OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM AND U.S. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


April 2007

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

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All sites listed were last accessed on April 22, 2007.


U. S. Relations (General)


Internet Resources

Karmon, Ely.  Al-Qa'ida and the War on Terror - after the War in Iraq.  MERIA:  Middle East Review of International Affairs March 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/meria/meria_mar06/meria_10-1a.pdf

Parker, John.  America's Holy War.  Norfolk, VA, Joint Forces Staff College, April 14, 2006.  71 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451269

Podeh, Elie.  Between Stagnation and Renovation:  The Arab System in the Aftermath of the Iraq War.  MERIA:  Middle East Review of International Affairs September 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/meria/meria_sep05/meria05_poe01.html
Argues that since the Iraq War, Arab states are witnessing an expansion of a reformist discourse.

Weigel, George.  Iraq:  Then & Now.  First Things:  A Monthly Journal of Religion & Public Life April 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20194115&site=ehost-live
Discusses the impact of the Iraq War on the political, psychological and the theological landscape of the Middle East, and how the war has negatively affected the relationship between the U.S. and the Middle East.  It exposes the incapacities and corruptions of the United Nations.


Books

After the War in Iraq:  Defining the New Strategic Balance, edited by Shai Feldman.  Portland, OR, Sussex Academic Press, 2003.  208 p.
Part One - International Dimensions.
Book call no.:  956.70443 A258

Bennis, Phyllis.  Challenging Empire:  How People, Governments, and the UN Defy U.S. Power.  Northampton, MA, Olive Branch Press, 2006.  286 p.
Book call no.:  327.73 B472c

Kiesling, John Brady.  Diplomacy Lessons:  Realism for an Unloved Superpower.  Washington, Potomac Books, 2006.  317 p.
Book call no.:  327.73009 K47d

Kohut, Andrew and Stokes, Bruce.  America Against the World:  How We Are Different and Why We Are Disliked.  New York, Times Books, 2006.  259 p.
Offers the results of "a series of global opinion surveys - more than 91,000 respondents in fifty nations - to discover how the world views America and its people".
Book call no.:  973.931 K79a


Periodical

Starobin, Paul.  Beyond Hegemony.  National Journal 38:18-25 December 2, 2006.
Focuses on the decline of the U.S. hegemony and its effects on world order.  A possible 21st-century global version of the Dark Ages is perceived if the U.S. loses its status as an acting world's government.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23509432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Relations with European Union


Books

Andrews, David M.  The Atlantic Alliance under Stress:  US-European Relations after Iraq.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  293 p.
Examines the causes and consequences of the crisis in Atlantic relations that accompanied the invasion of Iraq in March 2003.
Book call no.:  327.7304 A881

Beyond Paradise and Power:  Europe, America, and the Future of a Troubled Partnership, edited by Tod Lindberg.  New York, Routledge, 2005.  245 p.
Book call no.:  327.7304 B573

Daalder, Ivo H.  Crescent of Crisis:  U.S. - European Strategy for the Greater Middle East.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2006.  263 p.
Compares US and European perspectives on the problems in the Middle East.
Book call no.:  327.56 C919

Dombrell, John.  A Special Relationship:  Anglo-American Relations from the Cold War to Iraq.  New York, Palgrave, 2006.  318 p.
Book call no.:  327.73041 D887s 2006

The European Union and the United Nations:  Partners in Effective Multilateralism, edited by Sven Biscop.  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2005.  105 p.
Book call no.:  327.172094 E89

Gordon, Philip H. and Shapiro, Jeremy.  Allies at War:  America, Europe, and the Crisis over Iraq.  New York, McGraw Hill, Inc, 2004.  266 p.
Book call no.:  956.7044 G664a

Hopkinson, William.  The Atlantic Crises:  Britain, Europe, and Parting from the United States.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2005.  100 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA433848
Book call no.:  327.41073 H797a

