LATIN AMERICA


August 2007

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Table of Contents:

Latin America:  General Information | Defense & Security Aspects | Economics & Social Aspects | Foreign Relations | History and Culture | Politics & Government | Terrorism, Insurgencies, & Drug Trade Issues
Caribbean Area: 
General Information | Cuba (General) -- Economic & Social Aspects - Foreign Relations - History & Culture - Politics & Government | Dominican Republic | Grenada | Haiti
Central America: 
General Information | Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Nicaragua | Panama
Mexico: 
Mexico
South America: 
General Information | Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Venezuela (General) -- Defense & Security Aspects- Economic & Social Aspects - Foreign Relations (General) - Foreign Relations (United States) - Venezuela Politics & Government |

Latin America Periodical Titles


South America -- General Information


Internet Resources

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs:  FY2006 Assistance, by Connie Veillette.  Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.  Washington, CRS, January 27, 2006.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/60720.pdf
"In 2005, Congress considered a number of issues relating to the Andean region and drug trafficking, including continued funding for the Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and conditions on U.S. assistance.  In addition to ACI, Andean countries benefit from Foreign Military Financing (FMF), International Military Education and Training (IMET) funds, and other types of economic aid."

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fk.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Suriname.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ns.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Books

Bradshaw, Arthur L.  Strengthening the Bonds of Environmental Cooperation Between Security Forces in the Southern Cone of the Americas.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  193 p.
"The first Environmental Security conference for the Southern Command's South American area of responsibility.  Examined critical environmental issues of common interest, bringing together senior military and civilian leaders from the Southern Cone states, international academics, the private sector, governmental and military subject matter experts and the United Nations."
Book call no.:  333.72 S915

Dinges, John.  The Condor Years:  How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents.  New York, New Press, 2004.  322 p.
"An underground history of the international Dirty Wars by U.S. allies in South America.  For much of a decade, six allied governments engaged in secret warfare intended to wipe out their enemies, kidnapping and murdering up to 30,000 people.  At the initiative of Chilean president General Augusto Pinochet, and with encouragement from the CIA, they set up a multinational terrorist organization, Operation Condor, to pursue those who escaped to other Latin American countries, Europe, and the United States."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.1283 D584c

Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment:  South America.  Issue 20.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  1 vol.
Offers separate reports on each country including information on internal and external affairs, defence spending, armed forces organization, security forces, infrastructure, economy, etc.
Book call no.:  R 980 J33 Issue 20 2007

Martin, Felix E.  Militarist Peace in South America:  Conditions for War and Peace.  1st ed.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  255 p.
"Examines why and how intraregional, interstate relations in South America have remained relatively peaceful.  Derives several realist and liberal propositions on the causes of war and peace and tests them, utilizing evidence from the peace in South America, as well as developing and discussing the "Militarist Peace" hypothesis."
Book call no.:  327.8 M379m

Morgenstern, Scott.  Patterns of Legislative Politics:  Roll Call Voting in Latin America and the United States.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  224 p.
"Using the United States as a basis of comparison, this book makes extensive use of roll-call data to explore patterns of legislative politics in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. The patterns are defined by the extent to which parties, factions, delegations, or alliances - what the author collectively terms 'legislative agents' - are unified in their voting and hence are collectively identifiable to voters as being responsible for policy decisions."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  328.3 M851p

Pereira, Anthony W.  Political (In)Justice:  Authoritarianism and the Rule of Law in Brazil, Chile, and Argentina.  Pittsburgh, PA, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005.  262 p.
“Through a thorough examination of political repression in Brazil, Chile, and Argentina, Anthony Pereira illuminates the ways in which the long-term relationship of a country’s military and judiciary can explain a regime’s overall approach to the law.”--Abstract from publisher website.
Book call no.:  340.11 P436p

Political Risk Yearbook:  South America.  New York, Frost & Sullivan, 2004.  1 vol.
Includes forecasts and key points to watch; in-depth analysis of the current state of political, financial, and economic risk in the country; and a ten-year history of key domestic and international economic indicators.  The online version is available from the Fairchild Research Information Center only. Select World Service under Online Subscriptions to access.
Also available online at:  http://www.prsgroup.com/prsgroup_shoppingcart/personal_page.aspx
Book call no.:  R 980.037 P769

Ropp, Steve C.  The Strategic Implications of the Rise of Populism in Europe and South America.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, June 2005.  48 p.
"Questions whether the enormous potential strategic consequences of a future burst of populist turbulence in Europe or South America suggest that it be more carefully studied.  Indicates such bursts of turbulence have dramatically altered the U.S. security environment in the past, present new challenges today, and could provide even greater ones in the future."
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB605.pdf and  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434299
Book call no.:  324.2094 R785s

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2007.  15th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  1076 p.
Offers separate reports on each country including information on recent history, economy, political organization, etc. Also offers regional essays including:  "Latin America's Continuing Shift to the Left", "Debt Finance and the IMF:  Three Decades of Debt Crises in Latin America", and "The Emergence of the People's Republic of China in Latin America:  Trade, Investment and Implications for Latin American Development". Online version available only at Air University.
Also available online at:  http://www.europaworld.com/entry/sacac
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 15th ed. 2007

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) and their failure to succeed in two others (Argentina, Peru)."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Documents

Leonard, Mary Beth.  Lessons from a Small Country:  Managing Interagency Cooperation in Suriname.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2004.  20 p.
"A case study of interagency cooperation in Suriname suggests that existing institutional arrangements between diplomatic and military institutions provide appropriate mechanisms for implementing the inherently interagency, and even multinational, non-crisis interventions in areas such as law enforcement, counter-narcotics, and issues in civil-military relations supportive of such operations."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA425927
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 L5812L

Peterson, Brian R.  The Future of Mercosur.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2004.  47 p.
"Examines the evolution of Mercosur compared to the model of the European Union."--Abstract taken from web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429882
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P4854f

Sanchez, David J.  An Emerging Security Community in the Americas?  A Theoretical Analysis of the Consequences of the Post-Cold War Inter-American Democracy Regime.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  79 p.
"A critical examination is provided of two high-profile cases of democratic crisis to assess the impact of the post-Cold War inter-American democracy regime:  Paraguay (1996) and Peru (2000)."
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S211e

Wishart, Eric.  Intelligence Networks and the Tri Border Area of South America:  The Dilemma of Efficiency Versus Oversight.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  95 p.
"Examines the intelligence communities of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay to determine how to better coordinate and share information between themselves and the United States to combat the emerging threat of terrorism within the border region shared by the three Latin American countries.  Argues that the primary intelligence effort should be economic and HUMINT (human intelligence) due to the currently low threat levels, and that the threat should be handled by civilian agencies."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA411244
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 W8141i

Periodicals

Barone, Michael.  What's Up Down South.  U.S. News & World Report 140:36 May 1, 2006.
"An overview of political and economic developments in Central and South America are discussed. Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is called a potential threat to U.S. interests.  The political situation in Mexico is discussed, as Vicente Fox will be stepping down."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20558955&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Brazil, Arabs and 'Good Terrorism' Carnard.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-02:7-8 January 11, 2005.
“A leaked draft of the declaration to be issued at a forthcoming South American-Arab League summit has been used to suggest that leaders of the two regions intend to justify 'good terrorism'.”--Abstract from publication.

Chavez Comes Close to Derailing South American Community's First Summit.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-39:1-2 October 4, 2005.
“The first summit of the South American Community of Nations almost ended without unanimous approval of its 'political document' thanks to Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez.”--Abstract from publication.

Dorschner, Jim.  Latin Leaders.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:24-29 March 15, 2006.
"Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela are leading the efforts to improve the region's military capabilities.  The modernization efforts are expected to significantly alter the regional military balance."

Kashyap, Aprajita.  The Amazon Rainforest Issues:  Suriname and Guyana.  India Quarterly Special Issue:243-260 November 2004.

Luxner, Larry.  Suriname:  A Culture of Tolerance.  Americas 58:10-19 April 2006.
"This thirty year-old nation is a harmonious home to diverse religious and ethnic groups and the world's largest nature reserve."--Abstract from publication.

Mexico and Brazil Enter as Rivals to Venezuela.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-22:12-13 June 6, 2006.
“Hugo Chávez's 'petro-diplomacy' has two rivals in Central America:  Mexico and Brazil. Neither is attempting to match Chávez's approach of direct state involvement in discount selling.  Rather, they are promoting ventures in which the private sector will play a leading role, with the governments providing the framework and the broad orientation.”--Abstract from publication.

Politics Dominates Summit with Arab League.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-18:6-7 May 10, 2005.
“Discusses the controversy surrounding the first-ever Arab-South American summit involving the concerns of Washington and Israel at the prospect of a final declaration that might justify terrorism.”

U.S. Warns Against Electing Bouterse.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-11:15 March 15, 2005.
“The US has served warning to the Surinamese that, should their representatives elect former military dictator Desi Bouterse as president in June, Washington will sever diplomatic ties.”--Abstract from publication.

UN Figures on Coca Cultivation Raise Questions about Solidity of Policies.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-25:1-2 June 27, 2006.
“The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has just issued an assessment of coca cultivation in the Andean countries which conflicts with the most recent estimates produced by the US government.”--Abstract from publication.

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  South American Cocaine Trafficking Operations Shift Towards Venezuela.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:36-40 May 2006.
"Reports on cocaine seizures and trafficking trends in Venezuela in 2006."


Argentina


Internet Resources

Argentina.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Buenos Aires Herald
Available online at:  http://www.buenosairesherald.com/
Buenos Aires Herald website; English; updated daily

Country Analysis Briefs:  Argentina.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, February 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Argentina/pdf.pdf
"Argentina is a significant Latin American energy producer and consumer. It is a net energy exporter, primarily to neighboring Brazil and Chile."

Grassley Will Lead Codel to Brazil and Argentina.  CongressDaily AM March 17, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20214927&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports that U.S. Senate Finance Chairman Charles Grassley will lead a delegation of eight House and Senate lawmakers to Brazil and Argentina next week for talks on agriculture and trade issues."

Smith, Hugh.  Terrorism in the Iguazu Falls Region:  $100 Bills, a DIME at a Time.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, May 26, 2005.  57 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436461
"Iguazu Falls is located in the Tri Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.  The area is a lawless zone that is home to Islamic terrorists of Syrian and Lebanese descent and their sympathizers.  The diplomatic, informational, military, economic, intelligence and law enforcement (DIME) Plus Model provides a useful framework to analyze the issues in the TBA.  This paper explains how certain conditions have created an environment in which terrorist groups operate in the region, and how their activities pose a threat to hemispheric security.”

South American Leaders Sign Accord on $10 Billion Pipeline.  Underground Construction 61:7 Oildom Publishing Company of Texas, Inc., March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=20289432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports on the proposed construction of a pipeline to transport gas from Venezuela to Argentina via Brazil and Uruguay."

Books

Acemoglu, Daron and Robinson, James A.  Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  416 p.
See Part One, Questions and Answers, Chapter 1, Paths of Political Development, Section 2, Argentina, pages 5-8.
Book call no.:  321.8 A173e

Arceneaux, Craig L.  Bounded Missions:  Military Regimes and Democratization in the Southern Cone and Brazil.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.  262 p.
"Examines variables internal to the military such as its unity or ability to coordinate strategy.  Using a "historical institutionalist" approach, compares five different transitions in Brazil, and three countries of the Southern Cone - Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.  Shows what similarities and differences existed and how the differences may be attributed to variations in the internal institutional structure and operation of the military."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  322.509809045 A668b

The Argentina Reader:  History, Culture, Politics, edited by Gabriela Nouzeilles and Graciela Montaldo.  Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 2002.  580 p.
Book call no.:  982 A691

Boyce, David George.  The Falklands War.  New York , Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  246 p.
"Traces the interaction of war and diplomacy and analyzes why the Falklands conflict of 1982 engaged the British and Argentine people in a deeply personal way.  Examines the interpretation of the war in Britain, revealing how the war--a successful one--was seen by its critics as an example of "Thatcher's Britain."
Book call no.:  997.11 B789f

Bradshaw, Arthur L.  Strengthening the Bonds of Environmental Cooperation Between Security Forces in the Southern Cone of the Americas.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  193 p.
"The first Environmental Security conference for the Southern Command's South American area of responsibility.  Examined critical environmental issues of common interest, bringing together senior military and civilian leaders from the Southern Cone states, international academics, the private sector, governmental and military subject matter experts and the United Nations."
Book call no.:  333.72 S915

Hamwee, Robert.  Argentina.  Portland, OR, Graphic Arts Books, 2006.  168 p.
"A quick guide to customs & etiquette"--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  982 H232a

Inskip, Ian.  Ordeal by Exocet:  HMS Glamorgan and the Falklands War, 1982.  Rochester, Kent, Chatham Publishing, 2002.  240 p.
“This book brings to light many aspects about the Falkland War which were unknown to the public including new information about the Belgrano affair.  It also includes a detailed account of the successful deception plan, Operation Tornado.  Personal accounts recall attacks on the Glamorgan and other operations including the Pebble Island raid. All the Exocet attacks on the Battle Group are included.”
Book call no.:  997.11024 I59o

Lewis, Paul H.  Guerrillas and Generals:  The "Dirty War" in Argentina.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002.  263 p.
"A comprehensive, examination of Argentina's "Dirty War." Analyzes the causes, describes the ideologies that motivated both sides, and explores the consequences of all-or-nothing politics."
Book call no.:  982.06 L675g

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  A Global Overview of Narcotics-Funded Terrorist and Other Extremist Groups, by LaVerle Bennette Berry and others.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2002.  148 p.
"An assessment of the nexus between selected anti-U.S. terrorist and extremist groups in the world and organized crime, specifically drug trafficking, and how this relationship might be vulnerable to countermeasures.  Examines the connections between extremist groups and narcotics trafficking in several countries including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru.”
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439621
Book call no.:  363.325 G562

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Terrorist and Organized Crime Groups in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of South America:  A Report by Rex A. Hudson.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2003.  90 p.
"Assesses the activities of organized crime groups, terrorist groups, and narcotics traffickers in general in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, focusing mainly on the period since 1999."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439846 and http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS49424
Book call no.:  363.325098 H886t

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".   Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America, edited by Francois Bourguignon and others.  Washington, World Bank, Oxford University Press, 2004.  416 p.
 "The authors propose a decomposition of differences in entire distributions of household incomes, which sheds new light on the powerful, and often conflicting, forces that underpin the changes in poverty and inequality that accompany the process of economic development."--Abstract from book jacket.  Includes chapters on Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico.
 Book call no.:  339.22 M626

Norden, Deborah L. and Russell, Roberto.  The United States and Argentina:  Changing Relations in a Changing World.  New York, Routledge, 2002.  167 p.
"Explains how Argentina's economic and political instability encouraged the government to redefine U.S.-Argentine relations from prior patterns of animosity in order to improve the country's international image and attract foreign support."-- Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.73082 N829u

Pinheiro, Alvaro de Souza.  Narcoterrorism in Latin America:  A Brazilian Perspective.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2006.  79 p.
"The situation in Colombia is addressed, and this is followed by a discussion of issues in the Tri-Border Area, where Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay meet.   A detailed description of Brazil's actions to face up to the challenge of narcoterrorism is provided.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  https://jsou.socom.mil/gateway/content/researchPapers/paper374.pdf
Book call no.:  363.450981 P654n

Rauch, George V.  Conflict in the Southern Cone:  The Argentine Military and the Boundary Dispute with Chile, 1870-1902.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1999.  229 p.
Examines the history of a 19th-century boundary dispute between Chile and Argentina.
Book call no.:  303.48 R241c

Roht-Arriaza, Naomi.  The Pinochet Effect:  Transnational Justice in the Age of Human Rights.  Philadelphia, PA, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.  256 p.
"Examines the implications of litigation against members of the Chilean and Argentine military governments and traces their effects through similar cases in Latin America and Europe."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  345.04 R739p

Sheinin, David.  Argentina and the United States:  An Alliance Contained.  Athens, GA, University of Georgia Press, 2006.  285 p.
"Challenges the accepted view that confrontation has been the characteristic state of affairs between the United States and Argentina.  Draws on both Spanish- and English-language sources in the United States, Argentina, Canada, and Great Britain to provide a broad perspective on the two centuries of shared U.S.-Argentine history with fresh focus in particular on cultural ties, nuclear politics in the cold war era, the politics of human rights, and Argentina's exit in 1991 from the nonaligned movement."--Abstract from publisher's website.
Book call no.:  327.73082 S543a

Ungar, Mark.  Elusive Reform:  Democracy and the Rule of Law in Latin America.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2002.  273 p.
"Explores one of the Latin American countries' biggest challenges, establishing a rule of law.  Based on a close examination of historical patterns, it demonstrates how executive power and judicial disarray thwart progress toward judicial independence, state accountability, and citizen access to effective means of conflict resolution. Examines Argentina and Venezuela."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  321.8098 U57e

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) and their failure to succeed in two others (Argentina, Peru)."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Documents

Green, Gabriel V.  Argentina's Tactical Aircraft Employment in the Falkland Islands War.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2005.  32 p.
"Reviews the 1982 conflict between Argentina and Great Britain for possession of the Falkland Islands.  Examines the context of the Argentinean political situation, explores the condition and reaction of the Air Force and Naval Air Arm to imminent conflict, details the aerial combat employment outcomes, and concludes with an evaluation of the results."
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2005/acsc/3111 - Green.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 G7962a

Isaac, Xavier J.  Air Defense Zones:  An Effective Way of Controlling Civilian Illicit Flights in Argentina.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2001.  29 p.
Discusses the non-declared airstrips in northern Argentina and the potential for unauthorized civilian flights.  Examines the current procedures for preventing illegal flights and analyzes the plan to deploy 3D radar for more efficient control of air traffic.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 I731a

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Argentina:  Political Conditions and U.S. Relations, Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, 2005.  6 p.
"With the restructuring of over $100 billion in defaulted bond debt in early March 2005, Argentina appears to have emerged from its 2001-2002 economic and political crisis despite last minute U.S. court challenges that have delayed the bond exchange.  The current administration of President Néstor Kirchner faces still considerable challenges, including the ability to build the political consensus needed in order to ensure future sustainable economic growth and financial stability."
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/47148.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RS21113

Williams, Jeremy E.  Corporatist Transitions in the Economic Reforms of Chile and Argentina.  Phoenix, AZ, Arizona State University, 2002.  66 p.
"Leaders in Chile and Argentina introduced economic reform in 1974 and 1989 respectively, and until now Chile has been very successful, while Argentina has for the most part failed.  What accounts for the difference in outcomes?  This study examines both cases in depth, using the comparative method and process tracing to determine what role corporatism plays in their respective reforms."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA410746
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-968

Wishart, Eric.  Intelligence Networks and the Tri Border Area of South America:  The Dilemma of Efficiency Versus Oversight.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  95 p.
"Examines the intelligence communities of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay to determine how to better coordinate and share information between themselves and the United States to combat the emerging threat of terrorism within the border region shared by the three Latin American countries.  Argues that the primary intelligence effort should be economic and HUMINT (human intelligence) due to the currently low threat levels, and that the threat should be handled by civilian agencies."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA411244
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 W8141i

Periodicals

Anderson, Leslie F.  Of Wild and Cultivated Politics:  Conflict and Democracy in Argentina.  International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 16:99-132 Fall 2002.
Study of cultural change within democratization.  Uses conflict theory to understand the culture of conflict escalation and management, using Argentina as its example.  Beginning with the most extreme dictatorships, The Dirty War and the Rosas period, and then looking at other periods of governance, the essay illustrates that Argentina has an authoritarian culture of conflict.

