Air University Library Publications


December 1999


The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site. 

All sites listed were last accessed on March 11, 2003.

Internet Resources

Country Information on Lebanon.
Available at:
Provides a country profile, a government contacts list, private sector listings, import-export statistics with the U.S., articles about Lebanon, and links to related sites.

Embassy of Lebanon (Washington, DC).
Available at:
Official site provides access to general information (government, parliament members, economy, etc.), statistical data, consular affairs and a section on Doing Business in Lebanon.

Available at:
Article from the World Factbook with a map and information on the geography, people, government, economy, military and transnational issues.

Lebanon: A Country Study.
Available at:
Library of Congress web site offers an extensive online report with information on the history, geography, population, social organization, economy, government, foreign relations, security issues, current military structure, etc. Also offers an internal search feature for the site.

Lebanon (Republic of Lebanon).
Available at:
University of Texas at Austin's Middle East Network Information Center offers extensive links grouped by subject such as Arts and Culture, Business and Economy, Government and Politics, News and Current Events, etc.

News at
Available at:
Lebanese news.

--Sites were last accessed on December 31, 1999.
--Inclusion of a link to a web site does not imply endorsement by the Air University Library or the United States Air Force.

** For additional Internet sites, refer to the regional sites listed at the beginning of this bibliography.


Abul-Husn, Latif. The Lebanese Conflict: Looking Inward. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 1998. 171 p.
Book call no.: 956.92044 A166L

Civilian Pawns: Laws of War Violations and the Use of Weapons on the Israel-Lebanon Border, by Joost R. Hiltermann. New York, Human Rights Watch, 1996. 142 p.
Book call no.: 956.94054 C582

Defense & Foreign Affairs Handbook 1999. Alexandria, VA, International Strategic Studies Association, 1999. 1760 p.
Lebanon, pp 860-871.
Book call no.: R 355 D313 1999

Dekmejian, R. Hrair. Islam in Revolution: Fundamentalism in the Arab World. 2nd ed. Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press, 1995. 307 p.
Lebanon: Islamism in a Consociational Polity, pp 162-170.
Book call no.: 322.10917671 D328i

Foreign Military Markets: Middle East & Africa. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 1999. 1 vol. (DMS Market Intelligence Reports)
Lebanon--March 1999 (offers information on the economy, government, budget, military posture, force structure, arms market overview, etc).
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Harris, William W. Faces of Lebanon: Sects, Wars, and Global Extensions. Princeton, NJ, Markus Wiener Publishers, 1997. 354 p.
Book call no.: 956.92044 H317f

International Institute for Strategic Studies. The Military Balance 1999/2000. London, International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1999. 320 p.
Lebanon, pp 138-139.
Book call no.: R 355 L847m 1999/2000

Jaber, Hala. Hezbollah: Born with a Vengeance. New York, Columbia University Press, 1997. 240 p.
Book call no.: 956.92 J11h

Jane's Sentinel: Eastern Mediterranean. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 1999. 1 vol.
Lebanon (63 page report that includes politics, international affairs, internal and external threats, defence spending, army, air force and navy summaries, economy, etc.).
Book call no.: R 956 J33 1999

The Middle East and North Africa 1999. 45th ed. London, Europa, 1998. 1175 p.
Lebanon (includes information on recent history, geography, the economy, etc.), pp 731-782.
Book call no.: R 915.6 M627 45th ed. 1999

O'Ballance Edgar. Civil War in Lebanon, 1975-92. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1998. 234 p.
Book call no.: 956.92044 O12c

O'Ballance, Edgar. Islamic Fundamentalist Terrorism, 1979-95: The Iranian Connection. New York, New York University Press, 1997. 228 p.
Hezbollah Looks West, pp 1-16.
Hezbollah in Lebanon, pp 58-74.
Book call no.: 955.054 O12i

The Peace Process, Phase One: Past Accomplishments, Future Concerns, edited by Stephen C. Pelletiere. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College. Strategic Studies Institute, 1997. 93 p.
Hariri's Critique of Operation Grapes of Wrath: Implications for the Peace Process, pp 61-92.
Book call no.: 320.9569 P355

Picard, Elizabeth. Lebanon, a Shattered Country: Myths and Realities of the Wars in Lebanon, translated by Franklin Philip. New York, Holmes & Meier, 1996. 202 p.
Book call no.: 956.92 P586L

Russell, Malcolm B. The Middle East and South Asia 1999. 33rd ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 1999. 257 p.
The Republic of Lebanon, pp 148-157.
Book call no.: R 915 C635m 33rd ed 1999

Schulze, Kirsten E. Israel's Covert Diplomacy in Lebanon. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1998. 213 p.
Book call no.: 327.5694045692 S391i

Spencer, William. Global Studies: The Middle East. 7th ed. Guilford, CT, Dushkin/McGraw-Hill , 1998. 244 p.
Lebanon, pp 93-99.
Book call no.: R 956 G562g 7th ed. 1998

