MILITARY ROLE IN DRUG INTERDICTION


May 2004
Compiled by Bibliography Branch 
Bibliographer, Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site.

Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability. AU students and faculty can contact  AUL's  Web Maintainer for a password

All sites listed were last accessed on May 18, 2004.


Internet Resources


Cross, Terry M. Drug Interdiction FDCH Congressional Testimony October 17, 2001. 2 p.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32Y3782269413&db=f5h
Role of the Coast Guard in drug interdiction.

Military Role in Drug Interdiction.  August 1998. 15p
Available online at: http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/mildrug/mildrug2.htm
AUL bibliography. Updates 1992 Pdf version cited immediately below, with selected duplication.


Military Role in Drug Interdiction. 
May 1992. 22 p.
Available online at: http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/drugi/drugi.pdf
AUL bibliography in Pdf format. Most material 1989-1991.

Miranda, Joseph. War on Drugs Military Perspectives and Problems. Washington, Drug Reform Coordination Network.
Available online at: http://www.drcnet.org/military/

Office of National Drug Control Policy
.
Available online at: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/
Includes links to the Drug Control Strategy, with a budget summary showing DoD expenditures for drug interdiction.

U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.
Available online at: http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/
DEA homepage. Many related links, statistics and news. Enter the search term "military interdiction" in the search box for relevant articles.

U. S. State Department. Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/www/global/narcotics_law/index.html
Includes key speeches, fact sheets, and Congressional testimony.

U.S. State Department . Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/www/global/narcotics_law/index.html
Includes speeches, fact sheets, and Congressional testimony.

United Nations International Drug Control Programme.
Available online at: http://www.undcp.org/index.html


Books


Carpenter, Ted G. Bad Neighbor Policy Washington's Futile War on Drugs in Latin America. New York, Palgrave MacMillan, 2003. 282 p. (A Cato Institute Book)
Book call no.: 363.450973 C297b

Crandall, Russell. Driven By Drugs U.S. Policy Toward Colombia. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2002.
193 p.
Book call no.
327.730861 C891d

Kirk, Robin. More Terrible Than Death: Massacres, Drugs, and America's War in Colombia. New York, PublicAffairs, 2003. 311 p.
Book call no.: 363.4509861 K59m

Manwaring, Max B. U.S. Security Policy in the Western Hemisphere: Why Colombia, Why Now, and What Is to Be Done? Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2001. 40 p.
Author recommends a political-military strategy as opposed to a continued tactical and operational response.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA392194
Book call no.: 327.730861 M295u

Marcella, Gabriel and others. Plan Colombia: Some Differing Perspectives. Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2001. 45 p. (Implementing Plan Colombia Special Series)
Plan Colombia as viewed from different perspectives: Washington, Bogota, Panama, and mid-America (Peoria, Illinois).
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA392198
Book call no.: 327.730861 P699

Marcella, Gabriel. Plan Colombia: The Strategic and Operational Imperatives. Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2001. 29 p. (Implementing Plan Colombia Special Series)
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA388752
Book call no.: 327.730861  M314p

Nuņez, Joseph R. Fighting the Hobbesian Trinity in Colombia: A New Strategy for Peace. Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2001. 43 p.
Argues that the US can help Colombia defeat the "Hobbesian trinity": insurgents, paramilitaries, and drug traffickers. The author feels that the only way to implement the enabling political, economic, and social components of Plan Colombia is to establish control of the national territory and the people in it.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA389749
Book call no.: 327.7309861 N972f

Security and Civil-Military Relations in the New World Disorder: The Use of Armed Forces in the Americas,
edited by Max B. Manwaring. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U. S. Army War College, 1999. 85 p.
Contents include: Manwaring, Max G. Use of armed forces in the Americas : an overview; Bagley, Bruce Michael. Use of armed forces in drug interdiction : the strategic context; Hakim, Peter. Three temptations of Latin America; Negroponte, John D. Role of land forces in drug interdiction : the need for caution in a pragmatic struggle; Schulz, Donald E., 1942- Role of the U.S. Army in promoting democracy in the Americas.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA369033
Book call no.: 322.5098 S446

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources. U.S. Air Interdiction Efforts in South America After the Peru Incident; Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, May 1, 2001.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2002. 144 p.
Also available online at: http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS21142
Book call no.: 363.450985 U58r

United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Government Reform. Black -Tar Heroin, Meth and Cocaine Continue to Flood the United States From Mexico. Hearing. 106th Congress, 2nd session, June 30, 2000. Washington, 2001. 106 p.
Also available online at:
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_house_hearings&docid=f:72582.wais
Book call no.: 363.45 U581b

