(Operation El Dorado Canyon)

June 2012

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


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Anderson, James Herbert.  National Decisionmaking and Quick-Strike Intervention During the 1980's: A Comparative Analysis of Operations Urgent Fury, El Dorado Canyon, and Just Cause.  Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms International and Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, 1998.  241 p.
Book call no.: 355.422 A547

Blundy, David and Lycett, Andrew.  Qaddafi and the Libyan Revolution.  Boston, Little, Brown and Co., 1987.  230 p.
The American Raid, pp 1-15.
Book call no.: 92 Q11b

Bolger, Daniel P.  Americans at War, 1975-1986: An Era of Violent Peace.  Novato, CA, Presidio Press, 1988.  466 p.
To the Shores of Tripoli: Operations Against Libya, March-April 1986, pp 383-441. (Especially note pages 405-436 with strategic and operational objectives, U.S. and Libyan orders of battle, attack profile, etc).
Book call no.: 973.92 B688a

Celmer, Marc A.  Terrorism, U.S. Strategy, and Reagan Policies.  New York, Greenwood Press, 1987.  132 p.
Book call no.: 363.32516 C393t

Davis, Brian L.  Qaddafi, Terrorism, and the Origins of the U.S. Attack on Libya.  New York, Praeger, 1990.  202 p.
Operation El Dorado Canyon and Its Aftermath, pp 133-171.
Book call no.: 327.730612 D261q

Erickson, Richard J.  Legitimate Use of Military Force Against State-Sponsored International Terrorism.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1989.  267 p.
Offers coverage of the international laws involved in the use of military force with extensive definitions and examples of legal terms (i.e.reprisal, self-defense, etc).
Self-Defense Against Accumulation of Events (mentions the Libya raid), pp 143-151.
Book call no.: 345.02 E68L

Laffin, John.  War Annual 2: A Guide to Contemporary Wars and Conflicts.  2nd ed. Washington, Brassey's Defense Publishers, 1987.  246 p.
The United States' Raid on Libya, pp 221-227.
Book call no.: 355.00904 W2532 Vol.2

Mad Dogs: The U.S. Raids on Libya, edited by Mary Kaldor and others.  Dover, NH, Pluto Press, 1986.  172 p.
Book call no.: 327.612073 M178

Martin, David C. and Walcott, John.  Best Laid Plans: The Inside Story of America's War Against Terrorism.  New York, Harper & Row Publishers, 1988.  392 p.
El Dorado Canyon, pp 258-322.
Book call no.: 363.32516 M379b

The Nineteen Eighty-Six Annual on Terrorism.  Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1987.  358 p.
Libyan Terrorism: Some Strategic Considerations, by Yonah Alexander, pp 143-164.
International Terrorist Events, 1986 (chronology), pp 211-244.
International Terrorism: Britain Supports US Action Against Libya, by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, pp 303-308.
Book call no.: 303.625 A615 1986

Prunckun, Henry W., Jr.  Operation El Dorado Canyon: A Military Solution to the Law Enforcement Problem of Terrorism: A Quantitative Analysis.  Wayville, S. Aust., Slezak Associates, 1995.  83 p.
Book call no.: 363.32516 P972o

Stanik, Joseph T.  El Dorado Canyon: Reagan's Undeclared War with Qaddafi.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2003.  319 p.
Book call no.: 327.730612 S786e

Stanik, Joseph T.  Swift and Effective Retribution: The U.S. Sixth Fleet and the Confrontation with Qaddafi.  Washington, Naval Historical Center, Dept. of the Navy, 1996.  52 p.
Book call no.: 327.730612 S786s

Tiberi, Paul and others.  Force Projection: Seeds for a New Doctrine.  Columbus, OH, Mershon Center. Ohio State University, May 1991.  137 p.
Operation El Dorado Canyon, pp 84-120.
Book call no.: 355.033573 T553

Thatcher, Margaret.  The Downing Street Years.  New York, HarperCollins, 1993.  914 p.
The U.S. Raid on Libya, pp 441-449.
Book call no.: 92 T3671d