Armony, Ariel C. and Armony, Victor.  Indictments, Myths, and Citizen Mobilization in Argentina:  A Discourse Analysis.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:27-54 Winter 2005.
Argues that the Argentine crisis of 2001-2003 cannot be fully grasped without considering the link between collective behavior and ingrained conceptions of national identity.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=950430881&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Black, Jane.  The Next Napa.  Business Week 3982:92-93 May 1, 2006.
Discusses Mendoza, Argentina, which is poised to become the next Napa Valley.  The region is seeing economic success due to its favorable climate and the big-name winemakers that are located there. Analysts expect the region to become an extremely popular tourist destination in the coming years.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20541827&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bonner, Michelle D.  Defining Rights in Democratization:  The Argentine Government and Human Rights Organizations, 1983-2003.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:55-76 Winter 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=950430911&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Carranza, Mario E.  Poster Child or Victim of Imperialist Globalization? Explaining Argentina's December 2001 Political Crisis and Economic Collapse.  Latin American Perspectives 32:65-89 November 2005.

Dammert, Lucia and Malone, Mary Fran T.  Does It Take a Village? Policing Strategies and Fear of Crime in Latin America.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:27-51 Winter 2006.
"This study compares the effectiveness of "zero tolerance" and community-based policing strategies in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1179493841&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Encarnacion, Omar G.  The Strange Persistence of Latin American Democracy.  World Policy Journal 20:30-40 Winter 2003-2004.
"Reflects on the survival of democracy in Argentina despite of the turmoil it has faced since 2001."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14399320&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Grugel, Jean and Riggirozzi, Maria Pia.  The Return of the State in Argentina.  International Affairs 83:87-107 January 2007.
"Examines what state-led growth can mean in the context of open markets.  Explores in detail the policies implemented since Argentina's economic collapse in December 2001 and asks to what extent they constitute a possible route to stable post-crisis governance."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23827878&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Joint Exercises, Yes; Immunity, No.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-36:9 September 13, 2005.
“Argentina has authorized the entry of troops from 12 countries for a year-long cycle of joint military exercises over the coming year - but it has again refused to grant US troops the immunity Washington has been demanding.”--Abstract from publication.

Onis, Ziya.  Varieties and Crises of Neoliberal Globalisation:  Argentina, Turkey and the IMF.  Third World Quarterly 27:239-263 March 2006.
"Argentina and Turkey are two important 'emerging market countries' that experienced a major economic crisis during the same year.  Focusing on the period leading up to the respective 2001 crises in the two countries, this article attempts to place the two experiments in historical perspective and provide an understanding of the common elements as well as the diversity of the neoliberal restructuring process in semi-peripheral settings."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19703411&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Paper Chase.  Economist 378:40 March 18, 2006.
"Discusses border relations between Argentina and Uruguay.  The two countries are locked in their most serious dispute for half a century, at issue is the building of two large cellulose factories."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20212823&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Paper Dreams.  Economist 377:47 October 8, 2005.
"Looks at the ongoing conflict between Argentina and Uruguay regarding foreign investment."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18538153&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Parish Jr., Randall R.  Democrats, Dictators, and Cooperation:  The Transformation of Argentine-Chilean Relations.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:143-174 Spring 2006.
"Explores how Argentina and Chile put aside a century-long rivalry to form a dynamic regional partnership in the years after 1984.  Their experience suggests that interstate behavior is more complex than many theories admit."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19953570&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Resende-Santos, Joao.  The Origins of Security Cooperation in the Southern Cone.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:89-126 Winter 2002.
 Explains the sources, timing and scope of the initial phase of security cooperation in the Southern Cone of South America.  Discusses the relevance of economic crisis to international cooperation and the historical background of the Brazil-Argentina and Chile-Argentina rivalries.
 Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837796&site=ehost-live

Rivers, Brendan P.  David and Goliath.  Journal of Electronic Defense 29:37 January 2006.
The article relates the author's experience in taking part in the naval warfare against Argentina as part of the British Royal Air Force.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19780443&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Summit Fails; Vázquez Turns to Mercosur.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-15:7 April 11, 2006.
“A second attempt to hold the announced Vázquez-Kirchner summit on the dispute over Uruguay's two planned new cellulose plants failed again because of the inability to find enough common ground to build a solution.”--Abstract from publication.

Teichman, Judith.  The World Bank and Policy Reform in Mexico and Argentina.  Latin American Politics and Society 46:39-74 Spring 2004.
"Examines the World Bank's role in the market policy reform experiences of Mexico and Argentina.  Argues that while reform was driven by domestic elites, the bank played an important role, providing technical advice and financial support and helping to spread market reform ideas."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=12326560&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Williams, Mark Eric.  Escaping the Zero-Sum Scenario:  Democracy Versus Technocracy in Latin America.  Political Science Quarterly 121:119-139 Spring 2006.
"Analyzes the tensions between technocratic market reform projects and fundamental democratic principles in Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20499415&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Bolivia


Internet Resources

Agreda, Jose.  An Alternative Strategy in Fighting Cocaine Trafficking in Bolivia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, College of Strategic Studies, Army War College, April 4, 2000.  44 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA378427
"A study of the coca culture and its relationship to the problem of cocaine production.  Addresses the use of the coca leaf since the ancient culture of the Inca Empire.  Provides a thorough discussion of the origin of cocaine.  Analyzes the current trafficking problem and how the Bolivian government met with success in its eradication efforts by implementing Plan Dignidad. Also discusses alternative strategies."

Bolivia.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bl.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Country Analysis Briefs:  Bolivia.  Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, October 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Bolivia/Background.html
"With one of the largest natural gas reserves in South America, Bolivia has the potential to become a natural gas hub in the Southern Cone."

Languages of Bolivia
Available online at:  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=Bolivia
The Ethnologue database has been an active research project for more than fifty years.  A comprehensive listing of information about the currently known languages of the world.  Compiles information about the locations of the world's living languages and has created a set of maps which include most of the countries of the world.

Willey, Paul F.  The Art of Riverine Warfare from an Asymmetrical Approach.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004.  79 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422488
"Examines U.S. riverine warfare from an unconventional perspective in three Latin American countries to include:  Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru.  U.S. forces in particular NSW (Naval Special Warfare) was instrumental in helping these countries establish riverine units and an active presence on their rivers.  These three different programs all have the same mission, to deny the uncontested use of the rivers and inland waterways by narco traffickers and insurgent forces for the use of illegal activities."

Books

The Andes in Focus:  Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform, edited by Russell Crandall, Guadalupe Paz and Riordan Roett.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  237 p.
"Addresses the question, "How can a region roiled by political strife, civil war, illicit drug trafficking, and dismal economic performance achieve political stability and support economic growth?  Offers detailed analyses of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, as well as examinations of U.S. policies with regard to the Andes."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  980.04 A552

Bradshaw, Arthur L.  Strengthening the Bonds of Environmental Cooperation Between Security Forces in the Southern Cone of the Americas.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  193 p.
"The first Environmental Security conference for the Southern Command's South American area of responsibility.  Examined critical environmental issues of common interest, bringing together senior military and civilian leaders from the Southern Cone states, international academics, the private sector, governmental and military subject matter experts and the United Nations."
Book call no.:  333.72 S915

The Eisenhower Administration, the Third World, and the Globalization of the Cold War, edited by Kathryn C. Statler and Andrew L. Johns.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield, 304 p.
Chapter 9, pages 197-221 - "Persistent Condor and Predatory Eagle:  The Bolivian Revolution and the United States, 1952-1964.
Book call no.:  327.730172 E36

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) and their failure to succeed in two others (Argentina, Peru)."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Youngers, Coletta and Rosin, Eileen.  Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy.  Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2005.  414 p.
“A comprehensive review of US drug-control policies toward Latin America and the Caribbean, assesses the impact of those policies on democracy and human rights, and presents detailed country and regional case studies.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941

Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Bolivia:  Political and Economic Developments and Implications for U.S. Policy, by Connie Veillette.  Washington, CRS, June 22, 2005.  14 p.
"Most recent update to this report, January 26, 2007, available at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32580.pdf.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32580

Schmidt, Richard J.  Indigenous Competition for Control in Bolivia.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  85 p.
"Argues that the ascendancy of Bolivia's groups can be best understood though the application of organization and social movement theories, and it uses the political economy framework as a backdrop.  Data are drawn from scholarly analyses, official documents and historical texts."--Abstract taken from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435600
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S3532i

Periodicals

Arze, Carlos and Kruse, Tom.  The Consequences of Neoliberal Reform.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:23-28 November-December 2004.
Reviews the current indigenous-led rebellions and economic conditions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15160546&site=ehost-live

Assies, Willem.  David Versus Goliath in Cochabamba:  Water Rights, Neoliberalism, and the Revival of Social Protest in Bolivia.  Latin American Perspectives 30:14-36 May 2003.

Ballve, Teo.  Bolivia de Pie!  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:40-44 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on social movements in Bolivia.  Reviews the efforts of the movements to protect the country after Bolivian President Carlos Mesa resigned in June 2005 and the ability of the movement to gain an extra-governmental veto over the government policy."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140933&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ballve, Teo.  Bolivia's Separatist Movement.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:16-17 March-April 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=803084751&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Barr, Robert R.  Bolivia:  Another Uncompleted Revolution.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:69-90 Fall 2005.
"The second Bolivian "revolution" involved not only the shift from state-led economic development to neoliberalism but also a shift from corporatism to pluralism.  Representative institutions have not fully responded to the new pluralistic landscape, despite a range of political reforms.  Many Bolivians find that their voice in government has weakened even as their needs have grown.  The Bolivian case thereby highlights the obstacles young democracies face in winning over decreasingly tolerant citizens."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=882358881&sid=4&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Cusicanqui, Silvia Rivera.  The Roots of Rebellion:  Reclaiming the Nation.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:19-22 November-December 2004.
Reviews the current indigenous-led rebellions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15160545&site=ehost-live

Dunkerley, James.  Evo Morales, the 'Two Bolivias' and the Third Bolivian Revolution.  Journal of Latin American Studies 39:133 February 2007.
"This essay considers the first months of the MAS government headed by Evo Morales in the light of the virtually constant political crisis in Bolivia since 2000."--Abstract from publication.

Farthing, Linda and Ledebur, Kathryn.  The Beat Goes On:  The U.S. War on Coca.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:34-39 November-December 2004.
Reviews the U.S. anti-drug program in Bolivia.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15160548&site=ehost-live

Hylton, Forrest and Thomson, Sinclair.  The Roots of Rebellion:  Insurgent Bolivia.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:15-19 November-December 2004.
Reviews the current indigenous-led rebellions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15160544&site=ehost-live

Kaplan, Seth.  Making Democracy Work in Bolivia.  Orbis 50:501-517 June 2006.
"Within Latin America, the fault lines between competing visions of the state, the economy, and national identity are particularly stark in Bolivia, which is divided along ethnic, geographical, and socioeconomic lines.  The country's new president, Evo Morales, has the mandate that would permit him and his government to transform Bolivia in a way that would set a powerful example for countries throughout the region."--Abstract from author.

Morales Adds Surprise Element to His U.S. Policy.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-05:3 January 31, 2006.
“Evo Morales is pursuing an interesting policy towards the US, which not only includes seeking its cooperation in the fight against drug trafficking (at the same time as he seeks to decriminalise the coca leaf) but also the negotiation of a free-trade agreement.”--Abstract from publication.

Postscript:  Spotlight on Cuba's Presence in Bolivia.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-23:16 June 13, 2006.
“A recent spat between the Bolivian medical profession and the government has highlighted the extent of the Cuban presence in Bolivia in both the medical and educational arenas.”--Abstract from publication.

Smith, Chris.  Bolivia Teeters under Populism.  Jane's Intelligence Review 16:32-35 November 2004.
Reviews the current political situation since the forced resignation of the former president and the increasing political influence of the indigenous population.

Zibechi, Raul.  New Challenges for Radical Social Movements.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:14-20 March-April 2005.
Reviews the rise of center-left and populist governments, their actions and current challenges.  Refers specifically to the situation in Bolivia and Ecuador.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16261229&site=ehost-live


Brazil


Internet Resources

Aujero, Jeremy J.  Democratically Elected Socialist Presidents and Free-Market Reforms:  A Political Economy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004.  77 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422166
"The United States is vitally interested in the democratic and economic success of developing countries, as stated in the United States national security strategy.  This thesis uses economic institutionalism to examine the occasions on which left-of-center presidents successfully implemented neoliberal economic reforms.  Case studies of Chile under President Patricio Aylwin and Brazil under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso are used as evidence."

Brazil.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Country Analysis Briefs:  Brazil.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, August 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Brazil/pdf.pdf
"Brazil is the largest country in South America and has experienced rapidly expanding oil, natural gas, and electricity markets in recent years."

Cronin, Jason W.  Soft Power and Its Impact on U.S. Influence in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2004.  97 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429720
"Focuses on the United States' ability to use its cultural influence (soft power) to positively effect U.S. relations with Brazil and Venezuela.  By analyzing past and present effects of U.S. cultural influence in these two countries, the U.S. can better understand and appreciate the influence it wields as the world's only remaining super power."--Abstract from Web site.

Grassley Will Lead Codel to Brazil and Argentina.  CongressDaily AM March 17, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20214927&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports that U.S. Senate Finance Chairman Charles Grassley will lead a delegation of eight House and Senate lawmakers to Brazil and Argentina next week for talks on agriculture and trade issues."

LatinFocus Consensus Forecast:  Brazil
Available online at:  http://www.latin-focus.com/latinfocus/countries/brazil/brazil.htm
"Business research information on Latin American economies.  A source for timely and accurate information about Latin American markets.  Enables users to find the latest available data from government sources, economic forecasts, market analysis covering economic performance, political risk assessments and financial market developments."

Penteado, Carlos J.  Brazilian Participation in World War II.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, December 15, 2006.  94 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA460854
"Examines Brazil's participation World War II and what this participation brought to the South American country."

Smith, Hugh.  Terrorism in the Iguazu Falls Region:  $100 Bills, a DIME at a Time.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, May 26, 2005.  57 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436461
"Iguazu Falls is located in the Tri Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.  The area is a lawless zone that is home to Islamic terrorists of Syrian and Lebanese descent and their sympathizers. The diplomatic, informational, military, economic, intelligence and law enforcement (DIME) Plus Model provides a useful framework to analyze the issues in the TBA.  This paper explains how certain conditions have created an environment in which terrorist groups operate in the region, and how their activities pose a threat to hemispheric security.”

South American Leaders Sign Accord on $10 Billion Pipeline.  Underground Construction 61:7 Oildom Publishing Company of Texas, Inc., March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=20289432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports on the proposed construction of a pipeline to transport gas from Venezuela to Argentina via Brazil and Uruguay."

