LATIN AMERICA


August 2007

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents:

Latin America:  General Information | Defense & Security Aspects | Economics & Social Aspects | Foreign Relations | History and Culture | Politics & Government |Terrorism, Insurgencies, & Drug Trade Issues
Caribbean Area: 
General Information | Cuba (General) -- Economic & Social Aspects - Foreign Relations - History & Culture - Politics & Government | Dominican Republic | Grenada | Haiti
Central America: 
General Information | Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Nicaragua | Panama
Mexico: 
Mexico
South America: 
General Information | Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Venezuela (General) -- Defense & Security Aspects - Economic & Social Aspects - Foreign Relations (General) - Foreign Relations (United States) - Venezuela Politics & Government

Latin America Periodical Titles


Latin America -- General Information


Internet Resources

Council of the Americas
Available online at:  http://coa.counciloftheamericas.org/
"The Policy section of this Web site highlights programs that serve as an important national forum for the discussion of Latin American, Caribbean, Canadian, North American and inter-American policy issues.  Topics ranging from trade and economic integration to sustainable development and illegal narcotics are addressed in talks by distinguished speakers from the Americas and elsewhere, and in conferences, study groups and publications aimed at educating and informing the public."

CSIS - Center for Strategic and International Studies:  The Americas
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/americas/
Site offers regional expertise on the Western Hemisphere with a focus on several key transnational topics - democracy and governance; trade and development, and regional security.

FAS - Federation of American Scientists
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/main/home.jsp
Access numerous country-related reports by doing a topic search.

The Heritage Foundation:  Latin America
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/LatinAmerica/index.cfm
Offers online access to numerous research and policy papers on the region and the various countries.

LANIC - Latin American Network Information Center
Available online at:  http://www1.lanic.utexas.edu/
LANIC's mission is to facilitate access to Internet-based information to, from, or on Latin America, includes sections on the economy, education, society and culture, government, and media.

Latin News/Latin American Intelligence Service
Available online at:  http://aulibrary.maxwell.af.mil/dbases.htm#latin
AU Library subscription database. Access restricted to Air University students, faculty and staff.  A source of intelligence on political and economic developments in Latin America and the Caribbean.  Offers access to daily and weekly newsletters, special reports, regional reports, and security information.  The Latin American Monitoring Centre has three sections, Country Reports, Election Watch and Reference Library.

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Organization of American States:  A Primer,  by Clare Ribando.  Washington, CRS, May 11, 2005.  7 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457489
"The Organization of American States (OAS) is an international organization based in Washington, D.C., comprised of 35 Western Hemisphere states.  The OAS works to promote democracy, protect human rights, preserve security, expand trade, and address cross-cutting issues of hemispheric concern."--Abstract from website.

Political Resources on the Net
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/
Offers listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to parties, organizations, governments, and media.

U.S. Department of State.  Background Notes
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm
These publications include facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, economy, and foreign relations of individual countries.

U.S. Department of State.  Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/wha/
Offers information on regional topics, the U.S. and the Organization of American States, and individual country information.

Books

Balance of Power, edited by T. V. Paul and others.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2004.  384 p.
See Regime Type and Regional Security in Latin America:  Toward a "Balance of Identity" Theory, by Michael Barletta and Harold Trinkunas, pp 334-359.
Book call no.:  327.101 B171

Central Intelligence Agency.  The World Factbook 2005.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2005.  698 p.
Offers individual country reports.
Also available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
Book call no.:  R 910 W927 2005

Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy, edited by Coletta A. Youngers and Eileen Rosin.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Reinner, 2005.  414 p.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941

The Europa Directory of International Organizations.  New York, Europa Publications, 2004. 
Extensive guide covering over 1,700 international and regional organizations.  Provides detailed information on a wide spectrum of international organizations such as the Organization of American States, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the Latin American Integration Association (replaced the Latin American Free Trade Association).
Book call no.:  060 E89

Latin America 2006.  40th ed.  Washington, Stryker-Post Publications, 2006.  386 p.
Offers separate reports on each country including recent history, politics and government, and economics.
Book call no.:  R 918 D157L 40th ed. 2006

Latin America in a Changing Global Environment, edited by Riordan Roett and Guadalupe Paz.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Reinner, 2003.  243 p.
Essays are divided into three sections:  1) The Transformation in Intrahemispheric Relations, 2) Changing Ties with International Actors, and 3) Two Pivotal States (Mexico and Brazil)
Book call no.:  327.098 L3572

Latin America Profiled:  Essential Facts on Society, Business, and Politics in Latin America, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 2000.  293 p.
Book call no.:  918 L3571

Latin American Monitor:  Andean Group.  London, Business Monitor International, 2006.  1 vol.
Monthly newsletter covering economic and political issues in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
Book call no.:  R 980.005 L357 no.3

Latin American Monitor:  Southern Cone.  London, Business Monitor International, 2006.  1 vol.
Monthly newsletter covering economic and political issues in Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Book call no.:  R 980.005 L357 no.4

Latin American Security Challenges:  A Collaborative Inquiry from North and South, edited by Paul B. Taylor.  Newport, RI, U.S. Naval War College, 2004.  122 p.
Chapter 1:  Latin America's Lawless Areas and Failed States, Chapter 2:  Security Implications of Poor Economic Performance in Latin America, Chapter 3:  Chinese Interests in Latin America.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS58084
Book call no.:  327.7308 L3576

Shaw, Carolyn M.  Cooperation, Conflict, and Consensus in the Organization of American States.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  209 p.
Book call no.:  341.245 S534c

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2007.  15th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  1076 p.
Offers separate reports on each country including information on recent history, economy, political organization, etc.  Also offers regional essays including:  "Latin America's Continuing Shift to the Left", "Debt Finance and the IMF:  Three Decades of Debt Crises in Latin America", and "The Emergence of the People's Republic of China in Latin America:  Trade, Investment and Implications for Latin American Development". Online version available only at Air University.
Also available online at:  http://www.europaworld.com/entry/sacac
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 15th ed. 2007

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.  Sipri Yearbook:  World Armaments and Disarmament.  New York, Almquist & Wiksell; Humanities Press, 2006. 
Shelved in Reference area behind Information Desk. Analyses developments in security and conflicts; military spending and armaments; and non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament. Includes extensive annexes on arms control and disarmament agreements and a chronology of security and arms control-related events.
Book call no.:  341.67 S864s

Treaty Affairs Staff and United States Dept. of State.  Office of the Legal Adviser.  Treaties in Force:  A List of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States in Force on January 1, 2006.  Washington, Dept. of State, January 2006. 
"Lists treaties and other international agreements of the United States on record in the Department of State on January 1, 2006 which had not expired by their own terms or which had not been denounced by the parties, replaced or superseded by other agreements, or otherwise definitely terminated."
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/s/l/treaty/treaties/2007/
Book call no.:  341.273 D419t


Defense and Security Aspects


Internet Resources

Angevine, John E.  Americas Command:  Promoting Regional Stability in the Western Hemisphere.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, January 15, 2005.  50 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434471
"The responsibility for conducting military security cooperation, promoting an economically stable environment, and providing for homeland defense has been divided between two unified commands.  This division of responsibility unnecessarily increases the risk of uncoordinated and confusing implementation of policy."

Giffard, Barnard F. and Wheller, Todd M.  Assisting Professional Militaries in Latin America.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, Army War College, October 2003.  5 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423720
National Security Strategy Development Workshop held in La Paz, Bolivia on July 28 - August 1, 2003.  "Professionalization of Latin American military organizations is a challenge because of their history.  Citizens are suspicious of providing former repressive organizations with modern equipment and techniques."

Manwaring, Max G.  The Challenge of Governance and Security.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2006.  4 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA446771
"The Latin American and Caribbean Center of Florida International University, the U.S. Southern Command, and the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College held the ninth in a series of major annual conferences dealing with security and defense matters in the Western Hemisphere on February 1-3, 2006, in Miami, Florida.  The conference, entitled "The Challenge of Governance and Security," brought together over 150 conferees who participated in a program of panels, question and answer sessions, and workshops."

Regional Integration Starting with Defense.  World & I September 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=14736121&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the need for a collective regional-defense community among countries in Latin America in dealing with internal and external threats to their democracy.  Agreement among Latin American leaders on their approach to deal with the issue; Security issues to be considered; Factors that prevent the countries from reaching their goal of regional integration."

Shimotsu, John M.  Human Rights and United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.  89 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424784
"Evaluates the extent to which human rights were promoted in United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance exercises in Latin America.  Argues that a human rights focus matters in the selection of training objectives, engagement in the interagency process, and coordination with the host nation. Includes a comparative case analysis of Opening Roads-Ecuador 1987 and New Horizons-Nicaragua 1999."

Turner, Annie.  Russia Reaps Rewards in Booming South American Defense Market  Military & Aerospace Electronics 18:16 January 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23804068&site=ehost-live
"Reports on the market penetration of military equipment from Russia on the defense market of Latin America."

Books

Bowman, Kirk S.  Militarization, Democracy, and Development:  The Perils of Praetorianism in Latin America.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.  28 p.
"Explores the effect militarization has had on development in Latin America with a detailed comparison of Costa Rica and Honduras between 1948 and 1998."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  338.98 B787m

Bruneau, Thomas C. and Tollefson, Scott D.  Who Guards the Guardians and How:  Democratic Civil-Military Relations.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2006. 
Contributors associated with the Center for Civil-Military Relations in Monterey, California offer firsthand observations about civil-military relations in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe as they address the challenge that democracies face worldwide in striking a balance between civilian and military sectors.
Book call no.:  322.5 W628

Delgado, Pedro Villagra and others.  Perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  44 p.
"Three presentations:  Hemispheric Security:  A Perception from the South by Pedro Villagra Delgado; Security Issues and Challenges to Regional Security Cooperation:  A Brazilian Perspective by Luis Bitencourt; Ideas for Constructing a New Framework of Hemispheric Security by Henry Medina Uribe."
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS58921 and
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB9.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03308 P467

Gill, Lesley.  The School of the Americas:  Military Training and Political Violence in the Americas.  Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 2004.  281 p.
Book call no.:  320.970715 G475s

Intelligence Professionalism in the Americas, edited by Russell G. Swenson and Susana C. Lemozy.  Washington, Center for Strategic Intelligence Research, Joint Military Intelligence College, 2004.  572 p.
Online copy of the 2003 edition available at:  www.ndu.edu/chds/docUploaded/IntelAmer.pdf.
Book call no.:  355.3432 I614 2004

Manwaring, Max G. and others.  Building Regional Security Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere:  Issues and Recommendations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  37 p.
Issues and recommendations generated during a conference sponsored by the U.S. Army War College, the U.S. Southern Command, and the University of Miami North-South Center.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00004.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03308 B932

Nagle, Luz Estella.  Plan Colombia:  Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  60 p.
Critical analysis of Plan Colombia during the administration of President Andrés Pastrana.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/00010.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 N149p

Periodicals

Black, J. Cofer.  Building an Effective Hemispheric Counterterrorism Strategy.  DISAM Journal 26:59-61 Winter 2003-2004.
Excerpts of remarks to the Organization of American States Interamerican Committee Against Terrorism, January 29, 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13056183&site=ehost-live

Collier, Michael W.  The Hemispheric Security Agenda.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:14-17 Spring 2006.
"This article outlines a model for conceptualizing the Organization of American States new multidimensional approach to the hemispheric security agenda and discusses several challenges that could easily undermine the goal of improved regional security."--Abstract from article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195666&site=ehost-live

Covarrubias, Jaime G.  The Significance of Conventional Deterrence in Latin America.  Military Review 84:36-39 March-April 2004.
"Discusses the definition of deterrence, the capabilities needed by Latin American armed forces to achieve deterrence and factors that influence it."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13614810&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Diamint, Rut.  Democracy and Defense.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:10-13 Spring 2006.
"Discusses the role of the military forces in maintaining democracy in the Latin American nations."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195664&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Eaton, Kent.  Decentralization's Nondemocratic Roots:  Authoritarianism and Subnational Reform in Latin America.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:1-26 Spring 2006.
"Challenges the common view of authoritarianism as an unambiguously centralizing experience by investigating the subnational reforms that military governments actually introduced in Latin America.  Argues that the decision by military authorities to dismiss democratically elected mayors and governors opened a critical juncture for the subsequent development of subnational institutions."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19953541&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fausti, Robert G.  WHINSEC (Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation) Tactical Training.  Infantry 94:50-51 January-February 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=835170721&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Harrington, Donald B.  Teaching Democracy at the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation.  DISAM Journal 27:137-141 Autumn 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15924928&site=ehost-live

Human Rights on the Frontline.  Central America Report 30:1-2 January 10, 2003.
"Analysts warn that militarization threatens security."

Loftis, Robert G.  Small Arms and Light Weapons.  DISAM Journal Summer:55-56 2005.
"Excerpts of remarks presented to the Organization of American States, Small Arms and Light Weapons Meeting, Washington, D.C., April 12, 2005."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18756503&site=ehost-live

Mani, Kristina.  Military Internationalism.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:18-23 Spring 2006.
"Discusses the internationalization of Latin American soldiers."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195668&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Martin, Felix E.  External Peace, Internal Violence.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:6-9 Spring 2006.
"This article takes the Militarist Peace argument as the basis for an inquiry into the symbolic and functional needs of the Latin American military in its traditional posture.  It argues that the military in its present form represents a budgetary drain and a potential threat to national political processes."--Abstract from article.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195663&site=ehost-live

Martin, Felix E.  The Latin American Military in the New Millennium.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:3-4 Spring 2006.
"Discusses various policies related to the Latin American military in the western hemisphere in the wake of recent terrorist attacks."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195662&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Monroy, Daniel.  WHINSEC (Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation):  Strengthening International Ties.  Soldiers 57:34-35 June 2002.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=140111621&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Pion-Berlin, David S.  Political Management of the Military in Latin America.  Military Review 85:19-31 January-February 2005.
"Discusses subordination of military forces to civilian rule, the need for civilians who can manage the military, and the balance of power between civilians and the military."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16241303&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Resende-Santos, Joao.  The Origins of Security Cooperation in the Southern Cone.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:89-126 Winter 2002.
Explains the sources, timing and scope of the initial phase of security cooperation in the Southern Cone of South America.  Discusses the relevance of economic crisis to international cooperation and the historical background of the Brazil-Argentina and Chile-Argentina rivalries.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837796&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ruíz, José.  Promoting Security Cooperation.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:36-37 Spring 2006.
"Presents information on the activities of the U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), headquartered in Miami, Florida."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195673&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Economic and Social Aspects


Internet Resources

Arieti, Samuel A.  The Role of MERCOSUR as a Vehicle for Latin American Integration.  Chicago Journal of International Law 6:761 Winter 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1011292131&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Commentary about the development of MERCOSUR, (Common Market of the Southern Cone).

Aronson, Bernard W.  Political Violence and Human Rights in a Latin American Context.  Human Rights Review 4:72-85 April-June 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=12549670&site=ehost-live
"Presents the text of a speech by Bernard W. Aronson, former Assistant Secretary of State, delivered at the 58th Inter-American Press Association in Lima, Peru on October 27, 2002. Role of journalists in the battle for democratization and human rights in Latin America; Lack of political support of the U.S. to El Salvador; Provisions of the Andean Trade Preference Act."

de la Pena, Guillermo.  Social and Cultural Policies Toward Indigenous Peoples:  Perspectives from Latin America.  Annual Review of Anthropology 34:717 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=940138791&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Traces the colonial and nineteenth-century roots of indigenismo and places it in the context of the populist tendencies in most Latin American states from the 1920s to the 1970s, which favored economic protectionism and used agrarian reform and the provision of services as tools for governance and legitimacy."--Publication abstract.

Jackson, Jean E. and Warren, Kay B.  Indigenous Movements in Latin America, 1992-2004:  Controversies, Ironies, New Directions.  Annual Review of Anthropology 34:549 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=940138911&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Examines literature on indigenous movements in Latin America from 1992 to 2004. Addresses ethnic identity and ethnic activism, in particular the reindianization processes occurring in indigenous communities throughout the region."--Abstract from publication.

LatinFocus Consensus Forecast:  Brazil
Available online at:  http://www.latin-focus.com/latinfocus/countries/brazil/brazil.htm
"Business research information on Latin American economies.  A source for timely and accurate information about Latin American markets.  Enables users to find the latest available data from government sources, economic forecasts, market analysis covering economic performance, political risk assessments and financial market developments."

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  A Free Trade Area of the Americas:  Major Policy Issues and Status of Negotiations,  by J. F. Hornbeck.  Washington, CRS, January 3, 2005.  7 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461665

USAID - Latin America and the Caribbean
Available online at:  http://www.usaid.gov/locations/latin_america_caribbean/
"The United States has a long history of extending a helping hand to those people overseas struggling to make a better life, recover from a disaster or striving to live in a free and democratic country.  U.S. foreign assistance has always had the twofold purpose of furthering America's foreign policy interests in expanding democracy and free markets while improving the lives of the citizens of the developing world."--Abstract from website.

Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000:  Trafficking in Persons Report.  United States Dept. of State, 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2005/
See Country Narratives (A-Z), section 5.

Witness for Peace:  Transforming People Transforming Policy
Available online at:  http://www.witnessforpeace.org/
"Witness for Peace (WFP) is a politically independent, nationwide grassroots organization of people committed to nonviolence and led by faith and conscience. WFP’s mission is to support peace, justice and sustainable economies in the Americas by changing U.S. policies and corporate practices which contribute to poverty and oppression in Latin America and the Caribbean."

The World Bank:  Latin America & Caribbean
Available online at:  http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/LACEXT/0,,menuPK:258559~pagePK:158889~piPK:146815~theSitePK:258554,00.html
World Bank website for Latin America and the Caribbean.

Books

Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo.  Reforming Latin America's Economies:  After Market Fundamentalism.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  258 p.
"A comprehensive analysis of why reforms in Latin America have failed in achieving growth and equity. Focuses on three strategic areas of reforms of the Washington Consensus:  Macroeconomics, Trade and Finance. Identifies main analytical inconsistencies in the market fundamentalism that has dominated present reforms."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  338.98 F436r

Hulse, Lloyd K.  Three Roads South:  Search for a Latin American Cultural Identity.  Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2002.  104 p.
"Highlights the ethnic and geographical diversity of the area and examines the causes of its socioeconomic and political divisions; Explores the common values and traits that constitute the cultural mainstream of Latin America; Analyzes Latin and Anglo American stereotypes."
Book call no.:  980 H917t

International Monetary Fund.  World Economic Outlook:  Financial Systems and Economic Cycles.  Washington, The Fund, September 2006. 
Latin America:  Continuing to Build Resilience, pages 53-58.
Also available online at:  http://www.imf.org/external/pubind.htm
Book call no.:  338.5 W927w

Latin America after Neoliberalism:  Turning the Tide in the 21st Century?, edited by Eric Hershberg and Fred Rosen.  New York, New Press, 2006.  372 p.
Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0614/2006017080.html
Book call no.:  320.51 L357

Nau, Henry R.  Perspectives on International Relations:  Power, Institutions, and Ideas.  Washington, CQ Press, 2007.  401 p.
See chapter 11, "Miracle and Missed Opportunity:  Development in Asia and Latin America", pages 299 - 306. Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0614/2006017270.html.
Book call no.:  327.101 N287p

Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad:  In Search of Knowledge, edited by Thomas Carothers.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006.  363 p.
See chapter 12, "Measuring the Impact of Criminal Justice Reform in Latin America", pages 301-323.
Book call no.:  340.11 P965

Rethinking Development in Latin America, edited by Charles H. Wood and Bryan R. Roberts.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2005.  370 p.
Papers from the conference "Latin American Sociology and the Sociology of Latin America" held in April 2001. Table of contents available at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip051/2004023091.html.
Book call no.:  301.098 R438

Rowntree, Lester.  Diversity Amid Globalization World Regions, Environment, Development.  3rd ed.  Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006.  671 p.
See Chapter 4, "Latin America", pages 126 -179; Chapter 5, "The Caribbean", pages 180 - 221. Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip055/2004030506.html.
Book call no.:  910 D618

United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.  Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean.  Santiago, Chile, United Nations, 2005-2006.  137 p.
Book call no.:  330.98 U58e

United Nations Human Settlements Programme.  The State of the World's Cities 2004/2005:  Globalization and Urban Culture.  London, Earthscan, 2004.  198 p.
The following chapters have sections for Latin America and the Caribbean:  chapter 3, Metropolitanization; chapter 4, International Migration:  Socio-economic and Cultural Implications; chapter 5, Assessing Living Conditions:  Focus on Urban Poverty; and chapter 6, Urban Governance:  Safety and Transparency in a Globalizing World.
Book call no.:  307.76 S797

Periodicals

Barlow, Maude and Clarke, Tony.  The Struggle for Latin America's Water.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:15-18 July-August 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13831684&site=ehost-live

Biglaiser, Glen and DeRouen Jr., Karl.  Economic Reforms and Inflows of Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America.  Latin American Research Review 41:51-75 2006.
Explains the effect of different economic reforms for attracting foreign direct investment in Latin America.--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19846499&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bio-fuels:  An Unexpected Controversy.  Central America Report 34:6-7 March 30, 2007.
"The Inter-American Development Bank announced a $200 billion investment in bio-fuels technology. Analysts and industry leaders are hopeful that bio-fuels can be a boon for the region's economies, others are not so sure."

The Bio Politic:  Markets in Biology, Bodies and Information.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:entire issue March-April 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&bquery=(JN+"NACLA+Report+on+the+Americas"+and+DT+20060301)&type=0&site=ehost-live

Cardoso, Fernando.  More Than Ideology.  Harvard International Review 28:4-17 Summer 2006.
"Discusses the shift toward the political left in Latin America. Overview of political and economic reforms that were implemented in the region from 1980s to 1990s; Benefits offered by globalization to the region; Results of a survey in the region that suggests that there is more diversity among Latin American leaders of the left; Issues raised on the dangers of populism."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21684951&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Clarke, Killian.  A Tale of Two Churches.  Harvard International Review 28:26-29 Spring 2006.
"Discusses the conflict between conservative Catholic elites and local progressive priests and nuns in Latin America. Efforts of the progressives to tailor Catholicism to the social and economic needs of the common people; Impact of the conservative Church in Chile in AIDS campaigns."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20781442&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cuesta, Jose.  Political Space, Pro-Poor Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy in Honduras:  A Story of Missed Opportunities.  Journal of Latin American Studies 39:329-354 May 2007.
"Assesses the political and socio-economic consequences of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) in Honduras."--Abstract from publication.

The Diaspora Strikes Back:  The Politics of Race and Globalization, Part III.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:entire issue November-December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&bquery=(JN+"NACLA+Report+on+the+Americas"+and+DT+20051101)&type=0&site=ehost-live

Genna, Gaspare M. and Hiroi, Taeko.  Power Preponderance and Domestic Politics:  Explaining Regional Economic Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1960-1997.  International Interactions 30:143-163 April-June 2004.
"Addresses the domestic and international conditions that influence regional integration."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13379658&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gilly, Adolfo.  The Emerging "Threat" of Radical Populism.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:37-40 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on the radicalization of populism according to James Hill, former commander of the U.S. Southern Command. Discusses the adaptation to unemployment and hunger by supporters of the doctrine and the tendency of the lower-classes of the supporters to dispute institutional politics of representative democracy."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140916&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Graham, Carol and Sukhtankar, Sandip.  Does Economic Crisis Reduce Support for Markets and Democracy in Latin America? Some Evidence from Surveys of Public Opinion and Well Being.  Journal of Latin American Studies 36:349-377 May 2004.
Also available online at:  Expanded Academic ASAP

Hochstetler, Kathryn.  Fading Green? Environmental Politics in the MERCOSUR Free Trade Agreement.  Latin American Politics and Society 45:1-32 Winter 2003.
"Explores the role of environmental concerns in free trade areas made up entirely of developing countries. Surveys the environmental institutions of MERCOSUR, the Common Market of South America, and its member states. Also presents a case study of the recently terminated negotiations over a regional environmental legal instrument as an example of collective environmental decisionmaking."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=11262004&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hytrek, Gary.  Globalization and Social Change in Latin America.  Latin American Perspectives 29:3-6 September 2002.
"A critical dimension of democracy--the presence of autonomous and empowered citizens--is often undermined by clientelist social relations. Clientelism has historically coexisted with a variety of social and political forms, from a formal system in feudalism to more subtle forms in contemporary democracies."
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X%28200209%2929%3A5%3C3%3AIGASCI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W

Macías, Jesús Manuel and Aguirre, Benigno E.  A Critical Evaluation of the United Nations Volcanic Emergency Management System:  Evidence from Latin America.  Journal of International Affairs 59:43-61 Spring - Summer 2006.
Focuses on the volcanic emergency management system of the United Nations (UN). The social actors that are involved in the UN volcanic emergency management scheme are cited. The approaches to evacuation procedures and resettlement of indigenous populations in Latin America are discussed.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20804747&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Madrid, Raul L.  Indigenous Parties and Democracy in Latin America.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:161-179 Winter 2005.
"Argues that the indigenous parties in Latin America are unlikely to create ethnic conflict or the kinds of problems seen in other regions but rather may actually help deepen democracy in the region."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=950430951&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Martin, Edward J.  Liberation Theology, Sustainable Development, and Postmodern Public Administration.  Latin American Perspectives 30:69-91 July 2003.
"Christianity has tended to stress acceptance of injustice and oppression as simply a side effect of political organization. This form of "escapist theology" has legitimized suffering while reinforcing an oppressive theory of justice. Latin America and the Third World continue to be the focus of revolutionary change based on the continued struggle for justice in response to the continued disparity between rich and poor nations."
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X%28200307%2930%3A4%3C69%3ALTSDAP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-T

McClintock, Cynthia and Lebovic, James H.  Correlates of Levels of Democracy in Latin America During the 1990s.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:29-59 Summer 2006.
"Does the conventional wisdom about the relationships between economic, cultural and political party variables and democracy stand up in the Latin American experience of the 1990s? Utilizing new data sets for the region some traditional hypotheses are upheld better than others."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21254200&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Noriega, Roger F.  Cooperative Hemispheric Security Architecture for the 21st Century.  DISAM Journal, pp 27-29, Winter 2003.
Excerpts of remarks presented to the conference at the Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC, September 20, 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9222093&site=ehost-live

Pinheiro, Paulo Sergio.  Youth, Violence, and Democracy.  Current History 106:64-69 February 2007.
"Discusses violent youth gangs in several Latin American countries."

