MILITARY ROLE IN DRUG INTERDICTION


August 1998
Compiled Bibliography Branch
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


CONTENTS

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site.

All sites last accessed March 13, 2003.

For older material, see Military Role in Drug Interdiction, Air University Library, May 1992. 22 p.


Internet Sites


Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission.
Available: http://www.cicad.oas.org/
Established by the Organization of American States (OAS) to promote multilateral cooperation among member countries in the control of drug trafficking, production and use.

Office of National Drug Control Policy.
Available: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/
Includes links to the 1998 and 1997 Drug Control Stategy, with a budget summary showing DOD expenditures for drug interdiction.

United Nations International Drug Control Programme.
Available: http://www.undcp.org/index.html

U. S. State Department. Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs.
Available: http://www.state.gov/www/global/narcotics_law/index.html
Includes key speeches, fact sheets, and Congressional testimony.


Books


Bugliosi, Vincent T. The Phoenix Solution: Getting Serious About Winning America's Drug War. Beverly Hills, CA, Dove Books, 1996. 278 p.
Proposal 1: Military Search-and-Find Mission, pp 79-169.
Book call no.: 364.177 B931p

Bunch, Jason Michael. United States Military Law Enforcement Use in Narcotics Interdiction: A Test of the Posse Comitatus Law . [Vermillion, SD?], University of South Dakota, 1995. 135 leaves. (Thesis, M. A., Political Science)
Book call no.: 363.45 B942u

Drugs and Foreign Policy: A Critical Review, edited by Raphael F. Perl. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1994. 227 p.
The Role of the Military, by Donald J. Mabry, pp 101-130
Book call no.: 363.450973 D7941 AUL's only copy is on SOS reserve.

Fuss, Charles M. Sea of Grass: The Maritime Drug War, 1970-1990. Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1996. 326 p.
Book call no.: 363.450973 F994s

Holden-Rhodes, J. F. Sharing the Secrets: Open Source Intelligence and the War on Drugs. Westport, CT, Praeger, 1997. 235 p.
Chapter 5: The Militarization of the War on Drugs, pp 53-80.
Book call no.: 363.45 H726s

Mendel, William W. and Munger Murl D. Strategic Planning and the Drug Threat, a joint study initiative by the National Interagency Counterdrug Institute, the Strategic Studies Institute, U. S. Army War College, and and the Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth Kansas. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1997. 129 p.
Book call no.: 363.45 M537s

Menzel, Sewall H. Cocaine Quagmire: Implementing the U. S. Anti-Drug Policy in the North Andes-Colombia. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 1997. 213 p.
Book call no.: 363.450973 M551c

Menzel, Sewall H. Fire in the Andes: U. S. Foreign Policy and Cocaine Politics in Bolivia and Peru. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 1996. 279 p.
Examines the US government's perception of the drug threat, its anti-drug policies regarding Peru and Bolivia, and lessons learned.
Book call no.: 363.45098 M551f

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. Effectiveness of the National Drug Control Strategy and the Status of the Drug War. Washington, GPO, 1996. 190 p.
Book call no.: 363.45 U581ae AUL's only copy is on SOS reserve.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. National Drug Policy: A Review of the Status of the Drug War. Washington, GPO, 1996. 111 p.
Book call no.: 363.45 U581nd AUL's only copy is on SOS reserve.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. National Guard Support in the Fight Against Illegal Drugs. Washington, DC, GPO, 1997. 81 p.
Book call no.: 363.45 U581ne

United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. A Review of President Clinton's Certification Program for Narcotics Producing and Transit Countries in Latin America. Washington, GPO, 1995. 114 p.
Book call no.: 363.45 U581rd AUL's only copy is on SOS reserve.

United States. Congress. Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control and Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. U.S. and Mexican Counterdrug Efforts Since Certification. Washington, GPO, 1997. 145 p.
Book call no.: 327.73072 U582u

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Western Hemisphere Drug Control Strategy. Washington, GPO, April 1995. 106 p.
Book call no.: 363.45 U58w AUL's only copy is on SOS reserve.