Venkus, Robert E.  Raid on Qaddafi: The Untold Story of History's Longest Fighter Mission by the Pilot Who Directed It.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1992.  197 p.
Focuses on the USAF 48th Tactical Fighter Wing's efforts in Operation El Dorado Canyon.
Book call no.: 961.204 V461r

Weinberger, Caspar W.  Fighting for Peace: Seven Critical Years in the Pentagon.  New York, Warner Books, 1990.  464 p.
Libya, pp 175-201 (especially note pp 188-201).
Book call no.: 973.927 W423f

Winnefeld, James A. and Johnson, Dana J.  Joint Air Operations: Pursuit of Unity in Command and Control, 1942-1991.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1993.  219 p.
El Dorado Canyon: Unity of Effort Without Unity of Command, pp 83-96.
Book call no.: 355.422 W776j

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Anno, Stephen E. and Einspahr, William E.  Command and Control and Communications Lessons Learned: Iranian Rescue, Falklands Conflict, Grenada Invasion, Libya Raid.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, May 1988.  97 p.
Chapter V -- Libya Raid.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 A615c

Arnold, David R.  Conflict with Libya: Operational Art in the War on Terrorism.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, November 1993.  38 p.
Examines how operational art was used in the series of U.S. military operations against Libya in 1986.
Includes information on the origins of the conflict, the prelude to the Gulf of Sidra operations, the national objectives, development of the operations, the effectiveness, etc.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 A753c

Casford, James W.  America Strikes Back.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 1987.  27 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 C3381a

Curry, Bruce H.  Conflict with Libya: Use of Military Force Against Terrorism.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1994.  27 p.
Historical Overview (of U.S./Libyan conflict), pp 8-10.
Operational Overview of Military Response, pp 11-14.
Results: Operational Level & Strategic Level, pp 15-21.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 C9761c

Dodds, Victor E.  Naval Air Strike as a Response to State-Sponsored Terrorism (an analysis of Lebanon and Libyan air strikes).  Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1986.  25 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 D642n

Gibson, Scott K.  France as an American Military Ally: Problems and Prospects.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1996.  1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 G451f

Grannis, Lawrence A.  Center of Gravity--Libya 1989.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, May 1989.  73 p.
El Dorado Canyon and National Objectives, pp 52-54.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 G759c

Hollis, Craig M.  Coercive Airpower: Qaddafi and Chavez.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  35 p.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 H742c

Hood, Robert C.  Campaign Planning: Considerations for Attacking National Command and Control.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command & General Staff College, May 1994.  1 vol.
Application of Considerations to: Operation Eldorado Canyon, pp 35-39.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 H777c

Hoyes, Michael B.  Eldorado Canyon: Countering State-Sponsored Terrorism from the Air.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, March 1995.  55 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 H868e

Institute for Defense Analyses.  Evolving Service Roles in Presence Missions, by James A. Thomason and others.  Alexandria, VA, August 1995.  1 vol.
Case Study: Operation El Dorado Canyon (Libya), pp B-1 to B-16.
Doc. call no.: M-U 40381-11 no.3146

Marineau, Charles R., Jr.  The 1986 U.S. Airstrikes on Libya: A Prototype for Future Military Action Against Terrorism?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 1988.  33 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 M353n

Parker, Geoffrey S. and Leturmy, Larry J.  The Libya Raid: A Joint Response to State-Sponsored Terrorism.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1986.  101 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 P239L

Phinney, Todd R.  Airpower Versus Terrorism: Three Case Studies.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 2003.  93 p.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 P572a

Riehm, Peter Josef Alfred.  Suasion Through Military Presence: An Analysis of the Role of Presence in U.S.-Libyan Relations, 1977-1995.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1996.  206 p.
Hostilities, 1985-1986, pp 134-150.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 R555s

Shrader, Billy R.  Targeting National Security: The True Mechanism Behind Effective National Coercion.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, School for Advanced Airpower Studies, 1997.  78 p.
Operation El Dorado Canyon, pp 48-66.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 S561t

Snodgrass, Michael A.  Tactical Fighter Employment: The Optimum Role in Contingency Operations.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command & General Staff College, 1991.  139 p.
Operation El Dorado Canyon, pp 99-112.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 S673t