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook 1999. Washington, Central Intelligence Agency/Brassey's, 1999. 639 p.
Also available at:
Lebanon, pp 268-270.
Book call no.: R 910 W927 1999

United States. Department of State. Congressional Presentation for Foreign Operations. Fiscal Year 2000. Washington, GPO, 1999. 1345 p.
Lebanon (includes the overall U.S. objectives, strategy, etc), pp 554-556.
Book call no.: R 355.0320973 C749 2000

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Army War College (U.S.) Strategic Studies Institute. Assad and the Peace Process: The Pivotal Role of Lebanon, by Stephen C. Pelletiere. Carlisle Barracks, PA, February 1995. 44 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-568

El-Hajj, Jamal. UNIFIL in Lebanon: The Past and the Future. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1998. 32 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 E41u

Jacobs, Bradley M. Operation Peace for Galilee: Operational Brilliance -- Strategic Failure. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1995. 26 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 J171o

Schow, Kenneth C., Jr. Falcons Against the Jihad: Israeli Airpower and Coercive Diplomacy in Southern Lebanon. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College. School of Advanced Airpower Studies, November 1995. 41 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1a S376f

Thomas, Wilbert E. Operation Peace for Galilee: An Operational Analysis with Relevance Today. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1998. 17 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 T463o


Assad's Choice. Economist 349:44+ October 10-16, 1998.
Reports that Assad has selected army chief, Emile Lahoud, as president. Discusses the constitutional obstacles and the powers the general will have.

Baroudi, Sami E. Economic Conflict in Postwar Lebanon: State-Labor Relations Between 1992 and 1997. Middle East Journal 52:531-550 Autumn 1998.

Blanche, Ed. Bizarre Yet Bloody Conflict Drags on in South Lebanon. Jane's Intelligence Review.
Part One. 9:411-415 September 1997.
Part Two. 9:457-462 October 1997.

Blanford, Nicholas. Hizbullah Attacks Force Israel to Take a Hard Look at Lebanon. Jane's Intelligence Review 11:32-37 April 1999.

Blanford, Nicholas. Hizbullah: Lebanon's Heir Apparent? Jane's Intelligence Review 11:28-33 November 1999.

Blanford, Nicholas. Long-Range Plans for South Lebanon. The Middle East No.292:10-11 July-August 1999.

Blanford, Nicholas. A Man with Clean Hands (Emile Lahoud). The Middle East No.285:8-9 December 1998.
The new Lebanese president is expected to introduce a series of reforms to fight corruption and modernize the administration.

Bray, Robin. The Soaring Cost of Lebanese Debt. MEED 41:2-3 February 28, 1997.

Bunn, Nicola. Two Steps Back. MEED 43:2-3 November 19, 1999.
Discusses the situation following President Lahoud's first year.

Butter, David and Gavin, James. Lahoud Makes an Early Mark. MEED 42:2-3 December 11, 1998.
Discusses Hariri's refusal to serve as prime minister of the new government.

Byman, Daniel L. Divided They Stand: Lessons about Partition from Iraq and Lebanon. Security Studies 7:1-29 Autumn 1997.

Denoeux, Guilain and Springborg, Robert. Hariri's Lebanon: Singapore of the Middle East or Sanaa of the Levant? Middle East Policy 6:158-173 October 1998.

Eshel, David. Counterguerrilla Warfare in South Lebanon. Marine Corps Gazette 81:40-43 July 1997.

Eshel, David. (Israel's) Vietnam Syndrome. Jane's Defence Weekly 31:20-25 January 6, 1999.

Foster, Charles. Lebanon: The Silent Choice. Contemporary Review 267:183-187 October 1995.
Discusses the future of Lebanon with Syria biding its time before taking control and Iran challenging Syria's authority.

Foster, Charles. The Palestinians in Lebanon: Singing Somebody's Song in a Strange Land. Contemporary Review 266:281-287 June 1995.

Garfinkle, Adam M. Israel's Abiding Troubles in Lebanon. Orbis 41:603-612 Fall 1997.
Examines Israel's situation in southern Lebanon including its efforts to create diplomatic ties with Syria and the factors that could affect those ties.

Gavin, James. Lebanon Looks for a New Start. MEED 42:2-3 September 11, 1998.
Discusses Lebanon's search for a new balance of power. Insert reviews Lebanon's budget deficit.

Hakim, Sam R. and Andary, Saad. The Lebanese Central Bank and the Treasury Bills Market. Middle East Journal 51:230-241 Spring 1997.
Discusses the success of the securities issued by the Lebanese Treasury from 1993-1997 and indepth information on the economic situation between 1992-1997.

Harik, Judith P. Between Islam and the System: Sources and Implications of Popular Support for Lebanon's Hizballah. Journal of Conflict Resolution 40:41-67 March 1996.