Prisons in Latin America.  America:  The National Catholic Weekly 195:4 August 28, 2006.
"Criticizes the horrible conditions of prisons in Latin America which receive very scant attention from the U.S. Highlights the major findings of the study "Evaluation of Prisons in the Organization of American States."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22022930&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Religion and Identity in the Americas.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue January 2005.

Response to Oil Crisis Pits Fox Against Chavez.  Central America Report 32:1-2 November 25, 2005.

Smith, W. Rand.  Privatization in Latin America:  How Did It Work and What Difference Did It Make?  Latin American Politics and Society 44:153-166 Winter 2002.
Reviews the economic reforms implemented in the 1980-1990s.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837802&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Zibechi, Raul.  New Challenges for Radical Social Movements.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:14-20 March-April 2005.
Reviews the rise of center-left and populist governments, their actions and current challenges. Refers specifically to the situation in Bolivia and Ecuador.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16261229&site=ehost-live


Foreign Relations


Internet Resources

Arieti, Samuel A.  The Role of MERCOSUR as a Vehicle for Latin American Integration.  Chicago Journal of International Law 6:761 Winter 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1011292131&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Commentary about the development of MERCOSUR, (Common Market of the Southern Cone).

Aronson, Bernard W.  Political Violence and Human Rights in a Latin American Context.  Human Rights Review 4:72-85 April-June 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=12549670&site=ehost-live
"Presents the text of a speech by Bernard W. Aronson, former Assistant Secretary of State, delivered at the 58th Inter-American Press Association in Lima, Peru on October 27, 2002. Role of journalists in the battle for democratization and human rights in Latin America; Lack of political support of the U.S. to El Salvador; Provisions of the Andean Trade Preference Act."

Brands, Hal.  Richard Nixon and Economic Nationalism in Latin America:  The Problem of Expropriations, 1969-1974.  Diplomacy & Statecraft 18:215-235 March 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24154143&site=ehost-live
"During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Nixon administration confronted the problem of how best to protect US economic interests in Latin America during a period of rising economic nationalism. The president approved a policy designed to deter expropriations and rein in nationalist economic sentiment by threatening to terminate U.S. and international financial assistance to countries that expropriated American holdings without prompt and adequate compensation."

Cheng, Joseph Y. S.  Latin America in China's Contemporary Foreign Policy  Journal of Contemporary Asia 36:500-528 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22823275&site=ehost-live
"Reports that Latin America and Caribbean countries will accord increasing priority in their relation with China in view of Chinese economic growth and rising international status. The permanent seat of China on the United Nations Security Council is also a factor to consider when China will increase its investment and business joint ventures in the future."

Cronin, Jason W.  Soft Power and Its Impact on U.S. Influence in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2004.  97 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429720
"Focuses on the United States' ability to use its cultural influence (soft power) to positively effect U.S. relations with Brazil and Venezuela. By analyzing past and present effects of U.S. cultural influence in these two countries, the U.S. can better understand and appreciate the influence it wields as the world's only remaining super power."--Abstract from Web site.

Kitfield, James.  Repairing Latin Relations  CongressDaily AM March 10, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=24316821&site=ehost-live
"Presents an interview with Peter Hakim, a Latin America expert and the longtime president of the Inter-American Dialogue. He said that deteriorating U.S. relations with Latin America were caused by economic and trade decisions. Latin America began to turn away from the U.S. over the war on Iraq which was reminiscent of unilateral U.S. action in Latin America. Advised against the proposal to erect a fence along the U.S.-Mexican border."

No Tour de Force.  Global Agenda March 17, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=24394145&site=ehost-live
"Highlights a tour by U.S. President George W. Bush in Latin America".

Prevost, Gary and Weber, Robert.  The Free Trade Area of the Americas in the Context of U.S.-Latin American Relations.  Journal of Developing Societies 19:114-136 September 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13616563&site=ehost-live
"Details how the administration of George W. Bush succeeded in overcoming opposition to the FTAA within the U.S. Congress by regaining "fast track" negotiating authority in the wake of the September 11th attacks on the United States.  In the process of gaining that authority the United States placed renewed pressure on the Latin American nations to complete the FTAA by its scheduled start date of 2005."-- Abstract from author.

Regional Integration Starting with Defense.  World & I September 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=14736121&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the need for a collective regional-defense community among countries in Latin America in dealing with internal and external threats to their democracy.  Agreement among Latin American leaders on their approach to deal with the issue; Security issues to be considered; Factors that prevent the countries from reaching their goal of regional integration."

Smith, Geri.  Why Latin America Detests Uncle Sam.  Business Week Online November 21, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19022452&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the resentment of Latin Americans toward the approach of the U.S. to its neighboring nations; Stance of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez on the Free Trade of the Americas."

Sullivan, Mark P. and others.  Latin America and the Caribbean:  Issues for the 109th Congress.  May 26, 2005.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461375
"The Latin America and Caribbean region has made enormous strides over the past two decades in terms of political and economic development. While the region overall experienced an economic setback in 2002-2003, by the end of 2004, it had rebounded with an estimated growth rate of 5.5% for the year, surpassing even the most optimistic predictions. Nevertheless, several nations face considerable challenges that could threaten political stability, including persistent poverty, violent guerrilla conflicts, autocratic leaders, drug trafficking, and increasing crime."

Turner, Annie.  Russia Reaps Rewards in Booming South American Defense Market  Military & Aerospace Electronics 18:16 January 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23804068&site=ehost-live
"Reports on the market penetration of military equipment from Russia on the defense market of Latin America."

Books

Between Compliance and Conflict:  East Asia, Latin America, and the "New" Pax Americana, edited by Jorge I. Domínguez and Byung-Kook Kim.  New York, Routledge, 2005.  263 p.
Book call no.:  327.7305 B565

Delgado, Pedro Villagra and others.  Perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  44 p.
"Three presentations:  Hemispheric Security:  A Perception from the South by Pedro Villagra Delgado; Security Issues and Challenges to Regional Security Cooperation:  A Brazilian Perspective by Luis Bitencourt; Ideas for Constructing a New Framework of Hemispheric Security by Henry Medina Uribe."
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS58921 and  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB9.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03308 P467

Dobson, Alan P. and Marsh, Steve.  U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1945.  2nd ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  264 p.
"An introduction to post-war U.S. foreign policy. It combines chronologic and thematic chapters to provide an historical account of U.S. policy and to explore key questions about its design, control and effects."--Abstract from book jacket. See chapter 6, Hegemony and the Western Hemisphere and chapter 12, The Western Hemisphere and Asia in the post-Cold War world.
Book call no.:  327.73 D635u 2006

Ellis, Robert Evan.  U.S. National Security Implications of Chinese Involvement in Latin America.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  44 p.
“Argues that China's pursuit of long-term strategic objectives is leading the country to increase its presence in Latin America, with serious national security implications for the United States.  Sustained Chinese economic growth requires ever greater quantities of basic commodities such as petroleum products, coal, iron and steel. China has begun to aggressively court Latin America as its principal source of supply outside Asia.”
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pubs/display.cfm?PubID=606 and http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434999
Book call no.:  332.6735108 E47u

Latin America in the New International System, edited by Joseph S. Tulchin and Ralph H. Espach.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001.  240 p.
Book call no.:  327.098 L357

Loveman, Brian.  Addicted to Failure:  U.S. Security Policy in Latin America and the Andean Region, edited by Brian Loveman.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006.  367 p.
Book call no.:  355.0310973098 A224

Maingot, Anthony P. and Lozano, Wilfredo.  The United States and the Caribbean:  Transforming Hegemony and Sovereignty.  New York, Routledge, 2005.  175 p.
"Focuses on the transformation of relations with the United States."
Book call no.:  327.729073 M225u

McPherson, Alan L.  Intimate Ties, Bitter Struggles:  The United States and Latin America since 1945.  1st ed.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2006.  208 p.
"Analyzes the history of the relationship between the United States and Latin America. Reflects the most up-to-date research on state-to-state interactions and recognizes the influence of culture and non-state actors on international relations. Major topics include the debate over economic dependency, the U.S. response to revolutions in Latin America during the Cold War, military interventions and covert operations, human rights, migration, the North American Free Trade Agreement and economic integration, the Iran-contra affair, the war on drugs, and Latinos in the United States."--Book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.7308 M172i

Nunez, Joseph R.  A 21st Century Security Architecture for the Americas:  Multilateral Cooperation, Liberal Peace, and Soft Power.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  48 p.
"Constructive response to the question of "How can the United States best develop security cooperation within the Americas?"--Summary from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA405940 and http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB15.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03307 N972t

Pijl, Kees van der.  Global Rivalries from the Cold War to Iraq.  Ann Arbor, MI, Pluto Press, 2006.  459 p.
See chapter 6, "From Pinochet to the Reagan Doctrine", pages 177-215.
Book call no.:  327.0904 P634g

Sicker, Martin.  The Geopolitics of Security in the Americas:  Hemispheric Denial from Monroe to Clinton.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002.  186 p.
Examines the relationship between geography and politics as an approach to understanding international relations.
Book call no.:  327.7308 S566g

Treaties and Alliances of the World, edited by F. John Harper with contributions by Peter Calvert and others.  7th ed.  Detroit, MI, John Harper, 2002.  534 p.
Shelved in Reference, see Chapter 9, The Americas.
Book call no.:  341.11 T784 2002

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Challenges and Successes for U.S. Policy Toward Colombia:  Is Plan Columbia Working?  Washington, GPO, 2004.  92 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS50853
Book call no.:  327.730861 U58ca

USAWC Key Strategic Issues List.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  69 p.
"Catalogue of significant strategic issues, arranged as potential research topics of concern to U.S. policymakers." See Regional Strategic Issues, Evolving Regional Security Matters in the Western Hemisphere, page 6 and United States Southern Command, pages 45-47.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB7 22.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033073 C754u 2006

Wiarda, Howard J. and Skelley, Esther M.  The Crisis of American Foreign Policy:  The Effects of a Divided America.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.  329 p.
See Part III, Regional Responses, Chapter 13, Benign Neglect:  American Foreign Policy in Latin America in the Post-Cold War Era, pages 277 - 294.
Book call no.:  327.73009 W631c

Documents

Cole, Kathleen D.  The Sleeping Dragon Awakens:  Ramifications of Chinese Influence in Latin America.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  17 p.
"Assesses the correlation between Chinese ideological and tactical theories and current economic, political and military involvement of China in Latin America. Documents selected for analysis include:  Sun Tzu, The Art of War; the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, first stated by Zhou Enlai; Deng Xiaoping's 24 Character Strategy; the strategic concepts of Comprehensive National Power, Strategic Configuration of Power; and the current military strategy of Active Defense."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449384
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C6892s

Flynn, Paul.  Latin America:  Close the Back Door!  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2003.  18 p.
"Does United States Southern Command's (USSC) FY 03-05 Theater Security Cooperation Strategic Guidance sufficiently address and mitigate the growing threat posed by terrorists and terrorist organizations resident in USSC's  Area of Responsibility?"
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419902
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 F6481L

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1998-2005, by Richard F. Grimmett.  Washington, CRS, 2006.  91 p.
"This report is prepared annually to provide Congress with official, unclassified, quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding 8 calendar years for use in its policy oversight functions."
Also available online at:  http://fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL33696.pdf and http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA458399
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL33696

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean, coordinated by Connie Veillette and others.  Washington, CRS, March 30, 2005.  29 p.
"Since 2000, aid levels have increased, especially in the Andean region as the focus has shifted from Cold War issues to counternarcotics and security assistance. Current aid levels to Latin America and the Caribbean comprise about 9% of the worldwide aid budget, representing a slight increase over levels ten years ago of 8.2%. Aid levels to the region could increase further as new presidential initiatives — the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Millennium Challenge Account — are implemented."
Also available online at:  http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/05mar/RL32487.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RL32487

Peart, Raphael G. C.  National Guard State Partnership Program:  Supporting U.S. Southern Command Security Cooperation Program.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  20 p.
"Reviews the history and current status of the National Guard's State Partnership Program as an effective means available to Combatant Commanders as they implement their Theater Security Cooperation Plan in order to prosecute the Global War on Terrorism.  It describes the process to establish these partnerships with emphasis on the Southern Command area of responsibility."--Abstract from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA449738
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 P362n

Ponce, Gilberto E.  Latin America and the United States:  Homeland Security thru Regional Stability.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 2005.  20 p.
Addresses the importance of regional stability in the Latin America Andean region and its affect on U.S. homeland security.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432711
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 P792L

Sanchez, David J.  An Emerging Security Community in the Americas?:  A Theoretical Analysis of the Consequences of the Post-Cold War Inter-American Democracy Regime.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  79 p.
"A critical examination is provided of two high-profile cases of democratic crisis to assess the impact of the post-Cold War inter-American democracy regime:  Paraguay (1996) and Peru (2000)."
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S211e

Sundberg, Edward D.  Arm Sales to Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  67 p.
"Argues that despite the lifting of the U.S. arm sales ban to Latin America in 1997, an arms race is not occurring in Latin America today. Explores three explanations:  democratic peace and complex interdependence, economic determinants of defense expenditures, and U.S. arms sales policy."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420464
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S9571a

Williams, Clay G.  Free Trade Area of the Americas:  A Three Level Analysis.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006.  73 p.
"The Free Trade Area of the Americas is a proposed treaty that would encompass the Western Hemisphere's 800 million people and a 13 trillion dollar economy.  It is a regional agreement that cannot be understood without the interrelated issues at both the international and domestic level.  The single most important issue that resides at the nexus of all three of these levels is domestic subsidies on agriculture.  FTAA cannot move forward at the regional level without reduction in the U.S. domestic subsidies."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA445321
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 W7222f

Periodicals

Arraras, Astrid and Deheza, Grace Ivana.  Widening the War on Terror.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 14:22-24 Fall 2004.
"Presents information on the security policy of the U.S. towards Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15170642&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ballve, Marcelo.  The New Wave of Anti-Americanism.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:37-40 May-June 2005.
"Focuses on the political, economic and cultural implications of anti-Americanism in Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978341&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Belov, Dmitrii and Starostina, Ekaterina.  Integration in Latin America.  International Affairs:  A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations. 52:60-68 2006.
"Discusses the importance of addressing integration problems in Latin America to the ongoing process of globalization. The two approaches to the possibility of integrating the Americas are compared. The political and economic prerequisites for integration in Latin America are evaluated. Also comments on the role of the U.S. in the integration efforts within the region."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21333533&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bio-fuels:  An Unexpected Controversy.  Central America Report 34:6-7 March 30, 2007.
"The Inter-American Development Bank announced a $200 billion investment in bio-fuels technology. Analysts and industry leaders are hopeful that bio-fuels can be a boon for the region's economies, others are not so sure."

Bush, George W.  Remarks Following Discussions with President Alvaro Uribe of Colombia.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:1137-1138 June 19, 2006.
Remarks of U.S. President George W. Bush at a press conference following his discussions with President Alvaro Uribe of Colombia.  Comments from Bush on the victory of Uribe in the elections and Colombia's commitment to fight narcoterrorism; Remarks from Uribe about his country's achievements in eradicating drugs and the need for social cohesion in all the Central and South American countries.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21320481&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Castañeda, Jorge G.  Latin America's Left Turn.  Foreign Affairs 85:28-43 May-June 2006.
"Discusses political change in Latin America. Starting with Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez's election in 1998 a wave of leftist leaders, parties, and movements swept into power across Latin America.  However, these reformed communist leaders are strikingly different from their forebears in their relations with the U.S. Anti-Americanism has waned and these leaders are instead focusing on implementing programs for social reform."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20586927&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chavez Gets His Axis, Smaller Than Desired, with Bolivia as His Partner.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-19:1-2 May 16, 2006.

Cope, John A.  A Prescription for Protecting:  The Southern Approach.  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:17-21 Summer 2006.
"Focuses on the strategies that the U.S. can adopt to protect itself from attacks from its south. The Defense Department has been facing hurdles to build a layered defense system in the south because of little cooperation from Mexico and nations in the Caribbean Basin. The security problems in the south require multilateral responses."
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4210.pdf and http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302767&site=ehost-live

Craddock, John and Fick, Barbara R.  The Americas in the 21st Century:  The Challenge of Governance and Security.  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:10-13 Summer 2006.
"Focuses on the governance and security issues lying before the Americas in the 21st century. Latin America is confronting illicit trafficking of weapons, drugs and people. The security issues in the region demand drastic policy change on the part of the U.S. government and the U.S. Southern Command." Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302765&site=ehost-live
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4208.pdf

The Crisis of U.S. Hegemony in the Twenty-first Century.  Latin American Perspectives 34:entire issue January 2007.
"Thirteen essays by Latin American researchers on U.S. hegemony, originally presented at a meeting of the Latin American Association of Social Sciences U.S. Studies Work Group.  Includes essays on U.S. and Colombian relations, world economy and the U.S. and U.S. political culture."

De Nada.  New Republic 234:7 February 6, 2006.
Reports on Latin America's attitude toward the United States.  The author discusses the election of Bolivian president Evo Morales. Morales, whose mentor is Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, is an admirer of Fidel Castro and a proponent of nationalizing and decriminalizing coca production.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19553535&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Dominguez, Jorge I.  A View from Latin America.  Foreign Policy July-August:34 2003.
"Relates views from Latin America on the foreign policy of U.S. President George W. Bush. Comments on the 2003 Iraq War; Educational background in business; Issues on Bush's neglect of allies."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=10049677&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Downplaying the 'Threat' from China.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-38:3-4 September 27, 2005.

Faust, Jorg.  Latin America, Chile, and East Asia:  Policy-Networks and Successful Diversification.  Journal of Latin American Studies 36:743-770 November 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=772298091&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Feinberg, Richard E.  Regionalism and Domestic Politics:  U.S.-Latin American Trade Policy in the Bush Era.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:127-152 Winter 2002.
"Information on the trade policy between Latin America and the U.S. during the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush. Trade and investment; Macroeconomic reform; Democratic consolidation and strategic bargaining."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837800&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Focus on Southern Command:  Executive Summary.  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:8-9 Summer 2006.
Focuses on the U.S. Southern Command and the nations that fall under its area of responsibility. Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302764&site=ehost-live
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4207.pdf

Frechette, Myles.  Rethinking Latin America.  Harvard International Review 28:28-31 Summer 2006.
Discusses the relations of the U.S. with Latin American countries.  Need for the U.S. to help Latin American countries integrate into the world community and the global economy; Reasons behind the shift of U.S. goals in the region from resisting communism to promoting growth, stability and democracy; Status of U.S. military relations toward Latin America.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21684954&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Friends & Foes in Hemispheric 'Hot Spots'.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-39:3-4 October 4, 2005.
"The U.S. State Department has come up with a major statement on its policy towards Latin America, in which it clearly defines friends and enemies in the region's 'hot spots'.  Charles Shapiro diagnosed the region's main political ills and listed what the U.S. sees as the formula for success in this area."

Hakim, Peter.  Is Washington Losing Latin America?  Foreign Affairs 85:39-53 January-February 2006.
"Focuses on relations between the United States and Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19250175&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hill, John.  China Courts Latin America.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:52-53 February 2005.

How the U.S. Managed to Irk Much of Latin America in Less than a Week.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-20:1-2 May 23, 2006.

Iran Launches Regional Diplomatic Offensive.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-03:16 January 18, 2007.
"Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has been a conspicuous presence in Latin America over the last week."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/secure/bstsc.pdf

Isacson, Adam.  Closing the "Seams":  U.S. Security Policy in the Americas.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:13-17 May-June 2005.
"Focuses on the efforts of the U.S. federal government to arm and reorient security forces to combat against terrorists and internal enemies in Latin America. Includes information on role of the U.S. in the Colombian Army and the relationship of the U.S. with Venezuela's President Hugo Chávez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978263&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Isacson, Adam and others.  Creeping Militarization in the Americas.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:4-7 November-December 2004.
"Reviews the U.S. "War on Terror" initiatives in Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15155698&site=ehost-live

Knight, Alan.  Empire, Hegemony and Globalization in the Americas.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:8-11 September-October 2005.
"Discusses the history of U.S. power in Latin America relating to globalization, empire and hegemony."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140609&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lafargue, Francois.  China's Strategies in Latin America.  Military Review 86:80-84 May-June 2006.
"Looks at the strategies being employed by China to secure energy supplies from Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21388402&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Leogrande, William M.  A Poverty of Imagination:  George W. Bush's Policy in Latin America.  Journal of Latin American Studies 39:355 May 2007.
"Washington's challenge during the Bush administration was to define a new relationship with Latin America beyond free trade and neoliberal economics - a relationship responsive to the region's demand for social and economic justice."--Abstract from publication.

Mace, Gordon and Loiseau, Hugo.  Cooperative Hegemony and Summitry in the Americas.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:107-134 Winter 2005.
"Attempts to explain the particular asymmetric regionalism in the Americas by using the concept of cooperative hegemony. The underlying hypothesis is that the U.S. government, since 1994, has pursued a strategy of cooperative behavior, at least in regard to power sharing, in two specific phases of hemispheric regionalism, agenda setting and institutionalization."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=950430931&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Martins, Carlos Eduardo.  The Impasses of U.S. Hegemony.  Latin American Perspectives 34:16-28 January 2007.
"A prospective long-term model of U.S. hegemony based on the systemic cycles proposed by the Fernand Braudel Center group (mainly Giovanni Arrighi), the cycles of Nicolai Kondratieff, and the notion of civilizational crisis based on Radovan Richta's work on the techno-scientific revolution allows us to view the U.S. crisis of hegemony as one of the most important events in the contemporary world."

Military Integration Moves Forward.  Central America Report 30:3-4 October 10, 2003.
Several Central American countries approve initiatives allowing greater U.S. presence and immunity for U.S. agents in the region.

Millett, Richard L.  Limits of Influence:  Creating Security Forces in Latin America.  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:14-16 Summer 2006.
"Focuses on the pitfalls of the U.S. efforts to deploy forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. The failure of such efforts lies in the fact that combining police and military functions is always problematic. Demonstrates that reshaping another nation's socio-political environment is full of obstacles. To substantiate this point, the author recounts the saga of the security forces created by the U.S. in Latin American countries." Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302766&site=ehost-live
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4209.pdf

Noriega, Roger F.  The Organization of American States and the Democratic Charter.  DISAM Journal 24:99-103 Summer 2002.
Excerpts of a speech presented to the Center for Strategic and International Studies, May 3, 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8682531&site=ehost-live

Noriega Spells Out Bush II Policies for the Hemisphere.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-10:3-4 March 8, 2005.

OAS Emerges from Fort Lauderdale More 'Proactive' but Somewhat Less Interventionist than the U.S. Wanted.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-23:1-2 June 14, 2005.

Pagan, Pablo.  The State Partnership Program:  Vision to Reality.  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:22-25 Summer 2006.
Focuses on the U.S. National Guard's State Partnership Program (SSP), an international security cooperation effort. The SSP is a vehicle for military-to-military and military-to-civilian cooperation. In a nonconfrontational manner, it advances the security policy of the U.S. through constructive military associations. Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302768&site=ehost-live
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4211.pdf

Phillips, Nicola.  U.S. Power and the Politics of Economic Governance in the Americas.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:1-26 Winter 2005.
"Examines the nature of the emerging regional economic regime in the Americas and argues that the dominant approach to economic governance is one defined by the assertion of U.S. power in the region and oriented toward distinctively U.S. interests and preferences."--Publication abstract.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=950430891&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Powell, Colin L.  Crisis and Opportunity:  Realizing the Hopes of a Hemisphere.  DISAM Journal 25 :90-94 Summer 2003.
Excerpts of remarks presented to the Council of the Americas' 33rd Annual Washington Conference, April 28, 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10731221&site=ehost-live

Puntigliano, Andres Rivarola.  Global Shift:  The U.N. System and the New Regionalism in Latin America.  Latin American Politics and Society 49:89-112 Spring 2007.
"Analyzes Latin America in light of the post-Cold War transformation of the global system."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24402790&site=ehost-live

Rice's Preview of U.S. Hemispheric Policy Promises No Great Departures.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-04:1-2 January 25, 2005.

Roger Noriega Departs as Condoleezza Rice Makes Changes at State That Will Affect Latin America.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-30:1-2 August 2, 2005.