Documents


Ahart, John Louis (CAPT, USN). The Unprincipled War: Looking at the War on Drugs. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1993. 34 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 A285u

Army-Air Force Center for Low Intensity Conflict (U.S.) . The Role of the Department of Defense in the National Counterdrug Effort, by Michael K. Hogan LtCol. Langley AFB, VA, June 1993. 231 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43858-44

Army-Air Force Center for Low Intensity Conflict (U.S.) . Using Counterinsurgency Tactics in the Domestic "War on Drugs". A Feasibility Study, by Amanda Sue Currie. Langley AFB, VA, April 1991. 22 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43858-39

Beaty, Douglas R. National Drug Control Strategy: Strategic Analysis. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1996. 25 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 B369n

Berger, Alexander (Capt, USAF). Organizational Innovation and Redesign in the Information Age: The Drug War, Netwar, and other Lower-End Conflict. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 1998. 191 leaves.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 B4962o

Brophy, William S. (LtCol, USA). U. S. Army Aviation Participation in the Counterdrug Effort. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1993. 40 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 B7831u

Browning Judith A. (Col, USA). The Andean Strategy: America's Drug Bust? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992. 34 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 B8851a

Builder, Carl H. Measuring the Leverage: Assessing Military Contributions to Drug Interdiction. Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 1993. 37 p. (MR / Rand Corporation)
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-84 no. 158

Burleson, Jean E. (LtCol, USA). The Role of the Department of Defense and the Army in the War on Drugs. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1993. 31 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 B961r

Burnett, Paul C. A Historical Analysis of the Posse Comitatus Act and Its Implications for the Future. University of South Carolina, 1996. 53 leaves. (Thesis, Master of Criminal Justice--University of South Carolina)
Doc. call no.: M-U 43567-861

Carlson, Gary C. ( LtCol, USA). Lost in the Drug Wars: Time for a New Paradigm. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 1993. 38 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 C2842L

Chicoine, E. Mark. ( LCDR, USN). National Drug Control Strategy: Guidance Determines the Level of Involvement for the Department of Defense. Newport, RI, Naval War College. March 1996. 19 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 C533n

Cook, Stephen K. Campaign Planning, Or Lack of Campaign Planning, and the "Drug War". Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992. 33 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 C771c

Corcoran, Kimberly J. (Maj,USAF). DOD Involvement in the Counterdrug Effort. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1997. 44 leaves.
Available online: http://www.au.af.mil/au/database/research/ay1997/acsc/97-0077.htm
Must have Adobe Acrobat to view full text of this paper.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 C793d

Crane, Barry D. Rivolo A. Rex and Comfort Gary C. An Empirical Examination of Counterdrug Interdiction Program Effectiveness. Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, 1997. 1 v.
Doc. call no.: M-U 40381-11 no. 3219

Cruz, Luis A. The Use of Operational Design and Intelligence in a Joint Task Force Environment to Fight the War on Drugs. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1996. [25] p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 C957u

Curry, Stephen J. (LtCol, USA). Reshaping the Military Role in the Drug War. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1993. 27 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 C976r

Cutting, Richard B. (LCDR, USN). The U. S. Andean Drug Strategy: Why It is Failing in Peru. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 1993. 129 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 C991u

de la Pena, Sergio (Maj, USA). Analysis of the Execution of Counter-Drug Strategy in Bolivia Using the Low Intensity Conflict Imperatives. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 1992. 115 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 P3971a

DeBow, William Weir (Lt, USN). The Third Fleet Surface Warfare Officer's Guide to Joint Counter-Drug Operations. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 1993. 60 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 D2871t

DeMayo, Michael F., III. Counternarcotics Campaign Planning: A Basis for Success or a Malaise for the Military? Ft. Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, May 1992. 49 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 D373c

Drug Control: Increased Interdiction and Its Contribution to the War on Drugs. Washington, General Accounting Office, February 1993. 8 p. (NSIAD no.93-4[T])
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no.93-4[T]

Duignan, Robert E. U.S. Air Force Reserve Role in Drug Enforcement. Washington, DC, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 1992. 22 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42942-1 D873u