The Iraq War:  Causes and Consequences, edited by Rick Fawn and Raymond Hinnebusch.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  357 p.
Part One "Key Global Actors" offers separate chapters on the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Central/Eastern Europe, and the United States.
Book call no.:  956.70443 I6513

Is the European Union in the Interests of the United States?  Washington, Heritage Foundation, 2006.  63 p.
Examines the question of the EU's usefulness in the future.  The Iraq war, the Chinese arms embargo and the EU's space ambitions are causing rifts in the relations between the EU and the US.
Book call no.:  341.2422 I73

Kashmeri, Sarwar A.  America and Europe after 9/11 and Iraq:  The Great Divide.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2007.  128 p.
Book call no.:  327.7304 K19a

Partners or Rivals?  European-American Relations after Iraq, edited by Matthew Evangelista and Vittorio Emanuele Parsi.  Milano, Italy, Vita e Pensiero, 2005.  350 p.
Book call no.:  327.7304 P273

Sands, Philippe.  Lawless World:  America and the Making and Breaking of Global Rules from FDR's Atlantic Charter to George W. Bush's Illegal War.  New York, Viking, 2005.  324 p.
Book call no.:  341 S221L

Schnabel, Rockwell A. and Rocca, Francis X.  The Next Superpower?:  The Rise of Europe and Its Challenge to the United States.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005.  199 p.
Book call no.:  940.56 S357n

Shawcross, William.  Allies:  The U.S., Britain, Europe, and the War in Iraq.  New York, Public Affairs, 2004.  261 p.
Book call no.:  956.70443 S537a


Documents

Gersdorf, Torsten.  Comparison of the Security Strategies of the United States and the European Union:  Is There a Common Approach in Combating Terrorism?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 2005.  43 p.
Makes the argument that U.S. security strategy downplays the role of the United Nations, the role of Islam, and possible options of civilian conflict prevention.  The European Union sees more merit in effective multilateralism and "soft power" that combines economic, diplomatic, as well as military assets.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA437450
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 G381c

Kurtz, Jonathan D.  Fixing the Transatlantic Relationship:  Improving U.S. - European Relations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
Argues that the war in Iraq has increased the tension between the U.S. and some of its important European Allies to the extent that the rift is deleterious to U.S. foreign policy.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA423739
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 K961f

Van Bebber, Charles W.  Shifting Interests:  The Impact of the Iraq Crisis on NATO and the Evolution of the Transatlantic Relationship.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
"Asserts that NATO will survive the severe impact of the Iraq crisis on its political cohesion but that internal informal relationships will adapt to the new security environment."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424376
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 V218s


Periodicals

Kupchan, Charles A.  Europe and America in the Middle East.  Current History 106:137-139 March 2007.
Discusses the role of the U.S. as dominant outside force in the Middle East.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24264488&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Michta, Andrew A.  Transatlantic Troubles.  National Interest 86:62-66 November-December 2006.
States that several European allies have basic disagreements with the U.S. about the fight against Islamist Terrorism and Middle East policies.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23271173&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

New Year, Old Enmities.  Middle East 374:6-10 January 2007.
Focuses on the relationship between the U.S. and Great Britain, with reference to the political situation in the Middle East countries.  The relationship between Great Britain's Prime Minister Tony Blair and U.S. President George W. Bush is looking shaky.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23680184&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Onis, Ziya and Yilmaz, Suhnaz.  The Turkey-EU-US Triangle in Perspective:  Transformation or Continuity?  Middle East Journal 59:265-284 Spring 2005.

Rhodes, Matthew.  Central Europe and Iraq:  Balance, Bandwagon, or Bridge?  Orbis:  A Journal of World Affairs 48:423-436 Summer 2004.


Relations with Middle East


Internet Resources

Samil, Abbas William.  The Nearest and Dearest Enemy:  Iran after the Iraq War.  MERIA:  Middle East Review of International Affairs September 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/meria/meria_sep05/meria05_saa01.html
Iran finds itself surrounded on all sides by the U.S. since the invasion of Iraq.