United States. Congress. Senate. Caucus on International Narcotics Control. and United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. U.S. and Mexican Counterdrug Efforts Since Certification. (Hearing, 105th Congress, 1st session, October 29, 1997. )
Book call no.: 327.73072 U582u

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence. Current and Projected National Security Threats to the United States. Washington, U.S. GPO, 2000. (Hearing. 106th Congress, 2nd session, February 2, 2000)
Also available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2000_hr/hr_020200.htm
Book call no.: 353.170973 U581c 2000

United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence . Report on a Review of United States Assistance to Peruvian Counter-Drug Air Interdiction Efforts and the Shootdown of a Civilian Aircraft on April 20, 2001.  Washington, U.S. GPO, 2002. 48 p.
Also available online at: http:/intelligence.senate.gov/perureport.pdf
Book call no.: 358.450985 U58r

[Return to Top]


Documents


Allen, Charles R. Tightening America's Borders: An Increased Drug Interdiction Role for the U.S. Military. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, [1998]. 27 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA346283
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 A425t

Anthony, Robert W. Deterrence Effects and Peru's Force-Down/Shoot-Down Policy. Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, 2000. 1 vol.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA381193
Doc. call no.: M-U 40381-11 no.3472

Avalos-Pedraza, Dario. U.S.-Mexico Bilateral Relations and Importance of Mexican Military in the Drug-Control Strategy. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001. 36 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391199
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 A945u

Billingsly, Harold W. Coalitions and Drug Demand Reduction: Pathway to a Better Tomorrow. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1999. 16 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA366900
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 B598c

Bishop, Kenneth W. The National Drug Control Strategy Effectiveness of Eradication in Colombia. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U. S. Army War College, 2003. 25 p.
Also available at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA413448
Doc. call no.
M-U 39080-537 B6221n

Bloomquist, Robert D. From Drugs to Bugs: The National Guard's Expanding Role in the National Security Strategy. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2000. 15 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA376129
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 B655f

Clemons, Terry L. An Analysis of U.S. Counterdrug Policy and Strategy as Related to DoD Interdiction Efforts Along the Mexican Border. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001. 33 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA390498
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 C626a

Collins, Jack. The 1999 National Drug Control Strategy: Time to Reduce the Demand for Illegal Drugs. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2000. 14 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA378205
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 C7123n

Comodeca, Thomas J. The Need for Special Operations Forces Involvement in the Andean Region's Counter Drug Efforts. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003. 36 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415480
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 C735

Cook, Edward M. Selected Principles of Wars As They Apply to Counterdrug Operations. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1999. 16 p.
The author looks at the Dept. of Defense principles for conducting war and determines that in order to win the "war on drugs" a hybrid set of principles should be applied. These principles include those of unity of command, objective, offensive, surprise, security, and perseverance. This thesis looks at the historical background of the "war on drugs", how it is currently fought and, with the application of this hybrid set of principles, how it can be improved.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA370693
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 C7711s

Dunlap, Gregory R. Reassessing Drug Control Strategy: A New Opportunity. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2002. 26 p.
"The paper concludes that the source zone supply reduction and interdiction strategy suffers fatally from ignorance of the market relationship between supply and demand; lack of unity of command and effort, no shared vision; and a failure to synchronize drug control strategy with other national security and economic policies." (Abstract , p. iii)
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401854
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 D921r

Fleming, Steven D. The Challenges of Command and Control in 2010 Counterdrug Operations. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1999. 35 p.
This paper introduces many new technologies on the horizon of the 21st Century that will vastly improve information and interdiction operations. From these, future operational commanders will be provided an extensive set of options in order to rapidly attack or interdict key nodes of the drug cartel's operations. In order to accommodate the speed of illegal drug supply operations that will be realized in the new millennium, the current C2 structure should be immediately reviewed and subsequently changed. This paper recommends that the leadership, organizational staffing, missions, and rules of engagement are four critical areas that should receive primary re-structuring."
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA363091
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 F598c

Fox, Michael E. Necessary Alliance: Developing a Regional Multi-National Counter-Drug Center to Stem the Flow of Cocaine in the Americas. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001. 38 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA390577
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 F793n

Gallavan, Christopher G. Fast Guns and the Posse Comitatus Act. Carlisle Barracks, PA , Army War College, [1999]. 39 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA363944
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 G165f