Books

Arceneaux, Craig L.  Bounded Missions:  Military Regimes and Democratization in the Southern Cone and Brazil.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.  262 p.
"Examines variables internal to the military such as its unity or ability to coordinate strategy.  Using a "historical institutionalist" approach, compares five different transitions in Brazil, and three countries of the Southern Cone - Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.  Shows what similarities and differences existed and how the differences may be attributed to variations in the internal institutional structure and operation of the military."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  322.509809045 A668b

Bradshaw, Arthur L.  Strengthening the Bonds of Environmental Cooperation Between Security Forces in the Southern Cone of the Americas.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  193 p.
"The first Environmental Security conference for the Southern Command's South American area of responsibility.  Examined critical environmental issues of common interest, bringing together senior military and civilian leaders from the Southern Cone states, international academics, the private sector, governmental and military subject matter experts and the United Nations."
Book call no.:  333.72 S915

Branco, Sandra and Williams, Rob.  A Quick Guide to Customs and Etiquette:  Brazil.  Portland, OR, Graphic Arts Books, 2005.  168 p.
Book call no.:  981 B816b

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique and Winter, Brian.  The Accidental President of Brazil:  A Memoir.  1st ed.  New York, PublicAffairs, 2006.  291 p.
"Brazil is a land of cultural sophistication and brutal poverty, at once the next global superpower and the last vestige of the plantation economy.  It can be gloriously ungovernable, but it is also irrepressibly attractive, and is home to the family, friends, and life of Fernando Henrique Cardoso.  This is the story of Cardoso's Brazil, and Fernando Henrique's love song to his homeland."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  984.064092 C268a

Hirst, Monica and Hurrell, Andrew.  The United States and Brazil:  A Long Road of Unmet Expectations.  New York, Routledge, 2005.  127 p.
"Focuses on the transformation of relations with the United States."
Book call no.:  327.73081 H669u

Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.  A Global Overview of Narcotics-Funded Terrorist and Other Extremist Groups, by LaVerle Bennette Berry and others.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2002.  148 p.
"An assessment of the nexus between selected anti-U.S. terrorist and extremist groups in the world and organized crime, specifically drug trafficking, and how this relationship might be vulnerable to countermeasures.  Examines the connections between extremist groups and narcotics trafficking in several countries including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru.”
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439621
Book call no.:  363.325 G562

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Terrorist and Organized Crime Groups in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of South America:  A Report, by Rex A. Hudson.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2003.  90 p.
"Assesses the activities of organized crime groups, terrorist groups, and narcotics traffickers in general in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, focusing mainly on the period since 1999."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439846 and http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS49424
Book call no.:  363.325098 H886t

The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America, edited by Francois Bourguignon and others.  Washington, World Bank, Oxford University Press, 2004.  416 p.
 "The authors propose a decomposition of differences in entire distributions of household incomes, which sheds new light on the powerful, and often conflicting, forces that underpin the changes in poverty and inequality that accompany the process of economic development."--Abstract from book jacket.  Includes chapters on Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico.
 Book call no.:  339.22 M626

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.  OECD Economic Surveys:  Brazil.  Paris, OECD, November 2006.  152 p.
"Statistics and research on economic issues."
Book call no.:  330.981 O68o

Pinheiro, Alvaro de Souza.  Narcoterrorism in Latin America:  A Brazilian Perspective.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2006.  79 p.
"The situation in Colombia is addressed, and this is followed by a discussion of issues in the Tri-Border Area, where Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay meet.  A detailed description of Brazil's actions to face up to the challenge of narcoterrorism is provided.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  https://jsou.socom.mil/gateway/content/researchPapers/paper374.pdf
Book call no.:  363.450981 P654n

Smith, Joseph and Vinhosa, Francisco.  A History of Brazil, 1500-2000:  Politics, Economy, Society, Diplomacy.  New York, Longman, 2002.  287 p.
Book call no.:  981 S653h

Documents

Bassoli, Douglas.  Developing a Partnership with Brazil:  An Emerging Power.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 2004.  42 p.
Analyzes relations between Brazil and the United States from a Brazilian perspective.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424216
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B322d

Bianchi, Luiz Alberto Pereira.  Barrier Patrol and Air Defense System:  Developing and Integrating Flight Profiles.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  67 p.
Describes use of AWACS to control and defend Brazilian national skies.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B577b

Connors, Michael E.  Tudo Pela Patria:  The Brazilian Navy's Drive to Blue Water.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  65 p.
"Explores Brazil's recent naval expansion:  1. Brazil is seeking possession of a blue water naval force as a likely means to achieve greater power and prestige among other powerful states.  2. Brazil wants a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council, and is expanding its fleet to increase its chances of being chosen.  3. Domestic politics have a great effect on Brazil's current drive to blue water.  Creation of the civilian-led defense ministry, the expensive SIVAM surveillance system, and general public sentiment all work to favor naval expansion."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435681
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C7525t

Gungor, Ugar.  Impacts of Prolonged Peace on Brazilian Politics.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  63 p.
"Iguazu Falls located in the Tri Border Area is populated with between 12,000 to 40,000 Arabs and their descendants, as well as 30,000 Asians.  The area is a lawless zone that is home to Islamic terrorists of Syrian and Lebanese descent and their sympathizers.  The porous borders of the region enable terrorist operatives of Hezbollah, Hamas, al-Qaeda and their splinter groups to pass through, easily conducting criminal activities to support worldwide terrorism."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443041
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 G9753i

Pereira, Joarez Alves.  Violence in Brazil and Its Connection with Transnational Crime.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  47 p.
"Discusses the issue of violence in Brazil and its international linkage, showing the dangerous perspectives for the future of the country if appropriate action is not taken."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414301
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 P4362v

Wishart, Eric.  Intelligence Networks and the Tri Border Area of South America:  The Dilemma of Efficiency Versus Oversight.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  95 p.
"Examines the intelligence communities of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay to determine how to better coordinate and share information between themselves and the United States to combat the emerging threat of terrorism within the border region shared by the three Latin American countries.  Argues that the primary intelligence effort should be economic and HUMINT (human intelligence) due to the currently low threat levels, and that the threat should be handled by civilian agencies."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA411244
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 W8141i

Periodicals

Ahnen, Ronald E.  The Politics of Police Violence in Democratic Brazil.  Latin American Politics and Society 49:141-164 Spring 2007.
"Examines police killings in 19 Brazilian states from 1994 to 2001 and finds that democracy has not substantially reduced these types of human rights violations."--Abstract from publication.

Amann, Edmund.  A New Era for Brazil's Economy?  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 15:14-17 Summer 2005.
The Lula administration tackles the challenge of structural change.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17806012&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Amann, Edmund and Baer, Werner.  Neoliberalism an Its Consequences in Brazil.  Journal of Latin American Studies 34:945-959 November 2002.
Examines poverty and income distribution in the decade of the 1990s.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=281589601&sid=5&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Arias, Enrique Desmond.  Faith in Our Neighbors:  Networks and Social Order in Three Brazilian Fevelas.  Latin American Politics and Society 46:1-39 Spring 2004.
Human rights abuses against shantytowns in Rio de Janeiro.

Banford, Sue.  New Chance, New Challenge for Brazil's Landless Movement.  NACLA Report on the Americas 36:32-36 March-April 2003.
“Deals with the agrarian reform policy of the administration of Brazilian President Luis Lula da Silva. Purpose of the agrarian reform program; Plans for social reform; Reaction of the Landless Rural Worker's Movement to the initiative.”--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9477777&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Brazilian Northeast:  Globalization, Labor, and Poverty.  Latin American Perspectives 31:entire issue March 2004.
Offers eight lengthy articles.

Cason, Jeffrey.  Hopes Dashed? Lula's Brazil.  Current History 105:74-78 February 2006.
A corruption scandal and poor economy have put Lula's reelection hopes in doubt.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=986385931&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dawkins, Tanya.  Learning with Brazil and Lula.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 15:26-29 Summer 2005.
Discusses the politics and geopolitics of social and economic justice.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17806015&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Flynn, Peter.  Brazil and Lula, 2005:  Crisis, Corruption and Change in Political Perspective.  Third World Quarterly 26:1221-1267 November 2005.

Hunter, Wendy and Power, Timothy J.  Rewarding Lula:  Executive Power, Social Policy and the Brazilian Elections of 2006.  Latin American Politics and Society 49:1-30 Spring 2007.
"Analyzes Luiz Inacio da Silva's resounding reelection victory in the wake of corruption scandals implicating his party and government.  Voters with lower levels of economic security and schooling played a critical role in returning Lula to the presidency.  Least prone to punish the president for corruption, poorer Brazilians were also the most readily persuaded by the provision of material benefits."--Abstract from publication.

Jacobs, Jamie Elizabeth.  Community Participation, the Environment, and Democracy:  Brazil in Comparative Perspective.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:59-88 Winter 2002.
“Compares Brazil with other Latin American and European countries in surveys of environmental awareness, concerns and reported behavior.  Democratic ideology as an instrument of politicization and transformation for activists; Growth of environment as a political issue in Brazil; Community participation and environmental politics.”--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837793&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Police Behind Rio's Worst-Ever Massacre.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-13:7 April 5, 2005.
“If ever the federal government needed hard evidence that criminal violence in Rio has spiralled out of control, it found it in abundance in a massacre that claimed 30 lives.  The problem is that this was not another chapter in the running turf war between drug gangs, but, by most accounts, a twisted 'reprisal' raid by members of the police.”--Abstract from Web site.

Power, Timothy J.  Brazilian Democracy at Twenty.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 15:10-13 Summer 2005.
"Reviews some of the enduring challenges to Brazilian democracy and highlights some good news."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17806011&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Resende-Santos, Joao.  The Origins of Security Cooperation in the Southern Cone.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:89-126 Winter 2002.
 Explains the sources, timing and scope of the initial phase of security cooperation in the Southern Cone of South America.  Discusses the relevance of economic crisis to international cooperation and the historical background of the Brazil-Argentina and Chile-Argentina rivalries.
 Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837796&site=ehost-live

Rezende, Pedro Paulo.  Brazil Retires Last of Its Mirage III Fighter Aircraft.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:7 January 4, 2006.
"Reports that the Brazilian Air Force has retired the last of its Mirage IIIE/D aircraft.  Mirage 2000C aircraft serves as a replacement for Mirage IIIE/D.  It will serve as a stop-gap until the air force's acquisition of a new combat aircraft."

Rio de Janeiro:  Drug Gangs as a Political Threat to the State.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-08:1-2 February 22, 2005.

Rubin, Jeffrey W.  Can Democracy Challenge Empire in Lula's Brazil?  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:32-36 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on the effects of the slow reforms of Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva on the democracy of the country."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140915&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Schonleitner, Gunther.  Between Liberal and Participatory Democracy:  Tensions and Dilemmas of Leftist Politics in Brazil.  Journal of Latin American Studies 38:35-63 February 2006.
"Questions the underlying assumptions that civil society is inherently a pro-democratic force and that participatory arrangements enjoy sufficient autonomy from local power dynamics to democratise state action."

Spanakos, Anthony P. and Renno, Lucio R.  Elections and Economic Turbulence in Brazil:  Candidates, Voters, and Investors.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:1-26 Winter 2006.
"The relation between elections and the economy in Latin America might be understood by considering the agency of candidates and the issue of policy preference congruence between investors and voters."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23437675&site=ehost-live

Taylor, Matthew M. and Buranelli, Vinicius C.  Ending Up in Pizza:  Accountability as a Problem of Institutional Arrangement in Brazil.  Latin American Politics and Society 49:59-87 Spring 2007.
"Investigates the role of four Brazilian public institutions charged with keeping public servants accountable. For analysis, it breaks the accountability process into its three component stages, oversight, investigation, and sanction."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24402789&site=ehost-live

Vanden, Harry E.  Brazil's Landless Hold Their Ground.  NACLA Report on the Americas. 38:21-26 March-April 2005.
Discusses the current situation with the Landless Rural Workers' Movement (MST - Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra).
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16261239&site=ehost-live

Winand, Érica Cristina Alexandre and Saint-Pierre, Héctor Luis.  Dangerous Ambiguity.  Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas 16:34-35 Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20195672&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Chile


Internet Resources

Aujero, Jeremy J.  Democratically Elected Socialist Presidents and Free-Market Reforms:  A Political Economy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004.  77 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422166
"The United States is vitally interested in the democratic and economic success of developing countries, as stated in the United States national security strategy.  This thesis uses economic institutionalism to examine the occasions on which left-of-center presidents successfully implemented neoliberal economic reforms.  Case studies of Chile under President Patricio Aylwin and Brazil under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso are used as evidence."

Chile.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Country Analysis Briefs:  Chile.  Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, September 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Chile/pdf.pdf
"Chile has limited domestic energy resources and relies on imports to meet its rapidly growing energy demand."

Hendricks, Roberts H.  Chile Informed Question Paper - Military.  Washington, National War College, 2003.  12 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA441594
"Chile's Armed Forces are an effective and professional organization.  Approximately 87,000 men and women serve in the Army, Air Force, Navy (including Marine and Coast Guard) as well as the paramilitary police force the Caribonari and Investigative Police.  The role of the armed forces, as defined in the constitution, is to protect the country and guarantee institutional order."--Abstract from Web site.

Mercado, Roberto F.  Strategic Challenges in the Regional Environment Facing Chile.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 19, 2004.  39 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424052
"Defines how emergent threats are affecting Chile and identifies those most likely to undermine the national interest of the country."

Toledo, Claudio.  Chile:  Its Conventional Threats.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 18, 2005.  31 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431942
"Identifies the factors of friction that subsist between Chile and its neighbors of the Southern Cone of South America.  These factors form the traditional and untraditional threats that can lead to crisis and motivate the use of military force.  Develops a set of strategic recommendations for improving sub-regional security and cooperation, all within the framework of Chilean national interest."

Books

After Pinochet:  The Chilean Road to Democracy and the Market, edited by Silvia Borzutzky and Lois Hecht Oppenheim.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2006.  186 p.
"Essays by several experts on modern Chile. Covers the post-Pinochet period, 1990-2004."
Book call no.:  320.983 A258

Arceneaux, Craig L.  Bounded Missions:  Military Regimes and Democratization in the Southern Cone and Brazil.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.  262 p.
"Examines variables internal to the military such as its unity or ability to coordinate strategy. Using a "historical institutionalist" approach, compares five different transitions in Brazil, and three countries of the Southern Cone - Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.  Shows what similarities and differences existed and how the differences may be attributed to variations in the internal institutional structure and operation of the military."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  322.509809045 A668b

Bradshaw, Arthur L.  Strengthening the Bonds of Environmental Cooperation Between Security Forces in the Southern Cone of the Americas.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  193 p.
"The first Environmental Security conference for the Southern Command's South American area of responsibility. Examined critical environmental issues of common interest, bringing together senior military and civilian leaders from the Southern Cone states, international academics, the private sector, governmental and military subject matter experts and the United Nations."
Book call no.:  333.72 S915

Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective:  Africa, Asia, and Latin America, edited by Philip Oxhorn and others.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2004.  351 p.
Offers two essays on Mexico and two essays on Chile as well as several more general essays on decentralization.
Book call no.:  320.8 D292

Dinges, John.  The Condor Years:  How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents.  New York, New Press, 2004.  322 p.
"An underground history of the international Dirty Wars by U.S. allies in South America.  For much of a decade, six allied governments engaged in secret warfare intended to wipe out their enemies, kidnapping and murdering up to 30,000 people.  At the initiative of Chilean president General Augusto Pinochet, and with encouragement from the CIA, they set up a multinational terrorist organization, Operation Condor, to pursue those who escaped to other Latin American countries, Europe, and the United States."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.1283 D584c

Haslam, Jonathan.  The Nixon Administration and the Death of Allende's Chile:  A Case of Assisted Suicide.  New York , Verso, 2005.  255 p.
“Discusses attempts by the U.S. to block the formation of the Unidad Popular government, and how it then attempted to bring down the régime by massive subsidies to nationwide strikes.”
Book call no.:  983.064 H352n

Mares, David R. and Rojas Aravena, Francisco.  The United States and Chile:  Coming in from the Cold.  New York, Routledge, 2001.  145 p.
"Explores the history of a tumultuous relationship from early partners, through tense Cold War stand-offs, to the slowly warming relations of the present.  The relationship between the United States and Chile has many unique characteristics in the U.S.-Latin American context, and this volume provides a thorough look back and an informed vision of the future."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.73083 M325u

Rauch, George V.  Conflict in the Southern Cone:  The Argentine Military and the Boundary Dispute with Chile, 1870-1902.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1999.  229 p.
Examines the history of a 19th-century boundary dispute between Chile and Argentina.
Book call no.:  303.48 R241c

Roht-Arriaza, Naomi.  The Pinochet Effect:  Transnational Justice in the Age of Human Rights.  Philadelphia, PA, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.  256 p.
"Examines the implications of litigation against members of the Chilean and Argentine military governments and traces their effects through similar cases in Latin America and Europe."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  345.04 R739p

Documents

Flammia, Roberto R.  Copper Soldiers:  Forging New Roles for the Chilean Military.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  69 p.
"Argues that the Chilean government maintained defense budgets in order to further the "normalization" of civil-military relations."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439294
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 F581c

Larrian, Sergio.  The Chilean Army, Its History, Organization, Regional Environment and Challenges over the Next 25 Years.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  29 p.
"Information about the Chilean Army, its history, organization, regional environment and challenges over the next 25 years."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404545
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 L333c

Quinteros, Mario A.  Chilean Armed Forces and Their Capacity in the Context of the International Crises.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  17 p.
"Chile has addressed the issue of security strategy by establishing a National Defense Policy that constitutes the main guideline and direction of the defense element of power in this area, where the military is one of the forming parts of this concept.  For this reason it is necessary to determine the current capacity of the Chilean Armed Forces to act in an international crisis in a regional environment, as in the unfolding of a force in the context of peace operations."--Abstract taken from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448997
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 Q71c

Williams, Jeremy E.  Corporatist Transitions in the Economic Reforms of Chile and Argentina.  Phoenix, AZ, Arizona State University, 2002.  66 p.
"Leaders in Chile and Argentina introduced economic reform in 1974 and 1989 respectively, and until now Chile has been very successful, while Argentina has for the most part failed. What accounts for the difference in outcomes?  This study examines both cases in depth, using the comparative method and process tracing to determine what role corporatism plays in their respective reforms."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA410746
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-968

Periodicals

Blofield, Merike H. and Haas, Liest.  Defining a Democracy:  Reforming the Laws on Women's Rights in Chile, 1990-2002.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:35-68 Fall 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17799651&site=ehost-live

Carey, John M. and Stavelis, Peter M.  Insurance for Good Losers and the Survival of Chile's Concertacion.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:1-22 Summer 2005.
"Describes a unique electoral law by which all legislative seats are contested in two-member districts, its effects, and recent changes in the electoral environment."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=834474631&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Donoso, Manuel Cabieses.  Voices from the Chilean Left:  II. The Long March to United the People.  NACLA Report on the Americas 37:17-18 July-August 2003.
"Discusses Salvador Allende's long fight for the unity of the left and the commemoration of the military coup that delivered Chile to the dictatorship of an arrogant oligarchy."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10402829&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kornbluh, Peter.  Opening up the Files:  Chile Declassified.  NACLA Report on the Americas 37:25-31 July-August 2003.
Chile Declassification Project - United States involvement in the1973 overthrow of the democratically elected president, Salvadore Allende.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10402900&site=ehost-live

Molina Bustos, Carlos A.  Voices from the Chilean Left:  I. Toward the Recovery of Popular Sovereignty.  NACLA Report on the Americas 37:14-17 July-August 2003.
"Discusses the 30th anniversary of the military coup in Chile towards the recovery of popular sovereignty."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10402817&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

New F-16s 'Won't Upset Regional Balance'.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-06:11 February 7, 2006.
"Chile accepts delivery of the first two of 28 F-16 fighter-bombers."