Trebon, Gregory L.  Libyan State Sponsored Terrorism--What Did Operation El Dorado Canyon Accomplish?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1988.  57 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 T785L

Voight, Bradley D.  Responses to Libyan-Sponsored Terrorism (1980-1994): A Comparative Analysis.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 1994.  92 p.
Chronology of Libyan-Sponsored Terrorism, pp 6-16.
Case Study Three: The 1986 American Bombing Raid on Tripoli, pp 26-32.
Evaluation of the Effectiveness: Case Study Three, pp 61-62.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 V891r

Woodley, R. Ross.  Unmanned Aerial Warfare: Strategic Help or Hinderance?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 2000.  120 p.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 W891u

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Air Strike on Libya.  For Your Eyes Only  No. 137:1  April 28, 1986.

Alder, Konrad.  An Eye for an Eye, a Tooth for a Tooth...the U.S. Airborne Strike Against Libya.  Armada International  11:35-41  January-February 1987.

Americans Sanction More Raids If Libyan Terrorism Continues.  Gallup Report  No. 247:2-12  April 1986.

Andrade, Dale.  Strike One, Strike Two...Reagan Wins a Double Header.  Soldier of Fortune  11:74-81+  August 1986.

Attack on Terrorism.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  124:18-25  April 21, 1986.
A special section including several brief articles.
U.S. Demonstrates Advanced Weapons Technology in Libya, pp 18-21.
Reagan Ordered Air Strikes to Preempt Libyan Terrorists, pp 22-23.
British Approval of U.S. Action Prompts Debate in Parliament, pp 24-25.
Raid Sparks European Protest, Special NATO & EEC Sessions, p 25.

Austin, Granville.  The Libya Raid and the Arab-Israel Dispute.  Journal of Palestine Studies  15:99-111  Summer 1986.

Barber, John and others.  Across the Line of Death (Gulf of Sidra skirmish).  Maclean's  99:14-15  April 14, 1986.
(Please note that there is a date or issue problem.  The Air University Library's copy is dated April 14, 1986 but is located in the April 7, 1986 issue).

Bombs Away: High Tech in a Terrorist War.  Soldier of Fortune  11:82-89  August 1986.

Bonfante, Jordan.  Why Are the Europeans Angry?  Time  127:30  May 5, 1986.

Bower, Tom.  Was the Bombing of Tripoli a Misguided Vendetta by Reagan?  Listener  117:4-6  April 2, 1987.

Boyd, Gerald M.  Genesis of a Decision: How the President Approved Retaliatory Bombing.  New York Times, p A11, April 15, 1986.

Boyne, Walter J.  El Dorado Canyon.  Air Force Magazine  82:56-62  March 1999.
Also available online at: 

Braybrook, Roy.  Old Conflicts and New Craft.  Pacific Defence Reporter  13:73-75  December 1986-January 1987.

Briefing by Shulz and Weinberger on Strikes Against Libya.  New York Times, p A13, cols 1-6, April 15, 1986.

Browne, N.  U.S. Attack on Libya.  Strategic Analysis  12:417-438  July 1989.

Broyles, William.  The Real Strategy in the Libya Bombing.  U.S. News & World Report  100:14  May 12, 1986.

Burlage, John.  U.S.-Libya Clash in Gulf of Sidra.  Air Force Times  46:37-40  April 7, 1986.
Events occurring one week before the raid.

Carr, Craig L. and Scott, Gary L.  The Libyan Raid: A Strategic Consequentialist Perspective.  Crossroads  No. 31:37-47  1991.

Church, George J.  Hitting the Source.  Time  127:16-20+  April 28, 1986.
Includes maps of the raid.

Cogan, Charles G.  The Response of the Strong to the Weak: The American Raid on Libya, 1986.  Intelligence and National Security  6:608-620  July 1991.
Reviews the planning, the overall balance sheet, and the aftermath.

Cordesman, Anthony H.  After the Raid--the Emerging Lessons from the U.S. Attack on Libya.  Armed Forces  5:355-360  August 1986.

Crozier, Brian.  Moscow's Libyan Tool.  National Review  38:26  June 6, 1986.