Geary, Reginald B. The Impact of the National Guard Counterdrug Program in America: Where Do We Go from Here. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2000. 18 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA380144
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 G292i

Grotke, Mark L. It's the Kd, stupid: Practical Observations Concerning US Drug Policy and Plan Colombia. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001. 27 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA389025
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 G881i

Hobaugh, Michael Eric. Colombia's War on Drugs: Can Peru Provide the Recipe for Success? Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2000. 134 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA386344
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 H691c

Howard, Stephen P. The Military War on Drugs: Too Many Assets, Too Few Results. Monterey, CA, Naval Post Graduate School, 2001. 50 p.
Author evaluates the results from US government's $ 179.5 billion effort to combat the importation and use of illegal drugs.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA407744
Doc. call no.: M-U 42252-91 H852m

Koucheravy, Richard J. The United States Military and Plan Colombia: A Direct Combat Role? Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College. 63 p.
Study recommends U.S. create a joint task force to support Plan Colombia.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA397474
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 K88u

Meese, W. R. Planning Factors for Non Lethal Weapons in Counter Narcotic Operations. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1999. 23 p.
"The Coast Guard is investigating avenues to leverage technology to improve interdiction effectiveness. This is necessary since there is little likelihood for increased funding for additional interdiction resources to stem the flow of drugs via the maritime routes. One alternative, currently under development by the U.S. Marine Corps, is the deployment of non lethal weapons technology aboard Coast Guard helicopters and cutters to compel unwilling suspect vessels to stop.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA363094
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 M495p

Neptun, Daniel A. Posse Comitatus: Some Thoughts on Loosening Its Restrictions Within the Department of Defense. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1999. 32 p.
Posse Comitatus law and/or service policies have prohibited DOD forces from becoming involved in domestic/civil law enforcement since the late 1879s. Focus upon the "war on drugs" during the 1980s generated new laws that significantly changed DOD's role in this long-term battle. Author feels that it's time for another look at partially increasing DOD involvement in counterdrug operations, and presents a case for authorizing U.S. Navy combatants to board foreign vessels upon the high seas.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA371372
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 N442p

Orama, Juan L. U.S. Military Evolution in Counternarcotics Operations in Latin America. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2001. 60 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391652
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 O63u

Owens, Wade. U.S. Support for Plan Colombia: An Alternative Approach. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2001. 18 p.
Also available online at: http:/handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA389631
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 O971u

Palasha, James. The National Drug Control Strategy: Is It Time for a Change? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001. 26 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA390547
Doc. call no.: M-U 3908-=537 P182n

Peavie, Barrett K. United States War on Drugs: Addicted to a Political Strategy of No End, a Monograph. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2001. 52 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391171
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 P363u

Ramirez, John E. The New Front Line: Militarization of the U.S.-Mexico Border. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1999. 36 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA363567
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 R173n

Shaffer, David W. An Analysis of the Military's Role in America's Counterdrug Operations. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2000. 23 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 S525a

Silkman, William R. The Use of U.S. Naval Surface Combatants in the Maritime Counternarcotics Interdiction Effort: A Major Impact on the Flow of Drugs. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2001. 22 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA393554
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S583u

Taylor, Vincent T. U.S. and Colombian Counterdrug Efforts: Strategies at Odds? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2000. 29 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA377669
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 T2461u

Thevenet, Howard S. National Guard Counterdrug Operations A Case For Greater Participation. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2003. 35 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414555
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 T416n

Thompson, Leroy D. Naval Operations in Support of the U.S. Counterdrug Policy. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1999. 32 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA364546
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 T473n

United States. General Accounting Office. Drug Control: Assets DoD Contributes to Reducing the Illegal Drug Supply Have Declined. Washington, GPO, 1999. 47 p.
Includes charts: transshipment area flying hours of major DoD aircraft used for drug missions, 1992-99; inventory of major DoD equipment available for antidrug missions; major DoD airborne and maritime assets used for antidrug operations.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/ns00009.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no.00-9

United States. General Accounting Office. Drug Control: Difficulties in Measuring Costs and Results of Transit Zone Interdiction Efforts. Washington, General Accounting Office, [2002]. 46 p.
Also available online at: http://www.gao.gov/docdblite/form.php?entry=1
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-173 no.02-13

United States. General Accounting Office. Drug Control: U. S.-Mexican Counternarcotics Efforts Face Difficult Challenges. Washington, DC, June 1998. 36 p.
Also available online at: http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/report/gao/nsiad-98-154.htm
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no. 98-154

