1998-99.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422341
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 V329a

Periodicals

Bardos, Gordon N.  Containing Kosovo.  Connections:  The Quarterly Journal 3:21-33 December 2004.
Also available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/co/co_dec04/co_dec04c.pdf

Copley, Gregory R.  Kosovo and Regional Crime.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, No. 2:8-9 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1262386291&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Downes, Alexander B.  More Borders, Less Conflict?  Partition as a Solution to Ethnic Civil Wars.  SAIS Review 26:49-61 Winter-Spring 2006.
Discusses how failure to adopt partition in Kosovo has left that province in a semi-permanent state of limbo that only increases the majority Albanian population's desire for independence.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1048937111&sid=8&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Finnegan, William.  The Countdown.  New Yorker 83:70-79 October 15, 2007.
Describes the political situation in Kosovo and the violence between Serbs and ethnic Albanians.  In May 1999, Serbs killed or robbed Albanian villagers living in Qyshk, including the father of General Agim Ceku of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) who later became prime minister.  The effect of the war on other members of Ceku's family is discussed.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27013600&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Graczyk, Donald A. and Giannakos, Symeon A.  The Face of Kosovar Albanian Nationalism:  A Violent and Volatile Transformation of the Balkan Political Landscape.  Mediterranean Quarterly 17:142-159 Fall 2006.
Argues that the violence in Kosovo is rooted in Yugoslav policies implemented since the World War II, and not to interethnic hatred traced back to the 1389 battle of Kosovo Polje.  Presents a brief analysis of the characteristics of Albanian nationalism, and suggests that the demand for independence by Kosovo must be addressed in the context of the political and economic realities that triggered violence.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23118683&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Groginsky, V.  Kosovo:  The Current Criminal State, and How It Developed.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 34, No. 11:9-13 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1182198131&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Is Another War Brewing in Kosovo? (interview with former U. S. Under Secretary of State, Marc Grossman)  American Interest 2:64-70 July-August 2007.

Jarstad, Anna.  To Share or to Divide?  Negotiating the Future of Kosovo.  Civil Wars 9:227-242 September 2007.
Analyzes the issue of power-sharing in Kosovo, and suggests that a broad-based, open and protracted negotiation process is needed to allow the local parties to find a solution that they are willing to implement.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1369%2d8249&volume=9&issue=3&spage=227

Klasnja, Marko.  The EU and Kosovo:  Time to Rethink the Enlargement and Integration Policy?  Problems of Post-Communism 54:15-32 July-August 2007.
Examines the role of the European Union (EU) before and during the EU-Kosovo negotiations in Serbia, the short-term plans for EU's engagement in the post-status developments and its medium-to-long term approach to Kosovo and the region.  According to the author, the EU's approach to Kosovo and to the region is full of inconsistencies and insufficiently founded measures.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26073289&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kuperman, Alan J.  Averting the Third Kosovo War.  American Interest 3:52-58 January-February 2008.

Kuperman, Alan J.  The Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention:  Lessons from the Balkans.   International Studies Quarterly 52:49-80 March 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1468-2478.2007.00491.x

Kvitsinsky, Y. and Shtodina, I.  Today Kosovo, Tomorrow the World?  International Affairs:  A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations 53, No. 4:22-32 2007.
Offers a Russian perspective on Kosovo.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26853390&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Langer, Emily.  Crunch Time for Kosovo.  National Journal 39:44-45 April 7, 2007.
The U.S. and Russia conflict on whether Kosovo should set a precedent for other regions after the latter expressed interest on two regions in Georgia.  Analyst Dimitri Simes believes that partitioning Kosovo is the best compromise between U.S. and Russia.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24742269&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

O'Reilly, Carina.  Serbia's Euro-Vision.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:58 November 2007.
In an interview, Serbia's minister of foreign affairs explains why European assistance over Kosovo is vital.

O'Shea, Brendan.  Kosovo:  The Triumph of Ignorance.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 28:61-65 January-February 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1057%2d610X&volume=28&issue=1&spage=61

Pond, Elizabeth.  Kosovo and Serbia after the French Non.  Washington Quarterly 28:19-36 Autumn 2005.
Focuses on the impact of the rejection by France and the Netherlands of the European Union (EU) constitution on regime change in Kosovo and Serbia.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17980634&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ramet, Sabrina P.  The Denial Syndrome and Its Consequences:  Serbian Political Culture since 2000.  Communist & Post-Communist Studies 40:41-58 March 2007.
Asserts that since the outbreak of the War of Yugoslav Succession in 1991 and the subsequent atrocities, a significant portion of Serbian society, including the upper echelons of the government, has displayed symptoms of the denial syndrome, in which guilt is transposed onto the Croats, Bosnians, and Kosovar Albanians.

Sletzinger, Martin C. and Gelazis, Nida.  Kosovo:  Mission Not Yet Accomplished.  Wilson Quarterly 29:35-41 Autumn 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=915200791&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Woehrel, Steven and Kim, Julie.  Kosovo and U. S. Policy.  Current Politics and Economics of Russia, Eastern and Central Europe. 22, No. 4:445-477 2007.

Video

Purdue, Keely and Stucke, Mark.  Kosovo:  Of Blood and History.  Princeton, NJ, Films for the Humanities and Sciences, 1999.  1 videocassette (41 min.)
Using eyewitness accounts, maps, and footage of historic events, this program examines the history behind the long-standing conflict between Serbs and Kosovar Albanians.
Video call no.:  949.7103 K865


Kosovo War and Operation Allied Force


For more information, see the Fairchild Center bibliography, Operation Allied Force:  The Air Campaign (July 2005).

Internet Resources

Carras, Helene A.  Humanitarian Intervention in Kosovo:  The Importance of Legal and Moral Issues.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2007.  61 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470465

Operation Allied Force, compiled by Sandhya Malladi.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air University Library, July 2005.  25 p.  (Bibliography series).
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/kosovo/kosovo.htm

Youngs, Tim and others.  Kosovo:  Operation "Allied Force".  London, Parliament, House of Commons Library, April 25, 1999.  80 p.
Available online at:  http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/rp99/rp99-048.pdf

Books

Amnesty International.  NATO/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia:  "Collateral Damage" or Unlawful Killings?  Violations of the Laws of War by NATO During Operation Allied Force.  New York, Amnesty International, 2000.  65 p.
Summary is available at:  http://users.otenet.gr/~nmas/nato_summ.pdf
Book call no.:  949.7103 N2791

Auerswald, Philip E. and others.  The Kosovo Conflict:  A Diplomatic History Through Documents.  Cambridge, MA, Kluwer Law International, 2000.  1285 p.
Each chapter is comprised of key agreements, speeches, communiques, and statements of the major nation-states and international organizations involved in the Balkans.  An appendix provides a complete list of Internet and other sources for the documents.
Book call no.:  949.7103 K86

