LAW OF ARMED CONFLICT IN AIR AND SPACE OPERATIONS


June 2009

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of target web sites or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at those locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on June 15, 2009.


Internet Resources


Brooks, Rosa E.  War Everywhere:  Rights, National Security Law, and the Law of Armed Conflict in the Age of Terror.  University of Pennsylvania Law Review 153:675-751 December 2004.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15688142&site=ehost-live

Buchanan, Allen and Keohane, Robert O.  Justifying Preventive Force.  Ethics & International Affairs 19, no.2:109-111 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17791202&site=ehost-live

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.  The Hague, 1954. 
Available online at:  http://www.icomos.org/hague/hague.convention.html

Convention (IV) Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land and Its Annex:  Regulations/ Concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land.  The Hague, 18 October 1907. 
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/IHL.nsf/385ec082b509e76c41256739003e636d/1d1726425f6955aec125641e0038bfd6?OpenDocument
Located on the web page of the International Committee of the Red Cross.  Several articles are applicable to air or space operations.

Convention (IX) Concerning Bombardment by Naval Forces in Time of War.  The Hague, 18 October 1907.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/220?OpenDocument
Located on the web page of the International Committee of the Red Cross.  Several articles are applicable to air or space operations.

Faber, Peter R.  Ethical-Legal Dimensions of Strategic Bombing During WWII:  An Admonition to Current Ethicists.  January 1996.
Available online at:  http://www.duke.edu/jscope/papfab.htm
A paper prepared for presentation to the Joint Services Conference on Professional Ethics XVII Washington, D.C. January 25-26, 1996.

Final Report to the Prosecutor by the Committee Established to Review the NATO Bombing Campaign Against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Available online at:  http://www.un.org/icty/pressreal/nato061300.htm

Hague Rules of Air Warfare.  February 1923.
Available online at:  http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/1918p/hagair.html
These are draft rules which were never ratified.

Human Rights Watch.  Civilian Deaths in the NATO Air Campaign.  February 2000.
Available online at:  http://www.hrw.org/reports/2000/nato/
A report issued by the Human Rights Watch Organization concerning the Operation Allied Force air campaign.  Includes Law of War issues.

International Committee of the Red Cross.  Law of Air Warfare.
Available online at:  http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList74/A2C8C3F66E12055CC1256B66005E97AE
Includes several articles about the law of air warfare.

International Humanitarian Law Issues and the Afghan Conflict:  Open Letter to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Defense Ministers.  Human Rights News October 2001.
Available online at:  http://www.hrw.org/press/2001/10/nato1017-ltr.htm

Kirgis, Frederic L.  U.S.-British Air Strikes on Targets in Iraq.  ASIL Insights February 2001.
Available online at:  http://www.asil.org/insights/insigh62.htm
Journal of the American Society of International Law.

Kirgis, Frederic L.  United States Reconnaissance Aircraft Collision with Chinese Jet.  ASIL Insights April 2001.
Available online at:  http://www.asil.org/insights/insigh66.htm
Journal of the American Society of International Law.

Lee, Steven.  A Moral Critique of the Cosmopolitan Institutional Proposal.  Ethics & International Affairs 19, no.2:99-107 2005.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17791200&site=ehost-live

Military Law and Legal Links.  Air War College:  Gateway to the Internet.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awc-law.htm

Links to topics such as:  Law of War & Laws in War, Terrorism Law, and Space Law and Treaties.

Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water.  1963.
Available online at:  http://www.islandone.org/Treaties/BH454.html

Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems.  Washington, United States.  Dept of State, 1972.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/www/global/arms/treaties/abm/abm2.html

Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.  Washington, United States Department of State, 1967.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/www/global/arms/treaties/space1.html
"Outer Space Treaty
."

United States.  Air Force.  Airman's Manual (Air Force Manual 10-100).  June 2004.  262 p.
Available online at:  http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/AFPAM10-100.pdf
Law of Armed Conflict, pp 13-14.

United States.  Air Force.  Compliance with the Law of Armed Conflict (Air Force Policy Directive 51-4).  April 1993.  4 p.
Available online at:  http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs//afpd51-4.pdf

United States.  Air Force.  Training and Reporting to Ensure Compliance with the Law of Armed Conflict (Air Force Instruction 51-401).  July 1994.  6 p.
Available online at:  http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/AFI51-401.pdf

Includes changes dated 17 December 2008.

United States.  Air Force.  USAF Intelligence Targeting Guide (Air Force Pamphlet 14-210).  February 1998.  189 p.
Attachment 4:  Targeting and International Law.
Available online at:  http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/AFPAM14-210.pdf

United States.  Air Force.  Air Force Targeting (Air Force Instruction 14-117).  May 2009.   15 p.
Available online at:  http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/AFI14-117.pdf

University of Bologna.  Faculty of Political Science.  Research Guide to International Law on the Internet:  Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflicts.
Available online at:  http://www.spfo.unibo.it/spolfo/HUMLAW.htm

University of Minnesota.  Human Rights Library:  Law of Armed Conflict.
Available online at:  http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/auoy.htm
Links to many web sites dealing with the law of armed conflict.