United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Counterdrug Operations. Washington, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1998. 1 vol. (Joint Pub 3-07.4 )
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_07_4.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 40592 no. 3-07.4 (1998 Feb 17)

Warren, Paul S. "Plan Colombia": Assessing US-Colombian Counterinsurgency and Counterdrug Strategies, a Monograph. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2001.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA400798
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 W292p

Wilbanks, Larry W. The Use of National Guard Assets for Counterdrug Operations in the War on Drugs. Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2002. 114 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415946
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 W6641u

Wolbert, Gary M. DoD Role in Counterdrug Operations: Can We Achieve Better Results? Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1999. 46 p.
Some believer that DoD should be committed to a more aggressive war on drugs, be removed from the counterdrug effort, or be funded at a greater level. This paper examines the current drug problem in our country, describes the DoD's current activities and the comprehensive challenges, and concludes a more focused DoD effort, as a key support agent of the national counterdrug strategy, is fiscally possible and would provide better results."
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA398878
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 W848d

Woods, Roberta A. Analysis of the United States Policy for Support of Plan Colombia. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001. 23 p.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA389706
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 W896a

[Return to Top]


Periodicals


Bibes, Patricia. Colombia: The Military and the Narco-Conflict. Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 9:32-48 Spring 2000.
Role of military in war on drugs. Includes statistical tables.

Blizard, Matt and DiRenzo Joe. What We Need to Win the Drug War. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 124:60-62 November 1998.
Outlines nine areas that must be addressed if we are to defeat drug traffickers in the eastern Caribbean.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000035919991&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084990810&clientId=417

Brooke, Micool. Drugs Thugs: US Army Ups Ante against Narco-Insurgents. Armed Forces Journal International 138:10-11 February 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=4077458&db=aph

Brooke, Micool. The Golden Triangle's Bounty: Drug Trade Spawns a Succession of "Mr. Bigs". Armed Forces Journal International 137:46+ March 2000.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2928673&db=aph

Brzezicki, M. P. The Air War on Cocaine. Royal Air Force Air Power Review 2:92-124 Spring 1999.

Burgess, Richard R. USCG to Go-Fasts: Not so Fast! Coast Guard Scores Aerial Hits Against Drug Runners. Sea Power 42:52 November 1999.
Also available online at:
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000046450511&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084992169&clientId=417

Chalk, Peter. The "War on Drugs": Is the USA's Colombia Policy Working? Jane's Intelligence Review 12:40-42 December 2000.

Coast Guard Helos: A Call to Arms. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 125:30-33 October 1999.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000045424036&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084990959&clientId=417

Colombia Conundrum. Commonweal 127:5-6 May 5, 2000.
Difficulty of separating drug interdiction assistance from counter-insurgency.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=3048867&db=aph

Colombia: Drugs & Violence: Narco-Terrorism Rears Its Head Again. Latin American Weekly Report, p 532, November 16, 1999.

Colombia's Borders Become Tripwires. Latin American Weekly Report, pp 512-513, October 31, 2000.

Crandall, Russell. Explicit Narcotization: U.S. Policy Toward Colombia During the Samper Administration. Latin American Politics and Society 43:95-120 Fall 2001.
U.S. relations with Colombia under Samper, who was perceived to be "an enemy in the drug war."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5066838&db=aph

Daly, William R. Counterdrug Ops Offer a Chance to Excel. Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute 130:67-71 March 2004.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=12456775&db=aph

Deas, Malcolm. Dialogue with Conflict. The World Today 57:24-25 March 2001.
Problems in combating FARC and the war on drugs.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000070001411&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084992687&clientId=417

Delaere, Martijn. Drug Wars: Dutch Frigates and Maritime Patrol Aircraft are Crucial for Counterdrug Operations in the Caribbean. Jane's Defence Weekly 30:44-45+ October 7, 1998.

Della-Giustina, John E. Service to the Nation: The JTF-6 Reserve Intelligence Analyst Counterdrug Program. Military Intelligence 26:50-52 April-June 2000.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=3129284&db=f5h

Dendy, John. Drug Sweep: Airmen Help Federal Agents on Drug Zone Stakeouts. Airman 45:2-7 February 2001.
Also available online at: http://www.af.mil/news/airman/0201/drug.html

Door, Robert F. Peru Shootdown Proves Drug War Is Failure. Air Force Times 61:60 May 7, 2001.