Bahador, Babak.  The CNN Effect in Action:  How the News Media Pushed the West Toward War in Kosovo.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.  236 p.
Book call no.:  948.7103 B151c

Bradshaw, N. F.  The Legality of NATO's Attack on Serbia, 1999.  Camberley, Surrey, United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, 1999.  12 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.da.mod.uk/colleges/csrc/archive/eastern-europe/G76-nfb.pdf/view
Book call no.:  949.7103 B812L

Britain, NATO, and the Lessons of the Balkan Conflicts, 1991-1999, edited by Stephen Badsey and Paul Latawski.  Portland, OR, Frank Cass, 2004.  261 p.  (Sandhurst Conference Series, 4)
The table of contents is available at:  https://syndetics.com/index.aspx?isbn=0714651907/BNATOC.HTML&client=aulis&type=rn12
Book call no.:  949.703 B862

Daalder, Ivo H. and O'Hanlon Michael E.  Winning Ugly:  NATO's War to Save Kosovo.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2000.  343 p.
Book call no.:  949.71 D111w

Douglas, Frank.  Hitting Home:  Coercive Theory, Air Power, and Authoritarian Regimes.  New York, Columbia University, 2006.  711 leaves.
Challenges the conventional wisdom about both coercion and air power through an in-depth exploration of coercive intervention in Bosnia and Kosovo.
Book call no.:  949.7103 D733h

Fromkin, David.  Kosovo Crossing:  American Ideals Meet Reality on the Balkan Battlefields.  New York, Free Press, 1999.  210 p.
Book call no.:  949.6 F931k

Henriksen, Dag.  NATO's Gamble:  Combining Diplomacy and Airpower in the Kosovo Crisis, 1998-1999.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2007.  263 p.
The table of contents is available at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0717/2007018427.html
Book call no.:  949.7103 H518n

Henriksen, Dag.  Operation Allied Force:  A Product of Military Theory or Political Pragmatism?  An Examination of the Role of Airpower in Handling the Kosovo Crisis, 1998-99.  Glasgow, University of Glasgow, Scottish Center for War Studies, 2005.  264 leaves.  (Ph.D thesis)
Book call no.:  949.7103 H498o

Independent International Commission on Kosovo.  The Kosovo Report:  Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2000.  372 p.
The Independent International Commission on Kosovo was established to provide an objective analysis of the events before, during, and after the war in Kosovo and to research the lessons to be learned.  Annexes linked to the report include:  Documentation on Human Rights Violations; Kosovo:  Facts and Figures; The Rambouillet Agreement (summary); The Ahtisaari-Chernomyrdin Agreement (summary); UN Resolution 1244; Literature on Kosovo and the Crisis.
Also available online at:  http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/thekosovoreport.htm
Book call no.:  949.7103 I38k

Johnson, David E.  Learning Large Lessons:  The Evolving Roles of Ground Power and Air Power in the Post-Cold War Era.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2007.  235 p.
Chapter 4:  Kosovo, 1999, pp 65-89.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG405-1.pdf
Book call no.:  355.420973 J66L 2007

Johnson, Wes.  Balkan Inferno:  Betrayal, War, and Intervention 1990-2005.  New York, Enigma Books, 2007.  505 p.
Chapter 11:  Kosovo:  The Bartered Bride, July 1998-December 2000, pp 393-434.
Book call no.:  949.6 J71b

Joksimovich, Vojin.  Kosovo Crisis:  A Study in Foreign Policy Mismanagement.  Los Angeles, CA, Graphics Management Press, 1999.  448 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 J74k

Judah, Tim.  Kosovo:  War and Revenge.  2nd ed.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2002.  349 p.
A journalist who witnessed the Balkan conflagration and its aftermath analyzes the origins of the Serb-Albanian conflict, the course of the battle, the issues and personalities, and options for the future.  This second edition updates the story up to, and beyond, the fall of Milosevic.
Book call no.:  949.703 J92k

Knightley, Phillip.  The First Casualty:  The War Correspondent as Hero and Myth-Maker from the Crimea to Iraq.  3rd ed.  Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.  594 p.
The Military's Final Victory, March-June, 1999, pp 501-526.
Book call no.:  070.4333 K71f 2004

The Kosovo Crisis:  The Last American War in Europe?, edited by Tony Weymouth and Stanley Henig.  London, Reuters, 2001.  316 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 K866

Kosovo:  Lessons from the Crisis.  London, The Stationery Office, June 2000.  70 p.
Book call no.:  949.71 K862

Larson, Eric V. and Savych, Bogdan.  Misfortunes of War:  Press and Public Reactions to Civilian Deaths in Wartime.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  263 p.
Chapter 3:  Operation Allied Force (Kosovo, 1999) Civilian Casualty Estimates; Handling of the Civilian Casualties Issue; The Arc of Media and Public Concern; The 14 April Convoy Attacks Outside Djakovica; The 7 May Chinese Embassy Bombing.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG441.pdf
Book call no.:  363.3498 L334m

Lessons from Kosovo.  Paris, France. Ministere de la Defense. Delegation a l'Information et a la Communication de la Defense, [1999].  54 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 L641

Lessons from Kosovo:  The KFOR Experience, edited by Larry Wentz.  Washington, Dept of Defense, 2002.  714 p.  (Command and Control Research Program (CCRP) publication series)
This book's 30 chapters address the following topics:  Kosovo versus Bosnia, Kosovo's political evolution, Kosovo's elections, the air war over Serbia, Operation Allied Force, NATO Headquarters intelligence, Kosovo and the media, civilian-military operations, the humanitarian dimension, law and order during Operation Joint Guardian, information operations, Task Force Falcon, coalition command arrangements, intelligence and situational awareness, public affairs, communications systems, and coordination and information sharing.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457903
Book call no.:  949.7103 L641

Littman, Mark.  Kosovo:  Law & Diplomacy.  London, Centre for Policy Studies, 1999.  59 p.
Includes Appendices:  1:  Yugslav submission to the ICJ; 2:  Alternative views on the legality of the campaign; 3:  Clauses of the Rambouillet Treaty agreed by Yugoslavia; 4:  Letter from the Bishop of Raska and Pizen; 5:  Reports of armed conflicts in Kosovo, 1 January to 24 March; 6:  UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999); 7:  Excerpts from Kosovo:  an account of the crisis.
Book call no.:  341.584094971 L781k

Masters of the Universe?  NATO's Balkan Crusade, edited by Tariq Ali.  New York, Verso, 2000.  429 p.
Book call no.:  949.703 M423

Nardulli, Bruce R. and others.  Disjointed War:  Military Operations in Kosovo, 1999.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2002.  147 p.
Also available online at:  http://rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR1406/
Book call no.:  949.703 D611

Phillips, R. Cody.  Operation Joint Guardian:  The U. S. Army in Kosovo.  Washington, U. S. Army Center of Military History, [2007].  58 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 P562o