Waxman, Matthew C.  International Law and the Politics of Urban Air Operations.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2000.
Available online at:  http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1175/

Yale Law School.  Lillian Goldman Law Library.  Avalon Project at Yale Law School.  The Laws of War.
Available online at:  http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/lawwar.asp


Internet Resource (Student Research)


Garrett, James F.  Necessity and Proportionality in the Operation Enduring Freedom VII Campaign.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479007
 


Books


Air Force Operations and the Law:  A Guide for Air and Space Forces.  Washington, International and Operations Law Division, Judge Advocate General's Department, 2002.  700 p.
Book call no.:  342.0412 A298 2002

Annals of Air and Space Law, Volume 4, edited by Nicolas Mateesco Matte.  Toronto, Canada, Institute and Centre of Air and Space Law, McGill University, 1979.  711 p.
Belligerent Air Operations and the 1977 Geneva Protocol I, by H. DeSaussure, pp 459-482.
Book call no.:  341.47 A613 V.4 1979

Benko, Marietta and others.  Space Law in the United Nations.  Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1985.  256 p.
The Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space, by G.C.M Reijnen, pp 147-184.
Book call no.:  341.47 B468s

Best, Geoffrey.  War and Law since 1945.  New York, Clarendon Press, 1994.  434 p.
Prohibitions:  Terror, Indiscriminate Bombardment, Starvation, pp 276-283. 
Cultural Property and the Environment, pp 283-288.
Book call no.:  341.6 B561w

Byers, Michael.  War Law:  Understanding International Law and Armed Conflict.  Vancouver, Canada, Douglas & McIntyre, 2005.  214 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 B993w

Christol, Carl Q.  Space Law:  Past, Present, and Future.  Boston, Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, 1991.  516 p.
See table of contents for sections on the militarization of space.
Book call no.:  341.47 C554s

Christopher, Paul.  The Ethics of War and Peace:  An Introduction to Legal and Moral Issues.  3rd ed.  Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2004.  278 p.
Book call no.:  172.42 C556e 2004

Cooper, John C.  Explorations in Aerospace Law:  Selected Essays.  Montreal, Canada, McGill University, 1968.  480 p.
Self-Defense in Outer Space and the United Nations, pp 412-422.
Book call no.:  341.47 C777e

Detter, Ingrid.  Law of War.  2nd ed.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2000.  516 p.
Prohibition of Area Bombing, pp 284-285.
Book call no.:  341.6 D483L 2000

Dinstein, Yoram.  The Conduct of Hostilities in the Law of International Armed Conflict.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  275 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 D587c

Documents on the Laws of War, edited by Adam Roberts and Richard Guelff.  3rd ed.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2000.  765 p.
Document 9:  1907 Hague Convention IX Concerning Bombardment by Naval Forces in Time of War.
Document 12:  1923 Hague Rules of Aerial Warfare, Bombardment, Articles 22-26.
Book call no.:  341.6 D637

Enemy Combatants, Terrorism, and Armed Conflict Law:  A Guide to the Issues, edited by David K. Linnan.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  400 p.
Book call no.:  343.7301 E56

Fawcett, J. E. S.  International Law in the Uses of Outer Space.  Dobbs Ferry, NY, Oceana Publications, 1968.  92 p.
Outer Space Treaty 1966, pp 86-91.
Book call no.:  341.47 F278i

Gazzini, Tarcisio.  The Changing Rules on the Use of Force in International Law.  Huntington, NY, Juris, 2005.  266 p.  (Melland Schill Studies in International Law)
Book call no.:  341.6 G289c

Green, L. C.  Contemporary Law of Armed Conflict.  2nd ed. Yonkers, NY, Juris Publishing, 2000.  393 p.  (Melland Schill Studies in International Law)
Conduct of Hostilities:  Air, pp 181-195.
Book call no.:  341.6 G796c 2000

Green, L. C.  Essays on the Modern Law of War.  Dobbs, Ferry, NY, Transnational Publishers, 1985.  281 p.
Aerial Considerations and the Law of Armed Conflict, pp 135-150.
Book call no.:  341.6 G797e

Gulf War 1990-91 in International and English Law, edited by Peter Rowe.  New York, Routledge, 1993.  463 p.
Legal Controls on the Conduct of Hostilities, pp 55-170.
Book call no.:  341.6 G9711

Hague Conventions and Declarations of 1899 and 1907, edited by James Brown Scott.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1915.  303 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 H147h

Handbook of Humanitarian Law in Armed Conflict, edited by Dieter Fleck.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1995.  589 p.
See table of contents for sections on Peculiarities of Aerial and Naval Warfare, Methods and Means of Combat, Protection of the Civilian Population, and Protection of Cultural Property.
Book call no.:  R 341236 H236

Heere, Wybo P.  International Bibliography of Air Law 1900-1971.  Supplements 1977-1980, 1981-1984, and 1985-1990.  Dobbs Ferry, New York, Oceana Publications, 1972.  569 p.
See section on the law of war in the air.
Book call no.: 016.62913 H459i