Douglass, Joseph D. War on Drugs--Monster in the Closet. Officer 76:29-31+ December 2000.
Also available online at: 
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000065157523&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084993125&clientId=417

Faintich, Alice S. Forward Operating Locations: Combating Narco-Trafficking. Dialogo 11:4 January-March 2001.
U.S. Southern Command article on FOLs.

For Now, War Continues to Overshadow Peace. Latin American Weekly Report, p 248, May 29, 2001.
US trained units join offensive.

Franco, George H. Their Darkest Hour: Colombia's Government and the Narco-Insurgency. Parameters 30:83-93 Summer 2000.
Also available online at: http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/00summer/franco.htm

Fuentes, Gidget. Cruiser Adds Muscle to Counterdrug Detail. Navy Times 49:22 April 10, 2000.

Griffith, Ivelaw. Organized Crime in the Western Hemisphere: Content, Context, Consequences, and Countermeasures. Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 8:1-33 Spring 1999.

Grossman, Elaine M. U. S. Eyes New Bases to Wage Drug War in Latin America. Current News Early Bird, pp 20-23, February 22, 1999.
Facing eviction from its bases in Panama by year's end, Southern Command is looking for alternative sites in the region from which to wage its war against drugs.

Hakim, Peter. Uneasy Americas. Foreign Affairs 80:46-61 March/April 2001.
Noted problems in hemispheric relations that offer opportunities for U.S. leadership.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=4127128&db=aph

Hodgson, Martin. The Coca Leaf War. Bulletin of Atomic Scientists 56:36-45 May-June 2000.
Colombia and its US allies are pushing for a massive injection of American cash, arms, and advisers. Will the money be used to fight the drug war--or will it go to suppress Colombia's rebels?
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=3086676&db=aph

Howard, Stephen P. The War on Drugs: Two More Casualties. Aerospace Power Journal 15:91-94 Winter 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6030651&db=aph

Hull, James. High "Seize" Maritime Interdiction Works! U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 125:64-67 January 1999.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000038107950&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084991256&clientId=417

Iwicki, Stephen K. The Challenges and Organizations of the National Counterdrug Intelligence Community. Military Intelligence 28:18-22 April-June 2002.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6629565&db=f5h

Kennedy, Harold. Coast Guard "Throttling Back" on Operations. National Defense 85:40-43 August 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000057797351&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084993612&clientId=417

Kime, Patricia. Large-Scale Drug Seizures Concern Coast Guard, Navy: Officials Believe High-Seas Traffic is Getting Worse. Navy Times 50:26 March 26, 2001.

Kitfield, James. The Anti-Smugglers' Blues. National Journal 33:2604-2609 August 18, 2001.
US military involvement in the drug war.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5092154&db=aph

Krasna, Joshua S. Testing the Salience of Transnational Issues for International Security: The Case of Narcotics Production and Trafficking. Contemporary Security Policy 20:42-55 April 1999.

Lamberson, Eric L. Air Transportation and the Cocaine Industry. Military Intelligence 25:26-31 July-September 1999.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2315746&db=f5h

Latin American Special [Supplement Title]. Naval Forces 21, no. 6:1-54 2000.
Special supplement to Naval Forces. 

Loy, Frank and others. International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR): Reprint. DISAM Journal 22:33-44 Spring 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000055309687&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084994679&clientId=417

Maddaloni, Chris. Island Hopping: Air Guard Helps Move Drug Interception Mission to Caribbean Isle. National Guard 54:102-103 March 2000.
Also available online at: http://www.ngaus.org/ngmagazine/curacao300.asp

Marcella, Gabriel. Colombia's Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossroads. Strategic Review 28:3-22 Winter 2000.

Marks, Tom. Colombian Reality: US Counter-Drug Training is Largely Peripheral to Colombian Army's Principal Counterinsurgency Mission. Armed Forces Journal International 138:20+ March 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=4198200&db=aph

Morris, David. Warner May Revisit Ban on Military Domestic Police Power. CongressDaily, p. 2, April 21, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9582607&db=aph

On the Drug War's Front Lines. World Press Review, 48,6-13 April 2001.
Selected articles with primary focus Colombia.

O'Neill, Mike. Stop Drug Boats With precision Marksmen. Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute 129:89-90 April 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9518626&db=aph

Operation New Frontier.
Naval Aviation News 84:53 July-August 2002.
Use of C-130 and Mako helicopters in drug-interdiction.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7072769&db=f5h

Passage, David. Colombia in Turmoil: How the U.S. Could Help. Special Warfare 13:8-15 Winter 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000053891469&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084995008&clientId=417

Philbin, Pat. Counternarcotics Operations: Top-Level Strategy Sessions Set Drug Interdictions Framework for Latin America. Armed Forces Journal International 136:52 July 1999.