The Next Chile.  Economist 382:39 February 3, 2007.
"Compares the democracies of Uruguay and Chile. Chile has forged ahead with privatization, free markets and open trade, while Uruguay has stuck cautiously to egalitarian and slow-moving democracy."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23893226&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Palacios, Margarita and Martinez, Javier.  Liberalism and Conservatism in Chile:  Attitudes and Opinions of Chilean Women at the Start of the Twenty-First Century.  Journal of Latin American Studies 38:1-34 February 2006.
"Based on a national survey of women and the creation of a 'conservatism-liberalism index', this study shows that conservatism in Chile has deep religious roots and continues to be the most significant symbolic reference point in women's lives."

Pion-Berlin, David.  The Pinochet Case and Human Rights Progress in Chile:  Was Europe a Catalyst, Cause or Inconsequential?  Journal of Latin American Studies 36:479-505 August 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=719570251&sid=7&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Resende-Santos, Joao.  The Origins of Security Cooperation in the Southern Cone.  Latin American Politics and Society 44:89-126 Winter 2002.
 Explains the sources, timing and scope of the initial phase of security cooperation in the Southern Cone of South America.  Discusses the relevance of economic crisis to international cooperation and the historical background of the Brazil-Argentina and Chile-Argentina rivalries.
 Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8837796&site=ehost-live

Siavelis, Peter M.  How New Is Bachelet's Chile?  Current History 106:70-76 February 2007.
"The new president heads an aging coalition, will she usher in a new kind of politics?"

Trouble on the Border?  Latin America Monitor 23:6 December 2006.
"Bolivia's controversial plan to build military bases along the country's borders - with the financial assistance of Venezuela - has heightened tensions in the region."

Two 'Storms in a Teacup' Reveal Fragility of Relations Between Peru and Chile.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-18:1-2 May 10, 2005.
“The use of an outdated documentary video by an airline company and a mischievous statement by a fugitive Ecuadorean general have generated riotous street protests in Peru and led that country's government to suspend all 'confidence-building' and bilateral coordination activities with Chile.”--Abstract from publication.


Colombia


Internet Resources

Burton, Robert C.  A Comparison of United States, Colombian and Peruvian Domestic Law on Terrorism:  Are We Becoming More Like Our Neighbors to the South?  Washington, George Washington University, National Law Center, August 18, 2005.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA438585
"Peruvian and Colombian terrorist groups are related in their political motivations and means of operation.  They are not true "criminal organizations," but rather political organizations that use crime to further their purposes.  There is a subtle similarity amongst the legal responses to terrorism in the United States and in Peru and Colombia."

Colombia.  Background Note March 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35754.htm
U.S. Department of State information on the people, history, government, political conditions, defense and foreign relations of Colombia.

Colombia.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html
Information on the geography, people, government, communications, military and transnational issues of Colombia. Published by the CIA.

Country Analysis Briefs:  Colombia.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, June 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Colombia/pdf.pdf
"Colombia is an important petroleum and coal producer, although political unrest and stagnant reserves have led to decreased exports in recent years.  Colombia aims to boost hydrocarbon exploration to preserve its status as a net oil exporter in the longer term."

Frechette, Myles R. R.  Colombia and the United States - The Partnership:  But What Is the Endgame?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, February 2007.  46 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB762.pdf
"In the mid-1990s, members of the U.S. administration and Congress called Colombia a “failed state.”  In the late 1990s, as counternarcotics cooperation increased, Colombia was called Latin America’s “oldest democracy.”  Today, Colombia is a U.S. ally, and the United States is strengthening democracy there as part of a worldwide strategy.  But after 30 years, there is no endgame.  This monograph discusses how to give assistance realistically, with accountability, and better prospects for success."

Hristov, Jasmin.  Freedom and Democracy or Hunger and Terror:  Neoliberalism and Militarization in Latin America.  Social Justice 32:89 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=926638821&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Traces the weakening position of Latin American countries in the global hierarchy of power as a result of neoliberal policies.  Case studies expose the increased militarization, state-sanctioned violence, and repression that have accompanied the consolidation of neoliberalism in Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico."

Koffler, Keith.  U.S., Colombia Announce Completion of Free Trade Deal.  CongressDaily February 27, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19898541&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"The United States and Colombia announced that they have concluded a free trade agreement, a deal that eliminates tariffs and removes barriers to trade in services while providing for effective enforcement of labor and environmental laws."--Abstract from Web site.

Marcella, Gabriel.  The United States and Columbia:  The Journey from Ambiguity to Strategic Clarity.  U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, May 1, 2003.
Available online at:  https://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB10.pdf
"Identifies the strategic challenge of Colombia within the framework of the weak state and ungoverned space, made more complicated by the violence and corruption generated by the international organized criminals sustained by illegal drugs.  Argues that the lessons learned in dealing with the security challenges that Colombia faces will have powerful consequences for the adaptation of American strategy to the conflict paradigm of the 21st century."

Reich, Otto J.  U.S. Assistance to Colombia and the Andean Region.  April 11, 2002.  5 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/wha/rls/rm/9264.htm
Otto J. Reich, Assistant Secretary of Western Hemisphere Affairs, testimony before the House International Relations Committee, Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere.

Willey, Paul F.  The Art of Riverine Warfare from an Asymmetrical Approach.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004.  79 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422488
"Examines U.S. riverine warfare from an unconventional perspective in three Latin American countries, Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru.  U.S. forces in particular NSW (Naval Special Warfare) was instrumental in helping these countries establish riverine units and an active presence on their rivers.  These three different programs all have the same mission, to deny the uncontested use of the rivers and inland waterways by narco traffickers and insurgent forces for the use of illegal activities."

Books

The Andes in Focus:  Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform, edited by Russell Crandall and others.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  237 p.
"Addresses the question, "How can a region roiled by political strife, civil war, illicit drug trafficking, and dismal economic performance achieve political stability and support economic growth?  Offers detailed analyses of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, as well as examinations of U.S. policies with regard to the Andes."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  980.04 A552

Aviles, William.  Global Capitalism, Democracy, and Civil-Military Relations in Colombia.  Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 2006.  192 p.
"Examines democratization and civil-military relations in Colombia to explain how social and international forces led to the ostensibly contradictory outcome of democratic and economic reform coinciding with political repression."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  322.509861 A958g

Cragin, Kim.  Sharing the Dragon's Teeth:  Terrorist Groups and the Exchange of New Technologies.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2007.  114 p.
"Examines the technology competition between security organizations and terrorist organizations, a critical battleground in the war against terrorism.  Also examines interactions among terrorist groups with a view toward assessing the potential for the exchange of technologies and knowledge."--Abstract from publication. See chapter 5, Southwest Colombia.
Book call no.:  363.325 S531

Demarest, Geoffrey.  Mapping Colombia:  The Correlation Between Land Data and Strategy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  42 p.
“Looks at the issue of property rights and their bearing on the inability of Colombia to assert authority over its territory as well as to implement the social agenda of Plan Colombia.”
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS29168
Book call no.:  986.10635 D372m

Kirk, Robin.  More Terrible than Death:  Massacres, Drugs and America's War in Colombia.  New York, Public Affairs, 2003.  311 p.
"At first, the effects of America’s drug consumption on Colombia were mainly visible in the lavish lifestyles of a few kingpins, an increasingly corrupt political process, and the many lives cut short as a result of the violence linked to drug trafficking.  Now, illegal armies from the political left and right are prime beneficiaries, and they use drug cash to equip thousands of troops to fight over the spoils."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  363.4509861 K59m

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  A Global Overview of Narcotics-Funded Terrorist and Other Extremist Groups, by LaVerle Bennette Berry and others.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2002.  148 p.
"An assessment of the nexus between selected anti-U.S. terrorist and extremist groups in the world and organized crime, specifically drug trafficking, and how this relationship might be vulnerable to countermeasures.  Examines the connections between extremist groups and narcotics trafficking in several countries including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru.”
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439621
Book call no.:  363.325 G562

Livingstone, Grace.  Inside Colombia:  Drugs, Democracy and War.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 2004.  253 p.
“Introduction and quick reference guide to Colombia. Chapters devoted to history, human rights issues, the economy, drugs, Plan Colombia, and relations with the United States.”
Book call no.:  986.10635 L788i

Manwaring, Max G. and others.  Building Regional Security Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere:  Issues and Recommendations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  37 p.
"Issues and recommendations generated during a conference sponsored by the U.S. Army War College, U.S. Southern Command, and University of Miami North-South Center."
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00004.pdf
Book call no.:  355.03308 B932

Manwaring, Max G.  Nonstate Actors in Colombia:  Threat and Response.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  31 p.
Examines the threat of terrorism and outlines a response, with recommendations for the military.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/usassi/
Book call no.:  986.10635 M295m

Marks, Thomas A.  Colombian Army Adaptation to FARC Insurgency.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  44 p.
Supplements a series from the "Implementing Plan Colombia, Strategic and Operational Imperatives" conference which was cosponsored by the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center of the University of Miami and the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB18.pdf
Book call no.:  327.730861 M346c

Marks, Thomas A.  Sustainability of Colombian Military-Strategic Support for "Democratic Security".  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  37 p.
“Upon taking office President Alvaro Uribe Velez was faced with a difficult strategic situation that required a fresh approach.  This was forthcoming in a Democratic Security and Defence Policy which reoriented the state posture towards its principal security challenge an insurgency inextricably linked to the narcotics trade and other criminal activity.  Previously committed to negotiation, the government opted for counterinsurgency.”--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/PUB610.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 M346s

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".  Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America, edited by Francois Bourguignon and others.  Washington, World Bank, Oxford University Press, 2004.  416 p.
 "The authors propose a decomposition of differences in entire distributions of household incomes, which sheds new light on the powerful, and often conflicting, forces that underpin the changes in poverty and inequality that accompany the process of economic development."--Abstract from book jacket.  Includes chapters on Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico.
 Book call no.:  339.22 M626

Nagle, Luz Estella.  Plan Colombia:  Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  60 p.
Critical analysis of Plan Colombia during the administration of President Andrés Pastrana.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/00010.pdf
Book call no.:  986.10635 N149p

Stokes, Doug.  America's Other War:  Terrorizing Colombia.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.  147 p.
"Maintains that in Colombia the U.S. has long supported a pervasive campaign of state violence directed against both armed insurgents and a wide range of unarmed progressive social forces.  While the context may change from one decade to the next, the basic policies remain the same, maintain the pro-US Colombian state, protect US economic interests and preserve strategic access to oil."
Book call no.:  327.730861 S874a

Teicher, Dario E.  The Decisive Phase of Colombia's War on Narco-Terrorism.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Air University, 2005.  31 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/cpc-pubs/teicher.pdf and http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS66911
Book call no.:  363.4509861 T262d

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Government Reform.  The War Against Drugs and Thugs:  A Status Report on Plan Colombia Successes and Remaining Challenges.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, June 17, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  232 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS58351
Book call no.:  327.730861 U581w

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Challenges and Successes for U.S. Policy Toward Colombia:  Is Plan Columbia Working?  Washington, GPO, 2004.  92 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS50853
Book call no.:  327.730861 U58ca

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) and their failure to succeed in two others (Argentina, Peru)."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Youngers, Coletta and Rosin, Eileen.  Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy.  Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2005.  414 p.
“A comprehensive review of US drug-control policies toward Latin America and the Caribbean, assesses the impact of those policies on democracy and human rights, and presents detailed country and regional case studies.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941

Documents

Beckley, Paul A.  Maintaining the Violent Status Quo:  The Political Economy of the Colombian Insurgency.  Monterey, CA, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, 2002.  81 p.
Author contends the Colombian government's "lack of commitment to either peace or counterinsurgency" has lead to increased violence over the past forty years.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404644
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B397m

Buckley, Kevin W.  U.S. Support to Plan Colombia:  A Heading Check.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  21 p.
"Plan Colombia was a five year proposal designed to fight the illegal drug trade, strengthen democratic institutions, expand economic development, institute judicial reform, protect human rights and reinvigorate the peace process.  After three years and $2.5 billion interim results are now available.  This paper reexamines the strategy from two perspectives:  Do the interim results indicate progress toward the desired objectives?  Is the progress adequate to bring lasting peace and prosperity and if not what else should be done?"--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423362
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B924u

Campsey, Mark.  Balancing U.S. Strategy in Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.
"Reviews the application of U.S. ends, ways and means to assist Colombia in its efforts to reverse a historical trend of violence. U.S. diplomatic, economic and military efforts are examined and analysis made on the success of current U.S. strategy."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432743
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 C199b

Davis, Alexander D.  Should the U.S. Continue to Support Plan Colombia?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  22 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D2613s

Fernandez Leal, Javier.  Costs of the War in Colombia:  A Strategic Vision of the End of the Conflict.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  20 p.
"Examines the nature of the Colombian conflict, the causes, the actors, the costs to nation, and the strategy that the government of President Alvaro Uribe is pursuing to defeat the terrorists."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432728
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 F363c

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Colombia:  Issues for Congress by Connie Veillette.  Washington, CRS, January 19, 2005.  26 p.
"Recent debate on U.S. policy toward Colombia has taken place in a context of concern for the volume of drugs readily available in the United States and elsewhere in the world, and security concerns that have come into sharper focus after the attacks of September 11, 2001.  The United States has made a significant commitment of funds and material support to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999."
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32250.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.05-RL32250

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  U.S. Military Operations in the Global War on Terrorism:  Afghanistan, Africa, the Philippines, and Colombia, by Andrew Feickert.  Washington, CRS, 2005
See pages 16-19 and 21.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL32758.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32758

Longhurst, Ricky M. and Lopez, Jesus K.  The Forgotten Insurgency:  Is There Hope for Colombia?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  83 p.
"Analyzes President Uribe's efforts to end the insurgency and those of his predecessor Andres Pastrana. Also analyzes U.S. aid in the form of Plan Colombia which is largely tied to counternarcotics efforts."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443320
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 L854f

McLean, Jeffrey E.  U.S. Drug Control Policy's Second and Third Order Effects on Colombia:  Destabilizing Democracy and Fostering Narco-Terrorism.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  24 p.
"Reviews the origins and genesis of U.S. national drug control policy and the impact our National Drug Control Strategy has had on Colombian cocaine trafficking.  Examines the second and third order effects of U.S. drug control policy and the policy's potential to destabilize democracy and foster narco-terrorism in Colombia."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432291
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M163u

Perez, William F.  An Effective Strategy for Columbia:  A Potential into the Current Crisis.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 2004.  20 p.
Discusses the historical context and the current Colombian situation and explains the efforts that the government, the people, and the armed forces have undertaken to resolve the problem of violence.  The paper also examines the results of Plan Colombia as a partnership between the U.S. and Colombia and explores the military strategy applied by the Colombian Armed Forces.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424204
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 P4381e