Ramet, Sabrina P.  Thinking about Yugoslavia:  Scholarly Debates about the Yugoslav Breakup and the Wars in Bosnia and Kosovo.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  328 p.
Reviews and analyzes more than 130 books about the troubled region and compares their accounts, theories, and interpretations of events.  The table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy0605/2006295398.html
Book call no.:  949.703072 R172t

Saariluoma, Katariina.  Operation Allied Force:  A Case of Humanitarian Intervention?  Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, Partnership for Peace.  Consortium of Defense Academies and Security Studies Institutes, 2004.  134 p.
Book call no.:  341.58409497 S598o

Spencer, Graham.  The Media and Peace:  From Vietnam to the "War on Terror".  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  212 p.
Chapter 6:  Bosnia and Kosovo, pp 87-104
Book call no.:  070.43330973 S745m

Sremac, Danielle S.  War of Words:  Washington Tackles the Yugoslav Conflict.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1999.  284 p.
Reveals how Yugoslavia's Bosnian Muslim, Croat, and Albanian ethnic factions sought to win the heart of Washington and draw U.S. military intervention to help them fight a war against their foe -- the Serbs.
Book call no.:  949.703 S774w

Sullivan, Stacy.  Be Not Afraid, for You Have Sons in America:  How a Brooklyn Roofer Helped Lure the U.S. into the Kosovo War.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 2004.  330 p.
"Tells the remarkable story of how a small group of young men in Kosovo backed by a network of emigres in the United States started a guerrilla army that lured the world's most powerful military alliance into fighting their war and changed the course of history in the Balkans forever."
Book call no.:  305.8 S952b

Talentino, Andrea Kathryn.  Military Intervention after the Cold War.  Athens, OH, Ohio University Press, 2005.  364 p.
Chapter 7:  Pushing the Envelope in Kosovo, pp 239-275.
Book call no.:  327.117 T143m

Understanding the War in Kosovo, edited by Florian Bieber and Zidas Daskalovski.  London, Frank Cass, 2003.  350 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 U55

United States.  Congress.  Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.  Atrocities in Kosovo.  Hearing.  105th Congress, 2nd session, September 17, 1998.  Washington, GPO, 1999.  45 p.
Book call no.:  323.4094971 U582a

War and Change in the Balkans:  Nationalism, Conflict and Cooperation, edited by Brad K. Blitz.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  290 p.
Chapter 6:  From Bosnia to Kosovo and Beyond:  Mistakes and Lessons, by Kemal Kurspahic, pp 76-86; Chapter 13:  The War over Kosovo, by Noel Malcolm, pp 143-155; Chapter 14:  Kosovo and the Prognosis for 'Humanitarian' War, by Mark Bartolini, pp 156-168.
Book call no.:  949.703 W2531

Documents

Donfried, Karen E.  Kosovo:  International Reactions to NATO Air Strikes.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1999.  16 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.99-RL30114

Gallis, Paul E.  Kosovo:  Lessons Learned from Operation Allied Force.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, November 1999.  27 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/crs/rl30374.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.99-RL30374

Gaskill, Thomas M.  Operation Allied Force:  A Strategic Disconnect Between Ends, Ways, and Means.  Carlisle, PA, Army War College, March 2005.  18 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G248o

Hajek, Diana.  Responses to Mass Killing in Kosovo.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2006.  37 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H154r

Haun, Phil M.  Airpower Versus a Fielded Force; Misty FACs of Vietnam and A-10 FACs of Kosovo:  A Comparative Analysis.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air University. School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 2004.  86 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431013
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1a H373a

Kim, Julie.  Kosovo Conflict Chronology:  September 1998 - March 1999.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1999.  19 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/crs/rl30127.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.99-RL30127

Mosoiu, Teodora Crina.  Religious and Ethnic Warfare:  The Kosovo Case.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001.  69 p.
Interprets the history of Kosovo in South-Eastern Europe, and analyzes the roots of the 20th century conflict.  Describes how the Kosovo issues influenced neighboring countries and the implications for European security, and reflects on the possible future of Kosovo.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA392762
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 M912r

O'Boyle, Thomas R.  The War of the Tiger and the Elephant:  When the Military and the Media Collide.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, 2000.  55 p.  (National Defense Fellow Program paper)
Looks at the role of the media in Vietnam, El Salvador, Mexico and Kosovo, and identifies strategies for military leaders to consider as they impact with the media.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA393931
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42252-91 O12w

Phillips, Michael D.  Victory by Accident:  An Assessment of the Political and Military Dimensions in Kosovo.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, 2003.  109 p.
Argues that NATO's victory in Kosovo was achieved more by accident than by design.  It was highlighted by failed international agreements, diplomatic miscalculation, and reluctant militaries, and constrained by politics, both in Washington and with our European allies.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424572
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42252-91 P558v

Sine, Jack L. III.  Organizing the Fight:  Technological Determinants of Coalition Command and Control and Combat Operations.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2006.  93 p.
Using Desert Storm and Operation Allied Force as case studies, this thesis identifies a systemic relationship between technological advantage and coalition dominance.  As a coalition seeks to reduce aggregate risk, it relies on technologies that offer the greatest effectiveness.  This reliance causes the coalition to divert combat burden to the technologically dominant partner which, in turn, imposes its operational culture.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457424
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S616o

Stephens, Alan.  Kosovo, Or the Future of War.  [Fairbairn Base, Australia], Royal Australian Air Force, Air Power Studies Centre, 1999.  21 p.  (Air Power Studies Centre paper; no. 77)
Doc. call no.:  M-U 36760-157

Tolbert, Julian H.  Crony Attack:  Strategic Attack's Silver Bullet?  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, November 2006.  47 p.
Crony attack is the strategy of targeting of key elite supporters of an enemy leader in order to effect policy change in the attackers' favor.  While acknowledging that current policy and practice regarding ongoing and recent crony attacks are properly mired in secrecy, the case of crony attack against the Milosevic regime during Operation Allied Force in 1999 is investigated.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA462291
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1a T648c

Vaschenko, Vitalii.  Analysis of the Modern Inter-Ethnic Conflict:  Case Study of Kosovo.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.  69 p.
Focuses on the history of relations between the Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo from the demise of the Ottoman Empire to present.  Seeks to explore the origins of the recent conflict and identifies the factors that influenced the development of positions that eventually led to open hostilities in 1998-99.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422341
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 V329a

Periodicals

Brudenell, Anna Maria.  Russia's Role in the Kosovo Conflict of 1999.  RUSI Journal 153:30-34 February 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1451267981&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

For Whom the Death Tolls.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, No. 8:14-15 2007.
Discusses the international community's failure to accurately estimate the Kosovo war's death toll.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1336367151&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gentry, John A.  Norms and Military Power:  NATO's War Against Yugoslavia.  Security Studies 15:187-224 April-June 2006 .
Argues that two norms—the civilian casualty avoidance norm and Western societies' demand that their military forces take minimal casualties, or the force protection norm—more strongly influenced the origin, conduct, and outcome of NATO's 1999 war against Yugoslavia than the material disparities of mismatched adversaries.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0963%2d6412&volume=15&issue=2&spage=187

Mendeloff, David.  "Pernicious History" as a Cause of National Misperceptions:  Russia and the 1999 Kosovo War.  Cooperation and Conflict 43:31-56 March 2008.
"For decades, Russian society consumed, especially through mass education, a particular interpretation of Russia's imperial wars and interventions in the Balkans and its historical relations with Serbia and the West.  A comparison of the content of this view to the Russian elite and popular response to the 1999 Kosovo crisis shows how particularly pernicious historical ideas influenced a number of serious misperceptions about Balkan realities and Western motives in 1999."