Rosen, Fred.  Empire and Dissent.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:4-7 September-October 2005.
"Examines the interaction of the U.S. imperialism with the dissent and resistance it has endangered. Reviews the efforts of several states to declare independence from the dictates of the U.S. government and offers information on the domination of the U.S. in the markets."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140598&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Salinas Figueredo, Dario.  Hegemony in the Coordinates of U.S. Policy:  Implications for Latin America.  Latin American Perspectives 34:94-101 January 2007.
"Examines the contemporary capitalist process, the trends of the new U.S. hegemony, and their political and geopolitical implications for Latin America."

School of the Americas Still Active.  Central America Report 34:7 January 19, 2007.
"The School of the Americas was renamed the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation. However, according to its critics, the new "peace" and "human rights" options are purely cosmetic changes that aim to appease Congress and preserve its budget."

Sizonenko, Aleksandr.  Latin America and Russia.  International Affairs:  A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations 50:52-60 2004.
"Focuses on the relationship of Russia with Latin America. Effect of Mexico as a republic country on Russia in 1824; Information on Russian writers known to Latin American readers."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15386300&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Taylor, Paul D.  Charting New Waters.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:24-27 Spring 2006.
"Focuses on issues related to the trade liberalization and investment strategies of the U.S. These issues were emphasized with an intent to foster economic development and strengthen relations between the U.S. and Latin America. Policy makers have paid relatively little attention to the effect of free trade agreements on national security, which we can define here as reasonable freedom from danger to the nations territory, citizens, institutions and interests."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195669&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Woolfolk, Edmund and Marshall, James.  JTF-Bravo and Disaster Relief.  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:28-29 Summer 2006.
Offers information on the role of the Joint Task Force (JTF)-Bravo in disaster relief.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4213.pdf and http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302770&site=ehost-live

Yeatman, Richard M.  JIATF-South:  Blueprint for Success.  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:26-27 Summer 2006.
"Information on the U.S. Army's Joint Interagency Task Force-South. The task force, with a network of law enforcement, intelligence and military assets, focuses on detecting the movements and shipments of narcotic organizations."
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4212.pdf and
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302769&site=ehost-live

Youngs, Richard.  The European Union and Democracy in Latin America.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:111-139 Fall 2002.
EU democracy promotions since 1990 and how they are different than US policy.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7497598&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


History and Culture


Books

After Collapse:  The Regeneration of Complex Societies, edited by Glenn M. Schwartz and John J. Nichols.  Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 2006.  289 p.
See Chapter 6, Inca State Origins:  Collapse and Regeneration in the Southern Peruvian Andes, pages 85-98; Chapter 7, Regeneration as Transformation:  Postcollapse Society in Nasca, Peru, pages 100-113; Chapter 8, After State Collapse:  How Tumilaca Communities Developed in the Upper Moquegua Valley, Peru, pages 114-136; Chapter 11, Framing the Maya Collapse:  Continuity, Discontinuity, Method, and Practice in the Classic to Postclassic Southern Maya Lowlands, pages 168-187; Chapter 12, Postclassic Maya Society Regenerated at Mayapan, pages 188-207.
Book call no.:  303.4093 A258

De La Pedraja, Rene.  Wars of Latin America, 1899-1941.  Jefferson, NC, McFarland & Co., 2006.  496 p.
"This volume surveys Latin American wars and compares them in light of military theory. It also reveals the decisive impact the United States had on these conflicts. Wars examined include border disputes in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Panama, and Costa Rica, and domestic insurrections in Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Numerous photographs and maps."--Book jacket.
Book call no.:  355.02098 D338w

Doyle, Don Harrison.  Nationalism in the New World, edited by Don H. Doyle and Marco Antonio Pamplona.  Athens, GA, University of Georgia Press, 2006.  315 p.
"Brings together work by scholars from the United States, Canada, Latin America, and Europe to discuss how the nations of the Americas grappled with the basic questions of nationalism:  Who are we? How do we imagine ourselves as a nation?"
Book call no.:  320.54097 N277

Fairchild, Ana Laura Tello and Mendez, Juan.  Spanish Grammar.  2nd ed.  New York, Collins, 2006.  248 p.
Book call no.:  468.2421 F165s

Gilderhus, Mark T.  The Second Century:  U.S.--Latin American Relations since 1889.  Wilmington, DE, Scholarly Resources, 2000.  282 p.
"Focuses on U.S. relations with Latin America during the second century, a period bounded by the advent of the New Diplomacy late in the nineteenth century and the end of the Cold War."
Book call no.:  327.730809 G468s

Guillermoprieto, Alma.  Looking for History:  Dispatches from Latin America.  1st ed.  New York, Pantheon Books, 2001.  303 p.
"Portrait of three Latin American countries Cuba, Colombia and Mexico."
Book call no.:  972 G958

Kendris, Christopher and Kendris, Theodore.  501 Spanish Verbs.  5th ed.  Hauppauge, NY, Barron's Educational Series, 2003.  677 p.
Book call no.:  468.2421 K33f

LaRosa, Michael J. and Mejia, German R.  An Atlas and Survey of Latin American History.  Armonk, NY, M.E. Sharpe, 2007.  169 p.
"A single-volume synthetic portrait of the interactions of physical geography and human history over a long time period in the territory commonly referred to as Latin America."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  911.8 L331a

Ruggiero, Kristin.  The Jewish Diaspora in Latin America and the Caribbean:  Fragments of Memory.  Portland, OR, Sussex Academic Press, 2005.  262 p.
"The Latin American Jewish Diaspora has been recognized as a unique phenomenon in diasporic studies, due to the development of new ways of thinking about internationalism and globalization. This collection provides an interdisciplinary and comparative view of Jewish experiences through history, literature, painting, anthropology, poetry, sociology, and politics."--Book jacket.
Book call no.:  980.004924 J59

Savaiano, Eugene and Winget, Lynn W.  2001 Spanish and English Idioms = 2001 Modismos Espanles E Ingleses.  2nd ed.  Hauppauge, NY, Barron's Educational Series, 1995.  699 p.
Book call no.:  463.21 S263t

Shaw, Lisa and Dennison, Stephanie.  Pop Culture Latin America!:  Media, Arts, and Lifestyle.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, 2005.  404 p.
Book call no.:  306.098 S535p

Skidmore, Thomas E. and Smith, Peter H.  Modern Latin America.  6th ed.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2005.  512 p.
"The 6th edition of Modern Latin America is an interpretive history. Thoroughly updated and revised, it includes a new chapter on the history of Colombia from the wars of independence to the violent conflicts of the present day. It also examines such topics as:  the impact of 9/11 on U.S.-Latin American relations, globalization, drug trafficking, women's roles in society and politics, the fragility and uncertainty of democracy in Latin America."
Book call no.:  980.03 S628m 2005

Turhan, Sedat and Hagin, Sally.  Milet Picture Dictionary:  English-French.  London, Milet Publishing, 2003.  1 vol.
"Introduces key English and French words for plants, animals, shapes, food, and other common items. Text in English and French."--Abstract from publisher.
Book call no.:  443.21 T937m

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  The Friendly Liquidation of the Past:  The Politics of Diversity in Latin America.  Pittsburgh, PA, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000.  340 p.
"Based on interviews with more than 100 participants, Van Cott demonstrates how social issues were placed on the constitutional reform agenda and transformed into the nation’s highest law. She follows each reform for five years to assess early results of what she calls an emerging model of multicultural constitutionalism."
Book call no.:  320.984 V223f

Wightwick, Jane and others.  Your First 100 Words in French :  French for Total Beginners Through Puzzles and Games.  Chicago, IL, McGraw-Hill, 2002.  64 p.
Book call no.:  445.81 Y81

Multimedia

Basic Spanish.  New York, Simon & Schuster Audio, 2005.  5 sound discs.
Pimsleur language programs.
CD call no.:  468.3421 B311 CD audio

French:  Learn Before You Land.  New York, Random House Information Group, 2005.  1 sound disc.
CD call no.:  448.3421 F8732 CD audio

Latin American Spanish CD Pack Berlitz.  Princeton, NJ, Berlitz Publishing Company, 2001.  2 CD-ROM + phrase book and dictionary.
CD Call no.:  467.98 L357

Leslie, John Kenneth.  Spanish Grammar.  Springfield, OH, Visual Education Association.  59 study cards.
468.2421 S7351

Monopoly, Spanish:  Monopoly Juego De Compraventa De Inmuebles.  Pawtucket, RI, Hasbro, Inc., 1999.  1 game.
"Spanish version of the popular real estate game. Title, gameboard and game pieces in Spanish."
794 M751

Scrabble, Spanish:  Scrabble Crossword Game.  Pawtucket, RI, Hasbro:  Milton Bradley Co., 2001.  1 game.
"Spanish version. Instruction card in Spanish; English instructions in cover of box. Players compete for high scores by forming interlocking words, crossword fashion, on the board using letter tiles of different values."
793.734 S4331


Politics and Government


Internet Resources

Anthony Stocks.  Too Much for Too Few:  Problems of Indigenous Land Rights in Latin America.  Annual Review of Anthropology 34:85 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=940138801&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Review of recent changes in the constitutional and legislative environment under which indigenous people hold or claim land and natural resource rights have triggered a number of processes and projects to demarcate, legalize, or otherwise consolidate indigenous lands."--Abstract from publication.

Aronson, Bernard W.  Political Violence and Human Rights in a Latin American Context.  Human Rights Review 4:72-85 April-June 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=12549670&site=ehost-live
"Presents the text of a speech by Bernard W. Aronson, former Assistant Secretary of State, delivered at the 58th Inter-American Press Association in Lima, Peru on October 27, 2002. Role of journalists in the battle for democratization and human rights in Latin America; Lack of political support of the U.S. to El Salvador; Provisions of the Andean Trade Preference Act."

Brown, Greg.  News of the World.  Latin Trade (English) 15:4 March 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=24347254&site=ehost-live
"Reflects on the political conditions in Latin America. Replacing a president in the region is not as serious as it has been in the past."

de la Pena, Guillermo.  Social and Cultural Policies Toward Indigenous Peoples:  Perspectives from Latin America.  Annual Review of Anthropology 34:717 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=940138791&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Traces the colonial and nineteenth-century roots of indigenismo and places it in the context of the populist tendencies in most Latin American states from the 1920s to the 1970s, which favored economic protectionism and used agrarian reform and the provision of services as tools for governance and legitimacy."--Publication abstract.

Hristov, Jasmin.  Freedom and Democracy or Hunger and Terror:  Neoliberalism and Militarization in Latin America.  Social Justice 32:89 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=926638821&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Traces the weakening position of Latin American countries in the global hierarchy of power as a result of neoliberal policies. Case studies expose the increased militarization, state-sanctioned violence, and repression that have accompanied the consolidation of neoliberalism in Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico."

Political Database of the Americas
 Available online at:  http://pdba.georgetown.edu/
 "A non-governmental project of the Center for Latin American Studies at Georgetown University in collaboration with the Secretariat for Political Affairs of the Organization of American States.  Offers information about institutions and political processes, national constitutions, branches of government, elections, political constitutional studies and other subjects related to the strengthening of democracy in the region."

Schor, Miguel.  Constitutionalism Through the Looking Glass of Latin America  Texas International Law Journal 41:1 Winter 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1011270741&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Explores why constitutionalism in Latin America took a different path than in the United States.  In the wake of independence, constitutions were adopted throughout the New World to effectuate republican government. Yet constitutionalism in Latin America led to dictatorship whereas constitutionalism in the United States led to republican government."--Abstract from publication.

Books

Civil-Military Relations in Latin America:  New Analytical Perspectives, edited by David Pion-Berlin.  Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 2001.  303 p.
"The armed forces may no longer rule nations throughout Latin America, but they continue to influence democratic governments across the region. In nine original essays, this book offers theoretical insights into the dilemmas facing Latin American politicians as they struggle to gain full control over their military institutions."
Book call no.:  322.5098 C582

Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective:  Africa, Asia, and Latin America, edited by Philip Oxhorn and others.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2004.  351 p.
Offers two essays on Mexico and two essays on Chile as well as several more general essays on decentralization.
Book call no.:  320.8 D292

Domínguez, Jorge I. and Mares, David R.  Boundary Disputes in Latin America.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2003.  45 p.
Electronic version in PDF format available on the USIP web site:  http://www.usip.org/pubs/peaceworks/pwks50.pdf
Book call no.:  341.42098 D671b

The Financing of Politics:  Latin America and European Perspectives, edited by Carlos Malamud and Eduardo Posada-Carbo.  London, Institute for the Study of the Americas, 2005.  266 p.
Book call no.:  324.78 F491

Legislative Politics in Latin America, edited by Scott Morgenstern and Benito Nacif.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002.  503 p.
Book call no.:  328.098 L514

Middlebrook, Kevin J.  Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America.  Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.  391 p.
Book call no.:  324.214098 C755

Radu, Michael.  Dilemmas of Democracy & Dictatorship:  Place, Time, and Ideology in Global Perspective.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers, 2006.  427 p.
See Part 4, The Americas, pages 237-374
Book call no.:  327.1 R132d

Sherman, John W.  Latin America in Crisis.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2000.  217 p.
"Fundamental economic and political realities of Latin America today based on history. A concise core text for Latin American survey courses that require both a historical perspective and an attention to contemporary issues."
Book call no.:  980.033 S553L

Ungar, Mark.  Elusive Reform:  Democracy and the Rule of Law in Latin America.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2002.  273 p.
"Explores one of the Latin American countries' biggest challenges, establishing a rule of law. Based on a close examination of historical patterns, it demonstrates how executive power and judicial disarray thwart progress toward judicial independence, state accountability, and citizen access to effective means of conflict resolution. Examines Argentina and Venezuela."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  321.8098 U57e

Vargas Llosa, Alvaro.  Liberty for Latin America:  How to Undo Five Hundred Years of State Oppression.  New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005.  276 p.
"Offers an incisive diagnosis of Latin America's woes--and a prescription for finally getting the region on the road to both genuine prosperity and the protection of human rights. Shows that what went wrong in Argentina has in fact gone wrong all over the continent for over five hundred years. Explains how the republics of the nineteenth century and the revolutions of the twentieth-populist uprisings, Marxist coops, state takeovers, and First World-sponsored privatization-have all run up against the oligarchic legacy of statism. Illiberal elites backed by the United States and Europe have perpetuated the "five principles of oppression" in order to maintain their hold on power."--Abstract from publisher website.
Book call no.:  330.98 V297L

Periodicals

Canache, Damarys and Allison, Michael E.  Perceptions of Political Corruption in Latin American Democracies.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:91-112 Fall 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=882358941&sid=4&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Cardoso, Fernando.  More Than Ideology.  Harvard International Review 28:4-17 Summer 2006.
"Discusses the shift toward the political left in Latin America. Overview of political and economic reforms that were implemented in the region from 1980s to 1990s; Benefits offered by globalization to the region; Results of a survey in the region that suggests that there is more diversity among Latin American leaders of the left; Issues raised on the dangers of populism."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21684951&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Castaneda, Jorge and Navia, Patricio.  The Year of the Ballot.  Current History 106:51-57 February 2007.
"Among the lessons of the region's 2006 elections, neoliberalism lives, fighting poverty wins votes, parties need to be reformed--and the left is here to stay."

Eaton, Kent.  Decentralization's Nondemocratic Roots:  Authoritarianism and Subnational Reform in Latin America.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:1-26 Spring 2006.
"Challenges the common view of authoritarianism as an unambiguously centralizing experience by investigating the subnational reforms that military governments actually introduced in Latin America.  Argues that the decision by military authorities to dismiss democratically elected mayors and governors opened a critical juncture for the subsequent development of subnational institutions."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19953541&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gibbs, Terry.  Democracy's Crisis of Legitimacy in Latin America.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:8-9 July-August 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13831643&site=ehost-live

Gilly, Adolfo.  The Emerging "Threat" of Radical Populism.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:37-40 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on the radicalization of populism according to James Hill, former commander of the U.S. Southern Command.  Discusses the adaptation to unemployment and hunger by supporters of the doctrine and the tendency of the lower-classes of the supporters to dispute institutional politics of representative democracy."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140916&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ginden, Jonah and Weld, Kristen.  Benevolence or Intervention? Spotlighting U.S. Soft Power.  NACLA Report on the Americas 40:19-21 January-February 2007.
"Does the recent rise to power of leaders whose views diverge from the Washington consensus stand as a measure of democracy promotion's failure, or of its success?"
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23618085&site=ehost-live

Graham, Carol and Sukhtankar, Sandip.  Does Economic Crisis Reduce Support for Markets and Democracy in Latin America?  Some Evidence from Surveys of Public Opinion and Well Being.  Journal of Latin American Studies 36:349-377 May 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=645880421&sid=2&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Levitt, Barry S.  A Desultory Defense of Democracy:  OAS Resolution 1080 and the Inter-American Democratic Charter.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:93-123 Fall 2006.
"Evaluates the effectiveness of OAS mechanisms for safeguarding democracy through multilateral diplomacy, what some scholars have dubbed the interamerican defense of democracy regime. Drawing on a range of international relations theories, this study derives competing hypotheses about member states' responses to democratic crises in the Americas."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22440071&site=ehost-live

Shifter, Michael and Vinay, Jawahar.  The Divided States of the Americas.  Current History 105:51-57 February 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=986385901&sid=5&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Shifter, Michael and Vinay, Jawahar.  Latin America's Populist Turn.  Current History 104:51-57 February 2005.
Reviews the current politics of the Southern Cone region.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16143138&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Spanakos, Anthony P. and Renno, Lucio R.  Elections and Economic Turbulence in Brazil:  Candidates, Voters, and Investors.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:1-26 Winter 2006.
"The relation between elections and the economy in Latin America might be understood by considering the agency of candidates and the issue of policy preference congruence between investors and voters."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23437675&site=ehost-live

Staats, Joseph L. and others.  Measuring Judicial Performance in Latin America.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:77-106 Winter 2005.
Offers a comprehensive cross-national measure of judicial performance for Latin America.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=950430921&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

U.S. Swings OAS Vote in Favour of Insulza.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-17:3-4 May 3, 2005.

Uggla, Fredrik.  The Ombudsman in Latin America.  Journal of Latin American Studies 36:423-450 August 2004.
Provides an overview of how these institutions have evolved in six countries. Reflects on possible factors accounting for the ombudsman relative effectiveness and discusses the role that this institution plays in contemporary Latin America in promoting public accountability, respect for human rights and the rule of law.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=719570231&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Weyland, Kurt.  Neoliberalism and Democracy in Latin America:  A Mixed Record.  Latin American Politics and Society 46:135-157 Spring 2004.
"Argues that neoliberalism has strengthened the sustainability of democracy in Latin America but limited its quality."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=12326584&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Weyland, Kurt.  Reform and Corruption in Latin America.  Current History 105:84-89 February 2006.
"Some level of corruption is endemic to the region's states almost regardless of their economic policies."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=986385921&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


Terrorism-Insurgencies and Drug Trade Issues


Internet Resources

Agreda, Jose.  An Alternative Strategy in Fighting Cocaine Trafficking in Bolivia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, College of Strategic Studies, Army War College, April 4, 2000.  44 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA378427
"A study of the coca culture and its relationship to the problem of cocaine production. Addresses the use of the coca leaf since the ancient culture of the Inca Empire. Provides a thorough discussion of the origin of cocaine. Analyzes the current trafficking problem and how the Bolivian government met with success in its eradication efforts by implementing Plan Dignidad. Also discusses alternative strategies."

Rodriguez, Carlos A.  Cyberterrorism - A Rising Threat in the Western Hemisphere.  Washington, Inter-American Defense College, May 2006.
Available online at:  http://library.jid.org/en/mono45/Rodriguez,%20Carlos.pdf
"Provides background information and a definition of cyber terror as well as its implications to hemispheric security."

Smith, Hugh.  Terrorism in the Iguazu Falls Region:  $100 Bills, a DIME at a Time.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, May 26, 2005.  57 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436461
"Iguazu Falls is located in the Tri Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. The area is a lawless zone that is home to Islamic terrorists of Syrian and Lebanese descent and their sympathizers. The diplomatic, informational, military, economic, intelligence and law enforcement (DIME) Plus Model provides a useful framework to analyze the issues in the TBA. This paper explains how certain conditions have created an environment in which terrorist groups operate in the region, and how their activities pose a threat to hemispheric security.”

Walker, William J.  The Relationship and Threat of Transnational Organized Crime, Drug Traffickers and Terrorist Groups in the Western Hemisphere:  The Hot Spots.  Washington, Inter American Defense College, April 2006.
Available online at:  http://library.jid.org/en/mono45/Walker.pdf
"Since the 1980s the Western Hemisphere has experienced a criminalization syndrome involving several closely related, mutually reinforcing phenomena, transnational organized crime, drug traffickers, and terrorists. Although these phenomena are having an adverse impact on many countries throughout the world they have been most obvious in states in transition, developing states and those in the Western Hemisphere experiencing high intensity internal strife. Accordingly the research examines the link and association between the three entities and determines that they have striking similarities in their method and operations."--Abstract from publication.

Books

Carpenter, Ted Galen.  Bad Neighbor Policy:  Washington's Futile War on Drugs in Latin America.  1st ed.  New York, Palgrave MacMillan, 2003.  282 p.
"The domestic phase of Washington's war on drugs has received considerable criticism over the years from a variety of individuals. Until recently, however, most critics have not stressed the damage that the international phase of the drug war has done to our Latin American neighbors. Some prominent Latin American political leaders have finally dared to criticize Washington while at the same time, the U.S. government seems determined to perpetuate, if not intensify, the antidrug crusade."
Book call no.:  363.450973 C297b

Cragin, Kim.  Sharing the Dragon's Teeth:  Terrorist Groups and the Exchange of New Technologies.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2007.  114 p.
"Examines the technology competition between security organizations and terrorist organizations, a critical battleground in the war against terrorism. Also examines interactions among terrorist groups with a view toward assessing the potential for the exchange of technologies and knowledge."--Abstract from publication. See chapter 5, Southwest Colombia.
Book call no.:  363.325 S531

Holmes, Jennifer S.  Terrorism and Democratic Stability.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers, 2006.  241 p.
"Examines the effects of terrorism and state repression on democratic stability in Uruguay, Peru, and Spain." Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy0613/2005054858.html.
Book call no.:  320.011 H751t

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group Inc., 2006.  865 p.
"Profiles every significant terrorist, guerrilla and insurgency movement around the world, including Latin America. Analyzes terrorist tactics and methodology, assesses each group's capability to impact state security and details their internal command structures and inventories."
Book call no.:  R 364.1 J33 iss.23 2006

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  A Global Overview of Narcotics-Funded Terrorist and Other Extremist Groups, by LaVerle Bennette Berry and others.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2002.  148 p.
"An assessment of the nexus between selected anti-U.S. terrorist and extremist groups in the world and organized crime, specifically drug trafficking, and how this relationship might be vulnerable to countermeasures. Examines the connections between extremist groups and narcotics trafficking in several countries including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru.”
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439621
Book call no.:  363.325 G562

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Terrorist and Organized Crime Groups in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of South America:  A Report by Rex A. Hudson.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2003.  90 p.
"Assesses the activities of organized crime groups, terrorist groups, and narcotics traffickers in general in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, focusing mainly on the period since 1999."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439846 and  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS49424
Book call no.:  363.325098 H886t

Manwaring, Max G. and others.  Building Regional Security Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere:  Issues and Recommendations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  37 p.
Issues and recommendations generated during a conference sponsored by the U.S. Army War College, the U.S. Southern Command, and the University of Miami North-South Center.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00004.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03308 B932

Manwaring, Max G.  Street Gangs:  The New Urban Insurgency.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  47 p.
"Explains the linkage of contemporary criminal street gangs (the gang phenomenon or third generation gangs) to insurgency in terms of the instability it wreaks upon government and the concomitant challenge to state sovereignty. Although there are differences between gangs and insurgents regarding motives and modes of operations, this linkage infers that gang phenomena are mutated forms of urban insurgency. In these terms, these "new" nonstate actors must eventually seize political power in order to guarantee the freedom of action and the commercial environment they want."--Taken from SSI web site.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB597.pdf
Book call no.:  364.106 M295s

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror". Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

Pinheiro, Alvaro de Souza.  Narcoterrorism in Latin America:  A Brazilian Perspective.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2006.  79 p.
"The situation in Colombia is addressed, and this is followed by a discussion of issues in the Tri-Border Area, where Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay meet. A detailed description of Brazil's actions to face up to the challenge of narcoterrorism is provided.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA456509
Book call no.:  363.450981 P654n

The Political Economy of the Drug Industry:  Latin America and the International System, edited by Menno Vellinga.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2004.  350 p.
“Discusses the political, economic, social, and legal aspects of the illegal drug industry. Provides an overview of the political economy of the drug industry followed by discussions of the impact of the drug industry on the Latin American source countries; drug trafficking and money laundering; the war on drugs, transnational crime, and international security; and current options for intervention and control.”--Abstract from publisher.
Book call no.:  363.45 P769

Weinstein, Jeremy M.  Inside Rebellion:  The Politics of Insurgent Violence.  Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  402 p.
"Presents a theory to account for the different strategies pursued by rebel groups in civil war, explaining why patterns of insurgent violence vary so much across conflicts. Examines the membership, structure, and behavior of four insurgent movements in Uganda, Mozambique, and Peru. Drawing on interviews with nearly 200 combatants and civilians who experienced violence firsthand, it shows that rebels' strategies depend in important ways on how difficult it is to launch a rebellion."
Book call no.:  322.42 W424i

Documents

Castillo Arias, Jaime O.  Information Sharing about International Terrorism in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  65 p.
"Analyzes the importance of sharing information when dealing with activities related to international terrorism in Latin America, especially in the aftermath of the terrorist events against the United States on September 11, 2001."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435495
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 A696i

Connell, Curtis C.  Understanding Islam and It's Impact on Latin America.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, 2004.  57 p.
"Determines whether U.S. national security interests should be more concerned about radical Islamic influence and support in Latin America and the Caribbean. The findings point to a mild level of concern, but perhaps not to the heightened threat that some have suggested."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA425868
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42252-91 C752u

Cruz, Saberon De La and Zosa, Maria.  U.S. Military Presence in Latin America:  Making the Manta Forward Operating Location Work.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  68 p.
"Examines both the international and domestic politics involved when establishing forward operating locations  in Latin America and its implications for future efforts in the region."--Abstract from Web site."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA418536
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C9572u

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Latin America:  Terrorism Issues, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, 2005.  1 vol.
Updated January 18, 2006, http://leahy.senate.gov/issues/foreign%20policy/PDFS/LatinAmericaTerrorism.pdf.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RS21049

Ulrich, Peter A.  New Vision for SOUTHCOM in the War on Terror.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2003.  17 p.
"Argues that the SOUTHCOM commander must restate his theater strategy, incorporating the elements of the counter-terror mission with suitable priority to ensure appropriate weight of effort in the Global War on Terrorism. Current policy documents at the national and theater level are reviewed to expose inconsistencies."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415673
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 U45n

United States.  General Accounting Office.  Drug Control:  Efforts to Develop Alternatives to Cultivating Illicit Crops in Colombia Have Made Little Progress and Face Serious Obstacles.  Washington, GAO, 2002.  51 p.
"Will the alternative development program in Colombia achieve its objectives and contribute to reducing the production of illicit drugs there?  What lessons have been learned in providing alternative development assistance to Bolivia and Peru, especially any that may apply to Colombia?  What progress has USAID made with alternative development in Colombia?"
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA399261
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.02-291

Wishart, Eric.  Intelligence Networks and the Tri Border Area of South America:  The Dilemma of Efficiency Versus Oversight.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  95 p.
"Examines the intelligence communities of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay to determine how to better coordinate and share information between themselves and the United States to combat the emerging threat of terrorism within the border region shared by the three Latin American countries.  Argues that the primary intelligence effort should be economic and HUMINT (human intelligence) due to the currently low threat levels, and that the threat should be handled by civilian agencies."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA411244
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 W8141i

Periodicals

Anti-Terrorism:  A New Doctrine for a New Era.  Central America Report 30:4-5 September 26, 2003.
Latin American perspectives of the war on terror.