Pina, Omar.  Plan Colombia:  How U.S. Military Assistance Affects Regional Balance of Power.  Monterey, CA, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.  87 p.
"Assesses the importance the balance of power has in the inter-state relationships in the Western Hemisphere.  Argues that Plan Colombia is creating an imbalance of military power between Colombia and Venezuela and this balance is important to their relations.  Explores three possible explanations for the relations between these two countries, democratic peace, balance of power, and spiral model."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424564
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P645p

Redfern, Mathew D.  The Flawed Strategy in Colombia.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2002.  30 p.
Suggests that the U.S. increase support for government counterinsurgency efforts to include the training of Colombian forces.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404375
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R315f

Saskiewicz, Paul E.  The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - People's Army (FARC-EP):  Marxist-Leninist Insurgency or Criminal Enterprise?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2005.  133 p.
"Argues that FARC-EP's involvement in the drug trade serves exclusively as a means to an end.  However many of the FARC-EP's newer recruits are poorly educated in the political goals of the insurgency.  This, combined with the weakening of the organization's leadership could result in the devolution of the FARC-EP into several criminal enterprises."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443390
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S252r

United States.  General Accounting Office.  Drug Control:  Efforts to Develop Alternatives to Cultivating Illicit Crops in Colombia Have Made Little Progress and Face Serious Obstacles.  Washington, GAO, 2002.  51 p.
"Will the alternative development program in Colombia achieve its objectives and contribute to reducing the production of illicit drugs there?  What lessons have been learned in providing alternative development assistance to Bolivia and Peru, especially any that may apply to Colombia?  What progress has USAID made with alternative development in Colombia?"
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA399261
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.02-291

Waddell, Jeffrey D.  United States Army Special Forces Support to "Plan Colombia".  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  24 p.
"Analyzes the United States policy towards Colombia, "Plan Colombia".  Focuses on the US military assistance required to best support Colombia's effort to gain control of their country and meet U.S. objectives of stopping illegal narcotics production and shipment as well as eliminate lawless areas that can breed terrorist organizations."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414500
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W116u

Weiler, Stephen P.  Colombia:  Gateway to Defeating Transnational Hell in the Western Hemisphere.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
"Plan Colombia has recently experienced success under the leadership of President Uribe.  In a post 9/11 world, Colombia must be assisted in permanently restoring its security, and must be prevented from becoming a failed state to ensure regional stability.  The United States should increase assistance to Colombia, including authorization for the judicious use of U.S. combat power."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424390
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 W422c

Periodicals

Alberto, Carlos and Ovalle, Ospina.  Insights from Colombia's "Prolonged War".  Joint Force Quarterly JFQ 42:57-61 Summer 2006.
"Since World War II, Colombia has been facing insurgents who have used all means, drug trafficking, extortion and kidnapping, to reach their goals.  The main causes of the country's insurgencies lie in its geographic, demographics and history." Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22302777&site=ehost-live.
Also available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/4218.pdf

Araujo Escapes FARC.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-02:5 January 11, 2007.
"Former minister Fernando Araujo, held captive by the FARC for six years, escaped during a rescue attempt on 31 December."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/secure/cd2cv2.pdf

Colombia.  Veritas 2, no. 4:entire issue 2006.
"This issue of Veritas is devoted to the nation of Colombia and the long-standing involvement of the United States.  Includes articles on Plan Colombia, Plan Patriota, the major command structure of U.S. forces and Colombia's main opposition groups, military forces and special operations forces."

Colombia's Top Auditor Calls for Cost-Benefit Analysis of Antidrugs Policy.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-43:1-2 November 1, 2005.
"Colombian comptroller-general, Antonio Hernández, is calling publicly for a cost-benefit assessment of the government's antidrugs policy - which he seems to believe will prove adverse."

Colombian Law Grants Demobilised Paramilitaries Short Confinement and Shield Against Extradition.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-25:1-2 June 28, 2005.
"Colombia's paramilitary leaders are now ensured fairly light sentences - if convicted - for crimes committed while up in arms, deemed 'political' offences, and are virtually guaranteed that they will not be extradited to the US on drug-trafficking charges. "

Colombians Promote World Congress of Arab Legislators.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-04:16 January 25, 2005.
“Colombia has applied to become an observer at the proposed Arab parliament and is promoting the idea of holding a congress of legislators of Arab descent from all over the world.”

FARC Steps Up Pressure on Uribe.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-44:3 November 7, 2006.
"The FARC is responding to President Alvaro Uribe's declaration of war, the most serious since Uribe's second term began in May."

FARC Talks in Crisis.  Latin America Monitor 23:4-5 December 2006.
"Following another high profile terrorist attack in Colombia, negotiations between the government and the FARC are once again at risk. As such, we are concerned that we could be in for another term of serious conflict between the FARC and the government."

Foust, Dean.  Coke Promises a Probe in Colombia.  Business Week 3970:11 February 6, 2006.
Reports that Coca-Cola is setting up a third-party assessment in Colombia to investigate the killing of eight bottling employees by right-wing paramilitaries.

Foust, Dean and Smith, Geri.  'Killer Coke' or Innocent Abroad?  Business Week 3968:46-48 January 23, 2006.
Looks at the allegations against Coca-Cola Co. for its mistreatment of union employees in it Colombian facilities.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19398542&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hanson, Heather and Penna, Rogers Romero.  The Failure of Colombia's "Democratic Security".  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:22-24 May-June 2005.
Offers statistics on kidnappings and arbitrary detentions during the first year of President Uribe's administration.  Reviews the components of the Uribe administration's national security plan and the role of the paramilitary.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978280&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Holmes, Jennifer S. and others.  Drugs, Violence, and Development in Colombia:  A Department-Level Analysis.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:157-184 Fall 2006.
"Examines the relationship between coca production and guerrilla violence by reviewing national-level data over time and studying Colombia by department, exploring the interactions among guerrilla violence, exports, development, and displacement.  Uses historical analysis, cartographic visualization, and analysis of the trends in four high coca-producing and four violent Colombian departments, along with a department-level fixed effects model."

Immunity Shields U.S. Soldiers Caught Selling Ammo.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-18:4 May 10, 2005.
Briefly discusses the issue of immunity given to US military personnel stationed abroad and the alleged involvement of two US servicemen in an arms sale to a 'paramilitary' group.

Isacson, Adam.  Washington's 'New War" in Colombia:  The War on Drugs Meets the War on Terror.  NACLA Report on the Americas 36:13-18 March-April 2003.
"Deals with the policy of the U.S. on assistance to Colombia after November 2002.  Policy of the U.S. toward the country prior to President George W. Bush's war on terror; Efforts against drug trafficking and insurgency; Views on peace negotiations and non-military solutions."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9477658&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kemp, Damian.  Colombian EMB-314s to Carry Laser-Guided Bombs.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 June 21, 2006.
Reports on the upgrade of the Super Tucano EMB-314 light-attack turboprop aircraft to be fitted to operate laser-guided bombs by the Colombian Air Force.

Lasso, Marixa.  Race War and Nation in Caribbean Gran Colombia, Cartagena, 1810-1832.  American Historical Review 111:336-361 April 2006.
"Focuses on the Spanish American wars of independence in Cartagena, Colombia from 1810 to 1832. The wars raise some crucial issues about the impact of anticolonial struggles in the development of national racial imaginaries in the Americas."
Also available online at: 
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20715132&site=ehost-live

Leech, Garry M.  The Battle for Colombia's 'Little Sarajevo'.  NACLA Report on the Americas 36:19-23 March-April 2003.
Describes the role of the U.S. Army Special Forces in the counterinsurgency efforts in Saravena, Colombia.  Impact of military and police activities as well as rebel attacks on the town; Security measures employed by the police and the military in the area; Details on a patrol conducted in a barrio controlled by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9477661&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McDermott, Jeremy.  Colombian Insurgency Escalates as Guerrillas Go Back on Offensive.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:26-30 July 2005.

McDermott, Jeremy.  Colombian Report Shows FARC Is World's Richest Insurgent Group.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:12-17 September 2005.

McDermott, Jeremy.  FARC and the Paramilitaries (AUC) Take over Columbia's Drugs Trade.  Jane's Intelligence Review 16:28-33 July 2004.

McDermott, Jerry.  No End in Sight.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:24-29 July 26, 2006.
"Discusses the challenges encountered by security forces of Colombia.  Civil conflict in the country has been an issue for 43 years despite its increased military spending and sufficient funds from the U.S. government.  The country's security forces have been focused on counter-insurgency and drug trafficking issues."

Mondragon, Hector.  Democracy and Plan Colombia.  NACLA Report on the Americas 40:42-44 January-February 2007.
"Despite the $7.7 billion spent on Plan Colombia, the Uribe Administration has defeated neither the drug traffickers nor the guerrilla movement."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23618099&site=ehost-live

New Impetus to ELN Peace Deal Could Ease Parapolitical Pressure.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-04:1-2 January 25, 2007.
"The conditional release of Francisco Galan, a senior member of the Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional (ELN), after more than 15 years in prison could give momentum to the peace deal currently being brokered between the government and the smaller of Colombia's two guerrilla groups."

Peceny, Mark and Durnan, Michael.  The FARC's Best Friend:  U.S. Antidrug Policies and the Deepening of Colombia's Civil War in the 1990s.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:95-116 Summer 2006.
"Examines how the strengthening of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) during the 1990s was an unintended consequence of a series of tactical successes in U.S. antidrug policies."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21254202&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Politics as Organized Crime in Colombia?  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:4-5 May-June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21326549&site=ehost-live

Richani, Nazih.  Multinational Corporations, Rentier Capitalism, and the War System in Colombia.  Latin American Politics and Society 47:113-144 Fall 2005.
"Focuses on the role of multinational corporations in the Colombian conflict, particularly how they contributed to the escalation of land conflicts and to the violent transformation of the rural economy into one based on rentier capital."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=882358891&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Richani, Nazih.  The Politics of Negotiating Peace in Colombia.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:17-22 May-June 2005.
"Focuses on the relationship of the Colombian military with the guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978276&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Seper, Jerry.  IRA Fuels Carnage of Colombia Terrorists:  400 Troops, Cops Slain in 18 Months.  Current News:  Early Bird, pp 12-13, April 29, 2002.
Originally from the Washington Times, April 29, 2002, p 1.

Sharpe, Kenneth.  Realpolitik or Imperial Hubris:  The Latin American Drug War and U.S. Foreign Policy in Iraq.  Orbis 50:481-499 June 2006.
"Decades of U.S. efforts in Colombia have achieved little.  Lessons to be learned from Colombia are the perils of relying on flawed assumptions about the threat presented; the difficulties of creating and training a military capable of achieving U.S. objectives; and the risk of mistaking symbols, signals, and credibility for core U.S. interests."--Abstract from publication.

Southern Border Events Raise Questions about the War.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-25:3 June 28, 2005.
"A major attack by FARC guerrillas in Putumayo has raised doubts about the efficacy of the army's southward drive under Plan Patriota and about the extent to which the conflict has spilled over the Ecuadorean border."

Stormes, James R.  Colombian Dreams.  America:  The National Catholic Weekly 195:10-15 July 17, 2006.
Explores the conditions of Colombians' in 2006. Discusses the problems faced by the people, such as poverty and human rights abuses.  Also comments on the failure of President Alvaro Uribe to address the problems.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21461408&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Uribe Gets Invited to Crawford, 'Certified' on Human Rights - but the Funds He Wants Are Still in Doubt.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-31:1-2 August 9, 2005.

Uribe's Drive Seen as Producing Results.  Latin American Weekly Report, p 161, April 8, 2003.
Various counterinsurgency statistics.

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  Interview:  Andrés Peñate, Director of Colombia's Department of Security Administration.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:50 June 2006.
Presents an interview with Andrés Peñate, director of the Colombian Department of Security Administration (DAS), about the task to overhaul the country's main security and intelligence agency assigned to him.

Zuluaga Nieto, Jamie.  U.S. Security Policies and the United States-Colombia Relations  Latin American Perspectives 34:112-119 January 2007.
Presents a historical perspective of the national security policies of the United States and Latin America. Discusses the security policies and United States -Colombia relations and Uribe's policy on the War on Terror.


Ecuador


Internet Resources

Country Analysis Briefs:  Ecuador.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, March 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Ecuador/pdf.pdf
"Ecuador is one of Latin America’s largest crude oil exporters."

Ecuador.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ec.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Ecuador and the IMF
Available online at:  http://www.imf.org/external/country/ECU/index.htm
"The International Monetary Fund was established to promote international monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and orderly exchange arrangements; to foster economic growth and high levels of employment; and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments adjustment."

Ecuador Economy at Cornell University
Available online at:  http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/Courses/crp522/ecuador.htm
"Contains economic information on Ecuador and data from the Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) conducted in Ecuador.  Also includes links to other sites that contain information about development projects, economic, financial and social statistics."

Hristov, Jasmin.  Freedom and Democracy or Hunger and Terror:  Neoliberalism and Militarization in Latin America.  Social Justice 32:89 2005.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=926638821&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Traces the weakening position of Latin American countries in the global hierarchy of power as a result of neoliberal policies.  Case studies expose the increased militarization, state-sanctioned violence, and repression that have accompanied the consolidation of neoliberalism in Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico."

Meehan, Howard V.  Terrorism, Diasporas, and Permissive Threat Environments:  A Study of Hizballah's Fundraising Operations in Paraguay and Ecuador.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2004.  103 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429939
"Develops a framework to identify where and how Hizballah conducts fundraising operations in Latin America.  The focus of analysis is how host-nation characteristics, geo-strategic variables, and diaspora characteristics influence the nature and significance of Hizballah's fundraising operations in Paraguay and Ecuador."

Shimotsu, John M.  Human Rights and United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.  89 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424784
"Evaluates the extent to which human rights were promoted in United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance exercises in Latin America.  Argues that a human rights focus matters in the selection of training objectives, engagement in the interagency process, and coordination with the host nation.  Includes a comparative case analysis of Opening Roads-Ecuador 1987 and New Horizons-Nicaragua 1999."

Books

The Andes in Focus:  Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform, edited by Russell Crandall and others.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  237 p.
"Addresses the question, "How can a region roiled by political strife, civil war, illicit drug trafficking, and dismal economic performance achieve political stability and support economic growth?  Offers detailed analyses of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, as well as examinations of U.S. policies with regard to the Andes."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  980.04 A552

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) and their failure to succeed in two others (Argentina, Peru)."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Youngers, Coletta and Rosin, Eileen.  Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy.  Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2005.  414 p.
“A comprehensive review of US drug-control policies toward Latin America and the Caribbean, assesses the impact of those policies on democracy and human rights, and presents detailed country and regional case studies.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941

Documents

Camacho, Carlos Eduardo Paladines.  Civil Military Operations in Ecuador.  Monterey, CA, 2003.  75 p.
"Confronts the traditional Civil Military Operations (CMO) approach and argues that CMO need not lead to the politicization of the armed forces and loss of civilian control.  Introduces democratic civilian control of the armed forces, a well-established military mission, and civilian and military expertise as the basic requirements for the application of CMO."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414856
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C172c

Cruz, Saberon De La and Zosa, Maria.  U.S. Military Presence in Latin America:  Making the Manta Forward Operating Location Work.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  68 p.
"Examines both the international and domestic politics involved when establishing forward operating locations (FOLs) in Latin America and its implications for future efforts in the region."--Abstract from Web site."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA418536
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 C9572u

Iniguez, Miguel Cortez.  Determining Insurrectionary Inclinations among Indigenous Peoples of Ecuador.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001.  73 p.
"The indigenous people of Ecuador have historically been excluded economically.  Without effective representation social programs have been cancelled at will and economic policies are implemented with no regard to the people they affect.  The indigenous people are now highly organized and the governments pursuit of policies with damaging effects on the economy and environment will clash with their desire to maintain their way of life."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404731
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 I56d

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Ecuador:  Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations, by Clare Ribando.  Washington, CRS, May 2, 2005.  7 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21687.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RS21687

Periodicals

Bailey, Laura.  Digging Out Drugs.  Air Force Times 66:24-25 May 22, 2006.
"Reports on the mission of the 965th Expeditionary Airborne Air Control Squadron to track drug trafficking activities in Manta, Ecuador."
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Conaghan, Catherine M.  Ecuador's Gamble:  Can Correa Govern?  Current History 106:77-82 February 2007.
"A leftist former economist won the presidency and lawmakers are ready to pounce."

FARC Camps Cited in Plea for U.S. Military Aid.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-22:7 June 6, 2006.
“The Ecuadorean government has used the recent discovery of FARC camps to propose a request for resumption of US military aid.”

Palacio Tackles Oil Firms Bolivian-Style.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-37:3-4 September 20, 2005.
President Alfredo Palacio is reviewing all contracts with all foreign oil companies.

Seeking Help from Chávez, Moving Against FARC.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-21:8 May 30, 2006.
“Ecuador has turned to Venezuela for assistance in the field of fuel supply.”

Zibechi, Raul.  New Challenges for Radical Social Movements.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:14-20 March-April 2005.
Reviews the rise of center-left and populist governments, their actions and current challenges. Refers specifically to the situation in Bolivia and Ecuador.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16261229&site=ehost-live


Guyana


Internet Resources

Guyana.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/gy.html
Country information gathered by the CIA. Includes information on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Guyana
Available online at:  http://www.sdnp.org.gy/minfor/
Includes a section on foreign relations with Suriname, Brazil and Venezuela.