Moore, Molly.  Kosovo's Ex-Premier Acquitted of War Crimes Against Serbs.  Washington Post, p A18, April 4, 2008.
A UN war crimes court acquitted Kosovo's former prime minister of systematically killing Serb civilians and driving them out of Kosovo during 1998 battles for independence from Serbia.  The verdict is likely to heighten tensions between the two Balkan neighbors.  Ramush Haradinaj, a former commander in the Kosovo Liberation Army, was the highest-ranking ethnic Albanian to be indicted by the UN's International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1456597111&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Niebuhr, Robert.  Yugoslavia:  The Final Showdown.  Small Wars and Insurgencies 18:380-396 September 2007.
After a half century of inaction, NATO intervened in Yugoslavia on behalf of Kosovar Albanians.  Author argues that the war against Yugoslavia unfolded as it did because of the political events of the 1990s, and that by understanding that series of events, we can better predict what future conflicts might look like.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0959%2d2318&volume=18&issue=3&spage=380

Steele, Dennis.  Remember Kosovo?  The U. S. Army Effort that Began Our Involvement.  Army 58:28-30+ April 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1461773231&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Videos

Clark, Wesley K. and Boyer, Peter J.  Frontline:  War in Europe.  [United States], PBS Video, WGBH Educational Foundation, 1999.  1 videocassette (120 min.)
Senior military leaders, including Supreme Allied Commander General Wesley Clark, tell the story of political contraints, internal divisions, and miscalculations that shaped the war in the Balkans.
Also available online at:  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/kosovo/
Video call no.:  949.7103 W253

Human Tragedy:  The Faces of Kosovo.  New York, NY , A&E Home Video, 1999.  1 videocassette (ca. 50 min.)
Originally produced for television in 1998.  Harry Smith spends 5 days in a refugee camp in Macedonia interviewing Albanian refugees from Kosovo.
Video call no.:  949.7103 H918


United Nations Administration


Internet Resources

Daltveit, Egil.  The March 2004 Riots in Kosovo:  A Failure of the International Community.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, December 2007.  190 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475488
In March 2004, a part of the Albanian majority in Kosovo carried out riots that primarily targeted the Serb minority.  The riots reversed much of the perceived progress achieved by KFOR and UNMIK after the war in 1999.  The author discusses lessons learned, emphasizing the need to base realistic expectations on a thorough study of a country's history.  He examines Kosovo's history from 500 B. C. through 2004.

OSCE Mission in Kosovo.  Vienna, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.osce.org/kosovo/13194.html
The OSCE Mission in Kosovo, established on July 1, 1999, forms a distinct component of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).  As Pillar III of UNMIK, the Mission is responsible for institution- and democracy-building, and promoting human rights and the rule of law.

Post-Conflict Reconstruction:  A Selected Bibliography, compiled by Jeanette M. Moyer.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College Library, January 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA464894
See section on Kosovo, pp 20-23.

Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo.  United Nations Security Council, March 28, 2008.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/archive/unsc/Kosovo28March08.pdf
Covers the activities of UNMIK from December 16, 2007 to March 1, 2008.

Socor, Vladimir.  There Is a Kosova Precedent, Though Not What Moscow Says It Is.  Eurasia Daily Monitor.  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 22, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/edm/article.php?article_id=2372824

Tansey, Oisín.  Democratization Without a State:  Democratic Regime-Building in Kosovo.  Democratization 14:129-150 February 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24905242&site=ehost-live

Tolle, Glenn A.  The Cycle of Reciprocity:  A Social Capital Intervention Strategy for SSTR Operations.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2007.  79 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473529
Is it possible to initiate and sustain a positive cycle of reciprocity between competing actors in a Security, Stability, Transition and Reconstruction (SSTR) environment?  The author examines two cases involving a harvest initiative in Gnjilane, Kosovo (July-September 1999) and the "Village of Hope" in Mosul, Iraq (January-December, 2004).

United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo.  UNMIK Online.  2008.
Available online at:  http://www.unmikonline.org

Welch, Anthony Cleland.  Achieving Human Security after Intra-State Conflict:  The Lessons of Kosovo.  Journal of Contemporary European Studies 14:221-239 August 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22976613&site=ehost-live

Books

After the Conflict:  Reconstruction and Development in the Aftermath of War, edited by Sultan Barakat.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  313 p.
Reintegration of Former Combatants:  With Specific Reference to Kosovo, by Sultan Barakat and Alpaslan Ozerdem, pp 229-248.
Book call no.:  355.028 A2581

Coleman, Katharina P.  International Organisations and Peace Enforcement:  The Politics of International Legitimacy.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  360 p.
Chapter 6:  Peace Enforcement through a Military Alliance:  The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and Operation Allied Force in Kosovo, pp 194-239.
Book call no.:  341.584 C692i

Constructing Justice and Security after War, edited by Charles T. Call.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2007.  432 p.
Chapter 8:  From Elation to Disappointment:  Justice and Security Reform in Kosovo, by Colette Rausch, pp 271-311.
Book call no.:  363.34988 C758

Dobbins, James and others.  America's Role in Nation-Building:  From Germany to Iraq.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2003.  244 p.
Kosovo, pp 111-128.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1753/
Book call no.:  327.73009045 D632a

Holohan, Anne.  Networks of Democracy:  Lessons from Kosovo for Afghanistan, Iraq, and Beyond.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2005.  220 p.
The table of contents is available at:  http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip052/2004024576.html
Book call no.:  949.7103 H754n

Ignatieff, Michael.  Empire Lite:  Nation Building in Bosnia, Kosovo and Afghanistan.  Toronto, Penguin Canada, 2003.  134 p.
Book call no.:  909.829 I24e

Jones, Seth and others.  Establishing Law and Order after Conflict.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2005.  261 p.
Kosovo, pp 22-48.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2005/RAND_MG374.pdf
Book call no.:  355.49 E79