Dunn, William H. In Search of Measures of Effectiveness for Counterdrug Operations. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1993. 40 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 D9232i

Durden, Richard. Role of the Military in the Drug War: Have We Exceeded Congressional Intent? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992. 78 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 D954r

Eliason, William T. (Maj, USAF). USAF Support to Low Intensity Conflict: Three Case Studies from the 1980s. Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Air Command and Staff College, 1994. 81 leaves.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 E42u

Fishburne, Lillian E. (CMDR, USN). The Paradoxical and Unintended Effects of the War on Drugs. Washington, DC, Industrial College of the Armed Forces., April 1993. [27] p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42942-1 F532p

Gartner, Eric S. A Modified Drug Interdiction Role for the Military. University of Delaware, 1994, 120 p. (Thesis, M. A.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 43567-769

Grider, Robert R. (LtCol, USMC). Is The Drug Campaign Winnable with Department of Defense Support? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992. 53 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 G847i

Guse, Stephen L. (LCDR, USN). The Military and the Drug War: Operational Art or Impasse? Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 G982m

Hamilton, Paul. Command and Control in the Drug War: Providing the Reins. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, May 1990. 36 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 H2191c

Henry, James J. IV (Lt, USN). Department of Defense in the War on Drugs: An Optimization Model for Counter-Narcotics Assets. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 1992. 76 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 H522d

Hilton, Robert E. (Col, USMC). The War on Drugs: Legal Underpinnings of the Role of the Department of Defense. Ft. McNair, DC, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, April 1991. 26 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42942-1 H656w

Hodges, Adele H. The Role of the United States Military in Counterdrug Operations in the Year 2000. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, 1997. 63 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 H688r

Holmes, Timmie D. The Drug War: Victory or Defeat. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992. 28 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 H753d

Howard, Gerald G. Military Support of Drug Traffic Interdiction: Is It Working? Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 1994. 107 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 H849m

Johnson, Harry E. Sr. (Maj, USA). Against All Enemies: Using Counter Drug Operations to Train for Infantry Wartime Missions. Fort Leavenworth, Army Command and General Staff College, 1992. 44 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 J672a

Laughton, Mark S. (CDR, USN). Operational Fires in Support of Counterdrug Campaigns. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1996. 25 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 L374o

Mackiewicz, Thomas L. (LtCol, USA). The Role of the U.S. Military in the Drug War: A Litmus for the Proper Application of Resources. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1993. 45 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 M1582r

Maestas, Alan H. (Col, USA). National Counternarcotics Activities: A Process Review. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1992. 39 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 M186n

Masiero, David A. A Critical Assessment of the Effectiveness of the US Customs Service/US Coast Guard/Department of Defense in Joint Counternarcotics Air Interdiction. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1992. 27 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 M397c

Mason, Bradley (Maj, USA). Interagency Cooperation in the War on Drugs: Can Campaign Planning Be the Unifying Factor? Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, April 1992. 59 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 M398i

McNamara, John T. The Effect of U. S. Counter-Drug Efforts on the Ecuadorian-Colombian Bilateral Relationship. Fort Leavenworth, KS, U. S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1995. [87] p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 M169e

Miskill, Donald K. Command, Communications, Control and Intelligence: The Role of the Joint Task Force in the War on Drugs. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1990. 21 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 M678c

Mosbey, John Cody (LtCol, USAF, ANG). Strategy, Policy, and Force Structure in Operations Other Than War: Counterdrug Issues and the Air National Guard. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1994. 89 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662-6 M894s

Newton, Ronald A. (Maj,USA). Are Special Operations Imperatives Applicable to Counterdrug Operations? Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 1993. 85 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 N5651a

Payne, Robert L. Jr. The Drug War: Can We Stop Cocaine? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992. 34 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 P346d

Pearson, Ervin. Counterdrug Operations: A Necessary DoD Mission? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1996. 24 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 P361c

Pena, Alfonso (Col, Colombian Army). Evaluating the War on Drugs: US and Colombian Interdiction Efforts. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, March 1994. 132 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 P3972e