The World Bank Group:  Guyana Data Profile
Available online at:  http://devdata.worldbank.org/external/CPProfile.asp?SelectedCountry=GUY&CCODE=GUY&CNAME=Guyana&PTYPE=CP
World Bank information on the people, environment, and economy of Guyana for 2000, 2004 and 2005.

The World Bank:  Guyana
Available online at:  http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/LACEXT/GUYANAEXTN/0,,menuPK:328280~pagePK:141159~piPK:141110~theSitePK:328274,00.html
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world.  It provides low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and many other purposes.

World Health Organization:  Guyana
Available online at:  http://www.who.int/countries/guy/en/
"The World Health Organization is the United Nations specialized agency for health.  WHO's objective is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.  Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

Books

Rose, Euclid A.  Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean:  Superpower Intervention in Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada, 1970-1985.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2002.  450 p.
“Focuses on the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean--through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada--to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism.”--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  335.009729 R795d

Shields, David Brandon.  Kennedy and MacMillan:  Cold War Politics.  Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2006.  277 p.
See Chapter 6, British Guiana, pages 121 - 146. "Concentrates on the personal role Kennedy and Macmillan played in the process in which the United States pressured the British Government to abandon its policy of cooperation with the colonial Jagan Government and actively assist the American policy of destabilising and inhibiting Jagan's personal quest for power following independence from Britain."
Book call no.:  327.73041 S555k

Periodicals

The Americas:  Good Hopes and Bad Intentions; Racial Politics in Guyana.  Economist 379:60 April 29, 2006.
"On April 22nd, Guyana's Indo-Guyanese agriculture minister, Satyadeow Sawh, was assassinated.  President Bharrat Jagdeo described it as an attempt to destabilise the country's democracy before the general election."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1029718821&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

The Americas - Guyana - Looking South.  Economist 382:45 January 13, 2007.
"Guyana and Brazil bridging a divide of language and history."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1200969511&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

The Americas:  Policing the Cops - Guyana.  Economist 371:55 May 22, 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=639922011&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gibson, Kean.  The Dualism of Good and Evil and East Indian Insecurity in Guyana.  Journal of Black Studies 36:362-381 2006.
"Looks at the caste system, its reconstitution in Guyana, and the violent consequences due to the East Indian need to justify their perception of themselves as the morally superior group."

Kashyap, Aprajita.  The Amazon Rainforest Issues:  Suriname and Guyana.  India Quarterly Special Issue:243-260 November 2004.

Mars, Perry.  Ethnic Politics, Mediation, and Conflict Resolution:  The Guyana Experience.  Journal of Peace Research 38:353-372 May 2001.
"Analyses the actual ethno-political conflict events in Guyana between 1948 and 1999 leading to the understanding that such conflicts derive largely from what is termed a continual crisis of political legitimacy reflected in the inequities of political representation and economic resource distribution across groups."
Also available online at:  http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3433%28200105%2938%3A3%3C%3E1.0.CO%3B2-U

Massacre Mars Run-up to General Election.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-33:15 August 15, 2006.
"Four Guyanese printworkers were killed execution-style.  The raid came as police were helping quell a riot at Guyana's biggest prison, and just after a drive-by shooting left another two people dead in a nearby town."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/LWR10967.asp?instance=15

Priya, Vishnu.  Ethnicity and Politics:  East Indians in the Political Process of Guyana and Trinidad.  India Quarterly Special Issue:100-141 November 2004.

Unrepentant Gajraj Bows Out, Slowly.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-17:15 May 3, 2005.
“Home affairs minister Ronald Gajraj tendered his resignation last week, insisting that the charges against him had been fabricated by the opposition with the intention of discrediting the government.”

Was a Suspected Drug Trafficker a Secret Agent?  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-22:14 June 6, 2006.
"Guyanese businessman is accused of drug trafficking by a US grand jury."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/LWR10186.asp?instance=14


Paraguay


Internet Resources

Country Analysis Briefs:  Paraguay/Uruguay.  Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, November 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Paraguay_Uruguay/pdf.pdf
"Paraguay is one of the world’s largest electricity net exporters."

Meehan, Howard V.  Terrorism, Diasporas, and Permissive Threat Environments:  A Study of Hizballah's Fundraising Operations in Paraguay and Ecuador.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2004.  103 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429939
"Develops a framework to identify where and how Hizballah conducts fundraising operations in Latin America.  The focus of analysis is how host-nation characteristics, geo-strategic variables, and diaspora characteristics influence the nature and significance of Hizballah's fundraising operations in Paraguay and Ecuador."

Paraguay.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pa.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Smith, Hugh.  Terrorism in the Iguazu Falls Region:  $100 Bills, a DIME at a Time.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, May 26, 2005.  57 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA436461
"Iguazu Falls is located in the Tri Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.  The area is a lawless zone that is home to Islamic terrorists of Syrian and Lebanese descent and their sympathizers.  The diplomatic, informational, military, economic, intelligence and law enforcement (DIME) Plus Model provides a useful framework to analyze the issues in the TBA.  This paper explains how certain conditions have created an environment in which terrorist groups operate in the region, and how their activities pose a threat to hemispheric security.”

USAID - Latin America & Caribbean:  Paraguay
Available online at:  http://www.usaid.gov/locations/latin_america_caribbean/country/paraguay/
Includes overview of country, USAID program profile, and feature story.

Books

Bradshaw, Arthur L.  Strengthening the Bonds of Environmental Cooperation Between Security Forces in the Southern Cone of the Americas.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  193 p.
"The first Environmental Security conference for the Southern Command's South American area of responsibility.  Examined critical environmental issues of common interest, bringing together senior military and civilian leaders from the Southern Cone states, international academics, the private sector, governmental and military subject matter experts and the United Nations."
Book call no.:  333.72 S915

I Die with My Country:  Perspectives on the Paraguayan War, 1864-1870, edited by Hendrik Kraay and Thomas L. Whigham.  Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 2004.  257 p.
"Compilation of ten essays, historians from Canada, the United States, Germany, Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay address the many complexities of the Paraguayan War.  Each scholar examines a particular facet of the war, including military mobilization, home-front activities, the war's effects on political culture, war photography, draft resistance, race issues, state formation, and the role of women in the war."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  989.205 I11

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Terrorist and Organized Crime Groups in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of South America:  A Report, by Rex A. Hudson.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2003.  90 p.
"Assesses the activities of organized crime groups, terrorist groups, and narcotics traffickers in general in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, focusing mainly on the period since 1999."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439846 and http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS49424
Book call no.:  363.325098 H886t

Pinheiro, Alvaro de Souza.  Narcoterrorism in Latin America:  A Brazilian Perspective.  Hurlburt Field, FL, JSOU Press, 2006.  79 p.
"The situation in Colombia is addressed, and this is followed by a discussion of issues in the Tri-Border Area, where Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay meet.  A detailed description of Brazil's actions to face up to the challenge of narcoterrorism is provided.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  https://jsou.socom.mil/gateway/content/researchPapers/paper374.pdf
Book call no.:  363.450981 P654n

Whigham, Thomas.  The Paraguayan War:  Causes and Early Conduct.  Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 2002 .  520 p.
Volume 1. "A comprehensive account of the Paraguayan War, 1864-70, a conflict involving Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, and Brazil which killed hundreds of thousands of people. Explains the war’s origins and early campaigns."
Book call no.:  989.2 W572p

Periodicals

Duarte Deploys Army as Result of Cubas Case.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-09:4-5 March 1, 2005.
"The Cubas kidnapping and murder case has become the excuse for President Nicanor Duarte to announce the creation of a network of army posts in rural areas 'to support the work of the police'."

FARC Connection Surfaces Again.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-23:10 June 13, 2006.
"Briefly discusses the possible existence of FARC guerrillas in Paraguay and the bilateral security cooperation program between Colombia and Paraguay."

Giving the Army a Pubic Security Role.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-10:8 March 8, 2005.
"President Nicanor Duarte has announced a three-year 'security plan' which includes amending constitutional provisions to formalise the use of the military in a public security role."

Lambert, Peter.  Paraguay's Enigmatic President.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:10-12 March-April 2005.
Reviews the policies of President Nicanor Duarte.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16261224&site=ehost-live

Paraguay:  Tale of a 'Secret' US Military Base.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-27:16 July 12, 2005.


Peru


Internet Resources

Background Note:  Peru.  United States. Dept of State, December 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35762.htm
Information about the geography, people, government and economy of Peru.

Burton, Robert C.  A Comparison of United States, Colombian and Peruvian Domestic Law on Terrorism:  Are We Becoming More Like Our Neighbors to the South?  Washington, George Washington University, National Law Center, August 18, 2005.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA438585
"Peruvian and Colombian terrorist groups are related in their political motivations and means of operation.  They are not true "criminal organizations," but rather political organizations that use crime to further their purposes.  There is a subtle similarity amongst the legal responses to terrorism in the United States and in Peru and Colombia."

Conger, Lucy.  Garcia Redux.  Institutional Investor September 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1145774221&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"In sharp contrast to those of his first term, re-elected Peruvian president Alan Garcia's new objectives in his inauguration speech reveal far greater pragmatism and a much more prudent approach to fiscal policy, reaffirming steep reductions in government salaries, a civil-service hiring freeze and other austerity measures he had promised Peruvians leading up to his June 2006 election victory."

A Conversation with Alan Garcia.  Washington Post June 4, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1047998171&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"The charismatic Garcia is running for president again; he goes into today's runoff a slight favorite over anti-U.S. nationalist Ollanta Humala.  Garcia recently spoke in Lima about his second act in politics with the Inter-American Dialogue's Michael Shifter."

Forero, Juan.  Failure in '90, Ex-President Wins in Peru in a Comeback.  New York Times June 5, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1048450741&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Voters had seen the race as an unappealing choice between a former president whose first administration had been an unmitigated disaster and a former army officer who once led a military rebellion.  But voters saw Mr. Garcia as the lesser of two evils."

Guerrero, Antonio.  Peru Grants Garcia Second Chance.  Global Finance October 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1139254251&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"Peru's president Alan Garcia is hoping his countrymen have little long-term memory.  Sworn in for a second term in July after a highly contested race, he now hopes to shrug off the stigma attached to his first term as president, between 1985 and 1990, during which he ran the nation's economy into the ground."

Perry-Castaneda Map Collection:  Peru Maps
Available online at:  http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/peru.html
Country, city, historical and thematic maps of Peru.

Peru.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Runningen, Roger.  Bush Tells Peru's President He Will Press for Trade Pact.  Transport Topics October 16, 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1160415281&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
"The presidents of the United States and Peru pledged "to promote speedy extradition of drug cartels' members" and fight drug trafficking and illegal coca cultivation."

Willey, Paul F.  The Art of Riverine Warfare from an Asymmetrical Approach.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004.  79 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422488
"Examines U.S. riverine warfare from an unconventional perspective in three Latin American countries, Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru.  U.S. forces, in particular Naval Special Warfare (NSW),  were instrumental in helping these countries establish riverine units and an active presence on their rivers.  These three different programs all have the same mission, to deny the uncontested use of the rivers and inland waterways by narco traffickers and insurgent forces for the use of illegal activities."

Books

After Collapse:  The Regeneration of Complex Societies, edited by Glenn M. Schwartz and John J. Nichols.  Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 2006.  289 p.
See Chapter 6, Inca State Origins:  Collapse and Regeneration in the Southern Peruvian Andes, pages 85-98; Chapter 7, Regeneration as Transformation:  Postcollapse Society in Nasca, Peru, pages 100-113; Chapter 8, After State Collapse:  How Tumilaca Communities Developed in the Upper Moquegua Valley, Peru, pages 114-136; Chapter 11, Framing the Maya Collapse:  Continuity, Discontinuity, Method, and Practice in the Classic to Postclassic Southern Maya Lowlands, pages 168-187; Chapter 12, Postclassic Maya Society Regenerated at Mayapan, pages 188-207.
Book call no.:  303.4093 A258

The Andes in Focus:  Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform, edited by Russell Crandall, Guadalupe Paz and Riordan Roett.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  237 p.
"Addresses the question, "How can a region roiled by political strife, civil war, illicit drug trafficking, and dismal economic performance achieve political stability and support economic growth?  Offers detailed analyses of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, as well as examinations of U.S. policies with regard to the Andes."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  980.04 A552

Conaghan, Catherine M.  Fujimori's Peru:  Deception in the Public Sphere.  Pittsburgh, PA, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005.  311 p.
“Examines Alberto Fujimori’s presidency, and the thin line between democracy and dictatorship. Analyzes how public institutions can empower dictators and also bring them down.”
Book call no.:  985.064092 C743f

Forrest, John and Porturas, Julia.  Peru.  New York, Kuperard, 2006.  168 p.
"A quick guide to customs and etiquette."
Book call no.:  985.0644 F728p

Kenney, Charles D.  Fujimori's Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America.  Notre Dame, IN, University of Notre Dame Press, 2004.  379 p.
Comprehensive study of the Fujimori presidency,1990-2000.
Book call no.:  985.0643 K36f

Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.  A Global Overview of Narcotics-Funded Terrorist and Other Extremist Groups, by LaVerle Bennette Berry and others.  Washington, Federal Research Division, 2002.  148 p.
"An assessment of the nexus between selected anti-U.S. terrorist and extremist groups in the world and organized crime, specifically drug trafficking, and how this relationship might be vulnerable to countermeasures.  Examines the connections between extremist groups and narcotics trafficking in several countries including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru.”
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA439621
Book call no.:  363.325 G562

McClintock, Cynthia and Vallas, Fabian.  The United States and Peru:  Cooperation at a Cost.  New York, Routledge, 2003.  222 p.
"Traces the changes in the relationship between the United States and Peru from the 1980's through the 1990's, examining economic, political, and military issues.  Attention is given to the problems of drug-trafficking, guerrillas, human-rights violations, and to the 1995 war between Peru and Ecuador and the U.S. role in the resolution of the conflict."--Abstract from book jacket.
Book call no.:  327.73085 M127u

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror". Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in, Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay.
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) and their failure to succeed in two others (Argentina, Peru)."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Weinstein, Jeremy M.  Inside Rebellion:  The Politics of Insurgent Violence.  Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  402 p.
"Presents a theory to account for the different strategies pursued by rebel groups in civil war, explaining why patterns of insurgent violence vary so much across conflicts.  Examines the membership, structure, and behavior of four insurgent movements in Uganda, Mozambique, and Peru.  Drawing on interviews with nearly 200 combatants and civilians who experienced violence firsthand, it shows that rebels' strategies depend in important ways on how difficult it is to launch a rebellion."
Book call no.:  322.42 W424i

Youngers, Coletta and Rosin, Eileen.  Drugs and Democracy in Latin America:  The Impact of U.S. Policy.  Boulder, CO, L. Rienner, 2005.  414 p.
“A comprehensive review of US drug-control policies toward Latin America and the Caribbean, assesses the impact of those policies on democracy and human rights, and presents detailed country and regional case studies.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  363.45098 D7941

Yupangui, Diego de Castro.  Titu Cusi:  A 16th-Century Account of the Conquest, translated by Nicole Delia Legnani.  Cambridge, MA, Harvard University, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, 2005.  218 p.
Text in English and Spanish.
Book call no.:  985.02 Y95t

Documents

Oliva, Oscar I.  Targeting Terrorist Leaders:  The Peruvian Untouchables Experience.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2005.  59 p.
"Peruvian civilian and military authorities were trapped on a dead-end road in the counterinsurgency struggle against the terrorist movement Shining Path until the capture of the organization's top leader which led to the eventual demise of the terrorist organization.  The successful operation was a consequence of the particular organization and working processes of the intelligence unit assigned to the case."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443352
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 O48t

Sanchez, David J.  An Emerging Security Community in the Americas?  A Theoretical Analysis of the Consequences of the Post-Cold War Inter-American Democracy Regime.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2003.  79 p.
"A critical examination is provided of two high-profile cases of democratic crisis to assess the impact of the post-Cold War inter-American democracy regime:  Paraguay (1996) and Peru (2000)."
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 S211e

Sharpe, Marie F.  Tourism in Peru:  The Missing Strategy for Economic and Social Development.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2006.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457638
"Discusses the possibilities of tourism as a strategy for economic and social development in Peru.  Through the examination of previous governments, beginning with the Belaunde administration in 1963, the obstacles that Peru has faced en route to development are identified.  Identification of the predominant issues at hand, unemployment, poverty and inequality, allows for further analysis of the policies implemented to stabilize the economy as well as provide immediate solutions for the above mentioned points of concern."

Periodicals

Arce, Moisés.  The Societal Consequences of Market Reform in Peru.  Latin American Politics and Society 48:27-54 Spring 2006.
"Analyzes how market reform policies already in place affect social interests, and the feedback effects of those interests on reform processes.  The variety of societal responses includes the creation of new societal organizations, reflecting the variable content and asymmetrical distribution of costs and benefits of the policies implemented."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19953547&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Burt, Jo-Marie.  Plotting Fear:  The Uses of Terror in Peru.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:32-36 May-June 2005.
Focuses on the social and economic impacts of political violence between the Maoist guerrilla group Shining Path and the Peruvian security forces.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16978333&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Domestic and Foreign Guerrilla Threat.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-47:6 November 28, 2006.
“Peru's defence minister Allan Wagner met with his Colombian counterpart Juan Manuel Santos to discuss the possible infiltration of guerrillas from the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) and an increase in production of illegal coca crops in the region of Putumayo that straddles the border between the two countries.”--Abstract from publication.