Jones, Seth G.  Securing Health:  Lessons from Nation-Building Missions.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, Center for Domestic and International Health Security, 2006.  351 p.
Assesses seven cases of nation-building operations following major conflicts, including Kosovo, and concludes that two factors increase the likelihood of successful health outcomes; planning and coordination, and infrastructure and resources.  In addition, the study argues that health can have an independent impact on broader political, economic, and security objectives during nation-building operations.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG321.pdf
Book call no.:  362.1091724 S446

Judah, Tim.  Kosovo:  War and Revenge.  2nd ed.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2002.  349 p.
A journalist who witnessed the Balkan conflagration and its aftermath analyzes the origins of the Serb-Albanian conflict, the course of the battle, the issues and personalities, and options for the future.  This second edition updates the story up to, and beyond, the fall of Milosevic.
Book call no.:  949.703 J92k

King, Iain and Mason, Whit.  Peace at Any Price:  How the World Failed Kosovo.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2006.  303 p.
The authors, who served with the UN Mission in Kosovo, argue that UNMIK failed to achieve its goals.  They believe that the international community has a duty to intervene in regional conflicts, but suggest that Kosovo reveals the difficult challenges inherent in such interventions.
Book call no.:  949.7103 K52p

Kosovo:  The Challenge of Transition.  Brussels, International Crisis Group, 2006.  39 p.  (Europe report; no. 170)
Also available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/europe/balkans/170%5Fkosovo%5F%5F%5Fthe%5Fchallenge%5Fof%5Ftransition.pdf
Book call no.:  320.94971 K86

Lessons from Kosovo:  The KFOR Experience, edited by Larry Wentz.  Washington, Dept of Defense, 2002.  714 p.  (Command and Control Research Program (CCRP) publication series)
This book's 30 chapters address the following topics:  Kosovo versus Bosnia, Kosovo's political evolution, Kosovo's elections, the air war over Serbia, Operation Allied Force, NATO Headquarters intelligence, Kosovo and the media, civilian-military operations, the humanitarian dimension, law and order during Operation Joint Guardian, information operations, Task Force Falcon, coalition command arrangements, intelligence and situational awareness, public affairs, communications systems, and coordination and information sharing.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457903
Book call no.:  949.7103 L641

Mockaitis, Thomas R.  Civil-Military Cooperation in Peace Operations:  The Case of Kosovo.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College. Strategic Studies Institute, 2004.  38 p.
The humanitarian intervention in Kosovo required 40,000 heavily armed combat troops from NATO and Partnership for Peace countries to provide security and coordinate relief efforts with the UN, the OSCE, and over 500 humanitarian organizations.  This study examines the effectiveness of civil-military cooperation (CIMIC) and identifies best practices and common mistakes.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB583.pdf
Book call no.:  341.584094971 M688c

Multinational Operations, Alliances, and International Military Cooperation:  Past and Future, edited by Robert S. Rush and William W. Epley.  Washington, Center of Military History, U. S. Army, 2006.  223 p.
Participation of the Russian Military Contingent in the Peacekeeping Operation in Kosovo:  Experience Gained and Lessons Learned, by Mikhail Georgievich Lyoshin, pp 187-194.
Book call no.:  355.032 W926m

Murphy, Ray.  UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo:  Operational and Legal Issues in Practice.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  375 p.
The table of contents is available at:  https://syndetics.com/index.aspx?isbn=0521843057/TOC.HTML&client=aulis&type=rn12
Book call no.:  341.584 M9781u

Paris, Roland.  At War's End:  Building Peace after Civil Conflict.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  289 p.
Lessons Learned and Not Learned:  Kosovo, East Timor, Sierra Leone, and Beyond, pp 212-234.
Book call no.:  327.172 P232a

Perito, Robert M.  Where Is the Lone Ranger When You Need Him?  America's Search for a Postconflict Stability Force.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2004.  397 p.
Odd Jobs:  Constabulary Forces in Kosovo, pp 183-236.
Book call no.:  341.584 P446w

Phillips, R. Cody.  Operation Joint Guardian:  The U. S. Army in Kosovo.  Washington, U. S. Army Center of Military History, [2007].  58 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 P562o

Ramet, Sabrina.  The Three Yugoslavias:  State-Building and Legitimation, 1918-2005.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2006.  817 p.
Chapter 18:  UNMIK, KFOR, and the Future of Kosovo, pp 537-552. Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0519/2005027387.html
Book call no.:  320.949709 R172t

Rathbun, Brian C.  Partisan Interventions:  European Party Politics and Peace Enforcement in the Balkans.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2004.  228 p.
Book call no.:  327.117 R234p

Twenty-First Century Peace Operations, edited by William J. Durch.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2006.  651 p.
Kosovo, by Michael J. Dziedzic, pp 319-388.
Book call no.:  341.584 T971

Unintended Consequences of Peacekeeping Operations, edited by Chiyuki Aoi and others.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2007.  292 p.
Chapter 11:  A Beacon of Light in the Dark?  The United Nations' Experience with Peace Operations Ombudspersons as Illustrated by the Ombudsperson Institution in Kosovo, by Florian F. Hoffman, pp 221-249.
Book call no.:  341.584 U581

United Nations Interventionism, 1991-2004, edited by Mats Berdal and Spyros Economides.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  303 p.
Chapter 4:  Kosovo, by Spyros Economides, pp 217-245.
Book call no.:  341.584 U58

Vidojevic, Aleksandar.  What Could the EU Accomplish in Kosovo?  Between the Hammer and the Anvil.  Shrivenham, England, Advanced Research and Assessment Group, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, October 2007.  11 p.
Argues that the EU presence in Kosovo is critical to prevent possible conflicts and further disintegration of the region.
Also available online at:  http://www.da.mod.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/balkan/07%2831%29AV.pdf
Book call no.:  320.94971 V654w

War and Change in the Balkans:  Nationalism, Conflict and Cooperation, edited by Brad K. Blitz.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  290 p.
Chapter 15:  The International Administration of Kosovo since 1999, by Bryan Hopkinson, pp 169-176.
Book call no.:  949.793 W2531

Williams, Garland H.  Engineering Peace:  The Military Role in Postconflict Reconstruction.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2005.  317 p.
Analyzes the postconflict reconstruction gap in three case studies - Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan - and shows how military engineering brigades accompanying peacekeeping contingents can be put to use immediately after the conflict ends to restore vital infrastructure and social institutions. See section on Kosovo, pp 121-172.
Book call no.:  355.028 W723e

Winning the Peace:  An American Strategy for Post-Conflict Resolution, edited by Robert C. Orr.  Washington, CSIS Press, 2004.  353 p.
Kosovo:  Learning to Leverage "Liberator" Status, by Bathsheba N. Crocker, pp 193-209.
Book call no.:  355.028 W776

Youngs, Tim and others.  Kosovo:  KFOR and Reconstruction.  London, Parliament, House of Commons Library, 1999.  55 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/rp99/rp99-066.pdf
Book call no.:  949.7103 Y811kd