Beers, Rand.  Andean Regional Initiative.  DISAM Journal 23:80-87 Summer 2001.
Reprint of the Testimony Before the Senate Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee, Washington D.C., July 11, 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=5264382&site=ehost-live

Garrastazu, Antonio and Haar, Jerry.  International Terrorism:  The Western Hemisphere Connection.  Dialogo:  Forum of the Americas, pp 21-24, Fall 2004.
"In this article published in 2001 by the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center of the University of Miami, the authors calls attention to terrorism within our own region and what should be done internationally to deal with this threat."

Martynov, Boris.  Latin America and Terrorism.  International Affairs:  A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Relations 49:87-96 2003.
"Discusses issues in Latin America related to terrorism. Emergence of military regimes during the 1960s and 70s; Stance of countries in the General Assembly of the Organization of American States on the terrorist attacks against the U.S.; Description of Latin American behavior after the September 11, 2001 attacks; Views of U.S. officials on Latin American positioning during the Iraq War."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10653730&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sharpe, Kenneth.  Realpolitik or Imperial Hubris:  The Latin American Drug War and U.S. Foreign Policy in Iraq.  Orbis 50:481-499 June 2006.
"Decades of U.S. efforts in Colombia have achieved little. Lessons to be learned from Colombia are the perils of relying on flawed assumptions about the threat presented; the difficulties of creating and training a military capable of achieving U.S. objectives; and the risk of mistaking symbols, signals, and credibility for core U.S. interests."--Abstract from publication.

Shifter, Michael.  Latin America's Drug Problem.  Current History 106:58-63 February 2007.
"With violence mounting in Mexico and Brazil, and a real risk of deterioration spreading across much of the region, dealing with the drug crisis clearly requires a sharper focus and more imaginative approaches."

U.S. Cuts Regional Anti-Drug Aid.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-06:16 February 8, 2007.
"The Bush administration proposed a 41% cut in its budget for the Andean Regional Initiative."


Caribbean Area- General Information


Internet Resources

Antigua and Barbuda.  Background Note June 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2336.htm
Information on the people, history, government, political conditions, economy, defense and foreign relations of Antigua and Barbuda.

Antigua and Barbuda.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ac.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Aruba.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/aa.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

The Bahamas.  Background Note June 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1857.htm
U.S. Department of State information on the people, history, government, political conditions, economy, defense and foreign relations of the Bahamas.

The Bahamas.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bf.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Bailey, Ellen.  Antigua & Barbuda.  Our World:  Antigua & Barbuda 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=17585624&site=ehost-live
"General information on Antigua & Barbuda; Details on the people and culture of the country, including information on the population, native people, health care, education, food, arts and entertainment, and holidays; Overview of the country's economy, industries, agriculture and tourism; Structure of the government."

Barbados.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bb.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Bermuda.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bd.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Boulard, Garry.  Trade Rules Gamble with State Laws.  State Legislatures 31:19-21 October-November 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18697004&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the ruling of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on Internet gambling in the U.S. A three-island Caribbean nation that is home to legalized Internet gambling, Antigua and Barbuda complained before the WTO that U.S. laws prohibiting the cross-border supply of gambling services had damaged its domestic gambling industry."

Boyd, Herb.  Antigua and Barbuda's Prime Minister at City College.  New York Amsterdam News 96:15-38 September 22, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18873107&site=ehost-live
This article reflects on Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda Baldwin Spencer's reaction to the United Nations' (UN) World Summit and the Millennium Development Goals.

British Virgin Islands.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vi.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Cayman Islands.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cj.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Country Analysis Briefs:  Caribbean.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, July 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Caribbean/pdf.pdf
"Most Caribbean islands are net energy importers."

Cricket World Cup Boosts Regional Integration.  Latin American Regional Report:  Caribbean & Central America February 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lrc/secure/cricker.pdf
"Since the founding of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) in 1973, further regional integration has proceeded slowly. The revised Treaty of Chaguaramas, signed in 2001, established both the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME) and the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ), but both have yet to become a reality for most of the region."

Cuba:  Political Forces.  Country Profiles 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24407199&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports on the political forces operating under several official organizations in Cuba."

Dominica.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/do.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Dominican Republic.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Jamaica.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Keishal, Jason R.  Natural Gas and Energy Security in Trinidad and Tobago, and Their Impact on U.S. Energy Policy and Caribbean Stability.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2005.  121 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443036
“The dependence of the U.S. on Trinidad and Tobago for the majority of its liquefied natural gas imports, makes the island nation an attractive target for terror. This thesis will analyze the possibility of an attack on one of the United State's critical energy sources and the projected dire consequences for Trinidad and Tobago, the region and U.S. energy security initiatives.”

Netherlands Antilles  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nt.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Puerto Rico.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rq.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Ribando, Clare M.  Dominican Republic Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States.  March 8, 2005.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461397
"President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party, who served as president previously (1996-2000), took office on August 16, 2004. Press reports indicate that, 7 months into his 4-year term, President Fernandez has restored some confidence in the Dominican economy. Since August 2004, the Dominican currency has risen 30% against the U.S. dollar and inflation has declined dramatically. The Fernandez administration has struggled, however, to cope with rising crime rates and persistent electricity shortages."--Abstract from publication.

Saint Kitts and Nevis  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sc.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Saint Lucia.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/st.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vc.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

South Georgia and the Sandwich Islands.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sx.html
Information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Sullivan, Mark P.  Jamaica:  Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations.  February 3, 2006.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461395
"Although Jamaica has a stable parliamentary democracy and is a middle-income developing country, the government of Prime Minister P.J. Patterson faces several significant challenges. These include a violent crime wave fueled by gangs and drug trafficking; high external debt, estimated at 135% of gross domestic product, that could constrain the government's social expenditures; and an adult HIV/AIDS infection rate of over 1%."

Trinidad and Tobago.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Turks and Caicos Islands.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tk.html
Information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Virgin Islands.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vq.html
Information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Wilkemson, Bert.  Caribbean Opposition Leaders to Sit with Prime Ministers.  New York Amsterdam News 96:14 May 5, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17013123&site=ehost-live
Focuses on issues related to Antigua and Barbuda.

Books

Collins, Susan Margaret and others.  The Economy of Puerto Rico:  Restoring Growth.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2006.  607 p.
Book call no.:  338.97295 E19

Davis, Malcolm Waters and Mallory, Walter H.  Political Handbook of the World.  New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 2005-2006. 
"Information on every major aspect of each country's governmental and political makeup, including extensive treatment of major, minor, and antisystemic political parties in each country around the world.  Also provides names of key ambassadors and international memberships of each country, and profiling for over 120 intergovernmental organizations."
Book call no.:  R342 P76

The Emergence of China:  Opportunities and Challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean, edited by Robert Devlin and others.  Washington, Inter-American Development Bank, 2006.  249 p.
"Offers a preliminary assessment of the strategic implications-the opportunities and challenges- that China's economic performance has for growth and development in Latin America, now and in the near term.  Focuses primarily on trade and investment, which are the areas of most immediate potential impact."
Book call no.:  330.951 E53

International Military Markets:  Latin America & Caribbean.  Issue 18.  Newtown, CT, Forecast International/DMS, 2006.  1 vol.
Offers separate reports on each country including information on government type, budget overview, foreign relations and internal affairs. Provides in-depth coverage of the military organization, posture, budget, equipment, procurement, and security assistance.
Book call no.:  R 338.476234 F7141

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment:  Central America and the Caribbean.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006. 
"Authoritative source on country intelligence, identifies and assesses conventional and asymmetric threats of every kind for every state and territory in the world. Analysis of the latest events and trends in political, security and military affairs with a detailed breakdown of global military and political structures on a regional basis."
Also available online at:  http://www.janesonline.com
Book call no.:  R 972.8053 J33

Jane's World Air Forces.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 641 p.
"Analytical resource, providing comprehensive reference data and detailed assessments of the organizational and command structure, deployment and recent operations of the world's air forces, including Orders of Battle, national inventories and procurement data."
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 Issue 24 2006

Maingot, Anthony P. and Lozano, Wilfredo.  The United States and the Caribbean:  Transforming Hegemony and Sovereignty.  New York, Routledge, 2005.  175 p.
"Focuses on the transformation of relations with the United States."
Book call no.:  327.729073 M225u

Rose, Euclid A.  Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean:  Superpower Intervention in Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada, 1970-1985.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2002.  450 p.
“Focuses on the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean--through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada--to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism.”--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  335.009729 R795d

Rowntree, Lester.  Diversity Amid Globalization:  World Regions, Environment, Development.  3rd ed.  Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006.  671 p.
See Chapter 4, "Latin America", pages 126 -179; Chapter 5, "The Caribbean", pages 180 - 221. Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip055/2004030506.html.
Book call no.:  910 D618

Saunders, Nicholas J.  Peoples of the Caribbean:  An Encyclopedia of Archeology and Traditional Culture.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, 2005.  399 p.
"Comprehensive guide on the archaeology and traditional culture of the Caribbean."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  972.900497 S257p

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2007.  15th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  1076 p.
Offers separate reports on each country including information on recent history, economy, political organization, etc. Also offers regional essays including:  "Latin America's Continuing Shift to the Left", "Debt Finance and the IMF:  Three Decades of Debt Crises in Latin America", and "The Emergence of the People's Republic of China in Latin America:  Trade, Investment and Implications for Latin American Development". Online version available only at Air University.
Also available online at:  http://www.europaworld.com/entry/sacac
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 15th ed. 2007

United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.  Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean.  Santiago, Chile, United Nations, 2005-2006.  137 p.
Book call no.:  330.98 U58e

World Almanac & Book of Facts.  New York, World Almanac Books, 2006.  1008 p.
Pages 752-753 present information on the socio-economic and political conditions in Antigua and Barbuda.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19231832&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
Book call no.:  310 W89 2006

Youngers, Coletta and Rosin, Eileen.  Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy.  Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2005.  414 p.
“A comprehensive review of US drug-control policies toward Latin America and the Caribbean, assesses the impact of those policies on democracy and human rights, and presents detailed country and regional case studies.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941

Documents

Ballard, Eli.  The Role of Puerto Rico in United States National Security Strategy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  29 p.
“Presents facts that support the author's thesis that Puerto Rico is an important link in the nation's security strategy. Describes the military and other interagency forces stationed on the island and their missions. Analyzes the implications of discontinuing military training operations on the island of Vieques.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404525
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B189r

Bishop, Colvin W.  Caribbean Regional Security:  The Challenges to Creating Formal Military Relationships in the English-Speaking Caribbean.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2002.  127 p.
Describes attempts to create a regional military force.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA406428
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 B6221c

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Caribbean Region:  Issues in U.S. Relations, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, May 25, 2005.  31 p.
"The Bush Administration describes the Caribbean as America's third border, with events in the region having a direct impact on the homeland security of the United States.  According to the Administration, the United States has an interest in bolstering political and economic stability in the region because instability would heighten the region's vulnerability to drug trafficking, financial crimes, and illegal immigration."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457487
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32160

Ogilvie, Jaimie S. A.  Enhancing National Security in Jamaica Through the Development and Employment of Special Forces.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  89 p.
"Examines the value, utility, and possible roles of a Special Operations Force (SOF) in Jamaica to mitigate the irregular threats such as terrorism, illicit arms, narcotics trafficking and organized crime. Makes recommendations for the establishment and employment of an SOF in Jamaica."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435452
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 O34e

Sewell, Andrew Fitzgerald.  Prospects for Improving the Resource Allocation Process for National Security in Jamaica:  A Comparative Study.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.  113 p.
"Examines the resource allocation process for national security in Jamaica. Discusses whether the current process is adequate for addressing this aspect of the country's expenditures, as it impacts every citizen and every other area of the nation's affairs. A study of the processes used in three developed countries, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States is done with a view of identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each process."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424584
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S516p

Periodicals

Alarm over 'Failed State' Occupation Plot.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-28:12-13 July 19, 2005.
"A plan to occupy the Dominican Republic and run it jointly with Haiti on the grounds that both are on the verge of becoming 'failed states'?"

Ancochea, Diego Sanchez.  Domestic Capital, Civil Servants and the State:  Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic under Globalisation.  Journal of Latin American Studies 37:693-726 November 2005.
"Studies the impact of neoliberal globalisation on the relative strength of different social actors and on the relations between these actors and the state in Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic."
Also available online at:  Expanded Academic ASAP

Annan Calls for Reinforcements in Run Up to Elections.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-21:14 May 31, 2005.

Arthur Relents, Agrees to Referendum on Republic.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-07:15 February 15, 2005.
"When Prime Minister Owen Arthur followed up his announcement of the imminent transformation of Barbados into a republic with the news that he would not be calling a referendum on the matter, there was uproar. Last week Arthur relented, announcing that a referendum bill would be introduced with the purpose of gathering public support for the change."--Abstract from publication.

Bogues, Anthony.  Power, Violence and the Jamaican "Shotta Don".  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:21-26 May-June 2006.
"In previous decades it was the Rastafari and the Rude Bwoy that embodied the male rebellious figure in Jamaica, but the recent emergence of the vengeful "shotta don" is the mark of a profound crisis in the Jamaican postcolony, where power and violence are wedded and deployed to rule at the micro level of society."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21326845&site=ehost-live

Bush, George W.  Proclamation 8028--Caribbean-American Heritage Month, 2006.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:1077-1078 June 12, 2006.
"Presents a proclamation by U.S. President George W. Bush about the 2006 Caribbean-American Heritage Month, issued June 5, 2006. Rationale for the celebration; Contributions of Caribbean Americans in the U.S. Society; Link between the U.S. and the Caribbean countries."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21308651&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Crichlow, Michaeline A.  Neoliberalism, States, and Bananas in the Windward Islands.  Latin American Perspectives 30:37-57 May 2003.
Discusses the collapse of the European Union banana trade regime.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X(200305)30:3<37:NSABIT>2.0.CO;2-D

Davidson, Carla.  Barbados:  Gateway to America.  American Heritage 50:28-30 February-March 1999.
"Reports on the history of Barbados. Great Britain's tenure as the island's sole colonizer; Early ties to North American colonies; Barbados' image as 'gateway to America' during the colonial period; Future American President George Washington's visit to Barbados; Historical destinations in Barbados; Records of Barbados' history."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=1467030&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Debate Mixes Gangs, Migrants and Security Threats.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-19:12-13 May 17, 2005.
"Migration, gangs, deportees, organised crime and national security have become intertwined in the political and diplomatic debate now under way throughout the Caribbean Basin."--Abstract from publication.

Edwards, Ian.  Islands of Consensus.  Americas 58:26-29 December 2006.
"Prime Minister Winston Baldwin Spencer shares his thoughts on democracy, education, and what the future holds for his small island country of Antigua and Barbuda."--Abstract from article.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1163606161&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Globalization and Globalism in Latin America and the Caribbean.  Latin American Perspectives 29:5-156 November 2002.
Offers 15 articles on the topic.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X(200211)29:6<5:IGAGIL>2.0.CO;2-#

Holmes, James R.  Roosevelt's Pursuit of a Temperate Caribbean Policy.  Naval History 20:48-53 August 2006.
"Reports that former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt pursued a moderate military policy in the Caribbean to head off confrontations with powerful European navies."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21293209&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Magnusson, Paul.  States' Rights vs. Free Trade.  Business Week, pp 102-104, March 7, 2005.
"Examines how a number of international free trade agreements are usurping state powers in the United States. Recent ruling of the World Trade Organization against Utah for its prohibition of gambling following a lawsuit brought by Antigua and Barbuda that the state ban conflicts with the U.S. obligation not to discriminate against foreigners providing recreational services."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=16242542&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Maingot, Anthony P.  The Caribbean, 15 Years Later.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 14:4-5 Fall 2004.
"Reports on the Association of Caribbean States and its failure to produce economic benefits for its members. Also reviews the economic agreements and situation for the region."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15170637&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Meeks, Brian.  The Jamaican Moment:  New Paths for the Caribbean?  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:11-15 May-June 2006.
"Alternative hegemonic forces from below have been unable to take advantage of the current stasis of the Caribbean's broader social, political and economic moment. Yet, explosions of social discontent in Jamaica elucidate a tentative way out of the deadlock."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21326785&site=ehost-live

Mills, Beth H.  The Transnational Community as an Agent for Caribbean Development:  Aid from New York City and Toronto to Carriacou, Grenada  Southeastern Geographer November 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=918660681&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
“Small island economies of the Caribbean rely on remittances from family members abroad. In Grenada these remittances support development projects. Discusses this transnational network and the projects it supports.”

Montes, Javier.  Mobilizing and Recognizing Resources in St. Kitts and Nevis.  Americas 59:22-27 April 2007.
"Prime Minister Dr. Denzil L. Douglas shares his insight on the impact of economic development in St. Kitts and Nevis."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1274640981&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Phillips, Dion E.  Defense Policy in Barbados, 1966-1988.  Journal of Interamerican Studies & World Affairs 32:69-102 Summer 1990.
"Analyzes the defense planning and policy-making in Barbados between 1966 and 1988. Three phases of Barbados' defense policy; Former Prime Minister Errol Barrow's de-emphasis on military preparedness and placement of greater reliance on social control legislation; Barbados Labor Party's establishment of the Barbados Defense Force; Democratic Labor Party's policy regarding critics of the state."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=9701203639&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Poverty & Growth = Chicken & Egg.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-08:3-4 February 21, 2006.
"Growth is necessary if poverty is to be reduced. What must also be realised, according to a recently released World Bank study - which focuses on Latin America and the Caribbean, identified as one of the most unequal regions of the world - is that reducing poverty is necessary to achieve substantial growth rates."--Abstract from publication.

Priya, Vishnu.  Ethnicity and Politics:  East Indians in the Political Process of Guyana and Trinidad.  India Quarterly Special Issue:100-141 November 2004.

Rapley, John.  Jamaica:  Negotiating Law and Order with the Dons.  NACLA Report on the Americas 37:25-29 September-October 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10900516&site=ehost-live

Region Snubs US, Signs on to Chavez Deal.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-26:13 July 5, 2005.
“Oil can be a persuasive and highly sensitive instrument of diplomacy, as Washington learned when representatives of 12 Caribbean governments disregarded US pleas and signed up to a Venezuelan initiative which will ensure them access to affordable oil supplies.”--Abstract from publication.

Row over Killed Gang Leader's 'PNP Connection'.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-44:14 November 8, 2005.
Jamaica. “Operation Kingfish, the 'intelligence-driven' anti-crime task force scored a coup that has touched a political nerve:  in a swoop on Rock River, Clarendon, police killed notorious gang leader Donovan Bennett ('Bulbie') - then blamed the ruling People's National Party (PNP) for providing his Clansman gang with the protection that allowed it to thrive for so long.”--Abstract from publication.

Simpson Signals Continuity to the Markets.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-14:14 April 4, 2006.
“Portia Simpson Miller was sworn in as prime minister of Jamaica on 30 March. As expected, she has retained PJ Patterson's economic team as a token of macro-economic continuity, as well as her main rival in the leadership elections, Peter Phillips, to continue managing the thorny, intractable issue of violent crime.”--Abstract from publication.

Thorburn, Diana.  Remapping Caribbean Geopolitics.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:26-31 May-June 2006.
"A breach was opened in U.S.-Caribbean relations after the ouster of Haiti's Aristide. Emerging powers, from Brazil to China, have willingly stepped in to fill that breach, and Caribbean nations have used this chance to realign their traditional international relationships."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21326852&site=ehost-live


Cuba - General Information


Internet Resources

FAS - Federation of American Scientists
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/main/home.jsp
Access numerous Cuba-related reports by doing a topic search.

LANIC - Latin American Network Information Center:  Cuba
Available online at:  http://www1.lanic.utexas.edu/la/cb/cuba/

Latin News/Latin American Intelligence Service:  Cuba
Available online at:  http://aulibrary.maxwell.af.mil/dbases.htm#latin
AU Library subscription database.  Access restricted to Air University students, faculty and staff.  A source of intelligence on political and economic developments in Cuba.  Offers access to daily and weekly newsletters, special reports, regional reports, and security information.  The Latin American Monitoring Centre has three sections, Country Reports, Election Watch and Reference Library.

Political Resources on the Net:  Cuba
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/cuba.htm
Offers listings of political sites available on the Internet for Cuba with links to parties, organizations, governments, and media.

U.S. Department of State:  Cuba
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/wha/ci/c2461.htm
Includes factsheet, related legislation, U.S. interests, publications, etc.