Hoversten, Michael R.  Law Governing Aerospace Warfare in the 21st Century.  Montreal, Quebec, Institute of Air and Space Law, 2000.  136 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 H845L

Hurwitz, Bruce A.  Legality of Space Militarization.  New York, Elsevier Science Publishers, 1986.  252 p.
Book call no.:  341.47 H967L

International Law-the Conduct of Armed Conflict and Air Operations.  Washington, United States.  Air Force.  Judge Advocate General's Department, 1976.  1 vol.
Air Force Pamphlet 110-31.
Pamphlet has been rescinded but has good historical information.
Book call no.:  341.3 A2981i

International Perspective, Gulf Conflict, 1990-91, edited by Alex Danchev and Dan Keohane.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1994.  332 p.
Attacks from the Air, pp 272-275.
Book call no.:  956.70442 I61

International Security Dimensions of Space, edited by Uri Re'anan and Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.  Hamden, CT, Archon Books, 1984.  324 p.
National Interests and the Legal Regime in Space, pp 11-251.
Book call no.:  358.8 I61

Johnson, D.H.N.  Rights in Air Space.  Dobbs Ferry, NY, Oceana Publications, 1965.  129 p.
Book call no.:  341.46 J66r

Just and Unjust Warriors:  The Moral and Legal Status of Soldiers, edited by David Rodin and Henry Shue.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2008.  261 p.
Book call no.:  172.42  J966  

Kennedy, David.  Of War and Law.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2006.  191 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 K35o

Knell, Hermann.  To Destroy a City:  Strategic Bombing and Its Human Consequences in World War II.  Cambridge, MA, Da Capo, 2003.  373 p.
Book call no.:  358.42 K68d

Law and Responsibility in Warfare:  The Vietnam Experience
, edited by Peter D. Trooboff.  Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 1975.  280 p.
Air Warfare-Christmas 1972, pp 119-149.
Book call no.:  341.6 L415

Law in the War on International Terrorism, edited by Ved P. Nanda.  Ardsley, NY, Transnational Publishers, 2005.   277 p.
Book call no.:  345.02 L415

The Law of Armed Conflict:  Constraints on the Contemporary Use of Military Force,
edited by Howard M. Hensel.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  266 p.  (Global Interdisciplinary Studies)
Book call no.:  341.6 L4154

Law of War, edited by Richard I. Miller.  Lexington, MA, Lexington Books, 1975.  329 p.
Book call no.:  341.3 L415

Law of War:  A Documentary History, edited by Leon Friedman.  New York, Random House, 1972.  2 vol.
Hague Rules of Air Warfare (1922), pp 437-449.
Book call no.:  341.6 F911L v.1

The Law of War in the 21st Century:  Weaponry and the Use of Force, edited by Anthony M. Helm.  Newport, RI, 2007.  336 p. (International Law Studies, no. 82)
Book call no.:  341.6 L4155

Law of War Workshop Desk Book, edited by Brian J. Bill and others.  Buffalo, NY, W.S. Hein, 2004.  278 p.  (Hein's Electronic Documents Reprint Series, no.14)
Originally published by the Judge Advocate General's School, U.S. Army.
Book call no.:  341.6 L4152

The Law of Armed Conflict:  Constraints on the Contemporary Use of Military Force
, edited by Howard M. Hensel.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  266 p.  (Global Interdisciplinary Studies Series)
Book call no.:  341.6 L415

Laws of Armed Conflict:  A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions and Other Documents, edited by Dietrich Schindler and Jiri Toman.  2nd ed. Rockville, MD, Sijthoff & Noodhoff, 1981.  933 p. (Scientific Collection of the Henry Dunant Institute)
Air Warfare, pp 141-157.
Book call no.:  341.6026 L425

Laws of War:  A Comprehensive Collection of Primary Documents on International Laws Governing Armed Conflict, edited by W. Michael Reisman and Chris T. Antoniou.  New York, Vintage Books, 1994.  448 p.
See table of contents for sections on aerial warfare and bombardment.
Book call no.:  341.6 R377L

Laws of War:  Constraints on Warfare in the Western World, edited by Michael Howard and others.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1994.  303 p.
Air Power, by Tami Davis Biddle, pp 140-159.
Book call no.:  341.6 H851L

The Legitimate Use of Military Force:  The Just War Tradition and the Customary Law of Armed Conflict, edited by Howard M. Hensel.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2008.  300 p.  (Justice, International Law and Global Security)
Book call no.:  172.42 L 514

Levie, Howard S.  Code of International Armed Conflict.  New York, Oceana Publications, 1986.  2 vols.
Methods and Means of Making War in the Air, pp 205-226.
Book call no.:  R 341.6 L664c v.1

McCoubrey, Hilaire and White, Nigel D.  International Law and Armed Conflict.  Brookfield, VT, Dartmouth Publishing, 1992.  371 p.
Law of Bombardment, pp 230-235.
Book call no.:  341.62 M131i