Plan Colombia Spreads. Central America Report 28:2-3 March 30, 2001.
Installation of a intelligence network from Central to South America.

Roos, John. Drug Busters: US Coast Guard Unveils New Equipment and Tactics for Stopping Drug-Runners in Their Own Wakes. Armed Forces Journal International 137:34-36+ October 1999.

Roos, John. The Enemy Next Door: Good Reasons to Hammer South America's Drug Cartels. Armed Forces Journal International 137:40+ March 2000.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2928672&db=aph

Salisbury, Steve. US Navy SEALs and DEA Break New Ground in Colombia. Dialogo 10:16-17 July-September 2000.
Training of a Colombian special anti-narcotics unit.

Sharpe, Kenneth E. and Spencer, William. Refueling a Doomed War on Drugs: Flawed Policy Feeds Growing Conflict. NACLA Report on the Americas 35:21-26 November/December 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5607673&db=aph

Shelton, Michael. The Forward Edge of Drug Interdiction. Sea Power 44:44-46 September 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5139465&db=f5h

Stanton, John J. War on Drugs: U.S. Has No 'Exit Strategy'. National Defense 85:18-20 May 2001.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000072461677&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084993691&clientId=417

Tate, Winifred. Into the Andean Quagmire: Bush II Keeps Up March to Militarization. NACLA Report on the Americas 35:45-49 November/December 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5608672&db=aph

Thompson, Philip. Drug Wars Fueling Demand for New Coast Guard Ships. National Defense 85:44+ August 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000057797400&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084993765&clientId=417

Thompson, Philip. A War Every Day: The Coast Guard's New Frontier in the War on Drugs. Sea Power 43:41-44 August 2000.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000072564759&SrchMode=5&Fmt=4&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084992440&clientId=417

Traffickers to be Chased Over Boundaries: 24 Countries Agree to Joint Patrolling of Their Seas. Latin American Weekly Report, p 545, November 20, 2001.

U.S. Aid to Colombia: Partnership for Democracy or a "New Vietnam." Congressional Digest 80:33-43 February 2001.
Five articles examining U.S. interests, the drug threat, Plan Colombia and legislative background.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5148903&db=aph

Uruguay's Jorge Batlle Becomes First President to Call for Drug Legalization. Latin American Weekly Report, p 565, December 5, 2000.
Batlle argues that guerrillas funded by drug sales will never be eliminated unless drugs are legalized.

US Aid: Cutting a Deal? Central America Report 28:7 May 25, 2001.
Panama fears offers of aid are intended to open door to participation in war on drugs.

US Military Presence Grows Through Anti-Drug Treaties. Central America Report 27:4-6 July 21, 2000.
Useful chart titled: "US Antinarcotics Treaties and Assistance with Central America."

Valceanu, John. Jungle Drug War. Soldiers 54:41-45 October 1999.
Also available online at: http://www.army.mil/soldiers/oct1999/features/ecuador.html

Warner, Mary Beth. Ecuador: The Newest Front-Line State. National Journal 33:2112-2113 June 30, 2001.
Colombian drug war threatens Ecuador.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=4974553&db=aph

Watts, Robert B. Gotta Get the Go-Fasts (speedboats used in drug smuggling). U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 125:84-87 September 1999.
Also available online at: 
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did=000000044516467&SrchMode=5&Fmt=3&retrieveGroup=0&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&x=-&VName=PQD&TS=1084991373&clientId=417

Wiarda, Howard J. Beyond the Pale: The Bureaucratic Politics of United States Policy in Mexico. World Affairs 162:174-192 Spring 2000.
Examines the "interdependence" of the US and Mexico with regard to US policies on drugs and military cooperation.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=3075099&db=aph

Widening Destruction: Drug War in the Americas. NACLA Report on the Americas 35:12-51 July/August 2001.
Eleven articles on the drug war throughout the Americas.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=4912522&db=aph

Wilson, Mark. Rising Demand in Europe Pushes Drug Routes through Caribbean. Jane's Intelligence Review 13:46-49 May 2001.
Includes map showing drug smuggling routes through the Caribbean.

[Return to Top]


Back Arrow Return to Bibliography List

Accessibility/Section 508