Felbab-Brown, Vanda.  Trouble Ahead:  The Cocaleros of Peru.  Current History 105:79-83 February 2006.
Discusses the government's counternarcotics policies and their effect.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=986385871&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Humala to Be Tried under Antiterrorism Law.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-02:7-8 January 11, 2005.
Antauro Humala Tasso is a Peruvian nationalist and former army major.

Koc-Menard, Sergio.  Fragmented Sovereignty:  Why Sendero Luminoso Consolidated in Some Regions of Peru and Not in Others.  Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 30:173-206 February 2007.
"Why do insurgents control some regions of a country but not others?  Four explanations are considered:  relative deprivation, availability of rebel financing, counterinsurgent capabilities, and political pluralism.  These are tested against the insurgency of Sendero Luminoso in four Peruvian regions:  the Upper Huallaga, the Central Huallaga, Ayacucho, and Puno."

Two 'Storms in a Teacup' Reveal Fragility of Relations Between Peru and Chile.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-18:1-2 May 10, 2005.
“The use of an outdated documentary video by an airline company and a mischievous statement by a fugitive Ecuadorean general have generated riotous street protests in Peru and led that country's government to suspend all 'confidence-building' and bilateral coordination activities with Chile.”--Abstract from publication.

U.S. Sees Coca Growing Checked in Peru; Peruvians See It Growing at a Fast Pace.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-19:1-2 May 17, 2005.
“Two completely contradictory assessments of the coca eradication effort in Peru were expressed by two top governmental officials, John Walters, the White House's antidrug czar and Nils Ericsson, his Peruvian counterpart.”


Uruguay


Internet Resources

Alda, Erik and others.  Neighbourhood Peacekeeping:  The Inter-American Development Bank's Violence Reduction Programs in Colombia and Uruguay.  Civil Wars 8:197-214 Routledge, Summer 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23893785&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) has financed more than $150 million for citizen security loans, technical cooperation projects, and international seminars and meetings.  This report reviews the Bank's work in this area, analysing, based on available data from completed projects, what works and the challenges that remain in reducing and preventing crime and violence."

Aronson, Jamie.  Uruguay.  Our World 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=17623933&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Presents an overview of Uruguay. Details on the people and culture of the country, including information on the population, native people, health care, and education; Description of the geography and environment of the area; Overview of the country's economy, industries and agriculture; Structure of the government."

Country Analysis Briefs:  Paraguay/Uruguay.  Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, November 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Paraguay_Uruguay/pdf.pdf
"Uruguay has no domestic hydrocarbon reserves, though it is large producer of hydroelectricity.

South American Leaders Sign Accord on $10 Billion Pipeline.  Underground Construction 61:7 Oildom Publishing Company of Texas, Inc., March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=20289432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports on the proposed construction of a pipeline to transport gas from Venezuela to Argentina via Brazil and Uruguay."

Stewart, Diego.  High and Dry.  Latin Trade (English) 14:30 July 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=21836291&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Discusses the energy industry in Uruguay."

Ulery, Eduardo.  The Uruguayan Armed Forces and the Challenge of 21st Centrury Peacekeeping Operations.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2005.  182 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA443118
“Presents an analysis of the past and current political and military situation in Uruguay.”

Uruguay.  World Almanac & Book of Facts 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19232021&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Presents information about Uruguay"

Uruguay.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uy.html
Country information gathered by the CIA.  Includes information on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Books

Arceneaux, Craig L.  Bounded Missions:  Military Regimes and Democratization in the Southern Cone and Brazil.  University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.  262 p.
"Examines variables internal to the military such as its unity or ability to coordinate strategy.  Using a "historical institutionalist" approach, compares five different transitions in Brazil, and three countries of the Southern Cone - Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.  Shows what similarities and differences existed and how the differences may be attributed to variations in the internal institutional structure and operation of the military."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  322.509809045 A668b

Bradshaw, Arthur L.  Strengthening the Bonds of Environmental Cooperation Between Security Forces in the Southern Cone of the Americas.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Center for Strategic Leadership, U.S. Army War College, 2003.  193 p.
"The first Environmental Security conference for the Southern Command's South American area of responsibility, examined critical environmental issues of common interest, bringing together senior military and civilian leaders from the Southern Cone states, international academics, the private sector, governmental and military subject matter experts and the United Nations."
Book call no.:  333.72 S915

Menjivar, Cecilia.  When States Kill:  Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror.  Austin, TX, University of Texas Press, 2005.  374 p.
Offers two overview essays:  "State Terror in the U.S.-Latin American Interstate Regime" and "New Responses to State Terror".  Also offers separate essays addressing state terror in:  Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay
Book call no.:  303.625098 W565

Periodicals

Arm-twisting.  Economist 381:46 October 7, 2006.
"Reports on a long-running border dispute between Argentina and Uruguay, as it stood in late 2006.  Argentina objected on environmental grounds to Uruguayan plans to construct 2 large paper-mills on the border between the 2 countries."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22646568&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Message to the Congress Transmitting a Treaty Between the United States and Uruguay Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:632 April 10, 2006.
"A speech by U.S. President George W. Bush concerning the treaty between the U.S. and Uruguay; Significance of the treaty; Provisions of the treaty."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20533262&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Remarks Following Discussions with President Tabare Vazquez of Uruguay.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:851-852 May 8, 2006.
"Speech by U.S. President George W. Bush.  Status of bilateral trade between the U.S. and Uruguay; Areas which the administration of Vazquez will work on to lead Uruguay to the path of globalization."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20951682&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Downhill from Here.  Economist 380:36 July 29, 2006.
"Examines the South American trade group Mercosur on the occasion of its 2006 summit meeting."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21770803&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Next Chile.  Economist 382:39 February 3, 2007.
"Compares the democracies of Uruguay and Chile.  Chile has forged ahead with privatization, free markets and open trade, while Uruguay has stuck cautiously to egalitarian and slow-moving democracy."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23893226&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Panizza, Francisco and Philip, George.  Second Generation Reform in Latin America:  Reforming the Public Sector in Uruguay and Mexico.  Journal of Latin American Studies 37:667-691 November 2005.
"Uruguay and Mexico have both passed laws aiming to professionalize the public sector bureaucracy according to 'second generation' reform principles."

Paper Chase.  Economist 378:40 March 18, 2006.
"Discusses border relations between Argentina and Uruguay.  The two countries are locked in their most serious dispute for half a century, at issue is the building of two large cellulose factories."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20212823&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Paper Dreams.  Economist 377:47 October 8, 2005.
"Looks at the ongoing conflict between Argentina and Uruguay regarding foreign investment."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18538153&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A Threat to Defect.  Economist 378:40 January 21, 2006.
"Mercosur dominated by Brazil and Argentina recently agreed to admit Venezuela as a fifth full member and may extend a similar invitation to Bolivia.  Now Uruguay, Mercosur's smallest member but its most solid democracy, is casting glances at the exit."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19492009&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Vázquez Dismisses Army Chief.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-42:9 October 24, 2006.
"President Tabarè Vázquez stamped his authority on the armed forces by firing the commander-in-chief of the army for holding talks with former president Julio María Sanguinetti and his former defence minister without permission from the government."


Venezuela - General Information


FAS - Federation of American Scientists
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/main/home.jsp
Access numerous Venezuela-related reports by doing a topic search.

LANIC - Latin American Network Information Center:  Venezuela
Available online at:  http://www1.lanic.utexas.edu/la/venezuela/

Latin News/Latin American Intelligence Service:  Venezuela
Available online at:  http://aulibrary.maxwell.af.mil/dbases.htm#latin
AU Library subscription database.  Access restricted to Air University students, faculty and staff.  A source of intelligence on political and economic developments in Venezuela.  Offers access to daily and weekly newsletters, special reports, regional reports, and security information.  The Latin American Monitoring Centre has three sections, Country Reports, Election Watch and Reference Library.

Political Resources on the Net:  Venezuela
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/venez.htm
Offers listings of political sites available on the Internet for Cuba with links to parties, organizations, governments, and media.

U.S. Department of State:  Venezuela
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/wha/ci/ve/
Includes factsheet, related legislation, U.S. interests, publications, etc.

Books

Jane's Sentinel: Security Assessment -- South America.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  733 p.
Offers a sixty-nine page report on Venezuela including internal and external affairs, security issues, country profile, economy, armed forces structure and budget, etc.
Also available online at:  http://www2.janes.com/MyAccount/index  (Restricted to AU students, scroll down for options).
Book call no.:  R 980 J33 Iss. 20 2007

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2007.  15th ed.  London, Routledge, 2006.  1076 p.
Venezuela, pp 895-932.
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 15th ed. 2007


Venezuela - Defense and Security Aspects


Periodicals

Anderson, Guy.  Venezuela's Arms Purchases from Russia Could Reach $3bn.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:22 August 9, 2006.
"Reports on the defense agreements between Venezuela and Russia which is projected to reach almost $3 billion."

Boese, Wade.  Latin American Arms Sales Moving Forward.  Arms Control Today 36:39 March 2006.
"Reports on the plan of the Spanish government to proceed with arms sales to Venezuela."

Briefing:  Latin American Air Forces.  Jane's Defence Weekly 37:23-27 March 13, 2002.
Current assessment and procurement plans for the air forces of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.

Gould, Jens Erik.  Venezuelan Citizens Train to Fight U.S. "Invasion".  World & I 21:3 February 2006.
"Focuses on the efforts of the Venezuelan government under the administration of President Hugo Chavez to increase the country's military reserves to deter any invasion by the U.S." http://www.worldandi.com/
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21413877&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Harrington, Caitlin.  Venezuela Plans to Build Its Own Military Aircraft.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 December 13, 2006.
"Reports on plans by the Venezuelan Air Force to build a new manufacturing facility for its own military aircraft in 2006."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23530807&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Higuera, Jose.  Venezuela Certain over Contract for Su-30 Acquisition.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 July 12, 2006.
"Reports on the confirmation of the acquisition of Sukhoi Su-30 fighter bombers by Venezuela from Rosoboronexport."

Higuera, Jose.  Venezuela Turns to Antonov.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:6 November 8, 2006.
"Reports on the move of Venezuela to purchase Antonov An-70 transport aircraft in Russia."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23134287&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lok, Joris Janssen.  Thales Deal Helps Thaw Dutch-Venezuelan Relations.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:43 July 19, 2006.
"Reports on the $242 million deal signed by Netherlands-based Thales Nederland BV (TN) and Navantia, a contractor of eight Venezuelan warships, making TN the supplier of combat systems electronic equipment for the warships."

Lok, Joris Janssen.  Venezuelans, Dutch to Link Up for Naval Exercise.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:10 April 26, 2006.
"Reports on the joint naval exercise of Venezuela and the Netherlands in the Caribbean."

McDermott, Jeremy.  First Three of 15 Mi-17s Enter Service with Venezuela.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 April 19, 2006.
"Reports on the arrival of three Venezuelan Mi-17V-5 medium-lift helicopters, as part of the country's preparation for potential U.S. invasion."

Vogel, Ben and Novichkov, Nikolai.  Venezuela Seals Deal for Russian Fighters, Helos.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:6 August 2, 2006.
"Reports on the deal made by the Venezuelan government with Russia to purchase several Su-30MK2 multirole fighter aircraft and helicopters."

Wertheim, Eric.  Combat Fleets.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 132:92 June 2006.
"Navantia of Spain received an initial down payment from Venezuela to begin construction of four new offshore patrol vessels.  Line drawing released by Navantia show the warships fitted with what appears to be two antiship missile canisters amidships, a 76-mm gun mount forward and a small caliber close-in weapon system."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21087396&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Venezuela - Economic and Social Aspects


Internet Resources

Country Analysis Briefs:  Venezuela.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, September 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Venezuela/pdf.pdf
"Venezuela contains some of the largest oil and natural gas reserves in the world. It consistently ranks as one the top suppliers of U.S. oil imports and is among the top ten crude oil producers in the world."

Hearn, Kelly.  South America Set for Al Jazeera-Style TV.  World & I March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21433252&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Announces a Venezuelan-backed TV network modeled after Al Jazeera to begin broadcasts throughout South America." http://www.worldandi.com/

South American Leaders Sign Accord on $10 Billion Pipeline.  Underground Construction 61:7 Oildom Publishing Company of Texas, Inc., March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=20289432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Reports on the proposed construction of a pipeline to transport gas from Venezuela to Argentina via Brazil and Uruguay."

Venezuela.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ve.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Books

McCaughan, Michael.  The Battle of Venezuela.  1st North American ed.  New York, Seven Stories Press, 2005.  238 p.
"Chronicles Chavez's controversial ascent to the helm of one of the world's largest oil-producing countries.  Documents the role of the country's powerful and shrinking middle class, the effects of Chavez's social programs on his mainly poor constituents, and the rise of the social movement whose members proclaim themselves "Chavistas."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  987.0633 M123b

Minerals Yearbook.  Reston, VA, GPO, 2006.  3 vols.
Area Reports:  International 2003, Latin America and Canada, Volume III
Also available online at:  http://minerals.er.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/myb.html
Book call no.:  R 338.20973 U58m 2003 v.3 pt.3

Periodicals

Gilmour, Anna.  Venezuela Seeks OPEC Allies.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:4-5 May 2006.
"Reports on the plan of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez to ask the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to set long-term global oil prices at US$50 per barrel in Venezuela in 2006."

Irwin, Domingo and Butto, Luis Alberto.  The Literature Behind Venezuelan Bolivarianism.  Military Review 86:82-87 March-April 2006.
"Focuses on the concept and principles of Venezuelan Bolivarianism."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20673845&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Strategic Nationalisation Continues.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-09:5 March 1, 2007.
"President Hugo Chavez signed a decree nationalising the Orinoco oil fields this week."--Abstract from publication. Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/secure/usupt2.pdf.

Stroup, Chris.  Buccaneers' Breakout at Maracaibo.  Military History 23:30-72 March 2006.
"Focuses on Sir Henry Morgan, an English buccaneer for governor of Jamaica, and his breakout in Maracaibo, Venezuela."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19667980&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Venezuela Exceptionalism Revisited:  Part 1.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue March 2005.
"Nine articles on Venezuelan politics and society including:  "Venezuelan Social Conflict in a Global Context", "Ethnicity and Revolution:  The Political Economy of Racism in Venezuela", "Chavez and the Search for an Alternative to Neoliberalism", and 'The Venezuelan Exceptionalism Thesis:  Separating Myth from Reality".

Venezuela Exceptionalism Revisited:  Part 2.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue May 2005.
"Several articles on Venezuelan politics and society:  "New Perspectives on Politics and Society", "The Democratic Peace-Thesis and U.S. Relations with Colombia and Venezuela", "Confronting Hugo Chavez:  United States Democracy Promotion in Latin America", and "Privatization and Democracy in Venezuela".

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  South American Cocaine Trafficking Operations Shift Towards Venezuela.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:36-40 May 2006.
"Reports on cocaine seizures and trafficking trends in Venezuela in 2006."

Weisbrot, Mark.  Venezuela's Economic Performance.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:52 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on the economic performance of Venezuela, includes a chart, "Percent of Households in Poverty", for the period covering 1998 through 2004."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140958&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Venezuela Foreign Relations - General


Periodicals

ALBA Gathers Momentum in Central America.  Central America Report 33:4-5 September 1, 2006.
"The Venezuelan government, led by Hugo Chavez, has amended its country's Constitution to include a commitment to regional integration and cooperation."

Anderson, Guy.  Venezuela's Arms Purchases from Russia Could Reach $3bn.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:22 August 9, 2006.
"Reports on the defense agreements between Venezuela and Russia which is projected to reach almost $3 billion."

Brazil, Venezuela & Spain to Broker ELN Talks.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-14:4 April 12, 2005.
"The ambassadors of Brazil, Venezuela and Spain have conveyed to the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), Colombia's second-biggest guerrilla organisation, their willingness to help broker peace talks with the Colombian government."

Downhill from Here.  Economist 380:36 July 29, 2006.
"Examines the South American trade group Mercosur on the occasion of its 2006 summit meeting."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21770803&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Everywhere Man.  Foreign Policy 152:38 January-February 2006.
"Looks at the foreign allies of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19169859&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gilmour, Anna.  Colombia-Venezuela Procurement Could Fuel Regional Tensions.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:5 February 2006.
"Focuses on the escalation of the regional tension between Colombia and Venezuela."

Gilmour, Anna.  Latin America's Left Divide.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:4-5 July 2006.
"Focuses on the impact of the election of Alan García as Peruvian president on Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, who had backed radical nationalist Ollanta Humala."

Involving the OAS in Bilateral Scraps.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-22:8 June 6, 2006.
"The government of Peru took its complaints about Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez's interference in Peruvian politics to the Organization of American States’ (OAS) general assembly."

Katz, Mark N.  The Putin-Chavez Partnership.  Problems of Post-Communism 53:3-9 July-August 2006.
"Offers information about the diplomatic relation of Russia with Venezuela under President Vladimir Putin."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21639790&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Smith, Geri.  Chavez:  Trading Oil for Influence.  Business Week December 26, 2005.
"Discusses the efforts of Hugo Chavez of Venezuela to form an anti-American alliance in Latin American countries."