Military Commander and the Law.  9th ed.  Maxwell AFB, AL, United States. Air Force.  Judge Advocate General School, 2008.  655 p.
See chapter 17, International & Operations Law.
Also available online at:  http://milcom.jag.af.mil/milcom2008.pdf
Book call no.:  343.013 M644 2008

Military Space Doctrine:  The Great Frontier:  A Book of Readings for the USAFA Military Space Doctrine Symposium, 1-3 April 1981
, compiled by Peter A. Swan.  Colorado Springs, CO, United States Air Force Academy, 1981.  4 vols.
Space Law and the Military Planner, by Robert L. Bridge, vol. 3, pp 773-798. 
Outer Space-the Emerging Law, by Harry H. Almond, vol. 3, pp 799-848.
Book call no.: 629.40973 M644 v.3

NATO/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia "Collateral Damage" or Unlawful Killings?  Violations of the Law of War by NATO During Operation Allied Force.  New York, Amnesty International, 2000.  65 p.
Book call no.:  949.7103 N2791

New Wars, New Laws?  Applying the Laws of War in 21st Century Conflicts, edited by David Wippman and Matthew Evangelista.  Ardsley, NY, Transnational Publishers, 2005.  303 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 N532


O'Keefe, Roger.  The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  404 p. (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law)
Book call no.:  344.09 O41p

Perspectives on Air Power:  Air Power in Its Wider Context, edited by Stuart Peach.  London, Defence Studies (Royal Air Force), Joint Services Command Staff College Bracknell, 1998.  365 p.
Air Power and International Air Law, by K. A. Kyriakides, pp 80-128.
Book call no.:  358.414 P465

Proceedings of the Fortieth Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space.  Reston, VA, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1998.  498 p.
Offered by the International Institute of Space Law of the International Astronautical Federation.
Total Militarization of Space and Space Law:  The Future of the Article IV of the '67 Outer Space Treaty, by Jose Monserrat Filho, pp 358-384.
Book call no.:  341.47 C714p v.40 1997

Ramey, Robert A.  Space Warfare and the Future Law of War.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, October 1999.  197 p.
Book call no.: 358.8 R172s

Reynolds, Glenn H. and Merges, Robert P.  Outer Space:  Problems of Law and Policy.  2nd ed. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1997.  446 p.
Book call no.:  341.47 R463o

Rodin, David.  War and Self-Defense.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2002.   213 p.
Book call no.:  341.6 R692w

Rogers, A.P.V.  Law on the Battlefield.  New York, Manchester University Press, 1996.  170 p.  (Melland Schill Studies in International Law)
See table of contents for sections on air warfare.
Book call no.:  341.63 R724L

Rumsey, Dexter C. and LeBell, Arnold.  International Air Law and the Atomic Age.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1956.  136 p.
Colonel LeBell uses Commander Rumsey's writing (by the same title) to further expand this theme.
Book call no.:  341.46 R938i

Space Handbook:  A War Fighters Guide to Space, Volume 1.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1993.  162 p.
Space Law, Policy, and Doctrine, pp 53-58.
Book call no.:  629.4 A2984s 1993 v.1

Space Law:  Development and Scope, edited by Nandasiri Jasentuliyana.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1992.  281 p.
Legal Aspects of Military Space Activities, by Peter Jankowitsch, pp 143-157.
Book call no.:  341.47 S7323

Spaight, J. M.  Air Power and War Rights.  3rd ed.  New York, Longmans, Green, 1947.  523 p.
Book call no.:  341.3 Spla3

Spaight, J. M.  Air Power and the Cities.  New York, Longmans, Green, 1930.  244 p.
Book call no.:  341.3 Sp1ai

Terrill, Delbert R., Jr.  Air Force Role in Developing International Outer Space Law.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1999.  126 p.
Book call no.:  341.75679 T326a

Terry, James P.  The Regulation of International Coercion:  Legal Authorities and Political Constraints.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2005.  150 p.  (Newport Paper, no.25)
Book call no.:  341.584 T329r

Under Orders:  War Crimes in Kosovo.  New York, Human Rights Watch, 2001.  593 p.
The NATO Air Campaign, pp 437-451.
Book call no.:  949.7103 A159u

Vereshchetin, V. and others.  Outer Space:  Politics and Law.  Moscow, Progress Publishers, 1987.  131 p.
Book call no.:  341.47 V492o

Wassenbergh, Henri A.  Principles of Outer Space Law in Hindsight.  Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1991.  173 p.
Book call no.:  341.47 W321p

White, Irvin L. and others.  Law and Politics in Outer Space:  A Bibliography.  Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1972.  176 p.
See section on military uses.
Book call no.:  016.34147 W584L

Youngner, Larry D., Jr.  No-Fly Zones:  Law, Policy, and the 1994 Black Hawk Fratricide.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, July 1999.  1 vol.
Book call no.:  956.70443 Y79n



Documents
 

An Assessment of International Legal Issues in Information Operations.  Washington, United States.  Dept. of Defense.  Office of General Counsel, May 1999.  50 p.
Space Law, pp 26-31.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/dod-io-legal/dod-io-legal.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42215-175