Doerner, William R.  In the Dead of the Night: Hard Choices and High Drama for the Raids Planners and Pilots.  Time  127:28-31  April 28, 1986.
Includes a timeline and several maps (route to the battle, major targets, etc).

Documentation: American Bombing of Libya.  Survival  28:446-460  September-October 1986.
Presents the official statements and speeches concerning the bombing made by President Reagan, Muammar Gaddafi, the Soviet government, Prime Minister Thatcher, etc., including 'President Reagan, Address to the Nation on Libya 14 April 1986' and 'Statement by the Soviet Government 15 April 1986'.  Also provides the text of the 'Report of the US Department of Defense on the Bombing of Libya, 8 May 1986', the 'Message from General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi 16 April 1986', etc.

El Din, Ahmed Kamal.  The U.S.: Striking at the Libyan "Pariah".  Arabia: The Islamic World Review  5:16-17  May 1986.

Elliott, Frank and Famiglietti, Len.  Planning, Precision Made Libya Raid Succeed.  Air Force Times  46:10+  April 28, 1986.

Elliott, Frank and Famiglietti, Len.  Training, Skill Used to Hilt in Raid on Libya.  Navy Times  35:4+  April 28, 1986.

Eppright, Charles T.  'Counterterrorism' and Conventional Military Force: The Relationship Between Political Effect and Unity.  Studies in Conflict & Terrorism  20:333-344  October-December 1997.
Discusses the experiences of the U.S. when using military force against terrorists.  Especially note pages 340-341.

Fadil, Magda A.  Libya Strike: Direct Action from the White House.  Middle East  No. 150:24-25  April 1987.
States that the raid intended to assassinate Qaddafi.

The Fury of Khadafy.  Maclean's  99:18-22  April 28, 1986.
Offers a general review of events leading to the raids.

Garamone, Jim.  F-111 'Most Capable Airplane' for Libya Raid.  Air Force Times  46:4  April 28, 1986.

Garamone, Jim.  Sen. John Warner Praises Women's Role in Libya Raid.  Air Force Times  46:15  May 12, 1986.

Garfinkle, Adam M.  The Unspoken Success of the Libyan Raid.  World & I  2:142-147  January 1987.

Gent, Maurice.  The Libya Raid: A Provisional Balance-Sheet.  World Today 42:95-96 June 1986.

Gordon, Michael R.  Details 2-Pronged Attack.  New York Times, p A1+, April 15, 1986.

Hall, David L.  The Constitution and Presidential War Making Against Libya.  Naval War College Review  42:30-45  Summer 1989.

Harris, Lillian Craig.  America's Libya Policy Has Failed.  Middle East International  No. 285:14-15  October 10, 1986.

Hornung, Rick.  Air Tankers Aid in Raid on Libya.  Military Logistics Forum  2:11  June 1986.

Ismail, Sadaf.  Raid to Eradicate Terrorism.  Pakistan Horizon  39:14-21  Second Quarter 1986.

Jansen, Michael and Jansen, Godfrey.  The Libya Raid: Where It Went Wrong.  Middle East International  No. 275:8-9  May 16, 1986.

Joyner, Christopher C.  In Search of an Anti-Terrorism Policy: Lessons from the Reagan Era.  Terrorism  11, no. 1:29-42  1988.
Retaliation (the raid), pp 36-40.

Korkisch, Friedrich.  U.S. Air Strikes Against Targets in Libya.  Military Technology  No. 13/86 (Military Balance issue):46-48+  December 1986.

Lee, Dave and Holmes, Chris.  Operation EL DORADO: The Men Behind the Headlines.  All Hands  No. 831:24-29  June 1986.

Lejeune, Anthony.  A Friend in Need (British reaction to Libya raid).  National Review  38:27  May 23, 1986.

Letter from Washington (War Powers Act in relation to U.S. raid on Libya).  National Review  38:15  May 9, 1986.

Lewis, Neil A.  Paris Barred Jets. Weinberger Says Rebuff Added 1,200 Miles to Flight from Britain.  New York Times, p A1+, col 2, April 15, 1986.