Venezuela Foreign Relations--United States


Internet Resources

Cronin, Jason W.  Soft Power and Its Impact on U.S. Influence in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2004.  97 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429720
"Focuses on the United States' ability to use its cultural influence (soft power) to positively effect U.S. relations with Brazil and Venezuela.  By analyzing past and present effects of U.S. cultural influence in these two countries, the U.S. can better understand and appreciate the influence it wields as the world's only remaining super power."--Abstract from Web site.

Energy Security:  Issues Related to Potential Reductions in Venezuelan Oil Production.  GAO, June 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06668.pdf
Report to the Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate.

Smith, Geri.  Why Latin America Detests Uncle Sam.  Business Week Online November 21, 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19022452&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
"Focuses on the resentment of Latin Americans toward the approach of the U.S. to its neighbouring nations; Stance of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez on the Free Trade of the Americas."

Venezuela.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ve.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Books

Golinger, Eva.  The Chavez Code:  Cracking U.S. Intervention in Venezuela.  1st ed.  Northampton, MA, Olive Branch Press, 2006.  224 p.
"The author uses documents obtained under the US Freedom of Information Act to prove that the US knew about the plot to overthrow Chavez before it happened.  The extent of US funding of opposition movements in Venezuela, the history of US interventions across Latin America, the suspicious blacked-out lines and pages of these documents, and the ongoing investigation suggest even deeper US involvement."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.73087 G626c

Kelly de Escobar, Janet and Romero, Carlos A.  The United States and Venezuela:  Rethinking a Relationship.  New York, Routledge, 2002.  167 p.
“Attempts to place the events of the past ten years in historical perspective and to explain the reasons why the changes occurred.  It also examines the impact of new actors on the international scene:  drug traffickers, common citizens, human rights and environmental activists and the media.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  327.73087 K29u

Leech, Garry M.  Crude Interventions:  The U.S., Oil and the New World (Dis)Order.  New York, SIRD, 2006.  248 p.
See chapter 4, "Colombia:  Feeding Washington's Addiction", pages 122-166 and chapter 5, "Venezuela:  An Alternative for the Twenty-first Century?", pages 167-216.
Book call no.:  327.73 L483c

Documents

Fulgham, Quintin.  Venezuela's Potential Threat to the United States' National Security:  An Analysis of the Conflictual Inter-Country Relationship.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  20 p.
"Outlines key facts about Venezuela, identifies the US national security objectives, describes key points of contention from both countries, and identifies perceived threats.  Recommends solutions to improve the strategic relationship between Venezuela and the US."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448819
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 F963v

Pina, Omar.  Plan Colombia:  How U.S. Military Assistance Affects Regional Balance of Power.  Monterey, CA, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.  87 p.
"Assesses the importance the balance of power has in the inter-state relationships in the Western Hemisphere.  Argues that Plan Colombia is creating an imbalance of military power between Colombia and Venezuela and this balance is important to their relations.  Explores three possible explanations for the relations between these two countries, democratic peace, balance of power, and spiral model."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424564
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P645p

Turner, Mathew David.  Venezuela's Changing Foreign Policy Towards the United States.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001.  105 p.
"Analyzes the relationship between the United States and Venezuela since 1980."
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 T949v

Periodicals

Barone, Michael.  What's Up Down South.  U.S. News & World Report 140:36 May 1, 2006.
"An overview of political and economic developments in Central and South America are discussed.  Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is called a potential threat to U.S. interests.  The political situation in Mexico is discussed."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20558955&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Big Noise over Small End to Military Cooperation.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-16:4 April 26, 2005.
"As with most episodes in the confrontation between the US and Venezuela, there was more noise than substance in the one that surfaced on 22 April, when the US embassy announced the 'abrupt' and 'unexpected' ending of US military participation in the bilateral exchange programme."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/LWR5999.asp?instance=5

Boese, Wade.  U.S. Bars Future Arms Sales to Venezuela.  Arms Control Today 36:42 June 2006.
"Reports on the decision of the U.S. government to prohibit the sale of nuclear arms to Venezuela."

Chavez 'Severs All Contact' with DEA.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-32:3 August 16, 2005.
"President Hugo Chávez announced last week that Venezuela had severed all contact with the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/LWR6986.asp?instance=14

Chavez Tour Culminates in China with Bid to End Reliance on U.S. Oil Market.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-01:1-2 January 4, 2005.
“Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez visits countries with the potential to become buyers of Venezuelan oil.”

Herrera, Bernardo Alvarez.  A Benign Revolution.  Foreign Affairs 85:195-198 July-August 2006.
"Presents a defense of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez and argues that the U.S. government has a skewed view of the man since they get all their information about the country from Venezuelan elites."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21326503&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McDermott, Jeremy.  First Three of 15 Mi-17s Enter Service with Venezuela.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 April 19, 2006.
"Reports on the arrival of three Venezuelan Mi-17V-5 medium-lift helicopters, as part of the country's preparation for potential U.S. invasion."

Nascent Telesur to Be Countered by U.S. Broadcasts.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-29:4 July 26, 2005.
"Discusses Hugo Chávez's new venture, Telesur, a Latin American television broadcasting company devoted to providing alternative news to that which emanates from the US."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/LWR6853.asp?instance=3

Rumsfeld Has Another Go at Recruiting Allies to Isolate Chávez.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-33:1-2 August 23, 2005.
"Visit of Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with presidents Nicanor Duarte of Paraguay and Alejandro Toledo of Peru."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/LWR7137.asp?instance=22

U.S. Arms Embargo Slapped on Uncooperative Chávez.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-20:6-7 May 23, 2006.
"After classifying Venezuela as 'not fully cooperating' with US counter-terrorism efforts, the US government has slapped an embargo on all sales and 'retransfers' of armament to Caracas."

U.S. Blocks Sale of Spanish Military Aircraft.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-03:4 January 17, 2006.
"The US government denied permission for the transfer of US technology incorporated in 12 Spanish-made transport and surveillance aircraft."

U.S. Concerns over Trade with Venezuela.  Central America Report 33:7 May 26, 2006.

U.S. Sidesteps Extradition of Posada Carriles.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-20:1 May 24, 2005.
"Luis Clemente Faustino Posada Carriles is a Cuban born Venezuelan national presently incarcerated in the United States."

U.S. Targets Plans to Buy Russian Hardware.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-07:5 February 15, 2005.
Venezuela is planning to purchase assault rifles and helicopters from Russia however, Roger Noriega, the State Department's assistant-secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs, expressed concern that the guns to be replaced by this new consignment could end up 'in the hands of some criminal and irregular groups'.

Venezuela Exceptionalism Revisited:  Part 2.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue May 2005.
"Several articles on Venezuelan politics and society:  "New Perspectives on Politics and Society", "The Democratic Peace-Thesis and U.S. Relations with Colombia and Venezuela", "Confronting Hugo Chavez:  United States Democracy Promotion in Latin America", and "Privatization and Democracy in Venezuela".

Venezuela Is 'Decertified' but Sanctions Are Waived to Spare 'Pro-democracy' Schemes.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-37:1-2 September 20, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/LWR7316.asp?instance=20


Venezuela - Politics and Government


Books

The Andes in Focus:  Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform, edited by Russell Crandall and others.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  237 p.
"Addresses the question, "How can a region roiled by political strife, civil war, illicit drug trafficking, and dismal economic performance achieve political stability and support economic growth?  Offers detailed analyses of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, as well as examinations of U.S. policies with regard to the Andes."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  980.04 A552

Lapp, Nancy D.  Landing Votes:  Representation and Land Reform in Latin America.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  212 p.
Offers several overview essays as well as separate essays addressing Brazil, Chile, and Venezuela.
Book call no.:  324.62098 L316L

Manwaring, Max G.  Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, Bolivarian Socialism, and Asymmetric Warfare.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  33 p.
"Provides a basic understanding of the political-historical context within which Venezuelan national security policy is generated.  Introduces Chavez's concept of 21st century socialism, and the political-psychological-military ways he envisions to achieve it."
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB628.pdf
Book call no.:  987.0642 M295v

Politics in the Andes:  Identity, Conflict, Reform, edited by Jo-Marie Burt and Philip Mauceri.  Pittsburgh, PA, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004.  324 p.
Offers both overview regional essays and essays addressing individual situations in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
Book call no.:  980.033 P769

Trinkunas, Harold A.  Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in Venezuela:  A Comparative Perspective.  Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 2005.  297 p.
"Presents an overview of the various strategies that have been used in Venezuela since the 1940s to obtain civilian dominance over the military.  Examines the strategies used by Venezuela's civilian leaders to keep the armed forces under control including appeasement, "divide and conquer," and personal cultivation of sympathetic officers by presidents and party leaders."
Book call no.:  322.5 T833c

Ungar, Mark.  Elusive Reform:  Democracy and the Rule of Law in Latin America.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2002.  273 p.
"Explores one of the Latin American countries' biggest challenges:  establishing a rule of law. Based on a close examination of historical patterns, it demonstrates how executive power and judicial disarray thwart progress toward judicial independence, state accountability, and citizen access to effective means of conflict resolution. Examines Argentina and Venezuela."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  321.8098 U57e

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps and Narcotics Affairs.  The State of Democracy in Venezuela.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 2nd session, June 24, 2004.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  81 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57719 and http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57718
Book call no.:  987.0642 U58s

The Unraveling of Representative Democracy in Venezuela, edited by Jennifer L. Mccoy and David J. Myers.  Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.  342 p.
"Essays on representative democracy in Venezuela and why it unraveled so swiftly and whether it can be restored.  Thirteen chapters examine the crisis in three periods:  the unraveling of Punto Fijo democracy; Chavez's Bolivarian Revolution; and the course of "participatory democracy" under Chavez."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  320.987 U58

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) and their failure to succeed in two others (Argentina, Peru)."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Venezuela:  Hugo Chavez and the Decline of an "Exceptional Democracy", edited by Steve Ellner and Miguel Tinker Salas.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Pub., 2007.  220 p.
"Analyzes the changes in Venezuela under Hugo Chavez."
Book call no.:  987.0642 V458

Documents

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Venezuela:  Political Conditions and U.S. Policy, by Mark P. Sullivan .  Washington, CRS, May 18, 2005
"Venezuela has been wracked by several years of political turmoil under the populist rule of President Hugo Chávez who was first elected in 1998.  Under Chávez, Venezuela has undergone enormous political changes, with a new constitution in place, a new unicameral legislature, and even a new name for the country, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32488.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32488

Periodicals

Corrales, Javier.  Hugo Boss.  Foreign Policy 152:32-40 January-February 2006.
"Focuses on recent events involving politics and government in Venezuela, with particular focus on Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19169858&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ellner, Steve.  Venezuela:  Defying Globalization's Logic.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:20-24 September-October 2005.
"Provides an overview of the reforms and actions of Chávez that have undermined the economic interests of Venezuelan and transnational groups.  Discusses the support of the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush for the short-lived coup against Chávez in April 2002."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140908&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gandy, Bruce A.  The Bolivarian Revolution.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 132:26-30 May 2006.
"Focuses on the Bolivarian revolution.  Bolivar's chief disciple is the self-proclaimed leader of the growing Bolivarian revolution in Latin America.  The billions of dollars from Venezuela's state-owned oil industry places tremendous wealth in his hands.  He is an undeniably popular and charismatic leader who was elected with a clear 56.2% majority vote."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20774865&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gindin, Jonah.  Chavistas in the Halls of Power, Chavistas on the Street.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:27-29 March-April 2005.
"Reviews the current political situation in Venezuela between President Chavez's government and his opposition."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=16261246&site=ehost-live

Gunson, Phil.  Chavez's Venezuela.  Current History 105:58-63 February 2006.
"Is Chávez a democrat?  And, whether he is or not, can he deliver social and economic justice to the Venezuelan population?"
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=986385851&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Hart, Julie P.  Peacebuilding Through Election Assistance in Unstable Democracies:  Observations from the Venezuelan Process.  Peace & Change 31:75-79 January 2006.
"Focuses on the significance of peacebuilding in the unstable political situation in Venezuela. Discusses the current political situation of the country."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19641697&site=ehost-live

Hawkins, Kirk A. and Hansen, David R.  Dependent Civil Society.  Latin American Research Review 41:102-132 2006.
"For several years the Circulos Bolivarianos were a key organized component of the movement supporting President Hugo Chávez in Venezuela and the question of their democratic qualities a source of considerable controversy, but until recently there was little data to test the competing claims of supporters and opponents.  We report the results of a survey of 110 members of Circulos and several interviews carried out in four Venezuelan states during June and July 2004."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19849642&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Herrera, Bernardo Alvarez.  A Benign Revolution.  Foreign Affairs 85:195-198 July-August 2006.
"Presents a defense of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez and argues that the U.S. government has a skewed view of the man since they get all their information about the country from Venezuelan elites."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21326503&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Morgan, Jana.  Partisanship During the Collapse of Venezuela's Party System.  Latin American Research Review 42:78-98 2007.
"Examines the collapse of the Venezuelan party system, arguably one of the most institutionalized party systems in Latin America, by examining the individual-level basis behind the exodus of partisans from the traditional parties.  Multinomial logit analysis of partisan identification in 1998, the pivotal moment of the system's complete collapse, indicates that people left the old system and began to support new parties because the traditional parties failed to incorporate and give voice to important ideas and interests in society while viable alternatives emerged to fill this void in representation."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24729510&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shifter, Michael.  In Search of Hugo Chávez.  Foreign Affairs 85:45-59 May-June 2006.
"Profiles Venezuela's president Hugo Chávez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20586928&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Strategic Nationalisation Continues.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-09:5 March 1, 2007.
"President Hugo Chavez signed a decree nationalising the Orinoco oil fields this week."--Abstract from publication.  Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com/lwr/secure/usupt2.pdf.

Venezuela Exceptionalism Revisited:  Part 1.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue March 2005.
"Nine articles on Venezuelan politics and society including:  "Venezuelan Social Conflict in a Global Context", "Ethnicity and Revolution:  The Political Economy of Racism in Venezuela", "Chavez and the Search for an Alternative to Neoliberalism", and 'The Venezuelan Exceptionalism Thesis:  Separating Myth from Reality".


Latin America Periodical Titles at MSFRIC


Americas
"Published by the Organization of American States a regional organization of the Western Hemisphere. "Promotes inter-American understanding through articles on the cultures and peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean.  Regular columns on art, theater, music and books of the hemisphere."

The Americas:  A Quarterly Review of Inter-American Cultural History
"Devoted to the publication of research by Latin American historians and other social scientists on problems and issues in the history of Latin America."

Dialogo:  Forum of the Americas
"Dialogo is a professional military magazine published quarterly by the Commander of the United States Southern Command as an international forum for military personnel in Latin America".  The Center has print copies beginning in1998 through 2004.
Also available online at:  www.dialogo-americas.com

Diario Las Americas
Newspaper with complete news coverage and features on food, travel, business, sports, lifestyle, real estate, editorials and movie reviews (in Spanish).  Current items only.

Foreign Affairs:  En Espanol
"Each issue of the Spanish-language edition is split evenly between translations of new Foreign Affairs articles and original articles commissioned exclusively for the Spanish-speaking market."

Granma International
"Articles and editorials that reflect the opinion of the Communist Party of Cuba.  Political, economic, social and cultural information."  Current items only.
Also available online at:  http://www.granma.cu/ingles/index.html

Hemisphere:  A Magazine of the Americas
"Dedicated to provoking debate on the problems, initiatives and achievements of the Americas.  Published twice a year by the Latin American and Caribbean Center at Florida International University."
Also available online to Air University students through MSFRIC subscription at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&jid=2JI&site=ehost-live (from 1997 to one year ago).

Journal of Latin American Studies
"Presents recent research in the field of Latin American studies in economics, geography, politics, international relations, sociology, social anthropology, economic history and cultural history."

Latin American Perspectives
"Discussions, debates and critical issues relating to capitalism, imperialism and socialism as they affect individuals, societies and nations throughout the Americas."

Latin American Politics and Society
"Provides insights and analyses on policy issues.  Offers a variety of viewpoints on major issues."
Also available online to Air University students through MSFRIC subscription at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&jid=FSZ&site=ehost-live (1990 to present).

Latin American Research Review
"Articles, research notes, book reviews and essays of an interdisciplinary nature relating to Latin America."
Also available online to Air University students through MSFRIC subscription at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&jid=LAR&site=ehost-live (1991 to present).

Mexican Studies:  Estudios Mexicans
"Includes articles concerning socioeconomic interdependence of Mexico and the United States.  Covers labor, technology, industry resources and cultural transference."

NACLA:  Report of the Americas
"Information for students, teachers, activists, policy-makers and concerned citizens about Latin American affairs and U.S. policy in the region to promote understanding and support the struggle for social justice throughout the Americas."  Published bimonthly by the North American Congress on Latin America.
Also available online to Air University students through MSFRIC's subscription at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&jid=SIL&site=ehost-live

Also available:
Air & Space Power Journal:  Journal em Portugues
"Professional journal of the U.S. Air Force designed to serve as an open forum for the presentation and stimulation of innovative thinking on military doctrine, strategy, force structure, readiness, and other matters of national defense."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/apjinternational/apjipor.html

Air & Space Power Journal:  Journal en Espanol
Professional journal of the U.S. Air Force, as above, also published in Spanish.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/apjinternational/apjiesp.html


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