Books

Jane's Sentinel: Security Assessment -- Central America and the Caribbean.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  838 p.
Offers a forty-three page report on Cuba including internal and external affairs, security issues, country profile, economy, armed forces structure and budget, etc.
Also available online at:  http://www2.janes.com/MyAccount/index  (Restricted to AU students, scroll down for options).
Book call no.:  R 972.8053 J33 Iss. 20 2007

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2007.  15th ed.  London, Routledge, 2006.  1076 p.
Cuba, pp 338-370.
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 15th ed. 2007


Cuba -- Economic and Social Aspects

Books

Azicri, Max and Deal, Elsie.  Cuban Socialism in a New Century:  Adversity, Survival, and Renewal.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2004.  363 p.
Offers essays by international social science experts on Cuba on such topics as religion, economics, politics, and social change. These essays examine Cuba's main challenges and strengths for the 21st century.
Book call no.:  335.4347 C962

Capitalism, God, and a Good Cigar:  Cuba Enters the Twenty-First Century, edited by Lydia Chavez.  Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 2005.  253 p.
"Describes what the changes implemented since the early 1990s have meant for ordinary Cubans:  hotel workers, teachers, priests, factory workers, rap artists, writers, homemakers, and others. Based on reporting by journalists, writers, and documentary filmmakers since 2001, each of the essays collected covers a particular dimension of contemporary Cuban society, revealing what it is like to have lived, for more than a decade, suspended between communism and capitalism."--Abstract from publisher's website.
Book call no.:  972.91064 C244

Mesa-Lago, Carmelo and Pérez-López, Jorge F.  Cuba's Aborted Reform:  Socioeconomic Effects, International Comparisons, and Transition Policies.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2005.  223 p.
"Analyzes Cuba's socioeconomic policies since the collapse of the Soviet Union."
Book call no.:  330.97291 M578c

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Government Reform.  Subcommittee on Human Rights and Wellness.  Living in Fear:  The Continued Human Rights Abuses in Castro's Cuba.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, June 16, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  82 p.
“Examines the human rights violations in Cuba and discusses what the current U.S. response should be in further supporting peace advocates and promoting the development of democracy in the island nation of Cuba.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57822
Book call no.:  323.097291 U58L

Periodicals

Aguirre, Benigno E.  Social Control in Cuba.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:67-98 Summer 2002.
"Argues that Cuba combines formal and informal systems of social control that simultaneously emphasize openness and rigidity. Characteristics of the totalitarian political system of Cuba; Discussion of language as one of the most important parts of the system of informal social control; Information on the protest against official brutality as a means to repress and neutralize social movement organizations."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=6768126&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Barberia, Lorena G.  Poverty and Inequality in Cuba:  Confronting the Challenges of Social and Economic Change.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:20-23 Fall 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298632&site=ehost-live

Brundenius, Claes.  Whither the Cuban Economy after Recovery? The Reform Process, Upgrading Strategies and the Question of Transition.  Journal of Latin American Studies 34:365-395 May 2002.
“Discusses the successes and shortcomings of the reform process in Cuba since the downfall of communism in Europe and the Soviet Union. Addresses the salient issues in what appears to be a new development strategy in Cuba, and what could be said about the reforms and the strategy in the light of the debate on transition ‘ten years after’.”--Abstract from publisher’s website.
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=139248961&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Burchardt, Hans-Jurgen.  Contours of the Future:  The New Social Dynamics in Cuba.  Latin American Perspectives 29:57-74 May 2002.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X%28200205%2929%3A3%3C57%3ACOTFTN%3E2.0.CO%3B2-I

Cole, Ken.  Cuba:  The Process of Socialist Development.  Latin American Perspectives 29:40-56 May 2002.
Discusses political participation as an ingredient of economic development.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X%28200205%2929%3A3%3C40%3ACTPOSD%3E2.0.CO%3B2-L

Gutierrez-Boronat, Orlando.  The New Politics of Opposition.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:8-10 Fall 2006.
"Discusses the Cuban opposition."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298629&site=ehost-live

Hamilton, Douglas.  Whither Cuban Socialism? The Changing Political Economy of the Cuban Revolution.  Latin American Perspectives 24:18-39 May 2002.
Pressures from the collapse of the Soviet Union and U.S. policy have not altered Cuba's basic socialist agenda.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X(200205)29:3<18:WCSTCP>2.0.CO;2-F

Hansing, Katrina.  Changes from Below.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:4-6 Fall 2006.
"Since the Special Period (An extended period of economic crisis that began in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union.), and particularly in the past decade, Cuba has experienced fundamental and enormous changes on all levels of society.  This article reflects on some of these transformations and their consequences, particularly those that have and continue to occur at the grassroots social level."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298628&site=ehost-live

Leogrande, William M. and Thomas, Julie M.  Cuba's Quest for Economic Independence.  Journal of Latin American Studies 34:325-363 May 2002.
“Examines Cuba's post-1959 pursuit of economic independence, first to explain why the government's initial successes proved unsustainable in the 1980s, and then to examine Cuba's attempt to reinsert its economy into the global market in the aftermath of the Cold War.”--Abstract from publication.
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=139246931&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Mesa-Lago, Carmelo.  The End of Rationing?  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:30-34 Fall 2006.
"Traces the background of rationing in Cuba, compares prices in rationed and nonrationed markets, calculates the purchasing power of wages and pension, and assesses the feasibility of five alternative strategies to fulfill Castro's promise."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298634&site=ehost-live

Monreal, Pedro.  Development as an Unfinished Affair:  Cuba after the "Great Adjustment" of the 1990's.  Latin American Perspectives 29:75-90 May 2002.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X%28200205%2929%3A3%3C75%3ADAAUAC%3E2.0.CO%3B2-7

Mora, Frank O.  Young Blood.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:16-18 Fall 2006.
"Discusses fundamental changes in the Cuban armed forces, Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298631&site=ehost-live

Otero, Gerardo and O'Bryan, Janice.  Cuba in Transition?  Civil Society's Challenge to the Castro Regime.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:29-58 Winter 2002.
"Assesses how much the emergence of civil society and private market activities are challenging Cuba's ruling communist regime.  Conceptualizing the civil sphere in transitions from state colonialism; Cuba in the 1990s; Organized opposition groups in Cuba; Religion and civil society."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837791&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Cuba - Foreign Relations


Internet Resources

The Center for International Policy's Cuba Program
Available online at:  http://ciponline.org/cuba/index.htm
"The Center for International Policy's Cuba program opposes the current containment policy towards Cuba and seeks a policy that will be productive in terms of real US interests and objectives."--Abstract from website.

Cuba and China Sign Biotech Accord.  Asia Pacific Biotech News 10:8 January 15, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19885572&site=ehost-live
"Reports on a bilateral collaboration agreement between Cuba and China in the field of biotechnology.  Extent of the accord; Significance of the pact to biotechnology projects; Principles behind the agreement."

Ghebremichael, Asmara.  From Best Friend to Worst Enemy.  New Presence:  The Prague Journal of Central European Affairs 7:37-39 Summer 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17678881&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the diplomatic relationship between Cuba and the Czech Republic.  During the Cold War era, Czechoslovakia was the first Communist country to establish diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba."

Hagstrom, Jerry.  Isolating, but Feeding, Cuba.  CongressDaily AM March 10, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24316827&site=ehost-live
"Provides an account of the relationship between Cuba and the U.S. in wake of Fidel Castro's health conditions after an abdominal surgery.  The author sums up the relationship between the two, the U.S. administration is waiting for Castro to die and Cubans are waiting for President Bush to leave office."

Hernandez, Rafael.  A Total History?  Radical History Review, pp 94-97, Winter 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15343118&site=ehost-live
"Offers a view on world history from a Cuban perspective. Impossibility of considering Cuban history without a world perspective; Experiences which have helped in the construction of logics of analysis that revealed the U.S.-Cuba conflict according to a rationality that is not merely Cuban or merely North American; Discussion of total history."

Mikoyan, Sergo.  When the World Hung by a Thread.  Russian Politics & Law 42:24-84 November-December 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15389729&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the deployment of Soviet medium-range missiles with nuclear warheads on the island of Cuba to protect the young Cuban revolution from the threat of a U.S. invasion.  Conduction of acts of sabotage by the US. government against Cuba President Fidel Castro's revolutionary regime; Increase in the number of missiles aimed at the U.S. Correct understanding of the motives behind the missile deployment."

Political Overview.  Cuba Country Review 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19651746&site=ehost-live
"Presents an overview of the political conditions in Cuba. Details of the political history and the formation of the current government; List of principle government officials; Structure of the government; Policy on foreign relations; Expenditures for military and defense forces; Biographical information on the leader of the nation."

U.S. Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control:  Cuba Sanctions
Available online at:  http://treas.gov/offices/enforcement/ofac/programs/cuba/cuba.shtml
Includes an overview of sanctions.

Books

Bohning, Don.  The Castro Obsession:  U.S. Covert Operations Against Cuba, 1959-1965.  1st ed.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2005.  307 p.
"Provides new insight into the bold U.S. covert war against Cuba that lasted from 1959 until 1965.  Primarily through the CIA and the military, the United States resorted to economic and political destabilization, propaganda, sabotage, hit-and-run raids, and assassination plots to try to topple the regime.  This secret war was one of the most wide-ranging, sustained, expensive, and ultimately futile covert action campaigns in history."--Book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.127307291 B677c

Carter, John J.  Covert Action as a Tool of Presidential Foreign Policy:  From the Bay of Pigs to Iran-Contra.  Lewiston, NY, Edwin Mellen Press, 2006.  250 p.
Bay of Pigs, pages 64-79.
Book call no.:  327.1273 C323c

Hamilton, Richard F.  President McKinley, War and Empire.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers, 2006.  vol 1.
Chapter 5, "Cuba and the American Press", pages 149-169.
Book call no.:  973.89 H219p

Haney, Patrick Jude and Vanderbush, Walt.  The Cuban Embargo:  The Domestic Politics of an American Foreign Policy.  Pittsburgh, PA, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005.  222 p.
"Examines the changing politics of U.S. policy toward Cuba over the more than four decades since the revolution, from the powerful Cuban American National Foundation and the Reagan administration to the Helms-Burton Act and recent strictures by the Bush administration."  Table of Contents available at, http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0419/2004015828.html.
Book call no.:  327.117 H237c

Leonard, Thomas M.  Encyclopedia of Cuban-United States Relations.  Jefferson, NC, McFarland & Co, 2004.  282 p.
"From Adams, John Quincy to Zayas, Alfredo, entries cover such topics as policies (e.g., Isle of Pines Treaty, 1931 International Sugar Agreement), leaders (e.g., Fulgencio Batista, John F. Kennedy) and events (e.g., Bay of Pigs invasion, Baltimore Orioles vs. Cuban All-Stars in 1999)."
Book call no.:  327.729107303 L581e

Morley, Morris H. and McGillion, Chris.  Cuba, the United States, and the Post-Cold War World:  The International Dimensions of the Washington-Havana Relationship.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2005.  286 p.
"Essays examining the international implications of U.S.-Cuban political and economic relations, covering U.S. foreign policy, U.S.-Cuban relations, international relations, and international economics."--Book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.7307291 C9624

Ojito, Mirta A.  Finding Manana:  A Memoir of a Cuban Exodus.  New York, Penguin Press, 2005.  302 p.
"Documents a pivotal moment in U.S.-Cuban relations while telling the story of an immigrant's private reckoning with the life she abruptly left behind.  Sheds new light on the widely publicized Mariel boatlift that dominated American politics for almost a year and changed the Cuban exile community forever."
Book call no.:  973.04687291 O39f

Pavia, Peter.  The Cuba Project:  Castro, Kennedy, Dirty Business, Double Dealing, and the FBI's Tamale Squad.  1st ed.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  226 p.
"Discusses the CIA and FBI's attempts to take control of Castro's Cuba before and during the Kennedy administration and reveals U.S. intelligence and diplomatic officials' high-stakes bumbling and wishful thinking. "--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.730729109 P338c

Redefining Cuban Foreign Policy:  The Impact of the "Special Period", edited by Michael H. Erisman and John M. Kirk.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2006.  360 p.
"Essays by international scholars on Cuba's foreign policy during the "Special Period."
Book call no.:  327.7291 R314

Saney, Isaac.  Cuba:  A Revolution in Motion.  New York, Palgrave, 2004.  240 p.
"Provides a sense of both the changes and continuities in Cuba through the 1990s. Surveys Cuba's history and the revolutionary path, focusing on the crisis the country faced following the collapse of the Soviet Union.  Also addresses the renewed pressures on the country as a result of the deteriorating U.S.-Cuban relations following the election of George W. Bush, September 11th, and the war on Iraq."
Book call no.:  972.91 S223c

Triplett, Mark H.  U.S.-Cuba Relations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2003.  30 p.
 "Examines the history of Cuba, the background of the current United States policy towards Cuba, the effects of Castro's death on Cuba's foreign and domestic policies, and the implications for U.S. policies and possible alternatives posed by a post-Fidel Castro Cuban government."
 Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414568
 Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 T8351u

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Challenges for U.S. Policy Toward Cuba.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 1st session, October 2, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  77 p.
Hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to examine United States policy toward Cuba.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS47638
Book call no.:  327.7307291 U582ca

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps and Narcotics Affairs.  Cuba's Pursuit of Biological Weapons:  Fact or Fiction?  Hearing. 107th Congress, 2nd session, June 5, 2002.  Washington, GPO, 2002.  45 p.
Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps, and Narcotics Affairs meeting to review public statements made by members of the Bush administration in recent months concerning the topic of Cuban biological weapons capabilities and the sale of dual-use technology to so-called rogue states.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS25270
Book call no.:  358.38097291 U58u

Documents

Andujar, Roberto C.  Informational Element of Power:  The Role of Public Diplomacy in United States-Cuba Policy Implementation.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  28 p.
"Reviews the current United State-Cuba situation through the Basic Five Ring Model developed by John A. Warden, III.  Applies Warden's model to the Cuban public diplomacy message and recommends changes to current public diplomacy policy to set the strategy for a post-Castro era."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432368
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 A577i

Bullington, Johnny R.  Cuba after Castro:  Implications of Change.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  26 p.
"This Strategy Research Project explores past and current U.S. policy on Cuba and examines potential alternatives to that policy.  Addresses how different sectors of the U.S.  Government and its citizens view Cuba; how Castro views the U.S.; his plans for Cuban succession; some of the challenges that a post-Castro Cuba might face should it embrace democracy; and, lastly, why we should consider and embrace a political agenda regarding potential outcomes in Cuba."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431782
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B937c

Giscard, John C.  U.S. - Cuba Relations:  Revisiting the Sanctions Policy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  82 p.
Examines the origins of the sanctions policy, it successes and failures.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 G531u

Grabowski, R. L.  Cuban-American Relations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
"Reviews past Cuban-American relations that led to the present U.S. policy and analyzes that policy for future recommendations."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424051
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G7281c

Kelley, Thomas M.  Cuba and Economic Sanctions:  A Cold War Strategy in the 21st Century.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
"Offers a history of the sanctions and reasons why the sanctions should be lifted and diplomatic ties once again established."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423707
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 K297c

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, 2005.  10 p.
“Cuba was first added to the State Department’s list of states sponsoring international terrorism in 1982.  At the time, numerous U.S. government reports and statements alleged Cuba’s ties to international terrorism and its support for terrorist groups in Latin America.  Cuba had a history of supporting revolutionary movements and governments in Latin America and Africa, but in 1992 Fidel Castro stressed that his country’s support for insurgents abroad was a thing of the past.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/47003.pdf and  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL32251.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RL32251

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Cuba:  Issues for the 109th Congress, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, August 31, 2006
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/73993.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no. RL 32730

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Cuba:  U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, August 30, 2006.  27 p.
"Under the Bush Administration, enforcement of U.S. restrictions on travel and on private remittances to Cuba have been tightened."
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL31139.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL31139

Richardson, James R.  United States - Cuba Relations:  Does the War on Terrorism Change Our Stance?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  22 p.
Explores some policy options of the U.S. regarding Cuba.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404228
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R523u

Rose, Michael S.  Cuba after Castro:  What Policy Best Serves U.S. National Interests.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  19 p.
Recommends "full engagement," a policy consisting of "complete and unilateral lifting of all trade sanctions against Cuba and ending its diplomatic isolation.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404404
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R797c

Periodicals

Anderson, Tim.  Contesting "Transition":  The U.S. Plan for a "Free Cuba".  Latin American Perspectives 32:28-46 November 2005.

Borer, Douglas A. and Bowen James D.  Rethinking the Cuban Embargo:  An Inductive Analysis.  Foreign Policy Analysis 3:127-143 April 2007.
"Seeks to shed to light on the debate surrounding relations between the United States and Cuba by addressing the question:  Does the U.S. trade embargo against Cuba hurt or help Fidel Castro remain in power?"
Also available online at:  http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=43C89F64173918A9F850

Brenner, Philip and Jimenez, Marguerite.  U.S. Policy on Cuba Beyond the Last Gasp.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:15-22 January-February 2006.
Discusses the Bush Administration's current policy toward Cuba.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19430806&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Corrales, Javier.  Cuba's New Daddy.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:24-29 Fall 2006.
"What began as a seemingly innocuous set of agreements between Cuba and Venezuela is today a major alliance involving the exchange of strategic assets, including energy resources, large financial operations, information technology, development aid, intelligence services, highly trained personnel, military assets, and joint business ventures."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298633&site=ehost-live

Cuba in the Americas:  Looking Inward, Reaching Out.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:entire issue January-February 2006.
U.S. Policy on Cuba Beyond the Last Gasp; Cuban Development in the Bolivarian Matrix; Cuba's Foreign Policy and the Promise of ALBA; Cuban Civil Society:  I. Reinterpreting the Debate; Cuban Civil Society:  II. Future Directions and Challenges.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19430802&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Erikson, Daniel P. and Minson, Adam.  Cuba and China.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:12-15 Fall 2006.
"China represents a vital new lifeline for Cuba's declining economy."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298630&site=ehost-live

Gilmour, Anna.  Cuba Remains Defiant in Face of Tightened Embargo.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:44-45 February 2005.
"Discusses "Bastion 2004", Cuba's largest military exercise in 20 years. Also reviews Cuba's relations with both Asia and the United States."

James, Ian.  U.S. Base in Cuba Is an Island of Its Own.  Current News:  Early Bird, pp 15-16, May 22, 2002.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer, May 22, 2002. Describes aspects of daily life.

Maggs, John.  Air War over Cuba Escalates.  National Journal 37:543 February 19, 2005.
Discusses President Bush's policy for Cuba.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16340765&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

More Money Curbs and a Disturbing Leaked Document.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-09:14 March 1, 2005.
"The Cuban government has tightened controls on the use of 'convertible' pesos, a sign that restrictions imposed by the Bush administration are beginning to hurt."

Perez, Louis A. Jr.  Fear and Loathing of Fidel Castro:  Sources of U.S. Policy Toward Cuba.  Journal of Latin American Studies 34:227-254 May 2002.
A summary of the U.S. policy attempt to remove Castro from power.
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=139246891&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Postscript:  Cuba Launches Website on 'U.S. Terrorism'.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-04:16 January 24, 2006.

Postscript:  Spotlight on Cuba's Presence in Bolivia.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-23:16 June 13, 2006.
“A recent spat between the Bolivian medical profession and the government has highlighted the extent of the Cuban presence in Bolivia in both the medical and educational arenas.”--Abstract from publication.

Ramsey, Russell.  When Fidel Dies.  Peace Review 18:25-35 January-March 2006.
"Comments on key controversies pertaining to the United States-Cuban relations and the role of Fidel Castro, Cuban prime minister and revolutionary leader, citing the intentions of the United States government to invade Cuba under the guise of keeping the peace."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19906536&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Schoultz, Lars.  Blessings of Liberty:  The United States and the Promotion of Democracy in Cuba.  Journal of Latin American Studies 34:397-425 May 2002.
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=139252041&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Smith, Wayne S.  Bush and Cuba:  Still the Full Moon.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:4-5 September-October 2004.
"Comments on the relationship between Cuba and the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14310335&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Spenser, Daniela.  Cuba:  New Partners and Old Limits.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:25-29 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on the effects of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution on Latin America.  Background on the success of the Cuba Revolution to resist U.S. domination; Alliance between Cuban President Fidel Castro and Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez; Role of Cuba's resistance in Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140910&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sublette, Ned.  Fidel Lives:  And So Does the Cuban Revolution.  Nation 283:18-24 October 9, 2006.
"Reports on Fidel Castro and the many times that he has been thought dead.  The United States has been trying to work the Cuban people into a frenzy about their government, especially during Castro's surgery in the summer of 2006.  But on the Cuban front, things have largely remained quiet, and unchanged."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22426196&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Washington Steps Up Action to Destabilise Castro.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-10:16 March 8, 2005.


Cuba - History and Culture


Internet Resources

Alvarez, Jose.  Privatization of State-Owned Agricultural Enterprises in Post-Transition Cuba.  Problems of Post-Communism 53:30-45 November-December 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23496614&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on a privatization approach for state-owned agricultural enterprises in Cuba."

Blanco, John D.  Bastards of the Unfinished Revolution:  Bolívar's Ismael and Rizal's Martí at the Turn of the Twentieth Century.  Radical History Review, pp 92-114, Spring 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13272318&site=ehost-live
"Highlights the important themes in the late colonial literature of Cuba and the Philippines at the end of the nineteenth century.  Confrontation in the geopolitics of the Americas; Lost affinities between the Philippines and the Spanish Caribbean."

Cuba.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html
Information on the geography, people, government, communications, military and transnational issues of Cuba. Published by the CIA.

Cuba:  Political Background.  Country Profiles 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24407196&site=ehost-live
"Presents a political background on Cuba its colonization and its relations with the U.S."

Cuba:  Politics.  Country Profiles 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24407195&site=ehost-live
"Presents political developments in Cuba such as its political adjustments in the 1990s and its historic war with the U.S. and Spain."

Galeotti, Mark.  Forward to the Past:  Organized Crime and Cuba's History, Present, and Future.  Trends in Organized Crime 9:45-60 Spring 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21808483&site=ehost-live
"Before the 1959 revolution, Cuba was virtually a Mafia fiefdom. However, as the future of Cuban leader Fidel Castro--and thus the entire revolutionary regime-- becomes increasingly uncertain, there is growing reason to fear that history is about to repeat itself and Cuba will become a focus for organized criminality in the Caribbean, with an impact not just on the regional but global underworld."

History Will Absolve Me.  Essential Speeches 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=8868515&site=ehost-live
"Presents a speech by Fidel Castro in Santiago, Cuba on October 16, 1953.  His trial and sentencing for an unsuccessful armed revolt against the Moncada Barracks; Comments to the court concerning the murders that allegedly took place at the Moncada Barracks."

Books

Argote-Freyre, Frank.  Fulgencio Batista:  From Revolutionary to Strongman.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 2006.  388 p.
"Focuses on Batista's role as a revolutionary leader and his image as a 'strongman' in the years between 1933 and 1939." Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0511/2005011245.html.
Book call no.:  972.91063 A693f

Coltman, Leycester.  The Real Fidel Castro.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2003.  335 p.
"Chronicles the events of Castro’s life from the political activism of his university days in Havana to periods of exile, imprisonment and guerilla warfare alongside Che Guevera, to the uncertainties of his old age.  Illuminates Castro’s shift from rebel to national leader, from soldier to diplomat, and from nationalist to Communist, focusing particular attention on the period during and immediately after the collapse of the Soviet Union."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  92 C355c

Cramer, Mark.  Culture Shock! Cuba.  New expanded ed.  Portland, OR, Graphic Arts Center Publishing, 2000.  230 p.
Book call no.:  917.291 C889c

Dosal, Paul J.  Cuba Libre:  A Brief History of Cuba.  Wheeling, IL, Harlan Davidson, 2006.  152 p.
Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip067/2006002552.html
Book call no.:  972.91 D722c

Farber, Samuel.  The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered.  Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 2006.  212 p.
“Analyzes the crucial period of the Cuban Revolution from 1959 to 1961 and challenges dominant scholarly and popular views of the revolution's sources, shape, and historical trajectory.  Explores how historical conflicts between U.S. and Cuban interests colored the reactions of both nations' leaders after the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista and argues that the structure of Cuba's economy and politics in the first half of the twentieth century made the island ripe for radical social and economic change.”--Abstract from publisher’s website.
Book call no.:  972.91064 F219o

Gott, Richard.  Cuba:  A New History.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2004.  384 p.
"Discusses the history of Cuba from its pre-Colombian origins, to its revolutionary past, to the most recent decades of the Castro regime. All from the perspective of a British journalist."  Table of contents available at: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0416/2004007556.html
Book call no.:  972.91 G685c

Klepak, H. P.  Cuba's Military 1990-2005:  Revolutionary Soldiers During Counter-Revolutionary Times.  New York, Palgrave MacMillan, 2005.  340 p.
"Examines the Cuban military in the aftermath of the collapse of the USSR, a period that created political and economic challenges for Cuba in the absence of Soviet support.  By providing important historical and political background, Klepak reveals a complete picture of the development and engagement of the military.  This analysis is essential to understanding how U.S.-Cuban relations will develop in the future, particularly in the event that a successor to Castro comes to power."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  972.91064 K64c

Lievesley, Geraldine.  The Cuban Revolution:  Past, Present, and Future Perspectives.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  227 p.
"A reflective account of what the revolution has meant to various actors such as the dominant powers, the Third World, fellow revolutionaries, intellectuals and Cuban citizens at different periods in its history."
Book call no.:  972.91064 L722c

Ojito, Mirta A.  Finding Manana:  A Memoir of a Cuban Exodus.  New York, Penguin Press, 2005.  302 p.
"Documents a pivotal moment in U.S.-Cuban relations while telling the story of an immigrant's private reckoning with the life she abruptly left behind.  Sheds new light on the widely publicized Mariel boatlift that dominated American politics for almost a year and changed the Cuban exile community forever."
Book call no.:  973.04687291 O39f

Pavia, Peter.  The Cuba Project:  Castro, Kennedy, Dirty Business, Double Dealing, and the FBI's Tamale Squad.  1st ed.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  226 p.
"Discusses the CIA and FBI's attempts to take control of Castro's Cuba before and during the Kennedy administration and reveals U.S. intelligence and diplomatic officials' high-stakes bumbling and wishful thinking. "--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.730729109 P338c

Saney, Isaac.  Cuba:  A Revolution in Motion.  New York, Palgrave, 2004.  240 p.
"Provides a sense of both the changes and continuities in Cuba through the 1990s. Surveys Cuba's history and the revolutionary path, focusing on the crisis the country faced following the collapse of the Soviet Union.  Also addresses the renewed pressures on the country as a result of the deteriorating U.S.-Cuban relations following the election of George W. Bush, September 11th, and the war on Iraq."
Book call no.:  972.91 S223c

Sweig, Julia E.  Inside the Cuban Revolution.  Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2002.  254 p.
Revisionist history of Cuban revolution and the role that Castro played.
Book call no.:  972.91063 S974i

Tone, John Lawrence.  War and Genocide in Cuba, 1895-1898.  Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 2006.  338 p.
"From 1895 to 1898, Cuban insurgents fought to free their homeland from Spanish rule.  Employing newly released evidence, including hospital records, intercepted Cuban letters, battle diaries from both sides, and Spanish administrative records, this book offers new answers to old questions concerning the war."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  973.89 T664w


Cuba - Politics and Government


Internet Resources

Castro Speech Database
Available online at:  http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/cb/cuba/castro.html
"Speeches, interviews and articles, 1959 - 1996."