Zisser, Eyal.  Syria, the United States, and Iraq - Two Years after the Downfall of Saddam Hussein.  MERIA:  Middle East Review of International Affairs September 2005.
Available online at:  http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/meria/meria_sep05/meria05_zie01.html
The U.S. occupation of Iraq has significantly contributed to the deterioration of relations between the U.S. and Syria.


Books

After the War in Iraq:  Defining the New Strategic Balance, edited by Shai Feldman.  Portland, OR, Sussex Academic Press, 2003.  208 p.
Book call no.:  956.70443 A258

Boot, Max.  The "American Empire" in the Middle East.  Berkeley, CA, Berkeley Public Policy Press, 2004.  70 p. (Chester W. Nimitz Memorial Lectures in National Security Affairs)
Book call no.:  327.73056 B725a

Chomsky, Noam.  Perilous Power:  The Middle East & U.S. Foreign Policy:  Dialogues on Terror, Democracy, War, and Justice.  Boulder, CO, Paradigm Publishers, 2007.  276 p.
Book call no.:  327.73056 C548p

Chubin, Shahram.  The United States, Europe, and the Wider Middle East.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Center for Middle East Public Policy, 2004.  14 p.
"Presents a discussion among a group of experts who explored a set of five topics including the insurgency in Iraq.  Topics were addressed with an eye toward understanding their implications for the region as a whole and exploring what the broader consequences might be for American and European policy."
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/conf_proceedings/2004/RAND_CF210.pdf
Book call no.:  327.73056 C559u

Gnehm, Edward W.  Prospects for Security in the Middle East.  Washington, National Defense University, 2005.  7 p.
Argues that the decision of the U.S. to send troops into the "heartland of the Arab and Islamic Middle East is a defining event of significant importance."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434738
Book call no.:  327.73056 G571

The Iraq War:  Causes and Consequences, edited by Rick Fawn and Raymond Hinnebusch.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  357 p.
Part Two "Key Regional Actors" offers separate chapters on Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.
Book call no.:  956.70443 I6513

Knights, Michael.  Troubled Waters:  Future U.S. Security Assistance in the Persian Gulf.  Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2006.  241 p.
Book call no.:  355.032530973 K71t

Lieven, Anatol.  America Right or Wrong:  An Anatomy of American Nationalism.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2004.  274 p.
Chapter Six:  American Nationalism, Israel and the Middle East.
Book call no.:  320.540973 L722a

Record, Jeffrey.  Dark Victory:  America's Second War Against Iraq.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2004.  203 p.
Presents a full-scale policy analysis of the war and its aftermath.  Argues that the war has alienated friends and allies and weakened international institutions in the Middle East.
Book call no.:  956.70443 R311d

The Road Ahead:  Middle East Policy in the Bush Administration's Second Term:  Planning Papers from the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, edited by Flynt Leverett.  Washington, Brookings Institution, 2005.  107 p.
Also available online at: http://www.brookings.edu/comm/events/20050324middleeast.htm
Book call no.:  327.73056 R628

Rugh, William A.  American Encounters with Arabs:  The "Soft Power" of U.S. Public Diplomacy in the Middle East.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2006.  220 p.
Book call no.:  327.73056 r929a

Terrill, W. Andrew.  Regional Fears of Western Primacy and the Future of U.S. Middle Eastern Basing Policy.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, December 2006.  103 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB742.pdf
Book call no.:  355.70956 T325r

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Strategies for Reshaping U.S. Policy in Iraq and the Middle East.  Hearing.  109th Congress, 1st session, February 1, 2005.  Washington, GPO, 2005.  123 p.
Book call no.:  327.730567 U582s

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations. Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.  U.S. Foreign Policy, Petroleum, and the Middle East.  Hearing. 109th Congress, 1st session, October 20, 2005.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  53 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS72038
Book call no.:  327.73056 U585u

Washington Institute for Near East Policy.  Security, Reform, and Peace:  The Three Pillars of U.S. Strategy in the Middle East.  Washington, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2005.  82 p.
Book call no.:  327.73056 W317s