Magnan, Richard A.  An Examination of the Legal Authority for the 1999 NATO Air Campaign Against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Force Fellows Program, March 2000.  39 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA393979
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42252-91 M196e


Operations Law for RAAF Commanders.  2nd ed.  Tuggeranong, Australia, RAAF Air Power Studies Centre, May 2004.  100 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 36760-54 no.1003 2004


Documents (Student Research)


Blaher, J. Andrew.  Preemption:  Making America More Secure?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2004.  22 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423375
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B633p

Borch, Fred L.  Targeting after Operation Allied Force:  Has the Law Changed for CINCs and Their Planners?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2001.  23 p.
States that "targets selected during Allied Force were legitimate military objectives, and were lawfully attacked."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA392766
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662-105 B726t

Casagrande, E. E.  Air Bombardment and the Law of Armed Conflict.  Fairbairn, Australia, Royal Australian Air Force.  Air Power Studies Centre, February 1993.  26 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 36760-76

Daugherty, Kevin L.  Offenses under the Law of Armed Conflict-a Compendium.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 1988.  19 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 D238o

De Alicante, Tony F.  How Now Shall We Fight?  The Relevance of the Law of Armed Conflict to United States and Its Coalition Members in Light of the Terrorist Attacks of 11 September 2001.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2002.  23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA400948
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 D279h

Ekman, Roger E.  Dilemma:  Limited War and the Laws of War.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1972.  56 p.
Includes sections on the development of laws on air warfare.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 E365d

Gilmore, Danielle L.  Precision Guided Munitions and the Law of War.  Fairbairn, Australia, Royal Australian Air Force, Air Power Studies Centre, March 1995.  35 p.
Uses Desert Storm to make its analysis.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 36760-102

Golden, George D.  International Law, ADIZs and the Legal Actions of Interceptor Aircrews.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air Command and Staff College, May 1977.  45 p.
"Covers international law as it applies to airspace and to the rights of aircraft.  Consideration is given to the legal actions an interceptor aircrew might take in action against intruding aircraft." - Abstract
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 G618i

Heaton, John Ricou.  Civilians at War:  Reexaming the Status of Civilians Accompanying the Armed Forces.  Washington. May 2004.  99 p.  (Thesis, LL.M. George Washington University)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA425026
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-994

Higgins, Daniel J.  Precision Guided Munitions in an Urban Environment.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2006.  34 p.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=researchproject&objectid=5566e605-ad91-41ef-a036-413fce905128
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H6363p

Jacobson, Norman, Jr.  Training "Combat JAGs"-Does Today's Operational Training for Military Lawyers Fit the Bill?  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, June 1997.  69 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 J17t

Lucas, Edward R.  Precision Guided Munitions and Collateral Damage:  Does the Law of Armed Conflict Require the Use of Precision Guided Munitions When Conducting Urban Aerial Attacks?  Iowa City, Iowa, 2003.  80 p.  (Thesis, LL.M. University of Iowa)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416640
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-984

Machon, Matthew J.  Targeted Killings as an Element of U.S. Foreign Policy in the War on Terror.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2006.  64 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA450537
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 M151t

Ovios, Matthew D.  Rules of Engagement for Space:  Where Do You Start?  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2003.  25 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415585
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 O961r

Perry, Richard M.  Striking the Balance:  Airpower Rules of Engagement in Peace Operations.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1999.  82 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391759
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 P464s

Rawson, Holly B.  Mercenaries, Terrorists and Corporations (Oh MY!):  The Yellow Brick Road to Dealing with Non-State Actors in Combat.   Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2003.  23 p.
Cover Title:  Does the Law of Armed Conflict Need to Evolve with Respect to Non-State Actors?
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415488
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 R262d

Reid, Scott.  Terrorists as Enemy Combatants:  An Analysis of How the United States Applies the Law of Armed Conflict in the Global War on Terrorism.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2004.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422754
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 R358t

Rumsey, Dexter C.  International Air Law and the Atomic Age.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1954.  105 p.
See table of contents for sections on international air law and laws of aerial warfare.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 32983 R938i

Shaw, Patrick M.  Collateral Damage and United States Air Force.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, June 1997.  84 p.
Collateral Damage and the Law of War, pp 6-17.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391809
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 S535c

Tinetti, John.  Lawful Targeted Killing or Assassination:  A Roadmap for Operators in the Global War on Terror.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 2004.   23 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422785
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41662 T591L

Walsh, Donald E.  Present and Future Military Uses of Outer Space:  International Law, Politics, and the Practice of States.  Montreal, Canada, Institute of Air and Space Law, McGill University, August 1986.  200 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43567-205

Yunyavongs, Teera Tony.  Domestic and International Law, and Transnational Terrorism:  Can "Reasonable Apprehension of Physical Harm" and "Probable Cause" Elucidates Issues Concerning Imminence and Anticipatory Self-Defense?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2007.  57 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475786
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 T927d


Periodicals


Baker, James E.  When Lawyers Advise Presidents in Wartime:  Kosovo and the Law of Armed Conflict.  Naval War College Review 55:11-24 Winter 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=6702138&site=ehost-live

Belt, Stuart W.  Missiles over Kosovo:  Emergence, Lex Lata, of a Customary Norm Requiring the Use of Precision Munitions in Urban Areas.  Naval Law Review 47:115-175 2000.