Cuba:  Constitution, Institutions and Administration.  Country Profiles 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24407198&site=ehost-live
"Reports on the developments of Cuba's political constitution, institutions and administration.

Cuba:  Politics.  Country Profiles 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24407195&site=ehost-live
"Presents political developments in Cuba such as its political adjustments in the 1990s and its historic war with the U.S. and Spain."

Cuba:  Recent Political Developments.  Country Profiles 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24407197&site=ehost-live
"Reports on the recent political developments, adjustments made during 1990s."

Horowitz, Irving Louis.  Transition Scenarios for a Post-Castro Cuba:  Military Outcomes or Civil Prospects?  Human Rights Review 6:27-34 October-December 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16913977&site=ehost-live
"Presents transition scenarios for a post Castro regime in Cuba.  Factors which have led to policy initiatives and developments in U.S. policy-making toward Cuba; Related problem with constructing scenarios for transition; Weakness of the pro-Castro Cuba Lobby."

Political Overview.  Cuba Country Review 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19651746&site=ehost-live
"Presents an overview of the political conditions in Cuba.  Details of the political history and the formation of the current government; List of principle government officials; Structure of the government; Policy on foreign relations; Expenditures for military and defense forces; Biographical information on the leader of the nation."

Wong-Diaz, Francisco.  Castro's Cuba:  Quo Vadis?  U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, December 2006.
Available online at:  https://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB744.pdf
"What would be the strategic and political implications attendant to Castro’s eventual demise or incapacitation?  The author suggests some possible transition or succession scenarios and examines the consequences that might follow and the role that the United States might be called to play."

Books

Bremmer, Ian.  The J Curve:  A New Way to Understand Why Nations Rise and Fall.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 2006.  306 p.
See chapter 2, "The Far Left Side of the J Curve", pages 46-58.
Book call no.:  320.3 B836j

DePalma, Anthony.  The Man Who Invented Fidel:  Cuba, Castro, and Herbert L. Matthews of the New York Times.  1st ed.  New York, Public Affairs, 2006.  308 p.
“The author investigates the Matthews case, a New York Times reporter who interviewed Fidel Castro in 1957.”
Book call no.:  070.92 D419m

Farber, Samuel.  The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered.  Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 2006.  212 p.
“Analyzes the crucial period of the Cuban Revolution from 1959 to 1961 and challenges dominant scholarly and popular views of the revolution's sources, shape, and historical trajectory.  Explores how historical conflicts between U.S. and Cuban interests colored the reactions of both nations' leaders after the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista and argues that the structure of Cuba's economy and politics in the first half of the twentieth century made the island ripe for radical social and economic change.”--Abstract from publisher’s website.
Book call no.:  972.91064 F219o

Gonzalez, Edward and McCarthy, Kevin F.  Cuba after Castro:  Legacies, Challenges, and Impediments.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND Corporation, 2004.  126 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2004/RAND_MG111.pdf
Book call no.:  972.91064 G643c

Gott, Richard.  Cuba:  A New History.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2004.  384 p.
"Discusses the history of Cuba from its pre-Colombian origins, to its revolutionary past, to the most recent decades of the Castro regime.  All from the perspective of a British journalist." Table of contents available at: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0416/2004007556.html.
Book call no.:  972.91 G685c

Latell, Brian.  After Fidel:  The Inside Story of Castro's Regime and Cuba's Next Leader.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  273 p.
Book call no.:  972.91064 L351a

Saney, Isaac.  Cuba:  A Revolution in Motion.  New York, Palgrave, 2004.  240 p.
"Provides a sense of both the changes and continuities in Cuba through the 1990s. Surveys Cuba's history and the revolutionary path, focusing on the crisis the country faced following the collapse of the Soviet Union.  Also addresses the renewed pressures on the country as a result of the deteriorating U.S.-Cuban relations following the election of George W. Bush, September 11th, and the war on Iraq."
Book call no.:  972.91 S223c

Wallechinsky, David.  Tyrants:  The World's 20 Worst Living Dictators.  1st ed.  New York, Regan, 2006.  355 p.
See chapter 15, 'Fidel Castro-Cuba', pages 243-268.
Book call no.:  909.8250922 W197t

Periodicals

Aguirre, Benigno E.  Social Control in Cuba.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:67-98 Summer 2002.
"Argues that Cuba combines formal and informal systems of social control that simultaneously emphasize openness and rigidity.  Characteristics of the totalitarian political system of Cuba; Discussion of language as one of the most important parts of the system of informal social control; Information on the protest against official brutality as a means to repress and neutralize social movement organizations."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=6768126&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bray, Donald W. and Bray, Marjorie Woodford.  The Cuban Revolution and World Change.  Latin American Perspectives 29:3-17 May 2002.
A brief summary of the Cuban Revolution and prospects for the future.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X%28200205%2929%3A3%3C3%3AITCRAW%3E2.0.CO%3B2-5

CDRs Mobilised Against 'Antisocial' Dissidents.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-13:14 April 5, 2005.
“With its treatment of dissidents under close scrutiny by the European Union, the Cuban government has changed it's tactics to deter political protesters and has called on the CDRs, the 'committees for defence of the revolution' to 'reclaim the streets' in a campaign against 'antisocial behaviour'.”-Abstract from publication.

Centeno, Miguel Angel.  Into the FAR Future.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:28-29 Spring 2006.
"The role of Cuba's armed forces in the country's inevitable transition."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.epnet.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=20195670

Corrales, Javier.  Cuba after Fidel.  Current History 104:69-76 February 2005.
"Focuses on the future of Cuba after incumbent president Fidel Castro ceases to function as leader of the nation by reason of incapacity, illness or death.  Constitutional provision on presidential succession; Potential successors to the position; Evaluation of the political and economic conditions of the country after Fidel Castro."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16143141&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cuba Faces Uncertain Year Ahead.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-01:1-2 January 4, 2007.
"Cuban President Fidel Castro might recover to lead the country in 2007."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/secure/cfuya.pdf

Dissident Congress Held in Havana.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-20:15 May 24, 2005.
"Dissidents Martha Beatriz Roque, Félix Bonne and René Gómez Manzano pulled off the feat of staging what they called the 'First Democratic Congress' in Havana, despite some attempts by the government to hinder them as well as a boycott by several leading dissident organisations."-Abstract from publication.

Gutierrez-Boronat, Orlando.  The New Politics of Opposition.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 17:8-10 Fall 2006.
"Discusses the Cuban opposition."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22298629&site=ehost-live

Hamilton, Douglas.  Whither Cuban Socialism? The Changing Political Economy of the Cuban Revolution.  Latin American Perspectives 24:18-39 May 2002.
Pressures from the collapse of the Soviet Union and U.S. policy have not altered Cuba's basic socialist agenda.
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X%28200205%2929%3A3%3C18%3AWCSTCP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-F

Jitters Prompt New Crackdown on Dissidents.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-29:13 July 26, 2005.
“It was almost like the infamous roundup of 75 dissidents in early 2003, which led to a freeze in all but strictly diplomatic and business relations with the European Union.  The big difference was that this time the government did not stage show trials and sentence the detainees to long prison terms.”--Abstract from publication.

More Money Curbs and a Disturbing Leaked Document.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-09:14 March 1, 2005.
"The Cuban government has tightened controls on the use of 'convertible' pesos, a sign that restrictions imposed by the Bush administration are beginning to hurt."

Otero, Gerardo and O'Bryan, Janice.  Cuba in Transition?  Civil Society's Challenge to the Castro Regime.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:29-58 Winter 2002.
"Assesses how much the emergence of civil society and private market activities are challenging Cuba's ruling communist regime.  Conceptualizing the civil sphere in transitions from state colonialism; Cuba in the 1990s; Organized opposition groups in Cuba; Religion and civil society."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837791&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Perez, Louis A. Jr.  Fear and Loathing of Fidel Castro:  Sources of U.S. Policy Toward Cuba.  Journal of Latin American Studies 34:227-254 May 2002.
A summary of the U.S. policy attempt to remove Castro from power.
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=139246891&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Spenser, Daniela.  Cuba:  New Partners and Old Limits.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:25-29 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on the effects of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution on Latin America.  Background on the success of the Cuba Revolution to resist U.S. domination; Alliance between Cuban President Fidel Castro and Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez; Role of Cuba's resistance in Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140910&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Still-imprisoned Dissidents Stage Hunger Strike.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-38:15 September 27, 2005.
“Three imprisoned dissidents have gone on a hunger strike to drive home the point that the Cuban government has only released 14 of the 75 dissidents it convicted to long prison terms in early 2003 on charges of conspiring with the US, endangering the independence of the state and undermining the principles of the revolution.”--Abstract from publication.

Sublette, Ned.  Fidel Lives:  And So Does the Cuban Revolution.  Nation 283:18-24 October 9, 2006.
"Reports on Fidel Castro and the many times that he has been thought dead.  The United States has been trying to work the Cuban people into a frenzy about their government, especially during Castro's surgery in the summer of 2006.  But on the Cuban front, things have largely remained quiet, and unchanged."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22426196&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sweig, Julia E.  Fidel's Final Victory.  Foreign Affairs 86:39-56 January-February 2007.
"Focuses on Cuban dictator Fidel Castro's deteriorating health and the imminent change in leadership facing the country.  In the United States, Castro's death has been eagerly awaited since his rise to power in 1959.  Discusses the transfer of power from Fidel to his younger brother Raul, and the lack of any notable change as perceived from outside its borders.  Profiles other loyalists that have assumed control of key sectors of government, including former Sierra Maestra revolutionaries.  The United States' policy toward political leadership in Cuba is discussed."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23521756&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Dominican Republic


Internet Resources

Dominican Republic.  Background Note May 2007.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35639.htm
Information published by the U.S. Department of State on the people, history, government, political conditions, economy and foreign relations of the Dominican Republic.

Dominican Republic.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Ribando, Clare M.  Dominican Republic Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States.  March 8, 2005.
Available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461397
"President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party, who served as president previously (1996-2000), took office on August 16, 2004. Press reports indicate that, 7 months into his 4-year term, President Fernandez has restored some confidence in the Dominican economy.  Since August 2004, the Dominican currency has risen 30% against the U.S. dollar and inflation has declined dramatically.  The Fernandez administration has struggled, however, to cope with rising crime rates and persistent electricity shortages."--Abstract from publication.

Books

Crandall, Russell.  Gunboat Democracy:  U.S. Interventions in the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.  255 p.
"Examines the American decision to intervene militarily the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama.  Draws upon previously classified intelligence sources and interviews with policymakers.  Analyzes the complex deliberations and motives behind each intervention and shows how the decision to intervene was driven by a perceived threat to American national security."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.729073 C891g

Periodicals

Alarm over 'Failed State' Occupation Plot.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-28:12-13 July 19, 2005.
"A plan to occupy the Dominican Republic and run it jointly with Haiti on the grounds that both are on the verge of becoming 'failed states'?"

Ancochea, Diego Sanchez.  Domestic Capital, Civil Servants and the State: Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic under Globalisation.  Journal of Latin American Studies 37:693-726 November 2005.
"Studies the impact of neoliberal globalisation on the relative strength of different social actors and on the relations between these actors and the state in Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic."
Expanded Academic ASAP


Grenada


Internet Resource

Grenada.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gy.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Kirkpatrick, Jeane.  A Steady and Strong Policy.  Human Events 60:S13 June 14, 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13456069&site=ehost-live
"Comments on the role of former U.S. President Ronald Reagan in the liberation of Grenada. Description of Reagan's foreign policy; His influence on the people in the U.S."

Mills, Beth H.  The Transnational Community as an Agent for Caribbean Development:  Aid from New York City and Toronto to Carriacou, Grenada  Southeastern Geographer November 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=918660681&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
“Small island economies of the Caribbean rely on remittances from family members abroad.  In Grenada these remittances support development projects.  Discusses this transnational network and the projects it supports.”

Wilkinson, Bert.  Grenadian Prime Minister Wins Third Term, Joins Others in New Trend.  New York Amsterdam News 94:14 December 4, 2003.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=11637187&site=ehost-live
"Grenada's New National Party won a third consecutive term in general elections, adding to a trend in which voters have given several Caribbean governments three or more consecutive terms in office in recent years."

Books

Crandall, Russell.  Gunboat Democracy:  U.S. Interventions in the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.  255 p.
"Examines the American decision to intervene militarily the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama.  Draws upon previously classified intelligence sources and interviews with policymakers.  Analyzes the complex deliberations and motives behind each intervention and shows how the decision to intervene was driven by a perceived threat to American national security."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.729073 C891g

Rose, Euclid A.  Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean:  Superpower Intervention in Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada, 1970-1985.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2002.  450 p.
“Focuses on the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean--through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada--to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism.”--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  335.009729 R795d

Documents

Gilland, Steven W.  Forcible Entry Contingency Operations:  Effective Employment of Tactical Aerospace Power in Support of the Joint Task Force Commander.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2002.  17 p.
"Examines the effective employment of tactical airpower in support of forcible entry contingency operations. Analyzes three historical cases of forcible entry operations, Operation Urgent Fury (Grenada, 1983), Operation Just Cause (Panama, 1989), and Operation Restore Hope (Somalia, 1992)."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2002/acsc/02-046.pdf and http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420442
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 G4755f

Periodicals

Any Port in a Storm.  Economist 374:26 January 2005.
"Reports that Grenada has turned to China for aid in rebuilding after Hurricane Ivan."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15529553&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cole, Ronald H.  Grenada, Panama, and Haiti:  Joint Operational Reform.  Joint Force Quarterly 34:67-74 Spring 2003.

Ferguson, James.  Grenada.  New Internationalist, p 38, August 2002.
"Features the legacy and historical background of Grenada.  Invasion of southern Spain by the American forces; System of government of the country."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7173038&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Howe, Darcus.  Hurricane Ivan Was a Blessing Only for the Murderers of a Former Grenada Premier.  New Statesman 133:24 September 20, 2004.
"Presents an overview of the political history of the Caribbean nation of Grenada.  Status of Grenada under the leadership of former Prime Minister Eric Gairy; Significance of the mass democratic party, the New Jewel Movement, to the history of the nation; Impact of Hurricane Ivan on the country."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14413153&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Proctor, Bill.  We'll Always Have Grenada.  Foreign Affairs 85:182-183 November-December 2006.
A letter to the editor discusses the October 1983 intervention in Grenada.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22891592&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Reich, Otto J.  In Latin America.  National Review 56:27-28 June 28, 2004.
"Discusses ways in which the late President Ronald Reagan changed the Western Hemisphere.  Impact on the Latin America of 1981; Description of the political situations in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Grenada at that time; Encouragement and financing of the Contras in Nicaragua; Support of a reformist government led by Jose Napolean Duarte in El Salvador; Invasion of Grenada; Reagan's commitment to Latin American freedom and democracy."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13457226&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Williams, Gary.  Brief Encounter:  Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop's Visit to Washington.  Journal of Latin American Studies 34:659-685 August 2002.
"Examines the visit of Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop to Washington DC in June 1983. Scholars have speculated that the visit was motivated by a desire to normalise Grenada's troubled relations with the United States or, alternatively, that it was a public relations and lobbying exercise."
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=203558881&sid=3&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


Haiti


Internet Resources

Feeney, Moira.  Haiti Subcommittee Update:  Strides Made in Fight for Human Rights in Haiti.  Guild Notes 31:22 Winter 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24621041&site=ehost-live
"Offers news briefs related to human rights issues in Haiti."--Abstract from Web site.

Haiti.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html
Country information gathered by the CIA. Includes information on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Haiti Progres
Available online at:  http://www.haiti-progres.com/eng04-19.html
Haitian newspaper; English

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Haiti:  Developments and U.S. Policy Since 1991 and Current Congressional Concerns,  by Maureen Taft-Morales.  Washington, June 2, 2005.  28 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461383
"Congressional concerns relating to Haiti include support for fostering stability and democratic development, the cost and effectiveness of U.S. assistance, protection of human rights and improvement of security conditions, combating narcotics trafficking, addressing Haitian migration, and alleviating poverty."--Abstract from publication.

Love and Haiti.  Global Agenda, February 24, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=24175130&site=ehost-live
"Reports on the increase in crime rate in Haiti.  Although the government of Rene Preval still enjoys a high level of public support, the crime problem has stirred political antagonisms and suspicions, with exchanges of accusations and rumors of political motivations behind the violence."--Abstract from Web site.

Books

Fenton, Anthony and Engler, Yves.  Canada in Haiti:  Waging War on the Poor Majority.  Vancouver, B.C., Red Publishing, 2005.  120 p.
"The story of Haiti is one of resistance, of a spirit that exists inside us all, to assert our essential humanity.  Unfortunately the story is also one of how much the rich and powerful feel threatened by this spirit and how far they are prepared to go to crush it.  While Canadians prefer to see their government as a force for good in the world, the reality is that it most often sides with the rich and powerful."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.7107294 F342c

Haiti:  Hope for a Fragile State, edited by Yasmine Shamsie and Andrew S. Thompson.  Waterloo, Ont., Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2006.  131 p.
"Papers originally presented at the conference Canada in Haiti, held at the Centre for International Governance Innovation, Waterloo, Ontario, November 2005, The fall of Aristide and Haiti's current predicament / Robert Fatton -- Assisting a neighbour:  Haiti's challenge to North American policy-makers / Robert Maguire -- The economic dimension of peace building in Haiti:  drawing on the past to reflect on the present / Yasmine Shamsie -- Haiti's tenuous human rights climate / Andrew S. Thompson -- Reflections on the situation in Haiti and the ongoing UN mission / Jacques Morneau -- The role of the private sector and the diaspora in rebuilding Haiti / Carlo Dade -- Dissonant voices:  northern NGO and Haitian partner perspectives on the future of Haiti / Jim Hodgson -- Conclusion:  La difficile sortie d'une longue transition / Suzy Castor."
Book call no.:  972.9407 H1531

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Dominican Republic and Haiti:  Country Studies, edited by Helen Chapin Metz.  3rd ed., 1st printing, 2001.  Washington, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 2001.  586 p.
Book call no.:  910 A678 Dom 2001

Mansbach, Richard W. and Rhodes, Edward Joseph.  Global Politics in a Changing World:  A Reader.  3rd ed.  Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 2006.  468 p.
See chapter 5.3, Haiti Faces Long Odds of Escaping "Sad Story", pages 147-150.
Book call no.:  909.829 G5621

Pezzullo, Ralph.  Plunging into Haiti:  Clinton, Aristide, and the Defeat of Diplomacy.  1st ed.  Jackson, MS, University Press of Mississippi, 2006.  312 p.
"An inside account of the backroom negotiations that entangled the United States in the sufferings of its island neighbor."
Book call no.:  327.7294073 P522p

Smith, Jennie Marcelle.  When the Hands Are Many:  Community Organization and Social Change in Rural Haiti.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2001.  229 p.
Book call no.:  303.4 S651w

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Haitian Elections:  Setting the Foundation for Democracy.  Washington, U.S. GPO, 2006.  16 p.
Staff Trip Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 109th Congress, 2nd session.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS67927
Book call no.:  324.97294 H153

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Peace Corps and Narcotics Affairs.  A Fresh Start for Haiti?:  Charting the Future of U.S.-Haitian Relations.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, March 10, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2005.  108 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS63871
Book call no.:  327.737294 U58f

Documents

Azemar, Jacques A.  A New Policy for Haiti.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  20 p.
"Over the past century, the United States has intervened no less than three times in Haiti to maintain stability.  While the historical contexts in which the three interventions took place are different, in every instance the presiding administration claims stability as the compelling justification.  Yet, nothing has been done to address the root cause of the instability in the country.  A new and comprehensive policy is badly needed for Haiti, one that addresses not only the instability issue but also lays the foundation for lasting democratic development in the country."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432809
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 A993n

Duncan, Raymond J.  Achieving U.S. National Interests in Haiti.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  26 p.
"Critiques U.S. policy on Haiti and recommends a national strategy to achieve long term national interests.  Covers the history of Haiti from Dessalines through Duvalier to Aristide to provide an understanding of the complexities involved in addressing the Haitian dilemma."--Abstract taken from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401862
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D912a

Loesch, Jonathan E.  Averting Continuation of Failed U.S. Policy With Haiti.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2001.  28 p.
"Analyzes past and present U.S. policy and proposes changes to policy and strategy that in the long-term will not only prove more effective, but also less costly by eliminating the necessity of periodic military involvements in Haiti."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391142
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 L826a

Simmons, J. Mike.  The Challenges of Haiti's Future:  Implications for U.S. Policy and Strategy.  Carlilse Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  29 p.
Analyzes U.S. foreign policy objectives and strategy from pre-intervention Operation Uphold Democracy period through present day issues.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S5921c

United States.  General Accounting Office.  Foreign Assistance:  Any Further Aid to Haitian Justice System Should Be Linked to Performance-Related Conditions.  Washington, GAO, 2000.  48 p.
Report to Congressional Requesters.
Book call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.01-24

Periodicals

Alarm over 'Failed State' Occupation Plot.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-28:12-13 July 19, 2005.
"A plan to occupy the Dominican Republic and run it jointly with Haiti on the grounds that both are on the verge of becoming 'failed states'?"

Bingham, Bruce B.  U.S. Army Civil Affairs Ministerial Advisory Teams Deploy to Haiti  Military Review 81:53-63 September-October 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=5266461&site=ehost-live

Briggs, Billy.  Shadow in Sun City.  New Statesman 136:19-20 May 7, 2007.
The article reports on the rise in violence in Haiti during 2007, an increase that followed a decline after the 2006 election of president Rene Preval.  The source of the violence is reported to be among rebels who object to a United Nations peace-keeping force being stationed in the country."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24928381&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Brinkley, C. Mark.  Corpsmen, Marines Mend Wounds in Haitian Capital.  Navy Times 53:18 April 12, 2004.

Building a Reluctant Nation.  Economist 382:35 February 10, 2007.
"Focuses on the attempt of Rene Preval, president of Haiti, to build up the impoverished country.  Despite various actions taken by the United Nations Stabilisation Mission (MINUSTAH), the nation still remains one of the poorest and disordered countries in the world."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24011264&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Message to the Congress on Trade with Haiti.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:355 March 26, 2007.
"Presents a message from U.S. President George W. Bush to the Congress regarding trade with Haiti."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24615628&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cole, Ronald H.  Grenada, Panama, and Haiti:  Joint Operational Reform.  Joint Force Quarterly 34:67-74 Spring 2003.
Original article Autumn-Winter 1998-1999.

Donais, Timothy.  Back to Square One:  The Politics of Police Reform in Haiti.  Civil Wars 7:270-287 Autumn 2005.
"Examines Haiti's recurrent crisis of public insecurity, focusing on repeated international efforts to build up a professional, politically-neutral Haitian national police force."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19302081&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Dupuy, Alex.  Haiti Election 2006.  Latin American Perspectives 33:132-141 May 2006.

Eberstadt, Nicholas.  Haiti in Extremis.  Weekly Standard 12:23-29 October 9, 2006.
"Comments on the bigger problems of Haiti that go beyond poverty in 2006.  Asserts that Haitians lack personal safety and physical security, citing the presence of violent and well-armed crime gangs that essentially operate at will and control much of the areas where ordinary people live."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=22693558&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Erikson, Daniel P.  Haiti after Aristide:  Still on the Brink.  Current History 104:83 February 2005.
"In the 1990s, Haiti was on the front lines of U.S. efforts to help bind Latin America and the Caribbean into a community of democracies.  Today, Haiti is the closest example of a failed state this side of the Atlantic."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=791390451&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Fatton Jr., Robert.  Haiti:  The Saturnalia of Emancipation and the Vicissitudes of Predatory Rule.  Third World Quarterly 27:115-133 February 2006.
Haiti faced a series of domestic and international constraints that have prevented it from engaging in a successful process of nation-building.  Analyses critical moments of Haiti's history to illustrate these persisting constraints."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19216124&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Girard, Philippe R.  Peacekeeping, Politics, and the 1994 U.S. Intervention.  Journal of Conflict Studies 24:20-41 Summer 2004.
Discusses the 1994 U.S. intervention in Haiti.

Howland, Todd.  Peacekeeping and Conformity with Human Rights Law:  How MINUSTAH Falls Short in Haiti.  International Peacekeeping 13:462-476 December 2006.
"Uses the UN mission to Haiti to demonstrate how present efforts to integrate human rights in peace operations are at best marginal and at worst a violation of UN members' human rights obligations.  Highlights the growing division between the UN's theoretical understanding and practice in this context."-- Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23462842&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kreps, Sarah E.  The 1994 Haiti Intervention:  A Unilateral Operation in Multilateral Clothes.  Journal of Strategic Studies 30:449-474 2007.