Documents

Celik, Murat.  Comparison of the British and Canadian CIMIC (civil-military cooperation) and the U.S. CMO Doctrines to the NATO CIMIC Doctrine.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  83 p.
Compares NATO doctrine with British, Canadian, and U.S. doctrines, particularly in relation to their implementation in the cases of Bosnia and Kosovo.  Argues that variations among the NATO-member doctrines may negatively affect "compatibility, interchangeability, and commonality" issues in NATO operations.  See especially:  CIMIC Lessons to Be Learned from Kosovo and Bosnia, pp 30-34. Offers 40 lessons in civil-military cooperation.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443057
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C392c

Drechsler, Donald R.  Integrating Military and Diplomatic Power:  Kosovo and Iraq.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, 2004.  120 p.
Two recent cases, 1999 in Kosovo and 2003 in Iraq, reveal the inter-departmental dynamics that complicate State-Defense relations during a crisis.  The relatively successful postwar planning for Kosovo, facilitated by the PDD 56 interagency coordination process, should have served as a useful template for Iraq, but this corporate knowledge was not transferred between presidential administrations.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 D771i

Francis, William W. II.  Coercive Air Strategy in Post-Cold War Peace Operations.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, June 1999.  71 p.
Chapter 3:  Coercive Air Strategy in the Balkans, pp 20-35.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391616
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 F819c

Honzak, Rudolf.  A New KFOR:  Changes for International Security in Kosovo.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2006.  32 p.
KFOR as the NATO lead multinational peacekeeping force has been responsible for maintaining a secure and safe environment and support for the peace process.  Results and analysis from the March 2004 crisis indicate that KFOR failed in its mission to prevent ethnic minorities from violence.  The study addresses some examples of KFOR failures, both conceptual errors during transformation in the past and mistakes of KFOR units reported during the period of crisis.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449381
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 H775n

Ierardi, Heather J.  Kosovo:  Unfinished Business.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2005.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432530
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 I22k

Larke, Daniel F.  Kto Kogo?  The Use of Peacekeeping Forces in Russian Foreign Policy:  The Cases of Moldova, Georgia, Bosnia and Kosovo.  Seattle, University of Washington, 2002.  105 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA400742
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-927

Martin, Edward J.  Synergy at Its Best:  Fostering a Cooperative Relationship Between the Joint Force Commander and In-Theater NGOs.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1999.  23 p.
An examination of the military/NGO relationship in Haiti, Central America, and Kosovo illuminates some of the challenges the JFC faces when conducting complex humanitarian missions.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA370719
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 M379s

Muir, Thomas M.  The United States Experience in the Balkans and Its Implications for Post-Conflict Operations in Iraq.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2004.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423933
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M953u

Sage, David G.  Kosovo:  The Path to Civil Authority.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2005.  22 p.
Addresses such questions as:  what steps did KFOR and UMNIK take from their initial entry into Kosovo? What was the initial mission and assessment of the situation and what were assigned tasks?  How were these tasks prioritized to support the objectives and goals?  How did KFOR and UNMIK establish the conditions for transferring tasks to civil authorities?
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432397
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S1291k

Periodicals

Baldwin, Clive.  Implementation through Cooperation? Human Rights Officers and the Military in Kosovo, 1999–2002.   International Peacekeeping 13:489-501 December 2006.
In Kosovo during 1999–2002 a large military peacekeeping force (KFOR) and human rights mission (OSCE) appeared to be working towards the same goals. However, cooperation proved difficult when it came to two critical issues:  protection of minorities and the use of arbitrary detention.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23462845&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bernabéu, Irene.  Laying the Foundations of Democracy?  Reconsidering Security Sector Reform under UN Auspices in Kosovo.  Security Dialogue 38:71-92 March 2007.
Focuses in particular on the justice sector in Kosovo, reviewing the ways in which security, the rule of law and democracy have been intertwined.

Cockell, John G.  Civil-Military Responses to Security Challenges in Peace Operations:  Ten Lessons from Kosovo.  Global Governance 8:483-502 October-December 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8735620&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cohen, Lenard J.  Kosovo:  "Nobody's Country".  Current History 99:117-123 March 2000.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=50810190&sid=3&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Decker, Christopher D.  Enforcing Human Rights:  The Role of the UN Civilian Police in Kosovo.  International Peacekeeping 13:502-516 December 2006.
Analyzes the performance of CIVPOL in the four stages of its work to enforce and promote human rights.  In addition to its slow deployment, CIVPOL faced several problems in accomplishing its mission such as a lack of understanding of the local law and the participation of officers from countries with poor human rights records.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23462844&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Dorschner, Jim.  Briefing:  KFOR at the Crossroads.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:24-28 March 21, 2007.

Dorschner, Jim.  Interview (with) Lieutenant General Roland Kather, Commander, NATO Kosovo Force.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:34 March 21, 2007.

Dorschner, Jim and Petrov, Vladimir.  Solution Still Eludes Kosovo.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:19 November 28, 2007.

Hehir, Aidan.  Autonomous Province Building:  Identification Theory and the Failure of UNMIK.  International Peacekeeping 13:200-213 June 2006.
Asserts that UNMIK's inability to build a stable political system in Kosovo is a consequence of its adoption of ethnicity as the paramount political cleavage, its inability to provide basic security and its reluctance to deal with Kosovo's final status.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19703384&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Heinemann-Gruder, Andreas.  Security Governance by Internationals:  The Case of Kosovo.  International Peacekeeping 13:43-59 March 2006.
This analysis of the achievements and shortcomings of the international community in coping with the security situation in Kosovo supports the contention that UNMIK and KFOR have made a substantial contribution to the establishment of a home-grown security apparatus.  The case of Kosovo demonstrates the growing need for police forces specially trained for international operations that are quickly deployable and capable of acting in an interoperable manner and in keeping with basic democratic standards.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19374212&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Höglund, Kristine.  Managing Violent Crises:  Swedish Peacekeeping and the 2004 Ethnic Violence in Kosovo.  International Peacekeeping 14:403-417 August 2007.
Analyses the devastating ethnic 'riots' in Kosovo in March 2004, and concludes that peacekeepers must be more adequately prepared to counter the types of crises that arise in countries emerging from conflict. In particular, units must cultivate readiness for worst-case scenarios and train to curb violence involving large numbers of civilians.

Lampe, John R.  The Lessons of Bosnia and Kosovo for Iraq.  Current History 103:113-188 March 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=574977511&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Lyck, Majbritt.  International Peace Enforcers and Indicted War Criminals:  The Case of Ramush Haradinaj.  International Peacekeeping 14:418-432 August 2007.
Referencing the actions of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), and especially the case of Ramush Haradinaj, this article examines how the objectives and actions of these two institutions have adversely affected each other's work.