Peraza, Joseph E. Counterdrugs; A Matter of Balance. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 1996. 33 p .
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 P427c

Quintero, Linda M. (LtCol, USAF). The U. S. Drug War in Latin America: Time for a New Approach. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1995. 42 leaves.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 Q71u

Roan, Richard W. (LtCol, USMC). The Drug War and the American Coalition. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1992. 27 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 R628d

Rodriquez, Manuel A. En La Boca del Lobo--In the Mouth of the Wolf: The US Military and the Drug War in Peru. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 1997. 59 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 R696e

Schuller, Jeffrey G. The Military's Role in the Drug War: To Just Say No Is Not Good Enough. Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 1989. 30 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S386m

Semrau, William J. (Lt. Comdr., USCG). Shift in the National Drug Strategy: Implications for the SOUTHCOM AOR. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1994. 24 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S473s

Shear, Wayne G., Jr. (LCDR,CEC, USN). The Drug War: Applying the Lessons of Vietnam. Newport, RI, Naval War College, June 1993. 33 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S539d

South, Curt (LCDR, USN). The Counter-Narcotics Dilemma. Newport, RI, Naval War College 1997. 18 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S7261c

Southcott, Joseph A. (Maj, USA). A Joint Task Force Design to Conduct Sustained Counterdrug Operations Along the Southwest Border. Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 1996. 119 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 S726j

Squires, Malcolm H. and others. Waging the Wrong War: Drug War Strategy and Issues. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1992. 100 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 S774w

Steimer, Gary R. (LtCol, USA). The Drug War: A Military Cure? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, February 1993. 33 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 S8182d

Steward, Daniel N. (CDR, USN). Counter-Terrorism Task Force: A Paradigm for Counter-Narcotics? Newport, RI, Naval War College, March 1993. 30 p.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S849c

Stroberg, Jon E. United States National and Supporting Military Counterdrug Strategies: A History and Assessment. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1996. 29 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 S919u

Stubbs, Jerald D. The Proper Role of the United States Military in Combatting Drug Smuggling. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1990. 98 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 S932p

Tappan, John A. (LtCol, USAF). Military Involvement in the War on Drugs: "Just Say No". Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1998. 33 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 T174m

Teufel, Robert S. (LCDR, USN). Applying Operational Art to the War on Drugs. Newport, RI, Naval War College, November 1994. 29 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 T351a

Tracey, James J. The Drug War: Are We Winning or Losing? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College; Austin, TX, University of Texas, June 1996. 18 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-607 T759d

United States. General Accounting Office. Drug Control: Long-Standing Problems Hinder U. S. International Efforts. Washington, DC, The Office, February 1997. 48 p. (NSIAD)
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no. 97-75

United States. General Accounting Office. Drug Control: U. S. Heroin Program Encounters Many Obstacles in Southeast Asia. Washington, DC, The Office, March 1996. 39 p. (NSIAD)
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no.96-83

United States. General Accounting Office. Drug Control: Update on U. S. Interdiction Efforts in the Caribbean and Eastern Pacific. Washington, DC, The Office , 1997. 41 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no. 98-30

United States. General Accounting Office. Terrorism and Drug Trafficking: Technologies for Detecting Explosives and Narcotics. Washington, DC, The Office, September 1996. 28 p. (NSIAD)
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no.96-252

United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Counterdrug Operations. [Washington, DC], Joint Chiefs of Staff, [1998]. 1 vol. (Joint Pub 3-07.4)
Available at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_07_4.pdf
Must use Adobe Acrobat to view this publication online.
Doc. call no.: M-U 40592 no. 3-07.4 (1998 Feb 17)

Valovcin, Paul. (LtCol,USAF). DOD Counterdrug Efforts: A Step in the Right Direction. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1995. 32 p..
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 V199d

Velez, Hernando Wills. Effects of the War on Drugs on Official Corruption in Colombia. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 1995. 106 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 V1681e

Walls, David D. DOD Support to Drug Law Enforcement Agencies. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1996. 28 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 W215d