Documents

Al-Ammari, Abdulla.  Perceptive from the Arab Street.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  8 p.
Gives the perspective of Arabs in Qatar regarding the image of the U.S.  Covers their attitudes about U.S. Iraq policy.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431990
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 A318p

Al Shamisi, Ibrahim A.  A Perspective on United States Policy Toward the Arab Gulf Countries and Iraq.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, March 18, 2005.  29 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431714
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 A4615p

Berrier, Scott D.  U.S. Middle East Foreign Policy from 1967-2005:  An Examination of the Failures and Successes with Recommendations for the Future.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  22 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 B533u

Dickinson, James H.  A Strategy to Improve a Negative American Image in the Middle East.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  24 p.
Argues that the image of the U.S. in the Middle East and in Europe has never been lower.  It is based upon Arab perceptions of an inconsistent and biased United States Middle East foreign policy, exacerbated by the Arabic language media.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431890
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 D5531s

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Kuwait:  Post-Saddam Issues and U.S. Policy, by Kenneth Katzman.  Washington, CRS, June 29, 2005.  1 vol.
Also available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/50259.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RS21513

Sobhy, Sedky.  The U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East:  Issues and Prospects.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  38 p.
"Recommends the permanent withdrawal of U.S. military forces from the Middle East and the Gulf, and the pursuit of U.S. strategic goals in the region through socioeconomic means and the impartial application of international law."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA432294
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S677u


Periodicals

Abdallah, Sana.  Reform on the Agenda.  Middle East International 721:10-11 March 19, 2004.
Contends that Washington's Greater Middle East Initiative is viewed with suspicion by Arab governments and people alike.

Campbell, Kurt M. and Chollet, Derek.  The New Tribalism:  Cliques and the Making of U.S. Foreign Policy.  Washington Quarterly 30:191-203 Winter 2006-2007.
Focuses on the changes in the foreign policy of the United States.  The new foreign policy outlines a broad interventionist doctrine of preemption, including the promotion of democracy in the Middle East.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23263764&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cole, Juan.  Anti-Americanism:  It's the Policies.  American Historical Review 111:1120-1129 October 2006.
"Presents the argument that more attention should be given to the growing anti-Americanism in the Middle East."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22887641&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Desai, Radhika.  The Last Empire?  From Nation-Building Compulsion to Nation-Wrecking Futility and Beyond.  Third World Quarterly 28:435-456 March 2007.
States that "US military and political failures in Iraq and Afghanistan have become apparent, and the hollowness of the economic and financial foundations of the US imperial enterprise has been revealed."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24153023&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gordon, Philip H.  Trading Places:  America and Europe in the Middle East.  Survival 47:87-99 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a714033384~db=all~order=page?waited=0

Haass, Richard N.  The New Middle East.  Foreign Affairs November-December 2006.
Discusses the role of the U.S. in the Middle East after the Iraq War.  Argues that Washington will have to rely more on diplomacy than on military might at that time.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22890251&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hagel, Chuck.  Straightening out U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East.  USA Today Magazine 134:26-29 January 2006.
Presents a speech by Chuck Hagel, member of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations and Intelligence committees, delivered at the Council on Foreign Relations in which he cites the need for the U.S. to take actions to protect its interests and its allies in the Middle East.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19541922&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Landis, Joshua and Pace, Joe.  The Syrian Opposition.  The Washington Quarterly 30:45-68 Winter 2006-07.
U.S. relations with Syria have deteriorated rapidly since the invasion of Iraq.

The Limitations of Muslim Peacekeeping.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 12-13, February 2007.
Argues that the perception is that the Western-dominated UN Security Council is biased against Islamic, and especially Arab, countries.