Lindsay, Reed.  Peace Despite the Peacekeepers in Haiti.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:31-37 May-June 2006.
"The UN stabilization mission in Haiti pointed to the recent presidential elections as its crowning achievement.  But besides preventing the country from spinning totally out of control, the mission has been fraught with problems and has gained little support from the majority of Haitians."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21326859&site=ehost-live

Martinez, Samuel.  Not a Cockfight:  Rethinking Haitian-Dominican Relations.  Latin American Perspectives 30:80-101 May 2003.
Examines the "Fatal-Conflict Model".
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=338044481&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Mendelson-Forman, Johanna.  Security Sector Reform in Haiti.  International Peacekeeping 13:14-27 March 2006.
"Examines the experience of the United Nations interventions to reform Haiti's security sector as part of a larger effort to rebuild the Haitian state."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19374211&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Regan, Jane.  Haiti:  In Bondage to History?  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:4-7 January-February 2005.
Reviews the current political situation with Aristide's ouster.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15769186&site=ehost-live

Shamsie, Yasmine.  Building 'Low-Intensity' Democracy in Haiti:  The OAS Contribution.  Third World Quarterly 25:1097-1115 September 2004.
"Explores the phenomenon of democracy assistance by examining the Organization of American States efforts to restore and promote democracy in Haiti between 1990 and 2000.  Reveals that marked contradictions emerged as the organisation tried to promote a democratic outcome while both supporting and facilitating the workings of a profoundly undemocratic economic and trading system."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14622455&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shellman, Stephen M. and Stewart, Brandon M.  Political Persecution or Economic Deprivation?  A Time-Series Analysis of Haitian Exodus, 1990-2004.  Conflict Management and Peace Science 24:121-137 2007.
"Addresses the factors that lead individuals to flee their homes in search of refuge.  Engages the debate by analyzing flight patterns over time from Haiti to the United States as a function of economic and security factors. Which factors have the largest influence on Haitian-U.S. migratory patterns?"--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0738-8942&volume=24&issue=2&spage=121

Tension Eases on One Side, Worsens on the Other.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-16:13 April 26, 2005.
Haiti. “The threat of reprisals from former soldiers for the killing of one of their leaders appears to have receded.  Violence involving supporters of former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide appears to be escalating.”--Abstract from publication.

Tension Spreads on Both Sides of the Border.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-34:13-14 August 30, 2005.
“A new commander of MINUSTAH (United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti) prepares to take over instability between the Dominican Republic and Haiti on the island of Hispaniola.”--Abstract from publication.

von Einsidel, Sebastian and Malone David.  Peace and Democracy for Haiti:  A UN Mission Impossible?   International Relations 20:153-174 June 2006.
"Discusses the UN's intervention in Haiti, identifies some of the policy lessons learned, looks at the challenges ahead in relation to recent UN policy initiatives and reforms, notably on peacebuilding.  Attempts to assess whether prospects for sustainable state-building in Haiti are better than they were in 1994."


Central America


Internet Resources

Anthony Stocks.  Too Much for Too Few:  Problems of Indigenous Land Rights in Latin America.  Annual Review of Anthropology 34:85 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=940138801&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Review of recent changes in the constitutional and legislative environment under which indigenous people hold or claim land and natural resource rights have triggered a number of processes and projects to demarcate, legalize, or otherwise consolidate indigenous lands."--Abstract from publication.

Central America Panorama
Available online at:  http://www.elpanorama.net/
News on Central America with separate sections for Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.

Country Analysis Briefs:  Central America Regional Factsheet.  Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, November 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Central_America/pdf.pdf
"Although Central America has limited energy resources, it is important to world energy markets as a transit center for oil via the Panama Canal and as a potential energy transit center between North and South America."

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.   Gangs in Central America, by Clare Ribando.  CRS, May 10, 2005.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457336
"The February 2005 arrest of some 103 members of the violent Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) gang in several cities across the United States -- including a man charged in connection with a December 2004 bus massacre in Honduras that killed 28 people -- raises concerns about the transnational activities of Central American gangs."--Abstract from publication.

Manwaring, Max.  Gangs, "Coups D' Streets," and the New War in Central America.  July 2005.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435414
"In addition to drug smuggling, first, second, and third generation street gangs in Central America, have expanded their activities to smuggling people, body parts, weapons, and cars; associated murder, kidnapping, and robbery; home and community invasion; and other lucrative societal destabilization activities.  What makes all this into a new kind of war is that these commercial motives are known to have been developed into political agendas by more sophisticated gangs."

Sustainable Development Reporting Project
Available online at:  http://lanic.utexas.edu/project/sdrp/
"A year-long endeavor to look at the most promising and important sustainable development programs in Central America.  Made possible by a grant from the Mexico City office of the Ford Foundation.  Topics include sustainable forestry, ecotourism, sustainable agriculture, biodiversity protection, and endangered species protection."

Vaughan, Martin.  ...As Portman Looks to Upcoming Cafta Implementation.  CongressDaily, p 2, March 31, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20379719&site=ehost-live
"Reports that the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) goes into force on Saturday for Honduras and Nicaragua, bringing to three out of six the CAFTA countries that have completed steps necessary for the agreement to take effect."

Books

Pearcy, Thomas L.  The History of Central America.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2006.  167 p.
"Maya in ancient Mesoamerica, European contact and then subjugation of the people of Central America."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  972.8 P359h

The Political Risk Yearbook:  North & Central America.  New York, Frost & Sullivan, Political Risk Services, 2004.  1 vol.
Includes forecasts and key points to watch; in-depth analysis of the current state of political, financial, and economic risk in the country; and a ten-year history of key domestic and international economic indicators.  Online version is available from the Fairchild Research Information Center only. Select World Service under Online Subscriptions to access.
Also available online at:  http://www.prsgroup.com/prsgroup_shoppingcart/personal_page.aspx
Book call no.:  R 970.053 P769

Rowntree, Lester.  Diversity Amid Globalization World Regions, Environment, Development.  3rd ed.  Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006.  671 p.
See Chapter 4, "Latin America", pages 126 -179; Chapter 5, "The Caribbean", pages 180 - 221. Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip055/2004030506.html.
Book call no.:  910 D618

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2007.  15th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  1076 p.
Offers separate reports on each country including information on recent history, economy, political organization, etc.  Also offers regional essays including:  "Latin America's Continuing Shift to the Left", "Debt Finance and the IMF:  Three Decades of Debt Crises in Latin America", and "The Emergence of the People's Republic of China in Latin America:  Trade, Investment and Implications for Latin American Development".  Online version available only at Air University.
Also available online at:  http://www.europaworld.com/entry/sacac
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 15th ed. 2007

Documents

Ciluffo, Scott G.  Criticality of U.S. Presence in Central America.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2003.  30 p.
“Provides an in-depth strategic analysis of the Central American countries, with specific emphasis on their national and international interaction, including governments, economics, GDP, population expansion and military.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414970
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C572c

Dishman, Charles B.  America's Achilles Heel in Central America:  Legal Issues in Deterring Terrorism in the Panama Canal.  2005.  47 p.
"Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld challenged the U.S. defense and intelligence communities to effectively combat international terrorism by reassessing their operating procedures and tailoring them toward defeating this new enemy.  Although these assessments are starting to take place within American borders, the challenge has not been heeded in Central America, where the Panama Canal, a crucial element in U.S. foreign investment, stands undefended against acts of terrorist aggression."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA438837
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-1022

Periodicals

Barone, Michael.  What's Up Down South.  U.S. News & World Report 140:36 May 1, 2006.
"An overview of political and economic developments in Central and South America are discussed. Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is called a potential threat to U.S. interests.  The political situation in Mexico is discussed, as Vicente Fox will be stepping down."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20558955&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

CAFTA-DR Misses Implementation Deadline.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-01:15 January 3, 2006.

CAFTA Paves the Way for the Patenting of Biodiversity.  Central America Report 33:4-5 June 9, 2006.

Central America in 2005:  Another Year of Moderate Growth.  Central America Report 33:4-5 January 13, 2006.

Cole, Ronald H.  Grenada, Panama, and Haiti:  Joint Operational Reform.  Joint Force Quarterly 34:67-74 Spring 2003.

Democracy and "Economic Freedom" Inversely Related.  Central America Report 33:1-2 January 13, 2006.

Edwards, Ian.  Trinidad and Tobago:  The Magic of Doing a Lot with a Little.  Americas 59:14-19 February 2007.
"Prime Minister Patrick Manning talks with Americas about developing his country's wealth of human and natural resources."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1195460351&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Increase in Violence and Disillusionment with Democracy.  Central America Report 33:7 April 21, 2006.
"A regional survey has revealed that Central Americans-in particular Hondurans and Guatemalans-have lost faith in democracy."

Legal Arguments Against CAFTA.  Central America Report 33:7-8 July 7, 2006.

Presidential Summit Used to Strengthen Region's Economic and Political Ties.  Central America Report 33:4-5 July 21, 2006.

Redesignating Antigang Schemes as Antiterrorist.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-06:14 February 8, 2005.

Special Report:  Region's Economies:  Region's Main Trade Advantages Include Cheap Labor, Geographic Location and Valuable Natural Resources.  Central America Report 33:1-4 May 19, 2006.

Study Reveals Environmental Negligence in All Isthmus Countries Except Costa Rica.  Central America Report 33:4-5 February 3, 2006.

Trade Negotiations Between EU & CA:  From Washington Consensus to Vienna Consensus?  Central America Report 33:4-5 June 2, 2006.

U.S. Drug Trafficking Report:  Part II.  Central America Report 33:7 March 17, 2006.

U.S. Employs Cold War Rhetoric to Discredit CAFTA Opponents.  Central America Report 32:1-3 August 5, 2005.

U.S. Migration Reform:  Toward 'Social Apartheid'.  Central America Report 33:6-8 June 9, 2006.

U.S. Report:  90% of Cocaine Transits Isthmus.  Central America Report 33:6-7 March 10, 2006.

Valenzuela, Arturo.  Beyond Benign Neglect:  Washington and Latin America.  Current History 104:58-63 February 2005.
"Reports on the implementation of new agenda by the Bush and Clinton administrations to help end the civil conflicts of Central America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16143139&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

What Does Central America Stand for in the Era of Globalization?  Central America Report 33:4-5 February 24, 2006.


Belize


Internet Resources

Belize.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bh.html
Information on the geography, people, communications, military and transnational issues of Belize.  Published by the CIA.

Central America Panorama
Available online at:  http://www.elpanorama.net/
News on Central America with separate sections for Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.

U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs.  Background Note:  Belize.  October 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1955.htm
"Provides data on the political and economic condition of Belize.  Includes annual growth rate of the population; Type of government; Percent growth rate of gross domestic product; Principal government officials; Scarcity of infrastructure development as the major economic development constraint; Political and economic relations with other countries."

Periodicals

Belize.  Military Technology 29:44 January 2005.
"Information on the structure of the Belize defense force, amount of GDP allotted to the defense budget, number of military personnel and details about military equipment."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17111149&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Belize Oil "of Commercial Quantity".  Central America Report 33:4-5 April 28, 2006.

Central and South America:  Belize.  Military Technology 27:44 January 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=9507828&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Conaway, Janelle.  Building a Border Accord.  Americas 58:6-7 November-December 2006.
"Reports on how a small field office of the Organization of American States helps defuse tensions at a border crossing between Belize and Guatemala that may arise as the result of a longstanding territorial dispute."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22957093&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Conaway, Janelle.  Looking for Balance in Belize.  Americas 58:10-16 November-December 2006.
"Reports on the challenges faced by Belize with regards to its independence.  While the democratic tradition of the country remains strong, its economy has faced considerable challenges."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22957096&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Economic Slow Down.  Central America Report 33:7 January 27, 2006.

George Price:  The Path to Independence.  Americas 58:14-15 November-December 2006.
"Provides information on George Cadle Price, the first prime minister of Belize."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22957097&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Oil and Belize:  Strategically Inseparable Issues.  Central America Report 33:1-3 January 6, 2006.

Promising Portfolios.  Americas 58:17 November-December 2006.
"Belize Natural Energy has drilled the country's first five productive oil wells.  With the help of an oil-industry expert from Trinidad and Tobago, the government has been working to develop agreements with potential investors that provide incentives for further exploration while netting a fair share of the income for the country."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22957098&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Costa Rica


Internet Resources

Costa Rica.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cs.html
Information on the geography, people, government, communications, military and transnational issues of Costa Rica. Published by the CIA.

Isla, Ana.  The Kyoto Protocol.  Women & Environments International Magazine, pp 31-33, Spring-Summer 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24347561&site=ehost-live
"Offers a look at the effect of emission trading included in the Kyoto Protocol on rural women and children in Costa Rica.  Because of its initiative to sell carbon dioxide credits, the country has established private forest farms, promoted reforestation and expropriated small- and medium-sized landholders in rainforests without compensation.  This resulted in the migration of rural families to tourist areas where women and children have become involved in the sex trade."

The Reformer.  Latin Trade (English) 14:28 December 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=23788979&site=ehost-live
"Presents an interview with Costa Rican President Oscar Arias discussing his views on free trade, arms control and tax reform.  He discusses what he can do to ratify the DR-CAFTA, the free trade agreement among Central America, the Dominican Republic and the U.S."

Veillette, Connie.  Costa Rica:  Background and U.S. Relations.  February 10, 2005.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457485
"Costa Rica is considered the most politically stable and economically developed nation in Central America with a tradition of political moderation and civilian government.  The current president, Abel Pacheco of the Social Christian Unity Party (PUSC), was inaugurated in May 2002 to a four-year term.  Costa Rican leaders across the political spectrum support liberalized trade, and Pacheco has been a leading advocate of the U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)."

Books

Bowman, Kirk S.  Militarization, Democracy, and Development:  The Perils of Praetorianism in Latin America.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.  28 p.
"Explores the effect militarization has had on development in Latin America with a detailed comparison of Costa Rica and Honduras between 1948 and 1998."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  338.98 B787m

Kelly, Shannon.  Costa Rica, New York, Fodor's Travel Publications, 2005.  352 p.
"Where to stay and eat for all budgets; must-see sights and local secrets."
Book call no.:  917.28604 F653 2005

Koutnik, Jane.  Costa Rica.  Portland, OR, Graphic Arts Books, 2005.  168 p.
Book call no.:  972.86052 K88c

Paus, Eva.  Foreign Investment, Development, and Globalization:  Can Costa Rica Become Ireland?  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  250 p.
“Engages the question of how a developing country’s pursuit of foreign direct investment (FDI) affects its development prospects in a globalized world.  Can small latecomers to economic development use high-tech FDI to rapidly expand indigenous capabilities, thus shortcutting stages of the industrialization process?  What conditions, economic and non-economic, must be met for this strategy to succeed?”--Abstract from publisher’s Web site.
Book call no.:  332.673 P334f

Periodicals

CAFTA Still Pending.  Central America Report 33:3 March 3, 2006.

Costa Rica:  China Overtakes Taiwan in Trade.  Central America Report 32:3 November 11, 2005.

Ecological Investment Officer.  IE:  Industrial Engineer 38:12 April 2006.
"Focuses on ecological investment officer Eugenia Vallalobos of the EcoEnterprises Fund which uses the principles of venture capital to protect natural areas in Latin America and the Caribbean Region."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20232311&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kime, Patricia.  Cutter Seizes Sub Carrying Cocaine.  Air Force Times 67:41 December 4, 2006.
"Reports on the seizure of a submarine carrying illegal drugs by the U.S. Coast Guard in Costa Rica.  The seizure is the second time that the U.S. military personnel along with law enforcement agencies have seized a submarine like vessel with illegal drugs."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=23347059&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

New Ties with Arab World Motivated by Geopolitical Strategy.  Central America Report 33:4-5 October 6, 2006.
"Costa Rica's controversial decision to transfer its embassy from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv, which was warmly welcomed by Arab countries and strongly condemned by Israel, marks the beginning of a new foreign policy that seeks to establish closer ties with the Arab world."

Politicians Prevent Indigenous Plebiscite on CAFTA.  Central America Report 33:4-5 September 8, 2006.
"The Congressional Commission on International Affairs has said that indigenous people will not be consulted on the ratification of CAFTA, thus violating their right to participate in legislation that will fundamentally affect their way of life."

Silva, Eduardo.  Selling Sustainable Development and Shortchanging Social Ecology in Costa Rican Forest Policy.  Latin American Politics and Society 45:93-127 Fall 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10757331&site=ehost-live

Wilson, Bruce and others.  The Best Laid Schemes...Gang Aft A-gley:  Judicial Reform in Latin America - Evidence from Costa Rica.  Journal of Latin American Studies 36:507-531 August 2004.
"Examines the impact of two frequently advocated aspects of judicial reform, judicial access and judicial independence, on economic policy making in Costa Rica.  Argues that there is a potentially significant disjuncture between the sponsors' expectations of the judicial reforms' economic impact and the observed outcomes."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=719570261&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


El Salvador


Internet Resources

Central America Panorama
Available online at:  http://www.elpanorama.net/
News on Central America with separate sections for Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.

El Salvador.  Background Note January 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2033.htm
Information published by the U.S. Department of State on the people, history, government, political conditions, economy and foreign relations of El Salvador.  Includes a separate section on U.S. relations with El Salvador.

El Salvador.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html
Information on the geography, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues of El Salvador.

Books

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".  Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay.
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

Miller, Andrew P.  Military Disengagement and Democratic Consolidation in Post-Military Regimes:  The Case of El Salvador.  Lewiston, NY, Edwin Mellen Press, 2006.  111 p.
“Addresses the question of military disengagement from politics in states emerging from prolonged cycles of military intervention in politics.  The case of El Salvador is particularly interesting given the decades of repeated intervention by the Salvadoran military.  A case study approach is used in order to discern the historic difficulties facing permanent removal of the Salvadoran military from politics and the prospects for the future.”--Abstract from publisher website.
Book call no.:  322.5097284 M647m

Promoting Democracy in Postconflict Societies, edited by Jeroen de Zeeuw and Krishna Kumar.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  333 p.
See Part 2, Human Rights, Chapter 5, Strengthening Human Rights in Guatemala, pages 99-126; Part 3, Media, Chapter 10, Promoting Independent Media in El Salvador, pages 237-256.
Book call no.:  321.8 P9651

Documents

Desilets-Bixler, Nicole Louise.  Security in Transition:  Police Reform in El Salvador and South Africa.  Monterey, CA, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  92 p.
"Studies police reform in El Salvador and South Africa. Civilian police forces are highly politicized and militarized, incapable of controlling crime, lacking accountability and oversight, and exhibiting total disregard for human rights."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404711
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 D457s

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  El Salvador:  Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and Relations With the United States, by Clare Ribando.  Washington, CRS, 2005.  6 p.
"Tony Saca, a businessman from the conservative National Republican Alliance (ARENA) party, is the current president of El Salvador elected for a five-year term in June 2004.  President Saca faces the challenges of restarting a stagnating economy, passing legislation in a polarized political environment, and combating gang violence."
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/47777.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RS21655

Periodicals

Anti-terrorism Bill "Intimidatory".  Central America Report 33:8 August 4, 2006.

ARENA and FMLN Dominate Political Scene.  Central America Report 33:1-2 March 24, 2006.

Civil Society Calls for End to Violence.  Central America Report 33:7-8 September 16, 2006.
"Salvadorans are frustrated with the ineffectiveness of government efforts to tackle violent crime.  The perception that the police are corrupt and inefficient has led civilians to take justice into their own hands."

Education Results Could Do Better.  Central America Report 32:6 November 25, 2005.

Holiday, David.  El Salvador's "Model" Democracy.  Current History 104:77-82 February 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=791390581&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Interview with Dagoberto Gutiérrez.  Central America Report 33:8 March 3, 2006.
Professor and political analyst.

Interview with FMLN Founder, Nidia Diaz.  Central America Report 32:3 November 18, 2005.

Migration:  Answer to the Coffee Crisis?  Central America Report 30:3-4 August 22, 2003.
As jobs are lost in coffee labor, 70,000 Salvadoran workers migrate to the U.S. each year.

Municipalities Seek Venezuelan Oil Deal.  Central America Report 33:6 April 21, 2006.

No Relief on U.S. Deportation Policy.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-35:14 September 6, 2005.

Peace Process Concluded?  Central America Report 29:1-2 April 5, 2002.
Questions as to whether the Salvadoran Peace Accords have been fulfilled.

Polls Show ARENA as Favorite "by Default".  Central America Report 33:6-7 January 13, 2006.

Remittances Used for Money Laundering Scam.  Central America Report 33:1-2 September 22, 2006.
"El Salvador is currently engulfed in a huge money laundering scandal involving Western Union and top government officials."

Saca Imposes Ethics Code to Fight Corruption.  Central America Report 33:4-5 December 9, 2005.


Guatemala


Internet Resources

Central America Panorama
Available online at:  http://www.elpanorama.net/
News on Central America with separate sections for Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.

Guatemala.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gt.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Books

Burnett, John F.  Uncivilized Beasts and Shameless Hellions:  Travels with an NPR Correspondent.  Emmaus, PA, Rodale, 2006.  239 p.
See Chapter 4, "Guatemala:  Club Sandwich of Fear", pages 91-114.
Book call no.:  070.92 B964u

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".  Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

Promoting Democracy in Postconflict Societies, edited by Jeroen de Zeeuw and Krishna Kumar.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  333 p.
See Part 2, Human Rights, Chapter 5, Strengthening Human Rights in Guatemala, pages 99-126; Part 3, Media, Chapter 10, Promoting Independent Media in El Salvador, pages 237-256.
Book call no.:  321.8 P9651

Documents

Saenz, James E.  The Guatemalan Military:  Transition from War to Peace.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2001.  118 p.
Examines the military's efforts to transition to a peacetime force under civilian control and identifies further steps to be taken in the process.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.1/ADA396940
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022 S127g

Periodicals

The Army's Future:  New Goals or Defending Old Interests?  Central America Report 32:1-2 October 7, 2005.

CAFTA Close to Implementation Despite "Unconstitutionality".  Central America Report 33:1-2 May 26, 2006.

Child Trafficking on the Increase.  Central America Report 33:3 November 24, 2006.

Colom Leads Polls as Left and Right-Wing Parties Stumble.  Central America Report 33:1-2 February 24, 2006.

Community Radio Stations:  Tower of Babel Under Siege.  Central America Report 33:4-5 June 9, 2006.

Concerns Grow over "Social Cleansing".  Central America Report 33:7-8 March 3, 2006.

Controversial New CICIACS Proposal.  Central America Report 33:4-5 February 10, 2006.
"The new proposal to create a Commission for the Investigation of Illegal Groups and Clandestine Security Organizations (CICIACS) has encountered more opposition than support in its three weeks of existence."

Corn Prices Skyrocket.  Central America Report 34:3 January 26, 2007.
"Rising grain prices resulting from America's growing appetite for ethanol as an alternative to fossil fuel have led to a debate on the potential consequences of prioritizing automobiles at the expense of the world's food supplies."

Cuban Medical Aid Ignored by Media.  Central America Report 33:6 May 19, 2006.

Decentralization 2006 the Year of Change?  Central America Report 33:1-2 January 27, 2006.

DR-CAFTA Stalled by "Adjustments" and Congress.  Central America Report 33:8 March 17, 2006.

Guatemala De-certified.  Central America Report 30:1-2 February 14, 2003.
U.S. finds Guatemala fails to meet obligations in counter-narcotics agreements.

Guatemala Enters UN Human Rights Council.  Central America Report 33:3 June 2, 2006.

HIV/AIDS:  The Ignored Epidemic.  Central America Report 32:1-2 November 11, 2005.

Interview with el Periódico Director, Juan Luis Font.  Central America Report 33:6 December 9, 2005.

Investigative Reporter Frank Smyth on Narcotrafficking.  Central America Report 33:3 January 13, 2006.

Maya Livelihoods in Guatemala's Global Economy.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue September 2005.
 

The Mayan Movement - Building Identities in a World of Walls.  Central America Report 32:4-5 November 25, 2005.

Military Figures as Political Protagonists.  Central America Report 30:4-5 June 13, 2003.
Military's role in Guatemalan politics.

Military Involvement in Civil Security on the Increase.  Central America Report 33:1-2 February 3, 2006.

Mob Lynching Used as Government Excuse to Give Army Greater Power.  Central America Report 33:4-5 May 12, 2006.

New U.S.-Backed Army Unit to Combat Drugs Trade.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-24:14 June 20, 2006.

Opposition Grows to US Immigration Bill.  Central America Report 33:7 February 10, 2006.

Peace Accords Fail to Resolve Underlying Causes of Civil War.  Central America Report 34:1-2 January 12, 2007.
"December 29, 2006 marked the tenth anniversary of the signing of the Peace Accords that put an end to 36 years of civil war in Guatemala."

Ruhl, J. Mark.  The Guatemalan Military since the Peace Accords:  The Fate of Reform under Arzu and Portillo.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:55-85 Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15839421&site=ehost-live

Rural Areas Vulnerable to Bird Flu.  Central America Report 33:3 April 28, 2006.

Scandals Involving State Aid Agencies Cast Doubt on Govt's Battle Against Corruption.  Central America Report 33:4-5 March 24, 2006.

Strong Trade Growth with China in 2005.  Central America Report 33:6 January 27, 2006.

Three Community Leaders and Two Congressmen Assassinated in One Week.  Central America Report 33:1-2 April 28, 2006.

Uprising Flops; Political Killings Multiply.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-19:12-13 May 16, 2006.


Honduras


Internet Resources

Central America Panorama
Available online at:  http://www.elpanorama.net/
News on Central America with separate sections for Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.