Walter, George J. (LCDR, USN). The Drug War: The Effects of Policy Change at the Operational Level. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1994. 35 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 W232d

Watson, Benjamin A. ( LTCDR, USCG). Backing into the War: A Critical Analysis of the Military Commitment to the War on Drugs. Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 1992. 35 p.
Other title: Military Commitment to the War on Drugs
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 W337b

Wilkinson, James H. (LtCol, USAF). Mexico and the War on Drugs: On the Brink of Narco-Democracy? Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1996. 34 leaves
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 W686m

Zukunft, Paul F. Leveling the Playing Field in the War on Drugs. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 26 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 Z94L


Periodicals


Abeyratne, R. I. R. International Initiatives at Controlling the Illicit Transportation of Narcotic Drugs by Air. Journal of Air Law and Commerce 63:289-403 November-December 1997.
Discusses the efforts of the international community, both through the United Nations and the International Civil Aviation Organization, towards controlling the problem of narcotic drug trafficking. Includes a brief history of the drug trade.

Bergantz, Joseph L. Military Support of the National Drug Control Strategy Military Review 67-72:72 June 1992.

Bertram, Eva and Sharpe Kenneth. The Unwinnable Drug War: What Clausewitz Would Tell Us. World Policy Journal 13:41-51 Winter 1996-1997.
Authors argue that the US's drug-war strategy reflects both a failure to identify a clear political objective and military mission, and the use of inappropriate means--coercion and force--to reduce supply.

Bradford, David G. Planning for Victory in the Drug War. Military Review 74:15-24 October 1994.

Brown, Raymond J. Lessons Learned from the Marijuana War. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 123:30-33 December 1997.
After ten years of concerted effort, by 1990 the Coast Guard vitually had shut down the trade of marijuana by sea. We did many things right. We could have done some things better."

Casey, Michael. The Danger of Relying on the Military to Fight the Drug War. Soldier-Scholar 2:24-32 Summer 1996.

Clinton, William J. Memorandum on Counternarcotics Assistance to Certain Latin American and Eastern Caribbean Countries. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 33:1469 October 6, 1997.

Dear Mr. President: U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 124:44-46 April 1998.
An open letter to President Clinton from the officers and crew of the Coast Guard ship Persistent, offering their view of US policies affecting their drug-interdiction mission and what needs to be done to improve it.

Evers, Stacey. USA Treads a Fine Line Over Counternarcotics Operations. Jane's Defence Weekly 28:33+ September 10 1997.
Suspension of Marine Corps patrols along the US-Mexican border points to the need for a change in approach for US anti-drug operations.

Filippone, Robert. Medellin Cartel: Why We Can't Win the Drug War. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 17:323-344 October-December 1994.

Griffith, Ivelaw L. Caribbean Geopolitics and Geonarcotics: New Dynamics, Same Old Dilemma. Naval War College Review 51:47-67 Spring 1998.
Includes discussion of U.S. military presence in the region.
Available at:
http://www.nwc.navy.mil/press/Review/1998/spring/art4-sp8.htm

Harding, Steve. Guarding Against Drugs in the Golden State: The California National Guard is Helping Local, State and Federal Agencies Stop the Flow of Illegal Drugs into the State. Soldiers:20-37 November 1997.

Harmon, Robert E. (LtCol) and others. Counterdrug Assistance: The Number One Priority. Military Review 73:26-35 March 1993.

Hasenauer, Heike. Florida's War on Drugs. Soldiers 51:13-17 May 1996.

Heun, Christopher. Global Cop Urges Limited Military Role in Drug War. National Defense 81:30-31 March 1997.

Hewish, Mark. Security Systems Closing the Gap: Better Surveillance is Creating More Secure Borders. International Defense Review 29:49-50+ June 1996.

Katz-Stone, Adam. Coast Guard Steps Up Drug War in Gulf. Navy Times 46:20 April 21 1997.

Kitfield, James. War at Home (the military's growing involvement in the domestic war on drugs). Government Executive 25:10-15 December 1993.