Libya Strike Details Revealed.  Flight International  129:12-14  April 26, 1986.

Libya Strike Information Released by Pentagon.  Aerospace Daily  138:126-128  April 22, 1986.

Libyan Conflict.  Jane's Defence Weekly  5:736-737+  April 26, 1986.
Includes several brief articles.
Countdown to Operation El Dorado (detailed timetable), p 736.
Libyan SAM Missiles Hit Civilian Areas, Says USA, p 737.
Basis of UK's Decision over Use of Air Bases, p 740.
Europe Fears Renewed Terrorism, p 742.

Livingstone, Neil C. and Halevy, David.  Bombs over Benghazi: Ollie North's Secret War Explodes in Libya.  Soldier of Fortune  15:20-29+  January 1990.
How North helped organize the American air strike in Libya.

Martin, David C. and Walcott, John L.  A Raid That Went Awry.  U.S. News & World Report  104:36-39+  June 20, 1988.
Excerpt from the book The Best-Laid Plans.

Meacham, James.  Hits and Misses in Libyan Raid.  Defence Attache  No. 2:11-12+  1986.

Melakopides, Constantine.  Libya Raids and the Western Alliance.  International Perspectives, pp 19-21, July-August 1986.

Militaris, Vox.  The U.S. Strike Against Libya: Operation El Dorado Canyon.  Army Quarterly and Defence Journal  116:134-148  April 1986.
Discusses the preceding events and operation in chronological order from the March 9, 1986 through April 20, 1986.

Morrissette, Walt.  DOD Details Civilian Damage in Libya Raid.  Air Force Times  46:12  May 26, 1986.

Neff, Donald.  Libya and the United States.  American-Arab Affairs  No. 17:1-10  Summer 1986.

Neff, Donald.  The Shift in U.S. Policy That Threatens Disaster.  Middle East International  No. 274:3-4  May 2, 1986.

North, David M.  Air Force, Navy Brief Congress on Lessons from Libya Strikes.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  124:63  June 2, 1986.

Nour, Salah.  Libya after the Air Raids.  Arabia: The Islamic World Review  5:26-27  June 1986.

Parks, W. Hays.  Crossing the Line.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings  112:40-52  November 1986.
Examines the actions in both Attain Document and Eldorado Canyon including the aircraft selection, target nominations, etc.

Pearson, John and others.  A Bold Raid Loaded with Risks.  Business Week  No. 2944:22-23  April 28, 1986.
Reviews the possible consequences of the raids and Moscow's dilemma.  "If Libya attacks spurs new terror, Europe will blame US".

Perera, Judith.  Voyage to Disaster.  Middle East  No. 139:7-8  May 1986.

Prunckun, Henry W., Jr.  Military Deterrence of International Terrorism: An Evaluation of Operation El Dorado Canyon.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism  20:267-280  July-September 1997.

Reagan, Officials' Statements on Libya.  CQ Weekly Report  44:881-883  April 19, 1986.

Reagan, Ronald.  The Fight Against Terrorism.  Vital Speeches of the Day  52:418-419  May 1, 1986.
Address by the President on April 14, 1986.

Reagan, Ronald.  Libyan Sanctions.  Department of State Bulletin  86:36-39  March 1986.
Background documents to the conflict.  Statements, Letters to Congress, and Executive Orders for January 7-9, 1986.

Reagan's Raiders: A Clockwork Rendezvous and Some Nasty Surprises.  Newsweek  107:26-28+  April 28, 1986.
Includes a map of the raid.

Roberts, John.  U.S. Off Target.  Middle East Economic Digest  30:6-8  April 19-25, 1986.

Rubner, Michael.  Antiterrorism and the Withering of the 1973 War Powers Resolution.  Political Science Quarterly  102:193-215  Summer 1987.
Operation "El Dorado Canyon", pp 204-211.

Security Council Does Not Adopt Text Condemning United States Armed Attack Against Libya.  UN Chronicle  23:46-51  August 1986.

Seserinac, Dimitrije.  Military Aspects of U.S. Action in Libya.  Review of International Affairs  37:8-11  May 5, 1986.