Honduras.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ho.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Books

Bowman, Kirk S.  Militarization, Democracy, and Development:  The Perils of Praetorianism in Latin America.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.  28 p.
"Explores the effect militarization has had on development in Latin America with a detailed comparison of Costa Rica and Honduras between 1948 and 1998."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  338.98 B787m

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".  Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Honduras:  Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, 2006.  7 p.
"Honduras faces significant challenges in the areas of crime and human rights and improving overall economic and living conditions in one of the hemisphere's poorest countries.  The United States has a close relationship with Honduras, characterized by significant foreign assistance, an important trade partnership, a U.S. military presence in the country, and cooperation on a range of transnational issues."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA461337
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RS21103

Periodicals

CAFTA Implementation Formally Approved.  Central America Report 33:8 April 21, 2006.

Debate on Sending Central American Soldiers to Iraq.  Central America Report 30:1-2 July 18, 2003.
Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador weigh support.

Dialogue with Street Gangs Has Begun.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-19:14 May 16, 2006.

Government Tries to Open Up Fuel Market.  Central America Report 33:7-8 March 24, 2006.

Luxner, Larry.  Arab Pride of Honduras.  Americas 54:46-51 April 2002.
Nearly 200,000 inhabitants of Honduras are of Palestinian descent, playing an important role in business and government.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=6277182&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mel Zelaya Names His Cabinet.  Central America Report 33:4-5 January 6, 2006.

Opposition Triumphs after Vote Counting Confusion.  Central America Report 33:1-2 December 9, 2005.

U.S. Concerns over Trade with Venezuela.  Central America Report 33:7 May 26, 2006.

U.S. Military Aid for Anti-Drug Fight.  Central America Report 30:6 August 29, 2003.

University Reforms Given Fresh Impetus, Despite Internal Struggles.  Central America Report 33:4-5 March 31, 2006.

Vice-presidency Resurrected.  Central America Report 32:7 November 25, 2005.

Visa Grants Suspended over People Trafficking.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-24:12 June 20, 2006.

Zelaya Asks Bush for Special Forces in Mosquitia.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-23:14 June 13, 2006.

Zelaya:  Progressive but Pro-Business.  Central America Report 33:6 March 3, 2006.

Zelaya's Initial Moves Disappoint Liberals.  Central America Report 33:6 February 17, 2006.

Zelaya Seeks Deals with Both Chávez and Bush.  Central America Report WR-06-21:13 May 30, 2006.


Nicaragua


Internet Resources

Central America Panorama
Available online at:  http://www.elpanorama.net/
News on Central America with separate sections for Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.

Nicaragua.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nu.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Shimotsu, John M.  Human Rights and United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.  89 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424784
"Evaluates the extent to which human rights were promoted in United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance exercises in Latin America.  Argues that a human rights focus matters in the selection of training objectives, engagement in the interagency process, and coordination with the host nation.  Includes a comparative case analysis of Opening Roads-Ecuador 1987 and New Horizons-Nicaragua 1999."

Books

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".  Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

Ortiz, Roxanne Dunbar.  Blood on the Border:  A Memoir of the Contra War.  Cambridge, MA, South End, 2005.  304 p.
"Account of the decade-long dirty war pursued by US-backed Contras against the people of Nicaragua."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  972.85053 O77b

Weber, Clare.  Visions of Solidarity:  U.S. Peace Activists in Nicaragua From War to Women's Activism and Globalization.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2006.  153 p.
"Focuses on the way that transnational activist strategies are negotiated across boundaries.  Explores how two organizations came to have very different responses over time to the neoliberal development project the United States imposed on Nicaragua." Table of contents at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0611/2006011326.html.
Book call no.:  303.484097285 W373v

Periodicals

Crisis in Supreme Electoral Council Threatens Regional and National Elections.  Central America Report 33:4-5 March 3, 2006.

FSLN Demands the Recall of Troops in Iraq.  Central America Report 30:8 September 12, 2003.
Sandinistas question deployment.

Interview with Arturo Grigsby.  Central America Report 33:6-7 January 6, 2006.
Arturo Grigsby, economist and director of the Research and Development Institute, Nitlapán, at the University of Central America.

Kampwirth, Karen.  Arnoldo Aleman Takes on NGOs:  Anti-feminism and the New Populism in Nicaragua.  Latin American Politics and Society 45:133-158 Summer 2003.
"Analyzes the campaign of Nicaraguan President Arnoldo Alemán against competitors, his "war" against the nongovernmental organizations (NGO).  Consistency of his attack on the NGO sector with the logic of populism in Latin America; Effect on democracy of his choice to respond to the challenges of international neoliberalism and local feminism through the anti-NGO campaign."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9932857&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McConnell, Shelley A.  Nicaragua's Turning Point.  Current History 106:83-88 February 2007.
"Daniel Ortega no longer wants a revolution. Does he want a strengthened democracy?"

Missiles:  Promise to 'Persuade' Legislators.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-09:13 March 1, 2005.

Nicaragua:  2006 Budget Proposal Prioritizes Debt.  Central America Report 32:7-8 November 18, 2005.
Two graphs included:  1) "Development of Budget 2005-2006" and 2) "Total State Expenditures (2004-2006)".

Nicaraguan Army:  From Sandinista Party Instrument to National Institution.  Central America Report 33:4-5 May 26, 2006.

OAS Sends Insulza on Mission to Prevent Nicaragua from Falling over the Brink.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-22:1 June 7, 2005.

Oil Agreement Signed with Venezuela.  Central America Report 33:8 May 26, 2006.
"The unprecedented rise in fuel prices and consequent protests over increases in transport and production costs have left Nicaragua in a crisis situation, with mayors forced to seek alternative fuel sources.  One such alternative source is Venezuela, which recently reached an agreement with the Nicaraguan local governments to export its fuel."

Ortega Clashes with U.S. over Missiles  Latin American Weekly Report WR-97-06:14 February 8, 2007.
"Ortega warned the opposition in the national assembly not to proceed with its plans to destroy 651 Sam-7 missiles because Honduras is buying planes from the U.S."

Ortega Takes Office - A Complex Future Awaits.  Central America Report 34:1-2 January 26, 2007.
"In January 2007, Daniel Ortega, former guerrilla commandant and leader of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) became president of Nicaragua for the second time. Nicaragua is likely to receive help from left wing forces emerging in Latin America as well as other countries such as China and Iran.  Ortega has also declared intentions of maintaining relations with the U.S. and financial organizations such as the International Monetary Fund."

U.S. Concerned over Presidential Elections.  Central America Report 33:4-5 May 5, 2006.
Nicaragua.  "The presidential elections, set for November 2006, have become a priority foreign policy issue for the U.S., which fears a possible victory to the Left."

U.S. Denies Interfering in Elections.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-25:13 June 27, 2006.

Washington:  No Missile Destruction, No Aid.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-12:13 March 22, 2005.

When Rockets End Up in the Wrong Hands.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-04-77:15 February 2004.

Zoellick Brings U.S. into Electoral Process.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-40:12-13 October 11, 2005.


Panama


Internet Resources

Background Note:  Panama.  United States Dept. of State, February 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2030.htm
Includes the following sections:  People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Defense, Foreign Relations, U.S. Relations and Travel/Business.

Central America Panorama
Available online at:  http://www.elpanorama.net/
News on Central America with separate sections for Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Belize.

Panama.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pm.html
Country information gathered by the CIA.  Includes information on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Panama and the IMF.  International Monetary Fund, March 15, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.imf.org/external/country/PAN/
International Monetary Fund Web site for Panama.

Books

Crandall, Russell.  Gunboat Democracy:  U.S. Interventions in the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.  255 p.
"Examines the American decision to intervene militarily in the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama.  Draws upon previously classified intelligence sources and interviews with policymakers.  Analyzes the complex deliberations and motives behind each intervention and shows how the decision to intervene was driven by a perceived threat to American national security."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.729073 C891g

Documents

Dolan, Thomas E.  Peace Operations:  What a JTF Commander Can Expect.  Quantico, VA, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2001.  39 p.
"Analyzes peace operations (POs) conducted as the result of U.S. armed forces forcibly entering a country, defeating enemy armed forces, and establishing a government.  Examines POs conducted in conjunction with World War II, Operation Urgent Fury, Operation JUST CAUSE, and Operation DESERT STORM."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401169
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41886-71 D659p

Gilland, Steven W.  Forcible Entry Contingency Operations:  Effective Employment of Tactical Aerospace Power in Support of the Joint Task Force Commander.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2002.  17 p.
"Examines the effective employment of tactical airpower in support of forcible entry contingency operations.  Analyzes three historical cases of forcible entry operations, Operation Urgent Fury (Grenada, 1983), Operation Just Cause (Panama, 1989), and Operation Restore Hope (Somalia, 1992)."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/ay2002/acsc/02-046.pdf and http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420442
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 G4755f

Hedstrom, Marvin A.  Simultaneity:  A Question of Time, Space, Resources and Purpose.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2001.  59 p.
"Analyzes the concept of simultaneity developed by Russian military theorists, V.K. Triandafillov and M. Tukhachevskii, for application at the operational level of war with respect to non-linear full-spectrum operations.  Includes case studies on the invasion of Grenada in 1983 (Operation Urgent Fury) and the invasion of Panama in 1989 (Operation Just Cause)."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA390835
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 H456s

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Panama:  Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, 2005.  20 p.
Updated November 16, 2006. "Panama has made notable political and economic progress since the 1989 U.S. military intervention that ousted the regime of General Manuel Noriega from power.  The current President, Martín Torrijos of the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD), was inaugurated to a four-year term on September 1, 2004."
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30981.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RL30981

Periodicals

Balaguer, Alejandro.  Weighing the Future, a Lock at a Time.  Americas 59:6-13 February 2007.
"Six years after taking control of the Panama Canal, Panamanians face new challenges to keep this vital waterway economically viable and to protect their livelihood."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1195460331&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Canal Expansion:  A Free and Open Debate?  Central America Report 33:3 May 12, 2006.

Caumartin, Corinne.  'Depoliticisation" in the Reform of the Panamanian Security Apparatus 1.  Journal of Latin American Studies 39:107 February 2007.
"Deploying the concepts of demilitarisation, professionalisation and depoliticisation, the article evaluates the political role and activities of police forces and the nature of their relationship with the main Panamanian political actors through to the present Torrijos administration."--Abstract from publication.

Corruption at Core of Legal System.  Central America Report 32:8 November 25, 2005.

Endara Denounces 'Re-Militarisation'.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-14:13 April 12, 2005.

Expanding the Canal:  New Routes and New Doubts.  Central America Report 32:4-5 October 28, 2005.

Experts Reject Plans for Canal Expansion.  Central America Report 33:1-2 April 21, 2006.

Mecham, Michael.  Latin Advance.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 164:58-59 March 13, 2006.
"Reports that Singapore Technologies Aerospace Ltd. will establish an airframe and heavy maintenance, repair and overhaul facility in Panama, marking its first advance into Latin America."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20598208&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rise in Drug and Human Trafficking?  Central America Report 33:3 February 24, 2006.

Wickstrom, Stefanie.  The Politics of Development in Indigenous Panama.  Latin American Perspectives 30:43-68 July 2003.
"Analyzes the struggles of the Kuna and Ngobe peoples of Panama as they resist state-imposed neoliberal development and assimilation.  They are facing hardship protecting their land, culture and natural resources in the face of neoliberalism and the resource management schemes of nonindigenous Panamanians."
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0094-582X(200307)30:4<43:TPODII>2.0.CO;2-P


Mexico


Internet Resources

Country Analysis Briefs:  Mexico.  Dept. of Energy, Energy Information Administration,
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Mexico/pdf.pdf
"Mexico is a major non-OPEC oil producer and home to one of the world's largest oil companies, Pemex."

Diez, Jordi and Nicholls, Ian.  The Mexican Armed Forces in Transition.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, January 2006.  56 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA442906 and http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB638.pdf

Hristov, Jasmin.  Freedom and Democracy or Hunger and Terror:  Neoliberalism and Militarization in Latin America.  Social Justice 32:89 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=926638821&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Traces the weakening position of Latin American countries in the global hierarchy of power as a result of neoliberal policies.  Case studies expose the increased militarization, state-sanctioned violence, and repression that have accompanied the consolidation of neoliberalism in Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico."

Languages of Mexico
Available online at:  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MX
"The Ethnologue database has been an active research project for more than fifty years.  It is a comprehensive listing of information about the currently known languages of the world.  Thousands of linguists and other researchers all over the world have contributed to the Ethnologue database. Also includes maps of the world's living languages."

Mexico.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Smith, Geri.  Online Extra:  Can Latin America Challenge India?  Business Week Online :  January 27, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19660108&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Looks at the efforts of Latin American countries to build up their outsourcing infrastructure.  The inauguration of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994 have implications for companies on both sides of the U.S.-Mexico border."

Books

Tsouras, Peter.  Montezuma:  Warlord of the Aztecs.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2005.  114 p.
Book call no.:  972.018 T882m

Canadian and Mexican Security in the New North America:  Challenges and Prospects, edited by Jordi Diez.  Ithica, NY, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006.  1 vol.
Proceedings of a workshop held at Queen's University, Kingston, May 6-7, 2004.
Book call no.:  327.116097 C212

Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective:  Africa, Asia, and Latin America, edited by Philip Oxhorn and others.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2004.  351 p.
Offers two essays on Mexico and two essays on Chile as well as several more general essays on decentralization.
Book call no.:  320.8 D292

Diebel, Linda.  Betrayed:  The Assassination of Digna Ochoa.  1st Carroll & Graf ed.  New York, Carroll & Graf, 2006.  513 p.
"The author uncovers a Byzantine plot surrounding Digna Ochoa’s death and details her investigation in police procedural fashion."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  364.1523 D559b

Domínguez, Jorge I. and Fernández de Castro, Rafael.  The United States and Mexico:  Between Partnership and Conflict.  New York, Routledge, 2001.  184 p.
Book call no.:  327.73072 D671u

Ducey, Michael Thomas.  A Nation of Villages:  Riot and Rebellion in the Mexican Huasteca, 1750-1850.  Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 2004.  235 p.
"Analyzes the peasant rebellions in Mexico’s Huasteca region between 1750 and 1850, beginning with short-lived colonial riots, progressing through a long and brutal insurrection associated with the war of independence and several region-wide uprisings, and culminating in the "Caste War of the Huasteca" of the 1840s."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  972 D825n

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde.  NAFTA Revisited:  Achievements and Challenges.  Washington, 2005.  517 p.
"The authors evaluate NAFTA's performance since its inception, comparing actual experience with both the objectives of the agreement's supporters and the charges of the critics."
Book call no.:  382.917 H889n

Linhard, Tabea Alexa.  Fearless Women in the Mexican Revolution and the Spanish Civil War.  Columbia, MO, University of Missouri Press, 2005.  282 p.
"Study of the role women played in the Mexican Revolution and the Spanish Civil War."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  946.081 L755f

Mavor, Guy.  Mexico.  Portland, OR, Graphic Arts Books, 2005.  168 p.
Culture smart! series.
Book call no.:  972.0841 M461m

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".  Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America, edited by Francois Bourguignon and others.  Washington, World Bank, Oxford University Press, 2004.  416 p.
"The authors propose a decomposition of differences in entire distributions of household incomes, which sheds new light on the powerful, and often conflicting, forces that underpin the changes in poverty and inequality that accompany the process of economic development."--Abstract from book jacket.  Includes chapters on Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico.
Book call no.:  339.22 M626

Randall, Laura.  Changing Structure of Mexico:  Political, Social, and Economic Prospects, edited by Laura Randall.  2nd ed.  Armonk, NY, M.E. Sharpe, 2006.  547 p.
Table of contents available at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip054/2004029098.html.  "Twenty-nine essays on current affairs by Mexican and non-Mexican observers and scholars."
Book call no.:  972.0841 C456

The United States at War, edited by John C. Super.  Pasadena, CA, Salem Press, 2005.  831 p.
See chapter titled Mexican War:  1846-1848, pages 123-156. Table of contents at http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip059/2005006689.html.
Book call no.:  355.00973 U58

Woods, Ngaire.  The Globalizers:  The IMF, the World Bank, and Their Borrowers.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2006.  253 p.
"Focuses on both the political context of IMF and World Bank actions and their impact on the countries in which they intervene."--Abstract from book jacket.  See chapter 4, The Mission in Mexico.
Book call no.:  332.152 W896g

Youngers, Coletta and Rosin, Eileen.  Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy.  Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2005.  414 p.
“A comprehensive review of US drug-control policies toward Latin America and the Caribbean, assesses the impact of those policies on democracy and human rights, and presents detailed country and regional case studies.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941

The Zapatista Reader, edited by Tom Hayden.  New York, Thunder Mouth Press/Nation Books, 2002.  503 p.
Collected commentaries on the Chiapas rebellion.
Book call no.:  972.75 Z351

Zirakzadeh, Cyrus Ernesto.  Social Movements in Politics:  A Comparative Study.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  273 p.
See Part 4, Peru's Shining Path and Agrarian-Based Movements, pages 133-174 and Part 5, Mexico's Zapatistas and the Globalization of Protest, pages 177-225.
Book call no.:  306.2 Z81s 2006

Documents

Burkett, Jeffrey W.  Opening the Mexican Door:  Continental Defense Cooperation.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  63 p.
"Examines U.S.-Mexican security challenges and argues that a bilateral transnational emergency management framework that incorporates a civil-military partnership can serve as the cornerstone upon which North American defense can be built."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439329
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B9593o

Diminyatz, Kerry L.  Providing for the Common Defense:  Securing the Southwest Border.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  42 p.
The Southwest border of the United States provides multiple threats to public safety.  Border control strategies employed during the last decade achieved some success.  Consolidating government border agencies, adding additional personnel, building additional border infrastructure, and employing emerging technologies are the long-term steps needed to secure this border.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414219
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D582p

Garcia-Jaramillo, Enrique.  Significance of Hemispheric Security for Mexico.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  29 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414493
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 G2161s

Luna-Jaimes, Saul.  The National Security of Mexico for 2010.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  24 p.
"Lt Col Luna-Jaimes of the Mexican Army analyzes Mexico's transformation to a new political system and the resulting changes in its national security system."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404547
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 L9611n

Luoma, Benjamin C. Jr.  The U.S. Military and Security along the U.S. Mexico Border.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  67 p.
Author finds border security missions by U.S. military are effective, while protecting rights of civilians. In addition, these missions can enhance combat readiness.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 L964u

Periodicals

Andreas, Peter.  Politics on Edge:  Managing the US-Mexico Border.  Current History 105:64-68 February 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=986385911&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Back on 'People Trafficking' Watch List.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-22:11 June 7, 2005.

Barkin, David.  Mexico City's Water Crisis.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:24-28 July-August 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13831723&site=ehost-live

Barone, Michael.  What's Up Down South.  U.S. News & World Report 140:36 May 1, 2006.
"An overview of political and economic developments in Central and South America are discussed.  Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is called a potential threat to U.S. interests.  The political situation in Mexico is discussed, as Vicente Fox will be stepping down."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20558955&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Barry, Tom.  Anti-Immigrant Backlash on the "Home Front".  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:28-32 May-June 2005.
Discusses the growing anti-immigration sentiment in the United States, especially in terms of the U.S. southern borders.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978323&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Becerra, Oscar.  New Traffickers Struggle for Control of Mexican Drug Trade.  Jane's Intelligence Review 16:36-39 September 2004.
Discusses Operations Toro II and Millennium that fragmented Mexico's drug cartels and the new regrouping of the cartels.

Benton, Allyson Lucinda.  Mexico's (Temporary) Turn to the Left.  Current History 105:69-73 February 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=986385861&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Blazquez, Jorge and Santiso, Javier.  Mexico:  Is It an Ex-Emerging Market?  Journal of Latin American Studies 36:297-318 May 2004.
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=645880401&sid=4&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Danopoulos, Constantine P.  Economic Measurements and Quality of Life in Mexico.  Journal of Political & Military Sociology 32:193-206 Winter 2004.
"Using the Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), the article seeks to evaluate the quality of life in modern Mexico."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19403072&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Davis, Diane E.  Law Enforcement in Mexico City:  Not Yet under Control.  NACLA Report on the Americas 37:17-24 September-October 2003.
"Traces the origin of the institutional power and corruption of the police in Mexico City, Mexico."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10900500&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Dresser, Denise.  Fox's Mexico:  Democracy Paralyzed.  Current History 104:64-68 February 2005.
"Discusses the corruption problem in Mexico."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16143140&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Drug Wars in Mexico Have "Infiltrated" Three Levels of National Security.  Latin American Weekly Report, p 1-2+, December 7, 2004.

Finkel, Jodi.  Judicial Reform as Insurance Policy:  Mexico in the 1990s.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:87-113 Spring 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15839435&site=ehost-live

Garcia-Acevedo, Maria Rosa and Ingram, Helen.  Conflict in the Borderlands.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:19-24 July-August 2004.
Conflict between Mexico and the United States over water.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=13831691&site=ehost-live

Government Sends 2,620 Troops to Tijuana.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-01:14-15 January 4, 2007.
"The interior minister, Francisco Ramirez Acuna, launched a second antidrugs offensive, Operacion Tijuana, on 2 January."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/secure/cfuya.pdf

Klesner, Joseph L.  Electoral Competition and the New Party System in Mexico.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:103-142 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=834474651&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Krauze, Enrique.  Furthering Democracy in Mexico.  Foreign Affairs 85:54-65 January-February 2006.
Focuses on democracy in Mexico and the 2006 elections.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19250177&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Legend of Los Zetas Crosses the Border.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-12:11 March 22, 2005.
"Los Zetas, the former special forces officers who became a hit squad for the Gulf 'cartel', have not only become a legend in Mexico, but also in the U.S., where they are tentatively blamed for killings in Dallas and cross border raids."

Mendieta, Eduardo.  Biopiracy and Bioterrorism:  Banana Republics, Nafta,and Taco Bell.  Peace & Change 31:80-89 January 2006.
"Focuses on the status and conditions and the collaborative initiatives towards the eradication of biopiracy and bioterrorism under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Discusses the terms and provisions of the NAFTA."

The Mexican Presidency, 2006-2012:  Neoliberalism, Social Movements, and Electoral Politics.  Latin American Perspectives 33:entire issue March 2006.

Mexican Workers since NAFTA.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:entire issue July-August 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&bquery=(JN+"NACLA+Report+on+the+Americas"+and+DT+20050701)&type=0&site=ehost-live

Mexicans Rally to Support Cartoon Character.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-27:12 July 12, 2005.

Mexico:  Popular Mobilization Versus Neoliberal "Democracy".  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue July 2005.

Mexico & U.S. Asked to Join in Anti-Mara Effort.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-13:11 April 5, 2005.

Missile Sale Suspected of Being a 'Double Sting'.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-05:12 February 1, 2005.

Munoz, Alejandro Anaya.  The Emergence and Development of the Politics of Recognition of Cultural Diversity and Indigenous Peoples' Rights in Mexico:  Chiapas and Oaxaca in Comparative Perspective.  Journal of Latin American Studies 37:585-610 August 2005.
Also available online at:  Expanded Academic ASAP

New Two-Pronged Drive Against Warring Drug Gangs.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-21:10 May 31, 2005.

Panizza, Francisco and Philip, George.  Second Generation Reform in Latin America:  Reforming the Public Sector in Uruguay and Mexico.  Journal of Latin American Studies 37:667-691 November 2005.
"Uruguay and Mexico have both passed laws aiming to professionalize the public sector bureaucracy according to 'second generation' reform principles."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19070096&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rios-Figueroa, Julio.  Fragmentation of Power and the Emergence of an Effective Judiciary in Mexico, 1994-2002.  Latin American Politics and Society 49:31-57 Spring 2007.
"This article argues that fragmentation of political power can enable a judiciary to rule against power holders' interest without being systematically challenged or ignored.  This argument is tested with an analysis of the Mexican Supreme Court decisions against the PRI on constitutional cases from 1994-2002."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24402788&site=ehost-live

Rozental, Andres.  The Other Side of Immigration.  Current History 106:89-90 February 2007.
"Fearmongers dominate the U.S. debate but south of the border, the issue looks very different."

Rubio, Luis and Davidow, Jeffrey.  Mexico's Disputed Election.  Foreign Affairs 85:75-85 September-October 2006.
"Discusses the July 2, 2006 Congressional and presidential elections in Mexico."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22049790&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sotomayor, Arturo.  Mexico's Armed Forces.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas. 16:30-33 Spring 2006.
"Presents information on Mexico's security policy and armed forces."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195671&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Stahler-Sholk, Richard.  Time of the Snails:  Autonomy and Resistance in Chiapas.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:34-38 March-April 2005.
Reviews the Zapatistas movement.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16261256&site=ehost-live

Third Major Drug Baron Is Captured.  Latin American Weekly Report, p 3, August 19, 2003.
Mexican drug turf wars.

Three Bombs Go Off in Mexico City.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-44:11-12 November 7, 2006.
"Mexico may be facing its first coordinated terrorist campaign. Several small bombs went off, simultaneously, early on the morning of 6 November, at three different locations in Mexico City."

Tiff with Washington as Fox's 'War' Escalates.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-05:9-10 February 1, 2005.

White House Considers Stamp Issue 'Racist'.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-26:12 July 5, 2005.

World Bank Study Reveals Core Feature of Region's Indigenous Tinderbox.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-20:1-3 May 24, 2005.


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