Berry, Nicholas.  Existing Legal Constraints on Space Weaponry.  Defense Monitor 30:5-6 February 2001.

Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=4265667&site=ehost-live

Best, Geoffrey.  Civilians in Contemporary Wars:  A Problem of Ethics, Law, and Fact.  Air University Review 35:29-40 March-April 1984.

Bolgiano, David and others.  Defining the Right of Self-Defense:  Working Toward the Use of a Deadly Force Appendix to the Standing Rules of Engagement for the Department of Defense.  Infantry 91:20-27 Summer 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=10391426&site=ehost-live

Borch, Frederic L.  Targeting after Kosovo:  Has the Law Changed for Strike Planners?  Naval War College Review 56:64-81 Spring 2003.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9619608&site=ehost-live

Bridge, Robert L.  Operations Law:  An Overview.  Air Force Law Review 37:1-4 1994.
Briefly introduces the topic of Operations Law to Air Force JAGs.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf

Brune, Lester H.  Effort to Regulate Aerial Bombing:  The Hague Commission of Jurists, 1922-1923.  Aerospace Historian 29:183-185 September 1982.

Carberry, James K.  Target Selection at CFLCC (Coalition Forces Land Component Command):  A Lawyer's Perspective.  Field Artillery 9:9-43 March-June 2004.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=913854441&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Carnahan, Burrus M.  Law of Air Bombardment in Its Historical Context.  Air Force Law Review 17:39-60 Summer 1975.

Cooper, John C.  Self-Defense in Outer Space...and the United Nations.  Air Force and Space Digest 45:51-56 February 1962.

Correll, John T.  Lavelle:  Unauthorized Air Strikes in North Vietnam, Depicted as 'Protective Reaction' Missions, Led to His Ouster as Commander of 7th Air Force.  Air Force Magazine 89:58-64 November 2006.
Also available online at:  http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2006/November 2006/1106lavelle.aspx

Crawford, J. W.  Law of Noncombat Immunity and the Targeting of National Electrical Power Systems.  Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 21:101-119 Summer-Fall 1997.

Cullen, Peter M.  The Role of Targeted Killing in the Campaign Against Terror.  Joint Force Quarterly 48:23-29 January 2008.
Click on the article title (under the "Forum" section in the table of contents).
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Press/jfq_pages/i48.htm

D'Alderley, Laurie-an.  Proportionality in the Laws of War - a Critical Analysis of the Principle of Proportion under Additional Protocol I, 1977.  Royal Air Force Air Power Review 8:90-103 Summer 2005.

D'Amato, Anthony.  Imposition of Attorney Sanctions for Claims Arising from the U.S. Air Raid on Libya.  American Journal of International Law 84:705-711 July 1990.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2202921

D'Amato, Anthony.  Israel's Airstrike Upon the Iraqi Nuclear Reactor.  American Journal of International Law 77:584-588 July 1983.
Editorial comments.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2201079

DeCamp, William T., III.  The Big Picture:  A Moral Analysis of Allied Force in Kosovo.  Marine Corps Gazette 84:42-44 February 2000.
Argues that air strikes in Kosovo were immoral.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=49723355&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

DeGrandpre, Andrew and Hafemeister, Rod.  By the Book?  Kabul Clash Tests Combat Rules, Raises Questions Across the Force.  Air Force Times 67:8 March 12, 2007.

DeSaussure, Ariane L.  Role of the Law of Armed Conflict During the Persian Gulf War:  An Overview.  Air Force Law Review 37:41-68 1994.

Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf

DeSaussure, Hamilton.  International Law and Aerial Bombing.  Air University Quarterly Review 5:22-34 Fall 1952.

DeSaussure, Hamilton.  Laws of Air Warfare:  Are There Any?  Naval War College Review 23:35-47 February 1971.
States that there are no codified laws concerning the rule of air warfare.

Downes, Alexander B.  Desperate Times, Desperate Measures:  The Causes of Civilian Victimization in War.  International Security 30:152-195 Spring 2006.
Also available online at:  http://www.mitpressjournals.org/toc/isec/30/4

Dunlap, Charles J., Jr.  End of Innocence:  Rethinking Noncombatancy in the Post-Kosovo Era.  Strategic Review 28:9-17 Summer 2000.
Includes air strikes in Yugoslavia in his analysis.

Evans, Gareth.  When Is It Right to Fight?  Survival 46:59-82 Autumn 2004.

Faber, Peter R.  Development of U.S. Strategic Bombing Doctrine in the Interwar Years:  Moral or Legal?  Journal of Legal Studies 7:111-129 1996-1997.

Gent, Terrie M.  Role of Judge Advocates in a Joint Air Operations Center:  A Counterpoint of Doctrine, Strategy and Law.  Airpower Journal 13:40-55 Spring 1999.

Goda, Paul J.  Protection of Civilians from Bombardment by Aircraft:  The Ineffectiveness of the International Law of War.  Military Law Review 33:93-113 July 1966.