Klepak, Harold. The Use of the Military and the Illicit Drugs Trade. Jane's Intelligence Review 4:521-524 November 1992.

Kraska, James C. Counterdrug Operations in U. S. Pacific Command. Joint Force Quarterly No. 17:81-85 Autumn-Winter 1997-98.
Available at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1717pgs.pdf
Must use Adobe Acrobat the view this article.

LaFranchi, Howard. Taking Drug War Too Far? Current News Early Bird:6 April 9, 1998.
A proposed antidrug center would keep US troops in Panama after 1999 canal handover.

Larzelere, Alex CAPT Ret. Budget Problems Exacerbate an Old Problem: Having to Do More with Less. Sea Power 39:22-29 Almanac Issue January 1996.

Lehmann, Gary C. Counterdrug Missions: A Tactical Perspective. Marine Corps Gazette 82:30-31 April 1998.

Lujan, Thomas R. Legal Aspects of Domestic Employment of the Army. Parameters 27:82-97 Autumn 1997.
Civilian law enforcement, pp 85-88.
Available at: http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/97autumn/lujan.htm

Mabry, Donald J. Military Drug Interdiction in the Caribbean. Conflict Quarterly 13:46-54 Spring 1993.

Mendel, William W. Illusive Victory: From Blast Furnace to Green Sweep. Military Review 72:74-87 December 1992.

Mendel, William W.(Col,USA,Ret) and Munger, Murl D.(Col,USA,Ret). Drug Threat: Getting Priorities Straight. Parameters 27:110-124 Summer 1997.
Available at: http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/97summer/munger.htm

Newman, Richard J. A Timeout in the Military's War on Drugs. U.S. News & World Report 123:40 August 4 1997.
The Pentagon reviews its counterdrug policy, focusing on the question of whether the payoff from its ground reconnaissance strategy is worth the risk to civilians.

Novak, Robert D. "Who Lost Colombia?" Current News Early Bird:15-16 April 9, 1998.
Narcotics-financed leftist guerrillas now control 40 percent of Colombia.

Riccardelli, Richard F. Waging Limited War on Drugs: New Strategy for the Nineties. Military Review 74:25-30 October 1994.

Schnaubelt, Christopher M. Interagency Command and Control: Planning for Counterdrug Support. Military Review 76:16-24 September-October 1996.

Seccombe, Ralph. Troublesome Boomerang: Illicit Drug Policy and Security. Security Dialogue 28:287-299 September 1997.
Article seeks to describe important characteristics of the illicit drug industry, which drive the process through the demands of drug users. Argues that current drug policies, which are prohibitionist in character and which are implemented in large-scale law-enforcement activity, have harmful effects on both producer and consumer countries.

Sensor Network Clamps Cap on Drug Smuggling. Signal 51:23-24 October 1996.

Sharpe, Kenneth E. The Military, the Drug War and Democracy in Latin America: What Would Clausewitz Tell Us? Small Wars and Insurgencies 4:56-86 Winter 1993.

Shear, Wayne G. Drug War: Applying the Lessons of Vietnam. Naval War College Review 47:110-124 Summer 1994.

Steele, Dennis. Fighting the War on Drugs. Army 47:58-61+ September 1997.

Thomas, Vincent C. Stemming the Tide: Technology and Cooperation Help Drug Interdiction Effort--But Additional Resources Also Needed. Sea Power 39:28-30 October 1996.

Tudor, Thomas S. M. and Garrard, Mark E. The Military and the War on Drugs. Air Force Law Review 37:267-280 1994.

Volk, Michael W.Capt.). Counterdrug Budget--Just Say "Yes." Air Force Comptroller 31:12-15 January 1997.

Watkins, Steven. Air War on Drugs. Air Force Times 56:12-15 July 15 1996.

Zirnite, Peter. The Militarization of the Drug War in Latin America. Current History 97:166-173 April 1998.
Security assistance is the primary tool for US forces waging the drug war abroad, and these forces train foreign troops in counternarcotics operations. Many in DOD remain critical of the military's involvement in the drug war.


Back ArrowReturn to Bibliography List

Accessibility/Section 508