Harik, Judith P. Syrian Foreign Policy and State/Resistance Dynamics in Lebanon. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 20:249-265 July-September 1997.

Hariri Steps Down. Economist 349:47-48 December 5-11, 1998.
Comments on Hariri's refusal to form a government in Lebanon. Notes Hariri's accomplishments and speculates on the reasons for the refusal.

Hirst, David. South Lebanon: The War That Never Ends? Journal of Palestine Studies 28:5-18 Spring 1999.

Israel and Lebanon: The Hizbullah Conundrum. Economist 338:44 March 30-April 5, 1996.

Lebanon. Military Technology 23, no.1:214+ (World Defense Almanac 1998-1999) 1999.

Lebanon: Hizbullah in Politics. Economist 340:38-39 September 7-13, 1996.

Makdisi, Ussama. Reconstructing the Nation-State: The Modernity of Sectarianism in Lebanon. Middle East Report 26, no.3:23-26 July-September (Summer) 1996.

Malik, Habib C. Is There Still a Lebanon? Middle East Quarterly 4:17-23 December 1997.

Morris, Nomi. Bombs of Wrath: A Bloodbath at a UN Base Sparks Outrage over Israel's Offensive. Maclean's 109:38-40 April 29, 1996.
Israeli bombing for Hezbollah targets hits UN base near Qana, Lebanon.

Mugraby, Muhammad. Lebanon, a Wholly Owned Subsidiary. Middle East Quarterly 5:11-18 March 1998.

Nelan, Bruce W. Dark with Blood. Time 147:52-55+ April 29, 1996.
Israel's bombing of Lebanon (Operation Grapes of Wrath) kills over 100 civilians.

Norton, Augustus Richard. Lebanon: With Friends Like These. Current History 96:6-12 January 1997.
Reviews the political situation in Lebanon since the end of the civil war, Syria's role, and possibilities for the future.

O'Shea, Brendan. Israel's Vietnam? Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 21:307-319 July-September 1998.

Olmert, Yossi. A False Dilemma? Syria and Lebanon's Independence During the Mandatory Period. Middle Eastern Studies 32:41-73 July 1996.

Perthes, Volker. Myths and Money: Four Years of Hariri and Lebanon's Preparation for a New Middle East. Middle East Report 27:16-21 Spring 1997.

Peteet, Julie. From Refugees to Minority: Palestinians in Post-War Lebanon. Middle East Report 26, no.3:27-30 July-September (Summer) 1996.

Putting Back the Pieces: A Survey of Lebanon. Economist 338:1-18 (special 'Survey of Lebanon' supplement) February 24 - March 1, 1996.
A survey of the situation in Lebanon with short articles on various topics: Outside Influence (Syrianese presence in Lebanon), A War with Many Losers (Palestine's role in the Lebanese civil war), Changing the Game (information on Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri), From the Ashes (economic growth), A Question of Faith (religion in Lebanese politics), and Peace at Last.

Rahall, Nick. Lahoud's Lebanon: A Shining Beacon. Middle East Insight 14:5-6 January-February 1999.

Ranstorp, Magnus. Hezbollah's Future? Jane's Intelligence Review.
Part One. 7, no.1:34-36 January 1995.
Part Two. 7, no.2:81-83 February 1995.

Shehadeh, Lamia Rustum. The Legal Status of Married Women in Lebanon. International Journal of Middle East Studies 30:501-519 November 1998.

Smith, Pamela Ann. Survey on Lebanon: Continued Confidence Pays Dividends. The Middle East No.291:23-26 June 1999.
Examines the impact of the new reformist government on the country's economy.

"The Syrian Track and the Lebanese Track Should Move in Tandem". Middle East Insight 14:31-35 September-October 1999.
Summer forum with H. E. Farid Abboud, Lebanon's Ambassador to the United States, discusses how Lebanon views the peace process.

Time to Leave the Insecurity Zone (south Lebanon). Economist 351:42+ May 29-June 4, 1999.
Examines military relations between Israel and Lebanon.

Trendle, Giles. Trouble with the Troika. The Middle East No.268:17-18 June 1997.

Trevarthen, Simon and Venter, Al J. Israel in Lebanon: Stay or Go? The Middle East No.290:10-13 May 1999.

Tuttle, Robert. A Bleak Prospect for Lebanese Farmers. The Middle East No.282:37-39 September 1998.
The problems that face Lebanon's agricultural sector are discussed.

Venter, Al J. Lebanon: A Pawn in the Power Struggle. Jane's Intelligence Review 10:18-23 June 1998.

Venter, Al J. Lebanon: Forging a New Army. Jane's International Defense Review 30:25-27 December 1997.

Venter, Al J. President Lahoud's Rise to Power. Middle East Policy 6:174-182 October 1998.

Venter, Al J. South Lebanese Army Combats Internal Disintegration. Jane's International Defense Review 29:55-58 August 1996.

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