Grant, Rebecca.  In Search of Lawful Targets.  Air Force Magazine 86:38-42+ February 2003.
Also available online at:  http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2003/February 2003/0203targets.aspx

Grunawalt, Richard J.  The JCS Standing Rules of Engagement:  A Judge Advocate's Primer.  Air Force Law Review 42:245-258 1997.

Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9711031885&site=ehost-live

Heintzelman, Harry L., IV and Bloom, Edmund S.  A Planning Primer:  How to Provide Effective Legal Input into the War Planning and Combat Execution Process.  Air Force Law Review 37:5-24 1994.

Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf

Hoffman, Michael H.  Rescuing the Law of War:  A Way Forward in an Era of Global Terrorism.  Parameters 35:18-35 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=17207761&site=ehost-live

Humphries, John G.  Operations Law and the Rules of Engagement:  In Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.  Airpower Journal 6:25-41 Fall 1992.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9604290535&site=ehost-live

Humphries, John G. and Cannon, Dorothy K.  JA Wartime Planning:  A Primer.  Air Force Law Review 37:69-83 1994.
Scroll down to the fourth article.  Role of Air Force Judge Advocates in operation planning.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf

Huskisson, Darren C.  The Air Bridge Denial Program and the Shootdown of Civil Aircraft under International Law.  Air Force Law Review 56:109-166 2005.
Second article listed.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-081009-011.pdf

Iasiello, Louis V.  Jus Post Bellum:  The Moral Responsibilities of Victors in War.  Naval War College Review 57:33-52 Summer-Autumn 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15287944&site=ehost-live

Kagan, Federick W.  Star Wars in Real Life:  Political Limitations on Space Warfare.  Parameters 28:112-120 Autumn 1998.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=1140857&site=ehost-live

Kamp, Karl-Heinz.  The New Political Reality of Pre-Emptive Defence.  Canadian Military Journal 6:76-78 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo6/no2/views-vues-eng.asp

Kastenberg, Joshua E.  The Use of Conventional International Law in Combating Terrorism:  The Maginot Line for Modern Civilization Employing the Principles of Anticipatory Self-Defense & Preemption.  Air Force Law Review 55:87-125 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15273610&site=ehost-live

Keeva, Steven.  Lawyers in the War Room.  ABA Journal 77:52-59 December 1991.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4790823&site=ehost-live

Kellogg, Davida E.  International Law and Terrorism.   Military Review 85:50-57 September-October 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19663159&site=ehost-live

Lazarski, Anthony J.  Legal Implications of the Uninhabited Combat Aerial Vehicle.  Aerospace Power Journal 16:74-83 Summer 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7035391&site=ehost-live

Lissitzyn, Oliver J.  The Treatment of Aerial Intruders in Recent Practice and International Law.  American Journal of International Law 47:559-589 October 1953.
Also available online at:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2194908  

Maxwell, Mark D.  The Law of War and Civilians on the Battlefield:  Are We Undermining Civilian Protections?  Military Review 84:17-25 September-October 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14796777&site=ehost-live

Maze, Rick.  Senate Aims to Keep Airmen out of War-Crimes Court.  Air Force Times 62:24 December 24, 2001.

McGinty, Michael.  That Was the War That Was:  International Law, Pre-Emption and the Invasion of Iraq.  RUSI Journal 148:20-25 June 2003.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=508011981&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Meilinger, Phillip S.  Winged Defense:  The Law, and Morality.  Armed Forces & Society 20:103-123 Fall 1993.

Meyer, Jeanne M.  Tearing Down the Facade:  A Critical Look at the Current Law on Targeting the Will of the Enemy and Air Force Doctrine.  Air Force Law Review 51:43-53 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=6424432&site=ehost-live

Parkerson, John E., Jr.  International Legal Implications of the Strategic Defense Initiative.  Military Law Review 116:67-156 Spring 1987.
Also available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/277C69~1.pdf

Parks, W. Hays.  Air War and the Law of War.  Air Force Law Review 32:1-225 1990.

Parks, W. Hays.  Conventional Aerial Bombing and the Law of War.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 108:98-117 May 1982.

Parks, W. Hays.  Linebacker and the Law of War.  Air University Review 34:2-27 January-February 1983.

Parks, W. Hays.  Rolling Thunder and the Law of War.  Air University Review 33:2-23 January-February 1982.

Petras, Christopher M.  Space Force Alpha:  Military Use of the International Space Station and the Concept of "Peaceful Purposes."  Air Force Law Review 53:135-181 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8870354&site=ehost-live

Ramey, Robert A.  Armed Conflict on the Final Frontier:  The Law of War in Space.  Air Force Law Review 48:1-158 2000.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-081204-031.pdf

Reynolds, Jefferson D.  Collateral Damage on the 21st Century Battlefield:  Enemy Exploitation of the Law Armed Conflict, and the Struggle for a Moral High Ground.  Air Force Law Review 56:1-108 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-081009-011.pdf

Roberts, Adam.  Counter-Terrorism, Armed Force and the Laws of War.  Survival 44:7-32 Spring 2002.
Section on bombing pages 18-20.