Mason, Whit.  Kosovo:  Unravelling the Knot.  World Policy Journal 23:87-98 Fall 2006.
Argues that UNMIK's failure to transform Kosovo into a multiethnic society subject to the rule of law resulted from a misunderstanding and misappropriation of power. UNMIK neglected soft power by putting local politicians in charge of education, and attempting to regulate the media with cumbersome after-the-fact investigations and ineffectual penalties.  The risk-aversion of much of KFOR and the police meant that the international community also failed to wield hard power effectively.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1175126751&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Mema, Medlir.  Final Status for Kosovo:  Beyond Talking.  SAIS Review 26:161-162 Winter 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1048937221&sid=8&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Mertus, Julie.  Improving International Peacebuilding Efforts:  The Example of Human Rights Culture in Kosovo.  Global Governance 10:333-351 July-September 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=683088411&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Steele, Dennis.  Remember Kosovo?  The U. S. Army Effort that Began Our Involvement.  Army 58:28-30+ April 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1461773231&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Tansey, Oisín.  The Concept and Practice of Democratic Regime-Building.  International Peacekeeping 14:633-646 December 2007.
Analyzes recent experiences of democratic regime-building in Kosovo.

Von Carlowitz, Leopold.  Resolution of Property Disputes in Bosnia and Kosovo:  The Contribution to Peacebuilding.  International Peacekeeping 12:547-561 Winter 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18363662&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Wilson, Jeremy M.  Law and Order in an Emerging Democracy:  Lessons from the Reconstruction of Kosovo's Police and Justice Systems.  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 605:152-177 May 2006.

Video

Lessons of Kosovo:  Where Is the United Nations?  Washington, Center for Defense Information, 1999.  1 videocassette (28 min., 40 sec.)
Originally broadcast as a segment of the television program, America's Defense Monitor.  The role of UN peacekeepers in Kosovo was largely ignored in preventing the Kosovo crisis, and yet they were expected to assume a large role in the restoration efforts.  This program explores ways in which the UN might have been given a different role and changed the outcome of the conflict.
Video call no.:  949.7103 L6412


Independence


Internet Resources

Borgen, Christopher J.  Kosovo’s Declaration of Independence:  Self-Determination, Secession and Recognition.  ASIL Insight 12, no. 2.  Washington, American Society of International Law, February 29, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.asil.org/insights/2008/02/insights080229.html
An examination of Security Council Resolution 1244, which set forth the international oversight of Kosovo following the 1999 NATO intervention, and the international law of self-determination, secession, and recognition demonstrates that while Kosovo’s declaration of independence and its recognition by various states can be justified under existing international law, it is not a clear case.

Coppieters, Bruno and others.  What Is "Just" Secession?  (Is Kosovo Unique?).  Brussels, European Security Forum, February 2008.  16 p.  (ESF Working Paper, no. 28).
Available online at:  http://shop.ceps.eu/downfree.php?item_id=1601

Daly, John C. K.  The Kosova Conundrum for Turkey and Eurasia.  Eurasia Daily Monitor.  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 27, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/edm/article.php?article_id=2372839

Felgenhauer, Pavel.  Kosova and the "Frozen" Conflicts of the Former USSR.  Eurasia Daily Monitor.  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 21, 2008.
Available online at:  http://jamestown.org/edm/article.php?article_id=2372820
Russia's future policy on Kosova will be to a large degree decided in the coming months by the pace of Kosova's international recognition.  There never was any internal unity within the Kremlin on the Kosova issue.

Hunter, Zoe M. and others.  Implications of an Independent Kosovo for Russia's Near Abroad.  October 2007.  43 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473226
Evaluates the argument that Kosovo's situation represents a precedent for separatists elsewhere by comparing it to the four regions in the Former Soviet Union most often cited in relation to it:  Abkhazia and South Ossetia in Georgia, Transdniestria in Moldova, and Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan.  Gives particular attention to three factors:  the intractability of each conflict, the potential viability of each region as an independent state, and the impact of external influences.

Kosovo.  Brussels, International Crisis Group, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=1243
Offers a detailed history of conflict in Kosovo, along with recent reports and briefings and a special section on Kosovo's independence.

Kosovo and Serbia.  International Debates 6:5-10 March 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31202326&site=ehost-live
Discusses the history of the Serbian-Kosovo conflict, culminating in the separation of the former province to become an autonomous state.

Kosovo Countdown:  A Blueprint for Transition.  International Crisis Group, December 6, 2007.  30 p.  (Europe Report, no. 188).
Available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/europe/balkans/188_kosovo_countdown___a_blueprint_for_transition.pdf

Kosovo's Declaration of Independence.  International Debates 6:2-4 March 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31202325&site=ehost-live
Serbia and its allies maintain that Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence breaches international law and will spur similar secessionist movements around the world.  They also warn of increased tensions and inter-ethnic violence in the province and destructive consequences for international relations.

Kosovo's First Month.  Brussels, International Crisis Group, March 18, 2008.  20 p.  (Europe Briefing, no. 47).
Available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/europe/balkans/b47_kosovo_first_month.pdf

Kupchan:  Recognizing Kosovo Least Bad Option for United States.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, March 10, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/15688/pragmatism_on_kosovo.html?breadcrumb=%2F
Interview with CFR Senior Fellow Charles Kupchan, who is disappointed by the lack of UN backing for Kosovo’s independence, and its “shaky” legal standing.  He argues that pragmatically, recognizing Kosovo was the best solution for the United States.

Obradovic, Jelena.  Kosovo:  The View from Serbia.  ISS Analysis.  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, April 2008.  6 p.
Available online at:  http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/kosovo.pdf

Sharip, Farkhad.  Kosova Issues Points to Russian Sway over Astana.  Eurasia Daily Monitor.  Washington, Jamestown Foundation, April 1, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/edm/article.php?article_id=2372934
Recent developments in Kosova have become a litmus test for Central Asian states, indicating the degree of their independence from Moscow.  The Kazakh Foreign Ministry hastened to issue a statement bluntly refusing to recognize the independence of Kosova from Serbia, while Uzbekistan remained conspicuously silent on this highly divisive issue.

Socor, Vladimir.  Kosovar Independence Recognized, Russia's Bluff Called in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.  Eurasia Daily Monitor Washington, Jamestown Foundation, February 19, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.jamestown.org/edm/article.php?article_id=2372812

Tadic, Boris.  Resolving the Kosovo Crisis.  Hampton Roads International Security Quarterly April 15, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1432037611&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Boris Tadic is President, Republic of Serbia.  He presented this speech on February 8th, 2008, at the 44th Munich Conference on Security Policy.

