March 2000

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


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All sites last accessed June 2012.

Internet Resources

Global Security.org.  Operation Deliberate Force.
Available online at: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/deliberate_force.htm

Hellenic Resources Institute, Inc.  Operation Deliberate Force.  November 15, 1995.
Available online at:
Includes three sections: Background, Execution, Summary Data.

Widnall, Sheila, Secretary of the Air Force.  Air Force in the New World Order.  February 16, 1996.
Available online at:
A portion of this speech examines lessons learned in Operation Deliberate Force.


Beale, Michael O.  Bombs Over Bosnia.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1997.  59 p.
Operation Deliberate Force, pp 31-41
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1a B366b

Dittmer, David L.  Deliberate Force: NATO's First Extended Air Operation: the View from AFSOUTH.  Alexandria, VA, Center for Naval Analysis, 1998.  50 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 31914-52

Miller, Kurt F.  Deny Flight and Deliberate Force: An Effective Use of Airpower?  Fort Leavenworth, KS, 1997.  114 p. (U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Thesis)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 M6482d

Walker, Richard F.  Facing the Future: A Doctrine for Air Control in Limited Conflicts.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1998.  67 p.  Discusses operational difficulties and air control operations during operations including Deliberate Force.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 W183f


Anderson, Jon R.  Bosnia a Tough Target: Weather is Greater Hurdle than Serbs.  Army Times  56:10  September 18, 1995.

Anderson, Jon R.  Bosnia Flights Highlight Service Quirks.  Navy Times  44:10  October 2, 1995.
Discusses differences in the way the services operate, and the effect on joint cooperation in Operation Deliberate Force.

Anderson, Jon R.  Rivalries on U.S. Side Emerged in Airstrikes.  Air Force Times  56:6  October 9, 1995.

Cangemi, Charles R. Jr.  Part-Time Warriors Work for Full-Time Peace (Air National Guard in Bosnia).  National Guard  50:22+  January 1996.

Coleman, Fred.  Will This Lead to Peace?  Operation Deliberate Force was Only One Factor in the Push to Negotiate Again in the Balkans.  U.S. News & World Report 119:34-36  September 11, 1995.

Cooper, Joseph P.  Unexpected: Joint and Combined Assignments.  ADA, pp 15-25  May-June 1996.
Includes a list (p. 16) of countries participating in Balkan air operations, and their aircraft.

Covault, Craig.  Air Power Alters Bosnia Equation.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  143:22-24  September 4, 1995.
Includes map showing basing of the NATO air power used against the Serbs.

Covault, Craig.  NATO Air Strikes Target Serbian Infrastructure.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  143:27-28  September 11, 1995.

Covault, Craig.  Precision Missiles Bolster NATO Strikes.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  143:22-23  September 18, 1995.

Fedarko, Kevin.  Louder Than Words (cover story).  Time  146:50-54+  September 11, 1995.

Johnson, Ray.  "Deliberate" Force: Lakenheath Airpower Helps Maintain Peace in Europe.  Airman  41:2-5  March 1997.
Also available online at:

Matthews, William.  Accuracy is "Phenomenal" (airstrikes against Bosnian Serbs).  Air Force Times  56:10  October 2, 1995.

Matthews, William.  Bombing That Hit Its Mark.  Navy Times  44:30  October 2, 1995.

Morocco, John D.  Bombing Compels Serb Withdrawal.  Aviation Week & Space Technology  143:36  September 25, 1995.
Includes statistics on number of sorties and munitions used.

Muradian, Vago.  Units Brace for Action (in Bosnia).  Air Force Times  56:3  September 11, 1995.

Muradian, Vago and Watkins Steven.  At Aviano, the Action is Nonstop.  Air Force Times  56:3  September 18, 1995.
Aviano AB is at the heart of the Air Force operation in the NATO bombings against Bosnian Serb targets that began August 30, 1995.

NATO Declares War on the Bosnian Serbs (cover story).  Economist  336:41-42  September 2, 1995.

Nelan, Bruce W.  More Talking, More Bombing.  Time  146:76-77  September 18, 1995.

Owen, Robert C.  Balkans Air Campaign Study: Part 1.  Airpower Journal  11:4-24  Summer 1997.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj97/sum97/owen.pdf

Owen, Robert C.  Balkans Air Campaign Study: Part 2.  Airpower Journal  11:6-26  Fall 1997.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj97/fal97/owen.pdf

Post, Tom and others.  Make War, Make Peace.  Newsweek  126:36-40  September 11, 1995.
Includes map and chronology of Operation Deliberate Force, and a list of some of the aircraft used by each country.

Ripley, Tim.  Deliberate Force on the Mountain.  International Defense Review  28:27-28+  October 1995.

Roberts, Adam.  From San Francisco to Sarajevo: The UN and the Use of Force.  Survival  37:7-28  Winter 1995-1996.

Simmons, Dean and others.  Air Operations Over Bosnia.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings  123:58-63  May 1997.

Tirpak, John A.  Deliberate Force.  Air Force Magazine  80:36-43  October 1997.
Also available online at: http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/1997/October%201997/1097deliberate.aspx

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