Shultz, Richard H., Jr.  Can Democratic Governments Use Military Force in the War Against Terrorism?  The U.S. Confrontation with Libya.  World Affairs  148:205-215  Spring 1986.

St. John, Ronald Bruce.  Terrorism and Libyan Foreign Policy, 1981-1986.  World Today  42:111-115  July 1986.

Stanik, Joseph T.  Welcome to El Dorado Canyon.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings  122:57-62  April 1996.

Stevovic, Mihailo.  American Aggression Against Libya: Causes and Effects.  Review of International Affairs  37:6-8  May 5, 1986.

Stork, Joe.  Mad Dogs and Presidents.  Middle East Report  No. 140:6-10  May-June 1986.

The Storm Breaks.  Middle East International  No. 273:3-4  April 18, 1986.

Stroud, William P., III.  Use and Misuse of Conventional Tactical Air Power.  Airpower Journal  1:16-20  Summer 1987.
Also available online at:
Uses the Libya raid as an example.

Stumpf, Robert E.  Air War with Libya.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings  112:42-48  August 1986.

Sullivan, Scott.  Why Europe Is Angry.  Newsweek  107:34+  April 28, 1986.

Talbott, Strobe.  Going It Alone.  Time  127:80  April 28, 1986.

Targeting Gaddafi.  Time  127:18-22+  April 21, 1986.

Towell, Pat.  Congressional Role in Military Conflicts: After Raid on Libya, New Questions on Hill.  CQ Weekly Report  44:838-839  April 19, 1986.

Transcript of Address by Reagan on Libya.  New York Times, p A10, April 15, 1986.

U.S. Airpower Hits Back.  Defence Update International  No. 73:27-34  July 1986.
A reconstruction of events April 14 and 15th.

U.S. Attack Met No Libyan Aircraft.  Defense Daily  145:257  April 16, 1986.

U.S. Bombs Libya: The Soviet Response.  Current Digest of the Soviet Press  38:1-5+  May 14, 1986.

U.S. Exercises Right of Self-Defense Against Libyan Terrorism.  Department of State Bulletin  86:1-27  June 1986.
White House Statement and President's Address to the Nation, April 14, 1986, pp 1-2.
Joint News Conference by Secretary Shultz and Secretary Weinberger, April 14, 1986, pp 3-6.
"The Today Show" Interview with Secretary Shultz, April 15, 1986, pp 6-7.
Letter to the Congress, April 16, 1986, p 8.
"Worldnet" Interview with Secretary Shultz, April 16, 1986, pp 8-11.
American Journalists' Interview with Secretary Shultz, April 17, 1986, pp 11-16.
"Face the Nation" Interview with Secretary Shultz, April 27, 1986, pp 16-18.
Security Council Considers U.S. Self-Defense Exercise, pp 18-23.

U.S. Response to Libyan Attack.  Department of State Bulletin  86:80  May 1986.
U.S. report to UN concerning Libyan missile attack on U.S. vessels in international waters on March 26, 1986.

Ullman, H. K. and Friedman, N.  Assessing the Raid on Libya.  Naval Forces  7, no. 4:10-11  1986.

USAF's Role in Libyan Raid.  Air Force Magazine  69:26+  November 1986.

Weinberger, Crowe Provide Additional Details on Libya Raid.  Aerospace Daily  138:495-496  June 26, 1986.

Weinraub, Bernard.  U.S. Jets Hit 'Terrorist Centers' in Raids on Five Targets.  New York Times, p A1+, April 15, 1986.

Whitaker, Mark and Walcott, John.  Getting Rid of Kaddafi.  Newsweek  107:18-22+  April 28, 1986.
Includes results of a public opinion poll in Europe and U.S. on several issues concerning the raid.

The Wrong Answer.  America  154:353-354  May 3, 1986.
Editorial stating the raid was the wrong response to Qaddafi's terrorism.

Zilian, Frederick, Jr.  The U.S. Raid on Libya--and NATO.  Orbis  30:499-524  Fall 1986.

Zimmerman, Tim.  American Bombing of Libya: A Success for Coercive Diplomacy?  Survival  29:195-214  May-June 1987.

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