United States.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Kosovo:  The Balkans' Moment of Truth?  Hearing.  110th Congress, 2nd session, March 4, 2008. 
Available online at:  http://foreign.senate.gov/hearings/2008/hrg080304a.html

Books

Kilroy, Austin.  Promoting Stability on Europe's Borders:  A Comparative Study of Kosovo, Transdniestria, and Abkhazia.  [Watchfield, Swindon], Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2006.  28 p.
"Within Kosovo, the international community’s engagement with Kosovar-Albanians has been helpful in building institutions, but it may overestimate the ability of EU membership to reduce intolerance within Kosovo and get Serbia to stomach its independence. "
Also available online at:  http://www.defac.ac.uk/colleges/csrc/document-listings/special/06%2838%29AK.pdf
Book call no.:  320.947 K48p

Documents

Torrey, Samuel D.  Kosovo's Independence:  The Final Political End State.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U. S. Army War College, 2003.  32 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414562
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 T694k

Periodicals

Antonenko, Oksana.  Russia and the Deadlock over Kosovo.  Survival 49:91-105 Autumn 2007.
Russia and the transatlantic community are engaged in a political battle over Kosovo's right to be granted sovereign statehood outside Serbian jurisdiction, with full rights to manage its own affairs.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0039%2d6338&volume=49&issue=3&spage=91

Barnett, Neil and Xharra, Jeta.  Decision Time:  Will 2007 See a Verdict on Kosovo's Future?  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:28-35 March 2007.

Bilefsky, Dan.  In a Showdown, Kosovo Declares Its Independence (cover story).  New York Times 157:A1-A8 February 18, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1430658251&sid=6&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Bush, George W.  Letter to President Fatmir Sejdiu of Kosovo Recognizing Kosovo as an Independent and Sovereign State.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 44:236 February 25, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31240755&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Champion, Marc and Miller, John W.  Young Serb Killed in Embassy Riot Shared His Nation's Rage at U.S. (cover story)  Wall Street Journal, pp A1-A11, February 25, 2008.
In 2008, a mob ransacked the U.S. embassy in protest of Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia, and a young Serb, Zoran Vujovic, was killed.  Article reports that the U.S. and much of Europe supported the Kosovars' independence, and includes information on the Serbs' anti-Western grievances.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1434355621&sid=9&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dorschner, Jim.  Restraint Is Key in Kosovo.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:23 February 27, 2008.

Eyal, Jonathan.  Kosovo's Independence:  Re-Wiring the Balkans, the Wrong Way Around.  RUSI Journal 153:22-29 February 2008.
"...the main accusation against Western governments is not so much that they proceeded with a unilateral recognition of Kosovo's independence which violates the existing UN security Council resolutions and the accepted practice of international law, but that they failed to do so when this would have minimised the political consequences, and then proceeded in a hurry at just about the worst possible time."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1451267971&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Fawn, Rick.  The Kosovo -- And Montenegro -- Effect.  International Affairs 84:269-294 March 2008.
Analyzes the impact of developments in Montenegro and Kosovo, and argues the the Russian position on Kosovo and on the so-called "frozen" or unsettled conflicts neighboring Russia could ultimately backfire on it.
Also available online at:  http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2008.00703.x

Fedotov, Yuri.  Deeply Destabilising.  World Today 64:28-29 April 2008.
The author, Russia's former Deputy Minister on Foreign Affairs, argues that Kosovo's bid for independence is illegal, deeply destabilising, and constitutes a threat to international peace and security.  A new approach is needed - one that works not just for Serbia, but also for the 1.9 million Kosovan Albanians living in the province.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1453290611&sid=10&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Franks, Jason and Richmond, Oliver P.  Coopting Liberal Peace-Building:  Untying the Gordian Knot in Kosovo.  Cooperation and Conflict 43:81-103 March 2008.
Given Serb opposition to statehood for Kosovo, there is a danger that liberal peace-building will encourage the partition of Kosovo rather than create a pluralist polity.  The article illustrates the susceptibility of liberal peace-building to local cooption.

Gaudet, Matthew.  Becoming Kosovo.  America 198:13-15 April 21, 2008.
Kosovo's declaration of independence cannot immediately cure the new nation's economic woes.  Poor education, decrepit infrastructure and organized crime combine to make Kosovo's path to economic security a steep uphill climb.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1470888941&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gowan, David.  Kosovo's Moment, Serbia's Chance.  Survival 50:5-10 April-May 2008.
Argues that successful implementation of independence for Kosovo could be both the final stage of the break-up of the former Yugoslavia and a liberating moment for Serbian politics.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0039%2d6338&volume=50&issue=2&spage=5

Jun, Li.  A New Cold War?  Beijing Review 51:16-17 March 6, 2008.
Reports on the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo on February 17, 2008, which aggravated the long-standing contention between Russia and Western countries.

Kosovo, Controversially Free at Last.  Economist 386:18-20 February 23, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=30079472&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kupchan, Charles A.  Independence for Kosovo.  Foreign Affairs 84:14-20 November-December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18680542&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kusovac, Joran.  Kosovo Protest Leads to Violence.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:10 February 27, 2008.

Petrov, Vladimir.  "Independence" for Kosovo or a Domino Effect?  International Affairs:  A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations 52, No. 3:76-84 2006.
Presents a background of the emergence of demands of independence since the early 1990s.

Pettifer, James.  New Line in the Balkan Sand.  World Today 64:24-26 March 2008.
Examines the stability of Kosovo after its independence in 2008, and discusses future economic opportunities, the many challenges it will face as a new country, and its political relationship with Russia and eastern Europe.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1438435941&sid=11&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Spyroglou, Valentine.  Ahtisaari and the Corruption Around Kosovo's "Independence".   Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, no 7:5-6 2007 .
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1324929471&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Strazzari, Francesco.  L'Oeuvre au Noir:  The Shadow Economy of Kosovo's Independence.  International Peacekeeping 15:155-170 June 2008.
The independence proclaimed in Prishtina on 17 February 2008 marked the beginning of a new phase in the troubled history of Kosovo.  Author analyzes the nexus between illicit economy, violent conflict and peacetime politics in Kosovo.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1353%2d3312&volume=15&issue=2&spage=155

Watkins, Eric.  Russia, Serbia Sign Natural Gas Pipeline Deal, Create New Firm.  Oil & Gas Journal 106:31-32 March 3, 2008.
Russia has signed several agreements for oil and gas with Serbia, largely aimed at underscoring its political support for the Balkan country.  Russia sided with Serbia after the decision by the US and several EU members to recognize the independence of the former Serbian state of Kosovo.  Russia will invest a further E900 million in Serbia's energy industry.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1442079691&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Whitbeck, John V.  If Kosovo, Why Not Palestine?  Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 27:12+ April 2008.
Argues that the recognition by the U.S. and most European Union countries of Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia is a reckless course of action, with potentially destabilizing consequences.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31300553&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Yusin, Maksim.  Kosovo:  What Line Should Russia Take?  Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press 59:12 January 9, 2008.
Criticizes the stand taken by the U.S. and 26 of the 27 member countries of the European Union in recognizing the independence of Kosovo.  Argues that Russia is right in not recognizing Kosovo's independence because it would be dangerous to the Serbs.


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