Roberts, Adam.  Law and Use of Force after Iraq.  Survival 45:31-56 Summer 2003.

Robertson, Horace B.  Principle of the Military Objective in the Law of Armed Conflict.  Journal of Legal Studies 8:35-69 1997-1998.

Rolfsen Bruce.  Hammering Baghdad.  Air Force Times 63:14-16 April 7, 2003.
"Shock and awe?  Done that.  The new close-air campaign takes what some call a 'hammer and anvil' approach that's unlike anything you've seen."

Rosenthal, Joel.  New Rules for War?  Naval War College Review 57:91-101 Summer-Autumn 2004.
Please note that when using the link supplied, the wrong author is displayed in the abstract; but the article is correct.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15287978&site=ehost-live

Saundby, Robert.  Ethics of Bombing.  Military Review 48:25-30 February 1968.
Article also appears in Air Force Magazine 50:48-50+ June 1967.

Schmitt, Michael N.  Asymmetrical Warfare and International Humanitarian Law.  Air Force Law Review 62:1-42 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090302-047.pdf

Schmitt, Michael N.  International Law and the Use of Force:  Attacking Iraq.  RUSI Journal 148:12-15 February 2003.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=322565961&sid=2&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Shepherd, Dennis W.  A Bias-Free LOAC Approach Aimed at Instilling Battle Health in Our Airmen.  Air Force Law Review 37:25-39 1994.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf

Shotwell, C. B.  Economy and Humanity in the Use of Force:  A Look at the Aerial Rules of Engagement in the 1991 Gulf War.  Journal of Legal Studies 4:15-57 1993.

Silliman, Scott L.  JAG Goes to War:  The Desert Shield Deployment.  Air Force Law Review 37:85-94 1994.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf

Sirak, Michael.  Briefing:  Legal Armed Conflict.  Jane's Defence Weekly 41:24-28 January 14, 2004.

Slocumbe, Walter B.  Force, Pre-Emption and Legitimacy.  Survival 45:117-130 Spring 2003.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=325681261&sid=6&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Smith, Bruce T.  Air Force Medical Personnel and the Law of Armed Conflict.  Air Force Law Review 37:239-251 1994.
One of the last articles in the issue.  Includes a section on protections afforded medical aircraft.
Also available online at:  http://www.afjag.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090108-035.pdf 

Solis, Gary.  Targeted Killing and the Law of Armed Conflict.  Naval War College Review 60:127-146 Spring 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25938668&site=ehost-live 

Stemmet, Andre.  International Law and the Use of Force:  Some Post 9/11 Perspectives.  RUSI Journal 148:24-29 October 2003.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=503855641&sid=3&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Terry, James P.  A Legal Appraisal of Military Action in Iraq.  Naval War College Review 57:53-66 Summer-Autumn 2004.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=15287955&site=ehost-live

Tirpak, John A.  Distributed Mission Operations.  Air Force Magazine 88:58-61 April 2005.
"
Distributed Mission Operations, (DMO) as this type of networked training is known, pulls in participants from all US services and, increasingly, allies and permits them to 'game' and rehearse highly complex campaigns, using a mix of local, distant, and virtual players."  Includes rules of engagement in the scenarios.
Also available online at:  http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2005/April 2005/0405mission.aspx

Terry, Jay. D.  Evolving Law of Aerial Warfare.  Air University Review 27:22-37 November-December 1975.

Turner, Robert F.  Military Action Against Iraq Is Justified.  Naval War College Review  55:72-75 Autumn 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=8561316&site=ehost-live

United States:  Department of Defense Report to Congress on the Conduct of the Persian Gulf War-Appendix on the Role of the Law of War.
 International Legal Materials 31:612-644 May 1992.
See sections on role of legal advisers and targeting, collateral damage and civilian casualties.

Wester, Franklin E.  Preemption and Just War:  Considering the Case of Iraq.  Parameters 34:20-39 Winter 2004-2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=15248462&site=ehost-live

White, Stuart.  A Paper Shield:  Continuity and Failure in the Restraint of War.  Canadian Military Journal 8:17-24 Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo8/no2/white-eng.asp

Willson, David L.  Army View of Neutrality in Space:  Legal Options for Space Negation.  Air Force Law Review 50:175-113 2001.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=4580432&site=ehost-live

Wingfield, Thomas C.  Legal Aspects of Offensive Information Operations in Space.  Journal of Legal Studies 9:120-145 1998-1999.

Wisniewski, Wayne.  Legal Briefing.  TIG Brief 55:10-11 January-February 2003.
"For today's AEF, troops should get:  the lowdown on LOAC, updates on UCMJ, and insight on international law."

Woetzel, Robert K.  Military Uses of Space.  International Relations 2:417-426 April 1963.
Explores the legal implications of the military uses of space.

Wood, David.  Air Strikes Stir Questions about Status of Noncombatants.  Air Force Times 62:18 March 25, 2002.

Wyman, Richard H.  First Rules of Air Warfare.  Air University Review 35:94-102 March-April 1984.


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