Maluf, Ramez.  URGENT:  How to Sell America.  Foreign Policy 149:74-78 July-August 2005.
"Presents suggestions for how the U.S. can improve its image in Arab countries."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=17337696&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Marshall, Rachelle.  Sowing Disunity:  How Bush's Middle East Policy Leads to More Iraqs.  Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 26:7-9 March 2007.
Focuses on the Impact of the Middle East policy of President George W. Bush.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23999234&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Muravchik, Joshua.  Bringing Democracy to the Arab World.  Current History 103:8-10 January 2004.
Discusses the goal of U.S. President George W. Bush in spreading democracy to the Middle East and the impact of U.S. military occupation in the Middle East.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=526631991&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Norton, Augustus Richard.  Making War, Making Peace:  The Middle East Entangles America.  Current History 103:3-7 January 2004.

Salhani, Claude.  The Middle East Waiting Game.  National Interest 83:140-144 Spring 2006.
Describes how much the people of the Middle East dislike the U.S. policy regarding Iraq and Palestine.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20545291&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Takeyh, Ray.  Uncle Sam in the Arab Street:  Mideast Democracy and American Interests.  National Interest 75:45-51 Spring 2004.
Discusses the U.S. policy which implies that the promotion of democracy in the Middle East is vitally necessary to secure the strategic interests of the U.S.  Gives results of the recent Pew Survey in Global Attitudes conducted in December 2003 about the views of the people in the Middle East on the U.S.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=12738526&site=ehost-live

US's Middle East Democracy Dilemma.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 3-5, August 2005.

Whitelaw, Kevin and Saleh, Amer.  The Iraqi Exodus.  U.S. News & World Report 141:30-37 December 11, 2006.
Reports that Iraqis are fleeing to Syria to escape violence and death threats in their own country.  The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimates that 1,400,000 Iraqis have taken refuge in Syria and Jordan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23320352&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Relations with United Nations


Books

Bennis, Phyllis.  Challenging Empire:  How People, Governments, and the UN Defy U.S. Power.  Northampton, MA, Olive Branch Press, 2006.  286 p.
Book call no.:  327.73 B472c

The European Union and the United Nations:  Partners in Effective Multilateralism, edited by Sven Biscop.  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2005.  105 p.
Book call no.:  327.172094 E89

Malone, David.  The International Struggle over Iraq:  Politics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2006.  398 p.
Book call no.:  341.23567 M257i

Matheson, Michael J.  Council Unbound:  The Growth of UN Decision Making on Conflict and Postconflict Issues after the Cold War.  Washington, U.S. Institute of Peace Press, 2006.  422 p.
Book call no.:  341.58 M426c

Shawn, Eric.  The UN Exposed:  How the United Nations Sabotages America's Security and Fails the World.  New York, Sentinel, 2006.  318 p.
Book call no.:  341.2373 s537u


Documents

Kreklow, Kathi L.  U.S. - U.N. Relationship Post 9/11.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2004.  22 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 K921u

Radovich, Rory.  The United Nations:  The Key to Improving World Opinion of the United States.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  13 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 R131u


Periodicals

Berdal, Mats.  The UN after Iraq.  Survival 46:83-101 Autumn 2004.

The Limitations of Muslim Peacekeeping.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 12-13, February 2007.
Argues that the perception is that the Western-dominated UN Security Council is biased against Islamic, and especially Arab, countries.

McKay, James.  Fear of the Unknown:  The Coalition from Operation Desert Fox to Operation Iraqi Freedom.  Defense & Security Analysis 21:143-158 June 2005.

Nowak, Manfred.  What Practices Constitute Torture?:  US and UN Standards.  Human Rights Quarterly 28:809-841 November 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23135670&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Williams, Ian.  New Secretary-General, Security Council Members not All in Lock-Step with U.S.  Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 25:24-25 December 2006.
Focuses on the differences that UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon and other UN Security Council members have with the U.S. on issues concerning U.S. foreign policy.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23906781&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Wolf, Martin.  The United Nations.  Foreign Policy 159:48-50 March-April 2007.
Discusses how the fallout from the Iraq War has relegated the U.S. to a leadership rather than unchallenged dominant role, making the UN an important force in the future.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24176335&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


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